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ASSESSMENT Subjective cues: kailangan talaga inaaalalayan na siya sa lahat ng ginagawa niya as verbalized by the caregiver of the patient.

DIAGNOSIS Self-Care Deficit in bathing/ hygiene dressing/ grooming, feeding and toileting related to neuromuscular impairment, secondary to cerebrovascular accident

PLANNING After 24 hours( 3 days) of nursing interventions, the patient will be able to demonstrate, perform and identify activities

NURSING INTERVENTIONS Assess abilities and level of deficit (0 to 4 scales) for performing ADLs. Avoid doing things for client that client can do for self, providing assistance as necessary.

RATIONALE Aids in anticipating and planning for meeting individual needs. These clients may become fearful and dependent, and although assistance is helpful in preventing frustration, it is important for client to do as much as possible for self to maintain selfesteem and promote recovery. May indicate need for additional interventions and supervision to promote client safety. Clients need empathy and to know caregivers will be consistent in their assistance.

IMPLEMENTATION Assessed abilities and level of deficit (0 to 4 scales) for performing ADLs. Avoided doing things for client that client can do for self, providing assistance as necessary.

EVALUATION Demonstrated techniques/lifes tyle changes to meet self-care needs. Performed selfcare activities within level of own ability. Identified personal/comm unity resources that can provide assistance as needed such grooming and picking up objects near bed.

Objective cues:

Limited range of motion Be aware of impulsive behavior or actions suggestive of impaired judgment. Maintain a supportive, firm attitude. Allow client sufficient time to accomplish tasks.

Checked impulsive behavior or actions suggestive of impaired judgment. Maintained a supportive, firm attitude. Allowed client sufficient time to accomplish tasks.

Provide positive feedback for efforts and accomplishments.

Enhances sense of self- Provided positive worth, promotes feedback for efforts and independence, and accomplishments. encourages client to continue endeavours.

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Provide self-help devices, such as button or zipper hook, knife fork combinations, long-handled brushes, extensions for picking things up from floor, Assist and encourage good grooming and makeup habits.

Enables client to manage for self, enhancing independence and selfesteem; reduces reliance on others for meeting own needs; and enables client to be more socially active.

Provided self-help devices, such as button or zipper hook, knife fork combinations, longhandled brushes, extensions for picking things up from floor, Assist and encourage good grooming and makeup habits.

Encourage SO to allow client to do as much as possible for self.

Re-establishes sense of Encouraged SO to allow independence and client to do as much as fosters self-worth and possible for self. enhances rehabilitation process. Note: This may be very difficult and frustrating for the SO/caregiver, depending on degree of disability and time required for client to complete activity. Assessed clients ability to communicate the need to void and ability to use urinal or bedpan.

Assess clients ability to communicate the need to void and ability to use urinal or bedpan.
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Client may have neurogenic bladder, be inattentive, or be unable to communicate needs in acute recovery

phase, but usually is able to regain independent control of these functions as recovery progresses.

Identify previous bowel habits and re-establish normal regimen. Increase bulk in diet. Encourage fluid intake and increased activity.

Assists in development of retraining program (independence) and aids in preventing constipation and impaction (long term effects).

Identified previous bowel habits and re-establish normal regimen. Increase bulk in diet. Encourage fluid intake and increased activity.

Self-Care Deficit Stroke (CVA) Nursing Care Plan (NCP) http://nurseslabs.com/self-care-deficit-stroke-nursing-care-plans/ Nurses pocket guide 11th edition by Doenges,Moorhouse& Murr

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ASSESSMENT

DIAGNOSIS

PLANNING

NURSING INTERVENTIONS

RATIONALE

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

Subjective cues: hindi na nya magalaw yung kaliwang kamay niyaas verbalized by the caregiver of the patient

Impaired physical mobility related to neuromuscular damage involvement

Long term: After 3 days of nursing intervention, client will be able to increase physical mobility Expected outcome Demonstrate resumption of activities

Begin range of motion of all extremities.

Minimizes loss of muscle tone promotes circulation and prevents contractures. Identify extension of damage

Begun range of motion of all extremities

Demonstrated resumption of activities Participated in ADLs

Assess extent of paralysis initially and on a regular basis.

Assessed extent of paralysis initially and on a regular basis.

