Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad

A PROJECT Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for MBA (Retail Management)

by

Vikram Singh (Pgrm/03/33)

Under the guidance of Mr. Bhasik Dholakiya (General Manager, Adani Gas Limited) Ms. Charu Vermani (Sr. Manager, Adani Gas Limited)

JULY, 2010

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

It is said that the road to success begins with just a step in the right direction. What are required are the urge to excel and the ability to work hard consistently. Proper application of knowledge and expert guidance are essential ingredients of success. The project work titled “Demand Assessment of Natural gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad” being submitted will remain incomplete unless I thank all those who helped me directly and indirectly for the successful completion of this project. I would like to express my deep sense of gratitude towards my guides Mr. Bhasik Dholakiya (General Manager, Adani Gas Limited), Ms. Charu Vermani (Sr. Manager, Adani Gas Limited), Mr. Mani Ratan Singh (Asst. Manager, Adani Gas Limited) and Mr. Rakesh yadav (Asst. Manager, Adani Gas Limited) who have been a constant source of inspiration and encouragement in my endeavor. Their thoughts, ideas, concepts and above all their modest efforts contributed in a big way in completing this project. I am also indebted to members of the Management for the facilities provided and support without which my project would not have turned into an actuality. At last, I would like to thank all organizations of the four sectors sector 6, 24, 59 and NIT Industrial Area of Faridabad city for devoting their precious time in filling up the questionnaire.

CONTENTS

Items
LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIRGURES EXECUTIVE SUMMERY Chapter 1: About Adani Gas Chapter 2: Introduction Chapter 3: Natural Gas Scenario in India Chapter 4: Property, Use and Safety of Natural Gas Chapter 5: What is City Gas? Chapter 6: Economics of City Gas Chapter 7: Demand Assessment of City gas in selected sectors in Faridabad city Chapter 8: Conclusion Annexure References

Page No.
i ii iii-iv 1 2-4 5-13 14-18 19-37 38-44 45-68 69
I

3 Table 7.14 Table 7.1 Table 5.2 Table 3.10 Table 7.15 Table 7.16 Table 7.7 Table 7.17 Estimated Energy Reserves Domestic vs Global gas reserves (2008) Natural gas Supply Outlook (in MMSCMD) Sector wise natural gas demand outlook (in MMSCMD) Snapshot of Previous Rounds of NELP Components of Natural Gas Property Comparison of CNG with other Fuels Players in CGD New Trunk Pipelines Projects Small Scale Industries Medium Scale Industries Large Scale Industries Type and Number of industry in sector 6 Types of Fuels used in industry Total Daily fuel consumption in Industries in sector 6 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 6 Type and Number of industry in sector 24 Total Daily fuel consumption in Industries in sector 24 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 24 Type and Number of industry in sector 59 Total Daily fuel consumption in Industries in sector 59 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 59 Type and Number of industry in NIT Industrial Area Total Daily fuel consumption in Industries in NIT Industrial Area Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in NIT Industrial Area Total demand of PNG in these four sectors: Table Name Page No.13 Table 7.5 Table 7.1 Table 3.1 Table 5. Table 2.4 Table 7.12 Table 7.11 Table 7.3 Table 7.1 Table 7.9 Table 7.LIST OF TABLES Table No.6 Table 7.2 Table 5.2 Table 7.1 Table 3. 4 5 8 9 13 14 22 35 36 47-55 55-57 58 59 60 60 61 62 62 63 64 64 65 66 66 67 68 i .8 Table 7.4 Table 4.3 Table 3.

4 Fig 4. 7.2 Fig 7.1 Fig 6. 2 4 6 ii .1 Fig 7.2 Fig 6.3 Fig 3.5 Fig 7.8 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in NIT Industrial Area 67 7 8 12 17 37 41 42 43 61 61 63 63 65 65 67 Page No.3 Fig 7.LIST OF FIGURES Figure No.7 Natural Gas Consumption pattern in India (2009-10) Estimates for NG Supplies from Domestic Fields Exploration Status Symptoms of CO Poisoning Existing and Upcoming pipelines in India Mother Station Daughter Booster Station Online Station Share of Different fuels to be replaced by Natural Gas (SCMD) in sector 6 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 6 Share of Different fuels to be replaced by Natural Gas (SCMD) in sector 24 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 24 Share of Different fuels to be replaced by Natural Gas (SCMD) in sector 59 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 59 Share of Different fuels to be replaced by Natural Gas (SCMD) in NIT Industrial Area Fig 7.1 Fig 2.4 Fig 7.2 Fig 3.1 Fig 5.1 Fig 6.1 Figure Name Per capita Energy consumption world-wide (Kgoe) Primary energy Mix of India & World Productions and Consumption of Natural Gas in India during 2000-08 (in BCM) Fig 3.3 Fig. Fig 2.2 Fig 3.6 Fig 7.

314 Kg of CNG is being sold everyday. customers are attracted towards natural gas. NEC field (RIL consortium). Gas consumption is increasing every year by leaps and bounds all over the world. In India with recent discoveries of Gas fields. In Faridabad city. and MN-DWN-98/3 (ONGC). city gas (CNG/PNG) 4 percent. Adani Gas has already set up a Gas Distribution Network in Ahmedabad and Vadodara city of Gujarat and Faridabad city of Haryana. trans-national pipelines. 24. Refinery & Internal Consumption 13% percent. It is called the fuel of the 21st century. NELP. June 2009. has been spotted in the world map of gas producers. BP Statistical Review of World Energy. For meeting this demand supply gap. As of now. domestic natural gas supplies to increase to around 230 MMSCMD by 2018-19. The demand of natural gas will always surpass the supply. Deen Dayal block in KG basin (GSPC consortium). the Natural Gas has become fuel for the future. Sector 6. iii . the R/P ratio of domestic gas reserve is 35. Besides RIL’s KG D6 field. Industrial &Captive Power 14 percent and sponge iron/steel sector 5 percent. presently only 4 CNG stations are there and 44. Faridabad is a hub of industry. medium and large industries in those sectors. The increase in gas supplies and gas transmission infrastructure is also likely to provide a fillip to City Gas Distribution (CGD) players. from around 145 MMSCMD in 2009-10. the other sources which will contribute towards supply increase include: KG basin satellite fields (owned by RIL consortium). There are around 400 small. The current natural gas consumption is primarily shared by the power and fertilizer sector to the tune of 39 percent and 25 percent respectively. CBM production etc. energy efficient and cost efficient in comparison with other fuels it competes. This is followed by the Petro Chemical.6 years. 59 and NIT Industrial Area were being surveyed for estimating the PNG demand potential in the industrial sector. CNG and PNG are available in 40 cities in India. According to ICRA report.Executive Summary Due to environmental concerns and price competitiveness. KG-DWN-98/2 (ONGC). Natural gas being clean. several initiative are being taken such as importing LNG.

PNG can replace these conventional fuels in the existing plants. Based on their daily consumption of different fuels. Diesel Coal.0441559122 MMSCMD for Sector 24. Therefore.20 MMSCMD. total demand of PNG in these four industrial regions would be 0. FO as their fuels.188625 MMSCMD or approximately 0. 0. 0.These industries are presently consuming LPG. the demand for equivalent (energy equivalent) amount of piped natural gas would be 0.035599505 MMSCMD for Sector 59 and 0. iv .04039581801 MMSCMD for NIT Industrial Area. Petcoke.06847367 MMSCMD for Sector 6.

314 Kg of CNG is being sold everyday. Chapter 1 **************** About Adani Gas Adani Gas is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Adani Enterprise Ltd (AEL) and was incorporated for setting up distribution network in various cities to supply natural gas to industrial. commercial & Transport sectors.582 SCMD and 1. 82. Adani Gas has already set up a Gas Distribution Network in GUJARAT: Ahmedabad and Vadodara HARYANA: Faridabad Till date. in Ahmedabad city 418 industrial customers are being served with their total PNG requirement is 2.628 SCMD and 47.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. convenient. Adani Gas has received NOCs to develop City Gas Distribution networks to repeat the similar success stories in UTTAR PRADESH: Noida.898 SCMD. Adani Gas has already initiated the infrastructure development in these cities to meet the fuel needs of industrial. domestic. Domestic and CNG Customers. 669 commercial customers are being served with PNG consumption 12. The company has forayed into the business of Gas Distribution Business with an objective of providing safe.. reliable and environment friendly fuel. In Vadodara. 1 .90.876 domestic customers are being served with total gas consumption 45. Commercial. and RAJASTHAN: Udaipur and Jaipur.054 kg of CNG sales per day.698 kg of CNG sales per day. In Faridabad city.27. presently only 4 CNG stations are there and 44. 71 industrial customers are being served with their total PNG requirement is 44.279 SCMD. Lucknow & Khurja.

The per capita energy consumption is estimated to be a very modest 530 kgoe while the world average is approximately 1820 kgoe. India has set itself an ambitious target of 9 % sustained growth rate during the Eleventh Five Year Plan. the proven reserves of coal. Energy consumption is seen as one of the indicators of economic development. Chapter 2 **************** Introduction India has been experiencing unprecedented economic growth at the rate 7-9% per year for the last few years and is aspiring to become a leading economic power in the world in the next few decades. With the targeted GDP growth rate of 8 to 9 percent. If all the inferred reserves also materialize then coal and lignite can last for over 2 Fig 2. the per-capita consumption of most energy related products is extremely low. However.1 Per capita Energy consumption world-wide (Kgoe) . India will face significant challenges to meet this growing energy demand. India’s energy requirement is bound to increase in the coming years. At the current level of consumption. energy has seen its demand rising with economic growth.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Being the driver of any economy.. can last for about 80 years. India is well endowed with coal which is expected to continue to be the dominant energy source. due to its high population of approximately 1.1 billion. India is currently the world's fourth largest economy in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) terms and the fifth largest energy consumer in the world.

it has to depend on crude imports to meet a major share of its needs. According to the IEA. India has vast reserves of the nuclear fuel thorium but the technology is not yet developed for its commercial use. some of the existing oil and gas fields were experiencing a decline in their production since they had already been in production for several years and were past their 3 plateau phase. Many countries have significant investments in renewable sources of energy to help reduce carbon emissions. indicated and inferred) extractable coal reserves will run out in around 45 years as per Integrated Energy Policy 2006. the total (including proven. India can not boast of its gas assets but recent discoveries hold promise for India’s gas reserves and coal bed methane. In addition. Therefore. As India is poorly endowed with oil assets. we will be import dependent to the extent of 94 per cent by 2030. This has led governments across the world to search for viable alternative sources of energy in order to increase their energy self-reliance. If domestic coal production continues to grow at 5% per year. the price of crude oil has seen dramatic fluctuations in the last one year from a high of about $147 per barrel to $35 per barrel & currently it hovers at roughly $78/barrel.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. India would have to actively pursue and develop non-coal energy sources. Such wild fluctuations in crude oil prices make growing economies such as ours vulnerable from an energy security viewpoint. Of course coal and lignite consumption will increase in the future and the reserves would last for far fewer years. Beside this. 3 . India’s oil assets are meager.. close to 78 percent with its oil import bill being close to USD 90 billion in 2008-09. The price swing seen in the past 12 months further highlights how precariously the demand and supply is balanced and how the growing demand from developing countries can cause demand-supply imbalances. Renewable energy currently contributes about 9% and it is expected to grow very rapidly especially in areas like wind and solar power. 140 years at the current rate of extraction.

hydro (26. that a heavy reliance on coal in India is not optimal.866 61. followed by oil (135 MMT). given that coal is a far more polluting fossil fuel as compared to natural gas.000 150. Table 2. The proportion of natural gas in India’s primary energy basket is approximately one-third that of the world average.2 MTOE).. gas (37.1 Estimated Energy Reserves Resource Coal Oil Gas – including coal bed methane Uranium – metal Thorium– metal Hydel Source: Planning Commission of India.000 India’s primary energy mix India’s primary energy mix is dominated by coal (231. India's primary energy mix in 2008 Hydro 6% Gas 9% World's primary energy mix in 2008 Hydro 6% Gas 24% Coal 29% Oil 31% Coal 53% Oil 35% Nuclear 1% Nuclear 6% Fig 2. It may be noted in this context.2 Primary energy Mix of India & World 4 .2 MTOE) and nuclear (3.489 786 1. indicating the potential for rapid growth.4 MTOE).5 MTOE).000 225.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. 2006 Unit Mtoe Mtoe Mtoe Tonnes Tonnes MW Reserve 13.

particularly over the last decade.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Reliance’s KG basin gas production has come as a boon.6 BCM of natural gas.09 TCM at the end of 2008. The demand of natural gas has sharply increased in the last two decades at the global level. This reserve is approximately 0. The onshore fields in Assam. Chapter 3 **************** Natural Gas Scenario in India Natural gas has emerged as the most preferred fuel due to its inherent environmentally benign nature. India produced 30. India had proved natural gas reserve of 1.1 Natural gas reserves As per BP Statistical review of world energy 2009.2 Production and Consumption of Natural Gas in India India is one of the largest Energy consumers in the world. and is being termed as the Fuel of the 21st Century. greater efficiency and cost effectiveness. Natural gas is often termed as the cleanest fossil fuel.1 Domestic vs Global gas reserves (2008) Place World India Reserves (TCM) 185.02 1. The gas market in India is emerging.09 Production (BCM) 3065. especially the Mumbai High complex.6 R/P 60.02 TCM. Presently. The bulk of India’s natural gas production comes from the western offshore regions..4 years 35. Power sector is also a 5 . In India too.6 years Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy.3 30. and Gujarat states are also major producers of natural gas. June 2009 3. 3. the natural gas sector has gained importance. Gas consumption is always at rise since early 1980’s. producing less carbon dioxide per joule delivered than either coal or oil hence plays a crucial role in the primary energy basket of India.6% of total world’s proved gas reserves of 185. Andhra Pradesh. Table 3. mainly because of shift of fertilizer industries towards gas from Naphtha/fuel oil as their feed stock.

