The book of John Chap 4 of the Holy Bible We shall start this preparation notes by viewing the Map

of Palestine at the Time of Jesus from E-sword with the Graphics Viewer. Locate Jerusalem in Judaea where Jesus was and look for Galilee in the north, the destination. Also locate Samaria (the region and the city), Sychar, and Mt Gerizim. Once the place is located, go to the dictionaries to explore its meaning. Smith’s dictionary gives brief and concise background to the places. ISBE gives a thorough exposure that is beneficial if you have more time. v 4 Must needs – Why must Jesus need to go through Samaria? There were three possible reasons: geographical, evangelical and spiritual. v5 Gill explained how Sychar was synonymous with Shechem, a city that Jacob passed through (Gen 33:16) and was the burial grounds of Joseph (Jos 24:32). v6 Jacob’s well – Clarke and Vincent Word Study gave physical descriptions and archaeological directions. Jesus …wearied with His journey – no painting can display the graphic genius from the pen of John. The sixth hour - About twelve o’clock noon. This was the common time of the Jewish meal, and this was the reason why his disciples were gone away to buy food. v7 Of Samaria - Not of the “city” of Samaria, for this was at a distance of 8 miles, but a woman who was a Samaritan, and doubtless from the city of Sychar. Give me to drink – Christ was thirsty as a human being but He was more thirty as a divine being athirst for the soul of the woman of Samaria. v8 City – refers to city of Sychar. Meat -G5160 τροφή trophe_ trof-ay' From G5142; nourishment (literally or figuratively); by implication rations (wages): - food, meat. Buy meat – buy food. v9 How is it that thou, being a Jew - not altogether refusing, yet wondering at so unusual a request from a Jew by His dress and dialect would be apparent to a Samaritan. For – this reason, this racial animosity that gave rise to the powerful impact of the parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:30-37) and the thankfulness of the Samaritan leper (Luke 17:16-18) in the teachings of Jesus Christ. CWS gave a balanced view of the bickering between the two races – Jews “have no familiar or friendly intercourse with. That they had dealings of some kind is shown by the disciples going into the city to buy provisions. Some authorities omit for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans. The Jews treated the Samaritans with every mark of contempt, and accused them of falsehood, folly, and irreligion. The Samaritans sold Jews into slavery when they had them in their power, lighted spurious signals for the beacon-fires kindled to announce the beginnings of months, and waylaid and killed pilgrims on their road to Jerusalem.” v10 Gift G1431 δωρεά do_ rea do-reh-ah' From G1435; a gratuity: - gift. The word carries the sense of a bountiful, free, honourable gift. Living - G2198 ζάω zao_ dzah'-o A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively): - life (-time), (a-) live (-ly), quick. Living water - The Jews and residents of Palestine used the expression “living water” to denote springs, fountains, or running streams, in opposition to dead and stagnant water. Jesus here means to denote by it his doctrine, or his grace and religion, in opposition to the impure and dead notions of the Jews and the Samaritans. v11 To draw with – “The noun means what is drawn, the act of drawing, and the thing to draw with. Here the bucket, of skin, with three cross sticks at the mouth to keep it open, and let down by a goat's-hair rope. Not to be confounded with the water-pot (_ δρία) of John 4:28. The word is found only here in the New Testament. ” (VWS) 2 The well is deep - If the same one that is there now, it was about 100 feet deep. (Barnes). Fictions will not include this kind of details as recorded by John. You can almost see her nose drawn up on one side sneering with the question asked of Jesus. v12 Art thou greater (μ_ σ_ μείζων) The interrogative particle indicates that a negative answer is expected: Surely thou art not. The σ_ , thou, first in the sentence, is emphatic,

it still lives on. that he might have her mind properly prepared to receive the great spiritual truths which he was about to announce. Matt 22:25. in which a woman is said to have had seven husbands 3 successively. So faith in Christ always lives. and thus prepared her to admit that he was the Messiah. and. and seeks still for happiness in some new enjoyment.. in heat and cold. but in vain. The soul by nature is like such a desert..not like a deep well. that he knew her life. king of the Assyrians. and since they are particularly said. for no other cause it should seem did the Samaritans divorce. The word here does not . to his own teaching. persecution. and might be: the Sadducees propose a case to Christ. Or rather. and rejected. at least. for adultery. she is slow to understand spiritual matters. Which she either had had lawfully. though a stranger to her. seeing that they only received the law of Moses. but a corrupted race. in a lawful manner. but like an ever-living fountain.a delicate and of making her see that she was a sinner. however great might be the value of that well. By showing her.. and refreshes and cheers the soul. and finds it not. the emphasis being on prophet. and in all external circumstances of weather. without doubt. (2Ki 17:24) v13 Whosoever drinketh – literally every one that drinks. he convinced her that he was qualified to teach her the way to heaven. as representing the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. but her curiosity was much aroused.” his “spirit.” and to the benefits which come into the soul that embraces his gospel. It is not like a stagnant pool . Shall thirst again – Jesus did not directly answer her question. where there are vast deserts. Is not thy husband . To such a weary and unsatisfied sinner the grace of Christ is “as cold waters to a thirsty soul. and this was the design of our Lord. amid all changes of external circumstances . Give me this water . but. Nothing meets its desires. sent thither by Salmanezer. hunger and thirst. listen to John Gill: For thou hast had five husbands.She did not as yet comprehend our Lord ’s meaning.We may admire the manner which our Saviour took to lead her to perceive that he was the Christ. and seeking it everywhere. his “grace. wet or dry. here. she had had so many.. His instructions she did not understand. (VWS) Our father Jacob . whether foul or fair. v14 The water that I shall give him . He still thirsts for more. in open guilt. v16 Go call thy husband . for they were the ten tribes that revolted in the reign of Rehoboam: but those in our Lord ’s time were not genuine Israelites. and thus her marriage with this man was unlawful. many of the traditions of the elders. (See also John 4:29) v17 I have no husband – this answer was true and she was attempting to divert the subject of conversation. or say that he was greater than Jacob. (Barnes) Springing up – This is a beautiful image. or like a traveller wandering through such a desert. and often a great want of water. Though a sinner seeks for joy in wealth and pleasures.You are not lawfully married to him. and had buried one after another. or she was living with him without the form of marriage.and possibly with a shade of contempt. v18 Five husbands – before you jumped hastily into conclusion on her morals. yet he is not satisfied. that flows at all seasons of the year. and who understood her life. v15 The woman saith – like all heat and cold. It looks in all directions and tries all objects. He did not despise or undervalue Jacob or his gifts. sprung from a mixture of different nations.The Samaritans claimed descent from Joseph. A prophet is one sent from God. He therefore proceeded to show her that he was acquainted with her life and with her sins. the water could not altogether remove thirst. v19 Prophet – The order is a prophet art thou. and had been divorced from everyone of them. was to lead her to consider her own state and sinfulness . The ancient Samaritans were undoubtedly the descendants of Jacob. but he gave her an answer by which she might infer that he was. and especially in Eastern countries. Either she might have left a former husband without divorce. It shall bubble or spring up like a fountain. prosperity and adversity. life. It is a striking image. also. and which was no crime. or death .Jesus here refers. contempt. His object. It is thirsting for happiness.

The Samaritans also expected the Messiah.. viii) On this mountain the temple was somewhat similar to the one in Jerusalem in structure and purpose. True worship includes a spiritual sense of the object worshipped. and perhaps because she wished to divert the conversation from the unpleasant topic respecting her husbands. The special rites of the Jews are to cease. The old dispensation is about to pass away. is soon to be celebrated everywhere. in truth. – So far. The worship of the Jews was a ritualistic worship. Gen 49:10.. the public solemn worship of God has been confined to one place. She submitted it to Jesus because she thought He could settle the question. Salvation here means the Saviour is born of Jewish kin. but one who knew her heart and life. dealing only in the letter and the law. Jesus did not say that there would be no worship of God in that place or in Jerusalem. the same religious service being performed in the Samaritan temple which was performed in that at Jerusalem. The Gospel of Christ showed the meaning of all these rituals and the legal sacrifices had their consummation in his offering of Himself. But after Sanballat had built the temple on Mount Gerizim. of the human soul. of salvation. about 332 years before our Lord’s incarnation. which was known in Samaria. v25 Messiah cometh .. as distinguished from the false conceptions resulting from imperfect knowledge (John 4:22). When neither in this mountain . Ought to worship – better translated as ‘must worship. they had but an imperfect knowledge of Jehovah: besides. as they incorporated the worship of idols (2Ki17:26-34). and who must therefore have come from God. Thus she could say. xi. (Josephus in Antiq.This appears to be .The time is coming. as they rejected all the prophetical writings. 4 v24 The phrase in spirit and in truth describes the two essential characteristics of true worship: in spirit. excitements.The Samaritans believed in the same God with the Jews. but that the worship of God would not be “confined” there because God would be worshipped in other places as well.The worship of the Samaritans was a defective worship. They rejected the prophetical writings.denote one who foretells future events. etc. motions of the will. and a spiritual communion with it. On this mountain Sanballat had built them a temple. It also shows the importance of what he was about to say. it is put in opposition to the defective Samaritan worship (and the Jews). Num 24:17.” etc. This mountain .The woman uses the Jewish name. The hour cometh . “moods of elevation. This point had been long a matter of dispute between the Samaritans and the Jews. it was right to require her to put faith in what he was about to utter. This was one of the main subjects of controversy between them and the Jews. but. v22 Ye worship ye know not what . basing their hopes on such Scriptures as Gen 3:15. Gen 33:20. of earthly and of heavenly things. where they supposed that the tabernacle was hidden. That controversy is to be of much less importance than supposed. Deut 18:15. the idolatrous worship of the Cutheans and Sepharvites. Worshipped – means had a place of worship. The preaching of the Gospel revealed the true nature of God. Believing Jesus now to be a man sent from God. and. or is near. It includes also a truthful conception of the object.As she had professed to believe that he was a prophet. so long confined to a single place. c. The patriarchs had worshipped here-Jacob builded an altar on this mountain. at the foot of which Sychar was situated. v20 Our fathers – our ancestors. and with as much acceptance in one place as in another. The worship of God. and worshiped the true God: see Gen 22:2. the manifestation of the moral consciousness in feelings. It has been a matter of dispute whether that place should be Jerusalem or Mount Gerizim. Which is called Christ . v23 The true worshippers shall worship . because of this. ‘Our fathers worshipped in this mountain’. was entirely laid aside. as distinguished from place or form or other sensual limitations (John 4:21).’ v21 Believe me . she proposed to him a question regarding the proper place of worship. Salvation is of the Jews – Rightly translated as “Salvation is from the Jews ”.probably pointing to Mount Gerizim. They looked for Him to restore the kingdom of Israel and to re-establish the worship on Gerizim.

