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1.

0

SYSTEM PARAMETERS

1.1

System Voltage

V

:

138

kV

f

:

60

Hz

47
kg/m2
(Table-2, IS-802-1977 - Part-II)
195
kg/m2
(Table-1, IS-802-1977 - Part-II)
o
32
C
(IS-802-1977 - Part-II)
o
75
C
(Refer note below)
o
0
C
(Refer note below)

1.2

Frequency

2.0

ENVIRONMENTAL DETAILS

2.1

Wind Pressure on Conductor & Ground Wire

wpc

:

2.2

Wind Pressure on Towers

wpt

:

2.3

Average absolute Temperature of air

Ta

:

2.4

Maximum Temperature

Tmax

:

2.5

Minimum Temperature

Tmin

:

3.0

LAYOUT DETAILS

3.1

Distance between supports (Maximum span)

L

:

3.2

Height of conductor above earth at Left end

hl

:

250
m
(Maximum Span )
9.5
m

3.3

Height of conductor above earth at Right end

hr

:

13

m

3.4

Phase to Phase spacing of conductor

a

:

2.80

m

3.5

Width of Girder

Wg

:

m

3.6

Initial Tensile Force per conductor per phase

Z0

:

0.75
(Assumed )
1200
(Assumed)

kg

Note on Max & Min Temperature - IS -802-1977 (Part-II) Cl 4.1
'"The temperature varies for different localities under different diurnal & seasonal conditions.The absolute
maximum & minimum temepratures,which may be expected in different localities in the country, are indicated
in maps of India in Fig.2 and Fig.3 respectively. These may be used for assessing temperature stresses in
conductors and ground wires. The absolute maximum temperature value given in Fig.2 shall be incresed by
17o Cto allow for sun's radiation, heating effect of current,etc, in the conductor"
Fig 2 & 3 are enclosed as Annexure-I
4.0

CONDUCTOR DATA

4.1

No.of Conductors

:

1

4.2

Type of conductor

:

ACSR

4.3

Code name

:

ZEBRA

4.4

Cross sectional area of conductor

As

:

0.0004840

cm2

4.5

Overall Diameter

ds

:

0.02862

m

4.6

Unit weight of conductor

ms

:

1.623

kg/m

4.7

Modulus of Elasticity of conductor

E

:

7.03E+09

kg/cm2

4.8

Ultimate Tensile Strength

UTS

:

13316

kg

4.9

Coefficient of Linear Expansion

al

:

1.9E-05

m/deg C

Maximum Conductor temperature

Tbf

:

75

o

ls

:

0.45

m

Ws

:

0

kg

:

0

mm

:

0

m

4.10
5.0

SPACER DETAILS

5.1

Spacer distance

5.2

Unit Weight

5.3

Projection of Spacer beyond Conductor

5.4

Sub Conductor Spacing

n

(Single Wolf)

(Typical VendorData)

C

(Assumed)

(Typical VendorData)

dsp

0 SAG TENSION CALCULATION 8.4 Weight of each Disc wd : 3.2 Equivalent Weight of Conductor (w1) = √(m's2+(%Wind * Wpc*ds)2) .255 m 6.1 Number of Discs per String nd : 12 6.2 Length of each Disc ld : 0.3 Cord length of main conductor in the span Lc 7.6 7.0 INSULATOR & HARDWARE DETAILS 6.1 Stress at Initial temperature (f1) = Intial tension at -250C and 2/3 rdfull wind condition (T1) Area of conductor (as) 9.145+0.1 Length of Insulator String 7.2 7.34 = L -(2li + Wg) = #NAME? 6.0 CALCULATION .1 METHODOLOGY AND ASSUMPTIONS a) b) (Single Tension) m = #NAME? m = L-Wg = #NAME? = Lc/ls = 0 = Ns * Ws = 0*0 = 0 = Nst/Lc/n = #NAME? = #NAME? = ms + Nsu = #NAME? = #NAME? = (ns * nd * wd + wh)/n = (1 * 12 * 3.5 Length of Hardware lh : 0.5 7.6 kg 6.6 + 20 ) / 1 = 63.8 No.6 Weight of Hardware wh : 20 kg ns : 1 li = 12*0.6.Installation and Maintanance for overhead power lines Insulator effect on Tension and Sag by A.7 7.3 Mean Diameter of Insulator dd : 0.6 = 2.STARR 9.0 BASIS OF CALCULATION 9.T.4 (Typical VendorData) Ns Nst Nsu m's wu m kg Kg/m kg/m kg To Calculate the Sag-Tension of the Given Span in accordance with the following standards/methodology:IS:802-1995(Part-1)-2nd Rev-"Code of practice for use of structural steel in overhead transmission line towers-Loads & permissible stresses" IS:5613-Part2/Sec1-1985 Code of practice for design.2 Effective Span Le 7.of Spacers in the given Span Weight of Total Spacer in a Span Spacer Weight / Conductor Length Equivalent Conductor Weight Weight of One Insulator & Hardware Unit per Conductor 8.PRELIMINARY 7.7 No of Strings 7.600 m 6.145 m 6.

3 Constant (G1) = w12*(lc/2)2*E 6*As2 9.e.18 Sag along Incline (S) = D3 + D2 .20 Factor of Safety (Actual) = UTS/T . below string end (D1) = a2*(Cosh(X1/a2) .9.G1 = 0 9.1) 9.9 Projected length of insulator catenary arc (X1) = a2*Xass/a1 9.16 Sag at centre of Insulator catenary.D1 9.10 Arc from insulator catenary centre to end of string(SP) = a2*Sinh(X1/a2) 9.7 Constant (a2) for Insulator catenary = T √ (Wu/li)² + (1/2 * Wpt *dd* %Wind)²) 9.14 Actual Half inclined length of conductor Span (Xact) = Le/2 .X3 = 0 Difference between Xass & Xact Should be zero i.1) 9.17 Conductor Sag below end of insulator string (D3) = a1*(Cosh(X/a1) .11 Total arc length (RSP) = li+ SP 9.w12*(lc/2)2*E .15 Sag at centre of Insulator catenary.(T .19 Vertical Sag = S * cos(tan-1(% wind * Wpc*ds/m's) 9.4 Constant (F1) = f1 .6 Constant (a1) for conductor catenary = T / w1 9.5 Stress(f2) Stress f2 can be found out by solving the following cubic equation package gs(f2) = f23 – F1 * f22 .Tmin)*E*a 6*T2 9.1) 9.12 Projected length of total Arc (X2) = a2*Sinh-1(RSP/a2) 9. below support (D2) = a2*(Cosh(X2/a2) .Xact 9.8 Assumed Half inclined length of conductor Span = Xass 9.X1 9.13 Projected length of insulator string (X3) = X2 . Xass .

235 4 Safe 75 0 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 20.613 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 32 0 773 136.00 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 32 100 49.00 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 32 0 49.500 2 Safe 32 0 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 17.10.000 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 32.613 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 112.725 #NAME? #NAME? Temp ( 0C ) Wind (%) Xass X1 SP RSP X2 X3 Xact Xass-Xact 0 36 49.00 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? Temp ( 0C ) Wind (%) D1 D2 D3 Vertical Sag Sag Along Incline FOS Actual FOS Required Result 0 36 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 13.316 2 Safe 32 100 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 13.702 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 512.0 RESULTS Temp ( 0C ) Wind (%) Intial tension ( kg ) Stress at Initial temperature ( f1 ) Equivalent Weight of Conductor ( W1 ) Constant ( G1 ) Constant ( F1 ) Stress ( f2 ) gs(f2) a1 0 36 1000 2066115.871 2 Safe .990 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 136.613 #NAME? #NAME? 5 0 136.00 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 75 0 49.990 #NAME? #NAME? 32 100 986 512.215 #NAME? #NAME? 75 0 638 968.

.

.

.

.

60613 #NAME? 23.14568 #NAME? 26.62215 Xass-Xact #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? Result Safe Safe Safe Safe .a1 a2 #NAME? 35.86861 #NAME? 28.

.

5444 0.0611 0.85 94.mm) 25 30 40 45 48 50 60 65 110 130 140 160 185 225 260 300 325 42.374 1.mm) Aluminium Area (Sq.9 233.5 128.7857 0.3 465.3906 0.4565 0.1555 0.2 421.07771 0.302 0.3662 0.3434 0.1088 0.21 62.8 261.13 94.71 25.8 183 209.6 13 16 20 22 25 30 40 45 48 50 55 65 80 80 80 95 110 130 140 160 185 225 260 300 325 260 17 *(2) Resistance at 20 deg (ohms/km) 0.91 31.4526 0.0611 1.2193 0.068 x Rated Current (A) 40 deg 178 204 229 252 264 275 298 318 460 504 540 575 655 720 790 850 895 860 115 133 150 165 181 208 234 261 270 281 305 324 375 375 382 430 475 520 555 595 680 745 806 860 900 795 .5 367.5 366.21 103.21 41.05982 0.9 473.07 77.6795 0.2221 0.2715 0.3009 0.4 303 20.7 128.83 82.86 72.1844 0.3 179 207 232.07749 0.26 62.1375 0.1 154.2745 0.84 77.098 0.05488 0.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 Code Word LADY BIRD ANT FLY BLUE BOTTLE EARWIG GRASS HOPPER CLEGG WASP CATERPILLAR CHAFER SPIDER COCKROACH BUTTERFLY MOTH LOCUST MAYBUG SCORPION Cu1 SQUIRRIEL GOPHER WEASEL FOX FERRET RABBIT MINK BEAVER RACCOON OTTER CAT DOG LEOPARD COYOTE TIGER WOLF LYNX PANTHER LION BEAR GOAT SHEEP DEER ELX MOOSE ZEBRA Copper Area (sq.2214 0.1217 0.08959 0.05517 0.1 419.7 418.5 317.9116 0.6 129.1356 0.6721 0.3422 0.6*(2) SI.3656 0.3841 0.56 104.06743 0.87 52.7 83.0.1589 0.32 74.08989 0.1102 0.33 52.21 36.5449 0.5 258.1223 0.7 515.6 518.1 316.06736 0.

