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T H E

P R O B L E M
W I T H
W O R K



T H E
P R O B L E M
W I T H
W O R K







2 0 1 1








T H I S B O O K I S D E D I C A T E D W I T H L O V E T O
( 1 9 5 9 - 2 0 1 0 )
C o n t e n t s


























A c k n o w l e d g m e n t s
























T h e P r o b l e m w i t h W o r k






J O H N S T U A R T M I L L , T H E S U B J E C T I O N O F W O M E N





C . W R I G H T M I L L S , W H I T E C O L L A R






















1 9 7 6 , 1 6 4 - 6 5 ) .
































































3






































4

























T H E W O R K S O C I E T Y













5






























































































( 1 5 0 ) .














2 0 0 0 ) .
G E N D E R A T W O R K








8





































































































W O R K V A L U E S


































( 1 9 9 9 , 1 2 9 ) .























1 9 9 6























































W O R K A N D L A B O R























( 1 9 5 8 ) .



























( 1 9 9 6 ,
5 ) .
M y

















W O R K A N D C L A S S













2 8 0 ) .




















i 6







































1 7



























































































F R E E D O M A N D E Q U A L I T Y













( 1 9 7 6 ,
2 8 0 ;































































































































M A R X I S T F E M I N I S M R E D U X












































1 9 8 3 , 2 3 4 )







1 9 7 0 S






















1 9 7 0 S









1 9 9 6 , 2 6 3 ) .








1 9 8 8 , 2 4 ) w i l l






1 9 7 9 , 8 ) .
















































































































1 9 8 6 , 8 ) .









1 9 7 9 , 1 4 7 , 1 4 0 ) .













































C H A P T E R O V E R V I E W S







































































































































3 3










































3 4





















( 1 9 5 1 , 2 2 9 ) .


















3 5










3 6

M a p p i n g t h e W o r k E t h i c




H E N R Y W A D S W O R T H L O N G F E L L O W . " A P S A L M O F L I F E "


M A X W E B E R . T H E P R O T E S T A N T E T H I C A N D T H E
S P I R I T O F C A P I T A L I S M












































1 9 8 0 , 1 6 9 ) i s



T I - l E P R I M I T I V E C O N S T R U C T I O N O F S U B J E C T I V I T I E S



3 8












( 1 9 5 8 , 5 1 ) .
( 8 3 ) a s b e c a u s e )







C a p i t a l .



( 1 9 7 6 , 8 7 3 - 7 6 ) .
















3 9




















( 1 9 5 8 , 1 8 3 ) .




( 1 9 7 3 , 9 2 ) .












































1 9 5 8 ,





























D E F A M I L I A R I Z I N G T H E W O R K E T H I C












( 1 9 5 8 , 7 8 ) .


































































































( 1 9 5 8 , 1 2 8 ) .







( 1 1 2 ) .















4 5
















































1 9 5 8 , 1 8 2 ) .








1 9 4 6 , 1 5 6 ) .








( 1 4 9 ) .



( 1 9 5 8 , 1 8 2 ) .



A ' W O R L D L Y A S C E T I C I S M " : P R O D U C T I V I S M M E E T S C O N S U M E R I S M



4 7



( 1 6 6 ) .






( 1 9 7 8 , 1 2 3 ) .
( 1 2 )









1 9 5 8 , 1 5 4 ;





( 1 7 1 ) .










( 1 7 2 ) .

4 8













































1 9 5 1 , 2 3 6 ) ,
1 9 7 6 , 6 3 ) , 1 9 9 8 , 2 ) .



















( 1 9 5 8 , 1 5 7 ) .
































A U T O N O M Y A N D C O M M A N D : M A N A G I N G I N D E P E N D E N C E















1 9 5 8 , 1 1 5 ) .


















































































































































































































1 9 9 9 , 3 8 - 3 9 ) .
T H E W O R K E T H i C A N D T H E L A B O R I N G C L A S S E S

















( 1 9 7 6 , 9 1 6 ) ,

( 1 9 5 8 , 1 7 4 ) .




( 1 9 7 6 , 9 0 5 , 8 9 9 ) .



( 1 9 5 8 , 1 8 1 ) .





