7 Reasons Why Physical Education is Important in School

Are you looking for information about the importance of physical education in schools and why it should be maintained and emphasized? Do you want a healthy active lifestyle for your kids? Then this article can help you convince your kids thatexercising and participation especially in school PE classes is important. Physical education plays a vital role in the students’ development and growth. According to recent medical studies, physical well being of a student is directly related to his or her performance whether in class or in the office. The article will give you reasons to agree.

1. It’s a link to good health. The value of physical fitness can never be overstated. It’s only in physical educational classrooms that students learn the value of taking care of themselves thru proper grooming, healthy eating and regular exercise. 2. It’s a preventive measure against disease. Many doctors today agree that obesity is a serious health risk. Without any form of diet management and control with the numerous processed food students intake everyday compounded by a sedentary lifestyle, a student’s health can easily be at risk to many diseases like chronic heart disease, hypertension and diabetes. Physical education in school is a preventive measure to teach students the value of regular exercise. 3. It’s a program for muscle strength and fitness. Physical education develops the students’ motor skills and hand-eye coordination. It also develops the upper body muscles through activities like doing push ups as well the lower body muscles through stationary jumping jacks, 3min running and jumping exercises. Programs usually have core training exercises also like doing abdominal crunches. 4. It promotes academic learning. Physical health allows students to function even better in classrooms. A good cardiovascular system developed from regular exercise promotes excellent blood and oxygen circulation. This

means more nutrients circulate through out the body which includes the brain. This circulation produces longer attention span during classes allowing longer concentration and absorption. 5. It builds self esteem. Students who are active in physical activities like basketball, volleyball, martial arts and running just to name a few are more confident with themselves according to most social school studies. It’s probably because of the self discipline and dedication to excel in a sport that brings out the best in students. In school, the physical education program introduces these sport activities to students allowing them to make choices to which sport areas they want to get involved in. 6. It develops cooperation, teamwork and sportsmanship skill. Most physical education programs are holistic. The program allows student to interact together to a common goal and that is to win and excel physically. It brings out the competitive sides of students working both body and mind but also promotes sportsmanship. 7. It promotes a physically active lifestyle. The purpose of physical education is to instill in students, at an early age, the value of self preservation and choosing a lifestyle that is good for both the mind and body.

A STUDY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION
April 1917 [Extracted from an essay published in April 1917 (in Hsin ching-nein) ]

Our nation is wanting in strength. The military spirit has not been encouraged; The physical condition of the population deteriorates daily. This is an extremely disturbing phenomenon. The promoters of physical education have not grasped the essence of the problem, and therefore, their efforts, though prolonged, have not been effective. If this state continues, our

Moreover. AN EXPLANATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION. and drill depends on self-awareness. following the traditions of our country. we must influence people's subjective attitudes and stimulate them to become conscious of physical education. If their efforts have nevertheless remained fruitless. If our bodies are not strong we will be afraid as soon as we see enemy soldiers.weakness will increase further. Fencing has spread all over the country. 2. In Germany. and we will attain our goals and make our influence felt as a matter of course. East and West differ in their interpretations of it. When we examine these examples... Confucius drew on the lesson of the archer and the charioteer.. results. recently. Physical education helps to maintain life. we see that they all begin with the study of physiology. Japan has bushido. THE PLACE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN OUR LIFE . 1. The development of our physical strength is an internal matter. and then how can we attain our goals and make ourselves respected? Strength depends on drill. If we wish to make physical education effective. Physical education has gained the greatest popularity. The advocates of physical education have not failed to devise various methods.. To attain our goals and to make our influence felt are external matters. a cause. a programme for physical education will come easily. Chuang Tzu followed the example of the cook. judo has developed there to an admirable degree. it is because external forces are insufficient to move the heart. If one becomes conscious of the problem.

progress in knowledge and moral training are of secondary importance. most people do not know this.. People stress either knowledge or morality. and the result is that children become ill. teaching and discipline complementary. strong body could not stand it let alone those who have not reached adulthood. stress should be placed equally on all three aspects of education. for it distinguishes man from animals. Children enter primary school when they reach the proper age. one is led to wonder whether they did not design such an unwieldy curriculum in order to exhaust the students. most people overemphasize knowledge. The body is the chariot that contains knowledge. required courses are as thick as the hairs on a cow . the development of the body is not yet completed. nothing is . Nourishment and care should be primary. It contains knowledge like a chariot and houses morality like a chamber. But wherein is knowledge contained? Morality. Those who understand this are rare. Since today the factors favouring physical development are few. particular attention should be paid to the development of the body. Knowledge is certainly valuable. because of studying. to trample on their bodies and ruin their lives. For the improvement of the body.Physical education complements education in virtue and knowledge. But where does virtue reside? It is the body that contains knowledge and houses virtue. or those who are weak. it is the basis of the social order and of equality between ourselves and others. In middle and higher schools. and those deterring it numerous. At present. What else is there to worry about? If one seeks to improve one's body other things will follow automatically. At present. Speculating on the intentions of the educators. How stupid! The only calamity that can befall a man is not to have a body. the chamber that houses virtue. During the years of middle school. both virtue and knowledge reside in the body.. In primary school.. won't physical development tend to cease? In the educational system of our country. or even die young. is valuable. Even an adult with a tough. Moreover. Without the body there would be neither virtue nor knowledge. too.

