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Bronc Battalion Battle Book

Table of Contents

Topic Page

1. 2005 LDAC 33-Day Schedule 2

2. Cadet Creed / Cadet Cannonade / Bar of Gold 3

3. Garrison Operations
a. Garrison Warning Order 4
b. Garrison OPORD 5
c. Garrison Personnel Accountability 7
d. Garrison Duties
(1) Commander (CO) 8
(2) Executive Officer (XO) 8
(3) First Sergeant (1SG) 9
(4) Platoon Leader (PL) 9
(5) Platoon Sergeant (PS) 10
(6) Squad Leader (SL) 10
e. Barracks Inspection Checklist 11
f. JODIES 13

4. Tactical Operations
a. Squad Leader STX Checklist 15
b. Blank PLT OPORD to copy when given by TAC 16
c. Squad STX Warning Order 18
d. Squad STX RECON OPORD 19
e. Squad STX OFFENSE OPORD 22
f. Squad STX MOVEMENT TO CONTACT (MTC) OPORD 25
g. Immediate Action Drills 28
h. Reports (LACE, SALUTE, 9-line, etc.) 30
i. Passage of Lines / PB Activities / Evaluate a Casualty 31
j. Call for Fire 31
k. Unconventional Variables (hostage, media, etc.) 32

5. Defensive Operations 33

6. Platoon OPORD 34

7. Troop Leading Procedures and After Action Review 36

8. Individual Drill and Ceremonies 37-44

9. Platoon Drill and Ceremonies 45-50

10. Soldiers Creed 51

11. Note Taking Pages 52

1
2005 LDAC 33-Day Program of Instruction

Day Event Day Event

1 Travel / Report / In-process


2 Physical Exam 18 8K FM / Field Prep / SLT
3 APFT/Equip Issue 19 SQD STX
4 Regt Act Ceremony (RAC) LNW1 20 Branch Orientation
5 Land Nav (Tng/Night Test) 21 SQD STX
6 Land Nav (Day Test) 22 SQD STX
7 BRM 23 SQD STX
8 BRM (Land Nav N2) 24 4K FM / Plt Sec Opns
9 BRM (Land Nav D2) 25 PSO / PTRL STX
10 CWST/BRM2/LN W2 26 PTRL STX
11 3K FM / Conf Tng / Regt Tng 27 PTRL STX
12 3K FM / Conf Tng / Regt Tng 28 PTRL STX
13 1st Aid / ITT 29 10K FM / M aint / Recovery
14 1st Aid / ITT 30 PT / CER / CIF 2
15 FS / SO 31 APFT2 / IG2 / Out
16 3K FM / HG 32 Regt Run / Grad Reh / LN N3
17 FLRC 33 Graduation / LN D3 / BRM 3

2
CADET CREED

I AM AN ARMY CADET. SOON I WILL TAKE AN OATH AND BECOME AN ARMY


OFFICER, COMMITTED TO DEFENDING THE VALUES WHICH MAKE THIS
NATION GREAT. HONOR IS MY TOUCHSTONE. I UNDERSTAND MISSION FIRST
AND PEOPLE ALSWAYS.

I AM THE PAST: THE SPIRIT OF THOSE WARRIORS WHO HAVE MADE THE
FINAL SACRAFICE.

I AM THE PRESENT: THE SCHOLAR AND APPRENTICE SOLDIER


ENHANCING MY SKILLS IN THE SCIENCE OF WARFARE AND THE ART OF
LEADERSHIP.

BUT ABOVE ALL, I AM THE FUTURE: THE FUTURE WARRIOR LEADER OF


THE UNITED STATES ARMY. MAY GOD GIVE ME THE COMPASSION AND
JUDGEMENT TO LEAD AND THE GALLANTRY IN BATTLE TO WIN.

I WILL DO MY DUTY

CADET CANNONADE
DUTY
Obedience and discipline performance. Despite difficulty or danger, duty requires
self-responsibility and selfless devotion.

HONOR
Encompassing integrity and dedication. Honor this thread which holds together the
fabric of the Army.

COUNTRY-
For which men and women have given their lives. Our country shines as the light
of freedom and dignity to the world.

CADET SONG

A Bar of Gold on Army Green,


A Bar of Gold on Army Green,
If your looking for a leader, one who's heard as well as seen,
look to the one who's earn respect and a Bar of Gold on Army
Green.

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Garrison TLPs
Warning Order Format

1. SITUATION
a. Enemy (use what higher gave you):

b. Friendly (highers mission statement, next 2 levels up):

2. MISSION (your mission statement; repeat it):

3. GENERAL INSTRUCTION

a. Chain of Command (by Name and Billet number/floor):

b. Special Teams (maintain Sqd/Tm integrity for details Police call etc.as required)

c. Uniform and equipment common to all (equipment and uniform necessary protractors):

d. Special Equipment (duffle bag-with packing list, special markings, MILES etc):

e. Time Schedule:
1. Time, place, attendees for OPORD:

2. Inspection time by subordinates and you:

3. Recon time (if applicable):

4. Rehearsal times:

5. Lights out time: _______; Wake up; ______;

First Formation:_______; Movement to tng: _______;

Return time: ______; Chow (B,L,D): _________/________/________

4. SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:
a. Subordinate Leaders; as necessary task for:
1. Recorder posts time schedule and cleaning list while you prep the OPORD

2. Chow runner, CQs, fire guard, cleaning detail during chow, etc

3. Task for recon requirements or quartering parties/platoon guides (Co level)

4. Rehearsal priorities

What are your questions?

4
Garrison Operations Order

Ensure all required cadets are present (Take Roll)

Im cadet ___________ from University of Texas-Pan American, the MIGHTY BRONC

Battalion, and I am the ________ (position) for _______(date). This is the OPORD; hold all

questions until the end. Everyone needs paper, something to write with and prepare to copy.

Weather (today and tomorrow):


SS____; EENT_____; MR_____;MS_____;%illum_____;

BMNT_____; SR_____; HI_____;LOW_____;% Precipitation______:

Wind (speed/direction)_____

Effect on our operation is (Hot /Cold injuries as applicable; rain makes it slippery at
training site and while loading or unloading transportation):

1. SITUATION:
a. Enemy forces (none; or low morale, not paying attention to detail and not watching out
for your buddy.

b. Friendly Forces (highers mission statement, next 2 levels up):

c. Attachments and Detachments (none):

2. MISSION (use highers but specific to your unit; repeat it)

3. EXECUTION:
Commanders Intent:

a. Concept of the Operation (use a drawing on butcher paper to give an exact overview of
the key events by showing the training site and route; show the formation area for the site
orientation and then the route back to the Regimental area or Bivouac Site)

We will execute the day in four phases: The phases are : Phase 1 Troop leading
procedures from now until morning; Phase 2 Wake-up, First Formation for accountability,
Cleaning, Breakfast and movement formation; Phase 3 Conduct of training; Phase 4 Return
from training, recover and preparation for follow on training.

1. Maneuver (discuss each of the phases in detail- give Mission Essential Tasks)
Phase 1:
Phase 2:
Phase 3:
Phase 4:

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2. Fires: Not Applicable

b. Tasks to Maneuver Unit: (give cleaning requirements, bus loading instructions and/or,
order of march, order of drawing/turning in weapons or laundry, and order for chow to each
unit)

1st (plt/sqd)

2nd (plt/sqd)

3rd (plt/sqd)

4th (plt/sqd)

c. Coordinating Instructions: (post the time schedule on butcher paper and review
Mission Essential Times/tasks do not read to them!)

SAFETY:
Use the buddy system to watch for weather injuries; drink ____canteens of water per
hour; do not mess with the wildlife; stop and report unsafe acts; everyone is a safety
officer.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT (get exactly from higher add but do not take away)
a. Ration cycle:

b. Uniform (specify exactly what goes on LBE and in pockets; use a uniformed soldier
as the example; if the list is long include it as a visual aid).

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL:


a. Chain of command (your unit & higher CO, XO, 1SG Give Billet number/Floor):

b. Signal: (NA or what higher gave you)

The time is now _______; what are your questions?

Do a brief-back by asking questions.

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PERSONNEL ACCOUNTABILITY

# ASSIGNED: ______ ALLERGIC TO BEE STINGS


Names:
# PRESENT: _______ _____________________
_____________________
# SICK CALL:___________ _____________________
NAMES: _____________________
_____________________ _____________________
_____________________ _____________________
_____________________ NON/WEAK SWIMMERS:
_____________________ NAMES:
_____________________ ___________________W/N
_____________________ ___________________W/N
_____________________ ___________________W/N
_____________________ ___________________W/N

Hot/Cold Weather Injuries: # HOSPITAL___________


_____________________ NAMES:
_____________________ ______________________
_____________________ ______________________
_____________________ ______________________
_____________________ ______________________

Miscellaneous: _______
_____________________
_____________________
_____________________
_____________________
_____________________

Know daily if you are in a leadership position at Platoon level; if at Company level,
have PSGs provide the numbers to the 1SG but require all PSGs to carry this
information (by name) to training and to update you as changes in status occur.

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DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
COMPANY COMMANDER:
Responsible for the success and failures of the unit, accountability of all personnel and
equipment, uniformity of the unit, maintaining the Regimental time schedule and specific
instructions.
__NEVER BE LATE-Take charge of the situation if youre going to be late.
__Issue Orders to the unit to execute the daily training plan, include rehearsals after the
order and ensure the plan covers the entire day; IT MUST HAVE A RECOVERY PLAN!
_____WARNO issue on the day you receive the OPORD
_____ OPORD - issue after leaders recon (NLT 36 hours after Reg OPORD)
_____ FRAGO issue within 1 hour of receipt (night before position begins)
_____Find out who the PLs, XO, 1SG are and where they billet (4 days out)
_____Ensure the XO goes on the leaders recon with cadre (2 days out)
_____Task XO and 1SG to supervise and inspect activities:
____Chow line, Weapons draw, Vehicle loading, Equipment loading etc
____Know how many people are: (know the number of cadets assigned to the Company)
____Present for duty (from 1SG after 1st formation; update every couple of hours)
_____On sick call (from 1SG after 1st formation; update every couple of hours)
___ On each vehicle for movement (task PLs with telling you this prior to movement)
_____ Ride the first vehicle moving to the training site (1SG on 2 nd, XO on 3rd)
_____ Report to OIC immediately upon arrival to get instructions
______Get unit by Platoons into the bleachers (stay standing)
______Report to OIC with salute, # of cadets, Company name and motto
______Instruct unit to take seats with motto- sound good; simple mottos are best
_____Thank the OIC prior to getting on vehicles for movement to the Regimental area

