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JAPANESE CHESS (SHO-NGI) THE SCIENCE AND ART OF WAR OR STRUGGLE PHILOSOPHICALLY TREATED CHINESE CHESS (CHONG-KIE) AND I-GO BY CHO-YO EURASIAMERICA NEW YORK: THE PRESS CLUB OF CHICAGO U. . S. A.
A. PRINTERS AND BINDERS 4-07-429 DEARBORN STREET DONOHUE &c COMPANY CH ICAGO .COPYRIGHT. BY CHO YO All Rights Reserved. IQ05. M.
. ONE OF THE GENIUSES IN THE GAME OF HUMAN AFFAIRS. BROWN.TO MY ESTEEMED FRIEND EDWIN F. THIS WORK IS INSCRIBED BY THE AUTHOR.
DATE 190. AND THE TYPE DISTRIBUTED. EACH COPY IS NUMBERED AND SIGNED. . AND THIS COPY IS NUMBER ..OP THIS EDITION NINE HUNDRED NINETY AND NINE COPIES HAVE BEEN PRIVATELY PRINTED..
predestination How the thirteen young colonies did cause the powerful father- land to succum at the mercy of their will? perfectly well. nor an immensely extensive territory. It is on the part a union of minds and hearts.PREFACE 1. thus inspired. the writer dares say that it is not merely a great number of population. 7 We know it . of the people whose each protects the other. and the tactics and the victory in a colossal chess game of humanity in which they stood for the side of pure democracy. others being equal. nor enormous amount of pecuniary wealth. clear plans and diplomatic movements of Thomas Paine. nor all these conditions put together that one belligerent power compels another to do what the former wants. nor a considerable superiority of naval and military materiels. and who support one another according to causes and effects of one that group of men wins over the other. Inspired by the grand economy and effects of the nature which things reveals itself into the causes governing all from the universe down to molecular existences. admiring the almost incomprehensible foresight. Thomas Jefferson and that sort of personages. 2. Benjamin Franklin. while the little strategy of George Washington those who won Japanese of the small little island Empire are contesting with the gigantic and most puisant Russian Autocrat.
from the highest priest to the misosuribozu (valet priest. else the shop entrances. as the small works are apt to be taken as valuable models for magnificently massive ones. bowling alley. They. Many and tions their say that the Japanese are of small bodily constituworks are consequently small. it make battleships. 5 . The or rather the science which they play. from the most learned to the ignorant. even however because minds and hearts have been practically drilled and ex- perienced. though openly practiced to have pleasingly developed the faculties or their healthy brains. This great secrecy has been the playing of the Science and Philosophy and Art of War. Who ! The Far East has produced thinkers. chess. The chess play with an exhaustive attention and constant is practice in the land of the rising sun equal to that of billiard. or page). a national game of Chess. where passers-by would look at the . but they forget that whatever small things they do are worked most carefully and perfectly. There has been a great practical business men and so on. nay! practice from the oldest to the youngest who are to think sanely. in summer evenings on verandas. remarked that the Japanese do not have a mathematical head? There should be a limit to hypercriticality 4. and that the personages that can perfectly finish the small objects can easily produce ponderous works according to conditions and circumstances. produced to many wonderful works at home many would centuries ago to the latest hour. scientific men. secrecy the writer says secrecy. difficult For these little ones big. from the highest down to the game lowest. for the public does not know somehow. along the streets.g PREFACE. 3. from the wealthiest to the poorest. which have been and are naturally a priori flexible and adaptable to the fullest extent. diplomats. in not be their fact. of which the true orientals are the greatest players in the world. without exaggeration cards and the last of all and something it They play at more. put together in this country.
Before entertainments. playing Chess. and deliberately thinking and planning with utmost considerations. even fifteen games. as regard to at once some of them able to discern fifty or a hundred differ- ent hands ahead or blindfold play a game simultaneously with 3 or 10. or more.PREFACE. 9. g beautiful operations of technique of struggles on a small field of 6. the most complicated contests founded upon scientific combinations of movements of navies. for the people that can not have ennui at all. The Japanese were playing Chess whenever they had in time of peace. The jinrikisha-men are. They understand the importance of union of which protection and supports of each and every other are to be paramount. while they are waiting for patrons. and fine tea in small cups. either at members are hospitably accommodated with chessboards and pieces. In winter they play it within houses. Aye! the little Japanese have drilled their minds with their chess playing and made the brains comparatively larger with regard to bodily constitution after a fashion of ceasely working ants and bees. they gather their heads to ponder over critical movements of fleet.. at street corners. accompanied by sweet things to heighten the taste and flavor of the beverage they are playing here and there. the guests or friends 8. 7. navies. begin. and battalions. also of war. What will be the difficulties. and who can see many hands cerns. suffer They would not is summer heat whenever the weather too hot to do anything. before the European intru- . on diminutive war-fields of a board? i. etc. time. armies. war chessboard. as far as human mind con- mathematics or anything else. and acquaintances and admirers. and in summer in shady nooks. while enjoying true native original tea. smiling and laughing their beautiful and skilful hands full of strategy and tactics. watched by their public places or at private houses. divisions and armies they do not seem to sleep ever.
diplomacy and warfares: there might be few who do not at all play this game in her army. as at the they have improved the most modern warfare weapons implements and other things. And and others it is l . latest times. It plainly illustrates the secret intricacies and combinations and permutations of causes and effects of every human affair as a factor of nature. 4. The little people with a comparatively large quantity of gray-matter in their intellectual case have improved Chess according to their peculiar ingenuity of inventions. from the premier cabinet officials to footmen. the rich and poor. many of the best known generals and great 5. down to privates. such as for example. soldiers and the carriers of supplies and provisions in her navy from admirals down to mere sailors. Japan has come out to surprise the world through the realm of beautiful works. Field. Buckle.10 PREFACE natural that. 2. is the most highly 3. . and have so come out as to surpass their masters. personages played chess. so that it is minds. as they did so in the lines of the Chinese works of art and many others. and therapeutic advancement. medicinal discoveries. from the minister to the telephone or gate-keepers. having trained their ders went there. William the Conqueror said. That little from the highest officers. in diplomatic department.Marshals. Playing this game cultivates business tact. warships. developed. Julius Caesar. improves diplomacy and strengthens the mental faculties. most interesting and most scientific and philosophical of all the games ever invented and known. even of very primitive state: Gotama Buddha. and it is very well known that Napoleon and that celebrated historian Henry Thomas played well. and ponderous weapons. keeps up strategy and tactics. the Shimose gunpowder. discoveries and the assimilating power of adaptability. and. and Thomas Henry Huxley. For ages ago. they could see the advantage of modern diplomacy. This Japanese Chess. the Japanese rifles. Charlemagn. Charles Dickens. wireless telegraphy. thus improved.
M. strategy of wise men and generals on minimized battlefields on a small board upon a table the maps or struggles would surely contribute one shares for the everlasting promotion of the of real warfares of the greatest GREATEST REthe PUBLIC. direct FIRST and supremacy oversee and the whole world for the sake of SUBLIME HUMANITY. of course. brightened. in the hearts of all nations. the richest Japanese have presented many hundred chessboards and as many sets of pieces to the hospitals. War or Struggle. without doubt. 1904. 0:10 A. Fourth of July. Chicago. and the author fully hopes that his mental faculty.PREFACE. understand his nerves will how the brain is easily be tempered and hardened. the great Japanese personages of yore played. improved and sharpened and advanced by manoeuvres. he will. Certain the writer dares say it is that almost all the 7. diplomacy. j j. and there is no exag6. Some of geration to say that every one of these sets are incessantly patronized by the wounded. C. The writer is wholly convinced that if any one would a little study the easy movements of the pieces of this fascinating chess war.Y. for the soldiers. to the deepest and highest degree. FIRST in for its THE UNITED peace and to STATES OF AMERICA. who would enjoy to bring up the past and speculate for the future in association with the games. the most highly contrived all game. tactics. in this present war. Dai Nipponese concerned in the present Manchurian dexterious players of a War are game of the true Oriental Science and Art of 8. .
functions. its 1415 i$~37 Chess. a factor of the Man- churian campaign of Japan-Russian war. as the Calculus in CHESSOLOGY offices.CONTENTS PAGB Frontispiece Preface 7-11 of Chessologics The Tree ematics compared with that of MathCHESS EVOLUTION (a plate) between. the VITALITIES of the captured Chess pieces Actual Warfare ELEMENTS as examples for the above 116-186 Alexander's siege and destruction of Tyre of the Phoenicians 1 1 7-129 The Siege of Port Arthur. or Mochingoma. Chessologics. 50-214 60-65 86-186 Diagrams Tengoma. 38-49 47-81 Japanese Chess its legitimate position. its legitimate position. or definition. etc The importance of knowledge Chessonym Chessonymy of the use of Figures. etc. 129-186 187-190 Naru Promotion Method Chinese Chess I-go (Wei-ki) [Japanese 207-210 and Chinese] 210-214 Problems (Mondai) 215-229 230-242 Index . Chessology..
with relatoin to matter. pp. and is consequently interwoven with physical considerations.A View of Comparatively Assumed Probabilities of Relation of Branches of Chess 86-116. 211-3.) Each of the divisions. ss. 2a-6a. and bodies. as in the mi nitude or quantity or quality abstractly. . or branches of the two Trees is divided.
considers element or xnagAPPLIED. which.7 stocks. which treats of magnitude or element as subsisting in material . respectively. into CED or PURE or ABSTRACT.
is of a very great antiquity. the most purely intelIt is founded upon a selflectual of all the games of skill. a most extensive literature which would fill up quite a large and its study has become more that of a science and a philosophy than a mere recreation. evident truth working irresistibly and uniformly in all spaces at all times. ITS POSITION AND FUNCTIONS. or rather. mainly. no doubt.JAPANESE CHESS THE SCIENCE AND ART OF WAR OR STRUGGLE CHESSOLOGY DEFINITION. as an intellectual pastime. in its largest sense. yet inviting. the term Chess is mainly to library. 1. Chess. or rather practiced. and is played. and it is a descendant of the family of that which originated or was invented in time immemorial. space and force and played as the highest and most intellectual game to develop and train the Mind. The game has acquired a great and unique importance throughout the empire. is the most abstract of all the sciences. in its simple definition. Chessology. Japanese Chess. treats of the principles of the science of human struggles conceivable and symbolized in the shortest. mean the art of is the latter skill and practice of Chessological game. difficulty. or what we may vaguely call so here at present. 2. in consequence of its peculiarly and soothIt is the subject of ingly extreme. Chessology. smallest and least possible time. by virtue of amusement accompanied with competition.000 years ago. or at least 5. and sometimes for convenience sake to be used to 15 .
or Chess viewed from a wide standpoint of our present knowledge. simple 4. the soul of wit. There is embodied in Chess the repetition in a most condensed and most economized form of ideas. is to aim at reaching the highest training of Mind for the settlement of struggles. Chess them with the spirit of the Mind. that is. whatsoever conceivable himself. Chess. is the conception and action out of enlivened formed most commonly in regular numbers as imaginations. conciseness is The different energy permeates Chess. has an extraordinarily flexible nature. in a visible and tangible domain. 6. electricity in the physical world and ether in space. and more concise in work than in actual warfares and struggles. consisting in the compactness and exactness of the thought. 7. an abstraction of the highest kind knowledge and of the universe of struggles and speculations conceivable by the human mind. comparable to the attributes of water.16 JAPANESE CHESS either of mean both terms. in its entirety with especial reference to the part played by man. It is simple. (See Artistic. combinations symbolizing every known element of nature essential for struggles. players can develop the mission of Chess in their minds as large as their respective storage of knowledge expands. Chess is the stronghold of abstract science and philosophy. and in forming Again. is the only fundamental all principle of Chessology. making them welcome and pleasure to of . In Chess. beauty of thought and that of style should be 5. reverenced to the fullest extent. a regulator 3. Chessology. sensuous and impassioned. by man. and it contains the impassioned expression which is in the countenances of all sciences and philosophies. The reason that thus producing the effect of conciseness. It reveals the Idealistic and as well as the beautiful. to space. a clear well and factory of patience. pp. Brevity. 86-116. abounding in sensible images. or governor of the Mind. It is. for Chess is to elevate the altitude of Mind.) It is the Sovereign in the domain of all games. and digest Mochingoma. not in the curtailed expression of it. thus in brief. in conception. based upon experiences and observations and synthetic speculations. time and force.
. It may be popularly defined which the Infinitude lies. see "Chestnuts" p.Science the highest and both the Phi- losophy and Science of treating with training the Mind in the fewest vivid symbolization by minimum abstract condensation and maximum application for the MAXIMUM harvestage in struggles of all known principles of knowledge. 103. p. ." Kazan (s. p. s. p. pp. 8. (Study and digest the Tree of Chessologics bet. 4. .) 8. but really branches. and in China thousands of years (s. 56. though the term chess itself and all its cognate words were derived from the Persian tongue. s. 36. 29. p. or English history or any other national history. The game is now played in all civilized countries and some others. in Egypt antedating the period of the Pharaohs. Chess. It profits the players MAXIMA by as virtue of "a nutshell in Minima. p.Philosophic. in India long before the birth of history. or CHESSQLOGICS rigidest is in sense the Ultra. or abstract sense of the term. a mere story for contribution to the Unity of Stories the so the time has arrived to have proHistory of Civilization duced what is called Chessology (s. the sum of human wisdom. s. CHESSOLOGY. for the most highly organized co-operation: CHESS Applied Chessology the Art of the Chessological treatment of all kinds of spheres of knowledge. s. there is. and especially the grand beauty of Japanese Chess the Calculus of Chessology. 17. tion (the last part. revolutionized and specialized in one way or another. at the same time when the fingers begun to be used for counting numbers for human intellectual need. there is As according to the true and highest sense of the term. 3-40. 8a. 36 Hux.) tion of human mind. or the Art of an actual duel of wits and knowledge. and there are at present many kinds of Chess. 115). and it is the in early Greece. only universal ancient Rome game that 3. p. in a general sense. p.aa. 3. 109). chessplayers are very far from perfectly understanding Chess in both general and pure. 2a. The game was played in 36). and previously ago. the only one History. s.. or divisions according to the law of Evolu. p. has appeared in some or other form in times immemorial. It has been improved. But for grasping this high conception or abstrac- tion of Chess. 4C. 6a. 115. It -has come out at the same time with the forma(s 3 p. s. and such a history as that of the is United States. s. p. 60). 14-15.CHESSOLOGICS 1 7 7 a.
with the local names in adjective such as the European. Oriental. (s.) Checkers is a branch also. s. that is. may consider wars. and chessologists. As just as Mathematics all pervades all physical sciences. p. bloody struggles as a part of Applied Chessological Knowledge or Arts. therefore. Chess in general is. 14-5 s. 2. cessities localities struggles in absolute Chessdom according to the neand capabilities of the mind of persons in different and speciality. International competition for political supremacy and the limitedly as a legacy of savagism." is and what is popularly and the most conspicuous at present Hence. tion or formula. bet. German. or siege-game (s. 4. and then the others gradually to be discovered when further and deeper studied. Algebra. 88. Just as there is no such a science as Mathematics or Chemor istry Astronomy of this or that country. As game or an Art practicable and productive. . It shows the student at first only the seemingly most important points. p. 3&. the term chess attached like. including naval and military tacticians and strategists. in). p. that is. pp. 2. (s. American game of war. 7. 109 . 39. 9. p. Chinese or Korean. the French. Trigonometry (plane and spherical). 29. hence. Those branches are related to each other in Chessology in such a similar way as Arithmetic. Geometry. 35. p. Chessology permeates reasoning. J (See the Tree of Chessologics.) men ological principle teaches us that the fighting A chess- all con- cerned in actual warfares or struggles are the sorts of chesspieces as war-field is a chessboard. 7o. is a chessological corollary or demonstra- known as "war.) embodied in Chess of all struggle-elements is in its manifestations like sunlight viewed through stained glass by ordinary as well as special persons. p. They are the formulas or offsprings evolved out of the principles of Chess.s. Chess and highest significance is an abstraction. in). p.18 JAPANESE CHESS 8a. 8. as in the case of This abstraction heavenly bodies. whereas profound Chessologists take or generalize them as an entity. p. and others are in Mathematics. so there is no other Chessology but the purest one only(s. pure in the purest intellect and knowledge rendered into visible symbols of all human struggleelements. Calculus. crete and what is so-called a war-game is a con- problem of chessological treatment of things pertaining to only military works. a method or formula for abstraction of all struggles of which there are such grandest incessant struggles at the time of peace as International commerce. 8.
xv. peaceful life are needed to checkmate warlike struggles. an individual against another." Kazan. to expose the largest possible influence or of intellectual activity. a political party against another. to meet with future complicating ramifications of energy. trains the human Mind the only source through the most unresistible mental pastime. to prepare spheres of inter-relations of both mental and physical actions. needing. such as that of a tribe against another. p. 9." and "Chess checks and checkmates struggle In struggles are included any or war." Kazan (s. i. boycott vs. a tribe against a nation. as "no wind has Kazan 'the pen is mightier broken a twig of a weeping willow. but it is not very satisfacHence. 208). (s. economy versus extravagance.) Thus even arbitration or peace conference itself comes under the head of struggle. The Hague Tribunal has been instituted. democracy. hence commerical relations founded upon intellectual knowledge for a practical. freedom versus despotism. to seek the absolute terested human aggrandisement struggles of the self-inof things. amusement and competition. 5. the distance (locality) and force Logistics the science and art of meeting with them come under the Chessology. imperialism vs. as "to return violence (Kazan\. as "the "Ju yok meek and soft shall inherit the earth. Struggles measurements of time. and severe of all sciences. versus struggles: ' ' ' . a nation versus another. by the aid of the fewest possible symbols.. and ! even then wars devasted the territory of peace. SOCIALISM. struggles. and the like. monarchy or plutocracy or religiocracy or timocracy or stratocracy or all like these put together vs." Prov. the most abstract training by Chess of the Mind. unions or laborers. hence the of arbitrations it wars . and lastly to secure that same peace even in the struggle of peace itself "The soft conquers well the hard.CIIESSOLOGICS 10 is The greatest aim of Chessology and happiness in the domain of all peace 8b. trusts or capitalists vs. Kore Hi nari" (Chinese sage's in Japanese). 29. i." Tyndale. seisu" Kd-wo (Chinese sage's in Japanese). 2. Peace! Some say tory! treaties Peace! Let there be peace that war brings peace. and "a soft answer turneth away wrath. than the sword.3. . "Bo-wo motti Bd(brute force) for violence is wrong. consciously or unconsciously. strike." ni Kdru. and even then are trying to checkmate the horrible might be doubtful to let them cease entirely. p.
arts and philosophies Hence. JAPANESE CHESS Chessology is the basis of all the discipline and training of the human mind. 3. Chess is . in fact. the principles of training and nursing the MIND to be developed into a more highly tempered and sounder Mind.20 2. deliberately prepared to meet with the events It points out the chief elements or factors of failin the ceaseless strife for competitions or existand most abstract way as possible and ures and successes ences. p. of struggles. All sciences are to become a basis. in the Science and Art of struggles in life the right and the proper application of them by vir3. in the severest through soothing powers of intellectual amusement and competition. whether of the matter or the spirit or even extra-natural speculations. played by the oldest and the most learned as well as by the youngest and unschooled children because of its being subjective. " . which is worthy to be praised as the mother of Logic 4. 36. tue of the Science of training the tual human Mind through intellec- APPLIED Chessology is a CHESS. is simpler to be practiced for the culture of the Mind than the latter which are heavier and comparatively somewhat cumbersome. or playing chessological game. and unquestionably and keenly susceptible of any ideas conceivable and impressive whatever. 2a. p.) Chess invigorates the power of mind and endows the play5. s. Chessproduces a strong frame and fineness of mind ers . according to the different strata of the players. both subjective : objective. or pay their tributes for the employment of mental energy. CHE SSO LOGICS. respectively different minds. and Mathematics. it innately leads the players to. Chess Knowledge is an indispensable and positively necessary part of education. 29. with the power and habit of the concentration of mind. general Chess. Chess forms mind and intellectual strength which are positively indispensable to Logic and Mathematics which are not consciously necessary in amusement and competition Hence. and it teaches them. Consequently Chess is easily practiced and exercised. whilst Logic and Mathematics are only to be handled by the especially cultured. consequently. Chess is the most abstract of all the departments of knowledge. (s. It to the in itself Art opens players the special of intellectual course development. and. It in brief." Danzd-Kikzan. which is the paramount Sovereign Lord of all sciences. it undergoes a change.
) It is not a large size and a huge population. 8b. left to practice. 6. 5. 47. was considerably superior to their extremely despised foe's. and those of an individual judgment are thus theoretically secured perfectly well." He made himself by and tion (s. what I have to say or do. 36. in war and diplomacy. nor all those combined that one nation wins victories over another but a larger mass of people of the nation should have their MIND trained as all other matters follow it. secretly. nor enormous 7 a.CHESSOLOGICS ft 1 The unfolding and forologics harnesses the Sovereign Mind. "These are the times to try our souls.) actions in whatever ways attributed are traceable to the thought. p. 8. The Japanese naval success was due entirely to the personnels of their fleet. the productions (ss. pp. and have foreseen what might happen. 117. after the exactly is. p. p. 2. 117-186. except torpedo boats and destroyers. every way their trained mind on battle fields. premeditation. the soul of Chessology. it is reflection delibera3. It is not genius which reveals to me suddenly. In the Manchurian " campaign. nor the superior number of the best cruisers. 19. speaking of Thomas Paine who constantly and successfully stirred and kept up the spirit of the Revolutionary Soldiers by repetitions of his motto. Washington." the pen mightier (s. p. is 27. the result of Mind. Napoleon. whereby universal truths or permanent arrangements of elements of struggles are expressed and sym- . 115. or conception. therefore. p. or mental images. said "Before entering upon an undertaking I have medi- tated for a long time. s. s. than the sword. nor a few best diplomatists. Arts. 3. mation of an individual character are. 26. p. Mind." when he saw the soldiers' hardships remarked "Thomas Paine's pen did more than the sword. resources of a country. The Russian materials. 8. 6. in a circumstance unexpected by other people. a chessplayer over the board.28.204-5. 51. The whole Muscovite tragedy plainly exposes that the need of Chessologically training the most essential factor of the personnels. p. as shown by the and army. 30-1^. nor the first class battleships. acted and moved like a clockwork Japanese navy manner of chesspieces on a war-field board. that paramount importance for men. 4. active flower of his mind. s. Human of the Sovereign Mind.) 7. s. and meditation. the Yellow Rats" in Russian terminology showed in .
1.) and 54 To have thus perfected Chess and exalted it to (See s. The organ of thought. therefore I am". with minimum condensed principles for the maximum fruitage of its application. 21.p. tellectual amusement by the and besides. makes one exact and recreates very much by amusement in concentrating the power of whose minds have been the mind.s.22 bolized in Chess. JAPANESE CHESS (5. 7.) What is then our estimation of the value of Chess. in which are expressed conception in the most flexible ways from the smallest to the largest in the least possible limit of space. p. the thinking principle. finds in the absorbing and abstracting properties of chessological game that temporary Here the lighter pastimes will not always bring. or in any way set by disappointments and painful reflections. 9. departments of knowledge. and because the first and the greatest distinction between man and the other animals or living existences and. a. (s. because "Know thy<rxvTov". and can never be otherwise. IVa>0i of drilling or training phic science and scientific philosophy the Mind. p. in.) the habit of attention. and especially faculties by taking possession of the intellectual and diverting them from their accustomed routine grooves. trained and nursed in the brains of the far eastern Geniuses. p. between a wise man and other men. the is Chess mastery. and it is trained to take its own Mind is harnessed the Sovereign THE It is HIGHEST of all sciences and in every way? right course arts and philosophies. 117. is the thought or Mind which makes the former divine and lets him govern the latter. Because "I think. in fine. . is the highest of all the 5. 7. relief wliich 3.p. Chessplaying the power of observation. Here acts a principle of something like homoeopathic work. 54. a reservoir of wisdom philosoself. s. the reasoning by induction and deduction. 4-4c. there is the reason which is not far from being understood. therefore Chessology. ss. this re- splendent zenith is traceable to a spark of the burning mind. in Japanese the sphere of Chessdom. produces equanimity. the power itself. and the SUPREME GUIDE OP THE HUMAN AFFAIRS. p. in turn heightened by Chess itself. strengthens cultivates 2. with the greatest inmost soothing competitions not and philosophies and by which arts shared by the other sciences. time and force. ns. speculation. after being much occupied in business or greatly worried by cares.
from gambling and dissipations into which almost all other games are apt to drive him.) gents. citement. creation itself.) the best fitted for old folks to en- joy their rest practical skill. and cultivates endurance and foresight. are neutralized by that foresight which the conduct of the chessological game demands. This chessological game is the only game in which the 5. Brute instinct! A game of Chess cures vanity and a conceit forever. in despising each other's inferiority in their operations and Chess is 8b. Chess. 204. however old or young.CHESSOLOGICS 23 Anxieties. p. old people and the young can congenially play together without making each other tired at all and forget and entirely discard their seniority and juniority that are. is the re- the most and from taking out-of-door exercises during younger age. p. because Chessology itself by reason of the highest intellectuality commands us to ascertain where there is just such a degree of playing as to bring out the most useful. ss. p. s.) question. 3a. mutual proof the . p. that they are becoming older. 27. constant bone of contentions. 19. it refreshes and rejuvenates their mind. (ss. 27. and as such. has peacefully succeeded in subduing or utterly checkmating irritability of temper and nervous excitability. might be too much of a strain on the mind. and gives to the young the power of competitions and patience. in other departments of games and knowledge. 16. Chess teaches the players this essential ad- vantage game and encourages them in sustaining union of minds and hearts. for the understanding of the nature could almost pierce into future continChess calls one away (See s. however the greatest games. it solves Strain vs. ness of mind and. Art. The of intellectual far could be chessologically answered in regard to whether or how it may become a recreation or an excessive and hurtful exer- tion. 5-6. harmless and pleasant recreation for checkmating the violent effort. and to be delighted in teaching their youngsters with their The old do not realize experiences and speculative ideas. Chess (s. cares and sorrows are caused by looking forward to or apprehending things to come. 9. nursing previous preparation or readithus. 22. Recreation! 4. Intelligence vs. whether or not Chess. Chess thus checkmates an unnecessary nervous ex- Then. 3 p. 5-6. and endows them with the virtues of the elder people. doing away with unexpected contingencies.
7. and IE "Wang Kung }& HI Tseang Seang yew Chung wu.) chessplaying is interesting as well as taken a great deal. co-operation in their whole life careers s. ideals of human life. 70-3. (s. its practical art or game is played in both the easiest and most difficult ways possible. 9. all a dull game for mere recreation. as a key to struggles in life. elevate the Mind. p.p. of all the the factors. besides none of a time is instructive. p. & ^^ ^ ss. 4. and consequently and certainly not for others (see ss. It is the only democratic do not exclude any class of men.) 6. 169). (See 3 a. are perfectly embodied in the apparently small board with only in the case of the Japanese 9 X 9 squares or slightly rectangular sections. "0 KdSho ShoShu aran ya\' 'Is there any stock (caste) whosoever of King (emperor.) Chessological principle being the most flexible of all of those of sciences and philosophies. or any other chief). 8. Why the Far Eastern people are progressing in every line of their actions can be easily discerned by this game of It is now an open secret art. p. Generals and ministers (assistants. advisers. the newest and youngest offspring of Chess. 7-9. and it is enjoyed through the advantages of the most abundant power of the greatest mental amusement accompanied with the most exhaustive mental competition. a live and beneficial Chess is. p. But. that is. game (pp. 163. simply marked by exoterically straight lines. in which the players no castes are tolerated. 6. There is not at all a least exaggeration whatever in regard to the merit of all the foregoing statements when we know that all petitions. p. as mere militarism is too concrete for high a source of a caste system or a despotism. and not even for ordinary soldiers. for it is too stiff. 9. 6a. yet on the contrary. 8. 5 6 '8.24 tection JAPANESE CHESS and support s. over which the seemingly small and unworthy insignificant chess-pieces are to be moved by any sane man. p. 129-186. and not possibly for naval persons. 6-4. and in Japanese. 8. 23. profit. secretaries)?' A war-game Kriegspiel. simply because of its being made only" for military leaders. (See ss. 7. 99). is only fitted profitably for military officers. it and not at pastime Some think that . besides amusements and comhuman struggles ever conceivable by men. Dukes (nobles)." in Chinese.
2. simple. how an exorbitant use of time. 205. 50. 20.) of the Science of Economy. (s. p. and thus making the game absolutely productive. guiding force of human actions and intellectual functions. and he will find no diffi- This nobly acculty in acquiring them. and Chess trains the Mind in the most economical ways to employ a least fraction of the energy to the greatest possible culmination of the in chess advantages. 24). is a most beautiful factor of the supremacy of Chessology in the ocean of scientific pleasures of knowledge. p." Ohen-Q. When many months several i. In brief. compass. but this is utterly a mistake. 7 above. the practice of drilling the mind will finally recompensate more than what they think a great loss by short (small). the various debutes are. every English pocket dictionary defines it as "a difficult game". p. 4. after all. time and force is forbidden in Chess. "Chessology is the most severe teacher (s. to turn ennui into account Chess. in this way. and a few days' evoke a sufficient amount of skill to afford pleasure will practice both to the learner himself and even to his tutor. serves the players by making himself exact. 31. and that governing supreme en- when trained by chessological principles. (See s. and when considered from purely chessological standpoint. can never conceive or realize for their whole lives. however is important. Real chessological difficulty exists only when it stares at the face of experts. and force. The intelligent novice will soon be convinced that an ignorant manipulation of the chesspieces does not conduce to success. Some think that chess is a difficult game. For the Mind is the sovereign pilot.CHESSOLOGICS teaches 35 a time (also space. of course). and s.) pose moves The may be learned in half an hour. the most difficult game (7. or . and in the other. and almost pa.) years. is Non-difficulty for ordinary amusement purthe beauty of the game. and he will seek for instruction in the right manner to open the game. or centuries. will make the players to enable to employ and adjust the time to the most advantageous extent which ordinary or superficial and hypercritical people complaining of the amount of time to be used ergy. Art. The idea of difficulty works as a stumbling block in a way of encouraging chess beginners. p. one after another. because even the least wastage of energy or three elements space. of attribute chess in one commodating making way the easiest. QC.
one hour a day. and the rest goes with his mere natural capacity. and from comprehending the latent meanings and conceptions upon which combinations and a proper plan of struggles or warfares are founded. but they do not. besides having a discouraging and debilitating effect upon the weaker player. however seemingly insignificant. whom tolerably recognized class of players.) In regard with any persons who already play European chess. while an the common men will suffice to lead above much intellect not A right up to the those to like. 5. takes the game out of its proper grooves. A player. an infantry piece and move. p. association of his ideas and reasoning. as of upon his own judgment. unless his Several weeks. for a persistence in taking odds. ! you do not know pose. while play on even terms throws the player at once the game.26 JAPANESE CHESS ages of warfares or struggles of innumerable kinds are involved in the shortest possible time on a struggle field of the chess board. 6.) Those wishing to improve will find it very beneficial to 4. odds incapacitates a player from acquiring an insight into the principle of Chessology. chessplayers Chess!' Kazan. 190. (ss. average intelligence is sufficient of fair amount for a very proficiency and strength. 4. 3. even as a beginner. 'Shdngi sashi no Shdngi shiraz. 2. they would be able fairly to play the Japanese within half an hour or less and soon to make himself par his former self in interesting in his new line but with uncomparably far greater enjoyment accrued from sound reasoning of the latter than the former. and by causing him to study his op- . cannot help to become very easily and deeply interested in chessworks when he could independently discover there something. 2-2a. the masters of the game can only concede some small odds of "Fuhyd. which would reveal itself to his instinct. real chessological game players cannot afford to complain of the loss of time. if they can do so. and tends to produce positions not naturally or unchessologically arising in the ordinary course of The reception developed from the recognized openings." and the (ss. 28-9. indolence or self-esteem. pp. play upon even terms with players stronger than themselves. that is. they are not chess players! They play chess as they think. will suffice for this purpower of understanding be checked by ob- stinacy.
I nation. or when one 5. (Sees.CHESSOLOGICS 27 ponent's play. a strong moral effective power upon the part of the youngsters. Bushido. and she referred to the square pit on the back of the chessboard and Igo-board (see pp. Whether the square pit of a severe form was carved in the down side of the board block of wood for the purpose.. or just for an ornament. when a mere boy. 203-4. (4 p. (20)^. This sound state never to have been conquered by a foreign discipline of orders. 18-22. 4. watching his grandfather playing Igo (pp. 210-214). there was a way of a Spartan training of mind and This very spirit of the Samrai-noof Chivalry rules the country. and Go. She stated that when bystanders would make 210-4). was told once a while by his mother that he should not disturb the welfare of the players. 129-186). p.203. (Arts. The habit player would have acted any mean unmanly unchivalrous campaign on the stage of struggles. there might be acquired a playing both amusing and a With . Thus. p. She said that none were chastised on that score by the How in Japan's olden time the governing of people valued the chessological Art or Science of strugof the land. 7. 212) we can even at present easily imagine. should have been certainly remarkable. 113.) Lord class gles. leads necessarily to a material improvement in his own style. of people. 4.) The author.) (see has Bushido preserved the nation in\ pp. chopped said that it was for the purpose to have the hollow part. the doctrine Michi. and that the killed deserved to have been punished because of a violation of strict fundamental laws. pp. the parents of youths.) moderate expenditure of time and mental labor. 51. i it checkmated China and Russia (see an( s. (s. commonly known as Shongi (Chess). the player himself so provoked could punish the impolite unresponsible fellows on the spot and by putting his head back the on The mother pit turned upside down. of patience and conformity with orders and observance of the rules of refined etiquette is absolutely cultivated by chessologic practice. 6. or say or remark or suggest about plans or take the side of one. 51. trouble or lead rough conducts around players.. and ethical rules of etiquette of the Samraism the first principle of the then governing class by killing the offender off .
the Soft Art. Chess is only the best recourse to which every one in any walk of life should appeal. ventions by embodied of in Chessology. suggested by the chessological principles) for an army man. Chess when represented depending upon the different mental attitudes of persons. 2 a. comparisons. Baseball and football. 29). as a naval game for a navy man. as a military game (as already schemed as a wargame. 8. the extract successive failures through inclemencies. p. (s. are quiet for athletic or by rough competition muscular development. discoveries and insciences 2. When game. 23. the equivalences of corresponding and distance and their inter- Being purely abstract. 3. as shown by a Japanese . stand as a business game for a business man. would. p. is exactly and abstract of the sum knowledge condensed and expressed by the cardinal prinwhich the interpretations are established by conformity with natural laws and probably even extra-natural speculations of interactions and uniformity of nature and these interpretations by virtue of different mental capacities of the ciples of Chess. That knowledge developes through natural means observations. and soothing competition and amusement for strength and intellectual development the latter may be mentioned as the Jujuts. as concrete. The chessological principles permeate any branches of knowledge.) 1. generalizations. and the other sciences are not so active as Chess to stimulate the Mind for investigations (s. therefore. JAPANESE CHESS and training intellectual knowledge based upon an appreciation of the chessological principles and empirical formulae representing the generalized experiences of the players. the sole source of human actions and knowledge. In the dead winter and infernal summer days when out-of-door exercises amusement 9. of different players actuate forces in proportion with time relationship. of the Mind. especially. is are often unpracticable the utilitarian nothing but sublime. their associations and assimilations. and the chessological . The latter works to do so by direct mental competitions. experiments. by r/iental mental gymnastics is needed. and with a reenforcement of the sublime intellectual amusement: direct competition and amusement almost utterly lacking in other and philosophies. experiences.28 instructive. because Chess is the philosophic science of training the human Mind.
or chess as a of life (see s. 17-9. Charles Dickens remarked: "Love [intellectual affection. 7. Huxley). Many consider life as a game of chess. He should clearly understand and to cellaneous concrete examples rendered out of mathematical It means that solutions in symbols of facts to be determined. the drill of a battalion or a regiment. a diplomatic game for diplomats. that the Japanese are Why that are born diplomats. 108-112. 3. the only lasting love] that has a game of chess in it can checkmate any man and solve the problem of life. 4. as seen the Chess fundaby entirely dropping many identify mental principles of chessology (ss. man of warfare. upon is it international law to versed in the laws ? They how? (See the Tree of Chessologics. 32-3).CHESSOLOGICS battleship 29 commander who played a live Japanese Chess game by substituting the subordinate officers for the pieces of the game-board chalk-marked on the deck of the ship involved in the present war. as politics for a politician or a statesman. 3a. p. as a real and true war-game for a war-man. Chess appears to be rendered as a synonym with the love game. could be fairly interpreted as. Chess rendered severely concrete exhibits the strategic movements of armies. The student must not confound the terms and meanings of a military game. p. as a philosophical solution for a deep thinker a or speculator. 36). 3. digest which is not really a war-game in its presA 3. and painters have such thereby a man is figured as playing over life as treated the board against Destiny or Fate. just as an arithmetical question." (s. war-game. but a military game hence. 14-15. p. But say they game 8b. 36. or so-called war-game. their movements. pp. p. looks like a military game. s. pp. 45. bet. a branch of Chessology. squares and all other factors depends upon the individual party's state of mind. as a love game for all persons concerned in the affairs. an untangible form behind the scenes (Huxley s. Every . one of mis- game.) 2a. 19. (See 8-8b.) To a miliBut tary man Chess is in fact. which Chess endeavors to elevate. its application international settle struggles. ent form and sense.) If checkers. p. and Chess as a war-game or military taste the distinctions in order to the principles exhaustively demonstrated. To some persons. the construction of the latent meanings of the chesspieces. a so-called war-game is one of the promiscuous problems made concrete out of Chessology. and paralleled with. p.
. 5. s. especially the movements of the chess-pieces. pounded. The whole character. 4. that it should be classified or you must . essential to the struggles in human affairs.) A highly advanced. so that blood-thirsty struggles in savagery. powdered or cleaned and =f originally #. Chessology is receives the reward a reservoir of mental power. 8a. standing for Knowledge. the vey meaning that a mere acquisition of Knowledge is not but should be pulverized or cleaned and digested for enough. clearly and wisely depicts both concretely and esoterically the general aspect of the most abstract and majestic of all the departments of knowledge. while a military game under the name of a war-game conducts only the movements (s. is to con7.Jin. Hux. idealized. and speculations pay Chess their respective abstract tributes. p. 7 a.30 JAPANESE CHESS chessplayer should not even a minute forget that Chess is the highest abstraction. 3. a pestle. which Chess nurses even to the highest degree and finish. The Mathematic. commonly known as wars. 6. . It describes propriate one. p. HOPE.) The Chinese name for chess is the most beautifully ap5. t . originally. scientific training of the 4 mind. 36. occupy in the rigidest eyes of Chessology a very small part of Applied Chessologics (s. from a chessological view point. heft] 0. of armies. a man. it gives at first and so that it is a science of 'to give and take 1 or vice versa to reach a desired end. so that the entire character suggesting that a man with a pestle pounds or polishes something in a mortar. thus. the term Knowledge in Chinology has been. 18. **. which will be explained presently. (s. p. stands for a or the like indicating some mortar 1 originally * or ft} small things. 208. . Q. ^A> Shin. 108) Ancient Chinese expressing Chess by this name could exactly divine the scientific truth of nature. 'or originally. refined. p. The Chinese nomenclature.Astronomical and Astrological (s.). which is power. or land forces. according to the Ancient Chinese sages. practical purposes. almost exactly the meaning or the principle of Chess. is required in order clearly to see the essence of Chess. a?. <. 73. : . it is surely to embody all the abstract elements and essential attributes conceivable of knowledge. p. idiographed and pictographed as f. anything to be put in a mortar. All other sciences and philosophies. Now.
9a. secondly symbolized or the Universe. the symbol of the Universe. to stand for ^.. 2-3. 209. whence Jp. used as the mind that name of two chess-pieces decidedly designating an elephant in the Chinese game. p. thereby the white elephant. the group of general . means Science or Philoso- phy. p. phenomena. "Chong. ss. learner should positively keep in his the character "Chong. it loyally serves Chess to invent CHESSOLOGICS. the second. figures or appearances equivalent seen in the phrases JJJJ. then meaning phenomena or the phases of the Universe. " Physical Observatory. Chess. and even the Science and 1 mere military version of the term. hence. Now. . 8. 6. 17-9. as in s. power or spirit whence meaning changes or . p.) (See the Figures pp.Kie" is 'jj^Jf/k. is. and it immemorially far antedates any known works on tactics and strategy (ss." by the ancient Chinese sages conveys a wider meaning according to their first " mere imitation Art of conception of the invention of the game than a of wars or battles." and as shown by ^^.Kie. 9. 3! /*#<?.Kie.Kie. 8-8b." elephant. "present forms" equivalent to JjJJii. an elephant. the phases. 47-8. and the last. p. The pp." (See i. and indispensable to get the perfect enjoyment out of Chess. 70-73) very necessary and the most important. as in the case of the old Hindus. Heaven. and treats a synopsis.$. literally. i p.jf^. entirely in its meaning. the whole meaning the Astronomicfirst or energy for the character. or JPJI^ "present forms or figures or phases.) Considering all from the standpoint of. So that Chess called Chong. 86-186). to the character as Chong" in Chinese and "She" in Japanese. s. Make yourself divine and digest the principles of Mochingoma (pp. and has nothing whatsoever to do with "Chong" in the name of "Chong. 38-49 and way to understand the latent meanings of chessolo. with whom the t//*ra-ancient Chinese participated in knowledge. 210-2). and chessonyms (see ss. 3. originally. of the Universe. digest. (See s. 4-5 p. of evidences gathered from the storage of knowledge concerning Chess. different from. 95. Chess ology or Chess represents. pp. "Chong. 4. the Chinese call Chess "Chong. in the sense of a War "Kie" ^ 207-8. meaning game." fairly and appropriately signifies the game of the Science and Art of Struggles (Phenomena).) The gical matters 37 s.CHESSOLOGICS systematically reason. 9. a tower. force." fig.
which. and to be solved. being entirely concrete. 2. according to the principles unchangeable and esoterically inscribed in the Chessologic synopsis. p. 3. 92. or monuments however compact. 103. in its vivid manifestations of struggles. in comparison with other sciences and arts. and climates to be met with intricate combinations of the movements of the chesspieces are transposed. tells how to foresee. p. Chess. Many a thousand and one things should be considered in actual warfares. Japan-Russian 50-1. including. of their utter failures of forecasting the or military experts.) and also wars. and those who chess and a so-called war-game as a means to Manchurian Chinese campaign. are not considered. in the purely abstract science. and meet with. and the arts and others. From the most pure and strictly chessological point of view. (s. lakes and so go together of its peculiar diseases rain and so on. in which the difficulties forth. 3. p. as the case may be. mountains. interpreted or made equivalent to the topographical as well as accidental obstacles and contingent cources. treating of only the purely abstract principle and concrete affairs within the jurisdiction own principle. 8. and it points out how to contemplate against all intrigues and Actual martial affairs other evil actions on the other part. except in application. even actual wars become then thus the Applied Arts in a sense.) 3a. the mental activities of opponents on the minimized limited field. thrown upon curtains in front of an audience.) Chessology. are to be clearly interpret at ed. (s. Chess is then the most rigid and abstract Science and Art of struggles. both the naval and the military sciences. as even an only sympathetic hurrahing of outsiders or non-combatants in favor of the friends has told a great deal. conditions and their details. which are not definitely stated even in extraordinary abstract ways. How many war common applied foresee the outcomes of campaigns. and consequently the circumstances. rivers. Chess treats of the Japanmental . difference may be comparable to the between moving pictures and the ordinary stiff ones. by the expounders of events to be met with. which are impossible to be vividly stated in a certain least number of books. with topography. (s. might feel today ashamed. of course. that is.32 JAPANESE CHESS principles of currents of struggles of phenomena. $a.
33 test of the intelligence and skill. What is called Kriegspiel. digest the Mochingoma. in regard to its position in the domain of Chess. chessological view the practices or Applied Arts based upon the principles revealed in the science. which we do not at all know. and even such as international complication. and it is impossible to know what would happen the next minute or a second ahead. whether affirmative or . and very surely. a concrete. Chess in theory is. naval struggles should be considered in a serious way. and their regard to their motives or motions of navies or armies and statemen. Q. 73-8. as far as human power of stances and conditions. 75.) or wars are generally governed by what we of chance or guess work. 9-3 Actual wars or struggles are from the pp. 4. p. because every chessological contingency. except by mere assumptions or suppositions. but these last are not considered in even that which is so-called a war-game. (See s. p.) treats of only abstract principles of incomprehensibly varied movements of forces of adversaries or belligerents in a least limited extent of space and within a least period of time and it deals with abstraction of concrete Thus Chessology motives of each corps. therefore. because of its narrowness in application stiffness. call a game penetration into future is concerned. and even only a mere supposition of it. hence fixed or stiff. best comparable to a position of practical arithmetic in its relation with the Science of Numbers and Mathematics. and being left over. war-game. intelligence and skill the actual mind. but it holds exactness. Battles. which comprises them all in the most abstract ways and treats of them all in the most flexible and transponsable symbols or Chess ological Figures. 47-9. 8. because they depend on various uncertain things and matters. being considered as exactly the same on both sides so that to be neutralized. p. 5. (See and is s.) . diplomatists and others. such as emergencies and physical matters. Kriegspiel. depending upon conditions and circumstances. 70-73. 2. nor a game of chance. 103. according to certain circum(s.p. pp.3i ss. but not directly topographical matters and all other concrete things and a in differences these latter.CHESSOLOGICS activites. i. not at all a guessing contest or work. form or representative of a part of that Chess. to be solved or interpreted by the differently active mind of the different players.
) Chessologics bet. or "so-said-before. that higher Mathematics should be used . but the former is a part of the latter in its highest sense which. a second. in a different degree. and thus hunger itself (or mutiny or riot) on the part of the friendly side becomes an ally of the enemy and betray its masters. a part of Chessology and actual maneuvering is that in a war-game the pieces do not move on their own accord. without a proper acquisition of the Science of Numbers. and even these can be conceived in Chess. the Mind to prepare for. Mochingoma pp. and because Chess only leads. in theory. pp. the soldiers can not sometimes have a time to accomodate themselves with meals according to something like the enemy's sudden threatening in many ways. and to meet with. 14-15. carefully. 6. Chessology treating of only essential and fundamental factors or elements covering all struggles. while soldiers do so. because of its flexible abstraction. between war or martial games. would surely give the student the concrete idea in connection with the action The great importance in regard to the difference of the former. for a during which entirely new contingencies might appear beyond the reach of forcasters.34 JAPANESE CHESS more so ahead. negative. that and particular should be is. a minute or emergencies." military for every detail and Chess experts. and conquer. 7. (See the Tree of 85-186. when deeply studied and made an Applied Art. according to the different mental capacities of the players. by means of chessological symbols of wits. While military science and Chess or rather Chessology in its simple and limited sense are the same in principle. the movements so easily as of elements of actual warfares can not be judged by the self so-called. especially CHESS PROPER. inclemencies and topographical obstacles whenever and wherever happened to be in the way. How it will be preposterous to think. is to be known beforehand within the minds. of the contestants. and while the long time pieces can be moved on without meals. concretely investigated. it would be quite superficial on the part of players to think that any struggles board. or wars can be exactly in appearance represented on the chess Such players should be aware that there are degrees of mental capability to apply the chessological symbolic formulae upon ordinary occurrences of struggles. sometimes.
87. 8 . or even in our country. so in Japanese Chess. of human actions. there is conveyed an yet philosopher idea of universal gravitation. or city.) Our place and our physical self among infinities. time and force conceivable by an individual mind. or any locality. Chess primarily treating of three elements of the existence of Universe explains to us how struggles appear itself is applied upon struggles. the Lord 1. of course. 47-9. s.) The Japanese experts say that they can discern generally 3. water and steam. and how Chess and ice.CHESSOLOGICS 35 in daily business. positive advantage is in Chess surely gained by a purely abstract mission of the number. So with Chessology practically the Highest A bstract Science . of inter-relations and inter-actions. nine (9 x 9). the characters of persons in playing the game of Chess more . are so insignificant that without being interdependent. (See Chessonym. and things and affairs. . and to a poet or a musician. and mighty ocean. as the number of the squares on the game board does not literally mean only. it is grander and more thrilling lar elements. ss. so Chess inspires an expert or thoughtful player to a wonderful exposition of the great secret Science and Art of training the Mind. 2. we cannot exist. time and force. in all scientific calculations. in the case of the Japanese. than the greatest production of musical or poetic composition. addition and subtraction. and especially. p. either consciously or unconsciously. or town. yet finding the recourse to arithmetical and mathematical evidences. the persons who had digested the principles of Num- ber-science can calculate as all calculation is founded upon two methods. to be prepared to struggle with (s. whatever kind of numerical difficulties there may be. and arithmetic. time (motion) and force (power). p. and inter-reactions of space. 9-3. a rain of is nothing for an ordinary one. an immediate result from the laws of thought. p. a great mass of atomic and molecu- abstractly. struggles to be turned out as pleasures. Although drop to a a or scientific man. among ourselves. 18 . 8. 8a. for they indicate an infinite sum of innumerable squares to cover space. 9. and in Chess these interdependencies and the powers of repulsions and attractions and their combinations and permutations are beautifully represented. Although number concept is purely independent of the notions of space (locality).
in the the great novelist. produces and . an inborn factor of cerebral organ. Chess works as a vane of current of thought and finely reveals a spark of temperament. but without remorse. Huxley. 2a. from psychological aspect. or what not. as a chess player problems "chestnuts" (see Nutshell. . Charles Dickens. treated his characters. he had sometimes scattered the pieces by scraping with both hands over the board.) and every man and woman of us is one of the two players of his or her own game. who used s. From the foregoing statements chessological thinkers should come to the conclusion that Chessology dealing only and character. p. can be fairly ascertainable. the pieces are the phenomena of the Universe. aptly to call 17). (s. if he did as skill. certain persons' characters in general forms. than anything played. that the chessboard is the world. To the man who plays well the highest stakes are paid.36 JAPANESE CHESS else. p. Thomas Henry rarely created them. and lo! his whole life career has happened and resulted in almost such a manner. is hidden from "The player is always fair. 29).3. wittily figured it is said. whether business or military men. and on the other hand. and in what way of his exhaustive investigations he accomplished his immortal works. Caesar without doubt it is said. ance." Kazan. 8. p. 35-49). but he played in such a way that when he could see that he was beaten. overlooks a mistake or makes the smallest allowance for ignor. 3a. over the chessboard with the same same manner and according to the same mental movements he showed in his war-field. just and patient. 7. 7a. 5. 1 7-9) that the player on the other side (s. p. Thus. 45) that the life and fortune of every one of us would depend upon winning a game of Chess (s. Chess assigning us disciplinary exercises for the intellect disciplines the strict disciplinarians. (s. "I hold every man a chess player at his game board. 2-2 a. i. by Chess. p. p. in accordance with the style of chess playing as he The great biologist." A Chessologist can imagine how the great scientist as a chess player played over the board. 8-8b. He never us. 17. p. It is very interesting to know that Napo- and he who plays badly leon devotedly played chess as said somewhere. 28-9) that it is a game which has been played for untold ages (s. Indeed. and the rules of the game are the laws of Nature. p. which is 43. is checkmated without haste. said (Allegory s.
just as that of the calculus over the whole field of Applied Mathematics. 31. 114. 3-4. ' "Doksho Hyappen Gi . there are preserved all the mental works thinkThe scope of CHESSOLOGY able. and Chessology. (See ss.CHESSOLOGICS 37 with workings of Mind in regard to time. p." 'Reading hundred times there comes out the real Kazan. s. 30-1. because the Mind is the inmost core of knowledge synonymous with power. narae" s. (Art. 8-8b.p.onozkara tsuz. 2. times' pp. in order perfectly to under4. p. Jfl to the at "Manan it de Toki-ni Kore-wo (ss. s.) . ranges over the worldly Wisdom. p. 3a. 32.) It is extremely necessary.ss 4.s. 'Learn and practice 95). p. and by formulating inferences by deduction or induction from premises. 17-9. 205. 4a. locality and force in the simplest abstraction of the highest kind is the soul of Sciences and Philosophies and Extra-natural creations. 28. i. p. For. thoroughly to digest the statements herein exposed by referring to the references to references. in Chess meaning of its own free will and accord. for there are condensed in this text all the elements and primary factors of phases governing all the struggles which are chessologically serviceable differently according different recipients' different storages of knowledge. stand the mission of Chess. p. io. 6-1. most simplified and abstracted.
therefore. 54)." which is one. Chess is Mind. pp. is to the extremest degree indispensable in Chess- dom 3. understood and played. either mentally. p. That knowledge is power. Expression or Symbols. is unboundedly important in the study of Chess. in spite of the greatest Science. every possible means of the propaganda for the chessological principles and game is to be used to let them perfectly understand how easy it is to play 1. and because Chess is the most sensitive of all and any Figures. the strenuous cultivation of the power of understanding the use ing of the onyms. commonly known as Chess. and there was light'." is true. the way to understand the Figurative Words. 2. concisest and most abstract of all the departments of knowl- edge. 9-3. 54). 54-67. p. or in every line of expressions of knowledge. and that "God said 'Let there be light. of the most beautiful Figurative Expressions. knowledge is power and "God said. For the purpose of aiding those who might be discouraged difficulties of Chess. pp. 5. since Chessology treats of the art of an actual duel of wits and knowledge. Koma or pieces Chess(See ss. 47-8. of Figures.THE IMPORTANCE OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE USE OF FIGURES IN CHESSOLOGY. because there is none other besides so easily. appeal differently to different calibers of the different contents of the human head. They help a great deal the chessological student and player to be able to understand the latent meanor names of the chess-pieces. because brevity is the soul of wit. 5. because Chess is the briefest. 'Let there be light and there was The statement is differently understood by light'. if not the most. for all the elements considered in Chess are the most flexible and easily adaptable. (s. Chessology and 38 . It will be in the same way when we state that is the Mind of all sciences and arts The is true when that statement philosophies. Now.) Therefore. by apparent the game and learn the meaning of the factors of Chess accord- ing to their mental capacities based upon their amount and quality of knowledge (s.
in the occidental branch of Chess. 17-20) the chessological student may allow the bystanders to utter and comment as the latter conceive because the differences of amounts of knowledge govern the case. or Translated into non-poetic concrete language. power only de facto. " Itan-wo semru-wa kore Gai nomi.) names with transitional For the chess-pieces the elastic abstract meanings are preferable. 72-3. 5. and it is the same way with the names of a of the other chess-pieces. 5 emperor. as attributes of the Koma pieces named as such a one. 7 6 -) . chief. 6. 4-6.' Kazan. pp. but the chessonames logical principles remain the same without being impaired. 54. s. ss. for a name is nothing for the purpose when there is an assumed existence . (s. 2-3. But it being the greatest aim The laymen bystanders. with different mental p. p. pp.CHESSOLOGICS different persons 39 calibres. p. or any leader or head. The author himself does not mind the paradoxical of what not. 5. p. p. 9-3. 23. p. words or names. let us have a recourse to some of the Figures. 47-8: ss. 22). The writer thus uses interchangeably the terms king. p. or their representatives. then. president. anxieties. $1-56. even to the least infinitesimal fraction. Words for true Words and their meanings times in regard to the may change a thousand and one Koma pieces of Chess. contrary to the first motive of Chessology. but the ideas of the great mass of the students may be made later on un- profitably stinted. s. Queen. (See s. 8-9. or Chessology is the Mind of knowledge. because of making the sovereign power as an abstract entity. dictator. sitions may be more simply at the abstract names and propofirst expressed. might not be able to conceive the exact mission of Chess and they may imagine other way. and apply them in the course of playing chess games. or sorrows (ss. Bishop. in the chessological on the part of the chessologist that they themselves should be thrown out of the mouths of cares. clearly to prove that Chess is Mind. because the abstract has nothing to do with the terms. (See ss. and that there should be peace (ss. are frequently the greatest stumbling blocks abstract conceptions of things and ideals. or giving lectures on chessological subjects. 4.) point of view. p. so and so. 72-75. 40. Now. 5. 6-9." 'There is an only injury in pressing the truth upon a heretic. Kriegspiel below. while the reality and the abstract are interchangeable.
in fine. The terms. pp. p. Chess let them do so by their being taught only abstract reasoning. p. and pawn and the phrases been words have continually employed in containing those allegory and other figures of speech and expressions (Huxley and Dickens s. chess. 3. 7. Chess is a war-game the most severely simplified and abstracted. the chess student to solve the movements. 17-9. s. ss. to the greatest extent. so that the war-game is an applied art or chess. 35-6. and the war-game only expresses in concrete words what Chess expresses in figurative abstract ways. and give great pleasures to. 6-8. 7 a. p. 35. In the case of Chess only the terms conveying warlike capabilities have been without a sense esoterically special reference utilized for competitive purposes to their original significance. ss. most concise miniature of the Universe (s. by thinking that Chess is not enough for operations. Kriegspiel. 8-8b. chess-pieces.) 7. manoeuvres and others of armies and go into particulars (see Aristotle below). 3. Understanding these Figures. 45). and because 'Chess with the most expressive Figures ever created by an in- genious association of ideas is the briefest. p. s. and dignified as in proportion as Mathematics has glorified itself far above mere counting figures. 45)8. as seen at their own disposal but . 9-$a. . or Fu chessboard. p. in fact. what are called Figures under Figurative Language or Expression in the Rhetoric would. 2-2a. s. actions and intentions names Koma of the pieces and. The part that we are now to consider should be. 30-1). pp. ss. 8-8b. p. Chess itself. very far from pure Chess Proper. 28-9. To understand of Chess the proper meaning and mission of the pieces. p. p. (See s. 4.40 6. 33 itself. 17-9. 108-110. the student in the case of Chess would better adopt them as the means and it is worth while to cultivate their wit to understand the powers of the Figures as the brevity is the soul of wit. help. JAPANESE CHESS Military men understand Chess from their own individual capacities in what is called a war-game. to the of ideas reflected . In from the standpoint of ideal military men. 7. No other department or its parts of knowledge and art is so widely used in Figurative Expressions concerning human affairs as Chess and its requisites because of vivid association upon human Mind from Nature (s. and the Figures are for wit or brevity.
time and force. the ideas accruing from the Figures. almost exhaustively explained. as they think it ought to. so CHESS claims them. and when the student might think that the chess-pieces do not convey a same advantageous meaning. even from the commonest speech of daily life. and the practical. for it is the most important and the greatest assistance or factor in Chess. for poetry speaks of UNI1 VERSALS. it would be very beneficial to refer to these methods. from a different source. of particulars: Now of all sciences chess players should not forget that Chess is a poetry and philosophies. of attention "Poetry is more philosophical and than history. positive philosophies bly adaptable for Chessology are Metonymy. be presently explained fully. are very important and indispensable for Chessology and chesspieces and other factors to be rightly conceived by the student as in the same degree as they are essential to poetry. but history. from essays. while CHESSOLOGY. together with purely intellectual competition and amusement which all of the others entirely lack. said: Aristotle worthy 3. besides. Those are 9.CHESSOLOGICS fullest 41 extent. Figures Equivocation. 1. as CHESSOLOGY deals with the severest abstraction of the highest kind of universals. Repetition and and chief the and the most important Figures profitaAllegory. chessological purposes. because "Chess 2. especially the Japanese." Ohen-0. digested and assimilated. for it reveals universals by the most severe abstract symbols. of the training of Mind in the smallest and least possible space. the constant aim in poetry. While the uses of Figures are not absent is a symbolic epic poem of universals of struggles in nature. the most sublime and the most abstract of both speculative and and sciences Ultra-Philosophic-Science. Paradox. the constant aim in oratory. speak of particulars by long arguments. are both the constant aim in Chess . for the which will of these Figures from orations. when compared with Chess. Eponymy. Poetry needs the Figures. 4. if not the terms. but all other sciences and philosophies. The Ideal. and it causes Chess to reveal itself to be transcendental and the supremest. discussions and all kinds of statements. if not very themselves. Synecdoche. A full explanation is worth remembering. Personification and.
Chess. Adaptability. that of real contradiction. grows in thickness. simile." (s. as. who is always professing to be satisfied with nothing Dallas. the former means something different from what is expressed: the latter expresses the opposite of what is meant. the most forcible. the power of simile is constantly needed. and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands. pursued Blair. unreal because of its being imaginative. The that they have qualities in common. is satisfied with nothings. ." "the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing. Personification endowing the lower animals and inan- and is imate objects with attributes of human beings. in all of her ornamental works. yaa. 6. Metaphor is a simile without the form of comparison. p. Epigram is the Figure of apparent contradiction and ends in a point or turn of wit. The Irony. yet resting on the deepest truth on the truth that underlies incidents of experience fundamental in human nature is indispensable for purpose of proper understanding of the elements of Chess affairs. the Artistic in Chess should be strictly observed in regard to combinations of movements of pieces and also the players' conducts. hath. This variety. Figure is Epigram and Irony. in order to show upon it." said the bee. especially i. bestows praise in such a manner as to convey disapprobation and professes belief in a statement for the purpose of casting ridicule spirit of a pithy or witty saying or any saying and wit characterized by point helps the student to compreof the hend the meaning pieces and the other elements of Chess. a man 7. comparing two things together.) the deepest impression. as. The Prophetic in poetry although sometimes thought 5. "to hear you grant that I came honestly by my wings and my voice. the principal test of the usefulness of a 9. the in revealed Japanese. 8. as fortune is as fickle as the wind! In Chess. "The parts of a climax grow in importance as a wedge standing last and making This is beautifully 60. and besides." very highly useful in Chessologics so that chess playwould have absolute freedom of rendering students ers and Chess into practical or Applied Chessology. "I am glad. with an apparent neglect of regularity.42 JAPANESE CHESS through domain of the highest intellectual competitive amusement." "Nature who is undoubtedly the most graceful artist. Simile.
second. For a waterpower." Kazan. nor an emperor. what we see in the first clause prepared for the 5. of an to Knowlpure Chessologics practical transposition Applied edge or Art. "A king not a king. a king. an amuse3. so that Chess being thus made productive to the fullest degree can fulfill its omnipotent mission. nations are divided Antithesis. Mind and is of chess players. of the machinery of sensibility. etc. this Figure is unboundedly useful to reproduce an Applied Art. but true in fact and they should be constantly kept in the age. this Figure is especially important in order to cherish constantly the assimilating associations of ideas to be practicalized. . all One is That's the difference. and in Chessdom. thou pendulum 'twixt smile and tear. "Man. adds force and the power of this Figure is excellently represented in Japanese Chess. Wisdom is said to consist in the ready and accurate perception of analogies. yet he is an imperial king or royal emperor. ment by the collocation of ideas that at "Two 4.. Anti-Climax may have the effect of wit. "A king is not an emperor." by or contrast of words in similar construction." consist in things. and justice in their courts is forever in a passion. The Force of simile and metaphor lies in the readiness 2." "The ink of female logic is blotted all over with tears. Paradoxes are seemingly absurd in appearance and langu6. windpower. and even a president. A metaphor as. . the force of climax is beautifully exposed as in poetry and essay. by others to consist comprehended synecdoche under the term metaphor.CHESSOLOGICS 43 one object being spoken of not as like another. in an increasing scale of interest and importance." "Laughter and tears are meant to be the wheels Thackeray." of men to perceive and accept a comparison. mutual fear and mountains. the other Holmes. first seem incongruous. as Chess is full of paradoxical associations useful results. either from the genus to the species or from the species to the genus or from species to species. or Chess. He says: "A metaphor is a transposition of a noun from its proper signification. of which Japanese Chess is very rich. nor a queen. the second for the third. is affirmed by some to Aristotle in words. . In the case of Japanese Chess. that is. but as another. Climax. as a pawn becomes a queen. a queen." Danzo.
