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FEBRUARY 2013 VOL. 44 NO.

A PUBLICATION OF THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION


GST# R127612802

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Easing ADHD without meds Colds and cognition What makes a therapist good?

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President Donald N. Bersoff, PhD, JD President-elect Nadine J. Kaslow, PhD Chief Executive Officer Norman B. Anderson, PhD Monitor on Psychology staff Executive Editor Rhea K. Farberman Editor Sara Martin Consulting Editor Kim I. Mills Senior Editors Sadie F. Dingfelder Lea Winerman Senior Art Director Malcolm McGaughy

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The Monitor on Psychology (ISSN-1529-4978) is the magazine of the Amer ic an Psy cho log i cal Association (APA) and is published 11 times per yearJanuary, February, March, April, May, June, July/August combined, September, October, November, December. Publications office, headquarters and editorial offices are at 750 First St., N.E., Wash ing ton, DC 20002-4242. APA purchases only first publication rights for photos and illustrations. There fore, it cannot grant permission to reuse any illustrative material. APA holds the copy right for text material in Monitor on Psychology articles. Per mis sion requests to re pro duce text ma te ri al should be ad dressed to APA, Per mis sions Office, at the APA address. Telephone num bers: Head quar ters (202) 336-5500; TDD (202) 336-6123; Dis play ad ver tis ing (202) 336-5714; Clas si fied advertising (202) 336-5564; and Sub scrip tions (202) 336-5600. The views expressed in the Monitor on Psychology are those of the authors and may not reflect the official policies or positions of the American Psychological Association or the Monitor on Psychology. No endorsement of those views should be inferred unless specifically identified as the official policy or position of the American Psychological Association. The publication of any advertisement by APA is an endorsement neither of the advertiser nor of the product. APA en dors es equal employment op por tu ni ty prac tic es, and we reserve the right to edit all copy and to refuse ads that are not in con so nance with the principles of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Subscription to the Monitor on Psychology ($6) is included in the annual dues and fees for all APA members and student affiliates. Individual subscription rate is $50; individual surface rate is $103; and individual airmail rate is $131. Institutional subscription rate is $93; institutional surface rate is $195; and institutional airmail rate is $223. Single copies are $20 each. For $16 extra, the Monitor on Psychology will be mailed first-class to subscribers in the United States, Canada and Mexico. For $75 extra, airmail is available to foreign subscribers (other than Canada and Mexico). Periodical postage is paid at Washington, DC, and at additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Monitor on Psychology Subscriptions Department, 750 First St., N.E., Washington, DC 200024242. CANADA SUBSCRIPTIONS: Canada Post Agreement Number 40036331. Send change of address information and blocks of undeliverable copies to PO Box 1051, Fort Erie, ON L2A 6C7. Printed in the United States of Amer i ca. 2013 by APA. Address editorial in quir ies to the Monitor on Psychology ed i tor, and ad vertising and subscription inquiries to Monitor on Psychology/ advertising or Monitor on Psychology/subscriptions. 2

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M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

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Letters
Childhood obesity Thank you for the informative article on childhood obesity (Big Kids, December Monitor). Like so many of us who work with people who have eating disorders, I was heartened by the recognition and new thinking about causes of and treatments for obesity. Thus it was beyond puzzling to read the quote from Gary Foster, PhD, of the Center for Obesity Research at Temple University: Obesity isnt a mental health condition. You wont find it in the DSM-5. Obesity is a physiological syndrome that is socio-cultural, familial and individual in its motivations. And its resolution involves socio-cultural, familial and individual decisions. It took decades for the government to agree that smoking kills, and to go after the tobacco companies. Will it take decades to legislate against the donut, candy, snack and soda companies who consistently put profits above childrens health?
CAMAY WOODALL, PHD Towson, Md.

former? And why do New York legislators know any better about what is in my best interest as an individual? The argument will be made, of course, that such public health measures are targeted at children, whose welfare psychologists (as well as the state) must protect. But this is nonsensical. If the goal was truly preventing childhood obesity (while leaving the preferences of adults unfettered), laws would specifically target children who purchase sugary drinks (as do laws restricting the sale of tobacco and alcohol). The fact that such bans prohibit soda sales of certain sizes to anyone shows that New York lawmakers have little respect for individual rights and self-determination.
SEAN C. RIFE Kent State University

2010; Burgard, 2009, for overviews). HAES emphasizes improving nutrition and enjoying food, and also the joy of movement. HAES clinicians strive to end bias against fat people and underscore the fact that we cannot tell peoples health or fitness level just from looking at them. Health is defined as physical, emotional and spiritual well-being, and HAES clinicians focus on everyone appreciating their bodies and their appearance. HAES practitioners deemphasize weight and dieting, and argue that because diets dont work in the long run, we are doing people a disservice by promoting such failure experiences.
ESTHER ROTHBLUM, PHD San Diego State University

This letter was co-signed by 87 others. Click here to see the full list. Please send letters to smartin@apa.org or Sara Martin, Monitor editor. Letters should be no more than 250 words and may be edited for space and clarity.

Among others, the December Big Kids article detailed the work of Dr. Kelly Brownell, giving attention to his support of soda bans in New York City and similar measures. I am increasingly troubled by our fields attitude toward this type of legislation. In particular, I wonder, how can a discipline that prides itself on respect for individual autonomy (a core component of the APA Ethics Code) support such blatant infringements on the right of individuals to make decisions about their own lives? Is it not possible that some of us seek the hedonic value of a sugary drink more than a fit physique or extended lifespan, and are willing to trade the latter for the
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We are shocked and disappointed to see the cover image and cover story of the December issue of the APA Monitor on preventing obesity. We deplore the depiction of fat boys (on page 6 and pages 5859) shown at the swimming pool looking miserable. Fat people are told to exercise, but when they do, they are ridiculed. This is particularly offensive since body fat aids in flotation, and so fat children and adults have a natural buoyancy that helps them stay afloat. It is ironic that so much of the Monitor article focuses on increasing fitness and exercise for children when the message in the photos is that these very children will be uncomfortable when they do participate in sports.We support the Health at Every Size (HAES) movement, a public health initiative that focuses on health for all people, regardless of body weight (see Bacon, 2010; Bacon & Aphramor,

M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

Presidents
COLUMN

Helping people after the unthinkable


BY DR. DONALD N. BERSOFF APA PRESIDENT

Last year was fraught with a number of major disasters, from wildfires in 13 states, flooding from Hurricane Isaac and Tropical Storm Debby as well as tragic shootings in a Colorado movie theater and a Wisconsin temple. Then, toward the end of 2012, two more tragedies shook our country: the Newtown, Conn., school shooting and Superstorm Sandy. Psychologists
from across the country have worked tirelessly to respond to these horrific events, in a variety of ways, such as directly with the families most deeply affected or by talking in communities about ways to make sense of tragedy. Even as we continue to grapple with these events, I am pleased to report that the APA family can be proud of what our association has done to support those affected. One of our most important efforts is APAs Disaster Response Network (DRN), which is prepared to respond immediately to tragedies and disasters. The network is composed of licensed psychologists with training in disaster mental health who offer volunteer assistance to workers and survivors, primarily through the associations 20-year partnership with the American Red Cross. The DRN program distributes information and updates from the American Red Cross on response and recruitment needs during disasters to the DRN state coordinators nationwide. Coordinators in turn distribute this information to participants in the DRN program within their state psychological associations. If there is a need for disaster mental health support, DRN members respond locally through their Red Cross chapter and, on occasion, for large scale national incidents, may travel to and assist in relief operations. In the aftermath of Sandy, more than 60 psychologists from across the United States traveled to New York and New Jersey to volunteer in relief operations, in addition to the more than 150 psychologists living in those two states who volunteered. In Newtown, APA worked with the Connecticut Psychological Association to disseminate resources and to support their psychologist responders. The local Red Cross chapter was on hand to respond with approximately 27 volunteer disaster mental health professionals, including psychologists. For disasters, APAs DRN distributes resources to APA members and the public on ways to help people manage their stress and help their children. APA has a wealth of information
F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y

on our Psychology Help Center website and Your Mind, Your Body blog. In addition, the association posts information to social media channels such as Facebook and Twitter. For example, in the wake of the Connecticut school shooting, the APA article Helping your children manage distress in the aftermath of a shooting was viewed by more than 4 million people. APA also responded to journalists inquiries nationwide, connecting them with psychologists for interviews. Many APA members including DRN and Public Education Campaign members gave interviews in their communities and shared tips for helping people manage their distress. Psychologists were the sources for scores of newspaper articles and broadcast media reports, including in USA Today, The New York Times, The Washington Post, NPR and NBC. APA has also sought to ameliorate the financial consequences for its members and affiliates who live or work in communities affected by Superstorm Sandy. Members in areas that have been declared federal disaster areas and suffered a specific personal loss due to Sandy have the option to reduce their 2013 dues based on hardship. Members who qualify should contact APAs Service Center at (800) 374-2721, ext. 5580, or email APA at membership@apa.org. If affected members have already paid their 2013 dues, they may request a refund of the difference between their APA dues and the hardship dues rate of $79. There are no perfect solutions, but its clear we owe a debt of gratitude to the members of APAs Disaster Response Network who volunteer at disaster sites, train other professionals in disaster mental health, and provide expertise in the development psychological resources for the public that are often used by the American Red Cross, the media and other organizations. As APAs president, it is my honor and privilege to thank those who gave of their time and expertise in this endeavor. n
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Contents

Sexual hookups
15 20 22 34
A friend to psychology Former APA President Patrick H. DeLeon pays tribute to Sen. Daniel Inouye, a friend of psychology. School psychologist killed in Connecticut A tribute to Mary J. Sherlach, one of the 27 people killed in the Newtown, Conn., tragedy. Detained Teens whove spent time in the juvenile justice system have higher rates of psychiatric disorders, new research finds. Colds and cognition Studies offer fresh insights on the cognitive effects of colds and why some people may be more susceptible to them.

With more emerging adults having casual sex, researchers are exploring psychological consequences of such encounters. Earn 1 CE point for this article. 60

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Easing ADHD without meds Psychologists are using research-backed behavioral interventions that effectively treat children with ADHD. The therapist effect A group of psychotherapy experts is working to delineate the characteristics that make some psychologists more effective than others. Register now for psychologys regional meetings Here are highlights, dates and locations for each of psychologys regional meetings. APA board and committee election results Congratulations to the members who were elected to APAs boards and committees in this falls election.

www.facebook.com/American PsychologicalAssociation

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d e n i a t e
30 38 60

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Detained

QUESTIONNAIRE Outsmarting con artists Stanford University psychologist Laura Carstensen has co-founded a research center aimed at preventing catastrophic incidents of financial fraud. SCIENCE WATCH Interesting results: Can they be repeated? In the wake of scandal, psychologists are encouraging more data sharing and replication studies. CE CORNER Sex and the emerging adult With more emerging adults having casual sex, researchers are exploring psychological consequences of such encounters. NEW JOURNALS AND NEW JOURNAL EDITORS A door opener Michael Roberts aims to create a strong evidence base for supervisors as the new editor of Training and Education in Professional Psychology. Recognizing the needs of a growing population The new Journal of Latina/o Psychology will address social justice, advocacy and policy related to Latinos and improve the training of psychologists who work with them. AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION Committed to kids well-being APF Koppitz grantees are advancing child development research in such areas as autism and sickle cell disease. Grants and opportunities

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The therapist effect
Upfront 10  Psychologists add caveat to blind conformity research 11  Could Alzheimers disease be a kind of diet-induced diabetes? 12  Help APA recognize graduate departments that are culturally diverse 12  Free video on the benefits of electronic health records 13  Guidelines for psychological practice with men and boys 14  APA publications recognized for excellence 14 Nominate candidates for APA treasurer

70 71 72 76 8 1

Departments 4 Letters 5 Presidents column 9 From the CEO 13 By the Numbers 16 In Brief 26 Random Sample 28 Judicial Notebook 42 Science Directions 58 Public Interest 68 Division Spotlight 79 Personalities

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extra digital content

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NEW RELEASES
from the American Psychological Association
APA Handbook of Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality
Volume 1. Context, Theory, and Research Volume 2. An Applied Psychology of Religion and Spirituality Editor in Chief Kenneth I. Pargament
Series: APA Handbooks in Psychology

Neuropsychological Assessment and Intervention for Youth


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FROM THE

CEO

Can the next mass shooting be prevented?


BY DR. NORMAN B. ANDERSON APA CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

Like so many Americans, APA members were horrified by the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting in Newtown, Conn. As psychologists, we were saddened to be confronted once again with the negative effects of our nations fragmented and under-resourced mental health system. APA took a number of actions immediately following the shooting to
lend the expertise of our discipline to a community and a nation reeling with grief. These included providing APA experts to local, national and international media, delivering information about trauma and recovery to the public via the APA website and social media platforms and supporting the Disaster Response Network volunteers in Connecticut who responded to the Newtown community. (See Presidents Column, page 5.) But as Newtown and the nation move through shock and grief, we are also grappling with the question of what to do now. How can the next mass shooting be prevented? Our discipline has a critical role to play in answering that question. I have assembled a central office strategic response team to focus on an issue psychology can uniquely address: the prediction and prevention of violence. This working group, comprising senior staff from APAs four directorates, as well as our publishing, government relations and public communications offices, will work with a small number of APA members with expertise in violence assessment and prevention. The team will plan the associations next steps concerning our communications and advocacy. This work will undoubtedly touch on additional issues including the inadequacy of our current mental health care system with its limited access to treatment and the stigma associated with mental illness, and the need for more mental health professionals, as well as appropriately trained police, justice system officials and other public safety professionals. While there are limits to the answers we have, psychological science has much to say about predicting and preventing violence. The goal will be to share the best available science with policymakers, the news media, other health professionals, community leaders and the public. That strategy will include four components: outreach to the Obama administration, communications to Congress, including tracking and
F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y

influencing bills that are proposed in response to the shooting, sharing information with the news media and other public education activities including social media, and keeping APA members informed of these ongoing activities.

While there are limits to the answers we have, psychological science has much to say about predicting and preventing violence. The goal will be to share the best available science with policymakers, the news media, other health professionals, community leaders and the public.
News reports are suggesting a link between Adam Lanzas playing violent video games and his murderous rampage. While we may never know what motivated Lanza it was probably a complex set of factors APA is in the process (work begun before the Sandy Hook shooting) of reviewing its 2005 policy on violent video games to consider research published since the policy was adopted. Myth-busting will be an important component of our communications plan. We will also call for more crossdisciplinary and complex analysis of the antecedents of violent behavior. We will use our well-established federal advocacy program to share information with legislators and call for additional funding for behavioral research. My hope is that psychology can help the nation turn our heartbreak over Newtown, Aurora, Colo., Tucson, Ariz., and other mass shootings into science-based solutions. APA, with the assistance of our members in their roles as researchers, practitioners, disaster response volunteers, media spokespeople and advisors to public officials and policy groups, is actively engaged in finding those solutions. n
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Upfront
W2 Photography/Corbis

Psychologists add caveat to blind conformity research


Two iconic sets of research Stanley Milgrams 1960s obedience to authority studies and Philip Zimbardos 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment highlighted the unsavory reality that people can be prodded into harming others. Milgram found that participants were willing to administer apparently lethal electric shocks in the context of a scientific experiment, while Zimbardo demonstrated that some people assigned to the role of prison guard ended up treating prisoners brutally. Are we all doomed to carry out evil deeds robotically under the right circumstances? Not necessarily, say psychologists S. Alexander Haslam, PhD, of the University of Queensland, and Stephen D. Reicher, PhD, of the University of St. Andrews. In a November essay in PLOS Biology, they offer evidence from history, from Zimbardos and Milgrams work, and from their own research showing that people who tend to follow authority arent sheep or robots, but rather people who enthusiastically identify with a groups or leaders agenda. We have this model of evil as a slippery slope, as something we fall carelessly into, says Haslam. But theres plenty of evidence that many people dont go along with paradigms they dont believe in, and that when people do commit harmful actions in a group context, its because they strongly identify with the cause. A historical example is Adolf Eichmann, a chief organizer of the Holocaust who is often touted as the exemplar of a bland bureaucrat following orders. But historical texts show he was highly creative, elaborating many of the practical details of the
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final solution himself. Whats more, Eichmann expressed no regret during his trial, justifying his decision to send millions of Jews and others to their deaths because he believed it would build a better Germany. Similarly, a closer look at the Milgram and Zimbardo studies suggests that many participants dont fit the mold of blind conformist. Not all the guards in Zimbardos study treated prisoners badly, and those who did were unusually ingenious in responding to Zimbardos initial suggestion that they could create feelings in the prisoners, such as boredom or fear. In Milgrams studies, many subjects refused to deliver the highest level of shock allowed, and many obeyed the experimenter only when he justified their actions in terms of benefiting science and even then, they were torn. Newer studies are starting to add empirical teeth to these observations. Haslam and Reicher conducted a version of the Stanford Prison Experiment televised by the British Broadcasting Service in 2002, showing that participants didnt automatically conform to their assigned roles and only acted in line with group membership if they identified with the group. Theyre conducting other related studies now, as well. These new perspectives suggest the need for more research questioning the notion that evil is always banal, Haslam says. Its important we keep examining this issue because the debate is germane to some central issues in psychology the nature of group influence, processes and dynamics and the role of the individual in those domains.
TORI DeANGELIS
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Could Alzheimers disease be a kind of diet-induced diabetes?


Possibly, according to work by neuropathologist Suzanne M. de la Monte, MD, of Brown University and other researchers. In fact, de la Monte and her team have dubbed Alzheimers Type 3 diabetes. In Type 2 diabetes, the bodys cells stop taking in glucose from the bloodstream, either because the pancreas stops creating enough insulin or cells start ignoring insulins repeated requests for them to pick up glucose the latter a condition known as insulin resistance. With Type 3 diabetes, says de la Monte, the problem is insulin resistance in the brain. In a paper published in Current Alzheimer Research, de la Monte reviews the growing body of evidence suggesting that Alzheimers is fundamentally a metabolic disease in which the brains ability to use glucose and produce energy is impaired. In one study, for example, de la Monte and her colleagues found that blocking insulins path to the brain resulted in Alzheimers-like neurodegeneration in rats. Alarmingly, she adds, the drug they used to block insulin in the experiment resembles the nitrites found in many processed foods. High-fat diets exacerbate the neurodegeneration brought on by nitrites, she says. Age-adjusted trends in Alzheimers and Type 2 diabetes prevalence are similar, de la Monte points out. And because genetic forms of Alzheimers represent the minority of cases, she says, the rapid rise in its prevalence suggests an exposure model of disease. The evidence, she writes, suggests that Alzheimers is a metabolic disease with virtually all of the features of diabetes mellitus, but largely confined to the brain. The findings underscore the importance of psychologists helping clients ditch the junk food and get off the couch, says psychologist Margaret Gatz, PhD, whose own research has found diabetes to be a significant risk factor for Alzheimers. We know that if people observe good habits with respect to diet and exercise, it can make a difference in their risk of diabetes and in turn for their risk of dementia, says Gatz, a professor of psychology, gerontology and preventive medicine at the University of Southern California. Thats another reason psychologists should absolutely be encouraging good health behaviors and helping people make lifestyle changes.
F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y

While Gatz agrees with the premise of the new research, shes not 100 percent behind the name Type 3 diabetes. I wouldnt want diabetes to be the only focus, says Gatz. After all, researchers are exploring many other risk and protective factors for Alzheimers, including intellectual and social stimulation. Says Gatz, We know that cholesterol, physical exercise and a panoply of other behavior changes could also affect the risk of dementia in later life.
REBECCA A. CLAY

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Upfront
Help APA recognize graduate departments that are culturally diverse
As America moves rapidly toward a society in which non-Hispanic whites will be the minority population, psychology needs to do more to ensure that its workforce is prepared for our nations burgeoning diversity. Toward that end, 2013 APA President Donald Bersoff, PhD, JD, has created an award to recognize graduate departments that successfully recruit and graduate strong numbers of doctoral students who are U.S. residents and arenative to or from families native to other cultures and countries, including students from the Middle East, Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. My hope for this awards program is that it will not only recognize exemplary programs, but also create a means for programs to learn from each other about how to attract and retain students from other countries and current minority groups, says Bersoff. A working group chaired by former APA Governance Affairs at APA (nmoore@apa.org). Nomination President Melba J.T. Vasquez, PhD, will oversee the program. The letters should describe the programs efforts to recruit and working group, its members appointed by the APA governing retain a diverse class of doctoral students and its success or boards for science, practice, education and public interest, lessons learned in those efforts. n will create the criteria for the award and will select the award winners. The Free video on the benefits of electronic health records specific award criteria will With the focus of health-care be announced on the APA reform on integrated service presidents homepage (www. delivery, it is more important than apa.org/about/governance/ ever for psychologists to be active president) no later than Feb. 1. participants in the whole health Nominations, including of their patients. Electronic health self-nominations, are invited records (EHRs) enable content from departments with a from all health-care providers to be clinical or research focus or shared as needed across practice both. Three departments settings, which facilitates more will be recognized, each integrated care. with a $2,500 award. APAs Practice Directorate has Winning departments will created a video to introduce psychologists to basic terminology related to be announced at APAs EHRs, dispel common myths about EHR systems and underscore the benefits 2013 Annual Convention in for psychologists of using the systems in their professional practices. Hawaii. Letters of nomination To watch the video, go to www.apapracticecentral.org/ should be submitted no later update/2012/11-29/electronic-records.aspx. than April 1 to Nancy Moore, PhD, Executive Director,
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By the numbers

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Guidelines for psychological practice with men and boys
APA developed Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Girls and Women in response to a variety of concerns including that for years, mental health research had only been conducted by men and with male subjects, says Lynn Bufka, PhD, APAs assistant executive director of practice research and policy. Gender bias in psychological practice was first documented in 1975, and the guidelines highlighted ways in which these biases affect women. In 2005, APAs Board of Directors provided discretionary funds to support a planning meeting for the development of practice guidelines for working with boys and men. From there, Div. 51 (Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity) provided support for a task force to develop guidelines that reflected the growing body of research and practice evidence on working with boys and men that could substantially improve the delivery of services to this population. The task force created a 160-page draft of practice guidelines, which cover a range of issues, including male challenges in seeking help, risk-taking behavior, and institutional biases, says Frederic E. Rabinowitz, PhD, who chairs the group. The draft was submitted for formal review in accordance with policy to APAs Board of Professional Affairs and Committee on Professional Practice and Standards. All APA boards and committees, divisions, state, provincial and territorial associations and members of the public will have an opportunity to provide comments and input on the revised draft.These comments will be incorporated into a final draft by the task force in advance of final review by APAs Board of Directors and Council.
EVE GLICKSMAN
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The percentage of primary-care visits that include discussions of stress reduction, according to an article in the November Archives of Internal Medicine. Thats less often than counseling on nutrition, physical activity and weight, which the researchers found occur 17 percent, 12 percent and 6 percent of the time, respectively.

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Number of countries that formed a global alliance to fight child sexual abuse by identifying and helping victims, prosecuting offenders and reducing the availability of child pornography online, according to a joint declaration at the December conference in Brussels for the Global Alliance Against Child Abuse Online.

2 times

How much higher the mortality rate is for light smokers those who average one cigarette per day than non-smokers, according to an October study in The Lancet.

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5 to7hours
How many more hours most telecommuters work per week than employees who work exclusively in the office, according to a June 2012 study in Monthly Labor Review.

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Upfront
APA publications recognized for excellence
The American Library Associations Choice This handbook presents the pros and magazine has named three APA cons of the addiction syndrome model, publications an electronic which views all addictions as different database, a nonfiction book expressions of the same underlying and an addiction handbook issue, says Trish Mathis, a senior Outstanding Academic Titles. In reference development editor at APA. addition, the Jenkins Group and Its a pretty revolutionary idea in the Independent Publisher magazine field. The handbook compiles research honored the APA Magination Press and the expert viewpoints of more graphic novel Chillax! with its Gold than 90 contributors and is geared Medal Moonbeam Childrens Book toward a broad audience. Award. Chillax! This educational The award winners are: comic book about anger is the PsycTHERAPY, a video database first graphic novel published by of psychotherapy demonstrations Magination Press, APAs publisher of developed for current and aspiring childrens books. The novel, aimed mental health practitioners. The at children ages 9 to 13, tells the database contains hundreds of story of a boy struggling to control streaming videos that can be searched, his anger. The books lessons are played, saved and studied. Professors evidence-based and can be used by and students can save clips to playlists to parents, teachers and counselors. discuss with their classes. The videos are Its a real trick to get scientifically also being used in continuing education. supported guidance packaged in a Its an interactive resource with many way that kids want to read it, and uses in education and training, says Ed it can be helpful to them, says Kristine Enderle, Magination Meidenbauer, APAs director of video media. Presss director. Cop Watch: Spectators, Social Media, and Police ANNA MILLER Reform, by Hans Toch, PhD. Social psychologist Hans Toch, PhD, has studied Nominate candidates for APA treasurer criminal justice for more than 50 years. The Board of Directors is seeking nominations for the position But Judy Nemes, the editorial manager of of APA Treasurer for the 201417 term. APA Books, says its his writing style in APAs treasurer serves as senior financial officer of the addition to his expertise that makes Cop association and performs such duties as signing checks and Watch, a short historical analysis of citizendrafts on behalf of the association; delivering an audited report police interactions, so readable. Toch uses for each fiscal year to APAs Finance Committee and Board of a combination of wit and humanity thats Directors; and chairing the APA Finance Committee. unusual in social science writing, she says. Nominations must be received by March 15. Any member The book draws from Tochs research and of the association is eligible for nomination. Final nominees observations of police-citizen interactions from will be selected by the Board of Directors. The election ballot the 1960s to today to show how crowds shape will be electronically sent on July 1 to all voting members of police practice, how the relationship between the 2013 Council of Representatives with a 30-day balloting citizens and the police force has changed over period. time and how racial profiling remains a driving Please send nominations to Jennifer F. Kelly, PhD, Atlanta and destructive force. Center for Behavioral Medicine, 2325 Log Cabin Drive, Suite APA Addiction Syndrome Handbook, 105, Atlanta, GA 30080, email jfkphd@aol.com. edited by Howard J. Shaffer, PhD, with Debi A. LaPlante, PhD, and Sarah E. Nelson, PhD.
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An appreciation for a friend of psychology


BY DR. PATRICK H. DELEON
ith the passing of Sen. Daniel K. Inouye, psychology lost a true friend. The second longest serving Senator in our nations history, he represented Hawaii since statehood in 1959. He would often remark that he might have been a good psychologist. His deep wisdom, acute observation and discerning judgment of people would indeed have made him an excellent clinician. He was proud that several of his close friends, including the daughter of his mentor, former Hawaii Gov. John A. Burns, had chosen our profession. Colleagues Patricia Zell, PhD, Connie Chan, PhD, Ruby Takanishi, PhD, and Debra Dunivin, PhD, served with him. Sen. Inouye was a fierce fighter for what he believed in the right of all Americans to have necessary health care, higher education, meaningful employment and a fulfilling quality of life. He was the champion, at times alone, for many of psychologys fundamental values ethnic-minority fellowships, American Indians into Psychology, ensuring that clients have access to the all-important psychosocialcultural-economic gradient of care (i.e., psychological services) and the pressing needs of rural America. The human side of the military was always foremost Sen. Inouye with Bono in 2011. in his mind: establishing the military family support program, facilitating all disciplines serving to the fullest extent of their training (prescriptive authority) and being Obamas landmark Patient Protection and Affordable Care promoted to the highest level. Act. During the Clinton administration he arranged for thenNever forgetting his roots, he established visionary APA President Frank Farley, PhD, to meet with the First Lady programs for Native Hawaiians and always willing to work to discuss the critical importance of psychology. Over the years accross the aisle for good causes for Alaskan Natives. The he sponsored nearly all of APAs legislative agendas, and those American Indian museum in Washington, D.C., pays tribute of nursing, pharmacy and social work. As Dr. Chan eloquently to his amazing successes. Throughout his illustrious career, reflects: I was honored to work in his office one summer as an children and families remained one of his highest priorities; APA MFP Congressional intern. He was always an advocate for he established the pediatric-EMS program and the Office of psychology and for psychological treatment and services. He Adolescent Health. Children are much more than little adults was one of the most informed legislators on health policy issues having unique needs and strengths, Sen. Inouye said. in the country. He will be missed. Aloha. n On the national scene, he provided much-needed leadership at critical times: the infamous 1968 Chicago Democratic Former APA President Patrick H. DeLeon, PhD, JD, worked convention, Watergate and Iran-Contra; and passionately for Sen. Inouye for nearly 40 years and retired as his chief of reminded our nation immediately after 9/11 of the lessons staff in 2011.
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Sen. Daniel K. Inouye:


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we must learn from the inexcusable World War II JapaneseAmerican internment hysteria. A Medal of Honor recipient, he was one of the first elected officials to speak out against the war in Vietnam, changing his earlier position. He could have been the vice presidential candidate with Hubert Humphrey but appreciated the nation was not ready for such a monumental statement. We have since made significant progress in race relations. He was proud to have voted for the original civil rights legislation, Medicare and Medicaid, and recently President

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Snapshots of some of the latest peer-reviewed research within psychology and related fields.

1985 to 2009, scientists found that children born between 1980 and 1994 used painkillers such as vicodin, valium and oxycontin 40 percent more often than any other age group. This trend existed for both genders and across all racial and ethnic groups. The increasing availability of these drugs from parents medicine cabinets may have been to blame, the researchers say. (Journal of Adolescent Health, online Oct. 16) n Good parenting is more important to preventing teen drug use than good schools, according to a study conducted by scientists at North Carolina State University, Brigham Young University and Pennsylvania State University. The researchers evaluated data from a nationally representative study that collected social capital information about adult investment in children at home and school factors such as parent-child bonds and teacherstudent relationships and drug and alcohol use from more than 10,000 students and their parents, teachers and school administrators. They found that students with high levels of family social capital and low levels of school social capital were less likely to use marijuana or alcohol than students with high levels of school social capital but low family social capital. (Journal of Drug Issues, online Nov. 8) n People are more motivated to perform mundane tasks if they think theyre getting a variety of rewards, according to research led by a scientist at the University of Southern California. Across six experiments with 737 people, researchers tested the effects of different,

arbitrary categories of rewards for example, prizes of equal value in different colored boxes on peoples motivation to complete a task such as transcribing a typewritten text or alphabetizing pictures of fruit. People who got to choose two rewards from different categories worked longer and harder on the task than those who could choose the same number of non-categorized rewards. (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, online Nov. 26) n Being a good partner may make you a better parent, according to research from the University of Bristol. Looking at 125 couples with children ages 7 to 8, the study examined the way the couples were attached to each other, the parenting styles they used with their children and their capacity to tune in to their partners needs. The researchers found that the same set of skills underpins caregiving across different types of relationships, and for both mothers and fathers. Surprisingly, the researchers found that how the subjects cared for their partners did not relate to how their partners behaved as parents. (Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, online Dec. 6) n In both rich and poor countries, the average persons happiness is based on a combination of individual wealth, possessions and optimism, according to an analysis of a new Gallup World Poll led by a University of Illinois psychologist. Based on responses from more than 800,000 people in 135 countries from 2005 to 2011, researchers found that higher income does lead

An increasing availability of prescription drugs from parents medicine cabinets may contribute to teen abuse of painkillers.

n The rate of prescription painkiller abuse among American teenagers is 40 percent higher than in previous generations, and it is now the second most common type of illegal drug use after marijuana, according to University of Colorado Denver researchers. In an analysis of data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health from
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to happiness but that it depends on peoples ability to be optimistic, not have high aspirations and be able to afford more. (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, online Oct. 29) n Black women who were abused as children are more likely to experience adult-onset asthma compared with black women who experienced no child abuse, according to a Boston University study. Researchers followed more than 28,000 black women from 1995 to 2011 and found that the incidence of adult-onset asthma was more than 20 percent higher among women who had been abused as children. There was little evidence, however, that abuse during adolescence was associated with a greater risk for adult-onset asthma. (Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, online Dec. 7) n The way we read words changes as we age, according to a study from the University of Leicester in England. The researchers used eye-tracking software to measure the eye movements of younger and older adults to determine how well they read blurry or sharp lines of text. They found that people ages 18 to 30 more easily read text with fine visual detail, whereas adults over 65 found it more difficult. However, the older adult group found it easier to read more blurred text, and they comprehended all the text as accurately as the younger readers findings that support the view that older adults use different reading strategies than younger adults and that they rely more on holistic cues than individual letters. (Psychology and Aging, online Oct. 15)

The incidence of adult-onset asthma was more than 20 percent higher among black women who had been abused as children compared with peers, a study finds.

n Fetuses yawn in the womb, according to ultrasound scans of 15 healthy fetuses, completed at Durham and Lancaster Universities. The study distinguished yawning from non-yawn mouth opening based on the duration of the mouth opening and classified more than half of the mouth openings in the study as yawns. While the function and importance of yawning are still

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unknown, the studys findings suggest that yawning could relate to central nervous system maturation. (PLoS ONE, Nov. 21) For direct links to these journal articles, click on the journal names.

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n Adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder commit fewer crimes when on medication, according to a study conducted at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. Researchers studied data from more than 25,000 people with ADHD over a four-year period and found that the incidence of criminal behavior was lower among those taking Adderall, Ritalin and other anti-ADHD medication. Additionally, individual participants were 32 percent less likely to commit a crime when taking drugs than when on a break from medication. (New England Journal of Medicine, Nov. 22) n Even moderate drinking in pregnancy can affect a childs IQ, finds a study led by researchers from the universities of Bristol and Oxford. More than 4,000 women in the United Kingdom provided information about their alcohol intake during pregnancy. Their childrens IQ was tested at age 8. The researchers found that four variations in alcohol-metabolizing genes in the children were strongly related to lower IQ: On average, a childs IQ was almost two points lower for each of the four genetic variants they had. This effect, however, was seen only among children of women who were moderate drinkers consuming one to six drinks a week during pregnancy. There was no effect evident among children whose mothers abstained during pregnancy; heavy drinkers were not included in the study. (PLoS ONE, Nov. 14) n People identify symptoms of depression more readily in women than men, according to research conducted at the University of Westminster. In the study, the researcher

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Just 45 minutes of exercise a week increases life expenctancy, a major study finds.

n Even a little exercise can go a long way toward extending life, regardless of weight, find National Cancer Institute researchers. They analyzed data on more than 650,000 adults age 40 and older who were followed for about 10 years. They found that people who walked briskly or engaged in some
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other physical activity for 45 minutes a week half the recommended amount gained nearly two years in life expectancy compared with inactive people. Those who exercised even more gained up to four and a half years of life. (PLoS Medicine, November)

M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

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presented 1,218 participants recruited via direct approach in public locations in three cities in Britain with descriptions of one of two fictitious subjects, Kate and Jack, who both reported identical symptoms of major depression. Participants were then asked to identify whether Kate or Jack suffered a mental health disorder, and how likely they would be to recommend that the subject seek professional help. Both men and women were equally likely to classify Kate as having a mental health disorder, but men were less likely than women to indicate that Jack suffered from depression. Respondents, particularly men, rated Kates case as significantly more distressing, difficult to treat and deserving of sympathy than they did Jacks case. (PLoS ONE, Nov. 14) n Men born without a sense of smell find fewer sexual partners than other men, and women with the same disorder feel more insecure in their relationships, according to a study led by a psychologist at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden. While smelling men reported an average of nine sexual partners over their lifetime, men born without a sense of smell a condition known as anosmia reported having three. Anosmic women reported no fewer partners than controls, but they reported being more insecure in their relationships. Lacking a sense of smell may cause people to miss important social cues, resulting in relationship difficulties, the researchers suggest. (Biological Psychology, online Nov. 22) n Older people tend to miss cues that a person is not trustworthy, finds a study

Men born without a sense of smell had three sexual partners compared with nine for men who could smell, a study finds.

led by psychologists at the University of California, Los Angeles. Researchers asked 119 older adults, ages 55 to 84, and 24 younger adults between the ages of 20 and 42 to rate people in photographs as trustworthy, neutral or untrustworthy. Older adults were equally proficient at identifying people judged to be trustworthy or neutral but much more likely to miss signs of those who may be untrustworthy such as insincere smiles, averted gazes and postures that leaned away rather than toward the camera and to view suspiciouslooking people as approachable. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, online Oct. 24) n Brain changes in children who have sustained a concussion persist for months after the symptoms of the injury are gone, finds a study from the University of New Mexico.

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Researchers conducted cognitive testing and used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine the brains of 15 children who had recently experienced a concussion and 15 unaffected children. Immediately after their accidents, children with concussions showed subtle cognitive deficits and disruptions in brain connectivity compared with their healthy counterparts. During a follow-up visit four months later, DTI revealed that the structural changes to the brain remained, even after cognitive deficits had improved. (The Journal of Neuroscience, Dec. 12)
AMY NOVOTNEY

For direct links to these journal articles, click on the journal names.

F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y

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Remembering Mary Sherlach


Friends and colleagues reflect on the life of the school psychologist who died while defending her students.
BY S A DI E DI NG FELDER

chool psychologist Mary psychologist in Danbury, Conn. Sherlach was in a conference Where she was needed thats with the Sandy Hook where she was. Elementary School principal That includes the school and the mother of a secondparking lot, where Sherlach spent grade student when they heard many mornings to soothe the the staccato sounds of automatic fears of one anxious little girl who gunfire. We were there for about refused to get out of her mothers five minutes chatting and we heard, car. The mother would call Mary pop pop pop, occupational on the phone and Mary would therapist Diane Day told the Wall put her coat on and go out to the Street Journal. Sherlach and the parking lot, Rodrigues recalls. principal confronted the shooter She would say, I know how in the hallway, where he gunned scared you are, but you are being them down before going on to kill so brave right now; I am so proud another four staff members and 20 of you . She always knew the elementary school children. They right thing to say. didnt think twice, about running Whether children were upset Mary Sherlach was killed on Dec. 14 in the Newtown, toward the sound of gunfire to about the loss of a pet or their Conn., shootings. protect the children, Day said. parents divorce, Sherlach always Sherlach will always be remembered as a hero for her actions gave them her full attention, Rodrigues recalls. She really knew on that tragic day, but what many people dont know is that she how to make them feel heard. Instead of sitting at her desk, was a hero throughout her two decades as a school psychologist, Sherlach would kneel down to their level or sit on a low chair. says Bob Lichtenstein, PhD, Sherlachs former supervisor at Sherlach was such a great listener, teachers often came to her her first psychology job, at New Haven, Conn., public schools. with their frustrations as well, Rodrigues says. She never took Every day that Ive known her, she has done everything in sides or spoke negatively about anyone. She was always that her power to take care of children, in ways large and small, neutral, objective person that everyone knew they could trust, Lichtenstein says. says Rodrigues. That was a huge lesson for me. Sandy Rodrigues, who interned with Sherlach at Sandy Anyone who was lucky enough to have Sherlach as a Hook for six months in 2011, agrees. mentor came away from the experience inspired, adds Frances She didnt draw the line anywhere in terms of where Aponte, president of the Connecticut Association of School her work started and finished, says Rodrigues, now a school Psychologists. She was full of knowledge and always helpful,
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Courtesy of the Sherlach family

and so generous with her time, Aponte says. Its a great loss she was an inspiration to so many people. A generous mentor, colleague and mother Sherlach majored in psychology an undergraduate at SUNY Cortland, where she graduated cum laude in 1978. She was a much better student than I was, recalls her husband, Bill Sherlach, who met her at a winter formal. The two married soon after graduation. Sherlach knew she would join a helping profession, her husband recalls, but she didnt want to go directly to graduate school until she had decided which one was right for her. Before taking time off to have children Mary worked as a rehabilitation assistant in a psychiatric facility and a psychology assistant at a group home with disabled adults. She considered social work, but ultimately decided to become a school psychologist because it allowed her to work with children and take summers off to spend time with her own, Bill Sherlach says. So, after Mary had her second daughter, she enrolled at Southern Connecticut State University, where she received a school psychology masters degree in 1990 and a professional certificate in 1992. Scherlach landed her first job as a school psychologist with New Haven public schools, and during her interview, she struck me as bright, kind and caring, Lichtenstein recalls. His hunch turned out to be correct, he says. She is remembered fondly by the entire school staff; I was sad to see her move to points west. Sherlach loved her job, especially when she got to work directly with children, her husband says. She was convinced that this is what she was meant to do, Bill Sherlach says. When she made a breakthrough with a particularly tough kid, she came home so happy, he says. Sherlach also enjoyed her summers off, which she spent on Lake Owasco, in New York. She spent hours working in the garden or rocking in the hammock, watching the play of light on the lake. That home has been in her family for a long time, and she was looking forward to spending more time there, Bill Sherlach says. Mary Sherlach hoped to retire within the next few years, says her husband, but she didnt want to leave school psychology altogether. She hoped to find a part-time position as a school psychologist, working a few hours a week, her husband says. She mostly worked with boys and she called them my little boys, since she had two girls of her own, Bill Sherlach says. Mary Sherlach was extremely proud of her two daughters, says Rodrigues. Maura, 28, works as a chorus teacher and lives with her husband in Deptford, N.J., and Katy, 25, is working toward a PhD in chemistry at Georgetown University. Marys office was filled with pictures of her family, Rodrigues recalls. She was a phenomenal mom, Bill Sherlach says. Shes left a big hole in our lives.
F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y

The role of school psychologists Mary Sherlachs tragic death has also left a hole in the lives of the Sandy Hook shooting survivors, Lichtenstein says. Had she lived, she would be helping the students, staff and families grapple with their shock and grief. Her selfless commitment to the safety of her students made her one of the casualties in one of the most lethal mass shootings in U.S. history, he says. In her role as school psychologist, she probably would have helped draft her schools crisis planning, where schools map out how they will respond to various emergencies, Lichtenstein adds. These plans typically identify the roles of various staff members, describe evacuation and lockdown procedures, provide for access to emergency numbers and supplies, and plan for communication with parents, Lichtenstein says. In Connecticut, we were really ahead of the curve in terms of making these plans and having crisis drills, he says. This is a tragic, stark reminder that there is only so much you can do in the context of the current social and political environment. School psychologists also play an important role in preventing school violence, adds Shane Jimerson, PhD, the president of APAs Div. 16 (School). Research shows that the best way to prevent school violence is to create a community where children trust their teachers and administrators and let them know when fellow students appear to be sad, struggling or isolated, he says. Research indicates that the students most at risk for violence are often those most alienated from the school community, he notes. One of the most effective ways to prevent school violence is to reach out to these students and integrate them into a caring community, he says. What doesnt work is making schools into fortresses, Jimerson adds. A determined person can get past almost any barrier, he says. School violence prevention doesnt start when a shooter is in the parking lot. That was the central message of a statement released Dec. 19 that was endorsed by Div. 16 and nearly 400 other mental health organizations, leading school psychologists and researchers. To make children safe everywhere, we as a country must reduce childrens exposure to violence in the media, increase access to mental health care and reduce the availability of lethal weapons to people who are unwilling or unable to use them in a responsible, lawful manner, the statement says. The goal of the statement, says Sue Swearer, PhD, Div. 16 secretary, is to communicate what researchers have found actually works to prevent violence, and to emphasize that schools are largely very safe. In many cases, children are safer at schools than in their own homes, she says. n

To find out what APA is doing in response to the Newtown, Conn., shooting, read From the CEO, page 9.

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Teens whove spent time in the juvenile justice system have higher rates of psychiatric disorders, new research finds.
BY TORI D e ANG ELI S

ntil now, no one has documented on a large scale what happens to the mental health of young people who have been in the juvenile justice system. A study in the Oct. 1 Archives of General Psychiatry fills that gap. The results are sobering: More than 45 percent of young men and 30 percent of young women had one or more psychiatric disorders five years after detention, generally representing much higher rates of disorders than in the overall youth population. For instance, 20 percent of males in the study had substance use disorder, compared with 7 percent in the National Comorbidity Survey, the authors found. The most prevalent conditions at five years were substance use disorders and disruptive behavior disorders, particularly among non-Hispanic white males, the data also show. The study, headed by social psychologist Linda A. Teplin, PhD, of the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, is the first large-scale, longitudinal study to examine mental health issues in this population. Her team, including psychologist Karen M. Abram, PhD, interviewed 1,829 randomly selected young people when they were first arrested and detained in Cook County, Ill., from 1995 to 1998. The article reports on subsequent interviews between three and five years post-detention, with up to four follow-up interviews per participant. The study provides critical information about a high-need, underserved group, says Melodee Hanes, acting administrator at the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, which funded the project along with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and a consortium of other federal
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F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y

d for e e n e h t e ues rscor s e d is n t u n s e r g e in f the dif The find o t d e r o have il a o t h s w e e ic l v p r se ung peo o y g in tem. t s n y s e ic t s confro nile ju e v u j e h t been in

agencies and private foundations. This research highlights the importance of screening to identify the kids in the system who have mental health and substance use issues, connecting them to appropriate treatment, and ensuring services continue even after they return to their communities, Hanes says. Other key findings include: African-Americans had much lower rates of substance use disorders than non-Hispanic whites. The finding adds to data dispelling stereotypes that African-American youth have the

highest rates of drug abuse among youth, and leads to questions about why they are disproportionally incarcerated, says Teplin. At five years, young men were more likely to have substance use disorders than young women, who had higher rates of depression. At five years, Hispanics were more than twice as likely to have an anxiety disorder than non-Hispanic whites and almost four times more likely to have panic disorder than AfricanAmericans. Non-Hispanic whites had the highest rates of disruptive behavior disorder as they got older, again challenging stereotypes that AfricanAmerican youth are more likely to act out AP A P RA CT ICE ORG A N IZATI O N than other ethnic groups, says Teplin. COLLEGE OF PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY The findings underscore the need for services tailored to the different issues confronting young people who have been in the juvenile justice system, says Psychopharmacology Teplin. In particular, young men need Examination for Psychologists more treatment options, as they make (PEP) up 85 percent of youth in correctional facilities but often lack adequate An examination designed for use by services. We have done a great job psychology licensing authorities to implement developing special programs for girls, laws permitting the prescribing of psychotropic but now we need to focus on the boys, medications by quali ed psychologists she says. For psychologist Scott Henggelar, Secure and con dential banking of PEP scores PhD, who directs the Family Services for quali ed graduates of postdoctoral Research Center at the Medical University psychopharmacology educational programs of South Carolina, that treatment would ideally take place in community rather Psychopharmacology training programs may than in residential settings. Data show use the PEP to ful ll exit requirements the best interventions for juvenile offenders are family-based, rehabilitative in nature and use behavioral intervention 750 First Street, NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242 techniques within the youths natural Phone: (202) 336-6100 Fax: (202) 336-5797 environment, he says. n E-mail: apapocollege@apa.org
Website: apapracticecentral.org

Tori DeAngelis is a writer in Syracuse, N.Y.


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Palo Alto Universitys Center for the Study and Treatment of Anxious Youth
rue to its mission to reducing suffering tations and publications under his belt. His and improving lives through educaseminal 2002 text titled Clinical Practice tion and research anchored in psychology, of Cognitive Therapy with Children and clinical training and practice in a diversity Adolescents continues to be a best seller of cultures, PAU demonstrates its comfor Guilford Publications. His clinical backmitment to children through its Center for ground includes completion of a post-docthe Study and Treatment of Anxious Youth. toral fellowship at the Center for Cognitive Gracing the helm of CSTAY is Dr. Robert Therapy in Newport Beach, California, and Friedberg, whose distinguished career and Dr. Robert Friedberg a year as an Invited Extra-Mural Scholar at important contributions to the world of clinthe prestigious Beck Institute for Cognitive ical psychology lend themselves to CSTAYs reputation Therapy and Research where he remains as supervising as an elite educational opportunity for doctoral psychol- faculty. He is Board Certified in Cognitive Behavioral ogy students. Therapy (ABPP) and a Founding Fellow of the Academy CSTAY provides outpatient individual, family, group of Cognitive Therapy. cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to anxious children In addition to his distinguished academic background, ages 5-17 and their families, in addition to conducting Dr. Friedberg has been licensed to practice clinical psyresearch on childhood anxiety and cognitive behavior- chology in four states (including California, Pennsylvania, al therapy outcomes. Employing the cognitive therapy Ohio and Indiana). Immediately prior to joining the PAU model pioneered by Aaron T. Beck, MD, winner of the faculty in 2011, Dr. Friedberg was on faculty at the Penn Lasker Prize in Medicine, CSTAY adapts the Beck meth- State University Milton Hershey Medical Center/College od to the developmental needs of children. This modu- of Medicine where he directed the Cognitive Behavioral lar approach integrates the scientific rigor of empirical Clinic for Children and the Postdoctoral Psychology Trainstudies with clinical flexibility and sensitivity to individ- ing Program. He also established a successful CBT clinic for ually address childrens contexts. children at Wright State University School of Professional Robert D. Friedberg, Ph.D., ABPP is a recognized Psychology. Dr. Friedberg teaches a variety of courses in national and international leader in applying Becks Cog- the Ph.D. Program at PAU as well as in the Pacific Graduate nitive Therapy to anxious children with over 125 presen- School of Psychology-Stanford Psy.D Consortium.

Palo Alto University 1791 Arastradero Road, Palo Alto CA 94304 800-818-6136 Fax 650-433-3888 admissions@paloaltou.edu www.paloaltou.edu
Accredited by the American Psychological Association and the Western Association of Schools and Colleges

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Jennifer Teramoto Pedrotti, PhD


Her job: Pedrotti is associate professor of psychology and child development at California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo, Calif. She teaches several courses, including multicultural psychology, positive psychology, introduction to clinical and counseling psychology, and research methods. No complaints: I really love my job, says Pedrotti, who earned her PhD in counseling psychology at the University of Kansas in 2003. I get to teach, read and write and interact with students. She is particularly passionate about promoting multicultural issues in her classes as well as on the wider campus by serving on various faculty committees that advocate for diversity and inclusivity. I try to get the point across that culture matters and makes us who we are, she says. My goal is to help students recognize that their worldview is not the only one. To me, thats one of the main points of a university education. On sabbatical: During the last quarter, Pedrotti has been on sabbatical from teaching to co-edit a book on the intersection of multiculturalism and positive psychology. Im enjoying it because I have more time to think, she says. In my day-to-day life, with all the different pieces of my job, its hard to carve out that time to sit still. She is also using her newfound time to write a paper on teaching undergraduate multicultural psychology in ways that affect student change.
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Member since: 1998

Professor, multicultural advocate and mindful mom of three.

Family time: She and her husband, Brian, are also in the thick of parenting their three children: Ben, 6, Cate, 4 and Chloe, almost 2. I spend a lot of time at ballet class and soccer games, and doing family hikes and walks on the beach which is just five minutes away. She and her husband keep their relationship strong by meeting for lunch most days of the week and being members of a local wine club. When she just needs some time for herself, Pedrotti, who swam competitively as a child, swims laps at her local pool, usually twice a week. It really makes me feel strong.

How does she find balance? By taking a mindful approach. Ive always known about mindfulness, but until I had kids, I dont think I really got it. Children help you to realize that you have to be in the moment, especially with them, or the cloud that looks like an alligator will shift and youll no longer be able to see it.
SARA MARTIN

Each month, Random Sample profiles an APA member. You may be next.

M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

PERSONALITY DISORDERS AND THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY


THIRD EDITION Edited by Thomas A. Widiger and Paul T. Costa, Jr.
Since the second edition of this authoritative text was published in 2002, the research base supporting the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality disorder has more than quadrupled. As a result, the vast majority of this volume is new. This book explains how personality disorders can be understood from the perspective of the FFM, the most heavily researched and empirically supported dimensional model of general personality structure. The chapters summarize the conceptual and empirical support for the FFM, including the dimensional description of specific personality disorders and the application of the model for assessment and treatment. Case studies are also provided. The volume is an essential reference for clinicians, researchers, and graduate students who work with personality disorders. No other currently published text is as fully informed or as closely coordinated with the likely forthcoming DSM-5 personality disorder nomenclature. 2013. 496 pages. Harrdcover.
List: $89.95 | APA Member/Afliate: $59.95 | ISBN 978-1-4338-1166-1 | Item # 4317287

CONTENTS:
1. Personality Disorders and the Five Factor Model: Rationale for the Third Edition | I. Conceptual and Empirical Background | 2. Introduction to the Empirical and Theoretical Status of the Five-Factor Model of Personality Traits | 3. On the Valid Description of Personality Dysfunction | 4. Childhood Antecedents of Personality Disorder: A Five Factor Model Perspective | 5. Universality of the Five-Factor Model of Personality | 6. Five Factor Model Personality Disorder Research | II. Patient Populations | 7. Psychopathy From the Perspective of the Five Factor Model of Personality | 8. Borderline Personality Disorder: A Five Factor Model Perspective | 9. Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) and the Five Factor Model: Delineating NPD, Grandiose Narcissism, and Vulnerable Narcissism | 10. A Five-Factor Model Perspective of Schizotypal Personality Disorder | 11. Dependency and the Five Factor Model | 12. Depressive Personality Disorder and the Five Factor Model | 13. Alexithymia and the Five-Factor Model of Personality | 14. Five Factor Model Personality Functioning in Adults With Intellectual Disabilities | III. Assessment | 15. Assessing the Five-Factor Model of Personality Disorder | 16. Informant Reports and the Assessment of Personality Disorders Using the Five Factor Model | 17. Prototype Matching and the Five-Factor Model: Capturing the DSM Personality Disorders | 18. Using the Five Factor Model to Assess Disordered Personality | IV. Clinical Application | 19. Diagnosis of Personality Disorder Using the Five-Factor Model and the Proposed DSM-5 | 20. Clinical Utility of the Five Factor Model of Personality Disorder | 21. Further Use of the NEO PI-R Personality Dimensions in Treatment Planning | 22. Treatment of Personality Disorders from the Perspective of the Five Factor Model | 23. Cross-Over Analysis: Using the FFM and NEO PI-R for Assessing Couples | 24. Dialectical Behavior Therapy from the Perspective of the Five-Factor Model of Personality | 25. Disorders of Personality: Clinical Treatment from a Five Factor Model Perspective | V. Conclusions and Future Research | 26. Final Word and Future Research | Appendices | A. Description of NEO PI-R Facet Scales

ALSO OF INTEREST

EvidenceBased Treatment of Personality Dysfunction


Principles, Methods, and Processes Edited by Jeffrey J. Magnavita 2010. 322 pages. Hardcover.
List: $59.95 | APA Member/Afliate: $49.95 ISBN 978-1-4338-0747-3 | Item # 4317213

Pathways to Individuality
Evolution and Development of Personality Traits Arnold H. Buss

Personality Science
Three Approaches and Their Applications to the Causes and Treatment of Depression Marvin Zuckerman 2011. 262 pages. Hardcover.
List: $59.95 | APA Member/Afliate: $49.95 ISBN 978-1-4338-0893-7 | Item # 4317245

6 pages. Hardcover. 2012. 261


List: $59.95 | APA Member/Afliate: $49.95 ISBN 978-1-4338-1031-2 | Item # 4316132

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Judicial

NOTEBOOK

Insanity in the State of Idaho


BY MARC W. PEARCE, JD, PHD, UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKALINCOLN, AND LORI J. BUTTS, JD, PHD, CLINICAL & FORENSIC INSTITUTE INC.

ames Delling, who suffers from paranoid schizophrenia, became convinced that some of his friends were trying to destroy his brain. Acting on this delusion, Delling traveled to Tucson, Ariz., in 2007 and attempted to kill Jacob Thompson. He then shot and killed David Boss and Brad Morse in Idaho. After he was apprehended, Delling admitted to the shootings but claimed that he acted in self-defense. Authorities also discovered a list indicating that Delling was planning to kill four more people in his misguided effort to protect himself. Delling was charged with two counts of second-degree murder in Idaho. Athough the insanity defense is not available in Idaho, a defendant is permitted to use evidence of mental illness to undermine the prosecutions proof that he was capable of forming the intent necessary to commit the charged crime, or mens rea. In other words, Delling could not argue that his schizophrenia prevented him from understanding that what he did was wrong, but he could seek acquittal on the ground that his schizophrenia prevented him from forming the deliberate intention to kill a person. In 1982, the Idaho Legislature repealed Idahos insanity defense statute and enacted a law that states that mental condition shall not be a defense to any charge of criminal conduct, but the court may consider expert evidence on any state of mind which is an element of the offense. Before his trial, Delling argued that the states abolition of the insanity defense violated the right to due process. The trial court rejected this argument, and it sentenced Delling to life in prison. On appeal, the Idaho Supreme Court concluded that Dellings due process rights were adequately protected because he could challenge the mens rea element of the offense and because the trial judge was required to consider Dellings mental condition before sentencing him. The court also affirmed Dellings life sentence, noting that although Delling lacked the ability to appreciate the wrongfulness of his conduct, Dellings mental illness also provides a reason to give a considerable sentence. On Nov. 26, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear Dellings case; thus, the insanity defense remains unavailable to criminal defendants in Idaho. It is noteworthy, however, that three dissenting justices believed that a hearing was warranted. Writing for the dissenters, Justice Stephen J. Breyer explained:

Idaho law would distinguish the following two cases. Case One: The defendant, due to insanity, believes that the victim is a wolf. He shoots and kills the victim. Case Two: The defendant, due to insanity, believes that a wolf, a supernatural figure, has ordered him to kill the victim. In Case One, the defendant does not know he has killed a human being, and his insanity negates a mental element necessary to commit the crime. In Case Two, the defendant has intentionally killed a victim whom he knows is a human being; he possesses the necessary mens rea. In both cases the defendant is unable, due to insanity, to appreciate the true quality of his act, and therefore unable to perceive that it is wrong. But in Idaho, the defendant in Case One could defend the charge by arguing that he lacked the mens rea, whereas the defendant in Case Two would not be able to raise a defense based on his mental illness. [Delling v. Idaho, No. 11-1515 (U.S. Nov. 26, 2012) (Breyer, J., dissenting)] The Supreme Courts hypothetical cases demonstrate why a mens rea defense would not help Delling. Although his serious mental illness played a direct role in his crimes, Delling admitted that he intended to kill his victims and thereby conceded the mens rea element of the charges. Dellings case is compelling given the trial courts finding that he could not appreciate the wrongfulness of his conduct, which would satisfy a common legal test for insanity. Only Idaho, Montana, Kansas and Utah have abolished the insanity defense completely; thus, it is likely that if Delling had been charged in a different state, he would have been found legally insane. Because the Supreme Court passed on the case, states remain free to adopt a framework for addressing the relationship between mental illness and criminal responsibility that is at least as restrictive as Idahos and legal outcomes for people like Delling will vary widely across state lines. n Judicial Notebook is a project of APA Div. 9 (Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues).