** Soldiers do what leaders check**


EXECUTIVE OFFICER:
Second in command (2IC), responsible for coordinating mess, and transportation; is the
safety officer and must brief a safety motto at morning formation (brief it at the OPORD using
a neat chart). 2IC knows what the commander knows and is prepared to assist or take over.
___Attend the COs OPORD, ensure all PLs and 1SG are present
___Coordinate chow times with D-FAC SGT
___Coordinate with Regimental Cadre for a leaders recon of the training site
___Draw a sketch of the site and a strip map of the route (include Grid Coordinates)
___Know how many people are: (know the number of cadets assigned to the Company)
___Present from duty (from 1SG after 1st formation; update every couple of hours).
___On sick call (from 1SG after 1s5t formation; update every couple of hours)
___On each vehicle for movement
___Mark each vehicle with plt marking #s (during formation)
___Ride the third vehicle moving to the training site
___Coordinate the location of the medics throughout the day
___Coordinate with the 1SG for details (KP, Police, CQ, etc)
___Use squads for details to maintain unit integrity
___Review your plans with the Regimental XO and seek his advice in problem areas.
** You are the company badass; so, make it happen**

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DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
FIRST SERGEANT:
Responsible for personnel accountability, control of admin movements and formations of the
company, adherence to the commanders times schedule, police of the company area and strict
enforcements of individual uniformity throughout the company.
___Attend the COs OPORD, ensure all PLs and the XO are present; rehearse
PSGs for formations.
___Rehearse the formation with PSGs; Receive the report at the first formation:
___Get with PSGs prior to formation and get accountability; ensure numbers are correct
and match what is standing in formation.
___Turn in the personnel report to the admin NCO (cadre) immediately after formation.
___Turn the formation over to the XO for the safety brief
___If not required or after, put out brief instructions (loudly) for in-rank inspections,
chow, bus loading, etcand tell PSGs to take charge of their platoons.
___If the unit is moving as a company, you control the formation and call cadence
(loudly)
** FM 22-5: Close on lead platoon is the only directive you give prior to the unit
moving as a whole (tell PSGS ahead of time if you do this- They say: 1 st Plt Standfast,
nd th
2 -4 Plts Forward, March; Mark Time, March; Platoon, Halt)
___Coordinate with the XO for details and the time and place they report (KP, CQ,
etc.)
___Check and ensure they are at the required place on time and in the right uniform
___Check police and security of the company area (billets) or areas specified by
cadre.
___Know how many people are: (know the number of cadets assigned to the
Company
___Present for duty (from PSGs at 1st formation ; update every couple of hours)
___On sick call (from PSGs at 1st formation ; update every couple of hours)
___On each vehicle for movement
___Ensure the commander and XO know this information without have to ask ____Ride
the second vehicle moving to the training site
___Supervise chow and bus loading to ensure the commanders time schedule is
met
** No One leaves or returns to training without you knowing Always have AC**

PLATOON LEADER:
Prepares and issues all orders for the platoon to execute the days training: controls and
supervises the execution of administrative and tactical operations; ensures higher HQ is
updated on platoon personnel / equipment status at all times; attends squad orders if possible.
___NEVER BE LATE
___Issue WARNO ASAP after company order is received; Task for:
___Recorder to draw sketch of training area and put time line on butcher paper
___PSG to put out details for the night (Fire-guard roster and cleaning requirements)
___Issue OPORD NLT 1.5 hours after WARNO (if PTO time is available ask the PTO
what they want to do- if nothing give a recommendation of training to be conducted by
SLs or PT). Include rehearsals after the order and ensure the plan covers the entire day;
IT MUST HAVE A RECOVERY PLAN!
__Issue FRAGOs as information becomes available (ensure information is disseminated)

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___Keep company commander informed of personnel & equipment changes (ASAP)
___Ensure billets are squared away and that all platoon requirements are met
**Be in charge; keep the platoon informed and excited; You are responsible**
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBLITIES
PLATOON SERGEANT:
Supervises the execution of the platoon leaders order; ensure the SOP is properly completed
for cleaning; maintains accountability of all personnel and equipment; ensures higher HQ is
updated on platoon personnel and equipment status at all time; listen to the squad orders as
much as possible.
___NEVER BE LATE
___Assist the PL as required in preparation of the OPORD (para. 4-use visual aids)
___Ensure fire guard is posted and works on cleaning requirements all night
___Supervise morning cleaning (rotate details so one squad doesnt always get latrines)
___Have exact accountability at all times (# assigned, # present, sick call by name, etc.)
___Ensure you get with TACs first thing AM with this information; update as necessary
___Control all formations (dont wait for someone who is late- leave a team leader to
escort)
___Sound off with clean, crisp cadence
___After chow, let SLs take charge of moving their squads back to the billets (rotate to
chow to ensure you have the time to clean properly)
___Use the cleaning list in your book
___Supervise inspections by doing the SLs first, then let them inspect their squads.
___Supervise bivouac preparation (ensure females are paired together)
___Maintain security during platoon tactical operations
___Ensure all details happen on time and in orderly manner (task squads or teams not
individuals except for chow line runner)
___Ensure billets (wall/foot lockers, windows, fire doors) are secured and keys
turned in
___Count personnel onto vehicles and report that number to 1SG
___Keep everything possible dress-right-dress

** Delegate and supervise jobs; help but demand cooperation within the plt **
SQUAD LEADER:
Responsible for the accountability of personnel and equipment; ensures all squad areas of
responsibility are squared away; assist the PSG/PL as necessary; conducts PCI of all squad
members in preparation for the training day.
___Issue WARNO ASAP (appoint the best people TLs)
___Issue OPORD within 30 minutes of platoon order (use PLs visual aid)
___PCI equipment the night before training
___Ensure everyone conducts personal hygiene the night before training
___Get started on cleaning ASAP (at night if possible)- if you finish early, help others
(you clean your area and supervise others by helping them)
___At formation know accountability by name (maintain thru day)
___Inspect entire squad for uniformity
___Ensure females get the word on everything
___Keep everyone informed at all times

**Direct, supervise and help; be the best**

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BARRACKS INSPECTION CRITERIA

____FLOORS:
______Floors dusted and mopped or buffed
______Floor underneath bunks is dust free
______Stairs swept inside and outside steps
______Base Boards clean

____LATRINE:
______Shower walls and floor clean and dry with no soap residue
______All soap racks clean and dry
______Floors swept, mopped and dry (drain covers clean)
______Commodes clean inside and out with seats up
______Sinks clean and dry with no residue
______Mirrors clean with no streaks
______Urinals clean and free of trash with deodorant bar present
______Toilet tissue at least full for each seat
______Utility sink clean and pipes dusted
______Sink shelf clean with paper towels present (centered or by each sink)
______Sponges rinsed and cleaned
______Trash cans empty and lined with a bag

_____OUTSIDE:
______Stairs swept
______Policed and raked
______Mop shed closed and secured (IAW SOP)

_____BUNK AREA:
______Made properly; no wrinkles, dust covers on, correct corners
______Name tape is uniform on all bunks
______Shoe display is uniform (aligned) and all are dusted and shined (boots)
______All foot/wall lockers are aligned and have name tapes; dust free
______All metal framing is dusted on bunks
______Laundry bags and wash cloth/towel are uniform on all bunks IAW SOP

_____WINDOWS:
______All windows and ledges/ sills clean and dust free
______All painted windows remain closed at all times
______When open, all windows are dressed right and screens are in place

_____SECURITY:
______Fire escape door latched from inside while building is unoccupied
______Front and back door locked while building is unoccupied
______All foot lockers and wall lockers secured with a lock
_____LIGHTS
______Fire lights off at dawn and on at dusk
______All lights free of dust and off when the building is unoccupied
______All lights work or get a work order from the PTNCO (follow-up ASAP)
_____MISCELLANEOUS
______All water pipes and rafters dusted

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______Fire extinguishers dusted and functional (look at pressure indicator)
______Mops and buckets clean and hung IAW SOP
______Dust pans and brooms clean and stored IAW SOP
______Washer & Dryer clean (dry) and no soap residue (area behind and
underneath clean
______Dryer filter clean and vent hooked up to dryer back and wall
______All appliances unplugged when building is unoccupied
______Trash cans empty and lined with a bag
______Bulletin board edges dust free and papers neat; current days training
schedule posted
______Supplies required for cleaning requisitions thru PTNCO
______ASK if the TACs want their office cleaned (sweep, dust)
______Cadet office clean with materials neatly stacked or stored.

****Key Techniques for Success****


Make the fire guards work because this is too much to do the morning of training
No one should have to shave the morning of training
When the time is posted for latrine cleaning, no one uses it except for emergencies
Do everything you can before lights out
Post this list on your leadership days on butcher paper and brief it in subunit
tasksmake SLs initial after they inspect somethingdouble check
It is only 32 days so suck it up and have all good days!

JODIES
QUICK TIME:

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1. Infantry: 3. Hey, hey Captain Jack
(Chorus) (Chorus)
O-hail-O-hail-O Infantry Hey, hey Captain Jack
The Queen of Battle Follow Me Meet me down by the railroad track
Life of Infantrys the life of me With that rifle (knife, bottle, etc.) in my hand
But nothing in this world is free I'm gonna be a shootin' (cuttin, drinkinman)
A shootin (cuttin, drinkin, etc.) man
Im up in the morning and out of the sack The best I can
Greeted at dawn by an early attack For Uncle Sam
My Sergeant rushed me off to chow
I dont need it anyhow
(Chorus)
Come mortars and artillery
They scream and burst all around me
Ill lay down and bleed awhile
And rise again in fighting style 4. Count Cadence
(Chorus) Count cadence, delayed cadence, count cadence
And soon my final day will come count
In a heated battle under the sun One, Im a soldier
Ill lay down and bleed awhile Two, and I do my best
My son will rise in fighting style Three, but each day I find myself
(Chorus) Four, in the lean and rest
There comes a letter from overseas One, Hit It
He died for you he died for me Two, Hit It
He fought so we could have liberty One, Two; One, Two, Three
He died for you he died for me One, Two, Three, Four
(Chorus) We Like It Here, We Love It Here
Well put him in a hollow grave We Finally Found A Home
Drums will beat flags will waive
The chaplain will say a few kind words
Except for us they wont be heard
(Chorus)

2. They Say That In The Army


They say that in the Army the chow in mighty fine
A chicken jumped off the table and started marking time
They say that in the Army the pay is mighty fine
Gave me a hundred dollars and took back ninety-nine
They say that in the Army the coffees mighty fine
It look like muddy water and taste like turpentine
They say that in the Army the biscuits are mighty fine
One rolled off the table and killed a friend of mine

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5. Momma, Momma 6. Other Favorites
1st Chorus: __________________________
Momma, momma, can't you see __________________________
what the Army's done to me __________________________
Momma, momma, can't you see __________________________
what the Army's done to me __________________________
__________________________
They took away my faded jeans __________________________
Now I'm wearing Army greens __________________________
They took away my faded jeans __________________________
Now I'm wearing Army greens __________________________
__________________________
2nd Chorus: __________________________
Boy, I want to go __________________________
But they want let me go __________________________
Home, oh home, oh hommme __________________________
__________________________
Repeat 1st Chorus __________________________
__________________________
They put me in a barber's chair __________________________
I turned around, I had no hair __________________________
They put me in a barber's chair __________________________
I turned around, I had no hair __________________________
__________________________
Repeat 1st or 2nd Chorus __________________________