(2) The effect and the cause. The author and his works. as -fifty sail for fifty ships. Chessonyms. for the sovereign power. ing. Smith once wittily said: "I do like them both so much. will often have to recourse to this artifice. not a castle. (1) the sword. Grote. and she is such a perfect gentleman. and thus to equivocate their present secondary meana or a queen. nothing of a ' ' . (hence equivocation) is the source of almost all errors in human He who wishes to throw dust in the eyes of an discourse. Sidney 7. The force of this Figure consists in the greater vividness 4. as. to hinder his arriving at the real facts of a case. it were not for its 9. etc. though often 1. literally the understanding or receiving of 3. one thing out of another. a statement made more impressive by representing things to be greater or less^ better or worse. and is indispensable am "Some for 5. man beside it. Hyperbole. Synecdoche. etc. for the Queen. opponent. sun- shine for the sun. as." bishop. with which the part or species is realized. interchanging terms. as. Her Majesty. equivocal words. gray hairs for old age. as. for poison. are needed in transposing and understanding the latent meanings of elements of Chess and equivocation have attained "A is 2." Fielding. for he is so ladylike. and 8. His Impudence. . General words. not a queen. if "Life would be tolerably agreeable Lewis pleasures . when we transpose: The concrete and the abstract. affected by many. Equivocation. instead of individual words. Chess players should cultivate the association with this Figure. castle. the fatal cup. drunkenness for wine." a and Kazan. the crown. Ccesar. not a bishop. the historian of Greece." "A beau is everything of a woman but the sex. for military power. literally signifying a change of name. etc.44 JAPANESE CHESS Of Grote.. "I (3) reading Bacon. for an impudent fellow. puts a part for the whole.'" Cho-Yo. and Mrs. Trench says: "The calling two or more different things by one and the same name (<eque vocare). those that may be taken in more senses than one. for royalty. Metonymy." say 'Bacon wrote Shakespeare. than . or a not king king.
transferred into a traditional person by a bold and vivid poetical Figure of Speech. 9a. abstract truths are sensible represented by compositions. (Huxley and Dickens. country and the like. This also involves which see. p. asserts that the eponymous city-founder or ancester always gave his name the contrary to his family. ' s - 7a P.) Eponym. p. or a composition in the language is Figurative throughout. which. for certain. or city's name being transferred to him.CHESSOLOGICS 45 they really (Art. 8. if taken for what it is. n6. to which the fable In all these (s. ciation of ideas is extremely important for Chess. and the Japanese which is the perfect allegory of the abstraction of the highest kind of the Nature.) Modern science has adopted this special word for con- venience sake. and the like. 47. makes the beginnings of political history remarkably easy and clear to be comprehended. 204). 6. race or city. as our far distant posterity might express "Japan checkmated China and his neighbor Russia.35. especially. one's name given to the people. are. that It is. Without this Eponym. invented to account for a city's. is a "namesake." "one from or for is whom something or some- named. the Greek word meaning a name. and is It should be used subject to the limit imposed upon irony.6 8. imaginary personages. or human affairs are described under the image of the lower of the processes of nature. is invariably the case. 9. P. objects.40. nation's. Japanese Chess superbly exposes this force." Danzo. there . The Eponym is really only that name. 9." The power of understanding the force of this Figure makes Chessonyms useful and serviceable in the extreme for understanding the real meanings of chess-pieces. and body Chess as a whole. 5. or nation's name.s. s. animals. the race's. country and the like. as of a people. of as the and expression strong feeling only where strong only Hyperbole feeling 7. while summing up its Although popular tradition individuality. p. 201. p. The of this force method of assopersonification. which and the parable belong Allegory.) is distinguished from falsehood because its statements are not expected to be literally believed. yet in reality. derived from that of an individual. is appropriate. tribe's. 3. a continued comparison. (s.
the The same is with the subdivisions of the white race of Shem. Eponym Both the kindred relations God. not that of a man. 70. and nothing is easier than to into the sober. Asshur. but a horde of shepherds and the name itself clearly shows philologically and means the outcast Brahmans. first It is clear when it translate It is son of Noah. which is extremely plain and there is the key to it. pean nations to express by this of nations and their differences. p. Aram. because their kingdom was founded by one named Asshur. as third son of Noah. in order rightly to understand must not a tribe. It was a common it and appreciate fashion among the Orientals and adopted by the ancient Euro- and clearwhat we may call Historical Figures are extremely So that they must have been suggested by a convenient. The Aramceans are called so.Western India. such as 2. Abraham is not one individual person. 5. its bearing and full value. And . In the course of their early history. So Adam or Cain or Noah or Moses is not the name an individual.) 3. we that almost forget every name is that of a people. Heber and so made descendants or sons of one great progenitor^ Shem. the believers of the Supreme Brahm. for brevity ness. the descendents of the Brahmins in North. and the Hebrews named themselves from a similarly supposed ancester Heber. proceeding most natural in ages of traditional statements of the earliest histories and in a tribe explaining its own name by taking it for granted that it was that of its founder. 5. the oldest and important document of any nation. because their founder's 4. a kind of parable. name was Aram. A large portion of humanity distinguished by certain features more or less peculiar to itself. 9-3. positive and concrete forms of speech. Ill and s. has been called the Shemitic race. Diag. (ss. the most ancient writings in existence in regard to the Genesis of nations and races. a stock or a horde. 1.46 JAPANESE CHESS can hardly be understood the Holy Scriptures. These and several more nations used languages so much alike that they could understand each other and had so many common features in looks and forth were characters that their founders. one of several great races. of The real name of the Assyrians is Asshur. race composed of nearly all the European Nations and perexplained thus: sonified under the name Japhet. 47-8.
is really the name of a vast tract of into many fractions.) There is also literal truth in them. 6. If all mankind comes from one human couple. Both scientific men and churches have long admitted that the genealogies of the people of Genesis should be understood as above stated. and the greatest necessity may be to adopt the terms ." 8. 9." To facilitate and rightly to understand the mission of of Chess.CHESSO LOGICS the same it is 47 up with the sub-races. 3. ancestor or father. originally white and broken both scattered tribes and great nations. as one of the four sons of Ham. yet manifestly of one race. may be. coined to signify the transferred. or transposed nomenclatures in a way to be called Chessological Figures of Expression or Symbols. as "the Armorite. Chessological Figures. according to the same ideas and methods for our purpose and convenience sake. Augustine. who kept an undisputed supremacy over the rest." Sidon was the greatest maritime city of the Canaanites. peopled by many tribes ways. . after digestion the lubricating flexible terms seen before. and nations. all differing in many whence "the sons of Canaan. only in so remote a past that his actual name or individuality can not possibly have been remarked. "the Egyptians. not men. at first a settlement of fishermen. all showing a decided likeness to each other they are summed up as the whole under the name of Ham called or assumed as their common progenitor. XVII. Yet the coinage of such terms may not positively be necessary except to show how easily to be understood. the Hivite. the term Chessonym." The name meaning "fisheries" is appropriate for a city on the sea. Fathers. Many of these names show by their own very nature that they could not have exposed individuals some are plural. "the first born of Canaan. as Sidon. Some have the article. because of chess factors themselves being already the severest and most abstract signs. one of the earliest and greatest church 7. second son of Noah." There is one with the name of a city." "Gentes nonhomines. wisely said that the name there represents "nation. St. "Canaan" personified in a common ancestor." (De civitate Dei. . or symbolic names. land. its every fraction must surely have had some one particular progenitor. as Mizraim. hence "the first born. so that every people naturally gave him its own name. transformed.
so to speak. that is. Chessology. for instance. according to its position on the chessboard and depending upon the different amount of different ammunitions in the different storages of knowledge on the part of the players. or a torpedo boat or a group or troupe of foot soldiers. p.Philosophic-Science the principles of Chess. fighting 2. ss. a battalion. Nevertheless. (See the Tree of Chess17-18. because the beauty of chess symbols. 6a. MENTAL TOOLS. moreover. it should be remembered that the true mission of Chess is most scientific method this by and exposed for the sake of great interpreted advantageously benefits on the part of student and for the vigorous encourage- ment pa. a Fu. From what we have exhaustively considered Chess is concerned. 82). of chessological propaganda. provisional trial methods to pay their respective tribute to the main Chess in the highest sense. men whether on sea or land or business clerks. as. in general are literally the unfledged preparatory course formulas. the Japanese." in the so every piece or a line or a square at Chess conveys a meaning expressed in a Figure of Chess. position which it naturally of knowledge. Igo and chess nestlings. It should be. a division or a fleet or an army of laborers.) ologics.48 JAPANESE CHESS used elsewhere outside of Chessology not the terms. pawn or soldier means either a soldier. a company. the true legitimate after the most exhaustive inves- tigations of Chessologic Evolution. we have as follows: Chessonym or Chessological Figure is before as a symbolic name . who has. crystallized and reduced to the Ultra. a war- game. pp. the initiator of Science of Chess. 115-115." "a group of ages. far as 3. plainly understood and acknowledged upon the deep chess-thinkers' part. whereof checkers. pp. 8-8a. would have been utterly at a loss to have easily exposed a key to the grand principles of the mission of Chess Proper and located the Science of CHESSDOM As in the appropriate occupies in the domain 1. 14-15. especially. or in Japanese. bet. pp. in same way as we understand the word "day" Genesis to have meant "a period of time. a detachment. surpasses all the other allied signs. that but for creation of Chessological Terms and Figures or Expressions. Hasami-Shongi (s. a regiment. infantry. but the and apply the ideas of flexibility of things spirit of them and names upon chessological elements.
For a term is sometimes extended to include words that have very nearly the same meaning (synonyms).) For the same purpose. (See 4. as an index of the function of an element or groups of elements in struggles hence Chessonymy. appreciating or understanding them.^) . s. 54-81. but simply to let the student know how. in an easy way. or terms in many ways is to make the student very phrases well acquainted with the meanings of them. that is.) Chessboard in Chessology is a compressed or minimized rep. but which express shades of difference in signi- there Using many times the same explanatory expressions. to understand the principles of Chessology and to learn the game. of a wide field of space. To use repeatedly the Japanese terms is some difference in some way of feeling. (See pp. be entirely avoided. because this work is not 5. order intended for orations or rhetorical purposes. p. chess-piece. however insignificant. (s. hence chessonymous. so that troubles. 35. or the board itself. to refer back to them many times would ficance. 6. p.CHESSOLOGICS 49 or an algebraic sign put on a Kama. (s. . so that it is a sort of Chessonym itself. 56. rendered into a small diminutive scale. 56.a. 6. p. even Astrological terms and surely Mathematical symbols may be abstractly conceived and adapted to the most advantageous way without a least thought of their original significance. p. 6. 59. the method of using the Figure for brevity's sake. s. 2. resentative.) is to make the student of with the shades meanings of them. The profuse Repetitions of words and phrases are made in to help the reader without inducing them toward reference to them several times. as thoroughly acquainted whenever there is any difference whatever in words and names.
(s. Napoleon. 1 It is strange it seems that few foreigners if any have tried to study the Far Oriental Chess. ga.) The author confines himself almost entirely to the to the Occidental Chess the are at first principle of Japanese Chess. ga. at first. p. It is strange that the Russians fixed or checkmated 3. even Occidenis tal. not amusing and contrary to reasons. whereby arises a vague conception of chessological difficulty. For a novice or a learner. and produce interesting and fascinating strategic and tactical combinations of manoeuvres and beautifully logistic operations something like real and vivid warfares and somethings more. much simpler and easier to know the movements of the pieces. Chess. and the Japanese have cornered the former by the power of Japanese Chess in 5 . literally a commander's. only touching some of the best ones. . and analysis of problems would not be at present exhaustive. Why they did not study it is probably that persons visiting there. the well-known chess-player. Japanese Chess known as Shdngi. might not generally deeply be learned in Chessology. famous movements upon the part of pieces comparatively cumbersome. but become afterwards more complicated and intricated. (s. an obstacle for extension of Chessdom. . or admiral's or general's game. 25. who would have played it. is. who are might not have thought it entirely different from other games in point of principle and considered it unworthy to deal with. 25. which are decidedly simpler than ours. . As in a certain line of works. when compared with ours.JAPANESE CHESS ITS FUNCTION AND POSITION AS THE CALCULUS OP CHESSOLOGICS. and others left only to be produced some time soon.) 2. of which the Japanese is entirely free. p. . because in the first place. that Japanese Chess . except that one German superficial hyper-critic remarked in a newspaper. is thought as a difficult game and those writers.
CHESSOLOGICS 51 almost miraculous manner. and nine grades of diplomas (Sho- . as well as first-class chess player. a war-game has come as a sort of supplementary assistance. and which Occidental chess could not have worked. and the writings entirely disappeared at a certain stage of his contributions. If he had ever known such as Japanese Chess. hence the necessity to secure knowledge which is power.p. chess playing is 4. There is a fine writer represented as a military or war expert and forecaster. strategy and tactics (worthy to be noticed from a negative point of view) in the Japan. Moltke.. common. and these writings were the great subjects of discussions of his then utter failures. authoritative and reliable paper his creditable (as far as exquisiteness is concerned) writings with earnest criticism and sev3re contra-statements on the Japanese move- ments. Napoleon. seemingly military ignorance and misunderstanding.Russian war. which otherwise could not be achieved. and many other great generals. Frederick. The contributor just as' many almost all other western chess players and experts did not know that there drill is another way the Far Oriental Chess to the Mind through the power of amusement and competition astronomers until some years ago did just as many almost all not discern Neptune beyond Uranus and innumerable amounts of larger sun-systems than our own solar dominion. in Japan. that how expert chessplayers. national and universal there. He is a chess expert.) A great wonder that how. Ignorance is dangerous. he could never have made such terrible mistakes as he did. if not the foremost. but he was only a victim of circumstances and accidents of the time. who contributed to a very widely known. though spoken of as an amateur player.8. They could never know Chessologics just as the students of the Science of Calculation could not penetrate into the wonderful depth of Calculus before Newton and Leibnitz exposed the most delicate mathematical attributes of the Universe. ( See ss. and many personages known as great chess players did not know the Far Eastern Chess. each and every other severely examine themselves by competitive struggles. . of the Occidental chess expounders and advocates a perfect unity of the 'science of chess and military science/ The mistakes are not purely his own. 113-4. because he as a chess author is one. out of or for the Occidental chess. and there is positively no exception against the premise.9. hence.
Occidental analysis can never have beautiful combinations as well Such is plainly seen in the anas permutations as the Japanese. uptoKu-dan. then we cannot but help to see them achieved in the improvement of Chess. sometimes but rarely. literally . Thus. alysis of both sides. men and the latter. ninth step) are honorably awarded. stated very soon. (Digest thoroughly Mochingoma. cutting the discussion short here for fully to be 27). is a child's play.) Japanese Chess creates stupendously beautiful constellations developments and combinations of chess Koma pieces that the Occidental chess can never at all display. the weapons of selfdefense. war. it would be almost safe to have uttered that the Occidental chess-play.2 JAPANESE CHESS first step. have been symbolized in a superbly appropriate Figure. 86186. chivalrous spirit and patriotism has never experienced a foreign conquest.field. pp. there can be superbly and transplendently pictured on the Japanese chessboard a skeleton map of. left. ss. 4-2. the finest of all the fine and beautiful works there. This spirit is represented in Chess in a beautiful exquisite way (see ss. 187-190. the former having only the remnants of chesskeeping only a few pieces and Naru Promotion Method. In fine. compared with which Damascus blade is a child's toy. Naru Promotion. their country has been founded upon the science of government supplemented with military ethical department of knowledge making the warlike science and art as a means of selfdefense. the skirmishing and making reconnaisance attacks and defenses of any kind conceivable the . Their swords. as the spirit of Japan. when compared with the Japanese. Mochingoma finish. p. for but almost always with the captured pieces. Japanese spirit temper. namely and their country loyalty. If an exaggeration may be here allowed. Yamato-damashi. The range of difference between the Japanese and Occidental chess is far wider and in reality infinitely greater than that between the latter and checkers. or key to. and that how the Japanese have improved Chess to the highest culmination and abstraction of all scientific. before Japanese Chess the other formulas or branches of chessological science are seen aghast. philosophical and speculative knowledge but when we know that they have considered from time immemorial that dan. thus producing literally kaleidoscopical aspects. duly recognized and highly respected among those master chess-players themselves. pp. 5-6.
p. It is the embodiment in symbols of intellectuality itself. Moltke and other It is great generals could not dream at all for a moment. then safe to say that in Japanese Chess Chessology which has given the nation the vitality and co-operative spirit and actions there is condensed the sum of the real original Japanese wisdom as a whole intellectual entity. combinations and evolutions which have been exposed by the Western chess.CHESSOLOGICS 53 along the entire front and rear as well. St aunt on. as the Far Oriental Chess can give the expert players conception of all those results movements. as noted admirals and generals moved their navie sand armies against their common enemy over an extensive war. Mukden and along elsewhere in the greatest human infernal struggle ever exhibcould All war experts unanimously opined and asserted that ited. 90. strategic and tactical complications of interof diplomacy and statesmanship (s. 6. p. Hence by these means the Japanese mind though almost instinctively. Port Arthur. the Far Eastern Chess displays none other less than the strategic and tactical movements of navies and armies of any number of nations.field in a concerted plan. it can not easily expose and develop all the Chessologic essential while the Eastern Far not factors. the full Shongi. it is true in every way as provable by vivid evidences that 4. develop- ments. 4C. 4a. p. display their and naval splendid military movements and glaring victories Yalu and the at Liaoyang. pp. Anderssen and Paul Morphy. together with. As to the intrinsic merits of both branches of Chessological Tree. of chessological brilliantly. the wizard and other Western chess generals (s. only keeps the best parts of conventional modes but also discharges its duty of severely . the Japanese have passed the antiquated and stereotyped stages of yore which the Western greatest chess masters have been playing and pursuing. at the same time. 117-65). of Chess Lopez. the Japanese have achieved what Napoleon. 87 . Because of the latter being very limited and stiff as the result of primitive conventionality. the national games s. 115) could not see nor imagine further than what they could observe and develop on the Occidental chessboard. Sarratt. If the Occidental chess could be justly paralleled with the treatment of strategic movements of armies of two belligerent nations. principle and practice. whereas.
55. principle of Involution. 'to will.) This Japanese game of Chess. Mind. those of and Calculus Algebra simple Arithmetic and Higher Mathematics in the Science of The Western chess is mainly governed by the Calculation. 85-116). and it means 'chessmen'. stepping or running from a square to another in a fashion of a colt's hopping and gallopings. or sometimes simply Koma. is played by two persons or parties as ours but with forty pieces. wields a wand of the principle of Evolution. literally colt. 5a. or small has come to be used by suggestion of its association with. or a branch. and resemblance to. therefore. game [OH cross-lined board] and MA. hands to play become plainer and plainer. the units or pieces keeping the flexibility and full freedom the contrivances and combinations of offensive and defensive operations become instructive and amusing. and ugly "drawn" is never produced. of or per- . no. the thoughts. Chessonymy shows that Koma is also written as fi| literally. game field). (s. wooden (usually) blocks called Shdngi-no Koma. is beautifully expressed in the Japanese figurative phrase. a Figure of Speech for hopping ^ of horses in significance of movements of pieces across the lines or sections over the chessboard (war or and galloping on the part struggle sasu. figuratively derived from a colt. hence Koma-wo move a chessman. hence the less becomes the number of chess-pieces on board after captures. and after childish and tedious machination of movements of pieces the players often make out. fj. Kokoro-no Koma. and the term Koma. JAPANESE CHESS phenomenally solving all the human struggles. and create constant progression of intellectual pleasures. and. thus the Mind. and consequently the units after captures can or may be conceived as constant or as convertible according to the players' individual mental capacity (5. or maybe. of ours. evolved out. and the meaning. and consequently become afterward stiffer and stiffer. "drawn-games. horse. on the other hand. Jgj. (Kokoro. hence. or rather manufacture. instead of thirty-two contest except beautiful end 5. Ko.5. p. pp. of that great antiquity which is the common forefather of the so-called chess of this or that country." Japanese Chess. Koma. The relation and and Oriental Chess in CHESSOLOGY of the Occidental position well be compared respectively with those of elementary very may in Mathematics.54 . the larger the units become as philosophically and scientifically considered. the reason.' The term Koma.
concentrating the though Koma a of sort each Mind. 2. it might be allowable. kiite kikoe-zu. and ingraft Koma on it and understand how beautifully and (s. but. If there might be only one or very small per cent. imagination. "Koma is the Chessplayer's transfiguring and ' ' ' ! ! transmigrating alter ego in fact. 115-6. moreover. 14-5 ss. 4-5. p. 5 a. ss. But. "Kokoro Koko-ni arazareba. though is not taste the known:' eaten. when a majority of games can be reduced into 'drawn-games. 17. wherefore acquire knowledge and digest it by virtue of the Calculus of See "Chong-Kie" ss. the thoughts. y-QJp. the reason. 38. though heard. the broader becomes a chessplayer's knowledge. at. 113-4). is game' an inexcusable imperfection in that branch of Chessological Tree (p. will. 30-1. the Mind. where will the mental colt go out meaning.) In the Occidental Chess what is known as 'drawna meaningless result of antiquated conventionality. p. the meaning. ss. p. 17-9. mite mie-zu. which the author expresses esoteric-chessonymously as Mind-Force. ya." Kazan. If mind is unsettled. kuratte So-no Ajiwai-wo 'If there is not Mind.' it is without a least doubt -inadmissible in any intellectual games whatsoAnd such compromising outcomes unsatisfactory for both ever. contestants make Chess degraded as well as farcical (s. 8-8b.." Kazan. the wider of 14 and more interesting becomes the understanding of Chess which gives chessplayers a power of divination. 100). Kama. symbolizes temporary incarnation Chessplayer's thought or alter ego. philosophically CHESSOLOGY has come out. Kazan. philosophically and every and other wise. shira-zu" (from Confucius in Japanese): it is not looked seen. 5-1. not heard.) Since Chess is a miniature nature or microcosm of the Infinitude. Chessologics. Such drawn battles/ ties. (s.CHESSOLOGICS 55 taining to. 4. pp. could be perhaps permitted in an age of utter darkness when there were no accurate scales in existence. "Hydtan-no Yo-ni Kokoro-ga Chessological conception bratskeba Kokoro-no Koma-ga Doko-e deru yaral" Literally. the best and Chess from the highest of Art. and it is poetically. in the time of enlightenment when there is a . p. a colt). 'If appropriately fitted for the pieces at mind swings and rocks like a goard. * part of an inch or an ounce need for scales and measurements so accurate that one-millionth is to be considered even in the . the fancy. how will be the thought Hakzen-Kazan. p.
whence the rectangular board. This board with its divisions (9 X 9) is not at all of arbitrary but work. that the chess is decided by a not certain counted. the largest digit. the Science Philosophy of tries to maintain the Japanese chessonyms to do so. marked with latitudes and longitudes (s. and because it in The author many ways as it seems to be the best and why do we keep Japanese Chess terms is many ways to prevent equivocal misnomenfrom being produced in future in connection with Those chesspieces. such an inaccurately compromising habit to do things by halves as that nursed by many drawn-games' should not be inculcated under any circumstances and condi* tions under the keen and delicate supervision of Chessology. has been achieved by no other than inauguration of the No means Tengoma.4-2. rank or line and file on the chessboard correspond. 180. thus checkered Marking square board into eighty-one square divisions is in order clearly to determine and denote the respective values of movements of the Koma pieces. 187-190). 5. divided into eighty-one squares or almost instead of sixty-four always slightly rectangular sections. the highest in a unit of all the scientific scales and the most glorious core of the numbers 360. p.p. or Mochingoma (s. material world. conveys a deeply calculated plan of a part of space or (charts maps). such tedious unproductive and forlorn amusement on the part of both and hopeless performance combatants as 'drawn-games' are at all procurable in Japanese Chess play.) on a description the best in clatures cross-lined board. 6a. Koma. 90 and their parts given to the degrees of circle. pp. 49). a nest of Mind. II and III. 6. with which the Yoko and Tote. very contest in Occidental fore. out a like ours. 70-74. its number gives far of the only wins for either side. On that score Chessology puts the Eastern This branch very far above the Western (4 above. pp.56 JAPANESE CHESS. i . is because a different treatment needs a correspondingly different name with a different shade of meanings. latitudes and longitudes and . 9. 'draws' strongest verdict for the intrinsic merit of Struggles. advanced brother. are (see the Occidental game. in Diagrams I. 86-186) aided by clever Thereof Naru Promotion Method (55. pp.68).
increasing or decreasing. force and time thus showing the first step of eternal progression. is brought when the decimal system tried by severely in order to in extend it to the circle. three times three primary elements of struggle locality. and ad infinitum dividing the Infinitude by 9 limits the magnitude of any infinitesimal. or= 4X9X0). from not allowing so many divisions as 360 ( = 9 sidewise added. but 400 being an inconvenient number. The grandest sum of the repetitions ad infinitum of scales with makes or reaches the Infinitude 9. = into divided was circumference 400 ( 8X5X0). 9 conveys us the meaning and exactly governing points any and even the Infinitude) and minima (even the infinitesimal). it say 10 or more produces too much or redundant power for the chessological purpose. which have assumed the name of degrees. in both cases. its was established France. . 9 is the supreme. powerfully governs the Japanese board. and 9. all the counting machines can be made to figure up all the numbers there are in our 9 knowledge. If any number other than 9 would be assigned. and thus. that is. it results in too little. not quite right limit scientific test. It is the minimum and maximum boundary between numeral scales.CHESSOLOGICS 57 mathematical triangular measurements. creation of Nature. the highest digital number. the ancient division has been resumed When showing that even the modern greatest and most powerful scientific sages could not change the bright nimbus 9 of the Aside from the sublime character of 9. 9 times completes the Multiplication Table for all mathematical purIn almost all respects poses. mathematical between maxima (of In each scale. mysterious paradox of casting out 9 . we have the feline 9 vitalities and 9 tailors to make a man and the . however either indefinitely of the idealistic. and when we have 9 digits. but if it say 8 or lower number be put on the stage.
Tree of Chessologics bet. thereby 9 dissolvable into three. +7 indivisible. When we add all the digits. (i). the three (2).125 (""9 wise added. to specify directions. ( =9 = 3X2)=!. has proven itself to be the perfecting number. repan abstract room scientifically reduced out of an imforce mense space interlaced with p. Japanese Chess the highest position in Chessdom. There out out of eight divisions. 8-8b. and which being summed side way and by casting out 9. 187) This. s. the author has got to show the numbers 8 and 9 as follows: (A) (1) 8 divisibility of the two (B) +2 indivisible (2) 8+1 -4 = 2.6 (4) 9-5-5 = 1. 46-9. 86.25 ( =9 sideside- +5 1. 9.) and time. for rectangular sections and board.5 (-9 side- wise added). s. unless it is a little rectangular and not perfectly square. 9 gives the board the meaning that the surface covered resents by 9X9. because of 3. In every way. + 9 =i 8. becomes o. and the rectangular board with correspond- . 1 + 2 + 3 + 4+5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 = 45 = 9 = 0. Thus. ing the the digits sidewise added and by casting out the nines.14285 1. when 9 become = 0. has given (See the 17-9. will O). and four divisibles. 7 below. givquotients which. =1. 33 (5) 8-5-6 ( indi visible. 7 . are four indivisibles =1. (See Chessonym.285714+ indiside- 714+ visible. Naru Promotion Method (5. 14-15. the king of the digits. p. pp. the sum becomes 45.JAPANESE CHESS Now. (5) and (8). together with the Tengoma or Mochingoma and p.) In placing the board before two persons there is no need 7. (3) 8 (4) 8 +4 -3 = 2. only one indivisible divisibles of (B) against 4 of (A) out of divisof There ibles. +8 indivisible. 4. pp.8 wise added). which is numerically just a half of 9. (6) 8 (7) 8 (8) + (5) 9 (6) 9 (7) 9 (8) 9 + 6 = i-5 +7 +8 is = wise added). and (6). the governor of numerical scales.66 + (i) (*) (3) -4.U) and (7).
One can very easily make a chessboard and pieces. mentioned and called Koma in Japanese. and is perfectly. of eight kinds and seven sizes. 60-65) and attack. nom de guerre. denoting a seaman or a soldier. 212-3. p. pp. when put on the board. in fact. and any craft. whereupon the north and south of the equator display the elongated and somewhat rectangular forms of the spaces within the lines on the surface. II and III. and with various powers or values according to their ranks. southward. 47-9). as before fully so to speak. defend and capture like hostile navies or armies. pp. 60-65. and the chess pieces made on the spot. except two Hiska and Kak. in unison with the plan of Meri- map. (ss. There are two sets of the pieces. and the board coincides with a general view of by the latitudes and longitudes of both terrestrial and celestial globes. are arranged opposite each other. 9-6 pp. by the opposite directions of letters or characters marked on them as it will be seen soon. according to the mental capacity of the player. which see (the Diags.CHESSOLOGICS 59 ing small rectangular sections seems to be natural and artistic (Diags. a battalion. a torpedo flotilla. because of the chessological abstraction needing severe simplicity.. though accidentally and independently. very easily made in every possible way by the players themselves. Koma. called "men" in ours. all convertible terms (ss. therefore. These pieces have no distinction of black and white so that a great convenience is observed as the friendly and adverse pieces are shown. pp. Koma. And the board is to be placed between two persons at the shortest sides as one sees northward on a fine geographical map and cator's spaces included the other. I. etc. of white and black on checkered board as on our Occidental board. whenever and wheresoever they would like to play and are serviceable to the greatest extent. and placed in three rows. as far as the principle is concerned. singly or in groups. These sets of pieces with the titular dignitaries or nominal appellations. a pawn. a company.) 7 a. i. an algebraical sign or character or letter. so to speak. out of paper or wood or anything .. of each twenty. each piece representing a conveyance or train for the player's alter ego. or en masse. 5~6a. as in our chess only with technical differences. a brigade. s. and there is also no alternate distinction. The chessboard is. a torpedo boat.68). each with its appropriate name.
and because mere names or signs to be put on the pieces which have no necessity of being shaped or carved into standing statuette-like fashions. 215-229) would be very interesting and instructive for students yaa. II and III pp.4-5. ( 2) (3) U) (5) ( 6) (7) () (9) 1 I DIAGRAM I . p. pp. (88. display piece at the commencement It of the game. 202-3 Prob. as there is mentally no need to have the lines at all. See the Reverse. to conceive of the esoteric meaning out of Japanese Chess force- . 60-65. and explain the name and position of each best Koma . because just to guide the directions of movements of the Kama. will The Diagrams I.6o just JAPANESE CHESS suitable for a practical purpose.
are the most
synthetic productions out of an abstraction of the highest kind. They are not concrete representations of mere human individual forces as we see in the Occidental 'chessmen,'
the statuette-like carvings, the fruits of primitive conceptions
See the Obverse and
4-2, pp. 187-190.
bodily elements of mere savage war like melanand choly gloomy playthings of children living in the neighOn the other hand, the borhood of graveyard tombstones.
circular flat disks are the
of primitive contrivances,
natural as they are, as in checkers, and Chinese and Korean chess. But, in order to have produced Japanese Chessological Mind-Force pieces, Koma, there has been required the highest conception
out this rigid conception, Japanese Chess force-pieces could
FRONT. The transdiagram, Transliteration and Transcripts See the Reverse. of the Diagram I Front.
not be produced, while all the others now in existence are not at all fitted to the sacred mission of the highest Science- Philoso-
8 pp. 17-9, 40, in).
Each Japanese piece peculiarly
cut and not easily to be described at a glance and like a wedgeshape, as seen in Fig. A ,p. 66, is to be construed as to mean a Mathe-
matical Symbol standing for a force in a space PhysicoTrigonometrical contrivance to convey the knowledge of a
See the Obverse and Diagram
4-2, p. 187-190.
speak, vertex, is to be so directed toward the adversary that the pieces are construed so as to be driven in or forced into
adamantine rocks of resistance in struggles
(s. 9, p.
inductive reasonings are plainly seen as in Fig. A, which show
the generally similar form or dimension for all denominations of pieces only with very little gradual differences in their
sizes, shapes and sides of polygonal figures indicating apparent (exoteric) value of force-pieces, Koma; thus the similarity
outfits (tiara, hood, crowns, etc.,) of human corporal The blood and flesh and other concrete things.
the typical and primary shapes of solid pieces
Koma, Mind-Force, mathematically signify hewn out of
d from top to bottom .b./*. Morphology these forcepieces display FIG. representing two Commandp. 60-1). They have been the profoundest chessologists and not mere chess players who have adopted Physics. pyra- JAPANESE CHESS mid. 60-66. right consequently conveying any mathematical idea possible in angularity. and Poetry for chessworks. pp. '. therewith are used as indexes strongly impressive ideo-pictographic Chinese characters. thus keeping all the pri- mary factors of Science of Form. / resentation or ers-in-chief. practically and artistically. Caval- ary theorems. /. not abbreviated but entire (see Diag. I front. A. when this Science-Philosophy has the highest position in knowledge. should be severely abstract.aa. the Chinese poetic figures. especially in the United States where no king nor queen nor bishops have anything . obliquely . pp. Infant. . k and /. kings' and queens crowns. For facilitation of chessological propaganda. bishops' tiaras. 7 . Artillery or Navy piece size. General Gold size ry size. The tombstone-like pieces with figure-heads.66 prismoid. chess-pieces. as other chess matters. Philosophy these highest conceptions of Mathematics. 2 a. horseheads. e and . movable castles and posts are detrimental in way of rightly comprehending the grand ' principle of Chess upon the part of students except the deeply thinking chessplayers and chessologists. (s. see s.) beauti fully. . in the severest rep- a showing a large piece as if it were seen from the bottom 6 as seen from the top c from bottom to top obliquely. obtuse hence and angles. plane and solidity. 69. symbol of prim- ry corps pieces g. acute. every possible figure of the highest mathematical abstraction.
it would be necessary often both branches ing to state the comparative methods with diagrams of both of them. In Europe and America. Proper should highest Chessology keep the symbols of the highest conceptions of elements of struggles in order to give students facilitation in making acquaintance with chessological virtue and technicality. 7-11. Calculation. . Therefore. And both could have been satisfactorily unified. Notation: the necessity for some method of recording the moves and games of Chess has been recognised from a very It is to be regretted in both branches of Chessdom early period. facilitate To The readers might. and is more concise. though cumbrous yet more descriptive and intelligible. the writer hopes. just as to be a Mathematician. exact and simpler than the former.CHESSOLOGICS 67 to do with warfares. as it is. Japanese Chess occupies in the kingdom of chessological amusements a much larger dominion of pleasurable benefits than that part in which the Occidental chess. and the other adopted by Germany and northern Europe has reference mainly to the board. Italy and others) has reference to the pieces. the systems in vogue in Europe are all more or less dependent upon the language of the nation using them. 73). that no universal notation with perfect scientific convenience has been adapted. divisions of the Science of 9. cards and a war-game put together give us enjoyment 8. so that the symbols for concrete corporality are sometimes to be done away with and would be changed to suit the local usages as in the case of a war-game. one should study all the only beginning as yet. p. But the mathematical principle applied can never change on account of Chess going to different nations or climes. . (see pp. one should learn both branches. 7. study this Oriental branch of Chess as the earliest ardent beginners of the Occidental chess players did at first in Europe. It is quite worthy for students to remember that on account of the Mochingoma and Naru Promotion Method which are fully seen very soon and other devices. s. the understanding of the principles coverof Chessdom. chess-playing is not very old. checkers. since in is the Chess knowledge. In the Occidental side the modern systems of the notation are separable into two ways with essential differences the one adapted by English and Latin speaking countries (France. In order to be a chessologist.
the former is popularly ex- known pressed as in the Capital. or fixing a sovereign or commander and the latter. as it makes a little confusion. Q > "checkmate (Tsumi)". as it is easily supposed in the Diagram. or p. . 6. 9 7 sidered as the original camp fields. JAPANESE CHESS In the Japanese notation they have put only numerical figures. a chessboard. maps. . Setsuin zeme. There is another checkmate to fix a chief on the original square which he has or had occupied at first. p. 8 p. the Capital. called probably the Scientific left Method. signifies "goes to" -. Izuwari zume.. Why to begin from the left lateral number-figures is because of the method precisely in conformity with the clock-wise habits of civilized easily reading and writing.. In this work the writer's own method. + % . X or . or emperor or any head) on the Capital square. but not simple enough to save our energy of sight. and n. is to be used for the greatest convenience sake because of his eagerness rapidly to distribute the knowledge of the true SCIENCE and ART of WAR or really STRUGGLE within a shorter number preceding an inperiod of time than otherwise. "put on or re-employ a Mochingoma" M. ( ) . T twenty-seven squares of one side and set of twenty-seven squares are conanother (9). 7. and 6 and 7. is considered as an enemy's side. as we are accustomed to see geographical (See 6a. though very simple. Continually checking to checkmate or fix the Chief (king. the locations are very found out. the original boundary or friendly or Naru i 3 by (i) (9). . closets.5 6 -5 8 )2. or on one of the four corner squares. or "Mochingoma. Miyako zeme. or "check (Ote)" "promotion warn" . or Tengoma. (s. and the two lines between 3 and 4. as i (i).. 3. etc. the top of the Diagram representing a Shongi-ban. pp. practicing. A closed or signed digital number. Thus. The dash ch. thereby the numbers from i to 9 diverges from the right top corner to the and down." For illustration of recording and See Mondai. 140). 8 (i). fixing him in a closet. fixing him while idly sitting on his own home square.68 1. will surely economize mental or sight energy more than any other way. These fancy ceaseless checkmatings are . The central square is sometimes popularly as Miyako. P. "takes or capture". especially as in the case of Mericator's maps. and the four corner squares. by (i) (Promotion) lines. 215-129. 117-8 s.
ss. the weaker. but according to the doctrine of chessologically governmental principle. is concerned. there should always fairly be assumed a good cause or reason or provocation on the part of the second as in the case of the American or French or an apparent Russian revolution (see s. s - 6 P. p. She. 18-19. Gyok-0 3. and as it is said that "chess was invented for the purpose of quenching the human warlike thirst by transferring the spirit of bloody into the quiet idealistic competitive amusements. a royalist. a loyalist and the other. and are very useful for practices on the part of the most skillful players by their constant choice of the best and most beautiful possible idealistic movements (See fitted to their and artistic manly decency. The stronger or skillful player ought naturally to have the former.0. the supposed enemy's Chief is always Sho given assigned with the second character. the second. To-ni arazaru nashi. "Arts. (s. The distinction has been made out of an subject nor land: Sottd-no Hin. extraordinarily beautiful. as it means precious stone or jewel. Uni-Imperialism. Shin-ni arazaru nashi. General King. a traitor. literally. an usurper. The pronunciation). 3. struggles ancient Chinese political notion. 3-4. an intriguer or a pretender. the theory of a universal empire. 3-4. 8-9. respectively." Danzo.) 2b. designate and distinguish a chief (king or leader) another. by . as far as its nature is by the conspicuous difference between the two figures Japanese Chess pretty well shows how the Japanese have generally trained their mental capacities for Mathematics. p. whenever they have a time and opportunity.O-. p. the first one known as being sup- posed as a legitimate royal being. known as Gyok. or the beaten one. and the victor. Fu Ten-no Shita.20 3-) nom and 3 and 3 of 0-. p. 41).CHESSOLOGICS 69 done by the stronger player to show his skill of the game in a mode of jokes. 5. The assumption of distinction has been suggested a dot. the second. de guerre. warThe old as well as the young play Chess fares and business. ss. the latter. they are. 17-9. the first. and Gyok. 41. 2 a. (the Japanese second character. that there is none everywhere under heaven and even at the end of the earth that is not the only one king's above means Commander or Chief. In the Japanese problems (which see pp. 115-123). 208.
pp. wise or warps). 54). those which run right-angled with the Tat t Yoko (crosswise. 60-65). and perfectly established Chessology (s.) (i) i An emperor or a king (3E$F one assumed as the real . p. and Algebra. Now. 9-3. Geometry. pp. or number. Each party has twenty or there are in all. Those twenty pieces are: (See Chessonymy. statesmen. the student cannot but clearly understand by the foregoing and following statements that just as combinations Mathematics Arithmetic. forty. 17. tions. be perceived that they respectively consist of eightyIn the Diagram I. which see. and also philosophies and sciences. the Diagrams. Tree of Chessologics bet. and the Diagram and it will one squares. while the Diagrams above and III show by numbers and letters the denominations of the squares as to have been already explained. with seven different sizes on a pieces battlefield or campaign on the chessboard (see Koma. 5.yo virtue JAPANESE CHESS of their Chess. etc. of the branches of pure of well comparable in parallel with the latter two and Calculus. or the science the science of quantity (in extension). abbreviations are used for convenience sake in the present work. 14-15)4. ss. or the science of operations have given rise to Trigonometry and Analytical Geometry. II and III represent the chessboards. drilling their heads all the time. and those running obliquely. and for analysis. 3a. with their corresponding names. or pronunciations of the names. is worthy to be regarded as having absorbed the tributes of the best part of each chessological branch. and the transcripts in the Diagram The Diagrams Ilia and 6. the accompanying Diagrams I. 47-8. or woofs). so Japanese Chess. are arranged as they should be at the commencement of a war on the chessIn the Diagram II. 8. as shown after each name there. "Sujikai" or "ATanaw^" (diagonals). Turning now to the elements of the game. tacticians. Shdngi-no Koma (s. the chesspieces. p. III gives the literal translations or skeleton meanings of names expressed in Chinese characters or figures on the pieces Koma on the Diagram I. p. show the abbreviaII. there are shown the transcripts board. The vertical rows of squares are called Tatt (length5. strategists and or they seem to be born diplomatists.
Hi-Sha ^jljl (literally." and the latter. "Ta^. war(7) 2 ships. literally the Oleafragrans. or or navy named KyosHa ^^(Kyo. general). horse). the end rank or king's *>* row. 69 as . s. abbreviated as F. abbreviated as j and known as Fuhyo. Commander. that is. chosen and "Sha" war-car or-ship [of the deserts]) the corps of the best marksmen in gunnery. K. or from. 2 P and H (s. and Field Marshal the former maybe. or cavalry scouts. Generals Silver S 2 Groups or dragoons of Cavalry. 2 scout fleet. abbreviated as (Gin. abbreviated as (literally. hence Dracohippos) signed as 2). in the rear of the Infantry next the left end file. (See s. a traitor. or the like). abbreviated as NA placed on the squares of the end rows or woofs of the board. or the best cavalry. 72. admiral or (Lieutenant-. picked and Ma. abbreviated 2a. one called Kakuko falft (literally. admiral or Commander or general). Di when promoted Ryuma dragon-horse. (3) 2 &$} (Kin. p. 69). p. becoming Ryuo . 2a. p. 7. too) respectively recognized.when promoted. literally fragrant hence. except Chief.CHESSOLOGICS 71 sovereign and the other 3*7$?. Major-. Prince Flying Warcarsjtiip or Navyartillery. The signs are (2) .fl3E King the former being put in front of the left Dracon signed f cavalry corps. a pretender. as Captain-General may be designated Grand Duke ftl$l Diagonalis. Silver and Sho. and maybe the second or assistant plenipotentiary. (6) 9 Infantries. a reformer or revolutionist. or Brigadierand addressed as Gin-Sho $$$fc Generals). or 'submersible' (under C water) (5) torpedo-boat destroyer scouts. L. maybe the vanguard. Captain-General Grand Duke Diagonalis may be understood as commanding an army of the best cavalry selected sharpshooters on horseback. corner-goer) and the other. with an independent body of Cavalry.) Qi and known as Kin-Sho. making a forced march. Generals Gold. or 2 or Hand sometimes simply Fu. -%? or often Hyd tiz (sailors or pawns) on the third in front of. and the latter. Keima. or patroling cruisers. flying war-cars. gold and Sho. Charioteer or artillery corps. on the opposite corresponding square at the right of each side. and there are the Highest warlike (apparently) dignitaries. (4) abbreviated as an(i designated as Keima ^$1 (Kei. or . and esoterically.
for it might mislead the students to understand the true meaning.Marshal. a Dictator or a Protector of a country. lack of vivid imagination and abstract knowledge may think it as only one individual or a small group of men. ss. p. 72. civil advisers. according to the imagiof a nation. or the wisest diplomatist and Field. as a Potentate of a state. 49 s. speculative power and mental capacity degree s. p. and any official de facto. 47-8. 1 among the thoughtful experts and the Japanese never mention it by a 'man' or 'men but by Kama (s. named Flying Warcarship.7 2 JAPANESE CHESS . p. Any pieces should not be construed so narrowly as literally to Some persons from mean only an of known and spoken meaning it by individual piece or man as commonly novice in the Occidental game. represents by connotation a Chief surrounded by his ministers of state. any piece or many times expressed as forces. only one piece con(Kokoro-no Koma. 9-3 p. Prince Dracon. Ministers of the Departments of his Government. a President of a republic. so forth. a Manager or President of a business firm. General Gold named as such may and Privy Council. when both theoretically and practically analyzed. which way is apt to convey to the minds of even tyro or novice the conception of adjustability of volumes of pieces to any sizes of groups of things in a broader sense or persons or soldiers according to their state of mind. Emperor or King. 7. while . the word 'piece' or Kama is to be under- stood to include piece and pawn. the Board of Directors. 5. or maybe the Chief Plenipotentiary of or (s.) Special Ambassador.) Thus a king or an emperor means in Chessology any head 7. a Council of War. (See Chessonyms. 54) with the proper names. In cases where there is no distinction implied as already 6. An only exception seems superficially and narrowly to be the emperor or king piece which stands apparently alone. notes a great deal else far more than a piece designated by a general staff and others. courtiers. but which even. 5. mean an admiral or a general and a council of war. 54) of a player. 56. headquarters Therefore. 6. Advisers. Executive Officers.. p. together . mentioned elsewhere. mere nomenclature. that is to say. (s.) pieces . or chief of a group of men or a community. p. Try not to use the term "men" in Japanese Chess. a large flying army or squadron artillery or warships. together with his whole staff. 6.
and leading. Mobilization. and Operation and powers or values of chess-pieces. 3. 76. an admiral and a council together with." Kazan. General Gold. Koma of both players in arranging the Forces. are connotatives or thus The Chessonyms. p. Prince Flying Warcarship (Hi-Ska)." Kazan. 60-9. An emperor or king is placed on the middle square of the last rank of each side. but are founded upon proper calculations for disposition according to the mental capacity of an individual player.) "And (s.) The belt f squares 4 (9) across the centre of the board between the original camp grounds is considered as the Middle Ground. a brigadier. an army of the best selected sharpshooters in gunnery or a commander-in-chief of army and navy in one locality Diagonalis . along with the peculiar terms used in Chess. Manoeuvre 9. (Kakko). and commanding. other chessological dignitaries and pieces stand for tools or machines or any idea or anything else for the purpose to accomplish or reach a desired end. 6 by (i) (pp. a squadron or fleet of the most powerful and swiftest warships. The Movements Development.CHESSOLOGICS 73 with. and commanding. scouts. or Imperial Body Guards. be a unit. " Chess ological King means a symbol for even any or every thing or a desired end to be invented or discovered or fixed or checkmated. three with one other. may be The distances on briefly described in the following pages: chessboard are not arbitrary. by whose idea the distances may be considered to be liable to change for causes and to suit the . All pieces except a chief (emperor or king) and only 8. arriving at a promotion square or entering the enemy's original campground becomes a Gold General. or a regiment. 187-9. pieces larger the business or navy or army to be represented the smaller should 7 a. or it may mean a Field Marshal together with. and two hostile adversaries at the commencement. a fleet or the whole navy. or a division. or a fleet of submarine or 'submersible' (underwater) All the torpedo boats of mosquito-hornet type. and by the king's both sides are placed Generals Gold and Silver. or an army of National. 36: s. 5. or Gold (Kin) as simply addressed or mentioned. Cavalry and Navy artillery in order toward each end of the Potentates' or Sovereigns' Yoko (rank). the Middle Ground should be left unoccupied. p.
) In order to have exactly applied Chess for the services in war. be authorized the largest battleships ultimately to cost $8.ooo each. Infantry both defensive and offensive. Let us now consider how the sea powers or forces at present stand. offensive. decidedly hundred times or ad infinitum more than in any other chess or branches of Chessologics (see Tree). it. especially in Japanese Chess. sea power.000. as the President and his expert assistants hope. 9a. Naval experts in the United States use Russia as a warning for a decent first-rate nation.000. 6a. Infantry achieves or accomplishes and Cavalry finishes and completes it and obtains its fruits. equipment of a great modern decent nation is duly respected and honored in the domain of Japanese In fact. conditions and conveniences. six destroyers. to know. even upon the part of beginners. will be approximately $80. And we as a vital part of the the Two Wings of War in virtue of the Naval or maritime and military forces for most blessed nations. France and Germany. necessary and interesting. two squadron colliers. .000 a year. The total cost of maintaining the navy. too. five scout cruisers. Navy (sea forces) and Army (land forces) are Chess. Artillery prepares . while Artillery as an arm is mainly defensive.74 JAPANESE CHESS circumstances. and why they are respected in Chess. The naval department wants the congress authorization of six new torpedo boats. in comparison with England. Infantry and Cavalry. it is very important. 56. These are perfectly and beautifully displayed in Chess. that what is termed 'The Arms" of the service in war is Artillery. which economical experts do not think as extravagant for a wealthy nation like America. when all of the ships shall have been completed. (s. and point to the Russian plight as argument for several battleships.the victory. All experts of the American navy opine that there are i. justifiable and legitimate self-defense are the two essential warfare factors to keep an enlightened decency on the part of the modern civilized nations. needed more new fighting ships of first-rate caliber to maintain the symmetrical and effective increase of the navy. should remember that the navy. and Cavalry. which constitute the main and combatant part of every army or its line. p. A beaten nation without a strong navy and with almost hopeless outlook before her is for There may an argument to reorganize the American navy.
Such is the condition of One Wing of of international struggles. France has a great program for reorganization of her navy for which she will expend $200. Far Eastern war has demonstrated beyond peradventure that the value of battleships could not be overestimated. p. however. impressed the American naval thinkers Klado. only a part. in chessological game. 136-7.000 at the rate of $20. an essential factor and a very important arm in Chess- game. 177-8. p. the urgency feature.CHESSOLOGICS 75 a gunboat.) And all the Americans would be perfectly delighted to establish the largest possible naval institutions in the world in spite of the national tradition against the maintenance of a large standing army. 3. vacant or captured. Koma.000. not at all considered and honored in what is so-called a war- War. 28-9. These sea forces are. as the backbone of the navy than ever before. sea force. 32-3.000 annually. 2.) as a legacy of humanity from the ancient sages of at least 5. which we have inherited Chess 2-3. the agent of civilization and the King of humanity and all of the naval experts are more insistent upon the battleThe ships. i. 3a-4.) The President. except the Cav- . (See ss. which has been originally suggested by Chess and made concrete by an army man from his standpoint who could see (See ss. pressed the chessological principles and technicality by symbolizing the naval forces and their requisites as just as the other factors of all struggles in the Universe. of the United States end that it may never happen that the country finds itself in such a predicament as unhappy Russia is at present. ology. a military essence. 2. over unoccupied squares. the greatest international statesman. certain rules. a Russian officer's gloomy views as an argument for the augmentation navy to great size and efficiency. a square.000 years ago has kept every essential factor in warfares and And Japanese Chess has perfectly exstruggles of any kind. not at all duly realized.000. according to 3. despite objections of socialists. settled or established or fortified on. are to be moved to. to the are as to use Captain about Russia's future. England though already far above the other nations in this respect is strengthening her sea power in incessant advance. two river gunboats and a steam launch for use in Chinese rivers in addition to the battleships. So greatly (See p. The pieces. p.
p. flank and rear by its position. p. range. this protection necessarily giving the covered piece immunity from capture while it may not be taken without the risk of retaliation. laterally or diagonof the ally except when into check. 4 Now or Chief or President or Sultan or the like (one and the other the writer designates as such simply to break the monotony game. 2. leaving the reality untouched at all) that is the most important Roma-piece on the board. 28. 73) by a recognized . p. Leader or Czar. p. thereby being no limit to his range. hostile when one. (5.) 6. (8. except when his progress is stopped by any Koma sup- . Captain-General. s. the knight. piece is thus said to occupy a square when it stands upon it on the game board. or cover of a friendly supporting body and to overlap and envelope an enemy's flank by which the players would be profitted to a great extent.3. 130. which is alone free frcrm this latter restriction. p. the former adversary one is said to be protected. and must support their flanks in fear of being turned they may achieve the desired end (s. A an army corps or its part will be found generally to piece its own front. Grand Duke Diagonalis maybe. we will here bejin from about the Chief in game. 89. protection. and the disposition of the adjacent pieces. Kaiser 5. 26. 36. s. s.3. hence. 8. backward. 204. 2. A may be taken by an covered piece by a friendly show The Koma pieces representing navies or armies or their parts should not be necessarily scattered out over or across the entire board. Diagonal-Goer moves toward any distance along the diagonals whether backward or forward. p.76 JAPANESE CHESS airy or Submersible Torpedo Fleet Koma. moves only one square at a time in any direction forward. various arrangement or method always in conformity with some of the modes secured from struggles in general or observa- tions or experiences in war. Keima). as the game entirely depends upon his safety. p.) returning to the subject of the pieces in detail. 9. the expressions. which see presently (s. 7. 7a. piece is said to be A A threatened by or another. 72. or suggested by the study of naval and military sciences or common sense. The emperor or king Head. s. p. The forces should be supported each other or they must be within range of easy protection. A piece covers or commands only such squares as come under its power.
Field Marshal Prince Navy artillery or Flying WarcarHi-Sha (literally.-2. see Diags. diagonally. moves in any straight direction to any distance along lengthwise and crosswise of the squares. onto any one of four corner . first square four. p. ing to the dia- gonal of motion or also Queen Bishop and but only once at a time. thus ia - of il- FlG - Ib lustrated by Fig. when promoted. that is. movements Castle. or Kaeru. 187-190. he assumes the title of Viceroy Draco- Ryuma (Ryu. both back. diagonal duty of Queen. i to move. (rank and file). dragon and Ma. - The Arrow shows which way 7. and. when promoted. forward. backward or laterally but not ship. thereby his range being unimited like his < colleague Diagonalis' motions. car or ship). by any Koma piece sup- ported. originally. 60-3 Before Naru. ab.CHESSOLOGICS 77 ported or protected or re-enforced by another. pp. Of PromoNaru. Bishop. that is. naru or kaeru. When promoted naru. tion. he proceeds onto any one of squares next round himself that is the first square along the file and rank on which he is situated. and also. except that his advance sisted is reFIG. I and II. assuming the new name. he has the movements correspondhippos. horse). a and b. . besides holding his original full power. Diagonalis corresponds to the s-4. protected or re-enforced by another and he proceeds. when naru or kaeru (promoted). flying war-car.
the four first square movements of Bishop are added. king). possibly. a commander of National. 8. and or ted) when kaeru if naru. as illustrated by Fig. that is.] there General Silver (Gin-Shd. a and b. Gold. 187-190. and on the part of Gen. and Shd. moves once FIG. See Naru. or Kaeru (Promotion) pp. (promoit the owner FIG. only once at a time. 2. Gold is at all no Naru. and positions to stop. Gold (Kin-Shd. moves once at a time onto any one square next around the section on which it stands except the two lower corners or diagonal squares backward. FIG. Dracon Deva Before promoted naru. or Imperial Body Guards. square next and around its own already occupying square except two sides or lateral and one straight down back on its squares. 4a. Silver. as illustrated by Fig. or at a time onto any one Imperial Body Guards. i. Kaeru. general or General 9. dragon and moted. Gin. of National. the first squares of Diagonals. it moves and acts in exactly the same capacity as Gen. . wishes to have do so pending on his tactics or at his The Arrow options. a division or a regiment. keeping his previous full force. Prince Navyartillery corresponds to the cross straight line duty When naru proof Queen. probably. or Promotion. O. The above is illustrated thus as Fig. Kin. a and b. that of Castle. or Rook.JAPANESE CHESS squares nearest round himself. 4a. 3. Ryu-0 (Ryu. he is to assume the title of King Dracon maybe. When promoted. thereby no difference in every respect. admiral or general) commander of. admiral). [The arrow root shows the way and position where it should stop. a fleet of cruisers. gold and Sho. that is to say. 3 and 4 root shows the way of the original movements. 4b.
ing the diagonal of a parallelogram of three squares two left right angles to the first. It has a very eccentric move. 7o:s. 75) explained as Cavalry or Dragoons. p. work without a has a peculiar of mode it is moving which not easy to describe This cavalry at all. or and by .CHESSOLOGICS a. it moves one IL square left 6 or I JO 6 or right on one row. FlG 5 b an extraordinarily useful and important one and when employed apFIG. marching over two squares diagonally. p. 89. and if is decidedly effective. p. maybe Submersible Tor- pedo Fleet. two Aor 3 . it acts particularly by its the only Koma which can venture to work almost desperately raiding around an opponent's flanks with impunity not prevented by adequate counter manoeuvres. 3 *>* squares for- wardly on the row at (i) 0* (6) 7. speedy horse 5(4). restrictis not. subjected largely to the restrictions placed upon the Koma. in other words. together with a corps a regiment or a division or any of soldiers on horseback. two squares then one right or left in two forward directions. Yo8 ko (rank or woof) and or 2 a Jo then FIG. moves from one corner of any rectangle of three squares by two to the opposite corner in two forward directions right or left. or in a different it moves describwording. 3. Keima (literally. 79 see s. 53. the Koma ed in operations. FIG. is shock. in a peculiar way. but is. See Fig. and piece just noticed. sc. To state very to (l) <> minutely. 5d. or. maybe as no cavalry can chief. in some way. Koma piece is - * propriately. again in other expression. It proves Its range is not unlimited like that of essentially a harassar. surely meaning a commander.
until end it where square. lit. b and c. - vances onto this (i) to (9) FIG.. it is the only Koma which possesses this privilege to move over an intervening Koma. it can not be moved at all promoted) befor future pur- .Kyosha. ron or a division. ship [of the deserts] or war car) . Keima.. piece supported . whether adverse or friendly. naru line or original camp bound ary of the adversary's dominion. it cause if should positively naru (be not naru. literally.. camp Only One for- territory. or Torpedo-boat 3. or protected Or . . without a least reference whatever to interposing Koma as shown by Figs. range being un5 limited sisted by a Nartt line or original camp boundary of the friendly or one's own unless re- stubbornly 6 Koma 7 7 \ (. 8 ) the . or Cavalry Scouts. . it acts as Gen. 5 a. end section.. (file) it on which its stands..as sand 3 above. Kydsha (Kyd...8o JAPANESE CHESS or right in two forward directions. Cavalry. $d. re-enforced by . Thus.. territory. of artillery fleet. with the greatest speed may vault or can jump over any intermediate Koma pieces of any order. Navyartillery's original camp. Naru . is restricted and when it adanother last . Gold as shown by Fig. and when naru or kaeru (promoted) if the owner wishes to let it be so within a limitation as by Fig.. of or a ) war- ships two squares (above mentioned) in within naru line or original marches direction V 3 . 3. Destroyer Scouts.. ward to r\"\c\r\cr alOT1 & any distance tVif In Tfltfi . a vehicle hence the selected charioteers to (9) originally. (i) fragrant or aromatic. a squad- the last (end) square of the file. Sha. See 4. . 6. or Kaeru (Promotion).
which Check. II. on the other squares 2 included in 3 by (i) (9) or 7 8 Naru as line of the adversary's original Fig. and when naru (promoted) at the option of the owner. and when they are unpromoted at the owner's will and as such. 6. See Ote. by (i) (9) within the camp ground or territory . back. pp. Open or file. 6a. Capture (Ikedoru or Toriko-ni suru. Sukitoshi. it acts See Naru. they can not be treated in any other way. Promotion Method. and when s. See Mekakushi chess. sailors. 4-2. shown by both back. Diags. s. Gen. or blindfold Tsumu. p. principle. Technical Terms. or chess sans voir. The following is an alphabetical list of the chessological terms exhaustively gathered and also the terms both the Western and the Far Eastern in general use Naru (Promotion). See Ote. commonly contracted and very well recognized simply as Fu or Hyd. Promotion Diags. that in contradiction to the chessological See actually dead or committing suicide. 187-190. sion or a flotilla company or a squadron or a brigade or a torpedo moves only one square ahead on the Tale (files). though it needs not be promoted (naru). as a Kin-Sho. 4. which by discovery). Gold. Kaeru. if the owner pleases it be so. Tsukitdshi. it naru (is promoted). footmen or soldiers. they must positively naru (be promoted) however despite the owner's order of any kind. Gen. 60-65. the same as SeeMekakushi Shongi see). 60-5. being given here for practical purposes for facilitating of propaEspecial attention is ganda and the chessologic treatise. p. except by being captured by the enemy or becoming positively inactive and unmovable is. I and II. needed for the perfect digestion of the principles of Mochingoma and Naru. Tsunda and also Ote). . Checkmate (see Tsumi or Chess sans voir. Shongi or Mekura shdbu. Gold. 187-9. Fuhyo. 6. I and p. the pawns the Infantry Koma pieces meaning sometimes maybe a divi5. Mekura shdbu. for if not promoted. see. Akioti (Discovered check or check Akitoshi. arrive on the last (end) square of the files on which they stand. Blindfold chess.CHESSOLOGICS 81 principle of pose on account of its becoming stone-dead contrary to the Chessology. act as KinSho.
