Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until

8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 5, 2013

USDL-13-1284

Technical information:
Household data:
(202) 691-6378 • cpsinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/cps
Establishment data: (202) 691-6555 • cesinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/ces
Media contact:

(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION — JUNE 2013
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 195,000 in June, and the unemployment rate was
unchanged at 7.6 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment rose in
leisure and hospitality, professional and business services, retail trade, health care, and financial
activities.
Chart 1. Unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted,
June 2011 – June 2013

Chart 2. Nonfarm payroll employment over-the-month
change, seasonally adjusted, June 2011 – June 2013

Percent
10.0

Thousands
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
-50
-100

9.0

8.0

7.0

6.0
Jun-11

Sep-11

Dec-11

Mar-12

Jun-12

Sep-12

Dec-12

Mar-13

Jun-13

Jun-11

Sep-11

Dec-11

Mar-12

Jun-12

Sep-12

Dec-12

Mar-13

Jun-13

Household Survey Data
The number of unemployed persons, at 11.8 million, and the unemployment rate, at 7.6 percent, were
unchanged in June. Both measures have shown little change since February. (See table A-1.)
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult women (6.8 percent) edged up in
June, while the rates for adult men (7.0 percent), teenagers (24.0 percent), whites (6.6 percent), blacks
(13.7 percent), and Hispanics (9.1 percent) showed little or no change. The jobless rate for Asians was
5.0 percent (not seasonally adjusted), down from 6.3 percent a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and
A-3.)

In June, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially
unchanged at 4.3 million. These individuals accounted for 36.7 percent of the unemployed. Over the
past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 1.0 million. (See table A-12.)
The civilian labor force participation rate, at 63.5 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at
58.7 percent, changed little in June. Over the year, the labor force participation rate is down by 0.3
percentage point. (See table A-1.)
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers) increased by 322,000 to 8.2 million in June. These individuals were
working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time
job. (See table A-8.)
In June, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, essentially unchanged from a
year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted
and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)
Among the marginally attached, there were 1.0 million discouraged workers in June, an increase of
206,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.6
million persons marginally attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons
such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)
Establishment Survey Data
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 195,000 in June, in line with the average monthly
gain of 182,000 over the prior 12 months. In June, job growth occurred in leisure and hospitality,
professional and business services, retail trade, health care, and financial activities. (See table B-1.)
Leisure and hospitality added 75,000 jobs in June. Monthly job growth in this industry has averaged
55,000 thus far in 2013, almost twice the average gain of 30,000 per month in 2012. Within leisure and
hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places continued to expand, increasing by 52,000
in June. Employment in the amusements, gambling, and recreation industry also continued to trend up in
June (+19,000).
Employment in professional and business services rose by 53,000 in June. Job gains occurred in
management and technical consulting services (+8,000) and in computer systems design and related
services (+7,000). Employment continued to trend up in temporary help services (+10,000). Over the
past year, professional and business services has added 624,000 jobs.
Retail trade employment increased by 37,000 in June. Within retail trade, employment increased by
9,000 in building material and garden supply stores and by 8,000 in motor vehicle and parts dealers.
Employment in wholesale trade continued to trend up (+11,000).
Health care continued to add jobs in June, with a gain of 20,000. Within the industry, employment
continued to trend up in ambulatory health care services (+13,000). A gain of 5,000 jobs in hospitals
followed a loss of 8,000 jobs in May.
-2-

Employment in financial activities rose by 17,000 in June, with most of the increase occurring in credit
intermediation (+6,000) and in insurance carriers and related activities (+6,000).
Federal government employment continued to trend down in June (-5,000) and has declined by 65,000
over the past 12 months.
Employment in most other major industries, including mining and logging, construction,
manufacturing, and transportation and warehousing, showed little change in June.
The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged in June at 34.5
hours. In manufacturing, the workweek increased by 0.1 hour to 40.9 hours, and overtime was
unchanged at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on
private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)
In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 10 cents to
$24.01. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 51 cents, or 2.2 percent. In June, average
hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 5 cents to
$20.14. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +149,000 to +199,000, and
the change for May was revised from +175,000 to +195,000. With these revisions, employment gains in
April and May combined were 70,000 higher than previously reported.

The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 2, 2013, at 8:30
a.m. (EDT).

-3-

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013

Change from:
May 2013June 2013

June
2013

Employment status
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...................... .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed................................................................... .
Employment-population ratio.......................................... .
Unemployed................................................................ .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

243,155
155,149
63.8
142,448
58.6
12,701
8.2
88,006

245,175
155,238
63.3
143,579
58.6
11,659
7.5
89,936

245,363
155,658
63.4
143,898
58.6
11,760
7.6
89,705

245,552
155,835
63.5
144,058
58.7
11,777
7.6
89,717

189
177
0.1
160
0.1
17
0.0
12

Unemployment rates
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adult men (20 years and over)............................................. .
Adult women (20 years and over). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Teenagers (16 to 19 years). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asian (not seasonally adjusted)............................................ .
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........................ .

8.2
7.7
7.4
23.7
7.3
14.4
6.3
11.0

7.5
7.1
6.7
24.1
6.7
13.2
5.1
9.0

7.6
7.2
6.5
24.5
6.7
13.5
4.3
9.1

7.6
7.0
6.8
24.0
6.6
13.7
5.0
9.1

0.0
-0.2
0.3
-0.5
-0.1
0.2

0.0

Total, 25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Less than a high school diploma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High school graduates, no college. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Some college or associate degree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelor’s degree and higher. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.9
12.5
8.5
7.3
4.1

6.1
11.6
7.4
6.4
3.9

6.1
11.1
7.4
6.5
3.8

6.2
10.7
7.6
6.4
3.9

0.1
-0.4
0.2
-0.1
0.1

Reason for unemployment
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job leavers................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .
Reentrants....................................................................... .
New entrants.................................................................... .

7,121
936
3,243
1,316

6,410
864
3,151
1,280

6,147
944
3,333
1,268

6,119
1,030
3,291
1,259

-28
86
-42
-9

Duration of unemployment
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks................................................................... .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,825
2,826
1,813
5,336

2,474
2,848
1,967
4,353

2,706
2,669
1,950
4,357

2,692
2,864
1,896
4,328

-14
195
-54
-29

Employed persons at work part time
Part time for economic reasons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions......................................... .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8,210
5,471
2,514
18,825

7,916
5,129
2,527
18,908

7,904
4,841
2,721
18,934

8,226
5,193
2,652
19,044

322
352
-69
110

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)
Marginally attached to the labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Discouraged workers... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,483
821

2,347
835

2,164
780

2,582
1,027


- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not
necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with
the release of January data.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)
Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles and parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temporary help services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care and social assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

87
78
14
-2
7
9
9
5.8
0
64
8.9
-3.1
-2.5
-6
6
35
20.5
6
11.7
14
5
9

199
188
-17
-3
-7
-7
-1
-0.4
-6
205
3.8
22.4
6.5
-9
14
69
20.8
36
37.8
60
1
11

195
207
0
0
7
-7
0
4.8
-7
207
8.3
26.9
-6.8
1
6
65
23.6
23
12.7
69
13
-12

195
202
8
1
13
-6
-3
5.1
-3
194
11.3
37.1
-5.1
-5
17
53
9.5
13
23.5
75
-4
-7

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES2
Total nonfarm women employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private women employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private production and nonsupervisory employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

49.4
47.9
82.6

49.4
47.9
82.6

49.4
47.9
82.6

49.4
47.9
82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES
Total private
Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

34.4
$ 23.50
$808.40
96.2
0.0
107.9
0.4

34.5
$ 23.89
$824.21
98.2
-0.1
111.9
0.2

34.5
$ 23.91
$824.90
98.4
0.2
112.2
0.3

34.5
$ 24.01
$828.35
98.6
0.2
112.9
0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
Total private
Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

33.7
$ 19.75
$665.58
103.8
0.1
136.9
0.4

33.7
$ 20.07
$676.36
105.5
-0.2
141.5
0.1

33.7
$ 20.09
$677.03
105.7
0.2
141.9
0.3

33.7
$ 20.14
$678.72
105.9
0.2
142.5
0.4

57.3
50.6

57.7
44.4

61.8
48.1

58.8
46.3

Category

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)5
Total private (266 industries). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing (81 industries). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
2 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing
industries.
3 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
4 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average
aggregate weekly payrolls.
5 Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance
between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
p Preliminary

Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates
1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?
The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates of
employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey employment series
has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-month change than the household
survey because of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of about
100,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically
significant change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a
more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed workers
whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private
household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups. For more information on the differences
between the two surveys, please visit www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.
2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?
It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However, neither the
establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal status of workers. Therefore,
it is not possible to determine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does include questions which
identify the foreign and native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the
foreign born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of The
Employment Situation news release.
3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?
The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by incorporating
additional information that was not available at the time of the initial publication of the estimates.
The establishment survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated
seasonal adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.
On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that re-anchors
estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment insurance tax
records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more
information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.
4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?
Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business establishments
with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is designed to maximize the
reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and
industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?
Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for the net
employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment comes from an
econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of business births and deaths based
on the actual past values of the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census
of Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this
purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and
availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.
6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
insurance benefits?
No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households. All persons
who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are included among the
unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.) There
is no requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.
7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
looking for work?
Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who want a job,
including those who are not currently looking because they believe no jobs are available (discouraged
workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor underutilization (some of which include
discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as unemployed) are published each
month in table A-15 of The Employment Situation news release. For more information about these
alternative measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.
8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on average weekly hours than on
employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid time during the pay period, including pay
for holidays, sick leave, or other time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically,
but not always, results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers, such
as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment, employees have
to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more than 20 percent of all employees
in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay period. Employees who receive pay for any part of
the pay period, even 1 hour, are counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to
quantify the effect of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.
In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that includes the 12th of
the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-related events are counted as
employed whether or not they are paid for the time off. The household survey collects data on the
number of persons who had a job but were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure
of the number of persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
data are available on the household survey's most requested statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgibin/surveymost?ln.

