Generally this is the most important part of starting a simulation, overlooked by most of the beginners.

They are more concerened about convergence but if appropriate set of property package is not used , the whole simulation is meaningless and the results given by the simulator need to be thrown out in a dustbin. I have gone through some literature survey over this and found some good articles over the web but literature survey should be done for a individual case and need to be assured by seniors also. your organitation codes are also can be a guideline if routine chemicals are being used.Some of the tips are below: Hydrocarbons: -Vapour normally pressure use an Equation are of State OK method at ( low Peng-robinson) pressures

models

-Activity coefficient like NRTL is poor model for hydrocarbons Equations components, largest binary interaction of database: good standard for State: hydrocarbons

-Peng-Robinson is most enhanced in Hysys, highest T & P range, has special treatment for key -PRSV: extends PR to moderately non-ideal systems and better represents poor components and mixtures. Adds a new parameter to the equation. Slower calculation speeds than Peng-Robinson -SRK: modified Redlich Kwong model. Similar to accuracy/use to PR, but has less enhancements in Hysys. -PR-Twu, -TST: -GCEOS: range -Lee-Kesler-Pockler: -BWRS: -Zudkevitch systems, modified Joffee: especially SR-Twu hydrocarbons generalized for with cubic where modified BWR for modified dilute, BWR RK hydrogen non-ideal EOS for solutes? components user it for method must non-polar requires VLE, tuned to for be multicomponents, to In (used add liquid in their has substances, experimental systems with own hydrocarbons glycol package) parameters data mixtures data H2 data

-MBWR: modify the old BWR models, 32 parameters, more empirical, so works very well in the

-Kabadi-Danner: modified SRK with Liquid-Liquid-Equilibrium calcs for liquid H2O-Hydrocarbon parameters experimental -Sour PR/SRK: sour water systems with H2S, CO2, NH3 at low to moderate P Vapour Pressure Models: OK for hydrocarbons. Historically they were used since computationally easier. Now with computers EOS is easy to do so vapour pressure is less used. But Braun K10 is good for vacuum units -Modified -Braun K10 Antonie: Model: strictly OK for to low only heavy pressure Hydrocarbons ideal @ low applicable still. systems pressures

-Esso K: only heavy Hydrocarbons @ low Press Semi-Empirical -Chao-Seader: hydrocarbons if T = 0-500C, P<10,000 methods: kPa

-Grayson-Streed: Chao-Seader extention with emphasis on hydrogen, good if heavy hydrocarbon with lots of hydrogen like hydrotreaters. Is recommended for vacuum units.

or PR. purities of lean TEG. Software support -Utilities with water – use one of the steam tables. PR. others estimated by BP & Density. dew points and water content of gas stream used in natural gas dehydration. or other EOS BK10 ZJ Amine PR/SRK HC -Vacuum -High-hydrogen -Sour -Sour -Clean Interaction Permaters: Fuels: Thiols and Hydrocarbon electrolyte amines -Are many defaults. SRK. GS. Steam tables are only for 100% water systems but are the best choice for these systems . NBS Binary required.-Glycol Package: TEG circulation rates. – PR. but be careful of results outside of standard range( some simulators gives warning if range is violated but some do not) -Clean -OLI: -Amine: sour sweetening with -Steam tables: ASME. DEG. PR-Twu. most user can overwrite. Refining: -For hydrocarbons units gas water fuels for and unit like hypocomponents – hydrotreaters – sulphur – sweetening Sour components & use GS. Use PR for MEG.

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