Physical education really occupies the first place in our lives. [From The Doctrine of the Mean. and Chia I died young. students hitherto have paid much attention to moral and intellectual education but have neglected physical education. they have 'white and slender hands' [from Nineteen old Poems. and then morality and wisdom are destroyed along with it. When the body is strong. then one can advance speedily in Knowledge and morality. and when they walk in water they get cramps in their feet. Yen Hsi-chai and Li Kangchu practiced both the literary and military arts. Yen Hsi-chai travelled over a . To know what is first and what is last will bring one closer to the proper way. and affairs have their end and their beginning. Only the men of the North are able 'to lie under arms and meet death without regret'. [From 'The Great Learning'. As for Wang Po and Lu Chao-lin. At the beginning of the Ch'ing dynasty. and the other became a paralytic. It should be regarded as an important part of our study. PREVIOUS ABUSES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND MY METHOD FOR REMIDYING THEM The three forms of education are equally important. one of the Confucian classics]. 3. and reap far-reaching advantages. when they climb a hill they are short of breath. and martyrs and warriors often came from Liangchow. the one died young. a famous collection of poems of the Han dynasty ]. Learning has its essential and its accessory parts. All these were men of high attainments in morality and knowledge. That is why Yen Tzu had a short life. The unfortunate consequence has been that they bend their backs and bow their heads. But there comes a day when the body cannot be preserved. In the regions of Yen and Chao there were many heroes. This is exactly what I intend to say.more effective than physical education. one of the four Confucian classics].

and lo. The object of movement is simply to preserve our life and gladden our hearts. Hence. students are concerned.) to the north of the Great Wall to learn the art of fencing. The art of contemplation is esteemed by the disciples of Chu and Lu. the Buddha sought quiet and methods of contemplation. following these masters. thereby ruining .. boasted about the effectiveness of their methods. Tranquillity is tranquil. and expressed contempt for those who exercise. Recently there have been those who. We also have the internal. have spoken of methods of contemplation. and Lu Chiuyuan stresses tranquillity. When one's decision is made in his heart. Lao Tzu said that immobility was the ultimate goal.. his movements must have a reason. is this the true way?'.' [From the Confucian Analects. movement is most important for him.thousand li (about 0.] How much more this is true of physical education! If we do not have the will to act. they still cannot benefit us. virtue is at hand. Hence he said: 'If one lacks either the literary or the military arts. But why is movement deserving of esteem? Why is rational movement deserving of esteem? To say that movement helps in earning a living is trivial. Fortune and misfortune are of our own seeking. 4. and respect is not action. then even though the exterior and the objective are perfect. it is merely tranquil. when we speak of physical education. Chu Hsi stresses respect. He contended with brave soldiers and won.5 km. we should begin with individual initiative. then all parts of the body obey its orders. 'I wish to be virtuous. the installation of a school and the instruction given by its teachers are only the external and objective aspect. As far as we. And because he is a rational animal. THE UTILITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION Because man is an animal. Yet neither is the basic reason. To say that movement protects the nation is lofty. the subjective aspect.

preaching his doctrine. he subjugated the world holding the Koran in his left hand and a sword in his right. Hence one can say that knowledge is acquired indirectly through physical education. This is an apt saying. as well as the brain. Physical strength is required to undertake the study of the numerous modern sciences. This is perhaps one way. In this matter we must rely on our body. He who is equal to this is the man with a strong body. there is only movement in heaven and on earth. If the body is made savage. and reflection depends on the brain. In my humble opinion. he who is not equal to it is the man with a weak body... Jesus had the misfortune to die unjustly. As for Mohammed..their own bodies. may be considered parts of the body. . then knowledge is also perfect.. Knowledge consists in knowing the things in the world. and he died at an old age.. One often hears it said that the mind and the body cannot both be perfect at the same time. and in discerning their laws. Confucius died at the age of seventy-two. but I would not venture to imitate it. The Buddha travelled continually. The division between the strong and the weak determines the area of responsibilities each can assume. This kind of talk is also absurd and applies only to those who are weak in will and feeble in action. The ears and eyes. which is generally not the case of superior men. whether in school or through independent study. In order to civilize the mind one must first make savage the body. because direct observation depends on the ears and eyes. When the body is perfect. that those who use their minds are deficient in physical health and those with a robust body are generally deficient in mental capacities. then the civilized mind will follow. and I have not heard that his body was not healthy. There is a saying: Civilize the mind and make savage the body. All these men were called sages and are among the greatest thinkers. Physical education not only strengthens the body but also enhances our knowledge.

All these can be accomplished merely on the basis of daily physical education. and reason is incapable of saving them. 'Is the master [i. I swear I will not return'— this is dauntlessness. reason] always alert?' They also said: 'One should discipline the heart with reason. any form of exercise. will help to train us in perseverance. Those whose bodies are small and frail are flippant in their behaviour. the sentiments are also correct …. The ancients endeavoured to discipline them with reason. and the heart resides in the body. it also strengthens the will. he did not enter' [ reference to Mencius ] — this is perseverance. The great utility of physical education lies precisely in this. if pursued continuously. The power of the sentiments is extremely great. Hence it may be called an invariable law that when the body is perfect and healthy. The will is the antecedent of a man's career. To wash our feet in ice water makes us acquire courage and dauntlessness. Let me explain this with an. Such objects of military heroism as courage.Physical education not only enhances knowledge. 'If I don't behead the Lou Lan. Physical education not only harmonizes the emotions. Longdistance running is particularly good training in perseverance. We often observe that the weak are enslaved by their sentiments and are incapable of mastering them. it also harmonizes the sentiments. as well as audacity. dauntlessness. 'My strength uprooted mountains. example. ' [Yu] was away from his home for eight years. . The principal aim of physical education is military heroism.' But reason proceeds from the heart.e. and perseverance are all matters of will. Those whose senses are imperfect or whose limbs are defective are often enslaved by excessive passion. audacity. To replace the family with the nation — this is audacity.. my energy dominated the world' [from a poem attributed to Hsiang Yu] — this is courage. and though he thrice passed the door of it. In general. Those whose skin is flabby are soft and dull in will. Hence they asked.