Technical Note
This news release presents statistics from two major
surveys, the Current Population Survey (CPS; household
survey) and the Current Employment Statistics survey
(CES; establishment survey). The household survey
provides information on the labor force, employment, and
unemployment that appears in the "A" tables, marked
HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census
Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
The establishment survey provides information on
employment, hours, and earnings of employees on nonfarm
payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables, marked
ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each
month from the payroll records of a sample of
nonagricultural business establishments. Each month the
CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and
government agencies, representing approximately 557,000
individual worksites, in order to provide detailed industry
data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on
nonfarm payrolls. The active sample includes
approximately one-third of all nonfarm payroll employees.
For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a
particular week or pay period. In the household survey, the
reference period is generally the calendar week that
contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the
12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the
calendar week.

employed or unemployed are not in the labor force. The
unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent
of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and
the employment-population ratio is the employed as a
percent of the population. Additional information
about the household survey can be found at
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

Differences in employment estimates. The numerous
conceptual and methodological differences between the
household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the
surveys. Among these are:

Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect
the entire civilian noninstitutional population. Based on
responses to a series of questions on work and job search
activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in
the labor force.
People are classified as employed if they did any work
at all as paid employees during the reference week; worked
in their own business, profession, or on their own farm; or
worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or
farm. People are also counted as employed if they were
temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.
People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of
the following criteria: they had no employment during the
reference week; they were available for work at that time;
and they made specific efforts to find employment
sometime during the 4-week period ending with the
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting
recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The unemployment data derived from the
household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility for
or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.
The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and
unemployed persons. Those persons not classified as

Establishment survey. The sample establishments are
drawn from private nonfarm businesses such as factories,
offices, and stores, as well as from federal, state, and local
government entities. Employees on nonfarm payrolls are
those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are
produced for the private sector for all employees and for
production and nonsupervisory employees. Production and
nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and
related employees in manufacturing and mining and
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing
industries.
Industries are classified on the basis of an
establishment’s principal activity in accordance with the
2012 version of the North American Industry Classification
System. Additional information about the establishment
survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

The household survey includes agricultural
workers, self-employed workers whose businesses
are unicorporated, unpaid family workers, and
private household workers among the employed.
These groups are excluded from the establishment
survey.

The household survey includes people on unpaid
leave among the employed. The establishment
survey does not.

The household survey is limited to workers 16
years of age and older. The establishment survey is
not limited by age.

The household survey has no duplication of
individuals, because individuals are counted only
once, even if they hold more than one job. In the
establishment survey, employees working at more
than one job and thus appearing on more than one
payroll are counted separately for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment
Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor
force and the levels of employment and unemployment
undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These events may
result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays,
and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of such
seasonal variation can be very large.
Because these seasonal events follow a more or less
regular pattern each year, their influence on the level of a
series can be tempered by adjusting for regular seasonal
variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases in the
participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure
any other changes that have taken place relative to May,
making it difficult to determine if the level of economic
activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the
establishment survey, payroll employment in education
declines by about 20 percent at the end of the spring term
and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because
seasonal employment changes at the end and beginning of
the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more
discernable. The seasonally adjusted figures provide a more
useful tool with which to analyze changes in month-tomonth economic activity.
Many seasonally adjusted series are independently
adjusted in both the household and establishment surveys.
However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most
major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are
computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example, total unemployment is derived
by summing the adjusted series for four major age-sex
components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by
combining the duration, reasons, or more detailed age
categories.
For both the household and establishment surveys, a
concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology is used in
which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using
all relevant data, up to and including the data for the current
month. In the household survey, new seasonal factors are
used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are
used each month to adjust the three most recent monthly
estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated
seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year
revisions to historical data are made once a year.
Reliability of the estimates
Statistics based on the household and establishment
surveys are subject to both sampling and nonsampling

error. When a sample, rather than the entire population, is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may
differ from the true population values they represent. The
component of this difference that occurs because samples
differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more
than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally
conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
For example, the confidence interval for the monthly
change in total nonfarm employment from the
establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus
90,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90percent confidence interval on the monthly change would
range from -40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These
figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these
magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this
interval. Since this range includes values of less than zero,
we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment
had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the
values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be
greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen
that month. At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent,
the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change
in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the
unemployment rate it is about +/- 0.2 percentage point.
In general, estimates involving many individuals or
establishments have lower standard errors (relative to the
size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a
small number of observations. The precision of estimates
also is improved when the data are cumulated over time,
such as for quarterly and annual averages.
The household and establishment surveys are also
affected by nonsampling error, which can occur for many
reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all
respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of
respondents to provide correct information on a timely
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in
the collection or processing of the data.
For example, in the establishment survey, estimates
for the most recent 2 months are based on incomplete
returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive
revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered
final.
Another major source of nonsampling error in the
establishment survey is the inability to capture, on a timely
basis, employment generated by new firms. To correct for
this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an
estimation procedure with two components is used to

account for business births. The first component excludes
employment losses from business deaths from samplebased estimation in order to offset the missing employment
gains from business births. This is incorporated into the
sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting
sample units going out of business, but imputing to them
the same employment trend as the other firms in the
sample. This procedure accounts for most of the net
birth/death employment.
The second component is an ARIMA time series
model designed to estimate the residual net birth/death
employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.
The sample-based estimates from the establishment

survey are adjusted once a year (on a lagged basis) to
universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance
program. The difference between the March sample-based
employment estimates and the March universe counts is
known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough
proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also
incorporate changes in the classification of industries. Over
the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total
nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a
range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.
Other information
Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone:
(202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, sex, and age

June
2012

May
2013

June
2013

June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

TOTAL
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Persons who currently want a job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

243,155
156,385
64.3
143,202
58.9
13,184
8.4
86,770
7,157

245,363
155,734
63.5
144,432
58.9
11,302
7.3
89,629
7,193

245,552
157,089
64.0
144,841
59.0
12,248
7.8
88,463
7,152

243,155
155,149
63.8
142,448
58.6
12,701
8.2
88,006
6,556

244,828
155,524
63.5
143,492
58.6
12,032
7.7
89,304
6,821

244,995
155,028
63.3
143,286
58.5
11,742
7.6
89,967
6,722

245,175
155,238
63.3
143,579
58.6
11,659
7.5
89,936
6,413

245,363
155,658
63.4
143,898
58.6
11,760
7.6
89,705
6,712

245,552
155,835
63.5
144,058
58.7
11,777
7.6
89,717
6,580

Men, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

117,277
83,369
71.1
76,338
65.1
7,030
8.4
33,909

118,393
82,924
70.0
76,608
64.7
6,316
7.6
35,469

118,490
83,837
70.8
77,277
65.2
6,560
7.8
34,654

117,277
82,457
70.3
75,522
64.4
6,936
8.4
34,820

118,117
82,823
70.1
76,375
64.7
6,447
7.8
35,295

118,204
82,584
69.9
76,329
64.6
6,255
7.6
35,619

118,296
82,621
69.8
76,239
64.4
6,382
7.7
35,675

118,393
82,862
70.0
76,299
64.4
6,564
7.9
35,531

118,490
82,898
70.0
76,447
64.5
6,451
7.8
35,592

Men, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

108,613
79,733
73.4
73,735
67.9
5,998
7.5
28,879

109,839
80,015
72.8
74,456
67.8
5,559
6.9
29,824

109,943
80,186
72.9
74,717
68.0
5,469
6.8
29,757

108,613
79,432
73.1
73,299
67.5
6,133
7.7
29,180

109,541
79,910
72.9
74,249
67.8
5,661
7.1
29,631

109,635
79,747
72.7
74,228
67.7
5,519
6.9
29,888

109,736
79,803
72.7
74,159
67.6
5,644
7.1
29,933

109,839
79,878
72.7
74,124
67.5
5,754
7.2
29,961

109,943
79,883
72.7
74,276
67.6
5,607
7.0
30,060

Women, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

125,878
73,017
58.0
66,863
53.1
6,153
8.4
52,862

126,970
72,810
57.3
67,824
53.4
4,986
6.8
54,160

127,062
73,253
57.7
67,565
53.2
5,688
7.8
53,809

125,878
72,691
57.7
66,926
53.2
5,765
7.9
53,187

126,710
72,701
57.4
67,116
53.0
5,585
7.7
54,009

126,791
72,443
57.1
66,956
52.8
5,487
7.6
54,348

126,878
72,617
57.2
67,340
53.1
5,277
7.3
54,261

126,970
72,796
57.3
67,599
53.2
5,197
7.1
54,174

127,062
72,938
57.4
67,612
53.2
5,326
7.3
54,124

Women, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

117,546
69,610
59.2
64,288
54.7
5,322
7.6
47,936

118,708
69,955
58.9
65,611
55.3
4,343
6.2
48,753

118,804
69,899
58.8
64,981
54.7
4,918
7.0
48,905

117,546
69,777
59.4
64,616
55.0
5,161
7.4
47,769

118,433
69,772
58.9
64,867
54.8
4,905
7.0
48,661

118,520
69,544
58.7
64,707
54.6
4,837
7.0
48,976

118,612
69,744
58.8
65,101
54.9
4,642
6.7
48,868

118,708
69,895
58.9
65,329
55.0
4,566
6.5
48,813

118,804
70,075
59.0
65,314
55.0
4,761
6.8
48,730

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16,997
7,042
41.4
5,178
30.5
1,864
26.5
9,955

16,816
5,764
34.3
4,364
26.0
1,400
24.3
11,052

16,805
7,004
41.7
5,143
30.6
1,860
26.6
9,801

16,997
5,940
34.9
4,533
26.7
1,406
23.7
11,057

16,854
5,842
34.7
4,376
26.0
1,466
25.1
11,012

16,840
5,737
34.1
4,351
25.8
1,386
24.2
11,103

16,827
5,692
33.8
4,320
25.7
1,372
24.1
11,135

16,816
5,886
35.0
4,445
26.4
1,441
24.5
10,930

16,805
5,878
35.0
4,469
26.6
1,409
24.0
10,927

1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, race, sex, and age

WHITE
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASIAN
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

