Create account

Log in

Article Talk

Read Edit View history


One World Trade Center
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coordinates: 40°42′46.8″N 74°0′48.6″W

Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia Toolbox Print/export Languages ‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ‬ Български Česky

This article is about the supertall skyscraper in New York City. For the building complex destroyed in the September 11 attacks, see World Trade Center. One World Trade Center (1 World Trade Center, 1 WTC, or Freedom Tower) is the primary building of the new World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York. The 104-story supertall skyscraper stands on the northwest corner of the 16 acres (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site, occupying the location of what used to be the original 6 World Trade Center. The building is bordered to the west by West Street, to the north by Vesey Street, to the south by Fulton Street, and to the east by Washington Street. Construction on below-ground utility relocations, footings, and foundations for the building began on April 27, 2006. [9] The tower's steel structure topped out on August 30, 2012. [3][10] On May 10, 2013, the final component of the antenna was installed atop the skyscraper, making One World Trade Center tentatively the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere and the third-tallest building in the
Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API

One World Trade Center

open in browser PRO version

Dansk Deutsch Español Esperanto Euskara ‫ﻓﺎرﺳﯽ‬ Français Frysk ગુજરાતી 한국어 Bahasa Indonesia Italiano ‫עברית‬ ქართული Lietuvių Magyar മലയാളം Bahasa Melayu Nederlands 日本語 Norsk bokmål Occitan Oʻzbekcha ‫ﭘﻨﺠﺎﺑﯽ‬ Polski Português Română Русский Simple English Slovenčina open in browser PRO version

world by pinnacle height, with its antenna reaching a symbolic 1,776 feet (541 m) in reference to the year of the United States Declaration of Independence.[11][12][13] It has been the tallest building in New York City since April 30, 2012, when its height surpassed the Empire State Building.[14][15] On March 30, 2009, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey confirmed that the building will be known by its legal name, One World Trade Center, rather than the colloquial name, Freedom Tower. The new World Trade Center complex will also feature three other high-rise office buildings, located along Greenwich Street, and the National September 11 Memorial & Museum, located just south of One World Trade Center, where the Twin Towers once stood. The construction is part of an effort to memorialize and rebuild following the destruction of the original World Trade Center complex during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
Contents [hide] 1 History 1.1 Construction history 1.2 Estimated cost and funding 2 Architecture and design 2.1 Layout 2.2 Sustainability 2.3 Safety and security 2.4 Design evolution 2.5 Height 3 Owners and tenants
Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API

Appearance as of June 1, 2013 Alternative nam es 1 WTC pre-2009 "Freedom Tow er"

General inform ation Status Topped out, full tow er structure completed. Interior furnishing and exterior under construction. Antenna completed Office, observation, communication Contemporary modern New York City, New York, USA 40°42′46.8″N 74°0′48.6″W

Type Architectural style Location Coordinates

268 ft (386." led to a second. who held the lease to the open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Planned rebuilding of the World Trade Center pdfcrowd.2 m) [2] 1. in which a design by Daniel Libeskind was selected.9 billion (May 2013 estimate) [4] Height Architectural Tip Roof Top floor Observatory 1.3 Daniel Libeskind 4.776 ft (541.4 Daniel Tishman 4. This went through many revisions.792 ft (546.254 ft (382.3 Condé Nast 3.2 Vantone China Center 3.2 m) [2] Technical details Floor count Floor area Lifts/elevators 104 (+5 basement floors) [2][6] 3. and by 2003.6 Port Authority construction workers 5 America's Response Monument 6 See also 7 References 8 External links Construction started April 27.5 m) [2] 1.368 ft (417. there was much debate regarding the future of the World Trade Center site.1 Government tenants 3.1 Larry Silverstein 4.3 m) [2][5] 1. Public rejection of the first round of designs.Slovenčina Slovenščina Suomi Svenska ไทย Türkçe Українська ‫اردو‬ Tiếng Việt Winaray 粵語 中文 Edit links 3.279 m2) [2] 73[2] History [edit] Design and construction Architect Developer Structural engineer Main contractor David Childs ( . [16] largely because of disagreements with developer Larry Silverstein.5 Douglas and Jody Durst 4.4 Proposed tenants 4 Key figures 4. Ow ings & Merrill) [7] Port Authority of New York and New Jersey [2] WSP Cantor Seinuk Tishman Construction References [2][8] Following the destruction of the original World Trade Center on September 11. 2006[1] Opening Cost 2014 [2][3] $3.501. 2001. the "Preliminary Design Concepts.0 m) 1. the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation organized a competition to determine how to use the site.274 sq ft (325.2 David Childs 4. Proposals began almost immediately. more open competition in December 2002.

the highest space that could be occupied became comparable to the original World Trade Center. who expressed concern that higher floors Transit would be a liability in the event of a future terrorist attack Transportation Hub or other incident. 2005. the tower's final design tapers octagonally as it rises." [19] On April 26. as preliminary testing revealed that the prismatic glass easily shattered into large and dangerous shards.000 square feet (280. Ron Lauder. and a formal agreement was drafted on the following day. this later proved unworkable. [5] In 2002. it was replaced by a simpler facade consisting of stainless steel panels and blast-resistant glass. the 75th open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. In a subsequent design. To satisfy security issues raised by the New York City Police Department. 4 World Trade Center (Tower 4) and the overall office space of the entire rebuilt World Five World Trade Center (Tower 5) Trade Center would have been reduced by more than Seven World Trade Center (Tower 7) 3. As a result. . more magnificent. The floor limit was imposed by National September 11 Memorial & Museum Silverstein. Much of the building's height would have consisted of a large.000 m2) in comparison with Memorial and museum the original complex.World Trade Center site on September 11. 2001. However. and the open-air lattice was removed from the plans. former New York Governor George Pataki faced accusations of cronyism for supposedly using his influence to get the winning architect's bid picked as a personal favor for his friend and campaign contributor. Only 82 floors would have been habitable.000. containing wind turbines and "sky gardens". Towers One World Trade Center (Tower 1) Criticism was leveled at the limited number of floors that 2 World Trade Center (Tower 2) were designated for office space and other amenities in Three World Trade Center (Tower 3) an early plan. Its designers stated that the tower would be a "monolithic glass structure reflecting the sky and topped by a sculpted antenna. the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey approved a conceptual framework that enabled foundation construction to begin. [18] Contrasting with Libeskind's original plan. a 187-foot (57 m) concrete base was added in April of that year." Larry Silverstein commented in 2006 on a planned completion date: "By 2012 we should have a completely rebuilt World Trade Center. more spectacular than it ever was. [17] A final design for the "Freedom Tower" was formally unveiled on June 28. The design originally included plans to clad the base in glass prisms to address criticism that it looked uninviting and resembled a "concrete bunker". open-air steel lattice structure above the roof of the tower.

