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The Kerio Valley Development Authority (KVDA) was established in 1979 as a Regional Development Authority (RDA) under Cap 441of the Laws of Kenya. The Authority was established to address socio-economic development disparities in its area of jurisdiction and to bring its region’s per capita income to the level of the national average. By virtue of the Act (Cap 441) the Authority is a legal entity with perpetual succession and common seal which in its corporate name is capable of inter alia; a) suing and being sued; b) taking purchasing or otherwise acquiring, holding charging and disposing of property, movable or immovable; c) borrowing and lending money; d) entering into contracts; e) doing or performing all such other things or acts necessary for proper performance of its function under this act which may lawfully be done or performed by a body corporate.
KVDA Headquarters, Eldoret
KVDA was set up to plan and coordinate implementation of programmes and projects that transcend administrative boundaries. In addition, the Authority aims at rationalising equitable development across the entire Kerio Valley region.
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Some of the main considerations in setting up KVDA include the following: a) The Authority complements and supplements Government efforts towards a balanced regional development approach. b) The strategic position of the Authority in terms of formulation and implementation of regional programmes and projects gives KVDA an added advantage as the Authority has a well laid network in the region under its jurisdiction. c) The strategic focus on poverty eradication, formulation and implementation of regional based socio-economic development programmes and projects is an important entry point for KVDA. d) The general emphasis on catchment conservation and sustainable utilisation and management of natural resources including water, fisheries, forestry and soils towards poverty reduction is important in terms of the regional focus and its inherent advantages. The performance of Government Ministries and Parastatals has been on focus since early 1990s when the Civil Service Reform Programme (1993) was initiated. The objective of the Programme was to undertake reforms aimed at enhancing quality and efficiency in service delivery in the Civil Service. The broader aim of civil service reform is the creation of a government workforce of the right size and with the right skills, incentives, ethos and accountability needed to provide quality public services and to efficiently carryout the functions assigned by the state. To achieve this objective, the Government formulated a Strategy for Performance Improvement in the Public Service. The implementation of the Strategy is aimed at improving service delivery processes including approaches in the management of public affairs. This called for development and implementation of Strategic Plans. The KVDA’s Strategic Plan is in line with the broad objective of the Civil Service Reform Programme. The Strategic plan will facilitate enhanced and effective implementation of KVDA’s programmes. In line with the MTEF requirements that budgetary allocations be justified against measurable outputs and in conformity with the priorities identified for poverty reduction, the plan will augment the efforts of the stakeholders in addressing the socio-economic concerns of the region. This Strategic Plan is a set of decisions and actions resulting in the formulation and implementation of strategies designed to achieve the objectives of the Authority in a sequenced manner. It identifies systematic courses of action geared towards assisting the Authority to achieve its objectives. It enhances visionary management as it generates and conceptualises the programmes and projects the Authority will undertake during the plan period. To achieve its intended purpose, this Plan goes beyond the allocation of resources to achieve institutional objectives. It has been developed through a strategic process that focused on setting up of institutional objectives, designing of appropriate programmes and projects, and institutional structure for effective development and management of resources in the region.
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Strategic Planning aims at efficiency in delivery of goods and services and achievement of development objectives at minimum cost. It involves the process of identifying objectives that are considered to be strategic to specific goal and/or region. The objectives pursued by KVDA therefore, are expected to result in rapid realization of the vision and mission of the institution. The Plan is consistent with current Government policies towards realising poverty reduction and economic growth objectives as outlined in the Economic Recovery Strategy for Employment and Wealth Creation. 1.3 THE PLAN PREPARATION PROCESS
The process of preparing this Strategic Plan started with collecting and collating data and information from the field. Thereafter, departmental plans were prepared and discussed at a workshop held at Turkwel Gorge Club from 5th-9th July 2004. The output was used to prepare the first draft of the Strategic Plan. A second workshop was held from 27th–29th July 2004 at Soi Safari Lodge, in Baringo District. Participants were drawn from KVDA staff, Board of Directors, District Commissioner – Baringo district, Ministry of Regional Development Authorities, Line Ministries and District Development Officers from districts covered by the Authority. The workshop discussed in detail the first draft which contained among other things the region’s resource profile, KVDA’s mandate, vision and mission, core values and the strategic plan objectives. The participants also discussed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of KVDA as an institution and the region (Annex 1). The final stakeholders consultative workshop was held on 22nd October 2004 at the Grand Regency Hotel – Nairobi. The participants at this workshop included the Minister of Regional Development Authorities, The Minister of State for Home Affairs, Members of Parliament from the region, and Chief Executives of other RDAs, line Ministry officials and representatives of all DDCs in the region. The plan development process therefore, was participatory as it involved representatives of a large cross section of stakeholders who provided invaluable inputs. The inputs of these workshops formed the basis of the preparation and finalization of this strategic plan. The plan indicates KVDA’s intentions for the next five years as it strives to achieve its set objectives. Due to limitation of financial resources, KVDA will be involved in selected strategic and participatory programmes as outlined in chapter four of this plan. This strategic plan assumes a stable and enabling political, economic and social-cultural environment. It is also assumed that sufficient financial resources will be available for the implementation of strategic objectives. 1.4 MANDATE OF THE AUTHORITY
The KVDA’s underlying objectives are provided in its mandate as outlined in KVDA Act Cap 441 of the Laws of Kenya that states inter alia;
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and (j) To maintain a liaison between the Government. electric power generation. Mission To identify. (b) To develop and keep up-to-date a long range development plan for the area. forestry. and schemes within. increased food security. (d) To co-ordinate the various studies of. animal. plan and coordinate the implementation of integrated development programmes by utilizing available resources to improve the living standards of the people. water. the Area so that human. and the planned abstraction and use. land and other resources are utilized to the best advantage and to monitor the design and execution of planned projects within the Area.5 Vision To realise sustainable and equitable socio-economic development in the region. employment opportunities and incomes in line with the Authority’s vision and mission. of the Area as may be considered necessary by the Government or by the Authority and to assess alternative demands within the Area on the resources thereof. wealthy creation. and to carry out such surveys. wildlife and tourism. (c) To initiate such studies. catchment conservation and hydropower generation. mining and fishing and to recommend economic priorities.(a) To plan for the development of the area and initiate project activities identified for such planning through the Government generally. industries. including agriculture (both irrigated and rain-fed). (f) To co-ordinate the present abstraction and use. agriculture and livestock development. water supply. This include. MISSION AND CORE VALUES ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 4 . the private sector and other agencies in the matter of the development of the Area with a view to limiting the duplication of effort and ensuring the best use of technical resources. (h) To ensure that the landowners in the Area undertake all the measures specified by the Authority to protect the water and soils of the Area. VISION. (i) To identify. These programmes and projects have contributed to poverty reduction. (e) To effect a programme of both monitoring and evaluating the performance of projects within the Area so as to improve that performance and establish responsibility therefore and to improve future planning. (g) To cause the construction of any works necessary for the protection and utilization of the water and soils of the Area. KVDA has implemented programmes and projects geared towards poverty alleviation. Since its formation. of the natural resources especially water and set up an effective monitoring of abstraction and usage. 1. assemble and correlate all the data related to the use of water and other resources within the Area as may be necessary for the efficient forward planning of the Area.
Innovation and Creativity Encourages innovation and creativity. Integrity Upholds fairness and openness in provision of quality service to stakeholders.Core values The Authority embraces the following core values in the execution of its mandate: (i) Team Work Promotes collective participation of its staff in execution of its mandate to achieve organisational goals. Cooperation Builds strong linkages with other stakeholders. Technological Compliance Embraces new ideas and techniques to enhance productivity. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 5 .
s. of Females -Male/Female ratio Life expectancy at birth (yrs) .489.Female Population growth rate Water and Sanitation Number of households with access to piped water Number of households with access to potable water Number of permanent rivers Average distance to nearest potable water point VIP toilets Education Facilities Total number of primary schools Enrolment rate Teacher pupil ratio Number of secondary schools Total enrolment in secondary schools Teacher pupil ratio Health Prevalent diseases Doctor/patient ratio Number of hospitals Average distance to health facility Energy % rural households using solar power % households using firewood/charcoal % households using kerosene /biogas Tourism Number of tourist class hotels Main tourist attractions ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 6 .9% 47.6 FACT SHEET 96.093 1:20 upper respiratory tract infection.582 km sq 63703 km sq 7.869 725.l 650mm 2.176 19 6 km Negligible 1. malaria.000 14 20km 3% 96% 45% 18 wildlife.0 2.442 1:1 59.247 90% 1:42 118 15.s.Male .3 65.285 km sq 36. camping and eco-tourism Area Total area Arable Non-arable Water mass Gazetted Forests Topography Highest Altitude Lowest Altitude Rainfall Annual average Highest Minimum Demographic and Population Profile Population size Population structure -Total No.734 km sq 2.442 764.l 300m a. diarrhoea. museums. scenic attractions.900 km sq 3500m a.200mm 400mm 1. skin infections 1:80.532 48.1. of males -Total No. geysers.
Map1. Koibatek. Marakwet.1 LOCATION AND SIZE KVDA area of jurisdiction is located in the North Western region of Kenya.5% of the land mass of Kenya with over 80% being arid or semi-arid (Map1).CHAPTER TWO PROFILE OF KVDA AREA OF JURISDICTION 2. KVDA’s interventions will greatly contribute to the regions development in accordance with the national objectives and general ASAL policy. representing 16. Turkana and western parts of Samburu. Keiyo. It lies between Latitudes 00 10′ South and 100 30′ North. The total area covered by the Authority is approximately 96.285 sq Km. and longitudes 340 and 370 East. West Pokot. KVDA OPERATION AREA ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 7 . This region includes the districts of Baringo.
namely. other smaller drainage basins which constitute the area include:(i) Lakes Baringo – Bogoria drainage basin.s. The highland zone has high potential for agricultural and livestock development. ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 8 .l). Crop production in these areas is possible through irrigation. though salinity would exclude certain soil pockets.l) stretching from Koibatek district to Lake Turkana. However.2. The region can be generally classified into three topographic zones.s. They have complex soils with various textures and drainage conditions.2 Geology The region is characterized by four dominant geological formations which include:• Precambrian Basement system rocks referred to as the Mozambique Belt. Soils in the region can be broadly classified into:(a) Lava boulders and shallow stony soils. The zone is essentially range land. (iii)Tarach – Lotikipi drainage basin.2. the steep escarpments (1200-2000m a. Prominent features include Cherangany hills (3500m). (b) Clay soils. stretching roughly in a north –south direction along the Ugandan border to the Ethiopian border. The Mozambique Belt rocks underlie the entire region except for the western parts which are completely covered by volcanic formations. There are also deep alluvial deposits at the valley floor. though there is a huge potential for large scale irrigation development. • Quaternary to Recent sediments. highland plateau (2500m-3500m a. The lowlands are in a semi-arid climatic zone. These are the main mineralbearing rocks in the region. • Quaternary volcanic rocks. Most of the soils in this zone are Saline.l) and the valley floor (300-900m a. The highlands are in the modified tropical zone with soils that are generally well drained and fertile.The KVDA’s area of jurisdiction is bounded by the drainage systems of Turkwel and Kerio rivers which drain into Lake Turkana. Tugen hills and isolated mountain ranges in Turkana district.s.1 Relief. Keiyo escarpment. • Tertiary volcanic rocks. The Mozambique Belt formation is found in the entire West Pokot district and most of Samburu district. 2. The south is generally high and rugged. (d) Alluvial soils. Sodic or Calcareous in nature. Land and Soils KVDA’s region has great contrast in landforms and physical features. (c) Loam soils. 2.2 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS 2. The Great Rift Valley runs north–south though not well defined in Turkana district. (ii) Suguta – Lake Lokipi drainage basin.
