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GNULINUX - CONFIGURATIONS

Attention: The translation of this document was made by firefox extencion -
translater - and can have some mistakes...

Everything that it is written here is based on RedHat 7,3, 8,0 and 9,0 Fedora
Core 1 e, for times
Slackware 9,1 and 10
Hélder Raposo
hldraposo@yahoo.com
http://geocities.com/hldraposo (Education Biology geology)
http://hraposo.no.sapo.pt (Biology)
http://eu-ponto-org.blogspot.com/ (Blog of the Penguin)
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Configurations | Commands | Opinions | SLACKWARE (configurations) New!

ATTENTION SOME CORRECTIONS AND OTHER TIPS IN: http://eu-ponto-
org.blogspot.com/

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1. To visualize partitions FAT and NTFS (windows)
1.1. To mount a FlashDriver
2. To configure grub (start manager)
2.1 - To configure grub to the same pull out some distos installed in hd
3. To configure RH 8,0 and 9,0 for Portuguese language
4. To correct absence of screensaver in KDE (RH8)
5. To configure multiaverage support in RH8 and 9 (.mp3 and .mpg)
6. To install/to configure MPlayer
7. To record Cds in consoles (cdrecord and cdrdao)
8. To emulate OF (to run programs OF The ones in Linux)
9. To install plugins in the Mozilla
10. To install the Limewire
11. Apt-get in RedHat and Fedora Core 1
12. Linking ADSL (frog) Fedora Core 1 (Ethernet interface tap0 and in the 0)
13. Linking ADSL (frog) Fedora Core 2 (Ethernet interface tap0)
14. SLACKWARE (configurations) - these configurations also meet in: http://slackwarelinux.no.sapo.pt

• Keyboard
• Wheel of the rat
• To print with cups
• Aulologin (without password and username
• To install Evolution-1.4.4
• To install Graphical Plate Nvidia GeForce

15. Writing of cds - emulation scsi when drive rw is not detected (kernel 2.4)

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1. To visualize partitions FAT and NTFS (windows)

The diskos in linux are identified of the following form:
Records IDE:
/dev/hda --> record to master in the primary controller (Primary Master)
/dev/hdb --> record slave in the primary controller (Primary Slave)
/dev/hdc --> record to master in the secondary controller (Secundary Master)

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/dev/hdd --> record slave in the secondary controller (Secundary Slave)
Records scsi (and SATA):
/dev/sda --> first record scsi
/dev/sdb --> according to record scsi
(...)

TO SEE PARTITIONS WINDOWS FAT (Windows 9x, Me)

- It executes as root:
to #mkdir /mnt/win
#mount /dev/hda1 /mnt/win

or, one will be in slackware, I advise:

#mount /dev/hda1 /mnt/win - t vfat - r - umask=0222

If not to know which the partition where it is the Windows executes in consoles # fdisk - l
and to it will be presented a list of all the partitions

However, fat finished to mount the patições, but when to make reboot will have to come
back to mount the partition, for the partition fat to be mounted during boot makes (to edit
and to modify the table of partitions fstab):

#vi /etc/fstab
the i uses a keyboard or
it adds the line:
/dev/hda1 /mnt/win vfat defaults 0 0

Or, in slackware:

/dev/hda1 /mnt/windows vfat users, umask=0222 0 0

keyboard key esc +: wq

NOTE: # --> as root $ --> as user su --> to move of user for root (in it consoles)

- Example of one prices fstab, with two mounted partitions fat (winc [hda1] and wind
[hdc5])

LABEL=//ext3 defaults 1 1
none /dev/pts devpts gid=5, mode=620 0 0
LABEL=/home /home ext3 defaults 1 2
none /proc proc defaults 0 0
none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
/dev/hdc3 swap swap defaults 0 0
/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto, to owner, kudzu, ro 0 0
/dev/fd0 /mnt/floppy auto noauto, to owner, kudzu 0 0
/dev/hda1 /mnt/winc vfat defaults 0 0
/dev/hda9 /mnt/wind vfat defaults 0 0
/dev/cdrom1 /mnt/cdrom1 iso9660 noauto, to owner, kudzu, ro 0 0

ro --> read only
rw --> read-write

TO SEE PARTITIONS WINDOWS NTFS (Windows 2000 and WindowsXP)

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First that everything executes as root:

#/sbin/modprobe ntfs
If to appear some thing in consoles then its kernel does not have support for ntfs if not to
appear
no message then kernel has support for ntfs.
If redhat will not have support for ntfs in the distributions will be able to make download
of the module ntfs (in redhat8 and 9 it is exactly necessary) to break daqui: http://linux-
ntfs.sourceforge.net/rpm/
but before making download it executes the command:
#uname - r --> this to know that kernel is using
After making download of kernel-ntfs- (...) .rpm
it installs:
#rpm - ivh kernel-ntfs- (...) .rpm
(NOTE: Slackware 9,1 and 10 ntfs has kernel with support)
To follow:
It creates, as for the previous example, a point of assembly:

to #mkdir /mnt/win
mount the partition:
#mount /dev/hda1 /mnt/win - t ntfs - r - umask=0222
If to want that the partition if mount automatically in boot, edit fstab, and add the line:
#vi /etc/fstab
/dev/hda1 /mnt/windows ntfs users, umask=0222 0 0