4 26. which is going to surge in natural gas demand by huge margin.6 35. natural gas consumption rises rapidly in both countries. Fig 3.6 27. of total primary energy consumption in 2006.6 40. June 2009 Fig 2. Non-OECD Asia. growing by 5. In the International Energy outlook 2009 reference case.3 2007 30.1 indicates that the consumption of natural gas is increasing and the demand s bound to increase in the coming years.5 29.4 26. In both China and India.5 26. on average from 2006 to 2030.1 Productions and Consumption of Natural Gas in India during 2000-08 (in BCM) Production 45 40 35 30 25 29.. major reason for India to emerge as a major gas market in the world. 30.6 40.1 15 10 5 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 29. which is also going to affect the demand for natural gas.2 percent per year in China and 4.3 Consumption 20 29. which accounted for 9 percent of the world’s total consumption of natural gas in 2006. respectively.9 29. shows the most rapid growth in natural gas use in the reference case and accounts for 31 percent of the total increase in world natural gas consumption from 2006 to 2030.2 31. As per EIA’s International Energy outlook 2009. PNG is also a part of city gas. representing only 3 percent and 8 percent.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….4 6 . Many cities are taking up CNG program for their transportation.7 37.1 2008 Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy. natural gas currently is a minor fuel in the overall energy mix.4 26. because power sector is using large quantity of gas for their power production. Another major driver for natural gas consumption would be city gas.4 27.2 percent per year in India.

4 Natural Gas Demand-Supply Outlook The Indian natural gas market reported a significant increase in supply in 2009-10 with the KG D6 field of RIL going into production. domestic natural gas supplies to increase to around 230 MMSCMD by 2018-19. a position held till then by ONGC for over five decades. ICRA Report Fertilizer: 25% Sponge Iron/Steel: 5% Industrial &Captive Power 14 percent and sponge iron/steel sector 5 percent.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. According to ICRA report.2 Natural Gas Consumption pattern in India (2009-10) Industrial+Cap Power: 14% Power: 39% consumption is primarily shared by the power and fertilizer sector to the tune of 39 percent and 25 percent respectively. from around 145 MMSCMD in 2009-10. NEC 7 . The current natural gas Pet Chem. 3. Besides RIL’s KG D6 field. the other sources which will contribute towards supply increase include: KG basin satellite fields (owned by RIL consortium). The large increase in supply has been absorbed comfortably by the Indian market. as also the dynamics of these sectors.+ Ref+ IC: 13% City gas: 4% Fig. the actual supply could have been higher but for the capacity constraints in the trunk pipelines. In fact. in the process pushing up supplies from domestic fields to around 145 MMSCMD. This is followed by the Petro Chemical. city gas (CNG/PNG) 4 percent. primarily power and fertilizer..3 Natural Gas Consumption Pattern in India Gas demand in India continues to be influenced by the cost economics vis-àvis alternative fuels pertaining to each of the end use sectors. RIL became the largest producer of natural gas in the country. Source: Industry Outlook-Indian Downstream Natural Gas. 3. The Indian natural gas market saw an unprecedented 65% increase in gas supplies in 20092010 with RIL commencing production from its KG basin D6 block. 3. from 87 MMSCMD in 2008-09. reinforcing its significant growth potential. With KG D6 going on stream. Refinery & Internal Consumption 13% percent.

28 2008-09 58.97 197.09 57.30 80./JVs(As per DGH) (B) Additional Gas Anticipated (C) Total Projected Supply Under Normal Scenario (A+B) Total Projected Supply Under Optimistic Scenario (A+B+C) 23.2 Natural gas Supply Outlook (in MMSCMD) Sources ONGC+OIL (A) 2007-08 57.09 202.08 Pvt. ONGC is expected to begin gas production from several small and marginal fields that have been given to it on nomination by GoI. and MN-DWN-98/3 (ONGC).22 94 108.54 119.69 2010-11 54.98 60.54 61. there won’t be any significant net additions to production by ONGC from the nominated fields. Table 3.26 80.30 Source: Report of the working Group on Petroleum & Natural Gas for the XI plan (2007-2012) Fig 3.97 58.3 Estimates for NG Supplies from Domestic Fields Source: ICRA Estimates 8 . KG-DWN-98/2 (ONGC).67 2011-12 51..42 2009-10 55. However.28 74 115. Deen Dayal block in KG basin (GSPC consortium). field (RIL consortium).56 119.42 84 113.98 189. given that the output from the existing fields of ONGC has been falling by 7-8% annually. Further.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….

26 14. like Coal Bed Methane (CBM).38 31.15 2009-10 102. There is a large gap between demand and supply of natural gas in the country.70 41.07 7. with several others that are planned or proposed.20 42. 3.00 179.42 196.83 17.05 27.66 33.1 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG): Currently.83 19.20 76. it is very clear that there would be a supply shortfall.00 25.08 2011-12 126. (b) Exploitation of unconventional gas.52 7.35 262.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. owns and operates the Dahej LNG facility.02 12.43 2007-08 79.93 16. India has two LNG import terminals. a number of import schemes including both LNG and transnational pipeline projects have either been implemented or considered.17 29.87 225.70 55. (c) Intensification of domestic Exploration & Production activities under New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP).26 15.3 Sector wise natural gas demand outlook (in MMSCMD) Sectors Power Fertilizer City Gas Industrial Petrochemicals/Refineries/Internal Consumption Sponge Iron/Steel Total 6. The Government of India has adopted a multi-pronged strategy to augment supplies and to bridge the gap between supply and demand for the domestic market through(a) To help meet this gap and growing demand. Petronet LNG. The capacity of the terminal has been expanded to 10 9 .17 6.37 2008-09 91. India started receiving LNG shipments in January 2004 with the start-up of the Dahej terminal with a nameplate capacity of 5 MMTPA in Gujarat state.57 76.86 279.80 18.89 12.25 Source: Report of the working Group on Petroleum & Natural Gas for the XI plan (2007-2012) 3.5.90 13. Table 3.5 Meeting the Demand-Supply Gap The overall demand projections and even the most optimistic scenario of expected domestic supplies. a consortium of state-owned Indian companies and international investors.05 2010-11 114..64 6.08 15.

with the volumes being divided between the two importing countries of India and Pakistan.5 MMTPA.5 billion and is expected to be 2300 km in length..5 MMTPA. The facility has an initial throughput capacity of 2. The facility is owned by Hazira LNG. India’s second LNG terminal started operations in April 2005 near Surat in Gujarat state.25 MMTPA imports could perhaps be expected at this terminal by 2011-12. when completed in 1st quarter of 2012. MMTPA and the same has been commissioned in June. The pipeline is estimated to cost around USD 7. 10 . Various initiatives are under consideration.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….2 Trans-national Pipelines: The Government has been exploring the possibility of importing gas from countries such as Iran. Pakistan and India. it appears that other parties may be allowed to use this terminal to re-gassify LNG obtained3 from various sources in return for a fee. Petronet LNG is also building a second LNG receiving terminal at Kochi. some progress is also being made to bring the partially constructed terminal at Dabhol into operation in which GAIL and National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) have a majority stake. a joint venture of Shell and Total.75 MMTPA by the year 2011-12 (Potentially it can add up 83. Turkmenistan. The confirmation of Mangalore LNG terminal could be a possibility and 1. Bangladesh and Myanmar through pipelines. 2009. Given this scenario. which is expected to have a capacity of 2. 3. the LNG supply is projected to reach a level of 23.5. with the option of expanding that to 5 MMTPA in the future. Besides the gas meant for the Ratnagiri (the erstwhile Dabhol) plant.12 MMSCMD supplies at full capacity). which include: The Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) Gas Pipeline Project: The IPI Gas Pipeline Project has been conceived as a tripartite arrangement between Iran. Meanwhile.

3. the Government of India approved a comprehensive CBM policy in July. in Turkmenistan to sources of demand in Pakistan and India. temperature and pressure.. Once again. Myanmar-India pipeline: A 1. Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline project: This Asian Development Bank (ADB) sponsored project is likely to connect sources of supply. 735 km in Afghanistan and 800 km in Pakistan up to the India border) and a capacity of 90-100 MMSCMD.5. transmission tariffs etc. Up to III round 23 blocks have been awarded. The pipeline being considered will have a length of approximately 1680 km (including 145 km in Turkmenistan. several outstanding issues remain.3 Coal Bed Methane (CBM): CBM is natural gas (methane) adsorbed in coal and lignite seams and is an eco-friendly non– conventional source of energy. certification of reserves of the fields meant to supply gas are yet to be resolved. Issues around pricing. However. in which both ONGC Videsh and GAIL own a stake.575 km long pipeline connecting the Shwe field in the A-1 block in Myanmar. Under IVth round of International bidding 10 CBM blocks were offered and a total of 27 bids were received for 8 blocks. Till date 4 rounds of CBM bidding have been conducted with 36 blocks were in offer. 11 . Coal is both the source and reservoir rock for CBM. issues regarding gas pricing. To harness this new source.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. 1997 for exploration and production of CBM gas. are to be decided. not much progress has happened on this front in recent times. while passing through Bangladesh. was considered to bring gas to India. A saturated CBM reservoir could contain up to five times the amount of gas contained in a conventional gas reservoir of comparative size. while some headway has been made in discussions. Three blocks had already been awarded on nomination basis. delivery point transit fees to be paid to Pakistan. transit price and security of the pipeline in Pakistan. Although some progress was made.

3. as opposed to just three in 1990. (OIL). with an aim of encouraging private sector participation in the oil and gas sector. Even after three decades. The success of the rounds can be measured in the increased exploration activities in the country. the DGH. the Government introduced the NELP. these fields continue to be the mainstay of India's indigenous production.5. according to the upstream regulator. Commercial production of CBM has already commenced in Raniganj (South) CBM block in West Bengal. Similarly.4 MMSCMD by the year 2013 . prior to NELP. there are now 14 producing basins. from 40 to 15 percent. Fig 3. it is expected to go up to 7. Seven rounds of NELP have been conducted so far.14.4 Exploration Status Source: The Oil & Gas Sector Overview in India 2009.15 MMSCMD in the country. From a current level of a total CBM production of 0.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. The sector received a major boost in 1974..4 Indigenous E&P: Exploration activity. when the massive Mumbai High fields were discovered off India's west coast. was dominated by public sector firms such as Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. Several new operators too have entered the fray as opposed to just the Government owned ONGC and OIL earlier. Efforts are also being made in Sohagpur blocks in Madhya Pradesh and Jharia block in Jharkhand for commencement of commercial production at the earliest. (ONGC) and Oil India Ltd. Realizing that these fields would gradually deplete over time and no major discoveries were being brought into production. KPMG Report 12 . The proportion of unexplored acreages has witnessed a significant drop.

BHP Billiton etc have also participated in the bidding rounds. is likely to produce close to 175. Bhagyam and Aishwarya fields. of blocks offered No. RIL is expected to be able to produce over 80 mmscmd of gas by 2010-11.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Cairn. of blocks awarded 48 28 45 25 NELP II 25 23 44 23 NELP III 27 24 52 23 NELP IV 24 21 44 21 NELP V 20 20 69 20 NELP VI 55 52 185 52 NELP VII 57 45 181 44 Source: The Oil & Gas Sector Overview in India 2009. of blocks bid for Total No.000 barrels of oil by 2010-11 from its Mangala. A glance at the number of blocks and bids received during the previous rounds of NELP indicates the increased interest that the bidding process has received in recent times from both domestic and foreign players.4 Snapshot of Previous Rounds of NELP NELP I No. petrochemical and power units). by Cairn in 2002-03. of bids received No. Table: 3. with the private sector giant. helping to address energy security issues to some extent. A number of foreign players such as Cairn. Rajasthan. in turn. 13 . RIL. The NELP VIII Licensing Round attracted a total of 76 bids for 36 out of 70 blocks on offer. winning the maximum number of blocks after the state-owned ONGC.. forming consortiums with domestic and other foreign players. KPMG Report Recent rounds of NELP i. thus doubling domestic availability and ameliorating the large-scale shortages currently prevalent in the country (the company has recently commenced production of gas and the first 40 mmscmd of gas volumes have been allocated by the Government to fertilizer. NELP VIII have proved attractive in gaining the interest of Indian private sector and foreign players.e. Some of the major discoveries in the last decade have been that of Reliance in the KG Basin and Mahanadi fields. ONGC and Gujarat State Petronet Corporation's (GSPC) claimed finds also in the KG Basin and the discovery of oil in Barmer. City Gas Distribution (CGD).