(v) Arid Zone -Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of 15-25%. These include. The zone covers the lower parts of West Pokot. Keiyo escarpment and Tugen hills have semihumid climate with distinct wet and dry seasons.Tertiary (to Quaternary) volcanic formations occur over a vast portion of the region. The vegetation consists of woody Commiphora and Acacia species and grasses such as Cenchrus ciliaris and Chloris roxburghiana. (ii) Sub-Humid Zone – Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of 65-80%. The vegetation consists of forest and derived grassland and bush land. and the south of Lake Turkana. Temperatures in the region are generally very high and vary with altitude. to a maximum of 40°C in the lowlands. They stretch from the highlands around Nakuru roughly in a South West – North East direction to the southern shores of Lake Turkana. The evapo-transpiration ratio ranges from 15% to 80%. The region can be classified into six agro-climatic zones:(i) Humid Zone . The mean annual rainfall ranges from 1000 mm for the highlands and between 200mm to 800mm for the dry low land. (iii)Dry Sub-Humid – Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of 40-65%. The volcanic activities associated with these rocks formed the Tugen hills and the Keiyo escarpment. Lower parts of Cherangany hills and Keiyo.This is a zone with rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of over 80%. The sediments are basically lacustrine and fluviate deposits. 2. The vegetation consists of dry woodlands and savannah. The zone is associated with evergreen. Acacia spp is the dominant tree species. Cherangany hills and Tugen hills . Marakwet. ranging from 10°C in the Cherangany hills and Tugen Hills. Kerio and Suguta drainage basins and plains west of Lake Turkana fall under this zone. The Cherangany hills.2. These formations occur almost entirely over Turkana district except for limited areas around Lakes Baringo and Bogoria and on the upper Kerio valley.3 Agro-Climatic Zones The KVDA area is predominantly semi-arid to arid with an erratic rainfall pattern which affects crop production. This zone includes the area bordering Lake Turkana characterised by rangeland vegetation consisting of dwarf ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 9 . semi arid savannah type of vegetation. Marakwet and Baringo districts. (vi) Very Arid Zone – Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of <15%. The geology of the rest of the region is characterised by the deposits of sediments originating from Quaternary to Recent period. The dominant vegetation is moist indigenous forest. West Pokot and Baringo districts fall under this zone.This is a zone with rainfall/evepo-transpiration ratio of 25-40% and medium agricultural potential.Vast areas of rivers Turkwel. (iv) Semi–Arid Zone . Keiyo. The interaction between rainfall and evapo-transpiration and the resulting moisture regime is the dominant factor that affects productivity and management of crops and land use.
Map2. Perennial grasses e.g. KVDA Region: Agro-climatic Zones KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 10 .shrubs and grassland with Acacia refeciens restricted to water courses. Chrysopogon ancheri and some annual grasses are also found.
It is estimated that 51% of the population live below the poverty line. It is estimated that 285.086 in 1979 to 1.4 3. Kapsowar and Kabarnet. The prevalence is higher among the pastoral communities though pockets of high poverty levels are also found in the agro-based communities and urban dwellers (Table2).697 and is expected to grow to 1.853 196.587 23.086 1.1 Poverty Levels Poverty is severe in the region.948 Source: Various Population Census Reports *The population statistics is for the region covered by KVDA in Western Samburu Half of the region's population is found in two of the most expansive ASAL districts of Turkana and West Pokot which account for about 80% of the area.639 1.652 677.2 2. 2.163 140.9%. Pokot Total 299.649 163.860 308.489.072 142.702 158.697 336.8%) of the people live in urban areas.590 (15. Iten. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 11 .9 5.696.105 57.912.629 43. Pokot. Population density and distribution District 1979 [actual] 133.869 in 1999 thus an average annual growth rate of 3.613 554.2 3.949 75. The population of the region has more than doubled from 677.939 502.912.8 3.696.869 Growth rate [1979-1990] 3.064 96.843 73.220 407.285 Density 2004 35 114 72 100 34 7 39 2004 (Projections) 2010 (Projections) Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu* Turkana W. However.003 184.218 158.9 Area [Km2] 8646 1439 2306 1588 4854 68388 9. Lodwar.090 49. Some of the large towns in the area are Kapenguria.4 3. Eldama Ravine.086 1999 [actual] 264. Turkana. Maralal.978 143.3 3.281 69.4 SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2.948 by the end of the plan period as shown in Table 1.4. Table1. Njemps and the Elmolo.288 450.392 176. The population is currently estimated at 1. Samburu.865 138.717 165.2.3 POPULATION PROFILE KVDA region is inhabited by six major ethnic communities namely the Kalenjin. the highly endowed agricultural areas have high concentration of settlements especially in Keiyo and Marakwet with population densities of 114 and 100 respectively.489.445 355.762 1.
3 1. Samburu and Baringo having the highest mortality rates.2 7.9 70 63 69 6.2 68 5.8 9. Factors which have contributed to this high rate of unemployment is the weak performance of the national economy in general and the harsh climatic conditions in the region which leads to few opportunities for gainful employment.2 8.000 Poverty level (%) Literacy rate (%) Doctor: patient ratio Source: 1999 Census fact sheet 1:34.5 2.2 Child Survival Comparative survival rates in the drier areas of the region are low i.2 127 55.2 26. Crude Death Rates.5 1:150. The high rate of unemployment may also be attributed to negative cultural attitudes.000 1:75.2 53 44.9 6.8 6.6 17.024 1:76. A large proportion of the people in the region are pastoralists who depend mainly on livestock as a source of employment.700 1:50.4 15.5 8. Frequent droughts have impacted negatively on this sub-sector subsequently reducing employment opportunities (Table 3).1 67 63.000 5.9 6.1 66 117 54.2 7.2 9. 2.6 46 21.2 20.2 39.9 7.7%.3 8.000 *Based on population aged 10-14 yrs.9 7.2 44 - 6.4 61.2 1. with West Pokot.3 Unemployment The 1999 labour force survey indicated that unemployment in the KVDA region averaged 17.8 92 58 63.3 64.3 50.6 4. Turkana. Infant and Child Mortality Rates. The female child has a longer life expectancy at birth than the male child in all districts.8 1:156. This is depicted in table 2.4.300 5.6 49.7 39 73.3 63. Important socio-economic indicators Indicator Total Fertility Rate(/1000) Crude Death Rate (/1000) IMR (/1000) U5MR (/1000) Life expectancy at birth-M Life expectancy at birth-F Drop Out Rate* % HHs with piped water % HHs with toilet facility % HHs with electricity for lighting Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakw Samburu et Turkana W/Pokot 7 9 62.1 20 9. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 12 .7 8.3 9.1 13. 2. high illiteracy levels and inadequate educational facilities leading to high school drop out rates.6 13.3 41. These are mainly ASAL districts which also score poorly in life expectancy compared to the rest.3 69.8 76.8 24.4.4 46 76.8 57 62.e.5 4.Table 2.5 11.4 8.7 31.5 62 29.8 69.8 59.4 87.8 43 - 7.7 1:57.3 100 58.
289 6.4.788 53.402 25.580 136. This means 88.279 28.885 1.486 26.707 20.671 3.554 1.047 43.355 2.729 39. Rural electrification programme which subsidizes the cost of accessing power is limited to a few rural centres that are closer to the large towns.405 Total 96.345 4.754 63. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 13 .934 4.5% of households have access to piped water.318 56.5% obtain water from streams.4 Access to Basic Household Utilities Important social utilities such as. lakes. Due to these conditions food security attainment in the region has been elusive.325 Unemployed Female 5. safe drinking water.173 3. and roof catchment. Rural poverty is marked by its common connection to agriculture and land. This means that everyone in a family and/or householdincluding the most vulnerable members in society should have the desired consumption levels.237 30.697 9. Water: 11.347 52.068 24.548 19. 2.895 58.Table 3.245 1.4.680/= per year for rural areas and Kshs. road run offs.639 55.823 245. The region is largely arid and semi-arid where rainfall varies between 400mm (lowlands) and 2200mm (highlands) per annum.454 28.31.524 6.754 Adopted from labour force surveys.938 6.8% in the region.441 29.460 2. The lowlands make up to 80% of the region where the rains are unreliable and poorly distributed. The most affected districts are Baringo. Absolute poverty line for year 2002 was Kshs. majority of them being urban dwellers. Employment levels by age and sex District Male Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu Turkana West Pokot Total 50.999 15.429 Total 8. CBS (1999) 2. However it has improved the number of households accessing electricity to about 3.624 300.884 49. Electricity: Use of electricity is very low and is concentrated in the urban centres.5 Food Security in the region Food security is the right of everyone to have access to safe and nutritious food (quality) and adequate amounts (quantity).447 545.730 23.713 1.792 82.384 5.680/= per year for urban areas. pans.839 Male 2. Water from these sources is untreated and is a major cause of waterborne diseases. Turkana and West Pokot and Samburu where less than 10% of households have access to piped water.16.202 106.799 2.434 Employed Female 46. electricity and toilets are out of reach to the majority of the population in the region. Marakwet. Absolute food poverty estimates in the region are 60% compared to the national average of 53%.
4. Kimalel.8 West Pokot 2500 4. The area under food crops as a percentage of the total arable land per district is shown in Table 4.4. the urban areas and markets are also affected. hence the latter are always food deficit areas. fruits and vegetables. Kabarnet Marigat. Table 4. livestock diseases. sweet potatoes.000 metric tonnes. Due to poor road network. 2.6 Food crop production The main food crops produced in the region are maize. is therefore 416. Eldama Ravine and Lodwar. cowpeas. Area under Food Crops District Arable land (sq. crop pests. sorghum.6 Koibatek 2500 7. beans. cassava. finger millet.7 The Geographical Distribution of Food Food production in the region is unevenly distributed and is dictated largely by the type of geographic and climatic factors prevailing in each area. The distribution of food requires physical infrastructure in terms of roads.8 Turkana In normal rainfall years. 2. The deficit (maize and beans). More food crops are produced in the highland areas and very little in the lowlands (ASAL). credit and financial services.000 metric tonnes per year. Although food insecurity is widespread in rural areas. The National Cereals and Produce Board has constructed food depots at Sigor. the region produces 232. vehicles and storage facilities capable of moving and holding the food. Irish potatoes. it is difficult to distribute food to most parts of the region. Food production is high in the humid and sub-humid zones and low in the dry sub-humid to arid zones. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 14 . Kollowa.km) Area under food crops (%) Samburu 50 98 1500 10.The communities in the region are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity because of the recurring droughts. Kacheliba. Nginyang.2 Baringo 890 30 Keiyo 1300 60 Marakwet 5700 4. These depots are strategically located throughout the region and form strategic centres for food security.000 metric tonnes of maize and beans annually against consumption (requirement) levels estimated at 648. Kapenguria. and limited access to technology and information. Food production in the region is largely by small scale farmers.
