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The Kerio Valley Development Authority (KVDA) was established in 1979 as a Regional Development Authority (RDA) under Cap 441of the Laws of Kenya. The Authority was established to address socio-economic development disparities in its area of jurisdiction and to bring its region’s per capita income to the level of the national average. By virtue of the Act (Cap 441) the Authority is a legal entity with perpetual succession and common seal which in its corporate name is capable of inter alia; a) suing and being sued; b) taking purchasing or otherwise acquiring, holding charging and disposing of property, movable or immovable; c) borrowing and lending money; d) entering into contracts; e) doing or performing all such other things or acts necessary for proper performance of its function under this act which may lawfully be done or performed by a body corporate.
KVDA Headquarters, Eldoret
KVDA was set up to plan and coordinate implementation of programmes and projects that transcend administrative boundaries. In addition, the Authority aims at rationalising equitable development across the entire Kerio Valley region.
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Some of the main considerations in setting up KVDA include the following: a) The Authority complements and supplements Government efforts towards a balanced regional development approach. b) The strategic position of the Authority in terms of formulation and implementation of regional programmes and projects gives KVDA an added advantage as the Authority has a well laid network in the region under its jurisdiction. c) The strategic focus on poverty eradication, formulation and implementation of regional based socio-economic development programmes and projects is an important entry point for KVDA. d) The general emphasis on catchment conservation and sustainable utilisation and management of natural resources including water, fisheries, forestry and soils towards poverty reduction is important in terms of the regional focus and its inherent advantages. The performance of Government Ministries and Parastatals has been on focus since early 1990s when the Civil Service Reform Programme (1993) was initiated. The objective of the Programme was to undertake reforms aimed at enhancing quality and efficiency in service delivery in the Civil Service. The broader aim of civil service reform is the creation of a government workforce of the right size and with the right skills, incentives, ethos and accountability needed to provide quality public services and to efficiently carryout the functions assigned by the state. To achieve this objective, the Government formulated a Strategy for Performance Improvement in the Public Service. The implementation of the Strategy is aimed at improving service delivery processes including approaches in the management of public affairs. This called for development and implementation of Strategic Plans. The KVDA’s Strategic Plan is in line with the broad objective of the Civil Service Reform Programme. The Strategic plan will facilitate enhanced and effective implementation of KVDA’s programmes. In line with the MTEF requirements that budgetary allocations be justified against measurable outputs and in conformity with the priorities identified for poverty reduction, the plan will augment the efforts of the stakeholders in addressing the socio-economic concerns of the region. This Strategic Plan is a set of decisions and actions resulting in the formulation and implementation of strategies designed to achieve the objectives of the Authority in a sequenced manner. It identifies systematic courses of action geared towards assisting the Authority to achieve its objectives. It enhances visionary management as it generates and conceptualises the programmes and projects the Authority will undertake during the plan period. To achieve its intended purpose, this Plan goes beyond the allocation of resources to achieve institutional objectives. It has been developed through a strategic process that focused on setting up of institutional objectives, designing of appropriate programmes and projects, and institutional structure for effective development and management of resources in the region.
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Strategic Planning aims at efficiency in delivery of goods and services and achievement of development objectives at minimum cost. It involves the process of identifying objectives that are considered to be strategic to specific goal and/or region. The objectives pursued by KVDA therefore, are expected to result in rapid realization of the vision and mission of the institution. The Plan is consistent with current Government policies towards realising poverty reduction and economic growth objectives as outlined in the Economic Recovery Strategy for Employment and Wealth Creation. 1.3 THE PLAN PREPARATION PROCESS
The process of preparing this Strategic Plan started with collecting and collating data and information from the field. Thereafter, departmental plans were prepared and discussed at a workshop held at Turkwel Gorge Club from 5th-9th July 2004. The output was used to prepare the first draft of the Strategic Plan. A second workshop was held from 27th–29th July 2004 at Soi Safari Lodge, in Baringo District. Participants were drawn from KVDA staff, Board of Directors, District Commissioner – Baringo district, Ministry of Regional Development Authorities, Line Ministries and District Development Officers from districts covered by the Authority. The workshop discussed in detail the first draft which contained among other things the region’s resource profile, KVDA’s mandate, vision and mission, core values and the strategic plan objectives. The participants also discussed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of KVDA as an institution and the region (Annex 1). The final stakeholders consultative workshop was held on 22nd October 2004 at the Grand Regency Hotel – Nairobi. The participants at this workshop included the Minister of Regional Development Authorities, The Minister of State for Home Affairs, Members of Parliament from the region, and Chief Executives of other RDAs, line Ministry officials and representatives of all DDCs in the region. The plan development process therefore, was participatory as it involved representatives of a large cross section of stakeholders who provided invaluable inputs. The inputs of these workshops formed the basis of the preparation and finalization of this strategic plan. The plan indicates KVDA’s intentions for the next five years as it strives to achieve its set objectives. Due to limitation of financial resources, KVDA will be involved in selected strategic and participatory programmes as outlined in chapter four of this plan. This strategic plan assumes a stable and enabling political, economic and social-cultural environment. It is also assumed that sufficient financial resources will be available for the implementation of strategic objectives. 1.4 MANDATE OF THE AUTHORITY
The KVDA’s underlying objectives are provided in its mandate as outlined in KVDA Act Cap 441 of the Laws of Kenya that states inter alia;
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wealthy creation. of the Area as may be considered necessary by the Government or by the Authority and to assess alternative demands within the Area on the resources thereof. (d) To co-ordinate the various studies of. (i) To identify. water supply. animal. and to carry out such surveys. and (j) To maintain a liaison between the Government. MISSION AND CORE VALUES ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 4 . including agriculture (both irrigated and rain-fed). and the planned abstraction and use. (h) To ensure that the landowners in the Area undertake all the measures specified by the Authority to protect the water and soils of the Area. employment opportunities and incomes in line with the Authority’s vision and mission. land and other resources are utilized to the best advantage and to monitor the design and execution of planned projects within the Area. increased food security. forestry. VISION. assemble and correlate all the data related to the use of water and other resources within the Area as may be necessary for the efficient forward planning of the Area. (c) To initiate such studies. agriculture and livestock development. (f) To co-ordinate the present abstraction and use. electric power generation. These programmes and projects have contributed to poverty reduction. (e) To effect a programme of both monitoring and evaluating the performance of projects within the Area so as to improve that performance and establish responsibility therefore and to improve future planning. 1. (g) To cause the construction of any works necessary for the protection and utilization of the water and soils of the Area. water. This include. (b) To develop and keep up-to-date a long range development plan for the area. catchment conservation and hydropower generation.(a) To plan for the development of the area and initiate project activities identified for such planning through the Government generally. the private sector and other agencies in the matter of the development of the Area with a view to limiting the duplication of effort and ensuring the best use of technical resources. industries. plan and coordinate the implementation of integrated development programmes by utilizing available resources to improve the living standards of the people. KVDA has implemented programmes and projects geared towards poverty alleviation. the Area so that human. and schemes within. Since its formation. wildlife and tourism. Mission To identify.5 Vision To realise sustainable and equitable socio-economic development in the region. of the natural resources especially water and set up an effective monitoring of abstraction and usage. mining and fishing and to recommend economic priorities.
Technological Compliance Embraces new ideas and techniques to enhance productivity.Core values The Authority embraces the following core values in the execution of its mandate: (i) Team Work Promotes collective participation of its staff in execution of its mandate to achieve organisational goals. Cooperation Builds strong linkages with other stakeholders. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 5 . Innovation and Creativity Encourages innovation and creativity. Integrity Upholds fairness and openness in provision of quality service to stakeholders.
s.093 1:20 upper respiratory tract infection.9% 47.869 725. of males -Total No.3 65. camping and eco-tourism Area Total area Arable Non-arable Water mass Gazetted Forests Topography Highest Altitude Lowest Altitude Rainfall Annual average Highest Minimum Demographic and Population Profile Population size Population structure -Total No.442 1:1 59.s. diarrhoea.900 km sq 3500m a.532 48. scenic attractions.247 90% 1:42 118 15.582 km sq 63703 km sq 7.l 300m a.Male .442 764.734 km sq 2.1.200mm 400mm 1.489. geysers.0 2. museums.285 km sq 36. malaria. of Females -Male/Female ratio Life expectancy at birth (yrs) . skin infections 1:80.176 19 6 km Negligible 1.l 650mm 2.000 14 20km 3% 96% 45% 18 wildlife.Female Population growth rate Water and Sanitation Number of households with access to piped water Number of households with access to potable water Number of permanent rivers Average distance to nearest potable water point VIP toilets Education Facilities Total number of primary schools Enrolment rate Teacher pupil ratio Number of secondary schools Total enrolment in secondary schools Teacher pupil ratio Health Prevalent diseases Doctor/patient ratio Number of hospitals Average distance to health facility Energy % rural households using solar power % households using firewood/charcoal % households using kerosene /biogas Tourism Number of tourist class hotels Main tourist attractions ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 6 .6 FACT SHEET 96.
KVDA’s interventions will greatly contribute to the regions development in accordance with the national objectives and general ASAL policy. This region includes the districts of Baringo.CHAPTER TWO PROFILE OF KVDA AREA OF JURISDICTION 2.5% of the land mass of Kenya with over 80% being arid or semi-arid (Map1). representing 16. The total area covered by the Authority is approximately 96.1 LOCATION AND SIZE KVDA area of jurisdiction is located in the North Western region of Kenya. It lies between Latitudes 00 10′ South and 100 30′ North. Marakwet. Turkana and western parts of Samburu. and longitudes 340 and 370 East. KVDA OPERATION AREA ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 7 .285 sq Km. Koibatek. Map1. West Pokot. Keiyo.
Sodic or Calcareous in nature. Keiyo escarpment. The zone is essentially range land. The south is generally high and rugged. 2. ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 8 .The KVDA’s area of jurisdiction is bounded by the drainage systems of Turkwel and Kerio rivers which drain into Lake Turkana. namely.1 Relief. Most of the soils in this zone are Saline.2 Geology The region is characterized by four dominant geological formations which include:• Precambrian Basement system rocks referred to as the Mozambique Belt. Crop production in these areas is possible through irrigation. stretching roughly in a north –south direction along the Ugandan border to the Ethiopian border.s. (iii)Tarach – Lotikipi drainage basin. The highland zone has high potential for agricultural and livestock development.l). (c) Loam soils. There are also deep alluvial deposits at the valley floor.2 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS 2. though there is a huge potential for large scale irrigation development. (d) Alluvial soils.l) and the valley floor (300-900m a. Prominent features include Cherangany hills (3500m). The region can be generally classified into three topographic zones. The Great Rift Valley runs north–south though not well defined in Turkana district. (b) Clay soils. • Quaternary to Recent sediments. though salinity would exclude certain soil pockets. These are the main mineralbearing rocks in the region. They have complex soils with various textures and drainage conditions. • Quaternary volcanic rocks. However. highland plateau (2500m-3500m a. Soils in the region can be broadly classified into:(a) Lava boulders and shallow stony soils. • Tertiary volcanic rocks.l) stretching from Koibatek district to Lake Turkana.s.s. the steep escarpments (1200-2000m a. Tugen hills and isolated mountain ranges in Turkana district. Land and Soils KVDA’s region has great contrast in landforms and physical features. The Mozambique Belt formation is found in the entire West Pokot district and most of Samburu district.2. other smaller drainage basins which constitute the area include:(i) Lakes Baringo – Bogoria drainage basin. (ii) Suguta – Lake Lokipi drainage basin. The lowlands are in a semi-arid climatic zone.2. 2. The Mozambique Belt rocks underlie the entire region except for the western parts which are completely covered by volcanic formations. The highlands are in the modified tropical zone with soils that are generally well drained and fertile.