. moreover. calm gaze — these constitute a fine deportment. People generally do not know the interrelation between exercise and themselves — or they may know it in general terms but not intimately. 'A good man does not become a soldier'. According to my humble observation. knowledge is enhanced. The purpose of physical education is to strengthen: the muscles and the bones. one may speak of perfect harmony. People blush to wear short clothes. One must understand in detail the whys and the wherefores. If a thing is to be put into practice. Our country has always stressed literary accomplishment. (2) They cannot change their long-established habits. To know in detail the whys and the wherefores is self-awareness.. [The mode of dress of the swordsmen of King Wen of Chao.. Why should one suddenly extend an arm or expose a leg.. wish very much to do . according to a chapter of the Taoist classic Chuang Tzu.. respected by society. this is really their major reason for disliking exercise... Nowadays students generally dislike exercise. a grave. as a result. (3) Exercise has not been propagated forcefully. Hence. stretch and bend down? Is this not strange? Hence there are those who know well that their body needs exercise and. a slow gait. physical education is nothing else but the nourishing of our lives and the gladdening of our hearts.] Hence there is the common saying. THE REASONS FOR DISLIKING EXERCISE Exercise is the most important part of physical education. 5. and will belong to our heart. and the will is strengthened. There are four reasons for this: (1) They do not have self-awareness. knowledge sentiments. When both the body and the heart are at ease. (4) Students feel that exercise is shameful.. The muscles and the bones belong to our body. one must first take pleasure in it. Flowing garments.Thus does the body influence the mind. the sentiments are harmonized.

'A branch in the forest is sufficient for the bird to lodge in. But although there may be several score or even several hundred. There was an eighty-year-old man who was stiI1 healthy. and veins. 6. all this is due to feelings of shame. that which depends on others is of lesser importance. If one method can accomplish this. THE METHDS OF EXERCISE SHOULD BE FEW Tseng Wen-cheng washed his feet before going to bed and walked a thousand steps after meals. In short. not by themselves. bones. There are those who can exercise only with a group. but they cannot. All four of these are reasons for disliking exercise.so. and changing them depends on ourselves. 'Our eyes can see only one thing at a time. that's all. benefiting greatly from this method. The first and the fourth are subjective. . he replied. viscera. Therefore the other ninety-nine methods can be dispensed with. a Confucian 'realist']. To employ a hundred different methods to train the muscles and the bones only disturbs them. our ears can hear only one sound at a time.' [From Hsun Tzu. the result of a hundred methods is the same as that of one. and changing them depends on others: 'What the superior man seeks is in himself '[Analects]. and if it drinks at the river it does not drink more than what its stomach can hold. ' [From Chuang Tzu] We have only this body and only these senses.. the second and third are objective. ' I don't eat hearty meals. On being asked how he maintained his health.' Nowadays the methods of exercise are very diverse. and those who can exercise in privacy but not in public... more than I can count. Even though there are several hundred methods of exercise all of them are aimed at improving the circulation of the blood .

We should have perseverance in all things. And this something can only be interest. he cannot . that which is at rest cannot set itself in motion.. Too much clothing impedes movement. As a result. Exercise over a long time can produce great results and give rise to a feeling of personal value. THE POINTS TO WHICH WE MUST PAY ATTENTION WHEN WE EXERCISE. The two are naturally different. If we look at flowers from a galloping horse. Exercise is no exception. the other is unremitting in his practice. Perseverance without concentration of mind can hardly produce results. In this way. Interest arises from unremitting daily exercise. Today's exercise is a continuation of yesterday's exercise and thus leads to tomorrow's exercise. Suppose there are two men who exercise. it is like not having seen them at all. The individual exercise periods need not be long. there must be something to move it. perseverance in exercise can create pleasure. Interest is the origin of exercise. perseverance in exercise creates interest. andpleasure its consequence. and pleasure from the result. the next best way is to wear light clothes. One practices and then stops. Interest arises from the action. If one person's heart follows a swan in the sky. the idea of exercise is continually present and never interrupted. a certain interest will naturally arise. even though we may look daily. If one does this daily. In general. The best way is to exercise twice a day — on getting up and before going to bed — in the nude.7. thirty minutes are sufficient. First of all. Our heart is filled with boundless joy because we have persevered and obtained a result. There will certainly be a difference in the results.. we will be able to study with joy.. Pleasure and interest are distinct. and every day will see some progress in our virtue. Secondly.

Here I have merely indicated the most important ones. Idle and confused thoughts should all be put aside…. During exercise. These two things are especially important for beginners. then one can apply oneself seriously and it will be easy to exercise.. HTML revised 2004 by Marxists. and the colours of the sky by one's roars of anger. Transcription by the Maoist Documentation Project. to go from battle to battle.compete with the person who has meanwhile been studying carefully. and (3) that it be savage and rude. Hence one should concentrate all one's effort on exercise. In order to progress in exercise.. If one is savage. but one cannot say this about exercise. There are three things to which we must pay attention in exercise: (1) perseverance.. to shake the mountains by one' s cries. The method of exercise should be rude.. Exercise should be savage and rude. one must be savage. one will have great vigour and strong muscles and bones. to have the strength to uproot mountains like Hsiang Yu and the audacity to pierce the mark like Yu Chi — all this is savage and rude and has nothing to do with delicacy.org      o  eServices Briefing Room Programs & Policies . There are many other things that require attention. To be able to leap on horseback and to shoot at the same time. The superior man's deportment is cultivated and agreeable. the mind should be on the exercise.. (2) concentration of all our strength.

