John et al, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies

E-ISSN2249–8974

Research Paper

THE DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF GAS TURBINE BLADE
John.V 1, T. Ramakrishna 2

Address for Correspondence PG Student, 2 Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SIR C. R. R. College of Engineering, (Affiliated to Andhra University) Eluru-534007, West Godavari Dist, A.P ABSTRACT
1

This paper summarizes the design and analysis of Gas turbine blade, CATIA is used for design of solid model and ANSYS software for analysis for F.E. model generated, by applying boundary condition, this paper also includes specific postprocessing and life assessment of blade. How the program makes effective use of the ANSYS pre-processor to mesh complex turbine blade geometries and apply boundary conditions. Here under we presented how Designing of a turbine blade is done in CATIA with the help of co-ordinate generated on CMM. And to demonstrate the pre-processing capabilities, static and dynamic stress analyses results, generation of Campbell and Interference diagrams and life assessment. The principal aim of this paper is to get the natural frequencies and mode shape of the turbine blade. KEYWORDS: Design; Analysis; Gas Turbine Blade; Ansys

1.0 INTRODUCTION BLADEGEN CFX-BladeGen is an advanced, interactive blade design tool for turbo machinery modeling developed by AEA Technology Engineering Software Inc. Blade Gen incorporates years of turbo-machinery design and analysis expertise into an easy to use graphical environment utilizing terminology familiar to engineers involved in the design of rotating machinery. With Blade Gen, the user can re-design existing blades to achieve new design goals or create completely new blade designs from scratch. When either re-designing or evaluating an existing blade design, Blade Gen facilitates the import of blade geometry interactively or though user supplied files. Flexibility is a key feature in Blade Gen. Blade Gen can handle the design of a wide variety of rotating and stationary bladed components, including axial and radial blades, for applications such as: inducers, pumps, compressors, turbines, expanders, turbochargers, fans, blowers, etc. Blade Gen allows sculpted or ruled element blades with linear or compound lean leading or trailing edges. Over/Under-Filing can be applied and leading and trailing edge shapes are easily specified as a full radius, an ellipse ratio, or a simple cutoff. Blade Gen represents a pivotal link between blade design, advanced fluid analysis and manufacturing. Used in combination with the CFX-Blade Gen Plus Analysis Module, users can rapidly evaluate the performance of a component. Alternately, the geometry can be exported through CFX-Turbo Grid to CFX-TASC flow to provide a more rigorous analysis. It also produces blade geometry files that can be exported to CAD design in packages such as CATIA and AutoCAD. This enables the user to efficiently transition from preliminary blade design, to full 3D viscous flow analysis, and finally to a CAD environment. CFX-BladeGenPlus, which adds a CFD Analysis Module to CFX-BladeGen, provides the user with a completely integrated blade geometry design and flow-field evaluation system. Tight integration with CFD allows the user to make CFD integral to the design rather than something accomplished later in the design when options to change the geometry are minimal. BladeGen breaks the complex, 3-dimensional (3D) geometry of a blade into two or three 2-dimensional
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(2D) views. The data from these views is used to create the model, one blade’s layer at a time. These views, plus an auxiliary view, are simultaneously displayed in the BladeGen window and all views use the same set of zoom and pan keyboard shortcuts and mouse actions. A typical BladeGen Window contains a combination of Working Views (Angle, Thickness, and Prs/Sct Views) and Auxiliary Views. The Working Views are views where all blade-modification tasks are performed. The Auxiliary Views are used for data display only and provide a variety of formats for reviewing the blade design. The operating mode determines which working views are active. The Annotated Window Layout, show below, describes the components of the window. 2.0 MODEL

Fig.1: Model of blade

3.0 STATIC ANALYSIS 3.1 Graphite

Fig.2: Distributed shape or variation of geometry shape after applying loads.

