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PIERS Proceedings, Suzhou, China, September 12–16, 2011

Calculation and Analysis of the Coupling Eﬀects of High Voltage Transmission Lines in Joint-use Corridors Shared by Multi-systems

Jun Zhu, Xiaobin Cao, Zihui Zhao, Li Chen, and Guangning Wu School of Electrical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, China

**Abstract— Electromagnetic coupling eﬀects among transmission lines threaten the stability
**

and reliability of each system, which the corridor is shared by. This paper investigates the eﬀects of various parameters on the electromagnetic interference among transmission lines in detail. The inﬂuencing factors include erection parameters, soil parameters and operation parameters of power system. A multi-conductor transmission line model is established to calculate the coupling eﬀects of transmission lines with EMTP. The model consists of 500 kV double-circuit AC transmission lines and 1000 kV one-circuit AC transmission lines. And then, the eﬀects of various parameters on the generated interferences are analyzed, when 1000 kV AC transmission lines are de-energized. The general rules of induction components among transmission lines changing with diﬀerent parameters are obtained. This paper provides an insight on how to make the safe distance of transmission lines in the corridors. 1. INTRODUCTION

With the rapid development of economy and society, joint-use corridors shared by multi-system have the characteristic of saving land, which is occupied by power, communication, transportation and energy transport systems. Meanwhile, in order to meet energy demand, UHV transmission lines are gradually put into use. This leads to the load current and fault current of transmission lines increased signiﬁcantly, and exacerbates the electromagnetic coupling eﬀects among transmission lines in joint-use corridors. So the electromagnetic interference threatens the stability and reliability of each system in the corridors. In order to ensure each system operating safely in the corridors, many countries have started research and have developed regulations and standards [1, 2]. Researchers mainly study on the coupling eﬀects among parallel transmission lines. The generation mechanism of electromagnetic induction components between two parallel conductors was analyzed in [3] and [4]. These papers described a method of calculating the transverse voltage caused by electric ﬁeld induction based on charge equivalent method. The electromagnetic interference among parallel transmission lines was analyzed in [5] and [6]. These papers pointed out that the induced longitudinal EMF increases with the parallel length in approximate direct proportion. But, all the research above is not concerning the electromagnetic interference among multi-circuit lines. Transmission lines in the corridor are close to each other, so the electromagnetic interference level is more serious. This threatens reliable operation of each system and the safety of line maintenance. It is necessary to study on the electromagnetic induction among lines in the corridors, and analyze the general rules of induction components changing with diﬀerent parameters.

2. SYSTEM SITUATION AND SIMULATION MODEL

This paper mainly studies on the general rules of induction components among lines changing with diﬀerent parameters, so there is no need to correspond with the actual lines. Typical erection situation and line parameters are conﬁrmed from relevant articles. Then, a parallel transmission lines system has been set up, as shown in Fig. 1(a). The total length of transmission lines in parallel is l (km), and the separation distance between 500 kV and 1000 kV ac transmission lines is d (m). A cross section of the joint-use corridor is shown in Fig. 1(b), and various parameters of transmission lines in the common corridor were given by [6] and [7] in detail. This paper adopts nine-phase line to simulate 500 kV double-circuit ac transmission lines on the same tower in parallel with 1000 kV one-circuit ac transmission lines with EMTP.

