Darts- is a form of throwing game in which small missiles are thrown at a circular target (dartboard) fixed to a wall.[2] Though various boards and rules have been used in the past, the term "darts" usually now refers to a standardised game involving a specific board design and set of rules. As well as being a professional competitive sport, darts is a traditional pub game, commonly played in the United Kingdom, across the Commonwealth, the Netherlands, Belgium, Republic of Ireland, the Scandinavian countries, the United States, and elsewhere. History of Darts The dartboard may have its origins in the cross-section of a tree. An old name for a dartboard is "butt"; the word comes from the French word but, meaning "target". In particular, the Yorkshire and Manchester Log End boards differ from the standard board in that they have no treble, only double and bullseye, the Manchester board being of a smaller diameter, with a playing area of only 25 cm across with double and bull areas measuring just 4mm. The London Fives board is another variation. This has only 12 equal segments numbered 20, 5, 15, 10, 20, 5, 15, 10, 20, 5, 15, 10 with the doubles and triples being a quarter of an inch wide. There is a speculation that the game originated among soldiers throwing short arrows at the bottom of the cask or at the bottom of trunks of trees. As the wood dried, cracks would develop, creating "sections". Soon, regional standards emerged and many woodworkers supplemented bar tabs by fabricating dart boards for the local pubs. The standard numbering plan with a 20 on top was created in 1896 by Lancashire carpenter Brian Gamlin. However, a great many other configurations have been used throughout the years and in different geographical locations. Gamlin's layout was devised to penalise inaccuracy. Although this applies to most of the board, the left-hand side (near the 14 section) is preferred by beginners, for its concentration of larger numbers. Mathematically, removing the rotational symmetry by placing the "20" at the top, there are 19!, or 121,645,100,408,832,000 possible dartboards. Many different layouts would penalise a player more than the current setup; however, the current setup actually does the job rather efficiently. There have been several mathematical papers published that consider the "optimal" dartboard. Basic Skills in Darts

Distance from front of the dartboard to the throwing line: 7 feet 9 1/4 inches. • • • Grip Stance Throw Court Dimension Rules and Regulations • • Dart Board Height: 5 feet.not leaning like a picture . 8 inches from floor to the center of the bull's-eye. As the player's skill decreases further.Assuming standard scoring. Major tournaments. the optimal area to aim for on the dart board in order to maximize the player's score varies significantly based on the players skill. The skilled player should aim for the centre of the T20 and as the player's skill reduces their aim moves slightly up and to the left of the T20. At σ = 16.with the 20 at the top. To mark the throw line a simple piece of tape will suffice. • • . however. stopping a bit lower than and to the left of the bullseye at σ = 100.4 the best place to aim jumps to the T19. use a "hockey" which is a thin raised strip of wood approximately 1 1/2 inches high (see image diagram below). Mounting: Flush to the wall . the best place to aim curls into the centre of the board. never put a dartboard up near windows or breakables or where anyone could walk between the throwline and the dartboard. Location: Since darts often bounce out of the dartboard.

In simple terms. if player one has 36 remaining he must hit double 18 to win. the throwing player subtracts the total scored from his current total until he reaches zero.Basic Rules: In a game of 501 the object is for one player or a team to be the first to reach zero from starting total of 501. Games can be played to a 'Best of' format whereby a player or team winning three legs in a 'Best of Five Leg' competition wins the match. Some versions of the game require a 'double start' whereby players must begin the game with a double as well as 'checking out' on a double.e. after three darts are thrown. The World Grand Prix uses the 'double in. The World Matchplay and UK Open events are examples of tournament played on a 'Best of' format with legs as the scoring format. before claiming the match in the Best of Five Sets. The PDC World Championship and World Grand Prix are played using the Set format. Dart Board Dart Pin . In order to reach zero each player must finish by throwing a double i. double out' rule. while if player two has 45 remaining he must hit single 5. with differing lengths of games at each tournament.or a another combination of scores provided the final dart scores on a double. Other tournaments will be played in 'Set' format. Games on the PDC ProTour are held over the Best of 11 Legs. whereby players must win a set by winning the Best of Five legs. double 20 to win .

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