2004." [21][22] In May 2011. who warned that the plans could potentially be used for a future terrorist attack. resulting in an uproar from the media and citizens of the surrounding area. On December . [24] The spire of the building was completed on May 10. the Port Authority changed the official title of the building from "Freedom Tower" to "One World Trade Center. when a deal was struck between developer Larry Silverstein and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. and was completed on May 2. 2006. security and design. the owners of 1 WTC began a public marketing campaign for the building. explosives were detonated at the World Trade Center construction site. detailed floor plans of the tower were displayed on New York City's Department of Finance website. On November 18. Construction history [edit] Main article: Construction of One World Trade Center The symbolic cornerstone of One World Trade Center was laid in a ceremony on July 4. seeking to draw in visitors and additional tenants. testing the use of charges to clear bedrock for the building's foundations. [23] In April 2012. The tower's construction began in May with a formal ceremony that took place when the first construction team arrived. The last major issues were resolved on April 26. 400 cubic yards (310 cubic meters) of concrete were poured onto the foundations. with the tower's structure nearing completion. 2013. a ceremony was held in Battery Park City. with members of the public invited to sign a 30-foot open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 2012.anniversary of the 1931 opening of the Empire State Building. [18] In 2009. [25] but further construction work was stalled until 2006 due to acrimonious disputes over money. carried by as many as 40 trucks. 2013." stating that this name was the "easiest for people to identify with. For two months during the summer of 2006. 2006. 2006. and work is commencing on the permanent base for the spire as well as the interior of the structure. [20] The building's topping out occurred on August 31.

and it was projected that 1 WTC would reach 55 stories by the end of 2010. then afterwards the installation of the first glass windows.[30] On December 16. That same month. construction of the office floors began. In January 2008. [26] This beam. In May 2010. was welded onto the building's base on December 19. and glass cladding had reached the 56th floor.( . two construction cranes were moved onto the construction site. marking the first time that such a safety system had been installed on a steel structure in the city. the tower's steel had reached the 82nd floor. Construction of the base continued through 2009 and was completed by January 2010. 2006. while its concrete flooring had reached the 72nd floor. [28] and had reached street level by May 17. [28] Preliminary site plans for the World Trade Center's reconstruction. the first to be installed. 2010. 2011. the Port Authority stated that they were building nearly one floor of the tower per week. [33] 1 WTC under construction. as seen from a While under open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. construction of the foundation and further steel installation commenced. rising to over 600 feet (180 m) and marking the halfway point for the tower's steel frame. [27] Afterwards. the Port Authority announced that the tower's construction had reached the 52nd floor. [29] An advanced "cocoon" scaffolding system was installed to protect workers from falling. and by the end of 2007.1 m) steel beam. the tower's footings and foundations were nearly complete. [31][32] By September 11. ten years after the destruction of the original World Trade Center. The tower's concrete core began rising in the first months of 2008.

[3] and on March 30. 2012. 2012. the tower was [6] specially illuminated on several occasions. . The tow er during the pow er outages On December 11. [34] On October 27. it was illuminated in red in honor of the Armed Forces.While under construction. 2012. the Empire State Building's total spire height of 1. On the weekend of July 4. it was lit up in the colors of the American flag to commemorate Independence Day. On February 24. it was illuminated in pink in honor of Breast Cancer Awareness Month. the Port Authority stated that the tower's loading dock would not be finished in time to move equipment into the completed building. firefighting efforts were delayed because the tower's emergency standpipes were found to be dry. [14] However. The temporary Trans Hudson station will not be removed until its replacement is completed. the 100th floor was reached at a height of 1. [35] By March 2012. pdfcrowd. but was extinguished by New York City firefighters before causing any injuries or serious structural damage. 2011. President Barack Obama visited the construction site and signed a steel beam that would be hoisted to the top of the open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API 1 WTC under construction. white. as seen from a helicopter on April 30. preventing access to the planned loading area. On January 31. on April 30. white. it was again illuminated in red. and it was lit up in the same colors on September 10 to mark the 10th anniversary of the September 11 terrorist attacks. it was illuminated in red. it was in fact the 94th floor constructed the intervening space was occupied by the high-ceilinged mechanical floors 91. In August. [37] On June 14. [36] Though this floor was numbered as floor 100. [36] The incomplete tower became New York City's tallest building by roof height. and blue to honor the 11th anniversary of the September 11 attacks. However. who became a cardinal on February 18. 2012. One World Trade Center's steel had reached the 93rd floor.240 feet (380 m). at a cost of millions.250-foot (380 m) roof height of the Empire State Building. 2012.454 feet (443 m) remained unsurpassed until March or April 2013. a fire broke out on the 89th floor of the tower. the building was lit up in red in honor of Archbishop of New York Timothy Dolan. and blue to honor Flag Day. superseding the 1. On September 8. the Port Authority illuminated the tower in caused by Hurricane Sandy. multicolored lights to celebrate the holiday season. and that five temporary loading bays would be added instead. 2012. On June 2. On June 14. 2012.