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the competence to engage in work and be productive. 2013. 3286 H. the State shall: (a) Give every student an opportunity to receive quality education that is globally competitive based on a pedagogically sound curriculum that is at par with international standards. (b) Broaden the goals of high school education for college preparation. sports and entrepreneurial employment in a rapidly changing and increasingly globalized environment. two thousand twelve. through a program that is rooted on sound educational principles and geared towards excellence. — The State shall establish. 10533 Published: May 15. the capability to engage in autonomous. on Monday. 2013. and . No. 6643 Republic of the Philippines Congress of the Philippines Metro Manila Fifteenth Congress Third Regular Session Begun and held in Metro Manila. 2. the foundations for learning throughout life. the ability to coexist in fruitful harmony with local and global communities. For this purpose. Latest update: May 16. and the capacity and willingness to transform others and one’s self. vocational and technical career opportunities as well as creative arts.  Official Gazette PH Republic Act No. [REPUBLIC ACT NO. skills and values for both life-long learning and employment. S. the country and society-at-large. APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: SECTION 1. and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people. Short Title. SEC. adequate. and critical thinking. Likewise. the twenty-third day of July. 10533] AN ACT ENHANCING THE PHILIPPINE BASIC EDUCATION SYSTEM BY STRENGTHENING ITS CURRICULUM AND INCREASING THE NUMBER OF YEARS FOR BASIC EDUCATION. creative. the State shall create a functional basic education system that will develop productive and responsible citizens equipped with the essential competencies. No. it is hereby declared the policy of the State that every graduate of basic education shall be an empowered individual who has learned. In order to achieve this. maintain and support a complete. Declaration of Policy. — This Act shall be known as the ―Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013″.

cognitive and cultural capacity. elementary and secondary education as well as alternative learning systems for out-of-school learners and those with special needs. To achieve an effective enhanced basic education curriculum. the parents-teachers associations and the chambers of commerce on matters affecting the concerned stakeholders. Elementary education refers to the second stage of compulsory basic education which is composed of six (6) years. is identified as a native language user of by others. For kindergarten and the first three (3) years of elementary education. 3. but not limited to. the national teacher organizations. The Department of Education (DepED) shall formulate a mother language transition program from Grade 4 to Grade 6 so that Filipino and English shall be gradually introduced as languages of instruction until such time when these two (2) languages can become the primary languages of instruction at the secondary level. or uses most. SEC. schools and communities through the appropriate languages of teaching and learning. — The enhanced basic education program encompasses at least one (1) year of kindergarten education. in that sequence. Kindergarten education shall mean one (1) year of preparatory education for children at least five (5) years old as a prerequisite for Grade I. the circumstances and diversity of learners. The entrant age to this level is typically six (6) years old. The regional or native language refers to the traditional speech variety or variety of Filipino sign language existing in a region. It consists of four (4) years of junior high school education and two (2) years of senior high school education. Curriculum Development. — Basic education is intended to meet basic learning needs which provides the foundation on which subsequent learning can be based. 5. which he/she identifies with. Basic Education. instruction. 4. Secondary education refers to the third stage of compulsory basic education. This includes Filipino sign language used by individuals with pertinent disabilities. Secondary education includes four (4) years of junior high school and two (2) years of senior high school education. It encompasses kindergarten. Basic education shall be delivered in languages understood by the learners as the language plays a strategic role in shaping the formative years of learners. Enhanced Basic Education Program. The DepED shall adhere to the following standards and principles in developing the enhanced basic education curriculum: . the DepED shall undertake consultations with other national government agencies and other stakeholders including. the private and public schools associations. teaching materials and assessment shall be in the regional or native language of the learners. The entrant age to the junior and senior high school levels are typically twelve (12) and sixteen (16) years old. — The DepED shall formulate the design and details of the enhanced basic education curriculum. including mother tongue as a learning resource. SEC. and six (6) years of secondary education. It shall work with the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) to craft harmonized basic and tertiary curricula for the global competitiveness of Filipino graduates. the national student organizations. six (6) years of elementary education. To ensure college readiness and to avoid remedial and duplication of basic education subjects. the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC). area or place. For purposes of this Act. SEC. the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE).(c) Make education learner-oriented and responsive to the needs. mother language or first Language (LI) refers to language or languages first learned by a child. which he/she knows best. respectively. the DepED shall coordinate with the CHED and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA).

6. (f) The curriculum shall adhere to the principles and framework of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) which starts from where the learners are and from what they already knew proceeding from the known to the unknown. upon hiring. (b) The curriculum shall be relevant. the DepED and the CHED. the DOLE. The consultative committee shall oversee the review and evaluation on the implementation of the basic education curriculum and may recommend to the DepED the formulation of necessary refinements in the curriculum. indigenize and enhance the same based on their respective educational and social contexts. The production and development of locally produced teaching materials shall be encouraged and approval of these materials shall devolve to the regional and division education units. academe. — To ensure that the enhanced basic education program meets the demand for quality teachers and school leaders. to upgrade their skills to the content standards of the new curriculum. the CHED. collaborative and integrative. (b) Training of New Teachers.(a) The curriculum shall be learner-centered. the CHED. (e) The curriculum shall use pedagogical approaches that are constructivist. Duly recognized organizations acting as TEIs. (c) The curriculum shall be culture-sensitive. the PRC. (d) The curriculum shall be contextualized and global. SEC. in collaboration with relevant partners in government. a representative each from the CHED. instructional materials and capable teachers to implement the MTB-MLE curriculum shall be available. and (h) The curriculum shall be flexible enough to enable and allow schools to localize. shall conduct teacher education and training programs. reflective. and other relevant stakeholders. and nongovernmental organizations. responsive and research-based. inquiry-based. in coordination with the DepED and relevant stakeholders. shall ensure that the Teacher Education curriculum offered in these Teacher Education Institutes (TEIs) will meet necessary quality standards for new teachers. Teacher Education and Training. shall ensure that the curriculum of these organizations meet the necessary quality standards for trained teachers. . 7. The DepED shall ensure that private education institutions shall be given the opportunity to avail of such training. in coordination with the DepED. as specified: (a) In-service Training on Content and Pedagogy — Current DepED teachers shall be retrained to meet the content and performance standards of the new K to 12 curriculum. (g) The curriculum shall use the spiral progression approach to ensure mastery of knowledge and skills after each level. and a representative from the business chambers such as the Information Technology – Business Process Outsourcing (IT-BPO) industry association. inclusive and developmentally appropriate. SEC. Curriculum Consultative Committee. but not limited to. — New graduates of the current Teacher Education curriculum shall undergo additional training. Furthermore. — There shall be created a curriculum consultative committee chaired by the DepED Secretary or his/her duly authorized representative and with members composed of. the TESDA. the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). industry.

