Hell & High Water water

July July 3, 3, 1863 1 18 863 63
CHA MB ERS BUR GP IKE
. RD RG BU AS MM MU

The high water mark
Pickett’s Charge
On the morning of July 3, the Confederacy was repulsed from Culp’s Hill. Gen. Robert E. Lee ordered an artillary bombardment of the Union center and an assault led by Maj. Gen. George Pickett. Brig. Gen. James Pettigrew momentarily would penetrate the Union line, causing severe casualties. History would refer to it as Pickett’s Charge.
MS
McMillan house

Pickett’s charge A.P. Hill detail

E PIK RK YO

Gettysburg

RD. IELD FAIRF

Pettigrew

LEE
EU R
Orchard

Howard Hancock Slocum

Pickett McLaws LONGSTREET Hood
19th century fencing Orchard Cannon 0 500 FEET

RA

Sickles Sykes Sedgwick

MEADE

Woods

Kilpatrick’s Cavalry

IGR BR OC EW KE NB RO UG H

RO DE S

PE

A.P. HILL
ON E AH

TT

47 V 4 VA

40 VA VA

PE

RR

55 VA 5

IN

SMITH

22 VA bt bt. t
THOMAS

BL E

33 NC 3 C 18 N NC C

TR IM

LA NE

ALL

DA VIS

M

55 NC N

42 2 MS

26th h NC fought t the 151st PA at McPherson’s Pherson’s Woods on July 1.
CE

MA RSH

28 NC NC C 37 NC 7 NC C

11 MS 11 1 1 NC C

HANCOCK
Bryan ouse house Woods Orchard

II CORPS

26 NC C 47 NC C 52 NC

N RD. TANEYTOW

LOW RAN

38 NC 13 NC

126 NY 8 OH

SHERRILL
108 NY
Woods

3 NC 34 C 22 NC N 16 NC
FRY

5A AL bt. 7T TN N
Retreating troops

111 11 11 NY 12 2 NJ 1 DE

14 TN T 13 AL L 1 TN

Orchard

HAYS

125 1 25 NY 2

Leister house

SMYTH
Gen Meade’s Mea Gen. headquarters

71 PA
Spangler’s Woods Retreating troops

High water mark

72 PA 7 106 10 06 PA

WEBB

69 PA

PICKETT
R ROGERS
38 VA 3
AD ISTE

42 NY 4 19 9 NY 7 MI 16 6M ME

HALL

GIBBON
Frey house

59 NY
Codori i house Orchard

57 VA

20 MA A

ARM

53 V VA 56 VA 5
T GAR NET

9 VA

14 VA

28 VA
EM MI TS BU RG RD .

19 VA

18 VA
Orchard hard Spangler house

HARROW 1 MN 15 1 MA 151st PA school teachers regiment ATE GATES G GAT 82 NY 8 80 0 NY Y 142 PA 151 PA 150 PA DANA 149 14 49 PA 16 VT 1 13 VT
143 PA
Hummelbaugh house

8 VA

Rogers house

STANNARD
3 VA 14 4 VT

DOUBLEDAY

KEM PER

7 VA 1V VA

LANG

2 FL 8 FL 5 FL
Klingle house Orchard

11 VA A

24 VA 14 AL 1 L
WIL COX

1. At 3 p.m. Lt. Gen. Longstreet reluctantly ordered the attack he believed would fail. Nine Confederate brigades began marching over an open field in a line measuring nearly a mile long. The 1,400-yard march took 15 minutes over fences past Emmittsburg Road and condensed Southern forces to the length of half a mile. 2. At 3:30 p.m. Union and Confederate forces clashed in a “mingled mass, from 15 to 30 deep,” wrote a Confederate officer. The large group of Southerners became walking targets for Union soldiers. Their momentum was stopped by intense fire, causing heavy casualties that dwindled forces. 3. At 3:50 pm wounded Confederate soldiers individually returned, broken from their regiments. More than 5,600 Confederates, equaling 50 percent, were casualties. Union forces reported 1,500 casualties.
Orchard T Trostle h house Woods

NEWTON
I CORPS
Woods

MCLAWS
July 3, 1863

8 AL

11 A AL

87°

10 AL 8 AL

LONGSTREET

at 2 p.m. with thunderstorms visible at 6 p.m.
Sources: Civil War Trust, Gettysburg National Military Park

Weikert house

Woods

CALDWELL
READING EAGLE: CRAIG SCHAFFER, CSCHAFFER@READINGEAGLE.COM

Regiments raised in Berks County that fought at the Battle of Gettysburg
46th Pa. Infantry, 12th Corps, 1st Division, 1st Brigade
Fought at Culp’s Hill, and between Meade‘s headquarters and the front line at Pickett’s Charge.

74th Pa. Infantry, 11th Corps, 3rd Division, 1st Brigade
Known as the German Regiment. Fought north of town and on July 1 and at Cemetery Hill on July 2-3.

83rd Pa. Infantry, 5th Corps, 1st Division, 3rd Brigade
Defended Little Round Top on July 2 and also assisted in overtaking Big Round Top.

88th Pa. Infantry, 1st Corps, 2nd Division, 2nd Brigade
Captured two battle flags, fought at Oak Ridge and at Ziegler’s Grove.

93rd Pa. Infantry, 6th Corps, 3rd Division, 3rd Brigade
Held off the enemy at Little Round Top and later fought at Wheatfield Road until the end of battle.

151st Pa. Infantry, 1st Corps, 3rd Division, 1st Brigade
Fought at McPherson’s Woods, then held at Cemetery Hill and fought at Pickett’s Charge.

1st Pa. Cavalry, Army hq. Co. H, 6th Corps hq.
Held in reserve by Gen. Meade behind artillery at Pickett’s Charge.

2nd Pa. Cavalry, 1st Division, Cos. E and I Reserve Brigade
Held position behind the front line at Pickett’s Charge and retained prisoners.

6th Pa. Cavalry, 1st Division, Cos. E and I Reserve Brigade
“Rush’s Lancers” were in position along Emmitsburg Road one mile south of Pickett’s Charge.
©2013 READING EAGLE COMPANY

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