Latin legal maxims (A to Z) A A mensa et thoro - From bed and board.

A vinculo matrimonii - From the bond of matrimony. Ab extra - From outside. Ab initio - From the beginning. Absoluta sententia expositore non indiget - An absolute judgment needs no expositor. Abundans cautela non nocet - Abundant caution does no harm. Accessorium non ducit sed sequitur suum principale - An accessory does not draw, but follows its principal. Accessorius sequitur - One who is an accessory to the crime cannot be guilty of a more serious crime than the principal offender. Acta exteriora iudicant interiora secreta - Outward acts indicate the inward intent. Actio non accrevit infra sex annos - The action has not accrued within six years. Actio non datur non damnificato - An action is not given to one who is not injured. Actio personalis moritur cum persona - A personal action dies with the person. Actiones legis - Law suits. Actori incumbit onus probandi - The burden of proof lies on the plaintiff. Actus nemini facit injuriam - The act of the law does no one wrong. Actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea - The act does

not make one guilty unless there be a criminal intent. Actus reus - A guilty deed or act. Ad ea quae frequentius acciduunt jura adaptantur The laws are adapted to those cases which occur more frequently. Ad hoc - For this purpose. Ad infinitum - Forever, without limit, to infinity. Ad perpetuam rei memoriam - For a perpetual memorial of the matter. Ad quaestionem facti non respondent judices; ad quaestionem legis non respondent juratores - The judges do not answer to a question of fact; the jury do not answer to a question of Law. Aedificare in tuo proprio solo non licet quod alteri noceat - It is not lawful to build on one's own land what may be injurious to another. Aequitas legem sequitur - Equity follows the law. Aequitas nunquam contravenit legem - Equity never contradicts the law. Alibi - At another place, elsewhere. Alienatio rei praefertur juri accrescendi - Alienation is preferred by law rather than accumulation. Aliunde - From elsewhere, or, from a different source Allegans contraria non est audiendus - One making contradictory statements is not to be heard. Allegans suam turpitudinem non est audiendus - One alleging his own infamy is not to be heard. Allegatio contra factum non est admittenda - An allegation contrary to a deed is not to be heard.

mutual assent.The more favorable construction is to be placed on general or doubtful words.With an intention of making a will. Argumentum ad ignoratiam .A friend of the Court.An assignee is clothed with rights of his assignor. Ambiguitas verborum patens nulla verificatione excluditur .Before.With an intention of stealing.A patent ambiguity is never helped by averment.The King's Court. Arbor dum crescit.The laws of England are favorable in every case to liberty.Sincere. C Cadit quaestio . Audi alteram partem . Animo testandi . B Benignior sententia in verbis generalibus seu dubiis est preferenda . Argumentum ad hominem .It is the part of a good judge to enlarge his jurisdiction. Bona fide .An award is a judgment.A judicial writing does not fail through defect of form.The matter admits of no further argument.Hear the other side. Bonus judex secundum aequum et bonum judicat et aequitatem stricto juri praefert .An ambiguity is most strongly construed against the party using it. Aula regis . Argumentum ab impossibilii plurimum valet in lege An argument from impossibility is very strong in law. Assentio mentium .e. Animo furandi . Boni judicis est judicium sine dilatione mandare executioni . wood when it cannot grow. lignum cum crescere nescit .e. Boni judicis lites dirimere est . Argumentum ab auctoritate fortissimum est in lege An argument drawn from authority is the strongest in law.He gives (pays) twice who pays promptly. Annus luctus .A tree while it grows.e. remedial authority.The year of mourning. Arma in armatos sumere jura sinunt .Ambiguitas contra stipulatorem est . Boni judicis est ampliare jurisdictionem .It is the duty of a good judge to prevent litigation. in good faith Ante . . Arbitrium est judicium . of one's adversary).An argument based upon ignorance (i.The meeting of minds.The laws permit the taking up of arms against the armed.It is the duty of a good judge to cause execution to issue on a judgment without delay. Bis dat qui cito dat .A good judge decides according to justice and right and prefers equity to strict law.An argument directed a the person. ut currere solebat Water runs and ought to run. Bona vacantia . Assignatus utitur jure auctoris . Breve judiciale non cadit pro defectu formae .Goods without an owner Aqua currit et debet currere. i. i. Amicus curiae . Angliae jura in omni casu libertati dant favorem .

