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Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois)

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The Malinois /mlnw/ or Belgian Shepherd Dog is a breed of dog, sometimes classified as a variety of the Belgian Shepherd Dog classification, rather than as a separate breed. The Malinois is recognized in the United States under the name Belgian Malinois. Its name is the French word for Mechlinian, which is in Dutch either Mechelse herdershond or Mechelse scheper (both meaning: shepherd dog from Mechelen) or Mechelaar (one from Mechelen). It is used as a working dog for tasks including detection of odors such as explosives, accelerants (for arson investigation), and narcotics; tracking of humans for suspect apprehension in police work; and search and rescue.
Contents [hide] 1 Appearance 1.1 Coat and color 1.2 Size 2 Temperament 3 Working dog 4 Activities 5 Health 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois)

A Belgian Malinois (Chien de Berger Belge) Mechelaar Mechelse Herder Mechelse Scheper Pastor Belga Malinois Country of origin Belgium Other names Traits [hide] Weight Male 2934 kg (6475 lb) Female 2530 kg (5566 lb) Height Male 6166 cm (2426 in) Female 5661 cm (2224 in) Coat short Color fawn to mahogany with black markings Classification and standards Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) [show]


[edit] Like all Belgian Shepherds, the Malinois is a medium-sized and square-proportioned dog in the sheepdog family. The Malinois has a short mahogany coat with black markings. It has black erect ears and a black muzzle. It has a square build in comparison to the German Shepherd.

Italiano Lietuvi Nederlands

Norsk bokml Polski Romn / srpski Suomi

Coat and color [edit]

Due to its history as a working dog (i.e., being bred for function over form), the Malinois can vary greatly in appearance. The acceptable colors of pure-bred Malinois are a base color fawn to mahogany and tan with a black mask and black ears with some degree of black tipping on the hairs, giving an overlay appearance. The color tends to be lighter with less black agouti or overlay on the dog's underside, breeching, and inner leg. White markings are also allowed on the tips of the toes and the chest, as long as the white on the chest does not extend up to the neck. The other varieties of Belgian Shepherd are distinguished by their coats and colors: the Tervuren is the same color as the Malinois but has long hair, the wire-coated Laekenois is fawn and lacks the black mask and ears, and the Groenendael (registered as Belgian Sheepdog by the American Kennel Club) has long hair and is solid black.

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A Malinois with a black mask.

Size [edit]
Male dogs are about 6166 cm (2426 in), while females are about 5661 cm (2224 in) at the withers. Female Malinois are said to average 2530 kg (5566 lb), while males are heavier at 2934 kg (6475 lb). Dogs under 23 inches or over 27 inches are to be disqualified, as are females under 21 inches or over 25 inches.



Well-raised and trained Malinois are usually active,[1][2][3] friendly,[1] protective[2] and hard-working. Belgian Malinois exhibit energy levels that are among the highest of all dog breeds. A typical Malinois will have puppy-like energy until the age of 3, though it is not uncommon for them to exhibit this energy level until the age of five. Many have excessively high prey drive. Some may be excessively exuberant or playful, especially when young.[1][2] They can be destructive or develop neurotic behaviors if not provided enough stimulation and exercise. This often causes problems for owners who are unfamiliar with the breed and are not prepared to provide the exercise they require or a job for them to do. They are medium sized, strong dogs that require consistent obedience training, and enjoy being challenged with new tasks. They are known as being very easy to obedience train, due to their high drive for rewards.[1][2]

Working dog

[edit] In Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and other European

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countries, as well as in the United States, Canada and Australia, A Malinois puppy. the Malinois is bred primarily as a working dog for personal protection, detection, police work, search and rescue, and sport work (Belgian Ring, Schutzhund, French Ring, Mondio Ring). The United States Secret Service and Royal Australian Air Force [4] use the breed along with other working lines such as Dutch Shepherd, and also GSD.[5][6][7] In the United States Armed Forces, Malinois (along with German Shepherds) are preferred breeds for use as working dogs.[8] The dog is also used extensively by Unit Oketz of the Israel Defense Forces. Oketz favors the slighter build of the Malinois over that of the German Shepherd and Rottweiler which were employed formerly. Malinois are the perfect size to be picked up by their handlers, while still being able to attack their enemies, and their shorter coats and fair and neutral colors make them less prone to heatstroke.[citation needed] United States Navy SEALs used a Belgian Malinois war dog named Cairo in Operation Neptune Spear, in which Osama bin Laden was killed.[9][10][11]
A Belgian Malinois working with Naval Security.

