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Pressure reducing and surplussing valves

for steam and industrial uids

Pressure reducing and surplussing valves


A well designed steam system will produce clean dry steam in the boiler house ready for delivery at high pressure through the distribution network. This maximises the potential to generate and supply saturated steam of the best quality at the lowest overall cost. The majority of applications however require a reduction in pressure at the point of use, the benets of this include: A reduction in the capital cost of equipment. Operating plant costs will decrease by reducing ash steam. Saturated steam pressure is directly related to temperature. Controlling the pressure will therefore automatically control the temperature avoiding the need for additional temperature control equipment. The exibility to reduce to various lower pressures through the plant to suit each particular application. However there are some applications that have a need to sense and control upstream of the valve to maintain or disperse excess pressure in the distribution pipeline in order to safeguard the equipment using it this requires a pressure surplussing / maintaining valve. Two main groups of pressure control valve are available for either pressure reduction or surplussing applications: Self-acting requiring no external power or input. Pneumatically actuated with either a pneumatic or electrical control system. The nal selection will depend on the requirements of the application and customer preferences.

Whatever the reason for reducing or maintaining pressure, proper control at any time demands an automatic valve that can reduce or maintain steam pressure accurately, reliably and economically.

Selection chart and product range


The chart gives guidance on choosing the right valve for your application.
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Pressure reducing valve station


Separator
This removes water particles and entrained moisture eradicating erosion, corrosion, and waterhammer, and maximising the heat transfer capability of downstream equipment. Benet Guaranteed longer life and maximum plant performance.

Upstream stop valve

This allows the station to be shut down, and is positioned after the separator so that the condensate cannot build-up in the supply line during this period.

Strainer

Strainers arrest any dirt before it is able to pass into the pressure reducing valve.

Upstream pressure gauge

This monitors the status of the supply pressure.

Benet

Benet

Maximum safety during the start-up procedure, minimum downtime.

Reduced downtime, constant and reliable performance from the pressure reducing valve and any other downstream equipment.

Benet

Immediate indication of any problems associated with the steam supply.

Please note:
This is a general layout and some of the detail has been omitted for clarity. Your local Spirax Sarco engineer will be pleased to give any further necessary required advice.

Stop valve

The stop valve allows isolation of the trap for maintenance.

Strainer

Strainers protect traps from pipeline debris.

Float trap

Benet

Benet

The best trap to t on a separator as it removes condensate as soon as it forms.

Minimum downtime.

Longer life, constant and reliable performance.

Benet

Maximum separator performance under all conditions.

Spiratec sensor

This enables continuous monitoring of the trap performance.

Benet

Maximises plant efficiency.

A properly designed system will consist of the equipment shown above


All steam pressure reducing valve stations will benet from the installation of key items of ancillary equipment. Separators and strainers will keep the steam dry and clean, protecting the pressure reducing valve from wear. Isolating valves and pressure gauges allow easy commissioning and maintenance. Safety valves are an essential part of those installations where the upstream pressure is higher than the maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) of any downstream plant. Surplussing valves are commonly referred to as maintaining, excess pressure or backpressure valves, unlike a pressure reducing valve they will sense upstream pressure and act to maintain a minimum upstream pressure or to disperse an excess pressure. Installation guidelines are similar to a pressure reducing valve but in this type of installation upstream pressure is sensed and a safety valve may not be required.
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Pressure reducing valve

Depending on the system requirements this can be any of the following: Compact valves Pilot operated valves Direct acting valves Pneumatically actuated valves

This is required by law to ensure the pressure downstream of the pressure reducing valve can never rise above the maximum allowable pressure of any equipment in the pipework.

Safety valve

Benet

Guaranteed safety, and maintains compliance with relevant 'Health and Safety, and Pressure Systems Regulations'.

Benet

Pressure reduction is achieved in the best way to suit any likely application by sensing downstream of the pressure reducing valve.

Pressure reducing valve

Stop valve

The stop valve allows isolation of the trap for maintenance.

Downstream pressure gauge

This monitors the status of the downstream pressure.

Downstream stop valve

Benet

Minimum downtime.

Benet

Immediate indication of abnormal conditions associated with the malfunction of any upstream equipment, and allows a correct commissioning procedure, by monitoring the set pressure during this time.