1.1. To mount a FlashDrive

- Disk to be wanted to mount a flash makes
to #mkdir /mnt/flash
#mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/flash

NOTE: The flash disk could not be sda1, depending if it exists or not other devices scsi.
That is he is sdax (where x is the number of the partition). When the emulation is used scsi
of IDE to record cds (kernel 2,4), can exist modification in the identification of the flash
disk.

It edits fstab (as above) and adds the line:
#vi /etc/fstab
/dev/sda1/ /mnt/flash auto defaults, users, noauto 0 0

- Example of one prices fstab, with partitions ntfs mounted (winc [hdc1]), one drive
cdromrw with emulation scsi (/dev/sr0)
e a flash disk (pendisk) (/dev/sda1). Here the hard disks are in the secondary controller
(hdc) whereas drives cdrom
they are in the primary controller (hda and hdb - this emulated):

/dev/hdc6 swap swap defaults 0 0
/dev/hdc9/ext3 defaults 1 1
/dev/hdc8 /home ext3 defaults 1 2
/dev/hda /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto, users, ro 0 0
/dev/fd0 /mnt/floppy auto noauto, to owner 0 0
devpts /dev/pts devpts gid=5, mode=620 0 0
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
/dev/sda1 /mnt/pen auto defaults, noauto, users 0 0
#/dev/hdc1 /mnt/windows vfat to user, utf8, umask=0222 0 2
/dev/sr0 /mnt/cdrom1 iso9660 noauto, users, ro 0 0
/dev/hdc1 /mnt/windows ntfs users, umask=0222 0 0

Note: the first number is used as command “dump” and as as “fsck”. That is, for

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example, if as the number will be 1, will make with that fsck runs case the record has
not been convenient dismounted mind or has been reached the limit of assemblies.

2. To configure grub (start manager)
- Grub is a manager of start very used nowadays, as the traditional Lilo. It can be
configured, in simple terms, to some levels:
- to choose the THE ONES that it pulls out for defect
- image of boot
- open assembly time before the start, etc…
Thus, it edits grub.conf executing:
#vi /boot/grub/grub.conf
e will appear any thing of this type:

*************************************************************************************
# grub.conf generated by anaconda
#
# Note that you of not have you rerun grub to after making changes you the this file
# NOTICE: You of not have /boot partition. This means that
# all kernel and initrd paths ploughs relative you/, eg.
# root (hd1,0)
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz-version ro root=/dev/hdc1
# initrd /boot/initrd-version.img
#boot=/dev/hda
default=0
timeout=10
splashimage= (hd1,0) /boot/grub/splash.xpm.gz
title Red Hat Linux (2.4.18-14)
root (hd1,0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.4.18-14 ro root=LABEL=/hdd=ide-scsi
initrd /boot/initrd-2.4.18-14.img
title OF
rootnoverify (hd0,0)
to chainloader +1
**************************************************************************************
*
- Easily one understands that timeout=10 is the open assembly time before being
loaded a operative system, in this in case that, we have two systems:
- Redhat (kernel 2.4.18-14) --> title Red Hat Linux (2.4.18-14)
- Windows (assigned person here for OF) --> title OF
- The line splashimage temm the information on the image that appears in boot that
in this in case that it is compressed and it is splash.xpm.gz
- S for another value Can then change the open assembly time in the start of 10
- Title Can move, p.e, of OF The ones for Windows
- And, more important it can choose that it must pull out THEM for defect.
- The line defaulf= is that it has this information.
The first one is always the zero (0), later it is alone to count how many it has and to
attribute one nº. For former:
default=0 => pulls out linux for defect
default=1 => pulls out OF (windows) for defect
Note: vmlinuz-2.4.18-14 is the Kernel and its version also is indicated

2.1 - To configure grub to the same pull out some distos installed in hd

To the times we would desire to install that one more than distro or release of linux, or

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being able to try one, without having that
to desistalar that one with which we work and that already it is configured. This is
easy, is enough to create plus a partition (4 Mb arrives)
e to configure grub. A partition is only necessary because linux that we intend to
install goes to use swap that already it is
created and we can make that the two distributions partilhem the /home partition.
Therefore it is alone to create a partition/and to install
new system.