I used to drive a Cadillac


Now I hump it on my back
I used to drive a Cadillac
Now I hump it on my back

Repeat 1st or 2nd Chorus

I used to date a beauty queen


Now I hug my M-16
I used to date a beauty queen
Now I hug my M-16

Repeat 1st or 2nd Chorus

I used to drive a Chevrolet


Now I'm walking all the way
I used to drive a Chevrolet
Now I'm walking all the way

Repeat 1st or 2nd Chorus

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BRONC STX CHECK LIST

Designate Tm Ldrs and Specialty Tms


o Alpha Tm 10 A&L, compass and pace man; 20 EPW and demo
o Bravo Tm 10 EPW and demo; 20 compass, pace man, and A&L
Designate each Tms security sectors; have TLs designate individual sectors of fire
Direct Tm Ldrs to practice specialty tasks
Pick a recorder / time keeper to take notes during OPORD and to monitor LD time
Receive OPORD from TAC
After Execution paragraph of OPORD is given, send recorder back to:
o Plot points on map
o Set-up terrain model
After OPORD by TAC, ask TAC for your current location
After OPORD, ask TAC for combat multipliers
o Ambush Claymore, AT4, and mortar target
o Raid AT4 and mortar target
o Bunker grenades, mortar target, AT4
o All missions grenades and smoke
o How much security during OPORD and rehearsals?
Issue Warning Order to Tm Ldrs only; direct they issue same to Tm members
Recorder provides plotted azimuth and distance
Call higher HQs to verify azimuth and distance for mission
Prepare squad OPORD
Issue OPORD to entire Squad
o Before giving OPORD have 2 people provide security at 6 and 12 oclock
positions
o Use terrain model during Execution paragraph of OPORD
Following your OPORD; have Tm Ldrs give a back brief of their Tms mission
After back brief, have Sqd get in position for the rehearsal
o Sqd Ldr directs the rehearsal and asks questions
After rehearsal, ruck-up and conduct a pre-combat inspection checking for ammo, water,
etc.
Assemble Sqd for crossing the line of departure (LD)
Radio higher HQs prior to actually crossing the LD

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Blank PLATOON OPORD Template
(Use this when TAC gives you the Platoon OPORD)

1. SITUATION.
A. Enemy (copy as much as possible).
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

B. Friendly.
(1) ______ Battalion___________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
(2) ______
Company___________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
(3) Is on the LEFT_____________________________________________________
(4) Is on the RIGHT___________________________________________________

2. MISSION.
A. WHO: _________Platoon
B. WHAT:______________________________________________________________
C. WHERE: GRID______________________________________________________
D. WHEN: TIME H+____________________________________________________
E. WHY:_______________________________________________________________

3. EXECUTION.
A. Concept.
(1) Maneuver. (this describes what is going to happen; copy as much as possible)
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
(2) Fires. ________________unit has priority of fires.

(3) Task to Maneuver Units.


(a) Your Squad _____________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________(this will be your sqd
mission statement in your squad OPORD).
(b) ___________Sqd is on the RIGHT flank
(c) ___________Sqd is on the LEFT flank
(d) ___________ unit is to the REAR

(4) Coordinating Instructions.


(a) Priority Intelligence Reports (PIR).
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
(b) Reports.
_________________________________________________________

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_________________________________________________________
4. SERVICE SUPPORT.
A. Company Trains located at_____________________________________________
B. Material and Services.
(1) Supply. __________________________________________________________
(2) Class I (food) cycle is:_______________________________________________
(3) Water____________________________________________________________
(4) Transport_________________________________________________________
(5) Services___________________________________________________________
(6) Medical. Casualty collection point at __________________________________
(7) Personnel. EPW collection point at ___________________________________
(8) Misc______________________________________________________________

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL


A. Command.
(1) Highers Location__________________________________________________
(2) Platoon Leaders Location___________________________________________
(3) Succession of Command:PL, PSG, __SL, __SL, __SL__SL then
alphabetically by rank.
B. Signal
(1) Call Signs
PL _____________________________
PSG ____________________________
FO _____________________________
1SL ____________________________
2SL ____________________________
3SL_____________________________
(2) Number Combination______________________________
(3) Challenge and Password ______________________/______________________
(4) Running Password__________________________________________________

Time is now__________________________

Ask TAC to verify your present location: grid_______________________________


Ask TAC for combat multipliers:
Grenades:________________________________________________________________
Smoke:___________________________________________________________________
LAW:____________________________________________________________________
machine gun:______________________________________________________________
artillery/mortar targets:_____________________________________________________
claymore mines:____________________________________________________________

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Tactical Operations
Warning Order Format

1. There is no specific format for Warning Order. However, leaders should issue as
much information as they have available at the time. As a minimum, the following
information should be included in a Warning Order:

The Mission or nature of the operation


Who is participating in the operation
Time of the operation
Time and place for issuance of the operation order
SOP instructions like specialty teams practicing their tasks (e.g. aid and litter, EPW,
demo, etc.); also, check ammo, feet, water, etc.
Time hack: The time will be __________hrs in 30 seconds; count down from 10
secs, then say hack on the exact time.
Questions?

18
Squad Recon
Operations Order Format

(Take Accountability) TLs, are all of your people present?

Im cadet ___________ from University of Texas-Pan American, the Mighty BRONC


Battalion, and I am the Squad Leader. This is your OPORD; hold all questions until the end;
prepare to copy. (Make sure everyone is writing down what you are putting out).

TASK ORGANIZATION: No Change

Terrain and Weather:


Let me orient you to the terrain model. This is the north seeking arrow, we are
bounded on our flanks by _________________________(terrain features if applicable) and
this arrow is our direction of attack (arrow to ORP and OBJ)
The weather will impact our mission by: (Damp or Rain makes it hard for an attacking
force to be detected and prevents the enemy from using chemicals as does wind blowing
toward the enemy; limited visibility affects both the same but ensure all are alert so there is
no break in contact at night; hot/cold injuries as applicable)

1. SITUATION:
a. Enemy Forces: (give the exact same situation the evaluator gave you)

b. Friendly forces:
1. Our COMPANY is conducting a _____________________________________.
2. Our PLATOON is conducting a ______________________________________.
3. ____________is to our RIGHT.
4. ____________is to our LEFT.
5. ____________is to our REAR.
6. ____________is to our FRONT.

2. MISSION: (your sqds misson, not the platoons mission):


Who: _______ squad
What:_________________________________________________________
Where:________________________________________________________
When:_________________________________________________________
Why:_________________________________________________________

3. EXECUTION:
My Intent: The end-state is for us to move undetected to the objective and gain the
required information and withdraw from the objective without detection and sustaining any
friendly casualties.

A. Concept of the Operation (Brief off the terrain model point out ALL locations)
Ask everyone to stop writing and re-orient them to the terrain model. Point out the north
arrow, your location, the objective and any significant terrain features.

(1). Maneuver. We will depart the patrol base at ______hours in a


__________________________ formation on route _____________. We will move on
azimuth of __________ degrees for ______ meter to the ORP. Enroute, I will designate

19
rally points every 100 meters and finally occupy the ORP by force (due to METT-T). Once
we secure the ORP, I will conduct my leaders recon. The Support Team remains and
provides security of the ORP; I will issue a 5-pt contingency plan to the Support TL. I will
take the R&S Team Leader and four additional R&S personnel on the leaders recon. Once
we pinpoint the objective I will establish an RP and emplace a 2-person security team and
issue them a 5 point contingency plan. If the terrain is open and enemy activity light, I will
use only the leaders recon to gather the required information. I will show the R&S TL the
vantage point I want his (her) R&S team to use and the location of my R&S teams vantage
point tentatively the vantage points are planned for here and here (point to terrain model).
We will then collect the information and link-up at the RP and return to the ORP. We will
then move one terrain feature away and disseminate all information and call higher for
follow on instructions.

(2). Fires: (If given priority of fires, say:) I have targets planned here (point out) to
suppress the enemy and assist in covering our withdrawal from the objective if we are in
contact. I will call for the fires as required.

B. Tasks to Maneuver Units:


____Team, you will be: R&S TL and lead during all movement. Occupy 9-3 (thru
12) at the ORP and adjust security once we depart on ldrs recon of the OBJ; you have
responsibility for R&S of site #2; you have primary A&L, compass, and pace man; alternate
EPW and Demo teams. Provide TL and two Tm member for Leaders recon, one of which
accompanies me for R&S of site #1.

____ Team, you will be security TL at ORP and second in all movement; occupy 3-
9 (thru 6) at the ORP and adjust security once I leave for my recon of the OBJ; primary
EPW and Demo teams; alternate A&L, compass and pace man. Provide 2 Tm members for
Leaders recon to provide SP security during the leaders recon.

C. Coordinating Instruction:
1. I want a pace count every 50 meters
2. Arrange and camouflage rucksacks in ORP
3. We will take ____ minutes at our vantage points to gain intel requirements
4. All info will be recorded in the SALUTE format
5. I want a sketch of the OBJ from each vantage point
6. I want LACE reports once we return to the ORP
7. EPWs will be treated IAW 5ss
8. PIR: (What TAC gave in OPORD) ___________________________________
9. Actions at halt (and during FRAGOs) we will go into a cigar-shaped perimeter
and TLs will come to my location between the teams if we are halted for more than 2
minutes.
10. Actions on chance contacts will be as follows:
SNIPER we will attempt to break contact and take an alternate route to the
objective. If this is not possible, we will eliminate the sniper but will not chase.
NEAR AMBUSH- the team in the kill zone will throw grenades and assault
through while the team not in the zone supports with direct fire.
FAR AMBUSH we will attempt to break contact. If this is not possible, the
team not in the kill zone will maneuver to flank the enemys position while team in contact
supports with direct and indirect fires shifting on signal for assault team.

20
INDIRECT FIRE Immediately go to prone position and mask for NBC. I
will then give a distance and direction for us to move out of the impact area.
11. SAFETY: Buddy system remains in effect; dont mess with the wildlife, drink
plenty of water and eat MREs before pogey-bait to ensure we can maintain the OPTEMPO.
I want everyone to ensure all targets are clearly identified as enemy to ensure we have no
fratricides.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT: (give the exact same information the evaluator gave you or state
No Change)

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL:


a. Command. Same as the OPORD except: During the movement I will be located
between the teams; during the recon I will be with the R&S 2. The chain of command is me,
A team leader, then B team leader in that order. The remainder of the chain of command
will be alphabetically decided within each team.
b. Signal.
1. Call Signs: PL_____; 1SL_____; 2SL_____; 3SL_____; FO_____
2. Number Combination:_______________
3. Challenge and Password:______________/________________
4. Running Password: ___________________________________

THE TIME IS NOW _______________. WHAT ARE YOUR QUESTION?

BRIEF-BACK:
Compass person, what is the azimuth we will use?
A TL, how much time will we spend at our vantage points?
Cadet _____, how are we going to react to indirect fire?
Raise your hand if you are going on the leaders recon.
Raise your hand if you are on R&S 1.
Raise your hand if you are on R&S 2.

We have ____minutes left prior to movement; lets conduct rehearsals, inspections, and
get in position to move out.
LD

R&S 2

RP
AA RP

RP
ORP OBJ
LD
Sqd Route

R&S 1

Diagram for Squad Recon

21
Squad Offensive Operations (Bunker, attack, etc.)
Operations Order Format

(Take Accountability) TLs, are all of your people present?