9258. with expertise in the specialized learning areas offered by the Basic Education Curriculum. The DepED shall engage the services of private education institutions and non-DepED schools offering senior high school through the programs under Republic Act No. Mathematics. and must have satisfactorily served as a full-time HEI faculty. further. the TESDA and the CHED. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 27 of Republic Act No. That they undergo a training program to be developed or accredited by the DepED. Expansion of E-GASTPE Beneficiaries. such professional development programs as those stated above shall be initiated and conducted regularly throughout the school year to ensure constant upgrading of teacher skills. otherwise known as the ―Guidance and Counselling Act of 2004″. the DepED and private education institutions shall hire. 8545. — Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 26. administrative and community leaders. Career Guidance and Counselling Advocacy. (b) Graduates of technical-vocational courses to teach in their specialized subjects in the secondary education: Provided. shall determine the necessary qualification standards in hiring these experts.(c) Training of School Leadership. Provided. 10. (d) The DepED and private education institutions may hire practitioners. in coordination with the DOLE. Engineering and Other Specialists in Subjects With a Shortage of Qualified Applicants. 8545. and other financial arrangements formulated by the DepED and the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) based on the principles of public-private partnership. to teach in the secondary level. as may be relevant to the particular subject: (a) Graduates of science. 27 and 28 of Republic Act No. the DepED. 7836. For this purpose. That they undergo appropriate in-service training to be administered by the DepED or higher education institutions (HEIs) at the expense of the DepED. Technical-Vocational Courses and Higher Education Institution Faculty. SEC. music and other degree courses with shortages in qualified Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) applicants to teach in their specialized subjects in the elementary and secondary education. statistics. who are not registered and licensed guidance counsellors. Statistics. SEC. Henceforth. That they pass the LET within five (5) years after their date of hiring:Provided. mathematics. the DepED. That these graduates possess the necessary certification issued by the TESDA: Provided. (c) Faculty of HEIs be allowed to teach in their general education or subject specialties in the secondary education: Provided. subject area coordinators and other instructional school leaders shall likewise undergo workshops and training to enhance their skills on their role as academic. further. shall be allowed to conduct career advocacy activities to secondary level students of the school where they are currently employed. 9. That the faculty must be a holder of a relevant Bachelor’s degree. Hiring of Graduates of Science. the provisions of LET shall no longer be required. — Superintendents. otherwise known as the ―Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994″. or the ―Expanded Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education Act‖. . in coordination with the appropriate government agencies. Qualified LET applicants shall also include graduates admitted by foundations duly recognized for their expertise in the education sector and who satisfactorily complete the requirements set by these organizations: Provided. Provided. 8. SEC. — To properly guide the students in choosing the career tracks that they intend to pursue. principals. engineering. That they teach on parttime basis only. career and employment guidance counsellors. shall regularly conduct career advocacy activities for secondary level students. That if such graduates are willing to teach on part-time basis. — The benefits accorded by Republic Act No. shall be extended to qualified students enrolled under the enhanced basic education.

— By the end of School Year 2014-2015.SEC. and partnerships between the government and other entities. . and (f) other shortages that should be addressed. The membership of the Committee for every House shall have at least two (2) opposition or minority members. manpower. the DepED. — The DepED shall endeavor to increase the per capita spending on education towards the immediate attainment of international benchmarks. 13. 12. (e) teachers’ welfare and training profiles. music and arts. (b) classrooms. bridging models linking grade 10 competencies and the entry requirements of new tertiary curricula. the DepED shall engage in partnerships with HEIs and TVIs for the utilization of the latter’s human and physical resources. including Chairs of the Committees on Education. organizational and structural concerns. the TESDA. — If any provision of this Act is held invalid or unconstitutional. monitor and evaluate the implementation of this Act. and human resource capabilities of HEIs and TVIs to provide educational and training services for graduates of the enhanced basic education program to ensure that they are not adversely affected. The strategies may cover changes in physical infrastructure. The faculty of HEIs and TVIs allowed to teach students of secondary education under Section 8 hereof. To manage the initial implementation of the enhanced basic education program and mitigate the expected multi-year low enrolment turnout for HEIs and Technical Vocational Institutions (TVIs) starting School Year 2016-2017. and (g) other learning facilities including. the DepED Secretary. the CHED Chairperson and the TESDA Director-General shall promulgate the rules and regulations needed for the implementation of this Act. SEC. the amount necessary for the continued implementation of the enhanced basic education program shall be included in the annual General Appropriations Act. Modeling for senior high school may be implemented in selected schools to simulate the transition process and provide concrete data for the transition plan. Joint Congressional Oversight Committee on the Enhanced Basic Educational Program (K to 12 Program). Commitment to International Benchmarks. the CHED. the following key metrics of access to and quality of basic education: (a) participation rate. — Within ninety (90) days after the effectivity of this Act. The DepED shall include among others. 14. the transition period shall be provided for in the implementing rules and regulations (IRK). libraries and library hubs. but not limited to. 15. — There is hereby created a Joint Oversight Committee to oversee. physical. SEC. The Oversight Committee shall be composed of five (5) members each from the Senate and from the House of Representatives. 16. — The DepED. shall be given priority in hiring for the duration of the transition period. SEC. Arts and Culture. SEC. in this midterm report. (f) adequacy of funding requirements. and sports. (c) textbooks. computer and science laboratories. the DepED shall conduct a mandatory review and submit a midterm report to Congress as to the status of implementation of the K to 12 program in terms of closing the following current shortages: (a) teachers. the initial funding of which shall be charged against the current appropriations of the DepED. Appropriations. (d) seats. 11. For this purpose. Mandatory Evaluation and Review. the TVIs and the HEIs shall coordinate closely with one another to implement strategies that ensure the academic. financial. (c) National Achievement Test results. the same shall not affect the validity and effectivity of the other provisions hereof. and Finance of both Houses. the CHED and the TESDA shall formulate the appropriate strategies and mechanisms needed to ensure smooth transition from the existing ten (10) years basic education cycle to the enhanced basic education (K to 12) cycle. SEC. 17. (b) retention rate. Separability Clause. (e) toilets. Transitory Provisions. SEC. (d) completion rate. — The Secretary of Education shall include in the Department’s program the operationalization of the enhanced basic education program. Thereafter. Moreover. Implementing Rules and Regulations.