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Helping Soldiers, Vets, and Their Families

201 3

Soldiers

AP A ANNUAL CONVENTION
HONOLULU, HAWAII JULY 31-AUGUST 4, 2013

APA Presidential Session Highlights


l Helping military personnel, veterans, and their families l Support for soldiers who have been the victims of harassment l Psychologists assessment of and intervention with members of the military

Veterans

Donald Bersoff, J.D., Ph.D. APA President

Families

Plenary Topics Include


Predictors of Genius Human Trafficking l TechnologyChanging Our Lives l Canine Intelligence l Psychology of Terrorism l Oxytocin Research
l l

www.apa.org/ convention

Questionnaire
Outsmarting con artists
Stanford University psychologist Laura Carstensen has co-founded a research center aimed at preventing catastrophic incidents of financial fraud.
BY ANNA MILLER Monitor staff

ach year, researchers estimate that more than 30 million Americans are victims of financial fraud, whether its losing their retirement savings to a deceitful financial advisor, falling for an Internet scam or having their money surreptitiously siphoned by their own adult children. Fraud may total up to $50 billion annually in the United States and is on the rise: Reported incidents rose more than 700 percent between 2001 and 2011, according to the Federal Trade Commission, and that doesnt account for the thousands of cases researchers expect go unreported or even unrecognized by the victims themselves each year. To help support and disseminate research that addresses this problem, in 2011 psychologist Laura Carstensen, PhD, and financial expert Martha Deevy founded the Financial Fraud Research Center. The center is part of the Stanford Center on Longevity and is funded in part by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority Investor Education Foundation. The center is a home for research related to financial fraud and a hub for connecting those interested in combating the problem in the lab and on the ground. In November, Deevy and colleagues released the centers first white paper outlining what is known and what has yet to be learned about consumer financial fraud, including its prevalence,
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victims, perpetrators and methods. The Monitor talked with Carstensen, whos also the founding director of the Stanford Center on Longevity and a National Institute on Agingfunded expert in lifespan development, and Deevy, a finance, technology and management expert who directs the Center on Longevitys Financial Security Division. They spoke about financial fraud and how research can help reverse the troubling trend. What are some examples of the research the center is conducting? Carstensen: We completed one study that looked at the effectiveness of AARPs call centers. The centers get lists of former victims and call them and warn them about new possible scams, but the work hadnt really been evaluated. So we had the telemarketers present two warning messages representative of scams that were occurring at the time, including one in which the caller claimed to be an online pharmacy and another in which the caller told the victims they were eligible for a federal stimulus grant. We then followed up with phony pitches that either matched what the victim had been warned about or was different. It turns out that the group who heard the different warning message was less likely to fall for the scam four weeks later. So we think a more general

warning message might be most effective in preventing scams since these change all the time and people are more likely to remember the gist of something even if the details of the message get lost. Were also conducting research to try to pinpoint which individuals are more susceptible to financial fraud. It looks like openness to experience this basic psychological trait is one that puts you at risk for falling for this type of thing. Its the people who stay engaged with the scam the longest who are most likely to get pulled in. So one of the best approaches might be the just hang up approach: Dont listen to the call, or delete the email, and dont give it a second thought. How have the profile of the victim and the way people are targeted changed in recent years? Deevy: You actually find that the victim profile for an investment fraud victim is interestingly a middle-aged, educated, financially literate white male. And one other variable that comes up in that profile is that they are under some financial strain. And so, with that profile, you could imagine that more people over the last couple of years may have found themselves more susceptible because of that financial tension. Carstensen: Advances in technology have made conducting fraud more cost effective. You can send out this Nigerian scheme or a lottery email request and its very cheap to get it out there. And most

M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

We will all very likely be victims at some point .... And the question is: How do we avoid it happening in a way that seriously harms our lives?

Rod Searcey

Questionnaire
people are not going to respond, but it doesnt take a lot to make some real profit. Why is the multidisciplinary aspect of the center so important? Carstensen: We are working with faculty from the law school, from computer science, from neuroscience, from psychology and from the business school. And each of those disciplines brings a unique perspective on research and how they approach research and also what their initial thoughts would be on solutions and interventions. Bringing those types of folks together to focus on fraud is always very interesting, but I think what makes it even more so is when you bring in folks from finance and AARP and the U.S. Postal Service. Then, youre really starting to bring together people from the front lines who are most likely to be able to do something about financial fraud. Thats when we think we can be most efficient in developing and identifying solutions to the challenges were facing as an aging society. What are some of the biggest challenges to bridging that gap between research and practice? Carstensen: I think the real challenge from a psychological perspective, that is is how do you warn people? There are so many different types of scams and they change all the time, so you have to be general in warnings to folks. Developing an online resource where people can go to check if something is a scam or not might be one way to do this. The other real challenge is that the con men are pitching in ways very similar to normal, everyday marketing practices, so its very hard to think of ways that you can warn people against something that is a crime. How can people distinguish between legitimate offers and scams? Carstensen: You do it by developing a way of processing information so that red flags go up when certain kinds of pitches are made. Even if that salesman is legitimate it still probably makes sense to put the brakes on when youre feeling pressured, when people are telling you things that dont sound quite

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right or if theyre telling you, Youve got to move right now. Again, thats a pitch Ive seen in legitimate marketing concepts, too, but we want to teach people that its probably good to walk away at that point and think about it. Another tip is noticing when you find yourself aroused emotionally. It may be positive or it may be negative, but either way, thats a good time to walk. In fact, thats another research project that the center has just recently awarded a grant to investigate: Are people more susceptible to a scam when theyre excited and positively aroused, or suspicious and fearful and negatively aroused? What should psychologists know about this problem? Carstensen: Ive learned theres not an obvious group or person in individuals lives that you can turn to for complete assurance that theyre going to have your best interest at heart. What an awful lot of people say to older adults in particular is that if theyre going to make a financial investment, they should talk to their adult children first. And it turns out that adult children are right up there near the top of the list of people who would be potential perpetrators of fraud. I think what we need to do is think about what is the optimal, ideal sort of people who can help protect all of our interests. Maybe its having a triad together a professional person, a family member and somebody else who might have expertise in these issues. Together you might get some reassurance that youre making a good choice in cases where people might be especially vulnerable. Deevy: I think the idea that there is either one profile of the victim or one solution to preventing fraud from being perpetrated needs to sort of go out

the window. There are different kinds of victims for different kinds of fraud activity. Its an incredibly nuanced area, so the solutions are not one size fits all. Theres one more thing that were interested in: Where are the best places to get out the information? Who are the best sources of providing these prevention services? Is it somebody like AARP or some other expert agency? Thats something that were interested in pursuing. As you learn more about fraud, how do you draw the line between being gullible and being paranoid? Carstensen: I feel like the more familiar I am with fraud, the more I feel like

were all victims in waiting. We will all very likely be victims at some point, and well probably never know that were victims. Well send something off to some charitable organization that sent you a pitch and you dont know you never will know that that was just a cover for a criminal operation. It will happen. And the question is: How do we avoid it happening in a way that seriously harms our lives? Deevy: Our interest in fraud particularly with an aging population is that theres less time to recovery. You know its bad when a 20-something is victimized, but they have a little bit of runway to catch up. The stories that are heartbreaking are the 70-year-old retirees who have lost their life savings. n

Understanding fraud
Thinkstock

To get an inside look at the tactics used by con artists, watch the AARP video Weapons of Fraud.

F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y

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Colds and cognition


Studies offer fresh insights on the cognitive effects of colds and why some people may be more susceptible to them.
BY BRE N DAN L . S MI TH

olds are a common curse of winter, bestowing the miseries of coughing, congestion and assorted aches and pains. But few people realize that the viruses may affect their brains as well as their bodies. The sort of cognitive impairment you see from a common cold is in the same ballpark with the consumption of alcohol, working at night or working for prolonged hours, says Andrew Smith, PhD, a psychology professor at Cardiff University in Wales who has researched the cognitive effects of colds for more than 25 years. Activities where safety is critical, like driving or operating dangerous machinery, may be impaired when you have a cold. Researchers have explored not only the cognitive effects of
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colds but also how some people may be more or less susceptible to catching them. New research finds that parenthood and a positive outlook may help protect against colds, while stress can undermine the immune systems effectiveness in fighting off viruses. Cognitively impaired In a study published last year, Smith had 189 participants complete a series of baseline cognitive tests. Then, over the next 90 days, one-third of them returned to the lab after they had developed a cold, while the remaining healthy participants served as the control group. The participants
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Video: Dr. Sheldon Cohen discusses how our social networks can help us stay healthy.

with colds reported less alertness, more negative moods and sluggish thinking. A second round of tests showed they also had slower reaction times and were slower at learning new information and completing tasks involving verbal reasoning and semantic processing (Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2012). Research suggests that cold viruses cause sluggishness by interfering with neurotransmitters, perhaps affecting the transmission of noradrenaline, choline and dopamine. Noradrenaline is associated with reaction times. Choline has been linked to the encoding of new information, while dopamine affects working memory speed.
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Previous studies have found that cognitive impairment can occur for people with infections from cold viruses even if they have no physical symptoms and that their decline in alertness can have serious consequences. Smith also conducted a study of 15 participants with colds and 10 healthy participants who completed a simulated driving task. Those with colds responded more slowly to unexpected events on the road and were less likely to detect collisions (BMJ Open, 2012). Another study, commissioned by Lloyds TSB Insurance, estimated that in 2008, more than 125,000 accidents in Great Britain were caused by drivers who had a cold or the flu.

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Thinkstock

The power of parenthood While viruses can infect anyone, a new study finds that parents may have some extra resistance to colds, says Sheldon Cohen, PhD, who directs the Laboratory for the Study of Stress, Immunity and Disease at Carnegie Mellon University. In a study with 795 participants, Cohen found that parents age 25 or older were less likely to develop colds after they were exposed to viruses than were people with no children, although parenthood didnt help protect parents ages 18 to 24 from colds (Psychosomatic Medicine, 2012). Older parents were less susceptible to colds regardless of whether they were married or whether their children still lived at home. The benefit of being a parent was independent of antibody levels to the cold virus, indicating that the association was not attributable to parents developing more immunity by being exposed to viruses their children brought home. The study didnt explain why older parents were less susceptible to colds, but the researchers theorize that parenthood may produce feelings of purpose in life and positive emotional experiences that help boost their immune systems. Younger parents may not receive the same protective benefit against colds because they are less prepared psychologically and economically to be parents and may feel more overwhelmed, Cohen says. A positive emotional style or outlook on life may also help ward off colds, according to another of Cohens studies. His

research team measured emotional styles of 193 participants who were later exposed to a cold or flu virus through nasal drops. Although 81 percent of the participants were infected, only a third developed colds with physical symptoms. The people with more positive emotional styles were less likely to get colds or the flu and reported fewer symptoms than expected when they did get sick (Psychosomatic Medicine, 2006). A wealth of research has explored how stress can wreak havoc on the immune system, which may lead to more colds and more severe physical symptoms. There is a really potent effect for people who have suffered from stress that lasts a month or longer, Cohen says. They are basically more likely to get sick. In one of Cohens studies, people who suffered from longterm interpersonal stressors, such as a bad marriage or work conflicts, were two-and-a-half times more likely to get a cold than people without those stresses (Health Psychology, 1998). People who were unemployed or underemployed had it even worse: They were almost five times as likely to develop a cold. The stressed participants often engaged in unhealthy activities, such as smoking or skipping exercise, but those factors didnt explain the relationship between stress and colds, Cohen says. That relationship may be triggered at the molecular level by cytokines, proteins that serve as messengers to help stimulate the immune systems response to infection. The

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February 15, 2013 1:004:00 p.m. EST Coping with Vicarious Trauma, building resilience, and the ethics of Self-Care Presenter: Vladimir Nacev, PhD, ABPP MarCh 15, 2013 1:004:00 p.m. EST Trauma-Informed Parenting & Custody examinations Presenter: Phillip Kinsler, PhD, ABPP
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M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

Researchers theorize that parenthood may produce feelings of purpose in life and positive emotional experiences that help boost their immune systems and ward off colds.
physical symptoms of a cold arent caused directly by the virus, but instead by the immune systems response to the foreign invaders, which includes the release of cytokines, Cohen says. These protein molecules help fight the cold virus, but they also cause runny noses and congestion. When people are chronically stressed, they produce too much cortisol, a hormone that usually helps regulate the level of cytokines. The heightened hormone levels cause immune cells to gradually become insensitive to cortisol, triggering the release of more cytokines that exacerbate the cold symptoms, Cohen says. Of course, the impact that stress has on the common cold is just one facet of the research psychologists are doing in the field of psychoneuroimmunology exploring the relationship between the mind and the immune system. In todays era of more integrated care, psychologists now have broader opportunities to do interdisciplinary work in that field. The biomedical community is more accepting of the fact that behavioral influences on the immune system make a difference, says Janice Kiecolt-Glaser, PhD, a psychology and psychiatry professor at Ohio State University who studies the effects of stress on the body. Behavior is really recognized now as an important player in terms of health. n Brendan L. Smith is a writer in Washington, D.C.

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F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y

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SCIENCE WATCH

Interesting results:
Can they be replicated?
In the wake of scandal, psychologists are encouraging more data sharing and replication studies.
BY L E A W I NERMAN Monitor staff

n psychology, as in other sciences, replication is the gold standard. In theory, new knowledge doesnt make it into the canon until the studies that produced it have been verified, independently, by more than one researcher. But in practice, critics say the field rarely lives up to that ideal and the result is a psychological literature rife with findings that may or may not be true, yet are generally accepted as valid. Over the past two years, a series of events including the unmasking of prominent psychologist Diederik Stapels data fraud and controversy over the reproducibility of other studies have focused researchers attention on replication and related issues. But as some psychologists see it, these flare-ups are finally bringing light to problems that have needed attention for years. The fact that our scientific methodology is not perfect, and operates less than ideally, is not a new insight, says Brian Nosek, PhD, a social psychologist at the University of
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Virginia. Now, he and others are leading efforts to increase replication studies and open up access to data. Unfortunately, these psychologists say, the incentive system at work in academic psychology is weighted against replication: There are no carrots to induce researchers to reproduce others studies, and several sticks to dissuade them. Among the top problems are that funding agencies arent interested in giving money for direct replication studies and most journals arent interested in publishing them. So researchers whose careers depend on winning grants and publishing studies have no incentive to spend time and effort redoing others work. The solution is to revalue replication in psychology, says Gary VandenBos, PhD, the executive director of APAs Office of Publications and Databases. We need to put a strategy in place to get departments, journals and funding agencies to value replication. He and the APA Publications and Communications Board
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F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y

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have begun to do just that, appointing a task force that will look at ways to encourage replication research. The task force plans to come up with recommendations by April. A broken system? Researchers like Nosek and journal editors like VandenBos have been mulling over psychologys instances of problematic methodology and the limits of the disciplines publishing model for years, but their concerns gained a wider audience in 2011, when investigators found that Dutch psychologist Diederik Stapel had made up data for dozens of studies that were published in some of psychologys most prominent journals. Stapel got away with his fraud for more than a decade, partly because he kept a tight lid on his data not even providing it to his graduate students and because no one challenged him on that or attempted to publish replications of his work. While such outright fraud is assumed to be rare, over the past couple of years, more subtle controversies have emerged as well. In March 2011, Cornell University psychologist Darryl Bem, PhD, published a paper in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology that found evidence for Psi, or extra-sensory perception. Bem stands by his work, but many psychologists questioned his analysis and were incredulous that the study was published. At least one team, led by Richard Wiseman, PhD, of the University of Hertfordshire, was unable to replicate Bems findings but JPSP didnt publish that research because the journal does not publish replications. Psychological Science also rejected Wisemans replication study, for the same reason. It was eventually published in the open-access journal PLOS One, and Wiseman set up a website for others to document their attempts to replicate Bems study. And, in December, JPSP published a meta-analysis of the original studies, and
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In 2011, the APA Publications and Communications Board called for journals to make available all data on which published research reports are based. The Archives of Scientific Psychology will be the first APA journal to put this into practice.

replication attempts, by Carnegie Mellon Universitys Jeff Galak, PhD. But critics say that the situation exemplifies the difficulty of getting any replication work published. A third controversy emerged last January, when PLOS One published a replication attempt of a classic priming experiment by Yale Universitys John Bargh, PhD. In the original 1996 experiment, Bargh found that participants who were primed by reading words related to the elderly later walked across a room more slowly than people who read neutral words. The classic experiment has given rise to an entire field of priming research, but in the PLOS One paper, a team led by Belgian researcher Stephane Doyen could not replicate the results. Bargh has criticized the teams methodology, while others defend priming research. But the controversy has again focused attention on replication. Nobel-prizewinning psychologist Daniel Kahneman, PhD, who discussed priming research extensively in his recent book Thinking, Fast and Slow, has weighed in, suggesting that teams of priming researchers replicate one anothers work in a round-robin process, to put to rest any doubts about the field. A complex problem The replication problem is compounded by other quirks of academic science. First, theres the widely acknowledged issue that studies with positive results are much more likely to be published than studies with negative results, whether theyre replications or not. Its the file-drawer problem, says Hal Pashler, PhD, of the University of California, San Diego. In other words, studies with negative results get shoved into psychologists file drawers, never to be shared or published. Studies with positive results, meanwhile, get published whether those results represent a true finding or a false positive. Many people mistakenly think that the common
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practice of setting a significance p-value of .05 means that only about 5 percent of published results are false positives, but, Pashler says, this isnt true. The actual number of false positives in the literature depends on an unknowable number the percentage of the effects that psychologists search for that are, in fact, real. In an analysis in Perspectives on Psychological Science, Pashler and coauthor Christine Harris, PhD, estimated that if, for example, only 10 percent of the effects that psychologists search for are real, but all positive results are published, then setting a p-value of .05 would result in more than one-third of all positive findings reported in psychology journals being false positives. And if no one tries to replicate those studies, then the false positives remain in the literature unchallenged. Psychology isnt the only field facing this issue. In fact, Pashler and Harris based their analysis on a 2005 paper by biomedical statistician John Ioannidis called, Why most published research findings are false, which examined the likely rate of false positives in biomedical research. Psychology, Nosek says, is actually better positioned than most fields to address replication problems. Psychology is really taking the lead in many ways, he says. All of the sciences are confronting this. But we understand many of the ways that human factors can affect results. And so I hope that our work will be extended in other fields. Possible solutions That work includes Noseks Reproducibility Project. He and dozens of other psychologists are attempting to reproduce as many studies as possible that were published in the 2008 volumes of three prominent journals: the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Psychological Science and the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. The group is working on about 50 studies, and hopes to get 100 or more researchers join the project. The goal, Nosek says, is both to investigate the reproducibility of a representative sample of recent psychology studies, and to look at the factors that influence reproducibility. Thats important, he says, because being irreproducible doesnt necessarily mean a finding is false. Something could be difficult to reproduce because there are many subtle factors necessary to obtain the results. And thats important too, because we tend to overgeneralize results. The Reproducibility Project is a one-off demonstration project. But replication proponents have broader suggestions as well, many of them outlined in a November special issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science devoted to the reproducibility problem. For example, Pashler and University of Virginia psychologist Barbara Spellman, PhD, have started a website called PsychFileDrawer.org, where researchers can
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post their unpublished negative results. The site has gotten some positive attention, but so far only 19 studies are posted. We have a high ratio of Facebook likes to actual usage, Pashler says. Everybody says that its a good idea, but very few people use it. The problem, he says, is probably that researchers especially grad students and other young researchers likely to do replication work have little incentive to post their findings. They wont get publication credit for it, and may only annoy the authors of the original studies. Im happy we made [the site], Pashler says but so far it has just ended up spotlighting the incentive problem. One idea to solve that problem: pre-registered replication studies. In this scenario, authors would propose a replication of an important, highly cited study to a journal. The author of the original study would review the replicators methods, and the journal would agree, in advance, to publish the results be they positive or negative. This would change the incentive system, Pashler says. Currently, if you do a replication and it succeeds, youll never publish it [because its not interesting]. If it fails, you might publish it, but youll have to fight with original authors . This way, youd be guaranteed a publication. I think it would have a great effect. Meanwhile, Nosek and his graduate student Jeff Spies recently launched a website called the Open Science Framework, where researchers can register their studies in advance and log all of their data, workflow, and results as they proceed, then choose to make that data public if they wish. That way, researchers dont have to decide whether to spend the extra time writing up information about a negative result at the end, Nosek says. The site went into public beta testing in November. A movement toward more open-methods and open-data journals could also help increase the number of replication studies, by making it easier for researchers to access one anothers full methods and data sets. One such journal is APAs Archives of Scientific Psychology, its first open-access, open-methods, open-data journal, which will debut this year. In 2011, the APA Publications and Communications Board approved the recommendations of a data-sharing task force, which called for journals to make available all of the data on which published research reports are based. The Archives will be the first APA journal to put this into practice, by requiring authors to submit their full data sets and make them available for any researcher who requests them, according to Duke Universitys Harris Cooper, PhD, APAs chief editorial advisor and, with VandenBos, an editor of the new journal. This, along with a more transparent and detailed description of methodology, should facilitate future replication of articles published in the Archives, Cooper says. n
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Science
DIRECTIONS

The science and workforce of health


BY DR. STEVEN J. BRECKLER EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR FOR SCIENCE

Among the many accomplishments of psychological science is a broad and growing base of research on health and behavior. Peoples lives are improved and the quality of health care is better thanks to the contributions of basic behavioral science research. Our commitment to supporting the science of health is an important component of APAs
new Center for Psychology and Health (see From the CEO, January Monitor). A small sampling of activities over the past year illustrates how we focus our efforts in this area: In partnership with other public health organizations, APA commented on the premarket review of new tobacco products. The Science Government Relations Office continues to make the case that psychological science be used to inform the regulatory actions of the FDAs Center for Tobacco Products. APA staff plays an active leadership role in the Friends of the National Institute on Drug Abuse coalition, including the development in 2012 of a congressional briefing on addiction treatment and another on HIV/AIDS and substance abuse. We prepared comments that were submitted to the National Advisory Committee on Alzheimers Research, Care and Services, calling for research that links biomarkers with cognitive and behavioral markers. APA participates in the Coalition for Health Funding, the oldest and largest group advocating for investments in the federal health-related agencies. The coalition organized a discussion with 50 congressional offices about the consequences to health and research programs as a result of sequestration. Science Government Relations staff represents APA in the Friends of VA Medical Care and Health Research coalition. The VA intramural research program funds psychologists and other scientists to conduct research on the health and well-being of our nations veterans, and APA has long been an advocate for this work. In addition to these examples, APA is an active and respected advocate for health-related research on aging, children, stress, obesity, depression, diverse populations and other areas for which the insights of behavioral science are important. Looking ahead, one of the greatest opportunities will be in translational research understanding how to bring the discoveries of basic science into health-care delivery. Psychology
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is especially well positioned to do this, and APAs new Center for Psychology and Health will help us to deliver on the promise. APAs Center for Workforce Studies (CWS) will also play an integral role in the Center for Psychology and Health. CWS collects, analyzes and disseminates information about the

By bringing together our own expertise in science, practice, education and public interest, APA has formed a strong partnership to expand psychologys role in advancing health.
workforce of psychology. An important part of this mission is to assess needs and demands for health-related psychological services. This analysis will be crucial for making psychology prepared for and responsive to the nations health-care needs. The APA Center for Psychology and Health is an exciting and important development. By bringing together our own expertise in science, practice, education and public interest, APA has formed a strong partnership to expand psychologys role in advancing health. n
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The convenience of online renewal

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Go to http://my.apa.org Log in using your APA user ID and password Click on Pay 2013 Dues (Have your credit card

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Easing ADHD without meds

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Psychologists are using research-backed behavioral interventions that effectively treat children with ADHD.
BY REB ECCA A. CLAY

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Chad Baker/Ryan McVay

ecause of his attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the 10-year-old boy rarely even tried to answer the questions on the math and language arts worksheets his fourth-grade teacher asked students to complete during class. Not only that, he often bothered the students who did. Then the teacher made an important change to the boys worksheets: She wrote the correct answers on them with invisible markers so that the boy could reveal the correct answer by coloring over the space as soon as he finished a question. The teacher also randomly inserted stars he could uncover by coloring and told him he would earn a reward for collecting four stars. The strategy paid off: The boy was soon answering every question and getting 84 percent of them correct. Giving immediate feedback is just one of many simple and effective behavioral approaches to improving childrens attention, says psychologist Nancy A. Neef, PhD, who described the invisible marker experiment in a chapter on treating ADHD she co-authored in the 2012 APA Handbook of Behavior Analysis. With ADHD affecting an estimated 7 percent of American children ages 3 to 17, psychologists are developing behavioral interventions that parents, teachers and others can use to help kids focus and control their impulses. Others are conducting research that demonstrates that more exercise and longer sleep can help. Thats good news for kids, says Neef, who believes that parents, teachers and pediatricians are sometimes too quick to jump to prescribing medication for ADHD. Particularly in the case of stimulant medications, which are the most common treatment for ADHD, we dont know an awful lot about the long-term side effects, says Neef, a professor of special education at The Ohio State University. And medication doesnt address problems related to childrens academic performance and relationships with family members, peers and others. Even though medication can be effective and very helpful, its not a panacea, Neef says. Behavioral interventions Surprisingly, nonpharmacological approaches are also controversial, especially among the medical community. If you read the professional guidelines for psychiatrists or sometimes pediatricians, the treatment that is emphasized for kids with ADHD is a pharmacological one, says Gregory A. Fabiano, PhD, an associate professor of counseling, school and educational psychology at the State University of New York at Buffalo. That bias toward pharmacological approaches has its roots in a large study by the Multimodal Treatment of ADHD (MTA) Cooperative Group, published in 1999 in the Archives of Psychiatry. The study, which compared medication, intensive behavioral treatment, a combined approach and standard community care, concluded that medication worked best. The field took that result and ran with it, says Fabiano.
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But since then, a number of papers have followed up on the original study participants. They have found that some of those conclusions may have been if you just looked at the immediate post-treatment results, he says. If you look at how well they work over time, any differences seem to subside. He points as an example to a 2007 article in the Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. A three-year followup of the MTA study, the paper found that while medication and the combined approach had a significant advantage at the 14- and 24-month follow-up, that advantage faded over time. At the 36-month point, the treatment groups didnt differ significantly on any measure. Fabianos own work, a meta-analysis published in 2009 in Clinical Psychology Review, found that behavioral treatments for ADHD are highly effective. Fabiano and his co-authors examined 174 studies of behavioral treatments in 114 papers. These treatments fell into three broad categories: Parent programs. These interventions focus on teaching parents strategies for helping their children succeed. One such approach is to catch children being good. If you think about the typical child with ADHD, theyre always noticed when theyre messing up, says Fabiano. One of the things we try to teach adults to do is to also notice them when theyre doing the right thing and then label and comment on it so theyre getting attention for good behavior. Teacher programs. Like the invisible marker example, these interventions offer teachers behavioral strategies for the classroom. They include giving straightforward, onestep-at-a-time instructions to children and announcing the consequences of not paying attention ahead of time. Another effective approach is contingency management. With this strategy, children receive daily report cards that outline how well they have met such goals as speaking in turn or bringing their homework back to class. When they meet those goals, they receive awards. Therapeutic recreational programs. In these programs, children with ADHD interact with each other at summer camps and similar venues. The programs offer crafts, sports and traditional camp activities in addition to behavioral interventions. In contrast to the usual ADHD treatment, these interventions last all day long for several weeks at a time. Programming typically includes brief social skills training sessions plus coached group play incorporating contingency management strategies. In addition to learning social skills, participants also learn sports and team membership skills. A lot of this isnt rocket science, Fabiano admits. The hard part is keeping these interventions going. But the key is early intervention, says psychologist George J. DuPaul, PhD, co-author of the 2011 book Young Children with ADHD: Early Identification and Intervention. Even the American Academy of Pediatricians 2011 treatment guidelines say that behavioral strategies should be the first line of treatment for young children with ADHD.
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These are students who enter kindergarten and first grade already behind academically and behaviorally and never quite catch up, says DuPaul, who chairs the department of education and human services at Lehigh Universitys College of Education. Early intervention in the preschool years offers the opportunity to get a head start on trying to bridge the gap between students with attention problems and their peers. As a result, says DuPaul, behavioral interventions should begin even before children start school. Parents can introduce preschoolers to early literacy and numeracy activities to give them the extra head start they need, he suggests. Psychologists can also teach families how to identify the real reason children with ADHD engage in problematic behavior and what to do about it. A child who ignores directions when asked to put away his toys and come to dinner, for example, may be trying to communicate that he wants to keep playing. Parents can learn to redirect such behavior by teaching the child to communicate his desires verbally, warning him about upcoming transitions and invoking consequences when he fails to follow directions techniques that can also benefit children who dont have ADHD. Psychologists can also teach others in childrens lives how to use such techniques, DuPaul says. A preschool teacher reading a story to preschoolers, for instance, can praise children who are not talking to neighbors. Once the chattering child notices that praise and stops talking, says DuPaul, the teacher can pivot to praising that child.