Cujus est dare. Corpus delicti . Caveat venditor .To the contrary.Other things being equal.A contract and agreement overcome the law. Casus fortuitus non est spectandus.A guardian of morals. et nemo tenetur divinare .A contract Crimen trahit personam . Causa proxima. Consensu .Body. Conventio privatorum non potest publico juri derogare .The custom of the place is to be observed.I have taken the body and have it ready. the last is to be confirmed.A human body is not susceptible of appraisement. Cum duo inter se pugnantia reperiuntur in testamentis ultimum ratum est .An agreement of private persons cannot derogate from public an act as it were against an act.Against good morals. Contra non valentem agere nulla currit praescriptio No prescription runs against a person not able to act. Contra bonos mores . Caveat emptor . Corpus humanum non recipit aestimationem .Unanimously or.Let the seller beware. Ceteris paribus . non remota spectatur . Consensus ad idem . Contra . Coram non judice . Cepi corpus et paratum habeo .A contemporaneous exposition is best and most powerful in law. Contemporanea expositio est optima et fortissima in lege .Before one who is not a judge.A fortuitous event is not to be foreseen and no person is bound to divine it. and not the remote cause is to be considered.The crime carries the person. Cepi corpus et est languidum . by general consent. i. Cujus est solum. ejus est disponere .The practice of the court is the law of the court. Custos morum .Let the purchaser beware.The body. Cursus curiae est lex curiae . and to its depth.Agreement as to the same things. Corpus .Crime vitiates every thing. Coram Domino Rege .Chattels are considered in law among the minor things.He who has a right to give has the right to dispose of the gift. . Crescente malitia crescere debet et poena . Crimen omnia ex se nata vitiat . Contractus est quasi actus contra actum . Consuetudo loci observanda est .The immediate. which springs from it. punishment ought also to increase.e.I have taken the body and the prisoner is sick. Catalla reputantur inter minima in lege .When two things repugnant to each other are found in a will. the gist of crime.Vice increasing. Cassetur billa (breve) .He who owns the soil owns it up to the sky. ejus est usque ad coelam.Let the writ be quashed. Conventio et modus vincunt legem . et ad inferos .In the presence of our Lord the King.

by right. but never die. solvendum in futuro . Debitum in praesenti.Ownership. De jure .The law does not notice trifling matters. De novo . Dona clandestina sunt semper suspiciosa Clandestine gifts are always suspicious. De futuro .The burden of the proof lies upon him who affirms. De die in diem . ideo parcatur The law favors dower.The onus of proving a fact rests upon the man.Debts follow the person of the debtor. Et cetera . Doti lex favet.Every man s house is his safest refuge. De bonis non administratis .Of goods not administered. De integro . Discretio est discernere per legem quid sit justum Discretion is to discern through law what is just.Doubting the correctness of the decision.Where there is a weak foundation.Starting afresh.An error not resisted is approved. it is the reward of chastity.Of goods carried away.Sunday is not a day in law. Dies Dominicus non est juridicus .Debt and contract are of no particular place.As regards the whole. Derivativa potestas non potest esse major primitiva The power which is derived cannot be greater than that from which it is derived.The laws sometimes sleep.damage without legal injury.A present debt is to be discharged in the future. Debile fundamentum fallit opus .A delegated authority cannot be again delegated. can make an heir. De minimis lex non curat .In the future.God alone.D Damnum sine injuria . not man. therefore let it be preserved. Dominium . E Ei incumbit probatio qui .From day to day. non qui negat . Error. De facto .Other things of that type. Debita sequuntur personam debitoria . De bonis asportatis . not he who denies. Duo non possunt in solido unam rem possidere Two cannot possess one thing each in entirety. Domus sua cuique est tutissimum refugium . Debitum et contractus sunt nullius loci . praemium pudoris est. non homo . Dubitante . nunquam moriuntur . Doli incapax . Dormiunt leges aliquando. Deus solus haeredem facere potest. Delegata potestas non potest delegari . . the work fails.A debtor is not presumed to make a gift. Ei incumbit probatio qui dicit.Incapable of crime. Debitor non praesumitur donare .Rightful. qui non resistitur approbatur .In fact.