com .8 billion. the tower's concrete construction is largely complete.380 per square meter). Obama wrote. tall. and the Port Authority agreed to finance a further $1 billion through the sale of bonds.[46] A series of bridge and tunnel toll hikes were also implemented by the Port Authority to raise funds. and its glass panels are now being installed above the 102th floor. [40] and installed on January 15. [3] Construction of the observation deck and installation of the podium's lower glass curtain wall continues.776 feet (541 m). however. or $1.Barack Obama visited the construction site and signed a steel beam that would be hoisted to the top of the tower. 2013. making it the most expensive single building in the world at the time. by January 2012 the tower's estimated cost had risen to $3. "We remember. we come back stronger!" [38] In August 2012. [41] By March 2013. Roof and parapet steel are being finalized. [42] On May 10. with a 56 percent toll increase scheduled between 2011 and 2015. 2013. and becoming the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere and the third tallest in the world. [44] However. two sections of the antenna had been installed. 2013. One World Trade Center's final design consisted of simple symmetries and a more traditional open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. [43] The tower will officially open when the installation of podium glass and interior construction are completed in late 2013 or early 2014. [44] The State of New York provided $250 million toward construction costs. Estimated cost and funding [edit] A February 2007 estimate put the initial construction cost of One World Trade Center at about US$3 billion. but weather delayed the delivery of the final pieces. the final piece of the antenna was lifted to the top of One World Trade Center making it 1. we rebuild. One World Trade Center's steel officially topped out at the nominal 105th floor. [39] the first antenna section was hoisted to the top of the tower on December 12. [4][47] Architecture and design [edit] Many of Daniel Libeskind's concepts from the 2002 competition were later discarded from the tower's design. the year the United States Declaration of Independence was signed. the proceeds of these toll hikes were not ultimately used to pay for the tower's construction. [4][45] The tower's construction was partly funded with approximately $1 billion of insurance money recouped by Silverstein in connection with the September 11 attacks. The spire was expected to be completed on April 29.150 per square foot ($12. 2012. at a total height of 1. As of May 18. The tower's antenna was shipped to New York in November 2012.368 feet (417 m).

using glass made in Minnesota by Viracon. designed by Schlaich Bergermann. artist Kenneth Snelson (who invented the tensegrity structure). intended to bear comparison with selected elements of the contemporary New York skyline. an intense beam of light will be projected above the spire. and is also visually reminiscent of the North Tower of the original World Trade Center. [48] Originally. [52] David Childs of Skidmore. the square edges of the tower's cubic base are chamfered back. not just in pdfcrowd. but a simpler glass-and-steel façade was adopted when this proved . being visible over 1. [49] Cable-net glass façades on all four sides of the building for the higher floors. Oregon. lighting designers and engineers – is secured by a system of cables.profile. or an elongated square antiprism. and 70 feet (21 m) on the south for primary tenant access. A 408-foot (124 m) sculpted mast containing the broadcasting antenna – designed in a collaboration between SOM. and rises from a circular support ring which will contain additional broadcasting and maintenance equipment. nearly identical to the footprints of the original Twin Towers. the base was intended to be clad in decorative prismatic glass.[51] Near its middle. the tower forms a perfect octagon in-plan. At night.000 feet (300 m) into the air above the tower. The building's footprint is a 200-foot (61 m) square with an area of 40. by Benson Industries. rather than being an off-center spire intended to echo the Statue of Liberty. They measure 60 feet (18 m) high and range in width from 30 feet (9.000 square feet (3. the architect of One World Trade Center. [50] From the 20th floor upwards. [8] The curtain wall was manufactured and assembled in Portland. similar to those on 7 World Trade Center. designed to protect it against truck bombs and other ground-level terror threats. and then culminates in a glass parapet whose shape is a square oriented 45 degrees from the base. The tower's central spire draws from precedents such as the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building.700 m2). LED lights behind the panels will illuminate the base at night. [18] The current base cladding design consists of angled glass fins protruding from stainless steel panels.1 m) on the east and west sides (for access to the observation deck) to 50 feet (15 m) on the north side. Owings and Merrill. said the following regarding the tower's design: [53] open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API “ We really wanted our design to be grounded in something that was very real. transforming the building's shape into eight tall isosceles triangles. The tower rises from a 185-foot (56 m) windowless concrete base. will be consistent with the other buildings in the complex.

but it also has to be a highly efficient building.000 square meters). The window-washing tracks are located on a 16-square-foot area which will be denoted as floor 110.and below-ground mechanical infrastructure for the building and its adjacent public spaces. The building's PureCell phosphoric acid fuel cells will generate 4. and access to the PATH and subway trains and the World Financial Center are also provided. [2] The building will have 86 usable aboveground floors. in a symbolic reference to the 110 stories of the original Twin Towers.100 m2) of below-ground retail space. the building will implement a rainwater collection and recycling scheme for its cooling systems. was abandoned as logistically impractical. [edit] ” Layout One World Trade Center's top floor will be designated as 105. as well as broadcast and antenna facilities. A plan to build a restaurant near the top of the tower. The office stories will begin at floor 20. [58] Although the roof area of any tower is comparatively limited.“ sculptural . formal and aesthetic aspects but we recognize that if this building doesn't function well.[8] The design also includes a three-story observation deck located on floors 100–102. One World Trade Center includes a number of sustainable architecture features. including a 65-ft-high (20 m) public lobby. and run through floor 63. if people don't want to work and visit there. then we will have failed as architects. [54][55][56] The base will occupy floors 1–19. floors 91–99 and 103–104 will be designated as mechanical space. Meanwhile. and then office floors will resume between floors 65–90. and waste steam will also help generate electricity. Much of the building's structure is made from post-industrial recycled materials. shopping. Below-ground tenant parking and storage.600. and about 80 percent of its waste products are also being recycled. The design does have great sculptural implications. similar to the original World Trade Center's Windows on the World. of which 78 will be assigned as office space (approximately 2. [57] Sustainability [edit] Like the other buildings of the rebuilt World Trade center complex. The discourse about Freedom Tower has often been limited to the symbolic. We explored the infrastructural challenges because the proper solution would have to be compelling. not just beautiful.8 million watts of power. There will be a sky lobby on floor 64. and we fully understand the iconic importance of the tower. There will be approximately 55.000 square feet or 240. all supported by both above.000 square feet (5. [59] The New York Power open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.

