You are on page 1of 23

# Isolated Footing by Limit State Method Data Required/assumed Safe Bearing Capacity of the soil M20 fck FE415

Fe Depth of soil above footing Provide Overal Depth of footing d Min Eff. depth required Footing dimensions B L Column dimensions a b Load from Column Net soil reaction B. M. at the face of column x = 0.5 Mxx y = 0.5 Myy

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

## KN/m2 N/mm2 N/mm2 m mm mm mm

P = 87 Mx = 0 My = 0 Zx = 0.56 Zy = 0.56 net soil reaction = 38.67 net soil reaction = 38.666667 Considering only loads

## 7.250 KN-m/m length 7.250 KN-m/m length

Xumax = 144 mm Mulimit = 310.42 Kn-m Mulimit>M, Hence Section is Under reinforced Designing as Under reinforced section xu=0.87.fy.Ast/0.36.fck.b Astx = 67.22 mm2 Asty = 67.22 mm2 Ast min = 420 mm2 Provide Astx 10 mm bar @ 180 mm C/C Provide Asty 10 mm bar @ 180 mm C/C 420.00 mm2 Check for One Way Shear Factored Shear

Astlimit= AstxW.S.M

## 3589.53 mm2 77.83 mm2 44.4E+6 KN-M

420.00 Vu = 11.60 KN Tv = 0.039 p= 0.140 Tc = 0.282 From Code Using formula Tv<Tc, Hence safe

Check for Two Way Shear Two way shear = Tvv = Allowable shear = Tvv < Tcc hence safe

## 93.38 0.097 1.250

Check for bearing Bearing stress at the contact of column and footing = Axial load/area of column = 0.35 N/mm2 Permissible Bending Stress = 22.50 N/mm2 Bearing stress calculated < permissible bearing stress hence No Dowel to be used

Isolated Footing by Limit State Method Data Required/assumed Safe Bearing Capacity of the soil M20 FE415 Depth of soil above footing Provide Overal Depth of footing

(To b Modify)

fck Fe D d T L B a b

= = = = = = = = = =

## 90 20 415 1.5 500 442 250 3.1 3.1

KN/m2 P= 40 N/mm2 Mx = 10 N/mm2 MZ = 15 m Zx = 4.97 mm Zz = 4.97 mm 9.20 mm Net soil reaction = 4.16 m Astlimit m = 4230.86 AstxW.S.M = 300 mm 184.04 500 mm M.R = 152.0E+6

Load from Column = 40 KN Net soil reaction = 9.20 KN/m2 B. M. at the face of column Mxx = 25.26 KN-m/m length Myy = 30.20 KN-m/m length dxxreq = 95.66 mm dyyreq = 104.60 mm Designing as Under reinforced section xu=0.87.fy.Ast/0.36.fck.b Astx = 159.55 mm2 Asty = 191.02 mm2 Ast min = 1000 mm2 Provide Astx 1000.00 mm2 16 mm tor @ 200 mm C/C Provide Asty 1000.00 mm2 16 mm tor @ 200 mm C/C Check for One Way Shear Factored Shear Vu = 11.84 KN Tv = 0.027 p= 0.226 Tc = 0.344 From Code Using formula Tv<Tc, Hence safe Check for Two Way Shear Two way shear = 122.94 KN Tvv = 0.009 Allowable shear = 1.118 Tvv < Tcc hence safe Check for bearing Bearing stress at the contact of column = 0.27 N/mm2 and footing = Axial load/area of column = Permissible Bending Stress = 18.00 N/mm2 Bearing stress calculated < permissible bearing stress hence No Dowel to be used