To configure grub:
Menu.lst edits the filing-cabinet
#vi /boot/grub/menu.lst
it is enough later adding to the entrances of the others linux, making:

title distro-installed
root (hdax, y) --------> x=0,1 (0=disco master, 1=disco slave) (y= Z-1, that is
either if the partition will be hda8 the y will be 7)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hdaZ (Z=1,… 9…) number of the partition where
we have the partition/

Example of one menu.list of the Grub for fedora start core2, slackware 9,1, mandrake
and windows

*********************************************************************************
# Note that you of not have you rerun grub to after making changes you the this file
# NOTICE: You of not have /boot partition. This means that
# all kernel and initrd paths ploughs relative you/, eg.
# root (hd0,4)
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz-version ro root=/dev/hdc5
# initrd /boot/initrd-version.img
#boot=/dev/hdc
default=0
timeout=05
splashimage= (hd0,4) /boot/grub/splash.xpm.gz
title Fedora Core (2.6.6-1.383)
root (hd0,4)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.6-1.383 ro root=LABEL=/rhgb quiet
initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.6-1.383.img

title Slackware (kernel 2.4)
root (hd0,8)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hdc9

title Mandrake (kernel 2.4)
root (hd0,8)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.4.25-2mdk root=/dev/hdc9

title Windows
rootnoverify (hd0,0)
to chainloader +1
**************************************************************************************
*****************

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3. To configure RH 8,0 and 9,0 for Portuguese language (that is very util so
that the openoffice makes accents)

- Redhat 8,0 and 9.0não recognize filing-cabinets of windows or another previous version linux with
Latin accents and other characters:

Solution: the /etc/sysconfig/i18n filing-cabinet edits with the Vi (as root (#), clearly). It will appear
the following definitions:
LANG=” pt_PT.UTF-8”
SYSFONT=” UTF-8 "
the problem is in the UTF. With the VI it erases UTF thus:
#vi /etc/sysconfig/i18n
it makes Esc: wq
- The fiheiro /etc/sysconfig/i18n will have then to contain the following lines
LANG= " pt_PT "
SUPPORTED= " pt_PT: pt_PT: pt "
SYSFONT= " latarcyrheb-sun16 "
later, it edits the filing-cabinet bashrc:
#vi /etc/bashrc
e adds, in the end, the lines
LANG=pt_PT
LC_ALL=pt_PT
LC_CTYPE=ISO-8859-1
LESSCHARSET=latin1
export LANG LC_ALL LC_CTYPE LESSCHARSET

4. To correct absence of screensaver in KDE (RH8)

- Scrennsaver in the RH8 functions in gnome but not in KDE
Solution:

It can fix this problem editing:
to $mkdir ./kde/share/applnk-redhat/System/ScreenSavers/
there e copies for all the filing-cabinets that if to find in
/usr/share/apps/kscreensaver/ScreenSavers/
of the following form:
#cd /usr/share/apps/kscreensaver/
#cp - r ./ScreenSavers/ * ./kde/share/applnk-redhat/System/ScreenSavers/
It can still consult:
http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=76760
Note: . (point) --> means filing-cabinet occult
The command cp - r ./nome_do_ficheiro/ * /direct ório_de_destino --> copies
the content of a folder but not it folder!

5. To configure multiaverage support in RH8 and 9 (.mp3 and .mpg)

- Redhat 8 does not have support for mp3 or MPEG (question of licenses), therefore
xmms does not function in this format.
This happens for lacking the following filing-cabinets:

libmpg123.la (Serious this text with the name libmpg123.la)
libmpg123.so

download of (from liks under):
libmpg123.so
libmpg123.la (Serious this text with the name libmpg123.la)

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It goes for the directório where it placed the two previous filing-cabinets and it thus
copies them for usr/lib/xmmx/Input:
#cp - r libmpg123.la /usr/lib/xmms/Input/
#cp - r libmpg123.so /usr/lib/xmms/Input/
it makes download of rpm:
mpg321-0.2.10-1.i386.rpm (p.e of http://rpmfind.net/ or http://www.freshrpms.net)
makes:
#rpm - ivh mpg321-0.2.10-1.i386.rpm

NOTE: I find that now already it is more easy, is enough to go
http://www.freshrpms.net to make download of an appointed package xmm-mp3, to
install it with rpm - ivh name-of - package…

(Or then desistale xmms #rpm - e --nodeps xmms
e istale it saw apt-get or directamente makes download of xmms of http://xmms.org
that this does not lack to none librarie to it and installs #rpm - ivh xmms-of -
download)

Soon. Xmms already functions! It could still be necessary to open xmms and to go the
options/preferences and to place aRts as plugin of exit.
In this way it starts to also have support MPEG, MOV, etc (with the installation of
mpg321) will only have that to make download of the Xine or the MPlayer (this for
support video).