The mean annual rainfall ranges from 1000 mm for the highlands and between 200mm to 800mm for the dry low land. (iii)Dry Sub-Humid – Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of 40-65%. (ii) Sub-Humid Zone – Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of 65-80%. Keiyo escarpment and Tugen hills have semihumid climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The vegetation consists of dry woodlands and savannah. The evapo-transpiration ratio ranges from 15% to 80%. Keiyo. (v) Arid Zone -Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of 15-25%.3 Agro-Climatic Zones The KVDA area is predominantly semi-arid to arid with an erratic rainfall pattern which affects crop production. The zone is associated with evergreen. The region can be classified into six agro-climatic zones:(i) Humid Zone . They stretch from the highlands around Nakuru roughly in a South West – North East direction to the southern shores of Lake Turkana. The volcanic activities associated with these rocks formed the Tugen hills and the Keiyo escarpment. The sediments are basically lacustrine and fluviate deposits. Acacia spp is the dominant tree species. West Pokot and Baringo districts fall under this zone. ranging from 10°C in the Cherangany hills and Tugen Hills. Cherangany hills and Tugen hills .2. semi arid savannah type of vegetation. Marakwet and Baringo districts. (iv) Semi–Arid Zone . to a maximum of 40°C in the lowlands. The Cherangany hills. Kerio and Suguta drainage basins and plains west of Lake Turkana fall under this zone. Lower parts of Cherangany hills and Keiyo. Temperatures in the region are generally very high and vary with altitude.Tertiary (to Quaternary) volcanic formations occur over a vast portion of the region. The interaction between rainfall and evapo-transpiration and the resulting moisture regime is the dominant factor that affects productivity and management of crops and land use. The vegetation consists of woody Commiphora and Acacia species and grasses such as Cenchrus ciliaris and Chloris roxburghiana.This is a zone with rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of over 80%. and the south of Lake Turkana. The dominant vegetation is moist indigenous forest. This zone includes the area bordering Lake Turkana characterised by rangeland vegetation consisting of dwarf ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 9 .Vast areas of rivers Turkwel. The zone covers the lower parts of West Pokot. Marakwet. The vegetation consists of forest and derived grassland and bush land.This is a zone with rainfall/evepo-transpiration ratio of 25-40% and medium agricultural potential. (vi) Very Arid Zone – Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of <15%. 2. These formations occur almost entirely over Turkana district except for limited areas around Lakes Baringo and Bogoria and on the upper Kerio valley. These include. The geology of the rest of the region is characterised by the deposits of sediments originating from Quaternary to Recent period.
Chrysopogon ancheri and some annual grasses are also found.shrubs and grassland with Acacia refeciens restricted to water courses. Map2.g. Perennial grasses e. KVDA Region: Agro-climatic Zones KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 10 .
697 and is expected to grow to 1. It is estimated that 285. It is estimated that 51% of the population live below the poverty line. 2.865 138.649 163.1 Poverty Levels Poverty is severe in the region.696. However.587 23. Table1.072 142.613 554.105 57. Njemps and the Elmolo.003 184.9%.948 by the end of the plan period as shown in Table 1.163 140.086 in 1979 to 1.949 75. Turkana. Kapsowar and Kabarnet.696.8%) of the people live in urban areas.3 3.869 Growth rate [1979-1990] 3. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 11 .702 158.860 308.086 1.629 43.064 96. The population of the region has more than doubled from 677.218 158.489. The prevalence is higher among the pastoral communities though pockets of high poverty levels are also found in the agro-based communities and urban dwellers (Table2).912.285 Density 2004 35 114 72 100 34 7 39 2004 (Projections) 2010 (Projections) Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu* Turkana W.9 Area [Km2] 8646 1439 2306 1588 4854 68388 9.2 2.912.090 49.8 3. Pokot Total 299.489.978 143.939 502.4 3.717 165.869 in 1999 thus an average annual growth rate of 3.445 355.086 1999 [actual] 264.853 196. The population is currently estimated at 1.2 3.697 336.948 Source: Various Population Census Reports *The population statistics is for the region covered by KVDA in Western Samburu Half of the region's population is found in two of the most expansive ASAL districts of Turkana and West Pokot which account for about 80% of the area. Maralal. Population density and distribution District 1979 [actual] 133. Iten. Lodwar. Pokot. Eldama Ravine.281 69.2. Samburu.590 (15.843 73.652 677.4 3.3 POPULATION PROFILE KVDA region is inhabited by six major ethnic communities namely the Kalenjin.288 450.220 407.9 5.639 1.762 1.4 SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2. Some of the large towns in the area are Kapenguria.4.392 176. the highly endowed agricultural areas have high concentration of settlements especially in Keiyo and Marakwet with population densities of 114 and 100 respectively.
7 8.3 50.3 1.8 57 62.5 2.6 49. Crude Death Rates.e. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 12 .2 7.000 *Based on population aged 10-14 yrs. This is depicted in table 2.4 46 76. Turkana.7 39 73.2 68 5.4. These are mainly ASAL districts which also score poorly in life expectancy compared to the rest.000 Poverty level (%) Literacy rate (%) Doctor: patient ratio Source: 1999 Census fact sheet 1:34.8 24.2 26.3 8.3 63.7 1:57.8 9.5 1:150.2 Child Survival Comparative survival rates in the drier areas of the region are low i.5 4. 2.3 Unemployment The 1999 labour force survey indicated that unemployment in the KVDA region averaged 17.024 1:76. Infant and Child Mortality Rates.2 1.8 43 - 7.2 8.5 8. Important socio-economic indicators Indicator Total Fertility Rate(/1000) Crude Death Rate (/1000) IMR (/1000) U5MR (/1000) Life expectancy at birth-M Life expectancy at birth-F Drop Out Rate* % HHs with piped water % HHs with toilet facility % HHs with electricity for lighting Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakw Samburu et Turkana W/Pokot 7 9 62.4 8.3 100 58.6 13. The high rate of unemployment may also be attributed to negative cultural attitudes.2 7.9 6.2 53 44.5 11.300 5.2 20.3 9.Table 2.4 87.5 62 29.8 76. Factors which have contributed to this high rate of unemployment is the weak performance of the national economy in general and the harsh climatic conditions in the region which leads to few opportunities for gainful employment.9 7.1 67 63. Frequent droughts have impacted negatively on this sub-sector subsequently reducing employment opportunities (Table 3).3 41.4 61. with West Pokot.000 1:75.8 1:156.1 20 9.6 46 21.8 6.3 64.4.6 17. A large proportion of the people in the region are pastoralists who depend mainly on livestock as a source of employment.8 59.8 69. 2.6 4.1 13.700 1:50. Samburu and Baringo having the highest mortality rates.3 69. high illiteracy levels and inadequate educational facilities leading to high school drop out rates.000 5.7%.1 66 117 54.9 70 63 69 6.9 6.2 127 55.4 15.2 9. The female child has a longer life expectancy at birth than the male child in all districts.8 92 58 63.9 7.2 39.2 44 - 6.7 31.
The lowlands make up to 80% of the region where the rains are unreliable and poorly distributed. electricity and toilets are out of reach to the majority of the population in the region. Water from these sources is untreated and is a major cause of waterborne diseases. This means 88. safe drinking water.347 52.639 55.447 545.434 Employed Female 46.4.402 25.202 106.792 82.173 3.405 Total 96.934 4.729 39. Marakwet. CBS (1999) 2.345 4.895 58.754 Adopted from labour force surveys.754 63.486 26. This means that everyone in a family and/or householdincluding the most vulnerable members in society should have the desired consumption levels.279 28.707 20.068 24.554 1.16.5% obtain water from streams. lakes.884 49.671 3.429 Total 8. Rural poverty is marked by its common connection to agriculture and land.713 1.289 6.4 Access to Basic Household Utilities Important social utilities such as. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 13 . and roof catchment.730 23. Turkana and West Pokot and Samburu where less than 10% of households have access to piped water. Absolute food poverty estimates in the region are 60% compared to the national average of 53%. 2. Water: 11.318 56. However it has improved the number of households accessing electricity to about 3. Electricity: Use of electricity is very low and is concentrated in the urban centres. Due to these conditions food security attainment in the region has been elusive.31.441 29.680/= per year for rural areas and Kshs. pans.Table 3.325 Unemployed Female 5.524 6.8% in the region.999 15. Employment levels by age and sex District Male Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu Turkana West Pokot Total 50.885 1.047 43.5% of households have access to piped water.788 53. Rural electrification programme which subsidizes the cost of accessing power is limited to a few rural centres that are closer to the large towns.823 245.938 6.680/= per year for urban areas.624 300. The most affected districts are Baringo.355 2.4. road run offs.5 Food Security in the region Food security is the right of everyone to have access to safe and nutritious food (quality) and adequate amounts (quantity). Absolute poverty line for year 2002 was Kshs.799 2. The region is largely arid and semi-arid where rainfall varies between 400mm (lowlands) and 2200mm (highlands) per annum.245 1. majority of them being urban dwellers.454 28.237 30.580 136.384 5.697 9.839 Male 2.548 19.460 2.
4. Kapenguria.4. is therefore 416. Kollowa.8 West Pokot 2500 4. These depots are strategically located throughout the region and form strategic centres for food security. Although food insecurity is widespread in rural areas.000 metric tonnes per year. fruits and vegetables. beans. Food production in the region is largely by small scale farmers. vehicles and storage facilities capable of moving and holding the food. cowpeas. Kimalel. crop pests.8 Turkana In normal rainfall years.7 The Geographical Distribution of Food Food production in the region is unevenly distributed and is dictated largely by the type of geographic and climatic factors prevailing in each area. Due to poor road network. finger millet.6 Koibatek 2500 7. The distribution of food requires physical infrastructure in terms of roads.000 metric tonnes.6 Food crop production The main food crops produced in the region are maize. Kacheliba. Kabarnet Marigat. The National Cereals and Produce Board has constructed food depots at Sigor. sweet potatoes. Eldama Ravine and Lodwar. Area under Food Crops District Arable land (sq. The area under food crops as a percentage of the total arable land per district is shown in Table 4.2 Baringo 890 30 Keiyo 1300 60 Marakwet 5700 4. the urban areas and markets are also affected.000 metric tonnes of maize and beans annually against consumption (requirement) levels estimated at 648. and limited access to technology and information. Food production is high in the humid and sub-humid zones and low in the dry sub-humid to arid zones. livestock diseases. 2. sorghum. the region produces 232. Nginyang. Irish potatoes. More food crops are produced in the highland areas and very little in the lowlands (ASAL). KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 14 . The deficit (maize and beans). 2.The communities in the region are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity because of the recurring droughts. hence the latter are always food deficit areas. it is difficult to distribute food to most parts of the region. credit and financial services.km) Area under food crops (%) Samburu 50 98 1500 10. Table 4. cassava.