6.5 m. The parallel transmission line system described in Section 2 is taken as an example to analyze. separeted distance from 40 m to 190 m. and separeted distance from 40 m to 190 m. and current from 400 A to 3000 A in every phase. 4. China. h = 38. the longitudinal EMF and induced current are generated in every phase of UHV transmission lines due to magnetic-ﬁeld induction. 3. 3. soil resistivity and current in energized lines are respectively shown in Figs. the transverse voltage is generated in every phase of UHV transmission lines due to electric-ﬁeld induction. 5. Suzhou. 4. 12–16. ρ = 100 Ω· m). ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION COMPONENT ON 1000 KV DE-ENERGIZED LINES 3. (a) Parallel transmission lines system. All the calculation results are the induced interferences on the A phase conductor of 1000 kV lines with neighboring 500 kV ac lines in the steady state. (b) Cross section of parallel transmission lines system. Figure 3: Relation between transverse voltage and separation distance (l = 60 km. h = 38. . 2011 1499 500 kV AC TL d 1000 kV AC TL l (a) (b) Figure 1: 500 kV double-circuit ac TL on the same tower in parallel with 1000 kV one-circuit ac TL. Figure 2: Relation between transverse voltage and length of parallel lines (d = 40 m. and 7. The rules of longitudinal EMF and induced current changing with parallel length. The length of parallel lines is varying from 20 m to 140 m.5 m. Transverse Voltage Due to Electric-ﬁeld Induction When 1000 kV ac transmission lines are de-energized and insulated against ground. soil resistivity from 10 Ω· m to 105 Ω· m. 2 and 3. Longitudinal EMF and Induced Current Due to Magnetic-ﬁeld Induction When 1000 kV ac transmission lines are de-energized and grounded at a single terminal or at two terminals. The rules of transverse voltage changing with length of parallel lines and separate distance are respectively shown in Figs.2. ρ = 100 Ω· m).Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Proceedings. Parallel length is varying from 20 m to 140 m. separation distance. Sept. DISCUSSION The eﬀects of various parameters on the generated electromagnetic interference are discussed in this section.1.

I = 1000 A).5 m. h = 38. Suzhou. ρ = 100 Ω· m. I = 1000 A). (d = 40 m. I = 1000 A). d = 40 m. Figure 5: Relation between Longitudinal EMF/induced current and separation distance. h = 38. September 12–16.5 m. (l = 60 km. 2011 Figure 4: Relation between longitudinal EMF/induced current and length of parallel lines. ρ = 100 Ω· m.1500 PIERS Proceedings. China.5 m. Figure 6: Relation between longitudinal EMF/induced current and soil resistivity. h = 38. (l = 60 km. .

Length of Parallel Lines 1501 Relation between electromagnetic induction components and length of parallel lines is shown in Figs.3 0.94 0.1 60 10.088 1. 2 and 4. Separation Distance (m) Transverse Voltage (kV) Longitudinal EMF (kV) Induced Current (A) 40 30.9 50 961. 2011 4.7 5 × 102 929. (l = 60 km.8 5 × 103 897.0 2 × 102 942. 3 and 5.Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Proceedings.1 102 951.12 180 1.3 20 973.8 2 × 103 910.38 160 1.4 80 954. Suzhou.9 80 5. 12–16. When the distance is larger than 80 m.7 43.11 3.11 100 3.2 39. When the de-energized lines are grounded at two terminals. h = 38. all components are small and decrease slowly with the increase of separation distance. China.95 42.8 5 × 104 865.0 40.14 5. Sept.2. Soil Resistivity (Ω· m) Longitudinal EMF (V) Induced Current (A) Soil Resistivity (Ω· m) Longitudinal EMF (V) Induced Current (A) 10 983. while the longitudinal EMF increases with the parallel length and do not present direct proportion.94 Table 2: Eﬀects of soil resistivity upon the electromagnetic induction components on the A phase conductor.71 0.3 8 × 103 890.1 2.5 2 × 104 877. 4. 1.26 10.17 0. all components are very large and decrease rapidly with the increase of separation distance.5 38.9 38.6 0.1 41.76 140 1.7 42.8 39.46 120 2. d = 40 m.4 8 × 104 858.1 104 887.7 103 919. the current amplitude is very large.63 0. ρ = 100 Ω· m).63 0. when the de-energized lines are maintained. it is important to take measures to reduce the current amplitude in the grounding loop.4 8 × 102 923.7 39. The eﬀects of separation distance upon the electromagnetic induction components on the A phase conductor are shown in Tab. Figure 7: Relation between longitudinal EMF/induced current and current in 500 kV TL.6 42.5 40.5 m. With the increase of separation distance. the separation distance is suggested to be larger than 80 m in the parallel transmission line system.093 2. all the components above decrease and do not present direct proportion.1 38.098 2. In this paper.1. The transverse voltage does not vary with the parallel length markedly. So transmission lines in the corridors should keep a certain distance. When the distance is smaller than 80 m.9 44. So.4 39. Separation Distance Relation between the electromagnetic induction components and separation distance is shown in Figs.49 0. Table 1: Eﬀects of separation distance upon the electromagnetic induction components on A phase conductor.9 40.1 42.2 .

