PRESENT SIMPLE Use: Form: INFINITIVE (I, You, We, You, They) INFINITIVE + s/es (He, She, It) The use of –s/-es: a) verbs ending in –y When

a verb ends in –y immediately preceded by a consonant, the –y is changed to –ie before the ending –s is added: to fly – he flies When a verb ends in –y immediately preceded by a vowel, the –y is not changed before the ending –s is added: to say – says b) verbs ending in –o When a verb ends in –o, the letter –e is added before the –s ending: to go – goes c) verbs ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –x, –z When a verb ends in –s, –ch, –sh, –x, –z, the letter –e is added before the –s ending: to pass – passes to watch – watches to push – pushes to fix – fixes to buzz – buzzes Signal words: every day, often, sometimes, usually, seldom, always, never, first… then I work. / I don’t work. / Do I work? He works. / He doesn’t work. / Does he work? thoughts and feelings: think, like, love, hate etc. states, things that are true for a long time repeated actions programmes, timetables with to promise, to agree in a negative question with why to make a suggestion: Why don't we go out?

no change is made before the ending –ing is added: to fly – flying c) one-syllable verbs ending in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel Except for the verbs ended in –w. preceded by a single vowel. the final consonant must be doubled before the ending –ing is added: to nod – nodding When a one-syllable verb ends in a single consonant preceded by 2 vowels.raining When a verb ends in –w. -x.PRESENT CONTINUOUS Use: continuing. the silent –e is dropped before the ending –ing is added: to close – closing When a verb ends in an –e which is not silent. -y. the –ie is changed to –y before the ending –ing is added: to die – dying When a verb ends in –y. which are taking place at the moment of speaking or writing future meaning: when you have already decided or arranged to do it (a fix plan.) + INFINITIVE + ing The use of –ing: a) verbs ending in a silent –e: When a verb ends in a silent –e. -y. date) Form: TO BE (conj. the final consonant is not doubled before the ending –ing is added: to fix – fixing d) verbs of more than one syllable which end in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel . when a one-syllable verb ends in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel. the final consonant is not doubled before the ending –ing is added: to rain . ongoing actions. the final –e is not dropped before the ending – ing is added: to be – being b) verbs ending in –ie: When a verb ends in –ie. -x.

the final consonant is not doubled before the ending –ing is added: to allow – allowing Signal words: now. the final consonant is doubled to form the present participle only when the last syllable of the verb is pronounced with the heaviest stress: to expel – expelling When a verb of more than one syllable ends in –w. Look! . -y preceded by a single vowel.When a verb of more than one syllable ends in a single consonant other than –w. at the moment. -x. -y. -x. Listen!.

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