Research suggests that even a few minutes of physical activity can help children with ADHD ignore distractions, stay focused on tasks and boost their academic performance.

Lifestyle changes Healthy living may also help children with ADHD as well as everyone else maintain their focus. And unlike medication, its free. Exercise is one powerful intervention, says Matthew B. Pontifex, PhD, an assistant professor of kinesiology at Michigan State University. His research suggests that even a few minutes of physical activity a day can help children with ADHD ignore distractions, stay focused on tasks and boost their academic performance. In a study published last year in the Journal of Pediatrics, Pontifex and his co-authors had 40 elementary school-age children half with ADHD spend 20 minutes striding
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on a treadmill or quietly reading. Whether they had ADHD or not, the children performed better on math and reading comprehension tests after exercising. The exercisers with ADHD were better able to slow down and avoid repeat mistakes while playing a computer game. For psychologists, says Pontifex, the implications are clear. At the very least, exercise might be a frontline thing to consider in treatment, he says. There are policy implications as well, he adds. Schools are under pressure to cut recess and physical education to make way for subjects that will help children perform better on standardized tests, he explains. This research provides some empirical basis to suggest there would be a potential benefit for having those physical exercise opportunities during the school day, he says. Sleep may be another no-cost intervention, says psychologist Reut Gruber, PhD, an assistant professor of psychiatry and director of the Attention, Behavior, and Sleep Lab at McGill University. Her research with typically developing children without ADHD suggests that even just a half-hour of extra sleep can keep kids from being restless at school and improve their behavior. Conversely, cutting back on sleep can result in tears, tantrums and frustration. In a paper published in 2012 in Pediatrics, she and her colleagues studied sleeps impact on 34 children ages 7 to 11. The parents of half the kids were told to give their children an extra hour of sleep; the others were told to cut sleep time by an hour. While wristwatch-like devices called actigraphs that the children wore revealed that the extra-sleep group ended up sleeping only an extra half-hour on average, that small increase was enough to produce noticeable results. According to teacher ratings, behavior improved among the kids who got more sleep and deteriorated among those who got less. Past studies have shown that children with ADHD tend to be hypoaroused, says Gruber. Unlike adults, who typically slow down when theyre tired, children with or without ADHD often manifest fatigue by getting hyperactive. From the outside, they make look very energetic, but really its the opposite, says Gruber. It has been proposed that one reason for hyperactivity is that it helps children stay awake. n Rebecca A. Clay is a writer in Washington, D.C.
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therapist effect
A group of psychotherapy experts is working to delineate the characteristics that make some psychologists more effective than others.
BY AMY N OVOTNEY

The

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Thinkstock

hy are some psychologists better at providing therapy than others? Its quite surprising how little research has been devoted to [answering this question], particularly given its importance in psychotherapy training, says Bruce Wampold, PhD, of the University of WisconsinMadison. But that dearth of knowledge is about to change, thanks to a six-year effort involving Wampold and other internationally recognized psychotherapy researchers. In April, the 32-person group led by Pennsylvania State University psychology professor Louis Castonguay, PhD, and University of Maryland psychology professor Clara Hill, PhD held the first of three conferences at Penn State to delineate the characteristics of good therapists. The group seeks to identify the characteristics associated with successful therapists, establish what therapists are doing, thinking and feeling (and not doing, thinking and feeling) when they are conducting effective sessions, and pinpoint factors that assist in or interfere with effective treatments. Its a process the group is already familiar with: Theyve been meeting since 2001 to discuss the process of change and have published two APA books on provocative topics in psychotherapy insight and corrective experiences. And psychotherapy effectiveness is a timely topic, given the growing body of research that shows that for many psychological problems psychotherapy works better in the long term and is more cost-effective and long-lasting than medication, says Katherine C. Nordal, PhD, APAs executive director for professional practice. Hundreds of studies have found that psychotherapy is an effective way to help people make positive changes in their lives, Nordal says. Compared with medication, psychotherapy has fewer side effects and lower instances of relapse when discontinued.

Research suggests that effective therapists have a sophisticated set of interpersonal skills, including verbal fluency, warmth, acceptance, empathy and an ability to identify how a patient is feeling. They also can form strong therapeutic alliances with a range of patients.

The brainstorming process The original idea for a series of meetings on timely topics in psychotherapy was conceived in October 2000, says Castonguay.
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He had just attended a symposium at the Mid-Atlantic Society for Psychotherapy Research. He, Hill and several other attendee approached the speakers to talk about their findings. In the discussion that followed, Hill commented that informal gatherings like this one were often what she looked forward to most when attending a conference because the open-minded and spontaneous nature of such get-togethers typically led to new ideas about what is going on in therapy and what facilitates positive outcomes. From that comment, Castonguay and Hill began to discuss how exciting it might be to do away with prepared papers, panels and posters and instead host an informal, open discussion about the process of change in therapy. Conferences are great, but all of us need the stimulation of our colleagues to really advance things and discover new ways of looking at things, Hill says. Armed with that idea, Castonguay returned to his department and pooled resources to cover some of the costs to host 25 experts from an array of theoretical perspectives and with research expertise in psychotherapy to meet every two years for an invitation-only, two-day discussion at Penn State. The group would focus on a specific aspect of the process of change; for this first set of conferences, the topic was insight a clients acquisition of a new understanding during psychotherapy and how the therapist can help foster this. There was just this tremendous synergy that took place when we all came together, and an unbelievable number of creative ideas that stemmed from our discussions, Castonguay says. After that first conference, each attendee agreed to conduct an in-depth exploration of issues related to insight to discuss at the next meeting held two years later. Some of the attendees embarked on ambitious theoretical projects, either by reviewing the literature on insight or by clarifying this concept from the point of view of different therapeutic approaches. Others decided to conduct extensive case studies both qualitative and quantitative on the attainment of insight in psychotherapy. Still other attendees set out to examine
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such clinical issues as the link between insight and action or to explore how social psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology and philosophy can enhance understanding of insight. At a third and final conference two years later, the group drafted a chapter on their findings for the APA book Insight in Psychotherapy, published in 2005. Essentially, says Castonguay, the chapter is a statement by recognized scholars saying, Heres what we agree on and what the future direction of this issue will be. Using a similar process, the group held a second series of Penn State conferences, this time on the topic of corrective experiences events that challenge ones fear or expectations and lead to new outcomes. Corrective experiences are only one part of therapy, but theyre a huge part that often leads to transformation, making them an important psychotherapy process to examine, Hill says. APA published the resulting book on the conference, Transformation in Psychotherapy, in June. Characteristics of effective therapists While the chapters on the therapist effect are still several years away from being written, the book that will eventually emerge will include discussion and research that can delineate personal features distinguishing effective therapists from less effective ones as well as identify ways of acting in therapy that trainers, supervisors and therapists themselves can focus on to help improve the outcome of individual clinicians. For example, research led by Wampold suggests that effective therapists have a sophisticated set of interpersonal skills, including verbal fluency, warmth, acceptance, empathy and an ability to identify how a patient is feeling. Successful therapists can also form strong therapeutic alliances with a range of patients and are able to induce them to accept the treatment and work with them, he says. Effective therapists are also highly tuned in to patient progress, either informally or through the use of outcome measures, according to research by Michael Lambert, PhD, a psychology professor at Brigham Young University and another participant in this latest series of Penn State conferences. He summarizes his research on the importance of client feedback in psychotherapy in his 2010 APA book Prevention of Treatment Failure. He says that therapists must take the time to track patient progress ideally through client self-reporting and take action to address issues that impede it. We know that psychotherapy works research shows that a substantial number of people who come to see therapists will not only benefit from therapy but will also demonstrate clinically meaningful change, Castonguay says. Other experts point out, however, that while therapist factors are clearly important, they are not exclusive of the models that therapists practice. Its imperative that providers make sure the treatments
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they are using are based on solid science, says Thomas Sexton, PhD, a psychology professor at Indiana University and a member of APAs Div. 43 (Society for Family Psychology) Task Force for Evidence-Based Practices. Theres evidence to suggest that certain intervention programs also make a difference with specific client problems, Sexton says. The work of the task force centered around the position that effective therapists need good interpersonal skills, a systematic model with good likelihood of success, and the ability to implement those models with fidelity and clinical complexity or with high competence in ways that match to the clients. And more clients may soon be able to experience meaningful therapeutic gains if this group can identify the therapist characteristics and actions that most help as well as those that undermine psychotherapy. n Amy Novotney is a writer in Chicago.

Further reading
Castonguay, L.G., & Hill, C.H. (Eds.). (2007). Insight in Psychotherapy. Washington, DC: APA. Castonguay, L.G., & Hill, C.H. (Eds.). (2012). Transformation in Psychotherapy: Corrective Experiences Across Cognitive Behavioral, Humanistic, and Psychodynamic Approaches. Washington, DC: APA. Duncan, B.L., et al. (Eds.). (2009). The Heart and Soul of Change: Delivering What Works in Therapy (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: APA. Duncan, B.L. (2010). On Becoming a Better Therapist. Washington, DC: APA. Lambert, M.J. (2010). Prevention of Treatment Failure: The Use of Measuring, Monitoring, and Feedback in Clinical Practice. Washington, DC: APA. Sexton, T.L., & van Dam, A. (2010). Creativity within the Structure: Clinical Expertise and Evidence-based Treatments. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 40, 175180. Sexton, T.L., & Kelly, S.D. (2010). Finding the Common Core: Evidence-Based Practices, Clinically Relevant Evidence, and Core Mechanisms of Change. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 37, 8188. Truscott, D. (2009) Becoming an Effective Psychotherapist: Adopting a Theory of Psychotherapy Thats Right for You and Your Client. Washington, DC: APA.

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Register now
for psychologys regional meetings
Here are highlights, dates and locations for each of psychologys regional meetings. The meetings are listed in chronological order.
Eastern Psychological Association
March 14, New York City With a theme of Consuming Psychological Science, this years Eastern Psychological Association meeting will feature speakers discussing research on food consumption as well as other key topics. This years highlights include: The Psi Chi/EPA Invited Keynote Address by Linda Bartoshuk, PhD, of the University of Florida on Why Do We Like Some Foods and Hate Others? Can We Do Anything About It? A Presidential Integrative Symposium: Why We Eat What We Eat, with Jeff Brunstrom, PhD, of the University of Bristol, Peter Herman, PhD, of the University of Toronto, and Marcia Levin Pelchat, PhD, of the Monell Chemical Senses Center. The APA-sponsored invited address by Paul Rozin, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania, The Aesthetics of Temporal Sequence, and 10 Almost Consecutive Paper Rejections from Psychological Science. The APS-sponsored invited address by Janet Polivy, PhD, of the University of Toronto will be Dieting in the Face of Plenty: Why Appetite Beats Self-control. Brian Wansink, PhD, of Cornell University, will present Slim by Design. The Richard Solomon Memorial Lecture, titled The Role of the Ventral Medial Prefrontal Cortex in Determining Resistance and Vulnerability to Adverse Events, will be given
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by Steven Maier, PhD, of the University of Colorado. Allan Geliebter, PhD, Columbia University Medical Center and Touro College, will chair the symposium New Insights into the Biology, Associated Psychopathology and Prevention of Obesity. Speakers include Susan Carnell, PhD, of Columbia University Medical Center, Laurence J. Nolan, PhD, of Wagner College, and David Levitsky, PhD, of Cornell University. For more information about the EPA meeting, go to www.easternpsychological.org.

Southeastern Psychological Association


March 1316, Atlanta The Southeastern Psychological Association meeting will feature several invited speakers: Patricia Greenfield, PhD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, will deliver the APA Distinguished Lecture. Harold Herzog, PhD, of Western Carolina University, will present Some We Love, Some We Hate, Some We
All photos from Thinkstock

Eat: Psychology and the New Science of Human-Animal Relationships. Mark Leary, PhD, of Duke University, will present The Psychology of Hypo-egoic States: Reducing the Curse of the Self. Steve Nida, PhD, of The Citadel, will deliver the SEPA Presidential Address on Social Psychology as Empowerment. Michael Potegal, PhD, of the University of Minnesota, will present What Can We Learn About the Emotion of Anger From the Study of Angry Behaviors? Melissa Reeves, PhD, of Winthrop University, will deliver the Psi Chi Invited Address, From Mass Shootings to Natural Disasters: Understanding Trauma and How It Impacts Our Sense of Safety. For more information on the meeting, go online at http://sepaonline.com.

Southwestern Psychological Association


April 46, in Fort Worth, Texas This meeting is held simultaneously with several affiliated organizations: the Society for Applied Multivariate Research, the Southwestern Comparative Psychology Association, the Southwestern Teachers of Psychology and Psi Chi. Keynote speakers include: Art Graesser, PhD, of the University of Memphis, who will address Conversational Agents that Track and Help Student Learning. Nick Yee, PhD, of Ubisofts Gamer Behavior Research Group, who will discuss The Price of Freedom in Virtual Worlds and Online Games.
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Raymond J. Mooney, PhD, of the University of Texas at Austin, who will speak about Getting Computers to Learn Human Language. James Jay McClelland, PhD, of Stanford University, who will present Understanding Individual Differences through Computational Modeling: A Case Study. In addition, the meeting offers continuing-education credits. For more information on the meeting, go to www.swpsych.org.

Rocky Mountain Psychological Association


April 1113, Denver The 2013 Rocky Mountain Psychological Association begins Thursday, April 11, at noon with the Portenier-Wertheimer Teaching Conference. Highlights include: Ken Keith, PhD, of the University of San Diego, will present the teaching keynote address, titled Voices from the Past: William James, H.B. Alexander and the Psychology of Teaching, followed by symposia, workshops, a poster session and a reception. A student preconference is scheduled to take place alongside the teaching conference. Psi Chi is sponsoring an exciting leadership training workshop on April 11, as well as programming of interest to students throughout the conference. David Buss, PhD, of
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the University of Texas at Austin, will kick off the regular conference with a discussion of his internationally recognized research on human mating strategies. The Psi Chi Distinguished Speaker will be Robert Sternberg, PhD, provost of Oklahoma State University. Renowned for his research on human intelligence, Sternberg will discuss his reflections on what he has learned from his 40 years in psychology. The Gardner Memorial Lecture will feature Sue SavageRumbaugh, PhD, executive director and head scientist at Great Ape Trust in Des Moines, Iowa, who will describe her research on language learning in bonobos. APA is sponsoring Christine Chiarello, PhD, of the University of California, Riverside as the G. Stanley Hall Lecturer. She will discuss her recent work on the organization of language functions in the brain. Worth Publishers is sponsoring a talk by Ronald Comer, PhD, of Princeton University, author of a popular textbook on abnormal psychology. Wayne Viney, PhD, from Colorado State University, will give the past-presidents address on Einsteins Jewish Science and William Jamess American Psychology. A special festschrift is planned for Paul Bell, PhD, in celebration of his retirement from Colorado State University. The Diversity Council will have a strong presence throughout the convention, including a lecture by Peggy McIntosh, PhD, of Wellesley College, a prominent scholar on race and gender issues and author of White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack. For more information, go to www.rockymountainpsych.org.

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Jeffry Wood, PhD (E.E. Jones Clinical and Psychotherapy Research). Other featured speakers will include Ronald Comer, PhD, of Princeton University; John Boyd, PhD, social psychologist at Google; Jerry Burger, PhD, of Santa Clara University; Constance Jones, PhD, of California State University, Fresno; Howard Friedman, PhD, of University of California, Riverside; Jim Blascovich, PhD, of University of California, Santa Barbara; Steven Hayes, PhD, of University of Nevada, Reno; Delia Saenz, PhD, of Arizona State University; and Steven Neuberg, PhD, of Arizona State University. For more information, visit www.westernpsych.org.

Midwestern Psychological Association


May 24, Chicago The Midwestern Psychological Association Annual Meeting features papers, posters, workshops and discussion sessions from researchers across the Midwest and around the world. This years invited speakers include: Albert Bandura, PhD, Psi Chi Distinguished Speaker, Stanford University. David Buss, PhD, APA G. Stanley Hall Lecturer, University of Texas. Lee Anna Clark, PhD, University of Notre Dame. John Holmes, PhD, University of Waterloo. Elizabeth Loftus, PhD, University of California, Irvine. Jennifer Richeson, PhD, Northwestern University. Paul Rozin, PhD, University of Pennsylvania. Gary Wenk, PhD, The Ohio State University. MPA will also host affiliated meetings of the Society for the Teaching of Psychology, the Society for Community Research and Action and Psi Chi. For more information, visit www.midwesternpsych.org.

Western Psychological Association


April 2528, Reno, Nev. The program will feature more than 30 distinguished speakers and invited symposia in addition to the Terman Teaching Conference on April 24, statistics workshops and the WPA Film Festival. Among the highlights are: Presidents Special Program in Honor of Philip Zimbardos 80th birthday: Career Journeys in Psychology featuring Philip Zimbardo, PhD, Elliot Aronson, PhD, Lee Ross, PhD, and Christina Maslach, PhD. The Psi Chi Distinguished Speaker will be Brian Nosek, PhD, of the University of Virginia, speaking on Scientific Utopia: A Radical View. The APA Distinguished Scientist Lecturer will be Lera Boroditsky, PhD, of Stanford University. WPA Presidential Address by Robert Levine, PhD, of California State University, Fresno: A Geography of Time. Presidents Special Program on the Science of Goodness and Heroism will feature three sessions featuring the work of the Heroic Imagination Project, Stanfords Center for Compassion and Altruism, and the University of California, Berkeleys Greater Good Science Center. Deborah Layton, author of Seductive Poison: A Jonestown Survivors Story of Life and Death in the Peoples Temple, will speak with Philip Zimbardo, PhD, on the psychology of cults. Neil Altman, PhD, author of The Analyst in the Inner City, will speak on psychoanalysis, race and class. WPA Award Addresses will be delivered by Jodie Ullman, PhD (Teaching), George Slavich (Early Career Research) and
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New England Psychological Association


Oct. 1819, Bridgeport, Conn. The New England Psychological Association 2013 Annual Meeting continues to develop and is off to a great start. Speakers include: Daniel Schacter, PhD, as the APA G. Stanley Hall lecturer. Kenneth D. Keith, PhD, as the APA Harry Kirke Wolfe lecturer. Kelly Brownell, PhD, as the NEPA 2013 Distinguished Contribution Award Speaker. As always, the Northeast Conference on the Teaching of Psychology will meet the day before NEPA at the same location, and the NEPA meeting will include Psi Chi programming. NEPA is also planning to hold an APA Science Directoratesponsored Academic Careers Workshop. The deadline for submission of papers and symposia for NEPA is June 8. Poster submissions will be reviewed through Sept. 21 on a space-available basis. For more information, go to www. NEPsychological.org. n

Methodology in Psychology

Consensual Qualitative Research


A Practical Resource for Investigating Social Science Phenomena Edited by Clara E. Hill

Qualitative Strategies for Ethnocultural Research

2012. 329 pages. Hardcover. ISBN 978-1-4338-1007-7 Item # 4313031 List: $69.95 APA Member/Affiliate: $49.95

Edited by Donna K. Nagata, Laura Kohn-Wood, and Lisa A. Suzuki

Methodological Quantitative Models Approaches to in Psychology Community-Based Robert E. McGrath 2011. 241 pages. Hardcover. Research ISBN 978-1-4338-0959-0 Item # 4313028
Edited by Leonard A. Jason and David S. Glenwick
List: $59.95 APA Member/Affiliate: $49.95 2012. 264 pages. Hardcover. ISBN 978-1-4338-1115-9 Item # 4316136 List: $49.95 APA Member/Affiliate: $39.95

2012. 280 pages. Hardcover. ISBN 978-1-4338-1149-4 Item # 4316139 List: $69.95 APA Member/Affiliate: $49.95

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Public
INTEREST

Public health is our top priority


BY DR. GWENDOLYN PURYEAR KEITA APA EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR FOR THE PUBLIC INTEREST

APAs Public Interest (PI) Directorate is committed to showcasing and expanding psychologys role in advancing health, especially that of underserved populations. For years, we have engaged experts from psychology and other disciplines to address critical health issues with the goal of highlighting psychologys critical contribution, needs for further
research, education and training, collaboration and policy. Because of the longstanding and ongoing focus on health within the PI directorate, we are excited about the newly implemented APA Center for Psychology and Health (see From the CEO, January Monitor). The center was created to coordinate APAs efforts toward advancing psychologys role in health. The PI directorates contributions consist of a variety of initiatives, activities and events aimed at furthering psychologys reach. In 2001, we sponsored the last in a series of three conferences on Psychosocial and Behavioral Factors in Womens Health, culminating in a research agenda. For more than 20 years, APA and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, subsequently joined by the Society for Occupational Health Psychology, have convened international conferences that exhibit psychologys contributions to improving the health and safety of workers our 10th such conference will be held May 1619 in Los Angeles. PI is also active in furthering psychologys contribution to solving other health problems. Through the HIV Office for Psychology Education program and the Behavioral and Social Science Volunteer Program, more than 32,000 mental health professionals were trained to address the needs of people with AIDS. The BSSV is currently offering three-day trainings and technical assistance nationwide to health professionals on integrated care for individuals with mental health problems, substance use disorders and HIV/AIDS. The Council of Representatives adopted a Resolution on Combination Behavioral and Biomedical Approaches to Optimize HIV Prevention, originated, developed and widely disseminated by the Committee on Psychology and AIDS, to ensure continued attention to critical behavioral approaches to the prevention and treatment for HIV/AIDS. In addition, our Health Disparities Initiative works to increase understanding of and support for research, training,
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public education and interventions that improve overall health and reduce health disparities among underserved and vulnerable populations. We are initially focusing on stress, obesity, substance abuse and addiction because of their prevalence and high association with other chronic diseases, such as hypertension and diabetes in health-disparity populations, and because psychological science has much to contribute to understanding, preventing and treating these conditions. Weve recently convened two summits to address two of the health disparity topics: Obesity in African American Women and Girls and Strengthening Psychologys Role in Reducing Tobacco Health Disparities. Experts from across a number of disciplines, organizations and federal agencies spoke at both conferences. Our Socioeconomic Status Related Cancer Disparities Program, funded through a grant from CDC, is taking psychologists and evidence-based research to support the capacity building efforts of organizations and stakeholders focused on cancer treatment and prevention, specifically for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations. In addition, our Integrated Health Care for an Aging Population Initiative focuses on promoting psychologists involvement and contributions to this expanding model of health care (see Blueprint for Change: Achieving Integrated Health for an Aging Population). The directorates Office on Aging also led psychologys successful effort to have psychologists recognized as integral members of the interdisciplinary aging workforce. Clearly, our focus and commitment strongly support the work of the newly implemented APA Center for Psychology and Health. Selecting initiatives to highlight here was difficult because so many exciting developments are taking place in the PI directorate. I sincerely encourage you to visit our Web pages www.apa.org/pi/index.aspx, subscribe to our newsletter, In the Public Interest, and feel free to give us a call. We always welcome feedback and new ideas. n
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CE CORNER

Sexual hook-up culture


With more emerging adults having casual consequences of such encounters.
Welcome to CE Corner
CE Corner is a quarterly continuing education article offered by the APA Office of CE in Psychology. This feature will provide you with updates on critical developments in psychology, drawn from peerreviewed literature and written by leading psychology experts. CE Corner appears in the February, April, July/August and November issues of the Monitor. To earn CE credit, after you read this article, purchase the online test at www.apa.org/education/ ce/1360341.aspx. Upon successful completion of the test a score of 75 percent or higher you can immediately print your CE certificate. The test fee is $25 for members and $35 for nonmembers. The APA Office of CE in Psychology retains responsibility for the program. For more information, call (800) 374-2721.

sex, researchers are exploring psychological

By Justin R. Garcia, The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, Indiana University, Bloomington; and Chris Reiber, Sean G. Massey, and Ann M. Merriwether, Binghamton University, State University of New York

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Thinkstock

Overview CE credits: 1 Exam Items: 10 Learning objectives: 1. D  escribe the concept and context of contemporary sexual hook-up culture and behavior. 2. R  eview the current research on psychological and health consequences of emerging adults uncommitted sexual activity. 3. D  iscuss the role of uncommitted sexual behavior, and larger social-sexual scripts, on the lives and experiences of emerging adult college students.