While the variation range of soil resistivity is in the same order of magnitude. ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Professor Guangning Wu in Southwest Jiaotong University for kindly comments and suggestions. 2009DFA72230). CONCLUSION In this paper. The transverse voltage does not vary with the parallel length markedly. 9. 4. M. It is because that the mutual impedances between transmission lines change with soil resistivity. D. This research was supported by the International Cooperation Ministry of Science and Technology PRC (Grant No. Vukonich. Thus. the following conclusions can be drawn. Suzhou. While the variation range exceeds one order of magnitude. F. Vol.3. CIGRE. on Power Delivery. 5. P. the complex depth changes slightly. Oct. China. the longitudinal EMFs and induced currents in each phase of 1000 kV ac transmission lines present diﬀerent trends. When the distance is larger than 80 m. With the increase of soil resistivity. and W. While the variation range exceeds one order of magnitude. and are slightly aﬀected by it. and K. The eﬀects of soil resistivity upon the electromagnetic induction components on the A phase conductor are shown in Tab. the separation distance is suggested to larger than 80 m in the parallel transmission line system of this paper. Operation and Live-Line Maintenance. Therefore. 4. R. The induced longitudinal EMF and induced current increased with current of energized lines in approximate direct proportion. Thus. While the variation range of soil resistivity is in the same order of magnitude. while the longitudinal EMF increases with the parallel length and do not present direct proportion. 2. 1994. the mutual impedance changes greatly. the complex depth changes in several orders of magnitude. 1. The induced current is very large and essentially constant with parallel length. the electromagnetic coupling eﬀects of HV transmission lines in the corridors have been studies with a computing model established in EMTP.” IEEE 11th International Conference on Transmission & Distribution Construction. With the increase of soil resistivity. While the variation range of soil resistivity is in the same order of magnitude. Southey. 2. “Guide on the inﬂuence of high voltage AC power systems on metallic pipelines. the induction components change slightly. The formulas of the mutual impedance and the complex depth are shown in [5].1502 PIERS Proceedings. “Induced voltage in parallel transmission lines caused by electric ﬁeld induction. all components are small and decrease slowly with the increase of separation distance. 3. 2006. Dawalibi. leading to the induction components changing slightly. All the induction components decrease and do not present direct proportion with separation distance increased. 15–19. REFERENCES 1. 7. “Recent advances in the mitigation of ac voltages occurring in pipelines located close to electric transmission lines. Horton. . 1090–1097. September 12–16. No. The induced longitudinal EMF and induced current increased with current of 500kV lines in approximate direct proportion. the induction components are changed obviously.4. leading to the induction components changing obviously. even reaching several orders of magnitude. It is obviously obtained that the complex depth of earth return current circuit is very large in power frequency.” IEEE Trans. 2. and are slightly aﬀected by it. 2011 4. 2.. 5. R. 6. the induction components are changed obviously. the induction components change slightly. Halpin. Soil Resistivity Relation between the induced longitudinal EMF/current and soil resistivity is shown in Fig. While the variation range of soil resistivity exceeds one order of magnitude. It is important to take measures to reduce the current amplitude in the grounding loop when de-energized lines are maintained.. Current in Energized Lines Relation between the induced longitudinal EMF/current and current in energized lines is shown in Fig. the longitudinal EMFs and induced currents in each phase of 1000 kV ac transmission lines present diﬀerent trends. the mutual impedance is essentially constant. From the calculation results. Wallace. 3.” 1995.

Li. 22. and K. 32. 2007. 7. Wallace. 4. Tang.. R.” Power System Technology. Li. 45–49.” IEEE Trans. Horton. 23. Bai.Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Proceedings. No. 2401– 2408. Jiang.. Vol. et al. 6. H. 2008. J. on Power Delivery. 1–6.. on Power Delivery. Suzhou. “Simulative analysis of induced voltages and currents among multi circuit 220 kV and 500 kV transmission lines on same tower. . “Analysis of electromagnetic interference on dc line from parallel AC line in close proximity. 11. 2011 1503 4. Zeng. et al. X. X. China. 2339–2346. 12–16. Ban. Wang. 2008. 5.. No. 6.. T. W. “Inﬂuence of AC transmission lines on parallelly erected UHVDC transmission lines and suppression measures. Ma. Sept. No. H. 4. et al.” IEEE Trans. No. Vol.. L. 33. Vol. Vol. “Induced voltage and current in parallel transmission lines: Causes and concerns.” Power System Technology. R. 2009.

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