CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND

The Kerio Valley Development Authority (KVDA) was established in 1979 as a Regional Development Authority (RDA) under Cap 441of the Laws of Kenya. The Authority was established to address socio-economic development disparities in its area of jurisdiction and to bring its region’s per capita income to the level of the national average. By virtue of the Act (Cap 441) the Authority is a legal entity with perpetual succession and common seal which in its corporate name is capable of inter alia; a) suing and being sued; b) taking purchasing or otherwise acquiring, holding charging and disposing of property, movable or immovable; c) borrowing and lending money; d) entering into contracts; e) doing or performing all such other things or acts necessary for proper performance of its function under this act which may lawfully be done or performed by a body corporate.

KVDA Headquarters, Eldoret

KVDA was set up to plan and coordinate implementation of programmes and projects that transcend administrative boundaries. In addition, the Authority aims at rationalising equitable development across the entire Kerio Valley region.

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Some of the main considerations in setting up KVDA include the following: a) The Authority complements and supplements Government efforts towards a balanced regional development approach. b) The strategic position of the Authority in terms of formulation and implementation of regional programmes and projects gives KVDA an added advantage as the Authority has a well laid network in the region under its jurisdiction. c) The strategic focus on poverty eradication, formulation and implementation of regional based socio-economic development programmes and projects is an important entry point for KVDA. d) The general emphasis on catchment conservation and sustainable utilisation and management of natural resources including water, fisheries, forestry and soils towards poverty reduction is important in terms of the regional focus and its inherent advantages. The performance of Government Ministries and Parastatals has been on focus since early 1990s when the Civil Service Reform Programme (1993) was initiated. The objective of the Programme was to undertake reforms aimed at enhancing quality and efficiency in service delivery in the Civil Service. The broader aim of civil service reform is the creation of a government workforce of the right size and with the right skills, incentives, ethos and accountability needed to provide quality public services and to efficiently carryout the functions assigned by the state. To achieve this objective, the Government formulated a Strategy for Performance Improvement in the Public Service. The implementation of the Strategy is aimed at improving service delivery processes including approaches in the management of public affairs. This called for development and implementation of Strategic Plans. The KVDA’s Strategic Plan is in line with the broad objective of the Civil Service Reform Programme. The Strategic plan will facilitate enhanced and effective implementation of KVDA’s programmes. In line with the MTEF requirements that budgetary allocations be justified against measurable outputs and in conformity with the priorities identified for poverty reduction, the plan will augment the efforts of the stakeholders in addressing the socio-economic concerns of the region. This Strategic Plan is a set of decisions and actions resulting in the formulation and implementation of strategies designed to achieve the objectives of the Authority in a sequenced manner. It identifies systematic courses of action geared towards assisting the Authority to achieve its objectives. It enhances visionary management as it generates and conceptualises the programmes and projects the Authority will undertake during the plan period. To achieve its intended purpose, this Plan goes beyond the allocation of resources to achieve institutional objectives. It has been developed through a strategic process that focused on setting up of institutional objectives, designing of appropriate programmes and projects, and institutional structure for effective development and management of resources in the region.

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1.2

STRATEGIC PLANNING

Strategic Planning aims at efficiency in delivery of goods and services and achievement of development objectives at minimum cost. It involves the process of identifying objectives that are considered to be strategic to specific goal and/or region. The objectives pursued by KVDA therefore, are expected to result in rapid realization of the vision and mission of the institution. The Plan is consistent with current Government policies towards realising poverty reduction and economic growth objectives as outlined in the Economic Recovery Strategy for Employment and Wealth Creation. 1.3 THE PLAN PREPARATION PROCESS

The process of preparing this Strategic Plan started with collecting and collating data and information from the field. Thereafter, departmental plans were prepared and discussed at a workshop held at Turkwel Gorge Club from 5th-9th July 2004. The output was used to prepare the first draft of the Strategic Plan. A second workshop was held from 27th–29th July 2004 at Soi Safari Lodge, in Baringo District. Participants were drawn from KVDA staff, Board of Directors, District Commissioner – Baringo district, Ministry of Regional Development Authorities, Line Ministries and District Development Officers from districts covered by the Authority. The workshop discussed in detail the first draft which contained among other things the region’s resource profile, KVDA’s mandate, vision and mission, core values and the strategic plan objectives. The participants also discussed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of KVDA as an institution and the region (Annex 1). The final stakeholders consultative workshop was held on 22nd October 2004 at the Grand Regency Hotel – Nairobi. The participants at this workshop included the Minister of Regional Development Authorities, The Minister of State for Home Affairs, Members of Parliament from the region, and Chief Executives of other RDAs, line Ministry officials and representatives of all DDCs in the region. The plan development process therefore, was participatory as it involved representatives of a large cross section of stakeholders who provided invaluable inputs. The inputs of these workshops formed the basis of the preparation and finalization of this strategic plan. The plan indicates KVDA’s intentions for the next five years as it strives to achieve its set objectives. Due to limitation of financial resources, KVDA will be involved in selected strategic and participatory programmes as outlined in chapter four of this plan. This strategic plan assumes a stable and enabling political, economic and social-cultural environment. It is also assumed that sufficient financial resources will be available for the implementation of strategic objectives. 1.4 MANDATE OF THE AUTHORITY

The KVDA’s underlying objectives are provided in its mandate as outlined in KVDA Act Cap 441 of the Laws of Kenya that states inter alia;

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(c) To initiate such studies. Mission To identify. land and other resources are utilized to the best advantage and to monitor the design and execution of planned projects within the Area. and (j) To maintain a liaison between the Government. water supply.5 Vision To realise sustainable and equitable socio-economic development in the region. plan and coordinate the implementation of integrated development programmes by utilizing available resources to improve the living standards of the people. of the natural resources especially water and set up an effective monitoring of abstraction and usage. wildlife and tourism. and the planned abstraction and use. 1. VISION. (f) To co-ordinate the present abstraction and use. and schemes within. mining and fishing and to recommend economic priorities. animal. This include. catchment conservation and hydropower generation. the Area so that human. Since its formation. of the Area as may be considered necessary by the Government or by the Authority and to assess alternative demands within the Area on the resources thereof. agriculture and livestock development. (b) To develop and keep up-to-date a long range development plan for the area. MISSION AND CORE VALUES ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 4 . electric power generation. water. forestry. KVDA has implemented programmes and projects geared towards poverty alleviation. industries. (d) To co-ordinate the various studies of. These programmes and projects have contributed to poverty reduction. and to carry out such surveys. (g) To cause the construction of any works necessary for the protection and utilization of the water and soils of the Area.(a) To plan for the development of the area and initiate project activities identified for such planning through the Government generally. assemble and correlate all the data related to the use of water and other resources within the Area as may be necessary for the efficient forward planning of the Area. employment opportunities and incomes in line with the Authority’s vision and mission. including agriculture (both irrigated and rain-fed). (h) To ensure that the landowners in the Area undertake all the measures specified by the Authority to protect the water and soils of the Area. (i) To identify. the private sector and other agencies in the matter of the development of the Area with a view to limiting the duplication of effort and ensuring the best use of technical resources. increased food security. wealthy creation. (e) To effect a programme of both monitoring and evaluating the performance of projects within the Area so as to improve that performance and establish responsibility therefore and to improve future planning.

Innovation and Creativity Encourages innovation and creativity. Technological Compliance Embraces new ideas and techniques to enhance productivity. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 5 .Core values The Authority embraces the following core values in the execution of its mandate: (i) Team Work Promotes collective participation of its staff in execution of its mandate to achieve organisational goals. Integrity Upholds fairness and openness in provision of quality service to stakeholders. Cooperation Builds strong linkages with other stakeholders.

l 300m a.l 650mm 2.000 14 20km 3% 96% 45% 18 wildlife. malaria.3 65.442 764. skin infections 1:80. diarrhoea.0 2.Female Population growth rate Water and Sanitation Number of households with access to piped water Number of households with access to potable water Number of permanent rivers Average distance to nearest potable water point VIP toilets Education Facilities Total number of primary schools Enrolment rate Teacher pupil ratio Number of secondary schools Total enrolment in secondary schools Teacher pupil ratio Health Prevalent diseases Doctor/patient ratio Number of hospitals Average distance to health facility Energy % rural households using solar power % households using firewood/charcoal % households using kerosene /biogas Tourism Number of tourist class hotels Main tourist attractions ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 6 .093 1:20 upper respiratory tract infection.Male .200mm 400mm 1.1.s. geysers.9% 47. scenic attractions.176 19 6 km Negligible 1. of Females -Male/Female ratio Life expectancy at birth (yrs) . camping and eco-tourism Area Total area Arable Non-arable Water mass Gazetted Forests Topography Highest Altitude Lowest Altitude Rainfall Annual average Highest Minimum Demographic and Population Profile Population size Population structure -Total No.s.442 1:1 59.582 km sq 63703 km sq 7.869 725.532 48.489.900 km sq 3500m a.285 km sq 36.734 km sq 2. museums. of males -Total No.6 FACT SHEET 96.247 90% 1:42 118 15.

KVDA’s interventions will greatly contribute to the regions development in accordance with the national objectives and general ASAL policy. representing 16. The total area covered by the Authority is approximately 96.285 sq Km. KVDA OPERATION AREA ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 7 . Map1.1 LOCATION AND SIZE KVDA area of jurisdiction is located in the North Western region of Kenya. Koibatek. Keiyo.CHAPTER TWO PROFILE OF KVDA AREA OF JURISDICTION 2. This region includes the districts of Baringo. Turkana and western parts of Samburu. and longitudes 340 and 370 East. Marakwet.5% of the land mass of Kenya with over 80% being arid or semi-arid (Map1). It lies between Latitudes 00 10′ South and 100 30′ North. West Pokot.

2.2. However. Tugen hills and isolated mountain ranges in Turkana district. • Quaternary volcanic rocks.2 Geology The region is characterized by four dominant geological formations which include:• Precambrian Basement system rocks referred to as the Mozambique Belt.The KVDA’s area of jurisdiction is bounded by the drainage systems of Turkwel and Kerio rivers which drain into Lake Turkana. ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 8 . Keiyo escarpment. 2. (ii) Suguta – Lake Lokipi drainage basin.2. (b) Clay soils. Crop production in these areas is possible through irrigation. The lowlands are in a semi-arid climatic zone. (iii)Tarach – Lotikipi drainage basin. Prominent features include Cherangany hills (3500m).l). Most of the soils in this zone are Saline. They have complex soils with various textures and drainage conditions.l) stretching from Koibatek district to Lake Turkana. other smaller drainage basins which constitute the area include:(i) Lakes Baringo – Bogoria drainage basin.1 Relief. The zone is essentially range land. stretching roughly in a north –south direction along the Ugandan border to the Ethiopian border. though there is a huge potential for large scale irrigation development. (d) Alluvial soils. though salinity would exclude certain soil pockets. namely. Soils in the region can be broadly classified into:(a) Lava boulders and shallow stony soils. (c) Loam soils. The Great Rift Valley runs north–south though not well defined in Turkana district. the steep escarpments (1200-2000m a. • Quaternary to Recent sediments. The south is generally high and rugged.s.s. The region can be generally classified into three topographic zones. The highlands are in the modified tropical zone with soils that are generally well drained and fertile.s. These are the main mineralbearing rocks in the region.l) and the valley floor (300-900m a. The Mozambique Belt rocks underlie the entire region except for the western parts which are completely covered by volcanic formations. Sodic or Calcareous in nature. The highland zone has high potential for agricultural and livestock development. • Tertiary volcanic rocks. highland plateau (2500m-3500m a. The Mozambique Belt formation is found in the entire West Pokot district and most of Samburu district. There are also deep alluvial deposits at the valley floor. Land and Soils KVDA’s region has great contrast in landforms and physical features.2 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS 2.

