You are on page 1of 51

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

Following are multiple choice questions recently released by the AICPA. These questions were released by the AICPA with letter answers only. Our editorial board is currently working on providing detailed explanations for these questions, so please check back to the Becker Knowledgebase soon for the updated file. Please note that the AICPA generally releases questions that it does NOT intend to use again. These questions and content may or may not be representative of questions you may see on any upcoming exams.

1
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

AICPA QUESTIONS RATED MEDIUM DIFFICULTY 1. CPAAn accountant who accepts an engagement to compile a financial projection most likely would make the client aware that the: a. Projection may not be included in a document with audited historical financial statements. b. Accountant's responsibility to update the projection for future events and circumstances is limited to one year. c. Projection omits all hypothetical assumptions and presents the most likely future financial position. d. Engagement does not include an evaluation of the support for the assumptions underlying the projection. Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

2
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

2. CPAWhich of the following audit procedures most likely would assist an auditor in identifying conditions and events that may indicate there could be substantial doubt about an entity's ability to continue as a going concern? a. b. c. d. Confirmation of accounts receivable from principal customers. Reconciliation of interest expense with debt outstanding. Confirmation of bank balances. Review of compliance with terms of debt agreements.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

3
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

3. CPAWhich of the following would not be considered an analytical procedure? a. Converting dollar amounts of income statement account balances to percentages of net sales for comparison with industry averages. b. Developing the current year's expected net sales based on the sales trend of similar entities within the same industry. c. Projecting a deviation rate by comparing the results of a statistical sample with the actual population characteristics. d. Estimating the current year's expected expenses based on the prior year's expenses and the current year's budget. Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

4
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

4. CPAA principal auditor decides not to refer to the audit of another CPA who audited a subsidiary of the principal auditors client. After making inquiries about the other CPAs professional reputation and independence, the principal auditor most likely would: a. Document in the engagement letter that the principal auditor assumes no responsibility for the other CPAs work. b. Obtain written permission from the other CPA to omit the reference in the principal auditors report. c. Contact the other CPA and review the audit programs and working papers pertaining to the subsidiary. d. Add an explanatory paragraph to the auditors report indicating that the subsidiarys financial statements are not material to the consolidated financial statements. Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

5
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

5. CPAIn auditing related party transactions, an auditor ordinarily places primary emphasis on: a. b. c. d. The probability that related party transactions will recur. Confirming the existence of the related parties. Verifying the valuation of the related party transactions. The adequacy of the disclosure of the related party transactions.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

6
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

6. CPAThe inability to complete which of the following activities most likely would prevent an accountant from accepting and completing an engagement for a review of financial statements performed in accordance with Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services? a. b. c. d. Performing tests of details of major account balances. Performing inquiries and analytical procedures. Obtaining an understanding of internal control to assess control risk. Having previous experience in the client's industry.

Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

7
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

7. CPAObtaining an understanding of an internal control involves evaluating the design of the control and determining whether the control has been: a. b. c. d. Authorized. Implemented. Tested. Monitored.

Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

8
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

8. CPAWhich of the following procedures most likely would be performed in a review engagement of a nonissuer's financial statements in accordance with Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services? a. b. c. d. Making inquiries of management. Observing a year-end inventory count. Assessing the internal control system. Examining subsequent cash receipts.

Explanation Choice "a" is correct.

9
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

9. CPAAn auditor should consider which of the following when evaluating the ability of a company to continue as a going concern? a. b. c. d. Audit fees. Future assurance services. Management's plans for disposal of assets. A lawsuit for which judgment is not anticipated for 18 months.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

10
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

10. CPAIn which of the following should an auditor's report refer to the lack of consistency when there is a change in accounting principle that is significant? a. b. c. d. The scope paragraph. The opinion paragraph. An explanatory paragraph following the opinion paragraph. An explanatory paragraph before the opinion paragraph.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

11
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

11. CPAWhich of the following is the best way to compensate for the lack of adequate segregation of duties in a small organization? a. b. c. d. Disclosing lack of segregation of duties to the external auditors during the annual review. Replacing personnel every three or four years. Requiring accountants to pass a yearly background check. Allowing for greater management oversight of incompatible activities.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

12
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

12. CPAWhich of the following situations most likely represents the highest risk of a misstatement arising from misappropriations of assets? a. b. c. d. A large number of bearer bonds on hand. A large number of inventory items with low sales prices. A large number of transactions processed in a short period of time. A large number of fixed assets with easily identifiable serial numbers.

Explanation Choice "a" is correct.