the great design of his life .was to do and complete the will of God. Her hesitation arises less from prejudice of race than from surprise at being asked for drink by a Jew. He seizes upon a near and familiar object as the key-note of His great lesson. and…reapeth – It is a united work. but stimulates question and thought. for the simple reason. tact. He knows her imperfect understanding. knowing that through Him. to us. soweth.. miracles would be useless.. and firmness in dealing with moral degradation and ignorant bigotry.On seeing and hearing our Lord. thirsted and now time to eat. As you look on these green fields between Ebal and Gerizim. and shadows of heavenly things. Why are not miracles wrought now? Miracles were only for the establishment of the doctrines of Christianity. He is content with letting her see that He is aware of it. she will by and by reach Him as the Forgiver. we should rejoice. He treats her sin frankly. this does not appear to have been necessary: they were a simple-hearted. according to his custom for it was unlikely that the woman understood Greek.How different from the response of the Jews! v31 Eat . no miracle is necessary: the Samaritans believed. we profess to believe these doctrines. earthly substances are the types. here the sower and 5 reaper rejoiced together because the time between sowing and harvesting was greatly shortened. where they were first preached. which was immediately to take place in the ingathering of the Samaritans. the faith of those . v30 They went out . it was not necessary. representatives. and no miracle was wrought among them. v27 The woman .” (Clarke). Jesus is contrasting the natural harvest-time with the spiritual. v32 I have meat to eat that ye know not of . therefore. It matters little whether we sow the seed or whether we reap the harvest. Told me all – this was the second time she declared this (4:29) indicating that the conversation between this woman and Jesus could be longer and she was deeply impressed with the omniscience of the Lord. Even from her ignorance and coarse superstition He does not withhold the sublimest truth. and returned to the city without the water which she came out for.the evangelist’s explanation of the Hebrew word. Instead of four months of waiting. v39 Many …believed – seldom was there such instantaneous result. Properly understood.In what follows. He is not deterred from the effort to plant His truth and to rescue a soul. as the Discerner. It was one of the things which a Rabbi must not do. It is part of the same work. v42 We have heard him ourselves . v36 Both. I am. through the medium of earthly matters.Our blessed Lord seizes every opportunity to raise the minds of his apostles to heavenly things. v28 Left her waterpot . Where the doctrine is credited. it is yet four months to harvest. and whatever part we may do. v40 He abode there two days – “We are not told that he wrought any miracles among them. He initiates the conversation with the woman by asking a favour.The Rabbinical writings taught that it was beneath a man's dignity to converse with women. teachable people. The less political conception of the Samaritan Messiah made it possible for Jesus to announce Himself to the woman without fear of being misunderstood as He was by the Jews.She was so preoccupied with the great truths which Jesus had announced that she forgot her errand to the well. v34 Jesus here explains what he said in John 4:32. Ye is emphatic. and of His skill. He does not overwhelm her with new knowledge. but He assumes the germinative power of the truth itself. v35 Say not . v26 I… am He Literally. marking what the disciples expect according to the order of nature. ye say. but not harshly. His great object .in the chapter we have seen the humanity of Jesus as he wearied. This incident furnishes a notable illustration of our Lord's love for human souls. and they credited him on the evidence of his own eternal truth. either by His own weariness or by the conventional sentiment which frowned upon His conversation with a woman in a public place.

besides those. This is indeed the Christ .The promised Messiah.not of the Jews only but of the Samaritans and of the whole Gentile world. This is good news to us Elder Lee ST . may others believed who had not heard the woman speak.who had already believed on the woman’s testimony was abundantly confirmed. and. The Saviour of the world .