The vegetation consists of forest and derived grassland and bush land. (iii)Dry Sub-Humid – Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of 40-65%. The geology of the rest of the region is characterised by the deposits of sediments originating from Quaternary to Recent period.3 Agro-Climatic Zones The KVDA area is predominantly semi-arid to arid with an erratic rainfall pattern which affects crop production. The zone covers the lower parts of West Pokot. Acacia spp is the dominant tree species. (ii) Sub-Humid Zone – Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of 65-80%. Temperatures in the region are generally very high and vary with altitude.Tertiary (to Quaternary) volcanic formations occur over a vast portion of the region. The evapo-transpiration ratio ranges from 15% to 80%.2.This is a zone with rainfall/evepo-transpiration ratio of 25-40% and medium agricultural potential. West Pokot and Baringo districts fall under this zone. semi arid savannah type of vegetation. 2. Keiyo. These include. Marakwet and Baringo districts. They stretch from the highlands around Nakuru roughly in a South West – North East direction to the southern shores of Lake Turkana. The mean annual rainfall ranges from 1000 mm for the highlands and between 200mm to 800mm for the dry low land. Marakwet. The vegetation consists of dry woodlands and savannah. These formations occur almost entirely over Turkana district except for limited areas around Lakes Baringo and Bogoria and on the upper Kerio valley. Keiyo escarpment and Tugen hills have semihumid climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Lower parts of Cherangany hills and Keiyo. and the south of Lake Turkana. Cherangany hills and Tugen hills . This zone includes the area bordering Lake Turkana characterised by rangeland vegetation consisting of dwarf ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 9 . The Cherangany hills. The region can be classified into six agro-climatic zones:(i) Humid Zone .Vast areas of rivers Turkwel. The volcanic activities associated with these rocks formed the Tugen hills and the Keiyo escarpment. (v) Arid Zone -Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of 15-25%.This is a zone with rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of over 80%. ranging from 10°C in the Cherangany hills and Tugen Hills. to a maximum of 40°C in the lowlands. The dominant vegetation is moist indigenous forest. The vegetation consists of woody Commiphora and Acacia species and grasses such as Cenchrus ciliaris and Chloris roxburghiana. The interaction between rainfall and evapo-transpiration and the resulting moisture regime is the dominant factor that affects productivity and management of crops and land use. The sediments are basically lacustrine and fluviate deposits. Kerio and Suguta drainage basins and plains west of Lake Turkana fall under this zone. (vi) Very Arid Zone – Has rainfall/evapo-transpiration ratio of <15%. The zone is associated with evergreen. (iv) Semi–Arid Zone .

Perennial grasses e.g. Map2.shrubs and grassland with Acacia refeciens restricted to water courses. Chrysopogon ancheri and some annual grasses are also found. KVDA Region: Agro-climatic Zones KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 10 .

Population density and distribution District 1979 [actual] 133.717 165.072 142. Eldama Ravine.163 140.762 1.4 SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2.587 23.445 355. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 11 .869 Growth rate [1979-1990] 3.090 49.392 176.288 450. Samburu.064 96.869 in 1999 thus an average annual growth rate of 3.2 2.2. However.912.3 3.4 3.281 69.105 57. Maralal.613 554. Iten.865 138.696. Lodwar.2 3.218 158.003 184. 2.702 158. Kapsowar and Kabarnet.853 196.489. The population of the region has more than doubled from 677.1 Poverty Levels Poverty is severe in the region.948 Source: Various Population Census Reports *The population statistics is for the region covered by KVDA in Western Samburu Half of the region's population is found in two of the most expansive ASAL districts of Turkana and West Pokot which account for about 80% of the area.4 3. The population is currently estimated at 1.9%.9 5. Turkana.649 163. Table1.843 73.912.860 308.590 (15.697 336. It is estimated that 51% of the population live below the poverty line. The prevalence is higher among the pastoral communities though pockets of high poverty levels are also found in the agro-based communities and urban dwellers (Table2).489.978 143. Some of the large towns in the area are Kapenguria.220 407. Pokot.086 in 1979 to 1.086 1.9 Area [Km2] 8646 1439 2306 1588 4854 68388 9.629 43. the highly endowed agricultural areas have high concentration of settlements especially in Keiyo and Marakwet with population densities of 114 and 100 respectively.948 by the end of the plan period as shown in Table 1.3 POPULATION PROFILE KVDA region is inhabited by six major ethnic communities namely the Kalenjin.949 75.4.8 3.285 Density 2004 35 114 72 100 34 7 39 2004 (Projections) 2010 (Projections) Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu* Turkana W. It is estimated that 285. Pokot Total 299.697 and is expected to grow to 1.639 1.652 677.696.086 1999 [actual] 264. Njemps and the Elmolo.939 502.8%) of the people live in urban areas.

Crude Death Rates. Important socio-economic indicators Indicator Total Fertility Rate(/1000) Crude Death Rate (/1000) IMR (/1000) U5MR (/1000) Life expectancy at birth-M Life expectancy at birth-F Drop Out Rate* % HHs with piped water % HHs with toilet facility % HHs with electricity for lighting Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakw Samburu et Turkana W/Pokot 7 9 62.4.3 8.2 7.2 127 55.1 20 9.1 13.4 8.2 44 - 6.7%.6 4.2 53 44.3 69.2 26.8 9.6 17.9 7.6 13.024 1:76.2 1. 2. Frequent droughts have impacted negatively on this sub-sector subsequently reducing employment opportunities (Table 3).4 46 76.e.8 76. high illiteracy levels and inadequate educational facilities leading to high school drop out rates.3 64.3 Unemployment The 1999 labour force survey indicated that unemployment in the KVDA region averaged 17.8 43 - 7.8 6.5 1:150. 2.8 1:156. Samburu and Baringo having the highest mortality rates.9 6. Infant and Child Mortality Rates.5 11.5 2.1 67 63.300 5. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 12 . The high rate of unemployment may also be attributed to negative cultural attitudes.3 63.5 4.8 57 62.Table 2.1 66 117 54.2 7.2 68 5.9 70 63 69 6. with West Pokot.8 92 58 63.8 24.3 1.4 87.000 1:75.4.7 1:57.4 61.9 7. The female child has a longer life expectancy at birth than the male child in all districts.7 8.2 9. Factors which have contributed to this high rate of unemployment is the weak performance of the national economy in general and the harsh climatic conditions in the region which leads to few opportunities for gainful employment.3 41.7 31.2 39. A large proportion of the people in the region are pastoralists who depend mainly on livestock as a source of employment.000 5.3 9. These are mainly ASAL districts which also score poorly in life expectancy compared to the rest.000 Poverty level (%) Literacy rate (%) Doctor: patient ratio Source: 1999 Census fact sheet 1:34. Turkana.5 8.5 62 29. This is depicted in table 2.8 59.2 20.8 69.9 6.000 *Based on population aged 10-14 yrs.6 46 21.4 15.2 8.2 Child Survival Comparative survival rates in the drier areas of the region are low i.6 49.3 50.3 100 58.700 1:50.7 39 73.

671 3.454 28.754 Adopted from labour force surveys. majority of them being urban dwellers.754 63.202 106. Rural electrification programme which subsidizes the cost of accessing power is limited to a few rural centres that are closer to the large towns. This means 88.460 2.823 245.31.707 20.885 1. road run offs.839 Male 2.355 2.047 43.680/= per year for urban areas.237 30.345 4.325 Unemployed Female 5. Rural poverty is marked by its common connection to agriculture and land.729 39.5% obtain water from streams.713 1.788 53.173 3.524 6.441 29.447 545. However it has improved the number of households accessing electricity to about 3. Employment levels by age and sex District Male Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu Turkana West Pokot Total 50. 2.730 23.318 56. Electricity: Use of electricity is very low and is concentrated in the urban centres.402 25.884 49. and roof catchment. The region is largely arid and semi-arid where rainfall varies between 400mm (lowlands) and 2200mm (highlands) per annum.697 9.548 19. Marakwet.434 Employed Female 46. Water from these sources is untreated and is a major cause of waterborne diseases. CBS (1999) 2. safe drinking water.934 4. Turkana and West Pokot and Samburu where less than 10% of households have access to piped water. Absolute food poverty estimates in the region are 60% compared to the national average of 53%. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 13 .999 15.639 55.624 300.429 Total 8.384 5.580 136.245 1.068 24. The most affected districts are Baringo.289 6. This means that everyone in a family and/or householdincluding the most vulnerable members in society should have the desired consumption levels.5% of households have access to piped water.680/= per year for rural areas and Kshs.347 52.895 58.405 Total 96. Due to these conditions food security attainment in the region has been elusive. lakes.8% in the region. Absolute poverty line for year 2002 was Kshs. The lowlands make up to 80% of the region where the rains are unreliable and poorly distributed.486 26. Water: 11.938 6.799 2.16.Table 3.4.4 Access to Basic Household Utilities Important social utilities such as. electricity and toilets are out of reach to the majority of the population in the region.279 28.5 Food Security in the region Food security is the right of everyone to have access to safe and nutritious food (quality) and adequate amounts (quantity).792 82.554 1. pans.4.

4.8 West Pokot 2500 4. Food production is high in the humid and sub-humid zones and low in the dry sub-humid to arid zones. livestock diseases. sorghum. The National Cereals and Produce Board has constructed food depots at Sigor. credit and financial services. crop pests. beans. Although food insecurity is widespread in rural areas. Food production in the region is largely by small scale farmers. vehicles and storage facilities capable of moving and holding the food. the urban areas and markets are also affected.6 Food crop production The main food crops produced in the region are maize. it is difficult to distribute food to most parts of the region. Kollowa. Nginyang. The distribution of food requires physical infrastructure in terms of roads. 2. Kapenguria.000 metric tonnes per year. The area under food crops as a percentage of the total arable land per district is shown in Table 4. Kabarnet Marigat. Kimalel. Table 4. The deficit (maize and beans). 2. the region produces 232.6 Koibatek 2500 7.km) Area under food crops (%) Samburu 50 98 1500 10.7 The Geographical Distribution of Food Food production in the region is unevenly distributed and is dictated largely by the type of geographic and climatic factors prevailing in each area. Irish potatoes. hence the latter are always food deficit areas. Eldama Ravine and Lodwar. Due to poor road network.000 metric tonnes of maize and beans annually against consumption (requirement) levels estimated at 648. cowpeas. These depots are strategically located throughout the region and form strategic centres for food security.8 Turkana In normal rainfall years. is therefore 416. sweet potatoes. finger millet. Area under Food Crops District Arable land (sq. More food crops are produced in the highland areas and very little in the lowlands (ASAL).2 Baringo 890 30 Keiyo 1300 60 Marakwet 5700 4. Kacheliba. cassava.000 metric tonnes. and limited access to technology and information. fruits and vegetables.4. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 14 .The communities in the region are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity because of the recurring droughts.