which is expected to end on December 31. new security measures will also be implemented. One World Trade Center will be heated by steam.Authority selected UTC Power to provide the tower's fuel cell system. and biological and chemical filters throughout its ventilation system. with limited oil or natural gas utilities located onsite. at its closest point. as the Twin Towers were. a dedicated set of stairwells exclusively for the use of firefighters.[61] The windows are made of an ultra-clear glass which allows maximum daylight to pass . which will rank as one of the largest installations of fuel cells in the world once complete. All vehicles will be screened before they enter the site via the underground roadway. with live camera feeds being monitored around the clock by open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. [64] 400 closed-circuit surveillance cameras will be placed in and around the site. Paired with a concrete-core shear wall. [63] Safety and security [edit] Along with the protection offered by the reinforced concrete base. [52] Like all of the new facilities at the World Trade Center site. which looks nearly the same as the glass used in the other sides of the building. including for radioactive materials. pressurized stairwells." [63] In addition to optimal safety design. while interior lighting is equipped with dimmers that automatically lower the lights on sunny days. These features include 3-foot (91 cm) thick reinforced concrete walls for all stairwells. making it one of the most environmentally sustainable buildings of its size in the world. redundant steel moment frame consisting of beams and columns connected by a combination of welding and bolting. Visitors to the National September 11 Memorial currently undergo airport-style screening as part of the "Interim Operating Period". [52] The Port Authority has stated: "Its structure is designed around a strong. elevator shafts. in order to better prepare it for a major accident or terrorist attack. thereby reducing energy costs. The windows on the side of the building facing in this direction are equipped with specially tempered blast-resistant plastic. [60] The tower will also make use of off-site hydroelectric and wind power.[62] One World Trade Center is expected to receive a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold Certification. a number of other safety features were included in the building's design. and sprinkler systems. the moment frame lends substantial rigidity and redundancy to the overall building structure while providing column-free interior spans for maximum flexibility. risers. West Street is 65 feet (20 m) away. The building is no longer 25 feet (8 m) away from West Street. 2013. extra-wide.

will instead remain an antenna. [68] Douglas Durst. In addition. [70] However. A number of critics (notably Deroy Murdock of the National Review) have suggested that it is alienating and dull. the architecture critic for the New York Times . originally intended to be enclosed with a protective radome described as a "sculptural sheath of interlocking fiberglass panels". and reflects a sense of fear rather than freedom. [67] Design evolution [edit] The original design went through significant changes after the Durst Organization joined the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in 2010 as the co-developer of the project. New York City and Port Authority police will patrol the site. instead of being clad in panels of prismatic glass. As such.776 feet to the .368-foot roof height. the plaza will be opened entirely to the public. the corners of which were originally designed to slope gently upward. the tower's architect. calls the tower base decorations a "grotesque attempt to disguise its underlying paranoia". the chairman of the Durst Organization. was later squared off." [68][69] The spire . [48] The fortified base of the tower has been a source of controversy. the height of the tower may be officially reduced by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat from a symbolic 1. A computer system will use video-analytic computer software designed to detect potential threats such as unattended bags and retrieve images based on descriptions of terror or other criminal suspects. leading them to dub the project "the Fear Tower". as was the original World Trade Center plaza. [65][66] Nicolai Ouroussoff. Once the World Trade Center site is fully completed.the NYPD. Skidmore Owings open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. stated that the design change would save $20 million. [68] The 185-foot (56 m) base of the tower. its walls will be covered in "hundreds of pairs of 13-foot vertical glass fins set against horizontal bands of eightinch-wide stainless-steel slats.

[70] His September 2011 replacement. [71] later changed the Port Authority's position.368 feet (417 m) tall. [68] Height [edit] The roof of the top floor of One World Trade Center is 1.& Merrill. Instead it will be a terrace." [68] The contract negotiated between the Port Authority and the Durst Organization specifies that the Durst Organization receive a $15 million fee and a percentage of "base building changes that result in net economic benefit to the project. was planned to have stainless steel steps reaching down to the streets. as stated by Douglas Durst: "(the antenna) is going to be mounted on the building over the summer. Patrick Foye. strongly criticized the move.. the lead designer. and further returns stepping down thereafter (to 50 percent. but was rejected by the Port Authority's previous w hen complete. including a 33 ft 4 in (10.We stand ready to work with the Port on an alternate design.. 25 percent and 15 percent as the savings increase).com ." The specifics of the signed contract give Durst 75 percent of savings up to $24 million. the executive director of the Port Authority." [70] The plaza to the west of the building facing the Hudson River. The decision is final. executive director. The changes were made in order to construct the building.. set apart by a blocklong landscaped planter." [68] Douglas Durst said: "We didn't make the changes to save money. [68] The Port Authority formally approved all these revisions.. the Durst Organization had proposed eliminating the radome to save Rendering of the tow er and complex costs. There's no way to do anything at this point. which is at an elevation to Vesey Street to the north and West Street to the west. Patrick Foye. stated: "Eliminating this integral part of the building's design and leaving an exposed antenna and equipment is unfortunate. Chris Ward. Durst also removed a skylight set into the plaza which was designed to allow natural light into the observation deck lobby below ground. this is identical to the roof height of the North Tower of the original open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd." [70] After coming onto the project in 2010.16 m) parapet. stated: "I think they've been few and minor. David Childs.

behind the Willis Tower and Trump International Hotel & Tower. One World Trade Center's official height would be its roof height of 1. it may instead be classified as a simple antenna which. as its pinnacle height is exceeded by that of the CN Tower in Toronto by approximately 12 m (39. according to the CTBUH.[74] If the antenna is included in the building's official height. without the antenna it would be surpassed in 2015 by the under-construction 432 Park Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API . both located in Chicago. [72] The building's antenna/spire complex brings One World Trade Center to a pinnacle height of 1. The Chicago Spire. but its construction was canceled in 2009 due to financial difficulties. [76] Owners and tenants open in browser PRO version [edit] pdfcrowd.368 feet (417 m). One World Trade Center is the second-tallest freestanding structure in the Western Hemisphere. and the third-tallest skyscraper in the world." [76] The CTBUH announced that it would wait to make its final decision as to whether or not the redesigned spire would count towards the building's official height. [2][73] a figure symbolic of the 1776 United States Declaration of Independence.398 feet (426 m). is not included in a building's official height. [77] Without the inclusion of the antenna mast. [78][79] Additionally. Height comparison of major skyscrapers in New York City.000 feet (610 m). [76][77] As the building's spire is not enclosed in a radome as originally planned.4 ft). [80][81] One World Trade Center's developers have disputed the claim that the spire should be reclassified as an antenna following the redesign. with a planned height of 2. [75] After the changes in the design of One World Trade Center's spire were revealed in May 2012.World Trade Center.776 feet (541 m).671-foot (509 m) height of Taipei 101 and is the world's tallest all-office building. which is expected to rise to a height of 1. questions have been raised as to whether the 408-foot (124 m) structure will still qualify as a spire and thus be included in the building's official architectural height. One World Trade Center surpasses the 1. was expected to exceed the height of One World Trade Center. w ith One World Trade Center show n at far left. making it the third-tallest building in the United States. as defined by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH). behind the Burj Khalifa and the Abraj Al Bait. [82] with Port Authority spokesman Steve Coleman reiterating that "One World Trade Center will be the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere. while the building is the tallest in New York City now either way.