S. water and odorants can also be present. but this can vary by several percent. Table 4. comes from natural gas.. The gross heat of combustion of one normal cubic meter of commercial quality natural gas is around 39 mega joules (≈10. It also contains heavier gaseous hydrocarbons such as ethane (C2H6). etc.8 kWh). Natural gas also contains Nitrogen. one standard cubic foot of natural gas produces around 1000 British Thermal Units (BTUs). helium. as well as other sulphur containing gases. propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10). 4.1 Chemical composition of Natural Gas The primary component of natural gas is methane (CH4). the shortest and lightest hydrocarbon molecule.000 Kcal per standard cubic meter. use natural gas as their main heating fuel.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Over one-half of the homes in the U.2 Energy content & statistics Quantities of natural gas are measured in normal cubic meters (corresponding to 0° C at 1 atm) or in standard cubic feet (corresponding to 60° F and 30 in Hg). Chapter 4 **************** Property. Mercury is also present in small amounts in natural gas extracted from some fields.3 Natural Gas Use Approximately 22 percent of the energy consumption of the U. Use and Safety of Natural Gas 4.1 Components of Natural Gas Component Methane (CH4) Ethane (C2H6) Propane (C3H8) and Butane (C4H10) CO2.S. % 70-90 5-15 <5 balance 4. carbon dioxide and trace amounts of hydrogen sulfide. in varying amounts. wt. In US units. The calorific value ranges from 9000-10. The exact composition of natural gas varies between gas fields. H2S. N2. 14 .

the right amount of fuel and the right amount of air. 15 .1 How Natural Gas Burns When natural gas burns. the pilot light may be a small flame that burns continuously. medicines. Industry depends on it.4. Or. glass. photographic film. Three things are required to make this process happen properly in your home appliances: heat from a pilot light. fertilizer. cooking. and industrial purposes. dyes. and explosives. a fuel we use in many of our backyard barbecue grills. such as: paints. Some household appliances that use natural gas include: • • • • • • • • • Furnaces Pool and Spa Heaters Clothes Dryers Outdoor Lights Barbecues Water Heaters Stoves/Ranges Fireplace Logs Patio Heaters and Fire Pits 4. antifreeze. Natural gas is also an essential raw material for many common products. clothing. It's used to produce steel.. brick. paper. drying clothes. plastics. the pilot light is an electrical spark that happens only when you turn on the appliance.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….4 Using Natural Gas Safely 4. using a tiny amount of natural gas as its fuel. electricity and much more! Natural gas is used for heating buildings. Natural gas has thousands of uses. heating water. In some newer appliances. We also get propane. lighting. energy is released in the form of heat. when we process natural gas.

The exception is decorative gas appliances such as fire logs. blue. Ask an adult to have it checked by a qualified repairperson. and flickering the appliance may need a safety adjustment. By the way. 16 .4. but it is very different. and trees and plants use it to make oxygen. Natural gas ovens are designed to cook food. large.2 Kitchen Safety What colour is Your Flame? Ranges and other appliances are carefully adjusted to provide the correct gas-air mixture. Make the flame fit the pot Remind the cooks in your family to set the flame just high enough to cover the bottom of the pot. not the oven. It’s also a good idea to turn pot handles inward toward the back of the range to prevent them from getting bumped. A normal flame (steady. While flecks of orange are okay. if you smell a slight odor of natural gas. 4. if the flame is yellow. 4. not to heat rooms. Also make sure they don’t play with the natural gas pipes or flexible connectors that run between the gas range and the wall. Flames that are too high can make a fire hazard and waste energy. it may mean that a pilot light has gone out. Carbon monoxide (CO) sounds the same. Use a heater to warm the house.. and cone-shaped) means the gas-to-air mixture is perfect.4. which are designed to have a yellow flame. Using your oven to heat the kitchen could damage the oven Don’t play with gas appliances or pipes Make sure younger sisters or brothers don’t play with oven knobs—they could turn the natural gas on without anyone knowing it.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….3 Alert from CO You’ve probably heard of carbon dioxide—our lungs produce it when we breathe.

4 shows the symptoms of CO poisoning Fig 4. Common sources of CO include gasoline engines running in closed garages. It is produced when people use natural gas or other fuels (such as gasoline.1 Symptoms of CO Poisoning If you breathe in CO.. get out of the house right away. but without the fever. or local emergency medical service. and wood) without enough oxygen. Symptoms of CO Poisoning The following figure 3. CO is a dangerous gas that you can’t smell or see. If you or someone in your home has these symptoms. This is called CO poisoning. Call your local fire department. propane. 17 . fuel oil.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. fuel-burning space heaters or water heaters with improper venting. and blocked chimneys or vent pipes. Severe cases of CO poisoning can be deadly. The early effects of CO poisoning make you feel like you have the flu. it enters your bloodstream and robs oxygen from blood cells.

draperies. Use space heaters safely. Routinely maintain and inspect all heating systems and any fuel-burning appliances annually. as the vapors could be ignited by lights or appliance flames. or aerosol cans near them either. Remind adults to have regular inspections. 18 . Never run your vehicle or fuel-burning equipment in an enclosed space.4 Heater Safety Keep papers and toys away from furnace and water heater.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Consider installing a carbon monoxide alarm and maintaining it properly. If you use a vented gas space heater. vents. but have a different purpose. Remind the adults in your home to have your furnace. 4. If you use a vent-free heater. paint thinner. flue and chimneys for corrosion or blockages. How to Prevent CO Poisoning? Tell the adults in your household they can prevent CO poisoning by paying attention to these four safety tips: 1. CO alarms are similar to smoke detectors. etc. 3. make sure it has a switch that shuts off the heater if indoor oxygen levels get too low. 2. make sure that it is properly vented to the outside.4. and chimney inspected every year or two by a qualified service person. Keep space heaters away from any flammable objects like papers.. Blockages or cracks can make it hard for heating equipment to work properly or can lead to dangerous CO buildup. 4. Periodically check vents. Don’t store gasoline.

the natural gas is termed as city gas. restaurant. school. India's capital city as well as mega city Ahmadabad in the state of Gujarat. It is considered to be an environmentally "clean" alternative to those fuels. Today. CNG for the vehicles. trusts.1 CNG 5. burring ghats). small industries (industries with municipal limit or with the concession limit or industries consumes less than or equal to 50. many rickshaws as well as personal vehicles in India and Bangladesh are being converted to CNG 19 . commercial uses (hotels. usually cylinders. So. In response to high fuel prices and environmental concerns. and in transit and school buses.000 scmd at a pressure of 19 bars) are termed as city gas.1 World Scenario Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is a substitute for gasoline (petrol) or diesel fuel. It is stored and distributed in hard containers. 5. Argentina and Brazil. Bangladesh and India.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. corporate. All the uses of natural gas as piped natural gas to domestic households. The Delhi Transport Corporation operates the world's largest fleet of CNG buses. CNG has grown into one of the major fuel sources used in car engines in Pakistan. Chapter 5 **************** What is City Gas? Natural Gas has found its use in many areas. The use of CNG is mandated for the public transport system of New Delhi. We will discuss the CNG & PNG in details along with other related issues in city gas.1.. are the two countries with the largest fleets of CNG vehicles. It is made by compressing methane (CH4) at 200 to 270 bar pressure extracted from natural gas. When natural gas use is more specified like into the cities. mainly city gas is CNG and PNG both. temples. in the Southern Cone of Latin America. compressed natural gas is starting to be used in light-duty passenger vehicles and pickup trucks. medium-duty delivery trucks. clubs.

In the mega city Dhaka. but this is forbidden in some countries. powered technology. In the Middle East and Africa. but fell into decline after petrol prices receded. The difference lies in the cost of the station vs. and third largest in the world as of 2005. CNG may be refueled from low-pressure ("slow-fill") or high-pressure ("fastfill") systems. 20 . Electronicallycontrolled stoichiometric engines offer the lowest emissions across the board and the highest possible power output. 5. Egypt is a top ten country in the world with more than 63000 CNG vehicles and 95 fueling stations nationwide. in Europe. especially when combined with EGR. CNG-generated vehicles are expected to increase to two billion units of motortransport by the year 2020.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. In Germany. The cost for CNG fuels are 1/3 less than LNG fuels..2 Technology CNG can be used in Otto-cycle (gasoline) and modified Diesel cycle engines. CNG was commonly used in New Zealand in the wake of the oil crises. the cost of this is in range of $400-$450. A suitably designed natural gas engine may have a higher output compared with a petrol engine because the octane number of natural gas is higher than that of petrol. but suffer in terms of heat rejection and fuel consumption. There are also some implementations to refuel out of a residential gas line during the night. and three way catalytic converters. Pakistan has the thirdlargest number of natural gas vehicles. not a single auto rickshaw is permitted without CNG from 2003. Lean-burn Ottocycle engines can achieve higher thermal efficiencies when compared with stoichiometric Otto-cycle engines at the expense of higher NOx and hydrocarbon emissions. According to the International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles.1. the refueling time. Egypt was also the first nation in Africa and the Middle East to open a public CNG fuelling station in January 1996. turbo charging and inter-cooling. CNG is often measured and sold in Gasoline Gallon Equivalent GGE to help American consumers when comparing to gasoline. During the 1970s and 1980s. Pakistan is the largest user of CNG in Asia.

5. aluminium. similar to petrol injection systems found in most of today's cars. CNG requires a much larger volume to store the same mass of natural gas and the use of very high pressures (3000 to 4000 lbf/in². or 205 to 275 bar) compared to LNG. The equipment required for CNG to be delivered to an Otto-cycle engine includes a pressure regulator (a device that converts the natural gas from storage pressure to metering pressure) and a gas mixer or gas injectors (fuel metering devices). Being non-corrosive. and lead or benzene pollution are eliminated.3 CNG Benefits The advantages of using CNG are varied and distinct. Due to the absence of any lead or benzene content in CNG. CNG reduces harmful emissions. Often assisting the gas mixer was a metering valve actuated by a stepper motor relying on feedback from an exhaust gas oxygen sensor. Newer CNG conversion kits feature electronic multi-point gas injection. the lead fouling of spark plugs. Presented below is an outline of the benefits that CNG offers – Green fuel –Commonly referred to as the green fuel because of its lead and sulphur free character.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. or plastic. The first and most important benefit of using CNG is that you are using a ‘green fuel’. as CNG does not contaminate and dilute the crank case oil. Increased life of oils –Another practical advantage observed is the increased life of lubricating oils. Lightweight composite (fibrewrapped plastic) cylinders are especially beneficial for vehicular use because they offer significant weight reductions when compared with earlier generation steel and aluminium cylinders. CNG cylinders can be made of steel. 21 . it enhances the longevity of spark plugs.1. which leads to lower fuel consumption. Earliergeneration CNG conversion kits featured venturi-type gas mixers that metered fuel using the Venturi effect. Mixes evenly in air –Being a gaseous fuel CNG mixes in the air easily and evenly..

. It means that if CNG concentration in the air is below 5% or above 15%. Table 5. operational cost of CNG vehicles is 68% lower than petrol and 36% lower than diesel. The entire investment in changing the vehicles to CNG mode and acquiring new vehicles within a short span will lead to ageing of all the vehicles at approximately the same time. as compared to those running on other fuels.64 540 5-15 1.1.4 Risks involved: The darker side CNG technology is in a state of evolution and therefore changing all commercial vehicles to single-fuel CNG might not be feasible.285 374 2.84 280 0. At the prevailing price of fuel in Delhi. it will not burn. Further. This high ignition temperature and limited flammability range makes accidental ignition or combustion very unlikely.900 127 Low operational cost-The operational cost of vehicles running on CNG.780 LPG 0.74 360 1-8 2. a dedicated CNG vehicle has to be close to a refuelling facility.55 1. limiting its driving range. is significantly low. Therefore. According to the Supreme Court order the entire public transport is to be converted to only single-mode CNG and hence dual-fuel technology cannot be operated in Delhi for public transport. A dedicated CNG vehicle can be stranded on the way for want of gas due to limited number of CNG filling stations.0 1.6-5.2-9.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. since it has a high auto-ignition temperature (540 degrees centigrade) and a narrow range (5%-15%) of inflammability. (However later the Supreme 22 .5 1.030 87 Diesel 0. A huge cost required to set-up the infrastructure for CNG in a very short span is bound to reflect in budgetary deficit. 5. Safety –CNG is less likely to auto-ignite on hot surfaces.1: Property Comparison of CNG with other Fuels Property Relative density Relative density Auto Ignition Temperature Flammability Range Flame Temperature Octane Number Unit Water = 1 Air =1 Degree C % in Air Degree C Petrol 0.983 93 CNG 0. any mishap or disruption in a 1200 km pipeline supplying CNG can bring the entire public transport in Delhi to a standstill.

Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Major components of CNG kit for carburetor fitted petrol vehicle are illustrated below: 23 . As. at present. (b) Most of the filling stations in Delhi are located in the southern half of the ring road because of which the vehicles have to travel a long way for filling gas and (c) Paucity of trained mechanics for CNG kits have made repairs expensive. high pressure tube fittings. The spurious cylinders are the main cause of explosion and accidents in CNG vehicles. There are few basic components which are common in all type of kits. Commitment is required on the part of the government. 5. The BIS is preparing a status report on safety norms for CNG-run vehicles. CNG facilities are not available outside Delhi. While ISO guidelines would be used as broad guidelines. Norms evolved for CNG vehicles by the International Organization of Standards (ISO) – the apex body under the United Nations umbrella – are in the ‘final-draft’ stage.. irrespective of the vehicles such as CNG storage cylinder. pressure regulator.5 Safety aspects Safety of CNG vehicles is a very important aspect. The BIS normally waits for international guidelines before coming out with its own ones. the national standards would be more specific. pressure gauge.6 CNG Conversion As we know all types of vehicles can run on CNG by installing CNG kit. to improve the infrastructure quickly to eliminate the long queues.000 and 15. but buses could only ply with CNG in Delhi). Court has clarified that taxis and auto-rickshaws with 4-stroke engines could run on low benzene petrol. The draft document of CNG safety has design requirements for the components of CNG-run system. high pressure tube. refueling receptacle and air fuel mixer. Currently there are other problems: (a) it takes hours for refuelling of CNG vehicles because of long queues due to inadequate number of filling stations. while spurious versions are reportedly available for Rs 5000 in Delhi and between Rs 1000 and 3000 in Mumbai. Authentic cylinders are priced between Rs 10. tourist and transit buses that ply outside Delhi do not have access to CNG outside the city. change over switch. 5. Kit is assembly of many components required to run existing vehicle on CNG.1.000 depending on the capacity.1.