June
2012

May
2013

June
2013

June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

193,120
124,624
64.5
115,280
59.7
9,344
7.5
68,496

194,147
123,836
63.8
115,828
59.7
8,009
6.5
70,311

194,254
124,627
64.2
116,132
59.8
8,495
6.8
69,628

193,120
123,783
64.1
114,730
59.4
9,053
7.3
69,337

193,859
123,626
63.8
115,250
59.5
8,376
6.8
70,233

193,946
123,382
63.6
115,080
59.3
8,302
6.7
70,565

194,041
123,504
63.6
115,266
59.4
8,238
6.7
70,537

194,147
123,844
63.8
115,557
59.5
8,287
6.7
70,303

194,254
123,766
63.7
115,563
59.5
8,204
6.6
70,488

64,730
73.8
60,374
68.8
4,356
6.7

64,785
73.3
60,816
68.8
3,969
6.1

64,843
73.3
60,951
68.9
3,892
6.0

64,535
73.6
60,045
68.4
4,490
7.0

64,720
73.4
60,659
68.8
4,061
6.3

64,549
73.1
60,594
68.7
3,955
6.1

64,674
73.2
60,540
68.6
4,135
6.4

64,680
73.2
60,545
68.5
4,135
6.4

64,625
73.1
60,620
68.6
4,005
6.2

54,265
58.5
50,598
54.6
3,667
6.8

54,411
58.3
51,390
55.1
3,021
5.6

54,239
58.1
50,893
54.5
3,346
6.2

54,484
58.8
50,914
54.9
3,570
6.6

54,224
58.2
50,946
54.7
3,278
6.0

54,255
58.2
50,940
54.7
3,315
6.1

54,221
58.2
51,123
54.8
3,098
5.7

54,447
58.4
51,311
55.0
3,136
5.8

54,469
58.4
51,222
54.9
3,247
6.0

5,629
44.4
4,308
34.0
1,321
23.5

4,641
37.1
3,622
28.9
1,019
21.9

5,545
44.3
4,289
34.3
1,256
22.7

4,764
37.6
3,771
29.8
994
20.9

4,682
37.3
3,645
29.1
1,037
22.1

4,578
36.5
3,546
28.3
1,032
22.5

4,608
36.8
3,603
28.8
1,005
21.8

4,717
37.7
3,700
29.6
1,017
21.6

4,672
37.3
3,721
29.7
951
20.4

29,885
18,758
62.8
15,978
53.5
2,780
14.8
11,128

30,322
18,690
61.6
16,226
53.5
2,464
13.2
11,632

30,355
18,852
62.1
16,154
53.2
2,698
14.3
11,502

29,885
18,549
62.1
15,879
53.1
2,670
14.4
11,337

30,223
18,639
61.7
16,059
53.1
2,580
13.8
11,583

30,255
18,524
61.2
16,068
53.1
2,456
13.3
11,731

30,290
18,617
61.5
16,167
53.4
2,450
13.2
11,673

30,322
18,723
61.7
16,202
53.4
2,521
13.5
11,599

30,355
18,636
61.4
16,090
53.0
2,546
13.7
11,719

8,376
68.8
7,204
59.2
1,172
14.0

8,432
67.8
7,274
58.5
1,157
13.7

8,411
67.5
7,331
58.9
1,079
12.8

8,319
68.3
7,140
58.6
1,179
14.2

8,437
68.2
7,352
59.4
1,085
12.9

8,447
68.1
7,370
59.4
1,077
12.7

8,377
67.4
7,319
58.9
1,058
12.6

8,441
67.9
7,301
58.7
1,140
13.5

8,358
67.1
7,270
58.4
1,088
13.0

9,471
62.9
8,266
54.9
1,205
12.7

9,530
62.3
8,531
55.7
999
10.5

9,551
62.3
8,365
54.6
1,186
12.4

9,486
63.0
8,287
55.0
1,199
12.6

9,491
62.2
8,302
54.4
1,189
12.5

9,365
61.3
8,226
53.9
1,139
12.2

9,529
62.3
8,425
55.1
1,105
11.6

9,562
62.5
8,487
55.4
1,074
11.2

9,556
62.3
8,413
54.9
1,143
12.0

910
34.4
508
19.2
402
44.2

728
28.3
420
16.3
308
42.3

891
34.7
458
17.8
433
48.6

744
28.1
452
17.1
292
39.3

711
27.4
404
15.6
307
43.1

713
27.6
472
18.2
241
33.8

711
27.5
423
16.4
287
40.5

720
28.0
413
16.1
307
42.6

722
28.1
407
15.8
315
43.6

12,695

13,343

13,291

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age — Continued
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, race, sex, and age
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

June
2012
8,202
64.6
7,682
60.5
519
6.3
4,493

May
2013
8,491
63.6
8,127
60.9
365
4.3
4,851

June
2013
8,737
65.7
8,302
62.5
435
5.0
4,554

June
2012

Feb.
2013






Mar.
2013






Apr.
2013






May
2013






June
2013












1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced
annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, sex, and age

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

June
2012

May
2013

June
2013

June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

36,708
24,679
67.2
21,962
59.8
2,718
11.0
12,029

37,395
24,872
66.5
22,743
60.8
2,129
8.6
12,523

37,471
24,975
66.7
22,698
60.6
2,277
9.1
12,495

36,708
24,585
67.0
21,878
59.6
2,708
11.0
12,123

37,169
24,563
66.1
22,215
59.8
2,348
9.6
12,606

37,242
24,354
65.4
22,122
59.4
2,232
9.2
12,888

37,320
24,512
65.7
22,310
59.8
2,202
9.0
12,808

37,395
24,848
66.4
22,583
60.4
2,265
9.1
12,547

37,471
24,869
66.4
22,601
60.3
2,267
9.1
12,602

13,425
81.2
12,147
73.5
1,277
9.5

13,731
81.4
12,737
75.5
995
7.2

13,768
81.4
12,731
75.3
1,036
7.5































9,909
60.0
8,886
53.8
1,022
10.3

10,017
59.3
9,203
54.5
815
8.1

9,914
58.6
9,057
53.5
857
8.6































1,346
36.8
928
25.4
418
31.0

1,124
30.8
804
22.0
320
28.5

1,293
35.4
910
24.9
383
29.6































1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release
of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Educational attainment

Seasonally adjusted

June
2012

May
2013

June
2013

June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

Less than a high school diploma
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

11,623
45.9
10,291
40.6
1,332
11.5

11,483
45.9
10,295
41.2
1,188
10.3

11,414
45.5
10,312
41.1
1,102
9.7

11,383
45.0
9,956
39.3
1,427
12.5

11,256
47.2
9,999
41.9
1,257
11.2

11,264
46.0
10,012
40.9
1,252
11.1

10,999
44.8
9,725
39.6
1,274
11.6

11,237
45.0
9,993
40.0
1,243
11.1

11,161
44.5
9,969
39.8
1,192
10.7

High school graduates, no college1
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

36,851
59.8
33,884
55.0
2,967
8.1

36,488
59.3
33,963
55.2
2,525
6.9

36,324
59.1
33,681
54.8
2,643
7.3

36,964
60.0
33,839
54.9
3,125
8.5

36,143
58.1
33,289
53.6
2,854
7.9

36,121
58.6
33,359
54.1
2,762
7.6

36,200
58.7
33,510
54.3
2,689
7.4

36,236
58.9
33,572
54.6
2,664
7.4

36,320
59.1
33,562
54.6
2,757
7.6

Some college or associate degree
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

37,194
68.4
34,446
63.4
2,748
7.4

37,189
68.0
34,848
63.7
2,341
6.3

36,943
67.4
34,561
63.1
2,382
6.4

37,416
68.8
34,680
63.8
2,736
7.3

37,291
68.0
34,776
63.5
2,515
6.7

37,232
68.1
34,845
63.8
2,387
6.4

37,371
68.4
34,992
64.1
2,379
6.4

37,470
68.5
35,036
64.0
2,435
6.5

37,297
68.1
34,925
63.7
2,372
6.4

Bachelor’s degree and higher2
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

47,631
75.5
45,674
72.4
1,957
4.1

49,392
75.6
47,623
72.9
1,770
3.6

49,086
75.1
47,163
72.1
1,923
3.9

47,959
76.1
45,986
72.9
1,973
4.1

49,436
75.9
47,555
73.0
1,881
3.8

49,236
75.3
47,371
72.5
1,865
3.8

49,492
75.6
47,563
72.7
1,929
3.9

49,473
75.8
47,581
72.9
1,892
3.8

49,466
75.6
47,537
72.7
1,929
3.9

1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
2 Includes persons with bachelor’s, master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service,
and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service

June
2012

Men
June
2013

June
2012

Women
June
2013

June
2012

June
2013

VETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

21,193
10,958
51.7
10,151
47.9
806
7.4
10,235

21,412
10,950
51.1
10,264
47.9
687
6.3
10,462

19,380
9,853
50.8
9,144
47.2
709
7.2
9,527

19,188
9,532
49.7
8,952
46.7
579
6.1
9,656

1,813
1,104
60.9
1,007
55.5
97
8.8
709

2,224
1,418
63.8
1,311
59.0
107
7.6
806

Gulf War-era II veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,597
2,061
79.4
1,865
71.8
196
9.5
536

2,790
2,223
79.7
2,063
73.9
160
7.2
567

2,168
1,767
81.5
1,602
73.9
166
9.4
401

2,232
1,825
81.7
1,700
76.2
125
6.8
408

429
294
68.4
264
61.4
30
10.1
136

558
398
71.4
363
65.0
36
8.9
160

Gulf War-era I veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3,053
2,541
83.2
2,377
77.9
163
6.4
513

3,266
2,658
81.4
2,527
77.4
131
4.9
609

2,590
2,181
84.2
2,055
79.4
126
5.8
408

2,627
2,164
82.4
2,056
78.3
107
5.0
463

464
359
77.5
322
69.4
37
10.4
105

639
494
77.3
471
73.6
23
4.7
145

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9,897
3,234
32.7
3,005
30.4
229
7.1
6,663

9,829
3,010
30.6
2,828
28.8
183
6.1
6,819

9,583
3,136
32.7
2,909
30.4
227
7.2
6,447

9,459
2,899
30.7
2,725
28.8
175
6.0
6,559

314
98
31.2
96
30.5
2
2.1
216

370
111
29.9
103
27.8
8
7.1
259

Veterans of other service periods
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5,646
3,122
55.3
2,903
51.4
219
7.0
2,523

5,526
3,059
55.4
2,846
51.5
213
7.0
2,467

5,040
2,769
54.9
2,578
51.2
191
6.9
2,271

4,870
2,644
54.3
2,471
50.7
173
6.5
2,226

606
353
58.3
325
53.7
28
7.9
253

656
415
63.2
375
57.1
40
9.7
241

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

213,167
142,908
67.0
131,356
61.6
11,551
8.1
70,259

215,434
143,662
66.7
132,902
61.7
10,760
7.5
71,772

93,488
72,282
77.3
66,415
71.0
5,868
8.1
21,206

94,854
72,989
76.9
67,492
71.2
5,497
7.5
21,864

119,679
70,625
59.0
64,942
54.3
5,684
8.0
49,053

120,580
70,673
58.6
65,409
54.2
5,263
7.4
49,907

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August
2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time
periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and
another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from the updated
Department of Veterans Affairs’ population model.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally
adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Persons with a disability
Employment status, sex, and age