Instability in food production.8 The Ability of Households to Acquire Food Household incomes are lower in semi-arid areas than in high and medium potential agricultural areas. The network is denser in the more productive and populated areas compared to the arid areas of the region. Over 2000 households are directly dependent on these projects for their livelihoods. These are primary roads linking important centres to higher class roads. coupled with low and unstable incomes make the populations in these areas particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. The Nyahururu . There are slightly more than 500km of this class of road in the region most of it accounted for by the Nakuru-Lake Baringo to Marich Pass road. isolation and relatively low population density. International trunk roads.5 INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE REGION Due to the rugged terrain. 2. Measures which stabilize the ratios between the consumer price of food crops and the producer prices of livestock will be particularly effective as means of stabilising the purchasing power of farmers and pastoralists.4. The existing road network in the region is categorised into classified.500km long. KVDA has implemented agricultural projects to mitigate the problem of food insecurity. the region has 80 Km of roads per thousand square kilometres compared to the national average of 258 km per thousand square kilometres.Nakuru road is also classified in this category. The unreliable rainfall and sparse vegetation renders the land liable to rapid degradation as population pressure increases. special purpose or rural access roads. Arror (40ha) and Tot (18 ha) is approximately 1700 tonnes per year.1 Roads The road network in the region is not as developed as compared to other regions in the country. Class C. Below is an overview of the various classes of roads in the region: Class A. Class B.5. For example.2.9 KVDA’s Contribution Towards Food Security In its endeavours to attain food sufficiency in the region. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 15 . the region lags behind other parts of the country in the development of transport. National trunk roads linking important centres. The adoption of more appropriate and improved production techniques for both crops and livestock will serve to stabilize and enhance food security in marginal areas. They form the bulk of the roads (about 1500km) in the area and carry most of the trade in the region.4. Total food crop production in the agricultural projects of Wei Wei (275ha). communications and other infrastructure.Lokichogio and then Sudan border . 2. From Kapenguria . The types of roads in the region are shown in Table 5. 2.
West Pokot-4. Class E. 2. Keiyo-1. health and security. This is the second most important class of road in the region and accounts for about 1200km of the road network. Table 5. The region has 34 operational airstrips distributed in various districts as follows. 2.020 Baringo 198 333 737 Keiyo 87 326 171 Marakwet 0 342 333 West Pokot 151 349 697 Total 1026 2094 4. These are minor roads linking all the minor market centres and the locally important centres. Types of roads in the region (km) District Bitumen Gravel Earth Koibatek 120 377 226 Turkana 470 367 2. The railroad also passes southern Keiyo district over a stretch of 40 km.5.4 Energy The availability of electricity in the region has increased over the last 10 years. Many of the towns and trading centres in the region have or are within reasonable distances from air strips. Most of the airstrips are in serviceable condition.3 Railway Transport Transportation by rail for both cargo and passengers is negligible in the region although this is a very important form of transport.184 Source: Various District Development Plans 2002-2008 2.Class D. tourism. Marakwet-1.5. These are secondary roads linking locally important centres to the larger towns.5. The Uganda railroad passes through the southern tip of Koibatek district with a branch line from Rongai to Solai via Kampi-ya Moto. Baringo-6.2 Air Transport Air transport is becoming increasingly important in the region for business. The airport will boost the use of air transport especially for high value perishable horticultural produce. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 16 . Eldoret International Airport is strategically located within the region with a good road network connection to the hinterland. They account for about 1000 Km of the road network in the region. and Turkana 22. Whereas only the fluorspar mines at Kimwarer were served with electricity in the early 1980s. the grid has now been extended to the main commercial centres as in (Table 6).
Emsea. The rest can be considered to be endowed with surface water (springs. Marigat. Kabartonjo. Kiboino. dams and water pans. firewood) geothermal. Saos. Loboi. Cheptebo. geothermal and wind potentials are high in the region but are under-developed. Turkwel Gorge The KVDA region has a high potential for energy development with the most important commercial source being hydropower. Mogorwa. Tambach. Sacho. Makutano. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 17 . Availability of surface water in the region depends on rainfall which is low and unreliable. Distribution of electricity supply District Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu Turkana West Pokot Centres Served with electricity Kabarnet. Chepareria.5 Water Supply. Turkwel hydro power generating station has an installed capacity of 106 MW. Sing’ore. and Kapcherop Maralal.5. Arror. Kimwarer and Wei Wei. Maji Mazuri. Cheptongei. Chepkorio. The high access in Turkana District is attributed to high population living in urban centres and near boreholes. lakes). rivers. Kampi Samaki.Arid lands (ASALS) with limited surface water. solar and wind. In terms of average distance to nearest water points Baringo. Kapkelelwa. Bartolimo and Kipsaraman Iten. households in these areas depend on ground water. Muskut. 10km and 6km respectively as shown in (Table 7). Kimwarer. Mogotio. Muruny. Since 80% of the region fall within the Arid and Semi. Chebiemit. Baringo District has the highest number of households with access to piped water while Turkana District has the highest number of households with access to potable water. Torongo and Poror Kapsowar. 2. Perkerra. Kaptagat and Kamwosor Eldama Ravine.Table 6. Suguta Marmar and Kisima Lodwar town Kapenguria. Other sources of energy in the region include wood-fuel (charcoal. Solar. Turkana and West Pokot lead with 15km. Tenges. The region has other rivers with hydropower potential that include. Sewerage and Sanitation The availability of safe water for human and livestock consumption is a basic need which contributes to improved health. Emining. Embobut. Wood-fuel is used by more than 98% of the population in the region and its utilization is restricted to domestic use only.
5 26. of Dams and pans Number of households with roof catchments Average distance to nearest potable water point Number of VIP latrines Baringo 19034 19284 182 3 26 89 136 250 15 7360 Keiyo 3500 1500 241 35 551 24 15 3000 4 5000 Koibatek 7551 1701 300 3 4 36 157 142 3 19089 Marakwet 2613 2691 16 5 257 2 86 2 10 Turkana 15334 23000 700 4 16 500 West Pokot 2600 2150 38 58 39 86 19 13 6 4200 Lack of proper disposal of waste in both urban and rural areas often leads to contamination of water sources. This threatens the health of the population through water-borne disease outbreaks.2 93.7 35. However.5.6 34.2 48.7 65. Level of Sanitation District Poor households % with access to % with access to Safe Sanitation Unsafe Sanitation 27.8 6.4 Non. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 18 . Assessment of the percentage of population in the region with access to sanitation is shown in (Table 8).3 64. The distribution of the various modes of communication in the region is shown in (Table 9).8 51. Recent government policy changes which liberalised the sector should spur the extension of telecommunication services in the region.6 72.8 83. Water and Sanitation Situation by District Number of households with access to piped water Number of households with access to potable water Number of wells Number of permanent rivers (streams) Number of protected springs Number of boreholes No.Table 7. this increase is concentrated mainly in the urban centres.poor households % with access to % with access to Safe Sanitation Unsafe Sanitation 58. The number of people in the region accessing information and communication technology (ICT) is increasing.3 41.2 16.7 Baringo & Koibatek Keiyo & Marakwet Turkana West Pokot 2.5 73. Table 8. telecommunications infrastructure is particularly critical for efficient exchange of information.6 Telecommunication The region is expansive and most parts are remote therefore.
Keiyo 214 15 5 20 1 Koibatek Marakwet ♣Samburu Turkana W/Pokot 1. Telecommunication infrastructure by district Type Baringo Households with land lines 871 connection No. of telephone booths 56 Post offices 11 Cell phone coverage (%) 10 Cyber cafés 3 ♣ Only towns in Western Samburu.650 28 249 76 180 20 8 40 2 7 9 5 15 4 5 1 493 5 5 4 20 5 22 1 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 19 .Table 9.
(iii) Uncontrolled abstraction. Kerio and Turkwel as well as the Lotikipi plains. to the south by the lower Turkwel basin and to the north by Murua Rith hills and has an area of 5. (ii) Destruction of water catchment areas. KVDA’s Intervention in Water Resource Development In 1984 KVDA carried out a water resources survey as part of the regional development plan. This makes the water unsuitable for domestic. minerals. agricultural land. with the rivers Kerio. While there is perennial flow in the upper Suguta river.900 sq. and have rivers Perkerra. Most boreholes sunk in the region have produced water of satisfactory quality for both human and livestock use.CHAPTER THREE STATUS OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE REGION The region is endowed with natural resources which include water.Km. 3.835 sq. irrigation and livestock use. (ii) Suguta river catchment with an area of 12. rivers Suguta. The ground water found in the region occurs in weathered and fractured zones in metamorphic and volcanic rocks and sediments inter-bedded between volcanic rocks.Km. Waseges and Rongai with a total discharge of 237 million cubic metres annually. These resources are discussed below. (iv) Suam -Turkwel river basin with rivers Suam. Turkwel. Molo. Availability of surface water for domestic and livestock use in the region is limited due to: (i) The poor water sources distribution in both time and space.Km. The water in this basin is characterized by high pH (8. Muruny and Wei wei with a catchment area of 23. forests and wildlife. Km lies between Kerio river basin to the west and Ewaso Nyiro river basin to the east. KVDA has developed specific objectives for development and sustainable use of these resources for the socio-economic well being of the people in the region. (v) Lake Turkana and its immediate basin bordered to the west by Lotikipi basin.800 sq. The annual discharge is 331 million cubic metres. (iii) Kerio river basin covering 17. Arror and Embobut. The study covered the catchments of Lakes Baringo and Bogoria. It has an annual discharge of 811 million cubic metres.1 WATER RESOURCES Water resources contribute enormously to economic productivity and the social well-being of human populace. It analysed the quality and quantity of available water resources and made recommendations and baseline designs on the abstraction and utilisation KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 20 . The surface water sources are confined to five drainage basins as follows:(i) Lakes Bogoria and Baringo basin with approximate area of 4. livestock. it is highly saline except during periods of heavy rains. Kanyangareng.5-10. Cherangany hills and mount Kadam in eastern Uganda. In line with its mandate.6) and high levels of dissolved salts (1035-2500 mg/l) and fluoride.Km that covers mount Elgon.900 sq.500 sq.
NGOs. arid and very arid.of the resource. Inadequate equipment and machinery. Low water quality. sub-humid. semi-arid. The main food crops grown here are maize. KVDA has established and maintained a network of hydro-meteorological stations in the region. Table 10. Water Projects Implemented by KVDA PROJECT Turkwel Multipurpose Dam Kimao Dam and Water Supply Bartabwa Dam and Water Supply Kapchomuswo Dam and Water Supply Kocholwo Water supply Kabokbok Water Supply Ochii Water Supply Cheplambus Water Supply Kollowa Water Pans LOCATION (DISTRICT) West Pokot Baringo Baringo Baringo Keiyo Keiyo Baringo Baringo Baringo In collaboration with the Ministry of Water Resources Management and Development. Some of the projects that have been implemented are shown in (Table 10). it initiated a programme to design and implement community water supply projects in the region.April and October . The rainfall pattern is bimodal with peaks in March. KVDA will endeavour to strengthen its capacity to improve water resources infrastructure in the region by acquiring additional equipment and machinery. Wei Wei.2 LAND RESOURCES The KVDA region can be divided into six agro-climatic zones namely humid. Embobut. In addition. Perkerra and Molo. Kimwarer. Destruction of water catchments. 3. Community’s inadequate capacity to maintain water projects. beans. strengthen collaboration with other stakeholders (line ministries. The stations are located on rivers Suam. CBOs etc) and expanding its hydrometeorological monitoring network. semi-humid.November with mean annual rainfall ranging from 1000 mm to 1300 mm per annum. The average farm size ranges from 0. Poor access to water resources. The humid and sub-humid zones fall within the highlands with altitudes ranging from 2000 to 3500 metres above sea level whose agricultural land use potential is high. Muruny. Irish potatoes and cabbages. The constraints in this sector include:i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) Inadequate funding to develop water resource projects which are capital intensive.5 -5 acres. Inadequate monitoring of water levels along the major rivers. This area forms the main watershed to many rivers. Turkwel. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 21 . Cash crops like pyrethrum and horticultural crops are also grown.