See Naru. Hishate. Ikedoru. as in cutting with scissors and Shongi. see.. prisoning. taking. and letting the capturing Koma piece occupy the position of . 7. as well as such advantages of position as may conduce to victory. chesspieces. orlppondachi (En prise). or Kaeru.orTom (capturing). The Koma. lit. wounding or annihilation is always shown and performed by lifting the captured Koma piece from the game board and placing the captor on its square in other words. an opening. Shitsurei. each planning to gain a numerical by capturing his opponent's Koma. which see. Hasami-uchi (uchi. or things. a Checkers. killing.82 JAPANESE CHESS Debut (See Uchidashi). Hishatori Ote. Futeishiki. Hasami-Shdngi (Hasami. Tobi-Shdngi which Hikkurikaeru. or Ippondachi when A Koma piece it is is in a position is to be assaulted and captured by an opposing Koma. See Tobi-Shdngi. said to be Hitoridachi. Territory Double Check (See En Passant. but even a very important one for the purpose of taking up an attacking position with the "Gambit" pieces or for the sake of an ultimate advantage. and not properly protected nor fortified. or Shikkei. a pawn. place [and take] between two other pieces. Ote). (See Uchidashi. Hishate Ote. being placed. a Koma is carried away by removing it from the board superiority . Gambit. a tripping up of the heels. at often the beginning voluntarily sacrifices part of his force an Infantry Kama. \ / * * Hitoridachi. to put. (See Ryobun). See Hasami of Hasami-Shdngi above. There passant in Japanese Chess.) opening of the game in which one player. Toriko-ni suru. is Dominion. Capturing. chess). is a word derived from the Italian gambetto. lit. strike or attack). the players begin the engagement by moving alternately. An an Irregular Opening. Go-men. to beat. no need to consider about en En prise (see Hitoridachi or Ipponddchi). See Uchidashi.. An attack on each flank or front and rear at the same time. Discovered Check (See Ote).
pp. 86-186. 8. announced by the attacking player. Artillery or Navy and Infantry Koma may capture any foe Koma. The object of the game is to fix. according Koma of any piece. being no need of announcement of his emperor's being in an "Ote. a chief or an emperor or a king of the opposing party. and consequently. The or supported Chief or emperor cannot capture any piece which by another piece. 195). king's hand or turn). Captain-General. a check. either by moving the opposing emperor or king or by interposing another piece. according to circumstances. s. moves Keima some one horses). troups. saying Ote" a check. while the Cavalry alone can take an enemy's Koma by jumping with full speed over the intervening Koma or unoccupied space. Field Marshal. to prevent him from being taken on the next move. 89. attacks him. (See s. the pieces having occupied the square In taking. capturing is effected by the Koma of the Koma taken. a check from which he cannot escape. Generals Gold or Silver. 7. 7a.) For.CHESSOLOGICS 83 the captured. sometimes among the very skillful players as there 9." because he should take care of his own affairs. p. and the Cavalry or Cavalry scouts can capture the adverse Koma which stands upon one of th? two squares to which they can leap. he' is said to be "in Although the Ote (king's turn or hand)" and the fact of his being so attacked may or may not be. but when tured. This is effected by an attack so placing the opposing chief or king in an "Ote" (literally. can never be capto the chessological technicality. (speedy piece except Cavalry. p. in short. See Tottenaru. An emperor or a king. each latter being then removed from the board. and tries to do something which has nothing " . emperor or king. 5. Kazan. of its ordinary moves." under Promotion (s. chief. which stands anywhere within their respective ranges. 187-8. though it practically amounts to the same result. (Digest Mochingoma. p. there are some who need to be trained in their actions. planned that it is impossible. chat is. maybe no remark about the situation. by The term "capture" in Chess ' ' means in the highest sense transposition or conversion. so that if the player whose emperor is in Ote does not realize that his chief is in check. under Te-ni-wa. but not to capture. 3. is protected "take and change.
the player whose king has been thus "Tsunda. in order to break the monotony of a dull entertainment. the royal emperor. it is then said to be "Tsunda (cornered and fixed). 198.) One emperor can not give check to the other Chief. If. the king. p. when there is no means of rescuing the king from check. (See laws of chess. 18-19. Arts. checkmated.) Whenever the emperor is in this situation the imperial king must move from the place. Ote. 18-19. p. when in check. except at the risk of possibly being considered as playing a mean and sarcastic trick lacking (See s. however. 203. Arts. but toward imperial dignity from a respect soldier the same standpoint of military etiquette or to treat a foe Sovereign with the highest possible honor. that is. his absent mindedness. 203.5. and the checking Koma cannot be taken. no Koma piece which can be interposed. decency on the part of the stronger player. p. . being thus in check." whereupon the game terminating. 2. nor can an emperor be moved into check. as many Japanese feel ashamed to play dirty hands. the adverse party might. and then return the emmindful tive and treat for a moment peror on his scious of own square camp palace when the owner is cons. or if he can not escape capture by his opponent's next move. a captured piece (5. two Potentates can. 166. being the same as that of any other piece when exposed to be 11 captured. a caution that he should be more attenother the so as to give of his own business. as they would be 2. palace or square he occupies or be screened from the check by the interposition of some one of his own subjects. the infantry or checkmates him in either out of a sort of difference that the imperial Chief cannot Fu-hyo even gives him a check way that he captures. is the undisputed loser. never meet. and even attacks his an- tagonist. though there is no popunor strict limitation against it. p. Koma. better not to check- mate him with a mere lar soldier Koma. and if there is. that is to say. The position of the emperor. of course. take up and the emperor as an ordinary soldier Koma.84 JAPANESE CHESS his whatever to do with own Head. or Mochingoma. it might be. 86) or the attacking Koma must be captured. 1. with the only be taken. either in hands or on the board. 6 p. greedy cruelty. as a sort of joke. or to make the finishing touch beautiful without mean.
without bringing out some direct and active. a contraction of Torikaeru (exchange). Machingoma is generally considered cowardly because of lack of beautiful idealistic movements on the part of a player's piece. indirect. Ote:. 2. See Uchidashi. coming out just toward the place while there are other or no ways. p. 198. while there might be or when is surely some other better. Koma). in a An authoritative expert in Japan refrains passive action. more direct and beautiful hand than this tedious waiting indolent. or Naru which Kakute. but when the players advance. i. waiting and ngoma. p. \ bee Ute Kakutori Ote. 7. possibly or maybe." See Shikkei-. either in a direct attack or offensive or some other is no plans. p. See Value of Koma. 84. they will take a much more direct effective course as Chessology commands them. a Koma on the board is moved to another square or a Koma a captured one out of the hand (see Mochingoma pp. When 3. change. Kaeru.- See Checkmate. Mate. and sec. from playing any ordinary hand against an adversary's Head or his opponent himself. Irregular Opening. Kayaru. Kakute = Machingoma (Machi. There (s. Kaeru. See Uchidashi. one move short of the "J'adoube. 166. except idly an enemy's Chief. the Koma is said to be a Machingoma. Futeishiki. fine and beautiful combinations of the powers of the Koma.CHESSOLOGICS in check to each 85 The game therefore always stops actual (though practically) capture of the sovereign of one party. / Kurai. conveying the meaning that the player is trying to take an advantage of an opportunity a way to give an emperor an " Ote " waiting for meanly to move or place the Koma for some future operation coward and unsoldier-like manner and in too much careful or cautious way against an opponent chief. . which see. Hikkuri kaeru. 86-186) is put on the board apparently with no direct importance in or checkmate. other.) restriction against playing "Machingoma" 4. ' see. s.
" or "please hold on. the prominent distinction between Japanese and European Chess in Chessologics corresponds to what The Mochidistinguishes Calculus from ordinary algebra. as to be are to have been somethings interpreted ngoma or to the forces to disable cut off the either enemy's captured out with re-enforcements coming ample provisions. adversary's in fact. a supplier of labor and what not. or Tengoma (Te. The blindfold chessplayer is a designer and the other contestant. or tion and functions of Chessology. The paramount is his own ideal composition. for either disablement or utilization or both This method or means aided by the Naru Promotion Method.86 JAPANESE CHESS M ttn. Mochingoma." See pp. Mind-piece). the former wants. means the Koma. When a Chessologist delicately analyzes the facts relating to the Nippon. This almost mysterious and inex- plicable feat seems not to be altogether one of memory." 4a. pp. as is generally supposed. the same movements that reproductions of the opponents are made as foundation on which the player invents his dovetailed works for his own desirous building to be established. apparently paradoxical and chimerical to others. captured from an opponent's side. equivalent to "please wait. 15-49. Mekakushi Shongi or Mekura Shobu (Blindfold Chess or Chess san voir). or Mochigoma. 1 ( signifies Mitt \ ( lent "wait. he will surely be able to find Japan identified with a blindfold chessplayer and Russia with a victim. and not the movements on the part of enemy. ngoma. . See and digest thoroughly the DefiniThe Tengoma. chesspiece: Mochi keeping in hand or store. hand. Mochingoma chesspiece.Russian war." or " wait ". Koma. He helps himself to play the game. 1 98 -200. 5. Matte. but it is rather the result of a special faculty not necessarily corresponding with that for ordinary chess. Koma. supplies and ammunitions. The game mentally played without sight of board or Kama pieces. Ma//a is equivatoehold on. In this chessplaying there is needed construction of the game in such a way that the player can meet the moves of his op- ponent and corner the Kama chesspieces into various intricate complexities from which in order to obtain a victory are evolved hidden arrangements and cryptic combinations superior to those of his antagonist and he causes the latter to follow . or for advantageous use in behalf.
on a war thea- i. the greatest extent employed by the Japanese victors for the transportation of provisions. and at the highest tide of the Japan.) When we understand that the Koma should have conno- . did the Russians destroy their warships. 95. fortresses. which itself had to be used against the previous occupants? 8.) There have been many commanders. " railway stations. if the things are not to be used for the enemies themselves. or a fort or a brigade. whether government or private. 117-186. admirals or generals or kings with their followers who surrendered themselves to their enemies and (pp. 6.Russian war. and the Chinese merchants and farmers too contributed their parts accrued from obligations of their being conquered (p. p. the former could and did employ the latter prisoners to work for the Japanese.CHESSOLOGICS 87 and at the pleasure. Korea.) It is not necessarily to be Koma piece captured should surely be a merely individual representative of a single man or a group of troupes that ought to have been killed or wounded. ports. Italians and Germans. 180-6. either destined to die or be crippled so as not to appear again ia. Spaniards. In the Japan-Chinese war. 168. docks (See pp. tre.) There have been many instances in which even the fortresses or supplies have been used solely for the conqueror's benefits either in the way of spies or active engagements against their former sovereignty prisoners in war or enemy's who could the Napoleon employed conquered So was AlexAustrians. supplies and ammunition. of the victorious player somethings which give the conqueror a power in an equivalent form of either a fleet. and many other things before the Yellow Monky's" invasion of Manchurian territory. so that the results should have been beneficial to the general economy of the The Japanese used the captured Russian transsituations. fought against their former sovereigns in behalf of their previous dreadful enemies. the Chinese coolies were to 7. (s. arsenals. or ammunitions or provisions or captured war horses or the like. p. 180-186). or a division. They were the greatest generals use their old enemies. and they mended and used the sunken Russian warships and floated off Chemulpo. considered that every (s. ander the Great! (See pp. s. p. 4. 102). 90. Why.
3~3a. and according to. p. there is nothing chimerical in paradoxical transformations of the Koma pieces manipulated in the hands of a Every Koma piece in its conquering or capturing party. With the pieces of such esoterically elastic capacity there can without doubt be no difficulty experienced in representing the various navies and armies. 36. 36. It therefore follows that according to purely technical limitations of the Japanese chessological principle. (See 3-33.88 JAPANESE CHESS tations of powers to be inter-exchangeable. by. . with their equivalents of energy in proportion with. not but help to prove to be immence importance to advanced players or beginners too. and exert the most direct and the keenest influence upon the adequate solution of the great tactical concrete and strategical problems and the general as well as movements of the currents of the world's affairs of the present day. Tengoma or Mochingoma. should include secondary meaning (See pp. in any of their phases of formations. and in fact. except three Koma Keima pieces Fu or Hyd (Infantry corps) may be used again anywhere upon unoccupied sections. and business affairs.) i. yet never varying by a pin point from their predestinated careers. stars are to a Herschel the grand system of the universe incessantly whirling through space with incomprehensible velocity. to the best advantageous manner. a Franklin flying a kite captures and employes the ordinarily inconceivable and formidable lightning electricity for the human faithful servants. in the largest possible way. p. While uncultured primitive or ordinary men looking up at the starry skies think that they see a vast only vast number of gleaming and twinkling spots of light studded over the blue dome of the firmament. 15-49. a mere falling apple is to a Newton an inspiration of universal gravitation to keep all the heavenly bodies in order. (s. on the warfield of the board. and Kyosha (Cavalry). Koma. it can 9. the capacity of mental activity on the part of a player. secondary meaning has much wider scope than an ordinary player would give it the power or value. either ancient or modern. the captured Koma pieces. and (Artillery corps or a fleet of warships).) expressed in Chessonymous Symbolic Figures.) So if a study of Chessology be properly kept up. all of the names of the pieces.
(s. even against the will of the owner.- (9) (6) row (A) 6 jo (A) in Fig 7 shows the last of the squares where a jo 6 captured Kyo. 7. the party 89 who had that tured or made them itself. for if it does not "naru. it should be positively "naru" or promoted. 95. versary's side. Cavalry (Horse). onto one of the squares above mentioned. 79 Fig. prisoners. When it moves from a square. can not be again put on and if it goes there either from a previous position where it was re-put or otherwise then surely on the end row it should positively "naru. converted them 2. the ia." it is dead there only to become either a stumbling block in the way of the master's own operations or an entirely inactive simpleton or a mere food of the enemy. in contradiction to the chessological principle. or again be a Kyosha or on a square pp. Fu or yd. p. d) (B) i (i).CHESSOLOGICS at the pleasure of. (See Nifu and Suitori. 186-193." In other words. or simply Kei. lest it is naru and because actually dead as it can not move unless it 2 be promoted "naru" and consequently it should "kaeru" be promoted. rank. See p. it should positively naru. Keima in i piece can not be re-employed on the squares included 6 by (i) or 8 (9) of the adversary's side. $d. .) (B) in Fig. a Tengoma or Mochi- H ngoma. When L jo 3 a Fuhyo goes there. Yoko. .. as illustrated by Fig. on which the captured Cavalry piece had been re-employed. rows of the squares where the captured Keima. into another equivalents. a can not JO g 8J 2 put on. 7. 7 shows the two FIG. is taken. not on the last and second rows. and Keima. the captured Cavalry (i) (I) (9) (<5) Nameru A FRIENDLY SIDE. of the adSee Promotion Naru.) different modes of the Mind-Force The three captured Koma pieces above mentioned as the exceptions can not positively again be put on the squares from which they can not next move on: Fu and Kyosha can not be put on the last row or end Yoko.. or Fuhyo. killed or capto say. It is usual among players to try to know the plans that 3.
should elevate themselves must not condescend as much higher than they are now and low as at present in communities of knowledge. They out and out show their chessological flexibility in every action just as that in the Mochingoma." a contraction of "What captured in your possession?) But. each nursed and hardened on the severe drill tactics military of With this means pertainthe highest Chessdom. s. be the motto for the nation of Chess. It is noteworthy and instructive to know how the Eastern Chessologic out of the bottom of modern little islanders have gotten international whirlpool of struggles.) This part of Chess needs to be clearly digested and thor- . without saying much of their previous abilities to have preserved themselves never conquered in the eyes of the History of the World. and secrecy.are the Mochingoma should be as carefully concealed as possible not to show the real facts of affairs to the antagonist. meaning "in your Honor's hand. Art. but let the phrase. the gold. 82. p. ground of the to a Mochingoma. 203." "O-Teni-wa. and to keep that elasticity in this department of the Mochingoma. honorific prefix. keep gold. The of the movements of Koma the impenetrable secrecy pieces motives upon the part of chessplayers are extraorDiplomacy in CHESSdinarily necessary any and every wise. in addition. s. Yet Koma . (See Ote and p. hand and 0. 7. of war correspondents s. because it is the enemy's business to find them as in real warfares. p. as well as. because an ordinary player can easily be posted in the matter so as to know what and how many pieces the other party has. of and that as that in the greatest business or international strugglegame not alone consists of silence. 7. the diamond. 201. but they should convert themselves into Chessologists. the students of HIGHER CHESSOLOGICS." (Te. or bystanders as well as spies! 8." or "Te-ni. chessplayers in general ing part selves wise. silver "to talk" should be entirely out of its circulation in Chessdom. creates them and also instructs DOM the actors or players how to use them in order to make themThe Applied Abstraction of tactics and strategy of diplomacy of the highest kind is a plan of a fertile chessThe Japanese diplomacy is as flexible as their player's brain. i.90 JAPANESE CHESS Koma he the opponent has in his mind by asking him what captured " has in his hand. better not ask. Beware 4. the phrase being Te-ni-wa.
a fortress or a village." the captured pieces. provisions.) The Japanese Cavalry consisting of small men on their native 11 ponies spoken of a. Thirty Years War. utterly independent of the main fighting forces. or anything and everything else. The meaning of the captured Koma. or in kind. or especially any wars coming out of alliances. 123-4. 2-4.p. 183) Stoessel. the chess pleasure seekers be thoroughly digested within a small in or room of statements. gold or silver either money. s. or in fact. Thus it is with the significance of the Mochingoma at first understanding. represent the things or articles or men captured from the enemy. rivers or heights. (ss. p. There are scouting cruisers and torpedo boats and destroyers. i. let us assume " Mochingoma (Koma on hand). 163.CHESSOLOGICS 91 oughly understood for it is utterly new for the readers who are accustomed to hear of. including. as easily seen in the great Alexanderian or Napoleonic war. carried the Japanese general around on his back with his former saddle at Mukden and other Manchurian battle localities (s. de reserve comes in! And they are symbolized and represented by the Mochingoma. loved as the finest pet and dearest friend. or a great international diplomatic game. p. p. literally even prisoners to be at a disposal of the victorious party.s"monkeys on horses suddenly and frequently attacked the world-wide famous invincible Cossacks in over- whelming melee and annihilated or forced the latter to retire in utter route capturing their finest horses for their own use. 8. or a corps 5. unbounded range of thoughts. and other war p. the supplies.6. n8. ammunition. .ss. the MindForce piece. carries a very wide. or play. Now then an independent army.a. The horse and his saddle are working in co-operation as the captured live chess pieces Koma. iron general and repair them for while they were still The famous white horse (Kobuki) which the Russian crafts (s. The Japanese raised almost all of the Russian sunken first their class battleships own benefits warring. Extraordinary . p. that is. s. founded upon deep knowledge of human affairs which are to be dealt with by the light of scientific and philoFor the sake of letting sophical as well as speculative analyses. a in stronghold or a seashore for drying fishermen's nets. Commander at Port Arthur. See Conversion. and also decoys and traps. rifles or cannon. There are. 83. 1 68). or a division. 8-2. only the Western branch of Chessdom.
or bitter enemies." the Kairo (Japanese pocket stoves) and others. whenever he sees fit to act as he could penetrate into situations at his will in on war-field. best exemplified by the actions on the part of American citizens and British subjects and French and German people in Japan-Russian p. neutrality itself favors often one or other of fighting nations. 4-6 p. military chess. to serve in development of the Chessological Calculus formula.s. of friendly side touch advantage any part. g. They are not yet represented in so-called war-game. (sec. because of too concrete affair. in fact. p.) 5 a. ii2. Japan-Russian . And ance with another on one hand observes a strict neutrality in warfares concerning the latter and a third nation esoterically against the third! on the other hand. 9-3 p. 8. there are newly purchased and manufactured warlike materiels. Yu-hei. 170). in as much as they become either decided allies. nor Occidental nor any other chess except Japanese Chessological Formula. 32. 137.7. 38-49.92 . The observance by all powers of strict Neutrality cleverly so-called in international diplomatic term can be wisely kept up in favor of both belligerents or others and themselves as far as politically disinterested governments of nations representing a certain mass of people are concerned. "rat skin ear-muffles. And even a national government depending on an alli- War(s-3.p. the Tengoma. which are not ordinarily thought of and which are not positively shown and are impossible to be conceived in Kriegspiel. JAPANESE CHESS Auxiliary Reserve Corps of group of skilful soldiers or sharpshooters (Yugeki Tai. and they are positively to be conceived and recognized in Chess and they are symbolized beautifully by the captured pieces. or Mochingoma together with Naru Promotion Method has been successfully installed and express them in Chessological Figures.sia. 8. pp. 47-8. whilst a fourth explicitly preserving a neutrality secretly puts an alliance into practice in the interest of the third (e.4. but the will or self-interested sympathy and a mere interest of some people in affairs can not be morally or commercially prevented from contributing certain help to the warring parties. and besides. p. Mochingoma. To overcome those material advantages and disadvantages for and against each other belligerents. Messenger pigeons. Yu-tai) under the most able com- mander who any time would help to the greatest in with enemy. i69.
can not at preted ngoma all represent them simply because of a concrete proposition too material to conceive of a higher idea. as the resistance obstacle on the part of water. consequently. s. 3. But. a riot.s. 1-3. p. and which is not highly idealistic. 6. stubborn resistance upon the part of enemy can be utilized as a side. Then. really military chess.47-8) and esoterically. even an enemy's internal troubles dissatisfaction. locomotive and others respectively proceed smoothly with great rapidity.non-calculated and unforseen contingencies are. 142. 7. 8b.) . physical and intellectual and speculative elements and some resources including reservists. are figuraforth. and which is too realistic to be played for the highest and most intellectual amusement by any and every body. 7. and the abstract Mochingoma represent them! Thus any . self-interest and sympathy are sometimes far more detrimental to one or other combatant than the open aids these . s. in chessological formula depending upon the Teor Mochingoma. p. unexpected volunteers whether from inside or outside and. (s. railroad surface and so forth lets ship. abstractly by means of Chessological Figures (5. 117 . Such will. a war-game. s. inter. philosophies and speculations would cover an immense field of ground on which a game might be played. and consequently not enough to absorb So even the most highly intellectual pursuits and struggles. tively expressed in Chessonymic Symbols by the if treated in concrete way other than the Mochingoma. every wise detrimental to the They. p. a rebel. p. the captured "eggs and onions. 112. again. a traitor or an assassin or mutiny or humilia- ting passivity or no will-power have often espoused the cause of the friendly side (ss. conceivable profitably upon the friendly part. Mochingoma most beneficially by and for the friendly thus espousing the latter. hence not artistic. P.8. p. or ignorance on the part of the people or a family. according to the chessplayers' mental calibre. p. most figuratively flexible and consequently the highest of all sciences. even international or new personal sympathies. Mochingoma which has raised Chess to a most abstract. 177-8). most flexible abstract symbolic position of the severest.CHESSOLOGICS 93 War most delicately in complication with French. English and German governments' attitudes). 120. 19.9-3." and so enemy and. 131 ss. 1-2. p.
re-combinations and permutations and re-permutations. that which produces or destroys. motion in anything whatsoever cognizaand taking into consideration an action and ble by man reaction. and to application the persons who are versed in the practice and theory of this line are the gainers in this dominion of struggles to bestow changeable wealth upon an individual or any community or a nation and the world. whether Kinetic or Potential. heat. Space is Money. force. and the same of. thereof light. That "Time is Money. Science of Forces (Dynamics) and Philosophy. and through a vast number of intermediate stages. Distance (space or locality) is Work. increases or lessens. and so forth in Chessologic-Logical Figures. is absolutely true in the eyes of Mathematics and all kinds of Economy. and after combinations. and in question of its economical a small or large detail.94 7. electricity or motion or force is only a mode equivalent to. keeps its indestructible energy. opposite and equal. motion in one piece. and those terms are transposable to each and every other to attain a desired end. accelerates or retards. Power. energy (potential or kinetic) and motion a power being that which initiates or terminates. no sane one doubts. the principle of Economy has taught us that "All the Exchangeable Commodities have Marketable Value" of which the reverse All the things with Marketable Value are Exis true. each and every other we know and is treated as such by scientific experts who have been the bright gainers in that line of struggles of investigations of the unknown facts and of discoveries and inventions." Work is Money. and inter-relationships of material and mental energy they are the attributes of the Conservation of Energy and consequently the Indestructibility of Power infallibly treated in Physics. Therefore. magnetism. the same one piece works its own perpetual office : of either arithmetical or geometrical or any other progression or rotation of the discharging of its usefulness not only once more beginning a similar cycle of changes but undergoing also . JAPANESE CHESS In physics. 8. an exponent of the player's mental capacity. the Conservation of Energy. So it is with the Chessological Koma MINDFORCE pieces any piece once put on the game board or taken off it means constantly or permanently some form or other of action or reaction. therefore Time is Work.
213. 183-6). are endless. Physics. and other Sciences and Philosophy. All these chessologically lubricating terms are the keys to unlock the hidden treasures of the Mochingoma and had better be kept in the minds of players for understanding the perfect view of CHESS PROPER . principle of Chessology. Now then this same knowledge tells us that. 37) most ancient sages demon5-1 strated and left for us Knowledge has found for us the principles of Economy. exchangetransposability. 6a. of struggles. the captured Koma. transferabilityt transfiguration. p. purposes and the means being at one's own disposal in many ways. Any and every phase or move of Koma. transformation. exactly the same.CHESSOLOGICS indefinite 9. pp. We know "Knowledge greatest : (If^ is Power" which the and pp.4 p. bring onto the stage of struggles a kaleidoscopical view to be changed by a mere accident into inexplicable phenomenal phantasmagoria. The problems for the struggles in which a man is. plays or acts. chess Mind-Force piece. combinations of causes and effects. interchangeability convertibility. according to the Mochingoma. whether the Western or the Japanese. Struggles produce fresh pictures of which the situations look quite similar. i a. and various innumerable factors. 30-1. thus in represents Chessological Figures or Symbols all those parts or modes concerning to human struggles of the whole existence that the captured Koma which are governed by the Conservation of Energy and are equivalent to each and every other and are reducible to one and same is factor keeping the attributes of all descriptions of what explained by a long list of such abstract words as elasticity. yet analytically in abstract. ability. yet seldom if ever. All the foregoing statements with no alternative show chesspieces. modification. the Mochingoma. game board (s. thereby countless synthetic operations are beautifully displayed by the Mochingoma Method on the i.) ninepins. . the plans. flexibility. 6a. mean simply and literally only men captured which would make Chess. 56-58. a rope. means something apparently and concretely equivalent. meta- morphosis. the does not ludicrous and equal with "jumping s. 95 numbers of the passing phases of the changes. it signifying something infinitely different according to the different finish of different brains. 6-2 pp." or inferior to (s. 8. indestructibility. inter-exchangeability and the like (ss.
5a. p. Figs. and why it has permitted Checkers and playing cards so much time. This Western chess. whereas the Far Eastern* Chessological Art Chess Proper has instinctively instructed the Japanese. These facts and reasoning de7. what were beyond dreams ever dreamed by Napoleon and Moltke could never brightly be exposed on the Western game board. Caesar. thus in consequence of non-contrivances and non. . . no). 1 08) as a sucker on a large branch of Chessological Tree. p. 51-3). as clearly and astonishingly shown by strategy and tactics on the part of the true Orientals focused on Port Arthur. 4. even naval personnels. moreover. p. how to do what Napoleon. not only admirals and generals but also almost every one interested in struggles. 9. 82. 7-11 s. 14-5). p. 55-6). Moltke and others. Liaoyang. s. 6a. 2. 50. while Japanese Chess can not can express but also creates and instructs Therefore. person- ages of deep philosophic speculations. while the Far Oriental branch has vigorously controlled the thinking principle of diplomatists. pp. 10. 9-2 p. entirely lacks tion express the struggles carried on by Alexander.96 JAPANESE CHESS The Occidental chess almost and does not fully conceive these delicate and expressive means to solve Scientific. 141. s. standpoint cidedly explain why the Western Chessological branch could never tightly rule the minds of military men without saying of even business men and. and consequently it can not vividly exhibit and also fully develop and freely improve the movements of navies and armies in real warfares (s. scientific men.devices of the Mochingoma together with Naru Method. p. and why it has allowed a war-game to shoot out (ss. p. 181-4). both naval and military men and others in every walk of life (see pp. Napoleon.Philosophical abstraction of the highest kind. Moltke and others could never perform. Korean Straits of producing the facts almost chimerical from modern European military science and overwhelmingly surprising the whole world and destined to revolutionalize naval and military sciences theorized and practiced previously to the present war the greatest ever waged (Fig.' could never brilliantly in abstrac(see the Chessologic Tree p. Mukden. and the it only do more than styles of struggles. 5a. hence stiff and extremely limited in the developments of the movements of pieces (s. except 'queening a pawn' and farcical 'castling a king.
sidered. and digest thoroughly) put this case in their jurisdictions. (s. the MOCHINGOMA are convertible and inter-exchangeable because of their each and every other's being in some or other equivalent at the will of. p. In the eyes of chessological principle. in fact. p. The qualitative and quantitive values of relations arc . yet INDESTRUCTIBLE EX- PONENTS OF CONSERVATION OF THE INTELLECTUAL POWER upon the part of the players. acquire knowledge (s. terpenetrates into the others as radiant energy. and mental actions upon them produce their corresponding effects in the affairs of struggles. 3. 23-30). 3. and molecular or ethereal activities through the Universe. 28. 4. they are the apparently temporary indices. on the contrary. of Chess for expressing play. p. 3. for each influences the others and each force inbinations. that effects and causes and vice versa are so innumerable the chess-pieces were intended to suit only one purpose as in the case of a war-game. the knowledge of the players of the game. to be able to meet with an especially complex plan which is so much to be developed in abstract details that the game can not otherwise represent and occupy a point of the mean effect of maximum and minimum influences those of the greatest common divisors and least common multiples of numerical values of things and actions which come to (ss. com- and permutations of force. the youngest branch if and those pp. Kriegspiel.CHESSOLOGICS 97 a. Eponyms and Figures (which see pp. p 26 . is s. space and time for which any amount of' ideals or mental energy may be applied or substituted. The quality and quantity of the force that things exercise each other in connection with space and time should be conupon 5. become too concrete and consequently only too inflexible. 5-4. Hence. 55). a grand working power. 2.) The object here upon the part of Chessological student to have a clear acquaintance with the developments. 15-49. 5. but. in a fashion of the sidereal sources. space and time. and modes of a solar energy. according to whose mentality the Mochingoma powers would have been differently interpreted in regard to the uses of their functions. 75-76. force. the pieces are not powerful enough and illustrating the highest conception. s. and according to. too stiff. The reciprocal relations of the three primary essential elements.
p6. but although they are however sharply to fix things by their strict values. the three priof struggles or chess with numerical scale in The numbers here represented by chessological principle. while some might think of a local mob riot. The long series of simple inferences by the plain matter-of-fact analyses of the chains of ordinary chesspieces' movements and their ordinary combinations betray generally the natural laws of numerical values of the pieces (force). directs solutions of problems quantities and uncertain qualities of future all in struggles conceivable by human Mind. symbolizes. according to their respectively dif. (s. . thinks of the grand actions upon the part of the world's greatest generals orjiiplomatists or reformers. 5. whenever he plays Chess. the value of the same number is bound to be conceived as the same in power of its being used to the most available way. space (distance represented by squares) and time (to move).92. . even in spite of their uncompromising by different players. 33 . ferent amount and quality of mental storage of knowledge for instance. The great character of the Koma . as a result of the Applied Chessologics. yet the same numbers with exactly the same acting powers are sometimes. every man is equal to the other in every respect. 1 1 5 ) This part is superbly performed by the Mochingoma. 4-4%. 5 a -P. act as a means of distinguishing concretely and sharply the differences of things. The science of numbers mary elements associates the notion of space. the Calculus of CHESS- OLOGICS.s. but alas! no individuals are exactly ways of their being differently equal in every respect and therefore their values are differently and variedly appreciated and used accordingly.) This can be easily understood by any person with good sense. or in fact. force and time. whereof there is not at all required a deep mathematical nor technical philosophic knowledge. the numbers of squares and pieces and their movements (values or powers) and limits of time which are the free creations of human Mind. the most important it is! the Mochingoma Method. Not only the above is perfectly executed. p.98 JAPANESE CHESS rigidity. the Lord Sovereign CALCULUS of CHESS PROPER. to bring forth different results used according to the mental for if different storages of knowledge. differently conceivable. nay! almost of different all the times. contingencies containing unknown (S. but also $a. one.
p. nay. is against the other (B) with 500. exactly 500. Koma The Mochingoma (s. in a sense. of this subject exposing the most positive and the greatest difference between the Western and the Far Eastern branches of the chessological game. Octavo. The writer seems to be the first that has investigated carefully. but containing the highest single digital number NINE. easily in vague way. suppose on a war field. p. he has thus minutely restricted himself to the consideration of the series of speculations and philosophical missions of the scientific Mochingoma in Japanese Chess. 6. though with a perfect truth. principle coupled with the Naru Kaeru 5. 1 . 76-3. scales in the Decimal. strengths upon the part of both parties can be. because 8. explained by approximate thus. p. or Metrical fundamental speculations and evidences for absolutely indispensable foundations of the Mochingoma Method. amongst others. the largest. space and force with all the struggles for existences or supremacy in every line of human vital activities. one party (A) with figures. the most ingenius improvement. 5. 76-8. Promotion Method out an alternative 6. philosophically speculated and dared exhaustively to state the principle of the Mochingoma. Si 186-9. containing ten each. In accordance with the writer's first purpose. positively having made it the most vivid representative in the smallest. in the august proof of the combinations and permutations and re-combinations and re-permutations and vice versa ad infinitum of time. together with the Naru Promotion Method.CHESSOLOGICS 99 Mochingoma. System.) is one that gives to Chessdom an elastic repetition of scales as those tones. 81 186-9. in Music and the . the scales being registered lower and higher. 9. scope of scale. because it is largely.000 men. here that there is the grandest secret beauty of developments and combinations of phases of chess pieces far superior to the Western chess. invention ever achieved in the domain of Chess. by which the greatest and most fruitful adyancement in Chessdom has thus been produced to the highest idealistic finish. yet. of the severest and the highest abstract of all the sciences. and philosophies and speculations. An indication of the Mochingoma of certain relative 2. The statements heretofore given contain all the essential 7.) culminates with. which Chessology covers and governs.000 . p. (see s.
Now suppose if a part of A's were lost. thrice. may be taken as 3. for the present purpose. though exactly same in figures as in the first case. army only four mills out of one dollar in comparison might. a unit 2.000 were killed. being captured. luck or risk. Gibraltar. then there remained 498. with the most modern and most scientific. The former. however in a small degree. Vladivostok also) have been proven most decidedly.000.Russian war. in which case there would have existed no victory nor loss! This kind of events beyond the dominion of arbitrary ruling and mere speculations and must always adapt itself to circumstances and conditions. 117-183. such as seen in the Japan. only 7 (-004) of the whole troop of men. The natural advantage and united human strength with trained skill should in theory go together to harvest a fortunate result. and Port Arthur (and probably. and while such a fractional part.000. on both sides of the belligerent nations. might have completely turned a chance. would be very different in connotation of the powers or attributes accruing from situations (space and time). (pp. ground has been proven somebe times and many times not to completely available against the united strength of men especially with discipline and trained as the natural strength of the skill. it would certainly add an advantage to the other. say 2. benefit plus the stronghold which the opponent once occupied and which might be used by the new possessors twice.) Quebec. the greatest ever witnessed in the World's History. otherwise than equal in every respect.000 means a certain . then this 2. Sebastopol. formidable and keenest appliances and mechanism.Chinese and is Japan. but such a case has been very rare as both parties have been 4.000 against the original 500. a very small percentage. the others being equal.IOO JAPANESE CHESS the same though never to exist in a real struggle or war but on an abstract chessboard.000 (^J % ) might have been in possession of a very important strategic stronghold. for instances. or suppose that this only 2 . however small in size.000 soldiers dead on a plain even which would give the other a benefit so that the latter 2 . which. curtail ^ % one party. so that many observers have been decidedly compelled to remark that the Japanese are born strategists . from one to the other. ten or more times advantageously than the original occupants.
when the whole nation might be swallowed up by the stronger on account of even such a small percentage of primary loss. now and then. especially at Port Arthur. however most powerful. a battle ically. in the estimation of. (See pp. 6. on crumbs or die. yet which is upon the captor in addition to what this force being the smallest . to do anything the strongest wants or sometimes the weakest. It is then to be justifiable to say that it is quite correct and very conservative to confer in some form or other the force. 126-8. supposed to be already dead. percentage compared with ad infinitum while it is comparatively the largest compared with zero.considered only from point of number. the mental functions of the captors. a double knowledge and victory. from zero. say. which the defeated had lost. used for a stronghold which would make the weakest and those who get a poor start as exemplified by the Chinese and Russians. compelled. 6.000 men. and quality. (o). have a warlike union of peculiar Then. and according to. thus not to work any more. through struggles for competitions or existences. since that same number might become a source of the causes of the utter defeat possible in be more. and esoterpiece standing for 2.) 5.000 are (s. p. very well then. the invaluable stronghold to be used as an almost redundant vigor on the part of the captors represents originally and literally 2. The statements given above being only the direct abwe have something else like a corollary: Those advantages which would accrue out of the capture are to be indicated by. in warfare or may of the kept without a loss. 8b. 143 and 177-186- straction. (though no such zero advantage when rightly handled by experts). simply because of having field of life lost a stronghold. p. so that this force to be given becomes a fair. (o). which is at the least any case. or first-class defenders and in this case all of the 2. perhaps too small. to subsist s. at the least estimation for convenience sake. according to the mental as well as physical powers enemy. Now the Kama or death. up to ad infinitum powers. scientific-philosophically. award for the captor the percentage being exactly f iff P er cen t. a beaten nation might be obliged. for no fortress is available without garrisons tacticians.CHESSOLOGICS IO i and besides. the conquered. driven by the force of circumstances and conditions. 105-8.000 men can be safely.
whereupon Japan got a fishery concession and anything else she wanted from the Korean government. (See p. and misfortunes. conservatively estimated to have been $25.) Under the same category comes the Japanese work of salving the sunken Russian ships at Port Arthur and Chemulpo. consequently. p. greatly reduced the fighting Think of a large amount of money force of the other side. the islanders have been able to catch otters and seals and whales along the islands off the coasts of the Eastern Russia without sea forces meaning an equivalence of tens of millions of A a good sum of money for fishermen.000.) In Manchuria. or an accident a loss or a gain of very small percentage of the whole enormous forces is destined to be turned into a powerful account. and while the number of the Russians stood almost the same all the time from the beginning of the campaign. chessologically the enemy could be able to push the ponderous "Bear" back. even while the war was going on. 105. men and ammunitions lessened on account of the islanders' fine marksmen and sharpshooters. and also.102 JAPANESE CHESS might contain a majestically strategic point to turn the whole affairs upset. in the time of war. every time the Russians had reverses 7. a double victory. philosophically and scientifically. dollars. for Japan. into the field of battle. men men. besides large provisions and ammunitions captured by the "Yellow Monkeys. And even then. 8b. a mere numerical power has been proven many times not to be a criterion for a victory. 169. . in reality. The guns and ammunitions captured which might not at all have been used by the invaders must have. without a least doubt. nents. the Japanese sent power a division after a division. Can we ever idly think that the "Yellow Monkeys" would by virtue of their sea after never at all use these captured articles? What kind of traitors. or intrigues for Russia? little bit of chance." as the Russians had used to address their opponents. (s. but also inside.000. and could fish along and around the peninsular coasts for realization of enormous amounts of money. There are many kinds of allies and foes. and the inside enemies have been proven more dreadful and formidable than the external oppoThese factors are clearly shown by the Mochingoma. Simply because the Russians lost a chance at first or could not see their opponents' energy treated with. not only from the outside.
2.CHESSOLOGICS 8. whether actual or suppositional. Liaoyang. the captures identical with the advantages accrued . they bestowed tremendous advantages upon Japan. 6. their prime activities. and therefore the spirit encouraged might mean twice or three times or more over the actual and original number of them in fighting capacity. and consequently the spirit would be augmented as much. and . p. in the severest jurisdiction of chessological technicality. 6. all of these matters should be represented in some form or other From a strict standpoint of military tactics equivalences. speak. 43 ss. (See s. different from what ordinary chess players could apparently have understood by the movements of the chess Koma pieces on the board. and neutralized without an alternative because of their being plainly concrete factors which can be translated vividly into abstract language of the highest kind founded upon the bright light of human 8a. yet in fact. their mental attitudes may be sometimes entirely just Yet. and strategy. one party might be on islands and the other. Port Arthur. all-powerful mind. into dreadful enemies to Russia. Figurative to is. far inland. p. 103 have sprung up out of a simple In warfares. other causes which enforce these re-enforcements are needed to be considered. the student here ponder over the abstract nature of the Mochingoma in application to concrete factors . let Once more of struggle on account of the great importance in Chessology. some may assert their non-reliance upon any extra affairs not calculated before in their minds. Mukden and other 183. turing of a fortress might mean The captens of millions of dollars to spirits of a nation. s. 108-109). that is to say. p. both belligerent parties can never encourage the of the soldiers be equal even at the first of a campaign. when re-enforcements are needed. those apparent differences are nothprinciple kind that the common chess players would think to of the ing be but on the contrary. they have been deeply considered and opposite. deliberately canceled as treated in mathematical equations. the nature of the ground occupied by one party is very different from that possessed by the other. etc. 186) were. that turned sense. for instance. All of these advantages cause. i. These phenomena should not be put outside of deep consideraActual warfares are somehow tions in an abstract manner. and so on. in a Chessological positions (s. 3. so Since captured. p.
p. and are equivalent force to be contrariwise sonnels. the by means of insome form which have been demnity might supposably yet possibly demanded. After its inevitable surrender. 170). Russian price of peace could be a nominal indemnity representing. ia.000. or practically more could be claimed.000. if peace asked.000 or $2. besides .000.000. 170). or in reality. equivalent to. say about After the defeat at Liaoyang. a convertible action on the part of always generous Japan. Next. la. Russia could be compelled to do anything her enemy would have desired to obtain as a reward for greedy mischiefs of over a hundred years.500. By means of the foregoing exhaustive statements. or in other words. that is. Mind-Force. and even the whole Russia in Asia. and if there were no other decent nations besides Japan herself. employed at the disposal of the perMind-Force of enemy.p. with nothing to have been lost upon the part of ever greedy Russia (s.000. the formidable foes to the former masters.000. and consequently nothing to be considered at all concerning the then international sentiments and her future modest purposes. right before the surrender of Port Arthur. after Mukden probably defeat. or converted assets (5.000. let the student clearly understand how the Japanese capability to have captured the positions occupied by their antagonists or the positions themselves can be chessologically convertible into another modes. the transposition or transference into the adversary's side of friendly side's materiel therefrom.4. p. the indemnity standing for an equivalent to the transposable and inter- exchangeable capacity of the Mind-Force of personnel of the victorious nation might have been a little more. i68-s. which secured them. say about $25.000. at different stages of an Applied Chessological Art of the greatest drama the world has subject is here on purpose treated with only in witnessed. represent.000. the Japanese capability. Russia could at first very easily settle the international matters with Japan previous to the break of their diplomatic negotiation. and after the greatest naval defeat. $500.000. after the loss of Tieling and before the greatest sea fight.000. in the neighborhood of $150.000. As a numerical illustration is clearly advantageous for an explanation. $1. because of physical as well as mental guarantees.000. it might have been $50.000.104 JAPANESE CHESS or the positions to. $800. (locality) themselves.
as loyal friends to the former enemies (ss. as stated elsewhere as to the principle of inter-relationship. 17-9).CHESSOLOGICS I0 5 an enormous indemnity. served since then. p. and they have. then known as an indemnity equivalent to the position. Thus. p. 183 s. p. rebels. ignorance part of one is converted . Mukden and others must be seriously considered and duly treated in Chess as CHESSOLOGY dictates. mutiny. estimated. riots. in money. MIND-FORCE. the real personese victors. 79)Knowledge takes advantage chesspieces and less of the other's ignorance. Therefore. assisted by Naru Promotion Method. nor even an ice-bound port. of indestructibility and convertibility. 8b. and divinely wise treatment All of the cap- these factors are splendidly and symbolized by the Mochingoma. 6. here Port Arthur. a force or capability. Mind-Force . 2. too. 8-8b. p. whereby the number of symbols of real abstractly units or less becoming unavoidably and constantly on the board. in former captures the the on other words. the larger units the less number of pieces represents. jealousy. These phases of factors of struggles can never be fully exercised by the Occidental chess characterized as it is by involution. the latter. when warring with another) on the part of friendly side espouses the cause of the opponents (s. materiel advantages captured and reducible to an equivalent to the real essential power of personnel. or the position itself in brief or in chessological term is transposable or transferable from one side to another (winner) simply according to capability of batteries of Minds which form both intellectual and physical attributes. It has been elsewhere mentioned that ignorance (whence. indestructibility. Then. no prestige anymore. the positions captured have been turned into treacherous enemies against the former occupants. an absurdity itself and also next an impossibility in this age of EVOLUTION. which is mathematic-logically and inconveniently. might have been ceded to the Japanwho hold all the trumps of the Mochingoma then. when captured. so to speak. moreover. or strictly speaking. whether personnel or materiel. indispensable to struggles (s. and Japanese Chess permeated with the activity of Evolution tures reveals phenomenally of this kind. convertibility and inter- exchangeability of materiel force in proportion to personnel. inter-action and inter-reaction. envy. and the like. nels. 4. 186).
Or the prisoners having been educated even for a short length of time and kindly treated by their enemy were returned to their own side unconditionally or otherwise. namely. Therefore. and the latter run away. the assumed equation. there was loosened or chessologically broken a This is mentie made by ignorance. or absence of ignorance. the more the advantage belongs to the other. Then. yet paradoxically. Suppose. the others being equal in every respect. let us see the transposition through chessological deduction by assuming . and they came to realize the fact that they were on the wrong side. R = - the original R= R = J J -f -f 2 2 knowledge (= (knowledge [= 2 ignorance). or a transposable function by illustration of a chessological factor. or ignorance]) shows roughly. or absence of knowledge. they begun to think and communicate their ideas and views about their enemies and themselves as well. or the less the education or the more ignorance on the part of one side. is more than absurdity itself when we consider large odds. the Japanese having turned the enemy's ignorance into their own utility. Russia -f ignorance (= knowledge) = (or vs. J -f 2 knowledge (= can never because overcome Now. the ignorant Russian soldiers attacked the Japanese who were shooting from behind a pile of things.) Japan H~ But knowledge(= ignorance). For an example. When the Russians captured the things. we have by transposition 2 ignorance).106 JAPANESE CHESS into usefulness or turned into account in favor of the other. ignorance knowledge. espousing the opposite cause by making twofold effective the Japanese knowledge. they found the pile of books or literatures written in the Russian tongue. that the Russian ignorance produces a double effect. the difference between the two phases of Mind. When they found the useful information for themselves. though true enough for chessologic convenience. since the Japanese utilized the other's ignorance. and they told their friends their enemies were what in and how they themselves were wrong being instigated by their selfish superiors. thus. At each occurrence of this kind. tioned in order to show convertibility.
thus.) ig.) < (= + know. or upon the part .). chessological deduction out of the personnel equation as follows: real R 4.wit. ( = know.) >J + and J know. (= know. ig. against Russia. as Russia can not do anything unless a huge navy together with first class trained PERSONNELS might come down spontaneously in favor . (= ig. the former keeps the whole navy unmolested Yet. first equal in all R = J.CHESSOLOGICS 107 respects on the board of Russia and Japan at war. (= + ig. condition. just as at first. o. the first. to. But there being the differences between the two.ig. because the magnitude of the far Oriental navy kept in the same condition as previous to the war plus the captured Russian R< R< J J 2 know. a double ignorance probably meaning utterly no ignorance in Japan from Russian point of view of knowledge and a double knowledge probably meaning almost divine wisdom when considered from. then. in a sense of chessologic-esoterical fact. for the latter is in zero.) which holds true and shows that the Russian ignorance or inactivity of the personnels is worth exoterically twice the knowledge of the other side. taking advantage of the ignorance of the Russians transposed. the Japanese navy having annihilated the Russian armada involves a double victory. But the Japanese utility. we have a intellectual.= ig. in other words. For an example.) from ignor- ance's point of view.). that is. (= + know. 2 ig.) from knowl- edge's point of view. the victory in this particular case is infinitely formidable. R know. o. add ignorance and knowledge to the respective sides. or compared with. warships in consequence of mutiny and unskill is infinitely larger than the Muscovite's. that is. but meaning chessologic-esoterically that knowledge is all-powerful. or converted it to the highest degree of /.R < J -f -f + 2 (know. the Muscovite standard of education and Russia = constant inclination toward zero or possibly == o in point of intellectual liabilities or assets in regard to the present war. the former having entirely defeated the latter. and secondly. as any is infinitely larger than zero. (= ig.
and the like come under the same category and are reducible to the same chessological deduction represented by some Mochingoma standing for unknown and uncertain quantities and qualities. Kriegspiel. respectively. only the abstract general conceptions can per- fectly accomplish to show everything conceivable by the Mind. dom. really stiff concrete materials. If the Russians had fought the battles (with the islanders) with the same amount and degree of the courage and all other requisites for the strictly chessologically organized co-operation as the Japanese. both combating sides are assumed as exactly the same in From . which the possibly. 4-6. yet the most elastic flexible abstract 2. symbolized 100-1. the war-game. all of even military affairs. 1. or rather a part of Applied Chessologics truly comparable to practical arithmetic in relation to Higher Mathematics. and Chess. ! the apparent solutions of the chessological affairs. But. (ss. There are innumerable examples like the above in the history of struggles and such are chessologically. in both larger and smaller scales. in detail represent and concrete ways. Practical Arithmetic human mainly works with only concrete numbers and Pure Mathematics. smallest domain of anything. is ordinarily impossible. on the part of one and the other. with abstract symbols: so. quantitively in every way. To try. except with legitimate chesspieces Koma. at least. Disappointment and encouragement.IO8 JAPANESE CHESS of the Russians. with the least. and to be oper- ated and manipulated with the shortest time possible. could not represent each and all of the factors of struggles or.) Occidental chess can never betray at all. the inmost marrow of personnels. suggested by the Chessological principle and is to be considered as its chess branch. Kriegspiel. but alas! they entirely lacked Minds. to cover all the factors and elements. to represent exhaustively every detail of the different the factors in struggles by pieces of the least possible number on game board of the smallest possible space. the driest. this is the only way. though otherwise im- by means of Mochingoma. then the former could surely defeat the Japanese. outside of the central and highest realm of Ckess9. by means of any pieces. to all of the elements and their innumerable sub-elements in the struggles in life. That which is so-called a war-game. pp.
17-8. but. in general. ficial Super(See definition of Chessology and functions. clearest difference is in the Mind. has been allowed to be invented on the score of inadequate character of the Western branch of Chess (s. we feel sorry to say. 4. from the initiated experts' understanding of them. pp. p. and this naval training of the Mind is clearly in abstract solved in Chessology. so. but has accomplished its Supreme to Duty guide them. out of which so-called Kreigspiel. an exact copy of the latter except in the intelligent brains Chess had no satisfaction to be only the : copy military affairs. only small parts of human struggles formulated in Chessology to train the Mind the fundamental source of the factors of human existence. 72-5). was produced. though Chess was originally invented or created in imitation of actual movements of men in warlike operations. 2-3. and. in the ordinary men's conceptions.) chessplayers are apt to conduce actual motions of only armies to the merely apparent principles of a game of Chess.CHESSOLOGICS every respect. and produced.pp. the directions of the military warfares. Astrology and merely counting with fingers have been the forefathers of modern Astronomy. A thought would in a moment clear up an opposition. without which any modern decent foremost nations cannot exist. Again. Just as Alchemy. t if any. so Chess has been the ancestor of. is not only satisfied in training the military minds. but it also treats of naval struggles which no Kriegspeil considers as yet. an evidence being the production of such a game as Kriegspiel which. while the real expounders of Chessology cannot but help to connotate the affairs on the chessboard as to show. which is the main factor. Chessology. the former could not and can never be. as in actual warfares or human struggles. Chessology (*ja. there are very wide range of differences in every respect in interpreting every factor represented on the board. against the logicality of these assertions. 8-8a. and the Krieg- . of 28-9). ss. A navy should receive a due respect in warfares (see pp. And this last human light could not be assumed on the 3. p. as it is what the writer would call One Wing of War. Chemistry and Mathematics. 17). board. largest. therefore. the unequivocal and untolerable. but only left with discipline and training to be developed. really a mere military chess. 5. 15-37.
The captured pieces being re-enlisted into the service bring forth scientific pleasures as of an original state investigation on account of their being repeatedly converted to use in accordance with mathematical calculation. Hence. and because those trumps and their combinations with others are played beautifully ad more infinitum at the will according to the chessplayers' resourceful tions of Mind. in hand and not inclining to show each other's own next hands are extremely fascinating as an exponent of human watchful and speculative instinct. 115). Mochingoma. Such artistic and idealistic combinaand permutations and re-combinations of re-permutations as ever produced by the Chess Proper can never be evolved out by playing cards. whether For while in all methods of playing consciously or otherwise. that is. Mochingoma. Keeping the captured pieces. because in Japanese Chess. there all the trumps and other factors are represented to the greatest extent. Japanese Chess absorbs entirely the most essential attributes (movement. 3. and betray a strong resemblance to playing cards. 82. does not as yet consider the fact on its game board. JAPANESE CHESS a child of Chess. reservoir. in Japan.110 spiel. . assisted by Naru Promotion Method. cards there prevails a game of chance since the first handling of cards depends upon mere chances. have succeeded to have made Japanese Chess to be able to perfect the legitimate Chessological game or Art. whereby cards as inutility and inadequacy for promotion of knowledge have been thrown out of the world of intellectual instructive pleasures. and also after all without letting a so-called war-game offshoot from Chess and declare its independence (s. abstractly. 6a. except the size of an individual intellectual Thus. Checkers-playing is. if any) of cards. development and operation. simply because being made concrete by a merely military officer after being suggested by the Western chess which he could not understand $a. Chess Proper without allowing checkers (Hasami-Shongi (s. by virtue of re-admittance of use of Mochingoma. Chess involves no chancegame whatsoever. The repeated utilization of the captured piece gives the chessplayer a far deeper pleasure and Koma much interesting and instructive developments and operations than cards in all ways bestow enjoyment on the players. a children and ordinary women's game. p. p.) and cards a great liberty for merely killing a time to little or no purpose.
CHESSOLOGICS 6. s. itself as CHESSOLOGY treats of training the human so as to be able to meet with all struggles that there are. making the most and highest philosophic-science of all the sciences and philosophies as judged by the treatment of the in every way minimum to cover all in maximum degree. III Chess has thus come out to soar up higher and higher. wherein 9. Chessology teaches us the principle how to let 8. p. Suppose that international arbitration makes success in naval and military disarmament of so-called civilized by a proportional reduction of their forces similar to the joint disarmament of Chile and Argentina. 22. then an estimation of a conception of forces or pieces in a war-game would the nations positively be reduced. us be able to meet with struggles and to strengthen and train It is an abstract science of the highest the players' Mind. and it is the most flexible formula. itself and grandest kind. would have no room to play (s. nor other. purpose (s. 8-8b. This part has been achieved by the ingenious Japanese 9. then the Kriegspiel. with military functions. of yore. but it has surprisingly and fortunately left with us a conception of them by abstract . p. as the Mind is the only criterion of superiority over all the other creatures. even were it a real war-game. but also. p. (s. it satisfied inagurating Mind 7.) In fine. because of a concrete problem and because of simply being used for military. As long as human creatures will be existing. or the war-game itself should be continually and suddenly modified. it has passed to drill navy not and besides. Chess originally invented concretely to represent military elements in time immemorial cannot at present convey in a concrete way the exact meaning of the modern improvements of ways and means of trans- Mind portations and communications.Philosophic Science. there should surely be struggles human Mind always plays its is there sublime like mental training Nothing sovereignty. in the human existence. 8-9. 3. 17-9). again not satisfied only with them. and among men. in some form or other. Then superficially thinking. in a true and large sense. 17-8. 137)- Suppose that the Hague Conference or Tribunal or Arbitration Treaty stops wars from military as well as naval stand- point of view. p. Chessology is in a word the Ultra. and for neither war.
what are to be interpreted and . 6.I2 3-) There are still. p. 8a. 103. we know. Now. p. in all struggles. especially the Mochingoma. all. 105-) meet with any (s. 6. 8b. This re-employment. stated before for a victory. 8. p. and even many times repeated 3. 9. uses. does not know himself what kind of a simpleton he might be. and because the deductions of elements of struggles on the part of the to increase the power of friendly are enemy proportionately forces in some or other form exactly equivalent to the volume of the force reduced or lost on the adversary's part. s. 103. by repetition. moreover. s. s. 105.P. they are to be conceived as symbols to represent not only the repetitions of the same powers. but only the scales are different the case of the Mochingoma to be re-used. 4-5. different in scales. To use the Mochingoma. So then. but also the qualitative char! acters to be developed to contingent. (s. only to think that the captured Koma pieces are only re-employed in exactly the same way as in the original or previous conditions is an attribute of a huge ignoramus. the captor's own and interpretations about the matters. 122. the captured Koma pieces. s. 8a.s. when numbers be- In yond 9 are to be counted. of the captured ones is to be understood as not to use the prisoners but the abilities (even resolution or determination and. ss. p. p. 1. without being able to conceive certain marvelous results and factors out of combinations and permutations of a cause and its effect. and at the unlimited disposal of. which esoterically cover all things or works not covered by eocotery. the most powerful and the grandest and the Naru Method. 2. even 8b. s. p. the same digits over and over again. besides innumerable elements already 4. 9. because actions re-actions are opposite and equal in force. 97. p. necessities. even resistance) themselves to have captured them and to have re-employed them as equivalents to re-enforcements or reservists newly recruited and every and any thing else conceivable by. is the same as to use in Mathematics and Arithmetic. p. who.112 JAPANESE CHESS symbols. of symbols. paradoxical representations of all elements necessary to all human struggles can be accomplished by means of chess Koma pieces. 93. n8.
United States and England. The Far Eastern Chess has been civilized to promote the tactics. from Even there are what are said to be "moral supports. but they did nevertheless help the Revolution. The Mochingoma as the Chess ological Calculus works for them. 8. local. France. which had supported the former to succeed in their struggles.) Such are the Mochingoma 3. a source of great dif- The Western Chess has been modified and improved 7. The demonstrated result of an issue deeply investigated between these two improvements is plain enough to come to the conclusion that the Occidental chess. stiff and antiquated. 8-2.) They are sometimes formidable converted weapons against either of the belligerent All these matters and every and any thing relating parties. IX 5. $a. the most flexible abstract symbols. though really neutral. p. 92. in the minimum scale. ss Some might allege that they have nothing to do with matter. sympathetic. very different from that which was played by an inventor and his successors for over forty or fifty centuries and Japanese Chess has been in the same way. as at the present time. 120. they are bound to keep each and every other of the original all elements to struggles ferences in an end ! and victory. the most easily convertible ones. to struggles should be. ia. but when they understand the whole meaning as to relations of one thing to another as fully stated elsewhere. Napoleon sold Louisiana to the United States of America. is nearer the original invention and as yet very primitive. which are at least a war point of view. in - Japanese Chess. s. and they were not at first calculated in the minds of the Americans. p. and inadequate in order easily to make Chess the Highest Abstract Science as it is natural as it is legitimate. Germany. strategy and the mental movements of rational persons. 170." (s. Japan and Russia have floated their war bonds in their respective allies. and have been proven to be the perfect satisfaction (s. and to accomplish this. limited. are necessary. and the French under La Fayette and other Europeans assisted America. counted in footing up a total for the bill of victory. 5. the American Revolutionary heroes borrowed money from France. . P6. p.CHBSSOLOGICS 113 symbolized in Chess according to the player's mental capacity.
too. but the whole of " a chessboard (Zen Kyok-ni Manako-wo sosogu) is a motto for the chess players and laymen. common sense of the word. would be possibly liable to make mistakes unless they do figure the efficiencies and ranges of materials improved according to chessological abstraction of different phases and phenomena of the Universe.) If . has past beyond as a pastime. at first. p. CHESSOLOGY. Think of Cleopatra's nose. . and also even commercial batcharacters a more practical and more to the modern actual warfares and coneasily applicable of line works or struggles comparable to war any sequently tles.114 JAPANESE CHESS not only soldiers but also statesmen. p. 9. 109. competitions. Arts. p. naturally. 4-5. "Don't look upon only a part. it would fall down level with a sort of dice lottery! an entirely different proposition from which Chess experts claim gles. 17. if not. p. 201.) Chess is to be treated as a Science. who would be apt to think that they are able. 50-1. gunpowder. we can no longer allow any method of primitive and non-applicable stiff kind of treatments of the pieces on the chess game board. the highest of all Sciences and Philosophies on account of the very best training of Mind. the (See 5. (s. (s. and business in a 9. human Universe. upon whom the soldiers should depend and vice versa. war-cars and -ships. 109. 8-9.) Then we may assert thus: Chess. if she had had a very little different tip to her nose. an invention or creation 1. the ordinary chess players and experts. p. Very principle of the re-use of the Mochingoma. guns. not as a game of pastime. or supremacy. for all of the sciences have progressed so far during When some centuries. is to be understood as the most formidable factor to treat of Chess as the Science and Art of War or properly Struggle. (ss. 22. to forecast and foretell the movements of the navies and armies and. without the considerations of their merits. 4-5. the center of the 2. ss. the captured Kjma pieces.3.) At the time when the making of rifles. and a thousand and one other things have been modified and invented. others.a. the fundamental Mind. in imitation of sea and land battles or naval and military strug- whole world might have been entirely different! should meet with the general things and spirit of an age in struggles for existences. p. or the training of the that well it is a Science it then.
wherefrom to save there has been established only the Mochingoma Re-employment with an assistance of the Naru Promotion Method. an exponent of Chessologic Truth. when applied to differently appreciative force (s. sented by the Koma pieces. 28-34. Mechanics. 201. that Mathematics does not govern at all. as just as Calculus with the scope of ranging over the whole field of Applied Mathematics has overcome the chief difficulties in the problems offered by Astronomy. p.) 3a. and. 21. p. Chessology. Re-employment of the captured Koma pieces. therefore. as exhaustively dealt with before. and qualities repremere constants. little or no higher than checkers or cards. and not as one to train the Mind. (s. of Chess. p. and Physical Science generally. 2. 157. only and at last. exactly betray those of minus and plus in Mathematical equation or differences (pp. 97). we have the have been checkmated or cleared in the desiderata offered by training Mind. it would be only worthy to be looked upon as a brother game to cock-fights. saved Chess Proper. Mochingoma. and an account of its developments involves that of those paramount paradoxes which In recapitulation. p. by continual operation or . s. 4a. 8-8b. in addition all those of qualities. (see 4. following: The scope of the Mochingoma ranges over the entire domain of the phases of struggle-forces or -elements. s. s. p. pp. whether Psychic or Chemical or what not. 6. p. Japanese Chess. equipped. has saved the principles of the legitimate Science from being lost into oblivion of their full and from benefits being looked upon as a game. Engineering. 7. 107-8) and those of Mathematical factors or elements which produce negative or positive powers or exponents of quantities. 5a. Action and reaction of Transposition or Conversion or 3. or securing Wisdom. 119. In the Mochingoma. 5. 17-9. no). 5. s. depending upon the extent of intellectuality of chessplayers. are regarded except all quantities as changing from one value to another. from being considered as an unproductive pastime game in the dim eyes of a so-called war-game and military science which are just on the contrary but a small function of Chessology. s.CHESSOLOGICS 115 Chess would remain still to be thought as a mere pastime work. p. yet soft contrivances and devices. though said a difficult one. with these formidable.
the Two WINGS OP WAR. that is to say.Il6 JAPANESE CHESS progression (s. for after incessant works of the Ultra. the Chessologists would without a least doubt enjoy and make productive their competitive amusement a hundred times more than otherwise. not only the above siege and diplomatic stories. pp. in the following few two extremely attractive Chessological Parables. diplomacy: they exemplify the typical results of Chesso- logical Co-operations of essential elements of struggles. and pages. and diplomats. as in the case of all quantities treated of in Calculus. when they would ren- der the concrete ordinary narrations of struggles of all kinds. navy and army. manoeuvres. the matters are fully ripe for the generalization 5. Supposing that the reader has thoroughly digested the statements and principles. operations. They are the most interesting and instructive of the skilfully combined works. into the abstract language. one. soldiers and seamen. of the utility of the captured chesspieces. ss. p. no surprise at made by the author. When Chess players would. as well as provement of ordinary the Japanese. now and then. p. the Sieges of Tyre and Port Arthur. the most ancient. 8. Hindoos. heaven-born . 5. POETIC CHESSOLOGICAL supported FIGURES by the (s. And the discovery and establishment of CHESSOLOGY. think in a poetical way. The invention or discovery by the Japanese of the 40.Ancient Chinese. Arabians and the Europeans represented by Ruy Lopez and other aspirants after improvements. fundamental importance of the Mochingoma assisted by Naru Promotion Method constitutes and has completed the discovery of 4C. CHESSOLOGY. but also others. Naru Promotion Method. the most modern and the other. 94) or by infinitesimal differences or differentials in the handling of the pieces. 70-3. not only in the above sieges. the tactics and strategy of navy and army. the impromotion method. instead of their narrowly strict addiction to actual warlike pieces. 9-3. therefore. the most famous stories of the sieges interlaced with commercial as well as financial and diplomatic relations. but also all other campaigns. 47-8) especially Mochingoma and Naru Promotion Methods. we have. The invention the Mochingoma. has culminated with there need be. Persians.
and doubted that a Phoenician victory was a thing highly to be desired. 138. 135 s. 9a. faithful to Persia. As A CHESSOLOGICAL PARABLE EXEMPLIFYING TYPICAL CHESSOLOGIC CO-OPERATIONS OF FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OP STRUGGLES REPRESENTED BY THE MOCHINGOMA. s. that the Grecian troops who already crossed the straits would be powerless in every way. 177-8. and the 3. p. because unique was Alexander's genius (s. C. 1-8. 9. pp. catastrophe would certainly have been delayed and the entire course of history would at this point have possibly altered. 93 ss. but did not actively support her. 137. Phoenicia. p. a spectator. Phoenicia played a part purely negative. His advice was that.!p. The Persian land-commanders were jealous of Mentor and of 4. was a bystander and not a player in the game. (s. (s.) They perhaps distrusted the Phoenicians because of their lately being in arms against them. 177-9. pp. yet never impeded his plans. been a wise policy on the part of the Persians to have collected in the Propontis and the Northern JEgean sea the largest possible fleet. pp. 136-7. p. kept away from Alexander. . (s. war became a land war. 7. p. Even then. 337 ) representative AsiIt would have anticipated Alexander's design to invade Asia. (See s. kept 1. the fleets becoming comparatively unimportant. the Persian King would have the supremacy over the sea. atics Persians the then (about B. Asiatic unreadiness and fickleness. 7. a Rhodian. C. 21). urged his course to be taken. and the best Persian strategist. They desired to have Alexander defeated by land. and did not conceive their importance.) 2. 7.) Alexander with 35. the year of the battle of Issus. p. . p. i. (See s. 5. They belittled nautical affairs. and The (s. 114. and did not want the glory of his discomfiture to be carried off by a Rhodian. in the drama before the eyes of men waited passively .ALEXANDER'S SIEGE AND DESTRUCTION OF TYRE OF THE PHOENICIANS. was not called upon for any effort and became quite a second-rate power.93-) Between B. p. did not appear in the front.) brought success. with the whole Persian naval force together with the entire Phoenician fleet.) great. Mentor. 333. and that the war seat might become Macedonia where Alexander might tremble for his hereditary dominion. but not an actor. 1-4. 6 P.) But Mentor's counsel was not taken.000 men crossed the Hellespont. C. 6. 336 and B. 113. The a careful watch on his movements and tried to intercept his heavily laden vessels. 172-9. which might have largely played the game of the struggle between Asia and Europe. 1X7 . the navy. the policy adopted might not have (Seess. It seems to have been sound and worthy to have been tried. 8.