[88] Vantone China Center [edit] The building's first lease was announced on March 28.000. around 55 percent of the building's floor space had been leased. property management and tenant installations. is to be located between floors 64 and 69.[86] The General Services Administration (GSA) initially agreed to lease approximately 645.000 m2).900 m2) of space. the Port Authority announced that it was seeking a bidder to operate an 18. [85] Government tenants [edit] In 2006. having responsibility for leasing. occupying up to 1. [83][84] By September 2012.600 m2) of space inside 1 WTC. 2010. [89] In April 2011. [85] Vantone Industrial's lease is for 20 years and 9 months.[62][86] and New York State's Office of General Services (OGS) planned to lease approximately 412.000 square feet (59.810 sq ft (17.One World Trade Center is owned principally by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. The Durst Organization assisted in supervising the building's construction.000 square feet (90. and to serve American companies that wish to conduct business in China. featuring a vertical "Folding Garden" based on an initial proposal by the Chinese artist Zhou Wei.000 square feet (38. However. A 190.000 sq ft (1. in exchange for an investment of at least US$100 million.000 square feet (90. 2009.700 m2) observation deck on the tower's 102nd floor. a private real estate company. Condé Nast Publications signed a tentative agreement to move the headquarters and offices of its magazines into One World Trade Center. and the OGS withdrew from the lease agreement. with an option to extend the term of the lease and occupy up to 1.000 m2) of open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. to represent Chinese business and cultural links to the United States.727 m2) "China Center". the State of New York agreed to a 15-year lease of 415. in July 2011. the GSA ceded most of its leased floor space to the Port Authority. a new interior design for the China Center was unveiled. as a joint project between the Port Authority and Beijing-based Vantone Industrial Co.300 m2) of .000 square feet (38.000. [87] In April 2008. Around 5 percent equity of the building was sold to the Durst Organization.[90] Condé Nast [edit] On August 3. combining business and cultural facilities. and manages the building for the Port Authority.

The tower's design was revised by Childs in May 2005 to address security concerns. The lease also covers 30. 2011. and storage use. [95] Key figures [edit] [edit] Larry Silverstein Larry Silverstein of Silverstein Properties. leasing 1.000 square feet (30.000 m2) of space. Condé Nast reached an agreement with the Port Authority. a Midtown Manhattan law firm. and is responsible for overseeing its dayto-day design development from inception to completion.000 square feet (10. Silverstein signed a 99year lease for the World Trade Center site in July 2001. [97] Daniel Libeskind open in browser PRO version [edit] pdfcrowd. initially in collaboration with Daniel Libeskind. messenger services. He is the project architect of the tower. while the Port Authority has full control of the tower itself.000 square feet (2. 2012. it was announced that Chadbourne & Parke. [93] Proposed tenants [edit] On January 27. one of Silverstein's favorite architects.012 square feet (93. the leaseholder and developer of the complex.000 m2) of space in One World Trade Center. [92] On May 25.008. On January 17.800 m2) of usable space in the podium and below grade floors. occupying floors 42–44 of the tower. Condé Nast finalized the lease agreement.647. retains control of the surrounding buildings. [91] On May 17.floor Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API . joined the project at the urging of Silverstein and developed a proposal for 1 WTC. 2012. negotiations broke down and the deal failed abruptly in March 2012. 2011.4 m2) of office space on floors 20–41 of the tower. [96] David Childs [edit] David Childs. it was reported that Condé Nast would be leasing an additional 133. securing a 25year lease with an estimated value of $2 billion. and remains actively involved in most aspects of the site's redevelopment process. would be signing a lease to around 300. [94] However. for mail.

[101][102] Douglas and Jody Durst [edit] Douglas and Jody Durst. [107] Port Authority construction workers [edit] A WoodSearch Films short-subject documentary was uploaded to YouTube on August 31. [103][104][105] Condé Nast. and other architects were chosen to construct the other WTC buildings.Architect Daniel Libeskind won the invitational competition to develop a plan for the World Trade Center's redevelopment in 2002. also confirmed a tentative deal to move into 1 World Trade Center in August 2010. won the right to invest at least $100 million in the project on July 7. "Memory Foundations". the co-presidents of the Durst Organization.776 feet (541 m). 2010. a long-time Durst tenant. A deputy open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Most of Libeskind's designs were later scrapped. 2010. Tishman – along with his father John Tishman. builder of the original World Trade Center – led the construction management effort for Tishman Realty & Construction. The Durst Organisation is a family-owned company that specializes in the development. entitled How does it feel to work on One World Trade Center?. [99] Nonetheless. He included an initial proposal. a real estate development company. one element of Libeskind's initial plan was reflected in the final design – the tower's symbolic height of 1. the competition to develop a master plan [98] for the World Trade Center's Statue of . managing. [100] Daniel Tishman [edit] Daniel R. a building with aerial gardens and windmills with an off-center spire. Libeskind later denied a request to place the tower in a more rentable location next to the PATH station and instead placed it a Daniel Libeskind w on the 2002 block west. for the design of 1 WTC. Others spoke of the importance they believed the construction of the tower had to the people of the United States. leasing. and resemble. the selected builder for 1 WTC. Nearly all of the construction workers interviewed praised the unity and work ethic of the new World Trade Center's construction team. redevelopment. and operation of sustainable commercial construction space. [104][105][106] and finalized the deal on May 26. 2011. because in profile it would line up with.