(Opens or stops gas flow to the regulator and includes a refueling device) 4. 24 . 7. 13. Low-pressure gas hose. In case of vehicles undergoing repairs involving welding. (Stops petrol flow when operating on CNG) 3. Pressure Regulator. CNG level Indicator (LED Indicator).1. In case of vehicles undergoing repairs involving welding. Do's and Don’ts! 1. 6. or heat application to any part (within 1. 10.5 m) of the cylinder.7 Maintenance of Vehicles Following precautions are to be followed during servicing and repairing of CNG vehicles: In case of leakage in fuel system. vapour bag & bracket 8. the cylinder should be emptied first. or heat application to any part (within 1. Gas Air Mixer. On-Off valve and refueling connector. vehicles shall not be parked within 6 m of any source of ignition or fire.. High pressure gas tube 12.5 m) of the cylinder. 14. Petrol Solenoid Valve with manual override switch. Pressure gauge 5. 2. Petrol hose 9. NRV in petrol return line. 2. Wire harness. 1. Always refer to the supplier’s kit manual for the trouble-shooting guide and do not do it yourself. Ignition advance processor 11. CNG cylinder with valve.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Control Module/Change-over Switch (Electronic control component with fuel selection switch) 5. the cylinder should be emptied first.

the pollution checks and pollution certificate is mandatory even after converting the vehicle on CNG. The CNG kit installed in the vehicle should be insured along with vehicle accessories. Regarding the danger of fire from leaking cylinders. all we have is the experience to date that indicates that such an event is unlikely to occur. It is illegal and unsafe. Motorists should take the insurance cover for the additional CNG kit system. In the case of petrol and LPG the vapour given off is heavier than air and will tend to pool near the ground. Study the system and ask your mechanic to identify these parts for you.. Workshop doing the kit fitment should be able to demonstrate these operations to your satisfaction. It is advisable to operate the vehicle occasionally on petrol to ensure that the petrol system remains in good working conditions. The motorist should notify the insurance company to provide insurance on the CNG system. It is worth pointing out that natural gas is lighter than air and in the unlikely event of a leak from piping or container. the gas will dissipate upwards quite quickly. master shut-off valve and burst disc in the CNG system. users must be aware of the location and operation of cylinder valve.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. 5. Do not install a LPG. As per present government regulation. 25 . 4. for which additional premium may be charged by the insurance company. The risk of fire from leaking cylinders must be low since there are well over 03 million CNG vehicle installations worldwide that have not experienced such problems. It is unlikely that cylinders will rupture due to collision impact. For emergency handling of any CNG leak. Propane or any other cylinder in place of a CNG cylinder. 3. A pressurized gas cylinder is probably the strongest component on the vehicle. Vehicles that were totally destroyed in collisions show the only discernible component being the intact gas cylinder.

Unmatched convenienceThe domestic consumers have to take upon themselves the trying task of booking an LPG cylinder refill.1 PNG Benefits Uninterrupted supplyPNG offers the convenience of ensuring continuous and adequate supply of PNG at all times.2. Natural gas is lighter than air. for its characteristics make it the best option for domestic and commercial purposes.. the user is spared the inconvenience of connecting and disconnecting the LPG cylinder when out of gas. Switching over to PNG renders this entire exercise unnecessary. without any problems of storing gas in cylinders. or it being underweight. are just a few of them. Why not enhance your comfort and improve your lifestyle for the years to come? Experience the versatility and performance of this reliable energy source. With PNG you don't need to make any choices. This narrow inflammability range makes PNG one of the safest fuels in the world. in case of a leak. Safety The combustible mixture of natural gas and air does not ignite if the mixture is leaner than 5% and richer than 15% of the air-fuel ratio required for ignition. and being available at very competitive rates.of being a pollution-free fuel. PNG also eliminates the tedious routine of checking LPG refill cylinder for any suspected leakage. When you choose PNG. 5. it just rises and disperses into thin air given adequate ventilation. at the time of delivery. easily accessible minus storage troubles. But LPG being heavier will settle at the bottom near the floor 26 . you are making a wise decision. time and again.2 PNG Knowing fully well that Piped Natural Gas is the obvious choice for you to make. occupied by LPG cylinders is also saved.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. wouldn't it be just if we called PNG Positively Natural Gas!! PNG has several distinctions to its credit. Moreover. 5. Therefore. Precious space. And then starts the wait for the deliveryman to deliver the cylinder.

Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. LPG expands 250 times. there are no minimum consumption charges i.. commercial LPG in case of Small Commercial and LPG Bulk & LDO in case of Large Commercial. air conditioning. if there hasn’t been any consumption. are promptly redressed. there shall not be any bill. which is not the case with NG. With PNG. and no pilferage is possible with PNG as the billing is done according to the meter. 21 milli bar (mbar). which are manned by engineers and trained technicians. Customer support Round-the-clock customer support is assured through 24 hrs toll free number backed by control rooms. A unique feature is that the user gets to pay only after consumption of gas. it is safer since PNG installation inside your premises contains only a limited quantity of natural gas at low pressure i.. This is besides the amount you save by avoiding underweight cylinders delivered to you. for water heating. which fully cuts off the gas supply. On leakage. as a cooking fuel.e. if any. Economy with PNG PNG has been positioned to be cheaper than alternative fuels being used viz domestic LPG in case of House Hold. The domestic consumer pays the PNG bill only once in two months. A versatile fuel Natural gas is being used predominantly as a versatile fuel in many major cities catering to domestic and commercial applications. etc. Thus complaints. Supply in PNG can be switched off through appliance valve (inside the kitchen) and isolation valve (outside kitchen premises). Moreover. space heating. BillingThe user is charged only for the amount of PNG used. A large quantity of LPG is stored in liquefied form in a cylinder.e. 27 . surface. The user pays the gas consumption charges based on the exact consumption reading provided by the meter installed at his premises. The bill is delivered at the user’s doorstep.

and far lower emissions of carbon monoxide (CO). These are the very components that we give out while breathing! Additional Benefits of PNG that the commercial consumers can availNo storage problems and stock accounting PNG does not require any storage tank or storage space since it is supplied to you through pipelines. Economy with PNG PNG has been presently positioned to be cheaper than alternative fuels.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. 28 . settlements and reconciliation are also avoided as the consumer is billed once a month. HSD and LDO. especially when used in place of other more polluting energy sources. Also. can be used elsewhere. when natural gas burns completely. The other functions that accompany storing these fuels – monitoring stock levels. For small commercials the pricing is indexed to 19 Kg LPG cylinders after adjusting for heat values. and that too as per the meter reading. The daily bills.. These savings are in addition to the amount you save by avoiding spillage & pilferage of alternative fuels. than combustion of other fossil fuels. the manpower and time that was earlier being used for ensuring minimum stock levels of LPG. checking the quality and quantity of fuels received – have also been rendered unnecessary. pricing is indexed to 90% LDO and 10% Bulk LPG again after adjusting for heat values. reactive hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide. it gives out carbon dioxide and water vapour. Its combustion results in virtually no atmospheric emissions of sulphur-di-oxide (SO2). In fact. Environment friendly Natural gas is one of the cleanest burning fossil fuels. No daily liasioningThe consumer is spared the task of liasioning with oil companies and co-ordinating with them for ensuring the daily supply of fuel. and helps improve the quality of air. For Large Commercials. because PNG is supplied directly through pipes.

The natural gas sector is at the threshold of rapid growth in the country.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. large scale discoveries of gas in the East Coast. Maintenance costs are. in many areas there exist some areas of monopoly where the benefits of regulation potentially outweigh the cost. No spillage and pilferage In case of spillage of fuels like HSD and LDO. for PNG is supplied through pipes. there are considerable chances of pilferage of these fuels. thus. to facilitate open access for all players to the pipeline network on a non-discriminatory basis. driven down. there is an imminent need to provide a policy framework for the future growth of the pipeline infrastructure in the country with a view to facilitating the evolvement of a nationwide gas grid and the growth of city or local gas distribution networks. projected upcoming LNG terminals and the Government’s initiatives in natural gas through transnational pipelines. The objective of the policy is to promote investment from public as well as private sector in natural gas pipelines and city or local natural gas distribution networks. Also. commissioning of the LNG import terminals in the West Coast. In case of PNG. there are liable to be immense product losses. Lower maintenance cost With PNG.3 Policy for Development of Natural Gas Pipelines and City or Local Natural Gas Distribution Networks Regulatory reforms permit and encourage market forces to enhance competition and produce a more competitive and efficient industry structure. Natural gas pipelines infrastructure and city or local natural gas distribution networks fall under this category. While there is growing recognition that competition can reduce the need for regulation. these losses are invariably done away with. soot or ash accumulation and greasy spillages are absent from your appliance. promote competition among entities thereby avoiding any abuse of the dominant position by any 29 . 5. With increased exploration efforts under NELP..

3. The capacity available under “open access” common carrier basis will be allocated in a transparent and objective manner in line with the regulations to be drafted by the Board in this regard. decide on the principles for determining the number of years for which the city or local natural gas distribution network shall be excluded from the purview of a common carrier or contract carrier being guided by various objectives in the Act and by following the principles that should be transparently and objectively stated by the Board in its regulations. 5. 5. operate or expand a city or local natural gas distribution network will need to follow the marketing service obligations as may be prescribed by the Board in accordance with the provisions of the Act. build. entity. operate or expand a city or local natural gas distribution network in accordance with its regulations in a transparent manner while protecting the consumer interest. The Board may through regulations.1 Grant of Authorization No gas pipeline or the city or local gas distribution network will be laid.2 Bid Bond and Performance Bond The entity proposing to lay. operated or expanded without the authorization by the PNGRB (Board).. The entity authorized to lay. Provided that such an authorization for gas pipeline shall be granted to any entity only if the design pipeline capacity is at least 33% more than the capacity requirements of the concerned entity plus the firmed up contracted capacity (termed as total capacity) and this extra capacity is available for use on common carrier basis by any third party on open access and non-discriminatory basis at transportation rates laid down by the Board.3.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. build. operate or expand a gas pipeline or city or local natural gas distribution network will be required to furnish to the Board a bid bond for an amount as may be decided by the Board with a view to ensuring that only serious bidders participate in the bidding process. build. and secure the consumer interest in terms of gas availability and reasonable tariff for natural gas pipelines and city or local natural gas distribution networks. The Board may decide on the period of exclusivity to lay. built. It will be en-cashed if a bidder wins a bid but then walks 30 .

g.3.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. an Affiliate Code of Conduct between the authorized and related entities or between the gas pipeline activity and other activities of the authorized entity. Under such conditions.3 Unbundling of Operations Any entity desirous of applying for building. Any existing entity 31 . the Board may take an appropriate view in a fair and transparent manner. the performance bond would provide the guarantee for the satisfactory compliance of the conditions stated in the authorization during the life of the project. The Board will review the progress of projects periodically with the authorized entities to satisfy itself that the conditions of authorization and milestones given in the project report are being fully complied with. subsidiary or affiliated in any way to create a pecuniary interest) with business interests in such areas.. Once the authorization of the entity is cancelled.. away from the bid. if the Board is of the opinion that the reasons for delay are beyond the control of the entity implementing the project. company under the same management. which it may deem fit for the commissioning of the project. However. a parent company. and may also allow certain extension period. JV company. the Central Government may withdraw the ROU from such an entity and make the same available to any other entity authorized by the Board. group company. it will ensure an arm’s length relationship between gas pipeline activity and these activities or between itself and the related entity as the case may be. the bond amount of the authorized entity may be forfeited and the authorization cancelled. as formulated by the Board under the regulations will have to be followed. If the project is delayed beyond the stipulated period or the milestones and/or any other condition of authorization are not adhered to. 5. The successful bidder will have to furnish a performance bond for an amount as may be decided by the Board for ensuring timely construction as per the design /offer and for meeting performance undertakings during the operating phase. operating or expanding common or contract carrier gas pipelines will have to give an undertaking that if such an entity has business interests in related areas of gas marketing or city or local gas distribution network or has a related entity (e. Once the project is commissioned.