Phoenicia and Egypt. glories and recent position. offered him a crown of gold. hailed joyfully a change expected for her advantage. and the founder of Phoenician prosperity. by his son. B. to subjugate and own these provinces to get his communication with Greece. Sidon. seems. an island off the Syrian coast. p.) They were. 8. it very important to separate from Persia the sources of her naval forces. was represented. (s. If a city was for independence. whereto it could never have resisted. a few months nician sea-coast. (s. surprised by Alexander's resolution. and the Sidonians sent envoys to meet and invite him to their city. 93. never exchanged any common (s. p. Therefore. marked the recapture of their city a. and determined. might have done so. p. On the contrary. sees. deemed it best to submit unqualifiedly. he. 6. sent a strong force to obtain later. Damascus and. Art. when absent. Left to itself. who. parent of them all.) But. like Gerostratus. Sidon hated the Persians on account of their bloody and perfidious proceedings which had. 49. 1-2 p. p. left ridge terminating in Mt. because of its ancient prestige. (s. Casius. He thought tions right away into the heart of the Persian Empire. (s. in November. 6. 7) were upset. 120. Byblus followed the example of Marathus and Aradus.) 7. 7. 6. and meeting Alexander. he entered the Phoenician low country and was near Marathus. then the queen of the cities.Il8 to see JAPANESE CHESS how the struggle would end and to know which of the two combatants was to be her chief. and the original i. p. Alexander soon. marched southward along the Phoe- The Phoenician cities. without proceeding further. Strato. serving with his naval to the last. the circumstances (p. 333. who staid at home The regent. (s. 6. almost march eastward after his flying Persians. submitting itself easily to the Macedonian power. They possibly expected. Their flight beyond the Euphrates and their dispersion left the whole of Syria and Phoenicia open to Alexander and let the various Phoenician cities immediately determine what course they should purAlexander did not pursue his flying enemy nor send his expedisue. 93. was serving with the Persian fleet under Phamabazus and Autophrates. glad of the prospect of Persian downfall. by the army of Ochus. but also Aradus. about eighteen years before. and thus make Persia powerless on the sea. Gerostratus. it counsel. soon after Issus. a part of the dominion of the Arcadian prince. 3. then absent from home. 6. nor ever acted in concert. . p 93. C. 202.) Sidon. besides surrendering to him not only Marathus and the adjacent towns upon the mainland.) The next was Sidon. to conduct the government. Alexander was yet at a distance. 6. with the complete defeat of the Persian army on the Issus. Crossed the Orontes and the Issus and marched southward. But Gerostratus contingent among the Persian fleet in the ^Egean. 93. about the beginning of winter. 102.) The next was Byblus with a separate sovereignty under a prince 9. that he would On the contrary. under the circumstances. perhaps. named Enylus.
The City of Tyre at the time of Alexander. the king. saw a Macedonian design forever to possess their city. ss. and gave the city an honor. other valuable gifts. which the Persians had never protected. 6 p. accepted the presents. even the eldest son of the sovereign. and therefore.CHESSOLOGICS The Macedonian monarch readily accepted the request and Sidon quietly But as Strato. and sent it to meet Alexander. 115. 31. 205. 86. s. and supplies for his army. p.) the Persian fleet. p. and commanded the deputies to inform their government that he would soon enter the city to offer a The Greeks long identified their own Hercules sacrifice to Hercules. p. and therefore sent a deliberate reply that they would conform to his wishes. 105. to present him with a crown of gold. being absent. p. distantly related to the royal family. Hephaestion picked up a certain Abdalonymus. Her king. the other princes the city chose a deputation consisting of the f most eminent men. they claimed. p. 90. 112. p. 7-8. Azemilchus. He praised the city's 5. s. was reputed to have Persian leanings. p. with the Phoenician Melkarth.) The martial king made a gracious reply. Tyre now only remained to follow its mother city. s. serving on board became his. and uncondi- tionally submit so that isfied Alexander would be satwith his accom- plishment of the subjecand he might wholly attend to the conquest of Egypt. (s. however. Tyre wanted to be on the same terms under Alexander as she and flourished about two hundred years was under the Persians.) 4. (Art. 4. (s. being poor. good behavior. Alexander deposed him from his sovereignty. 5. and ordered Hephaestion to select successor for his throne.) The Macedonian kings descended. s. 3. The Tyrians. but that they would not admit within their town either Mace- . 8. 3. p. They were not ready to place themselves so absolutely in Alexander's yoke. from Hercules. 95. 6. 8b. whose temple in Tyre was of the highest and was greatly venerated. (s. serving on the Persian fleet like FIG. became a gardener. who. 94. 93. and to declare formally that the Tyrians were ready to do whatever he dictated. tion of Phoenicia But there were difficulties. 3. la 2. the sacrifice to him was natural.
Now. s. which the colony and the mother city jointly celebrated. 3. and embrace the Macedonian.p. s. there might be expected help from the powerful colony Carthage with the fleets occupying almost the whole of the Mediterranean. p. The idea had been only once conceived by a powerful commander. act 9. their squadrons serving (under Autophradates) in the ^gean sea were not certain to desert the Persian cause. 4-6. it would have been natural to think that they could not be able to effect anything. 116. They have been. this about the time when Alexander made his demands bent upon taking part in a certain annual ceremony. 6. 112. 42. vigorously against their own blood. Tyre once defeated the combined navies of the rest of Phoenicia with a squadron of thirteen ships. Such a method of attack did not enter into the known military resources (s 7. 160. p. ss. 5. p. he became violently angry. She might repeat her victory.i4i. (s. generally having common cause with them in the past. (See ss. (8b. s. therefore.) Even suppose they did. be imprudent. s. and moreover.) . 8. charged by a Greek historian with and headstrong rashness and bringing their fate upon themselves. 112-3. p. or construct a mole to join their city to the mainland. they could not. Aradus. p. encouraged them in favor of a bold policy. question. having at his disposal an inexhaustible supply of animal and human force. Even if blockaded and reduced to an extremity. (ss.) A Carthaginian embassy pp. upon hearing of the strait in which the Tynans 2. already bridged the sea and made a peninthe fantastic Xerxes but even then the work sula into an island of the age. 137. even more venerable than the island shrine. 4-5. p. though the Phoenician towns on the mainland and even Aradus were subdued. or patiently sit down opposite the island. ss i-6. were placed. taking the worst. 5. s. however. 181. inkling of it.120 JAPANESE CHESS donians or Persians and that the king. p. The ambassadors. as there was another temple of Melkarth in Palsetyrus on the opposite shore. p. The inclination of Cyprus with a considerable fleet was also uncertain. 3. 142-3. 4-5. p. Sidon and even Cyprus should give in to the conqueror and unite against their own kindred. Byblus. p. saying that if they would not open their gates to him he himself would break their gates down. if he was to sacrifice to Hercules. p.) Whether Alexander would take the course already pursued.) Any resistance always incensed Alexander. 86 5. 3. but determined to resist him. answer. Yet the islanders did not softly answer. Their conduct could not. and at once dismissed the embassy with fierce menaces. 155-6. 91. visited Tyre just (s. 4. p. 1. Carthage would not allow the extincThe Tynans were not left to conjecture upon tion of her mother city. might do so without visiting the island. Upon the Tynan's 7. 137. Alexander then had foolish no naval force worth counting. Art. it seemed reasonable. 202. 19. ss. they had not any. p. even the slightest. 5. 137. supposing that Marathus. and promising them that very soon the Carthaginian squadrons would come to their relief. they said.p. 4-6. bidding the citizens to resist and stand a siege. 12 and i2a.) 8.5.
Damascus and others. p. instead. p. 172. Art. (s. they forged new arms. s. while his active adversary Alexander was making himself the master of cities and a territory carrying together with them also the dominion of the sea. s. There were strong currents. p. probably received 7. 1-6. 23. proving dangerous to naviThe Tynans were not probably afraid of being captured by gate. Light vessels and triremes were collected from many The ing stones and all capable to bear arms got them. to have harassed Alexander by a guerilla warfare. and also they did not at all size Persian imbecility and lack of initiative. Sidon.CHESSOLOGICS xa i (s. it was almost impossible for them to anticipate the apathy upon the part of Darius after Issus. the Tyrians hoped that Persia would not suffer such 5. p.) Those soldiers were already scattered in order to hold the important save it. (s.) The Tyrians themselves. constructed new engines. so as to prevent surprises. the great King would calmly sit down and devise proposals of peace. versal Empire. p. an important city to have surrendered without a strenuous effort to The entire Macedonian force in Syria and Phoenicia did not to fifty thousand men. 3. 95. 8a. . of the Persian forces in Issus. vigorous and enterprising. 143 and s. (s. The king. 204. as Constantinople never dreaded being taken by means of a mole thrown out from Asia into the Bosphorus. being daring. p. 7. too. The Tynans cannot be accused of their ignorance of a proceed4. city walls were mounted with war engines for throwdarts on any vessels that might dare to approach them. a message requiring him to leave the combined Persian fleet cruising in the ^Egean. (See and compare p.) Moreover. 142-3. 8b. the sea rushed fiercely through the channel. nothing whatever at all would be made to deliver itself and.) a channel between them nearly half a mile wide at the narrowest The channel was at first shallow but rapidly deepened and place. p. and they may have deemed it impossible to carry The mainland and island had it out successfully. full of resources. at least. and to hasten home in order to defend the capital with his squadron.) The resistance begun. ia. near the city walls where washed. the most vital importance to Persia and besides the most valuable part of her dominions. i. 168. p. and to have made it difficult to carry The Tyrians did not know how complete was the defeat on a siege. Byblus. 103. was about twenty feet deep. 122. 8. to have hung upon the skirts of the Macedonian army. Very soon they would have to scatter more widely to gather provisions. had not been seriously made and very soon given up. (ss. p.) g&. or imagine that when there was threatened a province. amount towns of Marathus. The islanders might have expected the Persians. and made every preparation possible to resist an attack. places. besides watching Tyre opposite the mainland. s. deciding more than half the struggle in the game being already waged for a Uni6. 138-9. means of a work of the kind Alexander constructed. 4. p. 204. and when the southwest wind blew. i. ing with no precedent. Azemilchus.
The Tynans often effected landings.) At first. filled with sulphur and bitumen. p. mination which characterized him and was one of the main causes of success. 1. and also seriously to damage the mole. rubbish. p. Putting in operation the services of several thousand laborers. They fitted up one of their largest horse transports as a fire-ship. and attacked with missiles the men pushing the work forward. the shore near. p. he began the work where easiest near the shore. 23. stone.) After a time the Tyrians also brought their ships close to the 4. (s.) The current in the strait always worked its own way amidst 3. 91-2. the sea absorbes them and none the shallower. 5~5a. counter-checked them. and loosening the structure. 4 . or none at able to oppose the Tyrian fleet completely commanding the sea. 3. and the crumbling houses and walls were easily pulled down. and the stone conveyed to the mole edge. In Libanus and perhaps in Anti-Libanus. as the water was shallow. With the dogged deter9. for a time. loaded with brushwood and other combustibles. stretched along the shore for several miles opposite Tyre. mole. boughs of trees. 73. (ss. and on the prow they erected two masts. and the damage enlarged. Macedonians received these attacks by hanging sails and curtains of hides between the Tyrian boats and their workmen. p. and everything else to kindle a flame. (s. and to press the siege in the usual way. easy was the work. Piles were driven at intervals into the soft mud.JAPANESE CHESS Meanwhile. p. (s. 7a. p. A storm came. But quite rapid was the progress until the deeper water came. where the workers suffered occasional losses from the attacks of the Arab neighbors. was able to strike a blow at the other. Then the Tyrians resolved to burn the new works which greatly 5.) The deepening of the water needed the increase of materials so that even if the mountains were put in. (s. and causing them to seek safety. and cut off bodies of the working men bringing up stone. therefrom a cauldron was suspended. because Palaetyrus. consequently neither adversary. was in ruins. 31. the interstices of the mole.P I43-) .) 2. the Macedonian assailants had no navy. gc. the waves broke over the top of the work. all structure. 5. to intercept the missiles and by building two lofty wooden towers on the foremost part of their mole. so distracting their attention. deserted by its inhabitants. and it was only by the most strenuous efforts that any further perceptible advance was possible. when there came the difficulties. and whatever material were dumped into the water from the boats or the shore to fill up the intervals between the piles and make a solid 8. the sea bottom. 205. Art. he resolved to construct a solid mole. washing holes in the side and face. s. there was cut wood for the piles. 112. from the mainland to the islet so as to be able to take his engines to the walls. two hundred feet wide. 3. and the Pho3nician vessels unable to get near enough to do the laborers much harm. There was in the near vicinity a plentiful supply of materials. wherefrom projectiles were discharged at the nearest ships. Now the Macedonian resolution came. across the channel. each with a projecting arm. 97-8. (s.
and secretly approaching the work under the water. resin. and transferring the oarsmen from the fireship into boats dropped astern with the utmost alacrity. a heavy sea accompanied the gale of wind. was pushed out from the shore and advanced into the sea Whole trees with all their branches even more rapidly than before. 31. Alexander saw that all of his efforts would fail if he could not contest with the Tyrians the mastery of the sea. as there were no means to extinguish the flames. p. and other inflammable matters. Then the Tyrians devised to welcome the new tactics. Their divers plunged into the sea. The two towers and 7. it "Phoenicia. p. sa. 8.) (Kendrick. and either destroy . burning the combustibles at the prow as they went near. solidified into a mass with stones and mud. one. composed of wood. rubbish. and not have its flank exposed He commanded the construction of new machines to the furious wind. The occupants of the towers were either burnt to death or were captured as they attempted to save themselves by swimming.) The enterprise was completely successful. and dragging the trees out by sheer force. and. were dragged to the water edge and thrown into the channel. and earth." p. When he returned from an expedition against the Arabs. "The cauldrons swung around from the masts. anchoring just beyond the reach of the conflagration. Watching a time when the wind blew straight from the seaward. and instead of taking directly across the strait in a straight line. (s. the Tyrian triremes. (s.) 1. which was prepared to glide over the mole and bring itself into contact with the towers. they manned the oars. 73. all the more important siege works. 112. ja. contents over the mole. and pulled up the stakes which formed the exterior face of the mole. and followed by another layer of trees treated in the same way. 92.CHESSOLOGICS 6. from east to west." (s. who annoyed his wood-cutters in the Anti-Libanus. X 23 Loading the stern of the vessel with stones and sand depressed consequently elevating the prow. 174. p. (s. 205. s. there were left hardly any traces He had to begin a new work made broader than the former of his mole. carried the whole into deep water. great as was his military skill. stone. p. so as to defy the prevalent wind. spread the sails. 418. Art. fixed hooks to the projecting ends of the boughs. p. and the townsmen. kept off by their flights of arrows all who attempted to quench it. at some distance. manning their small boats. set fire to all the machines which the flames from the fireship had not reached. and stubborn as was 9. 3. his determination. All the fore part of the vessel was piled with torches. brought forward to the foremost part of the mole. to replace the ones destroyed by the fire. brought down large portions of the gigantic towering. gc. were in a blaze. and penetrating into the loosened work. he inclined it at an angle from northeast to southwest. were soon consumed. The labor of the Macedonians for several weeks was lost. and ran their fireship at full speed upon the mole. Again the solid structure.) 2.) Alexander. as yet did nothing to have his purpose put into effect. scattered their 8. which had favored the conflagration.
ss. 6. Having passed the night with . i. p. 7. had no difficulty indicating to the captains what to do. 183 Tyrians with no information of the great accession to his naval strength they wondered at the advance toward them of a fleet more powerful than their own. 9. Their unexpected approach quite surprised the s. 6. but. (p. p. and the precision of all the movements. while the order of his Phoenician captains was. He The joint squadron numbered eighty vessels. the crews escaping . the Cyprian vessels with Admiral Andromachus were to keep watch on the Sidonian by swimming. fit emblem of the Macedonian naval inferiority.) p. 4-6. 90. but. 90. 90-3. 174-8. making his navy two hundred and twenty-two. such that some of them could not be restrained from charging the outermost of the Tyrian triremes. brought to Sidon and placed at his disposal their powerful fleet of one hundred and twenty ships. however. 7-8. and get other ships in addition. and block with ships the Alexander sailed up near mouths of their harbors. whom he hoped to utilize in the encounter. p. advancing from the north. p. finding that Alexander was the master of their respective cities. (ss.4. he went himself to Sidon. and they resolved to decline to battle offered them. and three from Soli and There was from Macedonia a single penteMallus. the his whole fleet sheltered under the next morning. the relative sea strength of the Tyrian fleet and of that which he had collected.) decided. p. p. s. (s. refrained from making any general attack. (ss. 174. 4-6. 90-3. to fetch whatever vessels he had. held open 'the sea. to be in port. and so affronted the greater danger. even against Tyre. s.) There was now no hesitation to let him determine to test. 112. 3. (ss. divided it to two bodies.) Soon there joined him ten ships of Rhodes. and then. (ss. p. lee of his mole. and some practice of their equipments for in nautical manoeuvres. ga 2. (ss. sailed into port. (3. p. 174 . s. 107.) the entrance to the Sidonian harbor. and to try to To do this. 3.124 their JAPANESE CHESS navy or check it. 163. 112. seeing the precautions on the part of the islanders.) 6. he sailed for Tyre in order to battle. 185. p. p. 4. and resolved to side with him rather than the greatest Monarch Darius. (s. comprising the most and the best part of the Persian navy. s. got opportunely just as the squadrons of Aradus. ten from Lucia. he. s. and to serve under him. 4-6. three of which were sunk. Byblus and Sidon quitted the fleet of Autophradates. 7-3. as soon as possible. 74-5. p. 90-93. p. 5 pp. p. Craterus and Pnytagoras of Salamis led the left wing. then. which. the princes of Cyprus heard of Alexander's occupation of Phoenicia.) Alexander might have felt uncertain whether his fleets were strong enough against the Tyrian. Eleven days were assigned for preparations. 5. 86-116: 4. 8. if the Tyrians would fight fair and not make the combat one of tactics and manoeuvring. and Alexander 3. and. s. himself leading the right division of the fleet. pp.) conter. they were astonished at the perfect order of the approach. therefore.) But his vessels needed the completion immediate active service. having put on board a strong body of his best soldiers.
and Alexander would be in his tent. 7-9. 141. 8. demonstrations were made against the walls north and south of the mole. but the Tyrians used their born divers. and by dragging from the mole. whose movements could not be seen (s. 174. p. while the main attack was from the mole itself. and to make effort to take them by surprise. a difficulty which they thought meet by anchoring their vessels. 8. 6-7. and rowing under the sterns and prows of Macedonian Galleys. 3. near which. passing on through the narrow channel separating the mole from the islet. and prevent them from playing the ponderous battering-ram. i p. 7. Other engines. p.CHESSOLOGICS I2 5 port. 141-2. p. if the Tynans could 7. 143. (s.) As Alexander's fleet had been divided. 158-179. These blocks the Macedonians tried to weigh up by means of cranes. (s. they selected thirteen of their best ships three quinqueremes. because of the unsteadiness of their 7.) into the sea huge blocks of stone to keep Alexander's boats at a distance. bore them off into deep water. p. wherein their plans could not be overlooked. 1 There came the time when the Tyrians themselves felt that nothing but a naval victory could save them. s. p.) Alexander then anchored armed ships to watch the cables. were put in the horse transports and the heavier class of triremes and with these. (s. and the oars were plied with vigor and a fierce onset was upon the Cypriote fleet. The Tyrians had lowered came no sufficient reward. 154 . there to 6. 6. (s. s. p. Phoenician squadron. But the Tyrians sent out boats well protected from missiles. the works of Cyprian and Phoenician artists. The day came for the attack. 8-9. they secretly put out from the harbor the picked crews and picked men-at-arms in their ships. finished the mole. 9. and to contest separately with either the Cypriote or the Greco. not risk a naval engagement and recover the mastery of the sea. pp. 139-) 2. ss. Previously sails were spread before the mouth of the harbor. when the Cyrian sailors would be every having their meal. (ss. and brought it up to the city walls. 154 . s. and so got the better of the divers.) Every plan for assault and defense then known in warfare was resorted to on both sides. p. Then came the boat swan's customary cry. 144. and stealthily in a single file until near the enemy. the rowers cheered. while the rest of the fleet. 141. Finally the Macedonians thought of the use of chains instead of ropes. at the southwestern corner of the mole. which was suddenly surprised and thrown into the utmost con. it was open to them to choose their adversary. as Alexander's workmen. Its towers were near enough. and the cables were cut just as before. three quadriremes and seven triremes and waiting until noon. and were armed with more formidable and numerous engines. Alexander's own tent was pitched. 172-173. vessels. supervised the Egyptian harbor. They succeeded in fastening nooses around the blocks. The fate began to tell Tyre one thing certain.). cut the cables which moored them. p. no longer impeded in their labors by the attacks of the Tynan vessels. but. p. . They decided to attack the former.
p. turning them aside or blunting or smashing them. The crews and the men-at-arms jumped into the water. the attack has the superiority 8. Yet the Tyrians would not give The last chance effort failed 5 in. so that the coats of mail were torn off and flung aside. Alexander manned these vessels as quickly as possible. p. a Thurian. dragged their shields from them. and Androcles. king of Amathus. To deaden the force of the stones sent from the catapults. s. 12-13. but to no effect. over the defense. others fled. When the purpose. seeing the situasignals remain unobserved until too late. tion. . with their crews disembarked. 6. They brought sharp scythes fixed to long poles into contact with the ropes and thongs used in working them.the Tyrians flung grappling-hooks among the soldiers on the bridges. and the Cyprian fleet would have 3. 4. and saved themselves by swimming to the friendly shore. the fusion. 141-186. ! there were let down leather bags filled with seaweed from the walls at the point assailed. . ya. were Alexander not back there earlier than usual. and were chased and ran ashore. (See Arts. and the blows of the battering-ram.) the towers on the mole were brought near the defenses to throw bridges from them to the battlements so as to put soldiers on the inside. and . as fast as they were ready. caught in the bodies of some. and cut them through. the defenders made an inner wall for the outer demolished one. 202. The battering-rams were attacked by engines newly made for 7. and those of Pasicrates. he took them round the island into the northern bay. With an admirable fertility of resources and a determined resistence. p. been annihilated. and manning as many ships as he could. took flight. 73. Wherever the wall gave way. mangling them terribly. 141. A small portion of the ships merely got back to the harbor. Masses of red hot metal were hurled against the scaling assailants. pp. The people ashore saw the movement and tried madly to signal 4. (s. and unless he began to check such a disaster. A portion of the Cypriote fleet were off the north part of the mole. to blockade the Sidonian harbor and to stop the egress of more vessels.JAPANESE CHESS The ships of Pnytagoras. all of the others were disabled or taken. and hauled and hurled others into the air dashing them into pieces against the wall or upon the ground. they still met every attack upon the walls. Now there is in sieges a tactical axiom.) ss. The noise and confusion made their to their sailors. and sent them. 139. before they could enter the haven. the king of Salamis. and caused intolerable pain. where the Tyrian and Cyprian fleets were desperately fighting. whereupon the sufferers became soon disabled by lance assaults and missiles. The sailors. 6. They showered sands heated to a glow upon the foes near the wall the sands went through the joints of the armor. but not until Alexander was upon them. . were borne down and sunk in the first charge. He then crossed the mole to its southern shore. Wheels set in rapid motion intercepted the darts and javelins thrown into the town. p. There was a general panic.
CHESSOLOGICS 127 he anticipated success. crucified on the sea-shore by the order of Alexander. the first to quit the bridge. wherefrom stones and other missiles were flung down upon the heads of the Macedonians. Eight thousand were. he drew these ships off. he himself led the southern assault. which he manned with the Hypaspists. whom the Sidonians spared and secreted in their : . the Mace5. so that he had no made be could there impression strong being for a time put his efforts entirely on the battering of the sea-wall north and south of the mole. and carried the elite of his arm one. Adetus. shutting themselves up in their houses. and held at their mercy the northeastern portion. The outer circuit of the walls was thus occupied in three places 4. where the wall was broken and a portion sunk into the sea. the stubbornness of the resistance. after failures. until they were at last overpowered and killed almost to a man. but he encouraged his fellows to advance and soon they drove the defenders from the breach. crippled or drove them ashore. and thus gaining ready access to the rest of the city. 2. that of Adetus. The women. and fully occupied it. 28. it seems.) on it. giving the soldiers a firm and stable footing. at the same time. planned a general assault. . Alexander. and then the conflict was short. Those escaped consisted of a certain number of the women and children saved by the Carthagenians before and during the siege a few hundred males. scarcely more. 1 Alexander made this as the point where his chief effort should be Ordering his main fleet to attack both harbors while sending a given. paspists. though attacked by Alexander himself. that of Coenus. would have ceased. and the fact that during the siege the Tyrians publicly massacred. A considerable impression was made on the southern side of the town. The Cyprians. mounted to the roof. p. the battlements. slain in the m$Lee two thousand were children others. and the resistance. Some. but the Tyrian spirit was not daunted. and. Others went into a sacred building and the Agenorium. fell pierced by a lance when he alighted on the wall. near. attacking the ships inside. having on board a portion of the phalanx. donians being exasperated by the length of the siege. The bridges were thrown across and rested on the breached walls. and barricading entrance. and advanced the attack with two vessels only vessels provided with boarding-bridges. directed his soldiers to proceed there. Alexander's Phoenician fleet had broken through the obstacles along the entrances to the southern harbor. it is said. and seeing the royal palace 3. taken prisoners with their arms in their hands. sailed into Sidonian harbor seemingly not blocked. defended desperately. or sacrificed a number of their prisoners upon . He himself accompanied the Hy9. There was a general carnage in the streets and squares. from which The wall opposite the mole (s. Alexander mounted among the first. the other. First enlarged the breach considerably by means of the ships with battering-rams. number of vessels around the town and menace the defenders all around. Meanwhile. who and slaves were sold to the number of thirty thousand. 2.
when the town was stormed. rendered concrete. from the middle of January to 9. but the advantages of the site. used in the service of the god. and mounting to the Temple of Melkarth. which he cannot but help to find in them. The siege lasted seven months. with his work having trampled out the only eastern spark. with his soldiers in their full armor. His fleet defiled before the temple as a part of the ceremony. He quitted the city half burnt. These persons were spared. celebrate his success. Azemilchus. Alexander entered Tyre in a sacred procession. he consecrated to Hercules the battering-ram which made the first impression upon the walls.) the student exhaustively compares this Siege of Tyre and that of Port Arthur in the following pages. 5. shown him. of independence. p. it would have been more just to have punished the king and the members of the government. and the energy of the people flocked back after Alexander's death. and some Carthagenian sacred envoys. JAPANESE CHESS and a small body of prominent personages. crime. (s. should extremely aid his perfect digestion of all the attributes of the Mochingoma. If the resistance of Tyre was a 6.ia8 ships. 181 s. 185. B. As memorials of his triumph. Tyre ceased to be a city fora while. and a Tyrian ship. before marching on against Egypt. without inhabitants. half ruined. and almost wholly 8. unboundedly useful for both When Pure and Applied Chessologics. . 9. and not upon the two thousand unfortunates whose blackened corpses disfigured the Phoenician sea-shore for months. the last of July. had taken refuge in the Temple of Melkarth. soon made it again a wealthy and flourishing followed city. 7. offered his much desired sacrifice to Hercules. C. who. a Calculus. content. the chessological elements. To attesting the brutality rather than the power of the conqueror. 332. it would seem. with the king. which he had captured in the course of the siege. by gymnastic games and torch-races. p.
Hideyoshi. D. Russian Manchurian Empire. 1279. the weakest has suffered as a sort of prey. p. s. through the ad4. she subdued Korea. best known as Taiko. The most prominent of their relations were: 3. 201. 175-6. hurricane" re-enforced the innocent islanders. Japan gave no answer. 129 . 1273. p. Kublei Khan. D. A. 1281. when the latter had a serious trouble of which the former had taken advantage. Tokimune had a Chinese embassy killed not to him carry the natiomal aspect to China. p. vantage of the then lack of facilities for information and communica- and was paying tributes to them both. A. FACTOR OP THE MANCHURIAN CAMPAIGN OF THE JAPANRUSSIAN WAR. s. D. 3. and thus not only in the East. as to Japan and almost the "Divine-sent (s. $a. an island of Japan. 4-5. A. the Emperor. D. A. p. China and Korea have been kept up for centuries. in the regime of the famous Japanese Elizabethian Empress. D. but also in the world to make herself tion. 1592.THE A SIEGE OF PORT ARTHUR. D. parts of Asia and Europe. ss. China being back of the latter.i84-) A. 1268. and then Russia's greedy aim craved to devour Manchuria of China. ss. Korea. whereto he sent an expedition and defeated a Chinese army backing her. p. unfortunately. has been in a position like Denmark or Belgium. Chinese embassy went to Tsushima. He sent his envoy to Japan. A. p. A. Genghis Khan Mongol Chinese Empire. AS A CHESSOLOGIC PARABLE EXHIBITING ALL THE TYPICAL CO-OPERATION OF FUNDAMENTAL STRUGGLE-ELEMENTS SYMBOLIZED BY THE MOCHINGOMA. Korea doubly obeyed both powerful neighbors. A. provoked with the way Korea acted. and lastly Korea. Fig. The four greatest campaigns we have of struggles covering the 1. seeking the eastern extension of her much desired Universal Empire secured the rich territory around the Amoor River with a port from China. A. let of Chinese embassy killed. i. the source of which motive having been always to establish a Universal Empire. a Japanese Napoleon. 4. D. 1274. of China sent his embassy to Japan. 98. Persian Empire. 2. Netherlands or the country about the Dardanelo-Bosphorus. Yen Dynasty China invaded Tsushima. 112-3. 1269. 181. 5. stretching geographically over both continents. Japan had Shufuku (Chow-Fuk) and his staff 1275. Then Russia. 5a. 8a-8b. zod. Macedonian Empire. 91 . D. China sent its invincible all Armada of them were either drowned or killed. D. and obtained from Japan Saghalien Island. 2. and while relations between Japan.
Japan has always advocated a unity of the eastern countries. His term of office was fruitful of progress. If Port Arthur had any existence prior to 1870 it was so insigIn that year. loyal and imperialistic. when the government was for anti-expedition. When Japan had complained of Korean action and delighted. considered the country as not yet ripen enough to struggle with either China or Russia or.3. From an early date. both or other greedy powers. however. 8. with a Galibaldi. Formosa was the cause. the best flowers of Japan then considered rebels. and a statesman. a teacher of the present statesmen. On the score of the national intention was completely to punish and subdue Korea. who could discern the principles of self. it was made the base of a powerful fleet. on the eve of nificant as to be of no account. nearly a quarter of a century he remained in control of this huge slice of the Chinese Empire. the father of the present Japanese soldiers. Previously Japan and China had trouble about Ryukyu Islands. A short glance back over the history of this fortress will explain the sentimental reasons which have inspired Japanese determination to turn the Russians out of their greatest naval and military base. a number of French nuns and native France was too busy Christian converts were massacred at Tientsin. So the Chinese government had Li Hung FORTIFIED BY Li HUNG Chang act as Governor of Chili. to exact reparation. When Japan and China had something to do with Korea. as the Japanese. were dead. as the leader.) i. 6. he fortified Taku . During and after the expeditionary struggles of the veteran military experts and foresighted personages. there would be trouble indeed. the elder. however. but any moment the fanaticism might single out the occupied. (3. Russia suggested Japan to go ahead and certainly acted the same toward China. possibly. Russia pleased with the opportunities put her fingers in some way or other. In fine. 2. 112. General Saigo. power of Japan and foresaw the possibility that in time China would have In anticipation of that time. Korea has come to have one more step-sovereign. Port Arthur to measure strength with her. Li Hung Chang watched the growing 9. reverenced as a Taiko and the chief of the Imperial Restoration. assassinated as the result of the Korean affairs. it having been said that the aborigines had eaten the Ryukyu Islanders drifted there.130 JAPANESE CHESS the most powerful autocratic nation of a sort of a Universal Empire with an intention to dictate all other nations. So that whenever there were any troubles in or about China or Korea. as she could smell smoke of the European fire of aggrandisement. Okubo. but fixed the matter. restrained herself from taking action on account of evading the complications with China.and co-protection. both equally patriotic. and the Korean and Chinese could not thoroughly understand it. Japan suffered a civil war in 1877. and then. and the pro-expeThe cause was that the government dition party was suppressed. the great struggle in the west. He had an army equipped and drilled according to the Western ideas. p. continued to be strengthened. Czar 5. and for CHANG. which was simultaneously organized. 7.
that in 1884. midday all of the inland forts had been carried. 8. opposite Wei-hai-wei. 93.) The design and the carrying out of the fortifications.000 men. went to Yokahama. the heavy moss shall cling and grow. the then two world famous first-class warships and cruisers. A little later on. His own military experience and Li Hung Chang by foreign advisers. The important strategic position of this fort was pointed out to 3. (Translated by the Author. ship Chin-yen. 203. had been captured. s. when the long threatened war with Japan occurred. bristling with artillery. 117). 1894. (Mind pp. and almost simultaneously the triumphant strains of the Japanese National Anthem KIMI-GA YO! (Singing three times in honor of the Tenshi. p. vain (s. when China became involved in hostilities with France. p. p. both the sea and land defenses were already so formidable that the French commanderin-chief positively declined to act on the suggestion of his government to take possession of the port. 201. p. 1-2. 6. at daybreak. accompanied by her sister battleship. the fortress was in a far more formidable condition than the previous decade. he created a fleet. when Admiral Courbet declined to meddle with it. The Japanese army after landing at Pitsewo and siezing Tailen 7. And. (18). therefore.) Long live the Golden Age of the Master Until thousands of years after thousands of years shall come and go. 15-37 Arts. skill saw quickly their advice. unless furnished with a more powerful fleet and an army of at least 20. literally to display them of artillery. Until the pebble stones form into one solid rock And over it all. were intrusted to a German officer sums huge and so efficiently carried out by him. and it was then considered to be impregnable both by sea and land. ese officers to see the then greatest oriental pride. a famous Chinese Admiral Ting. i. commanding Chili Bay. The famous Peiyang (North Ocean) squadron had been already reduced to impotency. Ting-yen.CHESSOLOGICS 13! on the Tientsin River. (s. but the Japanese experts could see the Chinese inferiority to the islanders in discipline of naval exercises. p. Then the troops advanced upon the coast defenses. 8-9. yet he was very haughty toward Japan. as he was cunning. on which 4. ss. o'clock. in 1894. 19. which might have been averted by Ting's views to have attacked the southern coasts of Japan being taken up. the Chinese then very noticeably having their national dress for the naval uniforms. and could not have them (s. and then found a fortress at Port Arthur. He invited the prominent Japanto the Japanese as a demonstration. By four Golden Hill.) . composing the North Ocean Squadron. 7). Bay made Kinchou its jumping off point for the land assault on Port Arthur. and by a little after The attack began November 21. and Japan did not have them and became envious of them. 6. but in . on his flag5. p. 8b. of money were spent.) 6. and the guns and parts of machinery rusted.
that China is fifteen or twenty times as large as Japan. had been going on to be revised through wise diplomacv. 93. 1.132 were borne up the hills JAPANESE CHESS hillside from Port Arthur itself. they ninety-five or more out of a hundred were pessimistic over Japan. so that Japan has come out to be able to make a treaty with any nation as she will. which told the victors that their companions in arms in the town had completed their task in spite of the Chinese garrison of over 20. A conquest of the western forts would have been made on the 9. How many were given odds for offers over the world. Japan was compelled to hand back the hard won prize. While all these affairs were going on in regard to the ways carried on by the Chinese central government. more than ten times the size of the other. 7. Great was the surprise all the world over. that Japan could not stand long against such a large country as China. could be destroyed or captured by the Japanese. the two rarest sister battleships blown up. but very soon she would have been defeated. It was miraculous how the fine Chinese navy comprising two. so that Japan could not but help thinking that Russia was a very friendly nation. Meanwhile Russia willingly agreed to revise it in a favorable 4. almost as much as the strangest disinterested foreigners would. but when they advanced they found that the Chinese on the gunners had fled. (s. and that the Chinese wealth is enormous compared with the Japanese. If the Chinese did not have a sense to stop the war as soon as possible. backed by Germany and France.000 men. p. and disciplined under European instructors the more powerful navy than Japan.) During all these years. p. Japan wanted to force China to sign a treaty of peace at her Thus the Japanese captured Port Arthur from the capital. the Southern Chinese did not at all help the Pekin Government in the matters whether out of hatred toward the main government or envy or slighting the matter. committed suicide by taking poison in spite of the Japanese recommending him to have himself surrendered. or not. p.000. Before the end of the year. This fact the Japanese could forecast by their keen observation of the Celestials' peculiar lack of political co-operative functions between the provinces and main government. and she has a population of over 450. (s. Everywhere they said that Japan could for a short while do something against China. p. even at the seat of war or in the East. 3. 137. Pekin. and Admiral Ting after sending all off board his dearest friend. while the war was going on. considered the finest in the world. (s. owing to the action of Russia. battleships. 7. 42. 6. In spite of their great sympathy with Japan. way. s. China was considered by the other nations as a great power until the Japanese war. then well-known. his flagship. 7.000 people. The pretext of their most friendly advice had been that the Japanese occupation of a part of the mainland would have been a cause of breach of the Eastern . 2a. following day. Chinese in 1895. 1-2.) 2. for she had trained soldiers.) what is called the Ex-territorial Treaty an old convention between Japan and all of the other civilized and the most favorable nations as one party.
p. 7-8." dictated His Majesty. opposite Port Arthur. eagle and a polite diplomat. by the 6. and also Wei-hai-wei.CHESSOLOGICS '33 peace.) The greatest mass of the Japanese was provoked and determined 5. a naval station. p. ss. Li. 10. 2. 18. (s. 8. as events turned out. The National Diet did not show any signs of fear in involving in a nations. 201.) What was returned to China was nominally to China. 4.) When Japan asked Russia about what would be the return to Japan herself as a recompensation for the return of the territory to China. Patience. p. the chief commissioner.p.000 tales (then about $27. p. 7. p. may our people adopt for the sake of humanity. Russia replied haughtily that Japan herself should settle the matter with China. really given to Russia herself Li Hung Chang being envious of Japan. but that peninsula Liaotung of Manchuria on which the port is located. (Art. Art. 94. 8. 201. 7-8. 95-7. 95-7.000.000) for a large tract of land. We had the war with 7. 205. Chinese Special Embassy to the treaty and one of the shrewdest and most cunning diplomats of the time. p. . p. s. four) powerful though England fully sympathizing could not side with her brotherly "Eastern Englanders" on account of her colonial disturbance. Art. 203. Russia could manage the affairs as she his staff. Japan accepted the friendly advice.) 9.000. his people public. Art. guarded at her gate by the bear. on which Russia might have implicitly put a fair price $2. 206. which she had disturbed in Korea.000 at least. p. 94 . 1. sudden the Shujo. Both the army and the navy seemed delighted to have defied them. and became patient and calm in a way after a hurricane. (s. Nothing but peace has been our aim! What the most civilized and elderly progressed nations advise us not to disturb the peace. His Imperial Majesty. p. p. Art. could do anything that she wanted to and the "Eastern Yankees" were compelled to be satisfied with only 50. "Be peaceful and my subjects. declared that should be peaceful and patient when other friendly nation! advised them not to possess a part of the main land. 33. 7. even the alliance of the three (really. both on the neck of the Pechili Gulf commanding the Chinese metropolis. and beside. s." His Majesty repeated. "Peace has been my Majesty's ideal. 29. 94. looking toward tongue out in suggestion of what he had dealt with Russia beforehand about the treaty and its consequences. Port Arthur had been "leased "to the Czar. ia~3. put his . Art. to fight at stake.000. as the cowards. but there was no friendly reward. 113. p. as the very acquisition was a cause of disturbance of the Eastern peace. a potential Energy! (ss. 26. The territory returned to China after the treaty of peace already conferred upon Japan was not Port Arthur alone. China simply for the sake of peace. All of a The Privy Council and Cabinet Members were looked upon and stated in their papers. when about to be going on board the boat homeward. ia-2.) In nature there always has been a compensation. 8. (ss. 42.) patient. i. The patriotic loyal subjects thrilled and sobbed.) 2. p. Japan could not re-war by this time and certainly in repudiation of the acceptance and behind time. fresh war. (s. (s.000. China.
popularly known as the Boxers' 4. Japan demanded just or nominal expenditures. she saw Russian influence becoming day by day more glowingly powerful. as an indemnity. against the Boxers was done. however. proceeded to carry her great Siberian 7. the powers did not make Russia give up. over $150. Germany demanded an enormous amount as costs. The United States had communicated diploagainst Russia's actions. and afterward found that there was many times over the costs. sums totaled. occurred. sion. a round sum of actual costs. 201. merely guessed. But. but the powers. which surprised the other nations.000. practically no work 5. Meanwhile the Chinese troubles. Japan sent. menced. Japan protested railways and building barracks and many others. but in vain. however. and the national government is suffering to know what to do with the indemnity. a great deal more than actual expenses. The Russian scheme for dominating not only Manchuria. the other nations made Russia reduce to her minimum demand. 8. the United States and Japan were not inclined to demand the indemnity. was the only nation which had not gained soil on the mainland. being more than all the demanded . on the contrary Germany obtained Kaichou. as France asked for there is no item for such a rascal exaction whatever. Russia. Art. which was utterly not needed then. and even in Korea. large sums of money were spent on new fortifications a new naval scheme for providing what was hoped would be a supreme fleet for the Pacific was taken in hand thousands of Chinese were set to work to make great docks at Port Arthur and Vladivostok. the largest number of soldiers. Russia took posses3. with feverish haste. p. (s. moreover. The powers made Japan give up her right. but also Korea and all of the Eastern seas as well. the United States. i. Then Russia turned away and demanded a greatly augumented sum. which revealed China's feebleness in such glaring colors to the world. known as a decidedly pro-Russian factor of Chinese diplomacy. the agreements. Long after the highest tide of the struggles Germany sent an army under her Field Marshal Count. and Japan. and the other nations sent their soldiers. as there was no way to determine the costs. which she twisted in many possible ways. her share and Great Britain. including even the small nominal nations. and Germany the second of the claimants.134 JAPANESE CHESS wanted. . and the building of a nominally commercial port at Dalny was com. as suggested as she was the nearest. had the two countries joined to ask for the indemnities. Wei-hai-wei. Russia sent a large army over Manchuria. France. entailing the expenditure of huge capital. which. When the war ceased. . even her fraudulent trick. Russia did not conform to matic notes to Russia and other powers. War.) Russia seemed to keep the Manchurian province by developing 6. which her troops had overrun. made excellent headway. because Li was.000. Russia. all these plans. and even then her claim was the head of the list. Railway down to her new base. made no demands for a while then she tried to get a large concession from the Chinese government.
tellectual subordinates. 7-11) struggles. and the new members were to be elected. (s. Petersburg. whereto the Muscovite troops. mercilessly treated their in. and dissipations. so to speak. new military depots sprung up at Harbin and Mukden and elsewhere strategic points were garrisoned on the Yalu. in Korea itself. p. and in commercial and industrial circles. strategists and intellectual public at large should have considered all these factors of Chessologicians (pp. They could perceive. as something like a strict neutrality to each other and their own nation. more than the Russians themselves. 132. Russia delayed as usual. matters personnel. 8. blockhouses were set up. rotten to the core. The Japanese statesmen. The bribery is their lucrative trade. and at other men retaliated the same. delayed. and a constant drink of it is the sovereign remedy of their social struggles. 1-4. however. their salvation.CHESSOLOGICS 135 were begun immediately. each with a small body of soldiery. At Vladivostok also. prominent in every line of public life. The scandalous and unscrupulous lower officers injudiciously criticized their worthless superiors. 4. and the world looked on. before the nation desperately to wage a reward begun to respond to the Russian schemes. Japan figured up all these . tacticians. both sea and land their Both government officials and the people. because of the sea-fighters' neg- While such was the case. and many were in St. Russia showing the willingness to negotiate the matters in an amicable way. favoritism. The Diet was dissolved on that score. guns and all machineries rusted. along the railway. and every individual in fact were working in own way. their saviors. The Japanese protested against the Russian non-conformity with 9 agreements and treaties. visited every inch of not only Manchuria. new fortifications were erected and equipped. 2a. Alexieff at Port Arthur was at a loss to know what to do with himself when the naval officers threatened to resign on account time the army ligence of the military men's conduct at one time. thing else for war. 117. and doing every. forces. ga. the icons. The Japanese government had a wise view of affairs and the National Diet suggested the Cabinet and prayed the Emperor to fight Russia. and even Yongampho. Thus. the currents of the nihilistic and revolutionary movements in large cities and towns the massacres of the Jews could tell them a general trend of the whole Russian situation. 117). p. as long as possible. p. pretended and put up something impossible besides sending her warships and soldiers to the East and developing railways. 5. admiring and amazed. as everywhere. and made vain oppositions. 131. the materiels as a natural consequence were putrid to the marrow. their right and duty. The Japanese. were sent there. ignorant and haughty higher officers. in spite of formidable equipment of invincible fortifications and armadas. ss. The Japanese government proposed to Russia to arrange and concede affairs to a proper extent. in (s. as well as Asiatic Russia.) The vodka is to the Russian an elixir vitce. nominally as a commercial port. While Japan desired to have a friendly treaty to evade the horrors of war. after vain glory. s. was really seized. the railway had reached the sea. p.
But since a war is a game of chance (s. s. and the story of Port Arthur is one of the most brilliant chapThe whole may serve as a ters in the story of killing and dying. and they blew up fortifications and died. ponderous weapons of modern devices are concerned. p. as the men did at Petersburg. let it come the soonest as possible.i. as betting herself annihilation or existence as a nation because Russia was known as the most^powerful and most resourceful military nation. from the southern shore of Korea. 8-9. (See ss. and let the double headed eagle pounce upon them as his prey. but sincerely. They at Vicksburg. There were always a series of motives and actions as causes . (Arts. But the Manchurian War has been.) The first part was the diplomacy between . 201-2.p. p. it felt and effects. s. p. (See Arts. as did the and the men in them. and against humanity. Thus Manchuria became the center of the war. and were ready to pay in full in blood and treasure. 17-9. 8a-b. Arts. as yet the largest of all the campaigns in the stories of warfare.p. 206. 178-9).5.) 3. Japan regarded the war. for Port Arthur stood as an insult to the nation. p. The whole people continuously cried war with the Bear is inevitable sooner or later. considers (s. 33). 4. The Russians fought and died as did the men men 6. They knew the price. The government and acted as such. 4. In this war Port Arthur attracted the sharpest attention from the world. 1 8.) Chessologists must study the siege in five parts when he 7. 7. 143. 201. and the people. Perhaps had not these things been true. a Manchurian expedition at the a grand victory or death to a man. 103-8. at arms in all the other great sieges. s. Russia tried to make Korea the centre of this campaign so that 4.i63-s. The siege of the "Eastern Sevastopol" was not the longest. 3. The Japanese declared that Russia put up a demonstration merely to scare Japan. p. all the papers. total to her credit in the balance of victory (ss. p. p. ere the Russian preparation would have been accomplished. took a mild view. 8-9. yet bold countryThe "Eastern Yankees" prepared to force men. she could soar over the islands of the rising sun.i67. earliest : A i. the most thrilling in history. even the indomitable little mischievous "Yellow Monkeys" would have sickened of the task. it as an Applied Chessological Knowledge or Science.) Hence. The members of the Lower Branch of the National Assembly. lesson to checkmate infernal horrors of the science and art of killing and being killed. depressed between two warlike people the despotic bloodthirsty bureaucrats and the meek. Japan could see what Russia meant. is-iaa. were against the slow and too cautious actions on the part of their government. 8-8b. The Japanese assaulted fighting men elsewhere. if it had to come. 8a.136 facts JAPANESE CHESS and put the s. but alas! in vain. as far as the large number of fighting men and deadly. nor 5. the Japan-Russian War. in fact. p. as did the dug mines. if not apparently. the patriotic subjects the issue and take the initiative action rather than wait. A war does not come when it appears. pp.
2. 8. pa-2. Thus we have glanced a Spirit peculiar moral unity of the Anglo-American-Japanese spirit. 114.6. previous autumn of 1904. 143. when there had arisen the Anglo-Franco treaty to appeal their international troubles to an amicable arbitration instead of war. struggles There were rumors that there were some trifling and constant among the Russian naval and military officers and sailors and . 74-5 . 1. 28-9. p. 202. the intellectual weapons in Asia of the Anglo-American civilization. p. s. 9. p. 9. and then. 174: s. p. (s. $a. p. 42 4. (ss. especially by Japan. p. thereby appeared a wedge in the Russo-Franco union. (s. the whirlwind assaults and the hail of iron which compelled the Russians to give up the hopeless struggles. s. hence the Hague Tribunal. of practical life. 201. while the whole people of Japan thought it better to have begun the war two years or one. p. while the pathetic motive for the unity of the Anglo-American brotherly good wishes has been stronger than ever. (s. 2-3. I2d. (s. p. 2. there was as ever the immaterial. of third. s. the naval maneuvering and fighting. The fourth.) 5. to know the whole board of the struggles. the elimination of the Russian fleet as a factor in the war. the preliminary fighting and isolation of Port The Arthur. s. Japan and Russia and other international diplomatic relaespecially the United States and England. The fifth. the blocking of the channel and the massing troops. and Great . s.) and again. there came the humanitarian alliance between Japan Britain. yet warm. but they were ignored or parried and the work went on. p 92. and strongly sympathetic feeling on the part of the greatest mass of the American people towards their traditional friends. soon as natural. 2(9). yaa. 3. All nations have built warships and battleships.) 8. Besides. 120. 178. that was followed by the Russo-Franco alliance. Alt. p. behold! Russia. against Russia. 3.CHESSOLOGICS 137 tions. The second.) The Czar some time previously proposed the PEACE CONFERENCE." climbing on French support. mask the real Russian aspect of threatening demonstrations in the East. possibly much stronger than a written treaty of an alliance 6. But. the protests of some form or other were raised by this power or that. especially. because Japan could see under the Muscovite ! Now scarecrow 7. at which the world was surprised. 60-6. p. which was practically aimed at checkmating the brutal. p. i 3 8-p. or at the latest. greedy devastation of modern enlightenment on the part of the "northern bear. Meanwhile.) 9.
It . (See Arts. 117. 8-9. GREAT PROGRESS MADE.) A few months before. 137. but at 8 P.) poned it. 1-4. p. but that the guns should not be loaded. cafe's and clubs. and that lightful to see 8. and dissipations swayed the perfectly invincible stronghold. then minister of war. 93. each jealous of the superiority of other force and vainly gossiping about the other's inferiority. p. The fleet was to have gone somewhere the next morning. Japan refused to wait until then. est. p. had a conference with the Viceroy Alexieff. 131. Kuoropatkin. There was a signal from the flagship that orders to repel a torpedo attack would be issued later. and the key to. and many other officers were also on shore enjoying themselves in a The naval and circus. And it was true that the Russian navy and army officers and even sailors and privates were jealous and envious of each and one another about trivial matters (ss. p. Admiral Stark in command was entertaining his officers ashore. s. the corner-stone of. with no suspicion whatever. ited Japan. on the fleet at Port Arthur. and the ministers to Tokyo and Pekin. sent precautions to his government stating that unless a liberal concession for the Japanese demands was to be conferred on they uttered. u P. i2a. February 8. so that whenever the Japanese cruisers.) On that day the entire Russian fleet. 1904. in the outer-road. p. M. 6. 8-9. heard certain noises or gun practice in the direction of and about Port Arthur. (s. officer flotilla said.) was too late to have changed his superior's self-conceited determination when Baron Rosen. A war was not expected! Diplomacy would have posts. pp. had not returned.138 JAPANESE CHESS soldiers even at Port Arthur. composed of seven battle9. had vis2. 4. 6. M. and personally the Japanese dearest Russian friend. in honor of his wife's birthday. at the earli- and then Admiral Viceroy Alexieff believed he would be prepared for any eventualities.. 201 and 206. it was thought. only until. (s. p. Russia needed peace the (ss. Calm. summer of 1905. 3. drank only for the health of each own side of the fighting forces. to avenge the wrongs done her by the haughty Muscovites. and when returning homeward. s. it was common among the Japanese seamen to remark that the Russian navy and army were fighting among how it would be interesting and amusing dethem fight. the minister to Japan. but struck the first blow. "a left had early in the morning to manoeuvre and at 7:30 P. 3. p. doing patrol duty. Japan dares not fight so powerful a nation as Russia! in chorus 3. military officers and men. 117). p. s. 4. 137. the chief officers of the secret service and other well-informed Russians. pp. 135. 3-8. (See s. yet very dark was the night! A Russian The Russian very good night for a torpedo attack!" 1. eight cruisers thirteen destroyers. Arts. themselves. pp. were at anchor THE SIEGE OF PORT ARTHUR. M. 7. the moment when the string of the diplomatic negotiation was broken. 201 and 206. realizing the earnest motive on the part of Japan. 119-120). and over ships. there was an order that steam should not be made ready. 201-2. ga.. the building of Russian Eastern suzerainty. Art.
p. polite. there was no single patrol boat out. a war was an inevitable visitor and Japan felt welcome of its appearThere was only one exception ance. and their searchlights hunting for the enemy blinded only their own friends on other vessels. the Japanese torpedo squadron rushed upon the battleships. (ss. 6. clean and artistic! nation. "Rosen! Rosen! Turn back The people here are kind. 130-145.) over a month's stay there. symway! Russia cannot fight Japan. 201.) 8. when they suspected the situation and went to 12 . as he appreciated the Eastern works of art. 201 Arts. 174-7. 2-5. 201. the Czarevitch and the Pallada. 29. At eleven P. 6-8c. 9. Not was there the slightest precaution on the Russian's part. p. 2. 8. 8-9. 205. 3. . 79-81. when Russian fleet. were eliminated for the time being. p. p. (s.) 6.CHESSOLOGICS 139 them. Officers were ashore at a circus (s. had visited the Far East. pedoes passing by. 93. listed over. 181 s. 7-11. 88. 201. and almost before the men in the forts that loomed on the hills above knew what was being done. . escaping to the sea before a single searchlight was hardly turned on. The 112). still at anchor. of their He jumped to his feet and said. There were only nineteen Japanese torpedo boats sent against the entire Russian Oriental navy and the rest of the fleet was kept back fortunate for the Russians. 35. The greatest disorder and confusion ruled all the Russian vessels. 206. pp. 113. pp. p. 2. 7 pp. he visited Rosen just before his departure. 3. 8-9. The admiral was preparing for some great demonstration to overawe Japan by a display of his formidable fleet. vigilance 5. This feeling of safety secured the whole fleet. A formidable mistake! If the Japanese had taken advantage of it. 12 and i2a. s. as natural. s. .. p. p. At a range of not more than 400 yards they went through the entire 7.) The officers of the Pallada actually saw the bubbles of three tor9.p. and could approach within a talking distance. After (See Preface s. Arts. going around after beautiful works which he unboundedly praised. I tell you Russia cannot fight this pathetic. Arts. M. the Retvizan. as said before. The Japanese could fight the first battle to a finish. the warlike situation and prospect in a great favor." all (See sec. (See ss. (s. 99-100. 185. (s. p. they were mistaken for them. was relaxed! and the aggressive policy of Russia toward China was more rigorous than ever. others measured them by a loose bulk of appearances. and the foreign experts do not understand why the Japanese did not do so. p.) 3. 181. He was a painter. ready to sink. and i2a.) No wonder. p. p. having had friends in the oriental artists. and without warning discharged flight after flight of their torpedoes at the hulls of the nearest Russian vessels. Art. as they passed. 5~5a. and gambit. this nation. the three of the best of the Russian warships. who. artist could measure the nations by an intrinsic capability (s. p.p.) and everywise. 3.) The Russian torpedo flotilla did not return. damaged. they could have had it all their own way. p.The Russians were utterly helpless. when he saw at the Russian Legation his patriotic countrymen speaking of : . 5. they might have destroyed him entirely.
206. her shore-defenses. 1-3. or a month or may be never at all. Meanwhile. and Admiral Witgoeft signaled. was caught asleep. a week at least. The Czarevitch was struck abreast of her forward turret below the water line outer and inner skins were blown through bulkheads buckled and water tight hatches in the protected deck sprung out of shape and made leaky. 2. and then in European newspapers and magazines there were stated "Yellow Peril" is ferociously coming to devastate the most highly enlightened nations. 201-2): i. The town was (Arts. Russia. 12. 174-7. Repairs were completed about March 22. i2a. 2.) in the wildest excitement. moreover trained officers and men. p. 74-5 ss 6-8c. - have them excited and act against their common enemy Yellow Monkeys. If the Japanese had known how utterly unprepared the Russians were. p. without the ceremoniously formal declaration of war. 206. because if their fleet had been disabled the entire coast of Japan would have been exposed to the enemy. p. they might have sunk or disabled the entire fleet. 9. . losing death and destruction as they came. the armor plate being taken off and replaced. 206. 93. the Japanese ships rushed upon them. (Art. Japan making the first firing of guns to have crippled as the formal declaration. (s. on account of the utter darkness.' The Grand Dukes and the war party considered this a great work of diplomacy while Japan had her ablest diplomatists in the capitals of all civilized countries and her communications passed in delicate net' . The Japanese fleet did not follow up their advantage and strike a subject of comment among the forthe Russians in confusion The only reason was that the eign professional circles everywhere. were made of boiler plates. side. Her six inch. 3. with an intention to . and was similarly repaired by means of a cofferdam.) "What 1. (Arts. p. p. Japan should have taken care of warships. company the and an elliptical depression 20X12 feet was made in The shock caused about fifty cartridges in the 12 -pound magazine to explode. completed on March 22. only three. p. are you firing at ?" (Art. pp. below the water line and outside of a A hole was broken through the outer skin about seven coal bunker. Terror reigned in Port Arthur. the dry dock being too small for her accommodation. 6. and she afterwards took part in the other engagements. and while the Russians were clamoring over the first disaster. took effect (Art. Pallada was struck by a torpedo abreast of the after-smoke pipe.) Out of twenty-four eight-inch torpedoes discharged. Japanese thought that it was unwise to take any risk. according to a Hollander's demonstration. and i2-pounder guns were used in feet in diameter. and.) The war had thus begun. fleet on August loth. protesting or whining against the warlike action on the part of Japan. there came a declaration from the Bureaucrats p. Her repairs. 8 and 9.140 JAPANESE CHESS quarters.) The Japanese ships drew off. Retvizan got an injury similar to that of the Czarevitch. repaired as suggested by a Scotch engineer and finished in time to ac.) that they will checkmate Japan so that Russia would have a treaty of peace at no other place than Tokyo. not expecting the attack for 3. They opened fire. (ss. 201-2. 8. 12 a.
sea. they appeared under an escort of warships in Pigeon Bay. February 9. 114.. being merely mud flats. i2a. eliminated the Russian fleet from the situation.CHESSOLOGICS works in 141 checkmating the Russian intrigues. the JapanThe Polese attacked again.) fleet by the Mount Gold was the base of the Russian that was destroyed by both the Japanese and the Russians. except the approach from the sea. Novik and Askold. tava being a wreck and the Diana. n. the Japanese manoeuvred for their landings. damaging and sinking the Russian ships. p. 9 and 10. and in Tailienwan Bay. Before Russia could recognize the situation and the Russians at 4. With the Japanese fleet watching the harbor mouths. The . 4. p. crippled and At the first blow Japan had shattered. p. (s. . 185. p. 201. 9. On Feb. s. p.) Feb. 206. (s. Arts. 2 p. 201. A Bird's Eye View ' ' of Japan's Scientific Six-times Sevastopol ' ' . (s. 2 A. 201 s. The The large basin Fig. 181 . the Japanese attempted a landing in small force on Tailienwan Bay. 9 . On ing landing places. 5. which the intellectual (s. 8. s. above Dalny. M. Bombardment of the other waters. p. 161.) 6. 13. at least for weeks. are useless for navigation purposes. 161.) but withdrew when the Russians appeared On that same day the Japanese bombarded Port in greater force. Arthur from the 7. the day that the Russian gunboat. p. (s. 12 and 120. p. 4. was blown up. Yenesei. and with their transports secured from molestation by the Russian fleet. flooded at high tide. were settling in the harbor. seek5.) persons acknowledged as such. Port Arthur realized what was being done.