The TV show Person of Interest features a Malinois as a regular cast member.[12]



Malinois can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, showmanship, flyball, tracking, and herding events, and are one of the most popular breeds used in protection sports such as Schutzhund, French Ring, and Mondio Ring. In America herding is a popular activity. Herding instincts can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. In 2011 alone, the AKC awarded 39 new herding titles to Belgian Malinois.[13][14]



The average lifespan of the Belgian Malinois is 1214 years.[2] A number of health problems and disorders are associated with the breed.[15] Notable health problems prevalent to the Malinois include cataracts,[3] epilepsy,[3][16] thyroid disease, progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia,[2][3] and pannus, although these problems have been minimized through selective breeding.

See also


Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael) Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois) Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervuren) Schipperke

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.


^ a b c d "FrequentlyAsked Questions" . Belgian Shepherd Dog Club of Canada. Retrieved 2011-05-07. ^ a b c d e f "FrequentlyAsked Questions" . Retrieved 2011-05-07. ^ a b c d "About Belgian Shepherd Dogs" . Northern Belgian Shepherd Dog Club. 2004-01-01. Retrieved 2011-05-07. ^ [dead link] ^ "The U.S Secret Service Today" . National Archives and Records Administration . Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-07. ^ "Belgian Malinois Dog Breed" . Retrieved 2011-05-07. ^ Melanson, Philip H. (2005). The Secret Service: the Hidden History of an Enigmatic Agency . Basic Books (via Google Books). p. 189. ISBN 0-7867-1617-7. Retrieved 2011-05-07. ^ "How 'Super Dogs' aid Navy SEALS" . WKYC. May 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-07. ^ Viegas, Jennifer (2 May 2011). "AU.S. Navy Seals' Secret Weapon: Elite Dog Team" . Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011. ^ Brammer, Jack; Steven Thomma (7 May 2011). "Obama thanks special forces for daring bin Laden raid" . Seattle Times. Retrieved 7 May 2011. ^ "Belgian Malinois: The Dog That Took Down Osama Bin Laden?" . Huffington Post. May 5, 2011. Archived from the original on 6 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-07. ^ ^ ^ Hartnagle-Taylor and Taylor, Jeanne Joy, and Ty (2010). Stockdog Savvy. Alpine Publications. ISBN # 978-157779-106-5. ^ ^ "Health and Temperament" . The Belgian Shepherd Dog Club of Canada. Retrieved 2011-05-07.

Further reading


Belgian Malinois (Comprehensive Owner's Guide) (Comprehensive Owner's Guide Kennel Club), written by Robert Pollet, published by Kennel Club Books; Limited edition (November 30, 2005), 160 pages, ISBN 1-59378-650-6 The Malinois (Paperback), written by Jan Kaldenbach, published by Detselig Enterprises; 1st edition (June 15, 1997) 94 pages, ISBN 1-55059-151-7 Belgian Malinois Champions, 19962002, written by Jan Linzy, published by Camino E E & Book Co. (October 2003), 121 pages, ISBN 1-55893-126-0 Hartnagle-Taylor, Jeanne Joy, and Taylor, Ty (2010). Stockdog Savvy. Alpine Publications. # 978-157779-106-5.

External links

[edit] This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and

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converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. (May 2011) Belgian Malinois breed standard at the official American Kennel Club website American Working Malinois Association The Northern Belgian Shepherd Dog Club American Belgian Malinois Club ABMC Belgian Malinois Rescue Malinois Video 4
v t e v t e Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Belgian Shepherd
M alinois

Breeds of pastoral dog Dogs originating in Belgium

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Categories: Dog breeds Herding dogs Dog breeds originating in Belgium Belgian inventions

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