9 KVDA’s Contribution Towards Food Security In its endeavours to attain food sufficiency in the region. International trunk roads.5. isolation and relatively low population density. Measures which stabilize the ratios between the consumer price of food crops and the producer prices of livestock will be particularly effective as means of stabilising the purchasing power of farmers and pastoralists. The unreliable rainfall and sparse vegetation renders the land liable to rapid degradation as population pressure increases. The Nyahururu .500km long.8 The Ability of Households to Acquire Food Household incomes are lower in semi-arid areas than in high and medium potential agricultural areas. There are slightly more than 500km of this class of road in the region most of it accounted for by the Nakuru-Lake Baringo to Marich Pass road. Total food crop production in the agricultural projects of Wei Wei (275ha). KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 15 . Over 2000 households are directly dependent on these projects for their livelihoods.Lokichogio and then Sudan border . From Kapenguria . The network is denser in the more productive and populated areas compared to the arid areas of the region.2. KVDA has implemented agricultural projects to mitigate the problem of food insecurity. Class B. coupled with low and unstable incomes make the populations in these areas particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. National trunk roads linking important centres. For example. Instability in food production. the region has 80 Km of roads per thousand square kilometres compared to the national average of 258 km per thousand square kilometres. They form the bulk of the roads (about 1500km) in the area and carry most of the trade in the region. The types of roads in the region are shown in Table 5.5 INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE REGION Due to the rugged terrain. 2. 2. 2.Nakuru road is also classified in this category. communications and other infrastructure. These are primary roads linking important centres to higher class roads. Arror (40ha) and Tot (18 ha) is approximately 1700 tonnes per year. The adoption of more appropriate and improved production techniques for both crops and livestock will serve to stabilize and enhance food security in marginal areas. special purpose or rural access roads. Class C. the region lags behind other parts of the country in the development of transport.4.1 Roads The road network in the region is not as developed as compared to other regions in the country. The existing road network in the region is categorised into classified. Below is an overview of the various classes of roads in the region: Class A.4.

Class D.4 Energy The availability of electricity in the region has increased over the last 10 years. and Turkana 22. This is the second most important class of road in the region and accounts for about 1200km of the road network. Most of the airstrips are in serviceable condition. 2.184 Source: Various District Development Plans 2002-2008 2. the grid has now been extended to the main commercial centres as in (Table 6). health and security. Table 5. Types of roads in the region (km) District Bitumen Gravel Earth Koibatek 120 377 226 Turkana 470 367 2. tourism. Whereas only the fluorspar mines at Kimwarer were served with electricity in the early 1980s.5. They account for about 1000 Km of the road network in the region. 2. These are minor roads linking all the minor market centres and the locally important centres. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 16 .3 Railway Transport Transportation by rail for both cargo and passengers is negligible in the region although this is a very important form of transport. Marakwet-1. The region has 34 operational airstrips distributed in various districts as follows.5.020 Baringo 198 333 737 Keiyo 87 326 171 Marakwet 0 342 333 West Pokot 151 349 697 Total 1026 2094 4. West Pokot-4. Class E. The airport will boost the use of air transport especially for high value perishable horticultural produce. Keiyo-1. The railroad also passes southern Keiyo district over a stretch of 40 km.5. Many of the towns and trading centres in the region have or are within reasonable distances from air strips. Baringo-6.2 Air Transport Air transport is becoming increasingly important in the region for business. The Uganda railroad passes through the southern tip of Koibatek district with a branch line from Rongai to Solai via Kampi-ya Moto. Eldoret International Airport is strategically located within the region with a good road network connection to the hinterland. These are secondary roads linking locally important centres to the larger towns.

Makutano. lakes). Maji Mazuri. Marigat. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 17 . Loboi. Cheptebo. Saos.5. Other sources of energy in the region include wood-fuel (charcoal. firewood) geothermal. The rest can be considered to be endowed with surface water (springs. and Kapcherop Maralal. Turkana and West Pokot lead with 15km. Cheptongei. Kabartonjo. Sing’ore. Perkerra. dams and water pans. Torongo and Poror Kapsowar. Availability of surface water in the region depends on rainfall which is low and unreliable.Arid lands (ASALS) with limited surface water. Mogorwa. Kapkelelwa. The region has other rivers with hydropower potential that include. households in these areas depend on ground water. 10km and 6km respectively as shown in (Table 7). Embobut. Tambach.5 Water Supply. Kimwarer. Solar. Muskut. Suguta Marmar and Kisima Lodwar town Kapenguria. geothermal and wind potentials are high in the region but are under-developed. Bartolimo and Kipsaraman Iten. Tenges. Chepkorio. Kampi Samaki. Baringo District has the highest number of households with access to piped water while Turkana District has the highest number of households with access to potable water. In terms of average distance to nearest water points Baringo. Wood-fuel is used by more than 98% of the population in the region and its utilization is restricted to domestic use only. 2. Arror. Since 80% of the region fall within the Arid and Semi. Muruny. solar and wind. Kiboino. Sacho. Turkwel hydro power generating station has an installed capacity of 106 MW. Chebiemit. Kimwarer and Wei Wei. rivers. Kaptagat and Kamwosor Eldama Ravine. Sewerage and Sanitation The availability of safe water for human and livestock consumption is a basic need which contributes to improved health.Table 6. Distribution of electricity supply District Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu Turkana West Pokot Centres Served with electricity Kabarnet. Turkwel Gorge The KVDA region has a high potential for energy development with the most important commercial source being hydropower. The high access in Turkana District is attributed to high population living in urban centres and near boreholes. Emining. Mogotio. Emsea. Chepareria.

6 34.3 64.8 51.2 48. this increase is concentrated mainly in the urban centres. Table 8. Water and Sanitation Situation by District Number of households with access to piped water Number of households with access to potable water Number of wells Number of permanent rivers (streams) Number of protected springs Number of boreholes No.8 6.7 35.Table 7.8 83. of Dams and pans Number of households with roof catchments Average distance to nearest potable water point Number of VIP latrines Baringo 19034 19284 182 3 26 89 136 250 15 7360 Keiyo 3500 1500 241 35 551 24 15 3000 4 5000 Koibatek 7551 1701 300 3 4 36 157 142 3 19089 Marakwet 2613 2691 16 5 257 2 86 2 10 Turkana 15334 23000 700 4 16 500 West Pokot 2600 2150 38 58 39 86 19 13 6 4200 Lack of proper disposal of waste in both urban and rural areas often leads to contamination of water sources.6 Telecommunication The region is expansive and most parts are remote therefore.7 Baringo & Koibatek Keiyo & Marakwet Turkana West Pokot 2. Level of Sanitation District Poor households % with access to % with access to Safe Sanitation Unsafe Sanitation 27. The number of people in the region accessing information and communication technology (ICT) is increasing.2 16. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 18 .4 Non.5. The distribution of the various modes of communication in the region is shown in (Table 9).5 73. Assessment of the percentage of population in the region with access to sanitation is shown in (Table 8).5 26. Recent government policy changes which liberalised the sector should spur the extension of telecommunication services in the region. telecommunications infrastructure is particularly critical for efficient exchange of information. However. This threatens the health of the population through water-borne disease outbreaks.7 65.6 72.3 41.poor households % with access to % with access to Safe Sanitation Unsafe Sanitation 58.2 93.

650 28 249 76 180 20 8 40 2 7 9 5 15 4 5 1 493 5 5 4 20 5 22 1 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 19 . of telephone booths 56 Post offices 11 Cell phone coverage (%) 10 Cyber cafés 3 ♣ Only towns in Western Samburu. Telecommunication infrastructure by district Type Baringo Households with land lines 871 connection No.Table 9. Keiyo 214 15 5 20 1 Koibatek Marakwet ♣Samburu Turkana W/Pokot 1.

While there is perennial flow in the upper Suguta river. Arror and Embobut. livestock. Turkwel. (iii) Uncontrolled abstraction. to the south by the lower Turkwel basin and to the north by Murua Rith hills and has an area of 5. forests and wildlife. (ii) Destruction of water catchment areas.5-10. minerals. This makes the water unsuitable for domestic. Cherangany hills and mount Kadam in eastern Uganda. It analysed the quality and quantity of available water resources and made recommendations and baseline designs on the abstraction and utilisation KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 20 . Waseges and Rongai with a total discharge of 237 million cubic metres annually. (v) Lake Turkana and its immediate basin bordered to the west by Lotikipi basin. agricultural land. and have rivers Perkerra.1 WATER RESOURCES Water resources contribute enormously to economic productivity and the social well-being of human populace. These resources are discussed below. Muruny and Wei wei with a catchment area of 23. The water in this basin is characterized by high pH (8.CHAPTER THREE STATUS OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE REGION The region is endowed with natural resources which include water. (ii) Suguta river catchment with an area of 12.Km that covers mount Elgon.Km. 3. Km lies between Kerio river basin to the west and Ewaso Nyiro river basin to the east.6) and high levels of dissolved salts (1035-2500 mg/l) and fluoride.500 sq. KVDA’s Intervention in Water Resource Development In 1984 KVDA carried out a water resources survey as part of the regional development plan.800 sq. it is highly saline except during periods of heavy rains. irrigation and livestock use. It has an annual discharge of 811 million cubic metres. The ground water found in the region occurs in weathered and fractured zones in metamorphic and volcanic rocks and sediments inter-bedded between volcanic rocks. with the rivers Kerio. Most boreholes sunk in the region have produced water of satisfactory quality for both human and livestock use.Km. Kerio and Turkwel as well as the Lotikipi plains. In line with its mandate.835 sq. The annual discharge is 331 million cubic metres. (iii) Kerio river basin covering 17. The surface water sources are confined to five drainage basins as follows:(i) Lakes Bogoria and Baringo basin with approximate area of 4.900 sq.Km. KVDA has developed specific objectives for development and sustainable use of these resources for the socio-economic well being of the people in the region. (iv) Suam -Turkwel river basin with rivers Suam. Kanyangareng. rivers Suguta.900 sq. The study covered the catchments of Lakes Baringo and Bogoria. Molo. Availability of surface water for domestic and livestock use in the region is limited due to: (i) The poor water sources distribution in both time and space.

The average farm size ranges from 0. sub-humid. beans.November with mean annual rainfall ranging from 1000 mm to 1300 mm per annum. semi-humid. Muruny. KVDA will endeavour to strengthen its capacity to improve water resources infrastructure in the region by acquiring additional equipment and machinery. Embobut. The main food crops grown here are maize. Wei Wei. 3. Perkerra and Molo. KVDA has established and maintained a network of hydro-meteorological stations in the region.5 -5 acres. Inadequate monitoring of water levels along the major rivers. Some of the projects that have been implemented are shown in (Table 10). Kimwarer. Poor access to water resources. Community’s inadequate capacity to maintain water projects. In addition. NGOs. Cash crops like pyrethrum and horticultural crops are also grown. The rainfall pattern is bimodal with peaks in March.of the resource. arid and very arid. it initiated a programme to design and implement community water supply projects in the region. The constraints in this sector include:i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) Inadequate funding to develop water resource projects which are capital intensive. The stations are located on rivers Suam. Table 10. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 21 . semi-arid. Irish potatoes and cabbages.April and October .2 LAND RESOURCES The KVDA region can be divided into six agro-climatic zones namely humid. The humid and sub-humid zones fall within the highlands with altitudes ranging from 2000 to 3500 metres above sea level whose agricultural land use potential is high. CBOs etc) and expanding its hydrometeorological monitoring network. Turkwel. Inadequate equipment and machinery. Water Projects Implemented by KVDA PROJECT Turkwel Multipurpose Dam Kimao Dam and Water Supply Bartabwa Dam and Water Supply Kapchomuswo Dam and Water Supply Kocholwo Water supply Kabokbok Water Supply Ochii Water Supply Cheplambus Water Supply Kollowa Water Pans LOCATION (DISTRICT) West Pokot Baringo Baringo Baringo Keiyo Keiyo Baringo Baringo Baringo In collaboration with the Ministry of Water Resources Management and Development. Low water quality. Destruction of water catchments. strengthen collaboration with other stakeholders (line ministries. This area forms the main watershed to many rivers.