5 7




























































































































R A C E ,
G E N D E R , A N D T H E P R O P A G A T T O N O F T H E W O R K E T H I C

































6 i






























































































































































































































1 9 9 7 ) .



















1 9 9 3 , 6 7 ) . I



6 7

















































P O S T - F O R D I S M A N D T H E W O R K E T H I C
























































































M A N A G I N G P O S T - F O R D I S T I N D E P E N D E N C E : B E I N G P R O F E S S I O N A L

































































































7 3



















































C O N C L U S I O N





( 1 9 5 8 , 1 6 9 ) .






















7 5






































7 6




























M a r x i s m , P r o d u c t i v i s m , a n d t h e R e f u s a l o f W o r k










































































M A R X I S M A N D P R O D U C T I V I S M








































































S O C I A L I S T M O D E R N I Z A T I O N



































8 3











































( 1 9 9 6 ,
9 ) .


S O C I A L I S T H U M A N I S M



1 9 6 o s .




1 9 6 1




1 9 2 0 S 1 9 5 9 ) ,












( 1 9 6 1 , 3 ) .



( 1 9 6 1 , y )


8 5











































( 1 9 6 1 , 4 3 ) ;








1 9 8 1 ,
9 5 9 ) .





( 1 9 6 1 , 7 6 ) .










( 1 9 6 1 , 5 1 ) .






1 9 6 9 , 4 6 4 ) :






8 7



















































( 2 1 9 ) .



H U M A N I S M R E V I S I T E D
























8 9
( 1 9 7 5 , 2 7 ) .


















( 1 9 9 1 , 1 5 4 ) . P o s -




( 1 9 7 5 , 1 6 6 ) . H o w

( 1 9 9 1 , i o ) ;
































































A U T O N O M I S T M A R X I S M

















































































































































































T H E R E F U S A L O F W O R K

























































( 1 9 7 8 , 1 4 1 - 4 8 ) .





( 1 8 9 8 ,
3 - 4 ) .
1 8 4 8




















( 4 1 ,

( 4 1 )




9 8

( 1 9 7 8 , 1 4 8 ) .













1 9 7 5 , 1 4 1 ) .
1 9 9 1 , 1 6 5 ) .



















1 9 9 6 , 8 4 ) .
( 2 0 0 5 ,

9 9





























































T H E A B O L I T I O N O F W O R K ( A S W E K N O W I T )










2 0 ) .























































































B E T T E R W O R K O R L E S S W O R K


























( 2 0 0 0 ,








































































































































































C O N C L U S I O N A N D S E G U E : F E M I N I S M A N D T H E R E F U S A L O F W O R K









































1 9 9 6 ) .






































3
W o r k i n g D e m a n d s










B A R B A R A T A Y L O R . E V E A N D T H E N E W J E R U S A L E M





















R E A D I N G T H E F E M I N I S T P A S T





























































































































































T H E D O M E S T I C L A B O R D E B A T E























































































R E P R O D U C I N G T H E S O C I A L F A C T O R Y




















































1 9 7 3 ,
3 3 ) ,



























































T H E R E F U S A L O F W O R K









































1 9 9 5 , 1 9 1 ) .


' 9 7 3 , 3 3 ) .













1 9 7 6 , 6 ) .



































































T H E L I M I T S O F T H E A N A L Y S I S







































































A D E M A N D F O R W A G E S







2 1 ) .




















T H E D E M A N D A S P E R S P E C T I V E



1 6 ;
































































































































T H E D E M A N D A S P R O V O C A T I O N
























































































1 9 7 6 , 2 6 ) .




1 9 7 6 , 2 6 ) ,







1 9 9 5 , 1 9 3 ) .





1 9 7 5 , 1 8 ) .











1 9 7 3 ,
5 3 ,
1 7 )


( 1 9 7 6 ,
2 8 ) .



