## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Pure Maths

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

topic notes info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Geometrical Series

Geometrical series structure

A geometricall series starts with the first term, usually given the letter 'a'. For each subsequent term of the series the first term is multiplied by another term. The term is a multiple of the letter 'r' called 'the common ratio '. So the series has the structure:

where Snis the sum to 'n' terms, the letter 'l' is the last term. The common ratio 'r' is calculated by dividing any term by the term before it. The nth term(sometimes called the 'general term')is given by:

Proof of the sum of a geometrical series

NB an alternative formula for r > 1 , just multiply numerator & denominator by -1

A-level Maths Tutor

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sequences & Series A-level Maths Tutor

Pure Maths

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

topic notes info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Example #1

In a geometrical progression the sum of the 3rd & 4th terms is 60 and the sum of the 4th & 5th terms is 120. Find the 1st term and the common ratio.

A-level Maths Tutor

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sequences & Series A-level Maths Tutor

Pure Maths

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

topic notes info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Example #2

What is the smallest number of terms of the geometrical progression 2 + 6 + 18 + 54 + 162 ... that will give a total greater than 1000?

A-level Maths Tutor

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sequences & Series A-level Maths Tutor

Pure Maths

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

topic notes info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Geometic Mean

This is a method of finding a term sandwiched between two other terms. So if we have a sequence of terms: a b c and a and c are known. The ratio of successive terms gives the common ratio. Equating these:

Example

If the 4th term of a geometrical progression is 40 and the 6th is 160, what is the 5th term?

A-level Maths Tutor

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sequences & Series A-level Maths Tutor

Pure Maths

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

topic notes info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sum to infinity

This concerns geometrical progressions that as the number of terms increase, the value of the sum approaches one specific number. This number is called the sum to infinity. In this example as 'n' increases the sum approaches 2.

So if the term rn tends to zero, with increasing n the equation for the sum to n terms changes:

A-level Maths Tutor

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Sequences & Series A-level Maths Tutor

Pure Maths

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

topic notes info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Example

Express 0.055555... as a fraction.

A-level Maths Tutor

www.a-levelmathstutor.com

info@a-levelmathstutor.com

- Integration of Algebraic Fractions, , integration notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Integration By Substitution from A-level Maths Tutor
- The Derivation Formula, calculus revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- 2013 JC2 H2 Maths Rev G Solutions Pure Maths II
- Arithmetic Series,sequences & series revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- 2008 RJC Maths H2 P1 Prelims
- The Quotient Rule, differential calculus notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- math hw
- Sigma Notation,sequences & series revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Line between two points,coordinate geometry revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Sine, Cosine, Tangent, trigonometry revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Differentiation of Exponential & Logarithmic Functions from A-level Maths Tutor
- Radians,trigonometry revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Maxima & Minima, calculus revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- E-|Book 'Pure Maths Part Seven - Vectors' from A-level Maths Tutor
- Straight Lines,coordinate geometry revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Sine Rule, Cosine Rule,trigonometry revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Number Sets,algebra revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Implicit Equations,differential calculus notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Circles and Ellipses,coordinate geometry revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Definite Integrals,integration from A-level Maths Tutor
- The Product Rule, differential calculus notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Inequalities,algebra revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- 2013 JC2 H2 Maths Rev G Solutions Pure Maths I
- Parametric Equations,coordinate geometry revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- 2013 JC2 H2 Maths Rev G Solutions Statistics I
- Compound Angles,trigonometry revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- BT2 Revision Package Solutions (2009 Prelims) hj
- H2_Recurrence_Tutorial_Solution.pdf
- Volumes of Revolution,integration from A-level Maths Tutor

- Impulse,momentum & impulse,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Springs & Elastic Strings,kinetics,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- The Coefficent of Restitution,momentum & impulse,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Power & Efficiency,kinetics,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Circular Motion,kinetics,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Rigid Bodies,statics,mechanics notes from A-level MathsTutor
- E-Book,Momentum & Impulse,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Friction,statics,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- E-Book,Mechanics Part Three,Kinetics,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- E-Book,Mechanics,Part Two,Two Dimensional Motion,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Work & Energy,kinetics,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Particle Forces in Equilibrium,statics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- E-Book, Mechanics Part One 'Linear Motion', revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Conservation of Linear Momentum,momentum & impulse,mechanics revision notes from A-level Mathat Tutor
- E-Book,Statics,mechanics revision notes from A-level maths Tutor
- Iteration,algebra revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Non-uniform Acceleration,linear motion,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Connected Particles,kinetics,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Vectors,the Scalar Product,algebra notes from A-level Maths Tutor.com
- Number Sets,algebra revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Simple Harmonic Motion,linear motion,mechanics notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Projectiles,2D motion,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Relative Motion,2D motion,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Functions,algebra revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Circular Motion,2D motion,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- The Binomial Theorem,algebra revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Vector Equations,algebra revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Newton's Laws of Motion,kinetics,mechanics notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- General Properties of Vectors,algebra revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor
- Uniform Acceleration,linear motion,mechanics notes from A-level Maths Tutor

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot usefulClose Dialog## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Close Dialog## This title now requires a credit

Use one of your book credits to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

Loading