9 0.97 Source: District Development Plans 2002-2008 Keiyo 60 39 0.9 0. coffee. Area under crop production per district Koibatek Turkana Marakwet Baringo Keiyo Samburu West Pokot Area under food crops (ha) Area under cash crops (ha) Average farm size (acres) 16000 580 1. Table 11. cotton. Land use patterns Land use. agricultural potential and agro-climatic zones are closely related. Land use pattern per district is shown in (Table 11).g. Pawpaws). In partnership with other stakeholders. Land use pattern (%) Land Use Samburu Koibatek Baringo Arable land 4 60 29 Pasture/pastoralism 90 30 70 Forestry 5 8 0. Rain-fed crop production is unreliable and irrigation is an option for bringing more land under production in this zone. Area under crop production per district is shown in (Table 12). Mangoes.1 KVDA’S Contribution to Agricultural Development Since inception.95 0.5 1.9 6 3.01 Other uses 0.The medium potential zones are areas along the escarpment with altitudes ranging from 1500m to 2000m above sea level.1 9 Agricultural production Though the dominant activity is pastoralism. The low potential zones are the lowland areas which receive less than 850 mm of rainfall per annum with an erratic pattern.1 Marakwet 60 20 19 1 W/Pokot 40 50 0. Table 12.5 76675 3160 2 18000 1900 3. potatoes (sweet and Irish). cassava and vegetables while cash crops are mainly pyrethrum.02 Wildlife 0. beans.5 3.6 4900 3.5-5 acres per household. millet. sorghum. both food and cash crops are produced in the region.05 0. The soils are alluvial in nature and rich in nutrients.0 11939 0.1 Turkana 20 70 0. Maize and millet) and horticultural crops (e. The main crops grown are food crops (e. tea and horticultural crops. Citrus. Approximately 80% of the region lies in the ASAL zone and the predominant land use is pastoralism. Arable land occupies 39% of the region.5 26963 445.5 Water masses 0.2 Source: District Development Plans 2004-2008 3. Average farm sizes in the region vary between 0. These are intensive crop production projects KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 22 .g.region is medium with rainfall ranging from 850mm to 1000 mm per annum. The agricultural potential of this sub. Food crops produced include maize. KVDA has been engaged in the promotion and development of agricultural activities in the region.5 27520 637 4.2. it has developed irrigation projects by harnessing the water resources.

producing both food and cash crops. Laying of sprinkler irrigation pipes at Weiwei project –West Pokot district KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 23 . It has jointly with Kenya Seed Company Ltd. East African Seed Company Ltd and Western Seed Company Ltd produced high quality seeds for domestic and export markets.

The Authority also provides tractor hire and agricultural extension services in the region. Tot. Alternative water source being sought. Arror and Salawa as shown in (Table 13). The on-going agricultural projects include Wei Wei.20M earned by farmers annually 4000 persons employed Food sufficiency and Horticultural Development enhanced Food sufficiency and Horticultural development enhanced Pastoralists introduced to crop farming Cotton production enhanced District West Pokot Tot Project • 18 under furrow irrigation Marakwet Arror Integrated Project *Chemeron Project Salawa Project • 40 under sprinkler irrigation 160 under furrow irrigation 54 under rain-fed Marakwet • Baringo • Baringo *Stalled due to siltation of Chemeron dam. Maturing crop of sorghum at Wei Wei project –West Pokot district KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 24 . Table 13. On-going agricultural projects. Project Wei Wei Project Phase I &II Cultivated Land in (ha.) • 275 sprinkler irrigation Outputs Ksh.

the Wei Wei project will be supporting a direct population of 4.i) Wei Wei Project – West Pokot District Among the success stories of KVDA agricultural programmes is the Wei Wei irrigation project which is a good example of dry land farming using sprinkler and furrow irrigation.000 and incomes from sale of farm produce will rise by over 20 million shillings annually. vegetables and other horticultural crops. Wei Wei irrigation intake at Sangat –West Pokot district KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 25 . On completion of phase III. Under this project 275 ha have been developed by KVDA and the local community with the support of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Cooperation. The local community through the Wei Wei Farmers Association have taken over the management of phases I and II of the project mainly growing seed crops.

In addition. This expansion of agricultural land will enhance food production and development of horticulture in the area. In addition it will facilitate construction of irrigation infrastructure to support farmer’s initiatives at Lokori and Katilu divisions. Marakwet. The Authority promotes horticultural production through establishment of fruit-tree nurseries to raise tree fruit seedlings for sale to farmers.Marakwet District The Authority will expand the Tot farm from 18 hectares to 40 hectares and Arror farm from 40 ha to 380 ha within the plan period. plans are underway for replication of this successful dryland farming technology in other dry land areas of Turkana. Turkwel Downstream Irrigation Project – Turkana District The Authority will promote the implementation of the planned 540 ha Turkwel Downstream Irrigation Project . the Authority will open up 80 hectares of agricultural land at Loboi and 40 hectares of land at Kolowa where cereal crops will be introduced in an area hitherto given to pastoralism. KVDA’s existing and planned fruit-tree nurseries as shown in (Table 14). Koibatek District The Authority will promote horticultural development in areas where potential exists Irrigation Development Studies The Authority will explore possibilities of irrigation development a long rivers Suam and Kanyangareng in West Pokot district.to be located at Nakwomoru. The project will benefit about 500 farmers and alleviate the perennial food deficit in the area. ii) Tot/Arror Projects . iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 26 . Keiyo. Loboi/Kolowa Projects . Keiyo District The Authority will promote horticultural development in the district where potential exists. Baringo.Baringo District With the collaboration of the local communities. it will strengthen agricultural extension services. The project will benefit 700 farmers and support a population of 4200 people through forward and backward linkages. Koibatek and Samburu Districts.Using the experience from Wei Wei project. Turkana District. Samburu District The Authority will continue to provide tractor hire services at Kirisia and Loroki divisions. It will directly support about 3000 people through forward and backward linkages.

000 20.000 20. (v). (iii). KVDA existing and planned fruit-tree nurseries District Keiyo Marakwet Sites Kimwarer Tot Arror Embomon Kapsowar Kabetwa Kabyego Sambirir Wei Wei Chesegon Kongelai Sebit Maralal Kimao Kimngorom Emining Annual production 50. ____________________________________ • page 27 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 . (iv) Frequent droughts. (ii).000 20.000 20.000 100.000 20.000 20.000 10. Soil degradation.000 20. Expand the land area under irrigated and rain-fed agriculture.000 20.000 10.Table 14. Poor soil quality.000 50.000 20. (ii).000 Remarks Existing Existing Existing Planned Planned Planned Planned Existing Existing Planned Existing Planned Planned Existing Planned planned West Pokot Samburu Baringo Koibatek Tot fruit-tree nursery – Marakwet district Sub-Sector Constraints The following constraints hamper effective implementation of agricultural programmes in the region:(i) Communal land tenure systems. KVDA will undertake the following:(i).000 25. Poor marketing infrastructure. Promote and intensify agricultural extension services. In addressing these constraints.000 50.

762 107. On average.3.676 319.502 71. Wool sheep are mainly found in high rainfall areas of West Pokot and Marakwet districts.684 277.626. *From local animals slaughtered in 2002 Human Population Engaged In Livestock Sub-Sector Economic and social advancement for the majority of the inhabitants in the region highly depend on livestock production and marketing.823 345.709 78.320 980 158 37.000 10.9 4.500 283.770 180 82. Table 15.689 1. Cattle.577. the relative importance of camels in the region is increasing.193 2. Though forming a fairly small percentage. Cattle rearing is the most important and popular enterprise in the region.446 253.566 479 0 56.301 172.5 Marakwet 41.950 7.699 734 40 66 8 Totals 239.1 Livestock Population and Distribution The KVDA region is essentially a livestock rearing zone and pastoralism is the predominant land use system.600 576.67 8 Turkana 193.4 8. carrying capacity and earnings by Districts Type Dairy cattle Beef cattle Goats Sheep Donkeys Poultry Camels Rabbits Pigs Earnings* (Kshs.050 565 39 45.7 15 W/Pokot 39.390 1.816 2. small stock (goats.030 140. 44% of the total population are engaged in the sub-sector as shown in (Table 16).840 4. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 28 .186. 3.770 1.153 5.4 Keiyo 41.102 259.767 6.000 83. The small East African goat and local breeds of sheep constitute the main flock in the region.637 16. The local zebu and its crosses are the main breeds kept.750 168.600 1. Millions) Baringo 38.460 190.396 164.767 931.714 7.273.006 78. cultural values and as a source of income.255 140. The livestock population is as shown in (Table 15). Improve marketing infrastructure.490 117.445 62.137 1. Cattle are mainly sold to generate income for household basic requirements. Livestock Population.197 16.176.312 260.3 5 Samburu 4.3 LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES 3.760 0 295. Promote improved dry land farming technologies.964 8.000 813.930 6.321 143.159 94. (v).525 753.(iii).898 199.4 - Land carrying capacity (acres/LU) Source – PDLD – RVP.910 191.545 24 135. (iv).5 8 Koibatek 74. Intensify soil and water conservation measures.073 441 719.000 32. Sheep) and camels are important in that order. Goats and sheep are kept particularly for meat.

Table 16. The largest production of honey is from traditional hives and hence the low quantity and quality.643 Marakwet 131 1 37.267 19. W/Pokot 860 14.000 53 3.000 50 Samburu 23. Table 17.068 110 156.B.215 42 Keiyo 30.734 69 W/Pokot 152.470 21 Baringo 62.702 16. These forests and shrub grasslands are diverse in tree species hence form an inexhaustible floral resource for honey production. People engaged in Livestock sub-sector District Population Engaged in livestock % of total population Turkana 310.2 Beekeeping Honey production in the region is currently estimated at 700 metric tonnes per annum though the total potential is approximately 1100 metric tonnes.3.056 Keiyo 654 6 7.190 Source – PDLD – RVP. Production in the region is mainly traditional and as a result the production level is low compared to the existing potential. Natural vegetation within the region is shrub grasslands with dense Acacia trees in the lower parts and forests in the highland and along the rivers.238 Baringo 6.264 49 Marakwet 59. Kenya Top Bar Hive (K.377 Koibatek 2.380 24 Koibatek 69. The distribution of bee-hives in the region is shown Table 17. Distribution of various types of bee-hives per district Types Turkana KTBH 875 Langstroth 49 Loghives 9. The bee-hives in use are the traditional log bee-hives.H) and Langstroth.992 A display of honey products and refining equipment KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 29 .579 54 52.742 Samburu 2.746 Totals 14.T.

