STRUCTURE Directions: Questions 1-15 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Look at the following examples: Example I Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes ___2____ they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth's surface. 1. 2. 3. 4. due to because in spite of regardless of

The sentence should read, "Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes because they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth's surface." Therefore, you should choose answer B. Example II During the early period of ocean navigation, ________ any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques. 1. 2. 3. 4. so that hardly where there hardly was hardly was there was hardly

The sentence should read, "During the early period of ocean navigation, there was hardly any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques." Therefore, you should choose answer D. QUESTIONS

1) Refrigerating meats ____a____ the spread of bacteria. a) b) c) d) retards retarding to retard is retarded

2) Throughout the animal kingdom, _____b___ bigger than the elephant. a) b) c) d) whale is only the only the whale is is the whale only only whale is the

a) b) c) d) is extensively used extensively uses has extensively used will have extensively used 9) Capable of producing nothing more than _____d_____. a definite system of locating the annual cuttings _______a___ in the management of communal and government forests because under this system the forests can be so organized that an approximately equal yield is secured each year. a) b) c) d) is being slowly transformed will have been slowly transformed slowly transforms was slowly transformed 6) Airport x-ray devices _c______ designed more carefully in order to detect the more sophisticated forms of explosive materials that are now produced. a) b) c) d) of that is that which is 4) The first article of the United States Constitution gives Congress ______a__ to pass laws. Barkley was forced to concede the point to Hume who went on to win the debate. a) b) c) d) must have been must must be must have been being 7) To Darwin we ________a__ that has made the interrelations of organisms central in modern natural history. a) b) c) d) the power has the power the power is of the power 5) Written mail. ___a____ by email and other electronic technologies.3) The fact ___b_____ money orders can usually be easily cashed has made them a popular form of payment. a) b) c) d) have owed the change owing the change the change do owe owe the change 8) In Europe. a) b) c) d) vacuous truly a point truly a point vacuous vacuous a truly point a truly vacuous point . which is currently referred to as “snailmail” by frequent computer users.

and slugs that animals can consume. low dielectric constants. a) because the average efficiency of the best steam engine b) which the average efficiency of the best steam engine c) that the average efficiency of the best steam engine d) with the average efficiency of the best steam engine e) 15) There is no doubt _____d____ correspond to the gill clefts which are used in connection with the breathing in fishes. an even An ordinary.10) An excellent cosmetologist in even the most unsophisticated hair salon can make a man seem to have more hair than ___b____. a short daylight. a) b) c) d) Those fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons That fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons While fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons When fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons 14) It is safe to say ___c_______ does not exceed 25%. a) b) c) d) has actually he he actually has it actually is is it actually 11) ____c______ sort of winter means cold. a) b) c) d) tea value of average import import average value of tea average import value of tea average value of import tea 13) _______A___ and have low refractive indices. a) b) c) d) Even an ordinary Ordinary. a) b) c) d) because of the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds despite the fact that the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds if the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds that the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptiles and birds Reading Comprehension Directions: Please read the discussion below and answer the following 10 questions on this brief passage. insects. seeds. . and a scarcity of fruits. the _____d_____ was 16 cents per pound before it was distributed to retail outlets. even Ordinary even an 12) In the fiscal year 1910. and low surface tensions has long been known by chemists. stormy weather.

The job doesn't pay very well.00 pm. John would start work at 9. And I think that I'd be really good at this kind of work. we'll give you a call. I was looking for a part-time job to help me through college. The job is in a shop. John: Thank you.30 and we close at 6. Didn't Say 2.The Job Interview Interviewer: So. Could you tell me what hours I'd have to work? Interviewer: We open at 9. I have. you would also be responsible for keeping the front of the store tidy.00. Interviewer: Now. Didn't Say 4. He wouldn't have to deal with customers. 1. 1. You would be able to leave then. John will start the job on Monday. Interviewer: Have you any previous work experience? John: Yes. I think I have asked you everything I wanted to. keeping a check on the supplies in the store. True 2. False 3. Didn't Say . 1. Interviewer: Do you know exactly what you would be doing as a shop assistant? John: Well I imagine I would be helping customers. and preparing the shop for business. you've applied for the Saturday position. False 3. 1. When will I know if I have been successful? Interviewer: We'll be making our decision next Monday. 1.00. True 2. What sort of student do you regard yourself as . I worked part-time at a take-away in the summer holidays. False 3. 1. Didn't Say 5. He saw the advertisement in the local newspaper. True 2. 1. True 2. Thank you for coming along to the interview. . Didn't Say 6. True 2. Interviewer: Can you tell me what made you reply to our advertisement? John: Well. Interviewer: That about covers it. Didn't Say 3. did you enjoy studying while you were at school? John: I suppose I'm a reasonable student. True 2. I passed all my exams and I enjoy studying subjects that interest me. False 3. right? John: Yes. . False 3. False 3. do you have any questions you'd like to ask me about the position? John: Yes. but you would be expected to arrive at 8.