Fig.3: First mode shape of turbine blade

-Dec. Fig.0 CERAMIC COATING: STATIC ANALYSIS Fig.3 Titanium Fig.5: Variation of geometry shape after applying loads.174 3.9: Shows the temperature distribution IJAERS/Vol.2 Stainless Steel Fig.2 Stainless Steel Fig.1 Graphite Fig.13: Shows temperature distribution 5.522 .2012/53-55 FIG.213 3..154 4.3 Titanium Fig.14: Variation of geometry shape after applying loads Fig.8: First mode shape of turbine blade having 11.11: Shows the temperature distribution 4.10: Shows thermal loads Fig.0 THERMAL ANALYSIS 4.6: First mode shape of turbine blade having 11.John et al.12: Shows thermal loads Fig.15: First mode shape of turbine blade having 10. Fig. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies E-ISSN2249–8974 4.4: Radial stress with 93.7: Variation of geometry shape after applying loads. II/ Issue I/Oct.

Journal of sound and vibration.J. Dynamic analysis method for prevention of failure in the 1st stage low pressure turbine blade with fingers root.vol 240(5). Journal of sound and vibration. yong-ho.Sharan.17: Shows temperature distribution 7. current studies.kearton.vol219(1) .J.R.XX and T. pp:635-644. Finite element results for free standing blades give a complete picture of structural characteristics.vol-96(20).Rao. Journal of the sound and vibration.4537.vol-111.John et al.jung. Jan 7. application of variational principle to shrouded turbine blades.pp:610618.H.S. 1974..Jung –yong.pp:209-212.J. A. vibrational analysis of twisted thin cylindrical panels by using Raleigh-Ritz method .0 CONCLUSION In this paper we have analyzed previous designs and generals of turbine blade to do further optimization. Natural vibration of laminated composites beams by using fixed finite element modeling . 1984.kang.vol:257.0 CERAMIC COATING: THERMAL ANALYSIS Fig. transactions of ASME.S.H.steam turbine theory and practices . Series iii.pp:501-505.16: Shows thermal loads Fig.Teisuke sueoka . which can utilized for the improvement in the design and optimization of the operating conditions. • In the first step we have designed turbine blade using CMM data from existing model. The design of rotor blades taking into account the combined effects of vibratory and thermal loads.volume 33. good thermal strength.Free vibration of buckled laminated plates by finite element 2.pp:159-167.-Dec.Kwak and J.M.journal of sound and vibration. 5.volume 111.1999. 6. 8. J. 9. IJAERS/Vol. REFERNCES 1. Teng –yuan Wu. due to low stress displacement.pp:891-908. pp: 93-97. low cost and easy to manufacture. Jongjin.Transactions of the ASME . From the above results we can conclude that using cast iron with partially stabilized zirconium coating is more beneficial than previous materials.j.2001.Ramsekhar and Y.2002.JSME international Journal.Tsuiji free vibrational analysis of curved and twisted cylindrical thin panels .pp:63-68.journal of vibrations and Acoustics October 1997.1992 7th edition pp:423-450. Leissa .H.Vibration of twisted cantilever plates summary of provisions.0 RESULTS method .A. Hu. Yong-keun.Bahree.Macbin. R. Yoo.vol. • In the next step we have applied different materials for turbine blade to suggest best material. • In the second step we have done the study on different materials which are suitable for the improvement of turbine blade.Shah.pp:635651. Tsuneo Tsuji.C and Keilb. A.Desai. Park . II/ Issue I/Oct.2012/53-55 .The International Society for Optical Engineering. Journal of Engineering gas turbines and Power. G.M.chung . 3. 7. W. ISTAM.oct-1989. 10.Vibrational analysis of rotating pre twisted blades with a concentrated mass. Rao.Y. 4.1990.W.S. • In the third step we have validated our design using existing materials. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies E-ISSN2249–8974 6. Le-chung shiau . proceedings of 19th cong. Proceeding of SPIE. mar 2001.E.Park. 8.

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