[111] In an uncommon move. It is the first publicly accessible monument to American special forces personnel. said. George Collins. "[The] camaraderie of the crew is very good. the bronze statue was positioned facing so the soldier atop the horse is keeping a watchful eye as he looks back over his shoulder at the World Trade Center and its tenants. Soldiers representing the United States Army Special Operations Command also attended the dedication ceremony.000 was paid by hundreds of private citizens. and the Latin subtitle De Oppresso Liber. [109] The base of the sculpture bears its title. the motto of the Green Berets. They all know how important this is to the country – and to show the world what us Americans can do – and get this done. including the personnel who helped remove the Afghan Taliban from power. "All the men are working in conjunction to put this building up. Deputy Commanding General of U." Another deputy foreman. commented.foreman. union and proud. [112] The statue was dedicated by Lieutenant General John Mulholland. "America's Response Monument". Scott Williams. which is translated "freedom from oppression" (literally "a man free from having been oppressed").S." [108] America's Response Monument Main article: America's Response Monument [edit] On October 19.[110] A piece of steel from the original World Trade Center is embedded in the base. [115] See also [edit] New York City portal Architecture portal Buildings and architecture of New York City List of tallest buildings in New York City List of buildings with 100 floors or more List of tallest buildings in the world List of tallest freestanding structures in the world open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 2012.S. Special Operations Forces in the first few weeks of the War in Afghanistan was rededicated in front of the building.[114] The statue's entire cost of over $750. The monument is dedicated to the actions of the servicemen and women of America's special forces who responded to the 9/11 attacks. [113] The land for the monument was donated by a private Wall Street . a life-and-a-half scale bronze monument commemorating U. Army Special Forces Command.

"Concrete Workers Resume Work as Strike Comes to an End".com. April 30. 2013. ^ "1 World Trade Center" . 2012). MSNBC. Retrieved January 14. ^ "Tallest buildings in NY" . Skyscraperpage. Retrieved June 23. And So Does Its Price Tag" February 2. ^ a b One World Trade Center . Lower Manhattan. "One World Trade Center steel skeleton completed" . ^ a b "WTC Progress from PANYNJ" . January 30. 2012. Retrieved June 23. 2013. Associated Press. ^ Phifer. 13. 2012. 7. ^ a b "One World Trade Center On Top As Tallest Building In New York City" April 30. February 17. 2012. 2012. Larry (August 30. Retrieved January 14. Emporis. New York Times. 2005. Retrieved May 2. 12. ^ "Freedom Tower's Evolution" . ^ a b c "Tower Rises. Retrieved June pdfcrowd. Retrieved April 16. Donica (August 4. Retrieved June 23. USA Today. ^ a b c One World Trade Center at SkyscraperPage. ^ "It's official: 1 WTC is New York's new tallest building" 30. ^ "Crews finish installing World Trade Center spire" . 2013. 5. 10. Retrieved . NearSay. or North Tower. 2012. 4. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 2012. January 3.List of tenants in One World Trade Center – Lists the tenants of the original 1 WTC. 2012. ^ "Building of N. Retrieved November 22. prior to the September 11 attacks One World Trade Center in popular culture Tallest buildings in the United States References [edit] ^ "America's Freedom Tower?" . Updated April 12. Skyscraperpage. Wall Street 9. Retrieved January 17. ^ a b c d One World Trade Center construction updates Retrieved April 16. 2006. Retrieved August 30. International Business Times. . 6. Council on Tall Buildings and . 2012.Y. ^ a b c "Prismatic glass façade for WTC tower scrapped" open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API . Asbury Park Press. April 28. 14. 2011. 2. 2006. May 10. . 18. Retrieved February 6. May 12. 17. WTC. 2012. ^ Higgs. 2012. 3. 2013. 2012. 8. 11. NY Daily News. 2011. . 2011). ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "One World Trade Center – The Skyscraper Center" Urban . ^ "Tallest buildings under construction in the world" . Freedom Tower begins" . Huffington Post. 15. 2012. Retrieved December 17.

2006. Archived from the original on May 3. ^ World Trade Center project has begun to take shape . Retrieved June 19. Archived from the original . 2011. Retrieved February 12. WCBS-TVV. . December 16. 2004. 34. 28. July 4. 2006. . Mayor Bloomberg Lay Cornerstone for Freedom Tower" (Press release). "Detailed schematics of 1 World Trade Center posted online" York Post. 2011. 30. ^ a b "Statement by Port Authority Regarding Preparation of Towers 3 and 4 Bathtub at WTC Site to Allow Silverstein Properties to Begin Construction in January" (Press release). Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. ^ "Architects in New York unveil new Freedom Tower" . 33. 2007. ^ "World Trade Center Growing This Summer" . aka Freedom Tower. December 19. 2012. The Economist. 2012. 2006. New York Daily News. NJ. Retrieved February 1. 2009. ^ Lois Weiss and Chuck Bennett. April 27. April 11.[dead link] 20. 2009. 2010. 2013. The New York Times. September 11. Retrieved April 22. ^ "First Freedom Tower Beam Rises At Ground Zero" . Retrieved March 30. June 29. Associated Press. 2006). 2012. May 19. Retrieved April 27. New Zealand Herald. Retrieved December 17. April 23. ^ "With New Logo. 2010. ^ "Freedom Tower has a new preferred name" .com. "Messages of Love and Hope on a Freedom Tower Beam" .18. Archived from the original on December 20. 2010.[dead link] 26. 2011. 24. ^ Chan. 21. 2012). Reuters. ^ "Prismatic glass façade for WTC tower scrapped" 19. 2009. 1 WTC Begins Marketing Push" . Associated Press via The Wall Street Journal. Xinhua. ^ "Freedom Tower half complete" [dead link]. Retrieved June 1. 2006. reaches halfway mark" [dead link]. 2009. 2006. 22. Huffington Post. ^ "The World Trade Centre Slow building" May 31. News & 35. ^ Hawley. Associated Press. . "World Trade Center design flaw could cost millions" Record. Port Authority. Wall Street Journal. ^ "Trucks roll to begin Freedom Tower construction" . 25.[dead link] open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. May 12. NJ. 2011. Retrieved May 12. . 27. 2009. ^ ""Tribute in Lights" illuminated in NYC skyline at night" 2013. ^ "Governor Pataki. Sewell (December 18. December 31. May 31. ^ Port Authority installs cocoon safety system around World Trade Center steel structure 2010. 2011. . 2009. Chris (February 1. Office of the Governor of New York State. Archived from the original on May 31. 2011. Governor McGreevey. March 26. Retrieved May 31. New on 23. . ^ "1 WTC.

