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used the first compound microscope to view thinly sliced cork cells -Compound microscopes use a series of lenses to magnify in steps -Hooke was the first to use the term "cell " Parts of a Cell
The parts of the cell (organelles ) that are important for you to know are: the Nucleus, Cytoplasm , Mitochondrion , Vacuole , Endoplasmic Reticulum , Golgi Body , Cell Membrane , Cell Wall , and Chloroplast
color. Both plant and animal cells have a nucleus. Cytoplasm
The nucleus controls all the activities of the cell. It is the brain of the cell, and contains the DNA whichholds hereditary instructi ons for things like height, and eye, and hair
Both plant and animal cells contain cytoplasm. Vacuole stores water. Food. Vacuole The Endoplasmic Reticulum part of a cell. Golgi Body The Golgi Body packages and transports proteins. Both plant and animals cells contains the Endoplasmic Reticulum. It is found in both plant and animal cells. Vacuole are present in both plant and animal cells. Cell Membrane Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) . Mitochondrion Mitochondrion releases energy in the cell. transports materials. water. It uses oxygen and released energy from digested food. Both plant and animal cells have a Golgi Body. The Golgi Body is a specialized part of the ER (Endoplasmic Reticulum). and waste that cells cannot use right away. and waste move around and out of the cell through the ER.Cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance that holds all the other organelles in place in a cell. It is the "powerhouse" of the cell. and holds waste products until the cell is ready to get rid of them. food.
Both plant and animal cells have a Cell Membrane. in that it allows some things in such as water and food molecules. provides protection and strength for the cell. This is a semipermeable membrane.The Cell Membrane separates the inner parts of the cell from the surroundingenvironment. This is a non-living part of the cell. but keeps out other things that may be harmful or unnecessary. the Cell Wall. Cell Wall Found only in plant cells. Structureof a TypicalPlantCell Structure of a Typical Plant Cell .
large central vacuole taking up 90% of cell volume. Only present in lower plant forms.Difference Between Plant & Animal Cell AnimalCell Cell wall: Absent PlantCell Present cellulose) (formed of Shape: Round (irregular shape) Rectangular shape) (fixed Vacuole: One or more small vacuoles (much smaller than plant cells). Present cells in all animal One. Plant cells have chloroplasts because they make their own food Present Present Centrioles : Chloroplast : Animal cells have chloroplasts don't Cytoplasm: Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth and Rough): Ribosomes : Present Present Present Present .
Present Present in Lysosomes: Nucleus: Cilia: .Mitochondria: Plastids: Golgi Apparatus: PlasmaMembrane : Present Absent Present only cell membrane Present Present Present cell wall and membrane Present May be found in some cells Lysosomes usually evident. Present It is very rare not a cell Microtubules /Microfilaments : Flagella: Present May be found in some cells Lysosomes occur cytoplasm.