Im cadet ___________ from University of Texas-Pan American, the BRONC Battalion,


and I am the Squad Leader. This is your OPORD; hold all questions until the end; prepare
to copy. (Make sure everyone is writing down what you are putting out).

TASK ORGANIZATION: No Change

Terrain and Weather:


Let me orient you to the terrain model. This is the north seeking arrow, we are
bounded on our flanks by _________________________(terrain features if applicable) and
this arrow is our direction of attack (arrow to ORP and OBJ)
The weather will impact our mission by: (Damp or Rain makes it hard for an attacking
force to be detected and prevents the enemy from using chemicals as does wind blowing
toward the enemy; limited visibility affects both the same but ensure all are alert so there is
no break in contact at night; hot/cold injuries as applicable)

1. SITUATION:
a. Enemy Forces: (give the exact same situation the evaluator gave you)

b. Friendly forces:
1. Our COMPANY is conducting a _____________________________________.
2. Our PLATOON is conducting a ______________________________________.
3. ____________is to our RIGHT.
4. ____________is to our LEFT.
5. ____________is to our REAR.
6. ____________is to our FRONT.

2. MISSION: (your sqds misson, not the platoons mission):


Who: _______ squad
What:_________________________________________________________
Where:________________________________________________________
When:_________________________________________________________
Why:_________________________________________________________

3. EXECUTION:
Commanders Intent. No Change. The end-state is for us to locate and destroy or fix
enemy personnel, gain information and report without sustaining and friendly casualties.

A. Concepts of the Operations (Brief off the terrain model point out ALL locations)
Ask everyone to stop writing and re-orient them to the terrain model. Point out the north
arrow, your location, the objective and any significant terrain features.

(1) Maneuver. We will depart the patrol base at ______hours in a


__________________________ formation on route _____________. We will move on
azimuth of __________ degrees for ______ meter to the ORP. Enroute, I will designate
rally points every 100 meters. We will occupy the ORP by force (due to METT-T). Once

22
we secure the ORP I will conduct my leaders recon. I will take the Support TL and two
security personnel on the leaders recon. Once we pinpoint the objective I will establish an
RP emplace a 2-person security team and issue them a 5 point contingency plan. I will then
select the assault position and show the support team leader where to emplace the support
team. Once I complete my recon I will issue a 5 point contingency plan and leave the
support team leader at the release point (RP). After returning to the ORP, I will issue a
FRAGO if necessary and we will immediately depart for the OBJ. Upon arrival at the RP
the support TL will take the support team to their position and I will lead the assault team to
the assault position. If mortars are available, we will first prep with HE and smoke for 15
seconds before beginning our assault. If mortars not available, we will prep with AT4 and
MG immediately before beginning our assault. The assault force will clear the objective and
consolidate at the LOA. I will then call for reports and specialty teams as required. Once
we have completed actions on the objective we will move back to the ORP thru the RP,
ruck-up and move to a secure location and disseminate information.

(2). Fires: (If given priority of fires, say:) I have targets planned here to suppress the
enemy as prep fires and will also assist in covering our withdrawal from the objective. I will
call for the fire as required.

B. Tasks to Maneuver Units:


____Team, you will be: assault TL and second during all movement Occupy 9-3
thru (12) at the ORP and adjust security once I leave to recon the OBJ; be prepared to
conduct a hasty breach at the OBJ and, establish 180* security at the LOA; you have
primary EPW, Demo, & Bunker teams; alternate A&L, compass, and pace man.

____Team, you will be: support TL and lead in all movement; occupy 3-9 thru (6)
at the ORP; and adjust your position to give us 360* security after the assault force has
reached the LOA; you have primary A&L, compass, and pace man; alternate EPW and
Demo teams. Provide TL and 2 Tm member for Leaders recon.

C. Coordinating Instruction:
1. I want a pace count every 50 meters
2. Arrange and camouflage rucksacks in ORP
3. I want LACE reports once we have 360* security after contact with the enemy
4. EPWs will be treated IAW 5ss
5. All enemy equipment will be consolidate and prepped with the demo charge
6. PIR: (What TAC gave in OPORD) ___________________________________
7. Actions at halt (and during FRAGOs) we will go into a cigar-shaped perimeter
and TLs will come to my location between the teams if we are halted for more than 2
minutes.
8. Actions on chance contacts will be as follows:
SNIPER we will attempt to break contact and take an alternate route to the
objective. If this is not possible, we will eliminate the sniper but will not chase.
NEAR AMBUSH- the team in the kill zone will throw grenades and assault
through while the team not in the zone supports with direct fire.
FAR AMBUSH we will attempt to break contact. If this is not possible, the
team not in the kill zone will maneuver to flank the enemys position while team in contact
supports with direct and indirect fires shifting on signal for assault team.
INDIRECT FIRE Immediately go to prone position and mask for NBC. I
will then give a distance and direction for us to move out of the impact area.

23
9. SAFETY: Buddy system remains in effect; dont mess with the wildlife, drink
plenty of water and eat MREs before pogey-bait to ensure we can maintain the OPTEMPO.
I want everyone to ensure all targets are clearly identified as enemy to ensure we have no
fratricides.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT: (give the exact same information the evaluator gave you or state
No Change)

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL:


a. Command. Same as the OPORD except: During the movement I will be located
between the teams; on the OBJ I will be with the assault team. The chain of command is
me, A team leader, then B team leader in that order. The remainder of the chain of command
will be alphabetically decided.

b. Signal.
1. _______ will be the signal to initiate prep fires; ________________will be the
signal to lift and shift; 10 seconds later we will assault.
2. Call Signs: PL_____; 1SL_____; 2SL_____; 3SL_____; FO_____
3. Number Combination:_______________
4. Challenge and Password:______________/________________
5. Running Password: ___________________________________

THE TIME IS NOW ______________. WHAT ARE YOUR QUESTIONS?


BRIEF-BACK
Compass person, what is the azimuth we will use?
Support TL, what is the signal to initiate fires?
Assault TL, what is the signal to shift fires?
Cadet _____, how are we going to react to indirect fire?
Raise your hand if you are going on the leaders recon; raise your hand if you are on
the Support Team; raise your hand if you are on the Assault Team.

We have ____minutes left prior to movement; lets conduct rehearsals, inspections, and
get in position to move out.

Assault Team

AA
RP
RP
RP ORP OBJ

Squads Route

LD Support Team

Diagram for Squad Attack

24
Squad Movement to Contact (MTC)
Operations Order Format

(Take Role) TLs, are all of your people present?

Im cadet ___________ from University of Texas-Pan American, the BRONC Battalion,


and I am the Squad Leader. This is your OPORD; hold all questions until the end; prepare
to copy. (Make sure everyone is writing down what you are putting out).

TASK ORGANIZATION: No Change

Terrain and Weather:


Let me orient you to the terrain model. This is the north seeking arrow, we are
bounded on our flanks by _________________________(terrain features if applicable) and
this arrow is our direction of attack (arrow to OBJ)
The weather will impact our mission by: (Damp or Rain makes it hard for an attacking
force to be detected and prevents the enemy from using chemicals as does wind blowing
toward the enemy; limited visibility affects both the same but ensure all are alert so there is
no break in contact at night; hot/cold injuries as applicable)

1. SITUATION:
a. Enemy Forces: (give the exact same situation the evaluator gave you)

b. Friendly forces:
1. Our COMPANY is conducting a _____________________________________.
2. Our PLATOON is conducting a ______________________________________.
3. ____________is to our RIGHT.
4. ____________is to our LEFT.
5. ____________is to our REAR.
6. ____________is to our FRONT.

2. MISSION: (your sqds misson, not the platoons mission):


Who: _______ squad
What:_________________________________________________________
Where:________________________________________________________
When:_________________________________________________________
Why:_________________________________________________________

3. EXECUTION:
Commander's Intent. No Change. The end-state is for us to locate and destroy or fix
enemy personnel, gain information and report without sustaining and friendly casualties.

A. Concepts of the Operations (Brief off the terrain model point out ALL locations)
Ask everyone to stop writing and re-orient them to the terrain model. Point out the north
arrow, your location, the objective and any significant terrain features.

(1) Maneuver. We will depart the patrol base at ______hours in a


__________________________ formation on route _____________. We will move on
azimuth of __________ degrees for ______ meter until contact or LOA. Enroute, I will
designate rally points every 100 meters. If we arrive at the LOA and have not yet made

25
contact with the enemy, I will call higher for instructions. If we make contact before the
LOA, and:
If we see the enemy first, we will establish a hasty, near or far ambush.
If the enemy sees us first, we will employ the appropriate immediate action drill
(near/far ambush or react to contact).
If we see each other at the same time, we will conduct a hasty attack by establishing a
support force with the team in contact so the team out of contact can maneuver to the
enemys flank. Once the enemy has been destroyed we will consolidate and reorganize by
establishing 360* security and TLs submitting LACE reports. I will prepares a SALUTE
report and report to higher for follow-on instruction.

(2). Fires: (If given priority of fires, then say:) I have targets planned here to adjust fire
and assist us in fixing the enemy. I will call for the fire as needed.

B. Tasks to Maneuver Units:


____Team, you will: lead during all movement. Occupy 9-3 thru 12 during
security halts; be prepared (b/p) to be the assault or support force; you have the primary
EPW and Demo teams alternate A&L and recorder

____Team, you will: be second in all movement; occupy 3-9 thru 6 during security
halts; be prepared (b/p) to be the assault or support force; you have the primary A&L team
and recorder- alternate EPW and Demo teams

C. Coordinating Instruction:
1. I want a pace count every 50 meters
2. I want LACE reports once we have 360* security after contact with the enemy
3. EPWs will be treated ISQ 5ss
4. All enemy equipment will be consolidate and prepped with the demo charge
5. PIR: (Use what TAC briefed) ________________________________________
6. Actions at halt (and during FRAGOs) we will go into a cigar shaped perimeter
and TLs will come to my location between the teams if we are halted for more than 2
minutes.
7. Actions on chance contacts will be as follows:
SNIPER we will attempt to break contact and take an alternate route to the
objective. If this is not possible, we will eliminate the sniper.
NEAR AMBUSH- the team in the kill zone will throw grenades and assault
through while the team not in the zone supports with direct fire.
FAR AMBUSH we will attempt to break contact. If this is not possible, the
team not in the kill zone will maneuver to flank the enemys position while team in contact
supports with direct and indirect fires shifting on signal for assault team.
INDIRECT FIRE Immediately go to prone position and mask for NBC. I
will then give a distance and direction for us to move out of the impact area.
8. SAFETY: Buddy system remains in effect; dont mess with the wildlife, drink
plenty of water and eat MREs before pogey-bait to ensure we can maintain the OPTEMPO.
I want everyone to ensure all targets are clearly identified as enemy to ensure we have no
fratricides.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT: (give the exact same information the evaluator gave you or state
No Change)

26
5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL:
a. Command. Same as the OPORD except: During the movement I will be located
between the teams; after contact is made I will be with the assault force. The chain of
command is me, A team leader, then B team leader in that order. The remainder of the chain
of command will be alphabetically decided.
b. Signal.
1. Grenades thrown by the assaulting force will be the signal to lift and shift
suppressive fires; immediately after the explosion we will assault.
2. Call Signs: PL_____; 1SL_____; 2SL_____; 3SL_____; FO_____
3. Number Combination:_______________
4. Challenge and Password:______________/________________
5. Running Password: ___________________________________

THE TIME IS NOW _____. WHAT ARE YOUR QUESTIONS?