16.84

## Kn Kn-m Kn-m m3 m3 KN/m2 KN/m2 mm2 mm2 KN-M

Combined Footing by Limit State Method Safe Bearing Capacity of the soil = M20 fck = Fe415 Fe = Provide Overal Depth of footing D = d = Depth above footing = Footing dimensions B = L = Column dimensions a1 = a2 = b1 = b2 = Net soil reaction = UDL for long. BM= R.B UDL for Trans. BM=R.1 Longitudinal BMD M1= w.s12/2 M1 = M2=w.s22/2 M2 = Xumax = Longitudinal Steel x= 3.63 211.2 Mx = Mulimit = Astmin Ast1 Ast2 Ast = = = = 80 20 415 500 440 1.55 2.50 7.00 600 600 500 500 49.55 185.82 74.33 KN/m2 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm mm m m m mm mm mm mm KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m2 W1= W2= Mx= Mz= a1= C= Af= x-= L= B= a2= s1= s2= Zx= Zz= 450 100 90 100 1 3 7.56 0.545 3.1 2.45 -0.9 0.700 -1.209 20.417 7.292 KN KN KN-m KN-m m m m2 m m m m m m m3 m3

STRESS=

45.53 KN-m 677.30 KN-m 551.01 KN-m 1335.49 Kn-m 880 880 2978 1494 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2

## Top Transverse steel t1 = 1 t2 = 1

16 @220 C/C > Astmin 16 @60 C/C > Astmin 16 @130 C/C Or 24 Nos > Astmin 1493.2

= = = = =

## 16 @200 C/C Min.Steel 16 @200 C/C > Astmin

Design of shear Critical section 1 x1=s1+b1+d V1 Tv Tc Critical section 2 x2=s2+b2+d V2 Tv Critical section 3 x3=s2-d2 V3 Tv Tc

= = = = = = = = = = =

1.74 126.68 0.1152 0.2751 -0.1691 131.42 0.1195 1.6491 306.43 0.2786 0.3716

Two Way Shear (Punching) Under column 1 Tvv 0.2166 p = 0.1358 Tcc 1.1180 Tvv < Tcc hence safe Tv<Tc, Safe Under column 2 Tvv 0.0254 Tvv < Tcc hence safe Tv<Tc, Safe Transeverse shear Vt= R.(t1-dt)= 27.75 Tv 0.06 p = 0.2707 Tc 0.43 Tv<Tc, Safe Tv<Tc, Safe

COMBINED FOOTING

DESIGN BY SURAJ

COMBINED FOOTING

DESIGN BY SURAJ

xW1 c

W1+W2 W2

s1

Ast

d2

ast1

88.99445

a2 s2

a2
s2

## Ast2 Ast1 AstT1

Ast

COMBINED FOOTING

DESIGN BY SURAJ

0.287509

0.15

COMBINED FOOTING

DESIGN BY SURAJ

COMBINED FOOTING

DESIGN BY SURAJ

COMBINED FOOTING

DESIGN BY SURAJ

Combined Footing Using Limit State Method Data Required/assumed Safe Bearing Capacity of the soil M20 fck FE415 Fe Provide Overal Depth of footing d Depth above footing Footing dimensions B L Column dimensions b1 b2 l1 l2 Net soil reaction UDL for long. BM= R.B UDL for Trans. BM=R.1 W1 W2 W3 Mx1 Mx2 Mx3 Mz1 Mz2 Mz3 Af a1 c1 c2 xL B a2 s1 s2 Zx Zz 800 1410 1350 0.98 9.67 9.59 2.88 6.93 2.66 43.51 1.5 6.2 6.2 7.158 17.3 2.51 3.4 1.150 3.066 167.445 27.450 KN KN KN KN-m KN-m KN-m KN-m KN-m KN-m mm2 m m m m m m m m m m3 m3

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

## KN/m2 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm mm m

3m 18.3 m 700 700 700 700 66.91 301.10 100.37 mm mm mm mm KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m2

Longitudinal BMD

M1= w.s12/2
2

199.10 KN-m

M2=w.s2 /2 2469.42 KN-m M3 1414.99 KN-m x= 2.66 Mx 137.24 KN-m Xumax = 259.2 Mulimit = 804.60 Kn-m Mxx and Myy>Mulimit, Hence Section is over reinforced Transeverse steel t1 = 1.15 Mt1 66.37 KN-m t2 = 1.15 Mt2 66.37 KN-m d trans Longitudinal Steel Astmin = 1200 mm2 Ast1 = 1200 mm2 Ast2 = 15918 mm2 Top Ast = 1200 mm2 Top No.of bars 12 11 Transverse steel Astmin = 1200 mm2 AstT1 = 1200 mm2 AstT2 = 1200 mm2