The base line for the metrical operation was obtained by two cruisers. First with a stop watch. The Telemeter was then brought into firing and the observation ships. 1 6. Alexieff in a furious rage resigned. 140. fresh disaster overtook the Russians at Port Arthur. The first attempt to block the channel was made Feb. triangles were obtained and errors in gunnery were corrected by means of wireless telegraphy. 15 and 16. The Japanese realizing that even should one great battleship escape. . and a part of it was repulsed by being cut to pieces.a. three transports heavily loaded each with a crew of volunteers willing to die in the attempt. and iaa. 9. four destroyers were lured outside the harbor and captured after being crippled. 6. to the south and southwest of Port Arthur could not be seen by the forts. as the writer was told by well known correspondents just happened to be in the town of Port Arthur. the bombardment being timed to draw attention from the efforts to land on Tailienwan Bay. would be in peril. lot. p. (s. ss. p. Petersburg that Alexieff was to be recalled and really deposed and Major General Pflug would be in temporary charge at Port Arthur. 73. p. and the battleships and . and the shells from the sea. 22. The result was that the shells.) Feb. 24. 3. a dethroned popular hero. The measures were taken with an instrument. ia. wan farther than fifteen yards from the ships. 201. blamed Admiral Viceroy Alexieff and on Feb. were driven into the outer harbor with instructions that they be sunk in the narrow channel between the Tiger's Tail Light and the Golden Hill promontory. left Port Arthur for Mukden Feb. but the Japanese landed enough men to hold a station and continued to increase the force from day to day Russia smarting under the defeat at Port Arthur. The first force landed Feb. word went from St. The Russian fleet was crippled. Alexieff. (s. Arts. 18. the vast fleet of transports then carrying thousands of troops from Japan to Elliott Island. 212-3.I4 2 position of the fire JAPANESE CHESS town is such that it was easily shelled by high angle The Japanese were engaged in an exploit of the plans The Japanese warships of the overland bombardment of Port Arthur. which took up a certain position at known distance from each other. where the base had been established. which were in a position to know whether the firing was effective. use. There were so many volunteers that they when were picked by a. Telemeter. 194-) The lights flashed from the electric cliffs. hit the Russian ships in the harbor. 14. but was persuaded to resume his duties. but not destroyed. but those warships were in communication by wireless telegraphy with war boats farther out to sea. fall s. 8. determined then to block the harbor of Port Arthur to prevent the egress of the Russian warships. the time was obtained between the This gave the distance between the flash of the gun and the report. 21. p. i. by Cossacks. Cossacks cut up the Japanese detachment on the TailienBay shores. p. until the arrival of General Stoessel. and his departure marked the end of the second period of the siege. on Tailienwan Bay. 93) On Feb. missing a strike did not (s. p. 5-6a. 12 The torpedo attack and bombardment of Port Arthur was continued on Feb.
killed themselves or were blown up by the torpedoes from the Russian torpedo boats. (s. with the Russians in pursuit. and the Russian ships belched iron and fire. worthy of his naval heroism. 7. of exaltation at having helped themselves. The attempt to duplicate the feat of Santiago The men who manned the vessels shaved their heads bare as a token of their having felt ashamed of the failure. appeared on the scene.i. i.) Two pushed into the channel. 125. A geyser sprang up in the sea.) Suddenly Makaroff saw something was wrong and signaled RUSSIANS FALL INTO TRAP the recall. 3.) On March 2 7 the Japanese made their second attempt to block the channel. The Japanese LAID BY THE ISLANDERS. 125. Petersburg reverberated with echoes . (s. 6. On that day the Japanese hid a part of their fleet behind islands. There was a personage. and sent the lighter. Markaroff. 143 caught the wooden vessels as they steamed forward under a rain One reached the Golden Hill. that. Hauling the crippled ships into the great dry docks he set to work to repair the damage. p. a celebrated Russian war-scene painter. seeing failure. The Japanese crews.) The Japanese prepared to repeat the manoeuvre. and only a few were saved by the Norvik. p. and two driven from their course by the hail of iron. (s. 9. detrimental to the Russians. The great vessel reeled and went down like a lump of lead. ran alongside and blew the merchantmen into driftwood. perished with his crew. ia. He was Makaroff. p. but a new figure 3. but too late. mate by his vividly horrible descriptions and realistic representations. He as a personal friend of Makaroff was on board the flagship as an inHis main object was well known as to checkvestigator of originality. a meel for the fish and food for the seaweeds. and manned by little crews of heroes. The second attempt had failed and it was not until April 13. sent to take charge of Port Arthur fleet. that the Japanese had their revenge. but sank too far to the south side of 4. sank of iron. Suddenly the great battleship Petropavlovsk was lifted from her course. themselves again the volunteers for the next attempt in order to wipe out their first dishonor. faster vessels in among the mines they had strewn around the fortress. 120. under the fire from the forts. as the Japanese hoped. into the harbor. sending vessel after vessel loaded with The forts stone. and one after another the wooden ships were blown to pieces and sunk. (s. The Russians fighting at long range turned and fled. had failed. and the Russians were overjoyed at the result. 194. a butchery the art . but they made in the outer harbor. The Russians repaired ships steamed out and the Japanese fled rapidly. with the Japanese in pursuit. the terrors of modern ponderously weaponed wars.CHESSOLOGICS forts. the gateway and it was left open. which gallantly rushed to the rescue. were steaming out with their battleships to cut the Russians off from Port Arthur. but was sunk before it touched the channel. and who arrived March MAKAROFF APPEARS. and St. p. 5.
that was to seal Port Arthur. where Alexieff had become a great obstacle to the famous Russian General's plan. began Japanese sweeping all before them. Before he could realize himself able to have checked the horrors of wars. p. 7 6 During the summer nearly all of the fighting was done by the torpedo boats. a fresh horror was added. 7 6 -) 4. and the move. (See s. the hills to the westward and the bombardment was continued at intervals for ten days. with a very little damage to the enemy. for a launch crowded with officers blew up. 4. captured Kinchau and Nanshan Hills. with the terraces upon terraces of the forts. battle of Nanshan Hill. but at a terrible cost.133. 3. and this time their volunteer heroes were partially successful. on May 9. Secure at May 4. he himselt as a victim of his sympathetic heart went to the bottom of the sea. On May 5. the last transport left for Port Arthur. 138-) The Russians fled again. 3. the Japanese fleet bombarded Port Arthur from behind 3. the circle of enlightened people everywhere felt sad at the loss of him. May 26. doing small damage. P. May 21. May 10. pp 18-19^. being greater in the eyes of the learned than Russia itself. (pp. after occupying Dalny. 91. planted a circle of Japanese guns around the outer ring of Port Arthur's forts. p. the real movement on Port Arthur commenced. p. after terrible fighting like demons. s 4. p. and the first move was to prevent the arrival of re-enforcements from Kuoropatkin's army at the north.) The Japanese main army was landed at Pitsewa and Port Adams. began the five days' fight. He himself no other than Vereshchagin. (s. but before they reached safety the Strashwas blown up. 2. the railway to Liaoyang was cut. 7. erin mite. 3. that culminated in the bloody The Russians were defeated. 1904. one of the dearest friends of the civilized world. was begun. (s. The Japanese made their third attempt to seal Port Arthur. in a dream-like fashion.144 JAPANESE CHESS of the wholesale massacres of men after antiquated glory. on The sea between landing troops in large numbers. s. The Japanese were preparing to start the siege in earnest. May 5. The 5. swallowed down in the turbulent eddies of boiling bubbles of the element. sinking three stone-laden merchantmen in the channel and blocking the passage except for small vessels until they were removed by the Russian dyna8. p. on both sides of the narrow neck north of the fortress. 1 .93. 9. (s. Elliott Islands and Tailienwan Bay was black with transports. Ouktomski took command and on April 22. driving the Russians back with heavy losses and throwing the army entirely across the peninsula. and by night a formidable Japanese army was encamped on the peninsula. (s.) if least only for a short time the Japanese. gushed out from the huge engine boiler. killing them all. 8. and the Japanese. The whole world was stricken with a great surprise as they thought the Japanese could never attack the enemy by a frontal assault. 121-223. May 26.l6a -) . 6. more than his country. he was. narrowly escaping capture by Japanese scouts.
p.000 Japanese to about 38. On one occasion a Russian battleship was for two days surrounded 4. Ting-yen and Ching-yen. 73. the stronghold was cut off by The opposing forces at land and sea. 145 ships lying like the siege was fairly begun. the bulwark and substance of the Japanese navy. On May sians in the fortress. at their head to clear away the mines. THE REAL SIEGE this time were estimated to be about WAS FROM MAY 27. At dawn on July 9. many fortified and held by dangerous bodies of Cossacks. with a force of 30. than ten direct attacks. nets to scrape out the mines put down by the Russians along Dalny. He was intercepted by General Oku. (s. 2. and harassed by a flotilla of six Japanese torpedo boats. 7-9. one of the worst disasters the Russians had yet met.) 8. it being 5. 9-21. fresh thousands of Japanese troops were landed at Dalny. 7. 7a. started for the relief. and the battle of Vafangow. The Japanese destroyer flotillas fought them until about 4 P. cruisers. followed on June 14. torpedo boats and destroyers. It is therefore the Japanese policy never to permit their battleships to be within the zone of danger. p. and Stackelberg. Their other craft. From May 30 to June 3. and near the mouth of Port Arthur. though numerous projectiles were launched at her. Without rest the Japanese pushed southward and on May 13. south to the aid of the fortress. Wolf Hills were taken and Takushan followed. 125. PP. took no part in either of these engagements. the Russian fleet came out of the harbor. On June 23. and the 9. the Japanese army occupied Dalny. admitted that one has been sunk. they are at any and all times These three battleships form willing to risk. During June and July a number of the outlying forts were captured by the Japanese. the Japanese clearing the miries from the harbor and The Japanese used fishestablishing a permanent base of operations.000 Rus27. with the Japanese warwatch dogs in the offing. whose bombardment. without any damage on either side. as the very life of the nation. 100. and that stopped the talk of relief. the Russians offering only feeble resistance. but between the Japanese and their goal were over fifty miles of hills. and the Japanese navy has Russia beaten as long as it commands the sea. but all the damages were suffered by the torpedo boats themselves. although incessant and Green and terrific. Stoessel and his heroes were left to their fate.000 men.. seemed to have no effect on the main defenses. when the Russians withdrew inside The main Japanese fleet the port. Port Arthur was cut off from the world. M. The Japanese looked upon their remaining battleships. but escaped unharmed. the Russians came out with numerous vessels 3.73-75'PPI 3 8 -9 and x 74-9-) . (See ss. but not their battleships. In the meantime Kuoropatkin was urged to send re-inforcements 1.in the Chinese-Japanese war. s. There were not less Japanese sent their torpedo flotillas against it. as their naval experts greatly envied and very well remember the efficiency of the two large battleships.CHESSOLOGICS 6.
119 2. JAPANESE CHESS and preparation. the Russians had a force estimated at 34. 3. the Japanese threw themselves forward with great determination and navy kept up on July 4 and 6.two miles long. An attempt was made by the Russians to recapture Takushan. 168. The fighting had begun auspiciously for the Japanese. Rushing forward with almost fanatical bravery they attempted to sweep the Russians from the hills to the northeast of the fortress and were slaughtered by Mines exploded under them. but on July 10. 23.000 men in Port Arthur fortress.000 men. i p. but it failed. 1. 95-) The night attack gave the Japanese new advantages. (s. 3. satisfied that Port Arthur would fall within a short time. s. Field Marshal Oyama arrived of the Japanese armies. ments were wiped out. after terrific fighting lodgment in the outer defenses. The Japanese held the hill 845 feet high. 3. by desperate important positions that dominated charges. On July 13. With the arrival of Marshal Oyama on the scene July 14. and the Japanese were silent as to their first THIRD PERIOD OF THE SIEGE. p. the whole regithe enemy to march on. as commander-in-chicf of the armies. and the great guns withthousands. as well as at the main base at Dalny. ered them by regiments and although driven back at many points.146 6.000 men. Wolf and Green Hills Marshall Oyama left for the north on part of the inner line of forts. capturing four hills and forcing the Russians to evacuate others. p. Encouraged by the rout of the Russians at Kinchau and Nanshan.000 on the peninsula. Q. and taught them caution. the Japanese. 120. and finally the triumphant Japanese took. they met with reverses calculated to stagger the nation. and took command . p. 9. they pushed their advantage and at the price of 4. On July 12. For nearly a month then the campaign was one of skirmishing steadily advancing southward and pushing back the Russians into the outer lines of the defenses of Port Arthur 7. and their guns protected to some extent their sapping operations against s. a force estimated at 140.) the inner forts. with every hill fortified. 28. the fighting on land was desperate and almost continuous. The price that they paid was estimated by the Russians as 28. 90. a message was sent to Stoessel demanding the surrender of the fortress Stoessel refused and told or its capture by storm. they gained three hills and held them. p. there was a all sea fight. this line of defenses that the Japanese first rushed. waiting and watching lest the Russian ships should escape. 27. The bombarding and fighting were almost continuous until August 3. drove the Russians back and pushed a mile nearer the citadel. secured their losses. The Russian outer line of defense was forty. August 2. . On June vessels. as the alternative. (s. 8. s. In the assault that followed. in which the Japanese sunk two Russian During of the southern movement of the army the its bombardment of the port. with bases on Pigeon Bay. however. On July 26. extendIt was against ing in a circle around the city. When the real fighting began. the Japanese itself.
since the Japanese began running parallels and transverses and extending mines..) sensational dash of the Russian fleet. the Japanese. At i P. to which the Japanese gave chase. The Russian navy exclaimed calamities upon ourselves!" On land the Japanese. progressing stage by stage. The Russians first struggled desperately to block every Japanese advance. On August 10. thirty miles east of Port Arthur. M. and eight destroyers. though considerably stronger in ships and guns did not take advantage of their opportunities. Retvizan was five times struck by shells from an eighteen-inch gun which the Japanese had brought into operation on shore. and when the troops gained a foothold they generally held it with unflinching determination. one shell going through the decks and bursting on the protected deck at the lower edge of the armor. The Japanese infantry never failed to respond when asked to make an assault on almost impossible positions. the Russians have been constantly making sorties. and then met the concentrated artillery fire of the Japanese with its kind. Outside of the harbor. They rushed into the Japanese trenches and engaged in ferocious struggles with the engineers and pioneers. a second squadron of one armored fleet final finishing battle of . On the same day the Peresviet was struck three times. 3. about Round Island. opening seams in her side and filling two of the smaller compartments with water. M. lasting about forty minutes. torn and sinking. floating mines which greatly interfered with its maneuvering. At the dawn the entire Russian squadron tried to escape from Port Arthur. p. Latterly. 6. but again somehow or other. the Russian fleet had fought its way through the 7. and headed for Shang-tung Peninsula on its way to the open sea. Japanese line. desperation and many of the In this and previous others were sunk. 91. 112. The Japanese fleet continued to be reinforced until it consisted of a first squadron of five battleships. p. paying a life for every foot of ground gained. Russian vessels struck on blown their the own r "How far our own mines inflict mines. but was not entirely free from the port until 9 A. the Japanese torpedo flotilla steamed ahead of the Russian column at a safe distance. 93. 5. 4. only to haul down their colors in neutral ports. and what ought to have been the the campaign. Four turned back to Port Arthur when the Russian able. 6. Battered. The fleet consisted of six battleships. 147 fleet seeing that capture or destruction were inevitsteamed out of the harbor in a desperate attempt to break through the Japanese line of steel and fire. advanced steadily the sappers and engineers pushing forward their lines persistently under the belching guns of the fort crowned hills. With desperate courage the Japanese continued to close in upon 4 the fortress. part of the ships broke through the line and escaped capture. s. there were sea-struggles. came the (s. but was not severely damaged. p. four On the day previous to this sortie the cruisers. in their FATAL SORTIE MADE BY THE RUSSIAN FLEET. s.CHESSOLOGICS 10. About noon the engagement began.
and on August 1 6. Poltova. and discharged a torpedo at a distance of 400 yards. very much battered 9. hence her personmust have been much demoralized. 2.) 14. in a running Admiral Witgoeft was killed on the flagship Czarevitch. August 15. which escaped to tie up out of danger in a neutral port. The latter was quickly repaired. The night after the battle the Czarevitch. and the protected cruiser Pallada. completely enveloping the fortress. for a fight the next day. Lang Mountain and White Wolf Hull. p. (s. the Russian destroyer. with many others. The Diana escaped to Saigon. by daring and fierce assaults on the outer forts. capturing several During August. M. repelled a torpedo boat off Kiao-chu. on the loth. but managed to escape capture or serious damage. the fighting around the fortress was fast and furious. Her admiral. the Askold. (pp. Japanese by desperate charges stormed and captured Sushiyan Hill. and further resistance. but missed its target. although far from hors de combat. finally caught and destroyed by Japanese cruisers. the chief of staff.. Burin. after night fall. a second engagement began and continued until sunset. an hour. The Japanese gradually overhauled the Russians. was attacked six or eight times by Japanese torpedo boats. Of the other vessels. and granted the Rus- . The Novik went to Kiao-chou. of the fighting line.148 JAPANESE CHESS and three protected cruisers. The end seemed near. on August 21. but. Retvizan. the Japanese swept the Russians from the two hills. None of the Japanese vessels appeared to have been so much injured as to have been put out or disabled later fight. none of them serious. and was abandoned and blown up by her crew. 93 . which was a wreck and three destroyers went into Kiao-chou Bay. and a flotilla of thirty torpedo boat destroyers. Probieda. the Japanese demanded the surrender of the fortress and On August offered to permit all non-combatants to leave. they had returned separately to Port Arthur. and bruised. and her armor showed only five hits. 105-7. badly battered and one destroyer reached Shanghai. was chased ashore the next morning in Yung-ching Bay. nel and the navigator had all been killed. 8. and go out 1. but repelled them without sufferAt this time she was steaming about four knots ing further damage. Peres viet and Sevastopol. One destroyer went to Chefoo and was seized by the Japanese one went ashore near Wei-hai-wei. 6. the battleships. Before noon on August n. At 5 P. pursued by the Japanese. and an old battleship. None of her guns were disabled. with her hand steering gear. After dark the Japanese torpedo boats attacked the Russians without injuring them. but the Russians were perfectly satisfied to The Diana. off Korsakoff. Murakmo. . The Japanese destroyer Saigon. the only damage she had suffered lay in her foremast and her steering gear. but sailed again for Vladivostok. when the Russian fleet scattered in disorder. all crippled by Japanese land guns. useless. a third squadron of one armored and four protected cruisers. When she reached Tsing-tau.) The Germans urged her officers to put her in order. and one was last seen near Jig-wei Island on the Korean coast. attacked a vessel of the Pallada type.
because of the terrible effect of the Russian shells. and Captain Essen. stood in the trenches ready to rush forward at any opening. the warehouses and oil tanks burned. till at last the death rattle sounded through the gaping wounds in the Sevastopol's sides and Russia's Asiatic fleet was no more. every hour. which they declared. growing more desperate hills. The people lived in holes in the ground. the forts broken. The Port Arthur Novoe Krai contained pathetic references to the 5. Russian fire silenced Japanese guns in some of the captured forts. August 17. struck a mine and was wrecked. saying. August 22. issued an order lauding the battleship Sevastopol RUSSIAN SHIP SEVASTOPOL. The Japanese artillery first shelled the Panlung fortifications fiercely. Port Arthur will be my tomb." 7. Fort 25. same day the Sevastopol. Taku Mountain was captured. one mile from Golden Hill. August 20 and 21. fighting eight feet. would give them the forThat day they captured Etseshan and Outeshan Forts. a cannon every eightyThe Japanese. . Even General last stand of the last ship of Russia's Asiatic squadron. August 19 and 20. who for five nights withstood the numerous attacks of torpedo flotillas. "Farewell That day the Japanese began forever. Meantime the Japanese had mounted over three hundred guns on the hills around the town and were pouring a constant rain of iron and shells upon the forts and the city itself. Stoessel. fighting in relays." the three days' assault. The Russians. Four hundred Japanese cannon roared night and day. and even then they were not safe. The only other expression of the Russian fleet is the expression of the feeling of helplessness of everyone. on Fort 2 5 guns that swept the entire town. and the tress. General Stoessel sent word to a friend in Moscow. the next day. driven out by shells of the Japanese. an attack was on Panlung Mountain. in relays. the situation became so unbearable that the Rus3.CHESSOLOGICS 149 Stoessel considered the offer until sians permission to bury the dead. was breached and the Japanese took it by storm. and then on August 21. and hurled death at an advancing foe. ten miles. as ship after ship succumbed to the huge Japanese shells. secured rest. Electric wire entanglements protected the latter position. The artillery duel vied with fearful clashes and clacks of thunders and lightnings. crawled outside the harbor and lay under the shelter of the forts in the The bombardment continued. but they mounted. and in a desperate assault. The buildings were in ruins. "Nothing could exceed the unflinching devotion of the men who nightly and calmly went forth into the roadstead in the face of certain and ultimate destruction. but the Russians fought day and night. 6. when he refused to surrender or to send the non-combatants out of Port Arthur. On August 19. remnants of the fleet. The infantry. outer . who had been silent in respect HEROIC STAND OF THE LAST to the navy since August 10. whose lines of defense were compressed to less than 4. moving outside of the harbor. That day they took forts that they could not hold. sian vessels. and the public buildings blown to pieces. manned them with 590 guns to a mile.
with the capture of the fortified ridge east of Port Arthur.000 and a single regiment lost 2. 27. Aug. and forced the Japanese to abandon the The Japanese centre immediately reformed. p.) But the experiment was so costly was not repeated. 2. the Russians centered their Aug. 4. attacked the heights northwest of Wangtai and the north fort east of Keekwan Mountain. the Japanese casualties were 14. owing to the enfilading fire of the neighboring forts.000. That night the ranks of the Japanese were decimated by the furious shrapnel fire of the Russians that they were forced to retire to the valley below the captured forts and what might have been a successful assault. six officers and 200 men of this regiment were left after the fight. The Japanese were also forced to abandon a fort southeast of 8. reduce the fortress. The Only The retention of the Banjusan forts gave the Japanese a foothold on the fortified ridge as a result of six days' general assault. forced the abandonment by the Russians of the east fort and mastered the entire position. On the night of August 23. 1 1 2 . The Japanese determination. east fort on 1. 3. redeemed in part by the wonderful fighting qualities of the Japanese infantry and their refusal to accept 5. was converted by the Russian tactics into a repulse. the Russians again shelled the Japanese miners. p.150 JAPANESE CHESS the Japanese infantry charged and were beaten back. but the troops were forced to abandon the attack on account of the heavy losses sustained from Machine-gun fire from every direction. 2. position occupied. They managed seriously to damage . August 24. vanced and attacked the Japanese miners. the Japanese center. attacked the entire Japanese line and were repulsed. From this time onward. Keekwan Mountain. Until the end of the month and the first week in October the Russians continued to attack and shell Panlung Mountain. inevitable. owing to the deadly fire from Russian machine guns and the insufficiency of the preliminary destruction of the wire entanglements.s. two Russian destroyers were reported to be sunk by mines. 25. throwing bombs into the trenches. what seemed to be the s. 3. 5 Aug. (s. 171. the Japanese troops forming the centre army charged the Panlung Mountain and by noon had captured two. 5. 189. while fierce fighting at bayonet charges and the use of hand explosives were frequent. and twenty Russians charged the Japanese twice. resisting desperately.thirds of it The Russians continued to hold the keep. H6. which was captured after a desperate fighting. stormed. p. the Japanese depended chiefly on sapping and dynamite to that it close quarters. with the right co-operating. 86 . Thirty Russians charged into the trenches and twenty were killed before the survivors retired. 27. captured and held the west fort. p.s.500. p. (s. centre division alone lost 6.) From August 19 to 24. During the morning of August 22. 9. capability and success showed enough what the future would have brought to them. aided by the fire of the west fort. 2. fire on the Japanese trenches A detachment of 100 Russians then adleading to Rihlung Mountain. in the morning the Rssuians concentrated their artillery fire.
Poltava. the Russians varying Oct. with the result that 9. twenty killed. the Japanese mines had reached within about forty yards 7. During the fight the Japanese threw bombs and stones at the Russians. 1. The attack was continued at dawn Sept. The afternoon of Sept. survivors retire. the routine now and then. 8. 6. 9. The Russian fleet was bombarded. 28. one hitting the ships. Oct. The Russians at night attacked the Japanese miners and the siege line. 25. 20. and frustrated the attempt. The Russian fleet was again shelled. The Russians. 2. The Japanese continuously bombarded forts. Seven The Japanese completed or eight shells struck the Russian warships. small company of the Japanese captured and then held positions forty-eight hours against desperate attack without food . The Japanese attacked 203-Meter Hill from the east. 30. 28 and 29. the Japanese using siege and naval guns. the Japanese bombarded the Russian fleet. During the night of Oct. the Japanese surprised the Russians and destroyed two guns on Yenchiang Hill. Sept. 3. 5 to 9. using dynamite and were again repulsed. were re-enforced and desperate fighting followed. 2. and water. The gallant little company of the Japanese. The Japanese discovered that the Russians were endeavoring to mine Panlung Mountain. when they retreated. hundred Russians attacked the Japanese miners at Rihlung Mountain. Aug. The battleships Peresviet and Pobieda were hit five times. seven or eight shells Sept. without food or water. the Russians repeatedly attacked the Japanese miners. 12. but were repulsed after a fierce battle. Oct. 2 1 and until the night of the 22d. managed to hold the position throughout Sept. Sept. Peresviet and Pobieda hit. the Russians made a night attack on the west fort on Pan- lung Mountain. These moves continued throughout the early part of October. north and west during the night and a company of the Japanese managed to reach and secure a foothold on the northwest point on the summit of the hill. finally forced to retreat. city and fleet. 10. which the Japanese prepared as a base for further operations. inflicting serious casualties on the retreating Russians. 19. opened a general bombardment and at 6 o'clock in the evening made assaults on Forts Suishying and Kuoropatkin and on a Russian position on 203-Meter Hill. Sept. 21 and 22. They also captured four additional forts southeast of 174 Meter Hill. . 4.CHESSOLOGICS 151 the new Japanese works there and to hamper the operations of the Japanese miners. the Japanese occupied Fort Kuoropatkin in the forenoon of that day. Sept. Sept. and then endeavored to capture the entire position. of Fort Kuoropatkin and about 200 yards east of the northern forts on Keekwan Mountain and some fifty yards from Fort Suishying. Oct. mine to within forty yards of Fort Kuoropatkin. however.
that the rank and file of the garrison were discontented and inclined to rebel at the terrific cost of maintaining the defense issued a statement to the Russian soldiery offering terms of surrender. the object of which was to compel the surrender of Port Arthur on or before Nov. Japanese shells set fire to the Peresviet. Gen.500 men. apparently disabling her. They added that ically. tain and dynamited the Japanese traverse. taking advantage of a bombardment. 5. the Russians desperately resisting. 4. one field gun. ive On Oct. they released some of the prisoners and instructed them to make the terms known to their comrades. Nov. the Tenshi's (Emperor) birthday. a conflagration raged at Port Arthur during the afternoon. Oct. xi. in Oct. 30. the 26th. They lost 2. the Russians ran a traverse from east of Keekwan moun4. wrecking the counterscarps of Rihlung and Sungshu forts and captured "P" Fort between east Keekwan and Panlung mountains. the Japanese captured the railroad bridge south of Lungyen. and that the food supply was insufficient and that the Russian battalions were greatly reduced numerStoessel called for a "Forlorn Hope" dash. the Japanese centre. 16. 17. although in a final assault. in which they lost 1. after desperate fighting in the tunnels.152 JAPANESE CHESS Oct. The Japanese captured some Russian prisoners who said that the fate of Port Arthur was near at hand. 18. a desperate fighting razed around Sungshu Mountain and 203 Meter Hill. the Japanese guns sunk a thousand ton steamer in the harbor. and 13. Oct. the Japanese gaining ground almost 5. 25. ber was marked by furious battles.000 men in this operation and were forced to abandon the positions. one struggle. 18. The closing days of October brought notable successes to the besiegers. the supreme attempt to give Port Arthur as a birthday gift to the Shu jo was conceded to be a failure. Nov. small gun and two machine guns. at this time the Japanese hearing from Russian prisoners 7. several minor positions were captured by the Japanese. They also set fire to another warship. Oct. . the Japanese continued to drive their trenches further forward. 28. began the most desperate and the most prolonged tremendous general assault. From Oct. Oct. 12 continued bombardment. 4th. stormed and captured a fort in the center of Rihlung Mountain after a The Russians left behind them 100 dead. 24. Ignoring Stoessel. Nov. two-hundred and eight Japanese shells proved effectand wrecked many Russian guns and damaged forts on 20 3-Meter Hill and several strong positions. the Japanese took forts on Keekwan Mountain. name unknown. Stoessel was giving rewards in money and medals for 400 volunteers to make the sortie and destroy the Japanese guns. but they also met with serious reverses. The next day. 3. inch by inch. Oct. 6. The letter fell into Stoessel' s hands . Oct. These Novempositions were later re-taken by the Russians at a heavy cost.
but it was estimated that in this fighting. with the exception of one battleship. part of Stoessel's winter supply. there was the destruction by the Japanese of another Russian arsenal 1. The crews of all the Russian war vessels were landed and apparently no effort was made to move the ships. who were waiting outside the harbor. 106. Sungshu and Keekwan Forts. 8b. Nov. ture positions absolutely dominating all parts of the harbor at any cost was the order from Tokyo. Nov. when these had been destroyed. and magazine. fleet. before the Baltic fleet could arrive in hostile waters. vast stores of coal. which on the night of November 16. 1 8. 30. Nov. pedo boat destroyers. it was regarded by experts everywhere. 21.) Nov. It was a sudden decision to make a night attack that brought victory to the Japanese. resulted in the capture. They were obliged to make roads with bags of earth. in a blinding snowstorm. from Port Arthur." WAS THE ORDER. of 203-Meter Hill. (s. new bombardment of damaged the Russian advantage in the great attack recently concluded. after days of fighting. eluded Togo's patroling craft and reached Chefoo with dispatches from Stoessel to the Czar announcing the failure of the Japanese to gain great 8. 22-23. another general assault to cap- November ANY COST. An event which interested the whole world was the escape of the Russian torpedo boat destroyer. the Russians were rewarships. 5 and 6. but although they reached the inside. as worth the .000 Japanese lives were sacrificed. which was The Japanese advance was very slow. Nov. fanned by a strong gale. 17. the Japanese were repulsed in an attempt to carry Etse Fort by storm. on Nov. that the Japannese heavy warships could be released to "CAPTURE MAIN FORTS AT meet it. they were driven out with fearful loss. were ignited by Japanese shells and consumed. 9. the Japanese began a general assault on Rihlung. 26. a few hours after the Rastoropny arrived at Chefoo. the German steamer Batelan was captured while attempting to run the blockade. To capture 203-Meter Hill the Japanese drenched the timber 3. 15. Nov. pulsed in a sortie. within a few days. and the attempt failed. hundreds of the heaviest of the Japanese guns began a the shipping in the harbor and several shells On the i3th. and. Rastoropny. the guns were directed against the steamers and transports in the harbor. ferocious and bloody as any since the war began. Nothing was officially known as to the extent of the Japanese casualties.CHESSOLOGICS 153 and he directed that future bearers of letters of the sort should be hanged. it 9. Moved by the necessity of completely wiping out the Port Arthur 2. This assault. but since the capture of this position resulted in the complete destruction of the Russian fleet. The Japanese now turned their attention to the tor. works of the trenches with kerosene and started a furious fire. p. was blown up by its own crew to prevent its capture by the Japanese.
and the Russian sea commander must either blow up his fleet or make ADMIRAL WIREN is SMOKED another sortie from the harbor. p. only to OUT." fire for the only warship in the harbor able from 203-Meter Hill was the battleship It went down after being Sevastopol. The army commenced a bombardment against the hill at dawn on November 30. At five o'clock in the afternoon the Japanese forces advanced against the southeastern portion of the hill. but started again. and heavy Japanese naval guns." was uttered.a.) December i and 2. December 3. by which the Japanese commanders learned almost immediately the effect of every shot With this aid the Japanese guns searched every vulnerable place fired. when the Japanese get 2035. made a fierce charge. The Japanese bombardment stopped for a time. FLEET AT THE MERCY meet the victorious. and the fall of the fortress of Port Arthur seemed to have taken place at any moment. torpedoed some half dozen times by torpedoers. Owing to the enemy's stubborn resistance the charges failed. and reached within thirty meters of the summit. the Japanese guns. to escape from the line of Dec. dead bodies on the eastern side of the hill. and of the town and all its forts still in Russian hands. with the exception of the battleship Sevastopol. but the Japanese had no time The towering forts of 203-Meter Hill.154 full cost of JAPANESE CHESS the "butcher's bill.000 men. at their leisure. and that sank on December 15. which destroyed the remnants of the Port Arthur fleet. began bombardment of the Russian warships and docks. The next day. the capture of 203-Meter Hill by the Japanese army before 4. "The siege will be 90 per cent. OF THE JAPANESE. with the re-enforcements the Japanese charged to the top. and was granted . Port Arthur was officially confirmed. town. planted with enormous difficulty on 203-Meter Hill. and the houses through Tokyo have been decorated with flags and bunting. and a few of the torpedo boats and destroyers. to pieces. The Japanese big guns could chop Admiral Wiren's battleships by one. (s. estimated at Stoessel asked for. one Meter Hill. finished. carrying telephones. the entire harbor. which was occupied by the Japanese forces Against the northeastern part of the hill the Japanese also charged. who braved her point blank fire in the work. were taken at the point of the bayonet. which dominate to investigate. where lie the remnants of the Russian fleet. General loss to Stoessel's troops. . 73. but were repulsed with a 3. and the Japanese brought all of their largest naval guns into play. the Japanese squadron. At seven o'clock. while the handto-hand conflict went on in the trenches on the hill. i. now command every nook and cranny of the harbor. and made several charges before 4 o'clock in the afternoon. 6. the Russians attempted to capture 203Meter Hill. dragged with incredible labor to the top of eminence. and at eight o'clock the entire The Russians left heaps of fort on the summit fell into their hands. The was directed by balloons. fire artillery in the 7.
p. and its succeeding catastrophes to the Russian fleet. 89-90. 9.CHESSOLOGICS l $$ six-hours' armistice to bury the dead of both sides.516 and 13. transports. forming a dependency of the British colony of the Mauritius and situated 2. They were accompanied by a host of volunteer cruisers. From its crest the Japanese officers were able to direct the fire of the heavy guns beyond with such unerring aim that the Russian ships in the harbor were rendered useless or sunk. The destruction of the fleet was followed by the loss of the great forts north of the city. about these days the Baltic fleet warships. December 6. 95. p. The entire fleet would have soon been on the last stage of the journey to a secret meeting place in the Indian Ocean known only to the Russians themselves. . on the east coast of Africa. coaling and provisioning. 5. gists near the Chagos archipelago.350 miles northwest of Delagoa bay. three cruis- and others.^. under Vice-Admiral Rojestvensky. working their way singly in groups to a secret rendezvous somewhere in the Indian Ocean. ers SQUADRON IN Two DETACHMENTS. or sides of Africa. 6. and The four battleships are newvessels and among the best warships afloat. December 7. Amadas! Some were hurrying forward at full speed.) 8. There are a new cruiser and two old cruisers which have been re-constructed and modernized. a coral stoll some 350 miles to the west of the southern end of India and about 900 miles north of the Chagos group (s. 91. i. (s. Some of the authorities were of the opinion that the rendezvous would have taken place off the small island of Minicoy. p. they could hardly have surrounded The Armada of the invincible that continent more completely. with a tonnage between 13. The two detachments of the Baltic fleet: Proceeding via the Cape of Good Hope. came the finishing capture of 203-Meter Hill. comprising the best of the remaining element of the Russian navy.pp. p. i oo miles south west of Aden and 2. p..600 and about 18 knots each.) The approximate location of the secret rendezvous in the Indian 9. 93 s. where the concentrated fleet would have prepared to meet the enemy. repair and store and had Africa been an objective of their hostile movement. a group of coral islands. Five battleships several large transports. practically uninhabited. 4. others were working their way from port to port through the Mediterranean to the far east. The famous strategic hill overlooked every foot of Port Arthur and the harbor. They carry four twelveinch and twelve six-inch guns each. (s. It was fixed by strate. 5a.) They were surely satisfied in thinking that the Japanese could never know their positions while the latter were taking advantage of their non-communication with the land on the part of the mid-Ocean Russians. (s. One battleship has four ten-inch guns and eleven six-inch guns. and are protected by nine-inch Krupp armor on the water line. 92). 86 s. . were on all Two SQUADRONS STEAMING TOWARD SECRET RENDEZvous TO PLAN FOR SEA BATTLE. others were waiting in more or less friendly ports. while still ships and colliers. Ocean was determined with reasonable accuracy. one by one.
a. Proceeding by the Red Sea, under the command of Rear- Admiral Folkersah: Two battleships, five cruisers, more than ten destroyers and two volunteer fleet and several
The warships are old, but transports. carry four twelve-inch guns and six or eight six-inch weapons each. The cruisers, new modern ships, except one old vessel. The destroyers are of a type built for hard work at sea. The transports are for the most part well known mail boats, purchased in Germany and are very fast at sea, carrying an armament of six-inch and four 7 -inch guns. The volunteer cruisers are also armed steamers of high speed, serviceable for scouting or for the attack upon commerce,
RED SEA FLEET.
8a, p. 103 ;s. 8b, p. 105.)
For the first time since the siege began, the Novoe Krai, whose sole 3. aim was seemingly to inspire the garrison, betrayed signs of pathetic hopelessness of even the most heroic resistance, and discussing the battle of 203-Meter Hill, says: "The fighting at 203-Meter Hill lasted sixteen days, until December 6, when 'death, which had no rest for sixteen days, ceased her work.' Barashoff, Hunt Master of the Czar, had held a conference 'with the Japanese in reference to protect the hospitals from the Japanese shells. The conference resulted in making the Red Cross flags larger and also the painting of the same on the sides of the hospitals. "The hill received on its breast the hammering of 8oo-pound shells, which split even the rocks and went through eighteen-inch steel as though "Who but Providence can save us from these thunderbolts?" paper.' "We do not expect the Baltic fleet. We do not expect relief, it is impossible to describe, but Russia will know what her sons have
It is past as they really are."
genius to describe Port Arthur's sufferings
sinking of the Russian battleship, Poltava, was offi9, the destruction of the entire Russian fleet, cially with the exception of the Sevastopol, officially announced. On the eleventh, the Japanese cruiser Saiyen (formerly Chinese, taken in 1894,) was announced sunk by a mine off Port Arthur, and thirty-nine of her On the thirteenth, furious fight, crew including the captain, drowned ing and bombardment continued, and the city of Port Arthur suffered
(14) every part of Port Arthur wrecked, and 5. the harbor being visible from 203-Meter Hill, the Japanese shells reached every part of the town and harbor. The streets were deserted and but few soldiers did patrol duty. Many buildings were burned and others The shelters of the harbor present a strange appearance, shattered. with turrets, masts and the funnels of warships showing just above the water, for the future temporary resting places for sea gulls. There was not a vessel left afloat in the harbor. The docks and buildings on the water front were torn and burned. No birds could fly around! No wild, nor tamed animals as well as the sons of the "Northern Bears" could
The following day
dare go out to hunt after their food!
their advance on the shores of Pigeon ground against the famous Tai Yankow The approaches to the fortifications were Itseshan and Antzeshan forts. easy, but the forts were enormously strong, and the near approach was all the more difficult as the sapping of the trenches would have been done through the frozen ground. The naval guns mounted on 203Meter Hill were able to cover the advance of infantry against any of the western forts, (ss. 1-5, p. 122; Art. 31, p. 205.) Meanwhile, on the Manchurian field, the Japanese usually had 7. something to cover themselves, or hid in the Chinese corn plantations, from which they could discharge their guns and be hardly seen by the enemy. Japanese ingenuity took advantage of a strong wind, blowing in the right direction, and set fire to a village, and thus screened themselves, by smoke clouding along the ground, from the Russian guns.
The Japanese were working
Bay on comparatively
(s - 3>
P- 75; s
3 P- 89-90;
3, p. 115.)
the night of December 14, the Japanese torpedo flotilla made a gallant and brave series of attacks against the Russian turret ship Sevastopol. The flotillas arrived outside the entrance to Port Arthur about midnight. The leading flotilla, and a special torpedo-boat, partly for an attack and partly for reconnoiter, approached the Sevastopol at i o'clock, and under the searchlights and fire of the enemy's ships and shore batteries, they attacked her. (s. 8, p. 126; Arts. i2-i2a, p. 201.) A shell struck a Japanese torpedo-boat, wounding three sailors, 9. and four shots hit another boat. Subsequently the flotillas attacked, Flotilla A. advanced first for the purpose of acting independently. destroying the defenses protecting the Sevastopol and also to draw and The divert the fire under the enemy's searchlight, (s. i2a,p. 201-2.) other flotillas approached successively and bravely continued the attack from 2 until 4 o'clock in the morning, then approached the closest and delivered the most vigorous attack. (Art. 12, p. 201-2.) 1. While retreating, one torpedo-boat received several shots simultaneously, her commander and five others being killed. The boat lost her freedom of motion and the other boat went back to the rescue and despite the heavy firing endeavored to save her. While towing This other boat was also the boat the enemy's shells severed the hawser hit and one man was killed. Subsequently several shells hit and almost disabled the rescuing boat, which forced the officer in command to aban8.
don his comrade ship, which was sinking. However, he steamed back and rescued the crew and abandoned the torpedo-boat to her fate. (s. 3.
A boat belonging to the same flotilla was struck by a shell, killing 2. one of the crew and wounding the commander and two sailors. A boat was hit and one of the crew killed and five wounded. The boat was temporarily disabled, but her comrade ships protected and rescued her. (s. 3, p. 75-6.) All the other boats bravely facing the enemy's fire succeeded in delivering attacks without suffering any damage, (s. 8, p. 126.) The Japanese torpedoes took effect. The Sevastopol had lowered 3. at the bows considerably, facing toward the south-southeast. She did
not change her position in the current. She was anchored in shallow water close inshore. It is a source of great satisfaction with the Japanese that their torpedo attacks were delivered without the least confusion. Each boat rendered material assistance to its comrades. The skillful manoeuvring and bravery of the officers and men inspired the nation with a deep feeling of satisfaction and confidence, (s. 2, p. 7 ;
the turret ship Sevastopol, the last battle15, 3 P. M. ship of the Russian Port Arthur fleet, was still afloat, but was apparently damaged, finally, torpedoed repeatedly and sunk; Japanese torpedoing
crews, defying her point blank
seventy-four men, killed and
The Russians were simply made
The Japanese experts assert that they found that the very sinking was from taking off the Kingstone and setting water into the vessels
on the part of the Russians,
The commander of the naval guns overlooking Port Arthur said: "The to-day's bombardment was principally directed against the arsenal and torpedo storehouse at the Tiger's Tail Peninsula and the vessels anchored in that vicinity. The storehouse was set on fire, and burned in about an hour. About six shells struck the ships, and three vessels used for various purposes were destroyed. One took fire and sunk. The bombardment of the buildings caused serious damage." The Japanese fleet were thus left free to go into dock, all of the 7. (Arts. i2-i2a, p. 201-2.) The warships in Port Arthur being destroyed. Japanese could now do anything they wanted for preparation to meet the Baltic Armada, the Russian second pride, which already exposed cowardice by destroying the English trawlers as Japanese torpedoboats. In St. Petersburg, December 15, much disgust is manifested over the manner in which a notorious Russian adventurer swindled several newspapers abroad by fictitious stories of Russia having received secret information about the North Sea incident, (s. 6, p. 93.) The Russian authorities expressed confidence in the testimony to be submitted to the international commission in Paris. A commander, wounded in the leg during the battle of High Hill, heading a party of seven Russians who left Port Arthur December 1 6, bearing dispatches for St. Petersburg, said 'The Japanese were compelled to clamber up
the slopes of the
cases without firing, in the face of the
most murderous deluges ever poured from rifles and machine guns. It seems strange to me that flesh and blood would be able to stand our The Japanese went down in companies and fire, even for a minute. squads, but there were always others coming forward. Their fanatical bravery was beyond praise, as was that of our own men. Sometimes the fighting was hand to hand, with the muzzles of the rifles at the breasts of the combatants, the bayonets being used as swords. The side of the hill was strewn with bodies, and the snow was crimsoned with the blood of the wounded, some of whom had crawled into it, seeking
coldness as surcease for their dying agonies."
8. December 19, 1:30 P. M., a Japanese camp follower, who saw a portion of the fighting at 203-Meter Hill coming from Dalny, said that Commander MizzeneofFs description of the fighting is not exaggerated. The TAKE FORT BY STORM:
Russians repeatedly brought up re-inforcements until it seemed as though the entire garrison must have been in that section. The Russian dead were indiscriminately mingled with the heaps of Japanese dead. The slope of 203-Meter Hill being very smooth and steep, the Japanese prepared for their advance by shelling the hillIn some instances side; the shells in exploding hollowed out foot-holds. the Japanese found protection behind the heaps of their own dead. December 19, the Japanese were forwarding men, guns, and torpedo 9. boats to Formosa and the Pescadores, in order to be ready to attack the Baltic fleet at its rendezvous. 203-Meter Hill, captured at such an enormous cost, has been abandoned by the Japanese, as it was commanded by the other forts, (s. 3, p. 75-6.) 1. The Japanese army stormed and captured North Fort on East Keekwan mountain, after exploding a mine under the fortifications. A junk from Port Arthur brought a number of the Chinese who reported that four Japanese torpedo-boats were sunk during the attacks on the Russian
ship Sevastopol, which sought refuge under Golden Hill. The Japanese they said were spreading false reports of their successes in order to facilitate the negotiation of fresh loans abroad. (Arts. 8-9, p. 201.) 2. December 19, the capture of the North Keekwan Mountain fort
FIGHT BEHIND HEAPS OF THE DEAD.
was a brilliant spectacle. For weeks the Japanese had been tunneling two shafts forty feet in length with four branches. They laid seven mines, which were exploded December 18, 1904. (s. 7a, p. 73; s. 8b, p. 105.) The two attacking parties were composed of volunteers and those 3. participating in the first attempt vowed to capture the fort or die. The
of the first force were distinguished by red badges. They remained in the moat during the explosion of mines, having charged prematurely, and many were killed by the debris. The second body of assaulters, distinguished by white badges, was in the saps during the explosion and was prevented from charging immediately, the mouths The explosion made two of the saps having been filled with the debris. huge rents in the north walls, through which the assaulters charged the enemy, winning the trenches in front of the wall and killing the remainder of the garrison int he rear of the fort. ((3.5, p. 33; 8.3^.75-6; s. 5a, p 93.) On the nineteenth, 5 A. M., the Japanese naval bombardment 4. sunk a torpedo-boat at Port Arthur. The Russians had prepared around the fort at Panlung a moat 600 yards long and thirty feet wide, which they filled with petroleum to a depth of several feet, then covered it with wood and straw. In the course of an attack upon the fort early in December, the Japanese storming party sank into the morass, which the Russians fired with an electric fuse. (s. ja, p. 73; s. 3, p. 112;
The fierce conflagration lasted all night and day, and hundreds of 5. Japanese were burned to death, but the second night, the trench having dried up, the Japanese advanced in small detachments, protected by large wooden shields (s. 3, p. 7 5 -6), and engaged in a savage bayonet fight. The Japanese captured the position and made prisoners of 152 Russians. (ss. 2-6, pp. 99-101.) 6. Gen. Stoessel in his dispatches to the emperor, after telling of reported assaults by the Japanese from November 20 down to December of the assault of November 26: "The help 5, which were repulsed, said which God sent us on the birthday of our mother, the Czarina, gave us further victory." In the attack of December 5, General Stoessel reported General Tserpinsky was fatally wounded, and dead a few hours later. The German embassy said that there was no truth whatever in the renewed reports of an Anglo-German movement looking to mediation in the JapanRussian war. (s. 5a, p. 92; Arts. 8-9, p. 201.) The Russians in Port Arthur were likely to run short of ammunition, ere long, as the magazines belonging to the north fort of west Taiyankan and Yehutsun exploded during the bombardment of December 17, 1904. The loss of ammuniThe capture of the north fort of Keekwan tion was supposed to be great. Hill made a serious gap in the defenses of the northeast section. (Arts.
12-123., p. 201-2.)
fort or die, "was the
of the Japa-
nese; many fell by the explosion. The Japanese were now able to get to the old Chinese wall, which, notwithstanding its thickness of twelve feet, was not likely to be able to withstand attacks with dynamite.
It was fairly ascertained that the Russian battleship Sevastopol 7. was rendered unseaworthy by the torpedo attacks, and there was no need The few Rusfor the Japanese to show further heroism to destroy it. sian destroyers left unharmed, remained inside of the harbor at night but through the day they steamed up and down in the outer harbor
under cover of the
Japan was ringing with the praises
of the heroes
of the assault of the
December 20, 5 A. M., the Japanese capture of the Keekwan fort was a complete surprise to the Russian garrison, there having been no prepaThe Japanese ratory bombardment. EXPLODE Two TONS sappers drove shafts forty feet under the parapet of the fort from the escapeOP DYNAMITE. ment and the moat. (s. 3, p. 120; Art. In these, two tons of dynamite were exploded simultan8, p. 206.)
eously, completely wrecking the interior of the fort, while the siege and shrapnel guns shelled the Russian troops in the vicinity.
detachment of Japanese infantry made a headlong but premaand sixty of them were buried under a mass of debris, greatly delaying the attack. Despite this mischance another volunteer force dashed forward and captured the parapet. In the meantime the Russians had been strongly re-enforced, and a fierce hand-to-hand struggle with bayonets and grenades was continued till nearly midnight, when
said that in one attack the Japanese ran into a terrific hail of shells from quick firers. December 28. on the twenty-fifth. and the latter contained more decorations. The officers and men partook of the same fare. after severe 3. and were attempting to regain the Russian lines. The dugouts were all shell proof. Russian loss.three guns. was captured. December 15. (s. bound for Vladivostok. retia. which were better than could be bought in Russia. and one for the men. operations began and. mostly of Chinese manufacture. with sleeping ledges around the side. The men lived in dug- Aside from the outs. 1. p. tired army that settled down here after the battle of Liao- Yang and the army now resting south of Mukden. Meanwhile. A Russian war correspondent who inspected the quarters occupied by the officers and men at the front.000. fact that there were only five officers to the hut. Bath houses were provided. 93. though their diet was dog meat. after a few hours. Japanese casualties. an eye witness of the onslaught against Port Arthur 4. the separate laundry houses were always supplied with hot water. Its construction showed the utmost scientific skill and knowledge. by a Japanese guard ship. whose rank he recognized by his uniform and insignia. warm underwear. 6. and Chinese boots. "One could hardly imagine a greater contrast than that afforded by said the hungry. the famous fortress-crowned Rihlung Mountain was stormed and captured after twenty-nine hours of desperate fighting and months of preparation. and there was no dampness in the buildings set apart for the washing and drying of clothes or in the living quarters. and each had a stove. and picked up the body of a Russian Major-General. Both were sent to Sasebo for trial before the prize court. December 31. who had escaped from internment at Shanghai. including fortynine officers killed and forty-eight officers wounded. leaving 4.000 killed and wounded on the field. the Russians at Mukden felt happy. fighting. where heavy firing had been going on. a Japanese cruiser seized the British steamer Nig1. which was distributed twice daily in big .CHESSOLOGICS l6l the Russian survivors returned to the city and the fort was captured. The Russians lost half a detachment of 500 men at one of the positions between Pigeon bay and the new city. The British steamer. board officers and men of the Russian torpedo-boat destroyers. King Arthur. one for the officers of each company. December 20. The King Arthur took supplies to Port Arthur. The men were provided with bedding. 200 men and forty. 5. while attempting to leave Port Arthur. Everyone was well fed and comfortable. He was employed by the Japanese to assist in the removal of the dead and wounded. were completed Christmas morning by which all of the Russian advanced positions west of Port Arthur fell into the hands of the Japanese. December 31. but most of the officers' huts were above ground. there was little difference between the men's and the officers' quarters.) 2. The water was heated twice weekly. an examination showed that she had a The Nigretia had on large quantity of contraband of war on board.
) heavy artillery As soon as they succeeded in planting on Rihlung. There was a general truce protecting water parties of both sides. the fall of Sungshu Mountain 7. an immense advantage to the besiegers. 126.1 62 JAPANESE CHESS coppers from the camp kitchens. for the first time. formidable stronghold It is West Rihlung). really the Japanese possessed the key to Port Arthur's inner by which the fall of the beleagered fortress was inmonth according to military experts. It was said that. 75. was The only thing necessary to the early successes Japanese army was that they should have held the posiThe Japanese were able. There was little sickness. 4. leather. 5 defenses. owing to the care taken with the drinking water. The temperature was 6 degrees below zero (Fahrenheit) and was expected to be colder. Some companies were compelled to use water from the Shakhe river. to attack tions. (s." Then Rihlung already fell on De. 28. evitable within a mountains were captured. pp.) Critics declared that no army in the world could have done better at Port Arthur than the Japanese. Water parties went to the banks unarmed. p. Conservative military observers insisted that this finally brought the end in sight. the Japanese forces attacking Port Arthur stormed and captured the Hill. This opinion was given the more credence since the same experts predicted that. the Japanese would not dare to assault from the front. sewing materials and reading matter. the forts on Panlung and Wantai on o'clock January i.) . 52-53. 4.000 Japanese fell And very early morning 4 and in the attack on the new city. (s. (s. on Sunshu mountain (Canonia one of the most important command' ing positions before the city and of the fortress inner defenses . twice daily.p. and much chaff between Russians and Japanese were exchanged across the river. the Russians were unable to with- stand long the Japanese flanking attacks. A ration consisted of a pound of meat and two and one-half pounds of bread with tea. if they had captured the fortress any sooner than they did. frontal attacks being the hardest. The Russian quick firers mowed down the Japanese soldiers. yet they attacked their enemy from all sides. when the Japanese captured the Rihlung fort. The next day 6. 3.8. it would have been a military miracle. the main defenses of the fortress through an enfilading fire on inevitable. of the three sides. There was a guard at each well. and that. and accomplished with intuitive quickness the means to their desired end. "There were short rations of sugar.
The capture by the Japanese
Panlung Mountain with their strong
Shtmgshu Mountain and and Fort "H" practicthe Russians enmercy of the Japanese
ally shattered the last of the inner
INNER DEFENSES TO SURRENDER. SHATTERED, PORT
tirely at the
the former strong, true, friendly thus literally revolting against
their former masters. (Digest pp. 86i28;ss. 5-7,p.86-7;ss. 3-6, pp. ioo-ioi;ss. 8, p. 103 ;ss. 1-3, p. 112.) 9. Bright, clear and calm, as in Japan, was the morning
about Port Arthur, January i, 190 5, the day that the Japanese keep as a synonym with Peace, when the thunders with no wind nor rain but with hurricane of fire accompanied by rumbling earthquakes were roaring and echoing among the chains of hills and mountains and lightnings with heavy thunderbolts flashing and adding their illuminations to the prismatic hues over the skies, while the Japanese commander was early re-
New Year's camp callers, many of whom producing new odes and poems for their country and commander, at the same time when in their country there were flying New Year's presents sent for the absent soldiers' homes from their The commander said co-patriotic villagers and townsmen. to a native correspondent, ''Here in the camp there is nothing
to suit a celebration of the occasion, but the Toso (special perfumed sake drunk only at New Year's day) sent from Yokohama
Let us particischool children has been received yesterday. pate in drinking for the nation's everlasting fortune." (s.S.p.iy.) 1. "Give the Japanese a button," said an English Major LynchBlosse, "and they will show you a button not only as good as yours but
It is the same thing fifty times better. with their artillery. They have taken MARVELOUS WEAPON. European models and made guns better than any European government posThese guns have beaten the Russians. sesses. They have as many as ten batteries of these special guns, not one of which have the Russians captured, for, rather than have one taken, the Japanese will sacrifice a company or a whole battalion. 2. "This special gun uses a 456-pound shell, while the gun itself is covered by a steel casement modeled after the shell of a tortoise. This covering works on the finest system of steel springs to go up or down,
JAPANESE USING A
so that the
moment the gun ceases to shot can possibly pierce this casing.
fire, it is
"Then the shell used by this special gun is also a product of the 3. Japanese ingenuity, (s. 2, p. 10; s. 7, p. 113-5. 5, p. 116.) It is timed to break into thirty-two separate parts and each of these parts contains its own explosive. Also the shell flying from the mouth of the gun has the flatest trajectory in the world. Every other gun discharges a shell that describes more or less of a curve and only hits anything near the point at which it is aimed. This Japanese shell, on the contrary, in all its course never gets higher than four or five feet above the ground. Everything in the shell's line of fire gets hit when it finally explodes. It would open up a lane through a regiment and then burst among the ammunition wagons a mile beyond.
"The destructiveness of this shell is tremendous, unexampled and 4. amazing. To it is due the immense widening of the dangerous zone, that the war correspondents talk about. Its flat trajectory is obtained by a rifling process on the part of the Japanese. The gun is not rifled by being bored after the barrel is complete, but the rifling is obtained by a twist in the steel material itself, while the barrel is being made. The process secures much better results than the old superficial rifling, while the gun itself is not spoiled by a part of the shell being left in the rifling every time it is fired." Here we should not leave off without mentioning the highest ex5. plosive ever discovered, which was carefully kept secret by the Japanese until the war. Experts the world over have been utterly surprised
by the most ferocious devastations of the shells containing this powder. The Russians, the deep believers in icons and ignorants en masse, believed
that the islanders were literally playing a magic,
8b, p. 105-8
3, p. 164.)
6. Port Arthur at the moment of the surrender was described by a Russian naval officer "Nothing could withstand the Japanese. As for the hospitals, no words can adeTHE SIEGE HORRORS. quately depict their horrors. They were worse than battle-fields. They were gorged with broken, shell-torn bodies and with men in the grip of mortal diseases. So terrific was the shell fire that few of the hospitals escaped injury, and many men were blown to fragments in their cots. "The nauseating odor of human blood and of festering wounds 7. poisoned the air of the wards and even sickened the Sisters of Charity, So fetid and powerful accustomed as they were to such experience. was the stench that the Russian ladies attending the wounded had to keep their nostrils plugged with cotton and wool saturated with eau de cologne to avoid being overcome by miasma. 8. "Many suffered from loathsome ulcers on the mouth caused by eating horse flesh, itself tainted, but the only animal food that we could get. "The Sisters of Charity and the volunteer nurses worked day and 9. They fainted at their posts from want night in these slaughter-houses. of food. The shrieks and the moans of the wounded, the death rattle of the dying and the curses and yells of the men undergoing operations with:
out ansesthetics, all combined to make the place a perfect inferno. Severed limbs and puddles of curdling blood met one's gaze on every hand, It was a relief to rush from the foul atmosphere and the horrible sights, even if the shell-torn streets were the only alternative. "Heroism of a great majority of the wounded is something never 1. Men who had received wounds that did not incapacitate to be
them from duty would stagger into the hospitals, and after dressing back their own wounds would snatch up the accoutrements and hurry
to the trenches,
to last the Japanese delivered fifty-six assaults. The killed them by regiments, but fresh sacrifice of life was unparalleled. Recently the bombardment was assaults were delivered the next day. Those infernal shells were too been. it had much more effective than
even hardy Russians. The fortress was being torn to pieces. General Stoessel waited longer, the garrison would have been reduced to a mass of corpses. General Smiroff himself favored the surrender and the garrison, scourged by a daily hurricane of fire, unanimously supported him, yet the poor fellows wept when the first message The asking what terms would be granted was sent to the Japanese. soldiers, half starved and racked by disease, stood in the trenches staring stupidly at one another, with sunken eyes, while the officers, prostrated by the thought of giving up the fortress, actually sobbed like bereaved women as if their hearts would break. The men seemed dazed by the
impending calamity which we knew nothing could ward off. We wandered about like mourners in a graveyard, and such Port Arthur was." 4. Following the severe fighting of December 31, and the morning of January i, a flag of truce was sent early Sunday night by the Russian commander from Port Arthur; prior to the request for the armistice the Japanese had captured another important fort station, known as Signal Hill, actually followed by the negotiation for surrender. A few minutes later there appeared an aid-de-camp of the Russian 5 He asked to be escorted through general, accompanied by two orderlies. the Japanese lines to the Japanese general's headquarters, stating that he was the bearer of an important communication from the Russian Commander-in-Chief to the Japanese commander. The communication was a proposal looking toward the surrender 6. of the remnants of the Russian position and garrison, asking the latter for terms, whereby the former would have handed his sword. Owing to the importance of the matter, the Japanese general deferred replying to the proposal at once, but immediately communicated the substance of it to the General Headquarters at Tokyo. General Stoessel's appeal to the Czar, dated January i, 1905 "We 7. shall be obliged to capitulate, but everything is in the hands of God. We have suffered fearful losses. Great Sovereign! pardon us. We have done everything humanly possible. Judge us, but be merciful. Nearly eleven months of uninterrupted struggles have exhausted us have compassion for us. About eleven thousand are alive, and of this number
the majority are sick and, being obliged to act on the defensive without even short intervals for repose, are worn out, or reduced to mere shadows." 8. The simple announcement, "Port Arthur has surrendered to the Japanese," was made in Tokyo, January 2, 1905. Earlier in the day, a cable message from the commander at Port Arthur was posted: "I received a letter relating to the surrender of the garrison from Gen. Stoessel, the Commander, Sunday night at nine o'clock." This preliminary cable,
scenes of the wildest enthusiasm.
Arthur's fall; enlightened people were
was received amid the Tokyo was wild over the news of Port and not only Japan, but all of the civilized nations and
of the surrender,
filled with great joy. There were communications between the Japanese General and Tokyo, which were followed by the surrender on terms acceptable to both
i. The Russian commander, realizing that his supply of food and ammunition were well nigh exhausted, his men worn out by months of extreme suffering, and but a fraction of the original garrison A NEW YEAR'S PRESENT. left, was ready to accept any honorable terms (s. 5, p. 101; s. 8a, pp. 103-105), and these, January 2, 12 M., were granted by the Japanese commander, who was very anxious to take the fortress as a New
Year's present, a gift of Sunday, a day of rest to the Japanese
THE JAPANESE FIND FORTRESS AN INFERNO
HEROIC GARRISON REDUCED TO A MERE HANDFUL OF ABLE-BODIED FIGHTING MEN HATRED BETWEEN Two ARMIES DISAPPEARED AND COMBINED HOSPITAL CORPS TO RELIEVE DISTRESS.