Other strategies will aim at minimising stock losses resulting from drought. KVDA also provides beekeeping extension services and purchases crude honey. (iii) Shortage of good quality breeding stock.3. KVDA’s Interventions The development objective of the livestock sub-sector in the region will be to strengthen the industry through improvement of livestock production and marketing as a medium term strategy. water. (vi) Slow adoption of modern beekeeping techniques. the Authority has implemented several activities to promote beekeeping and honey production in the region. Fishing in the main rivers and dams in the region is negligible although potential for improvement exists. production of Kenya Top Bar Hives at Kabarnet Wood Workshop with a capacity to produce between 1000 and 2000 bee-hives annually. quality breeding stock and extension services.3 Fisheries The region has potential for fisheries development at lakes Turkana and Baringo with a total landing tonnage of 4000 tonnes per annum (Table 18). Table 18. 2001 3649 117 3766 2002 3847 286 4135 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 30 . Quantity of fish landed (tonnes) (1998-2002) 1999 2000 SITES 1998 L. Turkana 4268 5237 2108 L. These include. 3. (iv) Frequent disease outbreaks. provision of infrastructure. (v) Poor infrastructure.On-going Activities Since inception. Baringo 141 409 463 Total 4409 5646 2571 Sub-Sector Constraints Livestock industry in the region is faced with a number of constraints namely:(i) Recurrent droughts. . (ii) Lack or limited access to reliable markets. access to veterinary services. Processing of honey is done at Rokocho honey centre located in Keiyo district with an annual capacity of 15 metric tonnes.

comprehensive mineral exploration has not been undertaken. Turkwel and Baringo. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 31 . Develop capacity building in improvement of quality livestock products and treatment of animals.West Pokot district To improve animal production and marketing in the region. Ostrich farming. As a result. (i) ii) iii) vi) v) vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) Provide adequate water by sinking boreholes and construction of water pans and dams at strategic locations in the region. MINERAL RESOURCES 3.Rehabilitated land-reseeded with perennial range grasses at Poole .g.4 A large portion of North Western Kenya has considerable mineral potential. Promote improved livestock breeding stocks. The only commercial scale enterprise in this sector is the Kenya Fluorspar Mining Company at Kimwarer. Various small companies and individual prospectors have worked in the region but often without keeping formal records of the minerals prospected. beeswax and honey. NGO’s and other stakeholders in sensitising the communities on the nutritional importance of fish and economic use of other resources such as gums. Rehabilitation of denuded land with pasture.g. Introduction of diversified livestock farming e. Facilitate private sector development of cooling plants and landing sites for the fishing industry in Lakes Turkana. the Authority in conjunction with other stakeholders will undertake the following interventions. available information on the mineral resources in the region is inadequate. Develop infrastructure including sale yards and cattle dips. Promote use of improved beekeeping equipment e. Collaborate with the private sector. resins. Due to difficulties in accessing many parts of the region. Beehives and Honey processing equipment. Keiyo district.

Other deposits are found in Turkana. (iv) Diatomite: Located between Maron and Bartabwa in Baringo district with estimated reserves of 0. These include. (vi) Marble: Located in Arror-Koitilial area. Baringo district. Graphite.000 tonnes. (ii) Inadequate technical expertise. Vermiculite. (iii) Gypsum: Located at Loperot and Napeded in Turkana district with estimated reserves of 0. Keiyo district with estimated reserves of 3 million tonnes. Kyanite-Sillimanite. (ii) Talc: Located in Soka and Samor in West Pokot district with estimated reserves of 1 million tonnes. talc in Soka and marble in Koitilial. (v) Fluorspar: Deposits found at Kimwarer. Marakwet. Kaolin. There are other deposits present in the region which the Authority plans to investigate. Unexploited deposits need further exploration. West Pokot district with estimated reserves of 50. (vii) Chromite: Located in Telot-Sekerr area. Keiyo and Samburu districts. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 32 . (iv) Lack of specialised equipment for exploration KVDA’s Interventions KVDA has done some exploration and feasibility studies on the exploitation of limestone in Ortum. technology and new markets especially in the COMESA region. (iii) Inadequate data for economic assessment. Investigations on the reserves are not complete.5 million tonnes. beneficiation and market studies to take advantage of improved infrastructure. Another deposit found at Kollowa Baringo district is yet to be investigated. Trona (Magadi) and Salt.6 million tonnes. (viii) Ruby: Deposits are found along Waseges river valley.Over the last one and half decades KVDA embarked on a programme of investigation and documentation of various deposits in the region and the prospects are as follows:(i) Limestone: Located in Ortum – Sebit area of West Pokot district with estimated reserves of over 30 million tonnes. Sub-Sector Constraints The constraints in this sub-sector are:(i) Lack of adequate funding for exploration. Marakwet district.

Survival of the forests has constantly been threatened by over exploitation of timber without re-afforestation. wood fuel (firewood and charcoal) and herbal medicine.899 58.257 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 33 .405.691 Area[Km2] 229 282 521 655 755 347 2. Kaptagat and Elgeyo in Keiyo district. Chemosusu in Koibatek district.000 43.970 21.398.000 51. Table 19.38 million compared to Kshs.480 163.916 18. Kiptaber and Embobut in Marakwet district.481 6.960 31.314 22. Gazetted government forests in the region cover an area of about 2900 square Kilometres (3% of the region’s area).000 7.000 Area[Km2] 229 248 521 655 986 100 209 2.3.947 2002 Revenue [Ksh] 210. RVP 219 272 499 631 986 209 2816 1991 Revenue [Ksh] 483.721. Loroki in Samburu district and Katimok in Baringo district.745 18.088. Area under forest cover & revenue collected by district District Area [Km2] Baringo Keiyo Koibatek Marakwet Samburu Turkana West Pokot Total Source: PFO. This necessitates community sensitization on forest management. In 1996 the Forest department collected over Kshs.000 38.295 4.789 1996 Revenue [Ksh] 875.403.736 183.867 50. Annual revenue generated from sale of forest products has been declining since mid 1990s’. Marakwet district Forestry resources have mainly been exploited for timber. Indigenous forest – Cherangany hills.874. 18 million in 2002 (Table 19). These are found in gazetted forest areas and community owned forests in trust lands. These forests include Kipkunur.839. Kapkanyar and Kamologon/Kabusien in West Pokot district.5 FORESTRY RESOURCES The region is endowed with indigenous and exotic tree species.285 16. encroachment and charcoal burning.000 62.250.000 30.

KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 34 . forests and biodiversity. Korellach catchment and water catchments of rivers Kimwarer and Perkerra. Depleted forest area – Marakwet District The main activities in this programme include:(i) Soil and water conservation measures. KVDA’s Intervention in Catchment Conservation The catchment conservation and rehabilitation activities will aim at conserving the various natural resources e. Indiscriminate exploitation of forest products coupled with slow reafforestation programme Low adoption of agro-forestry within the communities. water. This will ensure sustainable exploitation of these resources. Other areas planned for focused conservation are the Cherangany hills watershed complex.g. local authorities. (ii) Tree seedling production. Currently the Authority carries out catchment conservation and rehabilitation activities in the Turkwel and Kimao dam catchments. The Authority will work in collaboration with other stakeholders e. (ii) Social forestry and extension services.Sub-Sector Constraints i) ii) iii) iv) Lack of effective linkage and collaborative structures with the stakeholders. The existing and planned KVDA tree nurseries are shown in (Table 20). soil. (v) Effective linkage and collaboration with other stakeholders. (iv) Community sensitization and capacity building. Encroachment of forest areas. private companies and local investors on catchment conservation aspects and land use management. The approach is integrated and multi-disciplinary and embraces participatory intervention measures.g.

000 30.000 20. KVDA existing and planned tree nurseries SITE SEEDLING PRODUCTION ANNUALLY 50.000 50.Table 20.000 100.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 100.000 50.000 50.Pokot Turkana Marakwet Samburu Keiyo Baringo Koibatek Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned Planned KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 35 .000 DISTRICT REMARKS Kimao Dam Chepsurur Kongelai Kariama Ngoleyo Kamayech Koropokwen Kotoruk Kessup Arror Kipsaos Kimwarer Cheplambus Wei Wei Tot Sambirir Embomon Kimngorom Kabetwa Kapsowar Kabyego Chesegon Lodwar Kapcherop Maralal Torok Kabarnet Torongo Baringo West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot West Pokot Keiyo Marakwet Keiyo Keiyo Baringo West Pokot Marakwet Marakwet Marakwet Koibatek Marakwet Marakwet Marakwet W.000 50.000 50.000 50.000 20.000 20.000 100.000 20.000 50.000 50.000 20.000 100.000 100.000 50.000 50.000 50.

(v) Gorges: Turkwel gorge in West Pokot district and Chebloch in Baringo and Keiyo districts border.Advanced Gully Erosion – Mtembur. West Pokot 3.6 TOURISM AND WILDLIFE The region abounds with tourism potential as enumerated below:3. (ii) Cliffs: Rondinin (Sumot) and Kipngochoch in Baringo district and Kamariny in Keiyo district. Arror and Embobut in Marakwet district.1 Landscapes The region has picturesque landscapes that include among others. Elgeyo Escarpment in Keiyo district. (i) Waterfalls: Torok and Kessup in Keiyo district. Sekerr hills in West Pokot district. (iii)Valleys: The great Rift Valley (Kerio Valley and Suguta Valley) (iv) Hills/Escarpments: Cherangany hills in Marakwet and West Pokot district.6. Tugen hills in Baringo district and Mogila hills in Turkana district. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 36 .

crocodiles. Kapnarok. The main types of wildlife include elephants. Saiwa Swamp.000 foreigners and 120. The game reserves and other attractions are popular both to local people and foreigners. hippos and various birds.Panoramic view of Kerio Valley 3. Average numbers of annual visitors to game reserves in a typical year are in the range of 15.6. The main reserves and sanctuaries are Lakes Bogoria. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 37 .2 Wildlife The region is home to a wide range of wildlife which is a major tourist attraction. buffaloes. Baringo. Nasolot. These are found in national parks and reserves as shown in (Table 21).000 residents. Rimoi and Lake Turkana.

Table 21. (iii) Museums Artefacts depicting the cultural history of the region’s communities have been collected and displayed in museums. Baringo Reptile Park Where located Bogoria/Baringo Kampi Samaki/Baringo Main attractions Flamingoes. In the same area are hot spas which have been harnessed by the local hotel industry. Crocodiles Elephants. Kamnarok National Reserve Nasolot Game Reserve Saiwa Swamp National Park Rimoi Game Reserve L.g.3 Other Attractions (i) Lakes The region has three large natural lakes namely. guinea fowls High Concentration of Large Nile Crocodiles Elephants Antelopes L. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 38 . The geysers produce steam rich in sulphur compounds which are believed to be medicinal. Visitors to museums are over 2000 annually. tamed pythons. (ii) Geysers and Hot springs Lake Bogoria in Baringo district is a popular tourist attraction site due to its active geysers. geysers Over 40 species of snakes which include some of the most poisonous ones.Turkana/ Turkana Turkana 3. Crocodiles Elephants Monkeys Sitatunga antelopes Elephants Rare birds e. Water sports such as boat and canoe tours have been introduced in Lakes Turkana and Baringo and attract resident and non-resident tourists. Bogoria National Reserve L.Turkana National Reserve South Turkana National Reserve Barwessa/Baringo W/Pokot Trans Nzoia Rimoi/Keiyo L. Turkana.6. These museums are strategically located along the north-western tourist circuit (Table 22). Baringo and Bogoria. Important Wildlife Sites Reserve/sanctuary L.

tourism enterprise in the region e. 3. Major Hotel and Bed Capacities Facility Lake Baringo Club Lake Bogoria Hotel Kabarnet Hotel Island Camp Soi Safari Lodge Roberts Camp Total Bed Capacity 96 90 60 58 37 Camp site 341 Sub-Sector Constraints Despite vast tourism potentials.4 Tourist Accommodation Facilities Most of the hotels in the region providing tourist-class facilities are situated in Baringo district. Table 23. ii) Increased human-wildlife conflict. there are constraints that impede successful implementation of tourism programmes in the region. Museums Name Kabarnet cultural museum Kipsaraman Community Museum Kapenguria museum Lodwar museum Maralal museum Where located Kabarnet/Baringo Kipsaraman/Baringo Kapenguria/West Pokot Lodwar/Turkana Maralal/Samburu 3. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 39 . The Authority in liaison with other stakeholders will promote activities towards enhancing eco.7 SUMMARY OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE REGION The status of natural resources in the region is summarized in (Table 24). They have a combined bed capacity of more than 300 as shown in (Table 23). iv) Inadequate marketing of tourist potential.g. iii) Land tenure system hinders development of private tourism enterprise.Table 22.6. These include:i) Poor road networks. ostrich farming. inadequate communication and tourist facilities.