2013. 7836. 4. 232 or the ―Education Act of 1982″.) MARILYN BARUA-YAP Secretary General House of Representatives (Sgd. Republic Act No. 3286 and House Bill No.) JUAN PONCE ENRILE President of the Senate This Act which is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 10368 Republic Act No. 3. and all other laws. (Sgd. BELEN Acting Senate Secretary Approved: MAY 15 2013 (Sgd. Share on social media Related posts: 1. 19. 10282 Republic Act No. Effectivity Clause. — This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in the Official Gazette or in two (2) newspapers of general circulation. 10185 Republic Act No. Republic Act No. Approved. Republic Act No. (Sgd. decrees. AQUINO III President of the Philippines This entry was posted in Legislature.      Republic Act No. Repealing Clause. executive orders an d rules and regulations contrary to or inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. 9155 or the ―Governance of Basic Education. Speaker of the House of Representatives (Sgd. 5446 More from the Briefing Room DOLE’s BLES comes up with Easy STAT Flyer DA Photo Release: Cebu farmers’ forum DENR declares all-out war vs wildlife poachers DOE closely monitors LPG pricing to address overpricing concerns NBI arrests 3 for telecom fraud . Republic Acts. Act of 2001″.) FELICIANO BELMONTE JR. 6643 was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on January 30. 18. 2. — Pertinent provisions of Batas Pambansa Blg. SEC.) BENIGNO S. 9258.) EDWIN B. Bookmark the permalink.SEC.

This Act shall be known as the "Magna Carta for Public School Teachers" and shall apply to all public school teachers except those in the professorial staff of state colleges and universities. June 18. DECLARATION OF POLICY COVERAGE Sec. Title Definition. in any level of instruction. and all other persons performing supervisory and/or administrative functions in all schools. it being recognized that advance in education depends on the qualifications and ability of the teaching staff and that education is an essential factor in the economic growth of the nation as a productive investment of vital importance. Recruitment policy with respect to the selection and appointment of teachers shall be clearly defined by the Department of Education: Provided. school dentists. 3. July 5. RECRUITMENT AND CAREER Sec.       GPH hopes to finish wealth-sharing annex with MILF in next round of talks Statement: The Secretary of Foreign Affairs on the Golan Heights issue. school physicians. industrial arts or vocational instructors. II. 2. Declaration of Policy. That effective upon the approval of this Act. including guidance counselors. 1966) THE MAGNA CARTA FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS I. the following shall constitute the minimum educational qualifications for teacher- . and other school employees. on full-time basis. It is hereby declared to be the policy of this Act to promote and improve the social and economic status of public school teachers. 2013 DOH-NCR and MMDA awards first dengue free barangay in Metro Manila PHL joins call for greater international cooperation promoting nuclear security Credit rating upgrade a boon for bank capital and lending DA photo release: Pledge to end hunger and malnutrition No more Padrinos in PNP   (REPUBLIC ACT NO. but shall not include school nurses. attract and retain in the teaching profession more people with the proper qualifications. As used in this Act. Recruitment and Qualification. their terms of employment and career prospects in order that they may compare favorably with existing opportunities in other walks of life. 1. however. their living and working conditions. Sec. colleges and universities operated by the Government or its political subdivisions. school librarians. the term "teacher" shall mean all persons engaged in classroom teaching. 4670.

When recruitment takes place after adequate training and professional preparation in any school recognized by the Government.E. Bachelor's degree in Education or its equivalent with a major and a minor. (d) For teachers of courses on the collegiate level. Stability on employment and security of tenure shall be assured the teachers as provided under existing laws. Bachelor's degree in the field of specialization with at least eighteen professional units in education. (b) For teachers of the secondary schools. due to the exigencies of the service. Provided. Consent for Transfer Transportation Expenses. further.applicants: (a) For teachers in the kindergarten and elementary grades. teachers appointed on a provisional status for lack of necessary civil service eligibility shall be extended permanent appointment for the position he is holding after having rendered at least ten years of continuous. under a temporary status. no probationary period preceding regular appointment shall be imposed if the teacher possesses the appropriate civil service eligibility: Provided. Subject to the provisions of Section three hereof. © For teachers of secondary vocational and two years technical courses. finally. 5. whether they possess the minimum educational qualifications or not.S. it is necessary to employ as teacher a person who possesses the minimum educational qualifications herein above set forth but lacks the appropriate civil service eligibility. Probationary Period. or a Bachelor's degree in Arts or Science with at least eighteen professional units in Education. the school superintendent may appoint. no teacher shall be transferred without his consent from . however. Sec. such person shall be appointed on a provisional status and shall undergo a period of probation for not less than one year from and after the date of his provisional appointment.). applicants who do not meet the minimum qualifications: Provided. Tenure of Office. That should teacher-applicants. Sec. Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education (B. master's degree with a specific area of specialization. That where. That in the absence of applicants who possess the minimum educational qualifications as hereinabove provided. preference in making appointments shall be in the order of their respective ranks in said competitive examinations: And provided. That the results of the examinations shall be made public and every applicant shall be furnished with his score and rank in said examinations. be required to take competitive examinations. 4. Except for cause and as herein otherwise provided.ED. other than vocational. Sec. further. 6. efficient and faithful service in such position.

