This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
of Palestine at the Time of Jesus from E-sword with the Graphics Viewer. Locate Jerusalem in Judaea where Jesus was and look for Galilee in the north, the destination. Also locate Samaria (the region and the city), Sychar, and Mt Gerizim. Once the place is located, go to the dictionaries to explore its meaning. Smith’s dictionary gives brief and concise background to the places. ISBE gives a thorough exposure that is beneficial if you have more time. v 4 Must needs – Why must Jesus need to go through Samaria? There were three possible reasons: geographical, evangelical and spiritual. v5 Gill explained how Sychar was synonymous with Shechem, a city that Jacob passed through (Gen 33:16) and was the burial grounds of Joseph (Jos 24:32). v6 Jacob’s well – Clarke and Vincent Word Study gave physical descriptions and archaeological directions. Jesus …wearied with His journey – no painting can display the graphic genius from the pen of John. The sixth hour - About twelve o’clock noon. This was the common time of the Jewish meal, and this was the reason why his disciples were gone away to buy food. v7 Of Samaria - Not of the “city” of Samaria, for this was at a distance of 8 miles, but a woman who was a Samaritan, and doubtless from the city of Sychar. Give me to drink – Christ was thirsty as a human being but He was more thirty as a divine being athirst for the soul of the woman of Samaria. v8 City – refers to city of Sychar. Meat -G5160 τροφή trophe_ trof-ay' From G5142; nourishment (literally or figuratively); by implication rations (wages): - food, meat. Buy meat – buy food. v9 How is it that thou, being a Jew - not altogether refusing, yet wondering at so unusual a request from a Jew by His dress and dialect would be apparent to a Samaritan. For – this reason, this racial animosity that gave rise to the powerful impact of the parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:30-37) and the thankfulness of the Samaritan leper (Luke 17:16-18) in the teachings of Jesus Christ. CWS gave a balanced view of the bickering between the two races – Jews “have no familiar or friendly intercourse with. That they had dealings of some kind is shown by the disciples going into the city to buy provisions. Some authorities omit for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans. The Jews treated the Samaritans with every mark of contempt, and accused them of falsehood, folly, and irreligion. The Samaritans sold Jews into slavery when they had them in their power, lighted spurious signals for the beacon-fires kindled to announce the beginnings of months, and waylaid and killed pilgrims on their road to Jerusalem.” v10 Gift G1431 δωρεά do_ rea do-reh-ah' From G1435; a gratuity: - gift. The word carries the sense of a bountiful, free, honourable gift. Living - G2198 ζάω zao_ dzah'-o A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively): - life (-time), (a-) live (-ly), quick. Living water - The Jews and residents of Palestine used the expression “living water” to denote springs, fountains, or running streams, in opposition to dead and stagnant water. Jesus here means to denote by it his doctrine, or his grace and religion, in opposition to the impure and dead notions of the Jews and the Samaritans. v11 To draw with – “The noun means what is drawn, the act of drawing, and the thing to draw with. Here the bucket, of skin, with three cross sticks at the mouth to keep it open, and let down by a goat's-hair rope. Not to be confounded with the water-pot (_ δρία) of John 4:28. The word is found only here in the New Testament. ” (VWS) 2 The well is deep - If the same one that is there now, it was about 100 feet deep. (Barnes). Fictions will not include this kind of details as recorded by John. You can almost see her nose drawn up on one side sneering with the question asked of Jesus. v12 Art thou greater (μ_ σ_ μείζων) The interrogative particle indicates that a negative answer is expected: Surely thou art not. The σ_ , thou, first in the sentence, is emphatic,
Which she either had had lawfully. and this was the design of our Lord. though a stranger to her. or death . His object. The ancient Samaritans were undoubtedly the descendants of Jacob. king of the Assyrians. or like a traveller wandering through such a desert. and in all external circumstances of weather. here.” his “spirit. Matt 22:25. It shall bubble or spring up like a fountain. as representing the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. his “grace.We may admire the manner which our Saviour took to lead her to perceive that he was the Christ. It is a striking image. sent thither by Salmanezer. listen to John Gill: For thou hast had five husbands. he convinced her that he was qualified to teach her the way to heaven.. Either she might have left a former husband without divorce. By showing her. and since they are particularly said. To such a weary and unsatisfied sinner the grace of Christ is “as cold waters to a thirsty soul. and who understood her life. prosperity and adversity. to his own teaching.a delicate and of making her see that she was a sinner. and which was no crime. sprung from a mixture of different nations. and thus prepared her to admit that he was the Messiah. and thus her marriage with this man was unlawful. He therefore proceeded to show her that he was acquainted with her life and with her sins. and rejected. she had had so many. and especially in Eastern countries. persecution. Or rather. but her curiosity was much aroused. the emphasis being on prophet. and refreshes and cheers the soul. Though a sinner seeks for joy in wealth and pleasures. also..You are not lawfully married to him. at least. she is slow to understand spiritual matters. however great might be the value of that well. He did not despise or undervalue Jacob or his gifts.The Samaritans claimed descent from Joseph. and. without doubt. It is thirsting for happiness. Nothing meets its desires. but he gave her an answer by which she might infer that he was. (Barnes) Springing up – This is a beautiful image. and had been divorced from everyone of them. for no other cause it should seem did the Samaritans divorce.. many of the traditions of the elders. v14 The water that I shall give him . life. but a corrupted race. was to lead her to consider her own state and sinfulness .it still lives on. (VWS) Our father Jacob . v18 Five husbands – before you jumped hastily into conclusion on her morals. amid all changes of external circumstances . v15 The woman saith – like all sinners. that he might have her mind properly prepared to receive the great spiritual truths which he was about to announce.not like a deep well. Is not thy husband . yet he is not satisfied. His instructions she did not understand.. that he knew her life.in heat and cold.” and to the benefits which come into the soul that embraces his gospel. (See also John 4:29) v17 I have no husband – this answer was true and she was attempting to divert the subject of conversation. Shall thirst again – Jesus did not directly answer her question. but like an ever-living fountain. wet or dry. and seeking it everywhere. but in vain. or she was living with him without the form of marriage. seeing that they only received the law of Moses. in which a woman is said to have had seven husbands 3 successively. Give me this water . hunger and thirst. for they were the ten tribes that revolted in the reign of Rehoboam: but those in our Lord ’s time were not genuine Israelites. contempt. He still thirsts for more. and might be: the Sadducees propose a case to Christ. or say that he was greater than Jacob. The soul by nature is like such a desert. but. in heat and cold.She did not as yet comprehend our Lord ’s meaning. So faith in Christ always lives.Jesus here refers. and finds it not. that flows at all seasons of the year. and had buried one after another. v19 Prophet – The order is a prophet art thou. The word here does not . It looks in all directions and tries all objects. v16 Go call thy husband . It is not like a stagnant pool . for adultery. and seeks still for happiness in some new enjoyment. (2Ki 17:24) v13 Whosoever drinketh – literally every one that drinks. in a lawful manner. whether foul or fair. where there are vast deserts. A prophet is one sent from God. in open guilt. and often a great want of water.and possibly with a shade of contempt. the water could not altogether remove thirst.
The special rites of the Jews are to cease. and with as much acceptance in one place as in another. and worshiped the true God: see Gen 22:2. of the human soul. and a spiritual communion with it. but. etc. the public solemn worship of God has been confined to one place. ‘Our fathers worshipped in this mountain’.denote one who foretells future events. she proposed to him a question regarding the proper place of worship.” etc. as distinguished from the false conceptions resulting from imperfect knowledge (John 4:22). v22 Ye worship ye know not what . motions of the will. Deut 18:15. and who must therefore have come from God. It includes also a truthful conception of the object.This appears to be . The old dispensation is about to pass away. of earthly and of heavenly things. Salvation is of the Jews – Rightly translated as “Salvation is from the Jews ”. viii) On this mountain the temple was somewhat similar to the one in Jerusalem in structure and purpose. When neither in this mountain . Gen 33:20. they had but an imperfect knowledge of Jehovah: besides. v20 Our fathers – our ancestors. Gen 49:10. Jesus did not say that there would be no worship of God in that place or in Jerusalem.. Num 24:17. On this mountain Sanballat had built them a temple. Ought to worship – better translated as ‘must worship. it is put in opposition to the defective Samaritan worship (and the Jews). the idolatrous worship of the Cutheans and Sepharvites. v25 Messiah cometh .’ v21 Believe me . The Gospel of Christ showed the meaning of all these rituals and the legal sacrifices had their consummation in his offering of Himself. It also shows the importance of what he was about to say. at the foot of which Sychar was situated. and. which was known in Samaria. the same religious service being performed in the Samaritan temple which was performed in that at Jerusalem. – So far. (Josephus in Antiq. excitements.The time is coming. where they supposed that the tabernacle was hidden.The Samaritans believed in the same God with the Jews. This was one of the main subjects of controversy between them and the Jews.As she had professed to believe that he was a prophet. dealing only in the letter and the law. was entirely laid aside. The worship of the Jews was a ritualistic worship. but that the worship of God would not be “confined” there because God would be worshipped in other places as well. This mountain . This point had been long a matter of dispute between the Samaritans and the Jews. so long confined to a single place. or is near. is soon to be celebrated everywhere. as they incorporated the worship of idols (2Ki17:26-34). Believing Jesus now to be a man sent from God. But after Sanballat had built the temple on Mount Gerizim. 4 v24 The phrase in spirit and in truth describes the two essential characteristics of true worship: in spirit. The preaching of the Gospel revealed the true nature of God. in truth. The hour cometh . c. It has been a matter of dispute whether that place should be Jerusalem or Mount Gerizim. xi. The Samaritans also expected the Messiah. Thus she could say. it was right to require her to put faith in what he was about to utter. basing their hopes on such Scriptures as Gen 3:15.. as they rejected all the prophetical writings. The patriarchs had worshipped here-Jacob builded an altar on this mountain.The worship of the Samaritans was a defective worship. “moods of elevation. They looked for Him to restore the kingdom of Israel and to re-establish the worship on Gerizim. Worshipped – means had a place of worship. True worship includes a spiritual sense of the object worshipped. as distinguished from place or form or other sensual limitations (John 4:21). v23 The true worshippers shall worship . because of this. and perhaps because she wished to divert the conversation from the unpleasant topic respecting her husbands.. The worship of God. about 332 years before our Lord’s incarnation. Salvation here means the Saviour is born of Jewish kin. Which is called Christ . They rejected the prophetical writings. That controversy is to be of much less importance than supposed.probably pointing to Mount Gerizim. but one who knew her heart and life. of salvation. She submitted it to Jesus because she thought He could settle the question.The woman uses the Jewish name. the manifestation of the moral consciousness in feelings.