honey Reduced animal mortality Higher incomes realised Enhanced security • • • • Communities GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs • • • To promote the development and sustainable utilisation of fisheries resources in the region 3. Develop market infrastructure: processing facilities. dams. Livestock & Fisheries To improve livestock production and marketing. ostriches etc. • • • • • • • • • • • • Improved access to markets Improved access to water and pasture Improved quality of stock and products e. Develop rain-water harvesting and spring protection programmes. Status of natural resources Resources Available 1. dams.g. wells. abattoirs and access roads Introduce diversified livestock. and water pans Reseeding of rangelands Capacity building in treatment of animals Develop marketing infrastructure. Provide improved bee-hives and processing equipment Facilitate branding of cattle.Holders Communities GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs • • • • • • • 2. sale yards. Restocking water bodies and increasing varieties Empower co-operatives Promote consumption of fish amongst the local populace Land adjudication Soil and water conservation Development of irrigation projects Stake. Hydrological monitoring Catchment conservation measures to protect river sources and regulate flows Construct wells. Constraints • Poor distribution of water sources in time and space Destruction of water catchments Non optimal utilization Low water quality Inadequate hydrological data Limited access to markets Prolonged droughts Low quality livestock products Frequent disease outbreaks Low quality breeds Insecurity Output • • • • • • Reliable river/stream flows Availability of potable water Reduced water point distances Improved distribution systems Improved public hygiene. boreholes and water pans. Water Resources Objective To promote development and sustainable utilisation of water resources in the region. Water resources inventory Activities • Construction of water supplies conservation structures eg.Table 24. • • • Few fish varieties in some habitats Poor access to markets Negative sociocultural beliefs Land tenure systems Soil degradation Low crop yields • • • • Increase in fish production Market access improved Increased fish consumption Improved income levels • • • • KVDA GOK NGOs CBOs • • • • • • Effective land tenure systems Increased land productivity Food sufficiency • • • Communities GOK KVDA ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 40 . fish.Agricultural Land To promote agricultural production.

Holders NGOs CBOs CSOs Investors ME&NR KVDA CBOs CSOs Investors 4. Forestry To promote forestry for catchment conservation and development • • • • • • • • • • • Increased area under forest cover Increase in availability of forest products Improved water sources and reliable river flows Effective forest land policy Increase in utilisation of available energy resources. trust lands etc) • • • 5.Resources Available Objective processing and marketing Constraints • Lack of agroprocessing industries Output • • Increased land under irrigation Value addition to agricultural produce Wise use of mineral resources Improved local income Employment opportunities created Activities • • • • • • Promote dry land farming Promote extension services Promote development of agroprocessing enterprises Carry out surveys Identify strategic investors Procurement and installation of equipment and machinery Stake. Energy To promote energy resources development • • • • • Promote development of: hydropower. Tourism & Wildlife To promote the development and utilisation of tourism resources • • • • • • • Access to tourist sites Decreased human/wildlife conflicts Increased number of tourists attracted Improved income levels • • • KVDA GOK NGOs CBOs Investors ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 41 . etc Promote use of energy saving devices (e. Minerals To promote exploration and wise use of the minerals in the region • • • Inadequate technical expertise Inadequate equipment Inadequate data on mineral resources Destruction of forests Land degradation Encroachment of forest Lack of effective social forestry programme Inadequate utilisation of appropriate technologies Lack of relevant skills Poor infrastructure Human/Wildlife conflict Land tenure systems (ranches. geothermal and solar projects Establish wood lots. g improved jikos) Access roads improvement Develop tourism facilities Resolve human/wildlife conflicts through sharing of project benefits etc MOE KVDA NGOs CBOs 7. Use of appropriate technology Electrical power generation • • • • • Community sensitisation/ awareness campaigns Establishment of tree nurseries Afforestration Creation of buffer zones Establish woodlots GOK KVDA ME&NR NGOs CBOs CSOs 6.

and agricultural extension services.g. 4. goats. In addition the Authority will continue to promote honey production. crushes and sale-yards. develop rain water harvesting and spring protection programmes. wells and boreholes. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 42 . dams. improve income and spur economic development in the region. In addition. it will document all the findings and store the information in a data centre for use by stakeholders. construct water supply schemes and undertake catchment conservation measures. the Authority will promote fishing in Turkwel dam reservoir and Lake Turkana. The following objectives were identified as key priorities to guide programmes/projects implementation in the region during the plan period. In collaboration with other stakeholders. It will also facilitate control of animal diseases by supporting the existing veterinary services in the region and build the capacity of the local people to manage common diseases. dry land farming. the Authority will initiate and strengthen the existing livestock multiplication and improvement centres. It will identify strategic investors and facilitate mineral exploration. soil and water conservation.2 Objective 2: To promote development of livestock production and marketing KVDA will undertake to improve the quality of the existing breeds of cattle. processing and marketing The overall objective in the development of agricultural potential of the region includes promotion and development of irrigation schemes. horticultural crop production. water pans. sheep and camels. the Authority will undertake the following activities:construction of water conservation structures. The Authority will liaise with other relevant institutions to promote marketing of agricultural produce mainly through market information and value addition.3 Objective 3: To promote development of agricultural production. These activities will create employment. and develop livestock infrastructure such as cattle dips. Jointly with Fisheries Department and other stakeholders.1 Objective 1: To promote development and sustainable utilization of Water resources To achieve the above objective. 4.4 Objective 4: To promote the exploration and wise use of mineral resources The Authority will continue to carry out mineral surveys and produce proposals and reports on mineral resources in the region. 4.CHAPTER FOUR STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES The strategic objectives were identified through a participatory process that involved wide consultation with all stakeholders. e. processing and marketing through provision of beekeeping equipment and extension services. 4.

implement and monitor programmes and Projects In order to realise its mandated objectives and to effectively implement the plan. 4. wind and geothermal power projects in the region.g. This will be achieved through strengthening of social forestry and extension services.7 above are as summarised in (Table 25):- KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 43 . soil and water conservation. 4. soils. The Authority in collaboration with other stakeholders will also carry out monitoring. An elaborate training programme will be formulated and implemented both for KVDA staff and the communities collaborating with the Authority. the Authority will undertake to revamp its human and technical capacity. Training opportunities will be provided to those staff who shall pursue courses which are not only fully relevant to the programme to which a particular officer is attached. establishment of more tree nurseries. water and forests for sustainable utilization of their productive potential.8 Implementation matrix The implementation of the strategic objectives 4. skills and attitudes to work will be encouraged to enhance work performance. training e. Other capacity building needs e.7 Objective 7: To build capacity to plan.5 Objective 5: To promote Catchment conservation and Rehabilitation KVDA will promote the conservation of natural resources particularly land.1 to 4.c of stakeholders jointly involved in the implementation of programmes and projects under this strategic plan will be undertaken.4. Suitable courses tailored to improve staff knowledge. but are also filling an objectively identified gap in knowledge.6 Objective 6: To promote development of energy resources KVDA with other stakeholders will promote development of hydro-power. micro-financing. Possibilities of developing hydro-power at Arror. In addition adoption of energy saving devices will be promoted.t. The Authority will also establish revolving funds for micro-enterprises for easy access to credit by the rural communities. community sensitization and strengthening of linkages and collaboration with stakeholders. 4. The Authority will link/collaborate with Public Universities in enhancing training/capacity building for its staff. Embobut and Wei Wei rivers sites will be pursued. Kimwarer. skills and/or attitude. evaluation and learning programmes.

Samburu (6).Improved distribution of water -Reduced distances to water points -Reliable river/stream flows -Improved water quality . wells. Keiyo (4).(6).000 STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME 1. dams.g.Availability of reliable hydrological data -Construction of water conservation structures (e. springs developed and protected -Conserved water catchment areas -Availability of safe drinking water -Updated hydrological data and reports Baringo.Table 25.Poor distribution of water sources in time and space -Lack of an effective monitoring systems . boreholes and water pans) and water supply schemes -Provision of water for sanitation to schools for development of girl child education -Undertake catchment conservation . Implementation matrix of the strategic objectives PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COST (Ksh) ‘000.Water Resources Development To promote development and sustainable utilisation of water resources in the region . -Update feasibility studies on Kimwarer and Arror Sector Total Ksh 300 million ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 44 . Turkana (2). boreholes completed -4 No. -Destruction of water catchments -Low water quality -Inadequate hydrological data measures -Develop rainwater harvesting and spring protection programmes -Enhance Hydrological -4 No.Kimao dam water supply Samburu -one dam Water Pans Baringo (6) Koibatek. water pans constructed.28 No. -One dam completed. West Pokot (4) Boreholes Turkana – 4 Water Springs West Pokot .4 All 7 districts All 7 districts Communities 20 70 10 9 9 10 3 7 GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs 2005-06 2005-07 2005-10 2007-09 9 2008-09 3 2005-10 10 70 2005-10 All 7 districts 70 2005-10 monitoring.

sale yards and -Frequent outbreaks of diseases honey collection centres -Construction/ rehabilitation of 4 No.000) STAKEHOLDERS Communities TIME FRAME 2. PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE -To promote the development of livestock production and marketing CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COST (Ksh ‘000. e. Turkana ) 2005-10 All 7 districts 28 2006-09 30 ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 45 .Low quality breeds -Low quality livestock products -Limited access to terminal markets -Prolonged droughts -Improved quality of stock and products e.Implementation Matrix cont’d……….g. honey processing plants -Introduce diversified livestock: fish.Increased access to organised markets -4 No. of livestock watering points established -Acreage of All 7 districts All 7 districts 100 28 GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs 2005-07 2005-07 All 7 districts 225 2005-09 Samburu W/Pokot Koibatek Baringo Samburu W/Pokot (L. -Training of Paravets -Availability of improved breeding stock -Increased number of modern beehives -Tonnage of crude honey purchased . ostriches -Construct ion of livestock watering points -Reseeding/ pasture establishment. honey -Improved access to markets -Higher incomes realised -Improved access to water and pasture -Reduced animal mortality -Establish and strengthen livestock multiplication centres -Provide improved bee-hives and harvesting equipment -Develop marketing infrastructure. Livestock Development .g. honey processing plants constructed/ rehabilitated -Ostrich demonstration farm in place and fish fingerlings introduced in water reservoirs -No.Turkwel) 8 2006-09 16 2005-09 Baringo Turkana (L.

reseeded range lands -No. of Paravets trained All 7 districts 7 All 7 districts 2005-2010 Sector total Kshs. 442 million ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 46 .