such transfer may be effected by the school superintendent who shall previously notify the teacher concerned of the transfer and the reason or reasons therefor. c. Necessary transfer expenses of the teacher and his family shall be paid for by the Government if his transfer is finally approved. he may appeal his case to the Director of Public Schools or the Director of Vocational Education. Where the exigencies of the service require the transfer of a teacher from one station to another. as the case may be. where the teacher belongs. of the charges. in its absence. If the teacher believes there is no justification for the transfer. the last two to be designated by the Director of Public Schools. at least three copies of the same Code shall be deposited with the office of the school principal or head teacher where they may be accessible for use by the teachers. A copy of the Code shall be furnished each teacher: Provided. The committee shall submit its findings and recommendations to the Director of Public Schools within thirty days from the termination of the hearings: . 7. Every teacher shall enjoy equitable safeguards at each stage of any disciplinary procedure and shall have: a. Sec. No publicity shall be given to any disciplinary action being taken against a teacher during the pendency of his case. in writing. the Secretary of Education shall formulate and prepare a Code of Professional Conduct for Public School Teachers.one station to another. Sec. the right to defend himself and to be defended by a representative of his choice and/or by his organization. Sec. however. Pending his appeal and the decision thereon. adequate time being given to the teacher for the preparation of his defense. however. Code of Professional Conduct for Teachers. b. the right to be informed. Safeguards in Disciplinary Procedure. That where this is not possible by reason of inadequate fiscal resources of the Department of Education. the right to full access to the evidence in the case. any existing provincial or national teacher's organization and a supervisor of the Division. the right to appeal to clearly designated authorities. That no transfers whatever shall be made three months before any local or national election. as chairman. his transfer shall be held in abeyance: Provided. 8. and d. Administrative charges against a teacher shall be heard initially by a committee composed of the corresponding School Superintendent of the Division or a duly authorized representative who should at least have the rank of a division supervisor. 9. a representative of the local or. Administrative Charges. Within six months from the approval of this Act.

or during its exercise. however. There shall be no discrimination whatsoever in entrance to the teaching profession. 12. Sec. Additional Compensation. any work performed in excess of eight hours a day shall be paid an additional compensation of at least twenty-five per cent of their regular remuneration.Provided. Teachers shall enjoy academic freedom in the discharge of their professional duties. Sec. Married Teachers. Education authorities shall refuse to allow the rendition of services of teachers for other government agencies without the assurance that the teachers shall be paid the remuneration provided for under this section. 14. That where the exigencies of the service so require. the proper authorities shall take all steps to enable married couples. Notwithstanding any provision of existing law to the contrary. 10. 15. Sec. The agencies utilizing the services of teachers shall pay the additional compensation required under this section. any teacher may be required to render more than six hours but not exceeding eight hours of actual classroom teaching a day upon payment of additional compensation at the same rate as his regular remuneration plus at least twenty-five per cent of his basic pay. No Discrimination. HOURS OF WORK AND REMUNERATION Sec. That where the school superintendent is the complainant or an interested party. or in the termination of services. 13. both of whom are public school teachers. Teacher's salaries shall correspond to the following criteria: . all the members of the committee shall be appointed by the Secretary of Education. III. particularly with regard to teaching and classroom methods. Teaching Hours. Any teacher engaged in actual classroom instruction shall not be required to render more than six hours of actual classroom teaching a day. based on other than professional consideration. co-curricula and out of school activities and any other activities outside of what is defined as normal duties of any teacher shall be paid an additional compensation of at least twenty-five per cent of his regular remuneration after the teacher has completed at least six hours of actual classroom teaching a day. to be employed in the same locality. Sec. Criteria for Salaries. In the case of other teachers or school officials not engaged in actual classroom instruction. Sec. Academic Freedom. which shall be so scheduled as to give him time for the preparation and correction of exercises and other work incidental to his normal teaching duties: Provided. 11. Whenever possible. however.

Special Hardship Allowances. Cost of Living Allowance.(a) they shall compare favorably with those paid in other occupations requiring equivalent or similar qualifications. in consultation with the proper government entities. 17. keep pace with the rise in the cost of living by the payment of a cost-of-living allowance which shall automatically follow changes in a cost-of-living index. Sec. and © they shall be properly graded so as to recognize the fact that certain positions require higher qualifications and greater responsibility than others: Provided. Salaries to be Paid in Legal Tender. shall not be less than those provided for teachers of the National Government. Salary Scale. 18. That the general salary scale shall be such that the relation between the lowest and highest salaries paid in the profession will be of reasonable order. Narrowing of the salary scale shall be achieved by raising the lower end of the salary scales relative to the upper end. That the efficiency rating of the teacher concerned is at least satisfactory. Sec. 16. That such checks or treasury warrants shall be cashable in any national. 19. training and abilities. Equality in Salary Scales. Sec. The Secretary of Education shall. as determined by the Secretary of Education. The determination of the cost-of-living allowances by the Secretary of Education shall. however. city or municipal treasurer's office or any banking institutions operating under the laws of the Republic of the Philippines. Sec. Sec. be binding on the city. 20. the appropriation of the necessary funds for the cost-ofliving allowances of teachers employed by the National Government. Teacher's salaries shall. at least annually. granted automatically after three years: Provided. In areas in which teachers are exposed to hardship such as difficulty in commuting to the place of work or other hazards peculiar to the place of employment. (b) they shall be such as to insure teachers a reasonable standard of life for themselves and their families. Salaries of teachers shall be paid in legal tender of the Philippines or its equivalent in checks or treasury warrants. municipal. at the very least. Provided. . provincial. municipal district. Salary scales of teachers shall provide for a gradual progression from a minimum to a maximum salary by means of regular increments. municipal or provincial government. or provincial government. they shall be compensated special hardship allowances equivalent to at least twentyfive per cent of their monthly salary. recommend to Congress. for the purposes of calculating the cost-of-living allowances of teachers under its employ. The progression from the minimum to the maximum of the salary scale shall not extend over a period of ten years. however. The salary scales of teachers whose salaries are appropriated by a city. upon approval of the President of the Philippines.

