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~nother Fundamental for American Christians
1833
Noah Webster: "...the religion which has introduced civil liberty, is the religion of Christ and His apostles ... This is genuine Christianity, and to this we owe our free constitutions of government ... the moral principles and precepts contained in the Scriptures ought to form the basis of all of our civil constitutions and laws."

The so-called "Politically Correct" insist the United £tates never was a Christian nation. Is that historically accurate? Or, is it plain old revisionist prop88anda? In Part Two of this Mini-F AC£, here are some truths from the national archives. The record speaks for itself
1811

1836
William McGuffey publishes the first edition of his McGuffey's Reader. Between 1836 and 1920,122 million copies are sold. Millions of American children learn to read and write from that reader. In his foreword, McGuffey wrote: "The Christian religion is the religion of our country. From it are derived our prevalent notions of the character of God, the great moral governor of the universe. On its doctrines are founded the peculiarities of our free institutions."

"The people of this State, in common with the people of this country, profess the general doctrine of Christianity, as the rule of their faith and practice .... We are a Christian people, and the morality of the country is deeply engrafted upon Christianity, and not upon the doctrines or worship of those impostors (other religions) .... Christianity in its enlarged sense, as a religion revealed and taught in the Bible, is part and parcel of the law of the land ....." Chief Justice James Kent, Supreme Court of New York, The People v.

Ruggles. July 4,1821
John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States: "The highest glory of the American Revolution was this: it connected, in one indissoluble bond, the principles of civil government with the principles of Chris-tianity."

"I have long been convinced that our Enemies have made it an Object to eradicate from the minds ofthe People in general a Sense oftrue Religion and Virtue." Samuel Adams 1841
Philosopher and historian Alexis de Tocqueville (Democracy in America): "In the United States of America the sovereign authority is religious." " ... there is no country in the world in which the Christian religion retains a greater influence over the souls of men than in America." June 8,1845 President Andrew Jackson asserted: "The Bible is the rock on which our Republic rests."

1824
"Chrstianity, general Christianity, is and always has been a part of the common law of Pennsylvania; ... not Christianity with an established church and tithes and spiritual courts; but Christianity with liberty of conscience to all men." Updegraph v. the Commonwealth 11s & R. 394,400 November, 1828 Noah Webster publishes the first edition of his Ameriam Dictionary of the English Language. It contains the greatest number of Biblical definitions given in any secular volume; thus demonstrating" the degree to which the Bible was America's basic text book in all fields." Webster believed" education useless without the Bible."

1851
Justice Joseph Story (US Supreme Court, 18111845; professor, Harvard Law School), wrote in his Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States: "Probably at the time of the adoption of the Constitution, and of the first amendment to it ... the general if not the universal sentiment in America was, that Chris-tianity ought to receive encouragement by the (Continued on page 2

state so far as was not incompatible with the private rights of conscience and the freedom of religious worship. Any attempt to level all every colony did sustain religion in some form. lt was deemed peculiarly proper that the religion of liberty should be upheld by a free people. Had the people, during the Revolution, had a suspicion of any attempt to war against Christianity, that Revolution would have been strangled in its cradle. At the time of the adoption of the Constitution and the Amendments, the universal sentiment was that Christianity should be encouraged - not anyone sect. Any attempt to level or discard all religion would have been viewed with ui1iversal indignation. The object was not to substitute Judaism or Mohammedanism, or infidelity, but to prevent rivalry amoIlg the sects to the exclusion of others." February 11, 1861 Abraham Lincoln, farewell at Springfield, IL: "In regard to this Great Book (The Bible), I have but to say, it is the best gift God has given to man. All the good The Saviour gave to the world was communicated through this book. But for it, we would not know right from wrong. All things most desirable for man's welfare, here and hereafter, are to be found portrayed in it." (George L. Hunt, Calvinism and The Political Order, Westminster Press, 1965, p. 33) March 30, 1863 Presidential Proclamation for a day of fasting, humiliation and prayer: "We have been the recipients of the choicest bounties of Heaven. We have been preserved, these many years, in peace and prosperity. We have grown in numbers, wealth and power, as no other nation has ever grown. But we have forgotten God. We have forgotten the gracious hand which preserved us in peace, and multiplied and enriched and strengthened us; and we have vainly imagined, in the deceitfulness of our hearts, that all these blessings were produced by some susperior wisdom and virtue of our own. Intoxicated with unbroken success, we have become too self-sufficient to feel the necessity of redeeming and preserving grace, too proud to pray to the God that made us."

1864 Maryland Constitution requires citizens desiring to hold public office must have declared "belief in the Christian religion, of the existence of God, and in a future state of rewards and punishments." March 3, 1865 Secretary of the Treasury, Samuel Chase, instructs U.s. mint to prepare a "device" to inscribe US coins with the motto, "In God we trust." Congress gives its approval. 1884 U.s. Supreme Court in reference to the individual's God-given rights: "These Inherent rights have never been more happily expressed than in the Declaration of Independence, 'we hold these truths to be selfevident' - that is, so plain that their tru th is recognized upon their mere statement 'that all men are endowed' - not by edicts of emperors, or decrees of parliament, or acts of Congress, but 'by their Creator with certain inalienable rights and that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, and to secure these' - not grcfnt them but secure them - 'governments are instituted among men.' " 1892 U.S. Supreme Court, Church of the Holy Trinity v. United States (143 US 457, US 457458,465-471,36 L ed 226, Justice Josiah Brewer): "Our laws and ourinstitutionsmust necessarily be based upon and embody the teachings of the Redeemer of mankind. It is impossible that it should be otherwise; and in this sense and to this extent our civilization and our institutions are emphatically Christian." (In 1931, in United States v. MacIntosh, Supreme Court Justice George Sutherland reviews the 1892 decision and reiterates that Americans are a "Christian people.") 1896 "There is a hearty Puritanism in the view of human nature that pervades the instrument (U.s. Constitution) of 1787. It is the work of men who believed in original sin and were resolved to leave open to the transgressors no door they could possibly shut." 1909 President Theodore Roosevelt: " After a week on perplexing problems ... it does so rest my

