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Structure Design Calculation for Reinforced Concrete Headponds

Basic design condition:


gc

: unit weight of concrete

2.40

t/m3

gw

: unit weight of water

1.00

t/m3

gs

: unit weight of backfill material

1.80

t/m3

Allowable stress:
sca =
70

kg/cm2
2

ssa =

1400

kg/cm

tca =

3.6

kg/cm2

tsa =

kg/cm

14

2
700 t/m
2
14,000 t/m
2
36 t/m
2
140 t/m

Coefficient of active pressure:


Normal condition
q
: angle with vertikal
d
: angle of wall friction
j
: angle of internal friction material
a
: angle with horisontal
Ka

7
5
30
0

: coefficent of active pressure


cos2(j-q)
cos q.cos(q+d) . (1+(sin(j+d).sin(j-a)/cos(q-a).cos(q+d))0.5)2

Ka =

Condition under earthquake loading


Kv
: vertical component of earthquake coefficient
Kh
: horisontal component of earthquake coefficient
qo
: combine angle
qo = tan-1 (Kh/(1-Kv))
Kae

0
0.15
9

: coefficient of active pressure under earthquake


cos2(q+q0-j)
cos qo.cos q.cos(q+qo) . (1+(sinj.sin(j-a-qo)/cos(q+qo).cos(q+a))0.5)2

Ka =

Geometry and Loading Condition


10t

10t
1.75

h2

El.+ 554.25

El.+ 554.75
h1

h4

El.+ 547.80
h3
b2 b1
B

Data:
Dimension
b1

m
0.2

0.7
0.35

b2
h1
h2
h3
h4
B

0.3
6.45
0.5
0.3
6.95
9

Earth pressure
P =(1/2)*gs*h42*Ka
M = P*h4/3
Water pressure
P = (1/2)*gw*h12
M = P*h1/3

h
Ad
K
V

6.95
2.4325
86
209.195

Al
L
V
12.781

ton

29.609

tonm

20.801

ton

44.723

tonm

Loading from wheel load


Wheel load 14 ton
One rear load q =
5.600 t
r
the distance from the action point of the load to the wall
H
wall height
f
angle of internal friction (degree)
I
wheel load impact factor
Calculation of r.(r/h)
r.(r/h)
0.07
By the table, Po =

0.131

Calculation of coefficient of earth pressure:


Ka
0.294
Total earth pressure caused by truck load 14 ton
P = q.(1+I).Po.Ka =
0.2803819 ton
Bending moment caused by truck load 14 ton
r/H
0.10
By the table, Mo =
0.0928
M = q. (1+I).Mo.Ka =

0.1986217 tm

Summary
Loading Condition
Earth pressure+wheel loading
Earth pressure+wheel loading+water pressure

P(ton)
M (ton.m)
13.06
29.81
(7.74)
(14.92)

Design for bending moment


M
b
h = b1 + b2

2,980,757 kgcm
100 m
50 m

2.7
34
91.8

0.7
6.95
30
0.3

clear cover
d = h - clear cover
j

6 cm
44 cm
7/8

Main reinforcement:
As = M/(ssa*j*d) =

2
55.30 cm
2
12.50 cm

Amin = 0.25%*b*h
Used f 25 - 100 (As = 55.76 cm2)
Reinforcement for shringkage:
A = 20%*Amain reinforcement

2
2.50 cm

Used f 8 - 250 (As = 2.01 cm2)


Design for shear:
V
b
h
t = 8V/7bh

13.061
ton
1.00
m
0.50
m
2
kg/cm
2.99

13,061.22
100.00
50.00
< tb

kg
cm
cm
OK

0.294

0.172

Berat Struktur
- Lantai
- Dinding

Air
Total
Tegangan yang terjadi

3
4.865
7.865

2.40

58.05

21,069.65
301.00
451,492,500.00

m
m

358,184,050.00

18.876 ton/m
58.05 ton/m
76.926 ton/m
7.6926 ton/m2
0.76926 kg/cm2

Deformed Bar (JIS G 3112)

Dia.
mm
D
6
D 10
D 13
D 16
D 19
D 22
D 25
D 29
D 32
D 35
D 38
D 41
D 51

Actual
Diameter
mm
6.35
9.53
12.7
15.9
19.1
22.2
25.4
28.6
31.8
34.9
38.1
41.3
50.8

Cross
Sectional
Area
cm2
0.317
0.714
1.267
1.986
2.866
3.872
5.069
6.427
7.945
9.570
11.406
13.402
20.276

Round Bar (JIS G319)

Dia.
mm
f
6
f
7
f
8
f
9
f 10
f 11
f 12
f 13
f 14
f 16
f 18
f 19
f 20
f 22
f 24
f 25

Cross
Sectional Unit Weight
Area
cm2
kg/m
0.283
0.2220
0.385
0.3022
0.503
0.3947
0.636
0.4996
0.786
0.6168
0.951
0.7463
1.131
0.8882
1.328
1.0424
1.540
1.2089
2.011
1.5790
2.546
1.9984
2.836
2.2266
3.143
2.4671
3.803
2.9852
4.526
3.5527
4.911
3.8549

Unit
Weight
kg/m
0.2487
0.5602
0.9948
1.5593
2.2501
3.0398
3.9793
5.0451
6.2372
7.5125
8.9533
10.5205
15.9170

Actual
Circumference
cm
2.00
3.00
3.99
5.00
6.00
6.98
7.98
8.99
9.99
10.97
11.97
12.98
15.97

55.76026