Pursuant to the terms of the surrender at Port Arthur the Japanese
have taken possession of all the forts, and the non-commissioned officers with all the privates have been taken prisoners. They were mobilized, and the two armies fraternized, and where the bitterest hatred was displayed a few days before, there was shown the best of feelings. By the terms, considered magnanimous, the officers were paroled and permitted to wear their side arms. A supplementary agreement provides for the unparoled release of all civil officials at Port Arthur, who have not served as volunteers in the Russian navy or army. The officers were required to sign agreements not again to engage in war against Japan. A display was made by the Russian officials of all the mines and underground Stoessell was treated with the greatest and workings of the fortress.
highest honor a soldier could receive.
The first work of the Japanese army upon entering the fortress 3. was the relief of the distress among the half starved and disease-ridden The condition of the men left alive and who escaped the garrison.
terrific shell-fire of the Japanese is pictured as a veritable injerno. According to the Russian Officers, the Garrison originally numbered 35,000 men. Of this number 11,000 were killed, 16,000 sick or wounded, while only eight thousand were left to occupy the forts. Two thousand of these were unable to fight. During the fight in 4. its last days, 265 per cent, of the garrison were put out of condition. This remarkable fact was due to the wounded men returning to the trenches after their wounds were dressed. Some were wounded two or three times. All of the Russian hospital corps were retained to act with the Japanese in caring for the sick and wounded. The whole aspect serves as a lesson on what Russia must do and 5. how she must change her methods to achieve a final victory in the civilized human affairs. It shows Japan what she undertook, when such enormous losses were entailed in capturing even a small empty-handed (ss. 8a-b, p. 18-19.) garrison driven to the last ditch, 6. Russia has had eleven months of hard but valuable experience in the art of war, under the new conditions imposed by modern technical (s. 8a, p. 18.) requirements. It was a costly training, but valuable,
The Russ said, in an even more strongly worded statement, "Had 7. the Japanese been able to cut off the last train which reached Port Arthur, the blockade would have found the fortress even worse prepared. Well may those few remaining heroes say: 'We have done our duty, but you, O people of St. Petersburg, and of Russia, have you done all Russia cannot afford to quit that you could or should have done. during a loosing fight. The time has now come for every one to put shoulder to shoulder against the wheel and redeem the prestige lost in the far east." (s. 6, p. 21; Arts. 26, 28, 30-1, p. 204-5.) .8. Few incidents of the whole war have aroused more bitter criticism than the blunt announcement, officially issued by the general staff that
STOESSEL TO BE TRIED
Gen. Stoessel will have to go home and stand court-martial for surrendering the Port Arthur fortress. While this is an ancient regulation and according to law, it is bitterly resented on all sides that such an announcement should have been gratuitously made in the same
BEFORE COURT MARTIAL FOR THE SURRENDER OF PORT ARTHUR. SUCH is
bulletin containing Gen. Stoessel's appeal to the emperor for "Merciful judgment on a garrison reduced to shadows, who have done all that
possible for human beings to of her enemies."
uphold the honor of Russia in the face
The Novoe Vremya, despite the suspension of the Russ, says: "By means let us have a court-martial, and make it, if possible, severe. The cruel judge will, perhaps, deal leniently with those who have given their blood and their lives for their country. Perhaps, also, the court will
to be threatened with blockade
Length of siege 100. will take care of him very kindly. 8. continuing. whether consciously or not. make themselves great allies of the Russian enemy. p. ooo Russian Far Eastern Naval Loss. (s. According to the terms. Then. Stoessel as the hero of Port Arthur. No other way on my part than to think that you are divine.) i And there are the hundred times huger foes at home than the East. Gen. both defied death. s. as I present him to you. who loses it for his own fullest profit. 203-Meter Stoessel remarked." showing how the great general loves and regards even a mute creature at the last moment of the vast discouragement and the greatest majority of the Muscovites was not a Stoesselian type of strong patriotic firm frame of mind. 86. omy of both nations stood at the time. keenly feels the sacrifice of the Japanese lives involved in the success of his plan. is to be calculated and is manipulated by Mochingoma. (Art. he said "I have a fine horse and the best kind of saddle down there for him. 121). according to the capacities of their Minds. 6. (Approximate) 8 months. Stoessel said. Perhaps such a court would bring to light many dark hidden things." Nogi replied. Nogi. "One was in Nanshan and the other. The Japanese general replied that.) It is very important to know in a glimpse how the national econ4. ooo." Now. and brilliantly terminated one of the most memorable naval campaigns in the History of Civilization. ern Englanders. p. "It is out of my conception Hill. p. 4. if the horse was transferred to the proper authority. p. every thing or action detrimental to one and advantageous to another.1 68 JAPANESE CHESS supplied with the necessary food and munitions to enable it to hold out. who lost his only two children in the war. p. who are infinitely more dangerous to the nation than the foe who fights in the open. ." He questioned the Japanese commander where Kuoropatkin was then located. 135 s. I request you that your excellency. . (s. "I heard that your only two sons were dead. 5. He refers to Gen. ooo 45.) 2. . 137. Those intestinal foes. from the entrance to Port Arthur. Warships $75. he uttered his surprise by saying that it was reported that the Russian Commander-inChief was already down on the peninsula (s. The Russians thus held Port Arthur against the fierce attac. and emphasizes the fact that the surrender leaves fame untarnished. 3. ooo Japanese Army Russian Defenders 35. pa. 5. Japan withdrew its fleet. 93 s. 201. 91. and expose the creeping underground enemies of Russia. except a few blockading vessels. 7." who may use them at their will in the future. as he himself could not receive him." to think that three out of one family have been in the army. p. and when he was informed of his colleague's situation in Mukden. ooo Japanese Loss Russian Loss 25. ooo . in Chessologics. all the forts and their accessories at Port Arthur were transferred into the hands of the fair possessors of "The Six Times Sevastopol. he will recommend him to the official to provide for him. p.
There was no reason other than. 35. jtfg The Statement : of the Russian War finances from the highest sources The war expenses up to Nov. ooo. at this moment of warring. . and quite probable that Russia will resort to another loan in 1905. wonderfully immense. . for the countrymen could meet the necessary pressure of the need of the time. of 1904. Japan's war bonds floated abroad were practically to secure their sympathy with herself. ooo. ooo 41. barber shopkeepers and others had saved a part of daily earnings of their members for the fund that school children saved their portions (see pp. Japan. as the public and the papers were against the loan abroad.) When they have realized. ooo A comparison of the finances of Russia The statement adds 7. and Japan is to the advantage of Russia. besides raising the war fund at home. While Russia was showing enormous resources for the furtherance of the war for almost unlimited number of years. each a half. secured a $50. ooo. ooo. both the capital cities of Russia's well nigh friendly nations. yet in result. 17) out of their pencil and paper expenses. 8.000 loan in the United States and England. ooo. ooo. ooo Stock of gold to secure note circulation 620. p. ooo. contributed their shares. that Japan 9. TOTAL WAR EXPENSES FOR THE YEAR The statement then shows that the treasury * 364. ooo.000. 500. that there in the Empire of the little groups of small islands. for the soldiers in the war field. 500. attention to have raised a large amount of money for the soldiers at the winter quarters as to supply what the Japanese call Kairo (little pocket stove) to keep told the significance of a verdict for a victory in the their hands warm war. p. and. Various military requirements Average per month The outstanding credits up to the same time were of which the army the navy Miscellaneous expenses 126. 83. to serve their country to a man or to die. being 8. The army The navy 23 $238. (s. millions of the countrymen are pouring . that the associations of ladies' hairdressers. 12. 76. p. ooo. of about an equal amount of those A portion will be placed at Berlin and the balance at Paris. was at a loss to find how the small island empire could stand financially against the gigantic Czardom. even such a little. wealthy merchants and collectors of rare things sold their treasures home and abroad to contribute their shares. the cash sesses : left in New York and London to pay for the things bought in the respective countries. among others. 31. and besides. 8. economizing their juvenile extravagancies and that the students of the National Normal school taking care of the usual profusion of coal and wood for the stoves. 52: s. 22. 17. 3. p. ooo.CHESSOLOGICS 5. 6. the nobles. needs a powerful volunteer fleet. while the world at large believing it to be so. ooo 161. 7-11 s. ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo pos- 149.
Russian ! Grand Dukes and nobles. There were thus no economical difficulties at all to be worried of the Japanese. respect- ively. ity. ss. Utopian The estates were proportionately and without quixotic action realized How diametrically different partiality distributed among the people. Russian utterly blind over-confidence in one way or other has not been realized. industry. 69. the war. and haughtiness. oppression. liberality. One Wing of War. Japan finally triumphed p. 3. Japan is breaking under the economical strains. have been these clean-minded nobles from their titled associates. s. castles in wind.. intrigues. especially. in the name of the emperor without any stipulation about considerations or desire for any returns. parted it into two. PP.1 70 JAPANESE CHESS . 97~ 8 -) splendidly in Economical domain during p. 8. assassins. rebels. The American financiers wanted to secure In order to secure sympathetic union with both nations. 7. p. and their business at horn* is kept on. while Russia was at a loss to find what to do in financial world. their whole estates. when the reader would know that in 1868 when the government announced its reliance upon the national public opinion and equality on the part of the people for the National Solidification of popular affairs. p. pp. p.73-755 s 3. The $150. 9.000 borrowed in America and London each a half the amount in addition to the previous $50. 176.000. one and all the nobles presented. s. their shares for the fund This kind of sacrificing things is comparatively nothing with them. 134.000. 4-6. 2.2 . (s. pp. 7-11. s. zb.and ant-like high and low.000 loan would be enough to carry on warlike operations another year on the same tremendous scale of the year past. one noted for cleanli- ness in work. together with all properties-local political treasury and others accrued from them except their itemized strictly individual belongings swords and pocket money and the like others. While Russia possessing one-sixth of the earth keeps a most wonderful amount of assets and abundant resources and has cramps in pecuniary veins. lastly co-operations and especially Mind. Japan all loan. 75-6. thus showing no partiality. i. Japan could raise more money in both countries if she badly needed it. bee. her air-castle betrays realities. at tionists. s. revolu(See wholly lacking chessological protections and coverings. p. and the subscriptions in the former were mostly by private individuals. under the protection of their navy. Russia had a full confidence in her vast superiority to her adversary without a least idea of her own far inferiority of her seamen to her opponents. the no-business-like islanders had the means at home for the fund to push the Manchurian war forever as long as their international trading would not be curtailed. i a. patience. 5-53. the necessity of humanthe other disreputed for dirty greed in every way. there were clearly - shown the answers to the problems of the different results of different appreciations and applications of the same things on the part of the two belligerent nations. 8b. s. Subscriptions for the Japanese loans were over five and thirteen times in America and London. P. (See s.7 6 -) Thus. last. and the war on the part . 9.) While Russia has come to have felt that at home and at Paris there could be no prospect to float her loans and while she realized herself unable to raise the war fund.
000. since 1895.s. 103-105. 1905.) approximately stated that Japanese spoils near in ammunitions. (s. 750. not alone in the large money capitals. Germany. 1905 250. and it was allotted equally times. there came the third offer for subscriptions of the new large issuance of Japanese government bonds. Then Russia positively believed in her military invincibility yet could not realize her soldiers' rotten cores. Next. 8a." was the soul inspiring cry.CHESSOLOGICS 17 1 began. Great Britain and. The subscriptions received the same day were so large. and her famous army with very well-known Cossacks was utterly beaten. p. but in vain and her divine foe has come out. pp. 198. p. 103-105. ooo Again it may be here stated. Chicago and Berlin. (s.000. "Take Port Arthur. as it were with a magical wand. 6 ( 3 ). Arts. pp. Russia has come to depend on a religion of golden calf. 9. ooo. ooo. (s. 3~3a. To it was the centre of the entire campaign.731 s.) > 3. between the United States. In the decade of quiet patient preparation. easily to dig out any amount of gold out of the richest .) a. was annihilated without effecting any blow on her foe. ooo. and from the capture first moment the great efforts were turned there. ooo 250. the Eastern navy.000 and up home loans at times. ooo 600. 72-3.) Ever since the war began. The German allotment of this large loan had been over-subscribed about ten times London reported at noon that the allotment was over-subscribed twelve The total loan was $150. 103-105. but for convenience's purpose that after the annihilation of the Baltic invincible squadron in Japan Sea. 24-5. 7 a P. that official announce- ment was lists will be closed at the close of In New York.) subscribed continual floating of $5. sent out at noon that the banking business the same day. May 2. and s.th and 28th. as well as the small centers where they were received. 8a. 76. ooo. nay! UP. Her most important and strongest fleet. ooo The Russian pecuniary loss Chinese Eastern Railroad Port Arthur and Dalny Cost of war up to April. 5. and no subscriptions were received after banking closing hours the same day. London. ooo 255.7-ya. supplies and others Mukden amounted $ i. 204. New York. Japan held as her immediate objective point her only thought "The Eastern Gibraltar. this time. The surrender of Port Arthur after being cut off from . s. though not chronologically.000." (s. (s. mines of American It is cities and London. This was thus done abroad while there was over8a. THE SUMMING 35-36. pp. They might have waited a year and forced the surrender merely by waiting. the Japanese government loan was over-subscribed four or five times. p. pp. pp.
sieged army so impregnable. desperation unequaled. by tramways and telephones and backed by a massive wall. surrounding the harbor. be captured. before fort after fort and chain after chain of breast works were wrested from the gallant defenders. Any other army in the world could not have made such progress. Port Arthur might have stood until relief came.172 JAPANESE CHESS the world for 219 days marks the close of probably the most remarkable siege in the history of war. the Russian forts defied direct assault. By . gallantry and 7. since August. making the movements of the troops from one to another possible. and the capture of the outer ridges only exposed the captors to the concentrated fire of all Russian guns on the next chain of defenses. thereby depriving the army of a part of the credit for its wonderful achievements. The siege has been marked by bravery. and the big war six Crimean Sevastopols. and the spirit and resources of the attacking forces so irresistible. By sea there were torpedoboat dashes.000 men in killed and wounded during the siege.000. 6. up to the very mouths of the Russian guns. and hardly excelled in the history of war. to give battle or in a wild effort to escape. ships plowed through the mines with a heroic disregard for life. In no other modern siege were the defenses of the be4. It was said many times that Port Arthur would soon 5. Japan lost nearly 50. 8. Built on the rings of high hills. What the Japanese accomplished almost staggers belief. examples of superb recklessness. Port Arthur is the strongest place ever besieged. Port Arthur is as strong as all situated on hills arranged in mutual connected supporting groups. had been promising the speedy reductions of the fortress. as the Japanese soon learned to their cost. The wonder is that the fortress fell in 219 days. land the Japanese hurled themselves against the They faced and scaled the positions said to be impregnable. and Russia probably 30. With any other army besieging it. Instances of heroism that would have set the world ringing under less striking events were dwarfed by the magnificent conduct of both the forces. but meanwhile they strongly depreciated the oversanguine tone of the remarks which. So the Japanese had to settle down to cutting parallel trenches.
Then the experts declared that the forts were not properly manned. The experts then declared that nothing but starvation 5. mounted upon them the latest and best of artillery and manned the defenses with the flower of the Russian army. together with walls of iron and stone. 7 a. They swept over the fortifications without stopping. was captured. On scanty rations. and crowded with defenders. Over corpse-filled trenches. bound the hills 4. and successfully. but she did. ss. p. tating rain of Shimose shell and shrapnel. waged with a recklessness dead and collect the woundmen fought hand to hand with cold steel and clubbed guns.) In the doomed fortress the people lived under a devas9. that Japan could not defeat China. 126. contrivances and known in the domain of sciences to take advantage of and interactions of Chessological primary factors time. There were used by the devices islanders all kinds of instruments. They said that Japan was not able to fight Russia. knowing that hope of succor or escape was vain. (s. The whole story is one of undaunted courage and sublime bravery on both i. force and space. first 3. and. at short range. 73. won even the praise and the ed. tightened with the best cement.) The papers of the world with one accord praised the heroic work of the Port Arthur garrison and its record furnishes an object lesson both to Russia and to Japan and to the world. 7 a. besieged on every side. hurled at each other hand-grenades filled with high explosives. the garrison fought with a stubbornness that has evoked the admiration of the world. The world said at . built new forts. 5-7. for the second time: the men of the East have accomplished the impossible. The Russians went. The cost was fearful probably 45. They met the Japanese intricacies untiring assaults with a grim valor that righting was that often refused truces to bury the of their foe.CHESSOLOGICS 173 rocky cliffs and heights crowned with batteries covered with barbed wires. suffering losses that would have appalled any European army. 73. world over. (s. sides.000 little yellow heroes . Naval and military experts declared that the Japanese could never take Port Arthur from the Chinese. but the little yellow men did it. The "Gibralter of the East. could reduce the fortifications. that Russia was too large." declared impregnable the a. p. but Japan did fight Russia. p.
174 JAPANESE CHESS have fallen in the assaults. nearly twice as Russian defenders. ever ways of comments may arise. Chessological experts.) point of view. The Japanese tried to capture the enemy's boats as in the war with China. remarked that the officers and men would do anything as ordered by their superiors. the largest Ocean. ably trained and friendly men should not be sacrificed at random from a Chessological (s. Foreign naval. capture them!" (53. We. the real personnels. The Eastern admirals and generals. 3. 139. should tidal waves swallowing them and washing away houses with creatures other together living and devastating soils there being many large active volcanoes seashore inhabitants occasional . the Japanese. Battleships. 8. p. especially men whose minds are trained for a long time and who could not be produced in a month or half a year or more. are scattered. so that they need to take care of them. more than not be lost without great caution. but they captured the many as there were fortress. 6. When the French Admiral Courbet told proudly a Japanese naval attache on his flagship how he brilliantly crushed the Chinese warships. but that they feel sorry when they go calmly to a destination. 205. did not take a risk by which.4-6^. the foremost in the world three or more times in average a day and very common to notice creaking houses within a few days and famous for submarine earthquakes very often conferring upon the southern battleships. the men. That is their peculiar hobby. 28 & 29. covers a very large area annually visited by the strongest and most frequent hurricanes in the world for the people there at National crises. when successful. p. 7. 6. they could save time and men and finish the war earlier or that they did not take advantage of opportunities in this naval What(or land) war in the same way as in the war with China. the bystanders or onlookers in Chessdom discussing the conditions and cir- cumstances of the situations remarked that the Japanese were too cautious. the young officer calmly remarked "That's not difficult. the Divine Wind.) Let the student know how and why they could secure this peculiThe district over which the Dai Nipponese little islands arity. as well as military experts. p.129-131. Arts. 129) the same locality is celebrated for the strength and most frequency of the severest earthquakes. KamiKaze(s. occupying the northwest corner of the Pacific.
CHESSOLOGICS 175 sending up the whirlpools of massive cloudy smokes. known as Kuroshio. What are then not expected there ? They are associated with almost all kinds of inclemencies which have drilled and hardened them. washing stream. the southern rocky dangerous and traitorous coasts of the islands victims . very different from Cuba. They are the sons and pupils of the strongest their hurricanes and the most powerful earthquakes and tidal waves. this Eastern Archipelago. the compact part of the earth with such most favorable conditions as several thousands of miles of coast lines with innumerable inlets and bays. variegated rivers and creeks and labyrinthian valleys and dales. comparable. full of precipitous upheavals and slides standing perpendicularly at places above and below the surface of the largest body of the warmest running water over the deepest extensive bottom of the grandest ocean in the world. as far as the nature of land coasts and its concerned. sometimes with shocks together with rumbling noises and once in a while bringing indescribably terrific eruptions suddenly splitting mountains and emitting torrents of molten lavas over villages and towns with human the same position is celebrated for the greatest ocean the famous Japan Current. thus practically a natural museum of almost all climes and conditions except two extremest earthly temperatures. and such as long ranges of the picturesquely rugged and volcanic hills and mountains. Spain and round the southern Spain and along the southern France toward around Italy: of Scotland 8a. addressed by the people as the Divine Country. Shinkok. While the mountains are lofty enough to have produced the excellent mountaineers. with Greece with its indented Archipelago plus the favorable climatic conditions is on the north and Ireland down along the northern France. Japan is the only natural university with its complete curriculum . hence the people able to go to the far south as well as cold Manchuria to fight on land. running parallel with the latitudes within torrid rays of the sun and very different from Madagascar and the Philippine Islands entirely bathing in climates Nippon stretching from the southwest tropical very nearly tropical region toward the northeast then directly up to the north. turned in night into vast bright columns of burning flames of subterranean infernal conflagrations. fathers and teachers. the Pacific.
They being accustomed with damp and sultry rainy season. 134. for the sake of their idealistic humanity and the pride of honor and compassions. For the sake of the National Honor they consider their lives lighter than a feather of a sparrow and they are prepared to disintegrate blossoms. ducks or divers. the whole country itself being something like the greatest navy with tremendous volcanic smokestacks and floating on and between the oft tempestuous waters. They are destined to take coolly and in subdued manner the human terrific eruptions of struggles. when rice is to be planted and taken care of. are hardened like and habits porpoise. fish and itself even raw and sliced and considered delicate. naval personnels. s. so that they could not be troubled with any wet weather on Manchurian battle- ground of mud. like their away Emblem. yet (s. cherry glorious before sudden violent rain storm. 69. along Chinese and Korean. however deep. of ice. manner. in cool. not National claim Frais de guerre in any guise and display. some ages ago. as habitual with them. divers and swimmers. 9. . sources of to present paradise. Can they have expectation for paradise after death other than their perfect satisfaction with earnest discharge of human The present aspect of panorama of infernal duty. of course. cormorants or penguins. space and force associated with ideas of present human existences depending upon causes and effects of predestination. they have naturally been trained so as to be able to go to the freezing land and to fight polar bears on both land and sea in snows over the sheets. On account of cold mountainous regions and because of the manners of wrestling with.176 JAPANESE CHESS for sailors and seamen. should be enough for once for all existences. p. warm and cold the Japanese born under such natural conditions and circumstances play chess or chessological hide-and-seek with violent inclemencies. 2b. and catching or checkmating grampus and monstrous whales and others in cold winter. and eat almost all kinds of seaweeds and. The Japanese thus born in the ss. 8b. p. p. optimistic.) Northern Pacific Ocean are born fishermen and famous whalers scattered and adventurous seafarers as known from their having pirated and devastated. 4-6. and among broken pieces. Utopian quixotic actions. Thus. they are ready. 169. They phenomena cannot help to understand the chessological importance of time.
and that battleships. 17. they should keep the fish alive as long as They have been dexterous whalers who are very possible. They should have known what they were doing. 73. a Russian naval officer. That anything of real value could be done on land without the co-operation of sea strength is enHe truthfully stated that the fall of Port Arthur tirely unsound. They could afford to use as well as lose any numbers of torpedo-boats made at home and abroad. and they have known that the mosquito lancers are the best for certain especial purpose to be achieved by the specially trained experts. s. tried patriotically . (s.) To eat raw fish meat. They knew that it was impossible for Japan during the war to have obtained new battleships. (s. the personnels with MIND. if not with the true personnels.Indo. to make sure of the balance of power against all the warships that Russia may send to the East. ing trained Mind. as shown by the proper employment of Fuhyd to the fullest extent of its usefulness and merit. Thus both the opening and closing scenes of the world's greatest naval drama have gloriously proven the efficiency of trained skill. the product of rightly hav. however invincible as far as the material is concerned. He stated that in this recovery there lies Russia's only hope in the war with Japan. however of tremendous sizes.China as the Norsemen did along the Northern Europe. the guns guns on the Japanese fleet Japan. Siam and Cochin. 177 the Philippines. it cost Russia her fleet rendez- . 73. 56. 8c. To them there is no chessological distinction between the captures of from the largest whales down to little minnows. They want chessologically to treat the unseafaring enemy as a school of fish or whales. 6a. 8. p. and a navy. was of importance only because voused in that harbor. modern to stir his government and the people to realize that the only hope for Russia was to send out re-inforcements for Rojestvensky to enable him to outweigh the Japanese fleet and recover the sea power.CHESSOLOGICS coasts.) Russia during the war could gladly give forty or fifty mil9. p. Captain Klado. lions of dollars apiece for equaling the range of the battleships equipped. i. seamanship and seafaring of the first degree have been natural with them. also could give any price for them. p. fond of eating every part of leviathan and consider it the most What can we expect from such beings? Fine delicious. could not be as available of producing a desired end.
that is. (ss. whole naval and One and Two Wings of Wa r. as a Chessologic thinker forecasted. 7-11 s. 4. might not advise her otherwise (s. and this numerical preponderance Kuoropatkin can never get as long as Japan sways the sea and that as long as the naval situation stands the same. p.) Futile is all hope that Russia as may achieve success without the sea command. Who could know. the best that Russia can have is status quo in Manchuria. when 99 per cent. or that Japan waging war as a self-defense would not be satisfied without a long lasting peace to secure which Japan might not greedily impose upon the payment of indemnity or tribute of one cent. But. pp 7 4. The Russian admiral's deplorable and unaccountable return with his ships after the sortie of August.5 ) He says that supposing Russia has the most favorable .000 men at the front. or had she not been herself checkmated by her own sincere interestedthis ness in the grand principle of humanity. shown by his review of the outlook for the future campaign. he speaks of as the crowning disaster of the war. 114. p. Russia p. the smallest Island Nation with the union and perfect co-operation of trained MINDS has come out to dictate the largest and the most formidable. Port Arthur and practi. the Eastern Islanders. the United States and her clever ally. nevertheless. At last. except by turning the immense movements and such movements require a large preponderance of force. of the bystanders were saying that . and that number Japan can certainly equal that the Japanese cannot be pushed back. Japanese Chessologic Art Proper has made May of their minds. Japan has Korea. 101). 3-1. as previously shown by the former with magnanimity and earnest kindness toward Korea and China and others (s. p. 5.76.3^. 3. . pp. in materiel. . military situation. way cannot maintain more than 400. England . it is impossible for Russia to do more than to keep the Japanese in check that the Siberian rail. 2. secured the most brilliant victory. 201). 146-148. provided that her similarly interested and traditional friend. cally everything that she thinks worth having.178 JAPANESE CHESS 2. 1904. 8b. (3. 19). 9. s. before the beginning of the wars. means the bystanders suggest or mutter about the ways and which the actual contestants alone are concerned. how the Chinese and Russians were so almost chimerically defeated. Empire of Bureaucracy to do anything whatever Japan wants (pp.
marks an epoch in naval and military history. pp. The unpreparedness of the fortress.CHESSOLOGICS 179 they were far superior to the Japanese in every way. yet in result they are in about the same situations. p. taking country was involved in war with (s. as well as others a result of usually haughty vainglories of a nation without democratic foundation of education which is the only main cause (Arts. p.) The victories were secured simply because the antagonists were not cautious every wise. 7. (ss. mines. p. 8b.) The Chinese could not do anything all except sinking defenseless Russian gun practice was bad every wise. space and force of struggles. 8. nor had had a good start. 185 Art. 29. to wipe out the insult forced upon them by the triple To them Port Arthur was as much almost as driving alliance. all these espoused the cause of the other. 105. 205. 206) of a unity of different vital factors of the nation ignorance on which riots. 42. 8. pp. only next the British Empire. 8-8b. nor aware . Russia should recede from Manchuria and give up many. rebels and revolutionists. The East Islanders knew how and when to take risks. 18-9. although both are the largest. s. China lost many simply because she showed herself to be weaker than what she had been previously considered and treated as the powerful one. almost all the damages that the Japanese suffered was from the did nothing at The Russians The transports. (ss. strikes.) The siege. p. which will go down in the History of Civiliza- tion as the first great siege after the invention of high explosives and long range guns. boycotts. advantage when another 5. They were fighting to satisfy a national demand. 2. during the Manchurian . of chessological exactness and conciseness of the principles and applications of the elements time. at all. (s. 6. in regard to the extent of territories.) The Japanese were fighting for more than the mere cap7. of which. the Russians back from Manchuria. They did not damage or sink a single boat. and even some Japanese high officers could not help humbly thinking it miraculous to have had lucky success. 8-10. 201. p. 8a-8b. Their gunners could not hit anything. and already lost prestige from even China. 103-108. and Thibet practically the Russian Protectorate by strong unwritten treaty. ture of Port Arthur. their and unpatriotic feelings are based. p. s. Russia has proven to be as weak a nation as China.
92. 113. China 9. Russia's theatre of carnage. is nothing for the prize won. (s. repulse. p. s. and the people. The "Yellow 8b. One of the most lessness easily serious features of Port Arthur's fall is the effect upon the already Loss of prestige in the questionable neutrality of the Chinese. p. it was captured from China. p. and its re-conquest was more to be desired by Japan than many rich cities or the . They place very large orders for arms and ammunitions while Japan Cash payment causes surprise. cost of blood and money the patriotic and has involved in the war. is warring with Russia.) 7. s. Pro-Japanese sentiments on the part of her government are more openly expressed than ever. Sentiment more than strategy a motive not for aggrandizement of a selfish brutal nation a cause of nearly all inter-national troubles a sense of self defense or struggle for existence and for the promotion of the true oriental humanity promoted the capture of the "Far Eastern Gibraltar. 5. s. England taking the advantage of the Russian helpmade herself the protectorate by a written treaty. p. tance by After eleven months of almost unparalleled resisthe Russian army its surrender was made to the enemy. for a decade. Japan's price. 5a. would not do anything any more with Russia. 108. than the men sent there by the Czar for the purpose of defense and 1 . 2. on November 21. To capture the town and the fortifications of Port Arthur. however. as a fruit of centuries after centuries work with one national aim for the mainland. the Japanese sacrificed more of their men. 102. having been impressed with a marked effect of the Japanese successes. it is said. and local. strategical Monkeys'" influence predominates all over the Chinese government both central. is more serious than the of orientals much the tremendously eyes value of the fortress. and the sacrifice of blood and treasures is not regretted by Japan. Nipponese. was the main point of Russia's offense." This "Gibraltar' was invested and cap- Whatever the chivalric remittances tured from Russia just as. Japan captured Port Arthur together with its adjacent territory from China. Port Arthur regained means to Japan the wiping out of a national dishonor. in the war of 1894.ISO JAPANESE CHESS campaign. 1894. and that the prize be easily snatched by Russia supported by the other greedy nations rankled in the breast of every true The holding of this fortress Oriental.
very well comparable to the siege of Tyre. 120. this siege of months ended in the capture of "The Sixtimes Sevastopol. one having occurred in the Southwestern Asia in the PersianMacedonian struggle and the other in the far Eastern Asia. or a 3. views for the sake of humanity. 19. again. Anglo. Thank a unity of three nations.American. must have been Thus second capture by a Japanese army of Port Arthur 4." the principles being one and the same in all struggles.) Thus.CHESSOLOGICS j. but. The events of the spring of 1895 burnt into the hearts of the subjects of the empire of the glorious rising sun. protectorate over Korea was the driving out of the Muskovite brutality from the tip of the Liaotung peninsula. p. a man and a cent in Nippon. not only wipes out all Japanese dishonor of 1895. Empire under Genghis Khan. Lorraine was to France. 8b-9. (s. the most noted of the navy and army combined in ancient history. 133-146) and especially Port Arthur siege could forecast in a chessological abstraction an outcome of every trend of the whole campaign and because this "Eastern Gibraltar" struggle is the focus and vane of all streams of chessologic factors of the main struggle and. because it embodied the earliest hopes of the Eastern Islanders of revenge.Japanese 5. the trick What the loss of Alsace- by which she was robbed of Port Arthur has been to Japan and decidedly much more. the democracism and a mere military pluto-aristocratic thirst of territorial acquisition of a vast dominion for a barren glory after a manner of the Persian or Roman Empire or the great Mogol Chinese. p.) outcome of a struggle for supremacy between the Anglo-Saxon commercial policy of civilization. This had to be done even if the last reserve. (ss. (pp. More to Japan than the conquest of Manchuria. moreover. Since the general aspects at the beginning of the war 5 a.8i whole of Manchuria. has decidedly made Japan an associate of the six first-rate naval and military nations of the world. The time has arrived to have proven that this age is not that of a mere militarism This war has been an or a warlike actions. because the people who could recapture "The Six-times Sevastopol" had to have felt it easy to capture Harbin and Vladivostock and could do so easily. 2. as . "the land from which the sun has risen" sacrificed.
chessologic analyses show, the author does not therefore indulge in this work to take up the subjects on chessologic strategy
other parts, however instructive, of the whole campaign;
but he considers it enough here for our purpose only to mention that there were
fought at Liaoyang, Mukden, and in the Korean Straits
the most stupendous marine and land battles the greatest
most thrilling tremendous scale ever
occurred in the world's history of wholesale bloodthirs-
Black rectangular Figures Japaense forces;
The Japanese entire line in vance on Mukden covering along the
FIG. 10 a.
ad130 miles, the Japanese right and left wings far up to envelope the Russians by double flanking* the left consisting of the Port Arthur Victors, and the right, shrewd cautious and bold flowers and center, of the invincible moving rocks of the picked fighters, (s. 3 P> 75 : s. 4> PP- 52'3.)
i-ia, p. 95)
and that Russia,
far superior to the
Japanese, was utterly defeated and her entire fleet annihilated,
the first class battleships and other crafts, together with fa-
FIG. 10 b.
The map showing
the Japanese surround the reinrates relative
destroyed or captured, simply on account of her lack of education (mind) forces
of her people (ss. 5-1, pp. 20-22;
4- 4 a, p. 51-3; ss. i-ia,p. 9 5).
the result having been perfectly in accordance with the UltraThe ways of the Philosophic-Scientific principle of Chessology. victories won by the Japanese in the naval battles in Yellow
Sea (Japan-Chinese War), at Port Arthur and Korean Straits and the battles on land exquisitely explain how the Far Easterners planned and executed almost instinctively and in a manner of spontaneous turn of mind through their hereditary Oriental-chessologic discipline all the developments and co-operations of the naval and military forces in concerted plans. When we carefully study in a chessological way the 6.
and sequences and effects of the causes and when we generalwar, ize and state them in symincidents
Figures of Expressions, the
philosophers and scientific men in Chessdom can not
help appreciating the mission of invention and its
adaptation of the principles of the Mochingoma.
(See pp. 86-1 16.)
weapons enemy's side have frequently been
There were several
FIG. 10 c. A map showing military situation Manchuria. A cross indicates Gunshu Pass, scene of reported cutting off of a portion of the Russian army by Japanese forces-
Arthur, as elsewhere, which
not Japanese were to charge; yet these formidable pieces of artillery, compelled like many of their fellows manufactured for the Czar, once captured in the attack on Fort Takushan and other forts, were used with telling effect on their former owners. The formidable forts themselves worked furiously against their former dearest friendly masters in behalf of their newly gotten
The railways and
their stations, arsenals
racks, provisions and supplies, warships, transports and even contrabands of war not at all pre-calculated in the Minds of the victors, deserted their former sovereign masters and served
FIG. 10 d.
eye view of the World's
Greatest Sea Battle,
whereby Russia's formidable Armada was smashed by Japan's invincible warships. The black vesselst the Japanese; the white, the Russian. The greatest naval struggle off the Tsu Islands in the Korean Straits is here shown with the route of the Russian warships to the waters where they were annihilated. The bird's eye illustrates how the Japanese
navy initiated and finished the attacks, destroyed or captured over twenty-four best Russian warcrafts. There are marked the course of the conflicting fleets, the localities where the battleships and cruisers were sunk and other thrilling incidents in the far Eastern marine tragedy. The Russian fleet left the South China Sea, May 24. and passing through the channel between Formosa and Luzon, sailed into the Eastern Sea and entered the Korean Straight the morning May 27. In the afternoon the battle began east of the Tsu Islands, where the Russians suffered the greatest losses, mainly through the torpedo boat attacks, and the ships not sunk were driven ashore on the coast of Iwami province, Japan. Thirty miles southeast of the Tsu Island, behind which a Japanese division was hidden and whence it attacked the Russian rear. We see an approximate location of Liancourt Rocks where four Russian warships surrendered Sunday morning, May, 28. A part of the Japanese navy whose base was Masampo, Korea, in delivering the attack, passed through the channel between the Tsu Islands and forced the Russian fleet ashore on the Japanese coast. The main division, however, proceeded around the north of the Tsu Islands and beautifully checkmated the Muscovite Armada.
their former enemies
loyally than their former owners
and much more and makers. For they are
any one who is able to employ them the BEST mere playthings or dolls, but things made by persons with trained minds skilfully to have yoked the elements and they are the things of struggles space, time and force; made for men, whether the makers, purchasers or friends or enemies, who have trained their minds sharply to take advantage of time, force and space, according to the different calibers of
the best for
as they are not
the different storages of knowledge,
p. 86-s. 5
7-1, pp. 94-5;
7, p. 102.)
7. Lastly, the Eastern Six-Times Sevastopol itself as in the case of any other fortresses has come out to work against the
former occupants; strongly serviceable factors of the friendly side, sometimes and many times, turning out as their much stronger, more dreadful and bitter enemies to their former sovereign masters than against their former antagonists.
The means by
indestructible force of
these things was transposed
of chessologically inter-exchangeable vitalities of all
the Japanese stragglers supporting and protecting each other and every other as a unity, the ideal whole. The chessological
co-operations demonstrated by the Japanese skill, enterprise and fortitude on the waters and her effective power on land, the
fruitage of training
and disciplining the Mind of the people, have made the nation the Dictator of the East whose power and influence in the commercial, political and martial struggles of
the Eastern Asia will, to the greatest extent, interest all the That these results are thus secured finds its
cause in the only
which Chessology has primarily
The Japanese are born chessologiciansl The different make-up of the Minds have produced the widely different The Russians as the Chinese have ignorantly to the results.
degree underestimated the Japanese, while the latter
carefully and chessologically overestimated the capabilities of the former two to the maxima in all points so that the most thoughtful Japanese have come to consider the outcomes
phenomenally yet paradoxically to have been reached,
178; Art. 29
31, p. 205.)
advanced, refined scientific mental training many times stated, required in order clearly to
movements of the chess pieces. Now the student having once committed these plots and counter-plots to memory or other ways he becomes equipped with a technique,
see the essence of the
whereby he would become able or competent to project and
execute any design as well as to detect and nation of their antagonist.
Comparing Alexander's Tyre Siege and that of Port Arthur, it would appear to ordinary students that they are entirely different from each other, but from a purely chessological point of view, these differences are only modifications or ramifications of factors or elements of struggles, the modi-
depending upon different circumstances and conditions involved in inter-relations and inter-actions in the sphere or influence of space, time and force. The same principles govern
the works of both the besieger and the besieged; the principle being one and always the same, any other warfares or struggles are governed by the very same principles.
2. The two foregoing stories of the most famous sieges by both navy and army having been concisely given to expose the attributes, elements and functions of the Mochingoma, the student, when digested enough its apparent and latent meanings, cannot help to come to the conclusion that Chess in general especially Occidental though it may be generally and
appropriately considered as embodying all of the principles most abstract way Chess has been absolutely the perfected by Japanese genius in having invented the Mochiof warfares in the
ngoma, and Naru Promotion Method (pp. 86-116 and 187-190) to give more flexible applications by the repetitions of the elements
by the production of the Calculus in Chessologics. [The Dissertations on Mochingoma ends; look back s. 5. p. 86.j| Mondai (problem Mon, lit., question, and dai, subject) 3. an imaginary position concealing artfully the winning line of play that has to be disclosed in accordance with given conditions. Nakabisha (lit., middle Hisha or Flying war-car or
Unconditionally to take off the board the second of Nifu (a double Fu pawn on the same file) by helping and profiting the party himself against whom, despite a previously appearing Fu, there
the former two three-lateral rows being assumed 5. as within the strongly defensive original lines beyond or through which each of the friendly or adversary's Koma pieces should or would. and Tadatoru. (4 6) X ((i) (9)). See Nameru. when promoted.] I adjust! See Shikkei or Gomen. Now. lit. can be promoted at the option of their owners when they penetrate into. or proceed within the third rows of squares (ranks) on the chessboard of the sides of adver- in. become Generals Gold or simply Gold. 64-5 ) while aFuhyo (simply Fu. assume . [Excuse me. 76-8) and Viceroy Drakohippos (see pp. Naosu. 4. or try to pass. Naru (Promote or turn over or change). when promoted. (i and (7 (9)). struggle. Cavalry. King Dracon (see pp. respectively. the two parallelograms. which you Marshall will see presently. . artillery or naval piece and Keima (simply Kei) Horse. 64-5). and the middle three lateral rows between them. the captured pieces in his opponent's The same as Suitori (which see). square under the pure technical limitation of the chessological principle. a Kydsha (simply Kyd). pp. also Field Prince Navyartillery." See Nifu. to take it possession. Natta (Promoted. and Hikkurikaeru (turn over. that is. Nametoru. that is. The three lateral rows on both sides toward the players 3)X((0 (9)) (see Diagrams in bet. a primarily neutral or an original disputed. except the Chief (king or emperor) 6. bet. with great difficulties.CHESSOLOGICS 187 among the Mochingoma. an Infantry Koma piece. changed) the same as Kaeru (turn over). topsy turvy). and Generals Gold. promoted on a certain saries (seethe Diag. turned over. and all the others. or Hyd). become. 76-7). are con9) X ((i) sidered to be the original fortified or defended dominions of the two belligerent parties. in easily as by merely "breathing in. must be. All the Koma pieces. or the Middle Ground.. regardless of the owner's option. changed) and Naraseru (to cause to be promoted. turned over. upside down. of 7. turned over. and Captain-General Grand Duke Diagonalis also maybe known as Diagonal-Goer. known as Flying Warcarship Hisha. some Koma pieces having penetrated through the passes are to naru or be promoted under regulations of the Kama's official duties at the option of the owner who sent them into the enemy's line. pp. changed to let it be promoted.
take and turn over. a naval Infantry Koma commonly known must be promoted regardless of the owner's wishes when they march onto the squares beyond which they cannot at all. capture and be when the Koma promoted 8.I 88 JAPANESE CHESS the duties and act as such. that is. when they move on the last positions. (See Capture. Koma 'pieces Fuhyd. Kydsha and Keima their limitations as to their re-occupations of squares should be positively of the three when moved obeyed.. (See ss. Cavalry. the extreme rows of the squares on the board toward each party. except in the case of Hisha. unless to have been promoted. at the option of the owner. be promoted. Diagonalgoer. whose fortified or otherwise the former then occupies. [at the same time]. advance nor retreat elseaccordance with their regular movements. more expressively. pp. pp. it is laid anywhere to its greatest advantage in the same way with the same front face as on the original field and it is entitled to be promoted as in the same way as treated with as above before they had been captured. A Koma can be promoted at the same time captures another. be elevated. translated or rather . The three Koma fleet Keima. When promoted Koma See all the Koma showing their front and back in Diagrams b. 82. Kydsha. and all the Fu. pp. and the action of doing such position is said as Totte naru (lit. but when it is again put on within the it When three rows (ranks). the captured pieces. 1-2. that when they arrived on the ninth squares from each other adversary's side. II 9.) This naru promotion may be appropriately and chess- onymously for facilitation's sake. (natta). 60-65. and Kakko. because if they do not naru. promoted at the time it is to another quarter whether inside or outside rank rows of the adversary's previously fortified But in the case of re-employment of the three territory. Ikedoru. 88-89. and Ilia and a captured piece is again put on the board (see the Mochingoma. they cannot be moved. Warcarship. 86-116). s. enemy's original fortified domain. nothing can be done whatever with them and they are therefore practically dead. may be. showing been at the time when it was at the commencement of the struga gle.) should be turned upside back face different from that which had its down. 7. that is. Hyd or Fuhyd (pawn) where in is. they must naru. 9a. p. pieces or artillery. I.
These two Fuhyo. nay! all kinds of Struggles. on one and same file. II and III." to meet with the spirit of the phrase. or gold in Kin-Sho. but piece previously appeared on the board had naru been promoted. not turned upside over. just put on the board. turned over. There of trans-modifications of force or vitality is in exotery literally no' 'Queening a (See pawn" soldier War ni. . I. pawns. said to be a Nifu (a double Fu. we can not say as "Kinning or goldening a piece" because of their not turning into Gold [Gen. natta (Fuhyo turned promoted). a captured piece (which see). l (See Diag 1.CHESSOLOGICS 189 coined as "Kinning or goldening a piece (from kin. that is. or Fuhyd. pawns. must not be put on the same file.] and also. a when a Fuhyd Mochingoma. Fuhyd. Two Infantry pieces. Figurative Dignity. "queening a pawn. a or an infantry). 86-1 6.) "Queening a pawn" would be a ridiculous performance if we do not understand it chessonymously by esoteric connotation of the meaning 1 pp. Gen. soldiers. not natta. Tate. two and Fu. on account of their own peculiar 'Nari' (adjective from Naru')-Kurai. Gold and Japanese phrase. not down. same one over. hence not a Nifu. to become Gold [General]). by means of the re-employment of a Fuhyd. Kin-ni naru. the second already (i) to (9) Two or more Q's on the file.) *-This Fuhyo not promoted natta." Of the 'Naru' of Hisha and Kakko.) in the Science and Art of 2. Niju (a double Fu. Infantry pieces. hence not a Nifu because of 9 above or below on the same and one file.
Odds. for the promoted Fu piece needs more thoughts and imaginations (s. if any. is the odds of an Infantry piece Fuhyd and others almost always to be understood to be somewise left at Either (right or an agreement) of the the option of the weaker or by Fuhyd in front of a Kydsha (a navy or artillery called Navyartillery or Warcarship). See die. and Tsukitdshi which see.. 5. Both Kydsha. One Kydsha (a Navyartillery Koma) and its next neighbor. See Nameru. or the removal of Warshipcar (Kydsha) or Cavalry Koma. (Keima. Open 4. Both Fu in front of Kydsha. the same as term applied to the advantage which the stronger player should give the weaker: thus if the players are nearly matched.190 or the third JAPANESE CHESS Fu piece can be put on. The pawn in front of Diagonalis. but only one Fuhyd. II. Opening. Niju Ote. 4th. Odds. Infantry pieces. 3rd. called Warshipcar or Navyartillery. Keima from the better player's forces may be fair Oroshi. let fall). 54. so that any number of the Fuhyd. it as follows: i st. This chessological technicality of re-employment of the captured Infantry pieces delicately to be treated according to the Mochingoma and Naru Promotion Method has come out of a keen and wise conception of fine distinctions of two or more pieces of the same kind in appearance. a Cavalry Koma). A (lit. Either of 5th. Kydsha (a navy or artillery Koma). the one may give the other the first chance to move a piece or remove an Infantry Koma piece Fuhyd. should be present on the same file on the part of a friendly side. 6th. Navyartillery) pending the stronger player's skill.81) than a mere corps of seamen or privates or foot-soldiers and the like. and. in front of a When are given. > - 3. by Fig. not turned over.7 2 -3'. Sukitdshi See Uchidashi. p. file. s 5 P. Orosu or Otosu Akitdshi. odds. s 7-7 a P. usually one Kydsha (Warshipcar. See Orosu and Otosu. 5. turned upside down. . take down. may be put in appearance on the same file. as illustrated Suitori and Tadatoru.
it is a part of the tactics or (s." If the party being attacked by a check of this kind tries unconsciously to move or to let Flying Warcarship run away instead of helping the Chief. that Chief. Both Kyosha and one Keima (Horseman).) check An attack which is by opening). (above) and also both Keima. a "check by discovery" is given when a player. These latter are. and he begins. 1 4th. see Ikedoru. 8th. 7. but when the other party is acquainted with the trick.. of course). by moving one of his pieces 9. Prince Warshipcar 's hand or the King's hand. as 8. because he had first to put a Fu as Fu-san-mai. in his hand is. It is an enemy's business to warn himself and to know whether beaten or to beat the other. lit. Those of the i2th. Akiote' (lit. or Prince Navyartillery or nth." the latter. In other words. checks with another of them. however. one party has three Fuhy emperor or king or any) on the board. would prepare Ote _ (check). Both Kyosha and both Keima. Both Diagonalsky and Prince Flying Warshipcar (Prince 1 2th. 9th. Either Diagonalis Warshipcar. but not necessarily as a warning. and both Kyosha (a navy or artillery Koma). opened on the Chief (emperor or king) by the removal of an intervening piece. Navyartillery). 6. and four Fuhyo above the Kyosha and the Keima t Koma Flying xoth. there would be a rumor from the stronger or among the lookers-on that an . 1 3th.. Gold and Silver (and the Chief. practically unnecessary methods There is a chessological joke known in conceding large odds. and the in front of Diagonalis. so that the other party for the trick. "either Hishat or Hishatori Ote: the former. The Japanese utter or express Ote" for check. 3. operations just as in cases of other captures.CHESSOLOGICS 19! 7th. All but only Gens. Both Kyosha and both Keima. it expresses simply joyment out of somewhat a sort of a demonstration of ena victory and pushing on against an enemy and attacking the Chief (an end or emperor or king or president). Both Grand Duke Diaongalis and Flying Warshipcar. the former could not play it. "take the Flying Car or King. Discovered check. 89-90. p.
' "Heta Shdngi O yori Hisha-wo Kakute Ot& below. or Kakutori Ote. at the possessed by the forces of each belligerent the party. as "Tenbin. but also discovers a previously masked attack from another (Akdite). Promotion. Hishate.or Kakute. or Rydtenbin (both and the action to trap. naoshite may (from Naosu)" is an expression necessary before Koma piece be touched for the purpose of adjustment. a double check. lit. and the situation of thus by an Koma being trapped is known as Tenbin (a scale). lit. 5. which see. "take or Diagonalgoer King:" these are when they are in such a position that a Koma piece attacks both the Chief and the other at Diagonalis* hand the same time so that when the former moves away or is screened interposing piece because he cannot be otherwise. commencement. A part of chess4.Ot^ under See W. by discovery Power of Koma See pieces. Mondai. Niju Ote. . emperor or king) at once with two Koma pieces. see Diag. Kakute Ott.the former. 3. by being only gives check itself. or dominion. Regular or Irregular Openings. while playing. Ryo-Ote. See value of Koma. means attacking the Chief (a desired end. original camp boundary. or at any time. the latter may be made a prisoner." the latter. the same as Odds..or Rydtenbinni kakeru or kakaru" 'put on both sides of a scale. Otosu or Orosu which see. See Uchidashi. Problem. a Double Check. giving check moved." 1. of which one in this case sides of a scale). "either Flying Warcarship or king's hand . "Shikkei or Gomen. Ryd-Ote. it represents a part of a battle-field or a struggle ground covered by the friendly or adversary's pieces. Naosu.' 2. and pp.192 'unskilled chesser JAPANESE CHESS ("chessist?") takes much greater care of than King. Teishiki or Futeishiki. Shikkei or Shitsurei (Lit. Ryobun (Dominion or territory). Niju die.. the game: while playing. board occupied or fortified by the Koma of both players either at the commencement of.) (See Daiji garu. adjustor ment J'adoube.) so that a piece. [I] lose respect or reverence). Ill. See Naru. as the phrase implies. not (Akioti. Gomen (excuse or pardon me).. Rydtenbin and Rydtenbin-ni-kakeru or-Kakaru. 68-70 for the original dominion.
and the habit of regulating a limitation of time ought to be formed at the earliest stage of the study of If for mere practices. See Ote and Tenbin and Tengoma. Tsukitoshi. Nametoru. when See there occurs a an open file. no limit of time in which the players think out the movements of a Koma Time limit. Nifu. Sukitoshi. See Nameru or Suitoru. Teishiki.. while. armies and others. taking an advantage of the fact that the time is not considered in ordinary game other than a special tournament.) For careful and thoughtful players two minutes might be surely enough to set a Koma piece into motion. There prevails. among amateurs and. ings). See Mochingoma. Tenbin-ni-kakaru.orHishate-Ote. for. (ss. or -kakeru. according to the . Niju which see. 204. 193 see. against which Chessology severely warns players. Lit. (Regular or Irregular OpenSee Uchidashi. 24-26. p. same way as the Western chess. and this neglected defect should be positively done away with.CHESSOLOGiCS 6. and the duration of time applied ought to be universally settled in some way or other. a pawn. whether the Western or Oriental. he cannot be expected that he should occupy such a time. 8. slow unthoughtful player. or Futeishiki'. which in' to take a Fukyo in as 'being sucked double Fu. generally. and cerChess. Kakute. if not. in actual movements of navies. just only take it off as no cost (as a prize Koma piece) without condition whatever on the part of the player against whom a Fu. (Arts. Tegoma. then.) tainly not for pure enjoyments on the part of the weaker party. see Tengoma. pp. Tadatoru or Tadatori. the players of about the same degree of skill in fighting capacity should be coupled. is re-put on board as a double Fu. 7. 23-25. The non- limitation in regard to time is an unallowable and inexcusable defect upon the part of players even beginners or amateurs of such a practical and scientific game. which see. Tadatoru or Nameru. makes the piece in their turns as in the A if other party tired and so lose an interest in the game. even pretty expert players. so that one minute might. the superior might fall into a habit of procrastination. 9-3. Suitoru. sometimes.
The time is recorded by an ingenious arrangement of clocks. lose but 3. 199. (s. or to capture a General Kin (Gold) in return for the Keima. 6. If this sort of each player is Art. one being set going when the other is stopped. mean one month. 'Koma-wo torikaeriC to exchange Koma pieces. and a contraction of Torikaeru (lit. Kaeru. 'take and change'). signifying to give a certain piece of the player in exchange for the adversary's piece to have an advantage Koma open a way for the next movement. to exchange such a powerful Koma Koma piece as Diagonalis or Flying Warshipcar for a Keima. or to have a piece even with far less power exchanged for his much more promeither to inently powerful Koma piece simply to use again a peculiar virtue of the former inferior Koma for a certain particular service. If two parties would always agree about the minutes shortest as possible in which they ought to move the Koma pieces. jumping Shongi) a checkers. 3. exchange. or even a Fu. i a.) There is a condition of 9. half a month or a year or in distance one mile or a half a mile or less. take and trade). Cavalry (ss. chess game would become both a purely and strictly scientific pastime and a nobly mental economic exercise. See 1. and perfectly compatible with the mission of Chessologics. for an instance. the superior piece for an inferior one:' "Sonshite-torikaeru or -tokkaeru or -kaeru (lit.1 94 skill JAPANESE CHESS like to and mental capacity of a player who would a apply game of Chess to a war-field... (Colloquially. i. Gomok-narabe and Jurok-musahi. loss of a General Silver. 142-3. pp. p. Tobi-shndgi (Tobi. 'to win ex2. it would be very pleasurable. a cavalry Koma. 12. one week. scope of the modern chess play under which compelled to make a certain number of moves generally twenty in each hour (one move in three minutes). Tokyo. in return for the loss of one of equal or capture of a different value. and so forth. Between first-class experts. "Tokushite-torikaeru or -tokkaeru or -kaeru". Tokkaeru. or one mile a train and the like.) piece. method would be universally adopted. change/ is . the . that is. any length of time limit may be agreed in order to produce beautiful combinations of the artistic movements of the Koma pieces and to bring out meritorious solutions and priceless analyses.
fixed). and Tsunda (fixed or checkmated (lit. 'the king is dead. Silver or a Cavalry Keima in return for the loss of a General Gold. (fix) Tsumi (noun or adjective. Totte -naru. Torite naru or Totte naru. to let it be able to discharge its full duty. of the Showing the beginning Nakabisha method. FIG. promotion. Capture. Capture. king next move. Showing the beginning of the Hishate method. 82." 'to lose the exchange. A position in which the emcornered. packed. a prisoner. Understand that here are the beautiful treatments of movements of chess pieces in representing the convertibilities of factors of struggles. Toru. or reducing an opponent's force. and Toriko-ni suru". on which no Koma Tsumeru Tsumu (checkmate). or clearing a battleground or using a special merit of power of an inferior Koma captured. (4) (5) 00 (3) (6) (7) (8) (9) (7) (8) (9) the beginning ute method. mat. See Naru. . or a Fuhyd for even Prince Flying Warshipcar. See Naru.. cannot move.' See Ikedoru p.CHESSOLOGICS T 95 exchange). checkmate. which see. These exchanges are for either making a road for another 4. file See Ikedoru and also Torikaeru. See Ikedoru. is from the Persian Shah . The term. A Tsukitdshi. Akitdshi or Sukitdshi. Toriko. pack or fix) . an open file. 14. piece of either party is standing. Ikedoru 5. as for an instance to capture a Gen. avoid or cannot Chief capture on his opponent's peror.' is to exchange the Koma of a higher rank or a value for one of an inferior power.
that to finish a game. Cap tain. and certain set method of commencing dashi. General Silver Kin-slid. and surely the former more than the latter. See Figs. but striking an average and supposing the worth of an private piece. Value or Power or Kurai (rank) of Koma pieces. to strike. stated on account of the increase and decrease of their powers according to the situation of a game. the Regular and See Figs. 12.General Diagonalis Hisha. so that the more powerful ones are exchanged for weaker Koma. p. 15 andi6. Flying Warcarship.196 6. The relative worth of Japanese Chess Koma. study of the openings is the most difficult and practiand should not be begun until the student has endless. 8. Nakabisha. Kakute. Opening or Debut. Fuhyd. a pawn to be represented as the unit the following is a tolerably enough estimate of the comparative values of the Koma for Infantry Kama. Fuhyd. Teishiki and Futeishiki. The 7. . and some players prefer one to another almost all the times depending perhaps on habits of being accustomed to enable themselves to use one more advantageously than the other. Field Marshall Prince Navyartillery i. Irregular openings. 13 and 14. (Uchi. cally some practical acquaintance with the game. Sometimes the less powerful Koma last The pieces are needed for the best advantages to achieve a victory. Navyartillery Keima. The best way is to see a game played by others. The various methods of beginning the game have A been the subjects of much study and are so complex as to elude anything like exhaustive analysis. as 'men' of the Western. the Mochingoma and Naru Methods or circumstances of the hands to move. the game. to be out). General Koma 3 4 Gold Koma Koma 7 Kakko. 9 18 18 two have the advantage and disadvantage over each other under circumstances and conditions as each cannot perform what the other can. All openings of repute have distinctive titles. Infantry Koma Kydsha. a by unity average ordinary i practical purposes: 9. Hishate. cannot be definitely. JAPANESE CHESS Uchidashi. and to do this. etc. 202-3. young novices or is. Cavalry Koma Gin-shd.
their King!' THE LAWS OF JAPANESE 3. allowed or hit his side will begin (2).) In every fresh (9) p. and then the other party would utter "Kin (Gold)" soldier piece or "Hyd" the is and thethrawer. and the following are the principal prevailing regulations of the and enforced without injustice . A move by permission and announcement on the when the weaker would ask to be permitted. part of the stronger . (i. Torineke Jumban. and the laws of the Far Eastern Japanese Chess are in a somewhat settled and. piece and left hold of it. or twice. he values and treats his Prince poor better than his Emperor.) unconsciously to value Prince Navyartillery (Hisha). can not be retracted. by having moved a Koma 5. In spite of the main rules governing chessological play identical through the world. which see Art. Makenuke Jumban. a lot to be drawn for the first move. and the one who could have guessed or for his side. though not perfect. "O yori Hisha-wo daiji garu heta Shongi" 'An inferior unskilful chess player. the weaker one maybe. the first move is Koma pieces are arranged so as to play. It is very strange on the part of beginners that they seem 191. p.CHESSOLOGICS I 97 that forgetting (See Torikaeru. thereof once. Duke or 2.King) and to forget that the King is in danger. "Fu" other without move the first. set- tled by taking chance of a sort of lottery. that is. or hold on)" should not be allowed under any circumstances except for some special purpose to practice or study. once made. "Matte (Please wait)" or "Malta (wait. appropriate and fair! there being no practical difference at all).' 'Unskilful chessplayers Navyartillery prize their Bishop (or Queen) much more than CHESS. or Grand it is unwary persons would be very glad to exchange them a sort of bait. a sailoris picked by one party (sensibly. Diagonalis (Kakkd) more than the Chief (a desired end. Emperor. and the Infantry piece thrown on the board. takes saying anything. there are as yet several minor being questions awaiting a general settlement a sure need of a Hague Tribunal in regard to the laws in the Occidental and Oriental branches of struggles in Chessdom. a continual tournament). yet satisfactory condition. after all of the Tobiiri game between fresh players (except Makenuke jumban. or thrice. game 4. 199. in which an Infantry Koma. exchange and 7. of course.