An execution is the end and the fruit of the law.e. voluntary. Felonia implicatur in qualibet proditione . Ex turpi causa non oritur actio . Factum . Forma legalis forma essentialis est .Good faith is to be preserved. F Festinatio justitiae est noverca infortunii .From nothing nothing comes. Fides servanda est .That you cause to be made. Extra legem positus est civiliter mortuus . Ex concessis . Facultas probationum non est angustanda .The operation of law is firmer and more powerful than the will of man. Ex nudo pacto actio non oritur . fictio juris non est.No action arises on an immoral contract. Fatetur facinus qui judicium fugit .Out of kindness.He who flees judgment confesses his guilt.Legal form is essential form. Fictio cedit veritati.On the fact of it. Ex parte .A false description does not vitiate. Exceptio probat regulam .Execution of the law does no injury.Happy is he who has been able to understand the causes of things.Ex cathedra . Ex gratia .By reason of a subsequent act.Proceeding brought by one person in the absence of another.An exception proves the rule. Filiatio non potest probari .The custody of the law is stronger than that of man. an outlaw) is civilly dead. Fortior est custodia legis quam hominis . Faciendum .Filiation cannot be proved.) .In view of what has already been accepted/ Ex dolo malo actio non oritur .No action arises on a contract without a consideration. Felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas . Ex facie .A right of action cannot arise out of fraud.An act or deed.The right of offering proof is not to be narrowed. Ex nihilo nil fit . . Ex post facto . Falsa demonstratio non nocet . Fieri facias (abreviated fi.The hurrying of justice is the stepmother of misfortune. Executio legis non habet injuriam . Firmior et potentior est operatio legis quam dispositio hominis . Executio est executio juris secundum judicium Execution is the fulfillment of the law in accordance with the judgment. fa. Executio est finis et fructus legis . Where truth is. Ex praecedentibus et consequentibus optima fit interpretatio .One out of the pale of the law (i.Something which is to be done.Felony is implied in every treason.The best interpretation is made from things preceding and following. fiction of law does not exist. ubi veritas Fiction yields to truth.With official authority.

Things general do not derogate from things special.That is proved in vain which when proved is not relevant. Frustra probatur quod probatum non relevat . I Id est (i.It is more serious to hurt divine than temporal majesty. but a principal only. H Habeas corpus . Generalia specialibus non derogant .That you have the body.He is the lawful heir whom the marriage indicates. ignorance of law does not excuse.In high treason no one can be an accessory.Insanity prevents marriage from being contracted because consent is needed.It is the same to say nothing as not to say enough. nostrum esse dicitur .A general rule is to be generally understood. Haeres est nomen juris. the condition of the possessor is better.Ignorance of fact excuses.It is a fraud to conceal a fraud. person of the civil law.We have the best witness. one of nature. ignorantia juris non excusat . G Generale nihil certum implicat .Impossibility is an excuse in the law.Heir is a collective name.Vegetation which grows naturally without cultivation. Idem . specialia sequuntur . son. .The law does not regard a fraction of a day. Fraus est celare fraudem .Things general precede. sed principalis solum modo .Fraud is odious and is not to be presumed. Furor contrahi matrimonium non sinit. Fraus et jus nunquam cohabitant . In alta proditione nullus potest esse acessorius. filius est nomen naturae Heir is a term of law.The same person or thing. Haeres legitimus est quem nuptiae demonstrant .A general expression implies nothing certain. Homo vocabulum est naturae. Haeredem est nomen collectum .Fractionem diei non recipit lex . Impotentia excusat legem . Ignorantia facti excusat. Fraus est odiosa et non praesumenda . a confessing defendant.Fraud and justice never dwell together. Id quod commune est. persona juris civilis Man is a term of nature.A sovereignty within a sovereignty. In aequali jure melior est conditio possidentis When the parties have equal rights. Generalia praecedunt.That is. things special follow. Fructus naturales . Idem nihil dicere et insufficienter dicere est . quia consensus opus est . Impunitas semper ad deteriora invitat . Imperium in imperio . Habemus optimum testem confitentem reum .That which is common is said to be ours.e) . Generalis regula generaliter est intelligenda . Gravius est divinam quam temporalem laedere majestatem .Impunity always leads to greater crimes.

In situ . In republica maxime conservanda sunt jura belli . In curia domini regis.In the future. In limine .At the outset. In delicto . In loco parentis .At fault.In its place.In the delivery of writings (deeds).As a warning or deterrent. In omni re nascitur res quae ipsam rem exterminat In everything is born that which destroys the thing itself.In existence. but the thing and the meaning are to be inquired into.In the forum of conscience. sed quod gestum est.In the King s Court.In Anglia non est interregnum .In every respect. In esse .When the parties are equally in the wrong the condition of the possessor is better.A legal fiction is consistent with equity. In extenso . In verbis. non verba sed res et ratio quaerenda est In words. not words.In a State the laws of war are to be especially observed. In pari delicto potior est conditio possidentis . not .In wills we seek diligently the intention of the testator.Intention ought to be subservient to the laws. In re dubia magis inficiatio quam affirmatio intelligenda .In whatever thing one offends in that he is to be punished according to law.A wrong does not excuse a wrong.At full length. In traditionibus scriptorum non quod dictum est. In omnibus . In criminalibus probationes debent esse luce clariores . In testamentis plenius testatoris intentionem scrutamur .In a doubtful matter the negative is to be understood rather than the affirmative. not what is said but what is done is to be considered.In law not the remote but the proximate cause is looked at.In place of the parent. non leges intentioni .Marks. signs.In England there is no interregnum.In full. Intentio inservire debet legibus.Against the person. Indicia . the King himself in his own person dispenses justice. ipse in propria persona jura discernit . In fictione legis aequitas existit . In jure non remota causa sed proxima spectatur .In a dead hand. In camera . In futoro . In novo casu novum remedium apponendum est .In private.In a new case a new remedy is to be applied. inspicitur . Injuria non excusat injuriam . In terrorem . In pleno . In quo quis delinquit in eo de jure est puniendus .In a case of extreme necessity everything is common. In mortua manu . In casu extremae necessitatis omnia sunt communia . In personam . In foro conscientiae . on the threshold.In criminal cases the proofs ought to be cleared than the light.