(February 13. "Freedom From Fear" February 2. ^ "The Freedom Tower: World Trade Center. November 16. April 28. Retrieved April 1. 2010. 2007).36. 2013. Huffington Post. Retrieved February 12. . Glass Steel and 2007). Retrieved February 2. ^ "New World Trade Center Set to Be World's Most Expensive Building" 1. Is Expected to Approve Freedom Tower. 40. PANYNJ. Daily Mail. June 2005. 2012. 2012. The Telegraph. Retrieved [dead link] 45. 2013. 2011. CNN. ^ "Curtain Wall Installation Begins at One World Trade Center" (Press release). . 42. . ^ Bagli. Retrieved May 2. 37. 2012. 2012. 49. January 15. 39. WTC. ^ a b c "SOM Freedom Tower Fact Sheet" Corporation. ^ a b Nordenson. (PDF) (Press release). Jason Hanna (June 15. New York Post. Officials Say" . 43. Lower Manhattan Development open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. ^ "Critics blast Port Authority for changing position on how toll hike money will be spent" November 30. ^ a b "New York beefs up World Trade Center site security for September 11 10th anniversary" . August 8. ^ "Struggle to douse WTC fire" . Retrieved April 28. Retrieved May 3. . 2011. Retrieved March 13. 2012). Retrieved August 2. Retrieved February 2. 2013. CNN Newswire. 2012. May . 2011. 2012. "Obama signs beam of One World Trade Center" . 2013. NJ. 2012 . " The New York Times. 2012. The New York Times. ^ "World Trade Center's $10 million antenna finally sets sail for New York after legal dispute with Canadian maker is resolved" . 2012. Guy (February 16. ^ "New glass design for One World Trade Center base wins approval" . 41. Skidmore. ^ "Final pieces hoisted atop One World Trade Center" . CNN. 2011. Helped by Funny Math" Wall Street Journal. 52. ^ a b Brown. 38. Retrieved February 12. 2013. in Reversal. 2012). November 15. 2013. 48.[dead link] 51. December 12. Owings & Merrill LLP. 44. 2012. "One World Trade Center Hits 100 Stories. June 3. George Lerner. Retrieved June 5. Retrieved November 26. 47. February 46. ^ "1 World Trade Center to top out Monday as tallest building in hemisphere" . New York" 2012. 2012. Retrieved December 13. Charles V. ^ "FIRST SECTION OF SPIRE INSTALLED AT ONE WORLD TRADE CENTER" . IBTimes. 50. Eliot (March 30. 2012. Retrieved November 18. ^ "One World Trade Center Spire: Workers Begin To Hoist Spire Atop City's Tallest Building (PHOTOS) (VIDEO)" . ^ Poppy Harlow. November 22. 2013.

. Alexei (July 26. ^ Steve Cuozzo (May 24. Retrieved October 12. "Medieval Modern: Design Strikes a Defensive Posture" York Times. Nicolai (March 4. 66. ^ "Freedom Tower || About the WTC || World Trade Center ||" . ^ Barrionuevo. 2011. Articles of Incorporation. 2012. "World Trade Center offers warm welcome" . 62. 2005. The New 68. Retrieved May 29. Retrieved November 8. ^ a b c d Eliot Brown (May 10. 2012). 67. Retrieved November 8. David W. 2012). ^ Dunlap. Plans for a High-Rise Raise Interest and Post-9/11 Security Concerns" .com . ^ Interview with David Childs (cont'd) . January 3. National Review. CleanTechnica. "1 World Trade Center Is a Growing Presence. Wall Street Journal. Freedom Tower . . ^ "Rising new One World Trade Centre to push the envelope in green building design" Greenpurchasingasia. New York Times. 2012. Dunlap (June 12. Developer Says" NYC. World Trade Center Memorial Foundation. 2010. 2012. 2012. "Answers About Ground Zero Rebuilding" Retrieved July 9. 2012. 56. December 18. ^ a b "One World Trade Center: A New Icon for New York City" Jersey. Retrieved 2010-03-13. ^ "Outdoor Observation Deck At One World Trade Center A No-Go. 2011. 60. 70. . (July 9. 2012. 2005). 2005. ^ "Visitor Rules and Regulations" . ^ "Fuel cells: a clean energy alternative at new World Trade Center" . 55. 63. 2010. "Pointed Spat Over World Trade Spire" .53. . 58. June 21. Retrieved January 24. New York Times. ^ "World Trade Centre Behind Schedule And Over Budget Says New York Governor" . Retrieved April 4. 2007). 2012. Retrieved May 20. November 1. 2010. Inc. 2012. ^ a b c d e f g David W. 2012. 2010. Retrieved January 24. Retrieved January 27. ^ "Green Facts About 1 WTC" ab . 69. 2012. New York Times. ^ Letters to the editor: Taking the Measure of the New Freedom Tower . 71. 65. New York Times. Wtc. Retrieved January 21. Retrieved March 61. 2012. 2008. Retrieved December 9. ^ Transportation Nation: "Patrick Foye Named New Executive Director of NY-NJ Port Authority" By Jim open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. ^ "WTC taps fuel cell"s . Wall Street Journal. March 11. July 1. "In Chicago. Retrieved December 9. 2008). 57. New York Post. Sky News.[dead link] 59. The Port Authority of New York & New 64. Retrieved March 13. Retrieved December 9. ^ Deroy Murdock on World Trade Center . ^ 2011. and a Changed One" . 2012). ThomasNet. 2007