t is an unprecedented time in the history of human sexuality. In the United States, the age when people first marry and reproduce has been pushed back dramatically, while at the same time the age of puberty has dropped, resulting in an era in which young adults are physiologically able to reproduce but not psychologically or socially ready to settle down and begin a family (Bogle, 2007; Garcia & Reiber, 2008). These developmental shifts, research suggests, are some of the factors driving the increase in sexual hookups, or uncommitted sexual encounters, part of a popular cultural change that has infiltrated the lives of emerging adults throughout the Western world. Hookups are becoming more engrained in popular culture, reflecting both evolved sexual predilections and changing social and sexual scripts. Hook-up activities may include a wide range of sexual behaviors, such as kissing, oral sex and penetrative intercourse. However, these encounters often transpire without any promise of or desire for a more traditional romantic relationship. In this article, we review the literature on sexual hookups and consider the research on the psychological consequences of casual sex. This is a transdisciplinary literature review that draws on the evidence and theoretical tensions between evolutionary theoretical models and sociocultural theory. It suggests that these encounters are becoming increasingly normative among adolescents and young adults in North America and can best be understood from a biopsychosocial perspective. Todays hook-up culture represents a marked shift in openness and acceptance of uncommitted sex. A cultural revolution Hookups defined in this article as brief uncommitted sexual encounters between individuals who are not romantic partners or dating each other have emerged from more general social shifts taking place during the last century. Hookups began to become more frequent in the 1920s, with the upsurge of automobiles and novel entertainment, such as movie theaters. Instead of courting at home under a parents
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watchful eye, young adults left the home and were able to explore their sexuality more freely. By the 1960s, young adults became even more sexually liberated, with the rise of feminism, widespread availability of birth control and growth of sex-integrated college party events. Today, sexual behavior outside of traditional committed romantic pair-bonds has become increasingly typical and socially acceptable (Bogle, 2007, 2008). Influencing this shift in sexuality is popular culture. The media have become a source of sex education, filled with often inaccurate portrayals of sexuality (Kunkel et al., 2005). The themes of books, plots of movies and television shows, and lyrics of numerous songs all demonstrate a permissive sexuality among consumers. The media suggest that uncommitted sex, or hookups, can be both physically and emotionally enjoyable and occur without strings. The 2009 film Hooking Up, for example, details the chaotic romantic and sexual lives of adolescent characters. Another film, No Strings Attached, released in 2011, features two friends negotiating a sexual, yet nonromantic, component of their relationship. Popular pro-hookup same-sex representations have also emerged in television series like Queer as Folk and The L-Word. When it comes to real life, most of todays young adults report some casual sexual experience. The most recent data suggest that between 60 percent and 80 percent of North American college students have had some sort of hookup experience. This is consistent with the view of emerging adulthood (typical college age) as a period of developmental transition (Arnett, 2000), exploring and internalizing sexuality and romantic intimacy, now including hookups (Stinson, 2010). Although much of the current research has been done on college campuses, among younger adolescents, 70 percent of sexually active 12- to 21-year-olds reported having had uncommitted sex within the last year (Grello et al., 2003). Similarly, in a sample of seventh, ninth and 11th graders, 32 percent of participants had experienced sexual intercourse and 61 percent of sexually experienced teenagers reported a sexual encounter outside a dating relationship; this represents approximately one-fifth of the entire sample (Manning et al., 2006). Affective responses to hooking up On average, both men and women appear to have higher positive affect than negative affect after a hookup. In one study, among participants who were asked to characterize the morning after a hookup, 82 percent of men and 57 percent of women were generally glad they had done it (Garcia & Reiber, 2008). The gap between men and women is notable and demonstrates an average sex difference in affective reactions. Similarly, in a study of 832 college students, 26 percent of women and 50 percent of men reported feeling positive after
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a hookup, and 49 percent of women and 26 percent of men reported a negative reaction (the remainders for each sex had a mix of both positive and negative reactions; Owen et al., 2010). However, both sexes also experience some negative affect as well. In a qualitative study that asked 187 participants to report their feelings after a typical hookup, 35 percent reported feeling regretful or disappointed, 27 percent good or happy, 20 percent satisfied, 11 percent confused, 9 percent proud, 7 percent excited or nervous, 5 percent uncomfortable, and 2 percent desirable or wanted (Paul & Hayes, 2002). However, this same study found that feelings differed during hookups compared with after: During a typical hookup, 65 percent of participants reported feeling good, aroused, or excited, 17 percent desirable or wanted, 17 percent nothing in particular or were focused on the hookup, 8 percent embarrassed or regretful, 7 percent nervous or scared, 6 percent confused, and 5 percent proud (Paul & Hayes, 2002). Hook-up regret A number of studies have looked at regret with respect to hookups and have documented the negative feelings men and women may feel after casual sex. In a large Web-based study of 1,468 undergraduate students, participants reported a variety of consequences: 27.1 percent felt embarrassed, 24.7 percent reported emotional difficulties, 20.8 percent experienced loss of respect, and 10 percent reported difficulties with a steady partner (Lewis et al., 2011). In another recent study conducted on a sample of 200 undergraduate students in Canada, 78 percent of women and 72 percent of men who had uncommitted sex (including vaginal, anal, and/or oral sex) reported a history of experiencing regret following such an encounter (Fisher et al., 2012). Fisher et al. (2012) also found few sex differences in reasons for regret, with better quality sex reducing the degree of regret reported. It appears the method of asking participants whether and when they had experienced regret (i.e., ever, last hookup, or typical hookup) produces a sex difference, but in terms of categorical presence, most emerging adults experienced a kaleidoscope of reactions. This is consistent with Stinsons (2010) message of sexual development requiring experimentation, including trial and
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Hookups, although increasingly socially acceptable, may leave more strings than public discourse would suggest.

error, good feelings and bad feelings. In a study of 270 sexually active college-age students, 72 percent regretted at least one instance of previous sexual activity (Oswalt, Cameron, & Koob, 2005). In a report of 152 female undergraduate students, 74 percent had either a few or some regrets from uncommitted sex: 61 percent had a few regrets, 23 percent had no regrets, 13 percent had some regrets and 3 percent had many regrets (Eshbaugh & Gute, 2008). Another study identified two types of sexual encounters that were particularly predictive of regret: engaging in penetrative intercourse with someone known less than 24 hours and engaging in penetrative intercourse with someone only once. Among a sample of 1,743 individuals who had experienced a one-night stand, Campbell (2008) showed that most men and women had combinations of both positive and negative affective reactions following this event. Campbell also found that men had stronger feelings of being sorry because they felt they used another person, whereas women had stronger feelings of regret because they felt used. Again, both men and women had experienced some sexual regret, but women were more negatively impacted by some hook-up experiences. Hook-up culture and mental health An individual history of hook-up behavior has been associated with a variety of mental health factors. In a study of 394 young adults followed across a university semester, those with more depressive symptoms and greater feelings of loneliness who engaged in penetrative sex hookups subsequently reported a reduction in both depressive symptoms and feelings of loneliness (Owen et al., 2011). At the same time, participants who reported fewer depressive symptoms and fewer feelings of loneliness who engaged in penetrative sex hookups subsequently reported an increase in both depressive symptoms and feelings of loneliness (Owen et al., 2011). In another study, among 291 sexually experienced individuals, people who had the most regret after uncommitted sex also had more symptoms of depression than those who had no regret (Welsh et al., 2006). However, in the same sample, womens but not mens degree of depressive symptoms increased with number of previous sex partners within the last year (Welsh et al., 2006). In the first study to investigate the issue of self-esteem and hookups, both men and women who had ever engaged in an
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uncommitted sexual encounter had lower overall self-esteem scores compared with those without uncommitted sexual experiences (Paul et al., 2000). The potential causal direction of the relationship between self-esteem and uncommitted sex is yet unclear (Fielder & Carey, 2010; Paul et al., 2000). Just as multiple motivations can be in conflict, a persons affective reactions during and after a hookup can be in conflict. Discrepancies between behaviors and desires, particularly with respect to social-sexual relationships, have dramatic implications for physical and mental health. Despite the allure of engaging in uncommitted sex, research shows that people engage in these behaviors even when they feel uncomfortable doing so (Lambert et al., 2003; Reiber & Garcia, 2010). In addition, people overestimate others comfort with hookups and assign variable meanings to those behaviors (Lambert et al., 2003; Reiber & Garcia, 2010). Misperception of sexual norms is one potential driver for people to behave in ways they do not personally endorse. In a replication and extension of Lambert et al.s (2003) study, Reiber and Garcia (2010) found that 78 percent of people overestimated others comfort with many different sexual hook-up behaviors, with men particularly overestimating womens actual comfort with a variety of sexual behaviors in hookups. Hook-up scenarios may include feelings of pressure and performance anxiety, contributing to feelings of discomfort. In Paul et al.s (2000) study on hookups, 16 percent of participants felt pressured during their typical hookup. In this sample, 12 percent of participants felt out of control when intercourse was not involved, while 22 percent felt out of control when sexual intercourse took place. (Note that this study asked participants about typical hookups, and although this is informative for general patterns, it does not capture specific factors influencing specific individual scenarios. For instance, it is unclear how one might rate a typical hookup if one instance involved sexual coercion and regret while another, before or after, was consenting and more enjoyable.) Hookups can result in guilt and negative feelings. In a study of 169 sexually experienced men and women surveyed in singles bars, when presented with the statement, I feel guilty or would feel guilty about having sexual intercourse with someone I had just met, 32 percent of men and 72 percent of women agreed (Herold & Mewhinney, 1993). The
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On average, both men and women appear to have higher positive affect than negative affect after a hookup.

percentage of women expressing guilt was more than twice that of men. This is consistent with a classic study by Clark and Hatfield (1989), which found that men are much more likely than women to accept casual sex offers from people they find attractive. Conley (2011) replicated and extended this finding, demonstrating that, under certain conditions of perceived comfort, the gender differences in acceptance of casual sex are diminished. Qualitative descriptions of hookups reveal relative gender differences in terms of feelings afterward, with women displaying more negative reactions than men (Paul & Hayes, 2002). This is also consistent with earlier work demonstrating a sex difference, with women generally identifying more emotional involvement in seemingly low investment (i.e., uncommitted) sexual encounters than men (Townsend, 1995). Moreover, in a study of 140 (109 female, 31 male) first-semester undergraduates, women, but not men, who had engaged in intercourse during a hookup showed higher rates of mental distress (Fielder & Carey, 2010). Possibly contributing to findings on gender differences in thoughts of worry, in a sample of 507 undergraduate students, more women than men hoped that a relationship would develop following a hookup. Only 4.4 percent of men and 8.2 percent of women (6.45 percent of participants) expected a traditional romantic relationship as an outcome, while 29 percent of men and 42.9 percent of women (36.57 percent of participants) ideally wanted such an outcome (Garcia & Reiber, 2008). It is possible that regret and negative consequences result from individuals attempting to negotiate multiple desires. It is likely that a substantial portion of emerging adults today are compelled to publicly engage in hookups while desiring both immediate sexual gratification and more stable romantic attachments. Hook-up culture and sexual risk Despite the prevalence of positive feelings, hookups can include negative outcomes, such as emotional and psychological injury, sexual violence, sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. Despite those risks, a qualitative study of 71 college students (39 women and 32 men) found that nearly half of participants were not concerned about contracting sexually transmitted diseases from intercourse during a hookup, and most were
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unconcerned about contracting diseases from fellatio or cunnilingus in hookups (Downing-Matibag & Geisinger, 2009). Compounding disease risks, people who hook up are more likely to have concurrent sexual partners (Paik, 2010b). Moreover, in a sample of 1,468 college students, among the 429 students who had engaged in oral sex, anal sex or vaginal intercourse in their most recent hookup, only 46.6 percent reported using a condom (Lewis et al., 2011). In terms of condom use, another issue of concern involving hookups is the high comorbidity with substance use. As part of a larger study, in a sample of several thousand people ages 15 to 25, men and women who had used marijuana or cocaine in the previous 12 months were also more likely than nonusers to have had nonmonogamous sex in the past 12 months (van Gelder et al., 2011). More specifically, in one study of undergraduate students, 33 percent of those who reported they had uncommitted sex indicated their motivation was unintentional, likely due to alcohol and other drugs (Garcia & Reiber, 2008). In Fielder and Careys (2010) study among 118 first-semester female college students, participants reported that 64 percent of uncommitted sexual encounters followed alcohol use, with the average occuring after consuming three alcoholic drinks. Similarly, another study found that nearly 61 percent of undergraduate students used alcohol, with an average of 3.3 alcoholic drinks, during their most recent hookup (Lewis et al., 2011). Not all hook-up encounters are necessarily wanted or consensual. People occasionally consent to a sexual act but do not necessarily want sex (Peterson & Muehlenhard, 2007). In a sample of 178 college students, participants noted that most of their unwanted sex occurred in the context of hookups: 77.8 percent during a hookup, 13.9 percent in an ongoing relationship and 8.3 percent on a date (Flack et al., 2007). Similarly, in a sample of 761 women students, approximately 50 percent of women reported at least one experience of unwanted sex (Hill, Garcia, & Geher, 2012). Of those women, 70 percent experienced unwanted sex in the context of a hookup and 57 percent in the context of a committed romantic relationship (Hill et al., 2012). Even more worrisome, a proportion of hookups also involve nonconsensual sex. In a study by Lewis et al. (2011), 86.3 percent of participants portrayed their most recent hookup experience as one they wanted to have, while 7.6 percent indicated that their most recent hookup was an experience they did not want to have or to which they were unable to give consent. Unwanted and nonconsensual sexual encounters are more likely occurring alongside alcohol and substance use. Alcohol use has also been associated with a type of hookup: The greatest alcohol use was associated with penetrative sexual hookups, less alcohol use with nonpenetrative hookups, and the least amount of alcohol use occurred among those who did not hook-up (Owen, Fincham, & Moore, 2011).
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In one study of men and women who had engaged in an uncommitted sexual encounter that included vaginal, anal or oral sex, participants reported their intoxication levels: 35 percent were very intoxicated, 27 percent were mildly intoxicated, 27 percent were sober and 9 percent were extremely intoxicated (Fisher, Worth, Garcia, & Meredith, 2012). Alcohol may also serve as an excuse, purposely consumed as a strategy to protect the self from having to justify hook-up behavior later (Paul, 2006). Although alcohol and drugs are likely a strong factor, it is still largely unclear what role individual differences play in shaping decisions to engage in hookups. In a sample of 394 young adults, the strongest predictor of hook-up behavior was having previously hooked up those who engaged in penetrative sex hookups were 600 percent more likely than others to repeat this over the course of a university semester (Owen et al., 2011). Other factors may include media consumption, personality and biological predispositions. Garcia, MacKillop, et al. (2010) demonstrated an association between dopamine D4 receptor gene polymorphism (DRD4 VNTR) and uncommitted sexual activity among 181 young men and young women. Although genotypic groups in this study did not vary in terms of overall number of sexual partners, individuals with a particular risk-taking variant of the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4 VNTR; also associated with substance abuse) were shown to have a higher likelihood of having uncommitted sexual encounters (including infidelity and one-night stands); however, no sex differences were observed. This suggests that biological factors that contribute to motivating the different contexts of sexual behavior for both men and women may be fairly sexually monomorphic (Garcia & Reiber, 2008; Garcia, Reiber, et al., 2010). This may, in some cases, point to fairly stable individual differences. Sex differences in hook-up behaviors Some research has considered the interactions of sex and individual differences in predicting hook-up behavior. The Mating Intelligence Scale, designed to measure an individuals cognitive abilities in the evolutionary domain of mating (see Geher & Kaufman, 2011), was used to assess hookup behavior in a sample of 132 college students. Young men higher in mating intelligence were more likely than others to have hooked up with strangers, acquaintances and friends, while young women higher in mating intelligence were only more likely than others to have had more hookup experiences with acquaintances (OBrien, Geher, Gallup, Garcia, & Kaufman, 2009). The authors proposed that given the potential risks and costs of sex to females, sex with strangers would be disadvantageous; and because women do not generally report having sexual motives toward oppositesex friends (Bleske-Rechek & Buss, 2001), women with high mating intelligence were likely striking the optimal balance,
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whereas men high in mating intelligence were obtaining maximum sexual encounters (OBrien et al., 2009). Still unclear are the degree to which hookups may result in positive reactions, and whether young men and young women are sexually satisfied in these encounters. Fine (1988) has argued that sex negativity is even more pronounced when directed at women and, further, that the possibility of desire seems to be missing from the sexual education of young women. This discrepancy in the socialization and education of men and women may be a significant influence on behavioral patterns and outcomes in sexual hookups. Armstrong, England and Fogarty (2009) addressed sexual satisfaction in a large study of online survey responses from 12,295 undergraduates from 17 different colleges. Participants were asked about oral sex rates and orgasm in their most recent hookup and most recent relationship sexual event. In this study, men reported receiving oral sex both in hookups and in relationships much more than women. In first-time hookups that involved oral sex, 55 percent included only men receiving oral sex, 19 percent only women receiving oral sex, and 27 percent both mutually receiving; in last relationship sexual activity, 32 percent included only men receiving oral sex, 16 percent included only women receiving oral sex, and 52 percent included both mutually receiving. In both contexts, men also reached orgasm more often than women. In first-time hookups, 31 percent of men and 10 percent of women reached orgasm; in last relationship sexual activity, 85 percent of men and 68 percent of women reached orgasm. Armstrong et al. (2009) concluded with an important message: A challenge to the contemporary sexual double standard would mean defending the position that young women and men are equally entitled to sexual activity, sexual pleasure, and sexual respect in hookups as well as relationships. To achieve this, the attitudes and practices of both men and women need to be confronted. Men should be challenged to treat even first hookup partners as generously as the women they hook up with treat them. Conclusion Uncommitted sex, now being explored across a variety of disciplines and theoretical perspectives, is best understood as a biopsychosocial phenomenon. Evidence suggests that both pleasure and reproductive motives may influence these sexual patterns, as seen in participants reactions following uncommitted sex. Further, the findings that a majority of both men and women are motivated to engage in hookups, but often desire a more romantic relationship, are consistent with a nuanced perspective that takes into account changing social scripts, new patterns of development, and the crosscultural and biological centrality of the pair-bond (Fisher,
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1992; Gray & Garcia, 2013). By definition, sexual hookups provide the allure of sex without strings attached. Despite their increasing social acceptability, however, developing research suggests that sexual hookups may leave more strings attached than many participants might first assume. n Justin R. Garcia, MS, PhD, is CTRD Research Fellow at The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction and member of the Center for the Integrative Study of Animal Behavior and the Cognitive Science Program at Indiana University, Bloomington. He is co-author of Evolution and Human Sexual Behavior (Harvard University Press, 2013). Chris Reiber, PhD, MPH, is interim associate dean for research for Harpur College of Arts and Sciences, director of the graduate program in biomedical anthropology, and associate professor of anthropology at Binghamton University, SUNY.
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Massey

Sean G. Massey, PhD, is a research associate professor in the women, gender and sexuality studies program at Binghamton University, SUNY. He received his doctorate from the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. His research focuses on the psychology of prejudice and privilege, research and policy, sexual behaviors and the study of LGBT lives. Ann M. Merriwether, PhD, is a lecturer in psychology and human development at Binghamton University, SUNY. She received her doctorate from Pennsylvania State University in the area of developmental psychology. Her research focuses on the development of reproductive health attitudes and sexual socialization.

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This article is condensed from Sexual Hookup Culture: A Review, in Review of General Psychology, 2012, Vol. 16, No. 2, 161-176. Click here for a PDF of the full article, which includes all references and a more detailed theoretical review.

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Division
SPOTLIGHT

cognition, motivation, research methods and more.Colleagues and students praise Steiner for her accessibility and as a leader in online teaching. For more information about Div. 2 awards, visit http://teachpsych.org/ members/awards/eta.php. Div. 15 funds meetings on STEM, teacher beliefs Div. 15 (Educational) has awarded two grants to fund small meetings on cutting-edge topics in education. Eric M. Anderman, PhD, of Ohio State University, and Ron Marx, PhD, of the University of Arizona, will use their grant to host a meeting on Applying Educational Psychology Principles to Improve STEM Education, later this year. Grantee Gavin T.L. Brown, PhD, of the University of Auckland, will host a meeting on Teacher Beliefs about Educational Activities. To register for the conferences, visit www.apadiv15.org. Div. 18 participates in health disparities summit Two Div. 18 (Psychologists in Public Service) leaders attended the meeting Strengthening Psychologys Role in Reducing Tobacco Health Disparities Dec. 1011 in Washington, D.C. Jacque Gray, PhD, a member of the steering committee of the APA Health Disparities Initiative, moderated the plenary session Determinants of Tobacco Use in Vulnerable Populations. Linda Bodie, PhD, Div. 18 past president,

Join Div. 17s older adults group Div. 17 (Society of Counseling Psychology) invites members and students who work with older adults and their caregivers to join its Older Adult Special Interest Group. This year, the group is emphasizing mentoring the next generation of counselors and collaborating with other divisions and sections that focus on aging. For more information and to join, contact Michiko Iwasaki, PhD, at miwasaki@loyola.edu or Mary Lewis, PhD, at marylewis@earthlink.net.

Div. 1 invites new editor nominations Div. 1 (Society for General Psychology) has opened nominations for the editorship of Review of General Psychology (RGP) for 2015 to 2020. Douglas K. Candland, PhD, is the incumbent editor. See RGPs home page for details and directions on how to submit nominations.

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Div. 2 debuts adjunct faculty award Div. 2 (Society for the Teaching of Psychology) has presented its first Adjunct Faculty Teaching Excellence Award to Hillary Hettinger Steiner, PhD. The award recognizes teaching excellence among part-time psychology instructors. Steiner, an adjunct professor of psychology at the University of Georgia, teaches traditional and online courses on

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The best graduate school for adult learners.

discussed how the division could help with the dissemination of the action plan. Join the Div. 41 student section Div. 41 (American Psychology-Law Society) encourages psychologylaw graduate students to join its student section. The section hosts professional development events and a 5K Fun Run at the divisions annual conference, to be held March 79 in Portland, Ore. The student sections campus representative program has more than 70 representatives across the United States and Canada, as well as an active Facebook page to keep students up to date about mentoring opportunities, grants, scholarships and predoctoral internship opportunities. For more information and to join, go to www.ap-ls.org/students. Follow Div. 46 on Facebook Div. 46(Society for Media Psychology and Technology) has a new group for psychologists who work, research and practice in the media. Members post and comment on articles that connect psychology and media, such as how to report statistics in the news and the prevalence of Facebook addiction. To join, go to http://on.fb.me/Uq9HTU. Attend Div. 54s annual meeting Div. 54 (Society of Pediatric Psychology) is hosting the National Conference in Pediatric Psychology on April 1113 in New Orleans.Speakers will address pediatric sleep issues, health-care

reform, quality improvement, diversity, and clinically informed and relevant research methodologies. The meeting will offer 13 hours of continuing education; additional CE will be available at two three-hour preconference workshops and at special interest group meetings. Div. 54 is an APA-approved sponsor of continuing education. For more information, go towww. ContinuingEd.ku.edu/programs/ pediatric-psychology. n

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NEW JOURNAL EDITOR

A door opener
Michael Roberts aims to create a strong evidence base for supervisors as the new editor of Training and Education in Professional Psychology.
BY AN NA MI LLER Monitor staff

reparing budding psychologists for the To change that, Roberts is encouraging field today is different from training them internship directors, postdoctoral program faculty 10, five or even one year ago. Among and other psychologists in supervisory positions todays concerns: How can psychologists be to evaluate and write about their experiences recognized as integral members of health-care for the journal regardless of their authorship teams as the Affordable Care Act is implemented? experience. What is the best way to train and evaluate He plans to ease the publication process for students using a competency-based approach? new authors by encouraging them to pair up with And, how can supervisors integrate all levels experienced writers. He also wants to quickly of training, from doctoral to internship to provide helpful feedback for all authors, and Roberts postdoctoral? ensure edits remain true to the authors voices. I These are just some of the questions Michael dont view the editor as a gatekeeper, but more as a C. Roberts, PhD, hopes to address as the new editor of Training door opener, he says. and Education in Professional Psychology (TEPP), a journal Roberts joined the University of Kansas faculty in 1991 to published by APA and the Association of Psychology and launch its clinical child psychology program, which he directed Postdoctoral and Internship Centers. until July. He brings to his new role experience in education I see this journal as working toward creating a stronger and editing, including work with the interorganizational Health evidence base for education and training, says Roberts, a Services Psychology Education Collaboration and most recently clinical child psychologist at the University of Kansas. Its not as chair of APAs Board of Educational Affairs and editor of enough to have opinions and great ideas. We have to evaluate Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. His terms for what were doing and create a strong empirical base for both ended in December. outcomes to help us do what we do and try to get better. As an editor, you get to see things that are percolating and As editor, Roberts aims to shed light on the discrepancy in zeitgeists and trends as they start to develop, and I think thats numbers between internship positions and applicants, building exciting, he says. But you can also start soliciting and putting on the momentum gained when APA passed the internship out calls for papers, and that helps shape the next generation. n stimulus package in October. Internships are in a precarious place, he says. TEPP will need to focus more on providing To submit a manuscript to TEPP, go to www.apa.org/pubs/ information resources for internships in the future. journals/tep/index.aspx
70 M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

NEW JOURNAL EDITOR

Recognizing the needs of a growing population


The new Journal of Latina/o Psychology will address social justice, advocacy and policy related to Latinos and improve the training of psychologists who work with them.
BY AN NA MI LLER Monitor staff

hen Azara Santiago-Rivera, PhD, development of culturally appropriate treatment launched her psychology career more approaches and assessment tools. The journal will than 20 years ago, training programs also feature research looking at the psychological paid little attention to the Latino population. The effects of immigration, the physical and mental research was scarce, as well: In 1990, for example, health issues that disproportionately affect the journals published only 11 articles related to Latino population and the challenges sexual Latino mental health. minority Latinos face. By contrast, 70 such research articles were Neuropsychology and cognitive psychology published in the last year a reflection of a research have a place in the journal, too, says rapidly growing population that psychologists Santiago-Rivera, such as work that helps cannot ignore, says Santiago-Rivera, who chairs psychologists understand how languages are Santiago-Rivera the department of counseling psychology at the stored in the brain. Chicago School of Professional Psychology in We need more research on bilingualism and Washington, D.C. identity, and how to bring that into therapy, she says. To consolidate that research, the National Latina/o Santiago-Rivera has more than two decades experience Psychological Association (NLPA) and APAs journals program researching and practicing multicultural training and are debuting the Journal of Latina/o Psychology this spring. bilingual therapy, as well as leading national Latina/o advocacy Santiago-Rivera serves as founding editor of the journal, organizations. She credits the journals development to NLPAs which aims to advance knowledge of the Latina/o population, advocacy, APAs support and her associate editors Andrea J. promote the education of psychologists who work with them Romero, PhD, of the University of Arizona; Loreto R. Prieto, and address social justice, advocacy and policy issues relevant to PhD, of Iowa State University; and Esteban V. Cardemil, PhD, of the Latina/o community. Clark University. Twenty years ago, it wasnt on the radar screen for people This journal is going to do great things for anyone who to think about the life circumstances that Latinos have when, wants to work with this population, she says. Its going to for example, they first arrive in this country, Santiago-Rivera stimulate more research and influence training. Its really going says. But the significant growth of the population makes it to advance the field. n increasingly important to address their specific mental health needs. To submit a manuscript to the Journal of Latina/o Psychology, She is particularly interested in research that can lead to the go to www.apa.org/pubs/journals/lat/index.aspx.
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Foundation
AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL

Committed to kids well-being


APF Koppitz grantees are advancing child development research in such areas as autism and sickle cell disease.
BY TORI DeANGELIS

efore she was a graduate student at University of Maryland at College Park, Kelly Lynn Mulvey worked as a high school teacher in Durham, N.C. There, she observed that a main worry for kids was being excluded by their peers. They wondered who was going to sit with them at the lunch table, whether theyd be invited to a party after school or what they should do if a bully was harassing someone, she says. Seeing their challenges really got me interested in how I could help kids at a broader level. Thanks in part to a $25,000 Elizabeth Munsterberg Koppitz fellowship from the American Psychological Foundation, shes now able to do that. The annual grants fund up to six scholars each year for promising graduate work in child psychology. Mulvey is examining factors that drive children to exclude or support peers who act outside the group norm. Shes finding that children feel they should confront the group if it is shunning someone who is challenging them on moral grounds but are afraid theyll be kicked out if they do. Such mixed findings intrigue Mulvey and make her want to investigate the area further, and eventually bring her findings back into the schools. Id like to educate parents and teachers about how we can give kids the
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tools to stand up and challenge their group when they need to and still have a rich social life, she says. Here is what other Koppitz winners are doing with their grants. Helping sickle cell patients thrive Duke University graduate student Taryn Allen is helping children with sickle cell disease improve their cognitive skills a critical intervention for these youngsters who tend to have cognitive deficits resulting from disease-related complications such as stroke and chronic anemia. The cognitive aspects of the disease have received short shrift because researchers have focused more on the diseases medical aspects than on qualityof-life issues, she says. Theres been a protracted history of health disparities with sickle cell disease, both in terms of the clinical care thats been offered to these children, and also the amount of research done, she says. To help correct the imbalance, Allen is testing a computer-based intervention in these childrens homes that uses engaging, game-like strategies to help them sharpen their attention skills and memory. The approach has already been shown to help survivors of pediatric cancer and children with attention deficit disorder. If it works, the intervention may have significant implications for children who need the support, says Allen. My hope is this training could help these kids

function better in school, and later on, to succeed in the workplace. The bilingual advantage Several studies show that bilingual speakers have better executive functioning and cognitive control than single-language speakers, likely because they must suppress one language in order to speak the other. Georgetown University graduate student Natalie Brito is adding to that body of work. Brito has found that youngsters at 6, 18 and 24 months who grow up in bilingual environments also have better explicit memory the type of memory that requires conscious thought than monolingual children. Just hearing the two languages makes a difference, she says. Shes already published the work on 18-month-olds in Developmental Science. Her research suggests that bilingualism has positive effects in many areas of the brain, not just those associated with executive functioning. It should also dispel concerns among bilingual parents that they are overloading their young ones with input, she says. The findings imply that its not just OK to speak two languages with your infant its a plus, she says. Problems with generalizing Why do children with autism have trouble with language? Until now, many autism researchers have looked to their social interactions for answers.

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F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY

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Princeton University grad student Matt Johnson is analyzing this problem from a different angle: how the information-processing style of children with autism may influence their language learning. That style is marked by an unusually narrow focus of attention where the child focuses on ability to generalize from one instance to other similar instances is what gives us the ability to use language creatively. Yet the research also suggests ways to help these youngsters, Johnson adds. If we conducted learning trials where all of the elements differed only slightly from one video to the next, we might be peer support in these childrens school success, Kim says. There are plenty of schools that provide good language support for these students, she says. But the children still need help in terms of their relationships and behaviors in the classroom. How does family conflict affect kids social competence? Children whose parents argue frequently are at high risk for peer rejection, research suggests. Stony Brook University doctoral student Nadia Samad is now looking at the mechanisms through which negative interparental conflict and poor parenting might affect childrens social competence. Using her grant, she is testing a model examining whether children who witness a lot of this conflict and experience cold, unresponsive parenting are more prone to a hostile attribution bias to assume the worst of peoples intentions in ambiguous situations and to have difficulties being socially competent as a result. Samad is using data on 400 families that she and her advisers have collected to support her hypothesis and to lay the foundation for possible interventions tailored to the findings. If it turns out that children of parents with high levels of negative conflict behaviors show this bias and that the bias is linked to difficulty interacting with peers, she says, we could potentially train these children to interpret interactions with their peers more accurately. That in turn would allow them to respond more appropriately during social interactions. n Tori DeAngelis is a writer in Syracuse, N.Y. The next deadline for the Koppitz awards is Nov. 15.

