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THERMAL DESIGN OF HIGH PRESSURE FEED WATER HEATER BY KERN'S METHOD Shell Side STEAM Tube Side WATER

PARAMETER TABLE

GIVEN PARAMETER TABLE IN NEXT SHEET


C Inlet T, K Outlet T, K mass flow rate MEAN TEMP C enthalpy 359 enthalpy 216 dT, K Q, mj/hr Q kw Specific heat at mean temperature 287.5C kj/kgk Calculated outlet temperature of water CAPACITY RATIO R = EFFECTIVENESS P = LMTD FOR COUNTER FLOW T1 T2 LMTD = LMTD FOR PARELLEL FLOW T1 T2 LMTD = 184 16 159 41 CORRECTION FACTOR = FT (TAKEN FROM THE GRAPH) CORRECTED LMTD=TM 5.7200 0.1359 CALCULATING THE LMTD 359 216 kg/sec 287.5 KELVIN 633.15 490.15 5370
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C 175 200 kg/sec 187.5 enthalpy 175 enthalpy 200

KELVIN 449.15 474.15 113340


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3155 925 143 11975.1 3326.416667 5.444

741 852 25 12580.74 3494.65 4.436 633.1 KELVIN OK

Specific heat at mean temperature 187.5C kj/kgk

0.9 78.35717697

87.06352997
OR

68.7862935
LMTD TAKEN FOR COUNTER FLOW DIRECTION FOR THE PROCESS CALCULATING THE PROVISIONAL AREA 600 W/M2K 74.33162975 m2 75 m2 INNER DIAMTER (Ti) 16 THICKNESS 2 OUTER DIAMTER (To) 20 6.1 METERS 0.383274304 195.6823071 TUBES 196 TUBES CALCULATING TUBE PITCH AND THE BUNDLE DIAMETER 25 mm 410.4348115 mm 0.410434811 13 mm 423.4348115 mm TUBE SIDE CO-EFFICIENT 187.5 C 200.96 mm2 2 98 0.01969408 m2 1598.619145 kg/s m2 867 kg/m3 1.84 m/SEC 0.00014814 0.671 172660.364 1.201898897 381.25 0.0026 20004.3736 84.68696229 25 0.007171882 207.9881897 14.201 287.5 37.7 0.00002042 0.057 kg/m-sec w/mC

ASSUMED OVERALL CO-EEFICIENT AREA A = Q/U*TM ASSUMED TUBE DIAMETER ASSUMED TUBE THICKNESS ASSUMED LENTH OF THE TUBE Area of one tube NUMBER OF TUBES

U A A

mm mm mm

0.016 0.02

METERS METERS

L At N N Pt Db BDC DS TTUBE ATUBE NT TUBEPASS ATOTAL MVELOCITY WATER WATERLINEAR water K RE TUBE Pr TUBE L/Ti jh hi

TUBE PITCH = 1.25*OUTER DIAMTER BUNDLE DIAMETER = Db = To(N/K1)(1/n1) SHELL INSIDE DIAMETER TAKEN FROM TABLE BDC SHELL DIAMETER DS = Db+BDC MEAN WATER TEMPERATURE TUBE CROSS SECTIONAL AREA NUMBER OF PASSES TUBE PER PASS TOTAL FLOW AREA WATER MASS VELOCITY DENSITY OF WATER (TAKEN FROM STEAM TABLE) WATER LINEAR VELOCITY VISCOSITY OF WATER(VALUES TAKEN FROM HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER DATA BOOK) THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY(VALUES TAKEN FROM HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER DATA BOOK) REYNOLDS NUMBER TUBE SIDE PRADALT NUMBER TUBE SIDE L/Ti jh TUBE hi CHOOSE BAFFLE SPACING (DS/5) TUBE PITCH = 1.25*OUTER DIAMTER CROSS FLOW AREA MASS VELOCITY EQUIVALENT DIAMETER MEAN SHELL DIAMETER DENSITY OF STEAM (TAKEN FROM STEAM TABLE) VISCOSITY OF STEAM(VALUES TAKEN FROM HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER DATA BOOK) THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY SHELL SIDE(VALUES TAKEN FROM HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER DATA BOOK) REYNOLDS NUMBER SHELL SIDE PRADALT NUMBER TUBE SIDE jh SHELL hi SHELL THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF CU-NI ALLOY FOULING CO-EFFICIENTS FOR SCALES DIRT INSIDE FOULING CO-EFFICIENTS FOR SCALES DIRT INSIDE OVER ALL HEAT TRANSFER CO-EFFICIENT

METERS

taken from the graph W/m2K SHELL SIDE CO-EFFICIENT mm mm m2 kg/s m2 mm 287.5C kg/m3 kg/m-sec w/mC

TUBEPITCH AS GS de TSHELL SHELL shell K RE SHELL Pr SHELL jh SHELL hi SHELL K hdi hdo 1/hover all hover all

144644.48 1.589177544 0.0016 taken from the graph 1084.013218 W/m2K OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER CO-EFFICIENT 50 w/mC 18000 1700 W/m2C W/m2C

values taken from values taken from

Jf PRESSURE DROP TUBE SIDE

Jf PTUBE

0.001687293 592.665377 W/m2C well assumed a value of hover all =600 W/m2C PRESSURE DROP TUBE SIDE 0.0028 taken from the graph 32541.6819 N/m2

LINEAR VELOCITY Jf FOR THE SHELL SIDE PRESSURE DROP TUBE SIDE

VLINEAR Jf PSHELL

50.02797789 HIGH PRESSURE DROP COULD BE REDUCED BY INCREASING BAFFLE PITCH. DOUBLING THE PITCH HALVES THE SHELL SIDE VELOCITY WHITCH REDUCES 86.25513429 kpa PSHELL 12.50699447 psi OK SHELL SIDE HEAT TRANSEFR CO-EFFICIENT 622.6021004 hi SHELL SUBSTITUTING THE VALVUE OF hi SHELL in hover all OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER CO-EFFICIENT FINAL OVER ALL HEAT TRANSFER CO-EFFICIENT 0.002504127 1/hover all 399.3407707 hover all W/m2C THIS GIVES THE OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER CO-EFFICIENT 399.340771 W/m2C still below the assumed overall co-efficient

5.516928108 0.035 345020.5372 345.0205372

32.5416819 4.718543876 LOW ,COULD CONSIDER THE NUMBER OF TUBE PASSES PRESSURE DROP SHELL SIDE m/sec taken from the graph N/m2 kpa

Kpa PSI

OK

psi

86.25513429

NOTE ALL THE ASSUMPTION VALVUES ARE TAKEN FROM HEAT TRANSFER EQIPMENT BOOK

PARAMETERS TAKEN FROM THESE VAVUES OF HP HEATER

2.144 5.37

359 3159

???? 113.4

175 743

???? 5.37

216 880

PRESSURE (Mpa) FLOW(T/Hr)

TEMPERATURE (C) ENTHALPY (Kj/Kg)

???? 113.4

175 743