Maintained muscle control Participated in the interventions rendered by the nurse

Objective cues: Limited range of motion Limited ability and difficulty to perform gross motor skills like extending and lifting the left arm Slowed movement

Maintain patient in functional Participate in ADLs position and body in alignment with extremities supported. Maintain or increase muscle control Able to participate in the interventions rendered by the nurse Support affected arm in a functional position with hand and arm slightly higher than level of the heart

Prevents contractures

Maintained patient in functional position and body in alignment with extremities supported. Supported affected arm in a functional position with hand and arm slightly higher than level of the heart

Promotes drainage and prevents edema and fibrosis

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Change position every 2 hours, turning on unaffected side.

Minimizes edema

Changed position every 2 hours, turning on unaffected side.

Keep flat or slightly elevate head of the bed when on back. Involve family, caregiver and patient in exercise program.

Prevents hip Kept flat or slightly flexion contractures elevate head of the bed when on back. Enhances feeling of control and sense of involvement in situation where many factors are not in their control Involved family and patient in exercise program.

Nurses pocket guide 11th edition by Doenges, Moorhouse & Murr Nursing care plans by Doenges, Jefffries & Moorhouse
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ASSESSMENT Objective cues: Disorientation to time, place, person Change in behavior pattern/usual response to stimuli; exaggerated emotional responses Poor concentration, altered thought processes Reported/measured change in sensory acuity: hypoparesthesia; altered sense of taste/smell Inability to tell position of body parts (proprioception)

DIAGNOSIS Disturbed sensory perception related to neurological trauma or deficit

PLANNING After 3 days of nursing interventions, the patient will: Regain/mainta in usual level of consciousness and perceptual functioning. Acknowledge changes in ability and presence of residual involvement. Demonstrate behaviors to compensate for/overcome deficits.

NURSING INTERVENTIONS Assess for sensory awareness

RATIONALE Stimulus of hot or cold. Dull or sharp, awareness of motion and location of body parts.

IMPLEMENTATION Assessed for sensory awareness

EVALUATION After 3 days of nursing intervention, the patient Regained/maintained usual level of consciousness and perceptual functioning. Acknowledged changes in ability and presence of residual involvement. Demonstrated behaviors to compensate for/overcome deficits.

Talk to patient while giving care, telling them what has occurred.

Hearing seems to be the last sense lost and patient may receive information when still unconscious or unresponsive, provide auditory stimulation and a sense of being included in what is going on

Talked to patient while giving care, telling him what has occurred.

Reorient to time, place, and events when conscious

Will diminish sense of alienation and fear

Reoriented to time, place, and events when conscious

Altered communication patterns Motor incoordination

Assess type of sensory deficit present

Restriction of field of vision, symmetry of dilation, eye movement may be present

Assessed type of sensory deficit present

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Arrange bed, personal Plan to take advantage of articles, and food functional vision trays and approach patient on unaffected side Describe where May have loss of ability to affected areas of body know the location of parts are when moving of body in space patient

Arranged bed, personal articles, and food trays and approach patient on unaffected side Described where affected areas of body are when moving patient

Provide tactile Touching is an important Provided tactile stimulation as care is part of caring and is a stimulation as care given. deep psychologic need is given. Disturbed Sensory Perception Stroke (CVA) Nursing Care Plan (NCP) http://nurseslabs.com/disturbed-sensory-perception-stroke-nursing-careplans/ Nurses pocket guide 11th edition by Doenges, Moorhouse & Murr Nursing care plans by Doenges, Jefffries & Moorhouse

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ASSESSMENT Subjective cues: nahihirapan nga kami umintindi sa mga sinasabi niya,paminsan oo nalang kami ng oo as verbalized by the caregiver of the patient.

DIAGNOSIS Impaired verbal communication related to loss of facial or oral muscle tone control

PLANNING After 24 hours (3 days) of nursing interventions, the patient will establish method of communication in which needs can be expressed.

NURSING INTERVENTIONS Provide alternative methods of communication like picture or visual cues, gestures or demonstration.

RATIONALE Provide communication needs or desires based on individual situation or underlying deficit.

IMPLEMENTATION Provided alternative methods of communication like picture or visual cues, gestures or demonstration.

EVALUATION After 3 days of nursing interventions, the patient established method of communication in which needs can be expressed.

Anticipate and provide for patients needs. Objective cues: Difficulty producing speech Facial paralysis Muscle and facial tension Talk directly to patient. Speaking slowly and directly. Use yes or no question to begin with.

Helpful in decreasing frustration when dependent on others and unable to communicate desires.

Anticipated and provided for patients needs.

It reduces confusion or anxiety and having to process and respond to large amount of information at one time.