6. To install/to configure MPlayer

The MPlayer is the great competitor of the windos measured to player of the
Microsoft, however, it has that to consider that it still meets in version 0.90. Of any
form with it it is to possíver to see videos, inclusivé of the QuickTimes of the Apple, as
well as all the used extenções in a Windows system.
To install it makes download, from the site
http://www.mplayerhq.hu/homepage/dload.html, of:
MPlayer-0.90pre9.tar .bz2 (the program in itself)
mp-arial-iso-8859-1.tar (sources)
w32codec.tar .bz2 (codecs)
e one skin to its choice

after that it unpacks everything thus:
bzip2 - d MPlayer-0.90pre9.tar .bz2
to tar xvf MPlayer-0.90pre9.tar .bz2
it also makes this for the sources and codecs
seguidamente win32 in usr/lib/creates the directório and moves for there codecs
unpacked:
to mkdir /usr/lib/win32/
mv ./win32codecs/ * /usr/lib/win32
it copies the MPlayer-0.90 for /usr/local
#cp - r MPlayer-0.90pre9.tar .bz2 /usr/local/
#cd /usr/local/MPlayer-0.90/
#. /configure --enable-GUI
#make (it takes one 10 minutes there, not if it worries)
#make install
it can erase now the directório MPlayer-0.90 thus:
#cd /usr/local

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#rm - rf MPlayer-0.90
It copies the sources to mplayer it. It goes for the directório where they are the
unpacked sources and makes, p.e:
$cd /iso-8859-7/arial
#mv ./arial-18/ * /usr/local/share/mplayer/font/ (we are to use sources arial so
great 18)
To copy skin:
to #mkdir /usr/local/share/mplayer/Skin/default/
mv ./nome_do_skin/ * /usr/local/share/mplayer/Skin/default/

now we execute a video in the MPlayer typing the command (as to user $)
$ to gmplayer
Probably a message will appear on the source. It wants appears or not, it goes for
/home/seu_nome_de_utilizador and it makes:
compact disc /home/o_seu_nome_de_utilizador
to $mkdir /.mplayer/font
#cd /usr/local/share/mplayer/
#cp ./font/ * /.mplayer/font/

What it finished to make was to add the sources to a directório that is
created in home/user after the first use of mplayer and that if it deals with
an occult directório (.) to.mplayer.
It creates a shortcut in desktop in order that thisexecutes to gmplayer.

For times, automatically the possibility of zoom of the video is not created,
it edits or it creates the filing-cabinet config /.mplayer in the
home/o_seu_nome_de_utilizador directório
$cd $
$vi /.mplayer/config (to create or to edit config)
e adds the line:
zoo= " yes " (in redhat 8,0 it was necessary to make it but in mandrake 9,0
not)
: wq

As some distributions of linux only allow to execute mplayer as root (#), in
low it follows a list of commands and options to execute the Mplayer in
Consola:

to gmplayer

to mplayer - vo xv - to oss name-of - the video one

to mplayer - vo x11 name-of - video

to mplayer - vo x11 - framedrop - vop scale=640: 480 name-of - the video
one

to mplayer - vo x11 - framedrop - vop scale=800: 600 name-of - the video
one

to mplayer - vo sdl - to sdl name-of - the video one

to mplayer - vo sdl - to sdl name-of - video - sub legend-of - filme.sub

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to mplayer - vo svga - bpp 16 name-of - video.avi - sub legend-of - filme.sub

to mplayer dvd 1 - vo x11 - to sdl

5. To record Cds in consoles (cdrecord and cdrdao)

- A music compact disc can be recorded in two ways: Track At Once (TAO),
that is, between the bands exists a pause of 2 seconds, or Disk At Once
(DAO), that is, is not added the 2 seconds between the band. It has cases
where Disk At Once (DAO) is better, as for example, a compact disc of music
to the living creature. For Track At Once (TAO) cdrecord can be used, for
Disk At Once (DAO), can use cdrdao. Estos 2 programs are executed in
console in not graphical way.

- To record cds with cdrecord (Track At Once - TAO):

- TO MOUNT CDS READING OCCULT FILING-CABINETS:

#mount - t iso9660 - unhide /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom

TO CREATE CDS IMAGES:

$mkisofs - R - J - file.iso /direct ório-of-origin-of - image

TO SEE WHICH THE WRITING DEVICE:

#cdrecord - scanbus

TO RECORD:

#cdrecord - v - eject - speed=4 dev=0,0 file.iso

- To record cds with cdrdao (Disk At Once (DAO):
To make:
#cdrdao scanbus
(to determine the parameters of the writing device).
If to appear, for example, the following message:

###################################################
#################
SCSI interface library - (c) Joerg Schilling

L-EC encoding library - (c) Heiko Eissfeldt

Paranoia DAE library - (c) Monty

Check http://cdrdao.sourceforge.net/drives.html#dt will be current to
driver tables.

