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1.

SYSTEM PARAMETERS

1.1

System Voltage

138

kV

60

Hz

47
kg/m2
(Table-2, IS-802-1977 - Part-II)
195
kg/m2
(Table-1, IS-802-1977 - Part-II)
o
32
C
(IS-802-1977 - Part-II)
o
75
C
(Refer note below)
o
0
C
(Refer note below)

1.2

Frequency

2.0

ENVIRONMENTAL DETAILS

2.1

Wind Pressure on Conductor & Ground Wire

wpc

2.2

Wind Pressure on Towers

wpt

2.3

Average absolute Temperature of air

Ta

2.4

Maximum Temperature

Tmax

2.5

Minimum Temperature

Tmin

3.0

LAYOUT DETAILS

3.1

Distance between supports (Maximum span)

3.2

Height of conductor above earth at Left end

hl

250
m
(Maximum Span )
9.5
m

3.3

Height of conductor above earth at Right end

hr

13

3.4

Phase to Phase spacing of conductor

2.80

3.5

Width of Girder

Wg

3.6

Initial Tensile Force per conductor per phase

Z0

0.75
(Assumed )
1200
(Assumed)

kg

Note on Max & Min Temperature - IS -802-1977 (Part-II) Cl 4.1


'"The temperature varies for different localities under different diurnal & seasonal conditions.The absolute
maximum & minimum temepratures,which may be expected in different localities in the country, are indicated
in maps of India in Fig.2 and Fig.3 respectively. These may be used for assessing temperature stresses in
conductors and ground wires. The absolute maximum temperature value given in Fig.2 shall be incresed by
17o Cto allow for sun's radiation, heating effect of current,etc, in the conductor"
Fig 2 & 3 are enclosed as Annexure-I
4.0

CONDUCTOR DATA

4.1

No.of Conductors

4.2

Type of conductor

ACSR

4.3

Code name

ZEBRA

4.4

Cross sectional area of conductor

As

0.0004840

cm2

4.5

Overall Diameter

ds

0.02862

4.6

Unit weight of conductor

ms

1.623

kg/m

4.7

Modulus of Elasticity of conductor

7.03E+09

kg/cm2

4.8

Ultimate Tensile Strength

UTS

13316

kg

4.9

Coefficient of Linear Expansion

al

1.9E-05

m/deg C

Maximum Conductor temperature

Tbf

75

ls

0.45

Ws

kg

mm

4.10
5.0

SPACER DETAILS

5.1

Spacer distance

5.2

Unit Weight

5.3

Projection of Spacer beyond Conductor

5.4

Sub Conductor Spacing

(Single Wolf)

(Typical VendorData)

(Assumed)

(Typical VendorData)

dsp

6.0

INSULATOR & HARDWARE DETAILS

6.1

Number of Discs per String

nd

12

6.2

Length of each Disc

ld

0.145

6.3

Mean Diameter of Insulator

dd

0.255

6.4

Weight of each Disc

wd

3.6

kg

6.5

Length of Hardware

lh

0.600

6.6

Weight of Hardware

wh

20

kg

ns

li

12*0.145+0.6

2.34

L -(2li + Wg)

#NAME?

6.7

No of Strings

7.0

CALCULATION - PRELIMINARY

7.1

Length of Insulator String

7.2

7.3

Cord length of main conductor in the span

Lc

7.5

7.6

7.7

7.8

No.of Spacers in the given Span

Weight of Total Spacer in a Span

Spacer Weight / Conductor Length

Equivalent Conductor Weight

Weight of One Insulator & Hardware Unit per


Conductor

8.0

SAG TENSION CALCULATION

8.1

METHODOLOGY AND ASSUMPTIONS

a)
b)

(Single Tension)

#NAME?

L-Wg

#NAME?

Lc/ls

Ns * Ws

0*0

Nst/Lc/n

#NAME?

#NAME?

ms + Nsu

#NAME?

#NAME?

