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GOVERNMENT OF KERALA

Abstract

MALAYALAM SCRIPT-ADOPTION OF NEW SCRIPT FOR USE-ORDERS ISSUED

EDUCATION ‘P’ DEPARTMENT


G. O. (P) 37/71/Edn. Dated, Trivandrum, 23rd March 1971.

Read: G.O. (P) 329/68/Edn.dated 11-7-1968

ORDER
The question of reducing the unwieldy number of alphabets and signs in
Malayalam which consume much time and labour in the process of printing and
typewriting, has been under consideration of Government for some time. In 1967
Government appointed a Committee with Shri Soornad P. N. Kunjan pillai, Editor,
Malayalam Lexicon as convener to advise them on the question of reformation of
Malayalam script. The committee in its report has made recommendations to reduce 75%
of the total number of existing characters in printing and typewriting. The reformed
Malayalam script recommended by the above Committee was revised with slight
modifications by another committee appointed in 1969 to expedite the adoption of the
new script for use. The recommendations of the above two committees in the matter of
reformation of the Malayalam script are in brief as follows:

i. D, Du, E, d F¶nhbpsS am{XIÄ hyRvP\§fn \n¶pw


hnSphn¡pI
ii. {]Nmcw Ipdª Iq«£c§Ä N{µ¡e D]tbmKn¨v ]ncn¨v
FgpXpI.

2. In January 1971 a conference of Managing Editors of important newspapers in the


State was convened to discuss the question of adoption of the new Malayalam script
for use. The conference has recommended that the reformed script as revised by the
committee might be adopted for use with effect from 15th April 1971 (Vishu Day).

3. Government have considered the question in detail and are pleased to accept the
reformed Malayalam script as revised by the Committee for use. The new script will
be adopted for all official purposes with effect from 15th April 1971 (Vishu Day). A
booklet “en]n]cnjvIcWw” containing the details of the new script accepted by
Government is appended to this G.O.

4. All newspapers and periodicals in Malayalam are requested to co-operate with


Government in the implementation of the scheme and to adopt the new script from
the stipulated date.
ii

5. The Superintendent of Government Presses is requested to take necessary steps for


implementing the above orders in time. The Government Gazette and other
Government publications will be printed in the new script from the above date.

6. The Director of Public Relations is requested to give wide publicity to the scheme and
to publish an advertisement in all news-papers about the programme for the change
over of the script.

7. Government advertisements from 15-4-1971 will be in the new script. As far as


possible, advertisements will be given in stereo-blocks.

By order of the Governor,


PADMA RAMACHANDRAN,
Education Secretary.

To
All Heads of Departments and Officers.
The Superintendent of Government Presses.
The Secretary, Kerala Public Service Commission (with C.L.)
The Registrar, High Court (with C.L.)
The Registrar, University of Kerala.
The Registrar, University of Calicut.
The Director of Public Relations.
The Gazette.
The Editors of all newspapers and periodicals.
All members of Script Reformation Committee.
All Departments of Secretariat.
en]n]cnjvIcWw