BRIEF-BACK
Compass person, what is the azimuth we will use?
B TL, what will we do if we see the enemy first?
A TL, what is the signal to shift fires?
Cadet _____, how are we going to react to indirect fire?
Raise your hand if you are going on the leaders recon.
Raise your hand if you are on the Assault team.
Raise your hand if you are on the Support team.

We have ____minutes left prior to movement; lets conduct rehearsals, inspections, and
get in position to move out.

LD LOA

Team BRAVO
b/p to Assault or Support
AA

RP
RP

Enemy?
RP RP

Team ALPHA
b/p to Assault or Support

LOA

Diagram for Squad MTC

27
IMMEDIATE ACTION DRILLS

1. React to a Contact or a SNIPER 2. React to NEAR AMBUSH


a. Prone a. In Kill Zone
b. Get Cover - Prone
c. Suppress - Return Fire (Suppress)
d. Call for ARTY (if available) - Throw Grenades
e. 1 Tm Overwatches - Assault thru After Explosion
f. 1 Tm Bounds Out of Contact b. Out of Kill Zone
g. Consolidate & Reorganize after - Suppress
all Tms out of contact - Prone
h. Report - Lift and Shift
c. Consolidate & Reorganize
d. Report

3. React to FAR AMBUSH 4. KO BUNKER


a. In Kill Zone a. ORP
-Prone b. Ldr Recon (set security & RP)
- Suppress c. Set Support Element
- Throw Grenades d. Occupy Assault Position
- Lift and Shift e. Suppress with Direct and Indirect
b. Out of Kill Zone f. Shift and Lift on signal (e.g. whistle, etc.)
- Prone g. Assault 50m past OBJ (on line)
- Attack by Fire h. Consolidate & Reorganize EPW, Demo Tms
- Assault Flank After Explosion i. Reports
c. Consolidate & Reorganize
d. Report

5. Conduct an AMBUSH 6. React to ARTILLERY:


a. ORP a. Incoming
b. Ldr Recon (set security & RP) b. Prone
c. Position Assault Element (Auto, Semi) c. Distance and Direction
d. Trigger w/Highest Casualty Producer d. Consolidate & Reorganize
e. Secure Far Side (25m) EPW, Demo Tms e. Report
f. Consolidate & Reorganize
g. Report

7. React to EPW: (Watch for Ambush) 8. Cross DANGER AREA


a. Extend Formation to Bounding Overwatch a. Linear
b. Get Cover and or Concealment - SL assess; directs security position
c. Move EPW Tm to the Enemy - Far side is cleared (50-100m semi-circle)
d. Secure him and move him between the TMs - RPs on near & far sides
e. 5 Ss; Maintain Security - Cross by Buddy Team
f. Consolidate, Report b. Open Area
- Move in Bounding Overwatch

28
CONDUCT A RECON: ACTIONS ON THE OBJ (OFFENSE)
a. ORP a. ORP
b. 5 pt. Contingency Plan b. 5 pt. Contingency Plan
c. Leaders recon c. Leaders recon
d. Emplace Security and RP d. Emplace Security and RP
e. Move R&S Tms to vantage points e. Set Support Element while Assault
Element or do a clover leaf moves to Assault Position
f. R&S Tms move back thru RP f. Initiate Support Fires (Use ARTY if
g. Recover Security possible
h. Move 1 terrain feature from ORP g. Shift and Lift on signal (e.g. whistle, etc.)
and Disseminate information h. Assault on line (trot); clear all bunkers
i. Report i. Establish security 50m over OBJ
j. ACE reports from both Tms
k. Call out EPW, Demo Tms
l. Consolidate in ORP; Report

CONSOLIDATE AND REORGANIZE

a. CONSOIDATE means get ACCOUNTABILITY and establish SECURITY


b. REORGANIZE means, reestablish a CHAIN OF COMMAND and distribute ammo
equally

LACE REPORT: SALUTE REPORT


a. L Liquids_________________ S Size____________________________
b. A Ammunition_____________ A Activity_________________________
c. C Casualties________________ L Location (grid)___________________
d. E Equipment______________ U Unit (patches or markings)__________
T Time____________________________
E Equipment_______________________

5pt contingency plan: FIVE Ss:


G Going Where the Leader is going a. Search
O Others Who is going with the Leader b. Silence
T Time Time Leader will be gone c. Segregate (EMs,
W What What to do if Leader doesnt return In time NCOs, Officers)
A Actions Actions to take if contact is made: d. Speed (to the rear)
a. If Leader makes contact: e. Safeguard (from locals)
- He (Leader) will _____
- You (unit) will _______
b. If you (unit) makes contact:
- He (Leader) will _____
- You (unit) will _______

29
9-LINE
MEDICAL EVACUATION (MEDEVAC)

Line 1: Locations of Pick-up Site ______________________

Line 2. Radio Freq and Call sign with Suffix ______________________

Line 3. # of Patients by Precedence ______________________


A- URGENT
B- URGENT SURGERY REQUIRED
C- PRIORITY
D- ROUTINE
E- CONVENIENCE
Line 4 Special Equipment Required _______________________
A- None
B- Hoist
C- Extraction Equipment
D- Ventilator

Line 5: # of Patients by Type _________________________


LITTER - # Patients
AMBULATORY (sitting)- # Patients

Line 6:
Peacetime: # and Type of wounded/injured/illness __________________________

Wartime Only: Security of PZ __________________________


N No enemy in Area
P Possible Enemy in Area
E Enemy in Area
X Enemy in Area (Armed Escort Required)
Line 7: Method of Marking PZ _________________________
A Panels
B Pyrotechnic Signal
C Smoke
D None
E Other
Line 8: Patient Nationality and Status __________________________
A US Military
B US Civilian
C Non US Military
D Non US Civilian
E EPW
Line 9: Terrain Description __________________________
Describe PZ in relation to surrounding
Prominent terrain feature (lake, Mountain, etc)
(WARTIME ONLY): NBC Contamination __________________________
Tell type contamination (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical)
Departing Friendly Line (FFU): Reentering Friendly Lines (FFL):
a. Do coordination with Forward a. Occupy the RRP

30
Unit Commander before you issue - circle the wagon wheel
the OPORD - call the stationary unit and
- Give your name, unit designation give far recognition signal
- size (# in Plt),, area of operations b. Gather your recon team
- Ask for info on the terrain, - You, RTO, 3 security personnel
any assets his unit can give you, c. Give PSG a GOTWA with clear
signals for FPF, location of FPL guidance on % security
- What to do if you make contactd. d. Move the distance and direction to
while departing link-up point and give the signal for
- Coordinate for a guide and find the near recognition; if you get the
out where and when you meet response advance and give challenge
the guide and await password. If no response,
b. From the IRP the PSG/APL goes with move back and try again
the guide, counts the out and confirms e. Call PSG on FM after link-up is made
the contingency plan with the guide, and tell him to get the unit ready
then passes up the head count to move
f. Leave two security people and take
Patrol Base Activities you, TRO and one security back to
360 Security link-up with Plt
Alert Plan g. Link-up with Plt and lead them to
Withdrawal plan guide
Maintenance plan h. Once with guide have PSG come to the
Sanitation plan front and count people in
Mess plan

Evaluate a casualty
1. Check for responsiveness
2. Check for breathing
3. Check for bleeding
4. Check for shock
5. Check for fractures
6. Check for burns
7. Check for head injury
8 Seek medical aid

CALL FOR FIRE:


1. Your initial call to FA: You (call sign), this is me (call sign), adjust fire (or
immediate suppression, fire for effect, etc.), out..
2. FAs call back to you: You (call sign), this is me (call sign), adjust fire, out.
3. Your 2nd call to FA: You (call sign), this is me (call sign),grid AA12345678,
over.
4. FAs call back to you: You (call sign), this is me (call sign),grid AA12345678,
out.
5. Your 3rd call to FA: You (call sign), this is me (call sign), enemy in the open (etc.),
over. (Use SNAP acronym to describe target size/shape, nature, activity,
posture)

31
How to Handle Unconventional Variables

1. Media (do not point weapons at media)


a. Ask to see media credentials
b. Do not allow to impede mission
c. Do not divulge mission information
d. Be firm but not hostile
e. Report to higher and continue mission
f. If still impeding or jeopardizing mission, ask higher for guidance before
proceeding.
g. Dont forget to maintain security in the event of a set-up.

2. Refugees (do not point weapons at refugees)


a. Do not allow to impede mission
b. Do not divulge mission information
c. Be firm but not hostile
d. Report to higher and continue mission
e. If still impeding or jeopardizing mission, ask higher for guidance before
proceeding.
f. Dont forget to maintain security in the event of a set-up;
g. Do not follow or chase; could be an ambush.

3. Surrendering EPWs
a. 5 Ss
b. Contact higher for guidance

4. Hostage Negotiation
a. Establish security and contact higher
b. Do not go alone to negotiate
c. Do not give weapons, ammunition, or anything else that could be used to fight with
d. Do not trade personnel, not even EPWs they will kill them
e. If negotiations stall, perhaps bluff that reinforcements are enroute to take by force if
necessary.
f. If all else fails, contact higher for guidance.

5. War Crime Intervention


a. Do not allow EPWs, refugees, or friendlies to kill captured or surrendering
personnel.
b. Intervene short of deadly force to prevent abuse.
c. Use deadly force only as a last resort clear and present threat to self, friendly
forces or unarmed, non-threatening personnel.
d. Contact higher.
e. Follow Rules of Engagement (ROE)

32
DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS
CHECKLIST

Occupation: (If you are doing this at squad level, do it like a leaders recon)
a. Occupy the ORP
b. Take SLs on leaders recon (bring two security personnel from each squad)
c. Leave PSG in ORP to organize and maintain security and count you out
d. Identify each squads Left and Right limit and crew served weapon positions
e. Position Security so they can see the Engagement Area
f. Return to ORP, move the platoon to the RP where SLs take their squads to
positions

2. Priorities of Work:
a. Post an LP/OP to observe the most likely avenue of approach (ensure they are
within small arms range but far enough out to see what cannot be observed from your
position.
b. Prepare positions (dig hasty fighting positions with the parapet going in the front
and sides of each position ( two man positions)
Set aiming stakes
Clear fields of fire and begin digging (one person digs the other clear)
Make individual position range cards
Collect squad sector sketch within 30 minutes of occupation (you go
collect these so you can make adjustments and PLs can talk you through
the squad position)
Have your RTO consolidate squad sector sketches and make a platoon
sector sketch
c. Get a detail to emplace the concertina wire (PL supervises to ensure location is
correct put the wire in the Engagement area at the exact point you want to kill the enemy;
cover with direct fire and ask the evaluator to give you artillery or mortar fire on the enemy
side of the wire)
d. Have the PSG supervise the installation of the commo wire (hot loop if anyone
knows how) each SL must have commo to the PL
e. Identify and prepare alternate and supplementary positions
- alternate positions can shoot into the original sector
- supplementary positions shoot into a different sector
f. Register indirect fire (give the evaluator the grid and tell them you want a round
to be shot to verify the gun lay)
g. Rehearse get everyone in their position and have the PSG lead a detail on the
route you expect the enemy to take. During this all SLs should be on the radio to tell you
what they see from their positions; no one shoots but everyone verifies that they can kill
from their primary and alternate position (supplementary if there is time)

3. Execution- Once the enemy is spotted pull in the LP/OP and you initiate fires with
artillery and then direct fire. If not artillery is available initiate with a machine gun when the
enemy reaches the obstacle.

