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- Communication involving the integration of all the four language skills (speaking, listening, reading and writing). - Improvement of the coordinators own English language skills. - mentoring and monitoring: how to observe classroom lessons, write down observations and how to give feedback and ensure implementation of suggestions - supervised teaching in actual classrooms, mentored teaching and a practicum -ELT skills; pedagogy for English: pedagogic skills, language skills development, knowledge about Communicative Language Teaching - Inputs/activities on how to generate writing and reading skills among students. - Inputs on language development. -Classroom management - Lesson planning basics - inputs on training skills, how to train, grammar topics and English skills
COMMON TEACHING METHODS
Cooperative Demonstration Lecture Field trip Project based Role-play Drill and practice Inquiry based Problem based Student presentation/seminar Experiential Learning Definition Ways of presenting instructional materials or conducting instructional activities. Learners form groups in which they collaborate, share and delegate responsibilities. A learning event in which an individual demonstrates how to do something. Learning by doing -- includes knowledge and skills acquired outside of book\lecture A learning event that typically takes place outside of school grounds. Child-centered approach to teaching used in the early childhood years, especially designed to provide sensor motor pathways to higher learning.
Teaching Strategy Teaching Method Cooperative Learning Demonstration Experiential Learning Field Trip Montessori Method
etc where the student is free to learn at his own pace.Project-Based Learning Reading Reinforcement Review Role Playing Self Paced Learning Visual Instruction Writing A task or problem engaged in by a learner or group of learners to supplement and apply classroom studies. films. To study material again. logical manner . anecdotes Lecture With Discussion STRENGTHS: .experts are not always good teachers . Instruction with a great variety of illustrative materials such as visual slides. to reexamine the learning that occurred during a unit of study.involves audience at least after the lecture .contains experience which inspires .audience is passive . Referring to materials.should include examples. Lecture STRENGTHS: .needs clear introduction and summary .stimulates thinking to open discussion . Refers to learning that is practiced in order to remember.time may limit discussion period . A learning event in which the learner writes something.requires that questions be prepared prior to discussion Panel of Experts .presents factual material in direct.useful for large groups LIMITATIONS: . learning.audience can question.communication in one way PREPARATION: . courses.needs time and content limit to be effective .quality is limited to quality of questions and discussion PREPARATION: . The deliberate acting out of a role (possibly a role that one would not normally occupy. models.learning is difficult to gauge . clarify & challenge LIMITATIONS: . Occurs when a learner reads something.
looks professional .if not facilitated well.can provoke better discussion than a one person discussion .facilitator coordinates focus of panel.briefs panel Brainstorming STRENGTHS: .encourages full participation because all ideas equally recorded .can be unfocused .entertaining way of teaching content and raising issues .only as effective as following discussion PREPARATION: .one idea can spark off other other ideas LIMITATIONS: .must have some ideas if group needs to be stimulated Videotapes STRENGTHS: .effective only if facilitator prepares questions to discuss after the show Class Discussion .facilitator selects issue .listening exercise that allows creative thinking for new ideas .experts may not be good speakers .personalities may overshadow content .stimulates discussion LIMITATIONS: .spirit of congeniality is created .allows experts to present different opinions .people may have difficulty getting away from known reality . introduces and summarizes .needs to be limited to 5 .draws on group's knowledge and experience .subject may not be in logical order PREPARATION: .7 minutes .can raise too many issues to have a focused discussion .need to set up equipment .discussion may not have full participation .keep group's attention . criticism and evaluation may occur PREPARATION: .frequent change of speaker keeps attention from lagging LIMITATIONS: .STRENGTHS: .
effective after a presentation.needs careful thought as to purpose of group .not practical with more that 20 people .people may not see relevance to own situation .is time consuming .can get off the track PREPARATION: .STRENGTHS: .develops analytic and problem solving skills .requires question outline Small Group Discussion STRENGTHS: .allows everyone to participate in an active process LIMITATIONS: .insufficient information can lead to inappropriate results PREPARATION: . film or experience that needs to be analyzed .provides opportunity for people to assume roles of others and thus appreciate another point of view .needs to prepare specific tasks or questions for group to answer Case Studies STRENGTHS: .pools ideas and experiences from group .introduces problem situation dramatically .groups may get side tracked PREPARATION: .people often more comfortable in small groups .requires careful planning by facilitator to guide discussion .case must be clearly defined in some cases .allows student to apply new knowledge and skills LIMITATIONS: .few people can dominate .allows participation of everyone .can reach group consensus LIMITATIONS: .case study must be prepared Role Playing STRENGTHS: .others may not participate .allows for exploration of solutions for complex issues .
trainer has to define problem situation and roles clearly . case studies.personalizes topic .allows for large group discussion of role plays.individual thoughts can then be shared in large group LIMITATIONS: .trainer must give very clear instructions Report-Back Sessions STRENGTHS: .facilitator has to prepare handouts Index Card Exercise STRENGTHS: .facilitator must prepare questions Guest Speaker STRENGTHS: .people may feel threatened PREPARATION: .allows people to thing for themselves without being influences by others .can be repetitive if each small group says the same thing PREPARATION: .opportunity to explore difficult and complex issues LIMITATIONS: .trainer has to prepare questions for groups to discuss Worksheets/Surveys STRENGTHS: .people may be too self-conscious . and small group exercise .provides opportunity to practice skills LIMITATIONS: .not appropriate for large groups .allows for exploration of solutions .gives people a chance to reflect on experience .each group takes responsibility for its operation LIMITATIONS: .can be used only for short period of time PREPARATION: .people may not do exercise PREPARATION: ..
contact speakers and coordinate .breaks down audience's stereotypes LIMITATIONS: .facilitator must prepare discussion questions .allows people to discuss values in a safe environment .people may not be honest .opportunity to explore values and beliefs .people may be too self-conscious PREPARATION: .must give clear instructions .introduce speaker appropriately Values Clarification Exercise STRENGTHS: .gives structure to discussion LIMITATION: ..facilitator must carefully prepare exercise .may not be a good speaker PREPARATION: .