Average farm sizes in the region vary between 0.05 0.2 Source: District Development Plans 2004-2008 3.1 KVDA’S Contribution to Agricultural Development Since inception.region is medium with rainfall ranging from 850mm to 1000 mm per annum. cotton. The main crops grown are food crops (e.5-5 acres per household. both food and cash crops are produced in the region.g. Area under crop production per district is shown in (Table 12).5 Water masses 0.5 27520 637 4. The low potential zones are the lowland areas which receive less than 850 mm of rainfall per annum with an erratic pattern.95 0. Approximately 80% of the region lies in the ASAL zone and the predominant land use is pastoralism.97 Source: District Development Plans 2002-2008 Keiyo 60 39 0.The medium potential zones are areas along the escarpment with altitudes ranging from 1500m to 2000m above sea level. tea and horticultural crops. millet. potatoes (sweet and Irish). Mangoes. The soils are alluvial in nature and rich in nutrients.02 Wildlife 0. In partnership with other stakeholders.2. Land use pattern (%) Land Use Samburu Koibatek Baringo Arable land 4 60 29 Pasture/pastoralism 90 30 70 Forestry 5 8 0.5 1.5 3. The agricultural potential of this sub. cassava and vegetables while cash crops are mainly pyrethrum.g.1 Turkana 20 70 0. Table 11.9 0. Table 12.9 6 3. Area under crop production per district Koibatek Turkana Marakwet Baringo Keiyo Samburu West Pokot Area under food crops (ha) Area under cash crops (ha) Average farm size (acres) 16000 580 1. Pawpaws).0 11939 0. Arable land occupies 39% of the region. coffee. KVDA has been engaged in the promotion and development of agricultural activities in the region. sorghum.9 0. Land use pattern per district is shown in (Table 11). Citrus.1 Marakwet 60 20 19 1 W/Pokot 40 50 0.1 9 Agricultural production Though the dominant activity is pastoralism. Maize and millet) and horticultural crops (e. These are intensive crop production projects KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 22 .5 76675 3160 2 18000 1900 3. it has developed irrigation projects by harnessing the water resources.6 4900 3. Rain-fed crop production is unreliable and irrigation is an option for bringing more land under production in this zone. beans. agricultural potential and agro-climatic zones are closely related. Food crops produced include maize. Land use patterns Land use.5 26963 445.01 Other uses 0.
It has jointly with Kenya Seed Company Ltd. Laying of sprinkler irrigation pipes at Weiwei project –West Pokot district KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 23 .producing both food and cash crops. East African Seed Company Ltd and Western Seed Company Ltd produced high quality seeds for domestic and export markets.
Project Wei Wei Project Phase I &II Cultivated Land in (ha. Arror and Salawa as shown in (Table 13). Maturing crop of sorghum at Wei Wei project –West Pokot district KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 24 . Table 13. Tot. The on-going agricultural projects include Wei Wei. Alternative water source being sought.The Authority also provides tractor hire and agricultural extension services in the region. On-going agricultural projects.20M earned by farmers annually 4000 persons employed Food sufficiency and Horticultural Development enhanced Food sufficiency and Horticultural development enhanced Pastoralists introduced to crop farming Cotton production enhanced District West Pokot Tot Project • 18 under furrow irrigation Marakwet Arror Integrated Project *Chemeron Project Salawa Project • 40 under sprinkler irrigation 160 under furrow irrigation 54 under rain-fed Marakwet • Baringo • Baringo *Stalled due to siltation of Chemeron dam.) • 275 sprinkler irrigation Outputs Ksh.
Under this project 275 ha have been developed by KVDA and the local community with the support of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Cooperation. vegetables and other horticultural crops. the Wei Wei project will be supporting a direct population of 4. On completion of phase III. The local community through the Wei Wei Farmers Association have taken over the management of phases I and II of the project mainly growing seed crops.i) Wei Wei Project – West Pokot District Among the success stories of KVDA agricultural programmes is the Wei Wei irrigation project which is a good example of dry land farming using sprinkler and furrow irrigation. Wei Wei irrigation intake at Sangat –West Pokot district KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 25 .000 and incomes from sale of farm produce will rise by over 20 million shillings annually.
Koibatek District The Authority will promote horticultural development in areas where potential exists Irrigation Development Studies The Authority will explore possibilities of irrigation development a long rivers Suam and Kanyangareng in West Pokot district. it will strengthen agricultural extension services. Turkana District. the Authority will open up 80 hectares of agricultural land at Loboi and 40 hectares of land at Kolowa where cereal crops will be introduced in an area hitherto given to pastoralism. Baringo. In addition it will facilitate construction of irrigation infrastructure to support farmer’s initiatives at Lokori and Katilu divisions. Keiyo District The Authority will promote horticultural development in the district where potential exists. Koibatek and Samburu Districts. Loboi/Kolowa Projects . Turkwel Downstream Irrigation Project – Turkana District The Authority will promote the implementation of the planned 540 ha Turkwel Downstream Irrigation Project . In addition. plans are underway for replication of this successful dryland farming technology in other dry land areas of Turkana. Marakwet. It will directly support about 3000 people through forward and backward linkages. Samburu District The Authority will continue to provide tractor hire services at Kirisia and Loroki divisions.Baringo District With the collaboration of the local communities.to be located at Nakwomoru. The Authority promotes horticultural production through establishment of fruit-tree nurseries to raise tree fruit seedlings for sale to farmers. iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 26 .Marakwet District The Authority will expand the Tot farm from 18 hectares to 40 hectares and Arror farm from 40 ha to 380 ha within the plan period.Using the experience from Wei Wei project. Keiyo. This expansion of agricultural land will enhance food production and development of horticulture in the area. The project will benefit 700 farmers and support a population of 4200 people through forward and backward linkages. ii) Tot/Arror Projects . The project will benefit about 500 farmers and alleviate the perennial food deficit in the area. KVDA’s existing and planned fruit-tree nurseries as shown in (Table 14).
Soil degradation. In addressing these constraints.000 Remarks Existing Existing Existing Planned Planned Planned Planned Existing Existing Planned Existing Planned Planned Existing Planned planned West Pokot Samburu Baringo Koibatek Tot fruit-tree nursery – Marakwet district Sub-Sector Constraints The following constraints hamper effective implementation of agricultural programmes in the region:(i) Communal land tenure systems. ____________________________________ • page 27 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 . (ii).000 20.000 20. Poor soil quality.000 20.000 10.000 20. Expand the land area under irrigated and rain-fed agriculture.Table 14. (v). KVDA will undertake the following:(i).000 20.000 20.000 20. Poor marketing infrastructure.000 50.000 20. (ii).000 10.000 100.000 50.000 20.000 25. (iv) Frequent droughts. KVDA existing and planned fruit-tree nurseries District Keiyo Marakwet Sites Kimwarer Tot Arror Embomon Kapsowar Kabetwa Kabyego Sambirir Wei Wei Chesegon Kongelai Sebit Maralal Kimao Kimngorom Emining Annual production 50. Promote and intensify agricultural extension services. (iii).
006 78.750 168.699 734 40 66 8 Totals 239.197 16.186.545 24 135. The small East African goat and local breeds of sheep constitute the main flock in the region. Millions) Baringo 38.321 143.030 140.193 2.312 260.910 191.676 319. 3.176.600 576. 44% of the total population are engaged in the sub-sector as shown in (Table 16).823 345.525 753.446 253.5 Marakwet 41. Intensify soil and water conservation measures. (v).050 565 39 45. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 28 . Wool sheep are mainly found in high rainfall areas of West Pokot and Marakwet districts.000 83. Cattle rearing is the most important and popular enterprise in the region.102 259. Cattle.816 2.67 8 Turkana 193.445 62.964 8. The livestock population is as shown in (Table 15).000 813. small stock (goats.396 164.762 107.637 16.770 1.770 180 82. Cattle are mainly sold to generate income for household basic requirements.689 1.301 172.5 8 Koibatek 74. *From local animals slaughtered in 2002 Human Population Engaged In Livestock Sub-Sector Economic and social advancement for the majority of the inhabitants in the region highly depend on livestock production and marketing.767 6.500 283. Table 15. Improve marketing infrastructure. cultural values and as a source of income.(iii).502 71.000 10.950 7. Promote improved dry land farming technologies.566 479 0 56. Sheep) and camels are important in that order.4 8. Though forming a fairly small percentage.3 LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES 3.273.930 6. (iv).9 4.1 Livestock Population and Distribution The KVDA region is essentially a livestock rearing zone and pastoralism is the predominant land use system.137 1.3.159 94.714 7.490 117.767 931. carrying capacity and earnings by Districts Type Dairy cattle Beef cattle Goats Sheep Donkeys Poultry Camels Rabbits Pigs Earnings* (Kshs.460 190.4 Keiyo 41.577.000 32.390 1. Livestock Population.255 140. The local zebu and its crosses are the main breeds kept.760 0 295. the relative importance of camels in the region is increasing.626. Goats and sheep are kept particularly for meat.320 980 158 37.153 5.709 78.4 - Land carrying capacity (acres/LU) Source – PDLD – RVP. On average.898 199.7 15 W/Pokot 39.684 277.600 1.073 441 719.3 5 Samburu 4.840 4.
Natural vegetation within the region is shrub grasslands with dense Acacia trees in the lower parts and forests in the highland and along the rivers.190 Source – PDLD – RVP.2 Beekeeping Honey production in the region is currently estimated at 700 metric tonnes per annum though the total potential is approximately 1100 metric tonnes.H) and Langstroth. These forests and shrub grasslands are diverse in tree species hence form an inexhaustible floral resource for honey production.056 Keiyo 654 6 7.579 54 52.734 69 W/Pokot 152. Table 17.264 49 Marakwet 59. Distribution of various types of bee-hives per district Types Turkana KTBH 875 Langstroth 49 Loghives 9.643 Marakwet 131 1 37.Table 16. Production in the region is mainly traditional and as a result the production level is low compared to the existing potential.470 21 Baringo 62.238 Baringo 6. People engaged in Livestock sub-sector District Population Engaged in livestock % of total population Turkana 310.T. The distribution of bee-hives in the region is shown Table 17.3.068 110 156. W/Pokot 860 14. Kenya Top Bar Hive (K.377 Koibatek 2.000 53 3.267 19.000 50 Samburu 23.215 42 Keiyo 30. The largest production of honey is from traditional hives and hence the low quantity and quality. The bee-hives in use are the traditional log bee-hives.992 A display of honey products and refining equipment KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 29 .746 Totals 14.702 16.742 Samburu 2.B.380 24 Koibatek 69.