Talked directly to patient. Speaking slowly and directly. Use yes or no question to begin with.

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Speak in normal tones and avoid talking too fast. Give patient ample time to respond.

Patient is not necessary hearing impaired and raising voice may irritate or anger the patient

Spoke in normal tones and avoided talking too fast. Gave patient ample time to respond.

Encourage family members and visitors to persist efforts to communicate with the patient.

It is important for family members to continue talking to the patient to reduce patients isolation ,promote establishment of effective communication and maintain sense of connectedness or bonding with the family.

Encouraged family members and visitors to persist efforts to communicate with the patient.

Impaired Verbal Communication Stroke (CVA) Nursing Care Plan (NCP) http://nurseslabs.com/impaired-verbal-communication-stroke-nursingcare-plans/ Nurses pocket guide 11th edition by Doenges, Moorhouse & Murr Nursing care plans by Doenges, Jefffries & Moorhouse
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ASSESSMENT

DIAGNOSIS

PLANNING

NURSING INTERVENTIONS Establish rapport

RATIONALE

IMPLEMENTATION

EVALUATION

Objective cues: hemiplegia assess for muscle strength altered mental status restlessness changes in papillary Reactions difficulty in swallowing

Ineffective cerebral tissue perfusion r/t interruption of blood flow secondary to CVA

Short Term: After 8 hrs. Of NI, patient will be able to display decrease signs of ineffective tissue perfusion as evidence by gradual improvement of vital signs. Long Term: After 3 days of NI, patient will be able to gradually improve tissue perfusion AEB good capillary refill and pink conjunctiva.

To promote cooperation To have a baseline data, assess changes in neurologic status

Established rapport

Monitor vital signs

Monitored vital signs

Short Term: Patient displayed a decrease signs of tissue perfusion

Check capillary refill and conjunctiva for paleness Elevate head of bed to 30 as ordered Advise patient to have enough rest

To determine blood circulation

Checked capillary refill and conjunctiva for paleness Elevated head of bed to 30 as ordered Advised patient to have enough rest

Long Term: Patient shall have gradually improved tissue perfusion AEB good capillary refill and pink conjunctiva

To promote circulation Enough rest is needed to conserve energy

Avoid neck flexion and extreme hip/knee extension Provide and maintain oxygen as ordered

To avoid obstruction of arterial and venous blood flow Aids in difficulty of breathing

Avoided neck flexion and extreme hip/knee extension Provided and maintain oxygen as ordered

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Perform GCS monitoring as ordered

To detect changes indicative of worsening or improving condition

Performed GCS monitoring as ordered

Administer medications To promote as ordered wellness

Administered medications as ordered

Nurses pocket guide 11th edition by Doenges, Moorhouse & Murr Nursing care plans by Doenges, Jefffries & Moorhouse

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Drug Study Drug Generic Name: Atorvastatin Calcium Major Action Inhibits HMG-CoA reductase, an early step in cholesterol Brand Name: Lipitor biosynthesis Indications Contraindications Nursing Responsibilities -Use only after diet and

Adjunct to diet to reduce LDL -Contraindicated in patients hypersensitive cholesterol, total cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and triglyceride levels and to increase HDL cholesterol

to drug and in those with active liver disease other nondrug therapies or unexplained persistent elevations of transaminase levels. - Use cautiously in patients with history of liver disease or heavy alcohol use. - Withhold or stop drug in patients at risk for renal failure cause by rhadomyolysis resulting from trauma; in serious, acute conditions that suggest myopathy; and in major surgery, severe acute infections, hypotension, uncontrolled seizures, or severe metabolic, endocrine, or electrolyte disorders. rove ineffective. Patient should follow a standard low-cholesterol diet before and during therapy. - Drug may be given as a single dose at any time of day, with or without food. - Watch for signs of myositis.

Classification: Antilipidemics

levels in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia

Dosage: 40 mg tab Route: Oral Frequency: Once a day

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Generic Name: Fluoxetine Hydrochloride

Unknown. Thought to be linked to drugs inhibition of

>Depression, obsessivecompulsive disorder (OCD) > Depression in elderly patients >Maintenance therapy for depression in stabilized patients

-Contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to drug and in those taking MAO inhibitors within 14 days of starting therapy. MAO inhibitors shouldnt be started within 5 weeks of stopping fluoxetine therapy. avoid using thioridazine with fluoxetine or within a minimum of 5 weeks after stopping fluoxetine.