Nadia Samad is examining whether children who witness a lot of conflict and experience cold, unresponsive parenting are more prone to a hostile attribution bias to assume the worst of peoples intentions in ambiguous situations.
details but has trouble creating abstract meaning from those details. Researchers have noted this style in other domains of autistic functioning such as visual processing, but few have looked at whether and how it exists in language learning, says Johnson. He is filling that gap by conducting experiments that probe the ability of autistic children and normally developing children to learn abstract linguistic meaning. First, the youngsters watch a series of videos that show different characters and actions but the same general meaning, each narrated in a similar manner. Then, he tests the children to see how well they can generalize to new examples that hold the same abstract form but involve different characters and actions. Compared with normally developing children, children with autism have much greater difficulty generalizing to new examples, Johnson is finding. This processing style may be a key obstacle in their language development, as the
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able to help these kids recognize abstract meaning more easily, he says. Supporting immigrant students New York University doctoral student Ha Yeon Kim is looking at how to improve classroom engagement in children who have recently immigrated to the United States. In three studies that make up her dissertation, she is finding that these students tend to be highly motivated and want to learn, but often have difficulty engaging in classroom activities because of language barriers. Shes also found that support from teachers and peers makes a huge difference. Children are less likely to engage in class work if they lack such support, and more likely to join in if they have it. Moreover, youngsters who described having more support and engaging more fully in classroom activities had better grades than those who didnt. The findings suggest a major role for psychosocial variables like teacher and

M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

UNDERSTANDING AND TREATING PATHOLOGICAL NARCISSISM


Edited by John S. Ogrodniczuk
Pathological narcissism has long been considered one of the most challenging conditions to treat in psychotherapy. Given the reluctance of many narcissistic clients to enter into therapy and the unique frustrations these clients can engender in those committed to helping them, even seasoned therapists may find themselves in need of expert guidance. In this book, todays most prominent thinkers and clinical experts on pathological narcissism address the challenges facing therapists who work with narcissistic clients. They trace the history of our understanding of narcissism, from ancient myth to Freud and subsequent psychodynamic approaches. They also provide clinicians with a comprehensive guide to treatment that covers features of the disorder, diagnosis, and assessment, as well as special considerations in the vital areas of transference and countertransference. Above all, they emphasize that narcissism is an eminently treatable disorder that can be approached using a variety of therapeutic models. 2013. 337 pages. Hardcover.
List: $69.95 | APA Member/Afliate: $49.95 | ISBN 978-1-4338-1234-7 | Item # 4317297

CONTENTS:
I. Introduction to Narcissism | 1. Historical Overview | II.Diagnosis and Assessment | 2.Dening Narcissistic Subtypes | 3.Narcissism in the DSM | 4.Narcissism in the PDM | 5.Prototypical Formulation | 6.The Pathological Narcissism Inventory | III.Clinical Features of Pathological Narcissism | 7.Interpersonal Problems | 8.Affect Regulation and Mentalization in NPD | 9.Conicts and Defenses | 10.Suicidality | 11.Comorbidities | IV. Treatment Considerations and Approaches | 12. Countertransference | 13. Maintaining Boundaries | 14. Transference-Focused Therapy | 15. Kohuts Self-Psychology Model | 16. Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy | 17. Schema-Focused Therapy | 18. Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

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Psychological Explorations of the Implications for Quiet Ego the Development Edited by Heidi A. of Adaptive and Wayment and Maladaptive Behavior Jack J. Bauer Edited by Christopher 2008. 263 pages. Hardcover. T. Barry, Patricia K. Kerig, Kurt K. Series: Decade of Behavior Stellwagen, and Tammy D. Barry 2011. 282 pages. Hardcover.
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APF-funded research will expand on revered educational theory Can Kenneth and Mamie Clarks groundbreaking 1950s research help explain todays educational achievement gap? Michael Strambler, PhD, of the Yale University School of Medicine hopes to find out with the inaugural $10,000 APF Kenneth B. and Mamie P. Clark Early Career Grant. On average, black and Hispanic students underperform by about two grade levels compared with their white peers, according to the National Assessment of Education Progress. Using the Clarks concept of sense of self, Strambler is exploring how ethnic minority students perceived social status, community and school affect how they view themselves academically, and how this in turn affects academic
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outcomes. Strambler will be collecting data from eighth-grade students to test whether social status impacts academic performance via academic identification and alternative identification. This years Kenneth B. and Mamie P. Clark Grant will support a graduate student. For more information on the grant, visit www. americanpsychologicalfoundation.org. APF grant supports longitudinal research on adoption and samesex couples Thanks to a $15,000 Wayne F. Placek grant, Rachel Farr, PhD, is continuing the first longitudinal comparison of adoptive families between lesbian or gay and heterosexual parents with schoolage children. The APF Placek grant encourages

research to increase the general publics understanding of homosexuality and sexual orientation and to alleviate the stress that lesbian Farr women, gay men, bisexuals and transgender people experience now and in the future. Farr, a psychology professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, is studying the adjustment of children adopted by same-sex couples to inform policy debates about whether prospective parents sexual orientation should be considered when screening adoptive families. Farrs work has important ramifications for the more than 100,000 U.S. children waiting to be adopted.

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M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

Grantee Spotlight:
Sarah Palyo, PhD APF granted Sarah A. Palyo, PhD, its APF Clarence J. Rosecrans Scholarship when she was a graduate student at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Palyo has gone on to have a successful career helping veterans learn to manage their chronic pain. The APF Clarence J. Rosecrans Scholarship allowed me to complete my dissertation research in the area of trauma. Subsequently, I have become the pain psychologist at the San Francisco VA Medical Center, responsible for developing programming to help veterans with chronic pain and cooccuring psychiatric disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, Palyo says. The research skills I developed from completion of my APF-grant-funded dissertation have enabled me to examine the effectiveness of treatment interventions offered in the San Francisco VA Pain Clinic.

Upcoming APF deadlines


February Randy Gerson Memorial Grant: Feb. 1 Henry David Research and Travel Grants: Feb. 15 March Wayne F. Placek Grant: March 1 Esther Katz Rosen Fellowship: March 1 Esther Katz Rosen Early Career Grant: March 1 April Counseling Psychology Grants: April 1 Ungerleider/Zimbardo Travel Scholarships: April 1 Paul E. Henkin School Psychology Travel Award: April 15 May Pre-College Psychology Grant: May 1 Visionary Grants: May 1 Drs. Rosalee G. and Raymond A. Weiss Research and Program Innovation Grant: May 1 AAPA/APF OKURA Mental Health Leadership Fellowship: May 1 Violet and Cyril Franks Scholarship: May 15 For more information about APFs funding programs, visit www.apa.org/apf or contact APF Program Officer Parie Kadir at pkadir@apa.org or (202) 336-5984.

Donor Spotlight:
Stanley R. Graham, PhD A longtime advocate for professional psychology, Stanley R. Graham, PhD, will help to solidify psychologys future with his recent gift of $12,000 to the APF Division 42: Psychologists in Independent Practice Next Generation Fund. Graham past president of APA, winner of the 1998 Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Practice of Psychology, and a fellow of five APA divisions is helping to ensure that practitioner psychologists will get the best possible start in their careers. The APF Division 42: Psychologists in Independent Practice Next Generation Fund will promote and support the next generations of student and early career practitioner psychologists.

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Normal?

What Does it Mean to be

APA board and committee election results


Congratulations to the members who were elected to APAs boards and committees in this falls election.

Move over Oliver Sacks


I couldnt put this fascinating book down! A brilliant mind and dazzling writter, Smoller has written a book that will change the way you look at every day life.
Amy Chua, Yale Law Professor and author of the New York Times bestseller Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother
978-0-06-149220-4 (pb) $15.99 ($19.99 Can.) 400 pages www.HarperAcademic.com

Committee on Structure and Function of Council: Neil A. Massoth, PhD, and Nancy M. Sidun, PsyD Finance Committee: Jessica Henderson Daniel, PhD, and Robert E. McGrath, PhD Ethics Committee: Andrea M. Barnes, PhD, JD, and Dorothy E. Holmes, PhD Membership Board: Susan D. Cochran, PhD, Y. Barry Chung, PhD, and Marlene M. Maheu, PhD Policy and Planning Board: M. Lynne Cooper, PhD, Sandra L. Shullman, PhD, and Kristi Van Sickle, PsyD Publications and Communications Board: Suzanne Corkin, PhD, and Kate F. Hays, PhD Committee on International Relations in Psychology: Silvia S. Canetto, PhD, Chryse (Sissy) G. Hatzichristou, PhD, and Lori Foster Thompson, PhD Board of Educational Affairs: Sharon L. Berry, PhD, Amy C. Fineburg, PhD, John C. Norcross, PhD, and Karen F. Wyche, PhD

Board of Professional Affairs: Patricia Arredondo, EdD, Helen L. Coons, PhD, and Vickie M. Mays, PhD Committee for the Advancement of Professional Practice: Terry S. Gock, PhD, Monica F. Kurylo, PhD, and Angela M. Londoo-McConnell, PhD Board of Scientific Affairs: Geraldine Downey, PhD, Susan K. NolenHoeksema, PhD, and Frank C. Worrell, PhD Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest: M. Dolores Cimini, PhD, Linda M. Forrest, PhD, and William D. Parham, PhD Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology: Kevin D. Arnold, PhD, Mark W. Bondi, PhD, and Thomas Kubiszyn, PhD Board of Convention Affairs: Heather G. Belanger, PhD, Nadia T. Hasan, PhD, and Francisco Cisco J. Snchez, PhD Committee on Rural Health: Tracy J. Cohn, PhD, Jane M. Hamel-Lambert, PhD, and Michael R. Rosmann, PhD n

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Personalities

n The Chicago School of Professional Psychology has appointed Patricia Arredondo, EdD, as its new president. Arredondo, a licensed psychologist bilingual in English and Arredondo Spanish, was formerly with the University of WisconsinMilwaukee, where she was associate vice chancellor, interim dean for the School of Continuing Education and professor of educational psychology. n Irving I. Gottesman, PhD, is this years winner of the $100,000 Grawemeyer Award for Psychology. Gottesman is best known for studies of the genetic bases of schizophrenia, including work Gottesman that introduced such concepts as endophenotype and epigenetics into research on mental disorders. He is the retired Irving and Dorothy Bernstein professor of adult psychiatry at the University of Minnesota, and also is Sherrell J. Aston professor of psychology emeritus at the University of Virginia.

n The Puerto Rican Association of Psychology has awarded Alfonso Martnez-Taboas, PhD, its Lifetime Achievement Award. Martnez-Taboas, a professor at Carlos Albizu University, conducts research on trauma, dissociation and the use of evidence-based psychotherapies among Latinos. n The Society for Personality and Social Psychology awarded Dan McAdams, PhD, its 2012 Jack Block Award for career contributions to personality psychology. A pioneer in the field of McAdams

adult development, McAdams has demonstrated that adults find meaning in their lives by constructing and internalizing autobiographical stories. McAdams is chair of the psychology department at Northwestern University. n Smith College has named psychologist Kathleen McCartney, PhD, as its next president. McCartney is dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Education and an expert on early education McCartney and child

AAAS names its new psychology fellows The American Association for the Advancement of Science has elected 19 new AAAS Fellows to its Psychology section in 2012. They are: Nelson Cowan, PhD,University of MissouriColumbia; Celia B. Fisher, PhD,Fordham University; Margaret Gatz, PhD,University of Southern California; Peter Adrian Hancock, PhD,University of Central Florida; Todd F. Heatherton, PhD,Dartmouth College; Julia R. Heiman, PhD,Indiana University; Ned H. Kalin, PhD,Wisconsin Psychiatric Institute & Clinics; Todd D. Little, PhD,University of Kansas; Steven J. Luck, PhD,University of California, Davis; Laurence T. Maloney, PhD,New York University; Alex Martin, PhD,National Institute of Mental Health/NIH; John J. McArdle, PhD,University of Southern California; Joseph Lee Rodgers III, PhD,University of Oklahoma; John M. Roll, PhD,Washington State University; Steven K. Shevell, PhD,University of Chicago; Eliot R. Smith, PhD,Indiana University; Anthony D. Wagner, PhD,Stanford University; Timothy D. Wilson, PhD,University of Virginia; and Howard N. Zelaznik, PhD,Purdue University.

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Personalities
development. She developed two new doctoral programs at Harvard, a doctorate in educational leadership and an interdisciplinary PhD program in education. She assumes the Smith presidency on July 1. n Nicki Moore, PhD, has been promoted to senior associate athletics director and senior woman administrator in the University of Oklahomas athletics department, where her responsibilities now include student life and strategic planning. n The California Wellness Foundation posthumously honored Su Yon Park, PsyD, with its 2012 California Peace Prize. The award is given annually to individuals who work to promote peace and prevent violence in California. Park, who died of cancer on Sept. 20, was clinical coordinator at Childrens Hospital and Research Center Oakland, where she worked to increase access to mental health services among youth living in poor and violent communities. n The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education named Dalton State College professor of psychology Christy Price, PhD, 2012 Professor of the Year. Price is a national expert on how to engage millennial learners, such as by making content relevant to them and establishing how assignments
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will benefit their learning. Three psychologists were among the state-level winners: Deborah A. Carroll, PhD (Connecticut), Gary L. Creasey, PhD (Illinois), and Alliston K. Reid, PhD (South Carolina). Carroll is a professor of psychology at Southern Connecticut State University. Creasey is a psychology professor at Illinois State University. Reid is the Reeves Family Professor of Psychology at Wofford College. n Lawrence H. Sweet, PhD, is the University of Georgias inaugural Gary R. Sperduto Professor of Psychology. The clinical neuropsychologist studies the relationship between functional and structural changes in the brain and conditions such as dementia, nicotine dependence and obesity. He and a colleague hold a patent on an fMRI method that measures

changes in neurocognitive states, including working memory and craving, to evaluate certain drugs effectiveness. n North Carolina State University has named Lori Foster Thompson, PhD, one of the schools 24 inaugural University Faculty Scholars. Thompson, a professor of industrialorganizational Thompson psychology, will receive $50,000 over the next five years to support her research exploring how industrialorganizational psychology and information technology can be combined to improve global development work, such as poverty reduction. n

APA honors two federal psychologists Two psychologists have been awarded APA Board of Scientific Affairs Meritorious Research Service Commendations for 2012 in recognition of their outstanding contributions to psychological science through their service as employees of the federal government or other organizations. The recipients are Mariela C. Shirley, PhD, a health scientist administrator in the Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and Molly V. Wagster, PhD, chief of the Behavioral and Systems Neuroscience Branch at the National Institute on Aging Division of Neuroscience. Shirley was honored for her work to promote the development and funding of new scientific approaches for research on alcoholism and public health. Wagster was recognized for her efforts to advance the psychology of aging within the NIA and to support mentoring of psychologists who are pursuing aging research.

M O N I T O R O N P S Y C H O L O G Y F E B RU A RY 2 0 1 3

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

PsycCareers.com
Deadlines: All new ads, ad cancellations, and corrections, as well as instructions to rerun a previous advertisement, must be received in writing. Classified advertisements can be submitted online at www.PsycCareers. com. Nonrecruitment advertising can be submitted by e-mail to adodson@apa.org. Closing dates are as follows: April February 25 May March 28 June April 25 July/August May 31 American Psychological Association classified ads on APAs Online Career Center: Line-for-line and display classified advertisements published in the Monitor on Psychology also appear on PsycCareers. This service is provided at no additional cost to the reader or the advertiser. The advertisements are easily located. They are arranged by categorye.g., by the state in which the position is available, by specialty area, and also under other topical headings such as conferences and workshops. Updated advertisements are released on PsycCareers approximately the first of the month of issue. Early online postings are now available for $10.00 per day up to publication date. Select this option when submitting a line ad at www.PsycCareers. com, or include a request when placing a display ad. Online-only ads on PsycCareers: Those classified advertisers who miss the current deadline for publication in the Monitor on Psychology, or who wish to run an online-only ad, can submit their classified advertisement for release on PsycCareers. 30-day postings are $550, 60-day postings are $925, and 90-day postings are $1,122. Visit www.PsycCareers.com. For recruitments and classified advertising, contact: Amelia Dodson Advertising Sales Department American Psychological Association Phone: (202) 336-5564 Fax: (202) 216-7610 E-mail: adodson@apa.org Corey Bockhaus Advertising Sales Department American Psychological Association Phone: (202) 336-5567 Fax: (202) 216-7610 E-mail: cbockhaus@apa.org Classified Advertising Index: Career Opportunities Practice Opportunities Office Space Available Practice for Sale Therapy Programs Billing Services Directories Publications & Others Dissertation Consulting Conferences & Workshops Continuing Education Advertiser Index 8190 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 91 91

Advertising: The following are guidelines for use in composing and responding to advertisements to be placed in the Career Opportunities section of the Monitor on Psychology. By vote of the Council, 1974, listings will be accepted from academic institutions under censure by the American Association of University Professors (AAUP). However, these listings are identified in this publication by the placement of the symbol () preceding line classified career opportunities (and by an editors note located in these guidelines for classified display ads) in order to advise applicants that the employing institution, or its administration, which includes the administrative officers and the governing board of the institution, has been censured by the AAUP, and that further information may be obtained from the relevant AAUP Bulletin. Department of Defense advertisements for positions requiring military service must include the following disclaimer: Eligibility for military service requires certain physical abilities and attributes including age, height, weight, and physical ability requirements. APA policy on the use of the title psychologist is contained in the General Guidelines for Providers of Psychological Services, which defines the term professional psychologist as follows: Psychologists have a doctoral degree in psychology from an organized, sequential program in a regionally accredited university or professional school. APA is not responsible for the specific title or wording of any particular career opportunities, but it is general practice to refer to masters-level positions as counselors, specialists, clinicians, and so forth (rather than as psychologists). In addition, it is general practice to refer to APA-accredited programs as APA-accredited rather than APA-approved. The position as described must be in conformity with the statute regulating the use of the title psychologist and the practice of psychology in the state in which the job is available. Employers are required to include any limits or restrictions on career opportunities advertisements, including any restrictions on the basis of geographical, age, and/or religious factors. Advertisements should be written to convey the following information: Job title with area of specialization required. Name of employer. (Blind or box ads cannot be accepted.) Description of position, responsibilities involved, permanent or temporary, tenure-track or not, etc. Minimum qualifications required, including any restrictions on the basis of geographical, age, and/or religious factors. Salary range and period covered.

Closing date for applications and date position will commence. Indication if interview expenses are not to be fully paid. List of documents to accompany initial letter of application, e.g., vitae, names of references, etc. Name and address of person to whom application should be directed. Placement of an advertisement implies that: Jobs exist as described. There is/are no prescribed candidate(s). Employer will acknowledge receipt of applicants material. It is recommended that advertisers inform an applicant when (s)he is eliminated from consideration or when the position is filled. Responding to an advertisement implies that: Training experience and interests are accurately represented by letter of application and supporting material and are consonant with those specified in the advertisement. Applicant should notify prospective employer if (s)he no longer wishes to be considered for the position. Equal Employment Opportunity The American Psychological Association endorses equal employment opportunity practices and accepts only ads that are not discriminatory on the basis of race, color, gender identity and expression, religion, age, national origin, veteran status, sexual orientation, or physical disability. In keeping with this policy, the use of recent Ph.D. in APA advertising is not allowed on the basis that it is potentially age-discriminatory (see U.S. Department of Labor prohibition on use of recent graduate). The term beginning-level salary may be used. Positions may also be defined in terms of teaching load, specified number of years away from a tenure decision, or requirements of certain skills. We reserve the right to edit all copy and to refuse ads that are not in consonance with the principles of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the Veterans Reemployment Rights Act Handicap Bias, the Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The Equal Employment Opportunity Act, in addition to Public Law 100-238, makes specific legally permissible exceptions to discrimination in hiring by religious institutions, Indian tribes, and federal correctional facilities. For this reason, certain position opening advertisements will include job opening restrictions on the basis of religious, racial, and age factors. Without limiting PsycCareerss terms, conditions, and policies, PsycCareers in accordance with Department of Justice guidelines: 1) Prohibits any job posting that requires U.S. citizenship or lawful permanent residence in the U.S.

as a condition of employment, unless otherwise required in order to comply with law, regulation, executive order, or government contract. 2) Prohibits any job requirement or criterion in connection with a job posting that discriminates on the basis of citizenship status or national origin. You can review more information at http://www.justice.gov/ crt/about/osc/htm/best_practices.php. For complete EEO guidelines please refer to the following resource: http://www. justice.gov/crt/osc/. Policy concerning advertisements appearing in APA publications: The publication of any advertisement by the American Psychological Association (APA) is an endorsement neither of the advertiser nor of the products or services advertised. APA is not responsible for any claims made in an advertisement. Advertisers may not, without prior consent, incorporate in a subsequent advertisement or promotional piece the fact that a product or service has been advertised in an APA publication. The Monitor on Psychology is received midmonth by readers. APA recommends that response deadlines in advertisements be no earlier than the 15th of the month following the month of publication. The acceptability of an ad for publication in APA publications is based upon legal, social, professional, and ethical considerations. All advertising must be in keeping with the generally scholarly and professional nature of the publication. In addition, the association reserves the right to refuse advertising submitted for the purpose of airing either side of controversial, social, or professional issues. The general policy is stated as follows: The publications of the APA are published for and on behalf of the membership to advance psychology as a science, as a profession, and as a means of promoting human welfare. The Association, therefore, reserves the right to unilaterally REJECT, OMIT, OR CANCEL advertising which it deems to be not in the best interest of these objectives, or which by its tone, content, or appearance is not in keeping with the essentially scientific, scholarly, and professional nature of its publications. Conditions, printed or otherwise, which conflict with this policy will not be binding on the publisher. Classified Rates/Payment Terms 2013 Rates: $12.00 per line for Career Opportunities and Availability Notices, $13.75 per line for all other advertising. Minimum order is six lines. Each line contains approximately 32 characters, including spaces and punctuation. Purchase Orders should accompany advertisements from colleges, universities, or government agencies. All other classified advertising orders must be prepaid prior to publishing with the exception of either member advertising agencies of the American Association of Advertising Agencies (AAAA) or agencies listed in the Standard Directory of Advertising Agencies. Line classified advertisements are not subject to frequency or agency discounts.

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CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
US OPENINGS
DOCTORAL-LEVEL PSYCHOLOGISTS: Deer OaksA Behavioral Health Organization provides geropsychology services in multiple states throughout the United States. Deer Oaks is now hiring doctorallevel, licensed psychologist in the following states: Arkansas, Delaware, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming and Vermont. Doctoral-level psychologists are needed full-time or part-time to provide assessment and therapy services to geriatric and older adults in nursing homes and assisted living communities. Salaries commensurate with experience and excellent benefits. Send resume and letter of in terest to: Jennifer Wilson, Employee Recruiting at hr1@deeroaks.com or fax to (210) 615-1877; or mail 7272 Wurzbach Rd., Suite 601, San Antonio, TX 78240. For more details call (210) 615-3426. An Equal Opportunity Employer. part of the position. Ideal applicants can work independently and utilize a team approach to build positive relationships. Minimum qualifications include: Licensed Ph.D. clinical psychologist with ASD experience required. Licensed psychologists are needed to support autism clinics in Birmingham, Huntsville and Montgomery, Alabama. ASD experience a plus. Responsibilities will include: providing diagnostic testing and evidenced-based treatments to children and families within a multidisciplinary outpatient setting. The position is open to licensed and license-eligible candidates. Supervision for licensures/insurance hours is provided for license-eligible candidates. Minimum qualifications include: Ph.D. in psychology with specialization in child/educational/developmental psychology. Glenwood offers an excellent compensation and benefit package, relocation expense, and opportunities to benefit the autism community. Must be able to pass all required background screens. Glenwood, Inc., 150 Glenwood Lane, Birmingham, AL 35242. Phone: (205) 969-2880. Visit www.glenwood.org for additional information, forward cover letter and curriculum vitae to: hr@ glenwood.org. An Equal Opportunity Employer/M/W/D/V. A Drug Free Employer. CLINICAL DIRECTOR: Taylor Hardin Secure Medical Facility in Tuscaloosa, AL is seeking to fill clinical director position. Qualifications: Graduation from an accredited fouryear college or university supplemented by a doctorate degree in psychology with 60 months experience in the provision of services to individuals with mental illness. Must also have 24-months experience in an administrative position in the development and implementation of the delivery of psychological services. Salary: $86,690 to $131,632. Send resume to: Mr. Joe Long, Director of Human Resources, Taylor Hardin Secure Medical Facility, 1301 Jack Warner Parkway Northeast, Tuscaloosa, AL 35404. An Equal Opportunity Employer. Joint Commission Accredited. PRIVATE PRACTICE OPPORTUNITY: Seeking licensed clinical psychologists to join a multi-disciplinary practice: one child psychologist and one adult (generalist). Send curriculum vitae and cover letter to: Dr. Storey at: parker.storey@grayson mentalhealth.com.

CALIFORNIA
FELLOWSHIP IN CHILD PSYCHOLOGY: Reiss-Davis Child Study Center, a service of Vista Del Mar, located on its campus in West Los Angeles, is accepting applications for its training programs. The psychodynamic child diagnostic and psychotherapy program offers an APPIC postdoctoral fellowship, including a clinical internship, that meets APPIC standards for individuals who have been awarded a Ph.D. or Psy.D. degree, and now wish to develop a specialty in working with children, adolescents and their families from a developmentallybased psychodynamic perspective, which incorporates a biopsychosocial approach to diagnosis and treatment. The Psychoeducational Diagnostic Testing Service Program (PEDS) offers a CAPIC Predoctoral Internship as well as a postdoctoral fellowship for individuals who wish to develop a specialty in psychoeducational diagnostic testing with children and adolescents. Both 24-month long programs begin in September 2013, and augment clinical work with didactic seminars and intensive supervision while meeting California licensure requirements. For application and additional information about the Psychotherapy Fellowship, e-mail Carol Ziff at: CarolZiff@ vistadelmar.org. For information about the Testing Internship/Fellowship, e-mail Dr. Brian Mayeda at: BrianMayeda@vistadelmar.org. You can also write to the ReissDavis Child Study Center, 3200 Motor Ave nue, Los Angeles, CA 90034. Specify program.

ALABAMA
DIRECTORS OF OUTPATIENT AUTISM CLINIC AND PSYCHOLOGISTS: Glenwood Autism and Behavioral Health will soon open autism clinics in Huntsville and Montgomery, AL. Glenwood is looking to hire someone for each location capable of supervising and developing new services, managing outpatient staff and a multidisciplinary treatment team including psychologists, applied behavior analysts, and other team members. Direct clinical service would also be included as a

COLORADO
JOIN A PRIVATE PRACTICE IN BEAUTIFUL FORT COLLINS: NeuroDevelopment Center of Colorado is adding a salaried position in private practice. Neuropsychology and school experience helpful. Professional excellence and high quality of life. Contact: admin@ neuro-development.com.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
POST-INTERNSHIP TRAINING PROGRAM IN CLINICAL OR COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY: Counseling and Psychiatric Service of Georgetown University is offering two positions for post-internship/postdoctoral training for the academic year starting September 2013 through June 2014. The pro gram provides training in psychodynamic evaluation and psychotherapy, mental health consultation in multidisciplinary university setting. Time is allotted for completion of the dissertation or personal research. All candidates must have completed an internship and all requirements for a doctorate in

ARIZONA

APA ONLINE BANNER ADS


For online banner ads, contact: James Boston at (202) 336-5714 or e-mail jboston@apa.org
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PSYCHOLOGIST: Seeking Arizona licensed psychologist with minimum three years experience with children and families to join established group practice in Phoenix, AZ. Competitive compensation and benefits. Fax resume to: AZNY Psychological Services at (602) 4390106.

MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY FEBRUARY 2013

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
POSTDOCTORAL PSYCHOLOGY RESIDENT: Full-time oneyear positions for licensure hours with Clements & Associates, Inc., a group practice in Lake Mary, Orlando and Tampa locations. Excellent private practice experience testing and evaluating children and adults with a wide variety of clinical issues. Prior testing experience preferred. Available to start August Sep tember 2013. Send letter of interest and curriculum vitae to: clements@psychdr.net. sity. Review of applications to be gin immediately and continue un til position is filled. To apply, send completed application (www.nnu. edu/hr) to: Human Resources, 623 University Blvd., Nampa, ID 83686. Northwest Nazarene University is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.