the teachers shall be entitled to at least sixty per cent of their monthly salary: Provided. In all cases. An indefinite sick leave of absence shall be granted to teachers when the nature of the illness demands a long treatment that will exceed .Sec. LEAVE AND RETIREMENT BENEFITS Sec. 22. No person shall make any deduction whatsoever from the salaries of teachers except under specific authority of law authorizing such deductions: Provided. unless he needs an additional semester to finish his thesis for a graduate study in education or allied courses: Provided. 24. Such leave shall be granted in accordance with a schedule set by the Department of Education. and shall be repeated not less than once a year during the teacher's professional life. 23. they shall be entitled to study leave not exceeding one school year after seven years of service. Where medical examination show that medical treatment and/or hospitalization is necessary. 25. In addition to the leave privileges now enjoyed by teachers in the public schools. Study Leave. IV. the study leave period shall be counted for seniority and pension purposes. Indefinite Leave. That no teacher shall be allowed to accumulate more than one year study leave. That upon written authority executed by the teacher concerned. HEALTH MEASURES AND INJURY BENEFITS Sec. further. Study leave of more than one year may be permitted by the Secretary of Education but without compensation. During the period of such leave. Compensation For Injuries. and (2) premiums properly due on insurance policies. Teachers shall be protected against the consequences of employment injuries in accordance with existing laws. 21. The compensation allowed for one year study leave as herein provided shall be subject to the condition that the teacher takes the regular study load and passes at least seventy-five per cent of his courses. (1) lawful dues and fees owing to the Philippine Public School Teachers Association. Compulsory medical examination shall be provided free of charge for all teachers before they take up teaching. That no compensation shall be due the teacher after the first year of such leave. shall be considered deductible. Sec. Deductions Prohibited. The effects of the physical and nervous strain on the teacher's health shall be recognized as a compensable occupational disease in accordance with existing laws. Medical Examination and Treatment. In regions where there is scarcity of medical facilities. same shall be provided free by the government entity paying the salary of the teachers. Sec. teachers may obtain elsewhere the necessary medical care with the right to be reimbursed for their traveling expenses by the government entity concerned in the first paragraph of this Section. however. however. V.

The Secretary of Education shall submit to Congress annually the necessary budgetary estimates to implement the provisions of the Act concerning the benefits herein granted to public school teachers under the employ of the National Government. Sec. Sec. VI. whether local or national to further and defend their interests. Public school teachers shall have the right to freely and without previous authorization both to establish and to join organizations of their choosing. TEACHER'S ORGANIZATION Sec. 27. It shall be unlawful for any person to commit any acts of discrimination against teachers which are calculated to (a) make the employment of a teacher subject to the condition that he shall not join an organization. and in the formulation of national policies governing the social security of the teachers. ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT Sec. 26. The rights established in the immediately preceding Section shall be exercised without any interference or coercion. Rules and regulations issued pursuant to this Section shall take effect thirty days after publication in a newspaper of general circulation and by such other means as the Secretary of Education deems reasonably sufficient to give interested parties general notice of such issuance. which shall be the basis of the computation of the lump sum of the retirement pay and the monthly benefits thereafter. or shall relinquish membership in an organization. Sec. VII. Public school teachers having fulfilled the age and service requirements of the applicable retirement laws shall be given one range salary raise upon retirement.one year at the least. Discrimination Against Teachers Prohibited. within school hours. 28. 31. National Teacher's Organizations. Rules and Regulations. 30. Sec. Salary Increase upon Retirement. Freedom to Organize. and © to prevent him from carrying out the duties laid upon him by his position in the organization. or to penalize him for an action undertaken in that capacity. (b) to cause the dismissal of or otherwise prejudice a teacher by reason of his membership in an organization or because of participation in organization activities outside school hours. . 29. or with the consent of the proper school authorities. The Secretary of Education shall formulate and prepare the necessary rules and regulations to implement the provisions of this Act. Budgetary Estimates. National teachers' organizations shall be consulted in the formulation of national educational policies and professional standards.

amended or modified accordingly. Repealing Clause. the court shall order his dismissal from the Government service. 35. Approved: June 18. be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred pesos nor more than one thousand pesos. If the offender is a public official. or by imprisonment. Sec. restrain or coerce any teacher in the exercise of his rights guaranteed by this Act or who shall in any other manner commit any act to defeat any of the provisions of this Act shall. 1966 . Penal Provision. Sec. Separability Clause. upon conviction. executive orders and their implementing rules inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed. A person who shall willfully interfere with. 32. All Acts or parts of Acts. Sec. 33. If any provision of this Act is declared invalid. the remainder of this Act or any provisions not affected thereby shall remain in force and in effect. in the discretion of the court. 34. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.Sec.

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