20 20 20

## Provide Minimum Steel Provide Minimum Steel

20 20

Design of shear Critical section 1 x1=s1+b1+d = 2.39 V1 = 80.36 Tv = 0.0496 Tc = 0.2090 Tv<Tc, Hence safe Critical section 2

p = 0.074074

x2=s2+b2+d = 4.3057303 V2 = 113.53 Tv = 0.0701 Tv<Tc, Hence safe Critical section 3 x3=s2-d2 = 2.5257303 V3 = 760.51 Tv = 0.4694 Tc = 0.6186 Tv<Tc, Hence safe Two Way Shear (Punching) Under column 1 Tvv = Tcc = Tvv < Tcc hence safe Under column 2 Tvv = Tvv < Tcc hence safe

p = 0.982593

0.2603 1.1180

0.4880

Transeverse shear Vt= R.(t1-dt) = 40.82 KN Tv = 0.08 Tc = 0.3974 Tv<Tc, Hence safe

pt =

0.3175

xW1

W1+W2

W2

s1

Ast

d2

ast2

a2 s2

a2 s2

t2

Ast1 Ast

AstT1

Ast2

## Bottom level steel

Combined Footing by Limit State Method (beam slab) Data Required Safe Bearing Capacity of the soil M20 fck FE415 Fe Width of beam b Column dimensions b1 b2 l1 l2 W1 W2 Mx Mz a1 c depth 800 800 4.5 4.5 1.4 4.2 2.5 KN KN KN-m KN-m m m m

= = = = = = = =

## KN/m2 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm mm mm mm mm

Footing dimensions B = L = Size is adequate w.r.t S.B.C Net soil reaction = UDL for long. BM= R.B UDL for Trans. BM=R.1

## mm2 m m m m m m mm3 mm3

Slab is designed to resist transeverse bending Transeverse steel t1 = 0.638 Mt1 41.64 t2 = 0.638 Mt2 41.64 d Reqd = = 136.96 Provide Overal Depth of footing D = 190 d = 144 Xumax = 76.32 Mulimit = 46.14 Transverse steel AstT1 = 1482 AstT2 = 1482 Astmin = 285 Provide Distribution steel of Astmin 8 mm bar @ Design of beam Longitudinal BMD

## M<Mulimit, Section is URS > Astmin > Astmin mm C /C

M1= w.s1 /2 246.86 KN-m M2=w.s22/2 246.86 KN-m M3 246.86 KN-m Xumax = 283.02 Mulimit = 253.78 Kn-m M<Mulimit, Hence Section is Under reinforced Astmin Ast1 Ast2 = = = 802 mm2 2692 mm2 2692 mm2

## b = 400 d = 534 D = 590

Longitudinal Steel

## > Astmin > Astmin

x= 3.5 Mx = 280.00 KN-m Top steel is to resist BM of 280.00 KN-m as inverted T-beam Action Lo = 3.13 m bf = 0.934 m Mulimit = 592.27 Kn-m M<Mulimit, Hence Section is Under reinforced Top Ast = 2646 mm2 Provide 14 16 mm bars as top steel i.e. Ast= 2815 MR = 295.70 > Mx: Section is safe under Bending Design of shear

Critical section 1 x1=s1+b1+d V1 Tv Tc Providing 2-legged Critical section 2 x2=s2+b2+d V2 Tv Providing 2-legged Critical section 3 x3=s2-d2 V3 Tv Tc Providing 2-legged

= = = =

2.134 68.34 0.3200 0.2033 Tv>Tc Design for shear 8 150mm C/C 2.134 68.34 0.3200 8 150mm C/C Min. spacing is lesser of following a. Asv/b.Sv=0.4/fy b. 0.75*d c. 450mm d. 0.87.fy.Asv.d/(Tv-Tc)b.d if Tv>Tc