communications and other infrastructure. 2. For example.5 INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE REGION Due to the rugged terrain. KVDA has implemented agricultural projects to mitigate the problem of food insecurity. 2.5.1 Roads The road network in the region is not as developed as compared to other regions in the country.4. There are slightly more than 500km of this class of road in the region most of it accounted for by the Nakuru-Lake Baringo to Marich Pass road. National trunk roads linking important centres. special purpose or rural access roads. International trunk roads. Instability in food production. They form the bulk of the roads (about 1500km) in the area and carry most of the trade in the region. Below is an overview of the various classes of roads in the region: Class A.500km long. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 15 . The Nyahururu . Total food crop production in the agricultural projects of Wei Wei (275ha).8 The Ability of Households to Acquire Food Household incomes are lower in semi-arid areas than in high and medium potential agricultural areas.4.Nakuru road is also classified in this category. coupled with low and unstable incomes make the populations in these areas particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. The unreliable rainfall and sparse vegetation renders the land liable to rapid degradation as population pressure increases. Class C. the region has 80 Km of roads per thousand square kilometres compared to the national average of 258 km per thousand square kilometres. the region lags behind other parts of the country in the development of transport. The types of roads in the region are shown in Table 5. The existing road network in the region is categorised into classified. The adoption of more appropriate and improved production techniques for both crops and livestock will serve to stabilize and enhance food security in marginal areas. Class B. Measures which stabilize the ratios between the consumer price of food crops and the producer prices of livestock will be particularly effective as means of stabilising the purchasing power of farmers and pastoralists. isolation and relatively low population density.9 KVDA’s Contribution Towards Food Security In its endeavours to attain food sufficiency in the region. 2. These are primary roads linking important centres to higher class roads.2. Over 2000 households are directly dependent on these projects for their livelihoods. From Kapenguria .Lokichogio and then Sudan border . Arror (40ha) and Tot (18 ha) is approximately 1700 tonnes per year. The network is denser in the more productive and populated areas compared to the arid areas of the region.
Types of roads in the region (km) District Bitumen Gravel Earth Koibatek 120 377 226 Turkana 470 367 2. 2. The region has 34 operational airstrips distributed in various districts as follows. Class E. and Turkana 22. Marakwet-1. Eldoret International Airport is strategically located within the region with a good road network connection to the hinterland. health and security. Table 5.3 Railway Transport Transportation by rail for both cargo and passengers is negligible in the region although this is a very important form of transport.2 Air Transport Air transport is becoming increasingly important in the region for business. the grid has now been extended to the main commercial centres as in (Table 6). Baringo-6.5.4 Energy The availability of electricity in the region has increased over the last 10 years. These are minor roads linking all the minor market centres and the locally important centres. Whereas only the fluorspar mines at Kimwarer were served with electricity in the early 1980s. The railroad also passes southern Keiyo district over a stretch of 40 km.5. The Uganda railroad passes through the southern tip of Koibatek district with a branch line from Rongai to Solai via Kampi-ya Moto. They account for about 1000 Km of the road network in the region.Class D. 2. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 16 . Most of the airstrips are in serviceable condition. The airport will boost the use of air transport especially for high value perishable horticultural produce. These are secondary roads linking locally important centres to the larger towns. This is the second most important class of road in the region and accounts for about 1200km of the road network. West Pokot-4. Many of the towns and trading centres in the region have or are within reasonable distances from air strips.5. tourism.020 Baringo 198 333 737 Keiyo 87 326 171 Marakwet 0 342 333 West Pokot 151 349 697 Total 1026 2094 4. Keiyo-1.184 Source: Various District Development Plans 2002-2008 2.
Table 6. Mogorwa. Sing’ore. Bartolimo and Kipsaraman Iten. solar and wind. Tenges. Perkerra. Other sources of energy in the region include wood-fuel (charcoal. Solar. Makutano.5. firewood) geothermal. Kapkelelwa.Arid lands (ASALS) with limited surface water. Chebiemit. In terms of average distance to nearest water points Baringo. Tambach. Chepareria. Sewerage and Sanitation The availability of safe water for human and livestock consumption is a basic need which contributes to improved health. Torongo and Poror Kapsowar. Kaptagat and Kamwosor Eldama Ravine. Loboi. Cheptebo. Cheptongei. The high access in Turkana District is attributed to high population living in urban centres and near boreholes. Marigat. households in these areas depend on ground water. rivers. Turkana and West Pokot lead with 15km. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 17 . Turkwel Gorge The KVDA region has a high potential for energy development with the most important commercial source being hydropower. Kimwarer and Wei Wei. Kampi Samaki. Arror.5 Water Supply. 2. Embobut. 10km and 6km respectively as shown in (Table 7). Chepkorio. Saos. and Kapcherop Maralal. lakes). geothermal and wind potentials are high in the region but are under-developed. Muruny. Kiboino. Suguta Marmar and Kisima Lodwar town Kapenguria. dams and water pans. The rest can be considered to be endowed with surface water (springs. The region has other rivers with hydropower potential that include. Muskut. Emsea. Distribution of electricity supply District Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu Turkana West Pokot Centres Served with electricity Kabarnet. Kimwarer. Mogotio. Turkwel hydro power generating station has an installed capacity of 106 MW. Since 80% of the region fall within the Arid and Semi. Emining. Availability of surface water in the region depends on rainfall which is low and unreliable. Wood-fuel is used by more than 98% of the population in the region and its utilization is restricted to domestic use only. Sacho. Baringo District has the highest number of households with access to piped water while Turkana District has the highest number of households with access to potable water. Kabartonjo. Maji Mazuri.
Level of Sanitation District Poor households % with access to % with access to Safe Sanitation Unsafe Sanitation 27.5 26.7 35. Table 8.7 Baringo & Koibatek Keiyo & Marakwet Turkana West Pokot 2.6 Telecommunication The region is expansive and most parts are remote therefore. The number of people in the region accessing information and communication technology (ICT) is increasing.6 34.3 41. The distribution of the various modes of communication in the region is shown in (Table 9). Assessment of the percentage of population in the region with access to sanitation is shown in (Table 8). Recent government policy changes which liberalised the sector should spur the extension of telecommunication services in the region. Water and Sanitation Situation by District Number of households with access to piped water Number of households with access to potable water Number of wells Number of permanent rivers (streams) Number of protected springs Number of boreholes No.4 Non.5.2 48. of Dams and pans Number of households with roof catchments Average distance to nearest potable water point Number of VIP latrines Baringo 19034 19284 182 3 26 89 136 250 15 7360 Keiyo 3500 1500 241 35 551 24 15 3000 4 5000 Koibatek 7551 1701 300 3 4 36 157 142 3 19089 Marakwet 2613 2691 16 5 257 2 86 2 10 Turkana 15334 23000 700 4 16 500 West Pokot 2600 2150 38 58 39 86 19 13 6 4200 Lack of proper disposal of waste in both urban and rural areas often leads to contamination of water sources. this increase is concentrated mainly in the urban centres.8 51.Table 7.3 64.8 6. However. telecommunications infrastructure is particularly critical for efficient exchange of information.7 65.5 73.poor households % with access to % with access to Safe Sanitation Unsafe Sanitation 58.2 93.2 16. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 18 .6 72. This threatens the health of the population through water-borne disease outbreaks.8 83.
Keiyo 214 15 5 20 1 Koibatek Marakwet ♣Samburu Turkana W/Pokot 1.650 28 249 76 180 20 8 40 2 7 9 5 15 4 5 1 493 5 5 4 20 5 22 1 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 19 . Telecommunication infrastructure by district Type Baringo Households with land lines 871 connection No. of telephone booths 56 Post offices 11 Cell phone coverage (%) 10 Cyber cafés 3 ♣ Only towns in Western Samburu.Table 9.
6) and high levels of dissolved salts (1035-2500 mg/l) and fluoride.Km. Arror and Embobut. Cherangany hills and mount Kadam in eastern Uganda. Kanyangareng. 3. to the south by the lower Turkwel basin and to the north by Murua Rith hills and has an area of 5.800 sq.900 sq. with the rivers Kerio. Most boreholes sunk in the region have produced water of satisfactory quality for both human and livestock use. (ii) Suguta river catchment with an area of 12. The ground water found in the region occurs in weathered and fractured zones in metamorphic and volcanic rocks and sediments inter-bedded between volcanic rocks. The water in this basin is characterized by high pH (8. rivers Suguta. The annual discharge is 331 million cubic metres. it is highly saline except during periods of heavy rains. and have rivers Perkerra. The surface water sources are confined to five drainage basins as follows:(i) Lakes Bogoria and Baringo basin with approximate area of 4. KVDA’s Intervention in Water Resource Development In 1984 KVDA carried out a water resources survey as part of the regional development plan.Km that covers mount Elgon. (iii) Kerio river basin covering 17.Km. Muruny and Wei wei with a catchment area of 23. It has an annual discharge of 811 million cubic metres. (iii) Uncontrolled abstraction.CHAPTER THREE STATUS OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE REGION The region is endowed with natural resources which include water. irrigation and livestock use. KVDA has developed specific objectives for development and sustainable use of these resources for the socio-economic well being of the people in the region. While there is perennial flow in the upper Suguta river.5-10.500 sq. It analysed the quality and quantity of available water resources and made recommendations and baseline designs on the abstraction and utilisation KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 20 . forests and wildlife. The study covered the catchments of Lakes Baringo and Bogoria. This makes the water unsuitable for domestic. (iv) Suam -Turkwel river basin with rivers Suam. (ii) Destruction of water catchment areas. Km lies between Kerio river basin to the west and Ewaso Nyiro river basin to the east.Km. Kerio and Turkwel as well as the Lotikipi plains. Molo. Waseges and Rongai with a total discharge of 237 million cubic metres annually.900 sq. In line with its mandate. (v) Lake Turkana and its immediate basin bordered to the west by Lotikipi basin. These resources are discussed below. agricultural land.835 sq. Turkwel.1 WATER RESOURCES Water resources contribute enormously to economic productivity and the social well-being of human populace. livestock. Availability of surface water for domestic and livestock use in the region is limited due to: (i) The poor water sources distribution in both time and space. minerals.
NGOs. CBOs etc) and expanding its hydrometeorological monitoring network. This area forms the main watershed to many rivers. semi-arid. semi-humid. Inadequate monitoring of water levels along the major rivers. The constraints in this sector include:i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) Inadequate funding to develop water resource projects which are capital intensive. Kimwarer. Some of the projects that have been implemented are shown in (Table 10). strengthen collaboration with other stakeholders (line ministries. The stations are located on rivers Suam. The main food crops grown here are maize. Irish potatoes and cabbages. beans. Turkwel. Muruny. In addition.2 LAND RESOURCES The KVDA region can be divided into six agro-climatic zones namely humid.5 -5 acres. Community’s inadequate capacity to maintain water projects. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 21 . Inadequate equipment and machinery. Table 10. sub-humid. Perkerra and Molo. The rainfall pattern is bimodal with peaks in March. Water Projects Implemented by KVDA PROJECT Turkwel Multipurpose Dam Kimao Dam and Water Supply Bartabwa Dam and Water Supply Kapchomuswo Dam and Water Supply Kocholwo Water supply Kabokbok Water Supply Ochii Water Supply Cheplambus Water Supply Kollowa Water Pans LOCATION (DISTRICT) West Pokot Baringo Baringo Baringo Keiyo Keiyo Baringo Baringo Baringo In collaboration with the Ministry of Water Resources Management and Development.April and October . arid and very arid. The average farm size ranges from 0. Wei Wei. The humid and sub-humid zones fall within the highlands with altitudes ranging from 2000 to 3500 metres above sea level whose agricultural land use potential is high. Embobut. KVDA has established and maintained a network of hydro-meteorological stations in the region. Destruction of water catchments. Poor access to water resources. Low water quality. 3. KVDA will endeavour to strengthen its capacity to improve water resources infrastructure in the region by acquiring additional equipment and machinery.of the resource. it initiated a programme to design and implement community water supply projects in the region.November with mean annual rainfall ranging from 1000 mm to 1300 mm per annum. Cash crops like pyrethrum and horticultural crops are also grown.