50 14.18 3.50 3.77 28.45 25.8 28.73 12.79 3.86 16.00 3.62 Weight (kg/km) Tensile Strength (kg) 117 144 174 201 215 230 261 290 511 586 652 730 886 1025 1176 1343 1464 737 892 1051 1203 1272 1356 1523 1673 2985 3381 3736 4144 4947 5695 6516 7289 7878 85 106 128 48.36 2.63 29.79 3.15 15.97 27.95 11.09 4.93 29.00 10.72 5.22 4.13 19.53 21.22 4.00 22.9 19.17 4.71 3.97 12.98 11.18 Nos 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 Dia (mm) 2.09 4.89 31.79 3.71 3.95 21.99 4.84 15.05 10.1 171 214 255 303 318 339 385 394 493 521 604 727 844 976 1097 1229 1492 1726 1977 2196 2004 1623 771 952 1136 1313 1503 1860 2207 2613 2746 2923 3324 3299 4137 4638 5758 6880 7950 9127 10210 11310 13780 15910 18230 20240 16250 13316 .76 1.59 2.36 4.65 18.28 2.08 7.53 3.27 4.50 1.3 10.00 3.93*(5) Rated Current (A) 45 deg 165 189 212 234 245 255 276 295 386 468 500 534 608 660 734 790 830 736 107 123 139 153 168 193 217 242 250 260 283 300 348 348 354 398 440 482 515 552 630 690 747 796 835 736 x x Y 4.36 2.17 17.53 3.11 2.36 2.79 3.51 13.91 4.35 3.0.66 13.00 3.18 3.78 3.50 4.59 2.35 3.52 18.65 5 5.66 3.37 9.1 3.90 2.57 1.53 3.66 3.5*(2) Steel Wires Wires Nos Dia (mm) 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 37 37 2.66 3.79 3.33 7.35 3.26 23.35 3.61 6.4 3.27 4.09 4.00 3.50 31.39 3.37 9.1 23.22 4.2 10.25 25 26.99 4.27 12.99 4.50 3.11 2.59 2.99 4.78 3.36 2.54 2.18 OD (mm) 8.99 4.77 8.34 11.89 22.27 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 26 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 54 54 2.59 2.

73 17.48 61.91 111.53 19.66 373.19E+09 23 6.99 484.09E+09 8.19E+09 23 6.19E+09 23 6.85 194.75 322.19E+09 23 6.73 17.53 19.72 486.19E+09 23 6.19E+09 23 6.19E+09 23 6.87E+09 7.70 73.48 .09E+09 7.53 19.73 17.87E+09 7.35E+09 7.87E+09 7.53 19.95 185.19E+09 23 6.19E+09 23 6.33 118.22 237.53 19.09E+09 8.53 91.87E+09 7.53 19.73 17.86 326.53 18.97 97.88 42.46 596.19E+09 23 6.62 36.87E+09 7.84 588.m) Expansio 6.53 19.53 19.99 19.19E+09 23 6.73 17.98 462.54 293.35 19.53 19.09E+09 8.99 17.35E+09 7.87E+09 7.40 151.86E+09 19.95 213.09E+09 8.55 73.35 Area (mm) 42.55 84.19E+09 23 6.19E+09 23 6.53 18.80 49.12 399.09E+09 8.73 19.09E+09 8.87E+09 7.59 161.80 52.87E+09 6.73 17.11 529.94 226.54 148.86E+09 6.84 0.19E+09 23 6.05 95.09E+09 8.83 63.65 87.53 19.19E+09 23 6.48 30.73 17.57 265.65 78.73 17.19E+09 23 8.87E+09 7.09E+09 8.87E+09 7.60 105.63 529.20 261.Coefficie Young's nt of Modulus Linear (kg/sq.73 17.09E+09 8.09E+09 8.87E+09 7.06 428.19E+09 23 6.00 24.