Chronology 1950s

23rd February - General election returns Labour with a majority of only 5 29th August - British troops arrive in Korea to assist United Nations October - Legal Aid introduced 10th December - Bertrand Russell awared Nobel Prize for Literature 25th December - Stone of Destiny is removed from Westminster Abbey by Scottish Nationalists Publications of the year Elizabeth David Mediterranean Food, illustrated by John Minton

3rd May - Festival of Britain officially opens 7th-8th June - Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean defect to U.S.S.R. 25th October - General Election gives small majority in Parliament for Conservatives 27th October - Churchill becomes Prime Minister Publications of the year Anthony Powell A Question of upbringing, first in Dance to the music of time series Lynette Roberts Gods with Stainless Ears (Shelfmark: John Wyndham The Day of the Triffids (Shelfmark: NNN.2230)

first of the Bond novels (Shelfmark: Cup.London smog kills over 2. Hartley The Go-between (Shelfmark: NNN.557) L.Williams Parry Cerddi'r Graeaf Alan Riddell founds Lines.Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland created Publications of the year Ian Fleming Casino Royale.Coronation of Elizabeth II 23rd October .State of emergency in Kenya following Mau Mau attacks December .4332) .1952 24th January .Britain explodes atomic bomb in Monte Bello islands 20th October .f. the Gaelic literary magazine R. P.Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay conquer Everest 2nd June .Over forty Egyptians killed by British soldiers in riots in Suez Canal Zone 6th February .Elizabeth II accedes to throne on death of George VI 3rd October .410. predecessor of Lines review Jon Silkin founds Stand magazine 1953 29th May .000 Bob Cobbing starts what is later known as Writers Forum (poetry workshop and publisher) Publications of the year Ruaraidh MacThomais and Fionnlagh Domhnullach found Gairm.

End of food rationing Publications of the year Kingsley Amis Lucky Jim William Golding Lord of the Flies John Lehmann founds The London Magazine Doris Lessing A Proper Marriage Iris Murdoch Under the Net Dylan Thomas Under Milk Wood J. first part of Lord of the Rings 1955 5th April . R.1954 6th May . Graham The Nightfishing Graham Greene The Quiet American Robin Jenkins The Cone-gatherers Philip Larkin The Less Deceived . Tolkien The Fellowship of the Ring.General Election re-elects Conservatives 13th July . Auden The Shield of Achilles Samuel Beckett Waiting for Godot translated into English W. Anthony Eden becomes Prime Minister 26th May .Ruth Ellis is last woman executed in Britain 26th November .State of Emergency in Cyprus Publications of the year W.Churchill resigns. R. H. S.Roger Bannister runs a mile in under 4 minutes 2nd July .

1956 8th May . Harold Macmillan. first in the Alexandrine Quartet Richard Hoggart The Uses of Literacy Ted Hughes The Hawk in the Rain John Osborne The Entertainer Stevie Smith Not Waving but Drowning Muriel Spark The Comforters .Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister following Eden's resignation Publications of the year Euros Bowen Cerddi John Braine Room at the Top Lawrence Durrell Justine. from The Times (from a speech two days earlier) 10th January .Suez Crisis Publications of the year David Gascoyne Night thoughts Samuel Selvon The Lonely Londoners Angus Wilson Anglo-Saxon Attitudes Colin Wilson The Outsider 1957 22nd July .Let us be frank about it: most of our people have never had it so good.John Osborne's Look back in anger performed at Royal Court Theatre August-November .

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament launched 19th May . London Publications of the year Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart Graham Greene Our Man in Havana Elizabeth Jennings A Sense of the World Jessie Kesson The White Bird Passes Alan Sillitoe Saturday Night and Sunday Morning 1959 25th July . Hammersmith August .1958 6th February .Conservative Government is re-elected 2nd November .First section of M1 (London-Birmingham motorway) is opened Publications of the year Martin Bax founds Ambit magazine William Cookson founds Agenda magazine Michael Horovitz and David Sladen found New Departures magazine Laurie Lee Cider with Rosie Alan Sillitoe The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner C. P. Snow The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution .Harold Pinter's The Birthday Party performed at the Lyric.Racial attacks in Nottingham and in Notting Hill.Munich air crash kills twenty-three.Britain's quintessential small car. goes on sale 8th October .First Hovercraft crossing of the Channel August . The Mini. including eight Manchester United players 17th February .

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