-Tot pilot farm [40Ha] -W/Pokot Wei-Wei Phase III [265 Ha] -Turkana -Nakwamoru phase 1 [60 Ha] All 7 districts ESTIMATED COST (Kshs‘000.000) STAKEHOLDERS Communities TIME FRAME 2006-10 2005-09 2005-08 3.Kshs 1.5 2005-10 Sector total .575.5 million ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 47 . processing and marketing -Low crop yields -Frequent droughts -Inadequate marketing infrastructure -Soil degradation irrigation projects 575 40 800 -Food sufficiency GOK KVDA NGOs CBOs CSOs 60 2005-10 -Increased land under irrigation -Increased access to markets -Develop minor irrigation schemes -Promote Soil & Water Conservation -Number of operational irrigation schemes 70 2005-10 -Reduced soil erosion -Improved food production and food security -Improved farming techniques -Promote dry land farming Koibatek W/Pokot Keiyo Samburu All 7 districts 20 2005-10 -Promote agricultural extension services 10. Agricultural Resources Development To promote agricultural production.PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT -Increased land productivity ACTIVITIES -Develop INDICATORS -Acreage under irrigation LOCATION -Marakwet -Arror Phase I [380Ha].

‘000.95.PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COST (Kshs.1 2005-09 Sector Total Kshs.Mineral resources Survey and development Promote exploration and wise use of mineral resources in the region -Inadequate technical expertise -Lack of specialised equipment -Inadequate data on mineral deposits -Accurate information on mineral deposits -Increased mineral prospecting and mining -Carry out surveys -Dissemination of information to potential investors -Availability of documented data -Number of investors willing to prospect and carry out mining All 7 districts 93.2 million ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 48 .1 ME &NR KVDA CBOs CSOs 2005-10 All 7 districts 2.000) STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME 4.

2 Baringo. 240.99 million Implementation matrix cont’d……………. of tree seedlings raised All 7 districts Koibatek.Implementation matrix cont’d ……….1. of farmers/groups All 7 districts ESTIMATED COST (Kshs‘000.. Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation To promote catchment conservation and rehabilitation -Destruction of forests and water catchment areas -Land degradation -Increased area under forest cover -Increased availability of forest products -Improved water sources and reliable river flows -Community sensitisation/ -No.4 20 -Afforestation -Establish woodlots -Area under forests and woodlots W/Pokot-6 Turkana -2 Samburu-2 Keiyo -2 All 7 districts 100 GOK KVDA ME &NR NGOs CBOs CSOs Local Authorities Private Companies and Local Investors 2005-10 2005-09 2005-10 -Carry out soil and water conservation and rehabilitation measures -Reduced soil erosion. ____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 49 .2 Marakwet. All 7 districts 90 2005-10 -Conservation of the Turkwel dam catchment -Reduced sediment flow into Turkwel dam reservoir W/Pokot 1000 2005-10 Sector Total Kshs.000) 31 STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME capacity building -Establishment of tree nurseries trained and supported -No. PROGRAMMES OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION 5..

PROGRAMMES

OBJECTIVE

CONSTRAINTS

OUTPUT

ACTIVITIES

INDICATORS

LOCATION

ESTIMATED COST (Ksh‘000,000)

STAKEHOLDERS

TIME FRAME

6. Energy Resources Development

To promote
development of

energy resources

-Underdeveloped sources of energy potential

-Increase utilisation of
available energy

-Promote
development of:hydropower -Carry out feasibility studies for other sources of energy e.g. wind and geothermal

-Arror 70 MW hydropower implemented -Feasibility study reports available

MarakwetArror 70mw All 7 districts

-

25

MOE KVDA NGOs CBOs

2005-09

resources
-Electrical power generation -Sustainable use of wood fuel -Use of appropriate technology

2005-10

-Establish wood lots -Promote use of energy saving devices (e. g improved jikos)

-School drop-out rates for girls reduced

-Promote use of solar energy in educational institution especially girls boarding schools

-Increased availability of wood fuel -Reduce destruction of vegetation -Increased number of people using energy saving devices -One school per district installed with solar energy technology

8.6
All 7 districts

2005-10

3.5
All 7 districts

2005-10

5
All 7 districts

Ministry of Education

2006-10

Sector Total Kshs. 42.1 million

____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 50

Implementation matrix cont’d………………………
PROGRAMME OBJECTIVE CONSTRAINTS OUTPUT ACTIVITIES INDICATORS LOCATION ESTIMATED COSTS (Kshs.‘000,000) STAKEHOLDERS TIME FRAME 2005-10

7.Capacity Building Programme

To build capacity to plan, implement and monitor
programmes and

projects

-Inadequate skilled manpower -Inadequate financial resources -Weak Data base -Low adoption of ICT -Low literacy level among communities in the region

-Trained skilled manpower -More informed communities -Data resource centre established -Effective Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning System in place -Projects in planned funded & implemented -KVDA ICT policy in place -Easy access to and availability of credit for microenterprises

-Training/capacity building -Financial resources
mobilization

-Establish a resource centre -Establish a Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning System -Collect planning data and information -Formulate KVDA ICT policy
-Established ICT centre -Setup KVDA Web-site

-Number of staff/community CBOS trained -Increased funding for development secured –Data resource centre in place -MEL unit and system established -Operational ICT centre -Operational Web-site

KVDA Headquarters

15

10

KVDA, Communities, NGOS, MRDA, Line Ministries,
CBOs, DDOs, DSDOs

2005-10

5

2005-10

50

2005-10
2005-10

10

20
- Establish revolving funds for microenterprises

2005-10

- Lack of access to credit facilities by rural communities

-Number of loanees and FSA’s

10

2005-10

Sector total Kshs.120 million

____________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 51

CHAPTER FIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PLAN
The implementation of the Strategic Plan will require substantial human, physical and financial resources and will involve the participation of the stakeholders at all levels of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. The strategic plan will provide the Board of Directors, the management and stakeholders in the region with guidelines that clearly define the Authority’s way forward. The development of programmes with specific objectives will increase efficiency and effectiveness, accountability and transparency. A programme for monitoring and evaluation will be put in place during the execution of the plan. Annual work plans with clear time frames for implementation of specific activities will be drawn. The programmes will be monitored both internally and externally. Programme managers will organise regular meetings to review implementation, identify constraints and make appropriate recommendations. Facilities for electronic linkages with stakeholders and other collaborating institutions will be enhanced for information dissemination. The execution of this plan including awarding of contracts, procurement procedures e.t.c will be in accordance with government regulations. The implementation matrix for all the programmes under the various strategic objectives is indicated in Table 25. KVDA will, within the plan period (2005-2010), endeavour to implement programmes to achieve the following seven strategic objectives. 5.1 SUMMARY OF STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND OUTPUTS Objective 1: To promote development and sustainable utilization of water resources in the region. Expected Output:- Improved utilisation of water. Objective 2:- To promote the development of livestock production and marketing. Expected Output:- Improved quality of livestock and easier access to markets. Objective 3:- To promote agricultural production, processing and marketing. Expected Output:- Improved food sufficiency and increased incomes. Objective 4:- To promote the exploration and wise use of mineral resources. Expected Output:- Wise use of mineral resources and improved incomes. Objective 5: To promote catchment conservation and rehabilitation. Expected Output:- Improved status of water, soils, forests and rangeland resources. Objective 6: To promote development of energy resources. Expected Output:- Increased utilisation of available energy resources.

KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010

___________________________________ • page 52

This will be done in collaboration with other stakeholders.5 million. Turkana and Baringo districts will be exploited. The major projects are Wei Wei phase III in West Pokot district.15 million within the plan period. gypsum and other mineral deposits in the region.07 million in the promotion of the development of energy resources in the region. an appraisal of the feasibility studies for the proposed Arror hydro-power project will be undertaken and sourcing of funds from development partners for implementation will be pursued. Fish potential in West Pokot. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 53 . talc. Expected Output:. 5.Effective service delivery.1575. The total budget for implementation of projects within the sector is estimated to cost Ksh. v) Energy Resource Development Development of programmes/projects in this sub-sector is estimated to cost Kshs. Special emphasis will be placed on promotion of dry land farming technologies. i) Agricultural Resource Development Programmes and projects planned for implementation in the agricultural sector is estimated to cost Ksh.Objective 7: To build capacity to plan. diatomite. horticultural crops development. KVDA and other stakeholders will implement water supply projects and construct dams and water pans.95. The activities to be undertaken include regional exploration and project feasibility studies on the commercial exploitation of marble.300.16 billion. This project (Arror) is estimated to cost Ksh.2 million. The implementation of this programme is estimated to cost Ksh. iii) Water Resource Development In the water sub-sector.5 million. soil and water conservation and agricultural extension services. Arror and Tot irrigation projects in Marakwet district and Turkwel downstream irrigation project in Turkana district with a total estimated cost of Ksh.1514.9 million.441.2 SECTORAL COST ESTIMATES OF THE PLAN The implementation of the plan will be undertaken in all the districts to achieve equitable and sustainable development as shown in Table 26. implement and monitor programmes and projects. In addition.42. agricultural programmes will be implemented for the production of both food and cash crops in all the districts. During the plan period (2005-2010). iv) Mineral Resource Development The mineral resources development programme is estimated to cost Ksh. ii) Livestock and Fisheries Development Activities geared towards improvement of livestock production and fisheries will be implemented in the seven districts. Ostrich farming will be encouraged.

240.vi) Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation Programme The catchment conservation and rehabilitation activities costing estimated Ksh. The financial budgetary provision will cater for capacity building for all programmes and projects including staff training and community empowerment.99 million. During the plan period the programme is estimated to cost Ksh.1240.120 million. financial and technical resources to support effective implementation of the plan. The Turkwel dam catchment conservation and rehabilitation programme in West Pokot district is estimated to cost Ksh.99 million will be undertaken in all the districts. vii) Capacity Building Capacity building programme will involve mobilisation of human. Conservation of other catchment areas in the region is estimated to cost Ksh. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 54 .1billion in the plan period and aims at prolonging the life-span of the Turkwel dam reservoir.

5 Turkwel Down stream irrigation project 63.5 Livestock and Fisheries Development Water resources Development Programmes Mineral Resource Development Programmes Energy Development Programmes Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation Programmes Capacity building Programmes (Headquarters) Total Costs per District 65.57 6.7 21.07 1240.7 31.83 1970.5 441.99 - - - - - - - 120 181.7 51.5 Tot.6 13.83 161.45 16.83 762.83 221.6 13.575.7 33.83 159.01 33.5 Salawa.57 6. million) within plan period.6 13.57 6.6 95. SECTOR BARINGO SAMBURU KOIBATEK KEIYO MARAKWET WEST POKOT 816.57 6.45 71.81 ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 55 .7 30.6 13.57 6.Chemeron projects 65.83 236.Table 26.2 6.5 16.5 (Wei Wei TURKANA Agricultural Development (Crops) 11.7 30.7 101.01 33.57 42.01 1037.45 626.01 33.6 13.6 13.45 TOTAL SECTOR COSTS 1.Summary of sectoral programmes and estimated costs (kshs.45 project phase III 65.15 13.57 6.45 59.5 16. Arror Irrigation projects 59.01 33.45 61.9 300.83 3815.01 33.01 35.