5. The purpose of this policy is to ensure that pipeline ownership does not provide any competitive advantage to any gas seller and abuse of market power while establishing an efficient gas grid with open access for all the players on a non discriminatory basis. The State Governments shall prepare their plans for developing the city or local gas distribution networks wherein they shall prioritize the cities or local areas to be taken up for 32 .3. it is envisaged that the authorized entities will have transportation of natural gas as their sole business activity and will not have any business interests in the gas marketing or city or local gas distribution networks. will follow a similar Affiliate Code of Conduct. In the long run and with the maturing of gas markets. the Authorized entity shall produce relevant records/documents in respect of itself as well as the related entities for examination by the Board. The Board will have the right to enquire about the managerial structure/ownership pattern and accounts of the authorized entity and its related entities to determine that such a relationship is actually at arms length.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Thus. For this purpose. The Central Government shall take up the matter with the State Governments accordingly. engaged in gas pipeline activity.3.5 Role of State Governments The State Governments have a paramount role in facilitating speedy and timely completion and operation of gas pipeline and city or local natural gas distribution network projects by ensuring various statutory and other clearances on a fast track basis.. as and when called for. the Board may intervene at an appropriate stage to ensure unbundling of transportation activity from other activities of the entity. which has business interests in related areas of gas marketing or city or local gas distribution network. 5.4 Transportation Tariff The transportation tariffs of the common or contract carrier transmission pipelines or city or local natural gas distribution network as also the manner of determining such tariffs will be laid down by the Board as per the provisions under the Act and the regulations.

only a handful of major players were present in the market: these are Indraprastha Gas.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….4 Present Scenario of City Gas Distribution in India The increase in gas supplies and gas transmission infrastructure is also likely to provide a fillip to City Gas Distribution (CGD) players. Recent years have seen some activity. the demand centers and the need for Central Government intervention. While prioritizing such cities or local areas. The Central Government has been making all efforts to invite and facilitate FDI to complement and supplement the domestic investment. the Central Government may prepare a long-term perspective plan for creating gas pipeline network in consultation with the Board. 5.3.7 Long Term Plan With a view to facilitating the creation of a National Gas Grid and growth in the development of the city or local natural gas distribution networks. Mahanagar Gas. GAIL has formed Joint Ventures with other PSU firms to distribute gas in a number of cities. while authorizing/approving new gas pipelines or city or local natural gas distribution networks. State Governments. 5. if any. FDI up to 100% is permitted in the laying of natural gas pipelines under the automatic approval route. domestic & industrial fuel requirements. etc. they may be guided by environmental concerns. The long-term Plan will be kept in view by the Board. In particular. setting up gas distribution networks. The perspective plan will take into account the projected availability of gas/LNG from different sources. 33 .3. oil & gas industry. 5. in making gas available to the consumers in different locations in the country. Gujarat Gas and GSPC Gas which distributes Piped Natural Gas and Compressed Natural Gas to cities in Delhi. with a number of players registering their presence. The Central Government may review the perspective plan from time to time and modify the same appropriately. Mumbai and Gujarat respectively.. gas consuming industries and other stakeholders. So far.6 Foreign Direct Investment Policy The need for attracting the FDI in the infrastructure sector has been recognized as one of the important drivers of the economic growth of our country.

Shahdol (Madhya Pradesh). network exclusivity for 25 years. wherein they sell PNG at a discount to the prices of alternative fuels to attract consumers.. Moreover. recent regulatory uncertainty could however slow down momentum in the near term. and Chandigarh (Punjab). Under the new regulations. underscoring the improving economics of conversion. Prospects for CGD business appear good for the medium to long term. Sale of PNG (domestic. Sonepat (Haryana). 25-45/kg in most cities). The prices of conversion kits have also declined by 20-25% during the last few years. Dewas (Madhya Pradesh). formulated by PNGRB. The conversion has been driven primarily by the heavy users such as buses. where considerable conversion has happened from the traditional auto fuels such as MS and HSD. are also attractive for the existing CGD players in that they propose a normative return of 21% (pre-tax) RoCE. Meerut (Uttar Pradesh).Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. The regulations governing the CGD sector. As of now. the regulator has also laid a roadmap for increasing the penetration of city gas to 335 cities. Rajahmundry (Andhra Pradesh). licenses are awaited for the balance seven (Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh). Mathura (Uttar Pradesh) and Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh)) in the first round. respectively. Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh). and marketing exclusivity for five/three years for new players/incumbents. demand has held its ground. making the switch to natural gas more economical. PNGRB had invited bids in 2009 for 13 cities in two rounds. the bids for which are expected to be announced in the near to medium term. against which licenses have been awarded for six cities (Kota (Rajasthan). even with CNG being sold at market determined rates (Rs. With the gas transmission pipeline capacity poised for growth in future. Importantly. the savings potential is encouraging private vehicles to convert as well. Yanam (Pondicherry). taxis and auto rickshaws. who have found the savings potential of CNG use attractive. Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh). courts/states mandated conversions have also materialized in few cities. commercial and industrial) has also gained traction because of the discounted-price strategy of the CGD players. 34 . CNG is available in 40 cities in India.

Naharkatiya. (CUGL) Adani Energy Ltd. Hyderabad & Vijaywada Duliajan. RGTIL: 1. (MGL) Green Gas Ltd. (IGL) Mahanagar Gas Ltd. thereby preventing any further transmission for end-users in the northern part of India. Bharuch & Akleshwar Delhi Mumbai Agra & Lucknow Kanpur Bareily Ahmedabad.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. At the same time. Although the capacity per se appears high in relation to the current gas availability in India. Such bottlenecks include almost full capacity utilization of a few arterial pipelines and lack of balanced development of the pipeline infrastructure across India.. HVJ and DVPL of GAIL have been operating at almost full capacity during the last one year.386 km. (GEECL) Anand Anand Cooperative Bhagyanagar Gas Limited (BGL) Assam Gas Ltd Existing & Proposed Pipeline Infrastructures India’s current gas transmission pipeline length is estimated at 10. Oil India/AGCL: 500 km). (GGCL) Indraprastha Gas Ltd. Nazira.2 Players in CGD Cities Surat . Durgapur Siti Energy Great Eastern Energy Corporation Ltd. and it has a capacity of around 270 MMSCMD. (GGL) Central UP Gas Ltd. As for capacity utilization. Table 5. (SGL) Aavantika Gas Ltd (AGL) A JV of GAIL (India) Limited and HPCL Meerut. GAIL has 35 . Ujjain & Gwalior Company Gujarat Gas Company Ltd.500 km (GAIL: 7200 km. Tinsukia Moradabad Asansol. (HCGDL) Maharashtra Natural Gas Limited (MNGL). A JV of GAIL (India) Limited and BPCL. Dibrugarh.420 km. Simaluguri. (AEL) Sabarmati Gas Ltd. Sonepat. Digboi. (GGL) Haryana City Gas Distribution Ltd. Moran. GSPL: 1. Sivasagar. Faridabad Gandhinagar Indore. Dewas and Kota Gurgaon Pune GAIL Gas Ltd. there are several bottlenecks in the existing infrastructure that prevent some potential end-users from being able to consume gas.

the market has developed only in areas that are in proximity to the existing pipeline network. central and northern India. Also. Mumbai. which operate at less than optimum capacity utilization for want of gas.Bawana-Nangal Chainsa-Jhajjar-Hissar Dahej-Vijaipur-GREP upgrade Dabhol-Bangalore Kochi-Mangalore-Bangalore Jagdishpur-Haldia RGTIL Kakinada-Basudevpur-Howrah Kakinada-Chennai Chennai-Tuticorin Chennai-Bangalore-Mangalore GSPL Gujarat expansion IOC (Dadri-Panipat) OIL/AGCL Under PNGRB bid/EOI submitted Mehsana-Bhatindia Bhatinda-Jammu-Srinagar Surat-Paradip Mallavaram-Vijiapur-Bhilwara Durgapur-Kolkata Total Source: Public announcement of the companies concerned and PNGRB 621 443 1108 1389 1114 2050 1100 600 670 660 780 133 300 1670 740 1680 1585 160 16803 36 .Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Even within western. Table 5. As a result. with the network being limited in southern and eastern India.. there are several cities that are yet to be connected.3 New Trunk Pipelines Projects Company Km GAIL Dadri. Rajasthan. a few regional pipelines in States/areas like Gujarat. the Cauvery basin and Assam. central and northern parts. the pipeline network in India currently covers mainly the western. This scenario is expected to change.

1 Existing and Upcoming pipelines in India 37 . Fig 5..Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….

Initially the gas is pumped into HVJ pipeline at 90 bar. Jhabua 4. The gas found in Bombay High by ONGC is supplied through GAIL run HBJ pipeline. Hazira 2. These booster stations are as follows1. There are many users throughout the distance of the HVJ pipeline. Now we should see what kind of economics is related to city gas. For that we need to know all the component parts involved in the city gas and the cost involved in these components. The following figure 5.1 shows that HVJ pipeline is used to supply gas in NCR region. 38 . The route bypasses many stations after Vijaypur. Due to the tapping and long distance movement of gas. Before discussing the economics of city gas let us see Faridabad customers’ city gas connection layout. From where do they get city gas? What does it take to reach them? All these are discussed in this chapter. This route requires no boosting in between. the pressure drops. Auraiya Initially 18 MMSCMD of gas was supplied through HVJ pipeline. after boosting is done at Vijaypur. Chapter 6 **************** Economics of City Gas We have already studied about what city gas is. This has been possible due to reduction in length of pipeline and increment in the diameter of the pipe from 24” to 36”. Vijaypur 5. 36” diameter pipe is used for this route. 24” diameter pipe is used in original HVJ pipeline.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. After this expansion the volume of gas transmitted through HVJ increased from 18 MMSCMD to 33 MMSCMD.. To maintain the pressure five booster stations are installed throughout the pipeline. An alternate route was found with evolution of “Gas Rehabilitation & Expansion Project” (GREP). Vagodia 3.

After supplying gas to all the consumers throughout the pipeline. This steel pipes are used for transmitting gas of higher pressure (19 to 26 bar). This means all the pipelines used for transmitting gas from CGS to DRS. 6. gas ultimately reaches CHANSA (City Gate Station) terminal for supplying gas to NCR region.2 crore.2 Cost Involved Cost involved in CGS is numerous. Processes involved are: Scrubbing: Gas enters a chamber. Including material and execution the total cost involved is around Rs 1. Filter Separator: In this process dust and liquid are separated. filtering.1 Process Involved Without going into in depth of the technicality of the process involved we will just look into the overview of the process. Metering: Metering is measuring the volume of gas 6. Pressure Reduction Station: DESU Terminal receives gas at 30-35 Kg/cm2 pressure. where gas passes through a cyclonic process and particle size above 40 micron gets settled and rest escapes along with gas to filter separator.2 Steel Grid Next stage of city gas distribution is the steel grid laying. CNG station and other customers are of carbon steel. pressure reduction and metering and then maneuvering of gas is done. Carbon steel pipe can withstand higher pressure.. Faridabad city has one CGS i. 6. 39 . at Chansa.e.1. Particle size more than 5 micron gets separated. 6.1 City Gate Station (CGS) City Gate Station is a terminal where scrubbing.1. This pressure is reduced to 25 Kg/cm2.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Filter Separator: Again filtration is done and particle sizes above 3 micron are separated.

Then gas goes for PNG distribution. which carry cascaded of CNG to daughter stations.Gas compressed from 50 to 120 bars.Rs 75. The pressure of the gas is reduced to 4 bar. 00. CNG is a high pressure gas required for fuelling vehicles. 00. gas is metered to know the amount of gas flow.000/Km 12” CS Pipe. First gas enters to filter machine and filtration is done. execution & statutory charges. 40 .Gas compressed from 19 to 50 bars. For example DRS uses 500 SCMH and FRS uses 10000 SCMH for processing. gauging. It includes material and execution costs too.3 DRS DRS is a station where gas is collected from CGS through steel grid.4 Mother Station Mother CNG station is the station where all kinds of vehicles are filled with CNG. 6. First. First Stage.Rs 1.000/Km 8” CS Pipe. Only difference between DRS and FRS is FRS is having higher capacity.2. Then gas is passed through turbine meter to measure the amount of gas passed. So gas after traveling through steel grid comes to compressor station. Statutory charges are paid to MCD. In mother station high capacity compressor is used. In this station filtering. 6.1 Cost Involved DRS or FRS costs around 30-40 lakhs. and metering are done.Rs 35. Another form of DRS is FRS.000/Km 6” CS Pipe. 00. 00. NDMC..3.Rs 55. Then pressure is measured by pressure gauge which is around 20 bar. Here LCV’s are also filled with CNG. Third Stage.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. In contrast to PNG. DRS is used for PNG distribution. and PWD) 6. Then through suction pipe gas enters into compressor and compressed into three stages.000/Km (It includes material.1 Cost Involved 4” CS Pipe. Second Stage. 00.Gas compressed from 120 to 250 bars. 6.

tubing. 6. fitting) Fig 6. Buses are given highest priority for filling gas in CNG station. DG set.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Mother station is also having its own cascades which are kept for emergency. (Mother station includes building. Pressure can be adjusted in dispensers also.. Mother Station’s overall cost is around 4. 1200 SCMH. Dispensers costs around 16 to 18 lakhs.1 Cost Involved Cascades of 2400 to 3000 liter cost around 10 to 12 lakhs/each. Now cascades loaded LCV’s are also filled according to the requirement. cascade. 400. The LCVs are used for providing gas to Daughter stations.1 Mother Station 19 bar 41 .75 to 1. 600. compressor. as it is public transporter. Compressors are available in different capacities like 250.5 crore.5 crore. Air compressor. They costs around 0. dispensers. The compressed gas is send to dispensers and vehicles are filled by gas at 200 bars.4. electrical connections.

taxi. So.5. vans are filled with gas. Now-a-days no daughter station is used without booster. gas is coming from cascade are boosted by a booster to 200 bar and gas is sent to the dispensers. So.5 Daughter Station or Daughter Booster Station Areas which are far from main gas line are served by gas through cascades.2 Daughter Booster Station Cascades Booster Dispenser Vehicle 6. online station uses smaller compressor and it does not have any LCVs.. In this station auto rickshaw. Only difference between online station and the mother station is. 42 . van. These cascades are brought to the daughter station by LCVs which are filled in mother station. The overall cost of the daughter station is around 1.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….1 Cost involved A booster cost around 40-50 lakhs. RTVs are filled with gases. Cascades are filled by gas at 250 bar pressure but pressure drops below 200 bars due to non usage of gas for time being.5 crores. From dispensers gas is filled in the vehicles. 6.6 Online station Online CNG station is the station which uses online gases from the main gas line (HVJ pipeline) to fill the vehicle. pressure has to be boosted up to 200 bars for filling the vehicle. 6. Fig 6. In this station auto rickshaw.

because of its non corrosive properties. MDPE pipes are goes straight up to the domestic building foundation and for riser GI pipes are used. 125mm. 6.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. 6. MDPE pipes are strictly used for underground laying. Fig 6. 800/mt 125 mm – Rs.3 crores including materials and execution cost. gas is distributed to domestic house hold through MDPE line.7.3 Online Station 19 bar In Faridabad city. 6.6.1 Cost involved Overall cost of the online station is around 2. 63mm. 32mm and 20mm. Gas is transported at 4 bar pressure in these lines..1 Cost involved Costs of the MDPE pipes are as follows: 180 mm.Rs. like 180mm.7 MDPE network MDPE pipeline is used for PNG distribution. MDPE pipes of different diameters are used. After gas is processed and metered in DRS. 400/mt 43 . Adani Gas has four CNG stations. All these stations are online stations.