In modern society we must make more time for our neighbors. social life would be unbearably chaotic: the massive daily transfers of goods. A. False 3. Each one is followed by a number of questions about it. B. Answer all questions about the information in a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage. John failed some of his exams. Didn't Say Directions: In the Reading Comprehension section you will read several passages. Read the following passage: The railroad was not the first institution to impose regularity on society. or to draw attention to the importance of precise timekeeping. people (5) have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day. and information would proceed in fits and (10 starts. Didn't Say 10. services. find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. True 2. or D. Then. True 2. C. on your answer sheet. 1. 1. John would be working in the electrical department. the very fabric of modern society would begin to unravel. False 3. The value of this tradition is today more apparent than ever. False 3. 1. . John has left school.7. Were it not for public acceptance of a single yardstick of time. ) Example I What is the main idea of the passage? 1. 1. to each question. True 2. You are to choose the one best answer. Didn't Say 8. The job is full time. Didn't Say 9. False 3. For as long as merchants have set out their wares at Line daybreak and communal festivities have been celebrated. True 2.

2. Society judges people by the times at which they conduct certain activities. the pipeline cost approximately $8 billion and is by far the biggest and most expensive construction project ever undertaken by private industry. climbs sheer mountains. The traditions of society are timeless. Today. Line (5) (10) (15) (20) (25) (30) QUESTIONS . A little more than half of the pipeline is elevated above the ground. 4. the phrase "this tradition" refers to 1. the practice of starting the business day at dawn friendly relations between neighbors the railroad's reliance on time schedules people's agreement on the measurement of time The phrase "this tradition" refers to the preceding clause. no single business could raise that much money. makes its way through thick forests. The remainder is buried anywhere from 3 to 12 feet. Each company controlled oil rights to particular shares of land in the oil fields and paid into the pipeline-construction fund according to the size of its holdings. Therefore. Example II In line 6. you should choose answer D. and the varied compositions of soil. a certain amount of mismanagement. It weaves through crooked canyons. labor disagreements. despite enormous problems of climate. and up to 2 million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can be pumped through it daily. The pipe is 4 feet in diameter. The steel pipe crosses windswept plains and endless miles of delicate tundra that tops the frozen ground. It stretches southward across the largest and northernmost state in the United States. rock. ending at a remote ice-free seaport village nearly 800 miles from where it begins. Resting on H-shaped steel racks called "bents. depending largely upon the type of terrain and the properties of the soil. supply shortages. An accepted way of measuring time is essential for the smooth functioning of society." Therefore. One of the largest in the world. the tortuous lay of the land. 3. plunges over rocky crags. 2. In fact. the Alaska pipeline has been completed and is operating. 4. and passes over or under hundreds of rivers and streams. Other long sections drop out of sight beneath spongy or rocky ground and return to the surface later on. equipment breakdowns. you should choose answer C. so 8 major oil companies formed a consortium in order to share the costs. treacherous terrain." long sections of the pipeline follow a zigzag course high above the frozen earth. and even theft. 3. "people have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day. or permafrost (permanently frozen ground). It is massive in size and extremely complicated to operate. The pattern of the pipeline's up-and-down route is determined by the often harsh demands of the arctic and subarctic climate. The Alaska pipeline starts at the frozen edge of the Arctic Ocean. The main idea of the passage is that societies need to agree about how time is measured in order to function smoothly.

2. 84 million gallons of oil can travel through the pipeline each 1. 4. How many companies shared the costs of constructing the pipeline? 1. Consisting of Supported by Passing under Protected with 15. The passage primarily discusses the pipeline's 1. pipeline ocean state village 13. 3. day week month year 14. According to the passage. 3. 2. operating costs employees consumers construction 12. 2. The word "particular" in line 29 is closest in meaning to 1. 2. 4. 4. peculiar 2. 3. The author mentions all of the following as important in determining the pipeline's route EXCEPT the 1. 3 4 8 12 18. 3. 2.11. specific . The phrase "Resting on" in line 13 is closest in meaning to 1. 4. climate lay of the land itself local vegetation kind of soil and rock 16. 2. 3. 4. 2. The word "undertaken" in line 26 is closest in meaning to 1. 4. 3. removed selected transported attempted 17. 3. The word "it" in line 4 refers to 1. 4.

3. 2. 4. Line Line Line Line 3 13 19 32 . 4. Which of the following determined what percentage of the construction costs each member of the consortium would pay? 1. 3.3. How How How How much oil field land each company owned long each company had owned land in the oil fields many people worked for each company many oil wells were located on the company's land 20. 2. Where in the passage does the author provide a term for an earth covering that always remains frozen? 1. exceptional 4. equal 19.

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