soul to come into the house of The Lord and to sing and mean it, 'Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty' ... (my) great joy and glory that, in occupying an exalted position in the nation, I am enabled to preach the practical moralities of The Bible to my fellow-countrymen and to hold up Christ as the hope and Savior of the world." (FerdinandC. Iglehart, Theodore Roosevelt - The Man As I Knew Him, A. L.
Burt, 1919)

sary for government to be hostile to religion and to throw its weight against the efforts to widen the scope of religious influence. The government must remain neutral when it comes to competition between sects ... The First Amendment, however, does NOT say that in every respect there shall be a separation of ChurchandState."USSupreme Court (Zorach v. Clauson, 343 US 307 313, Justice W. O. Douglas):

1913
President Woodrow Wilson: " America was born to exemplify the devotion to the elements of righteousness which are derived from the Holy Scriptures."

1954
President Dwight D. Eisenhower: " ... the purpose of a devout and united people was set forth in the pages ofThe Bible ... (1) to live in freedom, (2) to work in a prosperous land ... and (3) to obey the commandments of God .... This Biblical story of the Promised land inspired the founders of America. It continues to inspire us ...."

1930
"We are a Christian people .... The right of religious freedom demands acknowledgement, with reverence, of the duty of obedience to the will of God." U.S. v. McIntosh.

March 3,1931
U.s. Congress adopts "The Star Spangled Banner" as our National Anthem: "(4th stanza) Praise the Power that hath made and

preserved us as a nation. Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just. And this be our motto ... "In God is our Trust.' " 1943
Statement issued by Herbert Hoover, Alfred Smi th, Alfred Landon, Mrs. Calvin Coolidge, Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, James M. Cox, John W. Davis, Mrs. William H. Taft, Mrs. Benjamin Harrison, Mrs. Grover Cleveland: "Menaced by collectivist trends, we must seek revival of our strength in the spiritual foundations which are the bedrock of our republic. Democracy is the outgrowth of the religious conviction of the sacredness of every human life. On the religious side, its highest embodiment is The Bible; on the political side, the Constitution."

"... as an eyewitness of governmental and other public actions throughout those years (1933-1967), I have formed the opinion that the United States merits the dubious distinction of having discarded its past and its meaning in one of the briefest spans of modern history. NY Times columnist, Arthur Krock
II

1958
Charles Malik, Ambassador to the United Nations from Lebanon (President of the General Assembly of the UN): "Whoever tries to conceive the American word without taking full account of the suffering and love and salvation of Christ is only dreaming. I know how embarrassing this matter is to politicians, bureaucrats, businessmen and cynics; but, whatever these honored men think, the irrefutable truth is that the soul of America is at its best and highest, Christian."

1947
"This is a Christian nation" President Harry S. Truman in conversation with Pope Plus XII. "The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings we get from Exodus and S10Matthew, from Isaiah ·and PauL"

1956
Congress adopts Joint Resolution providing that the national motto shall be "In God we trust."

1952
" ... we are a religious people and our institutions presuppose a Supreme Being." "No constitutional requirment makes it necess-

1973
. "Secularism is unconstitutional ... preferring those who do not believe over those (Continued on page 4

Mini-FACS:

Truths About America's Christian Heritage/Page 8
ruption ever since that early session of Congress."

William Foxwell Albright once observed that the writing of American history in the 20th' Century was mostly "a means of liberal propaganda" (W. F. Albright, From The Stone Age to Christianity). James C. Malin put it in stronger terms (the revisionists are) "debasing history to the level of vicious propaganda in support of a social program being imposed upon a nation" (J.C. Malin, On The Nature of History). 1985
Associate Justice William Rehnquist, Us. Supreme Court, Wallace v. fafree, 472 U.s., 38,991985: "It is impossible to build sound constitutional doctrine upon a mistaken understanding of Constitutional history ... The establishment clause has been expressly freighted with Jefferson's misleading metaphor for nearly forty years .... There is simp~y no historical foundation for the propOSition that the framers intended to build a wall of separation [betWeen church and state] ... The recent court decisions are in no way based on either the language or intent of the framers." May 3, 1990 President George Bush, National Day of Prayer: "The great faith that led our Nation's F,ounding Fathers to pursue this bold expenence in self~governmentmhas sustained us in uncertain and perilous times; it has given us strength and inspiration to the very day. Like them, we do very well to recall our 'irm reliance on the protection of Divine Providfence,' to give thanks for the freedom and prosperity this Nation enjoys, and to pray for continued help and guidance from our wise and lOVing Creator." For copies of this MiniFACS or for a list of suggested reference texts and sources concerning America's Christian Heritage, write or call the Plymouth Rock Foundation, Fisk Mill on Water Street, Marlborough NH 03455

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