Grinding Business Line

Andrew Wilkinson Metso TR Seminar

27 April 2012

2

© Metso

3

© Metso

Metso grinding mills world wide

York (PA) USA Product Center

4

© Metso

Grinding mill sales in % USD$ world wide – 2007
Representing 88,2 % of 2007 market

Metso 41,6 % FLS 37 % Krupp 1,4 % Outotec 9,9 % Citic 3,8 % Others 6,3 %

5

© Metso

Size reduction mechanisms 6 © Metso .

Size reduction is required to liberate the minerals of interest to recover them selectively Ore Textures Require Different Grinding Strategies / Stages to liberate minerals Coarse Grind Req’d Medium Grind Req’d Fine Grind Req’d Massive Sulphide Net Texture Disseminated Texture Pyrrhotite (Waste) Copper Mineral Ni Mineral Serpentine (Waste) Scale of pictures: each square represents rock 3.5mm x 3.5mm 7 © Metso .

Particle Liberation where economic mineral is coloured red Barren Locked Middling Liberated Scale: particle images are from +53 or +75um size fractions A typical Mineral Processing Plant will be designed to maximize the recovery of minerals of interest / limited by the constraints of capital and operating costs and required concentrate grade 8 © Metso .

Typical Ball Mill Components Gear Guard Lining Main Bearing Trommel Gear Shell Feed Chute Discharge Chute Jacking Cradle Motor Inching Drive Head Reducer Clutch Pinion Bearings © Metso .

Milling circuits Wet “Conventional” (traditional) milling circuit © Metso .

11 © Metso .

12 © Metso .

INTERNAL 13 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 14 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 15 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 16 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 17 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 18 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 19 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 20 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 21 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 22 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 23 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 24 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 25 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 26 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 27 © Metso Date Author Title .

INTERNAL 28 © Metso Date Author Title .

29 © Metso .

30 © Metso .

The fine art of milling – “Grinding Mills” Basics  Wet grinding  Dry grinding  Open circuit  Closed circuit  Batch © Metso .

The fine art of milling – “Grinding Mills” Wet grinding  Material ground as a slurry  Percent solids by weight (60 to 80%)  Dependent on subsequent process  Requires less power compared to dry  Media and liners consumption higher than dry  Eliminates formation of dust © Metso .

The fine art of milling – “Grinding Mills” Dry grinding  Ground in a dry state  Material less than 1% H20  Dependent on subsequent process  Requires 1.3 times power as wet  Media and liners consumption less than wet  Requires dust collection system © Metso .

The fine art of milling – “Grinding Mills” Open circuit  One pass through mill  Average 1.5 more power over closed circuit  Broad product distribution  Less control compared to closed circuit © Metso .4 to 1.

The fine art of milling – “Grinding Mills” Closed circuit  Mill discharge is fed to a sizing device with oversize returning to the mill  Oversize returning is called circulating load  Less kW per unit ground vs. open circuit  Product top size control  Used in both wet and dry milling © Metso .

The fine art of milling – “Grinding Mills” Batch  Material retained for batch-wise charging and discharging  Specialty applications © Metso .

The fine art of milling – “Grinding Mills” Discharge arrangements  Overflow mills  Grate or diaphragm mills  Peripheral discharge mills © Metso .

© Metso .

39 Date Author Title .

Grinding mills © Metso .Performance profiles .

Wet .8 m.Primary grinding • Types . diameters • 7 kW To 30MW © Metso .4 m.AG/SAG Mills • Application . to 13.Dry – Airswept • 1.

Shell 42 © Metso .40 ft.

43 © Metso .

Rod Mill. synthetic pebbles or manufactured Al2O3.Pebble Mill Grinding    Grate discharge Secondary grinding Grinds product from primary grinding step. which is normally. sometimes larger Grate discharge Lower charge and pulp density than Ball Mill Grinding     Pebble Mills are larger than Ball Mills running at the same horse power draw Pebble consumption normally between 5-20% of the ore quantity Speed: 75-85% of critical No metal contamination   © Metso . AG-Mill or SAG Mill Grinding Grinding media (Pebbles) consists of screened out fractions of the ore itself. 50-90 mm in size.

Dry peripheral discharge .5mm product Types .5m to 4.5m diameters 55 to 1500 kW Application Overflow .Wet trunnion overflow .5mm to 0.Rod Mills • • • • End peripheral discharge 1.Dry center discharge Center peripheral discharge 45 © Metso .

2m to 8m dia 1.5 MW Minus 15mm feed Minus 0.Ball Mills • Overflow Tumbling mill Steel media • • • Grate discharge 1.5 mm to micron sized products • • © Metso .5 kW To 15.

SALA Rubber Roller (SRR) Mills © Metso .

© Metso .

SHAFFER © Metso Rendering By: George Geesey . 2007 – D.Typical dry grinding & air classifier system (Medium to fine products) PROP&EST DEPT PRESENTATION – OCT.

Metso Mill Types • AG (Autogenous Mill) • Pebble Mill • SAG (Semi Autogenous Mill) • Rod Mill • Ball Mill • SRR Mill (Sala Rubber Roller Mill) • Hardinge Conical Ball Mill • Vertimill • SMD (Stirred Media Detritor) • VBM 50 © Metso .

THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION 51 © Metso .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful