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“In the name of ALLAH, most Gracious, most Compassionate”

INTERNSHIP REPORT ON PTCL
Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited,

NGN SOFTSWITCH
SUBMITTED BY:

MUHAMMAD YOUSUF HASNAIN
SUBMITED TO:

SIR KHAKOMAL

2 . huawei provides the mobile soft switch Solution to construction the largest CDMA soft switch network in the world and also supplies the third generation intelligent network services platform. it helps PTCL gain market competitive edges and with fever of high-end customers. huawei Technologies Co. PTCL made huge efforts to develop wireless public telephone services with high ARPU. Value-added services such as pre-paid charging telephone.PTCL & Huawei Contribution Today: In February 2004. Featuring flexible networking capability.Ltd (“Huawei”) solely constructed the CDMA core network for PTCL. With distributed network and centralized management capability. which covers most rural areas of Pakistan and solves the problem of universal service. enabling PTCL to reconstruct the network with no impact on existing services and realize ALL-IP networking smoothly. decreasing CAPEX and OPEX while enhancing the network quality. Based on in-depth researches and analysis of customer demands. wireless public telephone and short message services . As the only supplier for the CDMA core network of PTCL. Huawei intelligent network for centralized control. The Huawei mobile soft switch can easily meet complex networking requirements. real time alert and real-time control.000 lines after optimization and reconstruction of the conventional CDMA switching network. which substantially increases and enhances the e operators brand image. The solution provided by huawei features high security and efficiency. According to the development situation of Pakistan’s wireless telecommunication. and solves the problem of imbalance in distribution of users and traffic. The CDMA network provides high-quality voice and data services. The Huawei CDMA soft switch supports multiple bearer modes such as IP bearer adopted between soft switches and TDM bearer adopted between soft switches and other traditional devices based on actual networking conditions in construction of the soft switch network of PTCL. the CDMA mobile soft switch optimizes the existing network of PTCL. The network capacity approaches 3. Huawei’s anterior outstanding services contributed to the second cooperation between Huawei and PTCL in December 2004.000. and differentiated services.

. The general idea behind the NGN is that one network transports all information and services (voice. data. III. and all sorts of media such as video) by encapsulating these into packets. And most importantly. quality of Service-enabled transport technologies and in which service-related functions are independent from underlying transport-related technologies.3 Introduction To NGN : The next-generation network (NGN) is body of key architectural changes in telecommunication core and access networks. a significant reduction in the cost of running and maintaining separate voice. A next-generation network (NGN) is a packet-based network which can provide services including Telecommunication Services and able to make use of multiple broadband. Benefits Of Next Generation Networks: There are three principal benefits associated with next-generation network: I. NGNs are commonly built around theInternet Protocol. data and internet services. NGN Definition: The term "Next Generation Networks" is wide-ranging and is interpreted variously by the broad variety of players involved in the communication business. It supports generalized mobility which will allow consistent and ubiquitous provision of services to users. Access to a range of new applications specification to next-generation networks. in Terms of the technology and services on offer II. and therefore the term all IP is also sometimes used to describe the transformation toward NGN. It offers unrestricted access by users to different service provid ers. similar to those used on the Internet. Greater flexibility.

however. NGN smust share these efficiencies – for both bearer and signaling traffic •Internet technology economics: leverage services and service delivery through the Internet. that is. not with some company or any other perspective. this article deals with this term with reference to the networking world. Also. method and applications which are obsolete and are no longer being produced by the company. as well as the “silicon economics” of Internet hardware (servers. computer system. Key characteristics of NGNs are: • Geographic transparency: boundaries are disappearing and economic benefits independent of service “density” must be realized •Transport efficiencies: transport costs (price/bit) are continuously declining. These too will be key demands placed upon telecom-muni cations networks as they evolve. this article does not deal with that company. and sometimes just “more”! This can certainly be seen in the rapid growth of mobile network usage. customers are seeing innovation across all areas of consumer goods and services with “just in time” services tailored to their specific needs and timeframes. anywhere is becoming prevalent around the world – the primary differences between regions being largely a matter of degree.)As memory and processor Price/performance improve •“Old World” to “New World” interoperability: existing PSTN infrastructure and its associated investment must be fully utilized. technology.Key characteristics of Next Generation Networks (NGNs) : The demands on the telecommunications networks today and in the future are reflected clearly in the societal changes around the world. 4 Legacy Network: The term Legacy Network is a name of a popular and famous networking company as well that is operating worldwide to provide different solutions to the network problems that arise in the networking world and along with that. Customers of all services have historically wanted more for less. The mentality of anytime. The term legacy is used to define a set of equipment. From this . but are still being used by an individual or an organization. the company also produces new devices for the networks. etc. more flexibility.

definition you can guess that what the term legacy network means.11n standard.11a. even after all this effort they are still called a legacy network. which were made or announced before the 802. The example of these legacy standards are 802. The term legacy network in the networking world has two meanings attached to it. 5 .11x standards. The best example of such network is a network that is not based on the IP or TCP/IP protocols. 802. however. Secondly the term can be used to describe the wireless networks that are based on the older 802.11g. like the IPX or the SNA are considered the legacy networks and those companies who still want to use these networks with the IP based networks have to install or make use of certain other new features which enables this old network to work with the newer one.11b and 802. the exact definition of the term is given in the following material. and is still being used by it. however. but is based on older and outdated protocols. Firstly the tem legacy network is used to describe a network that is present in an organization.

Soft switches are able to process the signaling for all types of packet protocols. a soft switch is an API that is used to bridge a traditional PSTN and VoIP by linking PSTN to IP networks and managing traffic that contains a mixture of voice. Soft switch is also called media gateway controller. call agent and gatekeeper. data and video. Soft switch is a software-based switching platform. fax. another difference between them and traditional proprietary hardware switching systems. Soft switches also are based on open systems.Introduction To Soft-Switch: Short for software switch. which is opposed to traditional hardware-based switching center technology. 6 SOFT-SWITCH SOFT-SWITCH MASTER SLAVE .

Class 4 soft switches and Class 5 soft switches.Classes Of Soft-Switches: VoIP Soft switches are subdivided into two classes. 7 . average time of one call routing. Class 5 soft switches are characterized by additional services for end-users and corporate clients such as IP PBX features. and other features similar to other Class 5 telephone switches. Soft switches used for transit VoIP traffic between carriers are usually Called class 4 soft switches. trans coding. types of authorization. The most important characteristics of class 4 soft switch are protocol support and conversion. These soft switches are both for local and long distance telephony services. number of concurrent calls. the main function of the class 4 soft switch is the routing of large volumes of long distance VoIP calls. Analogous with other Class 4 telephone switches. Class 5 soft switches are intended for work with end-users. calling card platform. call center services. calls per second rate.

R MSAG HYD SEARAT UN NABI CHOWK LAFTI MSAH JUNIOR CITY MSAG HYD SINDH MUSEM MASG BURANI NAGAR MSAG MASTER C5 SS KARACHI IP CORE NETWORK SLAVE C5 SS HYDERABAD TMG OGDCK COLONY GHOTKI MSAG LTG KHI_ALI INDUSTRY SUK.FFC MIRPURKHAS MSAG M SUK ANGRO DEHRKI MSAG HYD HIGH SCHOOL KHI STEEL TOWN MSAG HYD PUBLIC SCHOOL MSAG .KOHSAR MSAG HYD JEEJAT MAA HOSOITAL MSAG ZEAL PAK HYD MSAG HYD G.O.8 C5 HUAWAI DUAL SOFT-SWITCH SOUTH WITH MEDIA GATEWAVS CONNECTION AT PTCL: G.

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