If you need to withdraw, do it by squad bounds or give SLs the latitude to do it by team
within squad positions.
PLATOON TACTICAL

33
OPORD

Im cadet ___________ from University of Texas-Pan American, the BRONC Battalion,


and I am the _____ position for _______date. This is your OPORD; hold all questions until
the end; prepare to copy. (Make sure everyone is writing down what you are putting out).

Weather (today and tomorrow):


SS _____; EENT______; MR______; MS_______; % illum________;
BMNT_______; SR_______; HI______; LOW______;% Precipitation_______;
Wind (speed/direction)_______________________________
Effect on our operation is (Damp or Rain makes it hard for an attacking force to be detected
and prevents the enemy from using chemicals as does wind blowing toward the enemy;
Limited visibility effects both the same but ensure all are alert so there is no break in contact
at night; Hot/Cold injuries as applicable).

1. SITUATION:
a. Enemy Forces:
Identification & Activity:
% Strength, Probable Course of Action & Capabilities (Chemical and
Reinforcement)

b. Friendly Forces:
Highers mission and Cdrs intent:
Units to Left:
Right:

Front:

Rear:

c. Attachments and Detachments (none):

2. MISSION: (the platoons mission):


Who: _______ platoon
What:_________________________________________________________
Where:________________________________________________________
When:_________________________________________________________
Why:_________________________________________________________

3. EXECUTION:
Commanders intent:

A. Concepts of the operation (Give scheme over sand table from start to finish)

1. Maneuver: (Assault, Breach- two squads; support one team; security one
team)
a. 1st Squad (Assault /Defend supporting effort)
b. 2nd Squad (Assault/ Defend supporting effort)
c. 3rd Squad ( Support and Security/Defend supporting effort)

34
2. Fires: (Address artillery or mortar fires available to your unit or higher which
is used to support any part of your mission

B. Coordinating Instructions:
1. Every squad will appoint a compass & pace man, an aid & litter team & an
EPW team
2. Actions at halt we will go into a cigar shaped perimeter and SLs and PSG
will meet with me at the first squad leaders position if we are halted for more than 2
minutes.
3. We will send up a head count after all halts
4. Review the following actions on contact in your squad orders:
Sniper-
Arty-
Near Ambush-
Far Ambush-
5. Everyone will carry their protective masks around their leg or tanker style
6. Key Times: Rehearsal _____; PCI_____; LD time (Movement)______;
Assault/Defend time _______
7. PIR (if any was given for you)
8. SAFETY: Buddy system remains in effect; dont mess with the wildlife,
drink plenty of water and eat MREs before pogey-bait to ensure we can maintain the
OPTEMPO. I want everyone to ensure all targets are clearly identified as enemy to ensure
we have no fratricides.

4. SERVICE SUPPORT:
a. Rations, AMMO; (Ensure it is cross loaded within the squads)
b. Uniform and special equipment:
c. EPWs will be handled using the 5 Ss; friendly casualties will be evacuated ASAP

5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL: (Tell where you and the PSG will be traveling and be on
the OBJ)

a. Chain of command is: _____________________________________________

then team leaders in alphabetical sequence

b. Signal to fire _______________; Lift and or Shift _____; FPF ______


c. Challenge and Password __________/________; Running _________

MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION

35
1. Troop Leading Procedures:
The process a leader goes through to prepare a unit to accomplish a mission (Max
planning time for subordinates). They begin with an alert of an upcoming mission, or a
change in the current mission. There is an 8-Step procedure in which only steps 1 and 2
must be followed in sequence. Steps 3-8 are usually accomplished concurrently but must
not be omitted to ensure that nothing is left out of planning and preparation for the mission.
They are continuously updated as more information becomes available (FRAGOs).
STEP 1: Receive the mission STEP 5: Reconnoiter
STEP 2: Issue a warning order STEP 6: Complete the plan
STEP 3: Make a tentative plan STEP 7: Issue the complete order
STEP 4: Start necessary movement STEP 8: Supervise

2. After Action Review.


a. What was the mission or training objective?_______________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
b. What was the plan to accomplish mission?________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
c. What actually happened?______________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
d. What was done well and needs to be sustained?____________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
e. What was not done well and needs improvement?__________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

36
Key Drill and Ceremonies Excerpts from FM 3-21.5 (July 2005)
INDIVIDUAL DRILL
"Maintain discipline and caution above all things, and be on the alert to obey the word of
command. It is both the noblest and the safest thing for a great army to be visibly animated by one
spirit."
Archidamus of Sparta: To the Lacaedaenwnian
expeditionary force departing for Athens, 431 B.C.
NOTE: The explanation of a movement that may be executed toward either flank is given in
this chapter for only one flank. To execute the movement toward the opposite flank,
substitute left for right or right for left in the explanation.

Section I. STATIONARY MOVEMENTS


This section contains most of the individual positions and stationary movements required in drill.
These positions and the correct execution of the movement, in every detail, should be learned before
proceeding to other drill movements.
Movements are initiated from the position of attention. However, some rest movements may be
executed from other rest positions.
4-1. POSITION OF ATTENTION
Two commands can be used to put personnel at the Position of Attention:
FALL IN is used to assemble a formation or return it to its original
configuration.
The two-part command for Attention is used for soldiers at a rest position.
Assume the Position of Attention on the command FALL IN or the command Squad (Platoon),
ATTENTION.
a. To assume this position, bring the heels together sharply on line, with the toes pointing out
equally, forming a 45-degree angle. Rest the weight of the body evenly on the heels and balls of both
feet. Keep the legs straight without locking the knees. Hold the body erect with the hips level, chest
lifted and arched, and the shoulders square.
b. Keep the head erect and face straight to the front with the chin drawn in so that alignment of
the head and neck is vertical.
c. Let the arms hang straight without stiffness. Curl the fingers so that the tips of the thumbs are
alongside and touching the first joint of the forefingers. Keep the thumbs straight along the seams of
the trouser leg with the first joint of the fingers touching the trousers (Figure 4-1).
d. Remain silent and do not move unless otherwise
directed.
NOTE: This position is assumed by enlisted soldiers when addressing officers, or when
officers are addressing officers of superior rank.

37
Figure 4-1. Position of Attention.
4-2. REST POSITIONS AT THE HALT
Any of the positions of rest may be commanded and executed from the Position of Attention.
a. Parade Rest. Parade Rest is commanded only from the Position of Attention. The command
for this movement is Parade, REST.
(1) On the command of execution REST, move the left foot about 10 inches to the left of the
right foot. Keep the legs straight without locking the knees, resting the weight of the body equally on
the heels and balls of the feet.
(2) Simultaneously, place the hands at the small of the back and centered on the belt. Keep the
fingers of both hands extended and joined, interlocking the thumbs so that the palm of the right hand
is outward (Figure 4-2).
(3) Keep the head and eyes as in the Position of Attention. Remain silent and do not move unless
otherwise directed. Stand at Ease, At Ease, and Rest may be executed from this
position.
NOTE: Enlisted soldiers assume this position when addressing all noncommissioned officers or
when noncommissioned officers address noncommissioned officers of superior rank.

Figure 4-2. Parade Rest.


b. Stand At Ease. The command for this movement is Stand at, EASE. On the command of
execution EASE, execute Parade Rest, but turn the head and eyes directly toward the person in charge
of the formation. At Ease or Rest may be executed from this position.
c. At Ease. The command for this movement is AT EASE. On the command AT EASE, the
soldier may move; however, he must remain standing and silent with his right foot in place. The
soldier may relax his arms with the thumbs interlaced. Rest may be executed from this position.
d. Rest. The command for this movement is REST. On the command REST, the soldier may
move, talk, smoke, or drink unless otherwise directed. He must remain standing with his right foot in

38
must be executed from this position to allow
place. AT EASE
soldiers to secure canteens, other equipment, and so forth.
NOTE: On the preparatory command for Attention, immediately assume Parade Rest when at the
position of Stand at Ease, At Ease, or Rest. If, for some reason, a subordinate element is
already at attention, the members of the element remain so and do not execute parade rest
on the preparatory command, nor does the subordinate leader give a supplementary
command.

39
4-3. FACING AT THE HALT
Five facing movements can be executed from the Position of Attention: Left (Right), FACE, Half
Left (Half Right), FACE, and About, FACE.
NOTE: Half Left (Half Right), FACE should only be used in situations when a 90-degree facing
movement would not face an element in the desired direction (for example, for a stationary element to
face the direction of the flag to render honors [reveille or retreat]).
a. Facing to the Flank is a two-count movement. The command is Left (Right), FACE.
(1) On the command of execution FACE, slightly raise the right heel and left toe, and turn 90
degrees to the left on the left heel, assisted by a slight pressure on the ball of the right foot. Keep the
left leg straight without stiffness and allow the right leg to bend naturally.
(2) On count two, place the right foot beside the left foot, resuming the Position of Attention.
Arms remain at the sides, as in the Position of Attention, throughout this movement (Figure 4-3).

Figure 4-3. Left Face.


b. Facing to the Rear is a two-count movement. The command is About, FACE.
(1) On the command of execution FACE, move the toe of the right foot to a point touching the
marching surface about half the length of the foot to the rear and slightly to the left of the left heel.
Rest most of the weight of the body on the heel of the left foot and allow the right knee to bend
naturally.
(2) On count two, turn to the right 180 degrees on the left heel and ball of the right foot, resuming
the Position of Attention. Arms remain at the sides, as in the Position of Attention, throughout this
movement (Figure 4-4).

Figure 4-4. About Face.


NOTE: Throughout these movements, the remainder of the body remains as in the Position of
Attention.

