Freud's Psychosexual Stage Theory

Explanations > Learning Theory > Freud's Psychosexual Stage Theory The stages | Fixation | So what

Sigmund Freud developed a theory of how our sexuality starts from a very young ages and develops through various fixations. If these stages are not psychologically completed and released, we can be trapped by them and they may lead to various defense mechanisms to avoid the anxiety produced from the conflict in and leaving of the stage.

The stages

Age 0-2 2-4 4-5

Name Oral Anal Phallic

Pleasure source Mouth: sucking, biting, swallowing Anus: defecating or retaining faeces Genitals Sexual urges sublimated into sports and hobbies. Same-sex friends also help avoid sexual feelings. Physical sexual changes reawaken repressed needs.

Conflict Weaning away from mother's breast Toilet training Oedipus (boys), Electra (girls)

6Latency puberty

puberty Genital onward

Direct sexual feelings towards others lead to sexual gratification.

Social rules

Fixation
Strong conflict can fixate people at early stages.

using a model to describe observed behavior. She then represses her desire for her father and incorporates the values of her mother and accepts her inherent 'inferiority' in society.   The Oral receptive personality is preoccupied with eating/drinking and reduces tension through oral activity such as eating.   The Anal retentive personality is stingy. which is a process through which they learn to identify with the same gender parent by acting as much like that parent as possible. He thus represses his desire and defensively identifies with his father. Phallic fixation At the age of 5 or 6. drinking.Oral fixation Oral fixation has two possible outcomes. Boys suffer a castration anxiety. using mouthbased aggression. and has a lack of self control. however. The Anal expulsive personality is an opposite of the Anal retentive personality. near the end of the phallic stage. needy and sensitive to rejection. has two possible outcomes. She desires her father whom she sees as a means to obtain a penis substitute (a child). noting that perhaps he had placed too much emphasis on sexual connotations. This is Freud. smoking. which may be caused by too much punishment during toilet training. biting nails. where the son believes his father knows about his desire for his mother and hence fears his father will castrate him. The person is generally stubborn and perfectionist. They are generally passive. boys experience the Oedipus Complex whilst girls experience the Electra conflict. They will easily 'swallow' other people's ideas. where the daughter is initially attached to her mother. being generally messy and careless. Anal fixation Anal fixation. His ideas may thus still be used as metaphors for actual developmental issues. So what? Freud's theories are largely criticized now as lacking in substantial corroborative data. He later also recanted. . He was. Girls suffer a penis envy. The Oral aggressive personality is hostile and verbally abusive to others. but then a shift of attachment occurs when she realizes she lacks a penis. remember. with a compulsive seeking of order and tidiness.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.