1100 to Rs 1800/mt. 6. It includes materials and execution cost also. 44 . Pressure is regulated by pressure regulator at the joint of MDPE and GI pipe.8. 6.1 Cost involved For GI piping. 25/mt 10-20 % of the costs are taken for fitting. Copper pipe and GI pipe are almost equal in price. Execution cost for 20 to 180 mm pipe is Rs.. Other cost involved with MDPE pipeline are cost of domestic regulator and domestic meter which costs Rs 2300 and Rs 1000 respectively. Copper pipes are used because of its aesthetic view. it costs around Rs 250/mt. 40/mt 20 mm – Rs. Even GI pipes are used in the kitchen pipe fittings.180 to Rs 320/mt. If a pipe has to be passed through road or some kind small physical structure then trenching or boring has to be done instead of digging. Copper pipes are used exclusively for kitchen fittings. For these cost involve is Rs. The gas is transmitted by GI pipe at 21 milli bar pressure.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. These kinds of pipes are used for low pressure gas.8 GI piping and Copper piping GI pipes are used for risers in the building and providing connection to the kitchen. 63 mm – Rs 100/mt 32 mm – Rs.

with the object of protecting the highway which passed through the town. The total land are occupied by the industries is about 6948 hectares. Asia Brown Boveri. Cutler Hammer. 1500 billion. Nuchem are operating in this belt. switch gears. Palwal District on the south and State of Utter Pradesh on its east. shoes and tyres are other famous industrial products of the city.000 small. It is bounded by Union Territory of Delhi (National Capital) on its north. Woodward Governer. treasurer of Jahangir. 1607 by Shaikh Farid. medium and large industries in this complex providing direct and indirect employment to nearly half a million people and ranks 9th largest industrial estate in Asia. 45 . Gurgaon District on the west.D. Later. Chapter 7 **************** Demand Assessment of City gas in selected sectors of Faridabad city 7. Faridabad became 12th District of Haryana State on 15th August. Delhi-Mathura National Highway No. Many international/ multinational companies like Whirlpool. 1979. motorcycles. a tank and a mosque which are in runins. Hyderabad Asbestos. Faridabad is famous for Heena Production on agriculture sector while tractors. A variety of engineering products from Forgings to Tractors. Larsen & Toubro.The combined turnover is estimated to be about Rs. Inititally there were about 4-5 industries and over a period of time this area has grown phenomenally beyond the expectations of original planners. GKN Invel. Eicher. There are now about 15. refrigerators.1 About Faridabad City Faridabad was founded in A. Faridabad is about 25 Kilometers from Delhi in 28o 25' 16" North Latitude and 77o 18' 28" East Longitude. it becomes the head quarter of a pargana which was held in jagir by the Ballabgarh ruler. Shaikh Farid built a fort. Goodyear. Clutch Assembly to leaf springs are being manufactured by the industries in this belt. Castrol besides Escorts..Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….2 (Shershah Suri Marg) passes thru middle of District.

Its views are listened to with respect by one and all authorities and it is entirely because of the continuous support which it gets from its members. The FIA is not only serving the industries but also extends its activities to other areas like Environment. Over the efflux of time. Cultural. the Faridabad Industries Association has become one of the most outspoken and effective Associations in the Northern Region. The industries including the Faridabad Industries Association are: • Small Scale Industries • Medium Scale Industries • Large Scale Industries 46 .. Industrial Associations of Faridabad 1) Faridabad Industries Association 2) Faridabad Small Industries Association 3) Laghu Udhyog Bharti 4) Faridabad Manufactures Association 5) Faridabad Chamber of Commerce & Industries The Faridabad Industries Association popularly known as the FIA was started way back in 1952 initially by a group of enterprising industrialists. It is the main reason for its credibility and increased membership over a period of years.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Rural Education etc. The FIA is largely a service oriented organization and it its presence in all facets of Industrial activities is being actually felt by its members. The FIA members are contributing nearly 80% of the total turnover and employment in this industrial complex. Sports. In the year 1965-66 the erstwhile Punjab manufacturing organization was merged with the Faridabad Industries Association to form a larger organization to represent the small medium and large scale industries in this area.

Associated Strips P. Driving gloves. Wiring harness & Auto Parts. Ashoka Insulations Associated Engg. Ltd. Engineering Industry. Switch Fuse units. Bee Ell Industries Belmount Rubber Industries Belmaks Pvt. Fibre Glass Sleeving Varnished. Steel & Stainless Steel SG Iron Rounds squares flats of alloy steel. Tractor Parts. Wooven labels for garments. Goggles. Ltd. Bull Gas Generators. Ltd.. pipes & tubes. Hot rolles alloy steel bars in various grads. Auratrax P. Sheet Metal Pressed Fabricated Components for Automobiles. Goods. B. Ceramic Products. Fibre Glass Cable. Brass Forgings & Turnes Components. Archem Industries Aristocraft Int'l P. Ltd. Manufacturers of 47 . Forgings. Automobile Sheet Metal Parts. Agro Engineering Works Ajay Enterprises Alchem International P. Bhartiya Udyog Ltd. Anu Products Ltd. Tractor & Wheel Rims. Rubber Automotive Parts. Steel tubular poles. Bhupendra Steels Ltd. Ltd. Light Engg. Raw Steel Forgings. Industries Auto Parts. Birla VXL Ltd. Auto Lamps Ltd. Table 7.1 Small Scale Industries Name of the Industry Advance Forgings P. KAY Engineering Works BL Containers P.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Die Casting. Starters & Switches for electrical appliances. Amforge Industries Ltd. Ltd. AGI Switches P. Ltd. Anil Rubber Mills P. Casting. Extraction of Herbs. Bhartiya Electricals P. Ltd. Ltd. Fan Parts. Pesticides. Alcon India Alloy Cast P. Rubber Conveyor Transmission & Train Light Beltings. Ltd. Ltd. Alpine Appearls Ambika Forge P. Chemicals. Ltd. Ready made garments. Blue Stampings & Forgings Ltd. Corrugated shipping containers & 'E' Flutes Mono Cartons. Automobile & Incadescent Electrical Lamps.

Elofic Industries Ltd. Co. Dying & Printing. Maida. Ltd. Classic Furniture Mfg. SG Iron Castings. Suji Atta & All Types of Wheat Products. Cable Armouring Flat & Round Wire. Ltd. Metal Components & Sub-assembly. Tractor & Car Parts. Bony Rubber Co. Resing Allied Resins Synthetic Resins. Sheet Metal Pressed Components. P. Ltd. Elkay International P. Creative Dying & Printing Mill Crystic Resins India P. Elkay Telelinks Ltd. Earthmoving Industrial & marin filters. Diana Organics P. P. Name of the Industry Bolton Pvt. House Pipes etc. Consolidated Plastics P. Ltd. Colts Auto P. PP Rope & Yarn. Rough Forging. Dalmia Electronic Corp. Delhi Forgings Ltd. Well Rope Intl. Electronic Consumer durable Audio Video Products. Unsaturated Polyster Resins. Ltd. Motor Vehicle Parts. Century NF Chanda Enterprises Ltd. BPR Tex Prints P. Electrical Home Appliances. Corpn. Manufacturers of 48 . Blowing & Injection Moulding. Dying & Printing of Fabrics. Bright Oxygen & Actylene Co. Ltd. Charu Electrical P. MS Castings. Delton Cables Ltd. S. Brawn Laboratories Ltd. Ltd. Industrial Oxygen Gas. Automotive. CI Graded Castings. Diesel P.. Ltd. Loud Speakers. LDPE/LLDPE/HDPE Sheathing Compound. Casting Aluminium & Zinc Alloys. Pharmaceuticals. Ltd. D. Ltd. Ltd. Electroplating Rims. Agricultural. Elkay Strips Ltd. Rubber Moulded Parts & O ring bounded metal bushes & Engine Mountings. Wooden Furniture & Other Products. Ltd Dujodwala Industries Eastern Engg.S. Dyes.O. Telecommunication/ Power & Control/ Instrumentation Cable Under Progress. Low Tension Control Gear Accessories. Tarpene Oil. Ltd. Concord Controls P. Thermoplastic insulated cables & wire for telecommunication. Tractor & Oil Engine Components. Ltd. D & D Organics P. Capital Flour Mills Centrifugal Casting Co. Elemec Tools & Devices P. Human Gamma Globulin Serum. Ltd Curewell India Ltd.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….

Billiards Tables. Stop Watches. Flush Doors. Ltd. Reaction Vessels & Storage Tanks. FIBRECRETE Multipurpose Insulation Boards. Forgewell P. Nuts & Rail Screws. Jigs & Fixtures. Sheet Metal Works & Fabrication of Tractor Components. Products GS Kochar & Co. Hemla Embroidery Mills P. Assemblies. Tractor Parts. Manufacturers of Automobile Sheet Metal. Rounds etc.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Equipment Conductors & Cables Ltd. Automotive Parts. Thermometers.. Precision Printing & Converting Machines. Steel Rough Forgings. Decorative Doors. Gurdayal Shyamlal P. Ltd. Bolts. Auto Electrical Parts. Dairy Equipment. Fas Pack Industries P. Inter Lining. Ltd. Ltd. Break Fittings & Sheet. Panel Doors. Snooker. Hammer Forge Haryana General Industry Haryana Radiators Ltd. Encon Chemicals Ltd. Corrugated Card Board Boxes Sheets etc. Radiators for Tractors & Automobiles. 49 . Ltd. Industrial Furnace. Ltd. Goyal Steels Bright Gopal Sons Auto P. FER Auto India Fibretex Industries India Finesse Exports P. Goyal Industrial Corpn. Assemble of lamp holders & brass parts. Sheet Metal Components. Wheel Cylinder. Everest Steel Fabrications Faridabad Fabrications P. Gem International GD Industrial Engineers Globe Hi-Fabs Golden Peacock Overseas Ltd. Haryana United Tools India P. Gallium Equipment P. Gulati Industrial Fabrication Guru Nanak Industries Regd. Watch Analysers. Air Brake Couplings. Steel Fabrication. Name of the Industry EM EL Duggal & Sons P. Aircraft Refueler. Encon Thermal Engineers P. Readymade garments. Ltd. Forging Sheet Metal Components Bright Steel Bars/ Turned & Ground Bar/ CHQ Wires. Ltd. Ltd. Tube Mill Accessories & Equipments. Formaldehyde. Sheet Metal Components Die Tools. Close Die Forgings. Black Boards & Plywood. Ltd. AASR & ACC Components. Placrol Doors. Pressure Die Castins. Steel Bars. Stain Glass Doors. Control Heat Humidity and Fungus in all Kinds of Buildings. Adaptors. Greiner Engg. Embroidery Works. EP Electro Pressings P. Ltd. Timers. Hygrometers. Ltd. Steel Flats.

Jindal Gas Appliances P. Stainless Steel & Super Alloy Castings. Ltd.K. 50 . Khanna Industries Khaitan Electricals Ltd. Pressure Die Casting of Aluminium & Zinc Components. Steel Melting Shops & General Engg. Parts. Ltd. Industries Fuel & Oil Hoses. Ltd. Ltd. Cold Rolled Sheet Strips Tempered Steel & Galvanised Steel Tapes. Sheet Metal Components. Dash Board Instruments. Jain Die Casters Jain Plastic Industries Jai Enterprises Pvt. Husaka Refractories Imperial Auto Industries Ilpea Paramount P. Industrial Moulding Components. Sheet Metal Fabrication. Indication Instruments Ltd. Karam Engg. Fuel Injection Pipes. KSF Products Kubera Alcot Manufacturers of Rubber & Plastic Chemicals Xerographic Plates & Drum Torch Reflectors. Trollies & other Steel Structural Fabrication.S. Name of the Industry HPL Industries P. Pharmaceuticals. Dyestuff. Kay Gees Keselec India P. Electric Fans & Motors. Indo Industrial Engineers Indus Precision Castings India Fashion Jainco Steel Fasteners P. Trailers. Paper Coating. Industrial. Commercial & Decorative Lighting Fixtures. Components. Melamine Crockery. PVC Extrusions. Ltd. Khanna Fabrications Ltd. PVC Rigid Semi Rigid & Soft Profiles.. Plastic Injection Moulding Parts. Karma Processors P. of Almunium Nameplates. Ltd. Ltd. Home Appliances LPG Gas Stove. Prinitng Inks & Wax Blends. Jagson Pal Pharmaceuticals Ltd.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Khemka Ispat Ltd. H. P. Decorative Light Tractor Parts Dyeing & Prinitng. Works Karnita Tex Prints P. Adhesives. Plastics Kobe Suspension Co. Inco Wax Limited Indapco P. Street. Exporter of Readymade Garments. Ltd. Ltd. Ltd. Dyeing & Prinitng. Sheet Pressed Components. Kismet Industries K. Leaf Spring. Knitting Mills Knitted Fabrics. High Tensile Fasteners. Bottons. Anodising & Mfg. Easwer & Co. Kapoor Lamps Shade Co.