PsycCareers.com
LICENSED CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST: First Senior Care, a forward-thinking and highly professional organization, has full-time and part-time positions for licensed clinical psychologists providing evaluation, treatment and consultation services to seniors in residential care facilities. Positions are available in the suburban Chicago area. Flexible scheduling. Generous compensation. Fax letter of interest and curriculum vitae to: Dr. Mark Frazier, (847) 259-8935. PSYCHOLOGIST POSITION IN A GROUP PRACTICE: Gersten Center for Behavioral Health, a private psychology practice with locations in Chicago, is looking for two fulltime licensed psychologists to join our expanding group. Both candidates should be open to working with the full spectrum of clinical disorders. Position 1: The ideal candidate should have broad experience and interest in working with children, adolescents, and adult populations. Position 2: The ideal candidate should have broad experience and interest in working with adolescents and adult populations. Send your curriculum vitae to: Dr. Deborah Liebling at dliebling@

clinical or counseling psychology, except dissertation. Stipend: $31,269 for 10-months. Health insurance provided. Deadline is March 7, 2013. Contact: Susan Gordon, Ph.D., Director of Psychology Training, Counseling and Psychiatric Service, Georgetown University, One Darnall Hall-Box 571105, 37th & O Streets, NW, Washington, DC 20057-1105. An Equal Opportunity Employer. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST MID-ATLANTIC AREA: Are you looking for something new? This is a full-time position in Washington, DC area providing behavioral assessment, psychological testing and therapeutic consultation to individuals, couples and families. Strong interpersonal skills, excellent written and oral communication skills, and a willingness to travel extensively domestically and overseas, often on short notice, are essential. The ideal candidate will have experience consulting within organizations; managing billing, budgets and expense accounts; and have demonstrated progressive levels of achievement and the ability to work with a high degree of autonomy. Foreign language proficiency and an interest in cross-cultural issues is a plus. We require a Psy.D. or Ph.D. from an APA-accredited program in clinical psychology; completion of an APA-accredited clinical internship; a minimum of three years experience as a licensed psychologist and a license in good standing. Contact: E-mail or fax your curriculum vitae to: Rebecca Shipp, Saint Vincent Health System at rshipp@svhs. org or fax to (814) 452-7005.

ILLINOIS
CHILD/ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGIST IN GROUP PRACTICE: Child and family private group practice located in St. Charles, looking for a licensed psychologist experienced in a full spectrum of clinical disorders to work with children, adolescents and adults. E-mail to: Maureen Goodman at goodmand3@ comcast.net or fax to (630) 5309527. PSYCHOLOGISTS WITH ILLINOIS LICENSE: Needed for fulltime or part-time positions in Chicagoland and surrounding suburbs and the Springfield area with Davken Associates, P.C., a well-established group. Fax: (847) 673-0875 or e-mail at: artoffugue16@gmail.com with resume/questions.

GEORGIA
PSYCHOLOGIST/ORGAN IZ ATIONAL CONSULTANT: Sperduto & Associates, Inc. is searching for an early career psychologist looking for a career and not just a job. Qualified applicants should be excited by the prospect of working with cutting-edge companies as trusted advisors and consultants. We believe in providing a stimulating, positive environment that is mutually rewarding. In return for commitment and hard work we offer a positive work environment, competitive salaries, bonus opportunities, and outstanding long-term earning potential based on performance. Go to: www.sperduto.com for information. Send resume and cover letter to: Chris Reilly, Sperduto & Associates, 235 Peachtree St., Suite 300, Atlanta, GA 30303 or you can e-mail your submission to: Chrisreilly@sperduto.com.

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY


Director of an Institute for Successful Longevity
The President and Provost of the Florida State University are pleased to announce an interdisciplinary initiative in the area of Successful Longevity. Our vision is an institute that promotes successful longevity through devotion to interdisciplinary research on healthy physical and cognitive aging across the lifespan. It would develop and translate knowledge about successful cognitive, exercise, nutrition, and technological interventions into practice, with the goal of maintaining and improving adult cognition, including well-being and independence. Sustained pursuit of collaborative, externally-funded projects is an explicit goal to be addressed by this initiative. To launch this initiative, we are seeking nominations and applications for a Director. This search is open with respect to rank and academic department. Successful candidates are expected to have a synergistic impact on existing research programs in the Universitys departments and interdisciplinary centers as well as potentially open up new areas of study. The Director will have a unique opportunity to shape the direction of this Institute by recruiting a minimum of two additional faculty positions and a staff position. The Director will report to the Provost. Applicants should provide a curriculum vitae, a letter discussing interest in the position and name, address, e-mail and phone number of three references. Application materials should be sent electronically to: ctharp@fsu.edu. Nominations should be sent to the same address. Review of applications will begin March 1, 2013 and continue until the position is filled.
The Florida State University is committed to the diversity of its faculty, staff, and students, and to sustaining a work and learning environment that is inclusive. Women, minorities, and people with disabilities are encouraged to apply. FSU is an Equal Opportunity/Access/Affirmative Action Employer.

HAWAII
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST: Ola Hou Clinic, a twenty-six-year, established, multi-specialty, Christian psychology practice seeks a licensed psychologist (or masters-level certified counselor) for part-time or fulltime position. Emphasis in child psychology and testing/assessment will be given particular consideration. Partnership opportunity possible. Send curriculum vitae to: Ola Hou Clinic, 98-1247 Kaahumanu St., Suite 223, Aiea, HI 96701 or fax to: (808) 487-5444, Attention: Dr. George F. Rhoades, Jr., Clinic Director.

FLORIDA
LICENSED PSYCHOLOGIST: Counseling & Evaluation Services, a busy multi-specialty group practice in Jacksonville (Southside and Beaches) seeks licensed psychologist experienced with children, adolescents, families, psych testing to join our team. Duties also include: participation in training and supervision. Contract position, part-time or full-time. E-mail: information@ flces.com; fax: (904) 239-3278. FLORIDA LICENSED CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST: Seeking doctoral-level Florida-licensed clinical psychologists, or current postdocs who will be licensed in Florida between now and April 2013, for fulltime position with well established, thriving group practice in our Lake Mary, FL and Tampa offices. Generalist having experience providing psychotherapy and conducting psychological evaluations with wide variety of clients preferred. Prefer testing experience with MMPI, WMS, WAIS, WISC, WPPSI, and WJ. Submit cover letter and curriculum vitae electronically to the attention of Rosimeri Clements, Psy.D. at clements@psychdr.net.

IDAHO
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY: The Department of Behavioral Sciences Northwest Nazarene University, is seeking applications for a full-time person to begin in the fall 2013. This faculty person will teach a variety of undergraduate courses in general psychology and counseling, and will advise majors. Modest ongoing research that involves students is expected. A Ph.D, Psy.D. or ABD in clinical psychology or other closely-related field in psychology is required. Candidates must be in agreement with the Christian mission of the univer-

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CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
gerstencenter.com. We welcome you to visit us at www.gersten center.com. PART-TIME CONSULTING NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST: Chicagobased psychiatric practice is seeking a part-time consulting neuropsychol- KANSAS ogist to perform neuropsychological DIRECTOR OF CLINICAL TRAINtesting, establish testing protocols, ING: The Department of Psychology to supervise administration of psy- at Wichita State University, Wichita, chological testing by psychometri- KS seeks an experienced, licensed cians, to perform literature review, or licensable in Kansas clinical psyrecord review, data scoring and re- chologist with demonstrated leaderport writing. Majority of the work ship skills to direct, administer and may be performed from a home of- supervise its APA-accredited comfice with daily telephone availability munity-oriented clinical psycholfor consultations with psychome- ogy program. Appointment will be tricians and staff psychiatrist. Con- at the rank of associate or full prosultant must be available for on-site fessor beginning in the fall 2013. neuropsychological testing two to The director of clinical training will three times per month; must have teach basic and applied courses and access to a secure computer; have be available to provide clinical sustrong writing, testing, and interpre- pervision. The program embraces a tative skills; must have a current Il- model that blends elements of clinilinois license and have a Ph.D. or a cal and community psychology. CanPsy.D.; must have at least two-years didates must be committed to cliniof postdoctorate experience. Com- cal research, practice, and teachpletion of neuropsychology intern- ing from a scientist-practitioner and ship or a board certification in neuro- community psychology or action-repsychology is preferred. Ideal candi- search vantage point. The successdate will have experience evaluating ful candidate will have highly depatients with traumatic brain injury, veloped clinical and teaching skills cognitive deficits, motivational is- and a well established research proAPA Monitor, February 2013 sues, and malingering/exaggeration gram. Applicants must have a Ph.D. issues. Interested candidates should fax their resume and cover letter to: Dina Obolsky, RN, MBA, Practice Administrator. Fax (312) 456-8304. in clinical psychology from an APAaccredited program with an APA- or APPIC-accredited internship. Specialist status in clinical psychology, ABPP, is preferred. Applicants should have an ability to attract external funding, the capacity to interact collegially, a commitment to teaching both undergraduate and graduate students, and a demonstrated commitment to diversity. The department is research oriented with external funding. Wichita State University is located in the states largest city and major industrial metropolitan areas with a population of over half a million. The department has strong connections with the citys educational, social service, and mental health communities. Salary is competitive, negotiable, and commensurate with qualifications as is teaching load. Final review of applications will begin immediately and will continue until the position is filled. Offers of employment are contingent upon completion of a satisfactory criminal background check as required by Board of Regents policy. The applicants should submit a letter of application, description of research interests, curriculum vitae, and selected reprints to: https:// jobs.wichita.edu. Three letters of recommendation should be sent to: Dr. Alex Chaparro, Chairperson, Psychology Department, Wichita State University, 1845 Fairmount, Wichita, KS 67260-0034. Women and minorities are especially encouraged to apply. WSU is an Affir mative Action/Equal Opportunity Educator and Employer, and is committed to excellence through diversity. drens Hospital, seek applications for two exciting full-time academic psychology positions: 1) clinical faculty position: This position will include: clinical service, and teaching, program development, and/or research. Responsibilities include: the care of on-treatment pediatric oncology patients and their families in both inpatient and outpatient settings at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Boston Childrens Hospital, as well as teaching of postdoctoral fellows, oncology clinicians, and other members of the interdisciplinary pediatric oncology team. There are opportunities to focus academic effort and growth in education, research, quality improvement, and/ or innovative program development/ leadership. Intensive mentorship is available in each of these areas. All applicants must hold a Ph.D. or Psy.D. from an APA-accredited program and preferably have completed an APA-accredited internship. Graduate, research and internship training experience with children and families affected by childhood cancer, and postdoctoral fellowship in pediatric psychology highly valued. A demonstrated commitment to education and/or the ability/ potential to pursue research funding is desirable. Bilingual competency in Spanish is also valued. Academic appointment will be at the Instructor or assistant professor level through Childrens Hospital Boston Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. Appointment and compensation will be consistent with experience and Hospital policies. Applicants must hold a Massachusetts psychology license or be license-eligible. 2) research faculty position: This research faculty position, at the assistant or associate professor level, will serve as the Director of DFCI Pediatric Psychosocial Oncology Research. Candidates must have a background in academic pediatric psychology and the study of the impact of childhood physical illness on children and families and/or health services research focused on psychosocial oncology

FELLOWSHIPS

POSTDOCTORAL
Sheppard Pratt Health System is one of the nations largest private, non-profit behavioral health organizations treating 40,000 children, teens, adults and geriatrics annually in dozens of schools, hospitals and outpatient centers throughout Maryland and DC. Our executives and administrators work together to form one of the strongest JCAHO-driven continuums in the Mid-Atlantic. Ranked among the Top Psychiatric Hospitals by U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT, we invite you join us in our:

MASSACHUSETTS
PEDIATRIC PSYCHOSOCIAL ONCOLOGY FACULTY POSITIONS: The Division of Pediatric Psychosocial Oncology, within the Department of Psychosocial Oncology and Palliative Care at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Department of Psychiatry at Boston Chil-

Center for Eating Disorders

Multiple openings beginning in the Summer of 2013. Our Center for Eating Disorders provides an elegantly-appointed setting for patients and families who need nutritional guidance and counseling. Clinical responsibilities will include provision of inpatient, partial hospitalization, and intensive outpatient individual and group psychotherapy as well as psychological assessment. Other opportunities may include supervision of psychology graduate students, family therapy, program development, and participation in research. Previous experience with eating disorders preferred, though intensive training is provided. Competency in CBT required. TO APPLY: Send CV, three letters of recommendation, and cover letter to Dr. Irene Rovira, 6535 North Charles St., Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21204. Email: IRovira@sheppardpratt.org.

CLINICAL RESEARCH PSYCHOLOGIST


HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL BRIGHAM AND WOMENS HOSPITAL DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHIATRY We are seeking an academic clinical psychologist with substantial interest and expertise in patient-centered outcomes and health service delivery research related to womens mental health. The successful applicant will also have outstanding clinical, teaching and mentoring skills. Academic rank at Harvard Medical School will be commensurate with experience, training and achievements. In keeping with our Departments philosophy, applicants should have a passionate commitment to patient care, teaching, teamwork and academic excellence.
If interested, please send CV by February 1, 2013 to: David Silbersweig, MD, Chair, Department of Psychiatry, Brigham and Womens Hospital 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115 Email: dsilbersweig@partners.org
Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Womens Hospital are Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employers. We strongly encourage applications from women and minorities.

SPHS is an ethnically and culturally diverse workplace, and smoke-free.

www.sheppardpratt.org

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CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
MICHIGAN
POSTDOCTORAL TEACHING FELLOWSHIPS IN SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY/CENTRAL MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY: The Department of Psychology at Central Michigan University (CMU) invites applications for two two-year postdoctoral teaching fellowships to begin August 2013. Each successful candidate will work closely with a mentor and teach two courses per semester. CMUs school psychology specialist program is NASP-approved and the doctoral program is APA-accredited. Each candidate will have the opportunity to conduct research to strengthen research credentials and be encouraged to obtain postdoctoral clinical hours toward psychology licensure. The salary and benefits package is commensurate with that of a beginning assistant professor. Completed Ph.D. or Ed.D. in school psychology is required by the time the appointment begins. To be considered for these positions, you must submit an online application (www.jobs.cmich.edu). As part of your application, submit a letter of application and curriculum vitae. In addition, send three letters of recommendation to: Dr. Katrina Rhymer, Department of Psychology, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859. For further information, e-mail Dr. Katrina Rhymer, School Psychology Director, at rhyme1kn@cmich.edu. Appli cation deadline is March 1, 2013. Serving more than 27,000 students, Central Michigan University is a doctoral research university recognized for strong undergraduate education and a range of focused gra duate and research programs, including doctoral programs in school psychology, clinical, experimental, and industrial/organizational. To learn more about the department, go to: chsbs.cmich.edu/psychology. CMU, an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Institution, strongly and actively strives to increase diversity within its community (see www. cmich.edu/aaeo/). diversity/cross-cultural psychology. Complete applications will be reviewed beginning January 22, 2013 and will continue until the position is filled. The University of Minnesota requires applicants to apply online. For information on how to apply online, visit http://employment.umn.edu/, and search for Job requisition 181923; this position may also be accessed at https://employment.umn.edu/ applicants / Central?quick Find = 107970. The University of Minnesota is an Equal Opportunity Educator and Employer. POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS IN RURAL CLINICAL PSYCHO LOGY: The Minnesota Consortium for Advanced Rural Psychology Training (MCARPT), an APPIC listed training program, announces the availability of a one-year (2,000hour) postdoctoral residency in rural clinical psychology. MCARPT is a privately funded psychology training program in Northwest Minnesota with an emphasis on preparing new doctoral graduates for service to rural America and is seeking two trainees to begin October 1, 2013. Residents will be exposed to a variety of settings and clients typically encountered by rural psychologists. This may include: primary care/ health psychology (with emphasis on delivery of mental health services in rural primary care medical clinics and nursing homes) and community mental health (with emphasis on delivery of mental health services in rural school systems, human service systems, tribal systems, community mental health agencies and domestic violence center). MCARPT is a non-profit consortium comprised of multiple independent agencies providing a variety of medical, social, psychological, educational and community services to a three-county catchment area of rural Minnesota along with the White Earth Indian Reservation. All of the MCARPT catchment area is designated as a Federal mental health shortage area. The goal of the fellowship is to provide trainees an in-depth rotational experience in rural mental health designed to prepare residents to assume clinical and leadership roles in service to rural communities as a professional psychologist. Member agencies are committed to providing a rich, integrated training experience for selected trainees. Individual and group supervision meets the requirements for licensure as a psychologist in Minnesota. Interested applicants should possess a Ph.D./Psy.D. in clinical/counseling psychology from an APA-accredited institution or be awarded the degree by the start of the training program and should also be graduates of APA-accredited or APPIC listed pre-doctoral internships by the beginning of the training. Stipend is $40,000 plus liberal benefits including subsidized health insurance. Selected applicants will have sub-

PsycCareers.com
stantial commitment to rural mental health practice. Deadline for re ceipt of completed applications is May 1, 2013. To apply, send letter of interest, resume, copy of graduate transcripts, professional writing sample (all identifying information redacted) and three letters of recommendation from psychologists familiar with the students academic and clinical acumen to: Jeffrey Leichter Ph.D., L.P., Clinical Director, MCARPT, C/O Sanford Health Clinic, 1245 Washington Ave., Detroit Lakes, MN 56501. Questions may be sent to: jeffrey. leichter@sanfordhealth.org. See our website at www.mcarpt.org.

and/or palliative care. Candidates will be expected to bring expertise in quality-of-life research, caregiver research, outcomes, bereavement, and/or clinical trials, preferably including work with socio-economically and/or ethnically diverse populations. The successful candidate will be expected to lead the growth of a research program in pediatric psychosocial oncology and, more broadly, the study of the impact of physical illness on children and their families, and to mentor junior faculty and fellows. Candidates should have demonstrated success in developing a research program, training young researchers, procuring external funding for research, and scholarly productivity and impact. The applicant must possess a doctorate in psychology, have completed a predoctoral internship from an APA/CPA-accredited program, and have postdoctoral training in pediatric psychology. The successful candidate for each position will hold dual appointments at the DanaFarber Cancer Institute and Boston Childrens Hospital, with an academic appointment through Boston Childrens Hospital Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. Dana-Farber Institute, Boston Childrens Hospital, and Harvard Medical School are Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employers actively committed to increasing the diversity of their faculty. People with disabilities, veterans, women and members of underrepresented minority groups are therefore strongly encouraged to apply. Applicants should send a letter of interest and curriculum vitae to: Anna Muriel, MD, MPH, Chief, Division of Pediatric Psychosocial Oncology, DanaFarber Cancer Institute, Dana 312, 450 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215. Pedipsychosocialreferral@ dfci.harvard.edu. POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS IN CHILD NEUROPSYCHO LOGY AND OUTPATIENT MENTAL HEALTH: Part-time or full-time fellowships available September 2013 through August 2014. Weekly didactic seminars, case presentations with multidisciplinary teams and supervision. Child neuropsychology training includes testing of children/adolescents with developmental, attention, behavioral and/or psychiatric disorders. Prior psychological testing experience with the WISC-IV and projectives and prior clinical experience with children and families required. Outpatient mental health training includes behavioral medicine, general clinical populations, triage, and supervision experience. Our emphasis is on advancing evidence-informed approaches with opportunities for students across the life span using different modalities depending on interests and client needs. To apply, send curriculum vitae to: BSkoff@ partners.org and go to: www.nsmc. partners.org to fill out an application form. North Shore Center is proud to be an Equal Opportunity Employer.

MISSISSIPPI
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY: Jackson State University (JSU), Department of Psychology, program in clinical psychology, invites applications for two tenure-track positions to begin August 2013. The mission of the department is to provide a rigorous and systemic study of the science of behavior and mental processes. The central focus of our clinical psycho logy program (one of only two historically black universities in the nation with an APA-accredi ted Ph.D. program) is the infusion of multiculturalism into clinical psychology training. Candidates must have earned a doctoral degree in counseling or clinical psychology from an APA-accredited program and must be licensed or license-eligible according to criteria set forth by the Mississippi Board of Psycho logy. Applicants must be qualified by training and experience to teach both graduate and undergraduate courses, provide clinical supervision to doctoral students, and sustain a productive scholarly agenda that integrates science with clinical practice. In addition to teaching, faculty members are required to pursue research funding through grant development, and provide departmental, college and university service. Willingness to develop and teach on-line courses is necessary. Applications will be considered from ABD candidates, provided that the degree is conferred before the date of hire. Candidates for these positions should submit a statement of teaching/research interests/plans, curriculum vitae, three letters of reference and all college transcripts. Review of applications will begin on March 1, 2013, and will continue until all positions are filled. For more information about the positions contact: Dr. Debra Pate, Search Committee Chair, at debra.s.pate@jsums.edu, or (601) 979-3379, Jackson State University, P.O. Box 17550, Jackson, MS 392170350. Jackson State University is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer, with a strong institutional commitment to develop a diverse faculty and staff. Women and other underrepresented groups are encouraged to apply.
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MINNESOTA
I/O PSYCHOLOGY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OR INSTRUCTOR: The Psychology Department at the University of Minnesota Duluth invites applications for a tenure-track assistant professor position, with a specialty in I/O psychology, to commence August 26, 2013. Job duties and responsibilities include: teaching and research in psychology, advising students, and participating in university service. Essential qualifications include: masters degree or equivalent with advanced ABD standing (with a clear plan for completion by December 31, 2013) in industrial/organizational psychology or a closely related discipline from a regionally accredited institution, demonstrated teaching skills at the collegiate level, ability to conduct research in I/O psychology, and interest in research in

FEBRUARY 2013 MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY

PsycCareers.com

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
MISSOURI
POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN AGING: A postdoctoral fellowship in aging at Washington University in St. Louis, Psychology Department, will be available the summer of 2013. Fellowships, sponsored by the National Institute on Aging, are for 1 to 3 years and are designed to train psychologists for academic and research careers in the psychology of aging. Fellows carry out their own research under the supervision of a faculty preceptor. Current faculty interests related to aging include cognition, memory, attention, visual perception, hearing, social/personality, clinical psychology, neuropsychology, neuroimaging, and Alzheimers disease. Prior training in aging is not required. Fellows must be citizens, noncitizen nationals, or permanent residents of the United States. Initial review will be gin immediately. Send curriculum vitae and three letters of reference to: David A. Balota, Ph.D., Department of Psychology (Box 1125), Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130 or to: dbalota@artsci.wustl.edu, via e-mail. Fax: (314) 935-7588. Washington University is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. Employment eligibility verification required on hire.

NEVADA
PSYCHOLOGY INSTRUCTOR FALL 2013: The College of Southern Nevada, Human Behavior Department has an opening for a tenure-track position. Teach psychology courses as needed to meet the mission of the department; general psychology usually encompasses a large percentage of the workload but other courses may also be included (child, adolescent, abnormal, etc.). Online courses may constitute a portion of the workload. Open until filled. www.csn. edu/jobs.

lum vitae, and three letters of reference should be addressed to: Kay Jankowski, Ph.D., Psychologist in the Child Division and Chair of this search, and sent to: psychiatry. jobs@dartmouth.edu. Dartmouth College is an Equal Opportunity/ Affir mative Action Employer strongly committed to achieving excellence through cultural diversity. The College actively encourages applications and nominations from women, minorities, veterans and persons with disabilities.

NEW JERSEY
LICENSED PSYCHOLOGIST: Senior Care Therapy, is seeking Licensed Psychologists to provide psychotherapy and counseling to geriatric residents at healthcare facilities throughout New Jersey. The positions can be full-time or part-time with the flexibility to make your own schedule. E-mail your resume to: seniorcaretherapy@yahoo.com. POSTDOCTORAL PSYCHOLOGY FELLOWSHIP IN CHILD MALTREATMENT FOR SEPTEMBER 2013: Excellent opportunity to accrue hours for licensure. As part of a multidisciplinary team under the clinical direction of Esther Deblinger, Ph.D., co-developer of Trauma-Focused CBT, and Melissa Runyon, Ph.D. Responsibilities include: conducting psychological evaluations of children who have experienced maltreatment, providing therapy to victims of child physical and sexual abuse, and conducting mental health screenings for children entering foster care. Services are also provided to children exposed to domestic violence and other traumas. Full-time clinical positions are available and, for qualified candidates, possible clinical fellowship with research focus. A doctoral degree in psychology with child clinical experience is required. Contact: Dr. Elisabeth Pollio at (856) 566-7036 or pollioes@umdnj.edu for additional information. Apply online at www. umdnj.edu/hrweb. Reference job #12SS916669. Application dead line is February 1, 2013. UMDNJ is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer/M/W/D/V, and a member of the University Health System of New Jersey.

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NEW HAMPSHIRE
CLINICAL OR COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGIST: The Department of Psychiatry at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth is seeking a doctoral-level clinical or counseling psychologist to join our faculty in Lebanon, NH. The position is 80% time, 32 hours/week. The core position involves managing all aspects of several research studies being conducted in the child division of the department of psychiatry. Specific responsibilities will include: providing coordination of an ongoing multi-site clinical trial examining the feasibility of implementing evidence-based treatment practices for youth in residential care settings, and coordinating multiple aspects of a newly launched system enhancement project to improve the social and emotional well-being of children, youth and families involved in New Hampshires child welfare and juvenile justice systems. The position will entail coordination of multiple clinical training activities, as well as delivering system level trainings as part of these grant funded studies. The successful candidate will be well trained and highly skilled in managing research studies, working with cross-disciplinary collaborators and across numerous child serving state systems, as well as highly knowledgeable and skilled in evidence based treatment practices for children and youth, in particular, treatments for children who have experienced trauma. The candidate will have experience and interest in providing training and consultation to both community based clinicians and nonclinical personnel related to childrens mental health, attachment, and trauma. The candidate will be able to provide supervision for psychiatry residents and psychology interns and postdoctoral fellows. Candidates should be license eligible in New Hampshire. Academic rank and salary will be consistent with experience. A letter of interest, curricu-

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NEW MEXICO
PSYCHIATRIST OR PSYCHIATRIC NURSE PRACTITIONER: Mental Health Resources, Inc. (Clovis, New Mexico), a private non-profit Comprehensive Community Mental Health Center, has an opening for a full-time psychiatrist or psychiatric nurse practitioner. Mental Health Resources, Inc. serves a community population of approximately 50,000 in eastern New Mexico and utilizes an electronic health record with e-prescribing capabilities. The indi-

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MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY FEBRUARY 2013

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST NEEDED IN GREENSBORO, NC: Part-time to possible full-time at well-established, managed-care free private practice specializing in cognitive-behavior therapymood and anxiety disorders in adults and adolescents, ADHD evaluation and treatment as well as marital therapy. Licensure required. Submit letter of interest, resume and references to The Center for Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 5509-A West Friendly Ave nue, Suite 202-A, Greensboro, NC 27410, or e-mail denmck8@ msn.com. ASSESSMENT NEUROPSYCHO LOGIST: Position available in large neuropsychology practice, colocated with one of the largest neurology practices in the US. Applicant should have an excellent medical psychology background, with knowledge of neuropathology and neurologic illness and ability to assist in differential diagnosis, treatment recommendations, and integration of complex medical data. Desired candidate will have a pragmatic assessment approach, flexibility, efficiency and ability to work within a medical model and managed care. Board Certification desired. Send letter of interest and curriculum vitae to: Bob Conder, Psy.D., ABPP, Carolina Neuropsychological Service, 1540 Sunday Drive, #200, Raleigh, NC 27607 or e-mail to: Bconder10@gmail.com. with physicians and nurse practitioners. The ideal candidate will have competence with individual and group evidence-based strategies for chronic pain management, effectively conduct pre-surgical assessments, assist with the development of the department programming and train department staff to elevate our standard of care. Sanford Health Fargo, employing over 600 physicians, is part of the Sanford Health system, the largest nonprofit rural healthcare system in the nation. At Sanford Health, psychologists are appropriately recognized as doctoral-level providers who have the same employment benefits as physicians. Applicant must have graduated from an APAaccredited program with approved internship and be licensed or license-eligible in North Dakota. Fargo, ND, a metropolitan community of 190,000, is located on the southeastern border of North Dakota just a few miles from the lake country of Minnesota. The community offers two universities, one private college, excellent schols, and a wonderful blend of cultural and recreational activity, low crime and affordable and upscale living. To learn more about this excellent practice opportunity contact: Jean Keller, Physician Recruiter. Phone: (701) 280-4853. E-mail: Jean. Keller@sanfordhealth.org.