©
tIcfkÀ¡mÀ
1971
`mjm`nhr²nsb klmbn¡p¶ LSI§fn Xosc A{][m\aÃm¯
Øm\amWv en]nIÄ¡pffXv. EPphpw efnXhpamb en]nk{¼Zmbw `mj
ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xp kpKaam¡p¶p. `mcXob`mjIÄ¡p sshhn[yw
\ndª en]nk{¼ZmbamWv \nehnencn¡p¶Xv. `mcXob`mjIfpsS
en]nk{¼Zmbw GIoIcn¡pI F¶ {]iv\w Ct¸mÄ
kPohaÃmXmbn¯oÀ¶ncn¡p¶Xv Cu sshhn[yw aqeapff {]bmk§Ä
hyàambXpsIm−mbncn¡Ww. tdma³ en]n kzoIcn¡pIbmhpw Cu
GIoIcW¯n\v ]änb amÀ¤w F¶v \nÀt±in¡s¸«ncp¶p. ]t£ AXv
`qcn]£wt]À¡pw kzoImcyambnÃ.
aebmf `mjbpsS en]nk{¼Zmbw k¦oÀ®amb H¶mWv.
hyRvP\§tfmSp kzc§Ä tNÀ¡pt¼mgpw, Iq«£c§Ä
krãn¡pt¼mgpw, NnÃpIÄ tNÀs¯gpXpt¼mgpw aäpw {]tXyI en]nIÄ
krjvSn¨XmWv Cu k¦oÀ®Xbv¡p ImcWw. aebmf en]nIfpsS F®w
C¡mcW¯m {IamXoXambn hÀ²n¡bpw sNbvXncp¶p. FÃmw
ssIsIm−v FgpXnh¶Ime¯v Cu k¦oÀ®X sIm−pff {]bmkw
A{Xt¯mfw A\p`hs¸«ncp¶nÃ. F¶m A¨Snb{´¯nsâbpw
ssS¸vssdädnsâbpw BhnÀ`mht¯msS Cu en]nk{¼Zmbw sIm−pff
hnjaXIÄ IqSpXembn A\p`hs¸«p. aebmf¯n\v C¶pw shSn¸mbn
ssS¸v sN¿m³ DXIp¶ Hcp Iot_mÀUv cq]s¸Sp¯m\mbn«nsænÂ
AXnsâ apJyImcWw en]nk{¼Zmb¯nse Cu k¦oÀ®X Xs¶bmWv.
en]n]cnjvIcW kwcw`§Ä
aebmfen]n ]cnjvIcn¡p¶Xn\pff bXv\§Ä A§n§v Bcw`n¨n«v
Iptd¡meambn. kz´ambn CXnte¡v DÂkmln¡pIbpw, ]co£W§fpw
{]bXv\§fpw \S¯pIbpw sNbvX ]{X§Ä¡pw ssS¸v \nÀ½mXm¡Ä¡pw
kzm`mhnIambpw Ah ^e{]m]vXnbnse¯n¡m³ IgnªnÃ. Kh¬saâv
ap³ssI FSp¯p \S¸m¡m¯ ]cnjvImc§Ä¡v kmÀÆ{XnIamb
AwKoImcw t\Sm³ hnjahpap−v. 1967 Ahkm\amWv kwØm\
Kh¬saâv en]n]cnjvIcW¯n\mhiyamb \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨p
XpS§nbXv. ChbpsS {]mcw`w F¶ \nebn en]n]cnjvIcW
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kt½f\w tNÀ¶p. ]{Xm[n]³amcpw, ssS¸vssdänwKv A¨Sn XpS§nb
cwK§fnse hnZKv²³amcpw, hnZym`ymk {]hÀ¯Icpw aäpw ]s¦Sp¯
{]kvXpX tbmK¯n h¨v en]n ]cnjvIcWw kw_Ôn¨v Hcp ]²Xn
X¿mdm¡n Kh¬saânte¡v kaÀ¸n¡m³ Hcp I½nän cq]oIcn¡Wsa¶v
Xocpam\n¨p. A[nIw XmaknbmsXXs¶ I½nän cq]oIcn¡pIbpw
sNbvXp.
2

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am[yahpw Bbns¡m−ncn¡p¶Xn\mÂ, `mjbpsS hfÀ¨bv¡pw
hnImk¯n\pw klmbIamwhn[w en]nIÄ ]cnjvIcn¡Wsa¶mbncp¶p
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k{¼Zmb§Ä eLqIcnt¡−Xnsâ BhiyIXbpw {]tXyIw
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IqSpXÂ {]tbmP\w kn²n¡p¶ eLphmb t`ZKXnIÄ am{Xta
hcpt¯−XpÅq F¶ A`n{]mbamWv Kh¬saâv {]ISn¸n¨Xv. Cu
e£y§Ä ap³\nÀ¯n Bhiyamb NÀ¨Ifpw ]T\§fpw \S¯nbtijw,
en]n]cnjvIcWI½nän Kh¬saânte¡v bYmImew dnt¸mÀ«v
kaÀ¸n¡pIbp−mbn. Kh¬saâv I½nänbpsS ip]mÀiIÄ s]mXphnÂ
kzoIcn¡pIbpw AX\pkcn¨v Bhiyamb D¯chpIÄ
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Ct¸mÄ aebmf¯n Aªqdne[nIw en]nIÄ \nehnep−v.
C¶s¯ coXn¡p `mj ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xn\v A{Xbpw en]nIÄ
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{]mtbmKnIamwhn[w F{Xt¯mfw Ipdbv¡mw F¶Xmbncp¶p I½nänbpsS
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eLqIcn¡m\mWv I½nän \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶Xv. hyRvP\§tfmSv kzc§Ä
tNÀ¶p−mIp¶ A£c§fptSbpw Iq«£c§fptSbpw F®w
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en]n]cnjvIcWkanXnbpsS \nÀt±i§Ä
1 D, Du, E F¶o kzc§Ä hyRvP\§tfmSp tNcpt¼mÄ {]tXyI
en]nIÄXs¶ cq]saSp¡p¶ C¶s¯ coXn¡p]Icw Ahbv¡v {]tXyI
Nn GÀs¸Sp¯pI. A, B, C, Cu, F, G, sF, H, Hm, Hu F¶o
kzc§Ä¡v GXp hyRvP\t¯mSpw tNÀ¡mhp¶ {]tXyI NnÓ§Ä
Ds−¶ hkvXpX ChnsS HmÀ½nt¡−Xp−v. D, Du, E F¶o
kzc§fpsS Imcy¯nepw B k{¼Zmbw GÀs¸Sp¯nbm H«[nIw
en]nIÄ Ipdbv¡m³ Ignbpw. CXnte¡v ‘D’ F¶Xn\v ‘p’ F¶
NnÓhpw ‘Du’ hn\v ‘q’ F¶ NnÓhpw BWv \nÀt±in¡s¸«ncn¡p¶Xv.
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thÀs]Sp¯n Ipd¨p hyXykvXXtbmsS ‘r’ F¶ NnÓam¡nbmÂ
aXnbmhpw.
DZm :--þ Ip, Iq, Ir; Xp, Xq, Xr CXymZn.
3

