Appendix to My Reply to I. Finkelstein and N.

Na'aman "A Response to David Ussishkin" by Peter van der Veen (added on July 5, 2013) Thanks to a colleague in the United States, Mr. Michael Welch, who brought the following to my attention on July 4 (2013), I was remineded of the fact that I wrote a review of George Grena's book on the lmlk jar handles for already soon after it had appeared in print. As this review was written on June 20 (2004) and as it includes an indubitable reference (it is actually the earliest traceable evidence outside my PhD thesis) to my views on the 7th century B.C. manufactured impressed royal jars, the relevant parts will be cited here. Those who wish to read the entire review must follow the link at the bottom of the page. "I   agree   with   the   author   that   the   jars   did   not   just   precede   the   701   BC   invasion   of   Judah   by   King   Sennacherib   of   Assyria!   I   think   that   some   of   the   jars   remained   in   use   after   701   and   some   seem   also   to   have   been   manufactured   well   into   the   7th   cent.   BC.   (an   issue   which  is  now  increasingly  held  by  leading  scholars  in  the  field)[*].  ...  The  solarization  of   Yahwism   did   not   end   with   Hezekiah`s   reign,   however,   but   instead   even   increased   during  the  reign  of  his  son  and  successor  Manasseh,  during  the  first  half  of  the  7th  cent.   BC.   The   solar   icons   of   Hezekiah`s   reign   surely   seem   to   have   been   misappropriated   during  Manasseh`s  reign,  who  according  to  2Kgs  23  changed  Yahweh`s  temple  into  an   idolatrous  solar  shrine.  ...  All  this  gives  me  reason  to  think   that  several  lmlk  jar  handles   may  still  have  been  made  during  the  reign  of  Manasseh,  who  then  may  have  used  them   for  different  purposes  or  also  for  offerings  paid  to  Yahweh`s  temple  (much  in  line  [sic.   with]   George   Grena`s   exciting   theory),   where   his   more   solarized   representations   of   Yahweh  were  then  worshipped."  (emphasis  mine)  


[*]   Peter   van   der   Veen   (July   5,   2013):   Note   that   the   phrase   "an   issue   which   is   now   increasingly   held   by   leading   scholars   in   the   field"   only   related   then   to   the   prolonged   use   of   older   (late   8th   century)   jars   and   only   to   very   few   manufactured   specimens   that   belong   to   the   final   years   of   Hezekiah,   i.e.   after   the   701   BC   catastrophy.  I  was  thinking  mainly  of  Amihai  Mazar  and  George  L.  Kelm's  work  at  Tell  Batash-­‐Timnah  (see   e.g.   their   book   Timnah  -­‐  A  Biblical  City  in  the  Sorek  Valley,   Eisenbrauns,   1995,   esp.   p.   164)   and   of   Ephraim   Stern   who   argued   in   favor   of   extended   use   in   his   book   Archaeology   of   the   Land   of   the   Bible   Volume   2,   Doubleday,  2001  (esp.  176-­‐178).  Note  that  Stern  even  played  with  the  idea  that  some  lmlk  jar  handles  might   actually  date  to  the  second  half  of  the  seventh  century  B.C.  (p.  178):  "We  may  perhaps  also  attribute  to  this   period   [=   the   late   7th   century   B.C.]   a   few   two-­‐winged   lmlk   seal   impressions   that   continued   in   use."   It   remains   uncertain,   however,   what   he   really   meant   by   "continued   in   use",   i.e.   if   he,   like   me,   advocated   the   view  of  production  or  if  he  referred  to  the  preservation  of  -­‐  by  that  time  -­‐  rather  old  jars.          

  For  the  entire  review  follow  this  link: It can be viewed  

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