= = =

= = = =

## 0.666 152.23 0.1701 0.2033 Tv<Tc, Nominal 8 150mm C/C

Strap Footing:
W1+W2 G2 G1 W1 L1 xL2 W2

Data Required Safe Bearing Capacity of the soil Allowable stress in Concrete M20 Allowable stress in steel Fe 415 Width of beam Column sizes

SBC fck Fy b b1 b2 b3 W1 W2 W3 L1 a1 c

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

150 KN/m2 15 N/mm2 415 N/mm2 400 mm 300 mm 400 mm 0 mm 600 KN 900 KN 0 KN 3m 0.15 m 5m

## Af xL2 B a2 Gap s1 s2 R wLong wTrans

= = = = = = = = = = =

## 11.00 2 2.475 2.0 1.2375 0.9125 0 1.0375

m2 m m m m m m m

Net soil reaction UDL for long. BM= R.B UDL for Trans. BM=R.1 Design of Cantilever Slab Cantilever projection Max. Bm in Slab

x Mmax Dreq

= = =

= = = =

## 184 mm 121.92 mm 167.23 KN-m 1222 mm2 M<Mulimit, Under reinforced

V = 126.93 KN Tv = 0.69 KN/m2 Tc = 0.52 pt = 0.66 Tv>Tc, Design of shear is reqd., Increase Depth of footing to, d = 254 mm Provide Overal depth of footing = 300 mm Ast = 791 mm2 12 mm bar @ 90 Astmin = 360 mm2 8 mm bar @ 130 Design of Beam Max BM BM at end of footing BM corresponding to s2 BM at the end of right side footing

Mmax M M2 M Mulimit d d D

= = = = = = = =

## KN-m KN-m KN-m KN-m KN-m

x= x= x= x= xumax =

## 2.19 L1 =3 5.35 3.9125 446.4

m m m m

Depth req. as per T-beam action Depth req. as/ rect. beam action Provide overall depth of steel Area of steel Top steel in beam

930 mm 1000 mm

Ast Astmin Provide 12 Nos steel at bottom Ast Provide 4 Nos Check for moment of resitance MR Astside Area of side face steel Provide 3 Nos

= = 20 = 20 = = 10

3388 mm2 762 mm2 TOR in two row, total Ast= 3770 mm2 762 mm2 TOR total ast= 1257 mm2 IF((0.87*E17*I53/(0.36*E16*F49*1000))<C39,IF((0.87*E17*I53/(0.36*E16 bf= Lo/(Lo/b+4)+bw 400 mm2 TOR bar in each face BUT spacing<30mm

G1

## o, d = 254 mm mm C/C As main steel mm C/C as distribution

Isolated Circular Footing by Limit State Method Data Required/assumed Safe Bearing Capacity of the soil M20 FE415 Depth of soil above footing Provide Overal Depth of footing

fck Fe h D deff T

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

## Diameter of footing Column dimensions CALCULATIONS

D d side Load from Column Upword soil pressure at face of column B. M. at the face of column x Mxx dxxreq Ast Ast min Provide Check for One Way Shear Factored Shear Vu = Tv = Tc = Check for Two Way Shear Two way shear = Tvv = Allowable shear = 16 Nos

KN/m2 P= N/mm2 Mx = N/mm2 Zx = m mm Cons loads only mm M.R = Ast 300 mm = limit AstxW.S.M = 3.75 m 3.5 mm 2.47 m Tv>Tc Unsafe 517.4 KN 214.02 KN 1.12 m 240.19 KN-m 187.71 mm
2

## 1046.18 mm 2 3150 mm 16 mm tor in each direction at right angles to each other

755.18 KN 0.291 p= 0.131 0.271 From Code Using formula Tv>Tc Unsafe 830.734 KN 0.638 1.118 Tvv < Tcc hence safe

Kn Kn-m m3 KN/m2 KN/m2 KN-M mm2 mm2 Data req for WSM j 0.9 st 230 cbc 7 m 13.33 x1 0.29 j 0.90 0.91 0.439