June
2012

June
2013

Persons with no disability
June
2012

June
2013

TOTAL, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population...................................................... .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

28,097
5,755
20.5
4,987
17.7
768
13.3
22,342

28,491
5,768
20.2
4,950
17.4
818
14.2
22,724

215,058
150,630
70.0
138,214
64.3
12,416
8.2
64,428

217,061
151,321
69.7
139,891
64.4
11,430
7.6
65,739

Men, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

2,546
34.2
2,215
29.8
332
13.0
4,893

2,570
34.4
2,204
29.5
366
14.2
4,907

76,457
83.6
70,073
76.6
6,385
8.4
15,016

76,761
83.5
70,795
77.0
5,965
7.8
15,132

Women, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

2,281
29.7
1,929
25.1
352
15.4
5,391

2,242
28.5
1,846
23.4
397
17.7
5,630

67,429
71.1
61,863
65.2
5,566
8.3
27,390

67,389
70.9
62,323
65.6
5,065
7.5
27,614

Both sexes, 65 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

927
7.1
843
6.5
84
9.1
12,058

956
7.3
901
6.9
55
5.8
12,186

6,744
23.4
6,279
21.8
465
6.9
22,022

7,172
23.8
6,773
22.5
399
5.6
22,993

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing
even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition;
has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or
shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Employment status and nativity

June
2012

Men
June
2013

June
2012

Women
June
2013

June
2012

June
2013

Foreign born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .

37,315
25,009
67.0
22,985
61.6
2,024
8.1
12,306

37,658
25,305
67.2
23,670
62.9
1,635
6.5
12,353

18,294
14,588
79.7
13,502
73.8
1,086
7.4
3,705

18,371
14,692
80.0
13,809
75.2
883
6.0
3,679

19,021
10,420
54.8
9,483
49.9
938
9.0
8,601

19,286
10,612
55.0
9,861
51.1
751
7.1
8,674

Native born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .

205,840
131,377
63.8
120,217
58.4
11,160
8.5
74,464

207,894
131,785
63.4
121,172
58.3
10,613
8.1
76,110

98,984
68,781
69.5
62,836
63.5
5,944
8.6
30,203

100,119
69,144
69.1
63,468
63.4
5,676
8.2
30,975

106,857
62,596
58.6
57,380
53.7
5,216
8.3
44,261

107,775
62,640
58.1
57,704
53.5
4,936
7.9
45,135

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or
one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the
United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated
population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Category

CLASS OF WORKER
Agriculture and related industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wage and salary workers1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . .
Unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonagricultural industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wage and salary workers1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private households........................... .
Other industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . .
Unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME2
All industries
Part time for economic reasons3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonagricultural industries
Part time for economic reasons3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seasonally adjusted

June
2012

May
2013

June
2013

June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

2,377
1,514
826
37
140,824
131,694
19,679
112,015
832
111,183
9,049
82

2,168
1,322
831
15
142,263
133,483
20,537
112,947
663
112,284
8,715
65

2,234
1,380
836
18
142,607
133,652
19,719
113,932
702
113,230
8,885
71

2,200
1,398
781

140,218
131,342
19,995
111,403

110,638
8,818

2,065
1,258
792

141,415
132,694
20,571
112,141

111,411
8,686

2,001
1,250
710

141,317
132,761
20,633
112,147

111,462
8,407

2,017
1,227
772

141,592
132,847
20,269
112,558

111,932
8,651

2,059
1,263
793

141,890
133,201
20,361
112,865

112,274
8,597

2,067
1,268
790

142,004
133,273
20,157
113,167

112,552
8,643

8,394
5,378
2,599
17,654

7,618
4,604
2,727
19,315

8,440
5,222
2,748
17,931

8,210
5,471
2,514
18,825

7,988
5,136
2,578
18,908

7,638
4,906
2,576
18,745

7,916
5,129
2,527
18,908

7,904
4,841
2,721
18,934

8,226
5,193
2,652
19,044

8,268
5,294
2,587
17,285

7,523
4,544
2,714
18,993

8,328
5,150
2,717
17,644

8,072
5,363
2,501
18,470

7,865
5,045
2,542
18,549

7,544
4,832
2,510
18,435

7,793
5,058
2,454
18,542

7,797
4,778
2,686
18,511

8,111
5,120
2,632
18,696

1 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
2 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the
entire week.
3 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions,
inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
4 Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training,
retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during
the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of
the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Characteristic

Seasonally adjusted

June
2012

May
2013

June
2013

June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

143,202
5,178
1,694
3,484
138,024
13,729
124,295
94,005
30,656
30,431
32,917
30,290

144,432
4,364
1,415
2,949
140,067
13,339
126,728
94,963
31,402
30,834
32,726
31,765

144,841
5,143
1,676
3,467
139,698
13,981
125,717
94,390
31,206
30,523
32,661
31,326

142,448
4,533
1,473
3,067
137,915
13,371
124,592
94,125
30,654
30,484
32,987
30,467

143,492
4,376
1,520
2,866
139,116
13,527
125,604
94,387
31,152
30,521
32,714
31,217

143,286
4,351
1,482
2,868
138,935
13,382
125,615
94,409
31,180
30,620
32,610
31,206

143,579
4,320
1,490
2,834
139,260
13,569
125,678
94,393
31,133
30,637
32,623
31,285

143,898
4,445
1,505
2,937
139,453
13,412
126,057
94,569
31,292
30,691
32,586
31,488

144,058
4,469
1,451
3,027
139,589
13,605
125,978
94,461
31,217
30,570
32,675
31,517

Men, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

76,338
2,603
779
1,823
73,735
7,130
66,606
50,538
16,664
16,431
17,442
16,068

76,608
2,152
654
1,498
74,456
6,900
67,557
50,867
16,997
16,732
17,138
16,689

77,277
2,560
832
1,728
74,717
7,193
67,524
50,878
16,987
16,607
17,284
16,646

75,522
2,223
659
1,593
73,299
6,868
66,462
50,383
16,627
16,428
17,327
16,080

76,375
2,126
713
1,408
74,249
7,073
67,149
50,603
16,940
16,597
17,066
16,546

76,329
2,101
645
1,444
74,228
7,006
67,205
50,669
16,980
16,655
17,034
16,536

76,239
2,080
653
1,426
74,159
6,990
67,095
50,565
16,887
16,673
17,005
16,530

76,299
2,175
686
1,485
74,124
6,917
67,192
50,613
16,961
16,660
16,992
16,578

76,447
2,171
696
1,495
74,276
6,952
67,331
50,672
16,944
16,602
17,125
16,659

Women, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

66,863
2,575
915
1,660
64,288
6,599
57,689
43,467
13,992
14,000
15,475
14,222

67,824
2,213
762
1,451
65,611
6,440
59,171
44,096
14,405
14,102
15,588
15,076

67,565
2,584
844
1,739
64,981
6,789
58,192
43,512
14,220
13,915
15,377
14,680

66,926
2,311
814
1,474
64,616
6,503
58,130
43,742
14,027
14,056
15,659
14,388

67,116
2,250
807
1,458
64,867
6,455
58,455
43,784
14,212
13,925
15,648
14,671

66,956
2,250
837
1,424
64,707
6,376
58,411
43,740
14,200
13,965
15,575
14,670

67,340
2,239
837
1,408
65,101
6,578
58,583
43,828
14,246
13,964
15,619
14,755

67,599
2,271
819
1,452
65,329
6,495
58,866
43,955
14,330
14,030
15,595
14,910

67,612
2,298
755
1,532
65,314
6,653
58,647
43,790
14,272
13,968
15,550
14,857

MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Married women, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women who maintain families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

43,740
34,177
9,264

44,284
34,804
9,557

43,923
34,276
9,348

43,758
34,553

43,934
34,400

44,007
34,319

44,024
34,346

44,176
34,716

43,963
34,672

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part-time workers2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

116,024
27,178

116,643
27,789

117,400
27,442

114,606
27,864

115,841
27,569

115,903
27,442

116,053
27,549

116,238
27,699

115,998
28,059

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of total employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,707
4.7

7,123
4.9

6,990
4.8

6,790
4.8

7,259
5.1

7,102
5.0

6,983
4.9

6,918
4.8

7,065
4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT
Self-employed workers, incorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5,206
9,875

5,305
9,546

5,170
9,720


9,599


9,478


9,117


9,423


9,390


9,432

1 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
2 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated
population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic

Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)

Unemployment rates

June
2012

May
2013

June
2013

June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years................................... .
18 to 19 years................................... .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years................................... .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over............................ .

12,701
1,406
537
861
11,294
2,119
9,256
7,264
2,751
2,299
2,214
1,985

11,760
1,441
570
847
10,320
2,048
8,232
6,503
2,425
2,026
2,053
1,760

11,777
1,409
522
882
10,368
2,123
8,274
6,491
2,579
1,932
1,981
1,777

8.2
23.7
26.7
21.9
7.6
13.7
6.9
7.2
8.2
7.0
6.3
6.1

7.7
25.1
27.6
23.0
7.1
13.1
6.3
6.5
7.8
6.2
5.5
5.8

7.6
24.2
27.1
22.1
6.9
13.3
6.2
6.4
7.4
6.0
5.7
5.5

7.5
24.1
27.3
22.6
6.9
13.1
6.1
6.4
7.4
5.8
5.9
5.5

7.6
24.5
27.5
22.4
6.9
13.2
6.1
6.4
7.2
6.2
5.9
5.3

7.6
24.0
26.5
22.6
6.9
13.5
6.2
6.4
7.6
5.9
5.7
5.3

Men, 16 years and over.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years................................... .
18 to 19 years................................... .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years................................... .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over............................ .