13
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

13. CPAWhich of the following procedures would an auditor most likely perform in the planning stage of an audit? a. b. c. d. Make a preliminary judgment about materiality. Confirm a sample of the entity's accounts payable with known creditors. Obtain written representations from management that there are no unrecorded transactions. Communicate management's initial selection of accounting policies to the audit committee.

Explanation Choice "a" is correct.

14
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

14. CPAAn auditor is required to confirm accounts receivable if the accounts receivable balances are: a. b. c. d. Older than the prior year. Material to the financial statements. Smaller than expected. Subject to valuation estimates.

Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

15
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

15. CPAUnder which of the following circumstances should an auditor consider confirming the terms of a large complex sale? a. b. c. d. When the assessed level of control risk over the sale is low. When the assessed level of detection risk over the sale is high. When the combined assessed level of inherent and control risk over the sale is moderate. When the combined assessed level of inherent and control risk over the sale is high.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

16
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

16. CPAOf which of the following matters is a management representation letter required to contain specific representations? a. b. c. d. Length of a material contract with a new customer. Information concerning fraud by the CFO. Reason for a significant increase in revenue over the prior year. The competency and objectivity of the internal audit department.

Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

17
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

17. CPAIn which of the following paragraphs of an auditor's report does an auditor communicate the nature of the engagement and the specific financial statements covered by the audit? a. b. c. d. Scope paragraph. Opinion paragraph. Introductory paragraph. Explanatory paragraph.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

18
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

18. CPAThe understanding with the client regarding a financial statement audit generally includes which of the following matters? a. b. c. d. The expected opinion to be issued. The responsibilities of the auditor. The contingency fee structure. The preliminary judgment about materiality.

Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

19
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

19. CPAUnder the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, exactly how many consecutive years may an audit partner lead an audit for an issuer? a. b. c. d. Four years. Five years. Six years. Seven years.

Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

20
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

20. CPAA government internal audit function is presumed to be free from organizational independence impairments for reporting internally when the head of the organization: a. b. c. d. Is not accountable to those charged with governance. Performs auditing procedures that are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles. Is a line-manager of the unit under audit. Is removed from political pressures to conduct audits objectively, without fear of political reprisal.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

21
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

21. CPAEach of the following is a type of known misstatement, except: a. b. c. d. An inaccuracy in processing data. The misapplication of accounting principles. Differences between management and the auditor's judgment regarding estimates. A difference between the classification of a reported financial statement element and the classification according to generally accepted accounting principles.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

22
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

22. CPAAn accountant can perform, with preapproval of the audit committee of the board of directors, which of the following non-audit services during the audit of an issuer? a. b. c. d. Bookkeeping services. Human resource services. Tax planning services. Internal audit outsourcing services.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

23
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

23. CPAThe controller of a small utility company has interviewed audit firms proposing to perform the annual audit of their employee benefit plan. According to the guidelines of the Department of Labor (DOL), the selected auditor must be: a. The firm that proposes the lowest fee for the work required. b. Independent for purposes of examining financial information required to be filed annually with the DOL. c. Included on the list of firms approved by the DOL. d. Independent of the utility company and not relying on its services. Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

24
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

24. CPAAn accountant was asked by a potential client to perform a compilation of its financial statements. The accountant is not familiar with the industry in which the client operates. In this situation, which of the following actions is the accountant most likely to take? a. b. c. d. Request that management engage an independent industry expert to consult with the accountant. Accept the engagement and obtain an adequate level of knowledge about the industry. Decline the engagement. Postpone accepting the engagement until the accountant has obtained an adequate level of knowledge about the industry.

Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

25
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

25. CPATo compile financial statements of a nonissuer in accordance with Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services, an accountant should: a. b. c. d. Identify material misstatements in the financial statements. Review bank statement reconciliations. Make inquiries of significant customers, vendors, and creditors. Obtain a general understanding of the client's business transactions.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

26
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

AICPA QUESTIONS RATED HARD DIFFICULTY 26. CPAA CPA firm would best provide itself reasonable assurance of meeting its responsibility to offer professional services that conform with professional standards by: a. Establishing an understanding with each client concerning individual responsibilities in a signed engagement letter. b. Assessing the risk that errors and fraud may cause the financial statements to contain material misstatements. c. Developing specific audit objectives to support management's assertions that are embodied in the financial statements. d. Maintaining a comprehensive system of quality control that is suitably designed in relation to its organizational structure. Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

27
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

27. CPAAn auditor who is unable to form an opinion on a new client's opening inventory balances may issue an unqualified opinion on the current year's: a. b. c. d. Income statement only. Statement of cash flows only. Balance sheet only. Statement of shareholders' equity only.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