An oath is indivisible and it is not to be held partly true and partly false. Jus . Interpretatio fienda est ut res magis valeat quam pereat . Interest reipublicase ut sit finis litium . Interim .It is in the interest of the State that men s last wills be sustained.the laws to the intention.Judges are not bound to explain the reason of their judgment.To swear is to call God to witness and is an act of divine worship. Jus accrescendi praefertur oneribus .To interpret and harmonize laws is the best method of interpretation.A judge cannon punish a wrong done to himself. Jura publica anteferenda privatis juribus .Amongst other things.The very words of a speaker. Juduces non tenentur exprimere causam sententiae suae . Inter alia .Public rights are to be preferred to private rights. Ipsissima verba .By that very fact. Judicium non debet esse illusorium. Interest reipublicae res judicatas non rescindi .The right of . Interest reipublicae ut quilibet re sua bene utatur . Juramentum est indivisibile et non est admittendum in parte verum et in parte falsum .The laws of nature are immutable.It is in the interest of the State that there be an end to litigation. Jura naturae sunt immutabilia .In war the laws are silent. Jurare est Deum in testem vocare. Interruptio multiplex non tollit praescriptionem semel obtentam . Ipso facto . Invito beneficium non datur . Judex non reddit plus quam quod petens ipse requirit . Judex est lex loquens . in the meanwhile. suum effectum habere debet .Faith must be given to later decisions. Judiciis posterioribus fides est adhibenda .Repeated interruption does not defeat a prescription once obtained. Iter arma leges silent . Interest reipublicae suprema hominum testamenta rata haberi .A judge is the law speaking.A judge cannot be witness in his own cause.A benefit is not conferred upon one against his consent. et est actus divini cultus .A right that is recognised in law. Judex non potest injuriam sibi datam punire .It is in the interest of the State that things adjudged be not rescinded.Anger is brief insanity. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata .A judge does not give more than the plaintiff himself demands. Interpretare et concordare leges legibus est optimus interpretandi modus .A judgment ought not to be illusory.Such a construction is to be made that the thing may have effect rather than it should fail.It is in the interest of the State that every one use properly his own property. it ought to have its proper effect.It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and the proofs. Ira furor brevis est . J Judex non potest esse testis in propira causa .Temporary.

Jus ad rem.To declare the law. Legibus sumptis desinentibus legibus naturae utendum est . Jus naturale .The throne is established by justice. Lex aliquando sequitur aequitatem .The law sometimes follows equity. not to make the law.The law does not arise from a mere injury. Lex non novit patrem. Jus est norma recti. Justitia est duplec. a right in a thing.The law is a sacred sanction. Lex nil frustra facit . .The law will give a remedy. severely punishing and in reality prohibiting (offences). Jusjurandum inter alios factum nec nocere nec prodesse debet . and whatever is contrary to a rule of right is an injury.The law cannot fail in dispensing justice. Jus scriptum aut non scriptum . Jus dicere. Lex non a rege est violanda . nec matrem.A right to a thing. solam veritatem .The law of necessity is the law of time. we must use the laws of nature. Lex citius tolerare vult privatum damnum quam publicum malum . that is time present. Lex necessitatis est lex temporis i.The law is a rule of right.Natural right is that which has the same force among all men. Lex non deficere potest in justitia exhibenda . Lex neminem cogit ad vana seu impossiblia .The law must not be violated even by the King. instantis . Lex non requirit verificari quod apparet curiae .Justice is two-fold.survivorship is preferred to incumbrances. Lex dabit remedium . commanding what is right and prohibiting the contrary.The law does not require that to be proved which is apparent to the Court.When laws imposed by the State fail. only the truth. Justitia firmatur solium .The law compels no one to do vain or impossible things.The law presumes that one neighbor knows the acts of another.The written law or the unwritten law. Jus naturale est quod apud omnes homines eandem habet potentiam . Lex indendit vicinum vicini facta scire .Natural justice. non jus dare . L Leges posteriores priores contrarias abrogant Subsequent laws repeal prior conflicting ones.The law does not know neither father nor mother. Justitia nemini neganda est . Lex est judicum tutissimus ductor . jus in re .The law is the safest guide for judges. Lex non oritur ex injuria . severe puniens et vere praeveniens .The law abhors delays. et quicquid est contra normam recti est injuria .Justice is to be denied to no one.The law does nothing in vain.An oath made between third parties ought neither to hurt nor profit. Lex est sanctio sancta jubens honesta et prohibens contraria .The law would rather tolerate a private injury than a public evil.e. Lex dilationes abhorret .