Using libscg version “schily-0.5”

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0,0,0: HP, Compact disc 8200a, 1.0g

###################################################
##################

To make, in consoles:
#cdrdao read-compact disc --device 0,0,0 novo.toc
An image of the compact disc will be created
To record the compact disc from the bred image:
#cdrdao write --device 0,0,0 novo.toc

6. To emulate OF (to run programs OF The ones in Linux)

- download of dosemu-1.0.2-bin.tgz and dosemu-freedos-bin.tgz of
ftp://ftp.dosemu.org/pub/dosemu/
- to unpack for the same directório (and for the described order below):
to $tar - zxf dosemu-freedos-bin.tgz
to $tar - zxf dosemu-1.0.2-bin.tgz
- to execute OF The ones in linux:
$cd dosemu
$. /xdosemu - home
- The option - home makes with that the directório home to be considered
pass as D: for dosemu.

7. To install plugins in the Mozilla

--> plugin for java

- Download of binary j2re-1_4_2-linux-i586.bin Makes that it is in:
http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4/download.html
- In followed it executes the following commands:
to #mkdir /usr/java
#cp - r j2re-1_4_2-linux-i586.bin /usr/java
#cd /usr/java
- To install the binary one
#. /j2re-1_4_2-linux-i586.bin
#cd /usr/java/j2re1.4.2/plugin/i386/ns610
- Crar symbolic linking in mozilla
#ln - s /usr/java/j2re1.4.2/plugin/i386/ns610/libjavaplugin_oji.so
/usr/lib/mozilla-1.0.1/plugins
- Attention mozilla can not be installed in /usr/lib/mozilla-1.0.1, the general
command will be
#ln - s /usr/java/j2re1.4.2/plugin/i386/ns610/libjavaplugin_oji.so filing-
cabinet-where-is-the-mozilla/plugins
- To create symbolic linking in the filing-cabinet mozilla of the user
ln - s /usr/java/j2re1.4.2/plugin/i386/ns610/libjavaplugin_oji.so
~/.mozilla/plugins/libjavaplugin_oji.so
ALREADY IT IS! JAVA IN MOZILLA (LINUX)! : -)

--> plugin for FlashPlayer

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- It is enough to go to the site
http://www.macromedia.com/shockwave/download/alternates/
- to make download of binary the executable one
- To execute it as root
- To indicate, during the installation, path, of mozilla (where it is installed -
former: /usr/lib/mozilla)
- plugin will be installed in: usr/lib/mozilla- 1.0.1/plugin

--> plugin for RealPlayer 8

- To make download of RealPlayer 8 from the site
http://scopes.real.com/real/player/unix/unix.html
- Istalar it:
#rpm - ivh RealPlayer.rpm
- The RealPlayer will be installed in /usr/lib/RealPlayer8/
- Rpnp.so of /usr/lib/RealPlayer8/ for the folder Is enough to copy the filing-
cabinet usr/lib/mozilla- 1.0.1/plugins or another one in case that its mozilla
is not here, it can be in (when it is installed by the user and it does not
come daily pay-installed) /usr/local/mozilla/plugins, of the following form:
#cd /usr/lib/RealPlayer8/
#cp - r rpnp.so usr/lib/mozilla- 1.0.1/plugins

Notes: - making Crt+T --> opens new tab
- realplayer can be executed in consoles with the command: realplay

TO INSTALL THE LIMEWIRE

Limewire is intimamente dependent of java. We have therefore of first
installing j2re (download of J2SE JRE from
http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4.2/download.html) and seguidamente it is that
we will be able to install limewire (download of LimeWireLinux.bin from
http://www.limewire.com/english/content/download.shtml).
To install j2re-1_4_2_04:
#cd /direct ório-onde-está-o-j2re-1_4_2_04-linux-i586.bin
to create directório java in /usr
to #mkdir /usr/java
#cp j2re-1_4_2_04-linux-i586.bin /usr/java
to install it java VM
#cd /usr/java
#. /j2re-1_4_2_04-linux-i586.bin
A new directório will be created: j2re1.4.2_04
We edit the /etc/basshrc filing-cabinet now and we add in the end the
following lines:

#emacs /etc/bashrc: (or, #emacs /etc/profile, in Slackware)
JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/j2re1.4.2_04
export JAVA_HOME
PATH=$PATH: $JAVA_HOME/bin
export PATH

#reboot

to move the LimeWireLinux.bin for its home and to execute the
LimeWireLinux.bin:

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~. /LimeWireLinux.bin

it is enough to execute a shortcut that will be created in home
(runLimeWire):
~. /runLimeWire
e the program will be executed

APT-GET IN RED HAT AND FEDORA CORE 1

To make download of apt and its dependences to apartir of
http://yarrow.freshrpms.net/ (nocaso of Fedora Core 1)
#rpm - ivh apt-0.5.15cnc6-0.1.fc1.fr.i386.rpm
It edits /etc/apt/sources.list:
#emacs /etc/apt/sources.list

A list will appear of the type:
**********************************************************************************
*********************************
# List of available apt repositories available from ayo.freshrpms.net.
# This file should contain an uncommented default suitable will be your
system.
#
# See http://ayo.freshrpms.net/ will be the list of to other repositories and
mirrors.
#
# $Id: sources.list.i386 378 2004-04-30 16:33: 52Z dude $

