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Food and Holidays Differences between Hungary and the USA in this sense 1) Food, eating habits and table manners • Table manners: Handling silverware (P)* ◊ Extensive use of the fork but not with the knife ◊ Not used hand rests in one’s lap on the napkin (P) ◊ Fork is used with its back up when it used with knife (P) Pizza is extremely popular: eaten for lunch (without silverware, with bare hands) (P) ◊ Lunch: pizza pr sandwich but not soup!! Apple pie (P) – very different from the H. one Regional food in the USA: ◊ Potato, sweet potato (cheep and common in the southern parts, here very expensive) (P) ◊ Grits – made of corn, a kind of corn mash (=? Polenta) (P) ◊ Grits with very different regional pronunciations: North: /grıəts/, South: /grıts/ short and closed ◊ Mexican food: e.g. salsa (P) – from the components of the ‘lecsó’ but very hot, with herbs ◊ South-West cooking = Mexican influence: tacos with cheese (P) ◊ Avocado – fruit but does not taste fruit, very rich, very nutritious ◊ Tortillas made of corn or wheat flour, similar to our ‘palacsinta’ but it is made by hands, and baked dry not in oil or fat(P) ◊ Tortilla chips (triangle shape) and different dips (P) ◊ Blue corn chips – blue corn from the southern California (P) ◊ Cactus green and cactus fruit can be eaten after peeling and cooking
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2) Holidays • Thanksgiving, celebrated in the family, has changed a lot over the time ◊ Turkey, sweet potato, potato, gravy, celery, … (P) ◊ Pres. G.W. Bush pictured as a waiter at a Thanksgiving party with the troops (P) ◊ Turkey producers take a turkey to the White House for Thanksgiving, but since Pres. Truman gave a Presidential Pardon to his turkey, this custom has been living on and each turkey has been pardoned. They have other turkeys at the White House! (Still the pardon lives on!) ◊ “Tofurkey” vegetarian turkey made of tofu – ready to use pre-packed dinner (P) ◊ “Tofurkey Essay Contest (P) to keep vegetarians busy and happy Easter – Easter Bunnies, Easter Eggs, but no Easter Monday! ◊ Kids dressed up as Easter Bunnies outside the White House (P) 1
*(P) = picture shown
g. so it’s a safer scary holiday “Quanzaa”(?) ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ Black people’s winter holiday at Christmas time (with Christmas and Hanukah elements) Sort of a black people’s Christmas It’s a created new holiday for black people E. he doesn’t look like Saint Nicolaus. or as many as they can find) Easter is like a second Christmas. went from house to house to collect sweets and other treats by saying: “trick or treat” ◊ Now. very popular ◊ Santa is totally secular. some parents don’t allow their kids to wander about in the streets in the dark for safety reasons ◊ Now adults have their parties. was originally a holiday for children. he doesn’t want to sit in the Bunny’s lap (no wonder) Christmas – one Christmas – no 2nd day of Chistmas ◊ Ms Clinton in the White House ◊ Disney Land: Christmas part ◊ The National Christmas Tree is delivered to the White House on a horse-drawn cart ◊ The well-known outfit of Santa comes from a Coca-Cola advertisement. etc. ◊ Children have “trunk or treat” instead of the old “trick or treat” in the parking lot at daylight (P). come to Hungary ◊ Now it’s a good excuse for having a party ◊ Americans are changing their Halloween ◊ H. the bishop Halloween – has changed a lot. in the streets (P) More and more important as a holiday Easter eggs on an Easter tree :( (P) not at all traditional – holidays are changing Easter Bunnies posing with kids for photo (P) – the kid is very unhappy. now torches inside (to avoid fire hazard) (P) ◊ Childr3en wore costumes. huge bunnies in costumes (like Santa at Christmas) in shops.2/3 ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ • “Easter Egg Hunting” – children search for the Easter eggs with little baskets (either one-foreach. a menorah like candle holder with seven different colour candles Coming together and singing together • • • Changing wedding traditions ◊ “Cake fight” at the reception (P) ◊ African American bride and groom wearing some beautiful white dresses with green embroidery resembling to their traditional folk motifs (P) ◊ Another very elegant couple wearing colourful wedding costumes (P) 2 *(P) = picture shown . since the 60s and 70s adult have had a party ◊ Traditional elements: pumpkin lamps – originally candles. wear costumes.
3/3 Anyone can choose any of the topics for their Pre-Thesis *(P) = picture shown 3 .