These include. (iii) Shortage of good quality breeding stock. Baringo 141 409 463 Total 4409 5646 2571 Sub-Sector Constraints Livestock industry in the region is faced with a number of constraints namely:(i) Recurrent droughts. Turkana 4268 5237 2108 L. 2001 3649 117 3766 2002 3847 286 4135 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 30 . Fishing in the main rivers and dams in the region is negligible although potential for improvement exists. production of Kenya Top Bar Hives at Kabarnet Wood Workshop with a capacity to produce between 1000 and 2000 bee-hives annually.On-going Activities Since inception. KVDA’s Interventions The development objective of the livestock sub-sector in the region will be to strengthen the industry through improvement of livestock production and marketing as a medium term strategy. (iv) Frequent disease outbreaks. the Authority has implemented several activities to promote beekeeping and honey production in the region. 3. water. Other strategies will aim at minimising stock losses resulting from drought. (ii) Lack or limited access to reliable markets. provision of infrastructure. Table 18.3. Quantity of fish landed (tonnes) (1998-2002) 1999 2000 SITES 1998 L. (v) Poor infrastructure. . access to veterinary services. Processing of honey is done at Rokocho honey centre located in Keiyo district with an annual capacity of 15 metric tonnes. (vi) Slow adoption of modern beekeeping techniques. quality breeding stock and extension services.3 Fisheries The region has potential for fisheries development at lakes Turkana and Baringo with a total landing tonnage of 4000 tonnes per annum (Table 18). KVDA also provides beekeeping extension services and purchases crude honey.
g.g. Collaborate with the private sector.Rehabilitated land-reseeded with perennial range grasses at Poole . Promote use of improved beekeeping equipment e. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 31 . resins. Introduction of diversified livestock farming e. Turkwel and Baringo. Develop infrastructure including sale yards and cattle dips. The only commercial scale enterprise in this sector is the Kenya Fluorspar Mining Company at Kimwarer.West Pokot district To improve animal production and marketing in the region. Various small companies and individual prospectors have worked in the region but often without keeping formal records of the minerals prospected. Due to difficulties in accessing many parts of the region. NGO’s and other stakeholders in sensitising the communities on the nutritional importance of fish and economic use of other resources such as gums. As a result. Rehabilitation of denuded land with pasture. available information on the mineral resources in the region is inadequate. Keiyo district. Beehives and Honey processing equipment. comprehensive mineral exploration has not been undertaken. the Authority in conjunction with other stakeholders will undertake the following interventions.4 A large portion of North Western Kenya has considerable mineral potential. beeswax and honey. Promote improved livestock breeding stocks. (i) ii) iii) vi) v) vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) Provide adequate water by sinking boreholes and construction of water pans and dams at strategic locations in the region. Develop capacity building in improvement of quality livestock products and treatment of animals. Facilitate private sector development of cooling plants and landing sites for the fishing industry in Lakes Turkana. Ostrich farming. MINERAL RESOURCES 3.
Over the last one and half decades KVDA embarked on a programme of investigation and documentation of various deposits in the region and the prospects are as follows:(i) Limestone: Located in Ortum – Sebit area of West Pokot district with estimated reserves of over 30 million tonnes. West Pokot district with estimated reserves of 50. There are other deposits present in the region which the Authority plans to investigate. Marakwet. (v) Fluorspar: Deposits found at Kimwarer.6 million tonnes. Baringo district. Trona (Magadi) and Salt. (iii) Gypsum: Located at Loperot and Napeded in Turkana district with estimated reserves of 0. Marakwet district. (ii) Talc: Located in Soka and Samor in West Pokot district with estimated reserves of 1 million tonnes. Kyanite-Sillimanite. Unexploited deposits need further exploration. (iv) Lack of specialised equipment for exploration KVDA’s Interventions KVDA has done some exploration and feasibility studies on the exploitation of limestone in Ortum.5 million tonnes. technology and new markets especially in the COMESA region. Sub-Sector Constraints The constraints in this sub-sector are:(i) Lack of adequate funding for exploration. Keiyo and Samburu districts. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 32 .000 tonnes. Investigations on the reserves are not complete. Vermiculite. These include. Graphite. (ii) Inadequate technical expertise. Keiyo district with estimated reserves of 3 million tonnes. (vi) Marble: Located in Arror-Koitilial area. (iii) Inadequate data for economic assessment. Another deposit found at Kollowa Baringo district is yet to be investigated. (iv) Diatomite: Located between Maron and Bartabwa in Baringo district with estimated reserves of 0. Kaolin. talc in Soka and marble in Koitilial. (vii) Chromite: Located in Telot-Sekerr area. (viii) Ruby: Deposits are found along Waseges river valley. beneficiation and market studies to take advantage of improved infrastructure. Other deposits are found in Turkana.
RVP 219 272 499 631 986 209 2816 1991 Revenue [Ksh] 483.000 62.867 50. This necessitates community sensitization on forest management.000 Area[Km2] 229 248 521 655 986 100 209 2. These are found in gazetted forest areas and community owned forests in trust lands. Kapkanyar and Kamologon/Kabusien in West Pokot district. Marakwet district Forestry resources have mainly been exploited for timber. In 1996 the Forest department collected over Kshs.3. Kiptaber and Embobut in Marakwet district. Indigenous forest – Cherangany hills.403.314 22.745 18.874. 18 million in 2002 (Table 19). encroachment and charcoal burning.405.285 16.398.250.257 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 33 . Gazetted government forests in the region cover an area of about 2900 square Kilometres (3% of the region’s area).5 FORESTRY RESOURCES The region is endowed with indigenous and exotic tree species. These forests include Kipkunur.899 58.480 163.736 183.721.970 21.000 30. Survival of the forests has constantly been threatened by over exploitation of timber without re-afforestation.000 38.088.839. wood fuel (firewood and charcoal) and herbal medicine. Area under forest cover & revenue collected by district District Area [Km2] Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu Turkana West Pokot Total Source: PFO.960 31. Annual revenue generated from sale of forest products has been declining since mid 1990s’. Kaptagat and Elgeyo in Keiyo district.000 7.38 million compared to Kshs.295 4.947 2002 Revenue [Ksh] 210.481 6.691 Area[Km2] 229 282 521 655 755 347 2.789 1996 Revenue [Ksh] 875.000 51.916 18. Table 19. Chemosusu in Koibatek district. Loroki in Samburu district and Katimok in Baringo district.000 43.
The existing and planned KVDA tree nurseries are shown in (Table 20). KVDA’s Intervention in Catchment Conservation The catchment conservation and rehabilitation activities will aim at conserving the various natural resources e. The Authority will work in collaboration with other stakeholders e. Korellach catchment and water catchments of rivers Kimwarer and Perkerra. (v) Effective linkage and collaboration with other stakeholders. Other areas planned for focused conservation are the Cherangany hills watershed complex.g. This will ensure sustainable exploitation of these resources. Encroachment of forest areas. private companies and local investors on catchment conservation aspects and land use management. (ii) Tree seedling production. water. The approach is integrated and multi-disciplinary and embraces participatory intervention measures. (ii) Social forestry and extension services.Sub-Sector Constraints i) ii) iii) iv) Lack of effective linkage and collaborative structures with the stakeholders. (iv) Community sensitization and capacity building. Depleted forest area – Marakwet District The main activities in this programme include:(i) Soil and water conservation measures. soil. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 34 . Indiscriminate exploitation of forest products coupled with slow reafforestation programme Low adoption of agro-forestry within the communities. Currently the Authority carries out catchment conservation and rehabilitation activities in the Turkwel and Kimao dam catchments. local authorities.g. forests and biodiversity.
000 50.000 50.000 20. KVDA existing and planned tree nurseries SITE SEEDLING PRODUCTION ANNUALLY 50.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 DISTRICT REMARKS Kimao Dam Chepsurur Kongelai Kariama Ngoleyo Kamayech Koropokwen Kotoruk Kessup Arror Kipsaos Kimwarer Cheplambus Wei Wei Tot Sambirir Embomon Kimngorom Kabetwa Kapsowar Kabyego Chesegon Lodwar Kapcherop Maralal Torok Kabarnet Torongo Baringo West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot Keiyo Marakwet Keiyo Keiyo Baringo West Pokot Marakwet Marakwet Marakwet Koibatek Marakwet Marakwet Marakwet W.000 30.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 100.000 20.000 50.000 20.000 50.000 20.000 100.000 100.000 50.000 20.000 100.000 50.000 100.000 50.000 50.Table 20.Pokot Turkana Marakwet Samburu Keiyo Baringo Koibatek Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 35 .000 50.
Advanced Gully Erosion – Mtembur. (ii) Cliffs: Rondinin (Sumot) and Kipngochoch in Baringo district and Kamariny in Keiyo district. (v) Gorges: Turkwel gorge in West Pokot district and Chebloch in Baringo and Keiyo districts border. (i) Waterfalls: Torok and Kessup in Keiyo district. Tugen hills in Baringo district and Mogila hills in Turkana district. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 36 . West Pokot 3. (iii)Valleys: The great Rift Valley (Kerio Valley and Suguta Valley) (iv) Hills/Escarpments: Cherangany hills in Marakwet and West Pokot district.1 Landscapes The region has picturesque landscapes that include among others. Sekerr hills in West Pokot district. Elgeyo Escarpment in Keiyo district. Arror and Embobut in Marakwet district.6.6 TOURISM AND WILDLIFE The region abounds with tourism potential as enumerated below:3.
2 Wildlife The region is home to a wide range of wildlife which is a major tourist attraction. hippos and various birds. Average numbers of annual visitors to game reserves in a typical year are in the range of 15.Panoramic view of Kerio Valley 3. Kapnarok.6. The main reserves and sanctuaries are Lakes Bogoria.000 residents. The main types of wildlife include elephants. Baringo. Nasolot.000 foreigners and 120. These are found in national parks and reserves as shown in (Table 21). Rimoi and Lake Turkana. The game reserves and other attractions are popular both to local people and foreigners. Saiwa Swamp. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 37 . crocodiles. buffaloes.
Important Wildlife Sites Reserve/sanctuary L.Turkana National Reserve South Turkana National Reserve Barwessa/Baringo W/Pokot Trans Nzoia Rimoi/Keiyo L. (ii) Geysers and Hot springs Lake Bogoria in Baringo district is a popular tourist attraction site due to its active geysers. Visitors to museums are over 2000 annually. Turkana. (iii) Museums Artefacts depicting the cultural history of the region’s communities have been collected and displayed in museums. The geysers produce steam rich in sulphur compounds which are believed to be medicinal. Crocodiles Elephants Monkeys Sitatunga antelopes Elephants Rare birds e.Turkana/ Turkana Turkana 3. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 38 . These museums are strategically located along the north-western tourist circuit (Table 22). Baringo and Bogoria.3 Other Attractions (i) Lakes The region has three large natural lakes namely. Baringo Reptile Park Where located Bogoria/Baringo Kampi Samaki/Baringo Main attractions Flamingoes. In the same area are hot spas which have been harnessed by the local hotel industry. Water sports such as boat and canoe tours have been introduced in Lakes Turkana and Baringo and attract resident and non-resident tourists. guinea fowls High Concentration of Large Nile Crocodiles Elephants Antelopes L. Crocodiles Elephants. Kamnarok National Reserve Nasolot Game Reserve Saiwa Swamp National Park Rimoi Game Reserve L. tamed pythons.6.Table 21.g. geysers Over 40 species of snakes which include some of the most poisonous ones. Bogoria National Reserve L.