6,936
802
294
499
6,133
1,241
4,968
3,832
1,419
1,245
1,168
1,136

6,564
810
318
469
5,754
1,183
4,543
3,524
1,331
1,074
1,118
1,019

6,451
844
309
521
5,607
1,228
4,406
3,436
1,362
1,015
1,059
970

8.4
26.5
30.9
23.9
7.7
15.3
7.0
7.1
7.9
7.0
6.3
6.6

7.8
27.0
31.1
24.3
7.1
13.4
6.3
6.4
7.7
5.9
5.7
6.0

7.6
25.9
30.7
23.4
6.9
14.4
6.0
6.1
7.1
5.6
5.6
5.7

7.7
26.2
31.2
23.9
7.1
14.0
6.3
6.5
7.6
5.7
6.2
5.7

7.9
27.1
31.6
24.0
7.2
14.6
6.3
6.5
7.3
6.1
6.2
5.8

7.8
28.0
30.8
25.8
7.0
15.0
6.1
6.4
7.4
5.8
5.8
5.5

Women, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years................................... .
18 to 19 years................................... .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years................................... .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over1 .......................... .

5,765
604
242
362
5,161
878
4,288
3,432
1,333
1,054
1,046
879

5,197
631
253
377
4,566
865
3,690
2,980
1,094
952
934
685

5,326
565
214
361
4,761
895
3,868
3,055
1,217
916
921
836

7.9
20.7
22.9
19.7
7.4
11.9
6.9
7.3
8.7
7.0
6.3
5.8

7.7
23.2
24.3
21.7
7.0
12.7
6.4
6.6
7.9
6.7
5.3
5.6

7.6
22.4
24.0
20.7
7.0
12.0
6.3
6.6
7.7
6.5
5.7
5.2

7.3
22.1
23.8
21.2
6.7
12.3
5.9
6.2
7.3
6.0
5.5
4.8

7.1
21.7
23.6
20.6
6.5
11.8
5.9
6.3
7.1
6.4
5.7
4.3

7.3
19.7
22.0
19.1
6.8
11.9
6.2
6.5
7.9
6.2
5.6
5.4

MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Married women, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women who maintain families1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,273
1,955
1,237

2,018
1,597
1,044

1,975
1,677
1,123

4.9
5.4
11.8

4.5
4.9
11.0

4.3
4.7
10.7

4.4
4.4
10.3

4.4
4.4
9.9

4.3
4.6
10.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part-time workers3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10,851
1,869

9,941
1,752

9,956
1,834

8.6
6.3

8.1
6.2

7.9
5.9

7.9
6.0

7.9
5.9

7.9
6.1

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
3 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time
jobs.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of
the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Reason

June
2012

May
2013

Seasonally adjusted

June
2013

June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not on temporary layoff........................... .
Permanent job losers........................... .
Persons who completed temporary jobs. . . . . .
Job leavers............................................ .
Reentrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New entrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,927
1,188
5,739
4,490
1,249
879
3,556
1,822

5,751
768
4,983
3,728
1,255
882
3,459
1,210

5,939
1,139
4,800
3,639
1,161
981
3,600
1,728

7,121
1,309
5,812
4,506
1,307
936
3,243
1,316

6,522
1,078
5,443
4,128
1,315
956
3,340
1,279

6,329
1,107
5,223
3,959
1,264
986
3,176
1,316

6,410
1,170
5,240
3,976
1,264
864
3,151
1,280

6,147
997
5,151
3,822
1,329
944
3,333
1,268

6,119
1,199
4,920
3,700
1,220
1,030
3,291
1,259

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not on temporary layoff........................... .
Job leavers............................................ .
Reentrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New entrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

52.5
9.0
43.5
6.7
27.0
13.8

50.9
6.8
44.1
7.8
30.6
10.7

48.5
9.3
39.2
8.0
29.4
14.1

56.4
10.4
46.1
7.4
25.7
10.4

53.9
8.9
45.0
7.9
27.6
10.6

53.6
9.4
44.2
8.4
26.9
11.1

54.8
10.0
44.8
7.4
26.9
10.9

52.6
8.5
44.1
8.1
28.5
10.8

52.3
10.2
42.1
8.8
28.1
10.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job leavers............................................ .
Reentrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New entrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.4
0.6
2.3
1.2

3.7
0.6
2.2
0.8

3.8
0.6
2.3
1.1

4.6
0.6
2.1
0.8

4.2
0.6
2.1
0.8

4.1
0.6
2.0
0.8

4.1
0.6
2.0
0.8

3.9
0.6
2.1
0.8

3.9
0.7
2.1
0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Duration

June
2012

May
2013

June
2013

Seasonally adjusted
June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 weeks and over................................... .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3,627
2,546
7,010
1,793
5,217

2,710
2,141
6,451
2,084
4,366

3,569
2,592
6,086
1,841
4,245

2,825
2,826
7,149
1,813
5,336

2,667
2,782
6,493
1,695
4,797

2,464
2,838
6,348
1,737
4,611

2,474
2,848
6,320
1,967
4,353

2,706
2,669
6,306
1,950
4,357

2,692
2,864
6,225
1,896
4,328

Average (mean) duration, in weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Median duration, in weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

38.2
17.4

38.6
18.8

34.1
14.3

39.7
19.4

36.9
17.8

37.1
18.1

36.5
17.5

36.9
17.3

35.6
16.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 weeks and over................................... .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27.5
19.3
53.2
13.6
39.6

24.0
18.9
57.1
18.4
38.6

29.1
21.2
49.7
15.0
34.7

22.1
22.1
55.8
14.2
41.7

22.3
23.3
54.4
14.2
40.2

21.1
24.4
54.5
14.9
39.6

21.3
24.5
54.3
16.9
37.4

23.2
22.8
54.0
16.7
37.3

22.9
24.3
52.8
16.1
36.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employed
Occupation

Total, 16 years and over1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, professional, and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, business, and financial operations
occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service occupations................................................. .
Sales and office occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sales and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Office and administrative support occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
occupations........................................................ .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction and extraction occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............ .
Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations........................................................ .
Production occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and material moving occupations............. .

Unemployed

Unemployment
rates

June
2012

June
2013

June
2012

June
2013

June
2012

June
2013

143,202
53,846

144,841
54,323

13,184
2,472

12,248
2,358

8.4
4.4

7.8
4.2

23,068
30,778
26,476
32,642
15,322
17,320

23,019
31,304
26,769
33,224
15,765
17,459

921
1,551
2,634
2,887
1,397
1,490

843
1,515
2,732
2,444
1,124
1,321

3.8
4.8
9.0
8.1
8.4
7.9

3.5
4.6
9.3
6.9
6.7
7.0

12,978
1,144
7,020
4,815

13,532
1,069
7,480
4,983

1,447
132
1,046
269

1,327
92
937
298

10.0
10.3
13.0
5.3

8.9
7.9
11.1
5.6

17,259
8,419
8,840

16,993
8,087
8,906

1,883
871
1,012

1,613
772
841

9.8
9.4
10.3

8.7
8.7
8.6

1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted

Industry and class of worker

Total, 16 years and over1 ............................................................... .
Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction.................................... .
Construction.......................................................................... .
Manufacturing........................................................................ .
Durable goods..................................................................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale and retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ .
Professional and business services............................................... .
Education and health services..................................................... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers......................... .
Government workers................................................................... .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . .

Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)

Unemployment
rates

June
2012

June
2013

June
2012

June
2013

13,184
9,626
52
1,039
1,056
654
402
1,709
437
201
510
1,356
1,368
1,407
492
133
1,079
524

12,248
8,800
70
825
989
569
420
1,415
384
164
441
1,300
1,243
1,559
411
118
1,086
517

8.4
7.9
4.8
12.8
6.9
6.8
7.0
8.3
7.2
7.1
5.6
8.9
6.2
9.8
7.5
8.4
5.2
5.0

7.8
7.2
6.4
9.8
6.4
5.9
7.1
7.0
6.3
5.6
4.7
8.2
5.6
10.7
6.3
8.2
5.2
5.0

1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Not seasonally adjusted
Measure

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as
a percent of the civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-2 Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian
labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the
civilian labor force (official unemployment
rate). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers,
as a percent of the civilian labor force plus
discouraged workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers,
plus all other persons marginally attached to
the labor force, as a percent of the civilian
labor force plus all persons marginally attached
to the labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons
marginally attached to the labor force, plus
total employed part time for economic reasons,
as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all
persons marginally attached to the labor
force................................................. .

Seasonally adjusted

June
2012

May
2013

June
2013

June
2012

Feb.
2013

Mar.
2013

Apr.
2013

May
2013

June
2013

4.5

4.1

3.9

4.6

4.2

4.1

4.1

4.1

4.0

4.4

3.7

3.8

4.6

4.2

4.1

4.1

3.9

3.9

8.4

7.3

7.8

8.2

7.7

7.6

7.5

7.6

7.6

8.9

7.7

8.4

8.7

8.3

8.1

8.0

8.0

8.2

9.9

8.5

9.3

9.6

9.2

8.9

8.9

8.8

9.1

15.1

13.4

14.6

14.8

14.3

13.8

13.9

13.8

14.3

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are
available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a
job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for
full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Category

June
2012

Men
June
2013

June
2012

Women
June
2013

June
2012

June
2013

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE
Total not in the labor force............................................ .
Persons who currently want a job. . . . ............................. .
Marginally attached to the labor force1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Discouraged workers2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other persons marginally attached to the labor force3 . . . .

86,770
7,157
2,483
821
1,662

88,463
7,152
2,582
1,027
1,555

33,909
3,212
1,226
511
716

34,654
3,243
1,332
595
737

52,862
3,945
1,256
310
946

53,809
3,909
1,250
431
818

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of total employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary job full time, secondary job part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary and secondary jobs both part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary and secondary jobs both full time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hours vary on primary or secondary job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,707
4.7
3,489
1,812
259
1,114

6,990
4.8
3,727
1,808
246
1,156

3,293
4.3
1,898
640
163
579

3,640
4.7
2,197
679
135
603

3,414
5.1
1,590
1,173
96
535

3,350
5.0
1,530
1,128
111
554

1 Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week,
but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
2 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling
or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation
problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
4 Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Industry

Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seasonally adjusted

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

134,556
112,709
18,700

135,513
113,226
18,420

136,383
114,142
18,665

136,805
114,998
18,929

133,609
111,694
18,410

135,512
113,642
18,635

135,707
113,849
18,635

135,902
114,051
18,643

Change
from:
May2013 June2013p
195
202
8

Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil and gas extraction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining, except oil and gas1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coal mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Support activities for mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

864
51.1
813.3
189.6
228.5
88.1
395.2

857
47.7
809.0
192.1
220.6
84.1
396.3

868
49.6
818.2
193.1
226.4
85.7
398.7

877
51.7
825.6
194.5
229.8
86.7
401.3

853
51.1
801.9
186.8
221.6
87.2
393.5

866
51.2
814.5
192.6
223.6
84.3
398.3

866
51.3
814.3
192.8
222.3
85.1
399.2

867
51.4
815.1
192.1
223.4
85.9
399.6

1
0.1
0.8
-0.7
1.1
0.8
0.4

Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction of buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heavy and civil engineering construction. . . . . . .
Specialty trade contractors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential specialty trade contractors. . . . . . .
Nonresidential specialty trade contractors. . . .