4-4. HAND SALUTE

40
The Hand Salute is a one-count movement. The command is Present, ARMS. The Hand Salute may
be executed while marching. When marching, only the soldier in charge of the formation salutes and
acknowledges salutes. When double-timing, an individual soldier must come to Quick Time before
saluting.
a. When wearing headgear with a visor (with or without glasses), on the command of execution
ARMS, raise the right hand sharply, fingers and thumb extended and joined, palm facing down, and
place the tip of the right forefinger on the rim of the visor slightly to the right of the right eye. The
outer edge of the hand is barely canted downward so that neither the back of the hand nor the palm is
clearly visible from the front. The hand and wrist are straight, the elbow inclined slightly forward, and
the upper arm horizontal (1, Figure 4-5).
b. When wearing headgear without a visor (or uncovered) and not wearing glasses, execute the
Hand Salute in the same manner as previously described, except touch the tip of the right forefinger to
the forehead near and slightly to the right of the right eyebrow (2, Figure 4-5).
c. When wearing headgear without a visor (or uncovered) and wearing glasses, execute the Hand
Salute in the same manner as previously described, except touch the tip of the right forefinger to that
point on the glasses where the temple piece of the frame meets the right edge of the right brow (3,
Figure 4-5).
d. Order Arms from the Hand Salute is a one-count movement. The command is Order, ARMS.
On the command of execution ARMS, return the hand sharply to the side, resuming the Position of
Attention.
e. When reporting or rendering courtesy to an individual, turn the head and eyes toward the
person addressed and simultaneously salute. In this situation, the actions are executed without
command. The Salute is initiated by the subordinate at the appropriate time (six paces) and terminated
upon acknowledgment. (See Appendix A for more information on saluting.)

Figure 4-5. Hand Salute.


Section II. STEPS AND MARCHING
This section contains all of the steps in marching of the individual soldier. These steps should be
learned thoroughly before proceeding to unit drill.
4-5. BASIC MARCHING INFORMATION
This basic marching information pertains to all marching movements.
a. All marching movements executed from the Halt are initiated from the Position of Attention.
b. Except for Route Step March and At Ease March, all marching movements are executed while
marching at Attention. Marching at Attention is the combination of the Position of Attention and the
procedures for the prescribed step executed simultaneously.
c. When executed from the Halt, all steps except Right Step begin with the left foot. (See Chapter
3, paragraph 3-1a and paragraph 4-15a.)
d. For short-distance marching movements, the commander may designate the number of steps
forward, backward, or sideward by giving the appropriate command: One step to the right (left),
MARCH; or, Two steps backward (forward), MARCH. On the command of execution MARCH,
step off with the appropriate foot, and halt automatically after completing the number of steps
designated. Unless otherwise specified, when directed to execute steps forward, the steps will be 30-
inch steps.

41
e. All marching movements are executed in the cadence of Quick Time (120 steps per minute),
except the 30-inch step, which may be executed in the cadence of 180 steps per minute on the
command Double Time, MARCH.
f. A step is the prescribed distance from one heel to the other heel of a marching soldier.
g. All 15-inch steps are executed for a short distance only.
4-6. THE 30-INCH STEP
To march with a 30-inch step from the Halt, the command is Forward, MARCH.
a. On the preparatory command Forward, shift the weight of the body to the right foot without
noticeable movement. On the command of execution MARCH, step forward 30 inches with the left
foot and continue marching with 30-inch steps, keeping the head and eyes fixed to the front. The arms
swing in a natural motion, without exaggeration and without bending at the elbows, approximately 9
inches straight to the front and 6 inches straight to the rear of the trouser seams. Keep the fingers
curled as in the Position of Attention so that the fingers just clear the trousers.
b. To Halt while marching, the command Squad (Platoon), HALT is given. The preparatory
command Squad (Platoon) is given as either foot strikes the marching surface as long as the
command of execution HALT is given the next time that same foot strikes the marching surface. The
Halt is executed in two counts. After HALT is commanded, execute the additional step required after
the command of execution and then bring the trail foot alongside the lead foot, assuming the Position
of Attention and terminating the movement.
4-7. CHANGE STEP
This movement is executed automatically whenever a soldier finds himself out of step with all other
members of the formation. It is only executed while marching forward with a 30-inch step. To change
step, the command Change Step, MARCH is given as the right foot strikes the marching surface. On
the command of execution MARCH, take one more step with the left foot, then in one count place the
right toe near the heel of the left foot and step off again with the left foot. The arms swing naturally.
This movement is executed automatically whenever a soldier finds himself out of step with all other
members of the formation.
4-8. MARCHING TO THE REAR
This movement is used to change the direction of a marching element 180 degrees in a uniform
manner. It is only executed while marching forward with a 30-inch step. To March to the Rear, the
command Rear, MARCH is given as the right foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of
execution MARCH, take one more step with the left foot, pivot 180 degrees to the right on the balls
of both feet, and step off in the new direction taking a 30-inch step with the trail foot. Do not allow the
arms to swing outward while turning.
4-9. REST MOVEMENT, 30-INCH STEP
Rest movements with the 30-inch step include At Ease March and Route Step March.
a. At Ease March. The command At Ease, MARCH is given as either foot strikes the marching
surface. On the command of execution MARCH, the soldier is no longer required to retain cadence;
however, silence and the approximate interval and distance are maintained. Quick Time, MARCH
and Route Step, MARCH are the only commands that can be given while marching at ease.
b. Route Step March. Route Step March is executed exactly the same as At Ease March
except that the soldier may drink from his canteen and talk.
NOTE: To change the direction of march while marching at Route Step or At Ease March, the
commander informally directs the lead element to turn in the desired direction. Before
precision movements may be executed, the unit must resume marching in cadence. The
troops automatically resume marching at Attention on the command Quick Time,
MARCH, as the commander reestablishes the cadence by counting for eight steps. If
necessary, soldiers individually execute change step to get back in step with the unit.

42
4-10. THE 15-INCH STEP, FORWARD/HALF STEP
Use the following procedures to execute the 15-inch step, forward/half step.
a. To march with a 15-inch step from the Halt, the command is Half step, MARCH. On the
preparatory command Half step, shift the weight of the body to the right foot without noticeable
movement. On the command of execution MARCH, step forward 15 inches with the left foot and
continue marching with 15-inch steps. The arms swing as in marching with a 30-inch step.
b. To alter the march to a 15-inch step while marching with a 30-inch step, the command is Half
step, MARCH. This command may be given as either foot strikes the marching surface. On the
command of execution MARCH, take one more 30-inch step and then begin marching with a 15-inch
step. The arms swing as in marching with a 30-inch step.
c. To resume marching with a 30-inch step, the command Forward, MARCH is given as either
foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution MARCH, take one more 15-inch
step and then begin marching with a 30-inch step.
d. The Halt while marching at the Half Step is executed in two counts, the same as the Halt from
the 30-inch step.
e. While marching at the Half Step, the only commands that may be given are: Mark Time,
MARCH; Forward, MARCH; Normal Interval, MARCH; and HALT.
4-11. MARCHING IN PLACE
To march in place, use the following procedures.
a. To march in place, the command Mark Time, MARCH is given as either foot strikes the
marching surface and only while marching with a 30-inch or 15-inch step forward. On the command
of execution MARCH, take one more step, bring the trailing foot alongside the leading foot, and
begin to march in place. Raise each foot (alternately) 2 inches off the marching surface; the arms
swing naturally, as in marching with a 30-inch step forward.
NOTE: While marking time in formation, the soldier adjusts position to ensure proper alignment
and cover. The proper distance between soldiers while marching is one arms length plus
6 inches (approximately 40 inches).

b. To resume marching with a 30-inch step, the command Forward, MARCH is given as either
foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution MARCH, take one more step in
place and then step off with a 30-inch step.
c. The Halt from Mark Time is executed in two counts, basically the same as the Halt from the
30-inch step.
4-12. THE 15-INCH STEP, RIGHT/LEFT
To march with a 15-Inch Step Right (Left), use the following procedures:
a. To march with a 15-Inch Step Right (Left), the command is Right (Left) Step, MARCH. The
command is given only while at the halt. On the preparatory command of Right (Left) Step, shift the
weight of the body without noticeable movement onto the left (right) foot. On the command of
execution MARCH, bend the right knee slightly and raise the right foot only high enough to allow
freedom of movement. Place the right foot 15 inches to the right of the left foot, and then move the
left foot (keeping the left leg straight) alongside the right foot as in the Position of Attention. Continue
this movement, keeping the arms at the sides as in the Position of Attention.
b. To Halt when executing Right or Left Step, the command is Squad (Platoon), HALT. This
movement is executed in two counts. The preparatory command is given when the heels are together;
the command of execution HALT is given the next time the heels are together. On the command of
execution HALT, take one more step with the lead foot and then place the trailing foot alongside the
lead foot, resuming the Position of Attention.
4-13. THE 15-INCH STEP, BACKWARD
To march backward using the 15-inch step, use the following procedures:
a. To march with a 15-Inch Step Backward, the command is Backward, MARCH. The command
is given only while at the Halt. On the preparatory command Backward, shift the weight of the body
without noticeable movement onto the right foot. On the command of execution MARCH, take a 15-

43
inch step backward with the left foot and continue marching backward with 15-inch steps. The arms
swing naturally.
b. The Halt from Backward March is executed in two counts, basically the same as the Halt from
the 30-inch step.
4-14. THE 30-INCH STEP, DOUBLE TIME
To Double-Time using the 30-inch step, use the following procedures:
a. To march in the cadence of 180 steps per minute with a 30-inch step, the command is Double
Time, MARCH. It may be commanded while at the Halt or while marching at Quick Time with a 30-
inch step.
b. When at the Halt and the preparatory command Double Time is given, shift the weight of the
body to the right foot without noticeable movement. On the command of execution MARCH, raise
the forearms to a horizontal position, with the fingers and thumbs closed, knuckles out, and
simultaneously step off with the left foot. Continue to march with 30-inch steps at the cadence of
Double Time. The arms swing naturally to the front and rear with the forearms kept horizontal. (When
armed, soldiers will come to Port Arms on receiving the preparatory command of Double Time.)
Guides, when at Sling Arms, will Double-Time with their weapons at Sling Arms upon receiving the
directive GUIDE ON LINE.
c. When marching with a 30-inch step in the cadence of Quick Time, the command Double Time,
MARCH is given as either foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution
MARCH, take one more 30-inch step at Quick Time, and step off with the trailing foot, double-timing
as previously described.
d. To resume marching with a 30-inch step at Quick Time, the command Quick time, MARCH is
given as either foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution MARCH, take two
more 30-inch steps at Double Time, lower the arms to the sides, and resume marching with a 30-inch
step at Quick Time.
NOTE: Quick Time, Column Half Left (Right), and Column Left (Right) are the only movements
that can be executed while double-timing. Armed troops must be at Port Arms before the
command Double Time, MARCH is given.

4-15. FACING IN MARCHING


Facings in Marching from the Halt are important parts of the following movements: alignments,
column movements, inspecting soldiers in ranks, and changing from Normal Interval to Double
Interval or Double Interval to Normal Interval.
a. For instructional purposes only, the command Face to the Right (Left) in Marching, MARCH
may be used to teach the individual to execute the movement properly. On the preparatory command
Face to the Right (Left) in Marching, shift the weight of the body without noticeable movement onto
the right foot. On the command of execution MARCH, pivot to the right (left) on the ball of the right
foot (90 degrees) and step off in the indicated direction with the left foot. Execute the pivot and step in
one count, and continue marching in the new direction. (See paragraph 4-5c and Chapter 3, paragraph
3-1a.)
b. Facing to the Half-Right (Half-Left) in Marching from the Halt is executed in the same manner
as Facing to the Right (Left) in Marching from a Halt, except the facing movement is made at a 45-
degree angle to the right (left).
c. The Halt from Facing in Marching is executed in two counts, the same as the Halt from the
30-inch step.