This allows any downstream equipment to be double isolated during maintenance periods, when used in conjunction with the upstream stop valve. It also allows the pressure reducing valve to be correctly adjusted during commissioning by isolating the ow.

Benet

Maximum safety during maintenance on the downstream pipework and equipment, and allows the pressure reducing valve to be adjusted correctly.

Check valve

This prevents reverse flow and protects the trap from waterhammer.

Benet

Prolongs service life.

A typical application utilising a surplussing valve to maintain a minimum upstream pressure is illustrated below. This ensures that at times of peak demand the non-critical heating line can close to maintain a secure supply of steam to the process plant. Note that under normal conditions the complete line would be the same pressure rating, consequently there is no need for a safety valve after the surplussing valve.

Sensing upstream of a surplussing valve

Surplussing valve Upstream Low pressure steam to plant

Excess steam to non-critical heater battery

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Variety of control options

Accurate control options

Minimal pipeline space

Poor media conditions

Pressure reducing valves

Pilot operated

DP
Pneumatically actuated

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SPIRA-TROL
Direct acting - fully balanced

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DRV
Direct acting semi balanced

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DLV
Compact Direct acting

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BRV2
Compact Balanced

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BRV7
Compact Stainless steel

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SRV2
Compact For liquids

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LRV2
Surplussing valves

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Pilot operated

SDP
Direct acting

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DEP
5 5

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Further information

Liquid applications

Steam applications

Major branch lines

Minor branch lines

Steam distribution

Gas applications

Applications and product range

High capacity

Pressure reducing valves

Pilot operated DP
The Spirax Sarco DP series of pressure reducing valves will accurately control downstream pressure, regardless of the upstream pressure, or load variations. These are recommended for medium duty or process type applications, branch lines to OEM equipment, for accurate process control or where an external interface or remote adjustment is required. This versatile and compact valve will provide an efcient and economic solution to many pressure reduction solutions. Suitable for steam, air or industrial gases, the DP series offers a wide range of control options. The DP27 is Spirax Sarcos top selling pilot operated steam pressure reducing valve. It combines high accurate control with increased resilience to harsh operating environments, easier servicing and simpler selection.

Technical specification
Sizes Screwed Flanged Screwed End connections Flanged SG iron Cast steel Stainless steel 350C PN40 0.2 to 24 bar Metal-to-metal seat suitable for steam and compressed air With electric solenoid for remote on/off control Soft seat for tight shut-off. Suitable for compressed air and industrial gases (not oxygen) High temperature version suitable for temperatures up to 350C With additional temperature control for use with hot water storage caloriers With an air driven pilot remote adjustment of the set point With two pilots and electric solenoid " to 2" DN15 to DN80 BSP and NPT PN16, PN25 and PN40 ASME (ANSI) 150 and 300 JIS / KS 10 and JIS / KS 20 Body materials DP27 DP143 DP163

Key features
Simple selection - The DP27 has only one control spring for 0.2 to 17 bar. Self-acting using spring and diaphragm operation - no need for electrical supplies. Easy to retrot - The DP27 has the same dimensions as its predecessor, the DP17. Fatigue tested diaphragm no piston, no danger of sticking. Higher pressure valves feature a bellows sealed pilot arrangement for leak free operation. Extended valve life due to an externally accessible, easily replaced pilot lter. Easily serviced using off-the-shelf spares and standard tools.

Maximum temperature Maximum body design rating Control pressure range DP27 DP143 DP163 DP27E DP27G DP143G DP163G Options DP143H DP27T DP27R DPP27E

For further technical information, search our website using product designation DP27, DP143 or DP163
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Pressure reducing valves

Pneumatically actuated SPIRA-TROL


For critical process control, which may be subject to high capacities or poor steam conditions or where integration with supervisory control systems is a requirement then a pneumatically actuated valve should be used. Pneumatic control valves are ideal for pressure control applications where rapid changes in system conditions occur. The SPIRA-TROL valve is modular in design offering many options within one body envelope, this provides a comprehensive selection of control valve, allowing for pressure control of steam, water, oils and other industrial uids. The SPIRA-TROL valve is complemented by the availability of a full range of controllers and transmitters. It is this highly exible system which allows one valve to satisfy the needs of numerous industrial requirements.