. ^ "432 Park Avenue" . 2012. David W.. Eliot (May 10. Sentiment Trumped Numbers" York Times. Wall Street Journal. 2012. 2009. October 19. "Change to top of WTC raises questions over height" Press. Retrieved August 17. 2011. "Redesign Puts Freedom Tower on a Fortified Base" New York Times. 2010). 85. 77. US States News. August 15. May 9. ^ "A GSA haircut at 1 WTC" . ^ Feiden. ^ a b "Gov. "Pointed Spat Over World Trade Spire" August 17. "Durst. . Taller Even Than the World Trade Center" Observer. Retrieved August 17.397 Feet. 2012. "Freedom Tower to open observation deck on 102nd floor" News (Mortimer Zuckerman). CNN. 2012. September 17. September 11. New 83. 74. ^ Brown. 2012. 2007.[dead link] 78. Joe (December 9. Associated . Levitt (July 8. 2013. New York Post. 2012. "In Skyscraper at Ground . Bloomberg . WTC. 2012. Mayor Bloomberg Announce Agreements to Occupy Freedom Tower". Retrieved . 2013. Retrieved August 17. 2012). 87. ^ David M. Wins Bid for Stake in 1 WTC" BusinessWeek. Governor Corzine. Retrieved . 82. 80. 2012. 2012. 2005). March 30. ^ a b "World Trade Center returns to New York skyline" January 4. March 28. Retrieved December Onetime Critic. 2012. 76. ^ "432 Park Avenue Will Reach 1. Glenn (June 30. 72. ^ RenewNYC – World Trade Center Towers . July 18. Inc. Architectural Record. "Push to Finish Tallest Tower" April 24. The . Retrieved August 17. Retrieved 2010- open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 84. Retrieved January 18. The Wall Street Journal. Collins. 2009. 81. 2008). ^ Joe Nocera (September 17. CBS New York. 2012. 75. 88. 89. 2013. ^ Barrett. . ^ "One World Trade Center Symbolic height" . 2011. 2009). Retrieved April 24. FOX News 79. Douglas (April 10. ^ a b c "Change Means One World Trade Center Might Not Be America's Tallest Building" CBS Local Media. 2012. Meghan (May 13. ^ Dunlap. CNN Money. Pataki. ^ "One World Trade Center's Skinny Spire Redesign Might Not Measure Up" McGraw-Hill Companies. ^ "Owners drop Freedom Tower name for new WTC skyscraper" . Retrieved August 17. Retrieved August 17. ^ a b Barr. Retrieved January 17. 2012). 2012. 2006. 73. . Retrieved 86. Daily . SkyscraperPage.O'Grady . May 10. 2010). New York . . ^ "Dispute over antenna could cost One World Trade Center title of tallest building in US" Network.

(August New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved January 15. 2012. 2010. ^ Cuozzo. 91. ^ "China Center Unveils Folding Garden Design For Its Space In 1 WTC" . "Dursts' Stake in World Trade Tower Helps Project" . 2010). Retrieved October 14. for 4 WTC. January 26. 104. About. August 3. Associated Press. Retrieved May 17. ^ Marino. 2012. 93. April 14. . 2010. and for 5 WTC. Retrieved October 14. 2010. . WNYC News (WNYC). 2012). ^ Bagli. ^ "What Ever Happened to Daniel Libeskind's Original WTC Freedom Tower Design?" Inhabitat. ^ a b Bagli. CNN.0 Transitional/CSS3). 2011. 2011. . 106. 2010). "Condé Nast taking more space at One World Trade Center" . ^ "Conde Nast May Move to New World Trade Center Site" (XHTML 1. Charles V. ^ "Trade Tower Is Set to Add Prime Tenant. The New 105. Richard Rogers. Charles V. Retrieved October 14. Retrieved October 14. 2011. Retrieved January 15. 2004. March 20.05-20. Tishman" 2011. 2012. (May 17. Foster and Partners. ChinaCenter. ^ Bagli. Charles V. ^ Profile of David Childs . ^ "WTC builder on the project's status" . Kohn Pederson Fox. Charles . a Law Firm" Retrieved January 29. The Real Deal. Steve (January 17. 2011). (July 7. 2012. 92. America Rebuilds. The New York Times. "Condé Nast to Move to Skyscraper at Ground Zero" . 2006. for 3 WTC. Retrieved June 23. 2010. Retrieved 95. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 90. (August 3. 2012. "Daniel R. 2011. The Real Deal. 99. 2010). April 30. 96. The New York Times. Master Planner for the New York World Trade Center . ^ "Verdict in 9/11 insurance battle" . September 7. Retrieved January 2. Vivian (January 29. Retrieved April 11. 2010). "Condé Nast Will Be Anchor of 1 World Trade Center" . 2012. 2012. 94. 102. New York Post. Retrieved August 3. The New York Times. ^ "Chadbourne & Parke Will Not Lease at One World Trade" March 22. Fumihiko Maki and associates. ^ Architecture – Daniel Libeskind. February 1. ^ a b Bagli. 2011. 2011. 101. 97. 103. 98. July 7. ^ For 2 WTC. ^ "World Trade Center site owner picks developer to negotiate stake in largest office tower" . . 2012. Star Tribune. 100. "Dursts Make Deal for Stake in 1 World Trade Center" York

2013. Retrieved January 12. WoodSearch Films. Retrieved March 18. Steel and Stone Project Rebirth – Official site for new World Trade on CTBUH's Skyscraper Center database. 2011. ^ "De Oppresso Liber-Green Beret Motto" . 2012).S. WKDZ . 2012. "'Horse Soldier' statue dedicated near Ground Zero" Radio. United States Army. 110. New York Post. 2011. November 22. 2012. – Live camera on 1WTC. ^ "Unconventional Work" . Foundation for U. Records Tallest building in the United open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 2010. 2008.107.Info Glass. Retrieved External links [edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to: One World Trade Center Official website maintained by the Durst Organisation and Cushman & Wakefield. . ^ "Artist's Statement" .[dead link] 113. ^ Brown. 108. Historical Monuments. ^ Ospina. Bill (October 18. 114. ^ "How does it feel to work on One World Trade Center?" . Archived from the original on March 14. 2013. 2012. 112. Retrieved January 12. 2011). 2012. The Wall Street Journal. . August 31. – History of Freedom Tower designs. November 11. Retrieved January 14. – Documentation of the reconstruction of Ground Zero. "America's Response Statue placed to provide overwatch on One World Trade Center" . 109. ^ Bissell. 115. Retrieved January 13. Brandon (November 18. 2011. Retrieved January 16. Barbara. ^ ""De Oppresso Liber" Statue Finds Home at Ground Zero" 2012. Ground Zero Cams 1WTC Live Cam LowerManhattan. "A Day of Deals at One World Trade Center" . 2011). "Ground Zero salute to American heroes" March 18. One World Trade Center – Live camera and time lapse photos of the WTC site. Blackwater. – Official site for Lower Manhattan Construction Command Center. Eliot (May 26. ^ White. Retrieved January 13. . World Trade Center Center complex.

you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.. By using this site. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Mobile view open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. a non-profit organization. Inc. Manhattan Office buildings in New York City . Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.Preceded by Willis Tower States 541 m 2013–present Preceded by Empire State Building Tallest building in New York City 541 m Incumbent 2013–present [show ] Articles and topics related to One World Trade Center Categories: Buildings and structures in Manhattan Buildings and structures under construction in the United States Daniel Libeskind buildings Financial District. additional terms may apply. Owings and Merrill buildings Skyscrapers in Manhattan Skyscrapers over 350 meters World Trade Center This page w as last modified on 25 June 2013 at 23:12. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful