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by viewing the Map of Palestine at the Time of Jesus from E-sword with the Graphics Viewer. Locate Jerusalem in Judaea where Jesus was and look for Galilee in the north, the destination. Also locate Samaria (the region and the city), Sychar, and Mt Gerizim. Once the place is located, go to the dictionaries to explore its meaning. Smith’s dictionary gives brief and concise background to the places. ISBE gives a thorough exposure that is beneficial if you have more time. v 4 Must needs – Why must Jesus need to go through Samaria? There were three possible reasons: geographical, evangelical and spiritual. v5 Gill explained how Sychar was synonymous with Shechem, a city that Jacob passed through (Gen 33:16) and was the burial grounds of Joseph (Jos 24:32). v6 Jacob’s well – Clarke and Vincent Word Study gave physical descriptions and archaeological directions. Jesus …wearied with His journey – no painting can display the graphic genius from the pen of John. The sixth hour - About twelve o’clock noon. This was the common time of the Jewish meal, and this was the reason why his disciples were gone away to buy food. v7 Of Samaria - Not of the “city” of Samaria, for this was at a distance of 8 miles, but a woman who was a Samaritan, and doubtless from the city of Sychar. Give me to drink – Christ was thirsty as a human being but He was more thirty as a divine being athirst for the soul of the woman of Samaria. v8 City – refers to city of Sychar. Meat -G5160 τροφή trophe_ trof-ay' From G5142; nourishment (literally or figuratively); by implication rations (wages): - food, meat. Buy meat – buy food. v9 How is it that thou, being a Jew - not altogether refusing, yet wondering at so unusual a request from a Jew by His dress and dialect would be apparent to a Samaritan. For – this reason, this racial animosity that gave rise to the powerful impact of the parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:30-37) and the thankfulness of the Samaritan leper (Luke 17:16-18) in the teachings of Jesus Christ. CWS gave a balanced view of the bickering between the two races – Jews “have no familiar or friendly intercourse with. That they had dealings of some kind is shown by the disciples going into the city to buy provisions. Some authorities omit for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans. The Jews treated the Samaritans with every mark of contempt, and accused them of falsehood, folly, and irreligion. The Samaritans sold Jews into slavery when they had them in their power, lighted spurious signals for the beacon-fires kindled to announce the beginnings of months, and waylaid and killed pilgrims on their road to Jerusalem.” v10 Gift G1431 δωρεά do_ rea do-reh-ah' From G1435; a gratuity: - gift. The word carries the sense of a bountiful, free, honourable gift. Living - G2198 ζάω zao_ dzah'-o A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively): - life (-time), (a-) live (-ly), quick. Living water - The Jews and residents of Palestine used the expression “living water” to denote springs, fountains, or running streams, in opposition to dead and stagnant water. Jesus here means to denote by it his doctrine, or his grace and religion, in opposition to the impure and dead notions of the Jews and the Samaritans. v11 To draw with – “The noun means what is drawn, the act of drawing, and the thing to draw with. Here the bucket, of skin, with three cross sticks at the mouth to keep it open, and let down by a goat's-hair rope. Not to be confounded with the water-pot (_ δρία) of John 4:28. The word is found only here in the New Testament. ” (VWS) 2 The well is deep - If the same one that is there now, it was about 100 feet deep. (Barnes). Fictions will not include this kind of details as recorded by John. You can almost see her nose drawn up on one side sneering with the question asked of Jesus. v12 Art thou greater (μ_ σ_ μείζων) The interrogative particle indicates that a negative answer is expected: Surely thou art not. The σ_ , thou, first in the sentence, is emphatic,
or like a traveller wandering through such a desert. she had had so many. It is thirsting for happiness. v14 The water that I shall give him . He did not despise or undervalue Jacob or his gifts. without doubt. contempt. Matt 22:25. in which a woman is said to have had seven husbands 3 successively. where there are vast deserts. at least. and thus prepared her to admit that he was the Messiah. and refreshes and cheers the soul. and might be: the Sadducees propose a case to Christ. or she was living with him without the form of marriage. persecution. So faith in Christ always lives. he convinced her that he was qualified to teach her the way to heaven. The ancient Samaritans were undoubtedly the descendants of Jacob. was to lead her to consider her own state and sinfulness . (Barnes) Springing up – This is a beautiful image. v16 Go call thy husband . the water could not altogether remove thirst. Either she might have left a former husband without divorce. in heat and cold. and rejected. and had been divorced from everyone of them.. as representing the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. (See also John 4:29) v17 I have no husband – this answer was true and she was attempting to divert the subject of conversation. and since they are particularly said. or death .it still lives on. that he knew her life. Though a sinner seeks for joy in wealth and pleasures. It shall bubble or spring up like a fountain. sprung from a mixture of different nations. but he gave her an answer by which she might infer that he was. here. Shall thirst again – Jesus did not directly answer her question. and had buried one after another. Give me this water .She did not as yet comprehend our Lord ’s meaning. that he might have her mind properly prepared to receive the great spiritual truths which he was about to announce. however great might be the value of that well.. and in all external circumstances of weather. she is slow to understand spiritual matters. but her curiosity was much aroused. listen to John Gill: For thou hast had five husbands. His instructions she did not understand. but. in open guilt. It is a striking image. life. for no other cause it should seem did the Samaritans divorce. hunger and thirst. and especially in Eastern countries. The word here does not . seeing that they only received the law of Moses. and this was the design of our Lord. in a lawful manner. He still thirsts for more.. many of the traditions of the elders. king of the Assyrians. amid all changes of external circumstances . The soul by nature is like such a desert.” his “spirit. and thus her marriage with this man was unlawful. It is not like a stagnant pool . but like an ever-living fountain. To such a weary and unsatisfied sinner the grace of Christ is “as cold waters to a thirsty soul. to his own teaching. and which was no crime.and possibly with a shade of contempt. v19 Prophet – The order is a prophet art thou. His object. (2Ki 17:24) v13 Whosoever drinketh – literally every one that drinks. It looks in all directions and tries all objects. whether foul or fair.in heat and cold. A prophet is one sent from God. and who understood her life. that flows at all seasons of the year. v15 The woman saith – like all sinners. the emphasis being on prophet. By showing her. yet he is not satisfied.a delicate and of making her see that she was a sinner. for adultery.Jesus here refers. and finds it not. and.We may admire the manner which our Saviour took to lead her to perceive that he was the Christ. wet or dry. sent thither by Salmanezer. and seeking it everywhere. v18 Five husbands – before you jumped hastily into conclusion on her morals. though a stranger to her. Nothing meets its desires. (VWS) Our father Jacob . He therefore proceeded to show her that he was acquainted with her life and with her sins.You are not lawfully married to him. also.The Samaritans claimed descent from Joseph. Is not thy husband . and seeks still for happiness in some new enjoyment. but in vain. or say that he was greater than Jacob.not like a deep well. prosperity and adversity.. Which she either had had lawfully. and often a great want of water. but a corrupted race. Or rather.” and to the benefits which come into the soul that embraces his gospel. for they were the ten tribes that revolted in the reign of Rehoboam: but those in our Lord ’s time were not genuine Israelites. his “grace.
denote one who foretells future events. – So far. Salvation is of the Jews – Rightly translated as “Salvation is from the Jews ”. The preaching of the Gospel revealed the true nature of God. which was known in Samaria. She submitted it to Jesus because she thought He could settle the question. where they supposed that the tabernacle was hidden.. as distinguished from the false conceptions resulting from imperfect knowledge (John 4:22). True worship includes a spiritual sense of the object worshipped. v20 Our fathers – our ancestors. v22 Ye worship ye know not what . and with as much acceptance in one place as in another. the manifestation of the moral consciousness in feelings.As she had professed to believe that he was a prophet. It has been a matter of dispute whether that place should be Jerusalem or Mount Gerizim. Gen 33:20. ‘Our fathers worshipped in this mountain’. v23 The true worshippers shall worship . The hour cometh . of earthly and of heavenly things. they had but an imperfect knowledge of Jehovah: besides. This was one of the main subjects of controversy between them and the Jews. This mountain . as they incorporated the worship of idols (2Ki17:26-34). and. When neither in this mountain . “moods of elevation..This appears to be .. in truth. but. The Gospel of Christ showed the meaning of all these rituals and the legal sacrifices had their consummation in his offering of Himself. excitements. basing their hopes on such Scriptures as Gen 3:15. but that the worship of God would not be “confined” there because God would be worshipped in other places as well. This point had been long a matter of dispute between the Samaritans and the Jews. On this mountain Sanballat had built them a temple. Which is called Christ . 4 v24 The phrase in spirit and in truth describes the two essential characteristics of true worship: in spirit. of the human soul. the public solemn worship of God has been confined to one place. But after Sanballat had built the temple on Mount Gerizim. The patriarchs had worshipped here-Jacob builded an altar on this mountain. xi.’ v21 Believe me . Thus she could say. (Josephus in Antiq. motions of the will. The worship of the Jews was a ritualistic worship. as distinguished from place or form or other sensual limitations (John 4:21).The time is coming. Deut 18:15. Gen 49:10. and worshiped the true God: see Gen 22:2. etc. The old dispensation is about to pass away. They rejected the prophetical writings. Num 24:17. Salvation here means the Saviour is born of Jewish kin. it is put in opposition to the defective Samaritan worship (and the Jews). and who must therefore have come from God. at the foot of which Sychar was situated. and a spiritual communion with it. Jesus did not say that there would be no worship of God in that place or in Jerusalem. the idolatrous worship of the Cutheans and Sepharvites. dealing only in the letter and the law. viii) On this mountain the temple was somewhat similar to the one in Jerusalem in structure and purpose. she proposed to him a question regarding the proper place of worship. c.” etc.The Samaritans believed in the same God with the Jews. is soon to be celebrated everywhere. or is near. Worshipped – means had a place of worship. Ought to worship – better translated as ‘must worship. It also shows the importance of what he was about to say. it was right to require her to put faith in what he was about to utter. The special rites of the Jews are to cease. so long confined to a single place. was entirely laid aside. They looked for Him to restore the kingdom of Israel and to re-establish the worship on Gerizim. as they rejected all the prophetical writings. Believing Jesus now to be a man sent from God. of salvation.The woman uses the Jewish name. because of this. the same religious service being performed in the Samaritan temple which was performed in that at Jerusalem. The Samaritans also expected the Messiah. It includes also a truthful conception of the object.The worship of the Samaritans was a defective worship. about 332 years before our Lord’s incarnation.probably pointing to Mount Gerizim. That controversy is to be of much less importance than supposed. and perhaps because she wished to divert the conversation from the unpleasant topic respecting her husbands. v25 Messiah cometh . but one who knew her heart and life. The worship of God.
v35 Say not . He does not overwhelm her with new knowledge. she will by and by reach Him as the Forgiver. therefore. and they credited him on the evidence of his own eternal truth. v39 Many …believed – seldom was there such instantaneous result.. I am.the great design of his life . and of His skill. He knows her imperfect understanding. He treats her sin frankly.” (Clarke). but not harshly. v30 They went out . He is content with letting her see that He is aware of it. teachable people. v28 Left her waterpot .Our blessed Lord seizes every opportunity to raise the minds of his apostles to heavenly things. ye say. miracles would be useless. He initiates the conversation with the woman by asking a favour. and returned to the city without the water which she came out for. Properly understood. Jesus is contrasting the natural harvest-time with the spiritual.On seeing and hearing our Lord. soweth. as the Discerner. It is part of the same work. thirsted and now time to eat.the evangelist’s explanation of the Hebrew word. either by His own weariness or by the conventional sentiment which frowned upon His conversation with a woman in a public place. v40 He abode there two days – “We are not told that he wrought any miracles among them. Where the doctrine is credited. according to his custom for it was unlikely that the woman understood Greek. and…reapeth – It is a united work. representatives. Ye is emphatic.She was so preoccupied with the great truths which Jesus had announced that she forgot her errand to the well. where they were first preached. It was one of the things which a Rabbi must not do. it was not necessary. through the medium of earthly matters. to us. and shadows of heavenly things. here the sower and 5 reaper rejoiced together because the time between sowing and harvesting was greatly shortened. we should rejoice.in the chapter we have seen the humanity of Jesus as he wearied. Why are not miracles wrought now? Miracles were only for the establishment of the doctrines of Christianity. Even from her ignorance and coarse superstition He does not withhold the sublimest truth. earthly substances are the types. Her hesitation arises less from prejudice of race than from surprise at being asked for drink by a Jew.How different from the response of the Jews! v31 Eat . v34 Jesus here explains what he said in John 4:32. v27 The woman .was to do and complete the will of God. The less political conception of the Samaritan Messiah made it possible for Jesus to announce Himself to the woman without fear of being misunderstood as He was by the Jews. marking what the disciples expect according to the order of nature. which was immediately to take place in the ingathering of the Samaritans.The Rabbinical writings taught that it was beneath a man's dignity to converse with women. As you look on these green fields between Ebal and Gerizim. we profess to believe these doctrines. but He assumes the germinative power of the truth itself. tact. Told me all – this was the second time she declared this (4:29) indicating that the conversation between this woman and Jesus could be longer and she was deeply impressed with the omniscience of the Lord. for the simple reason. v42 We have heard him ourselves . it is yet four months to harvest. and no miracle was wrought among them. His great object . and firmness in dealing with moral degradation and ignorant bigotry. but stimulates question and thought. the faith of those . no miracle is necessary: the Samaritans believed. It matters little whether we sow the seed or whether we reap the harvest. v26 I… am He Literally. This incident furnishes a notable illustration of our Lord's love for human souls. this does not appear to have been necessary: they were a simple-hearted. v36 Both. v32 I have meat to eat that ye know not of . He is not deterred from the effort to plant His truth and to rescue a soul.In what follows.. knowing that through Him. He seizes upon a near and familiar object as the key-note of His great lesson. Instead of four months of waiting. and whatever part we may do.
may others believed who had not heard the woman speak.who had already believed on the woman’s testimony was abundantly confirmed. This is indeed the Christ . besides those. This is good news to us Elder Lee ST .The promised Messiah. The Saviour of the world . and.not of the Jews only but of the Samaritans and of the whole Gentile world.
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