5,820
1,261.5
588.4
673.1
910.3
3,648.3
1,529.1
2,119.2

5,648
1,230.4
567.0
663.4
857.1
3,560.4
1,502.9
2,057.5

5,837
1,260.0
585.8
674.2
913.7
3,662.9
1,557.1
2,105.8

6,003
1,291.0
602.8
688.2
944.3
3,767.2
1,610.1
2,157.1

5,622
1,232.8
571.8
661.0
862.0
3,527.6
1,470.5
2,057.1

5,792
1,263.0
584.1
678.9
886.7
3,642.3
1,539.4
2,102.9

5,799
1,261.5
584.8
676.7
892.7
3,644.6
1,542.5
2,102.1

5,812
1,262.3
584.9
677.4
898.3
3,651.8
1,547.6
2,104.2

13
0.8
0.1
0.7
5.6
7.2
5.1
2.1

Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12,016

11,915

11,960

12,049

11,935

11,977

11,970

11,964

-6

Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary metals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and electronic products1 . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and peripheral equipment. . . . . . .
Communications equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Semiconductors and electronic
components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic instruments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment and appliances. . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles and parts2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous durable goods
manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7,529
342.2
371.3
405.9
1,425.2
1,110.3
1,101.6
160.1
109.8

7,491
341.7
363.6
396.8
1,429.6
1,104.4
1,080.0
160.1
107.2

7,515
346.4
371.8
396.3
1,435.5
1,101.5
1,081.8
161.1
107.1

7,564
349.5
374.9
393.4
1,446.1
1,107.3
1,089.0
163.5
107.1

7,476
336.2
362.2
404.1
1,415.3
1,102.9
1,096.4
159.6
109.2

7,511
344.0
366.4
396.2
1,434.1
1,105.7
1,083.7
160.9
107.6

7,511
344.9
367.1
394.5
1,434.9
1,101.7
1,084.7
162.1
107.3

7,508
343.2
365.6
391.7
1,436.3
1,101.3
1,085.6
163.0
106.7

-3
-1.7
-1.5
-2.8
1.4
-0.4
0.9
0.9
-0.6

387.2
403.6
373.2
1,463.2
781.1
352.2

378.1
395.5
363.9
1,485.3
797.8
351.3

378.4
395.9
364.3
1,487.7
802.5
353.5

381.4
397.8
364.0
1,502.2
812.3
357.9

385.3
401.7
371.4
1,455.9
776.1
349.5

379.3
396.6
365.1
1,485.9
796.5
352.4

379.5
396.5
365.0
1,488.7
801.3
352.1

380.6
396.3
361.7
1,494.3
806.4
352.7

1.1
-0.2
-3.3
5.6
5.1
0.6

584.1

574.6

576.2

579.9

582.4

577.2

577.0

575.4

-1.6

Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile mills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile product mills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and paper products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support activities. . . . . . . .
Petroleum and coal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous nondurable goods
manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4,487
1,478.8
118.8
118.3
148.7
382.0
466.1
114.1
785.9
648.6

4,424
1,445.3
114.6
114.1
142.9
374.9
451.9
113.8
793.5
654.5

4,445
1,454.0
114.9
114.2
143.7
375.8
449.5
115.3
795.2
658.7

4,485
1,477.1
116.9
115.8
143.5
378.8
449.8
116.6
798.6
661.8

4,459
1,472.2
117.9
116.6
147.9
380.0
463.9
111.6
782.7
645.4

4,466
1,475.0
114.8
114.7
142.7
376.9
453.0
114.6
794.5
656.5

4,459
1,472.5
114.8
114.3
142.5
376.7
449.4
113.9
795.0
657.2

4,456
1,471.9
115.6
114.4
141.8
376.3
447.9
114.2
794.5
656.7

-3
-0.6
0.8
0.1
-0.7
-0.4
-1.5
0.3
-0.5
-0.5

225.5

218.7

223.2

226.5

221.1

222.9

223.0

222.3

-0.7

Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

94,009

94,806

95,477

96,069

93,284

95,007

95,214

95,408

194

Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

25,530

25,619

25,819

25,973

25,467

25,838

25,868

25,913

45

Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic markets and agents and brokers.. .

5,716.1
2,850.5
1,991.9
873.7

5,722.6
2,846.8
1,991.3
884.5

5,758.1
2,859.5
2,009.4
889.2

5,800.2
2,880.6
2,020.9
898.7

5,675.6
2,833.1
1,972.6
869.9

5,740.9
2,857.6
1,996.3
887.0

5,749.2
2,860.0
1,999.9
889.3

5,760.5
2,864.7
2,004.2
891.6

11.3
4.7
4.3
2.3

Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle and parts dealers1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automobile dealers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and home furnishings stores. . . . . . .

14,836.5
1,747.3
1,096.5
432.5

14,906.9
1,762.1
1,113.4
445.9

15,031.3
1,773.0
1,116.0
445.8

15,144.0
1,787.6
1,126.2
445.5

14,835.8
1,729.8
1,090.7
440.2

15,071.9
1,762.0
1,114.4
452.0

15,098.8
1,763.1
1,114.2
452.3

15,135.9
1,771.4
1,120.3
451.0

37.1
8.3
6.1
-1.3

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
— Continued
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted

Seasonally adjusted

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Change
from:
May2013 June2013p

Electronics and appliance stores. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building material and garden supply stores.. .
Food and beverage stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health and personal care stores. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline stations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clothing and clothing accessories stores. . . . .
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music
stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General merchandise stores1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Department stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous store retailers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonstore retailers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

502.7
1,228.4
2,877.1
994.9
851.8
1,362.1

496.1
1,221.7
2,874.2
1,025.0
844.3
1,379.2

496.3
1,254.0
2,906.2
1,024.8
856.3
1,389.8

496.8
1,249.7
2,936.7
1,025.2
869.2
1,411.6

509.1
1,169.4
2,854.8
996.0
842.0
1,391.4

502.6
1,179.9
2,901.2
1,030.3
850.7
1,432.8

504.8
1,181.4
2,906.3
1,027.5
855.2
1,441.5

505.5
1,189.9
2,913.6
1,024.5
856.0
1,449.6

0.7
8.5
7.3
-3.0
0.8
8.1

574.5
3,032.9
1,453.8
800.1
432.2

560.4
3,070.1
1,456.6
795.3
432.6

563.7
3,077.1
1,453.2
810.1
434.2

568.9
3,093.7
1,458.1
822.0
437.1

588.4
3,074.5
1,492.9
795.4
444.8

579.2
3,122.6
1,494.7
811.4
447.2

578.7
3,128.3
1,494.6
812.7
447.0

580.2
3,128.2
1,494.7
817.8
448.2

1.5
-0.1
0.1
5.1
1.2

Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transit and ground passenger
transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pipeline transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scenic and sightseeing transportation. . . . . . . .
Support activities for transportation. . . . . . . . . . .
Couriers and messengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warehousing and storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4,419.0
464.8
232.0
63.9
1,368.0

4,433.7
446.2
231.5
62.2
1,368.9

4,471.5
448.4
232.2
62.9
1,385.7

4,464.8
450.7
232.2
63.8
1,395.0

4,400.2
460.7
230.7
62.6
1,349.4

4,468.7
447.2
231.2
63.3
1,385.6

4,461.9
447.2
231.2
62.6
1,383.2

4,456.8
446.4
231.4
62.5
1,379.7

-5.1
-0.8
0.2
-0.1
-3.5

432.2
44.1
34.1
580.6
523.3
676.0

485.1
44.1
23.6
583.1
510.3
678.7

487.0
45.3
28.2
584.0
518.4
679.4

457.3
45.9
32.2
588.4
518.1
681.2

437.4
44.0
27.4
578.2
529.3
680.5

470.1
44.5
26.1
584.2
529.6
686.9

468.6
45.3
26.2
584.0
529.3
684.3

462.9
45.5
25.8
587.2
528.5
686.9

-5.7
0.2
-0.4
3.2
-0.8
2.6

Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

558.5

555.7

558.4

563.5

555.3

556.9

558.0

559.3

1.3

Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Publishing industries, except Internet. . . . . . . . . . .
Motion picture and sound recording
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Broadcasting, except Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telecommunications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data processing, hosting and related
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other information services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,687
737.9

2,689
727.6

2,706
725.6

2,696
727.1

2,675
737.9

2,692
729.7

2,693
728.7

2,688
727.2

-5
-1.5

381.6
286.9
855.6

388.6
286.7
855.1

407.9
284.0
854.5

390.3
284.6
857.8

371.5
286.2
857.0

389.6
286.0
856.0

390.9
284.8
856.7

384.4
284.8
857.4

-6.5
0.0
0.7

251.1
173.8

252.1
178.6

253.3
180.4

253.5
182.5

250.0
172.1

250.7
179.8

250.9
181.2

252.7
181.1

1.8
-0.1

Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finance and insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monetary authorities - central bank. . . . . . . . . . .
Credit intermediation and related
activities1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Depository credit intermediation1 . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial banking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities, commodity contracts,
investments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insurance carriers and related activities. . . . . .
Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles. . .
Real estate and rental and leasing. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Real estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rental and leasing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets. . . . .