5 27520 637 4.0 11939 0. Mangoes.2 Source: District Development Plans 2004-2008 3. it has developed irrigation projects by harnessing the water resources. Area under crop production per district is shown in (Table 12). cotton. tea and horticultural crops.6 4900 3. KVDA has been engaged in the promotion and development of agricultural activities in the region.9 6 3. both food and cash crops are produced in the region. The soils are alluvial in nature and rich in nutrients. Area under crop production per district Koibatek Turkana Marakwet Baringo Keiyo Samburu West Pokot Area under food crops (ha) Area under cash crops (ha) Average farm size (acres) 16000 580 1. Maize and millet) and horticultural crops (e. Table 12.1 KVDA’S Contribution to Agricultural Development Since inception. The low potential zones are the lowland areas which receive less than 850 mm of rainfall per annum with an erratic pattern. These are intensive crop production projects KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 22 . coffee. sorghum.1 9 Agricultural production Though the dominant activity is pastoralism. potatoes (sweet and Irish). Food crops produced include maize. Table 11. beans. Land use patterns Land use.5 1.97 Source: District Development Plans 2002-2008 Keiyo 60 39 0.g.5-5 acres per household.1 Marakwet 60 20 19 1 W/Pokot 40 50 0.region is medium with rainfall ranging from 850mm to 1000 mm per annum. In partnership with other stakeholders. Citrus.01 Other uses 0.5 26963 445.5 3. cassava and vegetables while cash crops are mainly pyrethrum. Approximately 80% of the region lies in the ASAL zone and the predominant land use is pastoralism. millet.9 0.05 0. Average farm sizes in the region vary between 0.02 Wildlife 0.g.9 0. agricultural potential and agro-climatic zones are closely related. The agricultural potential of this sub. Arable land occupies 39% of the region.95 0.5 Water masses 0. Rain-fed crop production is unreliable and irrigation is an option for bringing more land under production in this zone. Pawpaws). Land use pattern (%) Land Use Samburu Koibatek Baringo Arable land 4 60 29 Pasture/pastoralism 90 30 70 Forestry 5 8 0.The medium potential zones are areas along the escarpment with altitudes ranging from 1500m to 2000m above sea level.1 Turkana 20 70 0. Land use pattern per district is shown in (Table 11). The main crops grown are food crops (e.2.5 76675 3160 2 18000 1900 3.
Laying of sprinkler irrigation pipes at Weiwei project –West Pokot district KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 23 .producing both food and cash crops. It has jointly with Kenya Seed Company Ltd. East African Seed Company Ltd and Western Seed Company Ltd produced high quality seeds for domestic and export markets.
Tot. Maturing crop of sorghum at Wei Wei project –West Pokot district KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 24 . The on-going agricultural projects include Wei Wei. Alternative water source being sought.) • 275 sprinkler irrigation Outputs Ksh. Arror and Salawa as shown in (Table 13). Table 13. Project Wei Wei Project Phase I &II Cultivated Land in (ha.20M earned by farmers annually 4000 persons employed Food sufficiency and Horticultural Development enhanced Food sufficiency and Horticultural development enhanced Pastoralists introduced to crop farming Cotton production enhanced District West Pokot Tot Project • 18 under furrow irrigation Marakwet Arror Integrated Project *Chemeron Project Salawa Project • 40 under sprinkler irrigation 160 under furrow irrigation 54 under rain-fed Marakwet • Baringo • Baringo *Stalled due to siltation of Chemeron dam. On-going agricultural projects.The Authority also provides tractor hire and agricultural extension services in the region.
000 and incomes from sale of farm produce will rise by over 20 million shillings annually.i) Wei Wei Project – West Pokot District Among the success stories of KVDA agricultural programmes is the Wei Wei irrigation project which is a good example of dry land farming using sprinkler and furrow irrigation. Under this project 275 ha have been developed by KVDA and the local community with the support of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Cooperation. the Wei Wei project will be supporting a direct population of 4. Wei Wei irrigation intake at Sangat –West Pokot district KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 25 . On completion of phase III. The local community through the Wei Wei Farmers Association have taken over the management of phases I and II of the project mainly growing seed crops. vegetables and other horticultural crops.
Koibatek and Samburu Districts. In addition. It will directly support about 3000 people through forward and backward linkages.Baringo District With the collaboration of the local communities. it will strengthen agricultural extension services. ii) Tot/Arror Projects . In addition it will facilitate construction of irrigation infrastructure to support farmer’s initiatives at Lokori and Katilu divisions. KVDA’s existing and planned fruit-tree nurseries as shown in (Table 14).to be located at Nakwomoru. plans are underway for replication of this successful dryland farming technology in other dry land areas of Turkana. This expansion of agricultural land will enhance food production and development of horticulture in the area.Using the experience from Wei Wei project. Marakwet. Turkwel Downstream Irrigation Project – Turkana District The Authority will promote the implementation of the planned 540 ha Turkwel Downstream Irrigation Project . Baringo. Turkana District. Koibatek District The Authority will promote horticultural development in areas where potential exists Irrigation Development Studies The Authority will explore possibilities of irrigation development a long rivers Suam and Kanyangareng in West Pokot district. Samburu District The Authority will continue to provide tractor hire services at Kirisia and Loroki divisions. Keiyo District The Authority will promote horticultural development in the district where potential exists.Marakwet District The Authority will expand the Tot farm from 18 hectares to 40 hectares and Arror farm from 40 ha to 380 ha within the plan period. the Authority will open up 80 hectares of agricultural land at Loboi and 40 hectares of land at Kolowa where cereal crops will be introduced in an area hitherto given to pastoralism. iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 26 . Loboi/Kolowa Projects . The project will benefit 700 farmers and support a population of 4200 people through forward and backward linkages. The project will benefit about 500 farmers and alleviate the perennial food deficit in the area. Keiyo. The Authority promotes horticultural production through establishment of fruit-tree nurseries to raise tree fruit seedlings for sale to farmers.
000 50.000 20.000 20.000 20. In addressing these constraints. Promote and intensify agricultural extension services. Poor marketing infrastructure. Soil degradation. Poor soil quality. (ii).000 Remarks Existing Existing Existing Planned Planned Planned Planned Existing Existing Planned Existing Planned Planned Existing Planned planned West Pokot Samburu Baringo Koibatek Tot fruit-tree nursery – Marakwet district Sub-Sector Constraints The following constraints hamper effective implementation of agricultural programmes in the region:(i) Communal land tenure systems.000 20.000 25.Table 14.000 100. (ii).000 20. (iii). (v).000 20.000 50. Expand the land area under irrigated and rain-fed agriculture. KVDA will undertake the following:(i).000 20.000 20.000 20. ____________________________________ • page 27 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 .000 10. KVDA existing and planned fruit-tree nurseries District Keiyo Marakwet Sites Kimwarer Tot Arror Embomon Kapsowar Kabetwa Kabyego Sambirir Wei Wei Chesegon Kongelai Sebit Maralal Kimao Kimngorom Emining Annual production 50.000 10. (iv) Frequent droughts.
770 1.137 1.689 1. 44% of the total population are engaged in the sub-sector as shown in (Table 16).950 7.301 172. Cattle are mainly sold to generate income for household basic requirements.750 168.684 277.490 117.760 0 295. Though forming a fairly small percentage.3 5 Samburu 4.500 283.000 32.193 2.762 107.050 565 39 45.637 16.445 62. 3.000 813.102 259.676 319.197 16.000 10. Cattle. Cattle rearing is the most important and popular enterprise in the region. the relative importance of camels in the region is increasing.255 140.312 260. The small East African goat and local breeds of sheep constitute the main flock in the region.600 576.390 1.073 441 719.767 931. Improve marketing infrastructure.709 78. Sheep) and camels are important in that order. (v).910 191. cultural values and as a source of income.273. Wool sheep are mainly found in high rainfall areas of West Pokot and Marakwet districts.(iii). (iv).525 753. Intensify soil and water conservation measures.4 - Land carrying capacity (acres/LU) Source – PDLD – RVP.176.566 479 0 56.3. Millions) Baringo 38.320 980 158 37. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 28 .502 71.186.577.699 734 40 66 8 Totals 239.898 199.840 4.626.7 15 W/Pokot 39.9 4.1 Livestock Population and Distribution The KVDA region is essentially a livestock rearing zone and pastoralism is the predominant land use system.4 Keiyo 41.159 94.816 2.714 7. The livestock population is as shown in (Table 15).006 78. *From local animals slaughtered in 2002 Human Population Engaged In Livestock Sub-Sector Economic and social advancement for the majority of the inhabitants in the region highly depend on livestock production and marketing.153 5.600 1.460 190.930 6.5 8 Koibatek 74.446 253.823 345.5 Marakwet 41.3 LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES 3. carrying capacity and earnings by Districts Type Dairy cattle Beef cattle Goats Sheep Donkeys Poultry Camels Rabbits Pigs Earnings* (Kshs. Livestock Population. On average.545 24 135. Table 15. Promote improved dry land farming technologies.67 8 Turkana 193.767 6.964 8.770 180 82.396 164. Goats and sheep are kept particularly for meat. small stock (goats.000 83.030 140. The local zebu and its crosses are the main breeds kept.4 8.321 143.
000 53 3.267 19.643 Marakwet 131 1 37. The distribution of bee-hives in the region is shown Table 17.238 Baringo 6.702 16.T.377 Koibatek 2. Kenya Top Bar Hive (K. Production in the region is mainly traditional and as a result the production level is low compared to the existing potential.742 Samburu 2. The bee-hives in use are the traditional log bee-hives. W/Pokot 860 14.470 21 Baringo 62. People engaged in Livestock sub-sector District Population Engaged in livestock % of total population Turkana 310.2 Beekeeping Honey production in the region is currently estimated at 700 metric tonnes per annum though the total potential is approximately 1100 metric tonnes.190 Source – PDLD – RVP.000 50 Samburu 23. These forests and shrub grasslands are diverse in tree species hence form an inexhaustible floral resource for honey production.992 A display of honey products and refining equipment KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 29 .215 42 Keiyo 30.264 49 Marakwet 59.734 69 W/Pokot 152. Table 17.B.746 Totals 14.3. Distribution of various types of bee-hives per district Types Turkana KTBH 875 Langstroth 49 Loghives 9.068 110 156.579 54 52. The largest production of honey is from traditional hives and hence the low quantity and quality.056 Keiyo 654 6 7.380 24 Koibatek 69.H) and Langstroth.Table 16. Natural vegetation within the region is shrub grasslands with dense Acacia trees in the lower parts and forests in the highland and along the rivers.