qui legem ipsam subvertere intendit .The law regards the order of nature. experience is the mistress of things.Better is the condition of the possessor where neither of the two has the right. under the shield of the law no one is deceived. Mandamus . Mala in se .Malice supplies age.He threatens the innocent who spares the guilty.The law punishes falsehood. contradictory and incongruous things.With evil intent. Malitia supplet aesatem . M Magister rerum usus.The people are the greatest master of error. Lex spectat naturae ordinem . Lex punit mendaciam .The greater contains the less.Long possession is the law of peace. Mens rea .The law rejects superfluous. Mala fide . Mala grammatica non vitiat chartam .Crimes prohibited. Lex rejicit superflua. Longa possessio est pacis jus .The law speaks to all through one mouth. Longa possessio parit jus possidendi et tollit actionem vero domino . never worse. Major continet in se minus .Long possession produces the right of possession and takes away from the true owner his action.Bad in themselves.Lex non favet delicatorum votis . .The law is the more praised when it is supported by reason. incongrua .In wills the intention of a testator is to be regarded.He justly loses the benefit of the law who seeks to infringe the law.Bad grammar does not vitiate a deed. Majus est delictum se ipsum occidere quam alium - It is a greater crime to kill one s self than another.Law is the safest helmet. Malo animo . Meliorem conditionem suam facere potest minor deteriorem nequaquam .A minor can make his position better. Lex prospicit not respicit . ubi jus est vagum aut incertum It is a miserable slavery where the law is vague or uncertain. Lex plus laudatur quando ratione probatur .In bad faith. magistra rerum experientia Use is the master of things. Mala prohibita . Maximus magister erroris populus est . Lex tutissima cassis. Lex succurrit ignoranti .The law looks forwared. Merito beneficium legis amittit. pugnatia. Melior testatoris in testamentis spectanda est . sub clypeo legis nemo decipitur .We command.To lie is to act against the mind. ubi neuter jus habet . Lex uno ore omnes alloquitur .The law does not favor the wishes of the dainty.The law succors the ignorant. Melior est conditio possidentis.Guilty state of mind. Mentiri est contra mentem ire . Misera est servitus. not backward. Minatur innocentibus qui parcit nocentibus .

Nemo plus juris transferre ad alium potest quam ipse habet . against the record.No one is bound to arm his adversary against himself.No one can be judge in his own case. Mors dicitur ultimum supplicium . Nemo punitur pro alieno delicto . Nemo admittendus est inhabilitare se ipsum . Nemo potest facere per alium. Nil facit error nominis cum de corpore constat . and particularly in the hour of death. Necessitas non habet legem . Nemo potest mutare consilium suum in alterius injuriam . Nemo tenetur accusare se ipsum nisi coram Deo . Necessitas publica est major quam privata .Death is called the extreme penalty. N Nam nemo haeres viventis . nisi coram Deo .No one can be twice punished for the same offence.Necessity has no law.An error of name makes not difference when it appears . Nemo tenetur armare adversarium contra se . Necessitas inducit privilegium quoad jura privata With respect to private rights necessity induces privilege.For no one is an heir of a living person. Muilta exercitatione facilius quam regulis percipies You will perceive many things more easily by experience than by rules. Nemo bis punitur pro eodem delicto . Negligentia semper habet infortuniam comitem Negligence always has misfortune for a companion.No one can transfer to another a larger Nemo potest contra recordum verificare per patriam . Nemo debet esse judex in propria causa . etiam justo pretio .No one can do through another what he cannot do himself. Naturae vis maxima est .No one is forbidden to make use of several defences.No one is bound to accuse himself except in the presence of God. quod per se non potest .right than he himself has.No one is bound to sell his own property.No one can at the same time be a tenant and a landlord (of the same tenement).No one can change his purpose to the injury of another.No man can contradict his own deed. Nemo contra factum suum venire potest . through a jury.No one should accuse himself except in the presence of God.Nothing inconvenient is lawful.The force of nature is the greatest. even for a just price.No one is allowed to incapacitate himself. Nemo prohibetur pluribus defensionibus uti .Public necessity is greater than private necessity. Nemo cogitur suam rem vendere. Nemo potest esse tenens et dominus . Nemo praesumitur esse immemor suae aeternae salutis et maxime in articulo mortis .No one can verify by the country. Nemo se accusare debet. Nexus .Connection Nihil quod est inconveniens est licitum .No one is presumed to be forgetful of his eternal welfare.No one is punished for the crime of another. that is.

Not right. Per curiam .What an attempt is.The offspring follows the mother. Omnia praesumuntur contra spoliatorem .from the body of the instrument.Wrongs against nature are the most serious.He is not deceived who knows that he is deceived. Non est arctius vinculum inter homines quam jusjurandum . facit stipitem . Peccata contra naturam sunt gravissima .The best interpreter of things is usage.Every innovation disturbs more by its novelty than it benefits by its utility. O Omne sacramentum debet esse de certa scientia Every oath ought to be of certain knowledge.An inconsistent statement. Par delictum .All crimes (committed) in the open are (considered) lighter.You shall not do evil that good may come of it. it does not follow Nullus commodum capere potest ex sua injuria propria .Unless Non compus mentis . Omnis innovatio plus novitate perturbat quam utilitate prodeat . Nullus recedat e curia cancellaria sine remedio . Optimus interpres rerum est usus .It is not certain Non decipitur qui scit se decipi .All things are presumed against a wrongdoer.Equal fault. Non sequitur . Partus sequitur ventrem . sed seisina.It is not his deed Non est informatus . Pendente lite nihil innovetur .By means of menaces or threats.No one should depart from a Court of Chancery without a remedy. Non definitur in jure quid sit conatus .It matters not what is known to the judge if it is not known judicially. Omnia delicta in aperto leviora sunt . but seisin makes a stock (from which the inheritance must descend). P Pacta privata juri publico non derogare possunt Private contracts cannot derogate from public law.On an equal footing. Per minas . is not defined in law.During litigation nothing should be changed. Nisi . Non est factum .The best interpreter of laws is custom. Pari passu .There is no stronger link among men than an oath. Non refert quid notum sit judici si notum non sit in forma judicii .He is not informed.The father is he whom the marriage points out.Not of sound mind and understanding Non constat . Pater est quem nuptiae demonstrant . Non facias malum ut inde veniat bonum . . Non jus.No one can derive an advantage from his own wrong. Optima legum interpres est consuetudo .In the opinion of the court.

Quidcquid plantatur solo.On the face of it. Qui tacet consentire videtur .After death. Pro tempore . an amount. to that extent.How much. Quod ab initio non valet. Quid pro quo . sticks to the bark.He who derives a benefit ought also to bear a burden. Quod necessarie intelligitur.Of public right. Post mortem . ille non dat . quoties de ejus commodo quaeritur .He who has not the power of alienating is under the necessity of retaining.He who does not disapprove. Qui non improbat. Prima impressionis . Quod constat curiae opere testium non indiget What appears to the Court needs not the help of witnesses.What is not valid in the beginning does not become valid by time. is considered as committing the thing.What does not appear.The question is raised.For the time being. Qui facit per alium.He who is prior in time is stronger in right. debet et sentire onus .So far.Consideration.For this occasion. pro jam nato habetur. Qui potest et debet vetare et non vetat jubet . Qui peccat ebrius. Qui prior est tempore potior est jure . Qui non prohibet quod prohibere potest assentire videtur . Pro tanto . belongs to the soil. . Publici juris . does not give. defendit . commands.He who does wrong when drunk must be punished when sober. is not. Prima facie .In proportion. approves.What is necessarily understood is not wanting. something for something. in tractu temporis non convalescit . Qui non habet. is in fault. Quod necessitas cogit. Qui non habet potestatem alienandi. Qui sentit commodum.He who stices to the letter. Pro rata . habet necessitatem retinendi .Whatever is planted in or affixed to the soil.He who is able and ought to forbit and does not.He who has not.He who is in the womb is considered as already born as far as his benefit is considered.On first impression. id non deest . solo cedit . Pro hac vice . Qui haeret in litera. Quod non apparet. Q Quaeitur . Quantum . non est .He who does not prohibit when he is able to prohibit.By reason of which. haeret in cortice . Qui non obstat quod obstare potest facere videtur He who does not prevent what he is able to prevent. facit per se . luat sobrius .He who acts through another acts himself.He who is silent appears to consent. Qui in utero est.Per quod .What necessity forces it justifies. approbat .

