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EXPERIMENT NO. 2 AIM: To understand and be familiarizing with the colour coding of Resistors and Capacitors.

. First digit Second digit Multiplier

Tolerance

Colour coding table for identifying the value of a resister. COLOUR BLACK BROWN RED ORANGE YELLOW GREEN BLUE VIOLET GREY WHITE GOLD SILVER NO COLOUR 1st band digit 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ---2nd band digit 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ---3rd band multiplier 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 10-1 10-2 -4th band tolerance(%) ----------5 10 20

RESIST0R:-

Resistance:A measure of the opposition to the flow of charge in a material. OR It is the property of device (resistor) to oppose the flow of charge (current). According to the value of Resistor, they are mainly divided in two groups: 1) 2) Fixed value of Resistor. Variable value of Resistor.

Uses:1) 2) 3) 4) To limit the current to a safe value. To get the required drop across resistor. To divide voltage to different values from a single source. To discharge energy of the capacitor.

Specification:1) 2) 3) 4) Their electrical resistance(in ohms). Their ability to dissipate heat (in watt). Their composition (Carbon, Wire wound, carbon film, Metal film). Tolerance: Resistors are made in thousands. It is not possible to make exact value. The term tolerance denotes the acceptable deviation in resistance value of resistor. Specified Tolerance: 5%, 10%, 20% for ordinary resistor. Standard value of Resistors:10, 12, 15, 18, 22,27,33,39,47,56,68,82..etc.

CAPACITOR:

COLOUR CODING TABLE FOR CAPACITOR COLOUR BLACK BROWN RED ORANGE YELLOW GREEN BLUE VIOLET GREY WHITE 1st band digit 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2nd band digit 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3rd band multiplier pF 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 4th band tolerance(%) 20 1 2 --5 ---10

5th Band Colour : D.C. Voltage Brown : Red : Yellow : Blue : 100V 250V 400V 630V

CAPACITOR:A fundamental electrical element having two surfaces separated by an insulating material and having capacity to store charge on its plate. Capacitance:A measure of capacitor ability to store charge is known as capacitance. Unit:- Farads Types:1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Electrolytic i) Polarized ii) Non- Polarized Ceramic Disc Tabular Monolithic Mica

Pracical use:1) 2) 3) To generate different kind of waveform. To separate ac and dc. Filtering purpose like power supply.

Property:1) 2) 3) It prevent instantaneous change in voltage. It store the energy and discharge whenever if necessary. It blocks the direct current and passes only alternating current.