Table 22. The Authority in liaison with other stakeholders will promote activities towards enhancing eco.4 Tourist Accommodation Facilities Most of the hotels in the region providing tourist-class facilities are situated in Baringo district.7 SUMMARY OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE REGION The status of natural resources in the region is summarized in (Table 24). Museums Name Kabarnet cultural museum Kipsaraman Community Museum Kapenguria museum Lodwar museum Maralal museum Where located Kabarnet/Baringo Kipsaraman/Baringo Kapenguria/West Pokot Lodwar/Turkana Maralal/Samburu 3. there are constraints that impede successful implementation of tourism programmes in the region. These include:i) Poor road networks.tourism enterprise in the region e.6. ii) Increased human-wildlife conflict. iii) Land tenure system hinders development of private tourism enterprise.g. Major Hotel and Bed Capacities Facility Lake Baringo Club Lake Bogoria Hotel Kabarnet Hotel Island Camp Soi Safari Lodge Roberts Camp Total Bed Capacity 96 90 60 58 37 Camp site 341 Sub-Sector Constraints Despite vast tourism potentials. inadequate communication and tourist facilities. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 39 . 3. They have a combined bed capacity of more than 300 as shown in (Table 23). ostrich farming. Table 23. iv) Inadequate marketing of tourist potential.
Agricultural Land To promote agricultural production. Water Resources Objective To promote development and sustainable utilisation of water resources in the region. sale yards. wells. abattoirs and access roads Introduce diversified livestock. Restocking water bodies and increasing varieties Empower co-operatives Promote consumption of fish amongst the local populace Land adjudication Soil and water conservation Development of irrigation projects Stake. ostriches etc. Develop rain-water harvesting and spring protection programmes. and water pans Reseeding of rangelands Capacity building in treatment of animals Develop marketing infrastructure. Livestock & Fisheries To improve livestock production and marketing.g. Water resources inventory Activities • Construction of water supplies conservation structures eg. Develop market infrastructure: processing facilities.Holders Communities GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs • • • • • • • 2. Status of natural resources Resources Available 1. Hydrological monitoring Catchment conservation measures to protect river sources and regulate flows Construct wells.Table 24. honey Reduced animal mortality Higher incomes realised Enhanced security • • • • Communities GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs • • • To promote the development and sustainable utilisation of fisheries resources in the region 3. fish. dams. Provide improved bee-hives and processing equipment Facilitate branding of cattle. Constraints • Poor distribution of water sources in time and space Destruction of water catchments Non optimal utilization Low water quality Inadequate hydrological data Limited access to markets Prolonged droughts Low quality livestock products Frequent disease outbreaks Low quality breeds Insecurity Output • • • • • • Reliable river/stream flows Availability of potable water Reduced water point distances Improved distribution systems Improved public hygiene. boreholes and water pans. • • • • • • • • • • • • Improved access to markets Improved access to water and pasture Improved quality of stock and products e. dams. • • • Few fish varieties in some habitats Poor access to markets Negative sociocultural beliefs Land tenure systems Soil degradation Low crop yields • • • • Increase in fish production Market access improved Increased fish consumption Improved income levels • • • • KVDA GOK NGOs CBOs • • • • • • Effective land tenure systems Increased land productivity Food sufficiency • • • Communities GOK KVDA ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 40 .
Tourism & Wildlife To promote the development and utilisation of tourism resources • • • • • • • Access to tourist sites Decreased human/wildlife conflicts Increased number of tourists attracted Improved income levels • • • KVDA GOK NGOs CBOs Investors ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 41 . trust lands etc) • • • 5. geothermal and solar projects Establish wood lots. Use of appropriate technology Electrical power generation • • • • • Community sensitisation/ awareness campaigns Establishment of tree nurseries Afforestration Creation of buffer zones Establish woodlots GOK KVDA ME&NR NGOs CBOs CSOs 6. Energy To promote energy resources development • • • • • Promote development of: hydropower. etc Promote use of energy saving devices (e. g improved jikos) Access roads improvement Develop tourism facilities Resolve human/wildlife conflicts through sharing of project benefits etc MOE KVDA NGOs CBOs 7. Minerals To promote exploration and wise use of the minerals in the region • • • Inadequate technical expertise Inadequate equipment Inadequate data on mineral resources Destruction of forests Land degradation Encroachment of forest Lack of effective social forestry programme Inadequate utilisation of appropriate technologies Lack of relevant skills Poor infrastructure Human/Wildlife conflict Land tenure systems (ranches.Resources Available Objective processing and marketing Constraints • Lack of agroprocessing industries Output • • Increased land under irrigation Value addition to agricultural produce Wise use of mineral resources Improved local income Employment opportunities created Activities • • • • • • Promote dry land farming Promote extension services Promote development of agroprocessing enterprises Carry out surveys Identify strategic investors Procurement and installation of equipment and machinery Stake.Holders NGOs CBOs CSOs Investors ME&NR KVDA CBOs CSOs Investors 4. Forestry To promote forestry for catchment conservation and development • • • • • • • • • • • Increased area under forest cover Increase in availability of forest products Improved water sources and reliable river flows Effective forest land policy Increase in utilisation of available energy resources.
the Authority will undertake the following activities:construction of water conservation structures. Jointly with Fisheries Department and other stakeholders.2 Objective 2: To promote development of livestock production and marketing KVDA will undertake to improve the quality of the existing breeds of cattle.3 Objective 3: To promote development of agricultural production. processing and marketing The overall objective in the development of agricultural potential of the region includes promotion and development of irrigation schemes. It will identify strategic investors and facilitate mineral exploration. goats. it will document all the findings and store the information in a data centre for use by stakeholders. the Authority will promote fishing in Turkwel dam reservoir and Lake Turkana. processing and marketing through provision of beekeeping equipment and extension services. improve income and spur economic development in the region. dry land farming. construct water supply schemes and undertake catchment conservation measures.g. In addition the Authority will continue to promote honey production. 4.4 Objective 4: To promote the exploration and wise use of mineral resources The Authority will continue to carry out mineral surveys and produce proposals and reports on mineral resources in the region. In collaboration with other stakeholders. and develop livestock infrastructure such as cattle dips. the Authority will initiate and strengthen the existing livestock multiplication and improvement centres. These activities will create employment. 4. 4. wells and boreholes. sheep and camels. crushes and sale-yards. It will also facilitate control of animal diseases by supporting the existing veterinary services in the region and build the capacity of the local people to manage common diseases. dams. soil and water conservation. e. In addition. develop rain water harvesting and spring protection programmes. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 42 .CHAPTER FOUR STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES The strategic objectives were identified through a participatory process that involved wide consultation with all stakeholders. The Authority will liaise with other relevant institutions to promote marketing of agricultural produce mainly through market information and value addition. horticultural crop production. and agricultural extension services. water pans.1 Objective 1: To promote development and sustainable utilization of Water resources To achieve the above objective. The following objectives were identified as key priorities to guide programmes/projects implementation in the region during the plan period. 4.
1 to 4. Possibilities of developing hydro-power at Arror.8 Implementation matrix The implementation of the strategic objectives 4. Other capacity building needs e. 4. skills and/or attitude. community sensitization and strengthening of linkages and collaboration with stakeholders. Embobut and Wei Wei rivers sites will be pursued. training e.7 Objective 7: To build capacity to plan.c of stakeholders jointly involved in the implementation of programmes and projects under this strategic plan will be undertaken.g. This will be achieved through strengthening of social forestry and extension services.t. soils. In addition adoption of energy saving devices will be promoted.6 Objective 6: To promote development of energy resources KVDA with other stakeholders will promote development of hydro-power.7 above are as summarised in (Table 25):- KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 43 . 4. An elaborate training programme will be formulated and implemented both for KVDA staff and the communities collaborating with the Authority. Kimwarer. the Authority will undertake to revamp its human and technical capacity. The Authority will link/collaborate with Public Universities in enhancing training/capacity building for its staff. evaluation and learning programmes.4. The Authority in collaboration with other stakeholders will also carry out monitoring. skills and attitudes to work will be encouraged to enhance work performance. soil and water conservation. The Authority will also establish revolving funds for micro-enterprises for easy access to credit by the rural communities. Suitable courses tailored to improve staff knowledge. Training opportunities will be provided to those staff who shall pursue courses which are not only fully relevant to the programme to which a particular officer is attached.5 Objective 5: To promote Catchment conservation and Rehabilitation KVDA will promote the conservation of natural resources particularly land. 4. water and forests for sustainable utilization of their productive potential. wind and geothermal power projects in the region. but are also filling an objectively identified gap in knowledge. implement and monitor programmes and Projects In order to realise its mandated objectives and to effectively implement the plan. establishment of more tree nurseries. micro-financing.
-One dam completed.Poor distribution of water sources in time and space -Lack of an effective monitoring systems .g.Table 25. Keiyo (4). West Pokot (4) Boreholes Turkana – 4 Water Springs West Pokot .4 All 7 districts All 7 districts Communities 20 70 10 9 9 10 3 7 GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs 2005-06 2005-07 2005-10 2007-09 9 2008-09 3 2005-10 10 70 2005-10 All 7 districts 70 2005-10 monitoring. Implementation matrix of the strategic objectives PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COST (Ksh) ‘000. wells.28 No. springs developed and protected -Conserved water catchment areas -Availability of safe drinking water -Updated hydrological data and reports Baringo.Availability of reliable hydrological data -Construction of water conservation structures (e. boreholes completed -4 No. -Update feasibility studies on Kimwarer and Arror Sector Total Ksh 300 million ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 44 . Turkana (2). dams.Water Resources Development To promote development and sustainable utilisation of water resources in the region . boreholes and water pans) and water supply schemes -Provision of water for sanitation to schools for development of girl child education -Undertake catchment conservation .(6). Samburu (6).Improved distribution of water -Reduced distances to water points -Reliable river/stream flows -Improved water quality .Kimao dam water supply Samburu -one dam Water Pans Baringo (6) Koibatek.000 STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME 1. -Destruction of water catchments -Low water quality -Inadequate hydrological data measures -Develop rainwater harvesting and spring protection programmes -Enhance Hydrological -4 No. water pans constructed.
Increased access to organised markets -4 No. of livestock watering points established -Acreage of All 7 districts All 7 districts 100 28 GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs 2005-07 2005-07 All 7 districts 225 2005-09 Samburu W/Pokot Koibatek Baringo Samburu W/Pokot (L. e. PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE -To promote the development of livestock production and marketing CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COST (Ksh ‘000. honey processing plants constructed/ rehabilitated -Ostrich demonstration farm in place and fish fingerlings introduced in water reservoirs -No.Implementation Matrix cont’d………. Turkana ) 2005-10 All 7 districts 28 2006-09 30 ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 45 . honey processing plants -Introduce diversified livestock: fish. Livestock Development .000) STAKEHOLDERS Communities TIME FRAME 2.g.Low quality breeds -Low quality livestock products -Limited access to terminal markets -Prolonged droughts -Improved quality of stock and products e. -Training of Paravets -Availability of improved breeding stock -Increased number of modern beehives -Tonnage of crude honey purchased . honey -Improved access to markets -Higher incomes realised -Improved access to water and pasture -Reduced animal mortality -Establish and strengthen livestock multiplication centres -Provide improved bee-hives and harvesting equipment -Develop marketing infrastructure. ostriches -Construct ion of livestock watering points -Reseeding/ pasture establishment.Turkwel) 8 2006-09 16 2005-09 Baringo Turkana (L. sale yards and -Frequent outbreaks of diseases honey collection centres -Construction/ rehabilitation of 4 No.g.
of Paravets trained All 7 districts 7 All 7 districts 2005-2010 Sector total Kshs. 442 million ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 46 .reseeded range lands -No.
