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QC1 Level A

Changes Around us

1. To walk through a water logged area, you usually shorten the length of your dress by folding it. Can this change be reversed? 2. What are the various types of changes? 3. 4. You accidentally dropped your favorite toy and broke it. This is a change you did not want. Can this change be reversed? Some changes are listed in the following table. For each change, write in the blank column, whether the change can be reversed or not. S. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Change The sawing of a piece of wood The melting of ice candy Dissolving sugar in water The cooking of food The ripening of a mango Souring of milk Can be reversed (Yes/ No)

5. A drawing sheet changes when you draw a picture on it. Can you reverse this change? 6. Bursting of cracker is a/an (a) reversible change (c) both reversible and irreversible (b) irreversible change (d) None of these

7. Give examples to explain the difference between changes that can or cannot be reversed. 8. A thick coating of a paste of Plaster of Paris (POP) is applied over the bandage on a fractured bone. It becomes hard on drying to keep the fractured bone immobilised. Can the change in POP be reversed? 9. A bag of cement lying in the open gets wet due to rain during the night. The next day the sun shines brightly. Do you think the changes, which have occurred in the cement, could be reversed? 10. What is a change? 11. What are reversible changes? Give examples 12. What is irreversible change? Give examples of irreversible change. 13. What are slow and fast changes? Give examples also. 14. Identify from the following list of changes which are fast or slow. Also mention the duration that take place in happening the change.

Changes

Fast or slow

Duration

Changes (a) Curdling of milk (b) Switching on light bulb in a dark room (c) Formation of Petrol (d) Bursting a balloon (e) Turning of a child into an adult. (f) Burning a matchstick.

Fast or slow

Duration

15. What are periodic changes? Give examples of periodic changes. 16. What are non-periodic changes? Also list two examples of non-periodic changes. 17. Differentiate between physical changes and chemical changes. 18. Explain how iron rim is fixed over a wooden wheel. Which type of change is associated with this activity? 19. What kind of change is attributed to turning of hands of a clock? a. Periodic and Uncontrolled c. Non periodic and uncontrolled a. Spoiling of milk c.Separation of butter 21. Rice being cooked is what type of change? a. Reversible, physical , controlled change b. Irreversible, physical, controlled change c. Irreversible, chemical, controlled change d. Irreversible, chemical, uncontrolled change 22. What type of change is observed when coconut is cracked? a. Reversible and quick c. Irreversible and slow a. Paper is torn c. Lime water turns white these changes? a. Reversible and irreversible changes respectively b. Irreversible and reversible changes respectively c. Both are reversible changes d. Both are irreversible changes 25. Which of the following is a reversible change? b. Irreversible and quick d.Reversible and slow b.Thundering of clouds d. Sugar dissolving in water b. Periodic and controlled d.Non periodic and controlled b. Formation of curd d.Heating of milk

20. Which of the following is the least quick or slowest process?

23. Which of the following is an example of chemical change?

24. A dough ball rolled out to roti and rolled out roti is baked on tava. What are the types of

a. Cooking of food c .Burning of paper a.Temporary change c.Irreversible change a.Digestion of food c. Burning of wood a. Distillation c. Conduction Level B FILL IN THE BLANKS

b.Condensation of steam into water d.Rusting of iron b.Reversible change d.Periodic change b.Melting of glaciers d.Blowing of a balloon b.Sublimation d.Radiation

26. Curdling of milk is what type of change?

27. Which of the following is a complicated change?

28. Due to which process naphthalene balls kept in cupboard get smaller and smaller?

1. The changes that can be reversed are called ______________ changes. 2. The changes that cannot be reversed are called ______________ changes. 3. On heating , the metals _________________ 4. On cooling , the metals _________________ 5. Burning of incense stick is an ___________________ change. 6. On heating metal rim _______________ and fits into the wooden wheel. 7. 8. 9. Knitting of woolen yarn is a ____________________ changes. On cooling, the metal __________________. Falling of leaves from a tree is an _________________ changes.

10. On heating, metal rim ________________ and fits into the wooden wheel. 11. Burning of incense stick is a _________________ change. 12. Reversible changes are ______________ in nature. 13. A change from liquid to solid state on cooling is called ______________. CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER 1. Ripening of fruit is a ( reversible / irr eversible ) change. 2. In ( reversible / irreversible ) change we cannot get back the original components. 3. Germination of seed is a reversible / irreversible ) change. 4. All metal expands on (cooling / heating ). 5. back the original compound. 6. Lighting of candle is a (reversible / irreversible ) change. TRUE OR FALSE 1. 2. 3. 4. Growing of trees is an irreversible change. _________ Formation of curd from milk is a reversible change .___________ Making dough with water and wheat flour is an irreversible change. Magnetization of iron is an irreversible change.

5. 6. 7.

On heating, the metal expands. Irreversible changes are temporary in nature. Disappearance of a substance in a liquid is known as dissolution.