28
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

28. CPAWhich of the following procedures would a CPA most likely perform in the planning phase of a financial statement audit? a. b. c. d. Make inquiries of the clients lawyer concerning pending litigation. Perform cutoff tests of cash receipts and disbursements. Compare financial information with nonfinancial operating data. Recalculate the prior years accruals and deferrals.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

29
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

29. CPAZag Co. issues financial statements that present financial position and results of operations but Zag omits the related statement of cash flows. Zag would like to engage Brown, CPA, to audit its financial statements without the statement of cash flows although Brown's access to all of the information underlying the basic financial statements will not be limited. Under these circumstances, Brown most likely would: a. Add an explanatory paragraph to the standard auditor's report that justifies the reason for the omission. b. Refuse to accept the engagement as proposed because of the client-imposed scope limitation. c. Explain to Zag that the omission requires a qualification of the auditor's opinion. d. Prepare the statement of cash flows as an accommodation to Zag and express an unqualified opinion. Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

30
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

30. CPAUnder the ethical standards of the profession, which of the following is a "permitted loan" regardless of the date it was obtained? a. b. c. d. Home mortgage loan. Student loan. Secured automobile loan. Personal loan.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

31
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

31. CPAIn confirming a client's accounts receivable in prior years, an auditor discovered many differences between recorded account balances and confirmation replies. These differences were resolved and were not misstatements. In defining the sampling unit for the current year's audit, the auditor most likely would choose: a. b. c. d. Customers with credit balances. Small account balances. Individual overdue balances. Individual invoices.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

32
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

32. CPAAn auditor is engaged to report on selected financial data that are included in a client-prepared document containing audited financial statements. Under these circumstances, the report on the selected data should: a. b. c. d. State that the presentation is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than GAAP. Restrict the use of the report to those specified users within the entity. Be limited to data derived from the entity's audited financial statements. Indicate that the data are subject to prospective results that may not be achieved.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

33
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

33. CPAFor which of the following audit tests would an auditor most likely use attribute sampling? a. b. c. d. Inspecting purchase orders for proper approval by supervisors. Making an independent estimate of recorded payroll expense. Determining that all payables are recorded at year end. Selecting accounts receivable for confirmation of account balances.

Explanation Choice "a" is correct.

34
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

34. CPAAccording to the Code of Professional Conduct of the AICPA, for which type of service may a CPA receive a contingent fee? a. b. c. d. Performing an audit of a financial statement. Performing a review of a financial statement. Performing an examination of prospective financial information. Seeking a private letter ruling.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

35
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

35. CPAWhich of the following controls should prevent an invoice for the purchase of merchandise from being paid twice? a. The check signer accounts for the numerical sequence of receiving reports used in support of each payment. b. An individual independent of cash operations prepares a bank reconciliation. c. The check signer reviews and cancels the voucher packets. d. Two check signers are required for all checks over a specified amount. Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

36
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

36. CPAA client has capitalizable leases but refuses to capitalize them in the financial statements. Which of the following reporting options does an auditor have if the amounts pervasively distort the financial statements? a. b. c. d. Qualified opinion. Unqualified opinion. Disclaimer opinion. Adverse opinion.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

37
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

37. CPAWhich of the following items should be included in prospective financial statements issued in an attestation engagement performed in accordance with Statements on Standards for Attestation Engagements? a. b. c. d. All significant assertions used to prepare the financial statements. All significant assumptions used to prepare the financial statements. Pro forma financial statements for the past two years. Historical financial statements for the past three years.

Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

38
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

38. CPAA company employs three accounts payable clerks and one treasurer. Their responsibilities are as follows: Employee Clerk 1 Clerk 2 Clerk 3 Treasurer Responsibility Reviews vendor invoices for proper signature approval. Enters vendor invoices into the accounting system and verifies payment terms. Posts entered vendor invoices to the accounts payable ledger for payment and mails checks. Reviews the vendor invoices and signs each check.

Which of the following would indicate a weakness in the company's internal control? a. b. c. d. Clerk 1 opens all of the incoming mail. Clerk 2 reconciles the accounts payable ledger with the general ledger monthly. Clerk 3 mails the checks and remittances after they have been signed. The treasurer uses a stamp for signing checks.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

39
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

39. CPAWhich of the following management assertions is an auditor most likely testing if the audit objective states that all inventory on hand is reflected in the ending inventory balance? a. b. c. d. The entity has rights to the inventory. Inventory is properly valued. Inventory is properly presented in the financial statements. Inventory is complete.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

40
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

40. CPAWhich of the following activities is an accountant not responsible for in review engagements performed in accordance with Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services? a. b. c. d. Performing basic analytical procedures. Remaining independent. Developing an understanding of internal control. Providing any form of assurance.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

41
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

41. CPAWhich of the following items should be included in an auditor's report for financial statements prepared in conformity with an other comprehensive basis of accounting (OCBOA)? a. b. c. d. A sentence stating that the auditor is responsible for the financial statements. A title that includes the word "independent." The signature of the company controller. A paragraph stating that the audit was conducted in accordance with OCBOA.

