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Understanding the mathematics of phonon resonance Prior to understanding the mathematics of phonon resonance, it is necessary to understand the theory behind phonon resonance. Phonon Resonance is the calculation of the physical resonance of an element or a molecule. If you can not put your mind around this, consider it as the frequency of a tuning fork. Each tuning fork has a different size due to their length. In retrospect, each atom resonates due to its physical size. To determine the size of an element, we need to take first assume that atoms are nearly symmetrical in diameter. To accomplish this requires several known constants. With permission, I will use the following formula. I would recommend that you have CRC Reference book Chemistry and Physics. Data is available on the internet.
The base formula consists of three variables. Na is a set and established constant named - Avogadro's Constant an established number is 6.022 141 5 1023 per mole. We take this number and multiply it times the density of an element. The density is the number of grams per cubic centimeter of an atom and can be found in many references. We them divide this by the atomic mass of the element and we would have the number of atoms in a cubic centimeter. By taking the cube of the centimeter, we know how physical diameter of the atom. Or, we now know its physical resonance.

In the chart found on this website General Table for Phonon resonance of Elements you will see the above formula applied to all the stable elements found on the Periodic Table with their stable isotopes. This is the easy part. It shows you which elements are similar to the element and /or isotope of the element you desire. From this point it becomes more difficult. Please allow me to explain. Metallic elements expand at a known state. This is the expansion coefficient. The expansion coefficient is the distance that an element will expand or contractor for a temperature rise or fall per degree Celsius. To explain how this works in reference to the charts, lets look at the inverse of the above equation.
Linear Atomic Spacing is the exact inverse of an elements atomic spacing. It is an important number when visualizing events in a reaction. If you look at the chart General Table for Phonon resonance of Elements you will see that the element you are heating will will increase through the element of the next higher Atomic Spacing. This is not shown on any of my charts and someday, I hope to have it available as an interactive program on the internet. The closer the atomic spacing the less heat required. This will vary according to the expansion coefficient of the element being heated.

To compare a target element and the required temperature you need the following equation.
In determining the difference between two elements we have to find the log of the Phonon Resonance between the starting element and the ending target element. One this is accomplished we add the St Standardize Temperature which is given in the CRC Reference book Chemistry and Physics and this will give you the actual temperature

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required to change the starting element to achieve the same Phonon Resonance of your targeted element.

In reference, this is how I was able to determine the Resonance temperature of various element to achieve the phonon resonance of gold as seen on the following chart.

I hope this helps and if there are any additional requests regarding new presentations of this data, please feel free to email me.

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9/16/2012 1:59 AM