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1.0 INTRODUCTION As a student in a course of Non Destructive Testing at TATIUC, we have to do an assignment in subject Final Project . The assignment about characteristic of defect signal using different frequency of eddy current.We need to use the frequency in range 50 kHz to 100 kHz to find the characteristic of defect signal that appear.
Frequency, Eddy current testing is performed within a frequency range of approximately 50 Hz to 10 MHz, although most applications are performed well within the extremes of that range. As test frequency is increased, sensitivity to surface discontinuities increases, permitting increasingly smaller surface discontinuities to be detected. As frequency is decreased, eddy current penetration into the material increases as in.When fixing a frequency, the initial coil impedance is adjusted. When inspection frequency (ƒ) is increased, the imaginary part of the impedance is increased.
Defect signal is a signal when scanning of samples with defects. Signal will appear when in the defect area while doing inspection. Appearance defect caused by several factors and the effects that affect the sample. Difference signal also depends on the length and depth of the defect
type of defect
1.1 OBJECTIVE -to investigate the defect signal using different frequency -to determine the type of defect signal
2.0 MATERIAL AND METHOD 2.1 For specimen equipment, the almost equipment that use in this project are eddy current set,calibration block,weld probe.
Weld Test Blocks are set to the coating thickness calibration standard with 0.5 mm, 1.0 mm and 2.0mm slots to enable correct calibration.
Weld probes are designed to inspect ferrous welds. They provide a cost effective alternative to magnetic particle inspection, which requires the part to be prepared (cleaned) prior to inspection.
A digital meter as shown in is one whose visual output is shown in discrete step in time. The meter measure input at given moment and the value of the measurement is displayed in numerical from.
Firstly, set the parameter ( mode, frequency, probe, gain) in the eddy current machine. Then, perform calibration on the calibration block. Put white tape on calibration block and weld probe to find the index point. To do index point , mark with pencil or pen when weld probe across 1.0mm slot in positive scan and for the negative scan is same Make sure the signal in eddy current screen is 90° perpendicular.
a) positive scan
b) negative scan
secondly, setup the frequency in range 50 kHz to 100 kHz in eddy current set. When the frequency is decrease to 50 kHz, there have a change in defect signal and when the increase frequency to 60 kHz, there are also have a differences in signal defects. After that, repeat the steps by using to 70 kHz,80 kHz,90 khz,100 kHz. Finally, changes the frequency has a differents signal defect.
4.0 FLOW CHART
Set the parameter ( mode, frequency, probe, gain) in the eddy current machine
Scanning with different frequency and see the signal defect
5.0 GANTT CHART
TASK WEEK find the title Meet supervisor then discuss about this project Search for the information about the project Study about this project Find the material and list the budget Learn and start do the step calibration try to scanning on speciment with low frequency try to scanning on specimen with high frequency Troubleshooting Final inspection and presentation
Figure 5.1 Gantt chart
6.0 EXPECTED RESULT - we will find out the where the phase of defect signal when frequency is change. After that, we can know that the every defect have a different type of signal.
From this project, we able to study new information about the different frequency can effect the characteristic signal defect.