KVDA also provides beekeeping extension services and purchases crude honey. production of Kenya Top Bar Hives at Kabarnet Wood Workshop with a capacity to produce between 1000 and 2000 bee-hives annually. Processing of honey is done at Rokocho honey centre located in Keiyo district with an annual capacity of 15 metric tonnes.3 Fisheries The region has potential for fisheries development at lakes Turkana and Baringo with a total landing tonnage of 4000 tonnes per annum (Table 18). Baringo 141 409 463 Total 4409 5646 2571 Sub-Sector Constraints Livestock industry in the region is faced with a number of constraints namely:(i) Recurrent droughts. (iv) Frequent disease outbreaks. These include. water. (vi) Slow adoption of modern beekeeping techniques. Other strategies will aim at minimising stock losses resulting from drought. Fishing in the main rivers and dams in the region is negligible although potential for improvement exists. . the Authority has implemented several activities to promote beekeeping and honey production in the region. 2001 3649 117 3766 2002 3847 286 4135 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 30 .On-going Activities Since inception. 3. KVDA’s Interventions The development objective of the livestock sub-sector in the region will be to strengthen the industry through improvement of livestock production and marketing as a medium term strategy. quality breeding stock and extension services. (ii) Lack or limited access to reliable markets. provision of infrastructure. (iii) Shortage of good quality breeding stock.3. access to veterinary services. Table 18. Quantity of fish landed (tonnes) (1998-2002) 1999 2000 SITES 1998 L. (v) Poor infrastructure. Turkana 4268 5237 2108 L.
Ostrich farming. As a result. (i) ii) iii) vi) v) vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) Provide adequate water by sinking boreholes and construction of water pans and dams at strategic locations in the region.g. Develop capacity building in improvement of quality livestock products and treatment of animals. Turkwel and Baringo. MINERAL RESOURCES 3. Rehabilitation of denuded land with pasture. NGO’s and other stakeholders in sensitising the communities on the nutritional importance of fish and economic use of other resources such as gums.West Pokot district To improve animal production and marketing in the region. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 31 .g. The only commercial scale enterprise in this sector is the Kenya Fluorspar Mining Company at Kimwarer. Introduction of diversified livestock farming e. Beehives and Honey processing equipment. available information on the mineral resources in the region is inadequate. Develop infrastructure including sale yards and cattle dips. comprehensive mineral exploration has not been undertaken. Collaborate with the private sector. Facilitate private sector development of cooling plants and landing sites for the fishing industry in Lakes Turkana. Due to difficulties in accessing many parts of the region. Keiyo district. Promote improved livestock breeding stocks. Promote use of improved beekeeping equipment e.Rehabilitated land-reseeded with perennial range grasses at Poole . beeswax and honey. resins. Various small companies and individual prospectors have worked in the region but often without keeping formal records of the minerals prospected. the Authority in conjunction with other stakeholders will undertake the following interventions.4 A large portion of North Western Kenya has considerable mineral potential.
Other deposits are found in Turkana. beneficiation and market studies to take advantage of improved infrastructure. (vii) Chromite: Located in Telot-Sekerr area. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 32 . technology and new markets especially in the COMESA region. Investigations on the reserves are not complete. talc in Soka and marble in Koitilial. Trona (Magadi) and Salt. Keiyo and Samburu districts. Marakwet. (v) Fluorspar: Deposits found at Kimwarer. (iv) Diatomite: Located between Maron and Bartabwa in Baringo district with estimated reserves of 0. Graphite. West Pokot district with estimated reserves of 50. Sub-Sector Constraints The constraints in this sub-sector are:(i) Lack of adequate funding for exploration. (viii) Ruby: Deposits are found along Waseges river valley. Baringo district. Kaolin. (iv) Lack of specialised equipment for exploration KVDA’s Interventions KVDA has done some exploration and feasibility studies on the exploitation of limestone in Ortum. Unexploited deposits need further exploration. (iii) Gypsum: Located at Loperot and Napeded in Turkana district with estimated reserves of 0. There are other deposits present in the region which the Authority plans to investigate. Vermiculite. (iii) Inadequate data for economic assessment.Over the last one and half decades KVDA embarked on a programme of investigation and documentation of various deposits in the region and the prospects are as follows:(i) Limestone: Located in Ortum – Sebit area of West Pokot district with estimated reserves of over 30 million tonnes. Marakwet district. (ii) Inadequate technical expertise.000 tonnes. These include. Kyanite-Sillimanite. (vi) Marble: Located in Arror-Koitilial area. (ii) Talc: Located in Soka and Samor in West Pokot district with estimated reserves of 1 million tonnes. Keiyo district with estimated reserves of 3 million tonnes.6 million tonnes. Another deposit found at Kollowa Baringo district is yet to be investigated.5 million tonnes.
874. Kapkanyar and Kamologon/Kabusien in West Pokot district.5 FORESTRY RESOURCES The region is endowed with indigenous and exotic tree species.916 18. Marakwet district Forestry resources have mainly been exploited for timber. Loroki in Samburu district and Katimok in Baringo district.736 183. In 1996 the Forest department collected over Kshs. RVP 219 272 499 631 986 209 2816 1991 Revenue [Ksh] 483.285 16.3.295 4. Area under forest cover & revenue collected by district District Area [Km2] Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu Turkana West Pokot Total Source: PFO. Indigenous forest – Cherangany hills.000 30.000 62. Kaptagat and Elgeyo in Keiyo district.398.745 18.257 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 33 .481 6.000 51. Survival of the forests has constantly been threatened by over exploitation of timber without re-afforestation. These are found in gazetted forest areas and community owned forests in trust lands. Annual revenue generated from sale of forest products has been declining since mid 1990s’.721.839. Gazetted government forests in the region cover an area of about 2900 square Kilometres (3% of the region’s area). wood fuel (firewood and charcoal) and herbal medicine.38 million compared to Kshs.000 43.867 50.405. Kiptaber and Embobut in Marakwet district.000 7.250.480 163. These forests include Kipkunur.970 21. Chemosusu in Koibatek district.314 22. encroachment and charcoal burning. This necessitates community sensitization on forest management.000 Area[Km2] 229 248 521 655 986 100 209 2.899 58. 18 million in 2002 (Table 19).789 1996 Revenue [Ksh] 875. Table 19.000 38.088.947 2002 Revenue [Ksh] 210.960 31.403.691 Area[Km2] 229 282 521 655 755 347 2.
The approach is integrated and multi-disciplinary and embraces participatory intervention measures. The Authority will work in collaboration with other stakeholders e. forests and biodiversity. KVDA’s Intervention in Catchment Conservation The catchment conservation and rehabilitation activities will aim at conserving the various natural resources e. Indiscriminate exploitation of forest products coupled with slow reafforestation programme Low adoption of agro-forestry within the communities. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 34 . water.g.g. Korellach catchment and water catchments of rivers Kimwarer and Perkerra. local authorities. (ii) Tree seedling production. private companies and local investors on catchment conservation aspects and land use management. (iv) Community sensitization and capacity building. This will ensure sustainable exploitation of these resources. (ii) Social forestry and extension services. Currently the Authority carries out catchment conservation and rehabilitation activities in the Turkwel and Kimao dam catchments. Encroachment of forest areas. (v) Effective linkage and collaboration with other stakeholders. Depleted forest area – Marakwet District The main activities in this programme include:(i) Soil and water conservation measures.Sub-Sector Constraints i) ii) iii) iv) Lack of effective linkage and collaborative structures with the stakeholders. The existing and planned KVDA tree nurseries are shown in (Table 20). soil. Other areas planned for focused conservation are the Cherangany hills watershed complex.
KVDA existing and planned tree nurseries SITE SEEDLING PRODUCTION ANNUALLY 50.000 50.000 30.000 50.Pokot Turkana Marakwet Samburu Keiyo Baringo Koibatek Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 35 .000 20.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 20.000 100.000 50.000 20.000 50.000 50.000 100.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 100.000 20.000 50.Table 20.000 100.000 100.000 50.000 20.000 DISTRICT REMARKS Kimao Dam Chepsurur Kongelai Kariama Ngoleyo Kamayech Koropokwen Kotoruk Kessup Arror Kipsaos Kimwarer Cheplambus Wei Wei Tot Sambirir Embomon Kimngorom Kabetwa Kapsowar Kabyego Chesegon Lodwar Kapcherop Maralal Torok Kabarnet Torongo Baringo West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot Keiyo Marakwet Keiyo Keiyo Baringo West Pokot Marakwet Marakwet Marakwet Koibatek Marakwet Marakwet Marakwet W.
Sekerr hills in West Pokot district. (i) Waterfalls: Torok and Kessup in Keiyo district. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 36 . (iii)Valleys: The great Rift Valley (Kerio Valley and Suguta Valley) (iv) Hills/Escarpments: Cherangany hills in Marakwet and West Pokot district. (ii) Cliffs: Rondinin (Sumot) and Kipngochoch in Baringo district and Kamariny in Keiyo district. Tugen hills in Baringo district and Mogila hills in Turkana district. Elgeyo Escarpment in Keiyo district.6 TOURISM AND WILDLIFE The region abounds with tourism potential as enumerated below:3. (v) Gorges: Turkwel gorge in West Pokot district and Chebloch in Baringo and Keiyo districts border.Advanced Gully Erosion – Mtembur.1 Landscapes The region has picturesque landscapes that include among others. Arror and Embobut in Marakwet district. West Pokot 3.6.
crocodiles. Baringo. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 37 .2 Wildlife The region is home to a wide range of wildlife which is a major tourist attraction. Nasolot. Average numbers of annual visitors to game reserves in a typical year are in the range of 15.000 foreigners and 120. Rimoi and Lake Turkana. These are found in national parks and reserves as shown in (Table 21).000 residents. Kapnarok.6. Saiwa Swamp. The game reserves and other attractions are popular both to local people and foreigners. buffaloes. The main types of wildlife include elephants.Panoramic view of Kerio Valley 3. hippos and various birds. The main reserves and sanctuaries are Lakes Bogoria.
Water sports such as boat and canoe tours have been introduced in Lakes Turkana and Baringo and attract resident and non-resident tourists. Bogoria National Reserve L. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 38 . (ii) Geysers and Hot springs Lake Bogoria in Baringo district is a popular tourist attraction site due to its active geysers. Turkana.Turkana National Reserve South Turkana National Reserve Barwessa/Baringo W/Pokot Trans Nzoia Rimoi/Keiyo L. guinea fowls High Concentration of Large Nile Crocodiles Elephants Antelopes L. The geysers produce steam rich in sulphur compounds which are believed to be medicinal.Turkana/ Turkana Turkana 3. Crocodiles Elephants.g.6. geysers Over 40 species of snakes which include some of the most poisonous ones. Baringo and Bogoria. Important Wildlife Sites Reserve/sanctuary L. Kamnarok National Reserve Nasolot Game Reserve Saiwa Swamp National Park Rimoi Game Reserve L. In the same area are hot spas which have been harnessed by the local hotel industry. Crocodiles Elephants Monkeys Sitatunga antelopes Elephants Rare birds e.Table 21. These museums are strategically located along the north-western tourist circuit (Table 22).3 Other Attractions (i) Lakes The region has three large natural lakes namely. Baringo Reptile Park Where located Bogoria/Baringo Kampi Samaki/Baringo Main attractions Flamingoes. tamed pythons. (iii) Museums Artefacts depicting the cultural history of the region’s communities have been collected and displayed in museums. Visitors to museums are over 2000 annually.