-Use antihistamines or topical corticosteroids to treat rashes or pruritus. - watch for weight change during therapy, particularly in underweight or bulimic patients.

Brand Name: Prozac

CNS neuronal uptake of serotonin

Classification: Antidepressants

>Short-term treatment of

panic disorder with or without -use cautiously in patients at high risk for agoraphobia suicide and in those with history of diabetes mellitus; seizures; mania; or hepatic, renal, or CV disease.

Dosage: 20mg 1 tab Route: Oral Frequency: Once a day

> Depression caused by bipolar disorder >Cataplexy >Alcohol dependence

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Generic Name: Tramadol Hydrochloride

Unknown. A centrally-acting synthetic analgesic

>Moderate to moderately severe pain

>Contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to drug or other opioids, and in those with acute intoxication from alcohol, hypnotics, centrally acting analgesics, opiids, or pschotropic drugs. Serious hypersensitivity reactions can occur, usually after the first dose. Patients with history of anaphylactic reaction to codeine and other opioids may be at increased risk.

-Reassess patients level of pain at least 30 minutes after administration. -Monitor bowel and bladder function. Anticipate need for laxative. -for better analgesic effect, give drug before onset of intense pain. -monitor patients at risk for seizures. Drug may reduce seizure threshold. -Monitor patient for drug dependence.

Brand Name: Ultram

compound not chemically related to opioids. Thought

Classification: Opioid Analgesic

to bind to opioid receptors and inhibit reuptake of

Dosage: 50mg 1 tab Route: Oral Frequency: Once a day( as needed for pain)

norepinephrine and serotonin.

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Generic Name: Isosorbide Dinitrate

Not completely known. Thought to reduce cardiac

Acute angina attacks; to prevent situations that may cause angina attacks.

>Contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to nitrates and in those with severe hypotension, angleclosure glaucoma, increased intracranial pressure, shock, or acute MI with low left ventricular filling pressure. > Use cautiously in patients with blood volume depletion or mild hypotension.

>To prevent tolerance, a nitrate-free interval of 8 to 12 hours per day is recommended. >Monitor blood pressure and intensity and duration of drug response. >Drug may cause headaches, especially at beginning of therapy. Dosage may be reduced temporarily, but tolerance usually develops.

Brand Name: Isordil

oxygen demand by decreasing preload and afterload. Drug

Classification: Antianginal

also may increase blood flow through the collateral

Dosage: 5mg 1 tab Route: Sublingual Frequency: Once a day( as needed for chest pain)

coronary vessels.

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Laboratory Results HEMOCHROME Test WBC Leukocytes Result 5.5x10^9/L Reference 4.0-11.0 Interpretation Normal Implications If increased, may indicate an infection. If decreased, greater susceptibility to infection. RBC- Erthrocytes 3.94x10^12/L 4.50-6.50 Decreased Results from abnormal loss of erythrocyte, lack of needed elements or hormones for erythrocyte production. Hgb- Hemoglobin 118.8g/L 130-180 Decreased Results from blood loss, haemolytic anemia, and bone marrow suppression. Htc- Hematocrit 0.333L/L 0.400-0.500 Decreased Might be due to overhydration, true decrease in the number of RBC(more common). PLt-Platelet 150-400 344x10^9/L Normal If increased, embolism may develop. If decreased, hemorrhagic disorder.

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Leucocyte Formula Lymphocytes

Reference 20-45

Result% 23

Interpretation Normal

Implications If increased, with infections, viral and bacterial, hepatitis. If decreased, with aplastic anemia, immunodeficiency such as AIDS.

Monocytes

0-10

10

Normal

If Increased, chronic granulomatous inflammation (TB, syphilis), ulcerative colitis, systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, hematologic neoplasms might be present. If decreased, monocytopenia results and it is generally not a clinical problem.

Neutrophils

40-75

65

Normal

If increased, neutrophilia hematologic marked malignancy. If decreased, neutronpenia.

Eosinophils

0-6

Normal

If increased, allergy, parasitic disease, collagen disease, sub-acute infections may occur.

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If decreased due to stress, use of some medications ( epinephrine, thyroxine) Basophils 0-1 1 Normal If marked increase, presence of allergic reactions, myxedema, chronic haemolytic anemias. If decreased, basopenia is generally not a clinical problem. Clinical Chemistry Creatinine Reference 59-104umol/L Result 49.1umol/L Interpretation Decreased Implications Seen in conditions characterized by muscle wasting.

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