# 4/20/2008

14 Exercises
Mix and Match
1. Sample 2. Census 3. Target population 4. Statistic 5. Parameter 6. Sampling frame 7. Simple random sample 8. Stratified sample 9. Bias 10. Nonresponse Match the concept to the correct description.
a. Complete collection of items desired to be studied. b. A list of items in the population. c. A subset of a larger collection of items. d. A sample within homogeneous subsets of the population e. A characteristic of a sample. f. Occurs if a sample distorts a property of the population. g. A comprehensive study of every item h. Respondents choose not to answer questions. i. A characteristic of a population. j. Chosen so that all subsets of size n are equally likely.

True/False
If you believe that a statement is false, briefly explain why you think it is false.Every member of the population is equally likely to be in a simple random sample. 12. The size of the survey should be a fixed percentage of the population size in order to produce representative results. 13. Bias due to the wording of questions causes different samples to present different impressions of the population. 14. A census offers the most accurate accounting of the characteristics of the target population. 15. The sampling frame is a list of every item that appears in a sample, including those that did not respond to questions. 16. Randomization produces samples that mimic the various characteristics of the population without systematic bias. 17. Voluntary response samples occur when the respondents are not paid for their participation in a survey. 18. Sampling variation occurs when respondents change their answers to questions presented during an interview or change their answers when offered a repeated question. 19. Question wording has been shown to have no influence on the responses in surveys. 20. Larger surveys convey a more accurate impression of the population than smaller surveys.