(See Art. a player whose turn it is to play. Naoshimasu" or "J'adoube" or the you may be compelled to move or capture (as the case may be) the Koma so touched. You.king) is the usual demand such illegality.) If you make a false enemy may either cause you to retract it and move. if this cannot be done you must move your Chief. . or if that be impossible. all the moves subsequently made must be retraced and the check replied 8. if it can be legally: but as long as you retain hold. '/' adoube' or bound to say so effect beg words to that without (see 5. to. but if that likewise be impossible. or king) or he shall stand.) If yon touch one of your adver- sary's Koma. you must. a Koma touched must be moved. is waived Should the and the game must be played out as it stands. move your own Koma legally. and according to the case. and legal moves made in their stead. 3 above. If you make a false or an illegal move or capture. If you touch a Koma that cannot move. your antagonist may compel you a Koma piece to play your Chief (a main end. your move your Chief move the same legal move with Koma. Any object. of your own Koma accidentally) or those of your adversary previously saying Shikkei" "I like. and all moves made subsequently must be revoked. at the choice of your opponent. that is. 3 above. (a desired end. you can play it where you like. except you give notice of adjusting the Koma. 192). at his pleasure. 7. (5). That the offender shall move his Chief (a main in practice.198 6. capture the Koma legally. JAPANESE CHESS (3). The move is completed as soon as the hand is withdrawn from the Koma piece played to another square. you pardon. after four moves have been made on each side without knowledge of the fact. 'I of adjusting them. When you touch your are Koma for the mere purpose Shikkei. Touching any (except adjust. p. or move any other Koma legally movable. touching must move it. or emperor. If you can capture one of your own Koma pieces by error your adversary may have it replaced or not. there is then no penalty. to move your Chief (a principal factor. (4). the enemy may compel you to take that Koma. Chief be left in check. or emperor-king or President) unless the emperor be unable to move. A false or an illegal move. or that you shall may claim that the false make a (See Art. 9.
not required to be given.98). and the victory 2 to i for a have been settled. in the first. which is ation of a (see move is s. (n). (9). Matta-naraz (see s. 5. i97. a fresh force or party would go up to meet the former victor who would be knocked out if beaten.) In the second game between the 2. 7. 3. when your emperor is attacked you are bound to have a duty to notice it. . and if you do not notice its situation. p. Arts. s. The time of consider6." a contraction of "Tobiiri-makenuk6 Junban" is sometimes held. due notice is 1.55-) In a certain place or entertainments where there 4. and for deeper and professional players more time or less or one minute may be allowed. that is. while you are thinking to move further or some way else so that you would feel ashamed of your ignorance of the present event or absent mindedness. but under any circumstances it would better have been pre-arranged or agreed before entering into the game. or the continuous games are to be kept in which the victorious remaining at the board.Limit. or so. Time. and ss. not very sharply limited for an ordinary case One minute for a move may be 8. 192. p. 86. in the second game. If. (6). what may be termed "The beaten one out" "Makenuke J unban. (See Ote. so that the first victorious or the strongest if possible to have been continuously winning might remain to the last. pp. finish for the time is considered to 5 a P. 5-6. same parties as the first move is made by the first winner. are many players. (7). or from one to four minutes by previous engagement. Five minutes a turn is the average time required by skilful players. the first victor is beaten (8). (12). then a third game may be held. p. a continual tournament. 199 provided he can move without going into On the emperor being checked. to the first move. A player who gives the odds of Koma is entitled (10). r 4. 193). (s.CHESSOLOGICS or emperor or king) check. enough for only pastimes of ordinary persons. 2-3 Each player must move within a specified time better to be fixed generally 30 seconds. your antagonist it may consider off you inferior or care- less or it take out for a moment away the board to conceal as a joke on you or a moral punishment inflicted upon you.
precepts and rules will be found generally very useful and serviceable: The Chessological game has not been exhausted. your adversary (mind your business only) or yourself to infringe any other of the laws of the game. (4).200 JAPANESE CHESS but the length of this limit may be altered by agreement. them disbanded. Koma pieces. the following hints. the first mover being the one who was to have been the party to have played just before they deranged the combinations of the 8. both parties to an umpire whose decision is to be regarded as THE CHESSOLOGICAL PRACTICE AND CONDUCT OF THE GAME. (6). In the Chessological practice and the game conduct. Wanting the above (3-5) advantages. (14). Both parties may. or with stands. loses such a game. (13). thereby when to take it up to be 7. i. by consent.) best way to attain a higher degree of accomplish- ment is to play with the superior. and to know them by heart. The only become a good player is to study the analysis laid works on the subject. (3). as it played again. (5). To practice and improve the Chessological works. method to down (See in The rules for playing are of but little use. next to playing with the superior. there is no branch of the Chessological study better calculated to advance the skill of a learner than the attentively playing over recorded games and openings between first-rate players from books or Journals. or put away. nothing will conduce to improvement more than looking on at two expert chessists' manoeuvres whilst they are playing. 9. A player leaving the game unfinished. without his opponent's permission. nor suffer (7). the reply to every possible move being not known even by all great masters. If are to agree as final. leave a game just either with the Koma pieces on the board. any dispute arises about the laws. (i). The below. (2). . they are to be re-arranged in exactly the same way as before. Never touch a Koma without moving it. (4) Art. Next to (3) and (4) above. is to play with good players.
9. p. (n. p. Ascertain the truth or falsity of your oppon- ent's intention in his Jitsujits.) It is P43." Seek to let your style of play be attacking. 143. Ruse de guerre. 9. - 8 - above. or not you are suffering yourself to be tempted bait. p. (s. i34)ss.Russian Wars. 5. p. 3. 'strike into . Art 8 -P. p. p. s. Caesar says. would turn luck [usefulness]. (See (9) below. 7. under leave of Brutus and the rest.s. s. p. 135. 7. p.) When a player is in a cramped position it is often disadvantageous to have the move. 9a. s. Yo-ni Kazan.) ******* ******* told you. (10. and often look round the board to see whether you are or whether are not losing sight of any better move than the one you intend. p.) Napoleon did and the Japanese threw theirs in the JapanChinese and Nippon. all honorable men. (s. always endeavor (9). be after a capture. (See Art." Marcus Antonius. So are they all. 8-i. if kept for three years. Kyok-meri)-wo miru. 206. 114.2 6 -) not good play to push for a king early in - 6 J the game. Art. 'Look by a X round s all over the board: "Zen-Kyok s. 133. 42 . Temper and harden "Nette for wait and Kaho-wo mate.) A student must remember that 'slow skill does ." literally. 7. s. p. 'Even misfortune. and Cast your dice. and to (12. was ambitious . 7. Shakespeare. 10 p. (or Zens. p. sham.pp. 4.) remember the gaining or losing of time in your measures is the element of gaining or losing the game. 5. 131 s. p. s. (For Brutus is an honorable man. s. 5. 2.' (s. 130. truth. (s. And he was ambitious. Attate Kudakero." omen.) (i2a. 131.) To prevent blunders and oversights. 3<>.) 2. 1325. 138-140. to perceive the motive of your adversary's move before you play. movements. Ccesar. 6.) " * * The noble Brutus Hath Here.' good yourself Danzd.' (See pp. reality. But Brutus Brutus is an honorable man. as the position is sometimes intentionally left as a trap. 121-186. as Caesar and break. 114.CHESSOLOGICS 201 It is advisable to calculate what the position will (8). p. 5.) tatsu. as there is an Art of "Kyokyo 'ruse. s> P- I 3 I .' "Wazawai mo san Nen okeba. 133.
(13. 8. p. when you are the first player. 138. Cavalry corps. p. 4. a medicine for eyes force." The first check. and then the Infantry Koma above General Silver.) (i2a. See Fig. p.) he should exchange whenever he can. then the same Fu pushed up and again the same and others are some of the best that you can adopt but do not . s. 15.) Remembering that there are many ways. "Hatsu Ott Me-no Ohen-0. (See Torikaeru ss. 196. (6) (7) (8) (9) above the Duke and diagonally push General Silver up. adhere dashi. 15. for an attacking action is much more wholesome than defensive work or humiliating passivity. 8. . 194-5 and ) 12 above. (15. the openings springing from your playing first the left General Silver to the side of Grand Duke Diagonalis and diagonally above the Keima.' "Kdchi-wa Sessoku-ni shikaz" Kaho. and Uchi- 6. As soon as the player has any advantage in force. (s. any one or two openings only. p.) Divide up the adversary's whenever you can. Kusuri.) (16.202 JAPANESE CHESS not [sometime] surpass unskillful quickness.) Having the move does not always win. and thirdly letting the general march forward and then push up the Fu (14 (i) (2) (3) (6) (7) (8) (9) (4) (5) FIG. to s. or first pushing the Infantry corps Fu in front of Prince Flying Navyartillery. It is not compulsory at all to take. 126. ia-4. Try to put yourself in offensive position.
204. 16. Silver to left side of Gen. 27 about impolite conduct. and bear your (19. s . first.) If you wish to adopt a purely defensive open- ing.) Lose always with a good temper. Moku. (17.3. eight." a "Tan sure loser. p.) Okame Moku (a proverb. Gold to the left the side of Prince Flying Warshipcar.) 'The quick-tempered opponent's faults with a good grace. or disinterested or unconcerned persons. (20. 6. (*) (3) (4) (i) (S> (6) (7) (8) (9) (i) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) FIG." person 7. (See hachi ss. however very intimate. land-eyes.. p. when you have a conbut do not follow any only one defenopening. Gold. See Fig. 5-6. for there are many. 16 and Uchidashi. then the right Gen. up between two Generals . 6. Okame. Silver and then the latter to the left diagonal section of the Chief (emperor. president or king). If a person unconcerned expresses about a certain point of manoeuvres even in a vague way a party might get a suggestion by way of a hint for an available move detrimental to the other. hachi.CHESSOLOGICS. as . Art. 22. you may play. Ki-wa son Kazan. P- 131 . venient time and so on Silver.) with an ing enemy. 5-6. 203 5. and move the Chief to the right or straight sive s.' "Teki to yuedomo go Kd-no Rei-ni somuk nakare. and the right Gen. eyes): There can be seen many ways or judgments from the standpoint of a bystander. is Ki.) Never Lit. 27. interfere when you are an onlooker. (See ss. p. 196. Gold onto above Gen. The players should be polite and respectful to each other. Masashige. the left Gen. 'Never violate etiquette even though while play(i 8. p.
8. as International Diplomacy is a part of Applied Chessologic Diplomacy. 16. impropriety. "Whenever you have pretty well exhausted. in cuse exhibits the very true character of chessplayers. 27. it cannot be mischievous (see understood. as chessboard is too contaminated be might idealistic. 24. p. (25. p. 17) and international as well national stories and compare your tactical and strategic movements in vivid association of ideas." Kazan. meanness. Qb. unless the board or Koma has been by wrongly placed. the perfect abstract condensation and poetry of all the affairs ever conceivable and practicable by the Enlightened Mind. 9. p. 7a. "Never play a mean and deplorable trick. 41).) "Do not hear nor see nor go near by. but be (24.) Roughness. from the standpoint of an unconcerned person. i.) Passers.) . space and and as chess-playing clearly outlines and without an exDanzd. however. 5-6." ss.204 irresponsible JAPANESE CHESS war newspaper correspondents are dangerously s. or unless a false or an illegal move has been made in which 9. 1 rigid force.) move has been made 27. p. 4. s. treats of. p. 3. p. (See ss. 193-4)." Kazan. 90). (23. try always to limit your own time the shortest as possible for every movement in order to form a habit of saving a time (s.playing to have a mo9a. carelessness. (See ss.jy should not interfere unless earnestly asked a playing party. even think of a "horse trading' trick. interfere until a (22. p. 8-1.) Whenever you practice Chess. "Move your Koma haste slowly.) ment for any other than the then chess struggle." Kahd. they have no right whatever to in reply. think of the most beautiful and glorious facts you can recollect in the History of Civilization as (s. Kazan. and is. 25-6. noisiness. with the disease." 'regarding it to the players. and the like that show lack of re-fined attributes of good character in a polished man should be thoughtRemember that Chessology fully and deliberately shunned. p. 5-6. and sacred to permit any wastage of time. Or a remark is a nuisance "Okame de mitt wa Wakaranu. last case.) "If you ever happen in chess. with (26. sarcasm. p. 2 and 5. ' (21." "Keep only beauty your mind. lest you nor practice. nor noble. highly artistic and with the best works told or done by meritorious personages (s. s. Kazan.
p. p. 6.p. 193. then. how.ss. Athen.) Act cautiously.3. 21 .) n. E. 3. (27. 28." If there is hope to win. it is best to resign p. all your beautiful resources to meet with your opponent's hands. nor give them away. . p. Yeses. Philosophies and Religions." there t . 103-5 s. 4.) A few cautions about the moving and handling of i. 6-8c. 24. 20. Sciences. p. there were Koma chess pieces : is forbidden a double Fu: a a cannot captured Infantry corps.'). not necessarily to be brilliant. p." s. and same no as above Art. The object of (s. 8. p. s.CHESSOLOGICS 205 a sure finish in a clear view. continue your struggle (26a. Aim to win. situation where there Art.l8 5-) - ( s. p. the and because therefore. always pursue for practice the best elegant. Crates. p.) of diction customary rules. 6. Whenever you know your game at once. 157. naru (i. s. 8a.) "Ni-Fu-wo kinzu.) . 171. that is. the paramount necessities for Mind to acquire knowledge because like therefore (.) forecasted.4i.) (28. 201. i. nor (29. Do never two or more ways. p. 19. (s. 55 s. 9.3 . "the Encyclopedia. (s. 28.) way for Be not discouraged over a demonstration to win. 8.) Extreme diificulties are conquered by self-reliance 9C. 21. for "Chess is. i39. (s. Never be timid against your strong opponent. is Chess is to crush or untie the knots of difficulties (s. the Science-Philosophy of strict QUESTIONS and their ANSWERS. p 112. 122. s. never indulge in uselessly monotonous movements of your Koma.) get favors beyond the Chessological juris(32. 5.'. 102. or nursery for all S. it is. (s. but if (33.) and patience. why. 4.6. 25). (s. and complimented with buts and ifs" H. 8b. p. . pa. in a tangible way. when.) (s .p. Noes. 0. with equanimous determination. 41. it p.ss. s 8 P. i-5. unless there is a certain chance well surprisingly interesting and artistic 'turn of Kazan. 6. p. s. s. p. p. but not timidly. i44. ('. p. 2. a.) s.). p. "Per aspera ad astral" Kansas. lest the habit to be loose might be formed.) overconfident against a weaker antagonist. (30. (31. interesting and instructive hand as "the beautiful Mind has peace and happiness.) .I 77. Fu on the same put player file where another Fu (sailor-soldier or pawn) already appears as such without legally being turned back or over. is lost. thus.
'Standing still' is going Scout the enemy's plan.) negligence is a formidable foe." 'a regret does not (See Arts." 'When victory is (10.(8).) . 201.) (a friendly pawn) toward the head of the adversary's Kak. of back! (See Art. Be careful when to let one's own Cavalry Keima advance to the front in too much of a hurry. and in a way of "licking it a joke to break a monotony capof struggle or war. "Keima-noTakatobi Fu-no Ejiki. 138-9. 143.42. fasten the helmet tight. he suffers so much that he might lose the game." Put on an In(4. that is.) "Fu-no a game without Fu (private) . privates. p. "Kaku-no Atama-no Fu-wo tsukt" push up a Fu. as a Mochingoma. p. (5.p. because it is so convenient to intervene between two hostile pieces. (3.7. "Sakinzure-ba Hito-wo seisu" 'Gaining a vantage (9. 201. 12. or push an operation forward. 104. as Think before you act [Do not leap before you "K0kai-wa Saki-ni tataz. push on a Fu forward on the extreme the board. Kabto-no O-wo shimeru. be careful to have General Silver on the top of a Keima of the adversary. if one does not keep a Fu captured.s. 143. 138-9." unpreparedness is a great enemy. notices 11 he does it it even unconsciously and his adversary it. (2. the latter may off and swallowing it ture as a prize Koma take it up. p.i33.' p.) gives one an advantage over others. See Nifu s. (11. up t "Keima-no Atama-ni Gin tayasuna!" do not be without General Silver right over the head of the enemy's Cavalry corps Keima. that is. stand before.) there file is "Te-no-naki Toki-wa Hashi-no Fu-wo tsuke:" When no hand available.2oi. 198-9.7.) (7.) Infantry corps.) naki Shdngi-wa make Shdngi:" a chess on or in hand.p. i. gained.) think]. 8-9.206 JAPANESE CHESS if promoted." Keima/ a Caval2. an enemy's mere private would easily devour it. (12.) (See pp. 198-9.' (pp.s.) Better try always to possess a Fuhyd. "Yudan tai Teki. on hand. "Kaku-no Atama-ni Fu-wo tsukero. if it marches on high up too quick.) fantry Koma Fu on the head of the adversary's Diagonalis. (8. a loss being less. (6.) ry corps jumping high up may become a private's prey.) Diagonalis. a gain would be surely greater. 3. that if it is properly used.' (3.) Katt^. the loss of the game that is.
The Chinese have been for many centuries acquainted 4. Here is arranged for playing. as Fig. (i) (2) (7) (8) (9) 10 FIG. 285. different from those of the Hindostanese and its descendents' . p.) (3) (4) (S) (6) 3. 2. 17. 3a. 17. with Chess under a form not very unlike the Occidental branch Yet the rules for playing are very of the Chessological game.CHESSOLOGICS J0 7 CHINESE CHESS represented a Chinese chessboard with the pieces ( See s. 32. p.
As the 2a. and that the pieces are placed upon the intersections of the lines forming the board.) It certainly and immemorially far antedates any known writings on tactics and strategy (55. The chief differences are that the Chinese adversaries are separated by a over which some pieces cannot pass. directly from him by Chang Liao sage a celebrated warrior B. as ours. sixty- H mo which four spaces. 8b. bloodthirsty 5. p. 19. 69. literally. pp. and is played with sixteen pieces called Kie-tsze ^f liter- Q . The board has. 6a. there are ninety positions (9X10=90 = 0) or stands for the sixteen pieces which each player employs.." is confined to a square on nine moves only.. The (8X8=64) and 9 more than the . fnjj or J5f jfr. (s. of struggle or war is generally yet fabulously attributed to the (lit. the son Literary [Enlightened] King). a sage. C. C. s. p. divided by the river. The great sage Wu WANG.6-9.) $ origin of the Chinese chessological game is also of very great antiquity. P- 59. 56 the s- 7. Martial King) 1120 B. while commander. game-men. p. (s. (Digest the Tree of Chessologics between pages 14-15. the river boundary or boundary river lying across the board at the middle from its ends at the players' sides. independent origin on account of the peculiar feature of a central space or strip called "The Sacred Barrier or River.) pieces are to 26 more than the Occidental Far Oriental pieces are like our names incised or cut on the with their but checkermen in shape and seven with of the its red or kinds. 30-31) such as Lok-Tao and (lit. the two at the corners having equal power. with thirty-two on each side. though only apparently. and the reputation of an inventor of the game for the sake of getting clean riddance of brutal. so that it gives us a strong suggestion to let be a quite.C. "king. instead of on the squares.. B. a and received KUNG. be put on the crossings or intersections of the lines. MUN WANG ^ Sam-Liah . making 6. move river equivalent to that of the European knight. may be considered to consist of a row of eight squares making in all 8X9 =72 (sidewise added =9 = 0) squares.20 8 JAPANESE CHESS it modified offsprings. 217. and the next two called Ma (Horses) having a ally.$ fg K&. on each side. top on each side of each = game (9X9=81 = 9 0). the two famous Ancient Chinese books on military tactics [and strategy] the former by CHOW KUNG and the latter by HUANG SHAK (Prince)." the Kiaiho or Hokiai.
. outside of the headquarters the Chief and his two Sze -j^.CHESSOLOGICS 209 sometimes black and white. the characters. different Chinese characters here have nothing chessologically to do with the black and white as long as the nature of their meanings and their positions and values are kept up to meet with the first motive of chess works. or rook and capture like our knight. 212-3. 6. or Commander-in-Chief or Field Marshal on the black side and the Ch'ung or Tseang $J or Generalissimo on the white side and . On each side of the two ^. colors or parties. k piece. but they are delighted to wage a victory by displaying it beautiful skill merely for skill 's sake. and they cannot return when they once cross it after the enemy and cannot be promoted when they arrive at the last row. 59.) The combinations in the Chinese chessological game are apparently more restricted because of the want of a queen and the limited moves of the pieces than the Occidental chess. the main object of each player account of the chief being is to give him a of his checkmate in his headquarters by prevention movement It is here worth while to know that the except into check. and their values or powers are less. Jfc or 5fi Paou which move like our 7 castles. when distinguished by two ya. as the Chinese are born betters. p. though the former has its own superbly characteristic elements of skill. stand at first in front of the horses. and Sha 3fl. on the contrary. change their sides as shown by Fig. knight and rook. chariot. 8. and Sotz and Piao may 7 a. while the Japanese. privates pawns guard the banks of the river. colors for distinctions. generally hate to bet. (the white ) and 5 Piao or Pien 5 Sotz 2j or J^ (the black). Two cannoniers. p. Chess is much played by literary men as well as women usually for small stakes. except the cannoniers. s. or officers or secretaries cannot move. . 17. Sui and Tseang. than the Occidental (English) bishop. or precursor of Japanese Chess. or castle (English) and the chariot is the most powerful. a horse. an elephant (the white party) an adviser or ?fof secretary (the black). Each piece is put down in the point where it has captured its headquarters there are Chong or Shong . (s. On not taken. Chong and Shong. Ma lj|. The four squares with the diagonal lines at each edge (towards the players) about the middle are the headquarters of the Sui Hfo. that is to say. and has been the elder branch. though similar.
210 9. 17-9. The (stone). in Chinese. game stone-pieces and pronounced in . p. Besides chess. (stone). and Seki pieces are called Shak. (See the Tree of Chessologics between pp. 14-15). and consequently. pp. (ss. with the abstract conception of phenomena of the Universe.8a. pp. moreover. as far as the author is concerned in an investigation of Chinese. 7a.) The game is called in Chinese.) IGO. pp. 207-8). and their spheres of intelamusement worlds. primitive. The author touches the fewest striking points of the subject in order to show the Chessologist the relations of Chess Proper allied to Chess lectual and chess in general and this game. ss. 30-31. there is in the Eastern Asia another game Proper in point of exquisite conception and execution. though not in point of the highest abstraction of the nature of things. ^ Japanese Igo. [U 2. surround. yet in a our way. ss. This game cannot positively escape from Chessological jurisdiction. 8-8b. JAPANESE CHESS Chinese chess reveals a sort of game half way between Occidental checkers (draughts) and chess. indicates itself the matter. pp. but remaining. but played less frequently. very far from being the most flexible to meet with the abstract treatments of struggles in human affairs. Chinese chess is not fully developed. is. wFi-Ki 1. thus becoming great deal like a link between the two. in Japanese. sages and the writer asserts that it is probably even earlier than chess in general and certainly than Chess Proper (see the Tree of CHESSOLOGICS A by some said that it was common This is originally and purely Ultra-Ancient (bet. yet one of the ancient Chessological games in the Chinese Empire. It is is played by two parties. so that. Wei. and the game ^ surrounding game pieces. though the nature of square system chessologically surely to have had something to do with chess in general (ss. 17-8. 14-15. in regard to the coloring and uncoloring as well as the titular appellations of the chess pieces and concerning the number of lines on the board. or Goishi (game stone) or Ishi. in the time of 'Perfect men' Jfe Shing-jin. literally. It is in Japan played very widely next Chess in point of range and . and Ki. and it serves as a link between the European and Japaness Chess. still. Wei-ki. which has been for a long time played to the fullest extent in Japan. 4-5. 7-1.
but that the former becomes more difficult and complicated to be mastered and more interesting than the latter. 18. The author cannot deny this empirical statement because of everlasting combinations and permutations of Koma pieces under the auspices of the Mochingoma . . (i) (a) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (ii)(ia)(i 3 )(i4) (iS)(i6)(i 7 )(i8)(io) FIG. and played by a smaller sphere of rather seemingly very exclusive people than Chess. The experts in both Japanese Chess and Igo or Wei-ki 2a. remark that the former is at first easier to be played and studied than the latter. 211 and it is there considered as classical.CHESSOLOGICS circle of their popularity. An /go-board with /go-pieces arranged partially according to one of the best operations.
producible tion. 30). both these games. with the /go-pieces. which is. as 360. consequently. p. 56-58. half of which. 8a. each party employ. a is as women and children. as those of almost all other chessological games. 4. while the number of 'stone' pieces. by far higher than any kind of checkers in existence.212 JAPANESE CHESS and Naru Methods. Igo is really the highest development of checkers 3. 18. The square board has 324 ( = 9 = 0. And it is utterly safe to mention that Chess Proper is much more both scientific and philosophical large. though ers. By the way.) full size of its game under proficients. one intersection being left unconsidered so as to make the numbers even. The pieces are black and white.6a.p. ya. a lining of five pieces.). p. hence. and the popular or rather National Game. 17 s. played. there is another and simpler. however enormously and procurable by combination and permutawhile Japanese Chess can never be bounded until it coincides with Eternity. not necessarily in a chessological sense at all required for it has nothing whatever to do with This Igo. yet fascinating. It is the easiest and peculthe play. . as just as there is a similarly wide difference between the Occidental and Japanese Chess. simply Go Art in Japan is or may be at be said to the classical or rather Aristo-plutocratic present while the Chessological Art proper. and game played pastime by also men to a certain extent. s (draughts) with which the European checkers compared is a play of children. of course. Igo. 6. than Igo. Igo has the limitation.pp. Shongi or Chess. game. (s. a sort of checkon the /go-board. except Japanese Chess. game named Gomok-narab$( Jap. the Calculus . added sidewise) 5. except human struggles 'to take and to give' or vice versa (s.) or Wei-ki. 4. while Igo cannot confer the Chessologician with conception. of all the phases or phenomena or When we exhaustively analyze struggles in the Universe. = = squares or sections. as iarly fascinating instructive game. 18 ( 9 0) each way. 180 ( = 9 = o). 19 intersections on each side and 361 over the board. so that the number of pieces to have occupied the points of intersections would never be exhausted and never reach the s. 7go is to be considered as the highest kind of draughts or checkers on acccount of taking up the pieces between the stepping stones and jumping lines.
(9). pp. that circle is. It is very important to think how the intersections in Chinese chess and Wei-ki. triangle or two right. whereof i is. that Chinese chess is based upon a quadrant. a redundant surplus for the highest part of Chessologics. Thus. under the sphere. therefore. . 7.) Chess they have adopted the severest simplification of all the powers evolved out of nine. being the esoterical result of 360 days of a year. Japanese Chess plan is at the pinnacle of CHESSOLOGY. it may be. angles others.a. secutive parts corresponding to degrees of a sphere and circle. p. from what concerns of it is lines and their intersections.CHESSOLOGICS 2I 3 of CHESSOLOGICS. 59. a unit of a quadrant of a which generates the whole or a sphere or the space of the Infinitude. Igo. that severest chessologic test. wherein the color distinction becomes utterly detrimental to a high and deep conception of the abstraction of the highest kind. are used to have produced both or exhibited the grand influence of nine. 360. *6a. corresponds It is. so that the centre may be considered to be that of a circle and sphere. now. (See ss. plainly seen that a in Chessologics which exactly Igo surely occupies position the to part Geometry performs in Mathematics. 7. and is positively an accident. or Wei-ki game there are 360 pieces.) They are to be put on the crossings. 59. measured an of a (whose space by angle 3 interior. symbolizes a circle. 6. making 361 of which i may be considered in the same way as i of 101 or 1001 to produce lucky number. but expressed in notation with 9X10 (== i and 9). and may be considered or it is practically a compressed sheet of a is. a mean point. 56 (s. . the circular and flat disk about three-quarters of an inch in diameter and thinner at the edge. plainly seen that /go-board 6a. is s. (s. its fourth 90 and their similar fore. . and that Japanese Chess board represents the fundamental abstract factor or a maximum and minimum. or intersections of the lines. p. whereby we have. p. the highest digital number created by human Mind. In Igo.) As long as the 6a. and how in Japanese 56-58. though in this case. and occupied by the first odd number and be honored as the first radiating point of space and 360 here as in the case of degrees of a circle. each party having 180 either white or black. therehalf its con180. angles =180) and as long as the right angle is expressed by 90 and Metrical or Decimal System is in exist- ence.
defend flank. The author forecasts in considering the differences between Chess and Go. is the main aim to reveal the significance of an extent of the sphere of influence in the domain of struggles. p. A be put down anywhere on the board according to the rules of the game and skill of each player. 7a.214 consequently JAPANESE CHESS Octonal System can have tinder the strict supervision of Sciences and Philosophies no room. can play at will all. so as all capturing his opponent's locations as nearly or the intersections are used or until both could see skill that no more 8. and not a mere sum of the captures. or rear. and the amount of the numbers left fill Then the players tells the fact a victory. pieces and take them up from the intersections that they occupy or neutralize their power over those near them. a kind of affinity existing in the two principal divisions or branches of Chessdom. acquisition of space. equivalent to 3. The object of the Go opponents is to surround each other's 7. or Igo that the latter would take far longer time than the former. for a time being. Putting the Ishi on the Go-board may be justly interpreted as a sort of the only use of the Mochingoma (which see) in a literal sense but not captured pieces. The capture front. the amount p. 83. positions tions the up with the captured pieces the from which the pieces were taken away and the locaenemy could not occupy. except for certain purposes. in Chessologics. of capabili112). and instead of checking and checkmating a king (symbolic representative) the occupation or meaning . of affinity in regard to Igo. and capture the pieces. whether from both flanks. piece is to ties (s. if ever to be studied and played in other parts of the world. or all sides. except the locations captured. on account of lack. and count the remaining intersections that are unfilled. a verdict. . in the Western world of amusements. convey the of the capture in chessological sense of conversion or transposition (s. 9. The author fully believes that some time in the future the game here now outlined in a scientific philosophical consideration would be taken up by many Western intellectual amusement seekers as it is one of the fewest and most interesting and fascinating as well as instructive intellectual competitive amusements to be treated of by principles of CHESSOLOGY. of the pieces does not largely. digest Mochingoma). The antagonists attack. who continues to do so alternately.
Mochingoma) (check) 6. (goes to) 2(3). C3(3). or F 1. 2. see Diaeasily to be acquainted with signs. (naru promoted as 1>) + (check). E X 2(3). 4. D 5- E 1(2). 68. or 4(4). pp. ch. or +. or + (General Silver) X or : akes or captures) (takes (Diagonalis). + (Field Marshal Prince Flying (goes to) 1(4) n. Captain-General Diagonalgoer) X or : (takes or (natta promoted Cavalcaptures) ry). K. or: (takes or captures) Q 2>. (check). or p. Ilia. ch. Always Offensive With Unceasing Checks Given to an Opponent .Here are Given Fifteen MONDAI (Problems) Shown as Solved. O C D (put (Cavalry) 5- M on or re-employ) C or T (a Tengoma. and Illb. or P) X (takes or captures) f. etc. (i) (a) (3) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (i) 00 (3) (4) (6) (7) (8) (9) SIDE. L. H. 64-65. ch. p. . sections 1-2. or MOCHINGOMA (M) at the Beginning. 4. grams III. AN ADVERSARY'S Navyartillery) p. D 2. n. 1. and for the signs. MON DAI (4) (PROBLEM) i. 3(goes to) 4(5). (goes to) 4(5). + .E (goes to) 1(3). t (checkmate). (goes to) 3(2). or to) : E (Chief. (Diagonalis. or (naru promoted as /). (goes 1(4). Without a TENGOMA (T). A Friendly Side. The first is in details shown so as to give a student the facilitation For Abbreviations.
3(7). E 3(6). +. 5(5)- 2. or p. 9- S (Gen. or ( . 45. I (3) (4) (S> (6) (7) () (9) A FRIENDLY SIDE. 7(6). X g or : D. n. +. E X or D5(6).). E 4(5). 67- C (Cavalry) D 5(6) + F 5(7). 3456. E X or F 3. 78. 11. 2(7). ch. + by discovery on account of DF (Flying Squadron of Navy or Artillery) 5(5). + O (Infantry corps) M . E X or: 1(7). . 1.y x 82(5). or + (ck. (promoted f + C 5(9). i 2(6). g. +. +. MOCHINGOMA in Beginning. 2. F( 4 +. E4(5). ADVERSARY. 9- 10. NA-2(8) J. 5(5). 2(5). Silver) X or:/. : 8(9).210 JAPANESE CHESS MONDAI (i) (PROBLEMS) (6) (7 ) 2. 10. 00 (3) (4) (5) (8) (9) g o o c (0 With No 1. ch. O S M. NA (Navyartillery) 6(8). 1(6). : 8.
CHESSOLOGICS MON DAI (I) (3) (4) (PROBLEM) (S) 3. E 8(2). E 6(1). + 7d). + O i M 8. 7. 2. or p. + (ch). +. E X Q : (promoted C).. (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) A FRIENDLY SIDE With No TENGOMA at First. 3- 2(5). 11. +. 2>. 1(6). . (double). y y .n. . +. E 5(2). C D F 2(7). E X |7d)./* 4(4). n. 9(4). 10. p. p. 4- 2(4). 1(5). +. n.^-5(3). 1. 5- . +- 6. 9- - .. (6) (7) (I) () (4) . E3(4). 5(0. ADVERSARY. . +.. +. i(8). 1(6). E 4(3)./ 9(1). E 8(3). E 8(2). +.
. ADVERSARY. p. but not naru. Ho MOCfflNGOMA at First C3(9)> n PM ' +' 2. n. . +. E 2(8). +- NA ( N) : : D -4(7). 9- 9 10. + F 3(8). OiM 2(9). 6. (8) (9) (i) (2) (3) SIDE..2(8). : : : 8. J. +. D3(7). (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) A FRIENDLY I. S 2(8). 3(9). - +. I 10. 11.. 6. G (promoted S) 2(9). 7- 8. 3- 45. p. n P-. n. + F I. 7- E X G (promoted S E 3(7).2l8 JAPANESE CHESS MON DAI (i) (2) (3) (4) (5) (PROBLEM) 4 (6) (7) . 3. but non-promoted. but not promoted naru. +. O M 2(8). E 12(9). . +. 2. E 1(8). 45. E 1(8). S 3(8). E i. E 1(9). 2(8). + F 3(6). D: 14(7).
K 1(3). . n p.. + F 3( 2 n.. 6.-5 2 F. 12. +. 2(2). 2(2). . 2>_3(i). FUHYO as a TENGOMA at ADVERSARY. 11.. i~ 300. 2. 9.. OS M 2(2). p. n. K 2(1). 7- + back) 5- E-3(3).. 12. +. 8. OIT. K 1(2). p. (2) (3) (4) First. -K n. + O G M 5(4). NA 1(4). p. S 3(). p. K 9. MONDAI (i) (2) (3) (PROBLEM) (6) (7) (4) (5) W (9) d) With a 1. +.s(a). 11.-S(4 4- XX E : S. -K FU 1(2). . +. GtOLD'-SL(nattaKyd). : 1314. D~ 5(5).+.3(2) 3(1). + S X G. 92(2). 10.CHESSOLOGICS 219 5. T> 4(2). 3 4.XG. 6. n. (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) A FRIENDLY SIDE. + O F M 3(2). : K(E)~ 2(2): 1(4). J. 10. 5. Q 9- 13 1415. K 91(2). D (receding or drawing )> 2- 3. +. +.
1(4). 5(5). 8. 2(a). O M C 9(7). + or ch. "A X 0. (check). G . 4(5). (Tsumi.210 JAPANESE CHESS MONDAI-(PROBLEM) d) 00 (3) (4) 6.. 14 a(). . 6(5). ch. E X g. : AN ADVERSARY. + 'D (Ryuma)X or G. (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) g i I I g O (0 With a 1. . OiT 2(5). E 1(2). . y C 2(6). E 1(3). 4(6). G X> +.ch. (check). ch. ii. checkmate).f 10. 13. (must naru). 3. E X G. + O S T 8(5)./:G 8(5). E-5(6). ch. i5. n. -3(5). f Silver) : f G E (Natta promoted General X or: 7(7)(Ryuo) :or X 7(7). 6. if OGT g. 7(7). at First._/"--i(4). . 4 5. +. or X : X C : 9(7)- or 88(5). (2) (3) (4) (S) (6) (7) (8) (9) A FRIENDLY SIDE./X 12 13. 7(6). -6(5). p.-4(5)E 3(4). -2(3). E X S. 14. i + . KEIMA as MOCHINGOMA (General Gold) 7(7). G 2. ch. ch. ch. +. or ch. 2(2). 12.
ch. + . ch. 7- E-7(9>- T. 5- L (E. ST7(8). 3 O M S O 3- 4.f 2 (8). (6). 56. i P. 2. (a) (3) SIDE. 8(7). ch.) 4(8).+2(9) ch. E E E E 8(8). a (4) (S) (6) (7) (8) (9) A FRIENDLY With a S (General AN ADVERSARY. 6. 10. ch. L X -6(9). K. 9(7). 1. S by discovery. MONDAI-(PROBLEM) (i) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) OJ ef I i s d) MA. ch. H.f 8. f 9(6).CHESSOLOGICS 221 7. X 86(9). 7(S)- . i n -P. L 5(9). 4- ch. 9- g.f 10. 1.ch. C X D F D : 3(7)1(6). 9(8). 6(8). 8(6). D D I 3(7). 8. Silver) as MOCHINGO- 2.
n. .-5(6). 5(6). ch. P. 4(7).2 (8). 4(7)- : G.y. H H 2(8). i (8). OC M 3(7). 1./-5(7). g z(8).. 11. 9- . L) F. n. H X Qi(8). K (7). E X : (E. n - P- ch 45- .222 JAPANESE CHESS MONDAI-(PROBLEM) (I) 8. (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) A FRIENDLY SIDE MOCHINGOMA. 2>.. check. H H L : 2. K. K 1(6). 4(8). (4) . + +. p. 6.ch. AN ADVERSARY. 7- C 8. OTG F X> 4(8). - 3. check.y 9 10. (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (i) (2) (3) a Q. i 02(4). E i (. p. + 10. 4(7)- F 5(5). 8.-4(8). fl.ch. ch. :G (Natta C).$.
.. 7 8. 6. n 92(5).+. 3(2). 02(2). z. F 3(6). 6. O M G 5(3). 78. MOCHINGOMA.f 4(3). G G (aG's). 1(6). p. S : F. |. + - 10. 45- +. g : G. 5(3). n.3 (2). 3- OMG4(2). K-4(5). +. FX G L 4(3)L 5(4). (9) A LEGITIMATE SIDE. n. + 45. ch. 4(2). 2>. 4(2). L~ 1(3)- .CHESSOLOGICS 223 (i) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (i) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) OPPOSITE. P-. L X 2>. 5(6). p.+. 9- L-2( 4 ). L-3(5). ch. 3. i THE . 10. 9- O F T + + -s(5).
THE DEFENSIVE PARTY. g: 1-7(2). (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (i) (2) (3) (4) and (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) THE OFFENSIVE PARTY. 1. g L : F 5(2). 2. + G4(2). FUHYO. ch. OTi8(i). a C 2 1. . 6(2).y 3. OTi 7(2). 45- NA if NA c. G S 7(2). 6(2). 9(2). 7(2). To begin with MOCHINGOM A. 2. 8(2). p. 4 5. + + +. 9- 85<3). 8. 7. OTC + . + F 8(2). L X G 7d). 6. 6. E : 3 .22 4 JAPANESE CHESS MONDAI-(PROBLEM) (i) (2) (3) 10. + -6(2). 7. t 8. 6(3). n.
ch. C 6( +. 6. 12. +. G 7d). +. 45 O F T 6(1). H X. G 7(2). . + 8. 10.ch. + T> 9- H F. +F. . O M C 8(2).CHESSOLOGICS II. SIDE. MOCHIIIGOMA. H-6(2). p. 1314- 9-J^GrrSW. ch. AN ATTACKING i. 11. + OGT6 d). 1. OITsd).. A DEFENSIVE 2. 8(2). G D 800. ch. G 4(2). 8(2). 5 6. 78. 225 (i) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (i) (2) (3) (4) (5) (7) (8) (9) SIDE. E X : F:G. 5(1). 6(1). 12. 7 I OMI8(ty. a. 8(1). a Cavalry Corps and two FUHYO./. + 4(1).~8(2). 13- H-4(2). : C. O M 7(2). : I. 2>. n..6(3)./xg. 10.
H E : .<*. 9- OT O NA I +. (9) A FRIENDLY SIDE. 8(1). n- 3- H X F X E X E X p. 3 456. g (promoted N A) E : X G. :g. . 3(1. ch. M 7(!). n - P- ch - 2. I. OTIsd). i. D. I. 2. + I.. 6d).JAPANESE CHESS MONDAI-(PROBLEM) (i) (2) (3) 12. 4. MOCHINGOMA. 7- OT I 4d). 8. 4(1). 5- 2(3). 8.-7d). OT G D D 2(3). 2(3). 6(1). + .. 7- OTl7('). 2(3). a G and Five FUHYO.t . 6. ch. (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (i) (2) (3) (4) (5) (7) W 3d). +. OT i 6(1). 1. sd). AH ADVERSARY.
f F OTF2( 3 !>:/. . 12. 2> 10. 14. -K 3(3). 4 OM C3(7). 10. check.y 9- c 4(5). 3(8). H 4(2). 6(4). n.ch. n.MON DAI (i) (2) (3) (PROBLEM) (5) (6) 13. ii. 3(7). ch. 12. 2. 1314. H X f 7(0H 6(2). + .. (8) (9) SIDE. 2(1). i(9).  H-i(3)- 7(4). H 2(3). 3(6).ch. +. s. H 6(2).n. ch.p. H-sd).+. H X D3(3). 1(7). .. 1(4). Offensive Party. 15 16. ch. 7(1). DXG(nattaC). A DEFENSIVE . ch. 1(1). -D +. 19- /" 20.*. OMC. x c 7- 1(6).+9. ).. p. 13. E X G 6(4). p. r OTG XG 7(4). +. OMC -D 1(6). with a G and 3 Cavalry Corps Pieces. 3(3). ch. -D i(8). : OMC3(5)./: C H 1(7)- 3(8). H 3(2). + 16. 4(4). 3. 1718. ch. H 6(3). . +. f OMG : F 1(5). ch. (8) (9) (4) (7) (i) (6) (7) ' An i.
. ch - ch. 3 . 7- g: D : 8(6). + D7(6). 2. 07(7). 4(5). 4(6). ENEMIES. - 45- -4(4). With DI AGONALIS as a 1. . O CT6( 3 ). : 5()3(06(3). 1. n. OITs(*). MOCHINGOM A. 10. G C. p. 4(2).228 JAPANESE CHESS MON DAI (i) (PROBLEM) 14. G E I. 2. 10. 6. + . (i) (2) (3) (4 (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) FRIENDS. 8. +. D 5(8). D 6(7). +. O M D 6(8). 4(2). + F 3(0. -4(3). ch. 9- :/. + D X 18(6). 3' 45- 6. 7- 8.
5(6).. ch. 1718. . XI. 16. p. S 02(4). MOCHINGOM Navyartillery. n. /. + S 0. + . J (8) (9) C F a 3 4.. 1> S f i 5(6)- K-3(7)+. p. T>:| K:S. but not + 1 K 4(6). TEGOM A.. OMi 2(6). 22. p. p. + K 3(4). 2(1). 02(4). l>backward ' 3(7)* P-. i. 4(8). 3(4).+. 4(6). n. K K K K K K-4<5)K 4(6)..y X S 7 9- OTF 1(3). S: X> 2(6). 5(6). n. 13. 12. 4(5). 1(3). (7) FOES. p. 4(5). 10. 30 ax. + . io. 1415. -3(3). X. . n. p. OM3(6).y ii 12 13- OMS 4(4). +. HISHA. 2(4). 19. 1920. n. n ch -f. : + 9- K-4(5). 21. 3(6). ch. S D D 14 II 17 18.. 2(6). + c(c). IV-6(6). (6).. K 2(3). : 8. N 3(7). F 6.MON DAI (i) (*) (3) (4) (S) (PROBLEM) (6) (7) 15. ! KX 12(6). 5. (8) (9) Allies. - 1(7). A.. +. p. 3(6).+. at First. 1(1). () (i) With a Flying or (3) (4) (S) (6) a i. n. + O M D. 2(1). +. n./^-4(6). 2(6). + O M S 2(7).
4. 304. 112. s. s. p. s. 7. 2. 72. p. taa. Allegory. s. 48. s. p. long discussions. s. 4. p. s. p. s. of the Science of Numbers. 55. pp. Antiquated. 7. s. s. p. Agenorium. s. America. s. a nation 4. Arbitration. p. 31. Akipte. 59Ambassador. p. p. P. 9-1. 8. 7. . la. s. 34. s. Alexander. 93. Scientific. Acquire knowledge. ni. a. p. . s. p. p. 7aa. i. s. s. 7. 115. s. 6a. 96. 106. s. s. 5. p. p. 30. xix. 7aa. s. 3. s. 7. p. 44. Art. 7. 116. s. 64. 2. 4. 4. see Chessologics 14-15. 18. a8. p. 117-1 a?. s. s. 230 . 204. p. Alter Ego.7iArtistic. s. of i Astrological. p. 3. 70. s. Argentina. s. Astrology.p. 171. The same as Danzo. 95. Art. s. pp. la. 4. 36. Applied Arts. Arithmetic. Adamantine rocks of resistance in struggles. Arithmetical question. 214. s. s. 7. Art. 7. 107. p. Ad . 3a. of force. P. p. ss. be. p. Art. Amusement. pp. Arms. p. s. s. 2. p. 4. 7. Associations. p. p. . ?aa. the. Applied Chessological Arts of the greatest drama. p. Annihilated. p. ?a. s. 63. Arguments. 9. 115- Antiquated. in. p. s. s. 8b. Astronomic-Physical Observatory. 69. s. 7. a. 9. la. (12). . la. s. 28. s. 7. 40. ss. 5(7). p. 43.Plutocratic game. . chessological. aa. 3. the. p. p. 116. 70. 74. Attate kudakerol s. Addition. Anthi ithmetic. p. 4C. s. 7. 39. s. Abstraction. 49. Assimilating association. 86. Artistic aspect. 32. 5 (s). p. p. 6. 59. s. 7. s. s. 8b. 8a. Armada. 18. 64. Analytical geometry. Accurate perception. 97. 9. the reality and. a. s. 6. proper. 37. 82. 43. 35. s. 18. s. 8. (31) p. 108. 4. p. p. s. Analogies. 35. 8a. p. p. 103. la. 8.'8. 3. 4. s. p. p. s. s. 4a. p. s. 8a. pp. p. 113. p. p. paradoxical.vivid. 9a. 5. Athen. 43. 7. Alchemy. i. 30. i. p.Philosophic. s. Angles. p. i. 7aa. 73 Advisers. 54. . 4. a. Special. 66. Attack. a. Adaptability. p. p. la. astra per aspera. Arbitration.43. P. s. s. p. 205. s. . p. 33. 3. ?a. Anderssen. s. 30. action. s. 3. 62. 43. s. 109. -. p. p. Wisdom. 105. s. s. p. p. 33. Algebraical sign. s. ?aa. 16. Ps. p. 53. a8. p. s. s. p. 6a. Arabians. 43. p.45Allotment of loan. 3.. s. or existence (Japan). 43. p. 64. p. Absurdity. 3. p. s a. 41 . s. 96. Approximate value p. 9a. 18. s. 2 and 5. 5. 108. s. acute and obtuse. 4. p. 3. s. a a. Applied Chessologics. p. in. 96. 82. s. p. P. p. Akttoshi. s. p. p.55 s. 7a. s. p. p. ?aa. E. 73. Aspirant. 171. Applied Knowledge. aoi. bet. Annihilation. p. Aristotle. p. Assimilation. 8a. 33. p. p. Treaty. p. 109. s. p. p. la. s. 34. 59. s. s. s. Applied Chessologic Diplomacy. 29. ordinary Algebraic sign. 8a. s. p. s. s. s. Anxiety. p. Algebra. 107. p. 9. p. 5. 116. 43. 204. aoi. 3. s. 4. s. artistic. s. p. la. 205. of yore. s. 3.INDEX Absorbing. s. 9. 104. Abstracting. p. . 4. 90. p. Aristo. s. s. the highest Mathematical. p. 54. p. s. pa. 2.positive.31s.1 14. 135. H. 6. i. 4a. 42. p. p. nature of the Mochingoma. P. p. p. i. p. 3. ?aa. Admiral. p. p. s. 7. 40. 8a. and compare the Tree of and Mathematics. 26. s. 8b. s. s. 43. 8a. 3a. ss. p. a a. s. p. 41. s. 4. Art practicable and productive. p. 28. p. (i). 7. S3- Attacking. s. p. 3. P. p. p. Astronomy. i. s. s. s. defend and capture. s. 43 see the Tree of Chessologics bet. s. international. 45. p. s. p. Appellation. p. s. Applied Mathematics. 127. p. 9. 41. s. 109. practical. s.2 p. 7. 6. p. P. and stereotyped stages s. Abstract.P. Anti-climax. s. of ideas. 66. words. Artillery. 59- s. 14-15. . p. ideas. 70. s. 170. 35. Acquisition. p. s. 3. Aspect. 43. s. p. as s. aoa. 90.
Bill of victory. Brute force. s. p. p. (9). chess.p. S. 4. 4. 66. s. s. p. s. 6. s. Augmentations. enemy's fault. p. no. s. s. Chess-like. 14-15. 8. s. Calibre."5Carelessness. 7b. s. p. aj. 40. 3. p. p. 75. s. p. pa. 2. s. s. 82-3. s. 7. s. Cards. mind-force. Jurok-musashi. p. "Capture or take" (x or Car or ship.9a. 7. Capability. 28. p. 3. 81 "Check" (Ch. s. 30. 29. 67. sa. s. s. 6. 86. p. s. 54. s. 2. P. 59. 7aa. 61. 84. sa. 4. s. 35 Chariot. 6. 17. Koma. 135. p. p 70. la. 4. ss. 24. 12. not arbitrary. 5. s. co-operation. p. i. 117. p. . s. 4. attack and defend. 2. 48. p. 10. the. 20 1. 4. 70. s. 32. ceaseless. asami bhongi. Cannonier. Carvings. p. Check.8. la. p. 9a. pa. p. s. 135. p. s. s. Chess-game. s. p. 4. s. 7. ss. 8. chess-piece. 28. 18. s. 69. 9. 67. 3. 7. 5. p. pp. 8. s. p. 5. Cautions. 9. in general. Checked by obstinacy etc.. Beaten one out. p. sa. Berlin. p. s. p. 5 (4). p. 207.s. p. raised. conversion. Figurative sense. p. s. p. Branches. Blunders. of humanity. p. p. P. p. 3-4. P. a war-field. p. 196. 1-2. Belligerents. p. s. p. s. p. 5. Axiom.p. p. s. p. ($). p. 5 (5). and other war crafts. 171. s. . s. 113. p. 93. Chessdom. 7. p. 209. s. . Checkers. p. p. 209. p.ss. 7. 8a. Buckle. s. s. 2a. s. 3. 4. Celestials' peculiar lack. 2. s. 19. 19. p. Characters. 3. 6x.. 4-4a. 8b. s. 95. ?aa. 4a. 73- s. p. the Oc. Chesser (Chessist?). 6. s. 5. Intelligence. p. s.p. pp. 18. Chemistry. 6-7. Art. s. p. game. 8a. s. p. Charlemagne. p. in. aoo. pp. 77-8. p. 8. 19. the science of. ss. 8a. Cavalry. s. Castle. s. p. S. Bushtdo. -ing. p. or +). 2. 201. Charioteer. p. 47-8. 4. of. 105. a feu. 185. lucrative trade. p. 5. 59. i. 91. 4. *. 115. s. Chess Chess is Mind. 48. chessmen. p. Blood and flesh. i. s. 27. p. s. i2a. p. 103. p. p. s. Business characters. s. Figures. s. 96. 9. 105. s. 8b. Art. the mathematical. 78. 114. Battleships. carrying telephone. p.8a. s. 18. 8a p. Blindfold 6a. s. . i. Attributes. p. 132. s. p. p. s. 174-9- Cavalry Roma. p. Castles. 9. 77. p. 83. s. a child of. Chessologic (truth). s. 2. s. incite Bo-wo Bo-ni koru. 8a. 5. 116. 5. 3. Caesar. 7. 126. Balloon. s. p. 36. deduction. 9a. p.53is Soul. 5. p. 91. ss. 62. p. 3. Birth-right and-duty. p. s. Chessists' manoeuvres. the Western great. . 10. 33. Checkmating. s. 18. p. 7aa. p.s. "Checkmate" etc. 171. p. s. Biologist. p. of Chessology. 12. Celebral organ. 18. sa. s. s. 84. 68. p. s.. Chess. -s. 74-6. 7. 2.i47. 2 (2). 2-2a. s. colossal. p. p. s. i. p. 7a. . s. ?b. a8. p. s. 88-9. p. p. firm.i8. p. 7. p. s. p. p. p. 18-21 and 23-34. 2a. 22. p. Cancelled. 201. the first. 202. s. Chess-man. transposition. ?aa. 3a. no. 4. s. s. 3. p. p. 8a. s. 2. la. s. p. 7-9. s. no. 209. p. p. p. 81. s. 43. 201. s. s. s. p. Capture and capturing. p. 10. 29. 48. s. la. s. 3a.. 30. s. ?a. p. s. Capture. 6-7. Chess masters. 207. p. 8b. p. 7. tactical. s. p. p. p. s. statuette-like. p.s. p. s. 7. Color distinctions. 65. p. s. s. 6. s. 1(5). 54. 203. 21 s. 8. p. P. 68. 8. s. s. Japanese. essense of. Checkmate. p. 38. s. 104. Calculus. p. 3a. 42 P. vs. 2. Buddha. Check. s. . p. 8a. s. Art. movable. 7. in U. 3. p. p. to move. s.23. s. Bishop. s. 2. 8a. 22. s. B Bait. i. p. p. 69. 80. 109. p.inflict upon ourselves. 652. p. s. s. s.204 Cares. 9a.. -i. Characterized by Involution. 7b. chessplayer. 68. 72. 19. s. 6. p. 6-7. Captain-General Diagonalis. p. . Sand s. p. 135etc. s. 135. 7. p. 202. s. 81. Chessologians. 3. 67. i. Bear. p. p. 8a. 95'. s. 44. 8. s. P. p. 74. p. s. s. s. p. p. 59. xa. s. 8b. 9. 67. 5. p. 26. . 37. (9). :). 92. s. . s. 76-7 . P. 68-9. See Samraism. na. the distance on. 49. 68. p. Belligerent power. 9a. p. p. p. p. s. s. 34..p. 205. no. 3. 116. - Game Chess Proper.95-6. no. 231 both intellectual and physical s. 5(4).s. ss. 6. 6. mental. a. . p. symbolic formulae. s. p. s.H3. see the Chessological Tree. a. 4. 36. s. violence. 30. ss. 68. 103. s. p. 9-3. Cause. Bribery. la. p. 27. s.36.INDEX Attitude. p. 106. Art proper. s. Chessological. 6. p. p. 4. Shongi-ban. s. i. s. Calculation. p. 2. p. p. 115. 7-4. 7-7a. 9a-3. Japanese. s. ?a. 214. p. game. 9. s. Batteries of Mind. p. Balance of victory. C. 115. p. p. 7i. s. 2a. 5. 116. 3. 72. s. p. 105. s. s. 192. p. ss. s. ss. 154. s. 3. Capabilities. 5. Cast your dice. Baltic squadron. 8. Betting herself (japan). p. s. 3. ?a.3. ss. s. s. a medicine for eyes. 5 p. p. 17. see 43. s 7. s. p. p. p. 196. s. s. Chinese. s. 7. s. sa. 208-9 and 212-3. Campaign. . Autocrat. s. a. 86. s. abstraction. ?a. s. 54.(i9). Black and white. sa. p. 135. 9. Capture. no. a. s. pp. Calamities. s. Chessboard. p. 199. s.
p. Chessologician. s. s. PP. 43. p. s. 4a. p. p. 8a. Contingencies. s. propaganda. 5-6. 30. 96. p. Chessonymy. 3 s. 8a. s. a. s. Competition. aa. p. tgo. Convertibilities. p. p. s. s. ?b. ss. 8a. s. 5. P. 178. 48. p. p. Chicago. s. p6. 106. s. Connotatiyes. 70-72. p. broken a p. s. not mere chessplayers. ss. 30. p. Complications. 66. p. Conceit. p. p. Core. s.. 8a. p. ?a p. s 5 a. P. s. Physic-Trigonometrical. 4b. s. intricate. 5. Chess Proper. p. 8a. Chimerical. p. 48-9. p. s. . 171. p. tree. pp. s. p. 83. B. s. 53. ss. Conventional modes. 30-3*. s. Common Commodities. p. . 7aa and 8. 14-15Chessonym. a. ( - - ' Civilization. s. p. p. 195. cryptic. 3. s. 6a. _ 8. p. s. 4. a-aa. s. 114. 87. a. s. 4. az a. p. 86. p. p. p. 33. 5. aio.s. Child's play. Concentrating. p. s. p. p. 3. p. s. Conservation of Intellectual Power. 8. not. 55. Chief. s. P. 8. 103-5. s. Chivalry. 5. problem. 104. aoa. s. Commanders' game. 46. p. s. s. s. p. 1-5. 86. 104. 30. 4a. Concentration of mind. Compromising outcome. Chessologics. s. 86. 95. a. 33. 7a. s. Cognate words. 104. 7. s. p. ?a. 75. 8. s. Commercial and business characters 8. s. 52. p. s. Classical game. 5. 4a. Contrivance. Chessologic. 18. 53. hidden. s. B.72-3Chessonymous. Contingents. p. remnants of primitive. Chessologist. s. Conspicuous. 4a Combinations. 33. 95-6. s. s. 39. 73-3. p. p. p. Chessway. p. Complexities. s. 9. 3. p. 76. s. 7-7a. 59."3Confucius. 8. enemy. 139-134. 66-7. 1 1 6. 54. s. 8. p. 17. 3. s. s. 33. s. p.. see in. 48-9. s. xa. s. pp. 8. 8b. 8. p. Tree of. s. s.73. Colt. 50. 9. 8. s. 56. s. a. p. 4. 43. and ?b. 18. or figures. 3a. s. 5 P. p. s. 8b. 3 p. 3a p. 4. ss. in. non-calculated and unfores. p. 3-3 pp. Chessworks. Contrariwise employed. p. p. 4a. p. 36. 4. 7a. Conduct. s. 3. . Composition. p. 6. Chessology. Illustration bet. 7aa. . 46. 168. jf 7. Chinese. Ancient. oa. 4a. sa. p. Conversion. p. p. s. Chessologics. technicality. p. and laymen. p. p. p. s. 8. 15. s. 5. 9. Connotation. p. s. p. 4a. p. Conservation of Energy. 9. - s. southern. 59. 99. s. s. s. p. 17. 55. 7aa. aa. 54. p. s. > 8 3. s. Contingency. p. : Conveyance. Chessologists. 40. p. 8. popularly. p. p. Concerted plan. a. sa. aio. 7t p. primitive. Compulsory. aia. Characters. sa. 115. sa. s. Oc. s. 44. p. 73. ss. p. s. - facilitation of aa. s. p. 309. 59. p. p. s. 97. 115. 4a. Si. 86. p. China. s. real meaning of. 114. 133. ) Constitute the discoverv of Chessology. Converted to use. 114. p. unexpected. 6. Commander-in-Chief. s. s. p. Chessplayer's transfiguring and transmigrating alter ego. 53. . 105. 5. Combination. s. p. p. p. Jp. . s. s. s. p. history of. 5. antiquated. 59. Chessplay. Constant. symbols. Child of Chess. P. 53. Competitive struggles ( Japanese Chess). s. p. ?aa.95- s. 66. bet. 61. p. organized co-operation.p. p. p. 35. 5. 37. 115. pp. 4a. 6-7. Chile. Constellations of Chesspieces. p. a. p. p. s. . p. 8a. . . p.s. p. 7. the most glorious. la. 66. p. p. 66. s. s. _ P. p. s. which see. Applied. s. 17. s. a. 9a and i. p. see Kokoro-no Kama. 55.70-73. p. 8. a8. vanity and. p. 5. p. tie. p. s. $6. capture. s. 31. la. Concrete. p. p. p. s. p. Commands 67. p. s. 7a pp. s. 4a. Chess son voir. P. 6. p. 68-9. ?a. 7b. s. Convertible. 5. Chesspieces. p. 8. s. 66. s. 17. Chessplayer. Chessplaying. 6. ?b. io6. pp. 114. 39:5. 115. s. 3. 33-37. composition. 6a.p. p. Chessonymously. 5. 7a. Ultra. 18-9. p. s. 30. 33. p. s. 86. s. a. pp. 4a. 7. factors of struggles. 63. s. 104. s ?aa. s. p. Chestnuts (problems). 37. his own ideal. p. 53. 55. s. 45. 8a. Co-operation. i. s. s. no. . 30. Contestant. i p. chesswise. p. s. impolite. s. s. 114-6. s. s. p. la. 86. 8b. 66. p. term. s. s 5. or train for player's olttf chessologically organized. s. forms of speech. s. 7a. 8a. 8. 17. p. p. 8. Comparison. 103. 93Continual operation. 38-39. a. s. s. s. p. Ch. p. 7. p.. 7b. 60-7. a. 116. s. s. s. 18.s. 8. 73. p. 304. p. aia.INDEX Chessological jurisdiction. P. 4a. 54. 115. 8 6a p 57 > Circumference. 86. Climax. 106 and 107. p. 8. 8. 36. s. s. a (i). p. 45. 6. 36. 14-15. s. p. s. 94. Art. Chessological Parables. p. p. poetic figures. 33. 3. p. 17. ss. 115. 8b. Chmology. la. p. 17. 4. squares. seen. . s. p. Chessologically. 3. 94. aa. ?aa. 133. 4b. no. future. 45. 94.43Cock fights. aa. p. s. 1 10. s. p. s. s. s. ?aa 40. s. Construction of game. p. Central. p. 7aa. p. P. 43. 179. p. p. Conventionality. p. Chess. sa. . 4. the profound. Illustration. 81. 4c. p. la. 5. 3. p. 3. p. 4a s. ?b. international. ia. 95. 6. s. 4a. p. Complete the discovery of Chessologics. 3. s. s. s. 86. p. io8. s. 5. 86. ?a. 55. 4. 97. 7. 8a. Chong-kie (Tseang-ki [Ke] ). 88. 115. P. s. s. 3. and ?b. p. 3. s. 189. 37. a. 66. s. p. 115. . p. 5. 4. 3. Cleopatra. s.transposition. s. 113terms. s.