(ns * nd * wd + wh)/n

(1 * 12 * 3.6 + 20 ) / 1

63.2

Effective Span
Le

7.4

(Typical VendorData)

Ns

Nst

Nsu

m's

wu

kg

Kg/m

kg/m

kg

To Calculate the Sag-Tension of the Given Span in accordance with the following standards/methodology:IS:802-1995(Part-1)-2nd Rev-"Code of practice for use of structural steel in overhead transmission
line towers-Loads & permissible stresses"
IS:5613-Part2/Sec1-1985 Code of practice for design,Installation and Maintanance for overhead power lines
Insulator effect on Tension and Sag by A.T.STARR

9.0

BASIS OF CALCULATION

9.1

Stress at Initial temperature (f1)

Intial tension at -250C and 2/3 rdfull wind condition (T1)


Area of conductor (as)

9.2

Equivalent Weight of Conductor (w1)

(m's2+(%Wind * Wpc*ds)2)

9.3

Constant (G1)

w12*(lc/2)2*E
6*As2

9.4

Constant (F1)

f1 - w12*(lc/2)2*E - (T - Tmin)*E*a
6*T2

9.5

Stress(f2)
Stress f2 can be found out by solving the following cubic equation package
gs(f2)

f23 F1 * f22 - G1

9.6

Constant (a1) for conductor catenary

T / w1

9.7

Constant (a2) for Insulator catenary

T
(Wu/li) + (1/2 * Wpt *dd* %Wind))

9.8

Assumed Half inclined length of conductor Span

Xass

9.9

Projected length of insulator catenary arc (X1)

a2*Xass/a1

9.10

Arc from insulator catenary centre to


end of string(SP)

a2*Sinh(X1/a2)

9.11

Total arc length (RSP)

li+ SP

9.12

Projected length of total Arc (X2)

a2*Sinh-1(RSP/a2)

9.13

Projected length of insulator string (X3)

X2 - X1

9.14

Actual Half inclined length of conductor


Span (Xact)

Le/2 - X3

Difference between Xass & Xact Should be zero


i.e,
Xass - Xact
9.15

Sag at centre of Insulator catenary,


below string end (D1)

a2*(Cosh(X1/a2) - 1)

9.16

Sag at centre of Insulator catenary,


below support (D2)

a2*(Cosh(X2/a2) - 1)

9.17

Conductor Sag below end of


insulator string (D3)

a1*(Cosh(X/a1) - 1)

9.18

Sag along Incline (S)

D3 + D2 - D1

9.19

Vertical Sag

S * cos(tan-1(% wind * Wpc*ds/m's)

9.20

Factor of Safety (Actual)

UTS/T

10.0 RESULTS

Temp
( 0C )

Wind
(%)

Intial
tension
( kg )

Stress at Initial
temperature
( f1 )

Equivalent
Weight of
Conductor
( W1 )

Constant
( G1 )

Constant
( F1 )

Stress
( f2 )

gs(f2)

a1

36

1000

2066115.702

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

512.990

#NAME?

#NAME?

32

100

986

512.990

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

136.613

#NAME?

#NAME?

136.613

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

32

773

136.613

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

112.215

#NAME?

#NAME?

75

638

968.000

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

32.725

#NAME?

#NAME?

Temp
( 0C )

Wind
(%)

Xass

X1

SP

RSP

X2

X3

Xact

Xass-Xact

36

49.00

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

32

100

49.00

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

32

49.00

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

75

49.00

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

Temp
( 0C )

Wind
(%)

D1

D2

D3

Vertical Sag

Sag Along Incline

FOS
Actual

FOS Required

Result

36

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

13.316

Safe

32

100

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

13.500

Safe

32

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

17.235

Safe

75

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

20.871

Safe

a1

a2

#NAME?

35.14568

#NAME?

26.86861

#NAME?

28.60613

#NAME?

23.62215

Xass-Xact

#NAME?
#NAME?

#NAME?
#NAME?

Result

Safe
Safe

Safe
Safe

0.6*(2)
SI.No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

Code Word
LADY BIRD
ANT
FLY
BLUE BOTTLE
EARWIG
GRASS HOPPER
CLEGG
WASP
CATERPILLAR
CHAFER
SPIDER
COCKROACH
BUTTERFLY
MOTH
LOCUST
MAYBUG
SCORPION
Cu1
SQUIRRIEL
GOPHER
WEASEL
FOX
FERRET
RABBIT
MINK
BEAVER
RACCOON
OTTER
CAT
DOG
LEOPARD
COYOTE
TIGER
WOLF
LYNX
PANTHER
LION
BEAR
GOAT
SHEEP
DEER
ELX
MOOSE
ZEBRA

Copper Area
(sq.mm)

Aluminium Area
(Sq.mm)