1 3 3

1 9 7 5 ,














1 9 7 5 ,








1 9 7 5 ,
9 1 ) . 1 8














1 3 4













































































A D E M A N D F O R B A S I C I N C O M E



































1 3 7


























































































F R O M W A G E S T O I N C O M E : T H E D E M A N D A S P E R S P E C T I V E






1 3 9




























































































































































1 4 3





















































B A S I C I N C O M E A S P R O V O C A T I O N






























1 4 5









































1 4 6
I N C O M E B E Y O N D W A G E S : B A S I C I N C O M E A S A S U C C E S S O R





1 9 7 0 S





























1 4 7














6 ) .























































C O N C L U S I O N
































" H o u r s f o r W h a t W e W i l l "







B E T T Y F R I E D A N , T H E F E M I N I N E M Y S T I Q U E



M O R T I C I A A D D A M S . I N T H E 1 9 9 3 F I L M A D D A M S F A M I L Y V A L U E S

























































































































































L E S S W O R K A N D M O R E F A M I L Y














1 5 5










































































e x t r a c t



( 1 9 9 8 , 3 1 ) .











( 1 9 9 7 , 1 8 ) .


























1 5 8












































( 1 9 8 9 )












































L E S S W O R K F O R " W H A T W E W I L L " : D E C E N T E R I N G T H E F A M I L Y























































































































































1 9 8 8 ,
5 7 ) .



1 9 9 9 ,
5 7 ;
1 9 9 2 ) .






( 1 9 8 8 , 1 - 2 ,
3 7 ) .


1 9 9 6


















1 9 7 8 , 2 2 6 - 2 7 ;


1 9 8 9 , 2 3 9 ) .

1 6 5







































B E Y O N D W O R K E T H I C S A N D F A M I L Y V A L U E S




































1 6 7


















































































( 1 9 8 5 ,
3 9 ) .





















( 1 9 7 8 ,



















T O W A R D A F E M I N I S T T I M E M O V E M E N T


















1 9 9 8 , 7 2 ) .





























1 9 9 1 , 1 8 2 - 8 3 ) .





1 9 8 7 , 1 7 6 ) .





































































( 1 9 8 9 ,





( 1 9 9 7 , 2 5 8 ) .


















1 7 4

5
T h e F u t u r e I s N o w


G R A F F I T I




E R N S T B L O C H , T H E P R I N C I P L E O F H O P E






















































1 7 6














































































1 7 8








( 1 9 8 9 ,
3 ) ,












1 3 ) .









s h o u l d











1 7 9
( 1 9 4 7 - 4 8 , 1 1 2 ) ,












( 1 9 8 9 , n 8 ) .





1 9 9 0 S







1 9 9 0 s .

1 9 9 0 S



i s " ( 1 9 9 8 , 1 2 8 ) .



2 0 0 0 , 1 3 7 ) .




































































































































































































































I N D E F E N S E O F U T O P I A :
E R N S T B L O C H ' S O N T O L O G Y O F T H E N O T Y E T






1 8 6





































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































( 2 0 0 5 , 1 0 7 ) .










U T O P I A N F O R M S A N D F U N C T I O N S



































































1 9 8 6 ,
1 8 - 1 9 ) .













( 1 9 9 0 , 1 9 9 ) .













1 9 8 7 , 3 1 ) .






1 9 7 7 , 6 ) .
















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































( 1 9 7 6 , 2 7 - 2 8 ) .





















































C O N C L U S I O N














































A L i f e b e y o n d W o r k


J A M E S B O G G S . T H E A M E R I C A N R E V O L U T I O N











P O L I T I C S A N D C H A N G E





























































2 0 0 8 ,









P U B L I C I Z I N G A N D P O L I T I C I Z I N G S O C I A L R E P R O D U C T I O N











































































G E T T I N G A L I F E
































( 1 9 6 3 ,
4 7 ) ;



( 1 9 9 7 ,
4 ) ,
















( 1 9 9 7 ,
5 ) .


































N o t e s
I n t r o d u c t i o n


















































































































I . M a p p i n g t h e W o r k E t h i c
























































































































































2 . M a r x i s m a n d t h e R e f u s a l o f W o r k





























































































































3 . W o r k i n g D e m a n d s

























































































































































































































































































































































































L o o k i n g B a c k w a r d





c o u r t .


R e p u b l i c



L o o k i n g B a c k w a r d









































































E p i l o g u e
















R e f e r e n c e s













































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































I n d e x