# Fedora Linux Development
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net fedora/linux/development/i386 Core
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net fedora/linux/1/i386 freshrpms
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net fedora/linux/development/i386 Core
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net fedora/linux/1/i386 freshrpms

# Fedora Linux 1
rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net fedora/linux/1/i386 Core updates freshrpms
rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net fedora/linux/1/i386 tupdates
rpm http://rpm.livna.org/ fedora/1/i386 stable unstable testing
rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net fedora/linux/1/i386 Core updates
freshrpms
rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net fedora/linux/1/i386 tupdates
### Dag RPM Repository will be Fedora Core 1
rpm http://dries.studentenweb.org apt/fedora/fc1/i386 dries
rpm-src http://dries.studentenweb.org apt/fedora/fc1/i386 dries
rpm http://macromedia.rediris.es/apt redhat/8.0 macromeasured
rpm http://apt.sw.be fedora/1/en/i386 dag
rpm http://rpms.xcyb.org/fedora/1 i386 stable bleeding
rpm-src http://rpms.xcyb.org/fedora/1 i386 stable bleeding
rpm http://rpms.xcyb.org/fedora/1 i686 stable bleeding
rpm-src http://rpms.xcyb.org/fedora/1 i686 stable bleeding
rpm http://rpm.livna.org/ fedora/1/i386 stable unstable testing
rpm-src http://rpm.livna.org/ fedora/1/i386 stable unstabletesting
rpm ftp://ftp.ussg.iu.edu/pub/linux/fedora.us//fedora fedora/1/i386 updates
stable

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rpm ftp://mirrors.usc.edu/pub/linux/fedora//fedora fedora/1/i386 updates
stable
rpm http://mirrors.usc.edu/pub/linux/fedora//fedora fedora/1/i386 updates
stable
rpm http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora.us//fedora fedora/1/i386 updates stable
rpm ftp://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora.us//fedora fedora/1/i386 updates stable
rpm-src http://mirrors.usc.edu/pub/linux/fedora//fedora fedora/1/i386
updates stable

# Red Hat Linux 9
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/9/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/9/i386 updates freshrpms

# Red Hat Linux 8.0
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/8.0/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/8.0/i386 updates freshrpms

# Red Hat Linux 7.3
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.3/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.3/i386 updates freshrpms

# Red Hat Linux 7.2
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.2/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.2/i386 updates freshrpms

# Red Hat Linux 7.1
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.1/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.1/i386 powertools dma
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.1/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.1/i386 powertools dma

# Red Hat Linux 7.0
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.0/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.0/i386 powertools dma
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.0/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/7.0/i386 powertools dma

# Red Hat Linux 6.2
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/6.2/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/6.2/i386 powertools
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/6.2/i386 updates freshrpms
#rpm-src http://ayo.freshrpms.net redhat/6.2/i386 powertools
**********************************************************************************
******************************************
We have the places of where the APT goes to lower the packages, that if
call
“repository APT”
We go to leave commented all the lines that do not have to see with ours
distribution, in this in case that, the lines of Fedora Linux 1 are not
commented, and,
we add the lines
rpm http://rpms.xcyb.org/fedora/1 i686 stable bleeding
rpm-src http://rpms.xcyb.org/fedora/1 i686 stable bleeding

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that the APT will be more two places to apartir of which it will go to lower
packages.

The first step to start to use the APT is:
#apt-get update

Later it is alone to make:
#apt-get install package-the-to install

# apt-get upgrade

To look packages of which the name is not known well the command uses
itself apt-cache search <pacote>. A list appears of packages, later is alone
to choose (s) that in it interests them (m)
former:
# apt-cache search php

Commands apt-get:

apt-get install <pacote>
It installs a package and its dependences.

apt-get removes <pacote>
It removes a package and its dependences.

apt-get upgrade
Search for new packages to make updates.

apt-get dist-upgrade
It makes an update of version of the distribution.

apt-cache search <termo>
Search for term in the descriptions of the available packages.

LINKING ADSL (frog) Fedora Core 1 (tap0 and in the 0)- kernel 2.4

It has two possibilities of linking: Ethenet interface = tap0 and Ethenet
interface = in the 0
The USA in the 0 when kernel already possesss driver speedtouch
(speedtch.o) that it must be in:
/lib/modules/2.4.22-1.2115.nptl/kernel/drivers/usb/
The USA tap0 when kernel does not have to driver speedtouch and appeals
firmware to it mgmt.o
The Kernel of the Fedora Core 1 already brings driver but the licação with
gppp if does not disclose easy for this is more easy to remove to driver
of speedtouch or to move it for the directório home as will become to
follow:

Ethenet linking interface = tap0 (Fedora Core 1) (Kelnel 2.4)

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This tutorial one serves, in principle for any distribution that uses Kernel
2,4 and not only for the Fedora Core 1.