575.5 million ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 47 .000) STAKEHOLDERS Communities TIME FRAME 2006-10 2005-09 2005-08 3. Agricultural Resources Development To promote agricultural production.Kshs 1.5 2005-10 Sector total .PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT -Increased land productivity ACTIVITIES -Develop INDICATORS -Acreage under irrigation LOCATION -Marakwet -Arror Phase I [380Ha]. processing and marketing -Low crop yields -Frequent droughts -Inadequate marketing infrastructure -Soil degradation irrigation projects 575 40 800 -Food sufficiency GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs 60 2005-10 -Increased land under irrigation -Increased access to markets -Develop minor irrigation schemes -Promote Soil & Water Conservation -Number of operational irrigation schemes 70 2005-10 -Reduced soil erosion -Improved food production and food security -Improved farming techniques -Promote dry land farming Koibatek W/Pokot Keiyo Samburu All 7 districts 20 2005-10 -Promote agricultural extension services 10. -Tot pilot farm [40Ha] -W/Pokot Wei-Wei Phase III [265 Ha] -Turkana -Nakwamoru phase 1 [60 Ha] All 7 districts ESTIMATED COST (Kshs‘000.
1 2005-09 Sector Total Kshs.2 million ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 48 .PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COST (Kshs.000) STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME 4.1 ME &NR KVDA CBOs CSOs 2005-10 All 7 districts 2.‘000.95.Mineral resources Survey and development Promote exploration and wise use of mineral resources in the region -Inadequate technical expertise -Lack of specialised equipment -Inadequate data on mineral deposits -Accurate information on mineral deposits -Increased mineral prospecting and mining -Carry out surveys -Dissemination of information to potential investors -Availability of documented data -Number of investors willing to prospect and carry out mining All 7 districts 93.
of tree seedlings raised All 7 districts Koibatek. of farmers/groups All 7 districts ESTIMATED COST (Kshs‘000..2 Marakwet.1. 240.99 million Implementation matrix cont’d…………….4 20 -Afforestation -Establish woodlots -Area under forests and woodlots W/Pokot-6 Turkana -2 Samburu-2 Keiyo -2 All 7 districts 100 GOK KVDA ME &NR NGOs CBOs CSOs Local Authorities Private Companies and Local Investors 2005-10 2005-09 2005-10 -Carry out soil and water conservation and rehabilitation measures -Reduced soil erosion.000) 31 STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME capacity building -Establishment of tree nurseries trained and supported -No..2 Baringo.Implementation matrix cont’d ………. All 7 districts 90 2005-10 -Conservation of the Turkwel dam catchment -Reduced sediment flow into Turkwel dam reservoir W/Pokot 1000 2005-10 Sector Total Kshs. PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION 5. Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation To promote catchment conservation and rehabilitation -Destruction of forests and water catchment areas -Land degradation -Increased area under forest cover -Increased availability of forest products -Improved water sources and reliable river flows -Community sensitisation/ -No. ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 49 .
ESTIMATED COST (Ksh‘000,000)
6. Energy Resources Development
-Underdeveloped sources of energy potential
-Increase utilisation of
development of:hydropower -Carry out feasibility studies for other sources of energy e.g. wind and geothermal
-Arror 70 MW hydropower implemented -Feasibility study reports available
MarakwetArror 70mw All 7 districts
MOE KVDA NGOs CBOs
-Electrical power generation -Sustainable use of wood fuel -Use of appropriate technology
-Establish wood lots -Promote use of energy saving devices (e. g improved jikos)
-School drop-out rates for girls reduced
-Promote use of solar energy in educational institution especially girls boarding schools
-Increased availability of wood fuel -Reduce destruction of vegetation -Increased number of people using energy saving devices -One school per district installed with solar energy technology
All 7 districts
All 7 districts
All 7 districts
Ministry of Education
Sector Total Kshs. 42.1 million
____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 50
Implementation matrix cont’d………………………
PROGRAMME OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COSTS (Kshs.‘000,000) STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME 2005-10
7.Capacity Building Programme
To build capacity to plan, implement and monitor
-Inadequate skilled manpower -Inadequate financial resources -Weak Data base -Low adoption of ICT -Low literacy level among communities in the region
-Trained skilled manpower -More informed communities -Data resource centre established -Effective Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning System in place -Projects in planned funded & implemented -KVDA ICT policy in place -Easy access to and availability of credit for microenterprises
-Training/capacity building -Financial resources
-Establish a resource centre -Establish a Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning System -Collect planning data and information -Formulate KVDA ICT policy
-Established ICT centre -Setup KVDA Web-site
-Number of staff/community CBOS trained -Increased funding for development secured –Data resource centre in place -MEL unit and system established -Operational ICT centre -Operational Web-site
KVDA, Communities, NGOS, MRDA, Line Ministries,
CBOs, DDOs, DSDOs
- Establish revolving funds for microenterprises
- Lack of access to credit facilities by rural communities
-Number of loanees and FSA’s
Sector total Kshs.120 million
____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 51
CHAPTER FIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PLAN
The implementation of the Strategic Plan will require substantial human, physical and financial resources and will involve the participation of the stakeholders at all levels of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. The strategic plan will provide the Board of Directors, the management and stakeholders in the region with guidelines that clearly define the Authority’s way forward. The development of programmes with specific objectives will increase efficiency and effectiveness, accountability and transparency. A programme for monitoring and evaluation will be put in place during the execution of the plan. Annual work plans with clear time frames for implementation of specific activities will be drawn. The programmes will be monitored both internally and externally. Programme managers will organise regular meetings to review implementation, identify constraints and make appropriate recommendations. Facilities for electronic linkages with stakeholders and other collaborating institutions will be enhanced for information dissemination. The execution of this plan including awarding of contracts, procurement procedures e.t.c will be in accordance with government regulations. The implementation matrix for all the programmes under the various strategic objectives is indicated in Table 25. KVDA will, within the plan period (2005-2010), endeavour to implement programmes to achieve the following seven strategic objectives. 5.1 SUMMARY OF STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND OUTPUTS Objective 1: To promote development and sustainable utilization of water resources in the region. Expected Output:- Improved utilisation of water. Objective 2:- To promote the development of livestock production and marketing. Expected Output:- Improved quality of livestock and easier access to markets. Objective 3:- To promote agricultural production, processing and marketing. Expected Output:- Improved food sufficiency and increased incomes. Objective 4:- To promote the exploration and wise use of mineral resources. Expected Output:- Wise use of mineral resources and improved incomes. Objective 5: To promote catchment conservation and rehabilitation. Expected Output:- Improved status of water, soils, forests and rangeland resources. Objective 6: To promote development of energy resources. Expected Output:- Increased utilisation of available energy resources.
KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010
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iv) Mineral Resource Development The mineral resources development programme is estimated to cost Ksh. Ostrich farming will be encouraged. talc. iii) Water Resource Development In the water sub-sector.441.5 million. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 53 .9 million. soil and water conservation and agricultural extension services.2 million. horticultural crops development. Special emphasis will be placed on promotion of dry land farming technologies. ii) Livestock and Fisheries Development Activities geared towards improvement of livestock production and fisheries will be implemented in the seven districts. KVDA and other stakeholders will implement water supply projects and construct dams and water pans. i) Agricultural Resource Development Programmes and projects planned for implementation in the agricultural sector is estimated to cost Ksh. Fish potential in West Pokot. Arror and Tot irrigation projects in Marakwet district and Turkwel downstream irrigation project in Turkana district with a total estimated cost of Ksh.5 million. The major projects are Wei Wei phase III in West Pokot district.1575. This project (Arror) is estimated to cost Ksh.95.15 million within the plan period. agricultural programmes will be implemented for the production of both food and cash crops in all the districts. During the plan period (2005-2010). implement and monitor programmes and projects. gypsum and other mineral deposits in the region.300. The total budget for implementation of projects within the sector is estimated to cost Ksh. The implementation of this programme is estimated to cost Ksh.2 SECTORAL COST ESTIMATES OF THE PLAN The implementation of the plan will be undertaken in all the districts to achieve equitable and sustainable development as shown in Table 26.07 million in the promotion of the development of energy resources in the region.16 billion. Turkana and Baringo districts will be exploited. Expected Output:. This will be done in collaboration with other stakeholders.Effective service delivery. diatomite. The activities to be undertaken include regional exploration and project feasibility studies on the commercial exploitation of marble. an appraisal of the feasibility studies for the proposed Arror hydro-power project will be undertaken and sourcing of funds from development partners for implementation will be pursued.1514. In addition.42. v) Energy Resource Development Development of programmes/projects in this sub-sector is estimated to cost Kshs. 5.Objective 7: To build capacity to plan.
Conservation of other catchment areas in the region is estimated to cost Ksh. During the plan period the programme is estimated to cost Ksh. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 54 .1240. The financial budgetary provision will cater for capacity building for all programmes and projects including staff training and community empowerment. financial and technical resources to support effective implementation of the plan.vi) Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation Programme The catchment conservation and rehabilitation activities costing estimated Ksh.99 million.120 million.99 million will be undertaken in all the districts. The Turkwel dam catchment conservation and rehabilitation programme in West Pokot district is estimated to cost Ksh.240. vii) Capacity Building Capacity building programme will involve mobilisation of human.1billion in the plan period and aims at prolonging the life-span of the Turkwel dam reservoir.
57 6.99 - - - - - - - 120 181.5 441.6 13.01 35. million) within plan period.45 16.83 221.7 51.Summary of sectoral programmes and estimated costs (kshs.7 31.5 16.6 13.7 30.57 42. Arror Irrigation projects 59.6 13.01 33.83 1970.45 71.575.83 236.83 159.2 6.5 16.15 13.45 61.7 30.57 6.83 3815. SECTOR BARINGO SAMBURU KOIBATEK KEIYO MARAKWET WEST POKOT 816.83 161.6 13.Chemeron projects 65.5 (Wei Wei TURKANA Agricultural Development (Crops) 11.Table 26.7 101.57 6.5 Turkwel Down stream irrigation project 63.01 33.7 33.45 626.01 33.01 33.45 project phase III 65.5 Salawa.07 1240.6 95.6 13.5 Livestock and Fisheries Development Water resources Development Programmes Mineral Resource Development Programmes Energy Development Programmes Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation Programmes Capacity building Programmes (Headquarters) Total Costs per District 65.7 21.45 TOTAL SECTOR COSTS 1.57 6.01 1037.01 33.5 Tot.6 13.57 6.9 300.81 ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 55 .45 59.57 6.83 762.
