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Design of Water Tank: A) Axial tension in tank: Assumed thickness Depth of water inside tank when full Water

l Water pressure at the bottom Resultant water pressure Location of center pressure Area of cross-section Centroid of cross-section

Moment of Inertia

Eccentricity Stresses

Total tensile forces

Required steel areas per meter width

B) Bottom slab RS7: Check type of slab

Minimum slab thickness Dead load

Compute moments:

Design constants

Effective depth for flexure

Effective depth for shear

Steel reinforcements computations Sectio n -Ma,cont +Ma,mid -Mb,cont +Mb,mid M (kNm) 26.221 10.488 18.003 6.969* As (mm2) 2755 > As,min 1102 < As,min 1891 > As,min 732 > As,min (4/3)As (mm2) NA NA NA 976 Adopt As (mm2) 2755 1102+231 = 1333 ** 1891 872+231(3.8/4.35) = 1074 Spacing of 20 mm dia. (mm) 73, say 100 151, say 150 106, say 100 187, say 150

*d = 172 20 = 150(long direction steel is placed on top of short direction steel at midspan) **The area required in 5.1.12 are added to the flexural steel at midspan. Sample computations: For

Loads transmission to supporting beams

C) Top slab US2: Check type of slab

Minimum slab thickness Compute loads

Compute moments:

Design constants

Effective depth for flexure

Effective depth for shear

Steel reinforcements computations Sectio n -Ma,cont +Ma,mid -Mb,cont M (kNm) 3.691 1.833 2.499 As (mm2) 421 > As,min 209 < As,min 285 < As,min (4/3)As (mm2) NA 279 380 Adopt As (mm2) Spacing of 12 mm dia. (mm) 268, say 250 320, say 300 249, say 250

421 279+74 = 353** 380+74=454 221+74(3.80/4.35) = +Mb,mid 1.219* 166 < As,min 221 395, say 300 286 *d = 74 12 = 62 (long direction steel is placed on top of short direction steel at midspan) **The area required in 5.1.12 are added to the flexural steel at midspan. Sample computations: For

Loads transmission to supporting beams

D) Water Tank Walls: Check type of slab

Minimum slab thickness Load due to water pressure Convert triangular load into equivalent uniform load

Compute moments: 8 =0.6

Effective depth for flexure Note: Use the same allowable stresses as bottom slab

Effective depth for shear

Steel reinforcements computations Sectio n -Ma,cont M (kNm) 11.806 As (mm2) (4/3)As (mm2) Adopt As (mm2) Spacing of 16 mm dia. (mm) say 150 say say say say 150 300 200 300

1240 > NA 1240 162, As,min +Ma,mid 7.020 738 < As,min 984 984+134 = 1118** 180, -Ma,discont 3.935 413 < As,min 551 551 365, -Mb,cont 8.615 905 > As,min NA 905 222, +Mb,mid 3.231* 340 < As,min 453 453+134=587 342, *d = 172 16 = 156 **The area required in 5.1.12 are added to the flexural steel at midspan. Sample computations: For

Loads transmission to supporting beams