7 SUMMARY OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE REGION The status of natural resources in the region is summarized in (Table 24). KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 39 . They have a combined bed capacity of more than 300 as shown in (Table 23).Table 22. there are constraints that impede successful implementation of tourism programmes in the region. ostrich farming. 3. ii) Increased human-wildlife conflict.6.tourism enterprise in the region e. Major Hotel and Bed Capacities Facility Lake Baringo Club Lake Bogoria Hotel Kabarnet Hotel Island Camp Soi Safari Lodge Roberts Camp Total Bed Capacity 96 90 60 58 37 Camp site 341 Sub-Sector Constraints Despite vast tourism potentials. iii) Land tenure system hinders development of private tourism enterprise. Museums Name Kabarnet cultural museum Kipsaraman Community Museum Kapenguria museum Lodwar museum Maralal museum Where located Kabarnet/Baringo Kipsaraman/Baringo Kapenguria/West Pokot Lodwar/Turkana Maralal/Samburu 3. inadequate communication and tourist facilities. Table 23.4 Tourist Accommodation Facilities Most of the hotels in the region providing tourist-class facilities are situated in Baringo district. iv) Inadequate marketing of tourist potential. These include:i) Poor road networks.g. The Authority in liaison with other stakeholders will promote activities towards enhancing eco.
wells. • • • • • • • • • • • • Improved access to markets Improved access to water and pasture Improved quality of stock and products e. fish. Water resources inventory Activities • Construction of water supplies conservation structures eg. Provide improved bee-hives and processing equipment Facilitate branding of cattle.Table 24. boreholes and water pans.Agricultural Land To promote agricultural production.g. ostriches etc.Holders Communities GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs • • • • • • • 2. • • • Few fish varieties in some habitats Poor access to markets Negative sociocultural beliefs Land tenure systems Soil degradation Low crop yields • • • • Increase in fish production Market access improved Increased fish consumption Improved income levels • • • • KVDA GOK NGOs CBOs • • • • • • Effective land tenure systems Increased land productivity Food sufficiency • • • Communities GOK KVDA ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 40 . Livestock & Fisheries To improve livestock production and marketing. Hydrological monitoring Catchment conservation measures to protect river sources and regulate flows Construct wells. sale yards. Status of natural resources Resources Available 1. Develop rain-water harvesting and spring protection programmes. Restocking water bodies and increasing varieties Empower co-operatives Promote consumption of fish amongst the local populace Land adjudication Soil and water conservation Development of irrigation projects Stake. dams. abattoirs and access roads Introduce diversified livestock. and water pans Reseeding of rangelands Capacity building in treatment of animals Develop marketing infrastructure. Constraints • Poor distribution of water sources in time and space Destruction of water catchments Non optimal utilization Low water quality Inadequate hydrological data Limited access to markets Prolonged droughts Low quality livestock products Frequent disease outbreaks Low quality breeds Insecurity Output • • • • • • Reliable river/stream flows Availability of potable water Reduced water point distances Improved distribution systems Improved public hygiene. Water Resources Objective To promote development and sustainable utilisation of water resources in the region. honey Reduced animal mortality Higher incomes realised Enhanced security • • • • Communities GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs • • • To promote the development and sustainable utilisation of fisheries resources in the region 3. dams. Develop market infrastructure: processing facilities.
etc Promote use of energy saving devices (e. trust lands etc) • • • 5. geothermal and solar projects Establish wood lots. g improved jikos) Access roads improvement Develop tourism facilities Resolve human/wildlife conflicts through sharing of project benefits etc MOE KVDA NGOs CBOs 7.Holders NGOs CBOs CSOs Investors ME&NR KVDA CBOs CSOs Investors 4. Tourism & Wildlife To promote the development and utilisation of tourism resources • • • • • • • Access to tourist sites Decreased human/wildlife conflicts Increased number of tourists attracted Improved income levels • • • KVDA GOK NGOs CBOs Investors ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 41 . Forestry To promote forestry for catchment conservation and development • • • • • • • • • • • Increased area under forest cover Increase in availability of forest products Improved water sources and reliable river flows Effective forest land policy Increase in utilisation of available energy resources. Energy To promote energy resources development • • • • • Promote development of: hydropower.Resources Available Objective processing and marketing Constraints • Lack of agroprocessing industries Output • • Increased land under irrigation Value addition to agricultural produce Wise use of mineral resources Improved local income Employment opportunities created Activities • • • • • • Promote dry land farming Promote extension services Promote development of agroprocessing enterprises Carry out surveys Identify strategic investors Procurement and installation of equipment and machinery Stake. Use of appropriate technology Electrical power generation • • • • • Community sensitisation/ awareness campaigns Establishment of tree nurseries Afforestration Creation of buffer zones Establish woodlots GOK KVDA ME&NR NGOs CBOs CSOs 6. Minerals To promote exploration and wise use of the minerals in the region • • • Inadequate technical expertise Inadequate equipment Inadequate data on mineral resources Destruction of forests Land degradation Encroachment of forest Lack of effective social forestry programme Inadequate utilisation of appropriate technologies Lack of relevant skills Poor infrastructure Human/Wildlife conflict Land tenure systems (ranches.
goats. water pans. 4. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 42 . improve income and spur economic development in the region. develop rain water harvesting and spring protection programmes. 4.4 Objective 4: To promote the exploration and wise use of mineral resources The Authority will continue to carry out mineral surveys and produce proposals and reports on mineral resources in the region. These activities will create employment. processing and marketing through provision of beekeeping equipment and extension services. 4. soil and water conservation. the Authority will promote fishing in Turkwel dam reservoir and Lake Turkana. dams.2 Objective 2: To promote development of livestock production and marketing KVDA will undertake to improve the quality of the existing breeds of cattle. It will identify strategic investors and facilitate mineral exploration. In addition. horticultural crop production. wells and boreholes. e. 4. Jointly with Fisheries Department and other stakeholders.CHAPTER FOUR STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES The strategic objectives were identified through a participatory process that involved wide consultation with all stakeholders. it will document all the findings and store the information in a data centre for use by stakeholders. In addition the Authority will continue to promote honey production. In collaboration with other stakeholders. and agricultural extension services. The Authority will liaise with other relevant institutions to promote marketing of agricultural produce mainly through market information and value addition.g. dry land farming. and develop livestock infrastructure such as cattle dips. The following objectives were identified as key priorities to guide programmes/projects implementation in the region during the plan period. the Authority will undertake the following activities:construction of water conservation structures. crushes and sale-yards. sheep and camels. construct water supply schemes and undertake catchment conservation measures. processing and marketing The overall objective in the development of agricultural potential of the region includes promotion and development of irrigation schemes. It will also facilitate control of animal diseases by supporting the existing veterinary services in the region and build the capacity of the local people to manage common diseases. the Authority will initiate and strengthen the existing livestock multiplication and improvement centres.1 Objective 1: To promote development and sustainable utilization of Water resources To achieve the above objective.3 Objective 3: To promote development of agricultural production.
soils. soil and water conservation. training e. In addition adoption of energy saving devices will be promoted.7 above are as summarised in (Table 25):- KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 43 . the Authority will undertake to revamp its human and technical capacity.t. community sensitization and strengthening of linkages and collaboration with stakeholders. 4. implement and monitor programmes and Projects In order to realise its mandated objectives and to effectively implement the plan.c of stakeholders jointly involved in the implementation of programmes and projects under this strategic plan will be undertaken. This will be achieved through strengthening of social forestry and extension services. An elaborate training programme will be formulated and implemented both for KVDA staff and the communities collaborating with the Authority. Kimwarer. Training opportunities will be provided to those staff who shall pursue courses which are not only fully relevant to the programme to which a particular officer is attached. 4. Embobut and Wei Wei rivers sites will be pursued.6 Objective 6: To promote development of energy resources KVDA with other stakeholders will promote development of hydro-power.7 Objective 7: To build capacity to plan. The Authority in collaboration with other stakeholders will also carry out monitoring. The Authority will also establish revolving funds for micro-enterprises for easy access to credit by the rural communities. Suitable courses tailored to improve staff knowledge. establishment of more tree nurseries.4.8 Implementation matrix The implementation of the strategic objectives 4.g. wind and geothermal power projects in the region.5 Objective 5: To promote Catchment conservation and Rehabilitation KVDA will promote the conservation of natural resources particularly land. but are also filling an objectively identified gap in knowledge. water and forests for sustainable utilization of their productive potential. Possibilities of developing hydro-power at Arror. skills and/or attitude. Other capacity building needs e. The Authority will link/collaborate with Public Universities in enhancing training/capacity building for its staff.1 to 4. evaluation and learning programmes. micro-financing. 4. skills and attitudes to work will be encouraged to enhance work performance.
wells. boreholes completed -4 No. springs developed and protected -Conserved water catchment areas -Availability of safe drinking water -Updated hydrological data and reports Baringo. -Update feasibility studies on Kimwarer and Arror Sector Total Ksh 300 million ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 44 . Implementation matrix of the strategic objectives PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COST (Ksh) ‘000.Kimao dam water supply Samburu -one dam Water Pans Baringo (6) Koibatek.28 No. -Destruction of water catchments -Low water quality -Inadequate hydrological data measures -Develop rainwater harvesting and spring protection programmes -Enhance Hydrological -4 No. Turkana (2).Table 25.4 All 7 districts All 7 districts Communities 20 70 10 9 9 10 3 7 GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs 2005-06 2005-07 2005-10 2007-09 9 2008-09 3 2005-10 10 70 2005-10 All 7 districts 70 2005-10 monitoring. Samburu (6). Keiyo (4).000 STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME 1.(6). water pans constructed. boreholes and water pans) and water supply schemes -Provision of water for sanitation to schools for development of girl child education -Undertake catchment conservation .Poor distribution of water sources in time and space -Lack of an effective monitoring systems . dams. -One dam completed. West Pokot (4) Boreholes Turkana – 4 Water Springs West Pokot .Improved distribution of water -Reduced distances to water points -Reliable river/stream flows -Improved water quality .Water Resources Development To promote development and sustainable utilisation of water resources in the region .Availability of reliable hydrological data -Construction of water conservation structures (e.g.
honey processing plants constructed/ rehabilitated -Ostrich demonstration farm in place and fish fingerlings introduced in water reservoirs -No. PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE -To promote the development of livestock production and marketing CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COST (Ksh ‘000.Low quality breeds -Low quality livestock products -Limited access to terminal markets -Prolonged droughts -Improved quality of stock and products e.Implementation Matrix cont’d……….Turkwel) 8 2006-09 16 2005-09 Baringo Turkana (L. Livestock Development . honey -Improved access to markets -Higher incomes realised -Improved access to water and pasture -Reduced animal mortality -Establish and strengthen livestock multiplication centres -Provide improved bee-hives and harvesting equipment -Develop marketing infrastructure. ostriches -Construct ion of livestock watering points -Reseeding/ pasture establishment.g.Increased access to organised markets -4 No.g.000) STAKEHOLDERS Communities TIME FRAME 2. of livestock watering points established -Acreage of All 7 districts All 7 districts 100 28 GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs 2005-07 2005-07 All 7 districts 225 2005-09 Samburu W/Pokot Koibatek Baringo Samburu W/Pokot (L. Turkana ) 2005-10 All 7 districts 28 2006-09 30 ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 45 . -Training of Paravets -Availability of improved breeding stock -Increased number of modern beehives -Tonnage of crude honey purchased . sale yards and -Frequent outbreaks of diseases honey collection centres -Construction/ rehabilitation of 4 No. honey processing plants -Introduce diversified livestock: fish. e.
of Paravets trained All 7 districts 7 All 7 districts 2005-2010 Sector total Kshs. 442 million ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 46 .reseeded range lands -No.