lex non requirit .It is always presumed in favor of marriage. Secus . then no exposition contrary to the expressed words is to be made.Matter. Se defendendo . Rex est major singulis.The King cannot do what is unjust.Knowingly. Re . Res judicata accipitur pro veritate .The King can do no wrong. Reprobata pecunia leberat solventem . Rex non potest peccare .The legal position is different. Rex nunquma moritur .Nobody s property. thing. circumstance. Rex non debet judicare sed secundum legem . Quod per me non possum.A thing adjudged is accepted for the truth. Quod non habet principium non habet finem .To write is to act. nec per alium . it is otherwise.What I cannot do through myself.Reason is the soul of the law. Res integra .The King ought not to judge but according to the law.In self defence. Quod vanum et inutile est. et quod prius est tempore potius est jure . ibi nulla expositio contra verba expressa fienda est . when the reason of the law changes the law also is changed. Scribere est agere .What has no beginning has no end.An interlocutory order can be revoked.When there is no ambiguity in words. minor universis . Sciens .Respondeat superior . Res . Rex quod injustum est facere non potest .Personal services follow the person.Things done. a final order cannot be. .Things done between strangers ought not to affect a third person.The King is greater than individuals.Knowingly.The law does not require what is vain and useless. definitiva non potest . R Ratio est legis anima.Let the principal answer.In the matter of. Res inter alios acta alteri nocere non debet . affair.The safety of the people is the supreme law. S Salus populi est suprema lex . Scienter .The King never dies. who is a stranger to the transaction. Semper praesumitur pro legitimatione puerorum Everything is presumed in favor of the legitimacy of children.What is first is more true.Money refused releases the debtor. Quoties in verbis nulla est ambiguitas. Servitia personalia sequuntur personam . and what is prior in time is stronger in law. less than all the people. Res nulis . Quod prius est verius est. Semper pro matriomonio praesumitur .That you cause to know. Res gestae . Sententia interlocutoria revocari potest. I cannot do through another. mutata legis ratione mutatur et lex .A matter untouched (by decision). Scire facias .

Sublato fundamento.So use your own as not to injure another s property.The words of deeds are accepted more strongly against the person offering them.Testaments ought to have the broadest interpretation. perveniat That punishment may come to a few.Under the name of.In silence. the effect ceases.Where there is a right there is a remedy. religion dictates.Solid ground. Summa ratio est quae pro religione facit .The suppression of the truth.Where there is no marriage.To stand by decisions (precedents).When there is the same reason.The last will of a testator is to be fulfilled according to his true intentio.Within limits. Sui generis . Sub silentio . let it stand.A simple recommendation does not bind.Words ought to .Sic utere tuo ut alienum non laedas . Subsequens matrimonium tollit peccatum praecedens .e. i. Verba debent intelligi cum effectu . Ultima voluntas testatoris est perimplenda secundum veram intentionem suam . Traditio loqui chartam facit . Testamenta latissimam interpretationem habere debent .The land passes with its burden. Terra firma . Sub nomine .A subsequent marriage removes the preceding wrong. T Talis qualis . Sublata causa. Ubi nullum matrimonium. the fear of it should affect all. non potest esse accessorius Where there is no principal. Suppressio veri . Stet . there can be no accessory. Ubi jus ibi remedium est . there is no dower. Sub modo .Delivery makes a deed speak. the structure falls.The highest reason is that which makes for religion. metus ad omnes. Stare decisis . then the law is the same.What is useful is not vitiated by the useless. Ut poena ad paucos. Simplex commendatio non obligat . V Verba chartarum fortius accipiuntur contra preferentem . U Ubi eadem ratio ibi idem jus.A suppression of truth is equivalent to an expression of falsehood. cadit opus . and the same judgment should be rendered as to similar things. ibi nulla dos es .Do not delete.Unique.The cause being removed. Suggestio falsi . Transit terra cum onere .The suggestion of something which is untrue. Suppressio veri expressio falsi . et de similibus idem est judicium . Utile per inutile non vitiatur .Such as it is.The foundation being removed. tollitur effectus . Ubi non est principalis.

Vir et uxor consentur in lege una persona .With the force and arms. solo cedit What is built on the land is to be regarded as having become part of the land.In offences the intent and not the result is looked at. Vide . accusare nemo se debet nisi coram Deo No one is bound to accuse himself except to God. Cujus est solum ejus est usque ad coelum Whose is the soil. not upon him who denies.Word by word. Contemporanea exposito est optima et fortissima in lege The best way to construe a document is to read it as it would have read when made. not the understood with effect. Volenti non fit injuria .See.The will is taken for the deed. Cujus est dare ejus est disponere He who gives anything can also direct how the gift is to be used. debent inservire Words ought to serve the intention. Audi alteram partem Hear the other side. Consuetudo est altera lex A custom has the force of law. Volens . Aequitas sequitur legem Equity follows the law. Clausulae inconsuetae semper inducunt suspicionem. Actus curiae neminem gravabit An act of the Court shall prejudice no one.e.The laws serve the vigilant. intention may be inferred from a person's actions..Willing. . non e contra. Absoluta sententia expositore non indiget When you have plain words capable of only one interpretation. Adversus extraneos vitiosa possessio prodesse solet Prior possession is a good title of ownership against all who cannot show a better. Visitationem commendamus .An injury is not done to one consenting to it. Verbatim . no explanation of them is required. Accusare nemo se debet.We recommend a visitation.The other way around. his is also that which is above it. Vice versa . Contra preferentum If the words in a contract are ambiguous the contract should be interpreted against the one who wrote the words. Vi et armis . Ambulatoria est voluntas defuncti usque ad vitae supremum exitum The will of a deceased person is ambulatory [revocable] until the last moment of life. not those who sleep. Affirmanti non neganti incumbit probatio The burden of proof is upon him who affirms. Vigilantibus non dormientibus jura subveniunt . De minimis non curat lex The law does not concern itself with trifles. exactly. Acta exteriora indicant interiora secreta External actions show internal secrets. Aedificatum solo. Unusual clauses always excite suspicion. Voluntas reputatur pro facto . Fiat justitia ruat caelum Let justice be done though the heavens fall A verbis legis non est recedendum You must not vary the words of a statute.The old way is the safe way.A husband and wife are regarded in law as one person. i. Abundans cautela non nocet There is no harm done by great caution. Voluntas in delictis non exitus spectatur . Verba intentioni. Via antiqua via est tuta .