Technical specification
Sizes Screwed " to 2" Socket weld " to 2" Flanged DN15 to DN200 Screwed BSP and NPT Socket weld PN16, PN25 and PN40 Flanged ASME (ANSI) 125, 150 and 300 JIS / KS 10 and JIS / KS 20 Cast iron SG iron Carbon steel Stainless steel NACE 400C PN40 and ASME (ANSI) 300 0 to 40 bar Equal percentage Linear Fast opening Reduced ow including microute characteristics Low noise Soft seal Hard facing Spring loaded chevron and 'O' ring Graphite Bellows Bonnet extension Pneumatic Electric Modulating On / Off

End connections

Key features
Wide range of body materials to suit most applications. Designed using computational uid dynamics to optimise ow paths. Easily interfaced with a control system, using a double mount actuator yoke and a valve interface device such as a smart communicating positioner. High performance long life valve internals and seal. Trim options available including 'low noise'. Quick and easy maintenance using standard xings and self-aligning clamp-in-place internals. Sizing and selection software to determine the most suitable valve conguration.
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Body materials

Maximum temperature Maximum body design rating Control pressure range Flow characteristics

Special trims Options Stem seals

Actuation

For further technical information, search our website using product designation SPIRA-TROL

Pressure reducing valves

Direct acting DRV


The DRV is a fully balanced direct acting reducing valve suitable for general service applications including for use on steam, air, industrial gases and liquids and will operate at pressures up to 40 bar inlet and temperatures up to 300C. It is designed to reduce from very high to very low pressures and is ideal for higher capacities, where loads are fairly constant it will give very consistent, reliable and accurate control even under the most arduous working conditions, such as wet and dirty steam.

Technical specification
DRV4 Sizes DRV7 Flanged Screwed Flanged Screwed End connections Flanged Cast steel SG iron 300C PN40 0.1 to 20 bar EPDM diaphragm to suit application Options Nitrile diaphragm to suit application Soft seat for bubble tight shut-off DN15 to DN100 " to 2" DN15 to DN100 BSP and NPT PN16, PN25 and PN40 ASME (ANSI) 150 and 300 JIS / KS 10 and JIS / KS 20 Body materials Maximum body design rating Control pressure range DRV4 DRV7

Maximum temperature

Key features
Robust operation allowing you to t and forget. Fully balanced valve ensuring stable and accurate control under most arduous conditions. 316 stainless steel stem sealing for long, maintenance free life. Different diaphragm materials are available to suit different applications. Water seal pot available to protect the actuator diaphragm on applications where temperatures exceeds 125C.

For further technical information, search our website using product designation DRV
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Pressure reducing valves

Direct acting DLV


The DLV is a semi balanced direct acting reducing valve suitable for general service applications including steam, air, industrial gases and liquids and will operate at pressures up to 19 bar inlet and temperatures up to 250C. The simple design of the DLV makes it extremely reliable, using stainless steel bellows that provides both stem sealing and pressure balancing functions. It is the ideal solution for trouble free and consistent pressure control.

Technical specification
Sizes Body material Maximum temperature Maximum body design rating Control pressure range Options DLV7 Flanged SG iron 250C PN25 0.2 to 13 bar EPDM diaphragm to suit application Nitrile diaphragm to suit application DN15 to DN100 End connections PN16 and PN25

Key features
Competitive, simple and reliable design allowing you to t and forget. Semi balanced valve providing stable and consistent control. 316 stainless steel stem sealing for long, maintenance free life. One control spring covering all pressure ranges with only three actuators. Water seal pot available to protect the actuator diaphragm on applications where temperatures exceeds 125C. Different diaphragm materials available to suit different applications. For further technical information, search our website using product designation DLV
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Pressure reducing valves

Compact Direct acting BRV2


The Spirax Sarco compact direct acting pressure reducing valve is designed for use with steam, compressed air and other gases and is perfectly suited for light duty, simple OEM applications and where ultimate control is not important. The compact design makes it ideal for point of use installations, providing accurate pressure control under stable load conditions. It offers a cost effective alternative to more sophisticated valves. Advanced manufacturing technology has been used to produce a highly durable pressure reducing valve, with all stainless steel internals to meet the needs of most industrial applications.