-Tot pilot farm [40Ha] -W/Pokot Wei-Wei Phase III [265 Ha] -Turkana -Nakwamoru phase 1 [60 Ha] All 7 districts ESTIMATED COST (Kshs‘000.575.Kshs 1.PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT -Increased land productivity ACTIVITIES -Develop INDICATORS -Acreage under irrigation LOCATION -Marakwet -Arror Phase I [380Ha].5 million ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 47 . Agricultural Resources Development To promote agricultural production.5 2005-10 Sector total .000) STAKEHOLDERS Communities TIME FRAME 2006-10 2005-09 2005-08 3. processing and marketing -Low crop yields -Frequent droughts -Inadequate marketing infrastructure -Soil degradation irrigation projects 575 40 800 -Food sufficiency GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs 60 2005-10 -Increased land under irrigation -Increased access to markets -Develop minor irrigation schemes -Promote Soil & Water Conservation -Number of operational irrigation schemes 70 2005-10 -Reduced soil erosion -Improved food production and food security -Improved farming techniques -Promote dry land farming Koibatek W/Pokot Keiyo Samburu All 7 districts 20 2005-10 -Promote agricultural extension services 10.
‘000.000) STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME 4.2 million ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 48 .1 ME &NR KVDA CBOs CSOs 2005-10 All 7 districts 2.Mineral resources Survey and development Promote exploration and wise use of mineral resources in the region -Inadequate technical expertise -Lack of specialised equipment -Inadequate data on mineral deposits -Accurate information on mineral deposits -Increased mineral prospecting and mining -Carry out surveys -Dissemination of information to potential investors -Availability of documented data -Number of investors willing to prospect and carry out mining All 7 districts 93.PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COST (Kshs.1 2005-09 Sector Total Kshs.95.
.1. PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION 5.Implementation matrix cont’d ………. of farmers/groups All 7 districts ESTIMATED COST (Kshs‘000. of tree seedlings raised All 7 districts Koibatek.2 Marakwet. Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation To promote catchment conservation and rehabilitation -Destruction of forests and water catchment areas -Land degradation -Increased area under forest cover -Increased availability of forest products -Improved water sources and reliable river flows -Community sensitisation/ -No..000) 31 STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME capacity building -Establishment of tree nurseries trained and supported -No.2 Baringo. All 7 districts 90 2005-10 -Conservation of the Turkwel dam catchment -Reduced sediment flow into Turkwel dam reservoir W/Pokot 1000 2005-10 Sector Total Kshs.99 million Implementation matrix cont’d……………. 240.4 20 -Afforestation -Establish woodlots -Area under forests and woodlots W/Pokot-6 Turkana -2 Samburu-2 Keiyo -2 All 7 districts 100 GOK KVDA ME &NR NGOs CBOs CSOs Local Authorities Private Companies and Local Investors 2005-10 2005-09 2005-10 -Carry out soil and water conservation and rehabilitation measures -Reduced soil erosion. ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 49 .
ESTIMATED COST (Ksh‘000,000)
6. Energy Resources Development
-Underdeveloped sources of energy potential
-Increase utilisation of
development of:hydropower -Carry out feasibility studies for other sources of energy e.g. wind and geothermal
-Arror 70 MW hydropower implemented -Feasibility study reports available
MarakwetArror 70mw All 7 districts
MOE KVDA NGOs CBOs
-Electrical power generation -Sustainable use of wood fuel -Use of appropriate technology
-Establish wood lots -Promote use of energy saving devices (e. g improved jikos)
-School drop-out rates for girls reduced
-Promote use of solar energy in educational institution especially girls boarding schools
-Increased availability of wood fuel -Reduce destruction of vegetation -Increased number of people using energy saving devices -One school per district installed with solar energy technology
All 7 districts
All 7 districts
All 7 districts
Ministry of Education
Sector Total Kshs. 42.1 million
____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 50
Implementation matrix cont’d………………………
PROGRAMME OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COSTS (Kshs.‘000,000) STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME 2005-10
7.Capacity Building Programme
To build capacity to plan, implement and monitor
-Inadequate skilled manpower -Inadequate financial resources -Weak Data base -Low adoption of ICT -Low literacy level among communities in the region
-Trained skilled manpower -More informed communities -Data resource centre established -Effective Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning System in place -Projects in planned funded & implemented -KVDA ICT policy in place -Easy access to and availability of credit for microenterprises
-Training/capacity building -Financial resources
-Establish a resource centre -Establish a Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning System -Collect planning data and information -Formulate KVDA ICT policy
-Established ICT centre -Setup KVDA Web-site
-Number of staff/community CBOS trained -Increased funding for development secured –Data resource centre in place -MEL unit and system established -Operational ICT centre -Operational Web-site
KVDA, Communities, NGOS, MRDA, Line Ministries,
CBOs, DDOs, DSDOs
- Establish revolving funds for microenterprises
- Lack of access to credit facilities by rural communities
-Number of loanees and FSA’s
Sector total Kshs.120 million
____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 51
CHAPTER FIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PLAN
The implementation of the Strategic Plan will require substantial human, physical and financial resources and will involve the participation of the stakeholders at all levels of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. The strategic plan will provide the Board of Directors, the management and stakeholders in the region with guidelines that clearly define the Authority’s way forward. The development of programmes with specific objectives will increase efficiency and effectiveness, accountability and transparency. A programme for monitoring and evaluation will be put in place during the execution of the plan. Annual work plans with clear time frames for implementation of specific activities will be drawn. The programmes will be monitored both internally and externally. Programme managers will organise regular meetings to review implementation, identify constraints and make appropriate recommendations. Facilities for electronic linkages with stakeholders and other collaborating institutions will be enhanced for information dissemination. The execution of this plan including awarding of contracts, procurement procedures e.t.c will be in accordance with government regulations. The implementation matrix for all the programmes under the various strategic objectives is indicated in Table 25. KVDA will, within the plan period (2005-2010), endeavour to implement programmes to achieve the following seven strategic objectives. 5.1 SUMMARY OF STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND OUTPUTS Objective 1: To promote development and sustainable utilization of water resources in the region. Expected Output:- Improved utilisation of water. Objective 2:- To promote the development of livestock production and marketing. Expected Output:- Improved quality of livestock and easier access to markets. Objective 3:- To promote agricultural production, processing and marketing. Expected Output:- Improved food sufficiency and increased incomes. Objective 4:- To promote the exploration and wise use of mineral resources. Expected Output:- Wise use of mineral resources and improved incomes. Objective 5: To promote catchment conservation and rehabilitation. Expected Output:- Improved status of water, soils, forests and rangeland resources. Objective 6: To promote development of energy resources. Expected Output:- Increased utilisation of available energy resources.
KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010
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Turkana and Baringo districts will be exploited. iv) Mineral Resource Development The mineral resources development programme is estimated to cost Ksh.1575. iii) Water Resource Development In the water sub-sector.1514. During the plan period (2005-2010).95. This will be done in collaboration with other stakeholders. ii) Livestock and Fisheries Development Activities geared towards improvement of livestock production and fisheries will be implemented in the seven districts. Fish potential in West Pokot. gypsum and other mineral deposits in the region. talc.441. The total budget for implementation of projects within the sector is estimated to cost Ksh.9 million.15 million within the plan period. horticultural crops development.300.5 million. Ostrich farming will be encouraged. The activities to be undertaken include regional exploration and project feasibility studies on the commercial exploitation of marble. agricultural programmes will be implemented for the production of both food and cash crops in all the districts.Effective service delivery. The major projects are Wei Wei phase III in West Pokot district. 5. Expected Output:. diatomite. v) Energy Resource Development Development of programmes/projects in this sub-sector is estimated to cost Kshs. Arror and Tot irrigation projects in Marakwet district and Turkwel downstream irrigation project in Turkana district with a total estimated cost of Ksh.2 million.07 million in the promotion of the development of energy resources in the region.2 SECTORAL COST ESTIMATES OF THE PLAN The implementation of the plan will be undertaken in all the districts to achieve equitable and sustainable development as shown in Table 26. i) Agricultural Resource Development Programmes and projects planned for implementation in the agricultural sector is estimated to cost Ksh.16 billion. This project (Arror) is estimated to cost Ksh.5 million.Objective 7: To build capacity to plan. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 53 .42. soil and water conservation and agricultural extension services. an appraisal of the feasibility studies for the proposed Arror hydro-power project will be undertaken and sourcing of funds from development partners for implementation will be pursued. Special emphasis will be placed on promotion of dry land farming technologies. In addition. KVDA and other stakeholders will implement water supply projects and construct dams and water pans. implement and monitor programmes and projects. The implementation of this programme is estimated to cost Ksh.
The financial budgetary provision will cater for capacity building for all programmes and projects including staff training and community empowerment. vii) Capacity Building Capacity building programme will involve mobilisation of human.1billion in the plan period and aims at prolonging the life-span of the Turkwel dam reservoir.99 million.1240.vi) Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation Programme The catchment conservation and rehabilitation activities costing estimated Ksh. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 54 .240. financial and technical resources to support effective implementation of the plan. Conservation of other catchment areas in the region is estimated to cost Ksh.120 million.99 million will be undertaken in all the districts. During the plan period the programme is estimated to cost Ksh. The Turkwel dam catchment conservation and rehabilitation programme in West Pokot district is estimated to cost Ksh.
01 33.6 13. SECTOR BARINGO SAMBURU KOIBATEK KEIYO MARAKWET WEST POKOT 816.81 ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 55 .5 Tot.7 101.57 6. Arror Irrigation projects 59.Summary of sectoral programmes and estimated costs (kshs.01 1037.5 16.6 13.83 221. million) within plan period.5 Turkwel Down stream irrigation project 63.01 33.6 13.01 35.83 1970.5 Livestock and Fisheries Development Water resources Development Programmes Mineral Resource Development Programmes Energy Development Programmes Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation Programmes Capacity building Programmes (Headquarters) Total Costs per District 65.83 161.57 6.57 6.6 13.6 13.45 626.57 42.5 16.Table 26.5 (Wei Wei TURKANA Agricultural Development (Crops) 11.45 16.45 61.575.7 30.57 6.7 51.07 1240.15 13.45 TOTAL SECTOR COSTS 1.01 33.83 159.45 project phase III 65.57 6.99 - - - - - - - 120 181.83 236.01 33.2 6.7 31.45 71.57 6.83 762.5 Salawa.01 33.45 59.7 30.9 300.7 33.6 95.Chemeron projects 65.83 3815.7 21.6 13.5 441.
information and technology.81 million. the Authority will restructure its staff establishment and improve working conditions to attract and retain qualified personnel in various cadres (Annex 2). KVDA will source for funds through development of project proposals in strategic sectors. The funds will be sourced from donors. Internal revenue generation KVDA will increase and strengthen its income generation base to support some of its programmes. (iii). especially for infrastructural development is an important aspect for development in the region.5. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 56 . Government of Kenya The main source of funding for KVDA activities is the Government of Kenya (both for recurrent and development expenditure). Rent collection from residential and non-residential buildings. The following have been identified as internal sources of revenue:(a). The annual budget for the various programmes will be submitted to the Government for funding. GOK as well as internal revenue generation. (d). Local communities will also be encouraged to participate in design and implementation of programmes through cost sharing. Donor funding Donor funding. The expected sources of funds will be:(i). (ii). (iv). The linkages will not only provide required funds but will enhance exchange of skills.3815. Commercialization of some farming activities and services. The organisational structure (Annex 3) will be streamlined in order to strengthen the implementation of the strategic plan. The Board of Directors and management will spearhead mobilisation of resources internally and externally. Strategic investors/development partners Collaborative linkages with various development agencies will be initiated and existing ones strengthened. Leasing of plant equipment and machinery.4 HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Due to the Government’s rationalisation programme aimed at improved performance and efficient and effective service delivery. (b). Joint sourcing of funds will also be encouraged. (c). Total cost for implementation of the programmes for five years (2005-2010) is estimated at Ksh.3 FINANCING OF THE PLAN The implementation of this strategic plan will require substantial financial resources. 5. Provision of consultancy services.