2 ap¼n tc^w (À) tNcp¶ Iq«£c§Ä Ct¸mÄ c−pXc¯nÂ


FgpXmdp−v

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CXn BZys¯ coXn (‘ ’NnÓw apIfn CSp¶ coXn)


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ip]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶p. aäpff Iq«£c§Ä Gdnb]¦pw
kwkvIrX¯nÂ\n¶pw kzoIcn¨n«pffhbmWv. Ahsb N{µ¡ebn«v
thÀXncn¨pw AÃmsX H¶n¨ptNÀ¯pw FgpXp¶ coXnIÄ Ct¸mÄ
\nehnep−v.
DZm:-þ IvXþà, ivNþÝ
Chbn N{µ¡ebn«v thÀXncns¨gpXp¶ BZys¯ coXn am{Xw
\ne\nÀ¯pI F¶XmWv I½nänbpsS ip]mÀi.
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]e{]Imc¯n FgpXp¶p−v. bv, hv F¶nh tNcpt¼mÄ {]tXyI
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F¶ {]tXyI NnÓw \ÂIn {], {I, {X F¶n§s\ FgpXmsa¶ I½nän
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thÀXncnt¨m Ct¸mgs¯t¸mse {]tXyI A£camtbm (¢, ¹
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I½nän ip]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶p. FgpXp¶Xn\v Ct¸mgs¯
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sNbvXn«p−v.
\nehnepff Aªqdne[nIw en]nIfn `qcn]£hpw Cu
\nÀt±i§Ä kzoIcn¨p \S¸m¡p¶ ]£w IpdhpsN¿mhp¶XmWv.
A¨Snbnepw ssS¸vssdänwKnepw en]nIfpsS B[nIywaqew
C¶\p`hs¸Sp¶ {]bmkw At¸mÄ KWyamb tXmXn IpdbpIbpw
sN¿pw. C¶s¯ en]nk{¼Zmb¯n kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\v
{]bmkap−mhnÃ.
4

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]co£Whnt[bam¡nbn«p−v. C¶p Cu hnjb¯n XmÂ]cyapff
]ecpw ]e coXnbn ]co£n¨pt\m¡p¶ en]n]cnjvIcWw
imkv{XobmSnØm\¯n GtIm]n¸n¡p¶Xn\pw Cu ip]mÀiIÄ¡p
Ignbpw
en]n]cnjvIcWkanXnbpsS ip]mÀiIÄ A\pkcn¨v ]e
en]nIÄ¡pw kapNnXamb ap{ZWamXrIIÄ cq]s¸Spt¯−XmWv.
A¨Snbnepw ssS¸vssdänwKnepw C¯cw amXrIIÄ D−m¡m³
Bhiyamb \S]SnIÄ Kh¬saâv kzoIcn¨phcp¶p−v. ]cnjvIcn¨
en]nIÄ¡v GIoIrXamb It¼mknwKvtIkv \S¸nÂ
hcp¯p¶Xn\mhiyamb \S]SnIfpw kzoIcn¨phcp¶p.
aebmfw {Iam\pKXambn tIcf¯nsâ HutZymKnI `mjbmbn
amdns¡m−ncn¡pIbmWv. ]e L«§fnembn \S¸n hcp¯p¶ Cu
amäw ]qÀ¯nbmIpt¼mtg¡v ]pXnb en]nk{¼Zmb¯nsâ D]tbmKw
kmÀÆ{XnIambn¯otc−XmhiyamWv. F¦nÂam{Xta HutZymKnIamb
FÃm Bhiy§Ä¡pw aebmf`mjsb kpKaamwhn[w D]tbmKn¡m³
Ignbq. AXn\m ]pXnb en]nIÄ \ntXym]tbmK¯nem¡n¯oÀ¡m³
`mjm`nam\nIÄ ]cn{iant¡−nbncn¡p¶p.
5

C\n \nehn hcp¶ en]nIÄ


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