43. 5 and (7). Creation of Chessological Terms. 9. Discovery of Chessology or Chessologics. p. Art. p. s. 209.Applied Chessologic. 36. Develope Chess mission as Knowledge extends. . 6a. 7. P. 4. Czar. Extravagance. pp- 64-65. p. 4a. s. s. Difficulties. reverse. 109. drawn games. war news. 8. 203-4. Art. 55Dreams ever dreamed. s. p. Art. la. s. Defeat. la. 59. s. fit. s. 17.p. pp. Dimensions for all denominations. 41. 1 Tre s. 86.n6. p. 94. s. 72. Currents of movements. pp. Divination. 25. p. 9a. sa. 6a. Debut.p. 6a. s. s. 4a. 7. p. p. Deliberation. Discovery. the world famous invincible annihilated. 92. all. Definition of Chess. 3. opening. 48. p. p. 86. p. Degraded. 5(1). s. s. p. 4. s.s. s. long arguments. O. p. 8. p. 2a. s. 6.jDiag. Egypt. 94. [s. 21. s. 48. Economy. 3. n . Eggs and onions. 185. p. . 8. s(7). Dissipation. ?a. 26. p. Dash"( ). tsuz. p. 7. Elasticity. 33. p.PP. s. Diagonalis. Economical dominion. 7. 73. 37. s. 19. Dickens. p. s. 7. 31. 5. s. P 64. 4. 54. 60. in Chessdom. 7. Corollary. Discussions. 201. 8a. 3. 9. p. p. p. p. 4. Japanese and European Chess. 6. Discs. 9a. s. S. 96. to. 7. 4. 54. 6a. 8. 7. p. s. 6. p. p. p. p. Double check. p. s. p. Cover. p. 8. PP. Digested. la. 64-5. 115-6. p. in problems. the greatest common. gc. sa. 201. 8b. chess. 86. vs.Sc. Despotism. Divine wisdom. 76. 71. Crown. s. p. Doksho Hyappen Gi onozkara P. s. s. Chessologics. s. s. Defensive. s. Sa. s. p. 4a. Diplomacy. p. p. 82. 107. Cycle of changes. s. Encouragement. 72. ?aa. 73! s. i. 93. 8. 61. 8. s. p. means. s. p. p. p. s. p.7H s. p. Courtiers. s. p. s.n?. p. 3. with the reverse. 116. . 7. 73. 7. 30. p. 4. s. 2. s. 18. 9a. pp. 69. . s. Dracohippos. 115. 17. p. s. 27. Determination. chief. Divisibility of 8 and 9. 6. s. 208. p. s. Discovered check. attack and capture. Demonstration. 13$. games. p. i2a. s. p. p. 5 (?). 115. s. aa. 54*. 2 (2) p. s. 81. s. Differentials. p. p. p. 82. 8a. P. la. 202. Corollary. Elephant. 2. p. 202.74- Dominion. s. 36. 7. s. inction bet. p. p. 91. p. . 7.90. Decent nations. p. 86. s. 3. >. s. 4.p. p. cast. not arbitrary. 86. p. 24. p. Art. 31. Culminated. 7. p. 8. s. p. p. s.73-6. 59.] Desired end. De facto.76. p. Desiderata. P-39. Director. principle of. ss. s. Cumbersome. p. 7. Oc. Dovetailed work. s. 6. 90. Designer. 104. 73- Debilitating. p. 44. s. 5. s. v s. s. s. P. 212-3. s. p. 104. Empirical formulae. Doctrine of Chivalry. Disciplinarian. pp. 58. s. 12. 5. 4. 124. 72. The same as Cho-Yo. s. 96. or Chessology.55 s. Imperialism. Diplomatic game. 67. 205. p. s.7i. 1 5.204. s. s. 37. s. E s. three. 76. s. 4-5. p. 74. Ego. 43. vs. s. Differences (infinitesimal). s. Divisor. p. s. 62-3. Emperor. 6. Diploma. p. 170. p. 6. p. Diplomats. s. 5. s. Crossings or intersections. 6. 72. s. Encourage the spirits.p. 203-4. territory. 52. Empire Dictator. 8b.p.?. 3. Delicate and expressive p. 3. p. p. s. Economy Effect. s. 5. (31). 5. s. p.a. Disarmament. s. p. p. s.p. a power of s. Charles. Figures or Expressions. Decimal System. of the East. Dignitaries.94. s. 9. 29. Crates. Difficulties. s. p. p. 90. 7aa. 7. Crumbs. p. p. a and b. p. 7. p. p. s. 29. s. dimensions for sa. ss. s. contests. ) >s. s. 6. II. Elements. 70. 28. i. p. 82. 70-1. 4.p. 2. Art. 51. s. s. p.INDEX Comer the chesspieces. 96.s. 333 43. p. Disinterested governments. (20). 7a. 72. s. p. Dice. the greatest naval. xa. s. s. s. 35. 19. 5-6. s. 3. the. 3 p. 5. p. i. 203. p. 7. 17.7a. 112. 95. 5. s. 68. ) Discipline. 70. 8b. p. s. discouraging and. mischievous. 78. Ill. s. in. with the reverse. 97. 55. s. Democracy p. s. nine grades. p. Council of war. Divine. s. 103. Destiny. p. titular. 64. 135Distance on chessboard. 7. s. 1 6. 178. s. s. 6. 19. s.Nature. flat or Squat. s. 214. s. Correspondents. s. p. 76.1. 29. Deduction. s. Corner the chesspieces. 2. 5. p. 54. 114. p. Art. 2. s. s. p. 4. 8. 8a. 181. effect. p. s. Criterion. 6. s. p. 39. 101. p. 8b. p. p. 53. 30. 50. 8b.p. s. 57. 4a. p. Creates the constellations. in. movements. Drop of rain. p. Dracon. s. Duel. s. Diagram I. s. p. 9. 86. Defend. 55. Art. Diagram III. s. p. 3. of Bureaucracy. 9. p. s. 7. p. Dictator. ) AA p. 28. 8. 107. 66. 4. vigorous. 8. s. 4-4C. p. s. p. p. defensive work. 3. (n). 8. s. s. 2. 4. s. Double victory. s. 18. 3. s. s. p. s. sa. farcical. Disciplinary. bet. s. 9. 3. 35. s. battles.pp. 4a. p. ?aa. s.s. s. Chess. p. 7. 8. III. p. p. s. s. p. Denominations. 9. 41. p. 64-5. s. s. Cossacks. Eastern Gibraltar. 5(7). ao6. p.3. pp. s. 8.15-31. 106. s. Emblem. s. . p. P. Dice lottery. Drawn s. s. s. chessological. 7a. 16. 4C. p. 76. s. p. p. s. 18. s. king and queen's. captured. 4a. offensive and. s. salvation. s. p. s. p. 57. P. Disablement. Danzo. 72. 8b.
88... Exoterically. p. s. . 203.. nervous. Favoritism.. extremely. Energy. p. Flexible. s.. 8b. Fu son Mai Futei-Shiki... p. 82. 7 . 64. .. 45 - 9 P. 8. push up. Fu-no naki Shongi-wa make Shongi. flank and rear. p. Exchangeability. p.7 6 s. p. chessological... p. Franklin. See Tate.). p. 115.. 89. ?a. 6. 8. positive and negative. small odds of. Exotery. p. p.. s. 54'. Economy.. p.s. 82.. s. 7>. p..8a.. p.234 End. s. Flexibility. p. P. s. p. p. p. i. 3. in this age of. s.. 105. 95. Extra-natural creations. 79. p. 117. s. p. 2. s. s. ** p. 8. s. p. 979. . s. Extravagance vs.. 8. s.. 61. 95Excitability. 77. s. Figures. s. Art. Form. 4a. Ex-territorial Treaty. 73. 8. 78. 2. p. 70. result. 47. 16 . and b. never violate.. s. p. p. 3. s.. Historical. annihilation or. Frederick.. 4.. s. p. 4.. 94. Epic poem. s. Etiquette. s. 94. . s.. Equivocal words. p. s. p.. En prise... 18. 97s.. 76. s. En masse. 9. . 30.. 5. 35. P. Vs.. s. 59En passant. 78. 41 s.. full. 107. 189. Exchange whenever can. and b. 182. 3. . Exponent. s. 135s. H4-528. 77. sa. 5(7).. - .p. p.... s(7). roc . s. p. loa p.. 4b. p.. p.5C.. p. s.p. P- "5of. p. 29. 3. p.... p. 28. p. p. 3. p. 28. 189. 26.. 3. p. s. P. p. s. similarity of.. p.. 7a.. 'no queening a pawn . s... 104. pp.. p.s. i. 7. p. 1 1 6.. 40. occupants.. rob . 2.2i4Fruits of primitive conceptions. Art. p. p. 41. 18. 46. 2.-sd. s. ?aa. 4a.p. s. 9a.. 7. 2. 9. . 31. p. 6(3). 198.. pp.. s. 2. s. 7. 3. p. S3Evolution. 76. s. 7.. Formidable factor. p. p. 62.55. 7. s. Financiers. s. 43. 6.. 4. 82. not. . 8. p. 119- Epigram and Irony. p. 94. p. Existence. p. s. 3. 211. 7aa. s. Art. a desired. Former enemies. 3a. p.. 104.. p. England. 40. s. Fascinating.. p. p.s.. Experiment. p. p. p. Warcarship. to conceive.. p..). (Fueanmat) s.. la. Evolution. 13 .. Extractly. 170. Fixed.. p. p. s(7). 206. Forlorn performance. s.. 41.. 135Fickleness. s. the law of. 203.. 196.. 104-5 8a. s. ia . Flank. Expressive. s.. 8b <s. Establishment of Chessology. s. s. 184. 51. transposable. Formula. Eponym. i4183. Chessological. 2a. p.. Exertion. . 202. heads. 8a. the Science of. f p. P8 . s. 13. .. Focus and vane. crystalized and reduced to. Evidence. i.... 48..p. s. of Chessology. no.. 3. sa. 47. 28. to be.. p. 9. p. 3. 37- Friends.. 97. s. p. 3. s. 2. s. s. .. Entity. s. Front. 96.9- . s. p. 54'.. 191. ia. 4a. xod . 9. s. p. 3 '"-' Fuhyo. 9. 9a. s. p. s. 9*. Force-pieces. sa. 115. 9. Exchangeable. 9.p.2i4. s. s. 105. 8a. | masters.. etc. p. 6. Exponents. la. Esoterically. 5.. p. 8b... P14 . Fate. Espouse. 19. s. birth-right and-duty.p. Executive officers. s. 206. p. foes.. INDEX 94- Figurative language or expression. p. s. s.. s. i. la.4 2 8. s. s.. s.7.. oa. p. s. 2. 7. 4a..7. 18. s. ?aa. Symbolic. s. P. 9. s. 2. Field Marshal. 9. delicate and. Experiences. p. 8.p. 105-6. 3. 45 s. p. 73Force of Simile. 48.. 6 . 181. 8. s. 8. Fu. 7980. 97Exponent of human instinct. s. 4. s. 23. 2. 24. and rear.s. . vivid. p.. P. preparatory course. s.P-7i. . p. Exactly the same acting powers. a. P. 41. n .. s. 7777.. p. 7b. I s.44Esoteric connotations. 51. 203. p. 196. s. ?a. p. p. p.p. 8a. sa. Focused. . symbolic. i. s. Figure .. p.... in the time la. 8a. File. s. 60.s. p. s. p.132. Figure A . 7.. J s. 105.p. p. 8. 8a. 8b. 105. no.. 27. 38-4. 23. p. p. 7. p. sa. s. p. 98 Examine themselves severely (Jap. 55. 1 06. 8.. s. sa. s. 31. tedious.. 99Enlightenment. 6. s.sb.hurtful and excessive. a.. 56..72. 88. p. s. 76. and plus s. 2a. p. in. p. S. Evolution. s. 66.. p. ia. 96. ing. 6. s. 8. 66. s. 64. 45 8. 35. 7aa. p. Pp. j?:^: s.. s. 7i. or stiff. Japanese . i. 6. Flying Warshipcar. Art. p. 30. s. 88. Force. p. s. s. Ch. P. sa.. . 6. 7aa. 116. p. p. 7. out of Chess mind-force pieces. 8.. p.. iS-49Fundamental importance.. 15-30. Engineering. s. p. s.80. p. 182. Equivalent to the Japanese capabilities. (Jap. 8 - 8. s. 6. p. s. mtnus Freedom.. s. P- 4.. p. 2. p. Japanese Chess. s. ?aa. s.. checkm'd. s. 6... p.. 3a. pp. Chessological. 195195195. p. served as loyal.. Esoteric meanings. p. desired. 66. p.. P. Function. s.. Esoterical.. s. Pa main. 54. front. s..p. s.. s. Eponymous.. p.. 47. p.. 7. Envelope. P15 . 35-6. 73. 4. P. p.. American s. 72. 6. p. Eponymy. as a nation Exoteric(apparent) value of pieces. p.. 3. P. 17. p. 44Equivocation. s. p. p.. s. p. p. 189.
69. p. i Gen. 8a. Gi. 5. s. p. p. General Words. 4. 4-5.Fuhyo. s. a Jap. Koma. Game. p. 14-5. . the. soft ?aa. p. 5 (7). 171. 8a. G. ss. . Impenetrable secrecy. 8.i88-9. p. s. 71. the. 22. fundamental. . 5(3). 37. Inadequate. p. p. 66. p. the Harden 22. I&o* PP. p. 43. yourself. 204. s. 33. s. 5. p. Grace. 103. P. p. Inadequacy and inutility. ^^. 71. 91. p. s. p. s.210-4. 88-9. Art. s. 203. s. Hurrahing.37Hyo. 9. 6. Hishate. Hindostanese. Imaginary approximate value of force. 28. 4. s. pieces. 73. 6. s. 6a. 18. s. p. . p. 4-5. 55. 5-6. s. divine sent. p. p. p. 9a. 9b. p. Grand Duke. ) Historical Figures. p. 7. 116. s. s. s. 50. p. p. p. s. p. Game-board. 90.p. Hyotan-no Yo-ni. p. Generalization. 214. p. 192. 202-3. 71 s. s. 21. 113. s s.5(6). 3. Hisha and Kak. 6. 5. 9. 9a. Tribunal. p. Huxley Thomas Henry. s. Gibraltar. 211-2. Democracy. p. p. p. 86. Gin-Sho. 1-2.. 8b. p. s. 6. sa. Genus. against. Gotama (Gautama) Governor . p. Improved. p. s. s. Imperialism vs. s (7). s. s. ss. s. s. s. Glass. p. p. Gin-Sho. s. 76. see Fu. 8. s. 135Idea. Ideal.. 68. 9. p. 4a. Diagonalis. p. 106. no. s. 57. a double. 8-9. Art. 6. s. . p. p. 5. 4. 9. p. 8a. s.6 4 -s. move Koma. 9. s. Horse. p. 40. Gen. sa. 71 s. p. s. p. impropriety. 206. Silver. 9. s. 19. sa. 9. 100. in. 64. an. sympathetic. Diag. captured war-. s. s. 2 and 5. s. i. p. P. 6. 8a. 6. i. 17. s. s. G. p. s. highly artistic and idealistic. p. sa. 8b. 4. s. s. p. 9. s. i. good. s. Harness. in accurately compromising. s. p. . s. s. s. s. p. P. p.2. p. 76-7. p. s. Golden Gomen.5(6). s. Hikkurikaeru. 4. 7a. conquers. 4. 6. p. s. 7*. 17. 4. 7a. P. 135. Helps himself to play etc. s. 82. 6. 22. 4. p. p. Give. s. p. intellectual.i86. 204-6. Humanity. 202-3.IIIbet. s. Genius. P. 88. 30. p. s. g and g. 129. 16. p. ij 5 . 4. p. ss. Haste slowly. 2. . (9). no. p. religion of. 71. s. the. p. i. Hindoos. s.991 ?. bet. Inaugurating as Chessology. p. s. 204. f 78. s.ao2-3. Gymnastics. s. p. 202-3. 71 . s. difficult. Hidden arrangement. 59. 5 (3) . Sekf) s. Hard.p. s. s. s. 72. Gyok-O. 196. 116. s. p. 6. s. P. 7b. 78. 9a. 8. 64-5. 87. p. i2a. ss. i .2. 36. ) p. 8a. 48. Art. 46. 5. p. Importance. p. Humiliating passivity. s. ss. 185. 201. 7. 8. p. 86. p. Greece. s. P. Geniuses. s. 4-5. Heta Shongi O yori Hisha-wo daiji gant. fleet of submersible torpedo boats of.9. 55. s. Gomok-narabe. Inadmissible. 2. Gunnery. s. 44 s. . Imperfection. 36. 32. s. ss. 5. Kin-Sho.8. 33. s.INDEX Heavenly bodies. P. and converted assets. History. Higher Mathematics. Ps. Hurricane. s. Idealistic. Hideyoshi. 8b. Hindu. SSs. p. 5. 6. p. 66. s. p.. i ss. 54.p. sa. p. camp. s. . Guarantees. 196. 2. 30. So. inexcusable. s. 2.94-5- p. 55s. Sovereign Mind. 3. physical and mental. 3. Hats Ote Me-no Kusuri. Harbin. p. 78. s. p. 82. 196. p. p. Games.p. 9a. Herschel. s.i96. 5. s. a commanders' or generals'. s. Hunger. p. 6. 3. 7. p. 197. $a. 202. p. Middle. 129. p. s. Hornet-mosquito type. (mutiny or riot) . 50. p. p. Gold. s. p. p. 5. 207. 2. see Keinta. s. 4b. 202-3. 21. s. 81 s. s.6869. fkedoru. 212. General Silver. s. p. Hope. 30. 6. 43. s. 2-2a. . p. p. Ideal composition. p. of numerical scales. s. 3. See the Tree of Chessology bet. 56. 2-3.8i. s. 3. p. Heaven. . Gold. 5. 44. p.. 4a. 204. 71 . i 8a. 115. . Gin. Gambit. Napoleon. Generals' Game. 33. p. p. 3. 78. 4. ss. 204. p. (22). 93. Go. Goishi (Ishi. 3. p.g. 3 s. 3. Ideographed. 3.p. whatever. p.. p. 19. i. s. s. 7. S (2) . 197. s. 3. 168. 41. 82. s. Saviors. ss. 2. p. Hishate Ote. 6. H Identical with advantages accrued from. . 73. p. p. Guess work. 73. 8. Heretic. s. p. i. 212. p. 82. p. pp. ( pp. s. la. Hague Conference. p. s. 31. 82. p. 7. . 7. 8. p. p. p. 10. and take. 117. 78. Head. 3a. 8b. 34. 19. p. 30. ss. Homoeopathic. s. 17. 104. ?a. s. 196 s. s. Icons. 731 s. 7. s. s. 86. i. 8. s. s. s. p. p. p. s. Headquarters. P- war. p. g&.3. 31. p. Horse heads. 107.. 105-8. 6. 39.s. > s. 2. 114. p. Imperial (or National) Guard. p. $a. <J. s. p. 7. s. s. 3. s. s. 2a. p. calf. 28. Diagram 7aa. etc. s. Hyappen. Guessing contest or work. p. 9. 5. 7. of chance. p. Hold on. p.. 64-5. Ideal whole. H Ideo-pictographic Chinese characters. s. p. 4. 4-5. p. 40. Ground. p. s. 4-5. s. Hishatori Ote. Ignorance. 181. s. 8a. 93. p. p. s. s. 18. Inactivity of personnels. p. s . p 18. s. 71. s. Generalize. n. p. "Goes to" ( ). Geometry. 7. s. Hyperbole. p. p. 9b. i. stained. of saving time. 70. p.pp. 7. p. p. Horse. Hitoridachi. 73. in. p. Hasami-Shongi. s. 18. s. s. 82. III. 39. a . p. p. sa.p. Art. in. p.p. to. Idealized. s. p. i. 4a. s. 8b. Habit. converted.
p. p. Intersection. 35'. ) ( p. 35Interdependent. 10. 33. p. 3. Inventi9n. Art. J ss. p. 66. s. P. Keima-no Takatobi Fu-no 206. ss. enormous. p. s. Key to unlock the hidden treasures of the xa.aos. Kak-no Atama-ni Fu-wo tsukero. s. s. s. p. ao2. statesman. 31.7i. ?a. 35. 7. 4. s. s. p. 115. p. 26. . p. an. 37marrow. 105. pp. p. p. 8. 104. 4b-c. . p. 5 V7 (?). 9. p. 5. P. sa. 4. 7. p. temporary. Inter-reaction. s. p. 9C. p. ? Kakuko. Indices. s. 105. 35I Interested. . p. sa. p. p. 104.39. 7-8. s. 5(4). 79-80. 108. p. 3. p. s. 28. 177. 82. 8a. 7-8. 19. . x. > p. Initiator of Chessologics. s. p. Art. s. p. s. 85. p. s. p. 104. Ippodanchi. * Kak'ko* 4. p. Japan. p. " " the same as Ohen-O. fraction. 9a. 95.. Instinct. 7. watchful and speculative. 43. p. s. p. Kairo. Indestructibility. India. 115. Art. Indespensable to struggles. 94. 169. Japan-Russian War. s. 206. 54' Intellectual amusements. s. (i2a). 7. . i. s. \ s. 5. 2. i. Kakute. Inch or ounce. ?a. 74*. Incapacitates a player. competition. 75. p. p. 8a. 44. s. sa. 5-6. p. s.s. s. Instinctively. Art.s. Chessological.p. 57. s. s. Jumping the rope. p.I. 8. Jefferson. i. s.S. p. s. 133. 5 <7>. Indestructible energy. Inter-exchangeability. 32. 85. a. s. Involution. p. Interlaced. 86. 2. s. s. 104. 9. 105.. s. p. a. exponents of conservation of the Intellectual powers. 8. 198. 9. s. Kimi-gat Yo. s. Indication (of Mochingoma) . 202. p. p. la. p. 5 (2) p. p. s.P-55Inflict calamities upon themselves. p. s. p. 6. ?a. 2. s. (n). s. 20. the greatest. Danzo. 945. p. s. 7. 196. s 6. 54. 9. (19). powers. 3. p. 95. Kaeru. 28. 8b. s. 68. p. s. 94. s. 2. 36. s. 73. p. s. s. p. s. s. 2. p. Kakute Ote. p. s. 8.157.? a 'P. 97Indexes. 9. 5. 2. Horse. p. Thomas. s. 105. p. p. s. sa Indemnity. s. p. s. p. no.5. sa. 18. s.s. s. P. s. or Danto. s. 2.(s). Kami-Kaze. p. s. s. s. Inborn factor of cerebral organ. p. P. 73. p.75- Intellectuality. s. 9. s. 8a. Brute force. 7. 8. Independence to a war-game. 8a. Kazan. Diag. p. s. s. s. s. 147- - s. struggles. known as s. p. p. 85. Capt. 3. S * 3l o 178< 7g p> Interestedness. Japan-Chinese War. s. is. 97. i. p. ss. p. p. p-92. Kin-Sho. p. ?aa. 3. 82. of thought or Intrinsic merits. 203. i. 206. s. p. Keima. s. matters. 103-105. p. 8.INDEX Inauguration of Tengoma. p. K s. p. 85. x. 4. 174. 8a. 2. s. s. 19. 8. p. i. 115-6. Kansas. Irony. Kin. s. p. 44. 6a. 201 s. 43. s. 94. p. 105. s. 196. i. ss. p. p. nominal. 39. The same as Kikzan. p. Inter-changtng. 8b. 6. s. ' p. Inductive reasonings. a. 129134. p. 57*. 95. 8a. Jujitsu of Mind. 105. 8a. 5 (i) . Art. s. 4a. 29. p. s. 21 of . s. s. 8. p. 107. Ju yok Ko-wo seism. s. p. p. la. 2. p. 105. 8a. 2 3. 202. 32. 129p. 19. Joke to break a monotony. p. s. 40. 9. 17. s. s. sentiments. i7. 2. . Gold. s. p. 64. 9-r . a millionth part. P. 201. pp. 59. loan. 88. s. s. See (K. 7. s. 171. p.P. p. xa. s. 53.p. 208. p. Incessant. p. diplomatic term. Ote. Jurisdiction. Irritability of temper. Infantry Kama. s. s. 186. 8a. s. 2. p. s. 6. 7. s. 9. Epigram and. p. . 8a. s. Inmost core of knowledge. 186. i. pp. Infinitely formidable. s. relation. p. s. no.H(i 6 ). 8. 55- alter ego.Art. (31). Keima-no Atama-ni Gin tayasunal ( i Art.32. s. p. 2. p. . s. sa. p. a. 18. p. 95. 206. s. 164. s. 32.. s. s. 7a. Inevitable surrender. Intelligence vs. Kaiser. 83. p. s. Kaho. 8. 189. ss. P. 59.p. p. 97. 7. 63. J'adoube. 48. p. p. Art. 8a. no.Atften. 8a. s. p.p. 95.73. Interpretation. s. p. 92. p. 3a. 8. . 205. 5. 104. s. s. 4. Izuwari Zutm. s. 7aa. 4a. p. x. p. Incarnation. p. ?a. aa. s. Ohen-O. s. 42. 5. s. P. p. 2. 42. P-_i88. s. commerce. s. sincere. Interchangeable. 212-3. p. . 76. Klado. ?aa.s. s. p. competition. Japanese government bonds. s. p. 8a. 96. p. s>. 4a. 8. s. 28. 3. p. Inter-relationship. p. p. p. Kayaru. Intricate complexities. p 196. Itan-uto Isomorphism. Cavalry. 55. s. Art. p. 2-3. 2. 2. Irregular opening. t. 86. 131. 4. 105. P. 6. 203. s. P. p. 104. p. p. Law. p. Interdependences. p. p. 8. s. 17. s. P. p.p. p. 97. 4. 5. 90. s. s. 88. Inutility. Kin. 8. ?a. s. s. 8a. 5. 16. 116. s. s. 43. p. p. International Arbitration. p. 39. 10. 3. p. p. p. s. p. 9. P. 6a. s.59. sa. 39Infinities. s. s. 3. 35 s. s. s. p. King. semuru etc. s. 206. Art. p. 23. la.2o6. 2.s. 78. III. GoishQ. I s' Pf Ingenuity. s. 71 s. 8b. i. s. Kakutori iOte. s. 8a. p. Mochingoma. a blindfold chessplayer. 43. Art. . s. Kaku. Infinitude. Jjnrikisha-men. Art. 56. 2. See s. i(8)-2. 185. Kak-no Atama-no Fu-wo tsuke. 8a. 3. or crossings. } s . Inter-actions. Instructive and amusing. a. s. 94Inter-exchangeable. orKak. i. 59. 35. 116. s.76. Ejiki. 17. | Kaleidoscopical. 8. 28. 99. 94. s. 2. of power. p. s. Infinitesimal. s. P. p. P. similarly. 64-5. Ishi (Seki.196. Art. s. s.
s. s. nor taste. s. p. s. 72. 9. 43. s. L 64-65. s. s. 5.4a. s. 2. ]s. is s. P. 5. s. P. Militarism. Latitude. modern European. 4. 8b. . s. s. 116. not there. Chessmen. Limited and 43. 20 the Tree of. 29. 6. Lopez. 56. etc. 65. 4. 109. 38. p. Lose with a good temper. _>ayette. Metonymy. s. Lord. s. 40. s. s. s. s. p. Massacres of Jews tell. 170. force. p. Marketable. 5.s. s... parallel s. Kriegspiel. P4a. p.7i s. ?aa. s. o. p. J s. 9a Microcosm. 8. 112. 3.^ Kokoro-no Kama. 7aa. Kama. Art. Mathematics. i. 5. acquire. s. Main end. . 114. 6a. 5. p. ga. 3. . p. ia. 8a. 3. Mathematics. 4. s. p. 29. Kyosit. 4. 199. P. p. 9. 2.86. Art. sure. 5 P Art. 20. s. to convey. ia. s. 6a. Makenuke Jumban. ss. 55. the broader. 26. s. s. p. Chess. p symbols. Mochingoma. Liabilities or assets. 55. Meritorious personages. p. p. 30. 48. 9. p. Materiels. s. and soft inherit the earth. Kokai-wa Saki-ni tataz. s. s. 3. 18.INDEX Knight. 29. p. 8b M . (colloquial). s. p. s. P. p. 3. 76. s. aa. . s. 135. nor heard. (abbreviation) Kyosha.. Art. . s. or art. s. p.p. 24. I p. s. 19. p. 4. p. 86. s. s 7. Matta. 80 s. 97. Lucrative trade. p. 197. 3. 29. 9-1 and . P9s. pp. Leap. 5. 92. 57. stiff. Logistics. Materiel advantages captured. sa. 3. p. Mind. . p. Kurat (powers or values) s. Mentality. P. sasu. Light. Mericator's map. 30. 96. 6. s. 85 s. ss. Materiel. Life. 77s. s. 9. horse. 178. Power. 8a. see chesspiece. 3. s. 50. P. Diag. 45. s. 92. 54. p. p. 3. p. 3. s. s. s. Luck. s. p. 135. p. p. the Mind. s. pp. ia. p. s. p. 8a. 6. i. s. 40. 6. i s>p ss Manager. 8. 198. s. 206. aa. 6. . 5. 5. p. 4. p. p. Men. s. p. ?aa.84l Lottery.p. 8. p. 9. 33. Makenuke. 5-9. 56. s. Laws of Japanese Chess. p. s. s. s. p. 68. s. Art. Meanness. Metamorphosis. 206 4. s. 197. s. p. s. 4. p. p . 34. x. p. 9a. 5. Legacy of humanity. p. Koma-wo Korean Korean Koma. s. Matte. 189. i. chfldish and tedious. Knots of difficulties. Ruy. p. 56. p. 14-15. 56. s. 201. 24. Meek. 53.7i. s. 97. s. s. 5. 96. 51. 8b. p. 47. 4. Loan. p. intellectual. 86. i. Nari p. 3a. 185. 8-1. 6. 64. p. the Science of Chess in etc. Legacy of savagism. 3-1 Laws of Nature. s. p. 4. s. . 4. s. 81. s. p. p. p. p. p. 8a. i. 8. p. 204. Art. Land Forces. i. p. 108. 66. p. Art. p. 135. s. p. p. p. 32. p. s. a p. f 88. 81 Mekura Shobu. s. t he centre of the human Universe. p. Art. s. p. Mathematical.i. 9. 18. 1 08. ' ' p. 20. Material world. p. s. Messenger pigeons. 108. p. 76.s. 18. s. s. 6a. ?. . p. 204. ia. 4. 51. s. . Liaoyang. p. s. 19. s. s. p. s. 1-2. Kama piece. p. 72. 38. version o! the term. 9. p. 4. p. s. s. p. 104. 44. s. p. s. Kyokyo Jttsjitsu. s. Straits. the mother of Logistic operations. p. 4. Mochi. Logic. P. p. p. s. p. p. s. s.. ia. p. to train. III. s. 197. p. Makaroff. s. 95. 115. Applied. p. 6. 8. p. 20. 9a. 30. Malta naraz. p. s. s. Located P. Lines. Mechanics. ga. 55Middle ground. 115. 143. s. s. II. 105. p. s. do not. . p. p. p.54 43. 5(4). terms. 6a. p. a double. 75. 209. 3. s. 2. iaa. i p. 203. s. and inclined. p. s. ss. Military science. 85. s. s. 4. p. p. 8. 6. p.p. Lubricating. Loser. s. ia. 96. 9-1 ands. no. p. s. s. ia. a. 97. 7. 19. s. . enlightened. p. 2. s. 9. Kochi-wa Sessok-ni shikaz. p. s. 6. 70. 5-9. Mathematic-Astronomical. Art. p. more p. 107. 7 a. 43. p. 3. . 3. s. p. s. s. 31. p. pp. see the Tree of Chessology. 57 . s. 104-5. p. p. 14-15. Maximum. 68. 19. s. affairs ever conceivable and practicable by the. p. p. 30. 8a. 17. p. 68. M interesting s. 8a. . 33'. 97. s 8c. s. 170. 2. i. s. ss. 7aa. 6 (3). p. s. 41. s. 12.s. 203. i. 6a. 197. 62. p. p. 2. i. Masashige. p. 3. 74. s. 8b. 237 s. . 188. p. 3. i. p. (18). s. . not seen. 8. Manchurian campaign. 54. s. ga p. derivation of. s. p. s. . figures. j chess. 85. p. game. p. 29. 113. 203.p. Legitimate chessological game. s. 2. . 4. s 6. s. 1 . Love-game. 66. s. Leibnitz. Meaning. s. p. 95. p. 113. if s. Kokoro Koko-ni arazareba etc. p. 3. P. s. p. p. Manifestation. 73Mikado. Leader. 55Concentration of s. s. s. p. bet. the. 39. p. QC. bribery. 205-6. 107. 44. p. 201. . 22. s. Longitude. 3. p. London.. MekakuSii Shongi. p. . inmost. 205. ranks and files. 5. 8a. p. the mother of. p. p. 7. 9a. idea possible in angularity. p. Machination. Knowledge. 95Metaphor. 7. 8a. s. a. 6. s. s. sa. s. 3. a game of. 9. p. s. 2. s. p. 36. 5. xa. 115. Locality. s. go.. 3a. 63. s. Legitimate Science of Chess. 15-49'. n. Maxima. 8. y'. 7. 8. 196. 94 Marrow. 7aa. P. 4. 177. Licking it off. s. p.6. 17. p. Art. before. p. p. p. s. s. 107. 8. Kyo. Latent meaning. .s(5). 31. p. s. bet. 40. 35. 103-4. Art.. 3. s. 19.
s. ia. 28. s. j p. 4. Operation. 71. 6 p. s. Non-poetic. nature s. s.5 I a castle at chess. p. s. unfledged. aox. pp. 51. 36. p. p. x. Out-of-door. p. sa. p. 189 "Naru" (N. s. 93. 190. s. sa. s. p. fleet. Mondai. 2-4. 50. Negotiation. Omen. i. s. ia. p. 6. p. 45. s. s. N NAt-or JJ. p. p. x. Mission of Chess Proper \ a s < P. s. 6. s. 8. s. Art*. s. 17 Morphy. s. p. 81. s. Obstacle to Chessdom. 115. 9. p. s.s. p. de guerre. 8b. p. 7. One millionth part. or Royal) Guard. xx. s 3. 9a. s. 190. Sovereignty. p. . 3. 7. p. 72-4. ss. 8. 4. p. Nestling. p. 56. Naval struggle. movement. see Mokden.. 4. 25. 3. Okame Hachi Mok. 3. . 135. 26. s. s. 6. 39. Miscellaneous concrete examples. s. 18. Minister. p. enlightened king. . p. of the Highest SciencePhilosophy. 4a.p. 9a. x. p. 6. s. continual. 41. 64-65. Objective. 205. 6.77. Navy. s. s. 29. J S -7.9. s. 4a. Noisiness. Art. 9. Art. 4. 4. no. Novelist. 200. p. p. p. 1x4. 4. s. (13). 5. sa. xx. p. p. s. p. 53. s. ia. i. 12. p. s.?. s. Non-will. 4. s. p. Art. 186. 116. Nameru. a. 8. criterion. s. 2. 6a. p. p. p. 201.the sacred. 201. 70-2. 1 08. 7. 7. 201. s. p. p. in. 6a. * s f * " ia> P- <> 6- pa. p.pp. ia. p. Notation. of. 88. 69. p. x. (or Imperial. 171. Move. s. s. p. 104. s. p. 59. p.P. s. Mun Occupy. 189. Ohen-O. 2. 104. 109. p. Misnomenclature. s. s. true. king. New York. pp. 5. p. p. s. p. 9-2. captured. s. s. ss. torpedo boat Motive of your enemy. eggs. 5. p. P. s. p. (i2a). p. > - Nametoru. Miniature of the Universe. ?a. 103. s. s. unskill.203-4. 3. 2a. 3. p. 3. p.true. Mutiny. 68. the same as Kikzan. 199. Nari-Kurai. s. 78. 9. p. Non-devices. Offsprings. 50. 17. 3 a s. s. 31.34. 57. s. Nine (9). Non-difficulty. Nervous excitability. 2. 22. Naname (Sujikai). s. Nom ' ' Ninepins. s. p. s. Offensive. s.198. s. Nifu. Offshoot. p. 8. p. 54. s. s. s. s. 3. 8a. ?aa. xix. Naval science. 7-9a. 8. 12. Nutshell. 55. 37.4. p. p. s. 3. 6a. s. p. 7. p. 41. p. 25-6. 36. ax. Art. p. 95. Mover. p. p. 5. s. p. 9a. 7. 7. p 104. 5. 4. s 8. Numbers.Chinese. Organ of Thought. s. 68. 2a. O> s. s. s. s. 74. Nihilistic Niju Ote. a8. P. 104. p. 76. 93. Odds. p. 40. p. 7-7a. Naval and military sciences. s. p. s. Miyako zeme. 81. s. 62. 57.9 and 5. 7. p. 103. s. 8. Art. s. 7. 7aa. P. Mokden. 3. 3. 66. s. Art. p. . p. s. 8. Navies and armies. 3. P. s. 16-17. Orations. Okame-de mite-iya wakaranu. p. 5. p. 48. 4. 129 . put yourself in. 57. 8a. p. 204. Paul. s.p. Modes. ss. 190. of Chess! t . 3. 93. s. p. tsuz. s. p. Naraseru. 7a. p. 1x5. s. struck on own. s. s. s. p.48 . Moltke. s. p.186. Minimum. 3. first. 40. 56. s. and. xa. p. Huxley. Organized co-operation. s. p. s. 68. Navy artillery . 55. s. p. P. 69. p. Morphology. p. 3. s. 96 . 3. chessological. p. 204. s. Offspring. s. 55. Napoleon. even. 33. p. Naos. aoi. 5. . ia. p. 113. s. 8. s. 7. p. 5. 96 Naval game. 147. s. 3. p. p. 7. s. 4a. O-Te-ni-wa. p. Mukden. Non-contnvances. p. 201. 4. . p. i. p. Nifu-wo Kim. 4. See Otos Oros. Oratory. p. s. 8. 9. Wang. Mines. p. 96. s. the misguiding. Mischievous correspondents. Multiples. 23. p. 1 90. 8a. 11. O. sa. x 87. p. 2. ss. 7. p. p. 30 Mosquito-hornet type. p. Nature. 76. . Nakabisha. s. s. 2. 192p. 33. 6a. s. p. p. s. 3. Observatory. s. 4. p. 96. 10. 198. s. s. s. p. 2. Art. 3. 3. ss. 190. 135 Neutralize. p.7a Nominal appellations. s. la. s. i. p. s. s. i. a millioneth etc. s. p. 7. s. 8. 186. Hindostanese descendants' modified. at the break of diplomatic. 6. 3. Minima. Mortar. s.238 INDEX s. 96. p. 4. p. 4. 59. s. s. Observation. 28. s. 92. Naru. s. 4. 3. p. sa. 6. s. 74. Newton. 204. 8a. 8. the least common. Mischief of over a hundred years. s. p. s. 6. 34. Orientals. 96. 70. s. s. good. 4. 214. 202-3. p. 8a. Namesake. P. Mutiny (hunger or riot). Diagram III. 55. 2.p. Natta. Misosuriboz. subjective and. 5. a. p. s. s. false or illegal. Onions. p. ss. 2. 82. Otos. 3. 1 87. s. 2. Art. s. Moral supports. 95. 90. Nimbus. (9). Oblivion of their full benefits. Miniature nature or microscosm of the Infinitude. s. or n. p. Force. p.p. p. s. s. Naoshimas. s. 4. 57. 23. p.2. s. p. 96. 9. bright. s. Nette Kaho-wo mate. s. s. Neutrality. s.s. p. 24 p. 7a. O Ko Sho Sho Shu aran ya\ s. s. 8. 3. orMuken. strict. 8b.p. Ounce or inch. 202. position.72. Naoshite. Outfits. 192. 6. 22.p. p.2o8. Opening. s. s. s. Nest of Mind. p. ?aa. s. 4-5. 105. 187. 36. p 17. . 67. 9. p.73- s. p. p. p. p. Kama. 68. 5. s. p.). a main. p. 2. p. 2. s. 64-5. Misfortunes. p. 186.Science 3. 97. p. 4. Modification. an. p. p. s. p. 8a. s. 200. p. - Mind. ao. p. 55. 187 National game. Ote. See Oros. 191-192. 190. p. Open file. Onozkara s. Nomenclature . 41. Object. la. 97.
(struggle-force or s. s. Thomas. see Mons. s. 7. s. ga. s. 93. p. Physico. 115. s. p. 86. Sovereign. p. Science-. 8. s. . p 39. 6. . 94. s. s. 8a p. 2. pp. s. s. 204. s. p. Privy Council. p. 3. 39. 104 Primitive conception. Phenomena 3. 5. 135. p. 9. p 72.p. 72. O Plots an. 192. the most. 1 1 7-1 28.p. 205-6.p. p. Kinetic.6. s. p 116. 36. 2. composition. 116. s. p. energy. s. s. 8. 4a. sa. s. s. Position. 3i. Plut9cratic. 116. s. Potential. p 135 Pyramid. 3. 171. 109. names. P- 105. p. ' ' p. 107. (a end). 8. (7). 2 39 4(5). 30. 7aa. . a. ?a. 8a. 32. 8. Pawn. s. p. 5. 9t P- p. 7. s. -Warshipcar. 2. 7. 43. -s. pp. Practice. melancholy and gloomy. Practiced. Personnel in matters. Philosophy. 46. p. s. 192. scientific. 104. 201. s. 4. humiliating. representations. of pieces. p office. s. 7. . previous. s. i. 96. Push up Fu. of the Universe. 5. 201. ?. p. ?aa p. Personnels. Art. Prize s. Promotion. s. 6. 30. 5(7). 5. p. 6. which Prophetic in poetry. 61. 31. 3. in. 2. p. 42. p. 6. s. ia. p. 41. s. p. Patience. p. Chessological 7b. s. 31. Premeditation. ?b. 103-4. 43. Production. 66. meritorious. 9. Proportional reduction of forces. 61. s. 76. p. P. 4 p. conventionality. p 70-1. (9). 8. 8. intellectual instructive. p. 9. 94. 5. 4. ia. i. p. 115. Phantasmag9ria. 202-3. s. 116. p 116. p. 3. 4. 4 p. 66 Poetry. 7. p. p. Persistence. s. 3. Practicalized. la. Pleasures. 3. P. Prismoid. 8c. p. s. Protect. 43. 77. 72. Proficient. 'i. 8a. Predestination. s. 21. 115. p. s. 1-4. Protector. s. p. Q&. s. 113. Piece. Pnnce Navyartillery. p. transformation. s. Art. p. paradoxes s. 48. Chessological. p. s. supporting. 201. of savage war. in reality. 94. 206. 6. s. 94 Powerful. p. 53. 41. 95. 41. tions. (locality). 2. s. 8. 3. 9. s. (arithmetic-geometrical). s. 26. s. s. Aristo-.s. s. p. Diagram Paine. III. 9. P. (9).7. 96. 198. i a. dai. 8. . 7. p. p. ?aa. p.: desired Principal factor. f SS. p.94. p.s. 10. Preparation. p. p. 9. 203. 33. Personification. of struggle or war. Prevention of blunders and oversights. 62 Physical Science. s. . 18. s. p. s. p. Pestle. 25. Pulverized. s. s. 7aa.(23). 5 p. p 48. 5. s. p. Art.4-5. 93. s. p. p. 5. 46. a. p. 94. 3. p. Picture. calculate.p. p. s. s. chesspiece. Progression p. deeper. 5.p. s. 5. cramped. 96.negative and positive. Physics. 35. s. 21. Perpetual Persia. i. s. 6. p. 54. 66. 6. . Mind-Force of en8a. s. 133. s. 8b. ia. s. "Promotion" (n. s. s. game. s. s. p. 9a. Proficiency and strength. p. s. Ftthyo. 3 P. 76. s. 3. Protecting. . kinetic. Pro oblem.. p. p. Polygonal figures. 29. s. s. p. s. or V -5. 8a. 8b. s. s. Practical Arithmetic. p. no. 192. 61. s. 62. 129-186.. Popularly conspicuous. Passivity. 1 s. p. s. .. p. or. p. Pen. Plainer and plainer. Please wait. 54. . 90. Koma & 7. 115. Chinese. 7. Poor start. p. s. 7. p. 3* P. 176. Personages. Pastime game (unproductive). ?aa. 8a. p.l yori s. moving. 4a. 3. p. 8. : - e' . 6-7. 27. 3. P. s. 8. s. 30. s. 71. and resourceful military nation (Russia). p. p. s. s. 5. s. ss. ''chestnuts s. p. p. 88. 186. President. 43. 66. 9. s. 107. Art. P. p. 100. 8.S. p. 1 86. Poetical way. 6. 23. s. p 33. garu heta Shongi. p. (n). s. Particular p.p. 133. s. 117-128 Persians s. s. p. s.P. Putrid to the marrow. P. Pilot. fruits of. _ ) S 9> p Prince Warcarship. s. s. p. minus and plus. p. s. 9. s. 5. elements). 2. p. s. p. 16. 93. Paradoxes. 5 a p 182. 4. 9. 3. s. Oversights. 4a. s. p. 3. 212. Phoenicia. Power (knowledge). Per aspera ad Perfect s. Chief or assistant. p. 40. of facto actors of struggles. Pictographed. Plenipotentiary. i. p. s.unter plots.p.3. s. 197- P. s.96. Propaganda. 7. s. 17. 4.).8. Pretender s. s. constant. p. 6. p. p. Parable. s. p. emy. Hisha-wo 192: s daiji 2. s. p. chessman. s. US- Paradoxical associaton. 64. p.Astronomical Observatory. 18. s. p. 42. s. p. 1 1 2. s. ?b. 75. 2. power. 135. P- 201. p. p. s. 72. of deep philosophic specula- 2a. p. 8a. s. i. Fu. 76. p.s. 2. real essential. s. s. s. potential energy. 4. 108. 115. s. s. figure. p. p. 43.INDEX Overlap. p. 5. 26. 212. s. see.30. 64-65. man. sa. . s. between pp. p. p. 95. 41.. 31. 101. s. Mind. 2. Potentate. ?aa. astro. s. Playthings. p. 2. Provisional trial methods. 185. 210. 4 p. Poetic Chessological Figures. Permutation. s. p. 86. 105. 105. s. s. . s. 8b. p. or n. . s. s. Politician. Pharaohs. p. 2. p. p 115. 68. s. Protection. p. p. s. p. 8. pp. s. p. the most synthetic of the highest abstraction. p. Paramount. p. 7. s. Koma. 30. Phases ( passing) of changes. ?aa. 9. p. 177. 7aa. 3. p. Over-subscription. 36. 66. s. Port Arthur.97. p. P.
6. PRecipient. 54legitimate. s. 3. 4a. 7. 3. s. P.196. . p.Philosophic abstraction. 28. Shikkei. p. P. Regular. dissipation. 8b. i7. and 9. P. p. s. s p. Shongi-no Kama. Sha. Reality and abstract. Setsuin-Zeme.54 s. 50. of.*92 devices. and s. Requisites. p. Soft. 19. Samraism. Scientific men. s. 4. ax. P. 4. 7. P- s. s. p. s. i. P. s. of numbers. Real personnels. p. p. p.49. i3S8. Solution. s. 4. p. P. >s. 210. la. p. 73. 8a. 7. s.9i. 95.. s. p. p. 26. s. Seashore to dry nets. 2. s. 8a. p. a. P.70. Simile. 5t P. s. . 3. p. s. 9-1. in existence. 6. la. p. p. no.78. 6-Y. 3t PRe-enlisted. s. p. p 209. 78. s. Juantitively.73. proportionate. i7 7. P. 8. Art i2a. 5 (7). fl not concrete.37- "S. P. uncertain Quantities and qualities. ?aa. s. sa. tity. ". 65. s. the greatest. s. S. s. s. s. P- 59- 105. Six times Sevastopol. s. 23. p. meritorious. p. xa. ?aa. s.204. p. 35- Shongi Shashi-no Shongt shtraz. Qualitative characters. Silver. Sarcasm. 7. i. 63. 77. s.97. p. p. i. 96. sovereign. _ Revolutionary movement. Seki. p. P.7o. 6. 96. in. -os. 3 PRevolution. 210. s. p. P. . s. s.s. 135no accurate. Remedy. s. 4. s. sa. Re admittance. Slow skill. s. 1 8.91Secrecy. 5. 34adamantine.So. 9a. Rome. 4a. s. s. s. 92. 7. p. s. Repetition. Ps. Ps. $ s. 34. impenetrable. 7a. 201-2. "S. 9a. the severest.97. P. ?a. 2. 4. 133. 6. p. 61. 6. p. s. Sha-mat. p. of Chess. modern scientific. Sages. Science and Art true. s. 18. s. p. p.6 P. p. p. P. 152. P. Re^titfona of the same powers. Resistance in struggles. of mere . 5. 8a. 7. p. sa. a. 30. chess. Siege game. Saddle. 78.P-9o Seijin (Shing-jin. s. S3- Savagism. 8a. of resistance s. p. Pt 5 40. s. unskilful quickness. *\) Rhomb Rhomboid Riot. p.398a. s. p. s. p. s. 26. p. 3. s. 6a. 3.i9 2 Relation and position. 77. p. s. Scientific. 3. human forces. s. 2. 4. p. s. p. s. sa. 27. s. s. Self defense. Re-permutations. Silence. 2. P. p.8a. p. 98. s. s. 9a. s. s. 74Self evident truth. the pure and highest. 31. hunger or mutiny. 9. p. no. 3a.P. 3. 194. 37. P. s. 86 4t P. s. s.23. Re-employment. Shing-jin (Seijin Jap. s. p. s. s. the innocents. p. s.73. 5(3). p. 4a. s. 9. Shongi. - sections. 135. P. 8b. s. s. . s. s(7). Recombination.192. p. 96. Rhetoric. 03. s. p. 8. typical and primary. Sho. 94 Rotation. us. p. s. 77s(7)t P.777 Shitsurei.73Sea-fight. s. 6. 3. Shoot out a war game as a sucker. p. 7aa. ia. 75. 64-5. s. p. 66 Representation or symbol. 82. - ' front. p. unknown. of War or Struggles. p. 210. s. p. s. 8b. 6. s. p. S. p. s. p. Sevastopol. 8. p. s. s. Saviors. P. 29. S. 210. a legacy 55. 7.. s. Ryu-O. 105. p. of Calculation. 7 Science-Philosophy. Re-enforced. Jj-g^^^P contrivances s. s. ?aa. s. 6. Strain. s. 65 Shujo. s. s. p. 9* P. Samrai no Michi. s. -. Readiness of Mind. P. s.P. gold. p. s. p. 82. 7. p. p. ?aa. s. p.)t s. p. operations quantity (in extension) Jp. p. s. P. ia. iiS.195Shapes.214. 9- " s. flank and. s. p. 6.198. 3. s. p.7i. Shongi-ban. 60-6. s. x. 210. s. s. 2.9<>. 7H s. s. xxo. 5. s. 6-7. s. i. p. p.77. s. P. 68. between pp.24 INDEX Ryu. ia. 4a. icons. 3. 48.xoo. 4a. Ship (or car). 'ss. 3. p. and Ryuma. 54> "9. p.192'. ?b. Significance. P. 7a. 2. 18. i8x. s. 2. J . Salvation. 7. warfares. 3a. s. Quality. P. s. see Chessboard. pa. P. s."3 Revolutionize. strong. s. 15. 7. ga. s. s. 9. -- Recapitulation. p. ed. 5. s. P. 96. P- 4H 9a. Sarratt. p. 8b. 213. 43 Simplification. Rotten to the core. s. 1x5. Scales. Reducible. US. 4a. 8. 6. s. 62. p. 2 Resolution. Scouts. swiftest warship. p. 8b. 8. 7. hurricane. Rocks. the. (individual intellectual). s. 78. p. in Chinese).77. Rectangular board. to playing . s. s. Soft. 7aa. s. 4. 94s.7i. Shak. soldiers. P. 8b. Reduction. 108. s. 6. Solutions. P.9o. 68. ss. p. Rational persons. p. s. p. S Re ser?oir p. 94Recreation vs. . p. . p. 2. i. sa. p. s. p. in struggles. s. P. p. 113 Rat skin ear muffles. Qualities and quantities. unknown uncertain. 4p cards. . s. 108 108. s. p. 104. s. 4t P. 135' p. s. Ryobun. Rebel. Rook (castle). p. Sharpshooter. p. s. 3a. s. s. 105. s. p. 57pa. of forces. blindfold chessplayer. s. s. diamond. 6. p . s. p. Resemblance. 8. 7. s. ss. 198.
47. 45. ?aa. 53. p. 52. 5. p. 55. p. 7. s. p. p. 73. i. irritability of.. 4. 19. St. 32. 5. 206. Stiffer and stiffer. Stained glass. p. Squares. 104. s. Recreation. Mind. yet possibly. remedy. s. s.-s. 107. 8a. s. Torite naru. P. 33. s. 91 s. s. s. Sultan.INDEX Sonshite torikaeru tokkaeru kaeru Sorrows. p. IQ4-S. p. 82. p. p. 2.Art. 8b. 8. 18. 4. 66. 8. s Supremacy. Tombstones. s. 26. s. ?b.p. 3. kaeru. P. 2. s. Sunlight. Training the Mind. Tactics. 8. P. 'drawn' battle. Telephone . 8a. 6. Synthetic production. 8a. s. s. pa. or Tegoma.(i8). 171. s. s. a series of. Art. Traditional person. Tempered. s. Standard. s. pa. p. Temper. 5.balloon carrying. p. p. 8b. Te-ni-wa. (x or :). s. s. 4. 44. 4. p. s. p. 2. ) m. of terms. 81. Art. 7. s. 182. Territory. 197. 12. lucrative. p. sa. s. s. s. s. 4. 203. Tadatori. 8a. p. Statesmanship. 90 Te-no naki Toki-wa Hashi-no Fu-wo tsuke. p. s. 9J s. 35. 31. 185. xa. Stereotyped stages of yore. 197. ) of sayings. s. i. p. 193. s. 4. Thinking principle. p. p. 6. 193. 68. 53. political. 8. s. Stosselian type. the. 20. 31. Vs. p. 6. 7. p. 4a. 6. 193. s. p. 8. 22. 68. 6. s. 7. 21 s. ) [* 5. Vs 3. 1 6. 7aa. Tanki-wa Sonki. 3. p. s. etc. P. s 7. Tokushite torikaeru. most. s. s. s.8. 96. J Torikaeru. and s. p.(i2). keen and delicate. p. style of. Spirit. 53. s. Titular dignitaries. 96. 168. Stiff. s. 6. p. Supplier of labor. 7. 96 limited and. s. 4a. p. P. To" s. Art. 81. sa.. see Mochingoma. Staunton. 2o. 5. s. ) P 82. 6. p. p. 7. 48. s. s. n. p. p. p. 7. p. P. p. Strains vs. 31. s. s. merely killing a. P. s. T. p. s. p. 101. p. 101. 3. 2. s. s. 106. 154. p. >95. 3. p. s. p. 135. s. Time limit. p. s. s. Stoessel. P. 5. ia. s. 61. s. p. Subsist on crumbs or die. Terms. p. p. S. PS. 43. to.pp. s. Thought. 103 . s. p. 4. p. s. Mathematical. Totte naru. 76. all sciences and p. 29. p. 7a. 53. loser. p. Muscovite. Sword. 7a. 76. s. f Strategy. p. 185. 197- Sujikai (Naname). 81. s. 135. 'Take or Capture". s. 6. or Submersible (under water) torpedo boats of hornet type. incarnation of.Struggles. p. p. Speciality. Time. 104. Tate. 137of Mind. n. 8. 8. s. see Ikedoru. ru. s. 16. s. s. yourself. 66. s. ( ). of the abstraction of the highest kind. Toriko. p. p.s. p. s. p. s. p. Art. s. 55. 60. . s. quick. Statesman. Style. p. 182. ?aa. 13?. s. s. p. s. 7. ia. Sucker. Tenshi. s. p. ss. 7.203. 70. i. 19. ^95- Symbols. 70. see Tokkaeru above. 199. 8a. s. s. p. 21. 193. sa. 341 s. p. P. 6. s. ) Support. s. 6. p..p. p. Topographical. s. p. 8. p. Storage of knowledge. s. good temper. p. ?aa. 4a. Suitori. Teishiki. 37. p. Supposably. s. Threatened. 32. 2. of education. 129. Art. Strike and bre'aK. Supervision. 33. s. p. s. 54. 7. Art. s. s 3. Tenbin-ni kakeru or kakaru. P. 131. 4. in. Spontaneously. 75 Technical Terms. 23. p. Taiko. 194. . s. 7. Art. 7. 31. p. 20. Trade. p. 203. 1 tokkaeru. Staff. Subscriptions. Toru. s. 2. 2. 86. 49. 3. *. 130. 15-40. p.Struggle. p. 107. P-. p. ) for encouragement. Symbolizes a temporary incarnation. p. Sovereignty. Statuette like carvings. i. T s. s. p. s. 75-6. Tie. b. p. p. s. s. Tortnuke Jumban. 113. p. s. p. s. 65. Theorems. p. s. 201 objective. Torpedo boats (submersible or submarine) fleet mosquito type s. p. s. s. P. 17. 8a. 7. s. p. p. s 7. p. p. Tacticians (naval and military). 3. 8. 7a. 6. s. 3. 8. s. philos- 2. s. 18-9. s. Supported. 193. p. p. Ia ' P. p. 6. etc. 201. in favor of. Technicality. Temper. "3and extremey limited.. dominion. 72-3.3i P. p. Synonyms. 113. 18. s. 9. 203. 8. Telemeter. Art. 193s. 206. s. p. Theorized. 66. 7. s. s. bribery. 82. 7. fashions. p. x. . Synopsis. 61.i8 Surrounding game pieces. s. p. Mind. p. s. p. p. 4a. s. Take. p.. Tieling. prisoner. sa. Superiority. 8b. p. 6. 8. p. p. 7tp. s. p. s. 210. 4. see Mochingoma. s. 193. i. s. 23. 68. J95. 6-7. Augustine. Specialized. 110. p. P. 23. 5. p. Tiaras. sa. 59. p. Sovereign Lord of ophers. 8. P 73. 3. s. 8a. 2. i. 96. . ?b. Subtraction. 3. s. Si. 6. s. or Tgngoma. p. p. s. be attacking. s. 56. 4. a poor. ) s ' Ia * p " 9 ' Styles of struggles. p. Tengoma. s. 41. Tie. 5i. i. Submarine. p. s. s. 5. 6. Sukitoshi. p. 18. 193. s. 4. Toriko-ni suru. s. p. p. Subjective. Swallowing it up. s.p. s. ?aa. Synecdoche. p. p. p. s. 63. to Give and. Teki to yuedomo etc. 6. 9. p. 18. 2 p. 30.'941 S. p. ia. Strategists (naval and military). of Mathematics. Species. 11. pp.ss.) s 3 p ' 32< Topography. 65. p. even. s ia. p 142. 91. i. 2. s. 8a-8b. s. Tobiiri Makenuke Jumban. 201. 7. 4. s. 9. s. p. Vs. 7aa. 19. p. p. p. 7. Temper and harden II. 6. Start. 42. s. s. ia.. 3. come down. Supporting. 5. Tegoma. 61.
Trigonometry.chesspieces.s. s. 9a. 23. W -- Tremendous advantages. s. i 44 Vertex. s. Trans-modification of Forces. p. 3. 5. s. White and black. p. capture. p. 3. no. real. n. s. p. s. p. Yo-ni tats s. s. in. paradoxical. 8b. s. Wang.p. 3a. 9 a. the wordly. i8. the swiftest. 206. s. p. 212-3. p.2io.p. 1-2. 9. self-evident. Y. p.6-7. for 6. s. p. s. i.5a. p. s. P.?b. 8b. and constantly less and - s. p. War-car. s. 4. -Utility p. p. s t P. War-field. 8. 2. one. 96. . Universals. of Russian situation. of Chess.4C. 105. . Utilization. 8b. to secure. 104. p. p.i97. p. s. . Tsumi. s. U.i. -Philosophic Science. 67.s. 8. -Wu Yoko. Treacherous enemies. Tribute. p. a Hague.a.23.26. p. p. 53.p. s. s. 5. s. 7. 93. Kung Tseang Seang yew Chung IVH. ?aa. Violent effort. 3a. p. p. Vane "5.8a. s. divine. p. 106. 104. s. 63-65. 117-138. s. p. p.p. 37. Wisdom.55. s. see Nari-Kurai. Transmigrating alter ego. 4.2. Unchessologically.p. accurate perception ogies. 44. p. p. Trasposition. 195. 103. 73. 18. Violence (brute-force). s. 5. Wastage. Transfiguration. Stoesselian. infinitely formidable. Vereshchagin. s. s. na. . 8. 6. 4. p. 9. 47. or cuneiform. . 3. p. p. p. p. 4C. 201. 8a. in. s. 17. 180. p. Arts. 9. s. Will. s. 4t p. distinction). Victory. p. ) I s- 5.8 p. s. s. Unreadiness. p. Wedge-shape. s. Works. 6. p. general. s. s.9a. s. B. .p. s. p. the. p. s. Understanding of Chess. 36. s. 210-4. Yamato Damaski. ) R s 8a P. p 105-8. 43. s. p. of anal2. 7a.(24). s. 181. 2. t/#ra-AncientChinese. i 39 s 7. s. 8. 103. of struggles. Unpreparedness. i. 18. 9. p. 8b. the balance of. - Utilitarian. n. 29. p. p. s. Wings of War. 9. ss. . Vanity and conceit. William. Zen Kyok-ni Manako-wo sosog. association of ideas. 35. 6. 8b. S. . (8). p. 33'. s. chivalry. good omen. a chessboard. Tribunal. s. no. Type. s-7 b . . p.9a. p. not natural or. 66. Man . the. V. 5 See Sam- and Z. s. cures. 197. 117. 8b. Art. 168.5^. 95. s. 65. 95. 8b. p. Universe. s. Value. s. Warship Scouts. 106. Chess . p. 168. 19. 8. Kurai. p. p. s. s. Washington. 75. . p. United States. i. Water power. p. p. s. s. 5 a.s. s. s. Zen Kyok-men wo-miru.7a. an elixir vita. s. 4a. 107. 38:5. no. s.i 1 1 . Tsuz. s. of current of thought. s. Transposed function. 74. 192. 17. s. 5. 2. ss. 95 Transitional abstract meanings. 8a. existence of. p. 115. 105-8.204. s. Tsumeru. slow skill. s. p. 8b. 7o. a Unskillful quickness. s. 65. s. p. p. Vladivostock. Turned into dreadful enemies. 014250087 . p.. ?aa p. 55. 30-1. s. 73.s.p. s. p. the. p. p. 7. 9. s. which see. 183. 33. 8. no. . 183. 106.5. 3. ). s. ) Victory. p. . s. 8a. ia. 3. 8b. Art. Tsukitoshi. s. Trap.so Value(power or Kurai)ol Koma. Wing of War. p. 116. p. s. s. p. s. Trend of campaign. i. . 201. incessant. s. 43. Transform. ia. Transformation. P. the Conqueror. p. 86. p. 7a. 28. War-game. 40. s. s. sa. p. s. Violate. P' < Victory. 135.s. 101. 7. 5.different phases and phenomena. 3. Wei-kit s. 8a. Weeping willow. p. 105. Art. i. p. p. s. Wrath. 3. u. s. 114. s.p. p. 8. Chong-kie.lo 3-5.p. Unavoidably 5. 48. p. broke. s.59. 8a. Transferabe. . p. . 88. s. s. p. 8a. 41. s.(9). P.s 5. s. s. two. ss. P. 3. 2. never. 8. Usefulness. . p. respective. s. p. ia. 176. a mean deplorable.p. 196. p. s. 7aa. p. 3a. s. . s. 19. p. Wind. 36. 7. p. sa. 3. 114. 202. 8a.s. a grand.s.3. 8b.of the nature. p. 32. 7. pp. p. Wang. Trick.J 3SVictory. Vague conception ofchessdifficulty. 208-9. pp. p. s. 178. Workings of mind. 43. p. p. 181. p. 105-8.ii6. sa. 9a. f Transferred 8. Union of minds and hearts.3. 48. of the captured chesspieces.9. 135 Triangles s. p. s. s. Transfiguring a/terego. s. 31. pp. Wang Wait. p. p. pp.5. 9a.4a. 15 7. s. Windpower. 7- Virtue and technicality. . 8b. 6. p. 47 a. Units. s. 71. p. xa. s. p. s. 81. p. s. of enemies' ignorance. p. 3. p. 9a. ?aa. 2 23. p. Tyre. s. p. 51. s. 45 s. s.p. . Utilized. p. repeated. 6-8. or -ship. p.4-6.i8-i9. p. s. Wazawai mo son Nen okeba. s. p.6 7Vivid evidences. conversion. 5 (7). s. p. - P. s. 195. 7L Transferability s. 100. 19. 6. sa. i2a. s. 105. 41. 5. 201. p. . p. p. 23. the sum of all human. . 34. 37.p. Transposibility. p. p. p. p. 2. p. 8a. s. 39. Truth. 43. s. chessological. 116.p. p. Watchful instinct. Art. P. 201. 15. (any color 6.INDEX Traitor s S (i). . Art.p. ia p. 41 s. s.4. 3o8. P. less. Wizard. 83. 40. s. i. Transference. s. p. Tyndale. 18. s. 8. Whalers. 8b. 109. Transposable capacity of Mind-Force.8. 8b. Tseang-ki(ke). a. advantage of. 10. sa.s. 8a. p. 5. s. s. 4. 19. strong. 2. 3. 4. s. p. p. 203. s. ai. s. 85. s.p.2. raisin s. 95. s. 4. . . 7. p. i. 53. ty. p. s. 135. p.s. 8b. 185. Uchidasu. Vodka. pa. s. 6a. s.iSg. s. s. s. 47. 107. chesspieces. p. 201. p. soft answer. p. p. 37. 4a. p. Zero. s.
OCT4 1990 .
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