Explanation Choice "b" is correct.

42
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

42. CPAWhich of the following statements best describes why an auditor would use only substantive procedures to evaluate specific relevant assertions and risks? a. b. c. d. The relevant internal control components are not well documented. The internal auditor already has tested the relevant controls and found them effective. Testing the operating effectiveness of the relevant controls would not be efficient. The cost of substantive procedures will exceed the cost of testing the relevant controls.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

43
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

43. CPAWhich of the following courses of action is the most appropriate if an auditor concludes that there is a high risk of material misstatement? a. b. c. d. Use smaller, rather than larger, sample sizes. Perform substantive tests as of an interim date. Select more effective substantive tests. Increase of tests of controls.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

44
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

44. CPAWhich of the following procedures would be generally performed when evaluating the accounts receivable balance in an engagement to review financial statements in accordance with Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services? a. b. c. d. Perform a reasonableness test of the balance by computing days' sales in receivables. Vouch a sample of subsequent cash receipts from customers. Confirm individually significant receivable balances with customers. Review subsequent bank statements for evidence of cash deposits.

Explanation Choice "a" is correct.

45
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

45. CPAIn which of the following circumstances would a covered member's independence be impaired with respect to a nonissuer client? a. The member is designated to serve as guardian of a friend's children if the need arises, and the friend's estate, which would be held in trust for the children, holds significant stock ownership in a client entity. b. The member's spouse qualifies because of geographical residence to belong to a client's credit union, and all transactions with the credit union are conducted under normal operating practices. c. The member owns municipal utility bonds issued by a client, and the bonds are not material to the member's wealth. d. The member belongs to a client golf club that requires members to acquire a share of the club's debt securities. Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

46
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

46. CPAAccording to the AICPA Statements on Standards for Attestation Engagements, a public accounting firm should establish quality control policies to provide assurance about which of the following matters related to agreed-upon procedures engagements? a. b. c. d. Use of the report is not restricted. The public accounting firm takes responsibility for the sufficiency of procedures. The practitioner is independent from the client and other specified parties. The practitioner sets the criteria to be used in the determination of findings.

Explanation Choice "c" is correct.

47
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

47. CPAA cooling-off period of how many years is required before a member of an issuer's audit engagement team may begin working for the registrant in a key position? a. b. c. d. One year. Two years. Three years. Four years.

Explanation Choice "a" is correct.

48
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

48. CPAA CPA is engaged to audit the financial statements of a nonissuer. After the audit begins, the client's management questions the extent of procedures and objects to the confirmation of certain contracts. The client asks the accountant to change the scope of the engagement from an audit to a review. Under these circumstances, the accountant should do each of the following, except: a. Issue an accountant's review report with a separate paragraph discussing the change in engagement scope. b. Consider the additional audit effort and cost required to complete the audit. c. Evaluate the possibility that financial statement information affected by the limitation on work to be performed may be incorrect or incomplete. d. Consider the reason given for the client's request and assess whether the request is reasonable. Explanation Choice "a" is correct.

49
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

49. CPAHart, CPA, is engaged to review the year 2 financial statements of Kell Co., a nonissuer. Previously, Hart audited Kell's year 1 financial statements and expressed a qualified opinion due to a scope limitation. Hart decides to include a separate paragraph in the year 2 review report because comparative financial statements are being presented for year 2 and year 1. This separate paragraph should indicate the: a. b. c. d. Substantive reasons for the prior-year's qualified opinion. Reason for changing the level of service from an audit to a review. Consistency of application of accounting principles between year 2 and year 1. Restriction on the distribution of the report for internal use only.

Explanation Choice "a" is correct.

50
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.

2012 AICPA Newly Released Questions Auditing

50. CPAWhich of the following statements is generally correct about the sample size in statistical sampling when testing internal controls? a. b. c. d. As the population size doubles, the sample size should increase by about 67%. The sample size is inversely proportional to the expected error rate. There is no relationship between the tolerable error rate and the sample size. The population size has little or no effect on the sample size.

Explanation Choice "d" is correct.

51
2012 DeVry/Becker Educational Development Corp. All rights reserved.