To create a directório home with name ADSL, for where all will be made
downloads and where they will be decompactados

to $mkdir /Desktop/adsl

Download of:

http://sourceforge.net/projects/speedtouch speedtouch-1.2.tar.gz
http://www.alcateldsl.com speedmgmt.tar.gz
http://wwww.roaringpenguin.com/pppoe rp-pppoe-3.5.tar.gz

to $tar - xvzf speedtouch-1.2.tar.gz
to $tar - xvzf speedmgmt.tar.gz
to $tar - xvzf rp-pppoe-3.5.tar.gz

#mv /lib/modules/2.4.22-1.2115.nptl/kernel/drivers/usb/speedtch.o ~/

$cd /home/helder/Desktop/adsl/speedtouch-1.2
$. /configure
$make
#make install

to copy firmware:

#cd /home/helder/Desktop/adsl
#cp mgmt.o /usr/lib

$cd /home/helder/Desktop/adsl/rp-pppoe-3.5
#. /go

# ADSL-setup

To insert these options:

username “username@isp” - the username
eth “tap0”
demand = “in”
dns = “server”
password = “password” - password
conf. password = “password” to confirm password
firewall = “0”
save = “y” to record and to leave

# emacs /etc/ppp/pppoe.conf
(they will have to move stops)
ETH=tap0
PEERDNS=yes
DEFAULTROUTE=yes

# emacs /etc/modules.conf
(to insert the following options)

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you unite char-major-108 ppp_generic
you unite /dev/ppp ppp_generic
you unite tty-ldisc-3 ppp_async
you unite tty-ldisc-13 n_hdlc
you unite tty-ldisc-14 ppp_synctty
you unite ppp-compress-21 bsd_comp
you unite ppp-compress-24 ppp_deflate
you unite ppp-compress-26 ppp_deflate
you unite to usb-controller usb-uhci

#emacs /etc/ppp/options
(the options only must consist below, if they will not be there has that to
add them)

Lock
usepeerdns
# to use dns attributed by peer
noipdefault
# says to pppd that you use dynamic IP
defaultroute
# to routear the device

#emacs /usr/sbin/adsl-start (before making this it more sees a little to the
front if to prefer to initiate the ADSL in boot of the system)

to add at the beginning:

compact disc /sbin
./modprobe tun
echo Loading firmware… Please wait
compact disc /usr/local/sbin/
./modem_run - m - f /usr/lib/mgmt.o
./pppoa3 - vpi 0 - vci 35 - b - m 1 - c
sleep 5
echo Dialing…
compact disc /usr/sbin

e to add in the end:

sleep 5
route add default ppp0

ctrl-x ctrl-s to record the filing-cabinet
ctrl-x ctrl-c to leave the emacs

To establish the linking:

#cd /usr/sbin
#. /adsl-start

IMPORTANT! - To prefer itself that the ADSL binds in boot of the system
(automatically), it does not add nothing asl-start

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It makes the following one:
it edits the rc.local filing-cabinet
#emacs /etc/rc.local (in redhat and fedora)
#emacs /etc/rc.d/rc.local (slackware)
e adds in the end these lines:

/sbin/modprobe tun
/usr/local/sbin/modem_run - m - f /usr/lib/mgmt.o
/usr/local/sbin/pppoa3 - vpi 0 - vci 35 - b - m 1 - c
/usr/sbin/adsl-start
/sbin/route add default ppp0

LINKING ETHENET INTERFACE = in the 0

to install (as it was said on):
speedtouch-1.2
rp-pppoe-3.5

Download of gpppoe
To unpack:
gpppoe-conf-0.3-ss.tar .bz2
a directório will appear to user
$cd to user
#cp ./lib/ * /usr/lib
#cp ./sbin/ * /usr/sbin
to #mkdir /usr/share/speedtouch
$cd /usr/share
#cp ./speedtouch/ * /usr/share/speedtouch
#cp mgmt.o /usr/share/speedtouch (to copy firmware)
# compact disc /usr/sbin
#. /gpppoe-conf

To follow the indications related in
http://s1x.homelinux.net/gpppoe-conf.php
for Fedora Core 1, to consult the page
http://s1x.homelinux.net/content.php?id=32

To initiate ADSL:
#cd /usr/sbin
#. /speedtouch-pppoe start

13. Linking ADSL (frog) Fedora Core 2 (Ethernet interface tap0) Kernel 2.6

This tutorial one serves, in principle for any distribution that uses Kernel
2,6 and not only for the Fedora Core 2.

Good, I go to present here tutorial unnecessary, because an one another one exists,
excellent one, of Kmos, whose link is:
http://kmos.tondelaonline.com/stuff/speedtouch.htm
Only that as already I wrote here a tutorial one for ADSL in kernel 2,4, also go, to
plagiarize or to adapt of the Kmos, of
way to be everything here.