Key Drill and Ceremonies Excerpts from FM 3-21.5 (July 2005)

44
PS

1st SL

PL

Platoon Formations

PL / PSG Exchange of Control. When control of the formation is being exchanged between the
platoon sergeant and the platoon leader, the platoon sergeant will always travel around the right flank
(squad leader) of the formation when marching from post to post. The platoon leader will always
travel around the left flank of the formation when marching post to post.

45
Key Drill and Ceremonies Excerpts from FM 3-21.5 (July 2005)

a. REPORTING. When a report is appropriate, the platoon sergeant commands REPORT. The
squad leaders, in succession from front to rear, turn their heads and eyes toward the platoon sergeant
and salute (holding the Salute until returned) and report. The squad leaders do not state the unit. For
example:
(1) Situation 1. When all squad members are in formation, the report is "All present."
(2) Situation 2. When squad members are absent, the soldiers and reasons for absence are
reported:
Pvt. Smith - CQ runner.
Pvt. Jones - sick call.
Pvt. Williams AWOL.

b. BREAKING RANKS. When the situation requires one or more individuals to leave the formation
or to receive specific instructions from the platoon sergeant, the platoon sergeant directs: "Private
Doe (pause), front and center"; or, "The following personnel front and centerPrivate Doe
(pause), Private Smith." When the individuals name is called, he assumes the position of attention
and replies, "Here, Sergeant (Sir)." He then takes one (15-inch) step backward, halts, faces to the
right (left) in marching, and exits the formation by marching to the nearest flank. The soldier does not
look left or right. Once the individual has cleared the formation, he begins to double-time and halts
two steps in front of and centered on the platoon sergeant.

c. OPENING AND CLOSING RANKS


(1) Open Ranks, MARCH is executed from a line formation while at the halt. It may be executed
while at any of the prescribed intervals. The command for this movement is Open Ranks, MARCH.
On the command of execution MARCH, the front rank takes two steps forward, the second rank takes
one step forward, the third rank stands fast, and the fourth rank takes two steps backward. If additional
ranks are present, the fifth rank takes four steps backward, and the sixth rank takes six steps backward.
(2) To Close Ranks, the command is Close Ranks, MARCH. On the command of execution
MARCH, the first rank takes four steps backward, the second rank takes two steps backward, the
third rank stands fast, and the fourth rank takes one step forward. On the command of execution
MARCH, the platoon leader and platoon sergeant take the appropriate number of steps to maintain
their posts.

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d. COUNTER COLUMN

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Key Drill and Ceremonies Excerpts from FM 3-21.5 (July 2005)

e. FORMING A FILE AND RE-FORMING. The platoon forms a single file, from the right, left, or
as designated, only when in column and at the Halt. The commands are File from the left (right),
MARCH or File in sequence three-two-four-one, MARCH.

NOTE: If the squads direction of travel is to the left, or the squad is immediately following an
element on the left, then all supplementary commands will be given over the left
shoulder. If the squads direction of travel is forward or to the right, or is immediately
following a squad on the right, all supplementary commands will be given over the right
shoulder. The squad leaders give the appropriate command so that they are following the
last soldier in the preceding squad at the correct distance.

a. On the preparatory command, the squad leader of the designated squad gives the
supplementary command Forward. The other squad leaders command STAND FAST. On the
command of execution MARCH (given by the platoon sergeant), the lead squad marches forward.
The squad leader next to the lead element (or as designated) looks over the shoulder nearest the
moving element and commands Column Half Left (Right) when the second from the last man is
abreast of him and his right foot strikes the marching surface. The squad leader gives the command of
execution MARCH as the right foot of the last man strikes the marching surface when abreast of him.
On the command of execution, the squad leader executes the Column Half Left (Right), then inclines
without command to the right (left), and follows the last man of the preceding squad at correct
distance. Other members of the squad march forward and execute the same movements as the squad
leader. The remaining squads form the file in the same manner as the squad immediately behind the
lead element.

b. The platoon may form a file and execute a column movement simultaneously from a column
formation. The command for this movement is File from the left (right), Column Left (Right),
MARCH. Following the platoon sergeants preparatory command, the squad leader of the lead
element commands Column Left (Right), instead of Forward. The other squad leaders command
STAND FAST. On the platoon leaders command of execution MARCH, the lead squad executes the
Column Left (Right). The other squad leaders command Column Left (Right) at the appropriate time.

NOTE: 1. At this point the platoon is executing platoon drill. The platoon sergeant will not
release control of the squads to the squad leaders. The platoon sergeant will rest
personnel on an as needed basis; for example, when filing into a building.
2. The squad leaders give the command of execution MARCH as the right foot of the
last man strikes the marching surface at the pivot (Column Left), or the first time the last
mans right foot strikes the marching surface after the pivot (Column Right).

c. The platoon re-forms to the original column formation only from the Halt. The
command is Column of fours to the right (left), MARCH.

NOTE: To re-form the platoon to its original column formation when the file was formed on the
command In sequence , MARCH, the commands FALL OUT and FALL IN must be
given.

(1) On the preparatory command, the squad leader of the base squad commands STAND FAST.
All other squad leaders command Column Half Right (Left). On the platoon sergeants command of

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execution MARCH, the base squad stands fast; all other squads execute the Column Half Right (Left)
simultaneously.

(2) As each of the moving squad leaders reach a point (line) that ensures correct interval on the
element to their left (right), they automatically incline to the left (right) and command Mark Time,
MARCH and Squad, HALT so that their squad is abreast of the base (other) squad when halted.

f. IN-RANKS INSPECTION
To conduct in-ranks inspections, use the following procedures:

a. With the platoon in line formation, the platoon sergeant commands Count, OFF. On the
command of execution OFF, all personnel with the exception of the right flank personnel turn their
head and eyes to the right and the right flank personnel count off with "ONE." After the right flank
soldiers have counted their number, the soldiers to their left count off with the next higher number and
simultaneously turn their head and eyes to the front. All other members of the formation count off in
the same manner until the entire formation has counted off.

b. After the platoon has counted off, the platoon sergeant commands Open Ranks, MARCH. On
the command of execution MARCH, the front rank takes two steps forward, the second rank takes
one step forward, the third rank stands fast, and the fourth rank takes two steps backward. If additional
ranks are present, the fifth rank takes four steps backward, and the sixth rank takes six steps backward.

NOTE: After taking the prescribed number of steps, the men do not raise their arms. If the
platoon leader wants exact interval or alignment, he commands At Close Interval (At
Double Interval), Dress Right, DRESS.

c. At this point, the platoon is ready to be inspected. Typically, the squads are inspected by the
squad leaders; however they may be inspected by the platoon sergeant or platoon leader. (See
paragraphs 7-17 and 7-18.)

SQUAD LEADERS INSPECTION

If the platoon sergeant wants the squad leaders to inspect their squads, he will direct INSPECT
YOUR SQUADS. Salutes are not exchanged.

a. The squad leader marches forward and to the left, inclines as necessary until he is at a point 15
inches in front of and centered on the first man.

NOTE: If the members of the platoon are armed, the squad leaders will sling their weapons
diagonally across the back with the muzzle down and to the right. This movement will be
executed without command and prior to the squad leader stepping off.

b. The squad leader remains at a modified Position of Attention moving his head and eyes only.
After inspecting at the center position, he takes a short step forward and to the left and inspects,
returns to the center and steps forward and to the right and inspects, and returns to the center position.
c. Having inspected the first man, the squad leader faces to the right as in marching and takes one
(two if at normal interval) step, halts, and faces the next man at the appropriate distance. The squad
leader conducts the inspection for the rest of the soldiers in the squad.

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d. After inspecting the last soldier in the squad, the squad leader faces to the right as in marching
and marches around behind the squad, inclining as necessary. While the squad leader marches back to
his post, he inspects the squad from the rear.

e. After resuming his post, the squad leader turns his head and eyes over his left shoulder and
commands his squad to assume At Ease.

f. The platoon sergeant remains at his post (inspects the guidon bearer if appropriate). After the
last squad has been inspected and is at At Ease, the platoon sergeant commands the platoon to
Attention.

g. After commanding the platoon to Attention, the platoon sergeant commands Close Ranks,
MARCH. On the command of execution MARCH, the first rank takes four steps backward, the
second rank takes two steps backward, the third rank stands fast, and the fourth rank takes one step
forward. On the command of execution MARCH, the platoon leader and platoon sergeant take the
appropriate number of steps to maintain their posts.

h. If the platoon is being inspected as part of a larger formation and control of the platoon has not
been turned over to the platoon sergeant, he faces about, executes At Ease, and awaits further
instructions from the first sergeant.

PLATOON SERGEANTS/PLATOON LEADERS INSPECTION

If the platoon sergeant is not going to inspect the entire platoon, he directs the squad leaders of the
appropriate squads to inspect their squads. All others will be inspected by the platoon sergeant. When
armed, the platoon sergeant slings his weapon in the same manner as the squad leaders.

a. The platoon sergeant faces to the Half Left as in marching and marches by the most direct route
to a point 15 inches in front of and centered on the first squad leader (or the squad leader of the squad
to be inspected). As soon as the platoon sergeant halts in front of the squad leader, he commands the
other squads to At Ease and inspects the squad leader.

b. The platoon sergeant remains at a modified Position of Attention moving his head and eyes
only. After inspecting at the center position, he takes a short step forward and to the left and inspects,
returns to the center and steps forward and to the right and inspects, and returns to the center position.

c. Having inspected the squad leader, the platoon sergeant faces to the right as in marching and
takes one (two if at normal interval) steps, halts, and faces the next man at the appropriate distance.
After the platoon sergeant steps off, the squad leader takes a half step forward and faces about. When
moving from man to man, the squad leader and platoon sergeant move simultaneously.

d. Having inspected the last soldier in the squad, the platoon sergeant faces to the right as in
marching and marches around behind the squad, inclining as necessary, and inspects the squad from
the rear.

e. As the platoon sergeant begins to inspect the first squad from the rear, he commands the next
squad to Attention. The squad leader returns to his post. After the platoon sergeant arrives in front of
the next squad leader, he commands the first squad to At Ease over the right shoulder.
f. The platoon sergeant and squad leader execute in the same manner as in inspecting the first
squad until the entire platoon has been inspected. After inspecting the rear of the last squad, the
platoon sergeant marches by the most direct route to his post, halts, faces to the left and commands the
platoon to Attention.

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g. After commanding the platoon to Attention, the platoon sergeant commands Close Ranks,
MARCH. On the command of execution MARCH, the first rank takes four steps backward, the
second rank takes two steps backward, the third rank stands fast, and the fourth rank takes one step
forward. On the command of execution MARCH, the platoon leader and platoon sergeant take the
appropriate number of steps to maintain their posts.

h. If the platoon is being inspected as part of a larger formation and control of the platoon has
been not been turned over to the platoon sergeant, he faces about, executes At Ease, and awaits
further instructions from the first sergeant.

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Note Pages

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