GENERAL INFORMATION – INSTALLATION OF SHIPS INSTRUMENTATION CABLES

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1.0 General Information – Installation of Cables. Low voltage cables can normally be split into at least four classes where each class runs along a different route, only bundled with, or in close proximity to, cables from its own class. Cable classes would ideally not cross over each other but where they must cross, they should do so at right angles. If classes are more than one class apart additional metal screening may be required where crossing occurs. 1.1 Cable classes. Class 1 is for cables carrying very sensitive signals. Low level analogue signals such as millivolt output transducers (i.e. the Walker log transducer) and radio receiver antennae are in Class 1A. Highrate digital communications such as Ethernets are in class 1B. Classes 1A and 1B should not be bundled together, although their bundles may be run adjacent to each other. Class 2 is for cables carrying slightly sensitive signals, such as ordinary analogue (i.e. 4-20mA, 010v and signals under 1MHz), low rate digital communications (i.e. RS422, RS485), and digital (i.e. on/off) inputs and outputs (e.g. limit switches, encoders, control signals). Cables carrying NMEA 0183 serial data, or other available analogue signals, from the 7070 master unit are included in this class, as are the connecting cables from the Walker Wind Sensors, Weather Sensor and Water Temperature Sensor. Class 3 is for cables carrying slightly interfering signals, such as low voltage AC distribution (<1kV) or DC power equal to or above 48v. This class also covers control circuits with resistive or inductive loads where the inductive loads are suppressed at the load. Class 4 is for cables carrying strongly interfering signals. This would include all the power inputs or outputs, to or from, adjustable speed motor drives, power converters; and their DC links. Cables to RF transmitting antennae and unsuppressed inductive loads are also included in this class. Class 5 and 6 are reserved for MV and HV supply distribution cables respectively. Note that any other cable classes in proximity to these would need to be protected by additional screening or very much greater spacing.
© J. Lilley and Gillie Ltd. Ref: 7070/ccg/ra/139 Issue 1

Lilley and Gillie Ltd. CLASS 1 cables 150mm CLASS 2 cables 450mm 300mm CLASS 3 cables 150mm CLASS 4 cables 450mm 600mm PEC (parallel earth conductor) e. cable tray Class 5 cables are not shown in the diagram above but should be at least 150mm spacing from Class 4. the electronics connected to each end of the cables and the functional requirements of the application. the Class 1 cable should be run in a covered metal duct. open (or closed) duct or solid metal conduit are shown in the diagram below.GENERAL INFORMATION – INSTALLATION OF SHIPS INSTRUMENTATION CABLES Page 2 of 2 1. Running individual cable classes in their own closed metal duct or round conduit PECs allows the spacing between classes to be reduced (even to zero). © J. but it is still best to avoid running classes 1 and 4 close together. Longer parallel runs should use pro-rata greater spacings. Ref: 7070/ccg/ra/139 Issue 1 . multiply the stated spacings by a factor given by: length (in metres) ÷ 30. however the acceptable amounts of coupling will always depend on the types of cables. based on a 30 metre run of cables held close within a parallel earth conductor (PEC) which could be a tray. with Class 6 at least a further 150mm away. Note that if longer runs are involved. the installation techniques used. Where any such MV or HV cable is within 1 metre of a Class 1 cable. Note that type approved equipment that includes IEC60945 certificated accreditation will be immune from interference levels stated in the standard.2 Segregation distances Recommended minimum spacings between cable classes.g. providing that the installation of the said equipment has been carried out strictly in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. Greater spacings generally give lower coupling (crosstalk) between cables.

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