the great design of his life . and…reapeth – It is a united work. He does not overwhelm her with new knowledge. Even from her ignorance and coarse superstition He does not withhold the sublimest truth.” (Clarke). and they credited him on the evidence of his own eternal truth. His great object . this does not appear to have been necessary: they were a simple-hearted. earthly substances are the types. This incident furnishes a notable illustration of our Lord's love for human souls. thirsted and now time to eat. through the medium of earthly matters. teachable people. Jesus is contrasting the natural harvest-time with the spiritual. Ye is emphatic.She was so preoccupied with the great truths which Jesus had announced that she forgot her errand to the well. Told me all – this was the second time she declared this (4:29) indicating that the conversation between this woman and Jesus could be longer and she was deeply impressed with the omniscience of the Lord. therefore. v27 The woman . the faith of those . Her hesitation arises less from prejudice of race than from surprise at being asked for drink by a Jew. Instead of four months of waiting. according to his custom for it was unlikely that the woman understood Greek. It was one of the things which a Rabbi must not do. we should rejoice.. for the simple reason. Where the doctrine is credited. and no miracle was wrought among them. It is part of the same work. but He assumes the germinative power of the truth itself. and returned to the city without the water which she came out for. it is yet four months to harvest. and firmness in dealing with moral degradation and ignorant bigotry. soweth. knowing that through Him. v35 Say not . v34 Jesus here explains what he said in John 4:32.. either by His own weariness or by the conventional sentiment which frowned upon His conversation with a woman in a public place.On seeing and hearing our Lord. v36 Both. representatives. tact. v28 Left her waterpot . He knows her imperfect understanding. we profess to believe these doctrines. no miracle is necessary: the Samaritans believed. The less political conception of the Samaritan Messiah made it possible for Jesus to announce Himself to the woman without fear of being misunderstood as He was by the Jews. which was immediately to take place in the ingathering of the Samaritans. He is content with letting her see that He is aware of it. Why are not miracles wrought now? Miracles were only for the establishment of the doctrines of Christianity. it was not necessary. and of His skill. miracles would be useless. but not harshly. He seizes upon a near and familiar object as the key-note of His great lesson. v39 Many …believed – seldom was there such instantaneous result. to us.How different from the response of the Jews! v31 Eat . As you look on these green fields between Ebal and Gerizim. she will by and by reach Him as the Forgiver.In what follows. where they were first preached. marking what the disciples expect according to the order of nature. here the sower and 5 reaper rejoiced together because the time between sowing and harvesting was greatly shortened. He initiates the conversation with the woman by asking a favour. v42 We have heard him ourselves . ye say. He treats her sin frankly.The Rabbinical writings taught that it was beneath a man's dignity to converse with women. but stimulates question and thought. v30 They went out . and whatever part we may do.the evangelist’s explanation of the Hebrew word. and shadows of heavenly things. as the Discerner. v40 He abode there two days – “We are not told that he wrought any miracles among them. It matters little whether we sow the seed or whether we reap the harvest. I am. v26 I… am He Literally.in the chapter we have seen the humanity of Jesus as he wearied. Properly understood. v32 I have meat to eat that ye know not of .was to do and complete the will of God.Our blessed Lord seizes every opportunity to raise the minds of his apostles to heavenly things. He is not deterred from the effort to plant His truth and to rescue a soul.
and. may others believed who had not heard the woman speak. besides those. This is good news to us Elder Lee ST . The Saviour of the world . This is indeed the Christ .The promised Messiah.who had already believed on the woman’s testimony was abundantly confirmed.not of the Jews only but of the Samaritans and of the whole Gentile world.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.