25
30
40
45
48
50
60
65
110
130
140
160
185
225
260
300
325

42.33
52.26
62.86
72.84
77.7
83.13
94.56
104.8
183
209.9
233.8
261.5
317.5
367.2
421.9
473.6
518.4
303
20.71
25.91
31.21
36.21
41.87
52.21
62.32
74.07
77.83
82.85
94.21
103.6
129.7
128.5
128.1
154.3
179
207
232.5
258.1
316.5
366.1
419.3
465.7
515.7
418.6

13
16
20
22
25
30
40
45
48
50
55
65
80
80
80
95
110
130
140
160
185
225
260
300
325
260

17 *(2)
Resistance at
20 deg
(ohms/km)
0.6721
0.5444
0.4526
0.3906
0.3662
0.3422
0.3009
0.2715
0.1555
0.1356
0.1217
0.1088
0.08959
0.07749
0.06743
0.05982
0.05488
0.0611
1.374
1.098
0.9116
0.7857
0.6795
0.5449
0.4565
0.3841
0.3656
0.3434
0.302
0.2745
0.2193
0.2214
0.2221
0.1844
0.1589
0.1375
0.1223
0.1102
0.08989
0.07771
0.06736
0.0611
0.05517
0.068

x
Rated Current (A)
40 deg
178
204
229
252
264
275
298
318
460
504
540
575
655
720
790
850
895
860
115
133
150
165
181
208
234
261
270
281
305
324
375
375
382
430
475
520
555
595
680
745
806
860
900
795

0.93*(5)
Rated Current (A)
45 deg
165
189
212
234
245
255
276
295
386
468
500
534
608
660
734
790
830
736
107
123
139
153
168
193
217
242
250
260
283
300
348
348
354
398
440
482
515
552
630
690
747
796
835
736

Y
4.5*(2)
Steel Wires

Wires
Nos

Dia (mm)

7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
37
37

2.79
3.1
3.4
3.66
3.78
3.91
4.17
4.39
3.53
3.78
3.99
4.22
4.65
5
5.36
4.09
4.27

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
26
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
54
54

2.11
2.36
2.59
2.79
3.00
3.35
3.66
3.99
4.09
4.22
4.50
4.72
5.28
2.54
2.36
2.59
2.79
3.00
3.18
3.35
3.71
3.99
4.27
4.50
3.53
3.18

Nos

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7

Dia (mm)

2.11
2.36
2.59
2.79
3.00
3.35
3.66
3.99
4.09
4.22
4.50
1.57
1.76
1.90
2.36
2.59
2.79
3.00
3.18
3.35
3.71
3.99
4.27
4.50
3.53
3.18

OD
(mm)
8.37
9.3
10.2
10.95
11.34
11.73
12.51
13.17
17.65
18.9
19.95
21.1
23.25
25
26.8
28.63
29.89
22.61
6.33
7.08
7.77
8.37
9.00
10.05
10.98
11.97
12.27
12.66
13.50
14.15
15.84
15.86
16.52
18.13
19.53
21.00
22.26
23.45
25.97
27.93
29.89
31.50
31.77
28.62

Weight
(kg/km)

Tensile Strength
(kg)

117
144
174
201
215
230
261
290
511
586
652
730
886
1025
1176
1343
1464

737
892
1051
1203
1272
1356
1523
1673
2985
3381
3736
4144
4947
5695
6516
7289
7878

85
106
128
48.1
171
214
255
303
318
339
385
394
493
521
604
727
844
976
1097
1229
1492
1726
1977
2196
2004
1623

771
952
1136
1313
1503
1860
2207
2613
2746
2923
3324
3299
4137
4638
5758
6880
7950
9127
10210
11310
13780
15910
18230
20240
16250
13316

Coefficie
Young's
nt of
Modulus
Linear
(kg/sq.m)
Expansio
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
6.19E+09
23
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
8.09E+09
7.35E+09
7.35E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
7.87E+09
6.86E+09
6.86E+09

19.53
19.53
19.53
18.99
19.53
19.53
19.53
19.53
19.53
19.53
19.53
19.53
19.53
18.99
17.73
17.73
17.73
17.73
17.73
17.73
17.73
17.73
17.73
17.73
19.35
19.35

Area
(mm)
42.80
52.83
63.55
73.65
78.55
84.05
95.60
105.95
185.95
213.22
237.57
265.75
322.66
373.06
428.72
486.11
529.84
0.00
24.48
30.62
36.88
42.80
49.48
61.70
73.65
87.53
91.97
97.91
111.33
118.54
148.40
151.59
161.85
194.94
226.20
261.54
293.86
326.12
399.98
462.63
529.84
588.46
596.99
484.48