Fédération Internationale de Volleyball

REFEREEING MANUAL
For FIVB and World Competitions

2011 Edition

... Program of Refereeing Clinics .............. 3 2..................... Refereeing.... Preparation program for National Technical Officials (N.. 8 2 ............................T..... 7 4. assisting and additional personal required in each match................) ...................... Places..........O........ facilities and time required for Clinics and preparation (provided by the organizer) ........... 4 3..........Refereeing Manual for World Championships Table of Contents 1......

Refereeing. assisting and additional personal required in each match Refereeing personal The refereeing corps for each match is composed of the following officials: • • • • • • • first referee second referee reserve referee scorer assistant scorer four line judges reserve line judge Assisting personal • • • • • • eight floor moppers six ball retrievers flag holders (possible – moppers and/or ball retrievers) reserve floor mopper reserve ball retriever leader of assisting personal Additional personal • • • • • • • match announcers (English and local language) electronic scoreboard operator two reserve scoreboard operators music & sound operator referee manager court manager interpreter 3 .Refereeing Manual for World Championships 1.

1. SRC information about the latest versions of the “Official Volleyball Rules”.1 Central theory clinic Duration: two hours Participants: • Refereeing Sub Committee members • International Referees • Referee manager • Scorers • Line judges • Court announcers Program: a. Program of Refereeing Clinics Aim of clinics – conciliating opinions and refereeing criteria of all international and national referees. Written theoretical test for International referees e. technical officials and Refereeing Sub-Committee members for the purpose of common interpretation of the Rules and refereeing instructions and guidelines. Duty of the scorers and assistant scorers 2. Welcome speech by the Referee Delegate b. Introduction of the local staff d. SRC information about current version of protocol before the match g. Duty of the line judges j. f. 2.1 Program of Central Refereeing clinic 2. Introduction of RSC members and International referees c.Refereeing Manual for World Championships 2.1. SRC explanation on interpretation and implementation of key rules according to “Refereeing Guidelines and Instructions” in force h. Procedure of a “Judge conference” i.2 Central practical clinic Participants • Refereeing Sub Committee members • International Referees • Scorers and assistants scorers 4 . Official score sheet etc.

2 Program of local Refereeing clinic 2. Exercising of protocol before the match until the refereeing corps can perform perfectly c.Refereeing Manual for World Championships • • • • • • • • • • Line judges Ball retrievers & floor moppers Flag holders Announcer Electronic scoreboard operator Music & sound operator Referee manager Court manager Interpreter Leader of assisting personal Program a. line judges and assistants in order to comment briefly on the successful and incorrect actions made by each member of the refereeing corps. Volleyball match(es) (as usual 5 sets) in order to check and. if necessary. 2.1 Local theory clinic Duration: maximum two hours Participants • Refereeing Sub Committee members • International Referees • Local scorers • Local line judges • Local ball retrievers & floor moppers • Local referee manager • Local leader of assisting personal 5 .2. After each set. seeking to find a single criterion to be followed. to correct the performance of each member of refereeing corps and cooperation between them. scorers. Instructions to the moppers and ball retrievers b. d. an “in situ” meeting will be held attended by SRC members. international referees.

to correct the performance of each member of refereeing corps and cooperation between them. Duty of the scorers f. an “in situ” meeting will be held attended by SRC members. line judges and assistance in order to comment briefly on the successful and incorrect actions made by each member of the refereeing corps. Only scorers and line judges who qualify during such a clinic can be accepted by the SRC for participation in competition.Refereeing Manual for World Championships Program a. Exercising of protocol before the match until the refereeing corps can perform perfectly b. Duty of ball retrievers & floor moppers according to “Refereeing Guidelines and Instructions” in force.2. International referees. scorers. Open speech by the Refereeing Subcommittee member in this site b. SRC information about current version of protocol before the match e. 6 . c. Volleyball match(es) (minimum 5 sets) in order to check and. After each set. d. if necessary.2 Local practical clinic Participants • Refereeing Sub Committee members in this site • International Referees in this site • Local scorers • Local line judges • Local ball retrievers & floor moppers • Local announcers • Local electronic scoreboard operators • Local music & sound operators • Local referee manager • Local court manager • Interpreter • Local leader of assisting personal Program a. 2. Introduction of the local staff d. Duty of line judges g. seeking to find a single criterion to be followed. Introduction of RSC members and International referees in this site c.

ball retrievers. National language preparation shall include special language teaching for announcers. except floor moppers and quick moppers. music & sound operators are persons to be trained and approved by the Organizing Committee. The number of required NTO’s is determined taking into consideration the total number of matches per competition day. Additionally to the NTO’s. floor moppers and quick moppers proposed by the Organizing Committee and approved by the referee delegate (FIVB Sports Regulations). plus 10 % as a reserve. the requirements laid down in pp.4 of this manual. National theoretical clinic shall include the theoretical lessons and written examination conducted by the national refereeing authorities. and finally proposed by OC is minimum 120 % from the number of required NTO’s.) National technical officials are the scorers.T.2 & 3. The number of NTO candidates is to be selected one year before the competition and to be trained during this year.Refereeing Manual for World Championships 3. National practical clinic shall include participation of NTO’s in top level national competitions or in international competitions of any level. Preparation program for National Technical Officials (N. Theoretical lessons shall contain oral explanations. graphic and video examples. is over twenty five (25) and under fifty (55) on the year of the competition. 1. the match announcers. NTOs should not work two consecutive matches at these events. The age limit of NTO’s.O. electronic and manual scoreboard operators. scorers. line judges. Court assistant assignments should be determined by local organizers. The preparation program for NTO’s shall include: • • • • • National theoretical preparation (clinic) National practical preparation (clinic) National language preparation (English) International theoretical preparation (clinic) International practical preparation (test event). All NTO’s must be experienced volleyball specialists having participated in top level national competitions. 7 . line judges.

5 m x 1. if there is any.5 m official Volleyball Rules. facilities and time required for Clinics and preparation (provided by the organizer) Place and facilities for theory clinic Lecture hall • • • • • • • • • • • • lecture hall (not less than 40 m2 ). All conditions (installations) must be similar with the conditions on competition days. Requirements for places. women’s teams for women’s competition) of similar. Libero control sheets and line-up sheets (one set for each scorer)* stationery for each participant (paper notebook. local sound and microphone at the disposal of the clinic supervisor. 4. equipped with sufficient number of seats and writing surface for all participants blackboard with chalk (different colors). acceptable technical level at the disposal of the Refereeing Sub-Committee. Official volleyball scoresheet for each participant color copy of FIVB Official court layout (A4 format) scoresheets. ball-point pen) line judges flags (2)* laser pointers (3) * for local theory clinic only Place and facilities for practical clinic: Competition hall with an official playing court. all refereeing aspects have to be checked and final recommendations are to be made by the Referee delegate to the local OC. FIVB forms R1-R6. Refereeing Guidelines and Instructions. Correspondent report is to be sent to IRC. or flip chart with marking pens podium. facilities and time provided for clinics are applied “mutatis mutandis” (accordingly) to the NTO’s preparation. Places. Case Book (English and national language version). stands. During the test event. At least two Volleyball teams (men’s teams for men’s competition.Refereeing Manual for World Championships International theoretical clinic will be conducted by IRC representative during his inspection visit or before the test event. Version 6 8 . table and chairs for the clinic director and instructors video projector PC (PC notebook) equipped with interface cable for video projector white screen sized minimum 1.

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