Technical specification
Sizes End connections Body materials Maximum temperature Maximum body design rating Control pressure range Options Screwed Flanged Screwed Flanged SG iron Bronze 210C PN25 0.14 to 8.6 bar Phosphor bronze control bellows for systems with halide contamination Downstream pressure sensing connection for enchanced stability " to 1" DN15 to DN25 BSP and NPT PN25

Key features
Compact size, with a single spring mechanism ideal for small processes. Stainless steel valve and seat assembly provides high wear resistance under low load conditions. Anti-vibration adjustment handwheel with colour indication of control spring range. Alloy spring housing with 4 bolts for easy in-line removal giving access to all internals. A bronze bellows version is available for special applications where Halide contamination may exist.

For further technical information, search our website using product designation BRV2
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Pressure reducing valves

Compact Balanced BRV7


The BRV7 utilises a fully balanced design using high specication stainless steel bellows and extends the BRV family up to DN50 (2"). It is extremely compact in size and maintains the same common control elements as the BRV2 with the added benet of enhanced resistance to pressure and load uctuations. BRV7 valves are designed for use with steam, compressed air and other gases and are ideal for point of use installations, offering a cost effective alternative to more sophisticated valves. Advanced manufacturing technology has been used to produce a highly durable pressure reducing valve, with all stainless steel internals to meet the needs of most industrial applications.

Technical specification
Sizes Screwed Flanged Screwed End connections Flanged SG iron 210C PN25 0.14 bar to 9 bar Compact size with a single spring mechanism ideal for small processes. Stainless steel valve and seat assembly provides high wear resistance under low load conditions. Anti-vibration adjustment handwheel with colour identication of control spring range. Stainless steel control and balancing bellows assemblies offer high fatigue life and stable control. 1" to 2" DN25 to DN50 BSP and NPT PN25 ASME (ANSI) 150 JIS / KS 10 Body material Maximum temperature Maximum body design rating Control pressure range

Key features

For further technical information, search our website using product designation BRV7
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Pressure reducing valves

Compact Stainless steel SRV2


The SRV2 is an all stainless steel version of the BRV2 - a compact direct acting pressure reducing valve designed for use with steam, compressed air and other gases and benets from having all 316 stainless steel wetted parts. The compact design makes it ideal for OEM and point of use installations, providing accurate pressure control under stable load conditions. It offers a cost effective alternative to more sophisticated pilot or piston operated valves for clean steam service. Advanced manufacturing technology has been used to produce a highly durable pressure reducing valve, with all stainless steel internals to meet the needs of most industrial applications.

Technical specification
Sizes Screwed Flanged Screwed End connections Body material Maximum temperature Maximum body design rating Control pressure range Flanged " to 1" DN15 to DN25 BSP and NPT PN25 ASME (ANSI) 150

316 grade stainless steel 212C PN25 0.14 to 8.6 bar Compact size with a single spring mechanism ideal for small processes. Electropolished body. Stainless steel valve and seat assembly provides high wear resistance under low load conditions. All wetted parts benet from having 316 grade stainless steel. Anti-vibration adjustment handwheel with colour identication of control spring range.

Key features

For further technical information, search our website using product designation SRV2
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Pressure reducing valves

Compact For liquids LRV2


The LRV2 is a direct acting pressure reducing valve intended for use on liquids. The compact design makes it ideal for point of use applications, and the pressure balanced head enables accurate and stable control of pressure under all load conditions. Advanced manufacturing technology has been used to produce a highly durable pressure reducing valve, with all stainless steel internals to meet the needs of most liquid applications.

Technical specification
Sizes End connections Body material Maximum temperature Maximum body design rating Control pressure range " to 1" Screwed BSP or NPT Bronze 75C PN25 0.35 to 8.6 bar

Key features
Compact size with a single spring mechanism ideal for small processes and OEM applications. Bronze body and phosphor bronze pressure control bellows providing reliable and corrosion free operation on water systems. Nitrile faced pressure balanced head provides stable liquid control and a bubble tight shut-off. Anti-vibration adjustment handwheel with colour identication of control spring range.

For further technical information, search our website using product designation LRV2
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Surplussing valves

Pilot operated SDP


The SDP surplussing valve is particularly suited to steam and industrial gas applications providing minimum upstream pressure control. The SDP control system monitors upstream pressure. Should this pressure fall as a result of an overload, the SDP closes, reducing the ow to maintain the supply.

