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August 20, 2010

ROYAL CA ADIA AIR FORCE I TRODUCTIO : The Royal Canadian Air Force has hired you as a part of their design team. Pilots have been complaining of sore knees after parachuting out of planes. Research has shown that the current parachute design is the cause of the pilots’ pain due to the pilot’s high terminal velocity affecting the force of impact on their bodies. You have been assigned the task of designing a new parachute with a lower terminal velocity than the original design so the pilots experience less pain. PREPARATIO : Before arriving at your first day of work you must become familiar with: • • • University Physics, 12th ed., Young and Freedman, Chapter 5 Write down all key equations and important concepts regarding terminal velocity for reference later Research the RCAF, parachuting designs, and terminal velocity; here are a couple websites to get you started: o o o o You have also been strongly advised to meet with your boss prior to your first day to view the current parachute design and collect supplies so you can prepare your designs

AVAILABLE EQUIPME T: Motion Sensor Computer DataStudio software Coffee filters Paper Scrap material Plastic garbage bags String Tarp Sewing needles Thread Stopwatch Precision hanging weights Meter stick Ruler Mathematical compass Exacto knife

RCAF Internship - 1

• Come up with a minimum of 3 different parachute designs • Hypothesize which of the provided materials will give you the lowest terminal velocity PROPOSAL: Your new position requires you to hand in a laboratory proposal 2 weeks before coming to work (the lab). Ensure you include enough detail so that your TA can follow the planned procedure. surface area. Indicate which parameters you intend to vary based on your research. MEASUREME T: Perform the revised procedure and collect the required data to perform the analysis. RCAF Internship . for example. the inclusion of slits in the fabric. parachute material. Clearly lay out the procedure you intend to take. a list of the equipment that you will be using. and your hypothesis (based on theory). include diagrams if necessary. You need to clearly indicate the design characteristics that you will be investigating. etc. Remember to record associated uncertainty for all of the measurements you take. it is a good idea to complete this section before beginning the lab so that you are fully prepared and have a good grasp on the concept of terminal velocity. your lab partner’s name. objectives for the lab.2 . Be sure to include a detailed explanation of how you intend to determine the terminal velocity of each design. 2010 WARM-UP: Although you do not need to hand in the following.August 20. suspension lines.

2010 EXPECTATIO S FOR THE “RCAF I TER SHIP” FORMAL REPORT Recall that inquiry lab reports require both a lab portfolio entry as well as a formal report. portfolio guidelines may be found in the portfolio expectations document which is found on the course website.3 . PROPOSAL: • • • • • • • • Due two weeks prior to performing the lab Include your partner’s name State the objectives of the lab Lay out how you intend to tackle the problem outlined in the introduction Include a clearly laid out procedure – make sure you indicate which elements of parachute design you are going to investigate in detail and how you will proceed Outline how you intend to determine the terminal velocity of each design Explain your hypothesized outcome based on theory and previous knowledge of the pertinent material Create a list of the lab equipment that you require I TRODUCTIO : • • • • Describe the purpose of the experiment Briefly state some background theory on terminal velocity State key equations which are used during the analysis This section should be no more than two pages but is often significantly less APPARATUS: • List all of the equipment used in point form PROCEDURE: • • • • • Paragraph-form Clean-up the procedure stated in the proposal Describe the steps involved in collecting the required data Include enough detail so that the experiment may be replicated It is often helpful to include a diagram of the setup of the apparatus A ALYSIS: • Include each parachute design (either a neat sketch of the parachute or the actual parachute) RCAF Internship . Guidelines for the formal report are found below.August 20.

4 . 2010 • • • Determine the best parachute design for the pilots.August 20. particularly in comparison to the existing design Explain your reasoning for choosing that parachute Tabulate the terminal velocities of each design (including the terminal velocity of the original design) DISCUSSIO : • • • • Discuss the calculation methods used and error estimates which were made Comment on the effectiveness of the method chosen Suggest possible improvements Discuss possible sources of systematic error CO CLUSIO : • • State and interpret key results Write this section as a final summary for your boss: be clear and concise in your overall findings with respect to your objective RCAF Internship .