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Health & Safety Guidelines

Safety is the responsibility of everyone, set a personal example and “Do it right, first time, every time”. It is your responsibility to ensure you obtain a copy of the Clients Site Health and Safety Policy and ensure you adhere to that policy at all times. b) c) d) No chemicals are applied to the helmet. Your helmet is stored away from sunlight and extremes of temperature. No alterations are made to the helmet, other than stipulated by the manufacturer.

It is the duty of everyone whilst at work to take reasonable care for the health and safety To clean your safety helmet, rinse a 1% solution of mild detergent in water and dry with a of themselves and any other person who may be affected by their acts or omissions. soft cloth (Do not use abrasive cleaners.) If detachable remove the sweatband and wash with warm water. Examples of key safety factors: Ear Protection • Comply with site safety rules Hearing protection must be provided to everyone exposed to noise levels exceeding 85• Wear protective equipment provided dB (A), i.e. kango hammers, tampers, chainsaws etc. Hearing protection in general is • Use the correct tools and equipment and report any defects classified into two main categories, ‘Ear Defenders’ and ‘Ear Plugs.’ Due to the nature of • Do not create hazards by improvising most work the company advise all individuals to carry Ear Defenders. • Do not indulge in horse play • Use correct lifting techniques when manual handling Each individual should ensure that the defenders in their possession are a correct fit and • Ensure agreed methods of work are followed that the cushion seals on each cup provide an adequate seal around the ear. • Report all injuries no matter how minor and obtain medical attention • Be aware of forklift trucks, plant, vehicles etc. and there movements at all Ear defenders should be examined prior to each use to check for any damage or brittleness to the cups and seals. Ear defenders should be kept clean by wiping nontimes absorbent parts with soapy water and allowing then to dry naturally. Your Responsibilities Health and Safety legislation places a number of requirements on everyone working at a Eye Protection Eye protection must be worn by everyone engaged in work activities which pose a risk of work site / premises. The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 states that you should:injury to the eyes. Anyone not directly involved with the work process but in the locality • Take reasonable care for your own health and safety and that of other must also wear eye protection where a reasonable foreseeable risk of injury exists. persons who may be affected by your acts or omissions; Industrial eye protection is classified into various hazard categories. • Co-operate with employers or any other persons to enable them to comply The categories are denoted by the marked code on the product themselves. The codes with their duties relating to health and safety; are detailed in the manufacturer’s instructions provided with the product. Eye protection must be kept in a carrying case or otherwise protected against abrasion • Not to intentionally or recklessly interfere with or misuse anything provided and other damage when not being worn. Eye protection should be kept clean using a in the interests of health, safety or welfare at work. mild detergent missed with warm water. It should be gently polished with a soft, clean, In addition employers and self employed persons have a duty to ensure that their damp cloth and allowed to dry naturally. activities do not expose people not employed by them to risks to their health and safety. Hand Protection This means that particular care must be taken to avoid danger to visitors, children and Gloves of various designs provide protection against a range of industrial hazards other trades people on sites and in areas where you work. including: a) Cuts and abrasions Please remember rules and regulations are there for your protection and not to make b) Extremes of temperature, hot and cold your job difficult. c) Skin irritation and dermatitis Accident Reporting d) Contact with toxic or corrosive liquids If you are involved in an accident, no matter how minor the injury you have suffered, it is e) Paints important that you report it and seek medical attention. Gloves should be capable of giving hand protection from various hazards involved in the There are two reasons for this, firstly by reporting the accident, steps can be taken to work activities being carried out. The two main hazards involved in general duties are prevent it happening again and the next time the injury may be more serious. Secondly Manual Handling and Construction Work as detailed below:even minor injuries can turn into serious ones if medical treatment is not received. Manual Handling: Hands may be pierced by abrasive, sharp or pointed objects or Conditions at work are often dirty and this can lead to infection of the wound. So no damaged by impact when handling goods. However, gloves should not be worn when matter how minor the injury, get it treated and get it reported to the site. working near moving equipment and machinery parts as the glove may get caught in the equipment and draw the hand and arm of the worker into moving machinery. Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Hazardous substances are often found on work sites, however if they are handled with respect and the manufactures’ instructions are followed, they are completely safe to use. Regulations are in place to ensure that any hazardous substances are clearly marked and full handling, use and disposal instructions are available to anyone who may have to use the product. The information provided is for your safety and must always be followed, often it will identify what PPE to wear and also appropriate first aid measures. If the substance has a particular hazard such as flammable or toxic, orange symbols will be displayed. These symbols are an important, easily visible warning to anyone about to use the substance. Construction and Outdoor Work: Keeping the hands warm and supple in cold weather is important when working on a site. Manual dexterity is lost when hands are cold, which can lead to accidents if articles are dropped. Gloves also protect against hazards involved in contamination of debris, which may contain disease spores that may seriously infect small cuts and abrasions on the hands. To ensure against such hazards the company advise the use of general duty ‘Hide Palm Rigger’ gloves so as to reduce the risks to our operative from the above hazards. However on occasion operatives may require other types of gloves where the personal issue gloves would be deemed unsuitable for the work activities being executed. Despite the fact that hand protection is used to protect the hands it is essential that all operatives understand the need to wash their hands with a suitable skin cleanser after Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Personal Protection Equipment is defined as any equipment which is intended to be worn wearing hand protection; especially prior to eating food. or held by a person at work to protect them against one or more risks to their Health and All gloves used should be kept in good condition, checked regularly and discarded if worn or deteriorated. Gloves should be free of holes or cuts and foreign materials and their Safety and any addition or accessory designed to meet that objective. We are a responsible company which recognises its duty to ensure everybody complies shape should not be distorted. Gloves should only be cleaned in accordance with the manufacturers’ instructions. with the Personal Protective Equipment Regulations. Protective Clothing Protective clothing for the body serves to indicate to approaching traffic such as trains, cranes, forklifts, plant, cars, machinery and excavators etc. through hi-visibility material and reflective strips, as well as providing protection against hazards that arise from heat, cold, bad weather etc… High visibility vests may be worn over all other clothing, to ensure the reflective strips are clearly visible. High visibility clothing must be kept clean if it is to remain effective. Laundering should be carried out on a regular basis to prolong the life and effectiveness of such clothing. High visibility clothing must not be used when it becomes faded or permanently soiled; it The following paragraphs are brief guidelines on your responsibilities as to care and use must also be inspected to ensure that it is in good condition. of your PPE. Foot Protection You may have the following items of PPE all of which are usually accompanied with the manufacturer’s instructions for use on initial receipt: • Safety Helmet • Ear Defenders • Safety Goggles/Glasses • Gloves • High Visibility Vest • Safety Footwear • Masks Head Protection Safety helmets should be inspected daily before use, check expiry date and look for any heavy abrasion or damage which would render it unfit for use. This should be reported to the company for further action. In addition each safety helmet bears an imprint showing the year and month (or quarter) of manufacture and is usually valid for 2-3 years however, the service life depends on you as an employee ensuring: a) No paint is applied to the helmet. Generally, safety footwear should be flexible, water resistant and absorb perspiration. Inflexible or unnecessarily bulky footwear will result in tired feet and legs. Boots and not shoes are required where ankles need protection. You should consider the ability of the footwear to resist corrosion, abrasion and industrial wear and tear. Rigger boots are not acceptable on rail sites. Particular hazards on the work sites include slipping on wet or greasy sleeper’s etc. nails piercing the mid-sole, heavy objects being dropped or placed on the foot or twisting joints beyond their normal range due to uneven surfaces.

Sept 2012

please ask a site representative. Here are some typical weights: • A man + tools = 90kg • 100 bricks = 275kg • Barrow of mortar = 150kg An interesting fact is that over 70% of accidents involving scaffolding occur during dismantling If you are concerned about the condition of a scaffold or see someone other than a trained person altering a scaffold you must report it. Position the Feet Slips. and then slide it into the they have the detailed knowledge of the work. Move the Feet The purpose of the assessments is to identify hazards and the associated potential risk. Injury can be avoided by taking time to think the job through before you rush in to move something. So please remember. covered steel toecaps. Don’t just discard your waste of grip depends on the circumstances and individual preference. If a close approach to the load is not possible. stitching and soles. If you need to vary the grip as the lift proceeds. Please pay special attention during the briefings. Manual Handling Every year millions of working days are lost due to injuries received whilst manual handling. altered and dismantled by trained and competent people. Do not kneel or overflex the knees. It may be your life at risk Inductions and Briefings On whatever job you are working it’s important that you are aware of the site specific rules and procedures. it also covers pushing. Keep wound or you eat or smoke without first washing your hands. Always be aware of weight restrictions on scaffolds and never overload the platform. maintaining its natural curve. Your presence on site is the final piece of a jigsaw puzzle. however this is not always so. Keep Close to the Load Keep close to the truck for as long as possible. desired position. Never work on scaffolds which are incomplete or ride on mobile towers as they are moved. whose importance is often undervalued on all work sites. a on the floor. do it as smoothly