Manish Vinyles Mega Forge P. Paper Corrugated Board & Box Making Machines. Ltd. Melco Precisions P. Sheet Metal Components. Super Allloys & Wires etc. Printing of Silk Fabrics. Ltd. P. Brake & Fuel Pipes. Steel & Foundry Fluxes and Chemicals. Maharishi Ayurveda Corpn. Automobile Rubber Components. Alloy Steel Castings. Chaff Cutter Knives & Agricultural Implemts. Filling Plant Equipment. Muffler Assy. Name of the Industry Kunal Automotive Components Ltd. Ltd. Bitumen Water Proofing Felt & Components. Angles & Channels. M. of Iron & Steel Forgings. Readymade Garments. Wheel Rims for Motor Cycle. Nagina Metals & Engineers. 51 . Allopathic Medicines. Graded grey Iron Casting Components. Petro Products P. Ltd. UF Powder/ MF Powder. Menon & Patel LPG Cylinders M. M. Ash Handling Plant Equipment & Spares for power houses. Ayurvedic Medicines. Home Appliances. Agricultural Machinery & Tractor Parts. Ltd. Modern Engineering Co.K. Dyeing & Printing. Hydo Pipes. FRP. Instrumentation Accessories. Oil Pipes. Ltd. Ltd.. Manufacturers of Tractor & Crane Parts. Fasteners. Ltd. Venetian Blinds & its parts. Munchure Industries P. Mangla Udyog P. Mahavir Enterprises Maharaj Prints P. Shahani & Co.G. Auto Parts Forgings.R. Ltd. Mode Prints P. Industrial Gases. Ltd.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Ltd. Mitasso Appliances Ltd. Meenasha Casting Melco India P. Nagpal Flooring. Components. Mitasso Appliances P. Mfg. Ltd. Squares/ Flats. Automotive Parts. Steel Forgings P. Lakhani Rubber Works Laldee Pvt. Swan Office Paste Adhesives & Industrial Adhesives. Steel Rounds. Coated Cotton Fabrics. Textiles Dyeing & Printing. Ltd. Nestor Pharmaceuticals P. Lemount Garments P. Fertiliser Plants etc. Ltd. Ltd. Moulded Rubber Plastic PVC. Luthra Textiles Ltd. Railway Coach Works. Ltd. Nap Sales P. Micro Precision Products Minstel Insulations P. Ltd. Ltd. Lauls Ltd. Mahavir Powders Mandap International P.

Ltd. Steel Rounds. Copper Base Alloy Castings. Flexible Packing Material. Pee Empro Exports P. Nufarm Chemicals Omega Bright Steels P. Plastic Moulded Goods. PVC Leather Cloth Railway Components. Bright Bar & Shafting. Clamps. Rachna Sabun Udyog Ranivas Collection P. Orient Packaging P. Ltd. Pee Cee Castings P. Steel Castings. Ltd. Cotton Ginning & Textile Machinery. Squares & Flats. Printed Articles. Corrugated Boxes. Ltd. Precision Components & Assembly for Agro Space. Perfect Pac Ltd. Die Casting for Auto Parts. PPL Feedback P. Corrugated Boxes. Ltd. Ltd. Die Forgings & Railway Parts. Ltd. Export of Readymade Garments. Fabricated Equipment for Lavasa Cane Handling Arrangement. Ltd. Fish Plates. HSS Cutting Tools. Thermocole Products 52 . Nipha Exporters P. Water Meter. Pratibha Ceramics P. All Type of Hydraulic Pressed & Machine Tools. Name of the Industry New India Conduits P. Steel Tubes & Oxygen Lacing Pipe. Thermoplastic Adhesives Textile Auxillary. Ltd. Corrugated Cardboard Boxes. Ltd.R. Ltd. Niki Tasha India P. Fabrication of Automobile Parts. Job Work of Pure Silk Saree Printing. Paramount Rubber Industries Pahwa Chemical P. Rubber Moulding. Ltd. Pioneer Refractories Co.. Refractories & Kilns. Plastipack Industries Pooja Metal Processors P. Ltd. Ltd. Slitting of CARNGO/CRCA Co. Polycast Delhi P. EPS Packaging & Printed Dulex Carton. Ltd. Ltd. Conduit Steel. Precision Casting Print Craft Press Press Cast Industries Preswel Industries Progressive Packaging Industry Progressive Thermal Controls P. Northern Tools & Gauges P. NSP Forgings P. Northern India Leather NSP Engineers & Fabricators P.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Manufacturers of ERW Steel. P. Ltd. Ltd. Ltd. Punjab Industries Rachitech Engineering P. Packaging P. Thermosetting resins & Moulding Powder. Aluminium Sand & Gravity Die Casting.

Ltd. Printing of Lottery Tickets. Miling M/c Steel Fabrication & Machining. Ltd. Rewinding/ Repairing of Electrical Motors/ Generators.R. Refrigeration Accessories Ltd. Sidwal Refrigeration Industries P. Ltd. Tractor & Automotive Components used by OEM. Sai Security Printers P. Ltd. Automotive Door Latch Locking System. un-printed Card Board Boxes. MICR Cheques.S. Steel & Steel Fabrications Studds Limited Studds Accessories P. Auto Electrical Equipments. Printing of Silk Sarees. Sebros Enterprises SGS Associates Sheel Packaging P. Clutch Systems. Printed. Rare Prints P. Sewing Thread Processing. Tools for Vehicle Service Center. India Electrical Wires & Cables. Auto Parts & Body Building Processing of Cotton & Art Silk Fabrics. Share Debentures & other Security Prinitng. RV Industries Sadhu Auto P. Samanta P. Ltd. Ltd. Brake Hoses. Plastic Injection Moulded Plastics. Ltd. Ltd.. Manufacturing of Tractor Parts. Name of the Industry Rare Edition Prints P. Fan Blades. Ltd. Reunion Engg. Ltd. R. P. Ltd. Ltd. Manufacturers of 53 . Safety Helmets Helmets. Ruchika Engg. S. Dairy Plant Food Processing & Chemical Plant Industrial Dryer. Brass Fittings & Refrigerator Valves. Forgings. Evaporator. Automobile Printing Cardboard Boxes. Brake Pipes. Ltd. Sadhu Steel Forging Industries P. Co. Copper Wire All Types of Closed Die Steel Forgings & Open Forgings. P. Shree Industries Shyam Alloys Shyam Metals Shyam Steels Shivani Locks P.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Job Work of Dying & Printing of Export Fabrics. Ltd. Ltd. Air Conditioners & Water Coolers. Sita Singh Engineers & Sons. Ltd. Ltd. Textile Prinitng. Pressure Die Castinf in Aluminium & Zinc Sheet Metal Components. Automotive Components P. SJ Knitting & Finishing Mills P. Sirocco Pressings P. Sandvik Auto P. Rerolling of Carbon & Alloy Steels. Skytone Electricals Skylab Industries S&P Threads Ltd. RPG Transmission Ltd.P.

Automobile Parts. Rubberised Cork Sheets. Unimax Laboratories Unisystem P. P. Sheet Metal Corp. Plastic Industries. Vegetable Oil Mill Machinery & Spares. Venus Fabrics Victoria Tool Engineers Forgings. Ltd. Petroleum Products LPG Appliances & OTG. Ltd. Super Electro Capacitors P. Ltd. Ltd. Ltd. Super Auto India P. Super Screws P. Industrial Springs Chemicals. Co. Cranes & Chains. Talbros P. Ltd. United Oil Mill Machinery & Spares P. Ltd. Sheets. Automobile Parts Jute Twine LPG & Electrical Home Appliances. Pressure Die Casting Components. Corrugated Rolls. SM Auto Electrical Parts. Hoists. Ltd. Paints & Varnish Hand tools & Tool Kits. Mfg. Pressure Valves. Air Cannons. Ltd.P. Plant & Paper Conversion Machine. Ltd. Manufacturers of 54 . Super Alloy Cast Super Auto Electricals P. Aluminium Die Castings Capacitors.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Supreme Plastic industries Taj Forgings P. Super Parts Ltd. P. Ltd. Castings. Automobile Pressure Die Casting Parts. Petroleum Products Heat Exchangers. Thermosteel Enterprises Toshi Auto Industries Ltd. Ltd. Corrugated Boxes. of Tractor Parts. Superfine Packaging Super Fibre Ltd. Sud & Waren P. Computer Forms mfg. Sheet Metal Componentd. Technospring Industries The Chemicals of India. Ltd. Ltd. Tarachand Saluja & Sons TechnoFab Engg. Suitings. Pharmaceutical Equipments. Shirtings & Sarees. Steel Beams & Automobile. Ltd. Name of the Industry Sudtrack Linkage P.. Industrial Fasteners. Forgings. Super Electrical & Engg.LP Piping Structure Conveyor Belt Cleaning System. Rolling Mill Equipments. Plastic Automobile Parts. Venus Industrial Corp. Articles of Cork. Sunder Service Center Sunflam Enterprises P. Engineering Works Tractor Tirfore India Limited Texico Tools P. Sumati Engineering P.

Castrol India Ltd. Ltd. Ltd. Asea Brown Boveri Ltd. Window. Special Purpose Machines Steam Turbines & Parts. Name of the Industry Vijay Mallable Pvt. Blinkers. Delton Cables Ltd. Hyd. Optical fibre cable. Tail Lights. Ltd. Ltd. Auto Ignitions P. Pressure Reducing Valve & DE Super Heating STN --Process Control Instruments & Control Panels Filling of Lubricating Oil in Small Packs Automotive Clutches. Escorts Ltd. LP Valves.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….. Ltd. Clutch Auto Ltd.Lathes. Vikas Forgings P. Jack Clips. Steel Forgings of all types. Castings.I. Batra Associates Ltd. Plastic Components. GE Motors India P. Covers Assemblies & parts thereof Undergroung telephone cables. Vipul Plastics V & R Auto Gauges P. Windorz India Limited C. Cat-5 computer cables Semiconductor devices Thermoplastic insulated cables & wire for telecommunications Ancillaries Carburators & Fuel cocks Electronic private automatic exchange & allied equipment (Crankshaft & hydraulic division) Crankshaft (Railway equipment division) Railway equipments Refrigeration & Air conditioning equipments Special purpose electric motors. Millers. Beco Engineering(A Division of Mukand Ltd. Ltd. P.) Belliss India Ltd. Plano. Frick India Ltd. Escorts Employees Escorts Communications Ltd Escorts Ltd. Speedometers Aluminium Doors. Manufacturers of Table 7. Oil Pressure Switch and Horn Relays Leaf Spring & Various Types of Pin Weighting Counting & Testing Machine Auto Head Lights. Valves & Home Appliances Machine Tools. Bhai Sunder Dass & Sons Co. Ind.) Amforge Industries Ltd.2 Medium Scale Industries Name of the Industry AAC Factory (C/o Ballarpur Industries Ltd. Manufacturers of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Blocks & Slabs Tractor & Wheel Rim LT Motors Ignition Coil. Birla Kent Taylor India Ltd. Planners. CMI Limited Continental Devices India Ltd. 55 . Curtain Wall. Structural Glazing. Auto Pins India Ltd. Lamination pump etc. Avery India Ltd.

Gurera Gas Cylinders P. Ltd Haryana Coated Papers Ltd. Aluminium & Grey Iron castings Corrugated card box boxes Suiting & Shirtings Air brake equipment for Indian Railways Switch boards Automotive parts Auto electronic ignition systems Gears. Vaccum glass & Glassware items LPG gas cylinders Fuel injection pipes. Hindustan Leathers Ltd. Hindustan Syrings & Medical Devices P. Chilling plants. Spring fine. Shafts & axle for tractor & automobiles Low tension switchgears Electric fans Hot & Cold rolled steel strips Pressure die castings. Filter paper. JV Electronics Ltd. Orient Fans Orient Steel & Industries Ltd. Name of the Industry General Engineering Works Ltd. JMA Industries Ltd. Kaushico Machine Tools P.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Ltd. Ltd JBM Tools Ltd. Indian Gas Cylinders Injecto Limited Jagatjit Engg. PC Wires. KK Kohli & Bros (P) Ltd. EMI filers. motors & pumps Railway track maintenance machine Electrical stampings & laminations Filter mant & testing machinery. Sheet metal Componets. Khemka Containers Ltd. scalp venis etc. aluminium & zinc pressure die cast Sheet metal for tractor components Tools.Welded assembly & sub assembly. fuel & oil pipes. Filer 56 . Clutch LPG Cylinder & Sheet metal components Art & Cromo Paper Motor Control Gear & Switch Gear Job work of finished leather Hypodemic Glass & surgical blades. Works P. disposable syrings & needles. Ltd KG Khosla Compressors Ltd. Mik Fujiyama India Ltd. SP Assorted Hand Tools Automobile Ancillaries Dipped mica capacitors & silvered mica plates. Larsen & Toubro Ltd. Manufacturers of ACSR. Lumax Industries Ltd. light dimmers and connectors Power press. lamps. Knorr Bremse India P. Havells India Ltd. metallic flexible tubes. Polar Industries Ltd. Shearing machine Air & gas compressors. Polymer Papers Ltd. Ltd. New Allenberry Works North West Switchgear Ltd. Oswal Electricals Plasser India Ltd. UR Wires. M Jhalani Tools India P. Ltd.. Dyes. Jigs Fixture. Hindustan Vaccum Glass Ltd.