7,833
5,842.8
17.1

7,843
5,878.5
16.6

7,874
5,881.4
16.7

7,947
5,918.4
16.9

7,788
5,830.6
17.1

7,873
5,892.6
16.8

7,879
5,894.1
16.8

7,896
5,906.7
16.9

17
12.6
0.1

2,577.3
1,739.8
1,318.9

2,606.6
1,734.0
1,306.2

2,605.0
1,731.9
1,302.3

2,620.2
1,740.6
1,307.4

2,573.8
1,736.7
1,316.8

2,612.6
1,737.9
1,308.5

2,611.4
1,736.0
1,305.6

2,617.6
1,737.1
1,305.3

6.2
1.1
-0.3

817.5
2,343.5
87.4
1,990.4
1,436.5
529.7
24.2

826.4
2,342.7
86.2
1,964.8
1,427.5
514.5
22.8

826.8
2,346.9
86.0
1,992.3
1,443.5
525.9
22.9

833.7
2,359.3
88.3
2,028.2
1,466.7
538.0
23.5

815.4
2,337.2
87.1
1,957.0
1,418.7
514.0
24.3

828.3
2,348.1
86.8
1,979.9
1,435.3
521.6
23.0

830.2
2,349.0
86.7
1,984.8
1,440.3
521.3
23.2

829.2
2,355.0
88.0
1,989.7
1,444.7
521.5
23.5

-1.0
6.0
1.3
4.9
4.4
0.2
0.3

18,062
7,862.6
1,133.7
849.4
1,336.8

18,389
8,159.1
1,125.8
1,039.9
1,336.9

18,491
8,052.3
1,125.5
896.6
1,352.1

18,641
8,081.6
1,134.4
873.0
1,367.9

17,913
7,884.5
1,121.9
910.9
1,321.9

18,419
8,085.8
1,129.0
936.0
1,347.8

18,484
8,101.5
1,126.1
937.9
1,353.1

18,537
8,111.3
1,122.9
936.5
1,356.1

53
9.8
-3.2
-1.4
3.0

1,615.9

1,676.7

1,683.9

1,689.9

1,617.7

1,680.9

1,687.0

1,694.3

7.3

1,121.2
2,020.5
8,178.6

1,169.8
2,024.8
8,205.3

1,177.4
2,037.7
8,400.6

1,190.1
2,058.3
8,501.3

1,119.4
2,008.1
8,020.5

1,175.1
2,035.9
8,297.2

1,179.0
2,041.3
8,341.2

1,187.4
2,046.0
8,379.7

8.4
4.7
38.5

Industry

Retail trade - Continued

Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and technical services1 . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accounting and bookkeeping services. . . . . . .
Architectural and engineering services. . . . . . .
Computer systems design and related
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management and technical consulting
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management of companies and enterprises. . . .
Administrative and waste services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
— Continued
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted

Seasonally adjusted

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Change
from:
May2013 June2013p

Administrative and support services1 . . . . . . . .
Employment services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temporary help services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business support services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services to buildings and dwellings. . . . . . . .
Waste management and remediation
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7,798.6
3,180.1
2,538.0
813.9
1,941.7

7,831.9
3,246.2
2,587.7
836.2
1,860.4

8,021.5
3,331.5
2,664.2
838.0
1,948.5

8,114.7
3,370.1
2,689.2
833.6
1,993.0

7,646.8
3,143.2
2,514.3
826.2
1,826.6

7,919.5
3,318.7
2,648.6
841.5
1,863.0

7,962.5
3,344.7
2,672.2
845.8
1,870.5

7,998.4
3,363.3
2,681.7
846.3
1,881.3

35.9
18.6
9.5
0.5
10.8

380.0

373.4

379.1

386.6

373.7

377.7

378.7

381.3

2.6

Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Educational services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care and social assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ambulatory health care services1 . . . . . . . . .
Offices of physicians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outpatient care centers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home health care services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hospitals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nursing and residential care facilities1 . . . .
Nursing care facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Social assistance1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child day care services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20,088
3,134.6
16,953.6
14,304.1
6,310.5
2,389.4
650.4
1,194.3
4,788.8
3,204.8
1,670.4
2,649.5
829.2

20,810
3,527.8
17,281.7
14,522.2
6,482.7
2,423.6
682.2
1,269.4
4,831.3
3,208.2
1,660.1
2,759.5
881.5

20,710
3,410.9
17,299.2
14,537.1
6,500.0
2,426.5
686.5
1,276.9
4,821.4
3,215.7
1,660.6
2,762.1
880.6

20,448
3,150.5
17,297.2
14,579.9
6,518.6
2,430.5
689.3
1,283.0
4,833.8
3,227.5
1,663.8
2,717.3
830.8

20,296
3,348.0
16,947.8
14,284.2
6,308.0
2,389.9
650.2
1,194.7
4,782.2
3,194.0
1,665.5
2,663.6
851.6

20,626
3,358.9
17,266.9
14,537.3
6,486.7
2,430.2
681.5
1,267.4
4,838.1
3,212.5
1,662.7
2,729.6
857.6

20,649
3,369.0
17,279.6
14,548.3
6,501.5
2,433.1
685.4
1,274.7
4,830.2
3,216.6
1,660.8
2,731.3
854.8

20,662
3,358.4
17,303.1
14,568.1
6,514.1
2,433.3
688.6
1,281.5
4,834.7
3,219.3
1,660.2
2,735.0
854.4

13
-10.6
23.5
19.8
12.6
0.2
3.2
6.8
4.5
2.7
-0.6
3.7
-0.4

Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arts, entertainment, and recreation. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performing arts and spectator sports. . . . . . . . .
Museums, historical sites, and similar
institutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Amusements, gambling, and recreation. . . . . .
Accommodation and food services. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accommodation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food services and drinking places. . . . . . . . . . .

14,311
2,211.1
419.2

13,990
1,961.3
442.2

14,370
2,095.8
447.9

14,816
2,301.0
451.0

13,716
1,958.5
399.7

14,086
2,011.1
430.5

14,155
2,028.9
427.6

14,230
2,046.3
428.7

75
17.4
1.1

148.5
1,643.4
12,099.8
1,916.8
10,183.0

135.4
1,383.7
12,028.2
1,785.8
10,242.4

141.8
1,506.1
12,273.7
1,837.6
10,436.1

145.5
1,704.5
12,514.7
1,939.1
10,575.6

135.1
1,423.7
11,757.5
1,818.6
9,938.9

137.5
1,443.1
12,075.0
1,834.8
10,240.2

136.5
1,464.8
12,126.4
1,838.3
10,288.1

133.9
1,483.7
12,183.8
1,844.0
10,339.8

-2.6
18.9
57.4
5.7
51.7

Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal and laundry services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Membership associations and organizations. . . .

5,498
1,199.3
1,325.0
2,973.8

5,466
1,200.8
1,331.5
2,933.2

5,507
1,207.0
1,347.2
2,952.7

5,548
1,202.9
1,354.1
2,990.5

5,429
1,186.6
1,308.6
2,933.9

5,473
1,197.5
1,329.5
2,945.9

5,486
1,200.9
1,333.6
2,951.8

5,482
1,194.6
1,337.0
2,950.0

-4
-6.3
3.4
-1.8

Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal, except U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government, excluding education. . . . . . . . . . .
Local government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local government education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local government, excluding education. . . . . . . . . . .

21,847
2,833.0
2,222.6
610.6
4,820.0
2,128.2
2,692.2
14,194.0
7,738.0
6,455.7

22,287
2,777.0
2,169.0
607.9
5,202.0
2,549.0
2,652.9
14,308.0
8,110.6
6,197.7

22,241
2,757.0
2,168.3
589.0
5,066.0
2,406.0
2,660.0
14,418.0
8,140.6
6,277.4

21,807
2,766.0
2,177.1
589.1
4,786.0
2,118.9
2,666.8
14,255.0
7,776.6
6,478.8

21,915
2,818.0
2,205.3
613.0
5,050.0
2,380.2
2,669.7
14,047.0
7,764.6
6,281.9

21,870
2,775.0
2,174.0
600.5
5,043.0
2,390.7
2,652.3
14,052.0
7,768.9
6,283.3

21,858
2,758.0
2,165.7
592.5
5,032.0
2,382.1
2,649.5
14,068.0
7,775.3
6,292.2

21,851
2,753.0
2,160.7
592.4
5,017.0
2,373.1
2,643.7
14,081.0
7,773.9
6,307.2

-7
-5.0
-5.0
-0.1
-15.0
-9.0
-5.8
13.0
-1.4
15.0

Industry

Administrative and waste services - Continued

1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted
June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private............................................................................. .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................................. .
Nondurable goods.............................................................. .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade...................................................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities........................................................................... .
Information......................................................................... .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services..................................................................... .

34.4
40.1
44.0
38.5
40.6
41.0
40.1
33.3
34.6
38.7
31.6
38.3
41.6
36.6
37.1
35.9
32.9
26.1
31.6

34.5
40.3
43.2
39.0
40.7
41.1
40.0
33.3
34.5
38.7
31.4
38.6
42.2
36.6
37.2
36.0
32.9
26.1
31.6

34.5
40.4
43.8
39.2
40.8
41.1
40.3
33.4
34.6
38.7
31.5
38.6
42.3
36.6
37.3
36.1
32.9
26.1
31.7

34.5
40.5
44.4
39.0
40.9
41.2
40.4
33.4
34.5
38.8
31.4
38.5
42.6
37.0
37.4
36.1
33.0
26.1
31.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing........................................................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods................................................................... .

3.2
3.2
3.2

3.4
3.4
3.5

3.3
3.3
3.4

3.3
3.3
3.4

Industry

p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted
Average hourly earnings

Average weekly earnings

Industry

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Total private................................................ .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade......................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities.............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Information............................................ .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services........................................ .