Strategic investors/development partners Collaborative linkages with various development agencies will be initiated and existing ones strengthened. Joint sourcing of funds will also be encouraged. The funds will be sourced from donors.3815. information and technology. The annual budget for the various programmes will be submitted to the Government for funding. the Authority will restructure its staff establishment and improve working conditions to attract and retain qualified personnel in various cadres (Annex 2). The expected sources of funds will be:(i). Commercialization of some farming activities and services. The organisational structure (Annex 3) will be streamlined in order to strengthen the implementation of the strategic plan. Donor funding Donor funding. Total cost for implementation of the programmes for five years (2005-2010) is estimated at Ksh. Government of Kenya The main source of funding for KVDA activities is the Government of Kenya (both for recurrent and development expenditure). especially for infrastructural development is an important aspect for development in the region. The following have been identified as internal sources of revenue:(a). GOK as well as internal revenue generation. Internal revenue generation KVDA will increase and strengthen its income generation base to support some of its programmes. Rent collection from residential and non-residential buildings. Local communities will also be encouraged to participate in design and implementation of programmes through cost sharing. Provision of consultancy services. 5.81 million. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 56 . KVDA will source for funds through development of project proposals in strategic sectors. (d).5. (iv). (c). The linkages will not only provide required funds but will enhance exchange of skills. (b).4 HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Due to the Government’s rationalisation programme aimed at improved performance and efficient and effective service delivery. The Board of Directors and management will spearhead mobilisation of resources internally and externally. Leasing of plant equipment and machinery. (ii). (iii).3 FINANCING OF THE PLAN The implementation of this strategic plan will require substantial financial resources.
at every level of implementation. The plan implementation will be monitored and performance evaluated periodically. processing and communication of information that will assist in decision making throughout the plan period. project personnel and participating communities in collection. The process will take recognition of the roles and responsibilities of the communities change agents and the provincial administration. the quality and effectiveness of outputs. At all levels of programme and project implementation this will involve: • • • • • Definition of the main objectives and targets so that all participants have a common understanding of them. what to be monitored. The Authority's programmes will be monitored both internally and externally on a continuous basis. Consideration of cross-sectoral issues of relevance including purpose. results and impacts. KVDA will co-ordinate monitoring and Evaluation activities while district committees will offer technical support the implementation of the programmes. Identification of ways and means for feedback lessons learnt and replication of best practices. It will also ensure capacity building spin-off benefit of learning by stakeholders. It ensures minimum deviation in realising desired outputs. Evaluation and Learning (MEL) is a tool established for the purpose of measuring accomplishments and detecting the need for adjustments in the course of implementation of programmes. EVALUATION AND LEARNING Monitoring. The MEL process will involve managers. learning and evaluation at all levels of programme/project implementation. Monitoring and Evaluation committees will be formed and stakeholders involved at all levels of project implementation. ____________________________________ • page 57 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 . It will be used as a continuous feedback system. and Identification of stakeholders involved in monitoring. Participatory monitoring and evaluation for decision-making will be adopted at all levels of planning including the community level as a means of promoting team work and stakeholders involvement in programme/project planning and implementation. Emphasis on self-monitoring at all levels and stages. The feedback system will also allow for a participatory learning process for documentation of lessons learnt and replication of best practices. To effectively monitor implementation of programmes. Selection of indicators for measuring the efficiency and effectiveness of activities. on-going throughout the Plan period and involves the overseeing of periodic review of each activity. who will monitor and evaluate and when will it be done will be considered. how variables will be monitored. The process has a feedback system detailing achievements in all stages of project cycle. projects and activities within the plan period.CHAPTER SIX MONITORING. participatory monitoring and evaluation approaches will be applied.
KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 58 .Some of the projects monitoring tools include the following:i) Annual reports ii) Departmental reports iii) Field survey reports iv) Progress reports v) Financial reports vi) Farm and technical designs vii) Regular feed back from community based programmes viii) Project impact study reports ix) Reports from meetings.
g. There exist many opportunities and strengths which offer good prospects for the Authority to succeed in its endeavours. Weak external linkages. viii). ICT. Slow adoption of technological changes e.i). a) Strengths Kerio Valley Development Authority has the following strengths:i) Existence of an enabling Act of Parliament. Lack of adequate data for effective planning. Inadequate skilled human resources. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 59 . iv) Possession of capital Assets for example Turkwel dam. v) Existence of developed projects/programmes in the region. houses and plots. iii)Availability of feasibility study report and project proposals for funding/implementation. ii). Weaknesses. ix). Lack of proper marketing strategies. However. vi). KVDA Plaza. b) Weaknesses Execution of the Authority’s mandate has been constrained by the following shortcomings and weaknesses. Lack of monitoring and evaluation systems. there are also threats and weaknesses which impede realization of its objectives. The task of looking for alternative funding sources to fill this gap and effectively deliver and sustain the required services has been left upon KVDA to shoulder. x). Poor terms and conditions of service. ii) Existence of an approved establishment which provides for skilled personnel. iii). opportunities and strengths as part of challenges/prospects to address in order to meet its goals. Old and inadequate plant and equipments. Inadequate financial resources to implement the various projects in the expansive area of jurisdiction. Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) The Authority is operating under a situation of decreasing funding from Central Government for its programmes and projects against a growing expectation from the community. KVDA will. weaknesses. Minimal attention to livestock development programmes yet it is a core-function. vii). take into account the threats.ANNEXES ANNEX ONE: INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS Strengths. v). therefore. iv).
Potential for establishment of rural industries utilising locally available resources. Low literacy levels slowing down adoption of new technologies. x). irrigation and herbal medicines etc. Potential linkages with research institutions.c) Opportunities There exists many opportunities which offer good prospects for KVDA to progress and excel in its endeavours. Untapped tourism potentials. HIV/AIDS pandemic resulting in loss of productive manpower and financial resources. iii). viii). the reorganisation of the power sub. Adverse weather conditions leading to prolonged drought. v). Ready local market for food products.sector (which lead to the transfer of Assets from KVDA to KenGen).g. famine and destructive floods. Insecurity in the region resulting from banditry. v). vi). High poverty levels. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 60 . Availability of abundant natural resources. xi). livestock production. iii). Improved prospects of peace in the neighbouring countries which should boost interregional trade. etc. Expansive land for development. ii). vii). cattle rustling and increased proliferation of small arms. iv). Availability of labour. ix). Proximity to Eldoret International Airport enabling access to external markets. Existence of Ministry of Regional Development Authorities whose core mandate relates to Authority’s own. Inconsistent Government policies e. Universities. viii). Some of these opportunities include:- i). Availability of Indigenous Knowledge in various disciplines. These include:i). vii). ii). d) Threats Certain external factors pose a threat to the Authority’s operations. xii). ix). Rampant environmental degradation. Political interference in siting of projects and utilisation of resources. beekeeping. vi). Land tenure systems which militate against effective development and management interventions. NGO’s. Improved Government policy on ASAL areas. iv).
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 8 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 7 8 3 18 NO IN POS. Hydrology Assistants Snr Hydrology Tech. NO. Officer Fisheries Officer Marketing Officer Marketing Assistant Marketing Clerks Livestock Officer (B/K) Tech Assistant (B/K) Farm Managers Agricultural Assistant Beekeeping Attendants KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 61 . Geologist (Geologist III) Surveyor Assistant Surveyor Jnr Survey Assistant Planning Manager Snr Planning Officer Economist II Economist/Statistian I Asst. Hydrology Tech. Planning Officer Planning Assistant Librarian Library Assistant Agricultural Manager Snr Beekeeping Officer Senior Livestock officer Snr Range Officer Agricultural Officer I Horticulturalist Marketing Supt Agricultural Engineer Livestock Dev. 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 23 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 0 1 0 1 3 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 0 1 5 3 0 4 2 4 9 VARIANCE NO. Geologist Asst. Mining Engineer/Geologist Civil Engineer II Irrigation Engineer II Engineering Asst.ANNEX TWO: CURRENT STAFF ESTABLISHMENT APPT. -1 -1 -1 -1 1 0 -1 0 -2 -2 +15 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 +1 -1 +1 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 +2 0 -2 +4 +2 -1 -3 -6 +1 -9 TITLE Managing Director Deputy Managing Director Chief Engineer Civil Engineer (CECC) Hydropower Engineer Hydrology Specialist Tech. Assistant (Mining) Mining Tech.
) Snr. Forester Forester Forestry Assistant Forestry Attendant Financial Controller Chief Accountant Senior Accountant Purchasing Manager Purchasing Officer Supplies Officer Purchasing Assistant Supplies Clerks Chief Internal Auditor Cost Accountant Internal Auditor Accountant I Accountant II Audit Assistant Accounts Assistants Snr Clerks Clerk I Store Assistant Clerks II Store Clerks Chief Legal Officer Legal Assistant Personnel Manager Snr personnel Officer Snr Administrative Officer Personnel Officer Assistant Personnel Officer Snr personnel Secretary Personal Secretary Asst. Assistant (Agri. Personal Secretary Snr Copy Typist Copy Typist Copy Typist II Copy Typist III Computer Operator Switchboard Supervisor Telephone Operator Receptionist Snr Subordinate Staff Sub-Staff II Subordinate Staff Public Relations officer Assistant Public Relations Officer Liaison Officer Snr Transport Officer 14 1 2 8 15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 4 10 6 13 1 66 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 4 3 3 7 10 3 1 8 4 50 13 67 1 1 2 1 14 1 2 6 23 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 0 3 2 1 13 16 23 1 88 3 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 10 6 9 9 1 4 5 62 17 48 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 -2 +8 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 -1 +1 -1 0 0 -1 -1 0 -3 +3 +10 +10 0 +22 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 +1 0 +1 -1 -3 +1 +7 -1 -1 -6 -1 -4 +1 +12 +4 -19 -1 0 +3 -1 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 62 .Tech.
Transport Officer Driver I Driver II Driver III Senior Mechanic Mechanic I Mechanic II Mechanic III Snr Security Officer Security Officer Senior Security Assistant Security Guard II Security Guard III 1 4 12 19 2 2 4 10 1 1 9 5 53 1 3 1 20 2 5 2 10 0 0 9 10 62 0 -1 -1 +-1 0 +3 -2 0 -1 -1 0 +5 +9 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 63 .
ANNEX THREE: ORGANIZATION CHART KERIO VALLEY DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY BOARD OF DIRECTORS MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING DIRECTOR PLANNING DEPARTMENT ENGINEERING. MINERAL & WATER RESOURCES DEPT. FINANCE DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL & ADMIN. DEPT. & Rehabilitation Division Business Development & Marketing Division Procurement & Supplies Division Personnel Division Mining Development & Geology Division Survey & Mapping Division Livestock & Fisheries Division Tourism & Wildlife Division Legal Division Training & Welfare Division Public Relations Division Premises Division Security Division Transport Division ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 64 . AGRICULTURE & LIVESTOCK DEV. DEPARTMENT Development Planning Division Monitoring and Evaluation Division ICT Division Engineering Division Crop Production Division Internal Audit Division Accounts Division Administration Division Water Resources Division Catchment Conservtn.
KVDA would be able to finance its strategic plan if it received the expected revenue from sale of power from Turkwel project. The power generation assets were assigned to KenGen during the liberalisation of the power sub-sector without due consideration to the financial requirements to successfully implement KVDA’s extensive and varied programmes and projects. If KVDA was to sell power directly to KPLC at Ksh. The Authority developed Turkwel power generation plant as a source/base for revenue generation to fund other development activities in the region.549 million based on 360 GWH per year. MOE and MORDA to resolve the issue of asset transfers and project benefits. KVDA. KVDA hopes that conclusion of the negotiations will be successfully finalized soon. Power generation from the project over the last ten years has been 360 to 400GWH per year. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 65 .ANNEX FOUR: TURKWEL HYDROPOWER GENERATION PLANT As part of internal revenue generation.86 per KWhr while retaining KenGen as a management agent at a fee of 18% of total revenue. KenGen. net annual earnings due to KVDA would be Ksh.1. Negotiations have been going on among the stakeholders in the sub-sector.
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