Woodward Governer India P. valve steel. UT Limited VXL Engineers Ltd.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. Suzler Flovel Hydro Ltd. Precision Stampings Schenk Avery Ltd. vibration measuring monitoring & control equipment 14" SVGA monitor. Super Seals India Ltd. SJ Knittings & Finishing SPL Industries Ltd.. Sanden Vikas India Ltd. video monitor.dies Dynamic balancing machines. Name of the Industry Pooja Forge Ltd. The Star Wire India Ltd. United Metal & Plastic Pvt. Thomson Press of India Ltd. relays. Ltd. garage equipment. motors. Sterling Tools (P) Ltd. Sikands Ltd. Xpro India Manufacturers of Industrial Fasteners Industrial paper making Electrical stampings & lamination for fans.14" TV kits Automobile air conditioning systems & parts thereof High tensile cold forged precision bolts & nuts Processing of cotton & art silk fabrics Dying & printing fabrics High tensile steel fasteners Oil seals & flexible hoses Hydro turbine Automotive gaskets of all types Automotive gaskets Automotive Printing Machine Special steel. Talbros Automotive Components Ltd. tool & die steel Printing books Auto & tractor parts Polyster capacitors Hydraulic pumps & valves Defence stores. 14" B/W TV . Talbros Engineering Works The Printer House Ltd. Samtel India Ltd. control panels Power control equipment Coextured plastic sheet & cast plastic films 57 . Usha India Ltd. Ltd. dynamometers. Porritts & Spencer Asia Ltd.

Escorts Ltd. blooms strips of all grades oxygen gas & argon gas Canvas vulcanised shoes UF/MF resins & moulding powders. medium density fibre board Compressors Refrigerator 58 . Goodyear India Ltd. Table 7. formaldehyde. Ltd. slabs. Escorts JCB Ltd. hexamine.3 Large Scale Industries Name of the Industry Bata India Ltd Bhartia Cutler Hammer Eicher Tractor Ltd. Manufacturers of Hawai & canvas shoes Electrical/Electronics control devices & systems Automotive agriculture tractor Excavators Loaders Tractors & bi wheelers Motor cycle Front wheel drive shaft (CV Joint) Automobile tyres Steel Wire. GKN Invel Transmission Ltd. Whirlpool India Ltd. valves & regulators Filbre & cement sheet jointing & pre fabricated prinitng panel HR plates. Escorts Yamaha Motors India Ltd. Hyderabad Industries Ltd. Lakhani India Ltd. Hindustan Wires Ltd.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. LPG cylinder.. Nuchem Limited Tecumseh India P. Jindal Strips Ltd.

59 and NIT industrial area were assessed.1 Sector 6 There are around 103 industries in sector 6 of Faridabad City.4 Type and Number of industry in sector 6 Type of Industry Textiles Forging Printing/Packaging Plastic Products Leather Die Casting Sheet Metal/Fabrication Rubber Products Export Casting Coating Heat Treatment Automobile Parts Manufacturing Unit Others Total Industries No. The presently used fuels can be classified into four categories as solid fuel. The demand potential of piped natural gas in different industrial units in sector 6. of industries 5 6 1 1 2 9 6 2 2 2 2 3 3 18 41 103 PNG shall replace a conventional fuel in the existing plants. 7. Sector wise demand of natural is given below: 7.2 Demand Assessment We have seen that Faridabad is an industrial hub..Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. 24. These are detailed below: 59 . gaseous fuel and electricity. The details of types of industries are given in the table below: Table 7.2. liquid fuel.

08 52502. Diesel and FO. like coal for the production process. Litr Equivalent NG (SCMD) 2594.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. All industrial units use electricity connection from HSEB. Petcoke.5 Types of Fuels used in industry Solid Fuel Coal Petcoke Liquid Fuel FO LDO HSD SKO Gaseous Fuel Coal Gas LPG Electricity Electricity The industries in this sector are divided into categories by virtue of fuel used as detailed below: Solid fuel using units: units that consume solid fuel.00259461 0. HSD.99.06847367 Demand of equivalent amount natural gas 60 . The total daily fuel consumption is given in the table below: Table 7. there are units that use LPG and propane for various uses. Gaseous fuel using units: No units in this city consume gas as primary fuel.01337608 0. 7. However. The presently used fuels in different industry in this sector are LPG. Liquid fuel using units: units that consume various liquid fuels such as FO.006524 0. etc for the main production process. Electricity using units: Units that use electricity for the main production process.05250298 0.6 Total Daily fuel consumption in Industries in sector 6 Type of fuel LPG Petcoke Diesel Furnace Oil Total daily consumption 2043 11650 10964 47299.98 MMSCMD 0. UNIT kg kg Litr..61 6524.00 13376.

7 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 6 Equivalent NG consumption SCMD (With power requirement) 78182.74764 Equivalent NG consumption SCMD (Without power requirement) 51405.1 Share of Different fuels to be replaced by Natural Gas (SCMD) in sector 6 2594.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….74764 Fig 7.98 LPG Petcoke Diesel Furnace Oil Table 7.61072 61 ..61 6524 13376. Fig 7.61072 80000 70000 60000 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 With power requirement Without power requirement 78182.08 52502.2 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 6 51405.

9 Total Daily fuel consumption in Industries in sector 24 Type of fuel LPG Coal Diesel Furnace Oil Total daily consumption 59.7486 13134. Diesel and FO.8 Type and Number of industry in sector 24 Type of industry Sheet Metal Component Forging Fabrication Die Casting Casting Steel Heat Treatment Rubber Auto Components Export Coating Textile Manufacturing Others Total Industries No.163 40000 10609.2 Sector 24 There are around 120 industries in sector 24 of Faridabad City.852 MMSCMD 0.03 11833.000078679 0. The details of types of industries are given in the table below: Table 7. Coal.0131334852 0. The presently used fuels in different industry in this sector are LPG.2 UNIT kg kg Litr.018 0. The total daily fuel consumption is given in the table below: Table 7.0441559122 Demand of equivalent amount natural gas 62 . Litr Equivalent NG (SCMD) 78. of industries 7 7 13 5 4 3 2 4 4 2 1 1 12 54 120 PNG shall replace a conventional fuel in the existing plants. 7.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………..68679 18000 12943.2.012943748 0.

10 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 24 Equivalent NG consumption SCMD (With power requirement) 26157.852 18000 12943.3 Share of Different fuels to be replaced by Natural Gas (SCMD) in sector 24 78. Fig 7.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ……………………………………………………………………………….4 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 24 18265.96505 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 With power requirement Without power requirement 26157.96505 63 .7486 LPG Coal Diesel Furnace Oil Table 7.32765 Equivalent NG consumption SCMD (Without power requirement) 18265.32765 Fig 7.68679 13134..

Litr Equivalent NG (SCMD) 309.32 UNIT kg Litr.3 Sector 59 There are around 82 industries in sector 59 of Faridabad City.86 4733.9852 MMSCMD 0. Diesel and FO.2292 5253. The total daily fuel consumption is given in the table below: Table 7.11 Type and Number of industry in sector 59 Type of industry Sheet Metal Component Forging Fabrication Die Casting Auto Components Coating Manufacturing Others Total Industries No. The details of types of industries are given in the table below: Table 7.035599505 Demand of equivalent amount natural gas 64 .54966 24619.005253985 0..2. The presently used fuels in different industry in this sector are LPG.000309291 0.12 Total Daily fuel consumption in Industries in sector 59 Type of fuel LPG Diesel Furnace Oil Total daily consumption 232.2910478 30036.030036229 0.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. 7. of industries 3 2 2 1 4 1 5 64 82 PNG shall replace a conventional fuel in the existing plants.

2910478 30036.9852 309.50545 Fig 7.13 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 59 Equivalent NG consumption SCMD (With power requirement) 35599.2292 LPG Diesel Furnace Oil Table 7.5 Share of Different fuels to be replaced by Natural Gas (SCMD) in sector 59 5253.276248 40000 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 With power requirement Without power requirement 35599. Fig 7.276248 65 .50545 Equivalent NG consumption SCMD (Without power requirement) 8003.6 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in sector 59 8003.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………..

Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………..

7.2.4 NIT Industrial Area There are around 88 industries in Nit Industrial Area of Faridabad City. The details of types of industries are given in the table below: Table 7.14 Type and Number of industry in NIT Industrial Area
Type of industry Sheet Metal Component Die Casting zzAuto Components Rubber Industries Manufacturing Casting Others Total Industries No. of industries 3 3 9 3 8 1 66 88

PNG shall replace a conventional fuel in the existing plants. The presently used fuels in different industry in this sector are LPG, Diesel and FO. The total daily fuel consumption is given in the table below: Table 7.15 Total Daily fuel consumption in Industries in NIT Industrial Area
Type of fuel LPG Diesel Furnace Oil Total daily consumption 934.043 23601.266 9333.33 UNIT kg Litr. Litr Equivalent NG (SCMD) 1242.27719 28793.54452 10359.9963 MMSCMD 0.00124227719 0.02879354452 0.0103599963 0.04039581801

Demand of equivalent amount natural gas

66

Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………..
Fig 7.7 Share of Different fuels to be replaced by Natural Gas (SCMD) in NIT Industrial Area

1242.27719 10359.9963

28793.54452

LPG

Diesel

Furnace Oil

Table 7.16 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in NIT Industrial Area
Equivalent NG consumption SCMD (With power requirement) 14164.56929 Equivalent NG consumption SCMD (Without power requirement) 17807.98649

18000 14000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0
With power requirement Without power requirement

Fig 7.8 Equivalent NG consumption with & without power requirement in NIT Industrial Area

14164.56929

12000

17807.9864

16000

67

Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………..

Table 7.17 Total demand of PNG in these four sectors Sector Daily PNG Demand (MMSCMD) Sector 6 Sector 24 Sector 59 NIT Industrial Area Total Demand
0.06847367 0.0441559122 0.035599505 0.04039581801

0.188625~ 0.20 (approx.)

68

Faridabad is the hub of industries. These industries are presently consuming LPG. Sector 6. Diesel Coal. Even if gas is priced by market driven forces. Petcoke. 69 .0441559122 MMSCMD for Sector 24. So. All the commercial setups and Industries are focusing on gas for their fuel supply.06847367 MMSCMD for Sector 6.04039581801 MMSCMD for NIT Industrial Area.Demand Assessment of Natural Gas in Selected Sectors in Faridabad ………………………………………………………………………………. 0. it will be of competitive advantage for the customers. FO as their fuels. using gas is not only saving customers’ money but also saving energy for the country. PNG can replace these conventional fuels in the existing plants. the demand for equivalent (energy equivalent) amount of piped natural gas would be 0. 59 and NIT Industrial Area have around 400 small. medium and large industries. 0.20 MMSCMD.. Based on their daily consumption of different fuels. Chapter 8 **************** Conclusion Natural Gas is the fuel of the future. total demand of PNG in these four industrial regions would be 0. Therefore.188625 MMSCMD or approximately 0. 24. Gas is not only cost efficient and also energy efficient.035599505 MMSCMD for Sector 59 and 0.

Annexure I Abbreviation BCM CGD CGS CNG DGH DRS EIA FDI FO FRS GI Pipe GDP IEA Kgoe LPG LCV LNG MDPE MTOE Billion Cubic Meter City Gas Distribution City Gate Station Compressed Natural Gas Directorate General of Hydrocarbons District Regulatory System Energy Information Administration Foreign Direct Investment Fuel Oil Field Regulatory System Galvanized Iron Pipe Gross Domestic Product International Energy Agency kg of oil equivalent Liquefied Petroleum Gas Light Commercial Vehicle Liquefied Natural Gas Medium Density Polyethylene Million Ton of Oil Equivalent MW MMT MMSCMD NELP NG PNGRB PNG RoU SCMD TCM Mega watt Million Metric Ton Million Standard Cubic Meter per Day New Exploration Licensing Policy Natural Gas Petroleum & Natural gas Regulatory Board Piped Natural Gas Right of User Standard Cubic Meter per Day Trillion Cubic Meter .

ICRA Report Report of the working Group on Petroleum & Natural Gas for the XI plan (2007-2012) The Oil & Gas Sector Overview in India 2009.References petroleum.in .in www. Key World Statistics. June 2009 Industry Outlook-Indian Downstream Natural Gas.pngrb. 2009 Integrated Energy Policy 2006.nic.gov. KPMG Report faridabad.in IEA.nic. Planning Commission of India BP Statistical Review of World Energy.

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