as possible. fuel for equipment and wood. The best position and type you store materials and equipment and always work tidily. A simple and useful action everyone can take to reduce the chances of fire breaking out is good housekeeping. There is more to manual handling than simply lifting and carrying. Think before Try to keep the arms within the boundary formed by the legs. slide it towards you before trying to lift. Female rats may carry Leptospirosis. you need help with the load? Remove obstructions such as discarded wrapping materials. Get a Firm Grip The remedy for reducing or avoiding these accidents is good housekeeping. some cases the slip or trip may result in a serious injury caused by falling from a great height or striking an object as you fall. keeping control of the load Ladders More accidents arise from the use or misuse of ladders than from any other single item of equipment. you are more likely to come into contact with rats. Keep the shoulders level and facing the same direction as your legs. using a basic operation as an example. pulling. Fire Safety One area of safety. environment. Lean forward a little over the load if to “flu” but you will also suffer from severe headaches and aches in the lower parts of necessary to get a good grip. Stop and Think Never attempt to use any plant or equipment you are not competent to use and have not Plan the lift. Plant & Equipment Always ensure that plant and equipment is in good working order before use. you have been working in an area where there are rats. Do received instruction in its use. It is passed into you via the rats urine especially if you have an open When lifting from a low level. Keep heaviest side of the load next to the trunk. skips or bins). as well as particular site hazards This information may be in the form of site inductions/briefings or in the railway industry COSS briefings. consider resting the loads mid-way on a Leptospirosis (Weils Disease) table or bench to change grip. anyone who is found not to be in possession of the relevant PPE for the work activities in hand may be asked to leave the work site. footwear make this difficult). If however you decide to move the item yourself. Regular checks should be made to the laces. acid and slip resistant rubber soles. raising the chin as the lift begins. such as floor to shoulder height. Leading leg as far forward as is comfortable and if possible. If you suffer from these symptoms go directly to a hospital and explain that the hips. Safety Footwear should be maintained in a good condition and cleaned in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. the symptoms are similar the back straight. by rivers or sewers. Don’t twist the trunk when turning to the side Measures can then be put in place to minimise or even eliminate the risk of injury. giving a balanced and stable base for lifting (tight skirts and unsuitable The most common cause of accidents on work sites are simple slips and trips.All safety boots should offer protection by means of ankle support. Often they result in minor injuries or embarrassment. hook grip is less tiring than keeping the fingers straight. Safety boots are mandatory on all work sites. When you go onto site you should be aware of the following: • The emergency escape routes • Fire fighting equipment available • The evacuation assembly point(s) • Specific fire hazards on site • Fire precautions in place If you are not sure of any of these points. always use the simple lifting techniques detailed below: Good Handling Technique Here are some important points. steel mid-sole plates and oil. put it down first. dispose of it properly in the identified area (i. often known as Adopt a Good Posture Weils Disease. For a long lift. Although in many cases the risk of fire is minimal. all boots heavily worn or in a state of disrepair should be replaced. Don’t Jerk Lift smoothly. individual clients will have your job specific risk assessments as only Put Down. Where is the load to be placed? Use appropriate handling aids if possible. level ground • Rest the top of the ladder against a solid surface • The ladder must extend at least 1 metre above the work platform • Ladders should be securely fixed at the top or footed by a second person • One person at a time on a ladder and don’t over-reach • Use both hands when climbing and descending Scaffolds Scaffolds should only be erected. twisting etc. It is important that you are aware of the contents of risk assessments which cover common tasks and hazards. Trips & Falls Feet apart. By careful storage of flammable items such as paint.e. the risk of a fire starting is greatly reduced. if you find any defects do not use the machinery and report the problem to a site representative. Sept 2012 . to produce a specific risk assessment. is fire. bend the knees. It is your responsibility to report any loss or defect of PPE to the relevant Client Supervisor/Manager ASAP. Always inspect ladders before use and never use a damaged ladder. the potential for fire to cause serious injury and/or damage to property may still be present. Risk Assessments Risk Assessments are a vital part of ensuring safety for everyone. On Site Behaviour Your importance as an ambassador for our company should not be under estimated. If you work in areas such as railway lines. it costs nothing to be courteous and polite. They must also be examined before use and every seven days by a trained and competent person. tunnels. but must be secure. equipment etc. It may be possible to use a lifting aid such as a trolley or fork lift truck or even the help of another person. Before using a ladder always follow these simple rules: • Site the ladder on firm. It’s your behaviour on site that customers remember. then Adjust If precise positioning of the load is necessary. In pointing in the direction you intend to go. Please note that regular checks will be made by the End Client during Site Safety Audits on individuals PPE.