Classify the following changes into reversible and irreversible change : 1. Boiling of raw egg in water. 2. Crumpling of paper. 3. Burning of wax. 4. Souring of milk. 5. Change of water into water vapour. 6. Rusting of iron. 7. Crumpling of paper 8. Burning of paper 9. Sawing of wood 10. Cooking of food 11. Change of water into water vapour 12. Ironing of clothes Level C 1. What is combustion? 2. What is melting? 3. What is evaporation? 4. What is freezing? 5. What is condensation? 6. What are sublimation and decomposition? 7. What is expansion? 8. Give two examples occur on heating? 9. What happen when solid changes into liquid? 10. What changes you notice when you burn candle? Discuss the reason of the shortening of candle. 11. What are the various forms of changes you notice around you? 12. How expansion and contraction are use full in fitting iron rim on wooden wheels? 13. What happen when things are heated beyond certain temperature? 14. Why does milk in saucepan overflow when heated over gas? 15. Why you are not able to hold metal rod when other end of rod is heated? 16. What is a solution? 17. Define pasteurization. 18. The shape of a paper sheet changes when you make an aero plane from it. Can you reverse this change? 19. Can deforestation be considered as a reversible change?

20. Why do we keep vegetables or fruits in refrigerator? 21. Why dissolving sugar in water is a reversible and physical change? 22. Why rotation of a fan is a periodic change. 23. Why the cooking of food is a chemical change. 24. Why the melting of an ice candy is a reversible change. 25. Why making statues out of plaster of Paris is an irreversible and chemical change. 26. What are desirable & undesirable changes? 27. How is inflating a balloon different from bursting an inflated balloon? 28. How does a blacksmith change a piece of iron into different tools? 29. You must have seen that construction workers heat a black material called coal tar for repairing a road. State whether the change which has occurred in coal tar on being heated is reversible or irreversible. 30. Artificial ripening of fruits is a (a)desirable change. (c)undesirable 31. Burning is a. always a chemical change. c. both physical and chemical change. 32. Boiling of substances a. always requires heat c. makes them impure. a. Oxygen c. nitrogen 34. Cyclic changes are also called a. non-periodic changes. c. periodic changes. 35. Freezing of water is a. evaporation. c. chemical change. (a) cutting (c) burning a. condensation and melting. c. freezing and condensation. A. When water boils C. When water freezes to ice a. In D only b. sublimation. d. physical change (b)colouring (d) folding b. evaporation and melting. d. freezing and evaporation. B.When ice melts D.When water vapour condenses to water b. A, B and C b.timed changes. d.gradual changes. b.results in cooling in certain cases. d.always results in cooling. b.moisture c. All of these b. undesirable change. d. A physical change. (b)physical change. (d) change.periodic change.

33. Which among the following is not required for rusting of iron to happen?

36. Which is a chemical change to a piece of paper?

37. The processes in which heat is taken in are:

38. In which of the following cases is heat energy given out?

c. In both C and D Level D

d. In C only

1. During physical change spaces between atoms within molecule ___ A. Increase B. Remain same, as molecule doesnt change C. Decrease 2. Do you think we break molecules when we turn chalk into dust? A. Yes, we break molecules B. No, because, no new substance is born C. We may or may not break molecules 3. If during a change, a atom within molecule get replaced by some other atom, __ A. Then new substance will born B. That change would be like changing ice into water C. It could be either physical or chemical change 4. Peeled and unpeeled banana doesnt look same. Does that mean peeling banana is chemical change? A. Yes, through peeling we produce a new substance B. No, we just separate skin of banana which can be put back C. Yes, but chemical and physical change happens here 5. If we mix salt into water and water changes taste, because __ A. They must have exchanged atoms to make something which is salty B. Molecules of water must have changed and hence water tastes salty C. It is the taste of salt, no new substance is born here 6. New molecules are produced is chemical reaction as __ A. Atoms rearrange to make new combination B. New atoms are formed in every chemical reaction C. Molecules change shape only 7. When we burn coal, smoke is produced which is gas. Is smoke another state of coal? A. Yes, obviously B. Yes, but not always C. No, it is another substance formed during burning of coal 8. Which of the following substances when mixed with sand cannot be separated by sublimation? (A) NaCl (C) Camphor 9. (A) Evaporation of alcohol (C) Rusting of iron 10. sublimed? (A) Sand (C) Sulphur (B) Iodine (D) Common salt (B) NH4Cl (D) Iodine (B) Melting of ice (D) Both (A) & (B)

Which of the following is a physical change ?

What will be the sublimate, when a mixture of sand, sulphur, common salt and iodine is

11.

Mixture of sand and camphor can be purified by (A) distillation (C) sedimentation (B) filtration (D) sublimation (B) fractional distillation (D) sublimation (B) Chromatography (D) Evaporation (B) similar to oxygen

12.

A mixture of alcohol and water can e separated by (A) separating funnel (C) simple distillation

13.

To separate the various coloured pigments present in a substance which method is used? (A) sublimation (C) Centrifugation

14.

Carbon burns in oxygen to form carbon dioxide. The properties of carbon dioxide are (A) similar to carbon (C) totally different from both carbon and oxygen (D) much similar to both carbon and oxygen

15.

A mixture of ammonium chloride and sodium chloride can be separated by (A) chromatography (C) by sublimation (B) hand picking (D) centrifugation (B) Cooking of food (D) Digestion of food

16.

Which of the following is not a chemical change ? (A) Rusting of iron (C) Freezing of water

17.

Which of the following method is used for separation of different components of petroleum? (A) Fractional distillation (C) Chromatography (B) Sublimation (D) Simple distillation