Non aliter a significatione verborum recedi oportet quam cum manifestum est aliud sensisse testatorem There should be no departure from the ordinary meaning of words except where it appears that the testator meant something different. Fractionem diei non recipit lex The law does not recognize any fraction of a day. Fraus omnia vitiat Fraud vitiates everything. No right of action arises from a contract entered into without consideration. Noscitur a sociis The meaning of a word can be gathered from the context. Interpretatio chartarum benigne facienda est ut res magis valeat quam pereat The construction of deeds is to be made liberally. unless and until someone else can prove a better title. Delegatus non potest delegare A delegate cannot delegate. Ignorantia juris quod quisque scire tenetur non excusat Ignorance of the law. quod per se non potest No one can do through another what he cannot do himself. eodem modo dissolvitur What has been effected by agreement can be undone by agreement.Debitor non praesumitur donare A debtor is not presumed to give. Nemo debet esse judex in propria causa No one can be judge in his own cause. Expedit reipublicae ut finis sit litium It is in the public interest that the decision of cases should be final. est exclusio alterius The express mention of one person or thing is the exclusion of another. does not constitute an excuse. Generalia specialibus non derogant General things do not derogate from special things. Eodem modo quo oritur. Injuria non excusat injuriam One wrong does not justify another. Nemo contra factum suum proprium venire potest No one can go against his own deed. Frustra legis auxilium quaerit qui in legem comittit He who offends against the law vainly seeks the help of the law. Dona clandestina sunt semper suspiciosa Clandestine gifts are always to be regarded with suspicion. Domus sua cuique est tutissimum refugium To everyone his house is his surest refuge. Lex non requirit verificari quod apparet curiae The law does not require verification of that which is apparent to the Court. Mala grammatica non vitiat chartam Bad grammar does not vitiate a deed. Nemo dat quod non habit. Non videntur qui errant consentire Those who are mistaken are not deemed to consent. Nemo agit in seipsum No one can take proceedings against himself. so that the thing may survive rather than perish. Ex maleficio non oritur contractus A contract cannot arise out of an illegal act. Ex turpi causa non oritur actio An illegal contract cannot be enforced. which everybody is supposed to know. Expressio unius personae vel rei. In pari causa potior est condition possidentis Everyone may keep what he has got. Ex nudo pacto non oritur actio. Nemo potest facere per alium. One cannot grant what one does not have. Impotentia excusat legem Impossibility of performance of a legal obligation is a good excuse. . Nemo tenetur ad impossibile No one is required to do what is impossible. Ex dolo malo non oritur actio No right of action can have its origin in fraud.

Ultra vires Without authority. the typical remedy is to get a higher level judicial body. the remedy is certiorari.e. . Qui facit per alium facit per se He who acts through another is deemed to act in person. Sic utere tuo ut alienum non laedas So use your property as not to injure your neighbour's. Res inter alios acta alteri nocere non debet A transaction between others does not prejudice one who was not a party to it. If the decision has already been made. to assess and rule on it. i. A decision which is beyond the powers or authority of the person or organization which took it. When a decision is thought to be ultra vires. Volenti non fit injuria That to which a man consents cannot be considered an injury.Omnia praesumuntur rite et solemniter esse acta All acts are presumed to have been done rightly and regularly. If the decision is anticipated. a principal is liable for the acts of his agent. such as a Court. Rex non potest peccare The King can do no wrong. Qui prior est tempore potior est jure He who is first in time has the strongest claim in law.. the remedy is prohibition Verba chartarum fortius accipiuntur contra proferentem The words of deeds are to be interpreted most strongly against him who uses them.

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