Technical specification
Sizes End connections DN15 to DN80 PN40 Flanged Steel Stainless steel 300C PN40 0.2 to 24 bar ASME (ANSI) 150 and 300 JIS / KS 20 Body materials Maximum temperature Maximum body design rating Control pressure range

Key features
Simple selection, one control spring covers a range of 0.2 to 17 bar. Self-acting, no external power required. Reliable and easy to service, most components are common with the DP type of pressure reducing valves. Fatigue tested diaphragm, no piston, no danger of sticking. Bellows sealed pilot arrangement for leak free operation.

For further technical information, search our website using product designation SDP
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Surplussing valves

Direct acting DEP


The DEP excess pressure valve (also referred to as a maintaining, backpressure or surplussing valve) is suited to steam, industrial gas and liquid applications. The product terminology reects its suitability for use on liquid applications a common example of which is pressure overspill on pumped systems. The DEP control system monitors upstream pressure. Should this pressure fall as a result of an overload, the DEP closes, reducing the ow to maintain the supply.

Technical specification
Sizes End connections DN15 to DN100 Screwed Flanged SG iron Steel 300C PN40 0.1 to 16 bar EPDM diaphragm to suit application Options Nitrile diaphragm to suit application Soft seat for bubble tight shut-off BSP and NPT PN16, PN25 and PN40 ASME (ANSI) 150 and 300 JIS / KS 10 and JIS / KS 20 Body materials Maximum temperature Maximum body design rating Control pressure range

Key features
Resistant to wet and dirty steam conditions plus its robust operation, allows you to t-and-forget. Fully balanced valve increases the stability and consistency of control. 316 stainless steel stem sealing bellows for a long, maintenance free life. Soft seal option available for bubble tight shut-off on gas and liquid applications. Choice of diaphragm material, either Nitrile or EPDM to suit different applications ensuring good control whatever the uid. Water seal pot available to protect the actuator diaphragm on applications where the temperature exceeds 125C. For further technical information, search our website using product designation DEP
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Our commitment to you


Manufacturing and quality
Spirax Sarco controls are designed and manufactured by Spirax Sarco in one of 15 manufacturing plants located around the world. We also have dedicated fabrication facilities so we can build compact, high performance, skid mounted solutions tailored to your specic requirements. All Spirax Sarco facilities employ the latest in technology and production best practice, to ensure we have direct control over our product and service quality.

Product quality
Assembly is automated, testing is computerised and every controls product and system is set using skilled personnel to ensure a consistently high quality. For example every Spirax Sarco control valve receives a computerised hydraulic pressure test at 1.5 times the nominal rating of the valve, and the shut-off is tested to ensure it complies with the class specied. Over 100 separate checks are carried out on a control valve assembly before it is despatched.

Sizing and selection software


Correct product selection and system design is key to achieving good performance and long service life. Depending on the process conditions this can be a complex decision. In order to allow our engineers to make these decisions quickly and reliably Spirax Sarco has developed its own software systems to ensure you achieve the best price performance from your investment.

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Documentation
Spirax Sarco has ISO accreditation and complies to all leading standards, such as PED, NACE, ATEX and Lloyds Register. QA systems, health and safety requirements, insurance needs, environmental policies and an increasing risk of litigation, have all increased the amount of documentation needed to support our products and services. Spirax Sarco understands this need and provides the documentation required for each customer situation, from simple certicates of conformity through to full manufacturing documentation dossiers.

Local stocks and settings


Certainty in delivery and a quick response to last minute changes are frequently the key to the successful implementation of a project. In order to meet customers delivery requirements Spirax Sarco locally stocks and sets control products in each of its worldwide companies, and through its network of distribution and service partners.

High levels of personal service


Our dedicated and highly trained service personnel have knowledge second to none in the industry. And with over 1,200 direct sales engineers around the world, controls specialists in 34 countries and a network of approved valve repair partners, you can be assured of receiving the highest quality of service.

Spirax Sarco, a supplier you can trust


Spirax Sarco direct design and manufacture to international standards Employing the latest in technology and best practice 100% test and inspection before despatch Comprehensive documentation Local stocks and setting 1,200 direct sales engineers worldwide Controls specialists in 34 countries Highly trained worldwide network of direct service engineers and service partners

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Some products, services or solutions may not be available in certain markets

Spirax-Sarco Limited Cheltenham UK GL53 8ER t: +44 (0)1242 521361 f: +44 (0)1242 573342 e: controls@uk.spiraxsarco.com www.spiraxsarco.com /controls

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