$23.50
24.69
28.70
25.74
23.92
25.28
21.58
23.21
20.50
26.82
16.33
21.99
33.99
31.78
29.12
28.05
24.21
13.38
20.78

$23.89
25.02
29.06
26.08
24.21
25.62
21.79
23.62
20.89
27.62
16.59
22.13
34.74
32.78
30.10
28.44
24.52
13.43
21.15

$23.91
25.09
29.53
26.09
24.29
25.72
21.83
23.63
20.89
27.59
16.58
22.17
35.26
32.64
30.08
28.44
24.55
13.44
21.22

$24.01
25.22
29.81
26.17
24.41
25.85
21.94
23.73
20.97
27.74
16.64
22.19
35.18
32.94
30.28
28.53
24.65
13.46
21.29

p Preliminary

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

$ 808.40 $ 824.21 $ 824.90 $ 828.35
990.07 1,008.31 1,013.64 1,021.41
1,262.80 1,255.39 1,293.41 1,323.56
990.99 1,017.12 1,022.73 1,020.63
971.15
985.35
991.03
998.37
1,036.48 1,052.98 1,057.09 1,065.02
865.36
871.60
879.75
886.38
772.89
786.55
789.24
792.58
709.30
720.71
722.79
723.47
1,037.93 1,068.89 1,067.73 1,076.31
516.03
520.93
522.27
522.50
842.22
854.22
855.76
854.32
1,413.98 1,466.03 1,491.50 1,498.67
1,163.15 1,199.75 1,194.62 1,218.78
1,080.35 1,119.72 1,121.98 1,132.47
1,007.00 1,023.84 1,026.68 1,029.93
796.51
806.71
807.70
813.45
349.22
350.52
350.78
351.31
656.65
668.34
672.67
670.64

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by
industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Index of aggregate weekly hours1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls2

Industry

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Percent
change
from:
May
2013 June
2013p

Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction................................. .
Manufacturing............................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade.......................... .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services...... .
Education and health services. . . . ........ .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

96.2
84.1
117.9
74.6
87.2
86.3
89.2
99.7
95.8
95.8
95.2
96.5
99.9
89.4
94.6
101.1
108.7
102.1
95.1

98.2
85.6
117.6
77.9
87.7
86.9
89.1
101.6
96.9
96.9
96.1
98.7
101.7
90.0
95.9
104.3
110.5
104.9
95.8

98.4
85.8
119.2
78.4
87.9
86.9
89.7
102.1
97.3
97.1
96.6
98.6
102.1
90.0
96.2
104.9
110.6
105.4
96.4

98.6
86.0
121.0
78.1
88.0
87.1
89.8
102.3
97.2
97.5
96.5
98.2
103.1
90.8
96.7
105.2
111.0
106.0
95.7

0.2
0.2
1.5
-0.4
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
-0.1
0.4
-0.1
-0.4
1.0
0.9
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.6
-0.7

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Percent
change
from:
May
2013 June
2013p

107.9
93.9
135.9
83.4
97.0
96.9
97.7
112.1
105.7
107.3
102.8
107.6
112.2
101.2
107.5
114.9
123.3
110.3
112.1

111.9
96.8
137.2
88.2
98.7
98.9
98.6
116.2
109.0
111.7
105.4
110.9
116.7
105.0
112.6
120.2
126.9
113.7
115.0

112.2
97.3
141.3
88.8
99.2
99.3
99.3
116.8
109.4
111.8
105.9
110.9
119.0
104.6
112.9
120.9
127.2
114.3
116.0

112.9
98.1
144.8
88.8
99.9
100.0
100.0
117.6
109.7
112.9
106.2
110.6
119.8
106.5
114.2
121.7
128.2
115.1
115.6

0.6
0.8
2.5
0.0
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.3
1.0
0.3
-0.3
0.7
1.8
1.2
0.7
0.8
0.7
-0.3

1 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual
average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
2 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding
2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly
hours, and employment.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Women employees (in thousands)

Percent of all employees

Industry

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Total nonfarm.............. . . . . . . . . . . . ..................... .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing..................................... .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing...................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities................................. .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality............................ .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

65,943
53,476
4,098
113
722
3,263
1,733
1,530
49,378
10,259
1,709.8
7,394.2
1,017.1
138.0
1,080
4,523
7,924
15,565
7,175
2,852
12,467

66,882
54,402
4,104
118
739
3,247
1,733
1,514
50,298
10,484
1,703.6
7,597.3
1,045.4
137.6
1,067
4,545
8,173
15,827
7,328
2,874
12,480

66,980
54,507
4,106
118
742
3,246
1,733
1,513
50,401
10,503
1,705.0
7,612.3
1,047.7
138.3
1,070
4,542
8,212
15,841
7,354
2,879
12,473

67,093
54,623
4,102
116
744
3,242
1,730
1,512
50,521
10,528
1,707.1
7,634.4
1,048.1
138.2
1,066
4,545
8,244
15,859
7,398
2,881
12,470

49.4
47.9
22.3
13.2
12.8
27.3
23.2
34.3
52.9
40.3
30.1
49.8
23.1
24.9
40.4
58.1
44.2
76.7
52.3
52.5
56.9

49.4
47.9
22.0
13.6
12.8
27.1
23.1
33.9
52.9
40.6
29.7
50.4
23.4
24.7
39.6
57.7
44.4
76.7
52.0
52.5
57.1

49.4
47.9
22.0
13.6
12.8
27.1
23.1
33.9
52.9
40.6
29.7
50.4
23.5
24.8
39.7
57.6
44.4
76.7
52.0
52.5
57.1

49.4
47.9
22.0
13.4
12.8
27.1
23.0
33.9
53.0
40.6
29.6
50.4
23.5
24.7
39.7
57.6
44.5
76.8
52.0
52.6
57.1

p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted1
[In thousands]
Industry

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing........ . . . . . . . . . . ..................................................... .
Mining and logging.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction.......................................................................... .
Manufacturing........................................................................ .
Durable goods..................................................................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities................................................. .
Wholesale trade................................................................... .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing................................................ .
Utilities.............................................................................. .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ .
Professional and business services............................................... .
Education and health services..................................................... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

92,273
13,272
647
4,217
8,408
5,156
3,252
79,001
21,611
4,565.8
12,796.0
3,807.0
442.1
2,163
5,990
14,789
17,803
12,104
4,541

93,836
13,408
639
4,376
8,393
5,156
3,237
80,428
21,857
4,622.8
12,927.1
3,857.9
448.8
2,182
6,063
15,235
18,080
12,440
4,571

94,000
13,392
636
4,379
8,377
5,150
3,227
80,608
21,877
4,631.2
12,943.1
3,852.6
450.0
2,184
6,062
15,300
18,101
12,507
4,577

94,170
13,380
633
4,387
8,360
5,137
3,223
80,790
21,913
4,640.5
12,971.4
3,850.1
450.7
2,178
6,076
15,349
18,117
12,579
4,578

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private............................................................................. .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................................. .
Nondurable goods.............................................................. .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade...................................................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities........................................................................... .
Information......................................................................... .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services..................................................................... .

33.7
41.1
46.6
39.1
41.6
42.1
40.9
32.5
33.8
38.7
30.5
38.0
41.0
36.0
36.6
35.2
32.4
25.0
30.6

33.7
41.3
45.5
39.7
41.8
42.1
41.2
32.4
33.6
38.6
30.0
38.6
41.9
35.8
36.7
35.3
32.3
25.0
30.7

33.7
41.3
45.9
39.7
41.8
42.1
41.3
32.5
33.8
38.8
30.3
38.5
42.1
35.8
36.7
35.3
32.3
25.0
30.7

33.7
41.2
45.8
39.5
41.8
42.1
41.3
32.5
33.7
38.8
30.1
38.5
42.1
36.1
36.9
35.3
32.3
25.1
30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing........................................................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods................................................................... .

4.2
4.4
3.9

4.3
4.3
4.3

4.2
4.2
4.3

4.3
4.3
4.3

Industry

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
Average hourly earnings

Average weekly earnings

Industry

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Total private................................................ .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade......................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities.............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Information............................................ .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services........................................ .

$19.75
20.93
25.81
23.95
19.08
20.19
17.28
19.50
17.47
22.22
13.88
19.59
31.63
26.85
22.75
23.19
21.10
11.63
17.57

$20.07
21.21
26.65
24.29
19.23
20.26
17.54
19.83
17.62
22.49
13.92
19.58
32.04
27.84
23.81
23.59
21.35
11.74
17.83

$20.09
21.25
27.16
24.28
19.25
20.30
17.55
19.84
17.62
22.59
13.90
19.62
31.99
27.63
23.90
23.61
21.38
11.75
17.83

$20.14
21.25
27.06
24.27
19.26
20.34
17.52
19.91
17.69
22.64
13.96
19.65
32.12
27.87
23.98
23.71
21.44
11.75
17.87

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

$ 665.58 $ 676.36 $ 677.03 $ 678.72
860.22
875.97
877.63
875.50
1,202.75 1,212.58 1,246.64 1,239.35
936.45
964.31
963.92
958.67
793.73
803.81
804.65
805.07
850.00
852.95
854.63
856.31
706.75
722.65
724.82
723.58
633.75
642.49
644.80
647.08
590.49
592.03
595.56
596.15
859.91
868.11
876.49
878.43
423.34
417.60
421.17
420.20
744.42
755.79
755.37
756.53
1,296.83 1,342.48 1,346.78 1,352.25
966.60
996.67
989.15 1,006.11
832.65
873.83
877.13
884.86
816.29
832.73
833.43
836.96
683.64
689.61
690.57
692.51
290.75
293.50
293.75
294.93
537.64
547.38
547.38
550.40

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on
private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
[2002=100]
Index of aggregate weekly hours2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls3

Industry

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Percent
change
from:
May
2013 June
2013p

Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction................................. .
Manufacturing............................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade.......................... .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services...... .
Education and health services. . . . ........ .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

103.8
83.4
160.2
82.6
80.3
81.6
78.4
109.6
101.8
104.1
98.8
108.9
92.7
88.9
103.2
116.7
124.4
110.8
97.5

105.5
84.6
154.5
87.0
80.5
81.6
78.6
111.2
102.4
105.1
98.2
112.1
96.2
89.2
104.7
120.5
126.0
113.9
98.4

105.7
84.5
155.1
87.0
80.4
81.5
78.5
111.8
103.1
105.8
99.3
111.7
96.9
89.2
104.7
121.0
126.1
114.5
98.5

105.9
84.2
154.1
86.8
80.2
81.3
78.4
112.1
102.9
106.0
98.8
111.6
97.0
89.7
105.5
121.4
126.2
115.7
98.9

0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.1
0.3
-0.2
0.2
-0.5
-0.1
0.1
0.6
0.8
0.3
0.1
1.0
0.4

June
2012

Apr.
2013

May
2013p

June
2013p

Percent
change
from:
May
2013 June
2013p

136.9
106.8
240.5
106.8
100.2
102.8
95.7
146.4
126.9
136.2
117.5
135.3
122.4
118.1
144.5
161.0
172.6
146.4
124.8

141.5
109.9
239.5
114.1
101.3
103.2
97.4
151.1
128.7
139.2
117.1
139.2
128.6
122.9
153.4
169.2
176.8
151.9
127.9

141.9
110.0
245.0
114.1
101.2
103.2
97.4
152.0
129.6
140.8
118.3
139.0
129.4
122.1
154.0
170.1
177.3
152.8
128.0

142.5
109.6
242.5
113.7
101.0
103.2
97.1
152.9
129.9
141.4
118.2
139.1
130.1
123.8
155.7
171.3
177.9
154.3
128.8

0.4
-0.4
-1.0
-0.4
-0.2
0.0
-0.3
0.6
0.2
0.4
-0.1
0.1
0.5
1.4
1.1
0.7
0.3
1.0
0.6

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
2 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual
average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
3 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding
2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly
hours, and employment.
p Preliminary

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