Página 17 de 20
First, almost everything as in tutorial the previous one

to $tar - xvzf speedtouch-1.3.tar.gz
http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/speedtouch/speedtouch-1.3.tar.gz?download
to $tar - xvzf rp-pppoe-3.5.tar.gz http://www.roaringpenguin.com/penguin/pppoe/rp-
pppoe-3.5.tar.gz

Download of firmware KQD6both.eni (purple modem)
http://www.hystedjp.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/speedtouch/latest/KQD6both.eni
Download of firmware ZZZLboth.eni (cinereous modem)
http://www.hystedjp.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/speedtouch/latest/ZZZLboth.eni

Who to use the purple modem makes download here (already it is renomeado - ready to use)

It will have, to follow, to get excited name of any one of these firmwares for bootboth.eni (if it made
download of link in from above line
already it is renomeado and alone necessary to execute the following steps.

To move firmware for /usr/lib
#cp bootboth.eni /usr/lib

To make:
$cd /home/helder/Desktop/adsl/speedtouch-1.3
$. /configure
$make
#make install

$cd /home/helder/Desktop/adsl/rp-pppoe-3.5
#. /go

# ADSL-setup

To insert these options:

username “username@isp” - the username
eth “tap0”
demand = “in”
dns = “server”
password = “password” - password
conf. password = “password” to confirm password
firewall = “0”
save = “y” to record and to leave

#emacs /etc/ppp/options
(the options only must consist below, if they will not be there has that to add them)

Lock
usepeerdns
# to use dns attributed by peer
noipdefault
# says to pppd that you use dynamic IP
defaultroute
# to routear the device

It edits the rc.local filing-cabinet
#emacs /etc/rc.local in redhat and fedora
#emacs /etc/rc.d/rc.local in slackware

e adds in the end of the rc.local filing-cabinet:

# ADSL

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/sbin/modprobe ppp_generic
/sbin/modprobe ppp_synctty
/sbin/modprobe n_hdlc
/sbin/modprobe tun
/sbin/modprobe usb-uhci
/usr/local/sbin/modem_run - m - f /usr/lib/bootboth.eni
/usr/local/sbin/pppoa3 - b - m 1 - c - vpi 0 - vci 35
/sbin/ifconfig tap0 up
/sbin/adsl-start

It restarts the computer

Later it makes:
$ or # cat /var/log/messages

e will see if they appear the Nameservers. If not to give the first one makes cat /var/log/messages of
new, if the linking will be
ADSL frog, the Nameservers will be in principle:

to nameserver 194.65.100.117
to nameserver 194.65.5.2

It edits the /etc/resolv.conf filing-cabinet
#emacs /etc/resolv.conf
if they will not be already to nameserver, adds them there them!

It makes:
$ping - c 3 google.pt to test its linking as to user
if he will not be on, it tries, as root
#ping - c 3 google.pt to test the linking as root
If he will be on as root but not as to user, it changes the permições of /etc/resolv.conf that is modifies
parameter of the owner of the filing-cabinet, of, root for its username.

14. SLACKWARE (configurations)

These configurations do not only serve for Slackware, only deal with more frequent
problems in Slackware!

KEYBOARD

gedit /etc/X11/XF86Config (slack 9.1)
gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf (slack 10)
in the section of the keyboard:

Option “XkbRules” “xfree86”
Option “XkbModel” “pc105”
Option “XkbLayout” “pt”

When this does not result
==============================================================
=
To go to desktop and to clicar:
StartHere/Desktop/Preferences/Keyboard/Layouts (Only Slakware 10)
Also the command exists:
#/usr/X11R6/bin/setxkbmap (that nor always it functions)
==============================================================
===

the filing-cabinet:
/etc/rc.d/rc.keymap must also be modified stops:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#! /bin/sh
# Load the keyboard map. Maps lives ploughs in /usr/share/kbd/keymaps.
if [- x /usr/bin/loadkeys]; then
/usr/bin/loadkeys pt-latin1.map

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fi
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

RAT (WHEEL)

Section “InputDevice”

Option “Protocol” “ImPS/2”
Option “ZAxisMapping” “4 5”

EndSection

ACCENTS IN THE OPENOFICE

Although the keyboard correctamente configured the Slacware, and others
distros, costumam not to make accents in documents of the openoffice.
This is decided in the Slackware of the following form:

#gedit /usr/share/i18n/locales/pt_PT
to add in the end of the filing-cabinet pt_PT
LANG= " pt_PT "
SUPPORTED= " pt_PT: pt_PT: pt "
SYSFONT= " latarcyrheb-sun16 "

to follow:

#gedit /etc/profile
to add in the end of the filing-cabinet profile:
LANG=pt_PT
LC_ALL=pt_PT
LC_CTYPE=ISO-8859-1
LESSCHARSET=latin1
export LANG LC_ALL LC_CTYPE LESSCHARSET

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