Total cost for implementation of the programmes for five years (2005-2010) is estimated at Ksh. (ii). especially for infrastructural development is an important aspect for development in the region. Commercialization of some farming activities and services. Strategic investors/development partners Collaborative linkages with various development agencies will be initiated and existing ones strengthened.81 million. (iv).3815. The following have been identified as internal sources of revenue:(a).3 FINANCING OF THE PLAN The implementation of this strategic plan will require substantial financial resources. KVDA will source for funds through development of project proposals in strategic sectors. 5. The organisational structure (Annex 3) will be streamlined in order to strengthen the implementation of the strategic plan. Internal revenue generation KVDA will increase and strengthen its income generation base to support some of its programmes. Government of Kenya The main source of funding for KVDA activities is the Government of Kenya (both for recurrent and development expenditure). KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 56 . (iii). (d). Leasing of plant equipment and machinery. The linkages will not only provide required funds but will enhance exchange of skills. (c). The expected sources of funds will be:(i).5. (b). Provision of consultancy services. Rent collection from residential and non-residential buildings. The Board of Directors and management will spearhead mobilisation of resources internally and externally. The annual budget for the various programmes will be submitted to the Government for funding. The funds will be sourced from donors. Donor funding Donor funding. GOK as well as internal revenue generation.4 HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Due to the Government’s rationalisation programme aimed at improved performance and efficient and effective service delivery. information and technology. Joint sourcing of funds will also be encouraged. Local communities will also be encouraged to participate in design and implementation of programmes through cost sharing. the Authority will restructure its staff establishment and improve working conditions to attract and retain qualified personnel in various cadres (Annex 2).

learning and evaluation at all levels of programme/project implementation. Monitoring and Evaluation committees will be formed and stakeholders involved at all levels of project implementation. It will be used as a continuous feedback system. Selection of indicators for measuring the efficiency and effectiveness of activities. on-going throughout the Plan period and involves the overseeing of periodic review of each activity. projects and activities within the plan period. The feedback system will also allow for a participatory learning process for documentation of lessons learnt and replication of best practices. Emphasis on self-monitoring at all levels and stages. processing and communication of information that will assist in decision making throughout the plan period. The process has a feedback system detailing achievements in all stages of project cycle. KVDA will co-ordinate monitoring and Evaluation activities while district committees will offer technical support the implementation of the programmes. The process will take recognition of the roles and responsibilities of the communities change agents and the provincial administration. ____________________________________ • page 57 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 . what to be monitored. Identification of ways and means for feedback lessons learnt and replication of best practices. participatory monitoring and evaluation approaches will be applied. Consideration of cross-sectoral issues of relevance including purpose. at every level of implementation. The MEL process will involve managers. It ensures minimum deviation in realising desired outputs. To effectively monitor implementation of programmes.CHAPTER SIX MONITORING. who will monitor and evaluate and when will it be done will be considered. EVALUATION AND LEARNING Monitoring. and Identification of stakeholders involved in monitoring. Evaluation and Learning (MEL) is a tool established for the purpose of measuring accomplishments and detecting the need for adjustments in the course of implementation of programmes. It will also ensure capacity building spin-off benefit of learning by stakeholders. results and impacts. project personnel and participating communities in collection. The Authority's programmes will be monitored both internally and externally on a continuous basis. how variables will be monitored. Participatory monitoring and evaluation for decision-making will be adopted at all levels of planning including the community level as a means of promoting team work and stakeholders involvement in programme/project planning and implementation. The plan implementation will be monitored and performance evaluated periodically. the quality and effectiveness of outputs. At all levels of programme and project implementation this will involve: • • • • • Definition of the main objectives and targets so that all participants have a common understanding of them.

KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 58 .Some of the projects monitoring tools include the following:i) Annual reports ii) Departmental reports iii) Field survey reports iv) Progress reports v) Financial reports vi) Farm and technical designs vii) Regular feed back from community based programmes viii) Project impact study reports ix) Reports from meetings.

v) Existence of developed projects/programmes in the region. Poor terms and conditions of service. x). Weak external linkages. Minimal attention to livestock development programmes yet it is a core-function. there are also threats and weaknesses which impede realization of its objectives. v). vi). Lack of adequate data for effective planning. viii). iii).g. KVDA will. iii)Availability of feasibility study report and project proposals for funding/implementation. However. iv). There exist many opportunities and strengths which offer good prospects for the Authority to succeed in its endeavours. opportunities and strengths as part of challenges/prospects to address in order to meet its goals. Old and inadequate plant and equipments. houses and plots. Lack of proper marketing strategies. Inadequate financial resources to implement the various projects in the expansive area of jurisdiction. Lack of monitoring and evaluation systems. take into account the threats.ANNEXES ANNEX ONE: INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS Strengths. ix). The task of looking for alternative funding sources to fill this gap and effectively deliver and sustain the required services has been left upon KVDA to shoulder. vii). Inadequate skilled human resources. ii). a) Strengths Kerio Valley Development Authority has the following strengths:i) Existence of an enabling Act of Parliament.i). iv) Possession of capital Assets for example Turkwel dam. KVDA Plaza. ii) Existence of an approved establishment which provides for skilled personnel. b) Weaknesses Execution of the Authority’s mandate has been constrained by the following shortcomings and weaknesses. Weaknesses. therefore. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 59 . weaknesses. ICT. Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) The Authority is operating under a situation of decreasing funding from Central Government for its programmes and projects against a growing expectation from the community. Slow adoption of technological changes e.

Untapped tourism potentials. Land tenure systems which militate against effective development and management interventions. viii). beekeeping. cattle rustling and increased proliferation of small arms. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 60 . These include:i). ii). v). viii). iv). Availability of labour. irrigation and herbal medicines etc. v). etc. Proximity to Eldoret International Airport enabling access to external markets. x). Potential linkages with research institutions. iii). Improved prospects of peace in the neighbouring countries which should boost interregional trade. HIV/AIDS pandemic resulting in loss of productive manpower and financial resources. vi). ix). Expansive land for development. Ready local market for food products. Availability of abundant natural resources. Low literacy levels slowing down adoption of new technologies. Political interference in siting of projects and utilisation of resources. Insecurity in the region resulting from banditry. ix). Universities. d) Threats Certain external factors pose a threat to the Authority’s operations. xii). Existence of Ministry of Regional Development Authorities whose core mandate relates to Authority’s own. iv). famine and destructive floods. vi). xi). vii). Availability of Indigenous Knowledge in various disciplines.g. Improved Government policy on ASAL areas. Rampant environmental degradation. ii). livestock production.c) Opportunities There exists many opportunities which offer good prospects for KVDA to progress and excel in its endeavours. Inconsistent Government policies e. vii). the reorganisation of the power sub. Adverse weather conditions leading to prolonged drought. NGO’s.sector (which lead to the transfer of Assets from KVDA to KenGen). High poverty levels. Potential for establishment of rural industries utilising locally available resources. iii). Some of these opportunities include:- i).

Planning Officer Planning Assistant Librarian Library Assistant Agricultural Manager Snr Beekeeping Officer Senior Livestock officer Snr Range Officer Agricultural Officer I Horticulturalist Marketing Supt Agricultural Engineer Livestock Dev. 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 23 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 0 1 0 1 3 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 0 1 5 3 0 4 2 4 9 VARIANCE NO. Hydrology Assistants Snr Hydrology Tech. Officer Fisheries Officer Marketing Officer Marketing Assistant Marketing Clerks Livestock Officer (B/K) Tech Assistant (B/K) Farm Managers Agricultural Assistant Beekeeping Attendants KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 61 .ANNEX TWO: CURRENT STAFF ESTABLISHMENT APPT. NO. Mining Engineer/Geologist Civil Engineer II Irrigation Engineer II Engineering Asst. Geologist (Geologist III) Surveyor Assistant Surveyor Jnr Survey Assistant Planning Manager Snr Planning Officer Economist II Economist/Statistian I Asst. -1 -1 -1 -1 1 0 -1 0 -2 -2 +15 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1 0 +1 -1 +1 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 +2 0 -2 +4 +2 -1 -3 -6 +1 -9 TITLE Managing Director Deputy Managing Director Chief Engineer Civil Engineer (CECC) Hydropower Engineer Hydrology Specialist Tech. Hydrology Tech. Assistant (Mining) Mining Tech. Geologist Asst. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 8 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 7 8 3 18 NO IN POS.

Assistant (Agri.Tech. Forester Forester Forestry Assistant Forestry Attendant Financial Controller Chief Accountant Senior Accountant Purchasing Manager Purchasing Officer Supplies Officer Purchasing Assistant Supplies Clerks Chief Internal Auditor Cost Accountant Internal Auditor Accountant I Accountant II Audit Assistant Accounts Assistants Snr Clerks Clerk I Store Assistant Clerks II Store Clerks Chief Legal Officer Legal Assistant Personnel Manager Snr personnel Officer Snr Administrative Officer Personnel Officer Assistant Personnel Officer Snr personnel Secretary Personal Secretary Asst. Personal Secretary Snr Copy Typist Copy Typist Copy Typist II Copy Typist III Computer Operator Switchboard Supervisor Telephone Operator Receptionist Snr Subordinate Staff Sub-Staff II Subordinate Staff Public Relations officer Assistant Public Relations Officer Liaison Officer Snr Transport Officer 14 1 2 8 15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 4 10 6 13 1 66 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 4 3 3 7 10 3 1 8 4 50 13 67 1 1 2 1 14 1 2 6 23 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 0 3 2 1 13 16 23 1 88 3 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 10 6 9 9 1 4 5 62 17 48 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 -2 +8 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 -1 +1 -1 0 0 -1 -1 0 -3 +3 +10 +10 0 +22 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 +1 0 +1 -1 -3 +1 +7 -1 -1 -6 -1 -4 +1 +12 +4 -19 -1 0 +3 -1 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 62 .) Snr.

Transport Officer Driver I Driver II Driver III Senior Mechanic Mechanic I Mechanic II Mechanic III Snr Security Officer Security Officer Senior Security Assistant Security Guard II Security Guard III 1 4 12 19 2 2 4 10 1 1 9 5 53 1 3 1 20 2 5 2 10 0 0 9 10 62 0 -1 -1 +-1 0 +3 -2 0 -1 -1 0 +5 +9 KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ____________________________________ • page 63 .

& Rehabilitation Division Business Development & Marketing Division Procurement & Supplies Division Personnel Division Mining Development & Geology Division Survey & Mapping Division Livestock & Fisheries Division Tourism & Wildlife Division Legal Division Training & Welfare Division Public Relations Division Premises Division Security Division Transport Division ___________________________________ KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 • page 64 . MINERAL & WATER RESOURCES DEPT. AGRICULTURE & LIVESTOCK DEV. DEPT.ANNEX THREE: ORGANIZATION CHART KERIO VALLEY DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY BOARD OF DIRECTORS MANAGING DIRECTOR DEPUTY MANAGING DIRECTOR PLANNING DEPARTMENT ENGINEERING. FINANCE DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL & ADMIN. DEPARTMENT Development Planning Division Monitoring and Evaluation Division ICT Division Engineering Division Crop Production Division Internal Audit Division Accounts Division Administration Division Water Resources Division Catchment Conservtn.

KVDA would be able to finance its strategic plan if it received the expected revenue from sale of power from Turkwel project. The power generation assets were assigned to KenGen during the liberalisation of the power sub-sector without due consideration to the financial requirements to successfully implement KVDA’s extensive and varied programmes and projects. net annual earnings due to KVDA would be Ksh. Negotiations have been going on among the stakeholders in the sub-sector. KVDA STRATEGIC PLAN 2005-2010 ___________________________________ • page 65 . Power generation from the project over the last ten years has been 360 to 400GWH per year. If KVDA was to sell power directly to KPLC at Ksh. KVDA. KenGen. The Authority developed Turkwel power generation plant as a source/base for revenue generation to fund other development activities in the region.1.ANNEX FOUR: TURKWEL HYDROPOWER GENERATION PLANT As part of internal revenue generation.549 million based on 360 GWH per year.86 per KWhr while retaining KenGen as a management agent at a fee of 18% of total revenue. KVDA hopes that conclusion of the negotiations will be successfully finalized soon. MOE and MORDA to resolve the issue of asset transfers and project benefits.

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