PsycCareers.com
OKLAHOMA
APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYST DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES: Seeking masters or doctoral behavior analyst who holds a BCBA or is BCBA-qualified to join private practice. Duties emphasize programming for those with various behavioral challenges. Comprehensive benefits and competitive salary. Send letter of interest and curriculum vitae to: Dr. Karen Maston, Positive Strategies, 1090 N. University Blvd., Norman, OK 73069, or pstrategy4@aol.com.

vidual must be licensed or licenseeligible in New Mexico, be in good standing, and want to work with a team of counselors and case managers in a behavioral health system of care. Mental Health Resources, Inc. is a member of the National Health Service Corps (NHSC). Interested applicants may send their curriculum vitae to: Lorraine Meza, Director of Personnel, 1100 West 21st, Clovis, NM 88101 or e-mail to: lmeza@mhrnew mexico.com. Include cover letter, curriculum vitae, copy of license and three references with phone numbers. MHR is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.

PENNSYLVANIA
PROGRAM DIRECTOR AND ASSISTANT/ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, COMMUNITY AND TRAUMA COUNSELING: Philadelphia Universitys College of Science, Health and the Liberal Arts invites applications for a program director and assistant/associate professor for the masters of science in Community and Trauma Counseling. This position provides opportunities to lead our comprehensive, innovative, multidisciplinary and flexible education in trauma counseling to prepare graduates for professional practice, public policy, consulting and research. We are seeking a dynamic and innovative teacher/practitioner who will lead this cutting edge program in trauma education and preparation for practice. The program director and assistant/associate professor is expected to demonstrate the integration of research and practice, facilitate community-based learning opportunities and model the best practices in therapeutic intervention by participating in academia while maintaining clinical practice. Duties include, but are not limited to: program development and curricular design, engagement in teaching responsibilities in the applicants area of expertise, development anmaintenance

NEW YORK
PRIVATE PRACTICE OPENING: Thriving private practice in Glens Falls, NY seeking a psychologist to perform evaluations and therapy with children and adults. Will supervise to licensure if unlicensed. Very competitive salary and benefits are negotiable. Send resumes to: Osika and Scarano Psycholo gical Services, 5 Pine St, Glens Falls, NY 12801 or e-mail to: Tom Osika at tgosika@roadrunner.com. PART-TIME CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST, PH.D./PSY.D., NYS: Work with older adults in Long Island or Westchester. Rewarding population, flexible schedule, collegial atmosphere, ongoing supportive supervision with highly experienced geropsychologist. Excellent clinical and administrative skills required. Send curriculum vitae to: Aging Matters Psychological Services, P.C. at drptomasso@agingmattersny.com.

OHIO NORTH DAKOTA


PSYCHOLOGISTJOIN WELLESTABLISHED PAIN CLINIC: Sanford Health Fargo is currently recruiting for a psychologist to be integrated full-time as part of our well-established Pain Medicine Clinic. Our clinic currently consists of three full-time pain physicians, a .8 FTE psychologist, three NPs and a full nursing staff. We are in the process of developing comprehensive, evidence-based programming for our patients with chronic pain that further embeds behavioral health throughout our process of care. The psychologist in this position will work in coordination P S Y C H O L O G I S T P R I VAT E PRACTICE OPPORTUNITY: Seeking psychologist for well established multidisciplinary private practice in suburban Cleveland. Opportunity to become partner/owner. Strong clinical skills a must; skills with children/families a plus. E-mail curriculum vitae and cover letter to: Dr. Katherine Kratz at partners@ horizonscounseling.com.

NORTH CAROLINA
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST: 3-C Family Services is seeking a doctoral-level, NC license-eligible psychologist certified in DBT and/ or addiction therapy to join a wellestablished child and family therapy practice. See our website for more details www.3cfs.com. Send resume and cover letter to careers@ 3cfs.com.

For future planning!


Dates and sites for APAs future conventions are:
July 31August 4, 2013Honolulu, HI August 710, 2014Washington, DC August 69, 2015Toronto, Ontario, Canada

I am pleased to call to your attention available career opportunities for licensed psychologists (part or full time) with CHE Senior Psychological Services. For the past fifteen years our group has been providing psychological services, neuropsychological/cognitive rehabilitation, and behavioral medicine services to residents of over 200 skilled nursing, short-term rehabilitation, and adult day care facilities as well as community-based group homes throughout NY State. Where: NY upstate and downstate regions with immediate openings in Buffalo, Binghamton, and Syracuse and throughout the five boroughs and Long Island. We also have immediate opportunities available for candidates with language proficiencies in Spanish and Russian. What do we provide: 1) We offer a clinically as well as a financially rewarding position with a flexible work schedule to provide training in geropsychology under the supervision of our prominent clinical directors. 2) Postdoctoral training opportunities in behavioral medicine and geropsychology to develop license-eligibility. Whom will you be joining: A team of colleagues committed to clinical excellence, compassionate care, and professional integrity; an organization that welcomes your participation in a collaborative approach to the integration of psychological services in multidisciplinary settings; a group which provides individualized training, ongoing clinical supervision, and professional development workshops in all our service domains. For further information please call: 1-800-275-3243, visit our website at www.cheservices.com, and/or e-mail your curriculum vitae to: nathanT@cheservices.com.

CH E

CHE Senior Psychological Services

FEBRUARY 2013 MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY

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PsycCareers.com

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST OPPORTUNITIES


Geisinger Health System (GHS) is seeking Clinical Child Psychologists to join a team of nationallyrecognized leaders in genomics and neurodevelopmental disabilities to expand clinical, research and training programs in autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders. The Autism and Developmental Medicine Institute will create a national model, implementing guidelines for early diagnosis, medication management and treatment options. The clinical programs will be embedded within an integrated program that includes training in Applied Behavioral Analysis and research in behavior, imaging and genomics, undertaken in collaboration with Bucknell University and other area universities. In addition to a team of neurodevelopmental pediatricians, pediatric neurologists, psychiatrists and clinical psychologists, neuroimaging specialists, researchers, students and ABA specialists, the building will house a state-of-the-art neuroimaging center, as well as a bioinformatics core facility. The Institute has its first location in Lewisburg, Pa. About the Positions Work with an interdisciplinary team of neurodevelopmental pediatricians, neuroradiologists, developmental psychologists, neuroscientists, and geneticists in a coordinated, translational effort into the identification, classification, intervention, and treatment of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism spectrum disorders, and intellectual disabilities/developmental delay Opportunity to do both clinical practice and research Opportunities for academic appointment are available through Bucknell University Participate in assessment of children with developmental delays Provide and supervise others providing direct intervention using evidence-based treatment approaches Job Requirements Doctoral degree in clinical psychology from an APA-accredited program, an APA-accredited internship and eligibility for licensure in the state of Pennsylvania Experience in the evaluation and treatment of children with autism, intellectual disability, and other neurodevelopmental disorders Research interest in neurodevelopmental disorders Geisinger Health System serves nearly 3 million people in Central and Northeastern Pennsylvania and has been nationally recognized for innovative practices and quality care. Pediatric services include a full complement of medical and surgical subspecialists based in Janet Weis Childrens Hospital (JWCH), a full-service, 89-bed childrens hospital connected to Geisinger Medical Center (GMC) in Danville, Pa. Within the health system, pediatric psychologists are involved in pediatric primary care and pediatric specialty care in inpatient (an adolescent psychiatry unit and Janet Weis Childrens Hospital within Geisinger Medical Center) and outpatient settings (including multi-disciplinary clinics and a hospital-based outpatient psychiatry clinic). Geisinger maintains an APA accredited internship in Clinical Psychology along with advanced training for Child/Adolescent Clinical and Pediatric Psychology post-doctoral fellows

Discover for yourself why Geisinger has been nationally recognized as a visionary model of integrated healthcare. For more information, please visit Join-Geisinger.org or contact: Jocelyn Heid, Manager, Professional Staffing, at 1-800-845-7112 or jheid1@geisinger.edu.

H e a lt H S y S t e m
Redefining the boundaries of medicine

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FEBRUARY 2013 MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
or rehabilitation psychology is a plus. A competitive salary and benefits package is available to qualified candidates. Applications will be accepted until the position is filled. Interested applicants e-mail curriculum vitae and letter of interest to: Source One Rehabilitation at JarrodR@S1rehab.com. POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY: Announcing two Postdoctoral Fellowships in Clinical Psychology at Scott & White Healthcare, Temple, TX for 20132014. Track One with emphasis on end-of-life care, grief and bereavement; Track Two with emphasis on health psychology. Starts September 1, 2013. Practitioner-scientist model with research opportunities. Requires doctorate from APA-accredited program and APA internship. $40,000 with frin ges. Application deadline February 28, 2013. Sub mit curriculum vitae, statement of goals, three letters of recommendation, graduate program attestation, official transcript, and two sample reports to: Program Coordinator, Jessica Booth, (254) 742-7313, jbooth@sw.org.

PsycCareers.com
with interests in attention, perception, action, language, or emotion are particularly encouraged to apply. Responsibilities include: developing an independent extramurally funded research program and teaching graduate and undergraduate courses in the neurosciences and experimental psychology. Applicants must have a Ph.D. in neuroscience or a closely related field, research interests in cognitive neuroscience, and significant postdoctoral research experience. Preferred qualifications are strong potential for extramural funding; demonstrated research productivity; interest in fostering graduate and undergraduate research experience; excellence in graduate and undergraduate teaching; and the ability to strengthen or expand existing programs. Re view of applications began on Jan uary 2, 2013 and continues un til the position is filled. To apply online see: http://jobs.uwm.edu/ postings/10500. A complete application will consist of a cover letter, curriculum vitae, a concise statement of research interests, and three letters of reference. Candidates may submit a statement of teaching interests. All application materials may be sub-

of relationships with area agencies and community partners, participation in scholarly activity in collaboration with students and engagement in interdepartmental and universitywide collaboration. Additional responsibilities include: providing general oversight of all program activities including human resources, budget, curriculum, facilities, admissions and accreditation. Pre-employment background check is required. Qualifications: Candidates must have an earned doctorate, at least six years of clinical experience in practice related to trauma, a minimum of three years teaching experience (full or part time) and some background in management/administration. Application procedure: Submit a letter of application; curriculum vitae; teaching philosophy and research interest statement to: Dr. Matt Dane Baker, Executive Dean, College of Science, Health and the Liberal Arts, Philadelphia University, School House Lane and Henry Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19144-5497, or by e-mail to: Communitytraumajobs@ philau.edu.

VIRGINIA
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST OR CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY RESIDENT: Cognitive Behavior Therapy Center, a private practice with offices in Virginia Beach and Chesapeake, VA, seeks Clinical Psychologist(s) with training in CBT. Practice needs include: children/adolescents, couples and behavioral health. Contact: wlmulligan@cox.net.

WISCONSIN
FACULTYOPEN RANK: As part of a major research growth initiative, The University of WisconsinMilwaukee is seeking applicants for a faculty position (rank open) in cognitive neurosciences. This position will build directly on the current strength of our program (http:// neuroscience.uwm.edu). Successful applicants will participate in the Center for Imaging Research (http:// www.mcw.edu/CIR) which provides multiple research-dedicated imaging platforms and technical infrastructure for brain mapping in human subjects and laboratory animals. Area of research specialization is open but outstanding individuals

TEXAS
PSYCHOLOGIST: Private practice opportunity for therapists with strong clinical skills seeking collaborative group environment. Contact: Ashley Curry, Ph.D. at (512) 8078457 for more information. PSYCHOLOGIST, LPC AND LCSW: The Ludden Group is a Christian Psychology and Counseling Private Practice Group seeking full-time and/or part-time licensed psychologists interested in performing psychological assessments, office and nursing home testing, psychotherapy and other possible testing. Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and Licensed Professional Counselors (LPC) interested in Nursing Home work and possible office work also needed. Positions in Rockwall, TX area. Apply by faxing your resume to: (972) 7714505 or e-mail lindaluddensivils@ gmail.com. REHABILITATION PSYCHOLOGISTPOSTDOCTORAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST: CARF-accredited, outpatient rehabilitation clinics in the Dallas/Fort Worth area have immediate opening for a postdoctoral psychologist to provide neuropsychological/psychological services to injured workers in a multidisciplinary outpatient environment. The postdoctoral psychologist will function as part of an interdisciplinary treatment team supervised by a board-certified clinical neuropsychologist and including pain therapists, physiatrists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, and other medical psychologists. Previous experience/ training in the area of clinical neuropsychology, pain management, health/medical psychology and/

PEDIATRIC NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST
The Department of Neurology at the University of Virginia seeks candidates for a Pediatric Neuropsychologist (tenure-eligible, tenure ineligible or tenured). Responsibilities will include neuropsychological assessment of children with a variety of neurological and other conditions, clinical research and involvement of training of postdoctoral fellows and other health-related students. Salary, rank and tenure status are dependent upon qualifications and experience. Candidates must have a Ph.D. or Psy.D. in Psychology, be board certified or board eligible in Clinical Neuropsychology and have successfully completed an internship from an American Psychological Association-accredited program in psychology. In addition, applicants must have completed a postdoctoral fellowship in Pediatric Neuropsychology. The tenure-ineligible faculty position is designed for practitioners focused on quality clinical care including active participation in clinical research and outstanding teaching. To be considered for the tenure-eligible position, candidates must have experience in basic or clinical research and a strong interest in a career in academic medicine. To be considered for the tenured position, candidates must demonstrate scholarship and excellence in two domains consistent with the requirements for tenure in the School of Medicine. The University of Virginia is located in Charlottesville, Virginia, a setting with natural beauty and significant historical relevance in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Charlottesville is a wonderful place to live with an extraordinary quality of life and is often ranked among the best places to live in the United States. To apply for the tenure-ineligible position, visit https://jobs.virginia.edu and search on Posting Number 0611025. Complete a Candidate Profile online, attach a cover letter, curriculum vitae, and contact information for three references. Position may be eligible to convert to tenure-track at an appropriate time in the future, consistent with SOM Promotion and Tenure guidelines and candidate qualifications. To apply for the tenure-eligible position, visit https://jobs.virginia.edu and search on Posting Number 0610987. Complete a Candidate Profile online, attach a cover letter, curriculum vitae, and contact information for three references. To apply for the tenured position, visit https://jobs.virginia.edu and search on Posting Number 0611028. Complete a Candidate Profile online, attach a cover letter, curriculum vitae, and contact information for three references. Position will remain open until filled. For additional information about the position, please contact Dr. Carol Manning via email at CM4R@virginia.edu or via telephone at (434) 982-1012. For questions regarding the application process, please contact Keith Johnson via email at fkj2t@virginia.edu or via telephone at (434) 243-3990. The University of Virginia is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer. Women, minorities, veterans and persons with disabilities are strongly encouraged to apply.
89

MONITOR FEBRUARY 2013 MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY


Issue: FEB 2013 issue Size: 3 col (5.125) x 5

PsycCareers.com

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
mitted electronically, except applicants should arrange for three letters of reference to be mailed to: Neuro science Search Committee, Department of Psychology, UWM, P. O. Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201. UWM is an Equal Opportunity Institution committed to diversity. ASSISTANT PROFESSOR: The Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls invites applications for a full-time, tenure-track faculty position in biological psychology/behavioral neuroscience. The position has a teaching load of 12-credits per semester, including physiological psychology, research methods, statistics and courses in their specific areas of expertise. Additional duties include: academic advising, research activity, and university service. Competitive candidates will have a passion for teaching and a demonstrated commitment to engaging students in undergraduate research. See http:// www.uwrf.edu / hr/employment_ opportunities.htm for details of the application process, deadlines, complete position descriptions, and required qualifications.

JAPAN
CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGISTS NEEDED IN JAPAN: Clinical Child Psychologist needed in Japan working with U.S. Military Families/Special Needs Children. Benefits: Excellent compensation package, medical, dental, vision, life, 401K and relocation expenses provided. Requires two-years working with special needs children and their families. Interested candidates call: Lynn Romer at (800) 852-5678 ext. 156 or e-mail a resume to: LynnR@Magnum MedicalOverseas.com.

TURKEY

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Thinking of a positive career and lifestyle change? We are recruiting mid to senior level clinical psychologists from the US, Canada and other parts of the world to come to New Zealand to live and work for a minimum of two years.Give us a call on 1-800-511-6976 or e-mail us at info@alignrecruitment.com to learn more about the kinds of positions which we are recruiting for in New Zealand. Look us up in the Employers Section of the APA convention in Honolulu this July 31August 4, 2013 for a face-to-face meeting with an Align representative.

ASSISTANT/ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR: Bahcesehir University in Istanbul, Turkey is seeking to fill up faculty positions in the Department of Psychology. Faculty positions are available in all areas of psychology, such as developmental, social, cog-

nitive (including, learning, memory, perception, language neuroscience and psychophysiology), health and clinical, forensic, personality and individual differences, and other areas. Applicants should have at least a Ph.D., preferably in psychology while qualifications in other disciplines will be considered if supported by experience in psychological research and teaching. Located at the heart of Istanbul, Bahcesehir is a leading university with an emphasis on international collaborations. We are looking for dynamic scholars who can help build a strong research capacity in different areas of psychology and also play an integral part in our international projects. Send a cover letter, curriculum vitae, description of research and teaching interests, and the names of three references to: metehan. irak@bahcesehir.edu.tr. For more information about the university, check http://www.bahcesehir.edu.tr/ index/index.

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NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL PRACTICE FOR SALE: Established practice in the suburbs of Cincinnati, OH. Twenty years with many returning clients. Referrals prima rily from medical settings. Forensic work also. Low expenses. Practicum site. I will work with you in the transition. Kathleen Mack, Psy.D. kmack5388@gmail.com. Arts Center, directly opposite the Upscale Bay Terrace Shopping Center. Furnished/unfurnished, newly renovated. Best location, signage/ exposure, onsite valet parking, onsite super. Easy access to LIRR/bus/ LIE/Cross Island Pkwy/Clearview Expy. Ideal setting to relocate your practice or open satellite office. Call: Manage ment Professional Enter prises Organization, Inc. (718) 2293598; www.2391bell.com. therapists, hospitals and schools. www.OldmeNewme.com. CRAYON-COUNSELING: Art therapy program for chemically dependent and chronically emotio nally disturbed patients, Website www.oldmenewme.com /crayoncounseling. Evidence based.

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from descriptive statistics, t-tests, regression, SEM, and everything in between. We assist with all universitys IRB/URR. Privacy and confidentiality of consultation and data are assured. Call or visit us for a free 30-minute consultation (877) 437-8622 or www.Statistics Solutions.com. 20TH ANNUAL RAND SUMMER INSTITUTE: July 811, 2013, Santa Monica, CA. Two conferences addressing critical issues facing our aging population: Mini-Medical School for Social Scientists; Workshop on the Demography, Economics, Psychology, and Epidemiology of Aging. Interested researchers can apply for financial support covering travel and accommodations. More information and application form: http://www.rand.org/labor/aging/ rsi.html.

MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY FEBRUARY 2013

EDUCATION

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APA recognizes the responsibility of psychologists to continue their educational and professional development, building upon the foundations of a completed doctoral program in psychology. The Continuing Education Sponsor Approval System and the Continuing Education Committee work together to establish standards and criteria for those organizations wishing to offer continuing education for psychologists and to maintain the highest level of quality in those programs. For a complete list of APA-approved sponsors, a calendar of upcoming CE activities, and information about becoming an approved sponsor, go to http://www.apa.org/ ed/sponsor/index.aspx or call (800) 374-2721 ext. 5991. American Psychological Association Sponsor Approval System, 750 First Street, NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242

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FEBRUARY 2013 MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY

91

EVIDENCE-BASED TEACHING FOR HIGHER EDUCATION

Edited by Beth M. Schwartz and Regan A. R. Gurung


Over the past two decades, a growing body of scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) has emerged. This empirical study of teaching methods, course design, and students study practices has yielded invaluable information about how teachers teach and learners learn. Yet, university faculty members remain largely unaware of the findings of SoTL research. As a result, they tend to choose their teaching techniques and tools based on intuition and previous experience rather than on scientific evidence of effectiveness. This book synthesizes SoTL findings to help teachers choose techniques and tools that maximize student learning. Evidence-based recommendations are provided regarding teacherstudent rapport, online teaching, use of technology in the classroom (such as audience response systems, podcasting, blogs, and wikis), experiential learning (such as internships, teaching assistantships, research assistantships, and in-class research projects), students study habits, and more. In order to stimulate future SoTL research, the book also recommends numerous areas for future investigation. It concludes with advice for documenting teaching effectiveness for tenure review committees. Both novice and experienced university teachers will find this book useful, as well as professionals who work in faculty development centers. 2012. 168 pages. Paperback.
List: $39.95 | APA Member/Affiliate: $39.95 | ISBN 978-1-4338-1172-2 | Item # 4317288

CONTENTS

Foreword, William Buskist | Acknowledgments | Introduction, Beth M. Schwartz and Regan A. R. Gurung | 1. Benefits of Using SoTL in Picking and Choosing Pedagogy, Randolph A. Smith | 2. Building Rapport in the Classroom and Student Outcomes, Janie H. Wilson, Shauna B. Wilson, and Angela M. Legg | 3. Using Technology to Enhance Teaching and Learning, Christopher R. Poirier and Robert S. Feldman | 4. Online Teaching, Chandra M. Mehrotra and Lawrence McGahey | 5. Experiential Learning, Kristin M. Vespia, Georjeanna Wilson-Doenges, Ryan C. Martin, and Deirdre M. Radosevich | 6. How Should Students Study?, Regan A. R. Gurung and Lee I. McCann | 7. Selection of Textbooks or Readings for Your Course, R. Eric Landrum | 8. Are You Really Above Average? Documenting Your Teaching Effectiveness, Jane S. Halonen, Dana S. Dunn, Maureen A. McCarthy, and Suzanne C. Baker

ALSO OF INTEREST

Challenges and Opportunities Edited by R. Eric Landrum and Maureen A. McCarthy 2012. 214 pages. Hardcover.
List: $49.95 | APA Member/Affiliate: $39.95 ISBN 978-1-4338-1086-2 | Item # 4311035

Teaching Ethically

Favorite Activities for the Teaching of Psychology

Edited by Ludy T. Benjamin, Jr. 2008. 291 pages. Paperback.


List: $34.95 | APA Member/Affiliate: $29.95 ISBN 978-1-4338-0349-9 | Item # 4316105

Promoting Authentic Learning and Assessment in the Teaching of Psychology Joseph A. Mayo 2010. 227 pages. Hardcover.

Constructing Undergraduate Psychology Curricula

List: $59.95 | APA Member/Affiliate: $49.95 ISBN 978-1-4338-0563-9 | Item # 4316116

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PSYCHOLOGY EXAM PR E P
THEORIES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY
The Association for Advanced Training in the Behavioral Sciences
Theories/Lead Figures Main Idea (Primary Concepts)
Extends family systems beyond nuclear family multigenerational.

Unit of Focus/ Length of Treatment


Current and extended family therapy. Long/short term.

Key Terms

Therapists Role
De-triangulated coaching. Supervisor.

Process of Change/Insight
Insight gained through rationale/cognitive processes leading to differentiation and understanding of family of origin.

View of Maladaptive Behavior


Behavioral disorders are the result of a multigenerational transmission process in which progressively lower levels of differentiation are transmitted from one generation to the next. Dysfunctional behaviors are conceptualized as resulting from failure to fulfill ones potential for personal growth.

Interventions Stages of Treatment


Beginning: Evaluation, trans-generational exploration, identification of individualized member. Early/Middle: Teach differentiation, individuation. genogram, therapy triangle, relationship experiments, coaching and I statements. End: Reporting back. Closure. Beginning: Assessment: family history/key relationship issues. Develop relationship and establish goals. Early/Middle: Treatment focuses on growth: sculpting, family reconstruction, teaching and modeling effective communication, use of metaphors, use of drama, role play, therapist use of self, art therapy, I value you statements, labeling. End: Provide closure. Beginning: Acceptance of therapist by family. Evaluate/assessment. accommodating, mimicking, joining, mapping, challenging the symptom. Early/Middle: Enactment, reframing, unbalancing, redirection. Challenge the family structure. End: Review progress made. Reinforce structure and reorganization and provide tools for the future. Setting up referrals or groups.

Goals

Extended Family Systems:


Murray Bowen

Differentiation of self and fusion, emotional triangle, nuclear family emotional system, emotional cutoff, sibling position, family projection process, multigenerational transmission process, genogram, family ego mass, society emotional process.

Reduce the level of anxiety and alleviate symptoms. Self-differentiation within the context of the family.

Experiential/ Communication:
Virginia Satir Carl Whitaker

Primary concept is self-esteem an innate drive either fostered or not fostered as a result of the communication and early experiences a child receives from his/her parents.

Family. Long term/short term.

Self-esteem, self, primary triad, mind, soul, body triad, maturation, seed model, threat and reward model, placating, blaming, computing, distracting. leveling, rescue games, coalition games, lethal games, growth games, sculpting, family reconstruction, labeling assets.

Active facilitator of communication and growth. Promotes spontaneity, creativity, autonomy and ability to play. Coaches and teaches.

Family possesses all resources needed for growth. Looks for suppressed feelings and emotions that block growth & fulfillment. Experiential awareness important for growth.

Raise selfesteem, improve communication, growth, identify family roles and how they promote symptoms.

Structural Family Therapy:


Salvador Minuchin

Directive, change-oriented therapy, concerned with symptoms in terms of family system dynamics assumption that if you change the organization or structure of the family, then the familys symptoms will be alleviated.

Nuclear family only. Short/brief term.

Family structure, subsystems, boundaries/degree of permeability, diffuse boundaries and enmeshment, rigid boundaries and disengagement, alignments, triangle, power, coalition, joining, mimesis, tracking, enactment, re-framing, unbalancing.

Active director of therapy. Promoter of change in family structure.

Behavioral change is based on action action precedes understanding.

Individual symptomology or family dysfunction are viewed as the result of an inflexible family structure that prohibits the family from adapting.

Primary long-term goal is to restructure the family.

Strategic Family Therapy:


Haley MRI Madanes

Three main models: MRI, Haley and Madanes, the Milan Model. Relationships are characterized by a struggle for power to see who will define or redefine relationship.

Participants in the problem. Short/brief term.

Circular questioning, neutrality, hypothesizing, complementary, double bind concept, first order change, metacommunication, paradoxical communications/ prescription, positive connotation, prescribing the system, relabeling, second order change, symmetrical.

Active, take-charge role. Power based.

Focus of therapy is on alleviating current symptoms through altering a familys transactions and organization. Insight considered counterproductive as it increases resistance.

Focus on how communication is used to increase ones control in a relationship. Symptom is interpersonal rather than intrapsychic. Struggles for control become pathological when control issues produce symptomatic behavior. There is no one objective truth and there are multiple interpretations of any event. People are not their problems and can develop alternative empowering stories once they are separated from their problems.

Beginning: Identify the problem. Plan a strategy for change. Four Stages: Social stage, problem stage, interaction stage, goal setting. Early/Middle: Direct interventions/straight directives/assignments/tasks. Paradoxical directives to change dysfunctional behavior. Circular questioning, neutrality, hypothesizing. Address power struggles within family. Relabel dysfunctional behavior. End: Terminate. Presenting problem solved. Beginning: Assessment. Externalizing Client tells their problem-saturated story. Therapist asks questions/encourages clients to ask questions. Early/Middle: Externalizing the person is not the problem. Mapping the influence problems effects rather than causes. Determine how problem disrupts/dominates family? Discuss examples of unique outcomes when clients could overcome problem. Reauthoring the story. Reinforcing the new story. Deconstruction. End: Document and support new story. Make referrals.

Change occurs through actionoriented directives and paradoxical interventions.

Narrative Therapy (Post-Modern):


Michael White David Epson

Focus on the stories of peoples lives and is based on the idea that problems are manufactured in social, cultural and political contexts. Externalize problem. Deconstruct story. Create new story.

Individuals, couples, families and groups. No time line. Depends on clients and process of retelling story.

Life stories, externalizing, who is in charge, reading between the lines, reauthoring the whole story, reinforcing the new story, de-constructing dominant cultural discourses.

Collaborative listener/ investigator reporter. Strong interest in clients story. Uses questions.

Change and insight occur when a persons story helps him to regain his life from a problem in the end. Process of uncovering key values, strengths and skills that lead to an alternate direction in life.

Reauthoring the whole story.

**

Association for Advanced Training in the Behavioral Sciences


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PETER SCHREINER

Mike [Kerner] is superb! Warm, enthusiastic, engaging, great sense of humor, knowledgeable. Love his stories from his clinical experience. Wonderful! Excellent! I would recommend AATBS to anyone and everyone! - Phyllis Chen, PsyD, CSPP

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