EVALUATION AND LEARNING Monitoring. Participatory monitoring and evaluation for decision-making will be adopted at all levels of planning including the community level as a means of promoting team work and stakeholders involvement in programme/project planning and implementation. Consideration of cross-sectoral issues of relevance including purpose. The Authority's programmes will be monitored both internally and externally on a continuous basis. processing and communication of information that will assist in decision making throughout the plan period. projects and activities within the plan period.CHAPTER SIX MONITORING. It ensures minimum deviation in realising desired outputs. The plan implementation will be monitored and performance evaluated periodically. project personnel and participating communities in collection. what to be monitored. on-going throughout the Plan period and involves the overseeing of periodic review of each activity. Selection of indicators for measuring the efficiency and effectiveness of activities. and Identification of stakeholders involved in monitoring. The process has a feedback system detailing achievements in all stages of project cycle. Identification of ways and means for feedback lessons learnt and replication of best practices. participatory monitoring and evaluation approaches will be applied. The feedback system will also allow for a participatory learning process for documentation of lessons learnt and replication of best practices. To effectively monitor implementation of programmes. how variables will be monitored. The MEL process will involve managers. It will also ensure capacity building spin-off benefit of learning by stakeholders. KVDA will co-ordinate monitoring and Evaluation activities while district committees will offer technical support the implementation of the programmes. Emphasis on self-monitoring at all levels and stages. the quality and effectiveness of outputs. ____________________________________ • page 57 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 . who will monitor and evaluate and when will it be done will be considered. Evaluation and Learning (MEL) is a tool established for the purpose of measuring accomplishments and detecting the need for adjustments in the course of implementation of programmes. The process will take recognition of the roles and responsibilities of the communities change agents and the provincial administration. At all levels of programme and project implementation this will involve: • • • • • Definition of the main objectives and targets so that all participants have a common understanding of them. It will be used as a continuous feedback system. results and impacts. Monitoring and Evaluation committees will be formed and stakeholders involved at all levels of project implementation. at every level of implementation. learning and evaluation at all levels of programme/project implementation.
KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 58 .Some of the projects monitoring tools include the following:i) Annual reports ii) Departmental reports iii) Field survey reports iv) Progress reports v) Financial reports vi) Farm and technical designs vii) Regular feed back from community based programmes viii) Project impact study reports ix) Reports from meetings.
iii)Availability of feasibility study report and project proposals for funding/implementation. iv) Possession of capital Assets for example Turkwel dam. v) Existence of developed projects/programmes in the region. there are also threats and weaknesses which impede realization of its objectives. take into account the threats. vi). v). iii). The task of looking for alternative funding sources to fill this gap and effectively deliver and sustain the required services has been left upon KVDA to shoulder. b) Weaknesses Execution of the Authority’s mandate has been constrained by the following shortcomings and weaknesses.i). iv). There exist many opportunities and strengths which offer good prospects for the Authority to succeed in its endeavours. vii). Old and inadequate plant and equipments. Minimal attention to livestock development programmes yet it is a core-function. x). KVDA Plaza. ix). Lack of proper marketing strategies. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 59 . ii). Weaknesses. Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) The Authority is operating under a situation of decreasing funding from Central Government for its programmes and projects against a growing expectation from the community. a) Strengths Kerio Valley Development Authority has the following strengths:i) Existence of an enabling Act of Parliament. Poor terms and conditions of service. Weak external linkages. houses and plots. Inadequate financial resources to implement the various projects in the expansive area of jurisdiction. weaknesses. therefore. ICT. Slow adoption of technological changes e. viii).ANNEXES ANNEX ONE: INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS Strengths. KVDA will.g. Inadequate skilled human resources. opportunities and strengths as part of challenges/prospects to address in order to meet its goals. Lack of monitoring and evaluation systems. ii) Existence of an approved establishment which provides for skilled personnel. However. Lack of adequate data for effective planning.
vi). viii). Some of these opportunities include:- i). Availability of abundant natural resources. Untapped tourism potentials. NGO’s. Availability of Indigenous Knowledge in various disciplines. d) Threats Certain external factors pose a threat to the Authority’s operations. x). v). HIV/AIDS pandemic resulting in loss of productive manpower and financial resources. Universities.g. Ready local market for food products. Improved Government policy on ASAL areas. Expansive land for development. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 60 . Land tenure systems which militate against effective development and management interventions. Availability of labour. vi). Political interference in siting of projects and utilisation of resources. xii). beekeeping. ix). cattle rustling and increased proliferation of small arms. Insecurity in the region resulting from banditry. Rampant environmental degradation. etc. Low literacy levels slowing down adoption of new technologies. vii). ix). Proximity to Eldoret International Airport enabling access to external markets. ii). High poverty levels. viii). famine and destructive floods.c) Opportunities There exists many opportunities which offer good prospects for KVDA to progress and excel in its endeavours. iii). v). livestock production. Existence of Ministry of Regional Development Authorities whose core mandate relates to Authority’s own. Potential linkages with research institutions. Potential for establishment of rural industries utilising locally available resources. iv). irrigation and herbal medicines etc. the reorganisation of the power sub. iv). Adverse weather conditions leading to prolonged drought. iii). ii). xi). Improved prospects of peace in the neighbouring countries which should boost interregional trade. These include:i). vii). Inconsistent Government policies e.sector (which lead to the transfer of Assets from KVDA to KenGen).
Hydrology Assistants Snr Hydrology Tech. Mining Engineer/Geologist Civil Engineer II Irrigation Engineer II Engineering Asst. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 8 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 7 8 3 18 NO IN POS. Geologist (Geologist III) Surveyor Assistant Surveyor Jnr Survey Assistant Planning Manager Snr Planning Officer Economist II Economist/Statistian I Asst. Officer Fisheries Officer Marketing Officer Marketing Assistant Marketing Clerks Livestock Officer (B/K) Tech Assistant (B/K) Farm Managers Agricultural Assistant Beekeeping Attendants KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 61 .ANNEX TWO: CURRENT STAFF ESTABLISHMENT APPT. 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 23 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 0 1 0 1 3 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 0 1 5 3 0 4 2 4 9 VARIANCE NO. Geologist Asst. NO. Planning Officer Planning Assistant Librarian Library Assistant Agricultural Manager Snr Beekeeping Officer Senior Livestock officer Snr Range Officer Agricultural Officer I Horticulturalist Marketing Supt Agricultural Engineer Livestock Dev. -1 -1 -1 -1 1 0 -1 0 -2 -2 +15 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 +1 -1 +1 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 +2 0 -2 +4 +2 -1 -3 -6 +1 -9 TITLE Managing Director Deputy Managing Director Chief Engineer Civil Engineer (CECC) Hydropower Engineer Hydrology Specialist Tech. Assistant (Mining) Mining Tech. Hydrology Tech.
Personal Secretary Snr Copy Typist Copy Typist Copy Typist II Copy Typist III Computer Operator Switchboard Supervisor Telephone Operator Receptionist Snr Subordinate Staff Sub-Staff II Subordinate Staff Public Relations officer Assistant Public Relations Officer Liaison Officer Snr Transport Officer 14 1 2 8 15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 4 10 6 13 1 66 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 4 3 3 7 10 3 1 8 4 50 13 67 1 1 2 1 14 1 2 6 23 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 0 3 2 1 13 16 23 1 88 3 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 10 6 9 9 1 4 5 62 17 48 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 -2 +8 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 -1 +1 -1 0 0 -1 -1 0 -3 +3 +10 +10 0 +22 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 +1 0 +1 -1 -3 +1 +7 -1 -1 -6 -1 -4 +1 +12 +4 -19 -1 0 +3 -1 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 62 . Assistant (Agri.Tech.) Snr. Forester Forester Forestry Assistant Forestry Attendant Financial Controller Chief Accountant Senior Accountant Purchasing Manager Purchasing Officer Supplies Officer Purchasing Assistant Supplies Clerks Chief Internal Auditor Cost Accountant Internal Auditor Accountant I Accountant II Audit Assistant Accounts Assistants Snr Clerks Clerk I Store Assistant Clerks II Store Clerks Chief Legal Officer Legal Assistant Personnel Manager Snr personnel Officer Snr Administrative Officer Personnel Officer Assistant Personnel Officer Snr personnel Secretary Personal Secretary Asst.
Transport Officer Driver I Driver II Driver III Senior Mechanic Mechanic I Mechanic II Mechanic III Snr Security Officer Security Officer Senior Security Assistant Security Guard II Security Guard III 1 4 12 19 2 2 4 10 1 1 9 5 53 1 3 1 20 2 5 2 10 0 0 9 10 62 0 -1 -1 +-1 0 +3 -2 0 -1 -1 0 +5 +9 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 63 .
DEPARTMENT Development Planning Division Monitoring and Evaluation Division ICT Division Engineering Division Crop Production Division Internal Audit Division Accounts Division Administration Division Water Resources Division Catchment Conservtn. & Rehabilitation Division Business Development & Marketing Division Procurement & Supplies Division Personnel Division Mining Development & Geology Division Survey & Mapping Division Livestock & Fisheries Division Tourism & Wildlife Division Legal Division Training & Welfare Division Public Relations Division Premises Division Security Division Transport Division ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 64 . AGRICULTURE & LIVESTOCK DEV. FINANCE DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL & ADMIN.ANNEX THREE: ORGANIZATION CHART KERIO VALLEY DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY BOARD OF DIRECTORS MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING DIRECTOR PLANNING DEPARTMENT ENGINEERING. DEPT. MINERAL & WATER RESOURCES DEPT.
KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 65 .ANNEX FOUR: TURKWEL HYDROPOWER GENERATION PLANT As part of internal revenue generation. The power generation assets were assigned to KenGen during the liberalisation of the power sub-sector without due consideration to the financial requirements to successfully implement KVDA’s extensive and varied programmes and projects. If KVDA was to sell power directly to KPLC at Ksh. KVDA hopes that conclusion of the negotiations will be successfully finalized soon. The Authority developed Turkwel power generation plant as a source/base for revenue generation to fund other development activities in the region.86 per KWhr while retaining KenGen as a management agent at a fee of 18% of total revenue. MOE and MORDA to resolve the issue of asset transfers and project benefits. KenGen. KVDA would be able to finance its strategic plan if it received the expected revenue from sale of power from Turkwel project. net annual earnings due to KVDA would be Ksh.549 million based on 360 GWH per year. Power generation from the project over the last ten years has been 360 to 400GWH per year.1. KVDA. Negotiations have been going on among the stakeholders in the sub-sector.
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